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Deseret evening news. [volume] (Great Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1867-1920, January 24, 1908, Last Edition, Image 1

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I Tlio llenco rllcr IHMrct lie a IreMlRC Nrws ItnAHlXG PiiriiMih CICllcll In Ail D E 8 E R E T J1 V E N I N G N E W S HEAl nl Interest 1 to WAN You ADB of TODAY Person I
TRUTH AND LILERTY I
10 PAGES LAST EDITION FRIDAY TANtTAllY 211908 SALT LAKE h CITY UTAH FIFTYSEVENTH YEAR
m1EYENNES MAYOR
AfTER CONGRESS
He leads Delegation on Person
ally Conducted Campaign
For 1909 Sessions
DRY FARMING DISCUSSION
It Is Interrupted by Brief Diver
sion Furnished by J F
Tolton of Utah
l > lur HnrrH Honored by Appoint
niont to Snlnrleil Position of
Ktccntlxc Secrctnry
appearances this afternoon In
Kern appearnces aCernoon
tho Transmlssourl Dry Farming on
t I will bo a case hop on your
pen for old Cheyenne como next con
vention time
rnton tme
Tho Cheyenno boom for 190D received
rtieUled Impetus today when Mayor
rook of that town with a delegation of
fellow townsmen arrived decorated In
yellow ribbons on which Choyonno was
found to rhyme with 1909 and which
declared the purpose of the delegation
lo iapturo tho meeting place A com
nilttoo will hand In Its selection for tho
consideration ot tho congress tomorrow
afternoon
With tho matter or organizing for
next year conveniently out of the way
todays sessions wcro consumed with
the hearing of papers technically treat
ing various phases of the dry farming
problem and with strengthening or
ganization for I long and permanent
life
leToTONS CONTRIBUTION
John K Tolton of Beaver Utah who
Required I reputation In ito last leg
islature as a prize debater was present
today along with Alma Eldredgu and
other notables ot histrionic fame and
thy furnished a half hours diversion
for loss Serious minded delegates
Mr lou took very seriously a mo
lion of Mr Adney of Utah to the ef
fort that tho congress veto as the
nnp of thn convention that each dole
KUtn pay JI for a membership tea so
that running espouses could be met
KUredgo joined Tolton In an attack
on the constitutionality of the plan
and the Infringement It would mako
on 1ho rights of I delegate to remain
fro old untrammcled In the exercise
of personal prerogatives
rgtves
In vain the chairman Lieut Gov
mucH of Idaho explained that tho
motion was merely to express the
m o of the convention and when Mr
the
Tolion dramatically appealed from
Tolon drmat ly
decision of the chair It was again ex
plained to him by others from the
flor
This Is a very serious matter de
clared Mr Tolton after tho aye and
nay voto had gone heavily against
Mm I call for I division Then
with another appeal from tho explana
tion of the chair HM to What they r
voting on ho continue to debate un
eontllUt
otng ws appointed as teller by tho
Wi allolntell
t
chairman to count tho standing voto
that was called for and thus satisfy
w08caled do against him his
lilmselt On tho side aganlt hil
duty was to count almost ovoryono In
the room while a scattering few stood
up on his alda
VKTKKANS EXPLAIN
The debate developed a very Inter
filing phase of the congress To It
have been attracted a number of men
atretld
who might classified as convention
experts They always como whor
exi tho convention and whatever its
Fubject JUchard A Illepo Is one of
IJct
these Ho says with pride that he has
represented Nevada 1IGov John
Sparlca at every convention to which
Sparks over had to send a delegate
Mr itlcpe backed by John Henry
Smith of Utah who explained that he
too had hud much convention oxperl
fore told how necessary were the
t Inews of war to f convention and how
conventional was the practise at each
t < legato depositIng a dollar to help tho
good work along Mr Hlepo named ji
number of conventions to which ho had
h1 proud to give i undIO instead ot
Juvt one
Ole
FOIIIICP State Senator David MaKay
nuwc to resent an Idea he gathered
from hB Democratic friend Mr Tol
ton that any farmer or granger would
Ifprudffo Ills dollar to help tho orga
nize movement In behalf of tho In
flutry ho represented
With tho question of tho dollar fee
wit of the vay there remains very lit
te t > do before llnal adjournment ex
to listen to moro discussion tn
wihods 10 and processes of dry farm I
I
HARRIH UONOTm
F dior Harris received I decided
tinnor from tho convention In roe
opnitfiii for hln good work In nr
run in ir for I ho was named as its ox
d > n PCHrotary I position to which
a try will bo attached mid whloh
tIn L i o him the chit Ion ot working
iii tmerenl II ouch convention xvhpp
N r 1 may bo hold The executive
coriinittpo voted this pocltlun to hint
al f meeting to orfrnnlzo At tho
I mt elll I C IJnwman of hut
ho > < made chairman anti S I
IDH I Koiith iMIcoln secretary John
P11 tier a ilaya faithful service ns
iiirjiiun wan rolotiNpfl to make wny
< 1ltit OIH Hlrroll of Idaho whop
I ni tho chair this mornlntJ
i i throo papers rOll were by guy
1riun nt exports in the subjects
imi I 1r uainorH pupor I
r i Hindu and Dry Farm Ing HJIH
i hv Plot Jardlno In hil ubsiiicp
Jlrllno
I r 11 rt C Schoilolcl ot Washington
alMI absent nnd hil paper on
HI i uticr Fallowing was mid by
rr K C Chlluott
hr A If rod Atkinson of Doiinnn
MI i i r > nciud d tho series nf moaning
i o h with u resume of his expert
I I In tho nrobloiiiH of eon I aulil a is
W i up Iii arid ijindH 111 consurvirh
11 hi duty II ruining crops
SUMMER FALLOW TOPIC
DISCUSSED BY SCOFIELD
f n HcofloldH paper on HUIUIIKT fal
11 c iiiK Wil rcuil by Plo Ohllcott I
iw to iUi with an Interimtlrnr phtiHj
M ii > furin work and WIIH 055 folow
in view of Iho fact that tile lie
ii HI o Kummor till iovIn g tho liuid for
miKuirp roiiHorvntlon loitdher with
a t 1 nui < hits niadu
Iloutn year croppliiK hUl 1111 dry
raiiiiiiiij iiuHKiiiiu fu Utah and through
> ui Ih rnoat Uimln 1 rnrofu bludy ot
Jnl 1ItNJ may lie jiisllllud No ono
wiii is fainllliir wih tIle ucla can
uufhtion HH imiiortuiicn IIH 1 factor In
U II lon of iso ogricul tim rd I poa
fl IditiiB ot this jreat region
Ircut reilon
Altiougli ho practice nf lowing
lan IN Hirnosl nu old tie Usrlcuituro I
self Its extensive use to conserve soil
moUturo nnd to permit crop growth In
arid regions has not been 10 generally
iipoa until recent years I seems not
to have been realized that the soil Is
capable of acting Us 1 storage reservoir
for water when proper tillage in used
and that under favorable circumstan
ces enough moisture tu mature an or
dinary annual crop can bo stored In the
roil before the crrtp Is planted Kven
It this fnct had been appreciated It
was not practicable to put It into gen
eral use until farm machinery capable
ot cheaply getting tho noil Into proper
condition was devised and utmatructud
VVONDEUFULLY EKFIUIBNT
So far as Amorlcan agriculture Is
concerned effeutlvu summer fallowing
became possible only with tho Inven
tion und general use ot the disc hoe
row This Implement together with
the plow mid the ordinary smoothing
harrow makes an equipment cheap
enough to bo available Vo every farmeit
and efficient enough to make tlllagd
for moisture conservation untlrely
practicable The highest development
of summer fallowing for moisture con
servation haw probably been obtained
In this country at least In tho legion
west ot the Rocky mountain 1 nil
this region tho greater part of tho an
nual rainfall comes during the autumn
winter and early spring months when
evaporation Is at UN lowest point and
rain
tho greatest penetration of thu
Into tho soil IK possible Under these
conditions a thorough slimmer fallow
established us soon as possible after
the spring rains havo censed can bo
cheaply maintained throughout tho
summer and is wonderfully efficient In
preventing evaporation of water from
the soil
Although It has been a well known
fact for many years thut a well main
tained surface mulch Is very efllclent
In preventing evaporation of water
from the soil deiinltc fuels as to just
what this ofllclcncy Is are extremely
rare In our agricultural literature
Within the pant two or three years
however cxeprimcnts have been under
taken In a number of places to ascer
tain Just what this cfllclcncy is under
various conditions and we may now
hope In tho course of 1 few years
to have I body of knowledge on this
subject from which to make deductions
and upon which to malta generalisa
thorns
tons
tonsWlEn 11 IS POSSIBLE
For practical purposeshowovcr I
Is sufficient to know that where tho
annual rainfall comes during tho cold
er months of the year It Is possible to
use a system of summer fallowing to
gether with growing crops on alternate
years that will secure paying ClOpS
whero tho rainfall Is altogether too
light to permit farming without Irriga
ods tion With tho ordinary cultural moth
HEAVIER SOILS ONLY
I must be kept t mind that the
best usii and highest development ot
summer months the maintenance of
an adequate surface mulch to retain
this molsturo Is both dllllcult and ox
pensive I must be remembered that
there arc sonic conditions under whlcn
summer fallowing together with alter
nate year cropping cannto be economi
cally used This Is true where tho yoll
Is so light and open In texture as not
to bo able to hold a largo quantity of
water Only tho heavier soils are cap
able of holding enough water to justify
the expense of summer fallowing
Where tho soil is light there Is also
great danger of serious Injury through
wind erosion There have been cases
In fact where fallow soil has been
blown entirely oft a Held to a depth of
several Inches In other cases where
tho land Is rolling and tho ruins are
frequently torrential there Is danger
In leaving land exposed In a fallow
condition on account of tho erosion by
water that will result These ana
other similar possibilities must ba kept
In mind In discussing tho applicabil
ity of practising summer fallowing and
alternate year cropping for any region
or any soil typo
PHOF1TAI1LE IN UTAI
This much Is certain however that
on most of the mesa and high valley
lands of Utah where the rainfall Is u
light to produce an ordinary crop every
Ia It has been demonstrated beyond
the shadow of doubt that the practise
of summer fallowing and growing
crops every other year Is sufficiently
f profitable to Justify an enormous ex
tension of tho cultivated acreage of this
state
ItateI remains to bo seen just what the
ultimate effect of thin practise will bo
on the continued fertility of these soils
and on their mechanical condition I
may bo found for Instance that this
practise of growing wheat or sOle
other grain crop continuously would
in the course of a generation or a halt
1 century seriously reduce the fertility
of these naturally rich soils or result
in a change In their mechanical condi
tion that would sooner or later snake a
continuation of this practise Impossible
I this Is the case tho sooner It Is dis
covered and Bomo means taken to post
pone or avoid the result tho bettor It
will bo for all concerned For this
reason It Is highly desirable that the
future ns well as the present effect of I
this practise bo considered miner crtlc
olI would bo perfectly natural to
assume that here In Utah It will be
found UK i hits been found In many
that the continuous
cases elsowhere thlt contnuous
growth of any one crop on the land will
decreased dun
only result In I yield
cither to lip actual depletion of tho
plant food needed for that crop or to
I Homo other modifications jcsultlng from
such continuous culture
NOTATION OF CHOPS
Vhllo tho practise under considera
tion has not been generally applied ocr
a large area for 1 sulllclently long pe
riod to give conclusive results it Is
very gratifying to observe that the
prusont Indications uro that rotation of
crops Is apparently by no means no
necessary under dry farming conditions
hero In Utah ns I might bo supposed to
be or ns It has been found to ho In oth
er regions for the maintenance of a
high stato of productiveness I this
Inference be correct Ils 1 mutter of no
Ditto InlcrcNt und Importnnco to thin
whole section and to others having shill
liar conditions As a matter of fact It
him been found that In tin Cache valley
for Instance whero dry tunning nan
been carried on for about aimthird of
a contury and whero some fields have
licun used exclusively for growing <
wheat that thu yields obtained at pros
cut ore rmltn as good If not butter
than when them fields wcro first brok
en up Thin continued productlvonoss
may lie tine In part to an Impruvimnnt
of tlllHga muthodK nut thorn nr > Indl
tilt bus which should not bo itrl loII1
that xoinn of these lolls are actually
inoiu fertile than they wore at first In
any ovolit It xootiiH truo that the pro
ductiveness of HIP lands lieu bctn main
tained to 1 surprisingly high ICHIRO In
thn groat wheat hylt nf Ihl valley o
tlw 101 Illvci of tho North I IN > lat
tor iif common knowledge that nflm 12
or 15 ronieuutlvo crops nf wheat have
been grown on tho land It If no longiM
piofltnblo to grow this ciop except In a
iota tiul I
101 tOIAS
AS TO CACHIO VALLKV
In the Capita valley however In
dications are tilt lie equivalent con
ditions have not yet burn riuumid If
thin bo true it IH important tn ii isco set
the catiKcn Invilvod antI in I lit crush as C
U ho Illngo methods used uro lariioly
reuponslblo for the prusont oomliMti
and It so what feiturcw are th moot
Important tind nuud gruatur o sit ithilts is
In the llrot place I lilUtit bo kept in
mind that the sells which havo ilvt >
the best results under thin ByHtoin Sf
tllluKo tmve bcun thins milfleloiitly
heavy to retain without leaching all
NEW INDUSTRIAL
EDUCATION PLAN
Comprehensive One Presented by
Prest Roosevelt Dr Eliot J W
Van Cleave and Dr Pritchett
FOR TRADE SCHOOL SYSTEM
I line Training In Klrnicntary Oles
limir Advancing Compnhnry Ago
Limit to Klglilccn
Chicago Jan 4BofOre an audience
of COO representatives o manufactur
ing commercial and educational Inter
est ot tho middle west four men last
night presented tho first comprehen
sive program of a now Industrial edu
cation for the youngster who works
with his hands
The occasion war tho opening ses
sion of tho first convention of tho Na
tional Society for the Promotion of In
dustrial Education held at I dinner at
tho Auditorium hotel The four men
were Theodore Roosevelt president of
the United States by letter Charles
W Eliot president of Harvard univer
sity James W Van Cleave president
of the National Manufacturers asso
ciation und Henry S Pritchett presi
dent of tho Carnegie Foundation
On the boy who goes Into the trades
said the speakers depends a mere pos
sibility to retain the Industrial suprem
acy given by the countrys natural re
sources And toward tho boy who goes
Into tho trades they added tho educa
tional efforts of tho net decade must
be directed
My Interest In this movement
wrote President Koosovolt arise1
moro than all olso out of the desire
to sec tho American boy have his best
opportunity for development
Direct practical suggestions for tho
establishment of a system of trade
schools as a part ot the educational
equipment was tho underlying note of
tho addresses
Briefly summarized the program out
lined by tho various speakers appeared
HM follows
IntroductIon of trade school training
in elementary schools throughout tIm
country
Establishment of a combination of
school and shop Instruction to occupy
tho time between the ages of t and 17
Advance In tho compulsory education
age to 17 or 18 Establishment of a
system by which tho elementary
school teachers shall sort children ac
cording to their destination
Abolishment of tho Idea of abso
lute democracy In the public schools
Formation of a spoclaj educational
commission to organize 1 trade school
system Creation of a national com
missioner Industrial education
of tile annual rainfall As a result
all of the soluble mineral matter vho
product of the centuries of weath
ering to which the soil has been sub
jected is held In tho surface layois
und In available for tim use o tho
plants Furthermore tho methods
of tillage followed give conditions that
enormously accelerato this weathering
process s so that so far as the mineral
Halts are concerned tho Indications
tire that summer fallowing and alter
nate year cropping can bo depended
upon to keep up tho supply of min
eral plant food I Is nccessary
however to provide for C continuous
supply ot nitrogen In Hal being con
tinuously cropped with grain Grain
crops require a considerable nitro
gen biipply cant they reoulro that It
bo in an Immediately available form
and at a very definite period In tho
life of tho plant Tho available nit
rogcn of the soil Is drawn partly from
the organic matter which contains
nitrogenous compounds and partly
from tho air by microorganism cap
able of utilizing nitrogen gas Since
these organism must havo organic
matter of somo sort to live on it
becomes doubly Important to provide
a continued auply of organic matter
In atolls being continually cropped By
1 fortunate coincidence this result
1ms been achieved probably without
conscious design I has been tho cus
tom In farming tho dry land of this
region to use headers Instead of bind
ers In harvesting grain As a result
I largo amount of loose straw Is an
nually plowed under and tIm amount
of organic matter In the soil Is prob
ably Increased nt a more rapid rate
than It was under virgin conditions I
this custom Is OH U now npenrs to bo
nn Important factor In maintaining tho
productiveness of thoso dry farms it
should most certainly bo preserved J
would bo n misfortune Indeed It this
continued supply of organlcmnttof should
ho reduced which wouLd bo tho case
for Instance If It bccamo tho custom
to burn over these wheat fields after
harvst Instead of plowing undor tho
straw or If the straw should bu cut
close to tho ground und hauled awuy
and not returned to the land in tho
form if manure
The conclusions are In part nt
I ell based on theory rather than in
actual observation or experiments
They arc of sufficient Importance to
warrant serious consideration until ef
fectually disproved f
CONCLUSIONS HKACHKD
To NUmmarlzn these conclusions
hrlelly It might be paid that tho pres
ent Indication are that Hummer
fallowing with alternate year crop
ping applied to grain production in
the Client Dastn makes I possible to
grow profitable crops with a rainfall
HO light that cropping ovury year
would bo Impossible also that tho
1111st itt of summer fallowing aw up
pllud In thll region a rticula thy whun
I Includufl thu plowing under after
each doll of n large amount of or
ganic matter lesiilU II hooping up It
not In actually IncrwiMlng the produc
ing capacity of the sol Thero nro
ODD or two miner features In con
nection with thut practise that need
further emphasis It has been found
for InMiiiice on uomo grills particu
larly those rich In lime that coat
tliutous shallow cult lvii lieu In uum
mir fallow retmltx In the formation fit I
a thin hardpan ut a depth of about
two or three inehcH In the furrow
sllote just below lIlt nut mulch Thin
condition cun he avoided o it t luaal
II Injurious effort nidutixl If the
depth of cultivation 11 lain In tat ii i ii g
thlult iniilali lo varied with each
opniatlon that IH In using tho dine
burrow for liistiineo It It can ho run
011 111 time and shallow 1 ho next
thil formation n this hnrdpan cuts bo
nejirly If not unite uvoidid Thin
hurdjiiui In Injurious not only becaUse
It prevontM the ready penctiiillun ot
thl Ural atilumn 111 following the
HBUtnn of uummor fallow hut It also
excludes thu air from tho lower pan
of the furrow slice whorl It II needed
to carry 01 tin I till Ii hots tiois of tho 1
goalIe matter pruvliniHly plowed iindLi
Continued on pnua two
A
THAWS DEFENSE
CLOSES MONDAY
Such is the Announcement of At
torney Littleton Chief Counsel
For the Defendant
MR JEROME WAS VERY NASTY
Wauled to Know t Hcfcimss Expected
Witnesses Wcro Shjslrrx Clmrla
tans or Men of Character
New York nn 21 Todays session
of the Thaw trial was abandoned at
tho request ot tho defense and an ad
journment wus taken until Monday
morning A heavy snowstorm tied
up th shipping In tho bay and pre
vented tho docking of tho steamer
Adraltlc on which three physicians
and a trained nurse are coming from
Kuropo to tentlfy as to Irrational
outbreaks by Harry Thaw at Monte
Carlo Paris nnd London Another
witness Dr Illngham of Pittsburg
who I recovering from an attack of
pneumonia until tomorrow will not bo In tho city
Mr Llttluton said he believed that
thI dell would result in expediting
the caso as he would employ tho In
tervening time In preparing tho hy
pothotical quest n for tho experts
and submitting I draft of It to Dist
Atty Jerome
Dlst Atty Jerome said ho would
not oppoio the adjournment provid
ing Mr Littleton would furnish him
hut names of witnesses who are ar
riving Air Littleton objected but
Justice Dowllng imld the rttqucst
was reasonable
Mr Llltleton said It hod leon his
experience that whenever the dis
trict attorney knew of the arrival of
any witnesses he and his people meet
them with subpoenas and subjected
them to long examinations I dont
intend ho added that ho shall know
court my case before It Is presented here In
courtWhat I want Is to nnd out whether
those people you are bringing hero aro
shysters charlatans or men of charac
ter nnd standing shouted Mr Jer
ome 1 will give you their names after
they have landed and their addresses
as well Mr Littleton said
Is the district attorney willing to
the names of witnesses he will
recall In rebuttal
The district attorney Is not required
to do that Interposed Justice Dow
ling
Inl
lingThen I dont think I ought to be
forced to tell him tho names oC my
witnesses
Oh very well then put In Mr
Jerome If you dont want to do It
all right
Mr Littleton said tho defense un
doubtedly will conclude Its caso Monday
SHEEPMEN HAVE
CHANGE TO TALK
Chief of Grazing in Forestry De
partment Here to Answer
Questions
A F Potter assistant forester of
that department nnd chief of crazing
Is in the city mil will bo ready this
afternoon to answer any questions put
to him regarding policies and methods
of tho department I Is oxpoctod
numerous sheepmen who aro In the
city will get t hearing with Mr Put
ter as meetings of sheepmen hold In
this city during tho past few days
havo waxed warm on tho grazing and
forestry slluatlons This mornings
session of Iho forcslcrs In convention
hero was devoted to a general dis
cussion ot tho uniform question
various delegate airing their views as
to whether uniforms are to bo favored
or tabooed
KOUESTIIV WORK
Regarding the work done In HIP Wilt
generally and in Utah particularly by
the forestry department W JO Her
ring chief engineer of tho forest see
vice In attendance at the unnvnnll
hero said In his paper yesterday
Moro than JGfiOOQO will havn loon
spent fqr tho administration and pro
tection of tho national forests of the
west by the end of the govornmenl fU
cal year Tune 10 The moneys comprise
of 600000 Ii
prise an appropriation o by
the nallonal CongrosH and about 10
000 unsigned from forest fundr
Dec Ir 11107 there wore 3289
mllos of telephone lines 27ClJ mile of
trails 471 miles of fences 89 bursts
tral cabins 202 hrldgeti III 151 mllos
of wagon roads completed under con
elrucllon and authorized In national
forests In the western pint of the
United States
AFtAIKS IN UTAH
In Utah wo havo constructed it tel
eph i one lino from Sallim via TnHtdnln
to Kwalanto ilt total lungth being 125
inlUH This line goes throutih f re
gion whims heretofore settlers lau
required three days In whloh to sIult
miinlcntu with a telephone or tolo
crftph line The Use nt tho lino Is
rlh
froo hut tolln airs fo course charged
for uiyuwotlonH with telephone ruin
panluH linen We hays also huUt 1
lino 32 mlleH In length from Holier
City to ti I oolt lit u > 1 U the Intention
to oxtnnd thlv Him UI far imat Us Vur
lial und While Hoelu Thl will in
volve 130 additional mlleH nf coiiMtfUi
tlon 10 thl Itear hives forest we
hiivtt conutriictid II ell linen whloh
afford loKan I Ito net lis communication t
loKanlllllhI tho norvlco will upend
shout jynoun in Jduho and fiiouoo II
Utah
UtahTho up IJllrIUllnl for thl 11111
dpiil Utah foixln art tut follottn
AiiuarluiM J i32 bled Hlvnr r >
Allmrlolll pad UUIe JlCOS I Uh
Irfjko JBG4V Montlopllo S4u Hull
ttslco 021 Kvlitr J3791 UlnOl Id
Wumileh ihft
60H WUKutll I n
GREAT BIG JAPANESE
BUGABOO DISCOVERED
Honolulu Jaii t LqIIIp hus
iwon dl8ciovoroil rkii > lnv llshuhlLiieitrl
bin bur mid the i mmt hue finin the
holuhtu behind Honolulu
BALTIMORE I1S
DISASTROUS fiRE
Worst That Has Visited IllFated
City Since Great Calam
ity of 1904
THREE FIREMEN WERE KILLED
SlCccn Others Mora or TASS ScrlotiMy I
Injured rinanclnl Iioss Esti
mated at 100000
Baltimore Jan 4Flro today took
heavy toll from the members of tho
fire department of this city three being
dead and 16 others more or less serious
ly Injured Tho list of tho later In
cludes Gorge Horton chief Of tho llro
department who Is In a serious condi
tion Ho has 1 badly lacerated scalp
and Internal Injuries
lIE DEAD
Llnut Frederick Berman
Frderek
William B Push
Unidentified man thought to be Emi
M orin
Tho financial damago Is estimated at
5400000
Tho blaze which Is the worst that has
occurred In this city slnco tho calamity
of 1504 started on tho third floor of the
building In southeast corner of Holllday
and Saratoga streets occupied by tho
J logester SOlS company plumlwrs
Brass
supplies tho Baltimore Del
company and tho William L Holllns
worth company machinists
Upon these three the heaviest losses
fall The lire had apparently been burn
Ing for some time before It was discov
ered The first alarm was quickly fol
lowed by a general alarm which
brought most of tho fire apparatus In
the city to the scene A strong wind
from tho northwest of a very low tem
perature mid the work of fighting the
fro more than ordInarily difficult and
the flames spread rapidly 3n an In
credibly short time after the blaza
broke out of tho windows on tho Sara
toga street side of thE Uegestor build
bIg and without the slightest warning
wall fell It
a large section of the north wal fel
was this that scatlcrtd death and In
juries among tho firemen who were
working near tho building A rain of
brluktnlsu put out of commission a lad
der truck on which somo of tho men
had boon working Saratoga street at
this point narrows sharply
LUCKY CHANGE OF WIND
For a time It Bcemed that tho fire
would sweep diagonally through the
block to Gay street nnd a number ot
people living 1 that thoroughfaro
moved their effects Changes In the
wind however helpod thoHrcmon and
enabled them to confine the damage
In addition to that already mentioned
lo the plants of tho K 13 Read SIS
company pilntcrs nnd Iho Flynn fe
Knrloh company muehlns > ts located
In f livestory building on Saratoga
street In the rear of thn Ilegtstcr
building the Leonhardt Wagon com
pany Saratoga strotot opposite the
building In which the fro originally
started tho old city hal building and
tho ZIon school building In the old
city hal building wen valuable maps
and records of the water typograph
ical and other city departments Thso
were removed to a placo of safety un
der the direction of Mayor L Harry
Mnhool
When the walls of the ncgesler
building fell members of tho lire nnd
police departments utterly dlsrcifard
ed tho fuet that I wall threatened
to fall Into Saratoga and worked frant
ically to rescue their comrades
The latter were badly mutilated and
the former wore In same Instances
almost stripped ot their clothing
While responding to tho alarm a
hose carriage and lIe engine collided
and five o tho men on tho engine
were Injured ono of thm seriously
BIOLOGISTS AT WAR
Irof Jacques louh JcflncN Ills Theory
Against KiiKllMi Scientists
Berkeley Cal Jan 24A war of
world famous biologists who are
searching for tho germ of Hfo Wa
started yesterday when Prof Jacquos
Locb Issued a bulletin In which ho
throw down the gauntlet to Overton
find Hoeber two English scientist of
the University of CambridgeIn a dis
pute over the permeability of celia by
Halts and Ions and water While tho
of LOQUR bulletin Is lochnluil
language Ioobl buletn tochnltl
he defends his theory of the creation of
life by tIle entrance of salts or Ions In
to tho cell which his Knglleh con
freres Overtoil and Hocber are trying
to haler down collected by nn array of data that
they have < olccled
TWAIN fSOlNn TO IIKIIMUDA
Now York Jan 24ills physicians
having recommended hiM sojourn In a
milder climate for tho remainder of tho
winter loc ue of u lingering attncK
of laryngitis Samuel M Clemens
Mark Twain will sail for Bermuda to
morrow Mr Clemen hlU been In bd
for several slays and said yesterday
that ho did not Intend to get up until
It was tlmo U > start for the utefimahlp
which will take him south
M lltilithii uv IIICIUVAVMUV
TuconiR Waih Jai 4A W
Thorncly 0 years of use who wan shut
by lilKliwayinon Mumlay nlfclif on tie
utiMiH leading up from thu Nunhern Paci
fic whurf illwl thou morning He utsi
Mixlittn vice consul and bud ht a
ruHlonm broker here its wa on ao
< oniill h d llnjfUlal unit eiiinc bore from
JmfU11
Iu Ciuu Vl1 Nterul leers uao He
heaves a widow anil daughter Th laL
tor arrived from Stiuifoid llv iiilty vet
toiday A word f HOOO Ii fr I by
oust mate uiul county for the appreh
Kinu of limit Jurprer
TO MlJIUrr AMHHHIAN JIlml
Iantvlilo Jan 31rivn Argatin
ioda on theIr
war hulls puawd irs 111 >
way to IliMt the AitieiiClifl flotilla In or
dir te Itt hem lu Wu no Ayrtf
BIG STORM CAUSES
SUFFERING IN NEW YORK
NVw York I I Tl ° ino worm
wllliK Mwupt VI th1 tii > hail su yes tr
day diMlope I nt a Hull bilwurd din
ing ht tug iii Tiiday tie 5115111
tilled dip In with shift
xv pro pisces
tllid iitrel d1 Hulth ami hIts IIKHI
1111 I
tmnt nf rlv 11 Witu badly hOI
1nt 1111111 iildnly 1 a < li heel
III 1 hag pert l ilf UllllKllll > 11n
weill her the ttorm caught thu hunts
less and poorer peoplo of tho cast eld
totally unprepared Many who html
found shelter In wagon yards for tho
night wore driven out and there wa
A rush of the homeless to charitable
Inxtlttillonn for shelter For the first
time thin winter the city lodging house
wa overcrowded and tho covered pie
of the charities department at tho toot
of east Twentysixth street was turn
cd Into an omorgenoy lodging hOI o
Several hundred men were given work
clearing tho streets of snow i
The body of C man named James
Smith was found under a sloop In
enit Twentythird Into which he lied
crept for protection and had frozen
In lUooklyn nearly every linn of
travel was blocked and In some cases
no attempt was nicole to movo the
oars The long cut In tho Bright
leach lino extending the wholn length
ot ed Prospect with park was completely nil
A 40mlnuto blockade on Urooklyn
bridge added much to tho discomfort
and delay of tho passengers bound for
Manhattan
At Sandy Hook thIs forenoon a
northwest gale woa blowing and tho
swirling snow made navigation haz
ardous
Retail coal dealers today advanced
the price of the domestic sizes of coal
CO cents par ton tho Increaso prlco
to remain In force until traffic condi
tions bocomo normal again I wait
announced that tho Increase was made
to cover tho additional cost of de
livery
HAYTIEN REVOLUTIONISTS
TAKE TOWN OF PORT DE PAIX
Port au Prince Haytl Jan 2tThe
revolutionists have taken possession oC
the town of Port do Palx 35 miles woa
of Capo Haytlen
An English and a French cruiser are
expected off the coast shortly They
will French give Interests protection to British and
Charles Idiot tho American consular
agent nt St Marc has been removed
from educe because of his complicity
with the rebels lot Is a Haytlen
MTJHDKUKO IX MEXICO
El Paso Tex Jan U Telegrams
from Chihuahua Max says that Otto
Andre Hadcr an American mining mal
employed by Los Angeles mine owners
and I 4yearold Mexican girl were
murdered at Urlque a remote Mexican
Mexian
mining town In Sierra Madres by a
brother of tho girl who objected to her
leaving home with hinder
STEAMER AMSTERDAM
All Missing IUNongcrs and Crew
Brought Inlu HookxifIIollniul
HookofHolland Jan 2ithI the
missing passengers and crew from tho
steamer Amsterdam wcro brought in
here safely at noon today
Tile steamer Amsterdam collided
Amsteram coldcd
Tuesday night with tho steamer Ax
inlnster nnd sustained serious damage
MAN THREATENED WITH
LYNCHING KILLS SIX MEN
Bakru Trans Caucasla Jan 21 In
consequence of tho accidental killing o f
somo laborers by 1 locomotive at I
suburban station of the railroad here
today a mob of comrades of tho vie
timH lutoundl tho onclno ami at
tempted to lynch tho engineer To ce
capo tho fur of tho excited workmen
tile engineer opened the throttle of the
locomotive and dashed through tho
crowd killing six men and wounding
many others
LISBON IS FILLED
WITH DISTURBING RUMORS
Lisbon Jan 24The transmission ot
tho following dispatch was permitted by
tho authorities after duo censorship
Lisbon Is filled today with disturbing
rumors but there havo been no new
developments In tho abortive attempt
of two night ago to overthrow the I
monarchy nnd proclaim Portugal a re
public
The police havo visited all tho news
paper offices and forbidden the publica
tion of anything concerning the men ar
rested yesterday and the day before
JjEADRU AimESTKO
Chicago Jan 24Dr BenJ L Utotman
who led tho march of the Unemployed
yesterday and was arrested after a Debt
with the police was arraigned In Ifht
court today on charges of disorderly con
duct and Inciting a riot Ho demanded
a jury trial and tho caso was continued
until January 2
S
KY SENATORIAL EhUCTIOX
Frankfort Ky Jan 2ITho sena
torial ballot today resulted Beckham
49 Bradley 47 McCreary 4j scatter
ing 2
2DRIVERS STRIKE
Dellirry tfeii nt Palace Meat Market
Xov Out of Jobs
There was l tempest In a J oanot tit
Iho IaJnco Meat Market this morning
tint result of which Is four misguided
and over Impetuous young men are
out of n jab Manager Nipper of the
market laid oft n wagon Saturday
night on account of slacking up of
trade leaving four others to do Iho
work Tills necessItated giving the
driver Ab Smith I rust There wui
I oonforunco b twcen tho remaining
huh rtut Hay Glazier Walter Itobortu
J A Draper and L Strong over lion
situation and before going to work
nt 8 I m today they demanded that
Smith be put back on the run or they
would I I Htrlku and Cult
They iult and their plttces were filled
before 1 oolook und this four wagons
are running an Initial with now men
and tile strIkers are now trying to Und
out what happened
PROMOTIONS ARE MADE
Und of riral Sonio tur Comw TiKliu
Conditions C nit > lns
Thu end o the Drat Bcnientor In the
city schools dime today 1romotlon
have been made and on Monday this
retidjuatment of daIses will b 1 111
The number of conditional promotion
In wild to lie quite small till year mid
this number of falltne miwlltr tile
numlwr of promotion biting noiinal in
above lu nimrly all the city ohol
flu Introduction of now text book
newnMltated tho adoption of now
method In many branches of ntudy
BUI the results hnc bell more thun
uitl fa tory to tho iKiliool admlnU
tritilon otttalaU rIte nchool ualundur
iunlcinpUUed the indlnit o lhi > frt
piumHtur last Frlduy but 0Y111 tn Ihu I
ixiru ueuk In tl holiday vucutlun It
ui iliiluyed ono wik The fact that
Hi li > iliiff vucutluM his been vtrlcknn
Inin t ho school culfiidur does not 1
ti i 11 > longth of the Hrcoiiil motor
houMi and I full Ihll nuMithn
K liool yr will b guen in spIte of
tin iiie > vlt > II rlonu the nuhooU for
dIsuee Iii Jutiuiiry
CONFLAGRATION 1
CONfAGRAIN
IN PORTLAND ME
City Hall and Police Buildings
Destroyed and Hundreds of 1
Lives Endangered 1I
WORST IN STATE SINCE 1866
I
Financial Loss a Million but Does
Not Cover Destruction of l
Papers and Documents
1
Celebrated Grccnlcaf Taw Collection j
Iltirncd Nouspaper Sinn on Wny i
Honic Dlscovcrd the Fire > 1i
Portland Me Jan 4A fire which
caused a property damage of 1000000 i
early today destroyed tho city hall and
police buildings and endangered tM
lives of more than 700 persons Al j
though known as city hail the building 1
was divided between tho city and coun
ty offices while tho police building shel
tered the supreme judicial and muni i
cipal courts In addition to tho police
department Tho fire was tho worst
in tho stato since the great Portland
conflagration of ISfiG when tho citys
business and residential sections wtr
almost completely wiped but
Thero were more than 700 person 1
attending tho Western Maine KnKhti
Pythias Jubilee gathered In the audl
torlnm of the city hal Only a tilts
persons wero hurt Chief Englucci
Molvlllo Kldredgc being tile onl >
known seriously hurt and he was able
to direct tho light against the flamus
throughout being supported by twc
assistants
MILLION DOLLAR LOSS i
The financial loss Iscstlmated at JI
000000 but this sum will Itot cover the 4
loss of the papers and documents In
the registry of deeds where everything 1
was destroyed Other departments
wcro swept clear of everything by the
flames with tho exception ot tim city
clerks and the city treasurers olllcc
tho money and securities In the latter
being believed to bo Intact although I
lelng beleved
will bo almost Impossible to ascertain
definitely until the vaults have cooled
sulllclently for au examination to be
made Ono of tho most valuable li
braries In the state the Oreenleaf law
collection was completely destroyed
with I loss estimated at 10000
Tho blaze originated In tho city elec
tricians office and was caused by
crossed wires and this made It Impos
sible to ring u tIre call The tire was
110
discovered by a newspaper man on his
way home Ho tried to pull an alarm
from a nearby box stationed outside
a tIre station rue signal rang the
station alarm nnd ought the fire
men from that house to tie sceno but
they and I few others summoned l y
telephone constituted the whole Ire
nghling force for half nn hour during
which time the lames gained such
headway us to become uncontrollable
When Chief Engineer KldrldRQ ar
rived he gave up all hopes of saving
tho building atOll confined the efforUot
the department to protecting surrodnrt
Ing property v
FInE DISCOVERED
When tho lames wero discovered
William A Turner chairman of tho
meeting of th Pythian body was made
acquainted with the condition of af
fairs Interrupting tho rites of In
vestlturo which were going on ho calm
ly told the assembled members of tha
existing conditions nnd thus averted 0
pnnl bringing out more than 700 per
sons uninjured
Earlier In tho evening there had been
moro than 1600 people In tho audi
torium for the jubilee exercises und
had tim he occurred then packed as
the hall was many lives might have
been lost
Chief Engineer Eldrldgo sustained
his Injuries by tjio breaking away of
a coupling of hose which hit him In
tho stomach
When the flnntM climbed to tho po
lice building whero tho county Jail Is
located tho prisoners wero sot free
They had been arrested for only minor
offenses The building which was a
flvostory structure of brick burned ut
and down from the third door as did
Use hall Aid was uummoned from
Hath Dlddcford Sace and Lowlston
but the latter was thin only city to set
Us apparatus In time city before day
break When It arrived It was too late
to take any nctlvo part in the fight
against tho lames
THE CITY HALL
The city hull survived the great Irs
of ISCrt although It was badly dam
aged nt that time It was first opened
in 1899 rite building had a frontage
of ISO oct and was 210 feet long Its
central domtw rose ICO feet above tho
roof Time building was constructed
of colored Nova Scotia Albert stone
and contained SO rooms
MAYOR DAHLMAN OF OMAHA
Led from Hull of Waterways Contun
tlon by SirgcantntArins
Sioux City la Jan SI Mayor James
C Dahlman of Omaha was led from
ho hall by time tiorgoantatarms of the
waterways congress nt Its final session
Thtinulay evening at tim request of
Qov Uurke of North Dakota who wan
ictlng chairman of the congress Mayor
DHhlinan rose In his scat to talk on the
notion to adopt the report of the com
nlttoo on organIzatIon Ills attItude
wan uniatlafnotory to evcra delegates
vim declared he was out of order lie
anno he was trying to Inject polltlna
nto the congress There wen several
cries of put him out cant Iliairmun
lurke finally railed tho sertteuitnt
arms wtui led the mayor from the hall
The mayor declaration thut you
will huvo to go down to WuuhlnKtnu
aid me Pnile Joa iiniioii und I lisomi
about that iiiuiit fetiivid I tie trouble
Sit down Mioutil tt ikliBJte
No Ill nut sit down replied the
nttyni I ttiuit i till > ou
iteM nut nr lee IIIIH out of or
ler miin i > i lw tailed
Till llnd 111 rtJ Ubollt tO irClPl
uii more trouble touch the fhulrmui
uhd iJuhhnan out of order
The mayor rifuneil lu arnpt the rul
lila und hUd his Bioimd HOY riur0
al toil fni the tloui iiftIi < T wlio took I liii
iiyoi by the unit purlilnK L11
IMIil
thme nlHl Aflsi MIIII a drum nt
luau left Hu HMir hi i < inii > ui > yyltli gus
lu the
d
sorgeali I atzl rots and roiltuInCol
v sr nt tho hall

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