She IfoflxvtHg Mig
BEOVlfLOW, HAWS & CO., Publisher!.
South cf tae Blver Celebration.
What Rhonid tte Methodists Do ? A Threatening Letter.
M 1 -f 4-. T I 11.11 sT
. , .v. rvi I t ..v . .v- .,rfJon is the trim wolicT or ine iouowing letter aaoresseu ,uuge aui,
. j ..i j: tri. n... I , f Rmit.Ti. n1 witui i ih duty I this city, ib of the more importance on account ot Frovost Marshal, bavine recently been requested to
meeting ol revurasu .utuaCra vu xuuiy h ... loyal aietnoaisw u. - --- -- - - . ; - - -
K.l.m Church. i miles south of tha river. nf th Vorthern Metnoaists toward mem r nuu m i"- riu ui v-oi. Bc, uur
Sound AdTlce to the Freedinan.
Cart X. G. Parker, of the 33d U. S. C. I, and
We have often attended political meetings at the
same place during the past fifteen years, and we have
sever before seen luch a crowd in attendance. The
gathering was overwhelming citizens, soldiers, la-
: dies and children. The very best of order and the
finest state of feeling prevailed and pervaded all
i classes. An ar-rjropriate stand was erected in the
A the comfortable seats were taken
; j &- i
thousands cf true Union men in the South who can
never be gathered into the folds of Southern Meth
odism, aye, tnU not go into that organiza
tion, and they are awaiting, witn anxious prayers
and tears, the coming among them of tne "oia
Church," from which, in 1814, they separated so re-
the best reasons in the world to believe it contains gaTe to the negro freedmen there the following ex-
no idle threats, but that its plans will be attempted I ceent advice. We transfer it to our columns, trust-
to be carried out. The signs are all that way. n e
are on the side of the civil law, and so are Judge
Hall. Attorney funeral Young, and-Mr. Sheriff
Bearden ; and the characters and acts of thee men
"Th union cf Ukt the union of lands
T union cf States none can eever
The union of hearts the union of bands
And the flag of our Union forevsr."
Knoxville, Tenn., Sept. 13, 1865.
luctantly. it is the solemn and religious duly ot tne are grossly misrepresented Dy t" uaaoiu.
Methodist Episcopal Church to send the gofpeL the If, however, the rebels have not naa enougu oi mc.r
out of the large church for tne aecommooauon i aacrau auu . Z" ZTZTrZ ..v. .d r word for fuL bepolite-be aU which the law of the land and
ior-i patriots ana aevotea Jieinoaisw. xi o. omj o, uui, .u umUU mDu uuw oi w ... I .v. ' , ; r will have
. !. . ... . . J : n I U . . A Ar lh. kug lan vi uuu iwuiio ui jvlu w . v .....
friends, and be a great people in time. Be as many
ing it will eiercise a proper influence on the freed
men throughout the wide limits of our own State.
He says to them :
You are free but you are not to 1 insolent. You
are not froe to be roaming about from placo to place,
neglecting your families, and living by begging or
stealing, for both are crimes. Be honest, be truth-
the ladies. And the music of the brass band,
. . , . , . . . :n V.a
. i tn mw m una rpnmro ot von. xmi vou wui u o
. - . 1 1. .-l a r.vj:. . j - I ; i,. ,i.7 nut in tnis ena oi me i - - . . --i - ..
merlv attached to the Cth Tennessee mianiry, mauo i mere are mousanas oi uoiorea uu.ouiiahbuj muo hcd midj owu uo t,m
. i. I , . . :n i. . j :. Vr. I State.
the hills and hollows echo and re-echo witn sucn i by the war, who will De treated wiw mainerence oy
I oul-tirrinE airs as "Rallv Round the Flag, Boys," J the Southern Church, on account of their claiming
gx &c. J their freedom, and going after the "old Church.''
The speaking commenced at eleven o clock, and I The Lord, in his providence, has cast these people
We cannot let this letter go out to the world with
out correcting iu false staUment made, as to the
character of old Jim Smith, bmith was one ol tne
worst men in this country, nd together with his
The "tt'Hia can be bad every week at the News
Dppot of R. H. Skeleton. Tost Office Building,
1 - o
Locis McGlauflin is authorised to act as our
.e.r.t alnnir t vchrA TcfC CoA,t. His addrCSS
it San Francisco, California.
The Mob Spirit Slop It.
Th horrified portion of our East Tennessee mor
t'u-tji. and such Northern men as have settled down
here, and for the sake of money and patronage take
tbo rebel side in all difficulties and suits that spring
ur. are crying out, at every corner of the street,
Hirainut mob law, and against the practice of whip
ping men for their cruelties during the reign of reb
els well as that most unlawful practice oi nouiy
me certain characters to leave againut a given time.
We have not a word to say in defense of mob law,
.,n iVa rnnt.rnrv. wn condemn it in unqualified
1 1 1 I.-- . j j .
terms. wrong in principle and practice.
But let U converse with others for a brief rpell
r.iv-n t his mibifh-L and let us look at both sides of the
'j-aetion. Four years ago, when Tennessee wa; un
der the civil rule of Gov. Harris and associates, tie
Knoiville iail was crowded with about 150 Union
men, confined there for entertaining and expressing
l.'val sentiments. They were fed and treaica jikb
dogs. Among them were Mr. Cate, a Baptist min
ister of 75 years, Mr. Tope, a Baptist minister of 70
year.., Mr. Trewhitt, a lawyer of 70 years, Judge
Fickens, a State Senator of 62 years, Mr. Under
down, an old farmer of 80 years, Jacob Harmon, a
man of 70 years, Mr. Bible, an old man, besides
many others of forty and fifty years, down to the
Rge of eighteen Some of the.-e old men died in
pricon. and on steamboats on their way to Tusca
loosa and Mobile. Others were taken out of the jail,
fue at a tune, and hung in Knoxville. The leading
rebels could have prevented all this, and liberated
these men. but believing their punishment just, they
Tvf.aA tn turn n hand in their favor. Their love of
civil Inw was not then as great as it is now !
hs.l lar?-e tubs made out of barrels
J"- - o
awed into two parts. To these we resorted to an
swer tlie calls of nature. When full they would run
over and run upon the floor, where, in our crowded
rendition, we had to sleep ! "Water was hauled and
emptied into barrels out by the side of the jail, for
us to drink. The dirty blackguards appointed to
guard u? would wash their faces and hands in the
barrels, und Woic their notts therein, and when re
monstrated with would reply, " It L good enough
f,,r d d Lincolnito to drink V The leading
rebels of Knoxville, or Gov. Harris, could have pre
vented all thib. but they were not then so zealous in
favor of law and order as now !
Old men were tied up in their own yards, to posts
T trecN nnd whipped upon their baro backs until
ihey fainted, and in many instances thereafter pierced
through with bullets' Young men were hunted
down like wild beasts, and shot down wherever
found' Old women nnd young girl? were tied up
til h-'ine and whipped, to force them to tell the con
script I'tEcer where their sons and brothers were!
Union families were robbed of all they had to live
cn! Union mothers and children were driven out
of their houses, and they and their contents burned
to the ground, because their husbands and sons had
crossed Cumberland Mountains into Kentucky, and
gone into the Lincoln army! All this could havo
been prevented by Gov. Harris and the leading
rebels of Emt Tennessee, but they were not then
iati?fied there was any wrong in all this, or they
were not in love with law ;ind order!
Meanw hile, written notices were served on Union
n:eu. giviug them so long a time to get out of the
Confederacy, and informing them thai but vne furty
could ever hereafter live in this country ! Failing
to leave upon fsir warning, they were stood in pits
J.;g to their wai-ts, a doen at a time, in this very
Knoxville, and whipped on their bareback with
Luther otn.p, et in buckets of water, to render
thm elaic! The wives and children of prominent
Univn men, who had been run out of the country,
were ordered to pck up and go North in a given
timesay 30 hours and when .-tarted their erects
seiied up.'ii and appropriated! All this could havo
prevented by the leading rebels of East Tennessee,
but they were not then ujf.kt'd with a sense of jus
tice, or thev had not fallen in love with the law and
courts of the country '
Prominent Union men were seized in our towns
nl rode upon a rail, by ruffian soldiers! Unpro
tected womrn were marched in their own yards and
Iheir persons violated by rebel soldiers in open day!
, j . l : l 1. 1 . , A n T?,-v.-l nrmm frwar- I i. nrv -.1 .1 : ..C,n
speecnes were uwiereu vj a uuo vuji.n UymU lue 01 iuu oiu uigiuiauuu, uu moj umo. - , .
nor Brownlow and Prof. Spence. The Judge and fed and nurtured with the bread of life, or the 60ns waa eDSagi in bushwhacking, robbing, ana in
Governor both urged obedience to the law of the Church must frowned up0n by the Head of the "7 conceivable way aiding ana aDettin0 tne re-
State, and alike deprecated any resort to mob vio
lence, declaring such remedies for existing wrongs
far worse than the evils proposed to be remedied.
The Governor assured the audience that the Supreme
Bench was adorned with able and loyal Judges, and
that every Circuit and District in the State was oc
cupied by a loyal Judge and Chancellor, aa well as
& loyal Attorney for the State, and he called upon
the citizens and soldiers, having complaints to make
against rebels and bad men, to bring them before
the lawfully constituted legal tribunals. He felt
certain that justice would be done to U nion men in
the Courts, and if they got justice rebels would get 0f Church South," and for the reason that the
the same. said Church went into the rebellion, and has for
True, both the Judge and the Governor dealt some foio& & claims to an observance of the old "plan
heavy and telling blows to the loading rebels of the 0f separation.'- The Bishops, Editors, Book Agents,
country, who aided in bringing on this rebellion talents, influence and wealth of the Church South,
Church. This is not all, a great emigration seta in
towards these Southern States. Methodists in the
Northwest, and from the Northern lakes, are seek
j ing homes on the banks of our streams which flow
into the Gulf of Mexico. Many brave soldiers who
j fought to put down the rebellion are settling down
here for life. Many of them are Methodists, and
others were raised in the faith. These are the chu-
Statk of Tkssksee, August, 1863.
Messrs. E. T.HalL Judge; lounj, Aiwrnry
General ; Ecarden, A'lenn ;
. -v, ,r.r:TitAd to be placed in ofuce
to administer and enforce the civil laws of the land.
4 . c -Pmrn au l can learn i umi
not. " This is merely to inform you that unless the
civil hw is enforced, and men who have taken the
lw into their own hands. ad committed outrages
- ., , t 3 ,. . -j j I foVuii or-rviTiotiii'rRrs and paroled soldiers, in
aren oi tne cnurcn, ana sne oannoi, anu uaio uow -J"-yCa nnt rrested and
of vou are now. Bnd vour teachers would make you,
and you will disappoint your few friends and please
your enemies, and your end will be bitter.
Many'of you are" now violating your contracts, or
agreements, with those with whom you made them.
I warn you of the danger you are in. Many of you
refuse to make any contract at all, and you are as
guilty as those who have made them and violate
them", because you have been directed to do so. The
same Government protects you that does me, ana
the same Government protects your former masters
and mistresses that does us, and their rights are as
sacred as yours, and when you encroach upon them
you know not what you do there is a prayer for
you, but it will hardly save you if you sin against
every light. "Lord forgive them, they know not
what they do, win hardly be onercd up in-earnest
for you if you persist in the wrong continually.
You are frse but you are poor; you don t own a
single acre of land ; and you never will until you
purn it. Your former masters and owners own all
ill, WW 1 -H" " '-gBBgl'-'.
Killing or Captain ThornhlU.
Below we publish a eominncatiocjon the killing of the
late Captain John k. Thornhill. At the wquert of the
writer of the communication, a relative of the decerned
we fnpprejs bis name. In all such c-'i it is our rule
to give the name of th anther if deniati'led by thv?e in
terested or i'jtplicated.
On the other sid uf the ijutioa we puMiab. the ru
meot of one of the cun-l of Col. J". Farm.
The following naration of facts and circumstances are
given, that the public may know what outnigrs are per
petrated under the semblance of authority. .
On the 2Uh day or June, IS65, Captain Hell and Lieut.
rri. . j i. " J ... 7 . i i I "'" i me vtn xonnesjee cava rv, wiia a part vi
The accused is chartred with having murdered, or I j . . ,," , . '. t;.v:.i
causedto oe murdered, one John A. Thornhill, said I ThornhUl, in Jtfferson count v. and iniaired if Captain
to nave neen a citizen ot jenerson county, in the I Thornhiu was thr. Mr. Thomhill, who waa former
State of Tennessee. That Thornhill is dead, while I ly a CapUia in the Regiment to which the above-named
not clearly established by the testimony, is not de- I officers now belong, aro from , oa th porch of
11 .1 1 .1... J f l.l 1 . an J nnAIIIIMil ' V . .. . , . 1 .
msa oy we counsel lor iu umun&e. i iw uousc, " m party inai ne was mere i
Admittine therefore, for argument's sake that he I having made tne nouse w n3 oncte Richard ThornhUl
Conrt-Martlftl-Trlal or CoL Jo. Par
sons. Thi UyiTO States, J Before General Court
Jo. Pabsoss. J Mckdhl
May it Please the Court :
The investigation of this cause has no doubt se
verely taxed your patience, although it ha been
the studious purpose of the counsel for the defense
to curtail the evidence as much aa was consistent
with the interest of the defendant. The crime
charged against the accused involving no less than
his life, and even, in case of discharge, his reputa
tion probably for life, must be our excuse for any
apparently unnecessary prolongation of the case,
tin. TV,p ..r.1.1 Church-' mint oeeutvv the I many instances miiing wi, - Y, a vu earn it. Your lormer masters ana owners owu au
neglect them. The old Church f VJ the lt0f ht to s we many so-called rebels d d housesyou are now dependent upon
IvCl 1 1 lVl J , aiALi iCBV.U fcAAD gvopi aa wuv I THl l&KQ IHQ l&Vf lllU) OUT Aaue -0- j
.t.tnd urxin our friends, by dealing
antviiYiori 1T7 wnn inn lvmHuaiuia auu uualiuw.
lieving two of you are intending well, but are only
fearful of the rabble, we win give you wmc.v
ing that you have a greater enemy to fear than the
ruhhlft. unless vou do vour duty, and that speedily.
The Shenfl, Bearden, we snow 10 do a oau man, uu
detailed and urged hia men to perform deeds of in-
them for the shelter which protects you from the
sun, and which must protect you from the biting
cold of the coming winter. Many of you don't think
of this. You are proud, and boastful, and lazy, and
independent. All those faults will bring you to suf
forinu. Look ahead there is another year coming;
you all want homes next year. Government won t
compel your former owners to provide you with
them. You are free but vou are poor. You have
. ... ..... . i I . 1
.en: iv. . k Hn-tHtmn Trtttnmnr ini i n i kA ntMb t rno enn n n r- i o . . 1
muugiutcuuuu, .ku uWkuv.., wu... b were an coiimeu w """" i fmv. and then assisted one ot them in mating ineir . in,m a;.
l.n;,- anA riora nrt rlftimfi nn thft forbearftiicfl oil v. mthn J mMTt.t His T1flnfi for tho I . . J 1 J i- t- j
uviiivu nuu "v - i cawiijejj tug auvno nuw wwj f
trouble, and consiemnc so many valuable youn
men to premature graves. For these great and tho old organization. If she absorb the South, and killing of James Smith are well known, as weii as
guilty offenders the speakers said they had not abat- the disintegration of the whole Southern organka- ,SS?SlLlJiSiJS
ed any of their dislike. During these speeches many tion follow, let it be done it will be tne ixiraa - nd a good neigh-
eves were filled with tears. j work. They staked their Church existence upon the as &11 of hi8 nonoBt neighbors, Union and rebel,
rrofessor Spence followed in a Sunday School ad- work of breaking up the Government, and lost, ana well testify. ever was a guerrilla, ana urowniow
. I . . rrt l J - r i.vA I b-nrkH7a it H a Tvoe vim sV Trfrrt IlomG.
uress irO iiie ciiiiureu, v aiivu t m r i uw" Kva.
and well received. All in all, it was a great day, Church South rail out against rJorthrn abolition-
A l ... .1
and a great meeting, and the enect was line, ana I they scorn to acknowledge any allegiance to me
will prove of lasting benefit. We can but hope that J National authority, and they look with contempt
si'.cA meetings will be held all over the several coun- J Up011 anv eu-ort to supply a Southern pulpit with a
ties of East Tennessee. The loyal women God Yankee preacher. The old Church has the resources
bless them broucht their baskets and buckets filled 1 0f men and money to build up a Conference in every
with everything good to cat; while, to the credit of State South, and she ought to do it, and we are well
citizens and soldiers, there was no lienor on hand 1
local and traveling preachers in every suite w no th&t they nQ quictiy submit to every wrong,
will go into the worK, aua tney are men nauwu w i Dut wm piCu men time, ana ampiy avuugu on m
the people, and in whom the people will confide.
"was run off from his nome, tutor
Longstreet left the country, when he went to the
Confederacy, and there remained a quiet citizen,
never having entered the army, to my certain
icentlv and constantly, or vou will die. Freedom
imposes a duly upon you which you little under
stand, but you must learn it- I tell you the truth,
and whether you believe it now or not, you will
sooner or later believe it. 1 could tickle you if, like
some of your own foolish ones, and make you be
lieve a more palatable dose, and you would flock
around me and call me your friend; but I cannot
deceive you. You are free, but you have a life of
labor before you a life of toil and suffering, but it
will be a rich life, if you accept the toil as a bles
. - . , i i . . n
Binf . wnicti il reauv is. auu not n curst ; uu mi
enmmittad acts of violence in your very presence
The truth is, sirs, nearly all of you, from Brownlow
down, have encouraged it. I will candidly state to
von. that if vou pursue vour present course of con-
I J. ' , J J J . ri,.lirlltinil
enough posted to say sKe vill to U Tor. We have duct any onger y u -
o , v U I Klllrr. WHICH lb ICttliV 3. tUU iiVk th Vui :v , u
AVhy have you not arrested the men wto have f d l0 workpra V; ieRrn
Future Operations or lynch Law
Wo can readily see that a state of things may
arise in East Tennossee that will be more destruc
tive to peace and order than anything we have yet
had. Wo hope that such may not be the case.
Lawyers are a class of men who feel bound, whon
employed by their clients, to do for them all they
can. Most of the lawyers of East Tennessee find it
necessary, in order to save many of their clients
from ruin, to inaugurate a new doctrine, which,
however, we have no idea the Courts will sustain.
They are taking the ground that the Confederate
Government was a de facto Government that when
certain rebel officers seized upon the property of
loyal men, they wore obeying the orders of their su
periors that the injured man must go back upon
the commanding General from him to the Secre
tary of War from him to Jeff. Davis and, finally,
upon a jay-bird loosing his whole claim. The
same course, or worse, is threatened in regard to
suits for damages. The people, who have been
basely plundered and wickedly wronged, have
agreed to go into the courts of the country, and rely
The State or AffairsBemoval or Col
The stato of affairs in the country is bad enough,
lint, mifht bo worse, in view of the materials at
... 0 - - 1
work. The followinr letter is from a Union man,
juries to themselves or friends. Many are already
doomed, for we nave sworn 10 nave men uom w
blood at every hazard, and when we once sot our
heads we are not easily bafflod, for we have all the
We are hunted down and driven from our homes,
not by the authorities, but by the vulgar, cowardly,
and unprincipled class who never placed themselves
in danger wnere otner men unu au uquai tunum.
and want and all will be well.
Card rrom Col Blackburn.
Nashville, Sept. 1st, 1565.
To the Editor of the Knoxville Whig :
In the Nashville papers of tho 29th of August, I
see a statement of Mr. J. Wheeler, late C. S. A.,
concerning the difficulty between him and myself
and I very respectfully request that you grant me
space in your columns for a reply.
In the first place, he states, in his letter to Gen.
Thomas, that when I mentioned my name to him,
he was instantly seized by both arms by Captain
Ouinn. and held, while 1 struck him twice with a
club. This I cronounce a wilful lie. If Wheeler
intelligent and well informed, whose truthfulness we and you have never tried to suppress it, but we cdl had not known this to be a lie, he would not have
can mc4 readily endorse : suppress it, if we have to suppress their worthless mftd(J tho 8tatement. It is said that some men blis-
... lives. . ..." tor their tonzues bv tellinc lies. If Jo. Wheeler's
Chattanooga, lenn.. Sept. o, 18bo. t will state that we entered the Confederate army
Goctftmr Broiodoic : voluntarily, and at the beginning of the w ar, be-
Dear Sir I hope vou will pardon me for troub- lieving, a3 we do yet, that we were engaged in a
line vou with a short scroll, giving vou the state of righteous cause. We served until being overpower-
! Our condition hero is fearful in the extreme, the
I frequent collisions between white and negro soldiers,
' and betweon citizens and negro soldiers. The ne
: groes leave Chattanooga and sallie out into the coun-
try, committing outrages of various kinds and de
; grees. The white loyal citizens and discharged sol
! diers are not prepared to stand by and see their
I houses pillaged by negroes. The result i3, and must
be, the murder of many negroes and white men.
These murders are frequent in and around Chatta-
more lreiuent aauy. ine ne-
nnoffn. find crnwin
upon an honest jury of twelve loyal men to give them j gro 30ldicrs in Chattanooga are allowed to police tho
lioir rio-hta 1 film rrllinn. however. .hu llbelefraliz- ! streets and stand euard with loaded guns, (which
o i . . .1 .11 j l : . .nu:.M
look for was never to my Knowieage auoweu wiuienuiuicro,;
and 1 am lntormea onen nre wiinoui caning w
On the day before yesterday, a negro soldier shot
a whito soldier, and one of the balls passed through
ordered to our homes ; and, recognizing the failure
of our cause, we have taken the advice of our lead
ers, to try and restore quiet and peace to our unhap
nv land : and. believing all disturbers of the peace
as our enemies, most of us have taken the oath of
alleeiance. and in cood faith, and are now the most
peaceable citizens of the country ; but we have fore
bore with a certain class until forbearance has ceased
to be a virtue, and as there is an end to all earthly
' things, we have sworn to put an end to them.
Many ho-called Rebel?.
edby such erroneous decisions or verdicts, we
a worse state of things than we have yet had. If
we know any people on this green earth, it is the
loyal element in East Tennessee. They will, to a
f ... .1.-1 1 J - V oliimlini
man, die before they willagain submit to oppression ; "K V W Now" Go-
, ernor, can you not prevail on General Thomas to
and wrong at the hands of rebels, or those who are
in sympathy with them.
have the Chattanooga post garrisoned with white
soldiers? We cannot live at this rate, but anarchy
and confusion must be the result. I have had no
difficulty with negroes or whites; but awful out-
Cincinnati and Louisville, Look Out !
Business men tell us that when tho two bridges ; rages are being committed frequently by negroes
are complete in Upper East Tennessee which will ! upon tho families ot L nion men, ana aiscnargea soi
be soon good3 can be shipped from New York and
Philadelphia to Knoxville, via Richmond or
Lynchburg, for one dvllar ha vii the vne hundred
pow.ds than our merchants are charged from Louis
ville and Cincinnati, via Nashville. We do not
doubt the fact, for our merchants have been paying
to:o prices for all freights on the Nashville line since
the trade has been opened. Louisville and Cincin
nati may look out. And unless they manage to city on Monday, the first since the fall of 1861. The
diers in the country round Chattanooga
The foregoing is only one of many letters coming
U us, deploring tho state of feeling existing and
growing into dreadful maturity between white and
The Supreme Court or Tennessee.
The Supreme Court commenced its session in this
Action or a Christian Church.
We have before us the late proceedings ol the
Boon's Creek Christian Church, in Washington
county. The conclusion of the proceedings speaks
Many of us have been forced to leave all that is
near and dear to us in this world our lands, our
hnnsfw. our wives and our little ones, and seek re-
tongue h ever blistered, it will oe oy temng tne
Capt. Quinn did not lay hands on him, nor did he
enter tho room into which Wheeler retreated. lie
remained at the head of the 6tairs to prevent any
one else from coming up and interfering.
When I entered and introduced myself to Wheeler,
upon the mention of my name, he stepped back to
wards the bed, as if intending to secure a weapon ;
thereupon I struck him with a walking cane, hav
ing with me nothing else with which to chastise or
injure the perjured puppy.
He also says that a gentleman seized Capt. Quinn
and held him to prevent bis using his pistols. This
is also untrue. No one took hold of or ever touched
Capt. Quinn, nor did ho intend using a pistol unless
some of Wheeler's staff, all of whom wore about the
house, made their appearance and attempted to take
part in tho affray.
He also asserts an infamous lie when ho stales that
upon tho seizure of Capt. Quinn, I ceased the as
sault,rand ran hastily down stairs. I ceased only
when he cried enough, and then I walked down stairs
and out on tho street.
His absurd statement that he never issued any or
der to the prejudice of myself or men, and that he
had treated with kindness all prisoners who fell into
iiw TionrU T holievo to be eouallv untrue. I had the
fucn bevond the ruecrcd Cumberland Mountains, to I
rmnf inn from Cantain Howard and others of
save ourselves from prison and death. Many, yea ! "Wheeler's command, whom I captured during his
very many of our Christian mothers have had their raid in 18G1( t0 the effect that if I or my Inen were
sons torn from their bosons, aa it were, and forced rflntre(j. we were to be immediately put to death,
to serve against their will in the army, or wear away and ft3 for hi3 professions of humanity to prisoners
bring freights down to what they should be, their
run of trade from East Tennessee is over.
What is said cf freight will apply to pas-engers,
and with more force than the former. Passengers
can now g to Washington for several dollars loss
from Knoxville, by the Virginia route, than they
can by way of Louisville, and save thirty-six hours
in time, which, with busines.- men, is an item. Nay,
it costs less from Dalton, Ga., on this route, than by
way of Nashville, and the time is less by an odds of
twenty-four hours. These fact;, of such great mo
ment with the traveling public, will get out, and
this saving of time especially will leak out.
their lives in some prison. Our property has been
taken from us, and many of our families have been
left to drag out a miserable existence or to escape
for life through the Federal lines to save themselves
from ruin, rapine and starvation.
We, a portion of the aggrieved, feel that it is due
to ourselves, as well as to our posterity, that wo ask
all those who have aided or abetted in any way ,
eiihrr directlv or indirectly, to brine about this
and Union men, they are in koeping with his lying
policy. It can bo proven that, when prisoners were
taken by his command, they were invariably strip
ped of all clothing, even to boots, thoes and hats.
That he troated some men according to the usages
of war, he can doubtless prove. Dick Turner and
Cdpt. Wertz, of Libby and Andersonvillo notoriety,
could also substantiate the same thing. There arc
men in this city who were prisoners ol unamp r cr
Northern Men Among Is.
The Union men of East Tennessee are pleased to
Cherokee Indians were brought into this country have .Northern men mechanics, laborers ana pro-
and offered r-o much as a reward for every Union j fessional men come among them, and settle down
:u.p they would bring in '. All this, and other con- j permanently, and thjjy rejoice at their coming
fedtrcic deeds of like character, could have been prvcidrd they are L nion men, on the side ol tne t ea- :
, 1... .1. . 1-.. J: -..T...V. ll,.,t- V,..., V. I 1 ' r.,r ili.a ftinm u llA liuvo j
. ,b , , . , , - .v ..i t 1 and most ol the cases were laid over, as tne lawyers
iriCUU Oi BUlUallll, ittl OUU VI UUI i .iai.ii " ' I TUMCU 111 m , wtu .n j.., ,
thrown into the Knoxville jail tried by drum-head j and take the side of the rebels, electioneer with them
court martini sentenced to be hung and coolly in- ' to make friends, and above all to make mony, at a
formed bv a rebel officer that they should be par- j sacrifice of principles, all true Lnion men entertain
court room has been re-fitted, and presents a better
: appearance than it has done for years, and when the
i new carpeting arrives it will be complete.
The new Judges are Milligan, Shackleford and
' Hawkins. Thev are law vers of experience and
character, and, withal, of unflinching loyalty to both ;
the State and General Governments. Thus far we I
are pleased to have it in our power to ;ay that they I
have made a favorable impression, and promise to
: have the cordial co-operation of tho bar.
' The first day was consumed in laving down the
rules and regulations of the Court, and the order of
' bu.-incss, and in th appointment of a permanent
! Clerk. J udge -Shackleford announced, on behalf of
! the Court, that for the present the former rules
J would govern the Court the sessions would open at
; ? o'clock and continue until one. Col. Patterson, of
the 1th Tennessee infantry, was appointed Clerk,
: and entered into bonds.
! Tho business of the first circuit was called, as the
custom has been, on the second day of the Court,
wicked cause, that they come forward to the church " anJ by nitn kindly treated and paroled, yet with tne wen Known ana wcu proi
Sd makS such reasonable acknowledgments as the c& has murdered in cold blood at least one nun- Thornhill , a desperado, the Ian
nature of the case may require.
Having now returned from our exile, many of us,
wo do not come in a spirit of revenge, malice or an
ger, but as humble members of tho body of Christ
to ask the request above stated. If this is conceded
we feel bound to forgive, yea, happy to forgive all
such, and receive them again into sweet fellowship,
to battle together for one common cause the salva
tion of tho world.
If wc have offended any of the brethren without
cause, wo are ready to ask them forgivene?s, as well
as that of Him who ruleth all things well.
For the purpose above mentioned we suggest the
propriety of drafting tho names of the members
anew upon the church rocord ; as many of the
members have either gone off from tho church, or
have been guilty of offences sufficient to exclude
them from the body.
On motion the report of the committee was
dl?t.ed- . . ; , ,.. .....
Elder Basket maue some remaras reiai,iu w
The career of Jo. Wheeler, late Major General in
tho so-called C. S. Army, proves him to be a worse
man than Champ Ferguson. Had he acted as his
own executioner, he would now be on trial for mur
Tn hU mid through East Tennessee ho disre
garded all the usages of honorable warfare and die-
to, .if niiinnnit.v. Tn Anderson county his men
1 nd killed a number of Union citizens,
who were unarmed and defenseless in their houses.
Among the number may be mentioned Jas. Fvoss,
an old man, seventy years of age, well known to
mnnv of the citizens of this city as a prominent
tho Legislature for many years. Mr.
Ross was shot through the head in his own house,
nd loft bv Wheeler's murdorers mortally wounded,
, . . a... n i a: .
s thev sunnosed. A aav or two auer me snoounj;
- j 1 a " , . . i
of Ross, they murdored a man named Baker, seventy
odd years of age. He, too, was kiilea at nis nresiue,
rvhar, oirrmmilnd bv his family. Horace .roster, a
is dead, we then approach the points in the case
which must control its determination. There are
a few, if any, cases recorded in the reports of our
criminal adjudications, that are parallel to the one
now under investigation; and it is not the purpose
of the defense to rely or insist upon any mere legal
technicalities. We simply propose that this cause
be determined upon its merits, and are willing that
the accused be promptly punished if such should be
the determination of the Court.
We insist, however, that he deserves no punish
ment at the hands of this Court.
In the first place, the accused, as developed by the
the proof, is a regularly commissioned Colonel of
volunteers, in the 9th Regiment of Tennessee Cav
alry, United States service. He has been since the
month of May, 1863. He is a citizen of Knox coun
ty, Tennessee. Because of his union sentiments, he
was compelled to flee his country, and while tem-
lorarily in Kentucky then the land of refuge
or East Tennesseeans ho recruited and organized,
at his own expense, the 9th Tennessee Cavalry,
which he yet commands. A3 commander of that
Regiment, he, of course, had discretion in assigning
the officers of the line. He had promised to Thorn
hill the alleged deceased the Captaincy of Com
pany B, in the Regiment. Tha reasons why he was
not confirmed, are fully apparent from the proof.
He never recruited his company, as stipulated.
While temporarily attached to the Regiment at
Knoxvi lie, he was mutinous and insubordsnatc.
He deserted the Regiment if desertion can be charg
ed to a man never legally mustered into the service,
and while the Kogiment under the command of tne
accused, was going forward in the discharge ef its
duties, the said deceased betook himself to the coun
ty of Jefferson, and resorted to a system of plunder
with the aid of ready associates, which has already
unjustly brought reproach upon too many honest
soldiers in the United States service. So far as the
proof shows, he continued in that business till the
time of his alleged death.
The character of the accused has been put in is
sue by his counsel. We may safely say that no man
in this or any other State, arraigned for the offense
charged in this case, ever proved a better, if so good,
a character a3 has been proved for the accused. It
is shown, even, by the commander of the District,
that as a Regimental officer he was entitled to tho
special commendation of his superior officers, bo
cause of his excellent conduct as an officer, both in
enforcing discipline in his command and in protec
ting the rights of private citizens in every locality
where he encamped. He is shown to be a humane
man. and if any fault i3 proven atrainst him. it is
that in his kindness and generosity, he relaxed too
much from the stern duty of an officer, and
too long permitted the said deceased to imperil his
own hie, as well as tne lives ot tne principal omcers oi
the Regiment- His character as a citizen also, is
shown to be excellent. It would be difficult to find
a man in East Tennsssee, who could establish, be
fore a court, so good a character as the accused has
done in this case.
Leaving the accused for the present, let us turn
to tho character and conduct of Thornhill. Who
and what was he ? The testimony sufficiently an
swers. The Court, no doubt, has been strongly im
pressed by the evidence touching his character.
He affords us a strong instance of strong natural
and physical courage, perverted to bad purposes.
He seems from the proof, to have been a man of ex
traordinary and reckless courage; and, in the lan
guage of one of the most intelligent witnesses be
fore the Court, he was "morbidly sensitive," and this
peculiar sensitiveness, in the opinion of the witness,
(Mr. Henderson,) ''amounted to mania." That he
was an earnest man, in his hostilo purposes, has
been fully shown by the testimony ; that the accu
sed was and had been repeatedly advised of the
threats of the said deceased and his purposes, also
fully appears, and the Court cannot fail to have re
marked with what remarkable persistency Thorn
hill nursed his wrath, and followed, up his murder
ous design against the accused and the officers and
men of hi3 regiment. That Thornhill's purposes
was deadly, there surely can be no doubt. His own
guardian and uncle, who knows him well, testifies
that his throats were never unmeaning ; that in mat
ters of personal difficulty he was always apt to make
good his threats.
W hue it is urged by tne delense that tho conduct
of tho alleged deceased, tu-w it, hia base attempt to
take the life of the accused, while on dutj within
the proper linos of his regiment, and at his own
headquarters his bare violation of his pledge
to cease his hostile conduct towards the regiment
his many murderous threats towards Col. Parsons,
all of which seem to have been communicated to
him, or his associates in arms his rude assaults upon
and insults to various officers of the 9th Tennessee
Cavalry, for no other reason whatever than that
they were friends of Col. Parson's the persistency
with which these threats were repeated, coupled
with the well known and well proven fact that
his homo. The party tifoired liio i CumB ()Ut to tha
fence, which desire was rromPllT npw4 with. After
a moment's timo consumed in exi resinK amIimnt
uual among gentlemen, Captain Thornhill invited tha
party down, and to come into the house. This they de
clined to do, stating that they did not hae time to delay.
Just at this time one of the rar,7 raided his pistol, which
had been previouily drawn from the scabbard anJ eon
realed from the view of Captain Thornhill, byWini held
on the opposite side of the horse, and another of tho par
ty gave a significant wag of the head, and ixta men in
front discharged their pistls simultaneously at Captain
Thornhill. lie entreated the men not to kill him, and
bogged of them to know why they. wore attempting, m
that manner, to take his lifr. To the?c entreaties no rt
ply was made, that could be heard hy nuc ladies h"
sat on the porch a few paces distant : but the tiring cob
tinued it being now ascertained hy the ladies on the
porch, who were eyc-witnc?.es to all that wj tracspir
ing, that all the men who were in front id the hou?e, had
previously disengaged their pistols from their scabbards.
Captain Thornhill being ;-atisticd that there was now but
one alternative left him to cave his life, turned from the
party and walked briskly across the yard, until he hi
brought the house between him and the men, and then
ran across a lot to gain a woodland near by.
He succeeded in reaching the womh without haviug
received any wounds, it is thought, as tho balls firt tired
at him took effect upon the fence, and would, in all prob
ability, have made good his escape from the pary which
assailed him at the house, but on reaching the wooJs, It
seems that the blood-thirsty wretches to- make assurance
doubly sure, had previously divided their tone, and had
concealed one-half their number in the wood, anticipa
ting that if Captain Thornhill was successful in eluding
the party sent to the house to attack him, he would be
most likely to fly to the nearct cover for protection. In
this they were not mistaken, and Captain Thornhill wa.
intercepted by this party in his fii);hi. before murdering
him they waited until Captain Eci'l and his party eamo
np from the house. As soon as Bell and his men arrived,
the firing was again commenced.
At this moment Captain Thoriihi'.I heard by some
ladies who had toUVwcd from the hou?e. among the num
ber his sister, to again demand from theni the cauic fur
which they were killing him. To this demand no reply
was made, that the ladies could hear, and the tiring con
tinued until he was pierced by eleven ball.-, and instantly
By this time, the ladies of the family aud of some -1
tho neighboring families, had readied tho L-pot where th
lifeless and mangled body of Captain Thornhill lay
stretched upon the ground, and in ail tho anguish of a
sister's heart, because of the murder of her brother, the
question was again pressed upon them to know why they
thus perpetrated such a foul and brutal de-l. jome ot
thtm said they did not know, while others stated they
were ordered to do it by the Colonel of their Kegiment.
The party having now satisfied their ticudi-h thirst for
blood, of an unarmed and defenseless man, commenced
retracing the road they had come. About ono-fourth o!
a mile from the residence of Mr. Thornhill, too party
halted on the road for some purpose, and were hero met
by an old and reliable citien, who had heard the firing
of the guns and screams of the women, and being alarm
ed, requested of the men to be intormed what such a state
of things meant. Ho was informed by one of the party
nearest him, that " they had been up here to kill a
d d rascal." The gentleman then-asked them if they
had accomplished their purpose, to which they replied
they had put eighteen balls in h:ui, ono of the men as.-er
ting, with fiendish grimace, that ha had given him a
" deadener," placing hh ringer at th sn::;c time on his
neck to indicate where the ball had entered deceased.
This shot was given after decra-cd had fallen, as it
utterly impossible for it to have taken the course it did,
if deceased had been cither in an erect or recumbent po
sition, tho ball having entered the si do ot tho neck, and
came out on the top of tho head.
In further delineation of circumstance?, attending thu
most extraordinary and unparalled a t oi brutality ever
known in the annals of civilization, it may be well enough
to state that on Friday night previous to this murder on
Saturday, Bell and Rankin stayed soUio ten uiilcs below
where the affair occurred. One 'in answer to in juiriej
made as to their destination they stated that they were
on a secret scout and could not make public their busi
ness. To another individual they said, they were going
on a scout to Kogcrsville, and as they were then passing
across the country in the opposite direction to Kogersviilo,
they were told that they were traveling very much out c t
the way, to which they replied they were going acros--from
the main Knoxville and Kogcrsville road, to the
Dan Jridge and Bull's Uap road, as this m a much cool
er way, thus covering up, under the gui.-c of military
nsage, their foul and Hco !y mission of mtirdir and assas
sination. In concluding this comu. uuication, to do jn.-tice to the
memory of Captain Thornhill, it must bo slated that in
the very inception of our national diffitulties. he espoused
the cause of the Union and from that timo to the dy ot
his murder, was an uncompromising advocate of the.
cause, navinff pourins out his blood upon the battlefield
for its maintcrnance, and having undergone long and
perilous tours of imprisonment iu tho hands of the en
emy, suffering aU the privations and hardships incident
to a soldier's life. "Vet with unswerving devotion ho
clung to the cause of his country, alw.iy? trusting that
God"would reward the patriot's toils and Mess the pa
triot's banners, and just at the time vjhen the cloud ot
war was pa.-sing away, and returning peace, with her
long train of heavenly blessings, was beginning to ofler
some compensation to the war-worn soldier, whom heaven
had allowed to pass through tho dreadful sco jrge of four
years bitter war, and who having made so many willing
sacrifices, his life wa- taken under the most barbarous aca
cruel circumstances, and by those, too, who had been hi.
comrades in arms, and who ought to have rejoiced with
him, that amid the fire and tempo t of onparal'eled
war, he came out in the possesion of life and health.
How long before this outrage to humanity shad be re
buked and puni.-hed to the fullest extent of lHw ;
doned if they would make oath that Brownlow.
Temple and Baiter were engaged in bridge-burning!
All this, and more. va; the work of tho law
and order party the men who never did any harm
have takeu the amnesty oath -and now a:k to be
Some cf the soldier driven out of the country
three and fur rears ago, whose families have been
a contempt as profound and undying as they do for j
the meanest cla of rebels that ever stole one of
their lioe or robbed one of their hen-rooats. And
if there I' one clubs of men in Tennessee to-day,
meaner than another, it is that class of Northern
rebels, copperheads and adventurers from the North,
who are in sympathy with tho rebels of the South.
Mav God in his mercv put it into the heads of ?uch
were absent, many of them having gone South. An
amusing case was called from the county of Wash
ington, being a suit to enslave some negroes. That
case v ill of course be dismissed. We have made ar
rangements to report the decisions weekly.
thus abused, have returned. The fth, Pth, and 13th J cattle to stay away from Tennessee, and especially
Cavalry are here, beicg mustered out and paid off,
and they arc soon to be distributed among their
hemes in the counties of Upper East Tennessee, and
Governor Brownlow h called upon in loud and elo
quent terms to ttvp all attempts at violence. He is
told that he can stop it if ho will that he will be
blamed if he does not top it and that the charac
ter of the country will suffer if any more acts of
violence are perpetrated. Governor Brownlow says
that he can't be with several thousand returned sol
diers, dispersed over' a dozen counties, to see that
sach man acU with propriety, and observes the spirit
and letter of the law. Every' county must take care
cf itaelf, and in order to this, each Sheriff is author
ised by law to keep a sufficient for . c employed at
the expense of the county to keep down all mobs,
nd if the Sheriff fail to do so, he noglects a sworn
duty. Meanwhile, it is the duty of every good cit
izen to aid the Sheriff in keeping the peace, and in
restoring order where a riot breaks out. When
lawless acts of .violence occu", it is the sworn duty
of Grand Jurors to indict the parties ; and it is alike
the sworn duty of the Judges and Attorney General
to have them tried and punLhed for their acts of vi
olence, without any regard to parties. The Gover
nor fays he cannot visit all the officers of the law in
person, and see that tkey do their duty in all these
particulars. He relies upon the patriotism of the
proper officers of the law, and hopes and believes
that they will, acting from a sense of duty, and of
the woru obligations, be prompt and positive in Mr. J. K. I'anc,a
settling aU disturbances, and in arresting all of- ' rii-al- Mr Tayne c
from East Teunessee. Let Union men watch tliem,
and scrutinize their deeds and associations.
Don't Feel Bare Here!
There are a few persons here, and in other locali
ties, in sympathy with rebels, who came from a dis
tance, and from other States, and are horrified at see
ing or hearing of the fights that occur between
rebels and Union men. They say they don't feel
safe in the country. Well, let them leave they came
without any special invitation, and if their views
are not in harmony w ith the loyal men of the coun
try, the sooner they leave the better. If they are
here to uphold rebels and denounce Union men, wo
agree with them that they are not safe. And every
day they act in this w.ty, they are rendering them
selves more insecure. The real people of East Ten
nessee want none but loyal men on guard.
On Sunday night a fire broke out in the house occupied by
Ilu;h Brown, on Water street, near the mouth of Tirst
Creek, and was entirely consumed, with all its contents, the
inmates barely escaping with their lives.
On Monday, at lnidniirht. the large fine house bclonzin io
Mr. Oieo. M. Brauner, known as the Shield's house, near
Mneldstown, was destroyed ry fire. It is said to be t lie
work of an incendiary.
T h i school for youn? men and boys, in the Hampden Si J-
nty Academy, will oitn as soon as repairs on the buildi;a
can be made. The tuition will be to ?4 per month, aai 1
graduate of Yule College, is to be prio -
oiiies to our city w ell recommended si
j a teacher and scholar, and lias the sopport and pood w isb.t
! of our bc:t citizens.
K oxv iiae is the Wcjuartcrs of the com mandcr
it the Department of Tein n.m;..;.i..c
d fracases are of ireou,,, th' re
I ribc'ii wniis tun iuiuisu no r.r..i...: .
i,..,, , - r 1 "-nun 10 prisoners.
Will some one please inform u, u u what '
duties of the military? or whether Vv five m ?
If intended as ornaments they answer b -
" 1 -1 1 p3C t
Duty to country and to society demands that we
ihould ''just once"' say this much. Jhottano.tga
And yet, luo days before the publication of this
fling at Knoxville and the military commanders
here, there was a regular fight in Chattanooga be
tween a regiment cf cavalry and the negroes, in
which, as passengers report, several negroes were
killed and wounded, and one white man lost his life.
Passengers report the cavalry as having made a sa
bre charge. Would not the Gazette do well to reg
ulate its own town, before undertaking to reform
A Kellsrlous Revival.
Mr. Millburn. of the Knoxville circuit. haa jus t
ck-ed a fifteen days protracted meeting at M ur
phy's Chapel, where he was as-isted by Mr. Lyllc,
of the rresbyterian Church. There were 50 co n
vcrsions, and 3S addod to the Church.
Mr. Millburn and others will commence a Cai cp
and Basket Meeting at Fountain Head Cai cp
Ground, on Friday evening, Cth of October. T bis
rming grove and majrnificent serine is six mi les
north of Knoxville, and is a place of popular resc irt.
Tom Bvrtos once said: "The troubles of ' the
country comcsfrommewinarypoliUciana-itssaf ety
from the tranquil mas We 8ee tho of ,
m the getting up of the late rebellion by disappo int
ed, ambitious, corrupt politicians. And the tr n
quil masses brought safety by going into battle, nd
Mr. Lincoln on the Negro.
In the great canvass between Stephen A.
las and Abraham Lincoln, in Illinois, when the
Sennlorship was the prize, Douglas made the issue
against Lincoln of uegro suffrage. Their speeches
were published in book form, and in the speech of
Mr. Lincoln, delivered at Springfield, his own home,
he used this language :
J udgc Douglas has said to you that ho haa nut
been able to get from me an answer to the question
whether I am in favor of negro citizenship. So far
as 1 know, the Judge has never asked me that ques
tion' before. He shall have no cccarion to ever ask it
again, for I tell him fivnkly thai J am not in favor of
My opinion is tnat the States have the power to
make a negro a citizen under the Constitution of the
United States if they choose. The Dred Scott de
cision decides that thev have not that power. If tie
State of Illinri'.s had that power, I should be oppostd
to t'tc exercise oj it.
When tho war commenced, Mr. Lincoln did not
contemplate the emancipation of the slaves, but
step by step tho measure was forced upon him and
the-country. And as U thtj suffrage question, he
held that the regulating of the question of suffrage
belonged to the States exclusively. -
Vote of the Knoxville District.
The vote in this Congressional District turns out
to be larger than wiis anticipated. The official re
turns show this result:
Cooper, ( Union)
Mr. Heiskell got the full strength of the
unlive, of Connecticut, and highly respected citizen
obiects of the meeting, and to the report of the com- j of J3i0unt county, was pointed out to Wheeler s out-
mittee, wtucn were oojecieu iu m yri i laws as a aamnea munee jjiuwiuik.
(in motion all members of tho church willing to j v:. nwn fRrm. was dangerously wounded, and after-
unite upon the long cherished doctrine of the iiDie
tu-tlec counties got all of 217 votes !
12t3 of these votes, leaving than one hundred
votes for the other cltroi counties , or an average of
eight to the county. We think tbat the Opposition
party ought to le.irn a lesscm from this vote. They
had no man who was any stronger than Mr. Heis
kell, but if they think they have, le t them trot him
out for a future race.
Asking for Andy's Jl erey.
A letter from Washington, which I iaa been shown
usjstates that John hotp-ee crozier, lab 3 of Knox coun
ty, is there, prayerfully soliciting th pardon of the
President. He used to make speeches here, on every
fresh arrival of rebel troops, exhorti fig the chivalry
to die in the last ditch, and pledg ng himself to
fight until the last little nigger is gone." John s
time is out ; th last little nigger h gone, and he has
right to ground his arms!
i . . ' "Listen at the jay ttnl, v T ' i
Listen at the jay bird-,
lon and also willing to comply with arrangements
made by the committee, came torwara in me prea-
r . . i I T 1 . J .1 ...1.-..- .i an
once ol tne cnurcn ana enroneu memsuvt-. o
evidence of a sincere desire to be forgiven, accoru
in2 to the teachings and spirit of the same.
On motion, all tho members whose names were
not enrolled upon the new church record and who
are willing to comply with the report of the com
init.iBfi bv makins croner aeknowledsrmonts at the
next regular meeting, or previous thereto, unless
reasonable defence can be made for witholdino; tho
names, will not be considered members of the Chris
tian Church at Boon's Creek, and their names will
be kept from the record until proper acknowledg
ments are made.
The meeting then adjourned.
Thos. J. Wright, Chairman.
John F. Grisham, Secretary.
Fifth Tennessee Cavalry.
A "ashville exchange in referring to the musler
eut of Fifth Tennessee Cavalry, thus recounts
the services of the regiment. This is the regiment
recruited and commanded by Col. W. B. Stokes,
Congressman elect from the 3d District :
They are worthy veterans, whose services in Mid
dle Tennessee should not be forgotten. In August
1862, after Buell's retreat, the 5th Tennessee, then
in process of organization, was the principal cav
alry there was to depend upon for protection against
Bragg's forces that closely invested this city. Mor
ganhad destroyed our communication with the
Korth, and If ashville depended much for provisions
and forage upon tne country, in loraging, scout
ing and picketing the men were often weeks upon
duty without being relieved. This regiment acted
a noble part in the battle of Stone River, and in
driving BrAgg from Tennessee in the summer of
1863. They bore their full part at Shelbyvillo and
Chicamauga. Having a tnorough knowledge of
Middle Tennessee they have been retained since and
done much to crush the rebels in that part of the
State. Although the ravages of the war have laid
many of them low, yet by recruiting, their depleted
ranks have been filled. They deserve the gratitude
of all true patriots for the service rendered to our
'country. They are a credit to the State, and Ten
nessee may be proud of them. They were mustered
out at Pulaski on the 16th ult., and are come for
final settlement and discharge. In a few days these
worthy soldiers will be at their homes enjoying
the smiles, of wives and sweethearts.
- - . - - - -The
Nashville Gazette is saTflge on Gov. Brown
low. We publish its article in another column.
Yes, and the dirty, lying, drunken editor of the
Gazette, publishes the above with approbation, as it
does all the slang it can find in rebel sheets. Cry
ing, whining, and begging like a whipped spaniel,
at tho hands of Post Master James, saved him from
a whipping for his lies and abuse of the new Post
After residing in Hamilton county for years, and
editing the only paper there, he was able to com
mand 136 votes in a race lor Congress : . Iveturning
from Washington and circulating & lie against the
President, the latter corrected it by telegraph, and
Stokes read it on him from the stump. The creature
has sunk beneath contempt.
The Raleigh Progress gives the following cure
for a felon: "As soon as the part begins to swell,
get the tincture of lobelia and wrap the part anec
ted with cloth aatuated thoroughly with the tincture,
and the felon is dead. An old physician says he
haa known it to cure in scores of cases, and it never
wards, ;it the point of the bayonet, driven tnrougn
the mud and swollen water courses. Space will not
allow me to enumerate the instances of wholesale
theft from soldiers families insults to helpless wo
men, and murder of loyal citizens, by Wheeler's
command. But say some, Wheeler did not fire tho
shot that killed these aged citizens. He did not ap
ply the torch to private houses. Granted. liere we
sco the difference between him and Champ Fergu
son. Ferguson, illiterate, uneducated, acted as his
own executioner. Wheeler, the educated scion of a
first-blood, had subordinates to do his work, as ac
complished a villain as ever "scuttled a ship or cut
a throat." There is not a loyal citizen of Tennessee
who would not shudder at the mention of Wheeler s
And this is the man for whom so much injustice
ha3 been done me, and upon his statement alone, or
upon his oath, and if upon his oath, what should it
be worth. He also had been reared, protected and
educated bv the Government against which he re
belled and feught, and in so doing perjured himself,
having taken an oath to support and forever defend
it. Has he observed, faithfully, that oath ? This
is tho man of such high-toned, manly principles,
whose big heart was so full of love and gratitude to
the Government for its kindnoss that "he must turn
and fight it." He has gained the respect, admira
tion and protection of Federal soldiers; and to such
an extent has ho won their confidence that in an in
vestigation of a dispute between him and a Federal
officer, his statement alone is asked for and taken as
Wheeler asserts that no order has been given by
him that could be prejudicial to me or my men. I,
as well as several of my officers and men, was told
by several of his command whom we captured, that
after crossing the Tennessee river, Whoeler told his
men that that would be the last raid ever made into
Tennessee, and to give it (the Stato) hell as they
went. His instructions were obeyed fully, as the
citizens along the line of his march can and will
testify. He says also, that he has no recollection of
any complaints having been made, or cf anything
having been taken from my family. This possibly
mav be true, for such things are easily forgotten by
men of his stamp. His cars were, ever deal to com'
Gillem) all these facts, we respectfully submit,
sufficiently warranted the accused in taking the life j
of Thornhill, even because of his well grounded ap
prehensions of personal violence and assassination.
But it is not upon this ground, alone, that we pro
pose to rest this case. The accused i3 an officer of
the United States, and for more than two years has
been in tho active discharge of his duty. How ho
has discharged that duty is told by every witness
that has been questioned, but especially shown by
Major General Gillem, under whose command he
has been serving for the past fifteen months. 2f o
Colonel in the service of the United States can es
tablish before this Court a more exalted character
than the unsolicited testimony of some thirty wit- '
nesses has established for the accused. While dis
charging his duty as an officer at Nashville, said de
ceased made a vile attempt ,to assassinate him and
only escaped with his life because of the accused's
remarkable forbearance and leniency. For this Court
can hardly believe that Thornhill, when he went to
Nashville, in March, 1861, seriously intended or ex
pected to assume command of any company in the
Pth Tennessee Cavalry. On the contrary he went
there with tho spirit and intent of a demon, burn
ing with a morbid spirit of revenge and with a de
termination to take the life of the accused. He had
no such claims upon Col. Parsons as he attempted
to enforce. Ho had no right to demand the com
mand of the company he claimed as his own. It
had been properly assigned to another officer who
had shown himselt, oy discnarge ot duty, to be
worthv of the position. Thornhill, at the time of
the difficulty at Nashville, was simply an intruder,
and liable, under tho rules of military discipline to
be elected from the lines ol tne resriment at tne com
mand of the officer on duty. He never was enlisted
he was never mustered; he had had simply the
promise of an ofhco upon complying witn certain
conditions, which he wholly failed to comply with.
The treatment of Thornhill by the accused, as the
proof clearly Ehows, was because of his official duty
and not for purposes of personal or private revenge.
He had no malice towards Thoruhill. His conduct
towards him is but a corroborationjof the testimony
as to his jrene-al character.
committed, has been extraordinary leniency, and
the exorcise oi extraordinary kindness and humani
ty towards a deadly foe.
But thb accused owed it to himself, his govern
ment and his regiment, to preserve its efficiency, no
matter from what source its efficiency was impaired.
It would Lave mattered but'little to the U. S. Gov
ernment whether the accused and the officers under
his command were shot down by assassins, though
they claimed to be loyal, or by rebels in open hostil
ity against the government. This man Thornhill
and his associates, had become a terror to the officers
of the Oth Tennessee Cavalry. Not that these offi
cers and men were afraid to meet any equal number
of men in conflict, but because assassination is equal-it-
forrllo nnA ru,vitlo tr t.liA nwftrdlr nnd thft
brave. Can this Court doubt the fact, m view of j drew through the post office, und give it jut a.
the proof, that the Oth Tennessee Cavalry, operating ; conies to hand. It explains itself:
u uopw tluurlKM" "JL ! To the members of the HjUt-.i Annual (Jo
Killing of the Rebel W. M. Co by F.
Mr. Cox, from tho commencement of the rebellion, haj
been a notorious rebel and bad man in lit-- neighborhood ,
one of the worst rebels iu Elount county. Advocatins tho
sliootius down of Union men styled hy him a torif-, trai
tors and Lincolnitcs whenever and wliTever they mijrfu
be found, repeatedly remarking that the rebel- and Union
men of East Tenne-cc could never live together; that th-;
Union men must leave tho country, or they would he kilted
Mr. Cox furnished several men with hore to ?o into tht
rebel service at lii-a own expense. He wu? instrumental du
ring the sprins of lyt in sending a sail? "f rebel pnerrliN
on, and ht. ins Mr. Horace Fo-ter 'F. I. Fo-'er's father
shot, iuflictins a severe wound, of which he has not yet en
tirely recovered. Mr. II. Fo-ter i; a noted Union man, an J
has been during the whole of the rebellion. Shortly afi
the advent of the gallant Eurusidc with hi- nncon-imrablo
legions into East Tennessee, '.tit while Knoxville was in
danger of falling into tho hands of the cnemyMr. Cox a .
seen winding his way down the river givinst information N
Lonssttcct, who was then advancing n Eart Tcnue;;e-,
Cox declaring on his way that ho would have Mr. II. Fos
ter hum; on the same tree he '.Foster had the star: and
stripes then floating from in his yard.
Through his representations, Lons-treet cntadivi ku !
his army to and in the vicinity of I.ouisv die, Tenn., har
raising the Union people, taking what f"ra?e and provision
they wanted. Mr. Cox came along with Longstreet's nrm.,
and on arriving at Louisville in the pursuit of loyal tin
zens, remarked : 'Wo unto II Fo-ter, ho- ha-, to ko tip."
A short time since young Foster wa- -ent toLoui villc bv
his father, 'that being their home until they wens drivru
from thence by such men as Cox, and while on his j(
home he was bushwhacked, the ball pa -iug thrctgh hi
clothes, and wounding the hor-c he wa- riding- Somethre
ur four days before, the -ad affair occurred, young Foster
9'-in returned tn l..mi.-.vi!!e on bt'-ine-. where he was iu-
His fault, if any hehas j f, ,rmoj tDat jr. Cox had -aid that if he tirr did no:
leave tho town, he would kill him. f " -t r did ! i-.e
A few days after this took place, Mr. Cox ojme t... Kuo.i
villc, and while in Mr. Fcs-cnden' store, yoo.ni Fo-ter u'
him and notified him to leave the city, when Cox endeav
ored to draw'his pistol, (which wa- taken from ni person
after he wa shoO and while in the act of ... ...ini, w i
shot by Fo-ter, killing him instantly.
While wc regret the neecs-ityorsU'.a o. tirieu.e-, -iety
will suffer but little by di-patching -uch characters a-. Cox
Comhvmc t v.
The Holslon Conference, South.
We received the following card from Bishop An-
Thornhill and his band of associates
is too clear to admit of doubt. Had
been, and does not the'proof show
the de-perate leader of a desperate
Epectei the authority of no one, but whose business
-The long and lloody ir
ad not Thornhill ' over, and the South has been disappointed it .
him to have been, ; hopes. Let us submit to the awards of prov idence
te band, who re- ! cheerfully. Let the dead past be buried, a-; 1 let v
betake Ourselves witn all earnestness to ice r"-
f thn Ia;id iu '-vnieh
I . i i e ii.i i i tiin if 4ha nnoa onri ta rnnnri t t
, n .hsvn nAT11ti rm t l-ATrl I Tlln TO TTl 1 1 1 tS I V Limb Ul UlUUUl li lUlftWlVll VI l Cil Ulrt" : ' . . f I I
uittiuu:, csuetiaiiv kuu3cWuiui&iiuiu v, xv . u XL" ft H II rtr v for nur rulers tftt vou uia lumk
whom he'and hi chivalrous cohort, delighted t I W. PGod
persecute and insult. Gen. Kobinson. of his com-1 Government . wnat enxacy would a civil war- .... ... t Conference at Marion,
mand, remembers, I suppose, very well, that every-, rant have had inhacw? Is not the testimony : Vs the 1 8 th day cf September
thing of value that could be found in my house was overwhelming that he was perfectly reckless of civil j emi0eu t elect your uelogaU-s to the
taken off, for he, in person, entered and did the j obligations ? That he obeyed and followed nothing , nexu tl be heid the first day of Apr:',
noble deed, and when mv wife expostulated with t but his own diabolical spirit of revenge? And will 0CYD.e undersUnd that it is rumored that the
him, he cursed her and told her that she was a d d
In conclusion, I would suggest that there seem
to be ouite a number ot Wheeler's friends in thi
city, who are wonderfully chagrined over the result
of this affair, and who take particular pains and
this Court say that the accused, in his nonest and ! " - h rAlaTe. We assure you thstsuH
delayed efforts to protect nis, regiment, has de- , yuui. 7 ,Vc believe thore is enough vitality
care to denounce and abuse me behind my back. To i no intermediate resting place Detween j
all such I have to say, that if their feelings are so
injured as to justify them in talking about me, let
them come and express what they may have to say
to my face. I am personally responsible for any
thing I do or say, and those who do not like it can
have an opportunity of obtaining satisfaction.
I can be found during my stay in the city at the
St. Charles hotel, or on the streets.
Thanking you, Mr. Editor, for your kindness, I
am sir, with regard,
Your obedient servant,
Jos. II. Blackbcks,
Late Col. U. S. V.
James, O. Am'RI'-
jius ' served the penalty which necessarily attaches to a j ,1S Dr od Church yet to give tho lie to all such pr
this conviction in this case '.' For, be it borne in mind, : ll? ' nJ -jj y.jj ail(j ride you aright.
,ult I that if the accused, if found guilty, could only be j 1 ' Yours, very affectionately, "
nvicted ot murw r tn tne first aegne ; iture & j
intermediate resting place between an absolute
qutiul and a conviction, which carries with it the I
ath penalty. . . 1
t i,atra tr th Court, whether JOU
i are prepared by your verdict, to take the Ufa of an
oHlcer whose private character is u.bkmisu J aai he adv
ksWo .mrin-bt ffir.i1 induct as a servant of the ken fro
The Reason Why.
A comtpoiidoi.t enquires of us, "U10. r-.M
fcrtisements of the Federal Court, 1
rom the Whig, were not irive'i to tin
The Nashville Dispatch tells of an old man, 70
years of age, going from Missouri to Nashville, all
the way on foot, to procure from Gen. Thomas the
liberation of his son, who had been sentenced to
four ycar3 imprisonment for stealing $16. - After
hearing the story of the aged parent, the youth was
liberated, and the father with tears of joy, poured
United States, is established by the very highest I .gh or Greeneville pnpe-rs Vw 'Tr" 't
I timony, because, in the nonesi J,, . J was because their politics were us o::-u-iv.r - .
his regiment, and promote the ethciency ofAearmy without u:-.y
I him an enemy to the entire regiment and there- ; chaage wc are told, was made ly or..cro. tf.t (, ...
fore an enemy to his government who had ben ; thj Marshal or cic- ore- ar.d uu..
encouraging and inciting d
momhs, has been that t robbery and plunder ? , j bnt we really care nothing for it, as wo aw crvwdeJ
The counsel for the accused, in conclusion, desire navins advertising custom.
ss their high appreciation or ine patience , - - ,
and impartiality with which the members of the ,
Court nave discnargea men: uuuw -V
and also of the uniform
I courtesy and liberality of the Judge Advocate.
Attorneys for accus eu.
There will be held a Camp Meotit g at Caru
ter's C. G, on the Maryville cirvuit, nich will U
the 2d quarterly meeting, comnione'uij on Friday
Sept. 23d; 1SC2. J. ALDKnr Hydsv, F
fflp" if TTr(l jjvj jr pnmvnn
out, his soul in jrwtune 10 V: .'. in,
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