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Deseret evening news. [volume] (Great Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1867-1920, November 20, 1903, Last Edition, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045555/1903-11-20/ed-1/seq-8/

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1 S DES E1tLT EVENING KEWS HIDAY NOVEMBER 20 1903
n iILife Store Of Tom Morn Who Shot Men For So Much a Head 1
li
Awful Career of Crime and Blood of famous Army Scout
t Removed Objectionable Characters Whenever Ce
f of Wyoming Desired Says That lie Always Got Ills
f of Willie Nickel Was the Dirtiest Job He fver Old
i 1
I
r tAla1h + iIi11r > + 111114 01 + ilt111 + 1f111I1lthfib Mbr
tI
TOM HORN AT WORK
I
J I During his Incarceration Horn was n busy prisoner and spent much of
t his time In braiding hair ropes He was engaged at that tank when tho
r 4 j I News photographer obtained tho above snapshot of him
n i
I Special to the News
Cheyenne Wyo Nov 20Por weeks
r past arrangements liavo been making
T for Tom Hornnt aim tuna celebrated
army scout Indian fighter and trailer
J I but who later became notorious
i through his work as n stock detective
I r f I on thu ranges of Wyoming and Col ¬
h Cif orado to bo ImiiRoiI In tho Lntamlo
I county Jail today and thus make atone ¬
I ment for tho murder Wllllnni Nlckcll
F 1 tho 13yonrotd son ot Itunchmun Kcla
I I Nickell of Iron Mountain G f miles
i 11 1 north of Cheyenne whom Horn nssas
M 1 Blunted on the morning ofauly 18 1901
j The murder tens ono of tho most
l atrocious crimes In the history of tho
vest and while Horns name was con
i I Hunted with the murder ot a number
f of lanchmen Who had been put out of
I
f tho way because they wore mulling
i I cattle It Wrts not believed that ho could
I liavo killed the boy It was said the
11 I f killing of the child was n mistake
nnd such pioved to be tho case The
il S d prosecution of Horn brought to light
ff I u l the Inner woiklngs n of a inngo died of
1 i long standing mud at one tlmo It ap ¬
1 r peared there might bo many arrests
r
i p J unions the wealthy cattlo barons but
I I nothing cone of tho matter
j HIS OWN EXKCUTIONEH
Tho plan was for Horn to bo his own
I
executioner for to spring tho trap by
1
1 his own weight upon It which draws a
lm JI plug from a pall of water and when
E t 1 tho water runs out a heavy weight
J Ai t falls pulling out n prop that holds n
r J re trap In plice cautlnrr the murderer to
t l drop Into eternity Thousands of pco
t plo gathered outside of tho county jail
tI 1I thinking that thu execution would bo
it i heM hi the court yard but the nuthoil
ties feared mi attempt would bo made
i to liberate Horn BO tin execution was
st f set to take place Inside and In the
4 j presence of sis of Horns filoiid Iho
I or six oilUcis nnd newspaper iron
1 IIOHNS BLOODY CAREER
Tho true hlstoiy of Tom Horn fom
Y I birth to tho gallon stories nf nnny
i crimes ho la alleged to Ito committed
t i nnd a detailed account o2 tin thrilling
f experiences of tho ecou whllc In thus
I i I i service of tho government nn iho T < iv
J t ns border would nuke n hook of nnny
d thousands of pages of Intensely Inter
ill esting rending Hut nllhmifth Horn
while oonnncd In the county Jill wioto
I1tiNVYVHM
Ii SIOUX INDIANS AIIKESTED FOR
J e MUKDER OF SHERIFF MILLER
1 1 I
i ho accompanying photo ot the
m r t The Sioux Indians who pall
It clpated In the battle at the
1 I beavfr dams In Lightning
e Creek 43 nillcs north of Lusk
l k UI Wyo on Saturday October 31 was
t H taken at Douglas iWO Just be
I m fate the redMdna wero turned loose
I f I last vvcbk
I I I I Thu nt ry oC the trouble in brief
I t Is as follow
i I For soverglyears hooch of hr
I m I dlaiH traveling backward nnd for ¬
a the
I it ward between the Sioux Crow ind
t S f Arniiahoo ngenclw In Nebmakn
r South Dakota Montana and Wyo ¬
I i t ming have slaughtered thouiands
I t i of antelope nail titer nnnuallj ail
II i 1 1 In many CIIMB the cattle and sho p
t 1 of the ranchmen have been killed
1i l I The authorities of We ton county
j Wyo have been tr > lng to break
I III up the outlawry tor some time and
l t this soar a determined effort was
It I derided upon Rnvaral weeks ago
1 1 1 n large party of Sioux Indiana un ¬
I der Eagle Feather otherwise known
i as Charlie Smith the full blood
i cd Sioux and n graduate from tho
I i r Carlisle Indian school npiwared In
the game country eolith of Now
I Castle They were accompanied by
th lrwomon and traveled In U wa ¬
at gon and with SO horsoH
i i z I Report reached New rattlo that
1 after slaughtering nil ot the wild
m
i
I
c
n history of his llfo from the limo ho
was old enough to remen air events up
until the year ho nays ho came to
Wjomliig 18D4 very little Is definite
ly known about tho many killings In
which ho In said to have been limn chief
actor Tho history of the clines III
well known but there Is no poalttvn
proof of Horns1 guilt In any of the I
killings In his own history Horn tdlls I
of the killing of a number of Indlam
mnt his duel with nn officer o time
Mexican army In whlan tho officer was
killed but ho touches only ontho good
side of his experience
From what Is knoun of Horn by the
olllccrs and those who sworn eloieit to
tho stock detective and l > landing hli
own story of his life the tolliwlnma >
bo said to bo M nearly a true rmnnKvt
of his career ns can be obtained
JOHN IN MISSOURI
Tom Horn was born in Scolhuic
county Missouri In November Ibt1l1
and had he lived another day ho would
have been 43 years of age Tin was
driven away from home by his fathar
In tho fall of 1871 His father was soot
after compelled to lice to time British
possessions to escape the olllcers who
were after him on several charges of
forgery und check raising It Is nah
also that the elder Horn wall the leader
of a notorious band of Scotland county
horse thieves and that nt ono time he
was a member of the Jamei gang oC
train robbers He died a few yearn
ugo In Van Couver
PONY EXPUESS IlIDER
Tom walked Into Bt Lotus and got
n Job with a freighter on the old
Kantu Fo trail The next spring found
him In Santa Fe driving stage for thu
Overland Mall company The next fall
and winter ho was engaged In pony es
press riding anti In herding Block for
the mall company The country was
rilled with hostile Indians and Horn
had frequent brushes vvtlh the Apaches
He had become a crack shot with rifle
and pistol by this time and It Is said
of him that his deadly aim caused
many a warrior to bite the dust
WITH MILES AND CODY
Horn picked up thin Indian language
quickly and secured n position with
the army as coot and Interpreter Ho
soon attracted tho attention of Buffalo
Hill and Gen Nelson A Mlles both ot
whom formed a ntiong liking for the
young MIsBourlan In the campaign
chase and capture of Goronlmo
CHIEF OF SCOUTS
Horn was made chief of scouts and
rendered such valuable service that
the commanding ofllper frequently men
tloncd him In his reports to tho com
game In sight the Indiana then set
out to kill the stock of the ranch
men Sheriff MIler und Itva depu ¬
ties loft NewCastle a week before
the battle occurred to arrest the In ¬
dians He ran on to the camp on
Heaver Creek aid secured some of
the women anti five wagons the
balance of tho purl being camped
Oil another creek and getting away
before the olllcers could arrest
them The Indians were followed
south Into Converse county and
overtaken at the beaver dams In
Little Lightning creek 45 miles
north of Lusk Into In the evening
Eagle Feather and lllnck Kettle
the latter one of the notoilous war
rlors of tilt Sioux tribe resisted ar ¬
rest and n battle began Sheriff
Miller WitS shot through tho loft
thigh and died within halt nn hour
Deputy Churle Frankenburg one
nt the hoesw Mas wounded lllnck
Kettle us hlllad at the Mi tire and
Eagle Feather fell with bullets
through both legs Six Imlani la
nil were killed und 10 wounded nnd
nit laid on the Imttleflold all night
There Mire 13 white men In the par ¬
ly that fought the Iiidlups Shiriff
Miller having picked up a number
nf ranchmen after capturing the
women and live wagons They
fought time Indian to a standstill
for liver an hour darkness llnally
putting a stop to the charge In
the darkness of night four or goo
nf the Indians cmaped tn the di ¬
rection ot the Pine llldgr agency
jI l
>
I
k I
ft
01
IItr
and Indian Interpreter Who
Ttoln of the Cattle Barons
Price and That the Killing
ma hang general who In turn called
the attention of tho secretary of war to
Horn the campaign against the In
dims lit an end and Horn wan com
jelled to rook other employment Ha
defeated the life of the enlisted coldler
or ho might have rcniultnil in the ser
vice of Uncle Ram but he preferred
to room at will upon tho treeless plaIns
hat ho had learned lu love better
ban tho wooded hills of his native
state He hired out ni a rottboy and
hid occupation ho followed In olio UU
or another until hn was nrrcjt d on
Jan 13 ISM charged With tho murder
of Wllllo Nickell
HEADS TEXAS DE8PEKADOE3
Horn first eninc to Wyoming In IW
but ho did not remain long Ho was
hen known as Torn Halo He went
back to Texas but returned tu WYo
mlng In 1SD2 at the head of n band of
80 Texas desperadoes who hud been
engaged to participate In the Johnson
county raid of the wealthy ntockman
against the rustler und rmall ranch
men The movement was for tit > wir
pose of putting a stop to cattle thiev ¬
ing and to gain control of a vast and
valuable range In the Powdu river
country and Hoin and his cohorts
were takon along to do tho lighting 1111
might become necessary The Invad ¬
ers fought ono battto with thv rustlers
and killed Champion and flay two al ¬
iened rustlers The Invading army was
lurrounded by the Indignant ranch
men however and they would have
been annihilated but for the prompt
arrival of Bulled States troopi from
Fort McKlnney having been ordered to
the rescue bv the societury of war ut
the urgent wiuiiit of the governor of
Wyoming who wan aliened to have
been ono of tho party of invaders
IN 1OUTO ItlCO
Horn remained In Wjomlng from
thin time on except for brief periods
when In the service of the government
an a ucout or imckmnster In 1S9S
when WILl win declared with Spain
Oeil Miles sent to Wyoming for Horn
and made him chief scout In the Iorto
Itlco campaign At tho close nf the
war Homo retorted to Wyoming but
ho was n mere skeleton of his fornlor
self fever having rocked his framo
for immure than three months
AS A HIHKD ASSASSIN
Horn was employed by a number nl
the utaoclatlona of cattlemen In Wyo ¬
ming His buitlness wn3 to ride tho
ranges spy on the alleged rustlers and
gather evidence of their guilt At fist
this evidence was taken into the courts
but II conviction was rarely over se ¬
cured and Horn Is alleged to have
taken It upon hlniwlf to get rldsof the
rustlorn In his own peculiar WilY and
which ho often remarked was tho
sure way It must bo said however
thut the cattle associations did not up
provo of Horns inutdoious work and
many nn m r t t be irs withdrew from the as ¬
sociations Horn continued In the em
ploy of a form however stud whllo thus
ciiKa cd It Is Bald ht van Btinpected
nf the murder fif AVIIllam Powell mud
William Lewis Iron Mountain ranch ¬
men who wero assassinated the came
month In 1895
KILMNCJ OK LKWIS
Lewis was killed while loading beef
In hit corral Horn H alleged to lunn
ridden Into the corral with drawn pis ¬
tol and commanded Lewis to throw up
his hands Hardly had Lewis compiled
with tho command when Horn tired
Lewis il1 Instantly Powell wan
killed while making hay In a meadow
near his ranch the atnassln being hid ¬
den behind a rock on the opposite hlilo
J A 11t U LIUh
Mr Proctor Is the man who built
tho gallons and nupcrlntrnded nil of
tho details leading to the execution of
Horn ninglchandcd and alone ho
fought the murderer nnd Jim Cloud
for CO minutes when they broko jail
on Aug 9 last Horn made n desper ¬
ate effort to kill Proctor but failed a
fact ho deeply dpored
JOEI IAFOKS
Who Secured tho Confession rroin
Tom Horn
of ne crcok Powells 7 ycur old con
was with him ut the time
A CHILDS IDENTIFICATION
Horn was ruspccted for lio was In
thn vicinity of tho IAnchci at the time
both muideiH Woro committed A Brand
Jury wan auininoned and Horn was
called In At sight of him the little
Powell boy ran to his mohor exclaim
Irg Take mo aulok Mamma that
Is the iman that Hhqt my papa In
spite of tho evidence against Horn
and the exclamation of the child he
was not Indicted for the reason U IK
eMil that Hon friends cumo to his
rescue with their money
CAMPI1IILL DISAPPEAllS
During tho nun nr of ISSi ix much
man nampd Campbell disappeared and
bun tuner been seen since ho left Ills
ranch on the irnmlo plains with
Horn Campbell had u large sum of
money on his person and If Horn
murdered lima umchman he did It for
thin money
mooTWO
TWO MOttn MUIlDUHSj
i In lilly 100 lulmm Dart colored
arid Matt Itnsh ranchmen In the
Uroivns Park country in northwest
Colorado ftoro murdered the latter
being shot down whllo patliiff supper
li < his cabin and Dart being Hhot from
nmbntli on a cattlo troll near Ills ranch
Both m victim of the hidden ascanslns
bullets wore alleged to luitlora They
hajl been pouching on the ransrew
of the Lnralnlo p1ee its nnJ both litu
bad r iutatlons lion wnl4 In the
Browns Park country at the time of
tho murders nnd he nftorwards admit
ted that hs was Employed hj1 Has
when ho met death In his enbtn Ila
raid by way oxvdanatlon tftut be bat
been sent to the Browns Park country tr
gather evidence against tho rus fists
and the bent way to succeed was to
hire out to Hush
h 1f01tN nAD1 WOUNDDD
On his way out of the ifrovfiis Purl
country Horn got Into a light with
cowboy In a Kiloon at Dlxon near the
Colorado line In the mixup Horn ro
celved ti slush across the right side of
his neck that nearly ended ills career
The scar he PllrtlNI to his grave anti
Is plainly vl ll > lo In the aerompanj Ini
picture of Horn The dntoctlvii laid nut
In the page brush for 10 or II days omits
log his wouiidn In tho Mime manna Us
an Indian would During Mi long life
among the Indians ho had loomed
much from the medicine men and this
knowledge now stood him 111 need
DARKEST CIUMK 01 ALL
Hut the crime that finally landed
Horn behind the bars was the Nlck ll
murder Time father of the boy had
been a thorn In the side of tome of the
cattlemen In the Iron Mountain coun ¬
try for many years Repeated efforts
rid of him hut lie would nofbo driven
Plots were formed to murder him for
he had brought Hhcop Into the cattle
country an unpardonable offense In
this even of the cattlemen NIcKcll lied
also trouV wlh John C1 Cobble man ¬
I ager of the lion Mountain Unncli om
pan nt whom inch Horn male hN
headquarters and who proved to 16
IJrrrlo vnrmeft friend all during Ills
trouble and tilnln In the ourts It Is
alleged tU t NItknllfI death was dcclil
ed upon and Horn was elected to per ¬
form the Job
I LYING IN AVAIT FOU VATHKU
Horn admitted to lila attorney when
they took charge of Ills cAse that he
was lying In wait for Kcls Nlekell at
the time the boy was murdered llama
was secreted in n deep ravine not for
from the Nlckoll ranch whoa Wlllla
Nlckoll tn route to Iron Mountain sta
I tlon came upon him Fearing he would
i return to the house and report Horns
I presence In the community Horn to
UfO his own words CUT THE LAD
OFF AT THE CUTE LEADING FIIOM
THE NICKELL PASTURE AND
KILLED HIM TO PREVENT HIM
HUNN1NO TO THE HOUSE AND
HAIHINO A HELL OF A COMMO ¬
TION
SHOT IN THE UACK
Willie Nlckell received twp bullets In
ho back the shots being fired from a
30SO Winchester smokeless powder
from a distance of nearly 400 yards
The assassin was secreted behind a pho
vt rocks on a little hill overlooking the
gate Tim boy had seen the murderer
and was burning back to the house
lIe dismounted from his horse to open
ho gate and he received the fatal
wounds just ns he was about to mount
his horse Tho animal wandered on
be prairie for two days and was found
Ly a younger brother who reported the
dot to his father and It was then that
ho body of the murdered lad uis
found
After lllllngthe buy the murderer
moved the body down the road a dis ¬
tance of MO feet tore open tho shirt
and examined the wounds anti then
placed a mall stone under the head
All trades wore obliterated the mur ¬
derer
THE MILLEI18 SUSPECTED
At first the members of the family of
James Miller next neighbors of tho
Nlckells wero suspected and the fath ¬
er and two nous Were arrested and
Drought to Cheyenne They established
nn alibi and were released County At
tornoy Stoll set at woik on tho ease
and an several thlrn pointed to Horn
nu the guilty party this theory wall foN
lowed out and little at a time damaging
evidence ngnlnht him was obtained The
MIIMs and NlcUells had had frequent
fights and both silos had threatened
the other with death and tor these rea ¬
sons tho suspicion against Horn was
not strong until after the pro clltlon
gave nn Inkling of Its evidence against
him
DECOMES OAIUIALOUSA
After theCoronerts Jury had returned
a verdict that Wllllo Nlckcll came tJ
hum death at tho hands of persons un
Uliown Horn hxvlng testified and told
n straightforward story the cattle de ¬
tective became bold and spent much of
lila time In drunken carousals about
town
LA FOU8 CLEVER THAI
Joe Ln Forts deputy United States
marshal had been working on the case
and believing Horn to be guilty ha sit
about lajlmi a trap for him Under the
belief that La Fore had secured u post
Ion for Horn In Montana tho latter
went with the dtputy to La Pore of
nee on the afternoon of Jan 12 180
Deputy Sheriff Snow and Stenographer
Ohnhnus were secreted In an Inner
room and heard all that Horn nnd La
Fors sold La Fore talked about kill
Ing on thc ranges nnd by way of lead
Ing up to the Nlckell murder anti
HOHNS CONFESSION
How about that murder Tom I
have kcflt truck of you on the other
poses but I must confess that after
working on this case tor n longtime
I could not ascertain how you como to
kill that boy
Well I suppose It was like this
ictnarked Horn The kid was coming
up tho draw that leads to Nlckells
houfo and when ho saw the man that
wile there to do the killing he tried to
get back to the ranch The man realized
that the kid would create a dlnturbance
got back behind a pile of locks nnd as
the kid came along gave It to him
Questions were put to Horn by La
For mid little by little the detective
drew frnni Horn every detail of tho
crime ttorno of Iloins admissions
follow
I never leave a trail I always go
bnrefotted when on a cnse of this
kind No time Grounlhlld not bother
me My feet wore cut up some but
I usually havo ten days to test after
a job of this kind
1 was about 300 yards away when
I shot the kid
HIS DlllTIEST JOU
I used 3030 I like It better than
nay other It carries true to the marks
I tliouKht once that the kid would get
nwny from me but I nailed him It
was the lines shot I ever made and the
dirtiest Job I ever done
Yes I get hungry on these trips
Homo time but I get used to It I get
so darned hungry ynmetlmes that I
could kill my mother for some grub
No I did not leave any shells behind
for the dd ollleeis to pick up I did
that once but the officers didnt have
sense enough then to follow the trail
HIS mST VICTIM
The first man I ever killed was n
second lieutenant In the Mexican army
1 was then 2fi years old anti new nt the
business but I got accustomed to It
after awhile
How much did you got for killing
Powell and Lewis was asked
I got J600 each for those Jobs
ln Fors then told him that he knew
he was nald the money on the train
between Choyenno nnd Denver When
asked how ouch he got for the Nickell
killing Horn said
WIOO IN BLOOD MONEY
I got TOO for that or J3100 for kill
Ing three people and shooting at one
man five times Powell nnd Lewis
are nuppocd to fco the dead men and
Keli Nlckoll who was fired upon by a
hidden assassin n few weeks after his
boy was killed and wounded In two
places Is tho one hot at five times
l 1
1 Iron Shield 2 Chief He Crow 8 Her Pin 4 High Hull C Broken Nose 5 1IIeh Dog 7 Jump White Elk
L Charge Wolf 9 Jessie Little War Bonnet
1
I
t i HooHHH + IIIIHooflIIIo + HI + JIr + H + IIIHIFtz + IH + H A
TOM HORN IN HIS PRISON CELL
I
How the Notorious Murderer Looked When Ho Posed for Mr W G Walker
limo News Correspondent and Photo craphcr
MUIIDEU A SPECIALTY
Kllllnr men Is my specialty con
tinned Horn and I quern I have got
u corner on the market In this section
I put the Rtomi under tho kids hcid
because that li tho way I hang out my
sign and collect my money for n Job
of this kind
Was there oily agreement signed In
the NIcKell Hilling
NO TIldUIJLE IN GETTING MONEY
No I do all of my business with
Coble I have no tumble In collecting
my money for I would kill a man that
cheated me out of ten ccnttt I did not
lake anything from Coblo for that Job
for IIP had kept me In horses and grub
and Vim the best friend I ever had In
the world
VICTIM WAS SlUm
In talking shout the killing of Lewis
Horn Enid that the ranchman was tho
worst car sil man hs had ever seen
when he rode Into the coral nnd shot
him with his revolver
ATTEMPT TO ESCAPE
Horn wits arrested the day after
making the aeneatlonul disclosures be
him taken ut the Inter Ocean hotel by
Sheriff Smaller and Under Sheriff
Proctor and line been In Jail continu ¬
ously ever since except for a few mill
mites on August 9th when ho and Jim
MCouil overpowered Jailer Proctor
and irilned thc street He was cap ¬
tured within a fow blocks of the jail
During the nttugglo In the jail Horn
secured Pioctora nun and made threo
attempts to kill the olllcor Proctor
had slipped a secret spring on the
weapon however mm Horn could not
usa It
UHAGOVD OF HIS DEUDS
Prior to Horns confession to La Fore
ho made a similar confession In a Den ¬
ver saloon where he bragged of the
fact that ho had hilled Willie Nickell
and was too smart to he caught
The evidence tigulmt Horn showed
that tie mounted his horse niter ho
killed thu boy and made a liaid ride
to Luramlc The killing occurred nt 7
oclock n moo and Horn reached Lara
rule foity miles away shortly after
11 oclock Ho left a bloodstained
sweater there and tho garment was
afterwards Identified na Hotns proper ¬
ty and the blood stains were analyzed
asp those of tinman blood Horn In
the Larumle county Jail admitted that
the sweater was hls
SAID CONFESSION WAS A JOSH
Horn was tried In October 1902 and
at the end of fourteen days was con ¬
victed the Jury being out only a few
hours On tho stand Horn hlmsulf
admitted that he had said word for
word what wiii accredited to him anti
which Ohnhauso tend from his notes
He said he was drunk When ha talked
with Ln Fois nod wna only Joshing Tho
Jury could not Ice It that way and as
the evidence In the case supplemented
the confession aid etude It appear
plausible there were few who believed
Horn to be Innocent
THE DEATH SENTENCE
Horn was sentenced to be hanged on
Jan 9 1903 but his nvtorneyti took nn
appeal to the state miprcinu court The
higher court on Sept 30 denied the mo ¬
tion for a neve trial timid Horns attor ¬
neys set about preparing an appeal to
tho governor The supremo court re
sentenced Horn to bu hanged on Nov
SO
Notwithstanding the fact that Horn
could have applied for a now trial In
thc district court on tho grounds of
newly dhcoveied evidence this priv ¬
ilege was not taken advnnlago of by
bin attorneys and every effort wail concentrated ¬
centrated upon the governor
TRIED TO HAVE HORN
Miss Qwemlolene Myrtle Klmmell was
ono of the SO odd nlllnnts who loads
sworn statements to save Horns neck
She paid tint Victor Miller confessed to
her that he killed Wllilo Nlckell and
she also made other statements which
SOME OF THE WONDERS OF
THE SCIENTIFIC WOLI
In their Investigation of the rains of
red mud that fill In Victoria early thin
year I Clmpnmn and If J Orayjoii
have found that tho tie oslt In OliO case
reached 50 tons per fuaro mile Much
limonite was included with many
mineral fragments and diatoms The
material seems to havo been carried by
the winds from the vicinity of certain
swamps and unit lakes which exist from
30 to 800 miles
north and west of Mel
bourne and whoso margins had been
made unusually dry by the season of
droulh
I
With his Improved lamp u Dcmny
rouge a French physicist claims to
obtain light with pure alcohol at a third
of tho cost por candle power of potio
loum lighting mid with carcurctcd alcohol ¬
cohol ot u fifth of tho cost A wick
conducts the liquid by capillarity Into
a chamber where It Is vaporized by tho
M heat M from a icorrrr bar reaching Into
the tlimo Tho
vapor passes into a kind
of Hunsen burner over which is fixed a
mantle
A puzzling fart hat the walls nf
the Intestines and time parasites often
living on them are hover dlgastcd by
the ferments that attack destroy mud
transform the food Frenzel in 1891
suggested that protective antiferments
are secreted by living HISUM m conic
late experiments M Wolnland a
French physiologist Bought to digest
nVrn < l In tfyp no or pepsin atlorffrst
adding n little Juice from Intestinal
worms but time ferment had no effect
were contradictory of her evidence giv ¬
en at the foronirs inquest and slit
has been niicstsd chartttd with per
fury
YO PJIOSECUTIJ BWEUTHEAltT
Proeecutlni Attorney Utoll nnnouncct
that he will push tho urjuiy clan < H
ngalnst Mss Civcndolanu Klninul
Horns alleged uwpetheait with nil of
Iho force at his command He pays it
M extremely dllllcull to iwcuiu n con ¬
viction In a perjury care but ho will
not drop the Klmmell matter until he
has exhausted every lesourco at his
command Hu has onsldcrablo vvi
denco In hand and IH gathering more
It Is stated that Miss stmimcll now
that silo linn fulled to cave Horns life
will dlsappeai from Wyoming but It
she does this sho will forfeit the heavy
bond put up by a guarantee company
Whlfh concern would undoubtedly fol ¬
low Miss Klmmell no mutter where aha
went
OTHBIl WITNESSES
Ollle Whitman and A W Bristol
staled that Victor Miller confessed the
crime to them Other witnesses said
La Font put up a Job on Horn that be
had found the Mlllcra nero guilty mid
hud paid him a sum of money to stop
tlm Investigation In their direction All
of these Charges were disproved by af ¬
fidavits In rebuttal submitted by time
state In theno It wns proved conclu
sively that Victor Miller was ut homo
tho day of tho crime the other mem
bers of the Miller family were also at
home that In Fors did not Job Horn
nor did ho iccclvo a cent from the Mil
leisi that inoflt of Mltta Klmmclls state
meats were untrue that she at onetime
time hud arranged to como to Chey ¬
enne nnd testify against Horn but Inti ¬
mated thut his filemls had paid her
more money to remain away from
Cheyenne Thp state produced one
witness who said ho saw Tom Horn fire
the shots that killed tho boy another
witness met Horn near the scene of till
crlmu Immediately after the shots were
tired and still another Riw him riding
away from the scone of the crime like
mad
GOVEItNOH DENIED
Tho governor denied the appeal of
Horn for u commutation of time death
sentence to life Imprisonment on No
14 Just six duys before the execution
Plots were unearthed at different
times during tho past six months for
the release of Horn but ho publicity
given the stories antime preparations
made at the jail to receive the attack
Ing party evidently had the desired ef ¬
fect
TUIAL COST 80000
Tho trial and conviction of Tom Horn
COlt tho taxpayers of Iuramle county
a mini In excess of 10COO whllo It Is
said that Horns friends spent equally
as much to free him John e Cobblo
Is said to have put up almost all of this
money
Horn woe defended by Judge J
Lacey one of tho lending nttorntya ttr
the Union Pacltlc railroad Judge 1 t
Huiko United State attorney for
Wyoming Judge K < 1 Clark amlstant
flitted Htuteu attorney H N Matton
late of New Yok unit 111 Kennedy
Horn was prosecuted by Col W 11
Stall one of the Und ng erlmlml law ¬
yers In the west Stoll hi a graduate of
West Point cjid nerved tor a number cf
years in the army Ho left the army
while stationed nt Ft Itusscll near
Cheyenne and took up tho practise of
lay
AN EDUCATED WEND
Horn presented n character seldom
encountered In n nuinleier Ho was
fairly well educated and could pen n
splendid letter Ho wns a linguist
speaking the Gorman EnnllBhHpanlsh
and Mexican tongues fluently Ho also
mastered the Apache tongue and spoke
It as well as n native Ho spoke the
Hloux Yaciul end other Indian Inn
Hualre
Horn lents n ulster nil several
brothers The ulstur lives In tho cast
Two brothein live in Missouri and ono
In Boulder Coin
upon the flbrlna In the piesonca of the
tntlfcrinent Juice it Is thus proven
that the Juices secreted by nnd Impreg ¬
nating living tlssuelnstcad of tho
tissues themsclvesrcslst digestion The
antlfcrmcnt extract Is exceedingly
powerful and retains Ih resisting pow
er for month but It loses Its property
on boiling
The war against malaria nnd mos ¬
quitoes Is to be fought out In tropical
Africa Dr Dittton In n report to the
Liverpool Hehool at Tropliil Medlclno
states that SO per cent of the native
children examined In British Gambia
rtinwod the malaria parasite In tho
blood nnd that the lability of Infec ¬
tion by Emoi > cunn continues doming the
rainy season the time of mosquitoes
limo breeding places of tho Insects In ¬
clude wells canoes floats lighters bar
ruls tubs and vailoux illnuseil houid
hold ntcnalla anti irusclogpcd wtre t
trenches Ilnthunst lima capital of the
colony oUnce nn unusual geld for a
test of extermination plnns ns the land
to be dealt with has nn area of only a
square mile nnd In Isolated by ft broad
expanse of seawater while rain occurs
In only four months of tho year Tho
removal of breeding Places now rev
cram month in progress Is aided by n
grant of cOO n year
Tantalum has been known hitherto as
n romowhat Impure powder having n
density of 10IW Hem Mol llIn has now 11
reduced tantnllu add In the oeetrio i
furnnco with carbon and Iho fused j >
tantalum obtolncd has n brilliant met
nlllo appearance all n density of IZk
I flcrntPhpi fiuartw Is Infusible In the
oxyhydrogeu blowpipe has n crystalline
trolurl and Is N elapsed with the metal ¬
r

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