Newspaper Page Text
BROWNLOW, HAWS & CO., Publishers.
'"The aniou vt lakes tbe union of lands
The uci''i; "f ti rates none can (ever
The un'.on f bear' thq union of hands
Ac J the fla of unr Union forevsr."
KnoxvilJe, Tern., December 20, 1865.
5. Hi bbahi', of New HavtD, Connecticut, i our
rt gii'arTy a)'"iiM'-il a en! t-i roce-ive aubpcriptiom for our
I '.l'cr in tne fc'tu-ct it Ciririet:rut aD(i Hat sacbuetM.
The V. ii in tun be had cvt-rv week at the News
Uejvt vf . II. SinuN-fn, l.st Office Building
N !t.-livil, Tcnn.
Lor is MrCi.u n.is i- utithfrized t" act us our
a-cut h1..;i- tl. whr-le 1'ucinV C-'tt.t. His address
i- San Francis",., Calif-min.
Col. .Ton II. .Tamks, Chief (iunrtertiiaftcr of
li.f1 Distri.-t E.H.-t Tennes-ee. is authorized to re-
"ivf pfivinont for suhst-riplioiis to this paper.
( lib Kates or our Taper.
I;, i- .-f'itnf twd mail facilities; of thescarc
i ty ' t;i"i.'- a:r,.T, the j.er.pl". ju-t getting cit of
.1 1" ,r v. crs war : and in view of the fact that the
!;. limit- d s their meat's are, want our
i-tv-vM i '
M, 1 lhc I
!.n. -l-'t-Tiiiin-d t submit to them the
i1- rate-- wr run aflbr-l. hiirh as paper is.
- !' lain it ait 1 all -l-e connected with
; i:-'v -papi-r.
r".r t ij : (vtp-s t- It.-- s-.-t iii. ollice
For six I :t - r; t.'tl.e same office
t) ;r fri- ,d- xCrmvish to make their ow n si uteri p
t i r. l-'i-r. iin do !' hy irf'Uinjv. up either a club t'f
. .. . r ,.-. Mid r-'iniUin the tnnney promptly. Our
paj " i- Lirir'', and contain a ir-md deal of rending
ii.a',t'-r. at: J the leading n-lviTtientents of the coun
tr . O ,r !u;itAri,,ls nr-- i'""d. ar. 1 our paper is juit-v-i
.!:,!!,.. DiiinvM'ii , IIaws & Co.
ii- :.f ' M-ti.d will claim that the admission of
r- ati-l K-'pr---entativ.-s from Tei-rn-sse
1 -t; the .-nine grounds with tho-e
I'r-'-i.i oth. r r-bi 1 States. He ill hold that the Con-;';--:.
nal return i f Tennessee. to th-1 Union were j
i:-v( r sn-p-f hd : hi-? s-ction --f State never voted!
,,. -.v, : tii:tt t" tr. at it as tainted by the ac- '
ti. . ft!-- M;d !! and W-tern woul 1 bet-) recoi;-
:.i.-.--hal--!;,! l.-trinc - f Stat" sovereiiintv. and i
! .1 th- S.a r.-me Curt has continued t'" treat Ten-
like a l-.Vh'
it--, t v t)o!dii:-4 ses.-ioiiS in reg
vill". The T- nne-seer.n ar
t 1 1 1 1 ii t .iu-e villi the mem-b-
1 Stat', arid d" not -eem to
- "f iirmv of them.
.r - ireiiit :it X
.! Jil-.-ly to m-,!,.
r- l'r !:! t !; ..'.!:
r ! e :e! -Mi-
K. Kir by
' I ,1 s... i-
m,r ! at K Mi i
Smith - A Falsehood.
recently r-'timrkc J in LjncLburg
-Mint, that uhen he va:5 in com-!-.
he i-v.,..7M the families of
i I -row ii'ow t-
". (Jen. Sni
!. i. 1." ma i-.
r:a e th. '
!. -:, 1 i vant-
go North, andr? rthem :
h Knew ll.is statement !
. lie- ,-...! kali fami- ,
in which to get out :
ir-1 appeared at the '
d j ai I f.-;
I i.- r
it'- family. They refused '
t. e;;: - - g... Met :e!i-. d to return to her '
'. he d: in:-.!.(:--J it ' John B. Brown- ,
t-'l-.i by Maitii that they iitust pay thrjrown 1
1 the;, di 1 " : and nit'-r they i'-ft, Smith j
:X' of the ;r...wtil..w l,yu-e! What a ;
1 '..a; tii'.- lni-. ral ! d-i p r'r. officer has '
;,t ;.. 1 -. Whet! a n-ati turns traitor to his '
h- - - j ii i- ii c . ljitig u ith-rut any coinpunc- :
t r. -: ate! once guilty '." treason and
! we i:.;.y 1- -k vM f r 1-ighwaj- rol.'bery.
The (Journor Again.
- - 1.-ol Ka-l Tennessee w ill feel proud to
r. W. ti. Br.jWi;low, GoveriuT of Tennes
!,, t ', -re. ,'t' n t h-in. Oa'i i(r.
i... j . -p'.-- : llami'.t'-n --untx say as medi
:,- - 1 1 - ... I Tu ice carried out
1 i.. r. ' -. !- a t!y drunU; once
ii,. t!)'-:. '.re. ,,tid kit kd ut fthe
: ! -,-! :: t: oi:-.- arr-'-l.-l by the guards '
i-. !!: !:.:; 'T. lii-u-e : tie e knocked down
,p. : r, .-i ,;. ..: h. -use. untii he was forced
- r.- !.-;. the i,. , -!r-l-:rv a vet k ; once seen
:-. ;. the t . -i Sitti-i-iy. bea.-tly drunk,
p.; pi.'-, tin"; through a ir.d--" of the
...it --.t. and cf.'.irring the way to hour":
A;! this h:i "i-i
:. 1 Th"
.:.ly 1 to p.
:- .1, a. l.-w..-: ;
..iv ..: N:.-: . .::
'.irr.'J. iind more, dur
1:1:1:1 i- n--t "i lv a di--.:
. .1 ni.-t direpu'abl
. 1.-- k"vp a dirty, pli-l-.ckg'iaid
1 Si l.l.iu.N
lt is n
11. t- tit-pic
Kv. rv j'l.rer is tilled
II v ry tel'-grain -tarties
i nr-o;, unit of rohl- r .
!.' I '.-U'.ie
- t-iVct tsi. f law less
en tie.-rgi:!, and
And as thi-.".in-l
" " ;,'-g.o:-t
--, 1. tilled to East
t.gth and breadth.
they huve sown
vcr lo(-kei better,
.:" vi ,
. iir.d it 1:
,;. I t.,
u;h'. rn ret". 1 traitor-, and
-Lai?, a' d ii. form-id hg:tiltt
- h:t e permitt- i th'-se r;is
: k ti.' ccu;.tr 's gooj '
!!: ; -; .:J- of the S.t.th
(1 veii.o; , ; T(.-i.i,i-;m:o; and
.." ;:.j m.-.I -tcadily on
v. S'.at- c uhcre i:-' ihate-l
I y ::':.i:-'i-. ' :. -iwhackers. and
- r. l-cll:on. i.c -le ;.- the high
au ptiid him. Thi-y made
: h" '.tar. during its prores4,
t 'a te if they were to c-ase
th- K.-.i"!-:.l :in,b. The
; -ep.it,.' with the defeated
i- i.- t : ::t'i .1 to the conti lcn.-o
:y - ! --' 1 1' the Governor had
ir, ;:. the pr'.-.end-i songs of
t.cein ; - '-i 1 ;. and had preferred
!. . -jo 4'd have l-.'en a great
. n .-. .t i. :
i;i reality, they j
m cp after them -
re forever railing out against the
we have a few brief but point-
I J lilhKC
- i-c dct
ernment cannot i
yed by h-.-stile votes any j
a:i bv ho.-iile arinic. The Union was not
to It sacrificed 1-y the Constitution, but to
. c. v it. ai--i it the C-.-nstitution become
er: t.-.; t. -tbe
st esti i- o .
C; 1 t:,',,Tii.Z ti'C cn-t.ti niia ,uu uet-
.i..i ..., . ...... f:..
if. tv u: :-'. be so-tight l y the adoption of
le er.uM-Sato J by that greit-st of departed
Ab xin h-r Hamilton: - Every Govern-
' ri:; in itself the means of its own
V i ;
. . :'. 1 rot. therefore, be just or
.-pre';, the Constitution, that any
os of it -hull d.-feat the objects
i-:ak.ng it. TLo purposes for which
v i- t-i . tii'i-t l-o kept constantly
Z th'- meaning particular pro-
in view .
Aijpoliilmciils i) the Vo.ernor.
The G vei -."! .k- i'iiiiiiissioii'-tl David K. Young
.tuJ " -f t'!" '1 ' udit ;! Circuit, a new Circuit
,.'i:p' --ci t f ti.-: . -unites - f Anderson, Campbell,
M ir i'. Fcnl--; :"d Cumberland. 1le ha
comtiiis -i--tied Samuel L. Childress State's Attori.ey
for the same Circuit.
.la ob !. Th-ri .burg, late f th- Federal army,
b- U-cu c:i.;..i --io;.cd Prosecuting Attorney for
the ;l Circuit, composed of the counties of Knox,
Rt.ane. ilonroe and 15". -uiit.
V r Bond i.f navwoo-L has t-ocn commissioned
Judge of n new Circuit, embracing that ennnty, '
Madi-n and other-.
The First Trial for High Treason.
An important trial came off last week in the Fed
eral Court. John E. Gamble, of Elount county, was
arraigned and tried for high treason against the
United States, and after five dayi trial was acquit
ted by a jury. He was an enrolling officer during
the days of rebel rule, and enrolled the conscripts of
hie civil district. He was also appointed agent to
collect guns, and performed some acts under that
The defense waa that there was no guilty intent
It was admitted that he was an enrolling officer, and
that he enrolled the conscripts of his district, but it
was denied that he did so-with the view of aiding
the rebellion. On the other hand, it was insisted by
his counsel, O. I. Temple, that he waia Union man,
that he accepted the office by the persuasion of Union
men, exercised it in such a way as to favor Union
men and protect them, and that in fact he never
seised a Eingle gun, or put a single conscript into the
rebel army. After the examination of about thirty
witnesses, and lengthy arguments on behalf of the
Government by C. W. Hall, District Attorney of the
United State, and O. P. Temple on behalf of the
defendant, the jury were charged by Judge Trigg,
and who, after retiring and consultirg, returned a
verdict of not guilty.
This case was novel and important, because it was
the first regular trial for treason against the United
Statc-6 that had ever taken place in the State, and
the first that has taken place in the United States
since the commencement of the late rebellion, if not
for the last forty years. It was earnestly insisted by
the counsel of defendant, that, if he could be con
victed, three hundred known Union men in East
Tennessee, who had held this and similar offices du
ring rebel rule, could likewise be convicted of high
treason, while the instigators and leaders of the re
bellion were sheltered and protected by amnesties
and pardons. The defense, was based on the broad
ground of idnv'' u ii'fen', and not on technical
points. The dc
d-n. because he
anv crime to be
refused to apply for a par
4 that he was never guil'y of
EesU ratlon In the South.
A dispatch "rom Nashville to Louisville, after
Gen. Stecdmnn armed in the former city, says:
General Steedman, commanding the District of
Georgia, with headquarters at August'), reports much
disaffection among the citizens in his department.
They are not as obedient to the laws of the land and
the orders of the military authorities as had been
expected. Much crime is prevalent in that section,
and much prejudice exists against Federal soldiers
and the Government. Hut slow progress is being
made towards a restoration of good feeling.
General Steedman Inoics whereof he speaks -he
is among them, has to deal with them daily, and he
speaks the uniform testimony of all visitors to the
South, except, perhaps, Her re u M. Wuterso, who j
?pent tlv weeks in fi.cr cotton States and conversed ;
' ( . , I
oco acpuain.ances in cacn j
people had all become loyal, j
with a do.-n rebel locofi
tlllJ him the pc
Gen. Steedman understands the thin:r differently.
i The Seientlflc American.
, A new volume of the -iaitr: Awr'tew- com
; niei.ces on the l't of January next. It is the best
' paper in the L'nited States for mechanics, inventors
! and manufacturers. It is the largest insi-.e, and has
. by far the widest circulation of any other paper of
, its class in thi1- country. It is published weekly.
I Each number contains sixteen rages., with numer-
ous illustrations. The numbers for a year make two j
volume-: of 110 pages each. It also contains a full '
ac- ount of all the principal inventions and discov
eries of the day. Also, valuable illustrated articles
upon tools and machinery used in workshops, man
ufactories, steam and mechanical engineering,
woolen, cotton, chemical, petroleum, and all other
manufacturing and producing interests.
Also, reports of Scientific Societies, at home and i myself and other Confederates were requested to I rence eiu-k citizen's dearc.-t rights and mo.-t sacred
abroad; Patent-law Decisions and Discussions, prac-: prepare regulations to accompany the decree, which I civil liberties are inseparattly bound up and con-
tical receip's, etc. It also contains an official list of we did' and which were Hpprovcd by the Emperor nectcd with, the maintenance of public order, indi
u ,i .. . . ;i f,...4 f ... i on the :Tth. The decree and regulations ofier very I ,-j.,i .,,, ,,. . :.m ia.
1 ' o
to inventors and owners of patents.
The publishers also act a agents for procuring
patens for new inventions.
Terms: ?3 per year; ?-'1..'(i for tix month-.
Specimen copies f-nt free. Address
Munn & Co.,
No. ,7 Pnrk Kow, New York City.
The Vote or Smith County.
The following statement appeared yesterday in
' editorial columns of thc Banner:
We learn from good authority, that on hearing
that the vote of Smith county whc to be thrown out
of ihe i ltvtion returns by the Secretary of State,
upon an iilegod irregularity, Mr. Bowen called upon
Mr. Fletcher and remonstrated against the injustice
of the act, when the latter gentleman proposed to
make out a new report not to include the county of
Smith, and o to remove any opposition on the part
of the former, which was sprung from purely local
considerations. Mr. Bowen declined the kind po
liteness, and the report stood as originally designed,
and did disfranchise, among other4, one of the most
loyal counties in the State.
We are authorized, on the very highest authority,
t.i pronounce the foregoing statement a gro-s per
version of the fad-. The Secretary nrnde no such
oiler, ac.-! of course, the Senator from Smith did r."t
and could not decline it. No person of sen-e would
t believe that su--h an ( tier was made, and we are pos
itively as-ured that it never wa- made. Pr "'id
Two White Men Ordered to he Exe
cuted for MurUerins a Xejrro Wo
man in Georgia.
Tne following order will be read with great in
terest, as manifesting thc determination of the
President and others in authority, to enforce the
laws on black and white alike, and to punish to the
utmost those who act on the supposition that ne-
; groes have no rights they are bound to respect.
A military commission w hich convened at Wash-
' ington. Georgia, in October last, sentenced Christo
pher Kct-se and John Brown, citizens of Georgia, to
be barged for the murder of a colored woman.
The President has just made the following endorse
ment .'ti the finding of the Commission
K.Ecl'l lE On ICE, "Vas111Xc-T"N,
Nov. .1. If-'j. j
The foregoing proceedings, findings and sentences
are approved, and it is ordered that Alajor-General
Steadman. commanding the Department of Geor
gia, or any other officer for the time being com
manding said department, carry the said sentence
into ctfect by hanging the said John M. Browa and
the -ai l Christopher Columbus Keese each by the
neck until he is dead, the place of executing the
said sentence to be fixed by the commanding officer
of the department, and the execution to take place
on the first Friday in January next.
Tut. rebellion seems to have cost the Stale of Mis
sissippi as much as any State in the Union liut
her losses in the war against the Union are at"iied
for i'i tha: ..ho had the h 'e-.- of furnishing the Pres
ident of thc would-be Confederacy. The Legisla
ture now in session reports the fe'llowing as the state
vt thc case
Uhule number iu .-ervicc
j;cj vf disease
Rilled and died of wounds.
. 1, -00
' Discharged, resigned and retired.
Deserted or dropped
Transferred to other commands..
Total losses from all causes
balance accounted for
The end of the rebel Lieutenant General ilar
1; s Cip' rience w ith Phil. Sheridan, is thus staled by
tbe latter in his official report of his cavalry raid
immediately before the o erthrow of Lee's army:
AVhen General Custer struck Fredericks llall Sta
tion, he entered it so suddenly that he captured the
telegraph office with all thc dispatches. Among
them was one from Lieutenant General Early to
Genrvle Lee, stating that he had been informed
that Sheridan's forces were approaching Goochland
and that he intended to move up with "JOO cavalry
which he had. and attack them in the flank at day
light. General Custer immediately ordered a regi
iJent of cavalry in pursuit of this bold party, which
in about two hours it overtook, attacked and cap
tured or dispersed in even aireciion, lieutenant
rem-ral Early escaping on a side road, with five or
,1 orb rS" an J two staff officers. He was, ho -
sl. orat'niii buu ino '. .
Wolv followed bv small detachment, and
his staff otiicers captured, be barely escaping over
the South Anna with a sickle orderly, and the next
day he made hi- wav to Richmond, after a cam
paign in the Shenandoah Valley in which he lost
nearly tbe whole of his army, together with his bat-tle-Cags
and nearly every piece of artillery with
which his troops opened upon us, and also a large
part of his transportation.
The ration continue to exist, the Union still
lives, and despite Southern rebellion will continue.
14 t-r i r fSi notniiTvi in it i i r.T t tin t o tv y nor t nam
renio.. e,-r .,., .r ,.a, e w
. stroyed their eontitition.l government8.
rffpp frnm 1h Tin Anted Kir IT IshSDl
, 6. Harris, late a Tennesseeuu,
now a "Greaser
REBEL EXILES I. MEXICO.
TRIBULATIONS OF ISUAM HOW HE HAB
FROM THE YANKEES FOR FIFTEEN
The Atlanta New Era publishes a long letter from
Ex-Gov. Ilarris, addressed to G. W. Adair, of the
firm of Clayton, Adair & Turse, of that city. The
letter was written at Cordova. Old Cordova, in
Spain, waa noted for its whipping-post; we trust, on
Harris' account, that there is qje at the new Cor
dova. Isham intimates that he is doing finely, and
that all other foxes should have their caudal ex
tremes tut off, like himself : -
Cordova, Mexico, 2sov. 166j.
Qeoryc W.Adair My Dear Sir: I lingered near
Grenada, endeavoring to arrange some business
mattvrs, until tne 1 1th of May. In tne meantime,
I had a skiff built, and on the morning of the 14th
I embarked, some six miles east of Greenwood, and
set sail for the trans-Mississippi, the party consisting
of Gen. Lyon, of Kentucky, myself, and our two
servants. e navigated the back-water for 1 30
miles, and on the morning of the 21st, just before
daylight, I crossed over to the Arkansas shore. I
crossed at the foot of Island No. 75, just below the
mouth of the Arkansas river: proceeded westward
as far as the back-water was navigable, and on the
morning of the 22d I left my frail bark, bought
horses, mounted the party, and set out for Shreve
port, where I hoped to find an army resolved on
continued resistance to Federal rule; but before
reaching Shreveport, I learned that the army of the
trans-Mississippi had disbanded, and scattered to the
winds, and all the officers of rank had gone to Mex
Having no further motive to visit Shreveport, I
turned my course to Red River county, Texas, where
a portion ot my negroes and plantation stock had
been carried some two years ago. I reached there
on the 17th of June; was taken sick and confined to
mv bed a week On the 15th of June, with mv
baggage, cooking utensils and provisions on a pack
mule, I set out for San Antonio, where I expected to
overtake a large number ol Confederate, civil and
military, officers, en route for Mexico. Reaching
San Antonio on the 20th, and learned that all the
Confederates had left for Mexico some ten davs or
two weeks before. On the morning of the 2Tth, I
started to iagie 1'ass on the Kio Grande the Fed
erals holding all the crossings of that river below
Eagle Pass. I reached Eagle Pass on the evening
of the .'iOth, and immediately crossed over to the
.Mexican town ot rieoras .Negras. On themorniBg
of the 1st of July, set out for Monterey; arrived
there on the evening of the 9th. Here 1 overtook
General Price and Ex-Governor Polk, of Missouri,
who were starting to the city of Mexico the next
morning, with an escort of twenty armed Missouri
ans. As I was going to the Citv.'and the trip was
i a long and dangerous one to make alpne, I decided
wguHiiu mem, tuougn i was literally worn out
with over 1,500 miles of continuous horse-back
traveling. I exchanged my saddle horse, saddle,
&c, for an ambulance; put mv two mules to it, cave
the whip and lines to Kan, bought me a Spanish
grammar and dictionary, took the back seat, and
commenced the study of the Spanish language. We i
mfldo tho trip &t e(i stageg pf ,
day, and reached the City of Mexico on the even-
; ing of the ?th of Aug .st The trip was one of the j
longest, most laborious and hazardous of my life. !
Our reception upon the part of tho Government j own Puir e5 tal1 ul u supporters;
officials here was all that we could have expected or j because, it makes friends for the persecuted and re
desired. We were invited to an audience with the j a'ts upon the persecutors.
Emperor at the Palace, tho far-famed Halls of the j The tendency of such ccudu-l is dangerous. It
Moiiteumas At the time fixed, we called and were 5nvariablv ,nd illt.vItl,bl,. towJs thc overthrow
most kindly received by the Emperor and Empress, , , ,
and were assured of their sympathy in our misfor- of fc",, "stitutions and thc destruction of a people s
tunes, and of their earnest hope that we might find j liberties. Liberty of speech, no! licence is a
homes for ourselves and friends in Mexico. Thc constitutional rk'ht. irtiarauced to every citizen of
EraPrs was our interpreter in the interview. She
snckks nniitlv trie h rpnch Snnnich flormun un.l
English languages, and is in all respects a great wo-
k at the city of Mexico, (Jen. Magru- .
der Commodore Maury, Gov. Allen, of Louisiana f
u nut,': xiiiiic, u; uuuisinuil, UUV. m'J UU1US, Ol
Missouri, and Gov. Murray 'and Gov. Clark, of i
Texas, with man- other and lesser Confederate
lights. Un the Mh of September, the Emperor pub-I
lished a i degree, opening all of Mexico to immigra- I
ton nna colonization nl I nmmnHnrn Mmiru uml
liherMl lnilneenient.s tn mm u-rrinn umnnr-ct n-hwh i
; aro a donation of public lands at the rato of six hun-j
! dred and forty acres to each head of a family, and
inree nunurea anu twenty to each single man, a tree j
i passage to the country to ,uch as are not able to pay
their own expenses, tieedom from taxation for one
; year, and from military duty for live years, religious
three hundred and twenty to each single man, a free j
toleration. &c, &c. I
Commodore Maury has been appointed Imperial (
. Commissioner of Colonization, which makes his au- j
thority in the matter of colonization second only to i
: that of tho Emperor. ,
We tind in the vicinity of this place the most
beautiful, and all things considered, the best agricul-
tural country that I havo ever seen. Theclitnato is
delightful, never hot, never cold, always temperate,
always pleasant. 1 ho sou richer and more produc-I
tive than the ber-t of the prairie lands of Mississippi !
in the Okolona county, yielding large crops of corn,
liflrlor. rieo tnh-ieeo sii,-Hr rune Hint rofToe. with All i
thc fruits of tho tropicsrnnd the best that you ever i
tasted. You can raise two crops of corn on the same !
land each year; the uial mode of farming here is
a crop ol corn and a crop ot tobacco on tne same !
land, the corn ripening always before time to plant I
tobacco, and ten miles from here, in the direction of j
iue ct'asi. oa siriKe as goon it coitoii country as can i
be totind in the world.
The most profitable crop hero is cofl'ee; you plant :
aoout s. or seven uunurea iree3 10 ine acre, ii. ou- :
o-ms to bear at two. and produces a tull crop at tour , ... , -. , , . ... ., , ,
i , - , ii. ri dence. 1 et. I deprecate as impolitic, evil and dan-
vears old. i ou can always calculate safely on an I it t
average of two pounds to "a tree, though thero are j gerous, the attempt to shut them out from East Ten
instances of a tree's bearing as high as twenty-eight j nessec by force. Neither am I willing that the
pounds. The tree is hardy, and will live fifty or one Muthodi-t Episcopal Church shall be held as abet-
tivate and put into market an acre of collec as it
.Ws nn toro of corn in fJeoro-in i
- - - - -- s j
The cotl'ee plantation, w ith its shado of bananas, j
fig?, oranges, mangos and zapotes with the walks ,
fringed with pine apple, all in full bearing, is tho i
riches, and most beautiful spectacle upon which my
eyes have ever rested. I have selected GtO acre's
ibout ten miles lrom here, wliero 1 proposn to sur-
round myself w ith the cotl'ee plantation, in the midst
C n.l.;..l. I ,.;tt .1..,,',, .mnc'unlli- intiulincr iha
odors of the rich tropical fruits, and gaudy-colored
and fragrant tropical
pieal flowers, in nn atmosphere of
perpetual spring, yet turning the eye to the north-
west you constantly ncnoia tne snow-cappea peaks
of Orizaba and Popoehtapetl, from which 1 can
draw mv ice at all seasons of the vear. -
There are about thirty Confederates now here, all
of whom will locate their lands and commence the
work of settlement within a week or ten day.
"Will many of the people of the Southern States
the example of Leo, Johnston and others 7 Mexico
C ....... .
itTCi lllLilllVU L rv - iiviiiuj . j a .Till a n
presents the finest helJ that 1 nave ever seen lor tno
nr rw.rtl n Ht ,l now thnt. sUvorv i.
abolished in the South, hired labor can be much
more easily procured here, and made much more
profitable;than in any pan of the United States.
1 Where is Forrest, and what is he doinrr .' And
w V,or.. n,l how is evervbodv else ? for I have heard
from none of our friends since I Jolt Mississippi.
- . . . . .
Very truly, your friend.
lis ii am G. Harris
Card from Hon. Horace Maynard.
To the Eilit- r of the Chronicle'.
When tho House of Representatives was called to
order to-day, the Clerk proceeded in the call of the
members until he passed the State of Kentucky.
13y usage, next on the roll of States Tennessee fol
lows immediately after Kentucky.
Finding that the Clerk omitted to call the State
of Tennessee, 1 addressed him, with ti view to state
that I, with seven other gentlemen, had been elected
by tho people of that State to represent them in the
present House; that we were present with creden
tials to that e fleet, read' and ofl'ering and demand-
ino-, in behalf of our respective constituents, to par
ticipate in tho organization of tho Ilouse, and en
ter upon the duty of legislation. The Clerk de
clined to hear any statement during roll-call. I
tried again, and repeatedly, to obtain the floor, so as
. to make this statement, and as often failed. The
it) -jO i application was each time imperatively and per
M emptorily refused.
The tollowing is iue iorm oi our ereacnwais :
" STATE Of TENNESSEE, )
EEet TIVE DePARTMEKT,
Kashvilli:, November loth, lenj. J
To all who shall see thrse presents, greeting :
1. William G. Brownlow, Governor of the State
of Tennessee, do hereby certify that a general elec
tion, opened and held in said State, on the first
Thursday in August, A. D. 1865, for the purpose of
electins Representatives of the State of Tennessee
in the Thirty-ninth Congress of the United States.
Horace Maynard, of the county of Knox, was
regularly elected, in accordance with the laws of the
Stn.te of Tennessee, and the Uniled States, Repre
sentative in said Congress from the Second Congres
. sional District, composed of the counties of Clai
; borne, Union, Knox, Campbell, Scott, Morgan, An
' derson, Blount. Monroe, Tolk, McMinn, Bradley
and Roane. And I do. therefore, commission the
: "io Horace .iaynam i;tprtiiu.m in c,uDgfB,,
' a3 dunntr the term and w.th all the Pow-
pr. nnvileo-es nd emoluments artrifirtjiininp-.
, said Horace Maynard Representative in Congress,
In testimony where-f, I i m . hereunto subscribed
mv name, and caused the great seal of the
rEAL.l of the State of Tennessee to be affixed, at
the Department in the citv of Nashville.
this 13th day of November, 1805.
By the Governor: W. G. Brownlow.
A. J. FLETt UEK, Secretary of State.'
.... . . . , ,
A similar certificate was given to each member.
December 4, 1863.
J . ..
A hau brother of General Forrest has been sen -
teneed to be hung by a Military Commission. Ear-
ntt effort are beir." made hyloval men to have the
Letter rroni Rev. Thos. II. Pearne.
Ksoxtillk. Tenn.. Dec. Ctli. 1SG5.
On my own account and on bahalf of the Metho
dist Episcopal ministers and members within the
Knoxville District, I wish to be heard through you
columns, on a subject of grave importance.
I Lave observed, with profound regret, a disposi
tion to interrupt and mob preachers of tho Metho
dist Episcopal Church, South, in different parts of
East Tennessee. Several instances have reccntlv
occurred in McMinn county and elsewhere, where
they have been ridden on rails and otherwise vio
lently interrupted. I have nothing to say, in ex
tenuation of the wrong doings of the Holston Con
ference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South,
as a body, nor of the very offensive conduct of some
of its members, as individuals. Ti-eir deeds have
passed into history. Right-minded men have. ad
judged them. I cannot doubt, nor deny, that the
loyal people of East Tennessee have had great pro
vocation to resentment towards certain rebel preach
ers ; that if, preachers " who imbibed the spirit of
the late rebellion," and under its inspiration,
acted, not only in violation of the plainest teach
ings of Christianity, but also of the common in
stincts and impulses of a correct, elevated manhood.
Nor may I omit to state, that Christian ministers,
who have incited to rebellion, who have instigated
the killing of Union men, who have voted them out
ol Church fellowship for their loyalty, and who, so
far as their official action could do so, have consign
ed Union men to graceless perdition, must have
considerable chrek to come among a people towards
whom they have thus acted, and propose to take
pastoral oversight of them and administer to them
the gospel of Christ. .
Yet, admitting all this, to mob, and violently mal
treat such ministers, whatever their alleged or real
offenses, is wrong in principle, unwise in policy, and
f dangerous tendency.
Now, that war has ceased, and the civil law has
succeeded to the military power, for persons who
have done unlawful or felonious acts, there is a le
gal tribunal, where they may and should be held to
answer in civil damages or criminal penalties.
Neglecting those modes of redress and proceeding to
mob violence is unlawful and evil. In time of peace,
Lynch law against rebels, even, whether reientant
or unrepentant, is as wrong in principle as Lynch
law against Union men for loyalty. Always, and
everywhere, it is essentially wrong.
The policy is as iinn'ise and mistaken as the
principle is vicious; because ovc is no argument,
convinces no one, establishes nothing, as to itslruth
or error. Tho teachings and practice of tho Church,
South, as to rebellion and kindred subjects being
wrong, they are not likely to be shown wrong or
refuted by mob and gag-law. Besides, as persecu
tion always elicits sympathy and support in favor
of the persecuted and their cause, to violently at
l,'mPl 10 ninier the access c i aout tier
lho reorl5 cf Eflt Tennesso, is the s
gaining for those Southern preacher.",
tempt to hinder the access cf Southern preachers to
surest way of
i earning tor tnose fcoumern l 'rescuers, wnat tne in-
tomipteri (lesiro to ,,rcven, TllU poicv d,fcaU it8
thu Uniled Suie. Yor tl: abuso llf ri ht the
Fcriori ' subject to laic, nov force. If this right is
forcibly and lawlessly denied to anv class of citi-
zens, or vn ony subject, or r cm icaa-.-n, in so far
, nd c,rdorre overthrown and
madc l" nr,iy "d l" rilMi-" r"'ffl!l' w"-
nty. Mob violence, tolerated on one subject, or for
any special cau;e, .. y, ir. time, be tolerated for
othrr anJ lhcnjfore lt is nol f , u tilues
o ' j i
11 preachers ot the Mchodist Church, fcoutn, (
with a record stained with disloyalty and bloody '
with rebellion, have the jlrvdry to attempt to
with rebellion, have the 'r,mtnj to attempt to j
h in lova, C, where their deeds ire
1 , . , ,,,,,,, , -. ;
wcl1 Known, my counsel would be, let t-em d-j it j
Union men aro not under obligations to hour them. !
to feed thnn or to c, lnt'Timco them: but they
. . , :,.,,,, . , ,. ,, r, lt
b , . r.
deeds of such men bu known : let tho light of truth !
shine upon their d.i;igs and pretensions. If l.y.il ;
Methodists cannot s-'istain their causo by truth and !
frce ji.ej,, a airt tlutt of Southern Meth- !
' , a. , , .'
ais in llie lalr u''ld 01 'irgument ana reason, it
cannot be sustained iu nil ; lor v le:-cc cannot
r'urhtly nor permanently uphold it, nor will force
;, ,u pr,,no l f..-,r .,.,( il.o ;.0
i 1 " ' '
. .. ., ,
hen thc is calmly made
10 iruui ana re-
I shall not b- susjcctc-l of sy mpttn y ith the cause
ol tlie Jleuiodi.-t tpiscop-ii cnurcn. ."soutn, against
tn,j covernment of the l'nited States, be au.e I
h(ivc thu; (,s nlv,,:;f. Th:, r(,,.(r,i f . m,
uuau 13 " "" "-''g'g one. not uae A seen
the evidence that their repenteuce is so genuine and
radical as to entitle them to mv svmnat hv or confi-
ting or favoring such an attempt. So far as I know,
tne ininitter ana mempors ol thai c nurcn in tast
Tennessee disapprove it I know (hi- to be the
CR?C in Knoxville i)Itrict and 1 believe it l- l-o so
m tho otb' r- Kw- '" K"b"'r- - 1 '
F. Spence, and many others with whom I have con-
versed, concur in these view, tor myseil, 1 have
taken occasion to express my sentiments on this sub-
J at Mterly me.-t.ng- w Inch 1 have attended.
-wheh 1 have attended.
; and also, in my correspondence with newspapers -U
j the Methodist Episcopal Church.
, Thomas 11. Pkak-nk.
I .. . ,. ... ,
! Presiding LI d, r Ixnoxvillo District.
. Methodist Episcopal C hurch.
' PhirjiPE r JoiiNsOX takes oP." the wild Demo.
j riley in his message, upon the heresy "f.State So
-;,,. f,. ,),:,. f,,,!,;,,,.
' . , . . ,
.T In j,ii-nfiiifli if ii ( in S i. n.
is the language
' tbe vonieueracy. una not. iue language oi uie con-
! stjtution. ine latter coma n, uie empnauc woru, :
i " Jho Constitution, and ihe laws of the L mted States
; 'hich shall be made iu pur suance thereol, and all
treaties made or which shall be made under the au-
i tbority of the L mted States, -hall he the supreme
I , f l, 1. ...1 . tl.l h ii:,-l in f.ri.rv s.
Iu ... ,.f t Vio It nil -mil t ht iiii-1 i-is in evorv St:itn Vitill
i De DOlina mereuy, anjiuuig in mu to.isuiuuoa i'i
i , .t.i.
laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.'
The President thus hits off treason in his mes'nge:
It is manifest that treason, most flagrant in
character, has been committed. Persons wh are
charged with this commission should have fair and
impartial trials in thc highest civil tribunals id' the
country, in order that tho Constitution and its laws
may be fully vindicated, thc truth clearly establish
ed and affirmed that troasun is a crime, that traitors
should be punished and the offence made infamous :
and, at the same time,-that tho question may ju
diciously settled, finailv and forever, that no Statu
of its own will has a right to renounce it?
Thc President thus concedes to Congress the right
to protect the negroes in the States :
But whilo I have no doubt that no , after thc
close of the war, it is not competent for the General
Government to extend tho elective franchise iu the
several States, it is equally clear that good faith ro
quirts the security of the'freedmen in their liberty have had occasion to test the fact, how much labor
and their property ,their right to labor.and their right : of rc-.0im,B & ,, saved by such a table a$ the fol
to claim the just return ol their labor.
iue rrcsiaent, aunnis ite rigm oi ion otnaitj anu i
House to keep out of their seats members cf G'C
gross. from the revolted Stales:
Here it is for you, fellow-citizens of the Senate,
and for you, fellow-citizetts of the House of Repre
sentatives, to judge each of you for yourselves, of
the elections, returns, and purifications of your own
The Hon. Mr. Gaut. in the pathetic remarks with
which he accompanied hi-s resignation as a member
of the lower house of the pre.-ent Tennessee Legis- ;
lature, as reported in the proceedings of that body, 1
closed as-follows: ' And when w are done with the
labor and troubles of this we-dd, a-nd are called to
eternity, I only recuest that wi" will be prepared to
meet in tho Kingdom of God, where trouble is no
r.ro Iripro trt Ip-riHljlto nr.snTt.l ITis. t'lir.-vnA T
; if jj -. Gaut expects lo C nd a -i of this Uoum
there-1,9 Wl11 8reur 'stakeii
' ' 7
A JlAXDSOME 1 RESEST. U.
: riam, the celebrated publisher. (A' Sp-riii''-
; ci j 'Massachusetts, have forwarded to Goy-
: Brownlow, throu-h our irknd, E. P. ,
l. . Vi,,t ,,
Cone, a very eierrant edition ot elkr
. ' . , f ,i.;,ir,,,r Knnn.1 '
.illustrated ro al . quarto uJwonair, bound-
in black Turkey morocco. It is the very
luxury of the typoprrapher's and publisher
; art, the most beautiful edition of the great
j lexicographer's -work which ve have ever
seen. G. & C. Merriam arc famed for the
vwwnr , uieir uonriM-i m
Methodists of Western North Carolina.
Below we give an article from the Asheville (N.
C.) News, dated November 16th. It showi that the
leaven of truth and righteousness is working, and
that the loyal Methodists of "Western North Caro-
lina. likfl thosd of East Tennessee, prefer a qtncral
Church to one that is stztwnal, and one whicn naa
been loyal, to one stained icilk disloyalty uiid (reason.
THE Ll METHODIST E. CHURCH IV HATWOOD'
Mr. ErfiTOR Our second Quarterly Meeting on
the Waynesville Circuit was held last week at the
Richmond Institute, F. M. Fanning, rresiaing
the cause of religion
Love feast. It made me think of Methodism when
I first knew it; and several of the old gray headed
veterans who participated mademe feel that we were
connected with other days of life and power to the
From reports of the preachers the work on the
circuit seemed to be prosperous. Some twenty offi
cial members present, about thirty belonging to the
Quarterly Conference, nine of whom are ministers,
and about 323 members, and for piety and moral
worth generally are not surpassed in the bounds of
The Quarterly Conference passed the preamble
and resolutions appended, which, if you will insert
in your paper, will oblige. A. Member.
October 21th, 1S55.
Preamble and Resolutions passed by the Quarterly
Conference, Waynesville Circuit, Methodist E.
Whereas, Slavery was the cause, and only cause
of the separation and secession of the M. E. Church
South from the old Methodist Church, consequently
tho very foundation of its existence; and as the same
instrumentality was the cause, or excuse, for tho des
olating war that spread desolation and ruin over
our once happy country, and especially the South,
and the termination of which has put an end to
slavery, the apple of discord so long to our people;
1. Resolved, That in this result we recognize the
hand of an overruling Providenco, to which we are
2. Resolved, Inasmuch as the M.E. Church South,
as a Church, made common cause with the Confed
eracy, and staked her very existence on the cause of
slavery and the success of the Confederacy, that we
believe the failure of one a decision of Providence
against the whole.
3. Revived, That we can see no causo, therefore,
for a continued perpetuation of the Church South,
except in prejudice or a desire to revive slavery an
institution now dead and buried, and especially as
th.erc is no difference in articles of faith, general
rules, except the clause on slavery, nor the general
policy of the Church.
4. RetoAved, That of our honest convictions of
what is right, and a desire to do good, we havo de
liberately connected with the old Methodist Church,
not North nor South nor East nor West, but the
Methodist Church in the United States, and instead
of doubting tho propriety of our course, that the
more light and reflection, the better satisfied and de
termined we become
mea we Decome. !w.lin,ef anr iha
Eeavherl, That under all tho circumstances, the I
lization under tho old Church at present, we
believe best, though it dcs involve a partial separa
tion of the Church in somo sections ot tne ftoutn,
which we believe and trust, under rrovidence, will
lead to the union mainlv of the Church South with
the old M. E. Church, whose doors stand open both
day and night to 11 who will come in on the terms
contained in her .Discipline.
The Proposed Southern Railroad.
Gen. J. T. Wilder, who has been in the city re
cently, has given fre-rh interest to thc subject of the.
contemplated Cincinnati and Knoivillc ttailroad.
As this matter is one in which the citizens of Cin
cinnati are perhaps more nearly concerned than
these of any other city, we" lay beforo our readers
the main tacts and ligures relevant to tne subject.
There are three routes proposed for a railroad to
ivnoxville. One. and the one which the citizens 01
LouUville are making every effort possible tosecuro
Uenects iroiu iebanon, tne icrminus oi me xouis- i
villo and 'aahvillo branch, leaving Stanford to tho
left, passing through Somerset crossing the Cumber
land river at Point Burnside, and traversing the
plateau of the Cumberland Mountains to Knoxvnle.
Another route by which it is proposed to connect
Cincinnati more diroetlv with Knoxville, starts
lrotn Paris and passes through Winchester, Irvine,
Manchester and Cumberland G-ap, connecting al
Morrutown with a branch road at that point to
Tho route, which it i. claimed by Gcu Wilder,
who has traveled thc entire country through, is most
,.,,.,i,i l'nmht,rtnH at W,i,it Knrn.
giJe lf Cincinnati builds the roftd, it is proposed
thui leavinir Nicholasville it shall pa-s throueh
Dan ilic and Somerset, crossing at Point Burnside,
Dan lllc an
oer thc plateau oi inc cumoerianu
throush Clinton to Knoxville. The
es of this routo are stated as follows. The
;:,,!, -0W fr0m Knoxville to Nicholasville is 180
miles. The Knoxville and Kentucky Railroad
Company, chartered by tho Tennessee Legislature,
havo completed ten miles and have graded eight
mUc. m w,U(.h ci;;hteen milos comprise the
ln, ..t, cli liicult portion of the line. Beside, the piers
nn-1 approaches to Clinch river bridge are already
constructed, and about twelve miles more of the
rond are about half graded.
ThQ u Wt one briJ;,e l0 builJ from clinch lo
I Kentucky river, a distance of 15 1 miles. Thosu-
perstrncture of Clinch river bridge was removed by
the Government during the war for uso
noint-. and of course will be replaced.
will ha rt.T-il.oorl
' . Tlj s ., F k f th (.
! hcrland for C5 miles along the plateau of the moun
, n lirin ni,t a sing, bridge or culvert. Eigh
, expended toward the construction of thc bridge over
' that river.
proposed routo lies through a country pro-
. nouneed by noted (reolop-ists tho most wealthy sec-
! tion in minerals, coal ana oils known on tne conn
The great valley of the Big South Fork, in which
are located the famous Beatty oil and salt wells is
thus opened up to development of its immense pe
troleum wealth. The opening of the Big South
Fork to down stream navigation, which enterprise
is about to be undertaken by English and Canadian
capitalists, secures to this road the transportation of
thc immense quantities of oil and mineral wealth
that must flow down this valley for a distance of
one hundred miles. This stream with its tributaries
drain the great level of the Northern table of the
h stream cuts through
i irreat sandstones ot tne coi
al measures to the sub-
' carboniferous limestone, lrom wnicn every ptincture
l o - . - i
, brings ionn peuoieuin. n, .-s vj b'5
, " K
ve been tlie entire summer itrospectine in
ion that this section is richer in oil than even
the great oil regions in Western Pennsylvania. Gen.
Wilder has several specimens ot tnisoil atnis rooms
, at the Burnet, and they aro pronounced very supc
! rior for lubricating purposes. A donation of 2i0,
i 'JuO acres of these mineral and oil lands are tender-
; ed as a rrift to tho parties who build the road.
1 Tim ,.v.;..ti.-,nc tr, trio f?nmlierlynd (an rnnfpflrn
I that the obstacles to bo encountered in either of the
, i.n,L,iv...j v .. r .. . w,
I forks of Pvockcastle river, all of which must be
c ; crossed, arc far more serious than that rising to the
Cumberland piaieuu ou me oiucr iuum;.
Laurel river on that routo is equally as serious an
obstacle as Rockcastle. There is required at Cum
berland Gap a tunnel of at least 2,'JuOfeetin length
Be-ides. at the southern outlet, tho road is from t;00
!o Too f..-et higher than Powell river, which is but
seven milesdistant. from this nrerto Morristown,
Black Oak ridge must be crossed, which of itself is
...". ,,, f.mi,j. a M,umt.i
the following ts
Kentucky and Knoxville Company's affairs.
Le an from the State of Tcnnc-ec, S1'.,
rer mile. To miles..
State loan for Clinch river bridge.
City of Knoxville
Indh idual subscriptions
Amount tipc dod
The amount from thc Stato is duo only for the
purchase of iron and rolling stock when tho road
bed is graded. -Cincinnati 'Jazeiie.
Useful. Few readers cn he awarft, until they
Virginia first settled by the English.
New York first settled" by the Dutch.
Massachusetts settled by the Puritans.
New Hampshire settled by the Puritans.
New Jersey settled by the Dutch.
Delaware settled by the Swedes and 1 ins.
Maryland settled by Irish Catholics.
Connecticut settled by the Puritans.
Rhode Island settled by Roger Williams.
North Carolina settled by the English.
Smith Carolina settled by the Hueuenots.
ir- Pennsylvania settled by William Penn.
1733. Georgia settled by General Oglethrope.
1731. Vermont admitted into the Union.
17?.. Kentucky admitted into tbe Union.
1796. Tennessee admitted into the Union,
1502. Ohio admitted into tha Union.
1811. Louisiana admitted into the Union.
1810. Indiana admitted into the Union.
1817. Mississippi admitted into the Union.
1513. Illinois admitted into the Union.
1813. Alabama admitted into the Unitm.
1820. Main admitted into the Union.
1921. Missouri admitted into the Union.
183-3. Michigan admitted into the Union.
l-'S-J. Arkansas admitted into the Union.
18 lo. Florida admitted into tho Union.
1S!j. Texas admitted into the Union.
18 ii. Iowa drr.itted into the Union.
IS 18. Wisconsin admitted into the Union,
California admitted into the Ufiioa.
Choice Tobacco and Cioaivs. ATSrgend?efl
seJect-ed stock, at wholesale and retail, can found j
at King's Old Corner. 1
- -l-iS wi..
Bro. Fanning s ministrations, ana preacn- r r X,' 7L' PL, X-
pecially, gave general satisfaction, I think, and pr, mu t,um mei ue juteri moi j . r-t - .
. AiALtiTnr, .ha tn rhnrrh and CapitoL and formed themselves mtoan organization i mflis. work wtitt-n iy tvi. Bowman. g-o. siiermae
a decided impression for tne eld cnurcn ana t - ? I. fr,.n,i ... i.t.r.i. irwin. nn- of onr.biMt mil-
e naa an Oia iainioueu i ..i,. . ihrr writers is th rMriiTE "rirm ntr!!Y of tntsgrana
German rnlciT Association.
The followiflg letter has been sent us for publiea-
tion by the Central Committee of the German Union
Association of the State of Tennessee. CapU Fred
erick Seibel, late of the Union army, has been re- j
quested to organize a Committee lor r-asi lennessce,
and report to the Central Committee ai Aiasuvme.
State Capitol, December 1, 18to.
On Monday the 4th inst.. a number of the Ger
man citizen of Nashville, consisting f Messrs-. E.
Lehmann. K. Meitmiller. F. Kuhn. J. Schvmler, A
tee of Tennessee, intended to co-operate with tho
American Central Lnion Committee w laeiP en
deavors to secure the election of competent and as-
compromising Union men to the offices of the State.
The Committee instructed the fcocretary tj ad
dress the German citizens of Knoxville, Chattanoo
ga, Clarksville and Memphis, urging them to organ
ize Committees to co-operate with tho Central Com
mittee at Nashville, the Committee at KnoxvilJe to
represent the Eastern District of Tennessee, at Chat
tanooga and Clarksville to represent the Middle
District of Tennessee, and at Memphis to represent
the Western District of Tennessee. Upon motion,
Monday of each week was decided upon to meet in
the Register's Room to transact tho buy nes coming
before the Committee.
THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE;
R. Lehmann, Chairman.
Robert Weitmiller, Secretary.
A. S. Thursick, F. Kuhn, J.Si himmler,Geb-
tas Haurt, C. C. Giers, C Cool, G. W.Gokttijj
oer, Julias Briesxx.
The 31. E. Church In Virginia.
The Yinrinia Conference uf thc M. E.
Church met in Danville on thc '-2d inst.
Biehop Early presiding.
lhc lollowinir important resolution was
offered by Eev. I. C. Ciranberry, and referred
to thc Committee on the btate ol the
JtcsohrJ, That the Committee oa the
State of thc Church be instructed to inquire
into tho expediency of memorializing the
General Conlercncc so to alter thc economy
of our Church aa to secure the following
changes, viz :
1. Thc extension of thc term of thc pas
torate to three years, consecutively, or rai e.
as the General Conference may decide.
'Z. lhc abrogation ol thc olh.ee of Presi
ding Elder, as such, and the substitution ol
Chairman of District in lieu thereof.
3. The admission of Lay .Representation
into Legislative and Executive Councils of
4. Thc abolition of all reflations in ref-
crcncc to the salary of preachers.
-rr., i-1, , , . r
J- -lhc removal of thc dati mtrtin.j tat ol
mcmbcrphip in our Lhureh.
0. 1 he abrogation of thc probation con
dition of church membership, and thc sub
stitution of sonic plan for thc reception of
members that shall effectually guard the
doors of thc Church against unworthy ap
plicants. 7. I ho increase ol the Lpiscopacy so as
to secure a more thorough and complete
pastoral oversight of the Church by it
8. The propriety of establishing a depart
ment of Biblical Institutes in our colleges
for thc benefit of young men who feci called
to the work of thc ministry.
Jusoiceii, lhat thc Committee be tnstruc-
ted to consider and report upon each ol the
Preparing to thrcw oft' all restraints, au-d
adopt rebel principles.
.Negro Testimost in WestTlnnessee.
The following appeal comes from West Ten
nessee, it is 6hort but prcfrnant.
Memphis, Nov. :J0, 15. Governor W.
G. Brownlow : AVc are of the opinion that
the best interests ol thc people of Tennes
sec will bo subserved by her Legislature
passing thc bill at once, givinLT the t;w o
thc right lo testily in the Courts, ami vc
ask that you use your influence to have the
bill passed before Monday next, if possible.
:AM I ATE.
3). M. Leather.man.
F. G. McGavock.
R. C. Br INK LEY.
W. E. Scan i. an.
Proclamation by the Governor.
STATE OF TENNESSEE,
v. . . . ..... n. .. . ...
J. AI.V. I I I I Ii I. I A I, I H r, 1 ,
AsyviLLE, December jth, ISfij. J
Wmr.ias. a t acaniT lia orcui r- -1 in tlia 'ionira' X---inl lv
r f tho St.ua of Tfnnfw-'o. t' ih rtitiition of th-- lit n. .l-si)
II Gmit. K-prt-t-'BtatiT-' of the fount t - f IlraII-v, ih-Trf-"-".
T. Willilm G. Brotralnw li-if.rn-r. ef th- s-ta'-- - f Tr unpa.
ot arrct'T fommaaa m oo-tib o, ai'i -otinty oi or-oify. to
opan and hold an eltrlion at all th plf- of rntin; in -a: 1
countT. oo TBUr.-iay. tha "th ay ef Hrpinl --r, 1"., t-i fill
mid viiraarT. aad that thT m:ia" r'tnrn of th" ffilt a- -T'l-iag
T .. . -. . . - . 1 . I t 1. - . . . . . . V - .1
x lu iciiuuB, "uiri-i. x lis,, ii I 'in i i sill' ii u i
' 3 Tonawoe to to a&Tf-I. t th-
. (I .lL. l .
Nfetbrillr, thuiia day cf Pfronib'r, ls't.
By the Governor. w .
A. J. FLETCH1K, f'y cf Stat-dfc'-'otde.
On th l'th innt.. at th r i-l- nee of th- Hid" failfr.
Kn-u roantv, Thb., hT V-t. .1. e. Parh. Mr. .'. A. W1I..
LIAH to Min! MARY A. JOSE.
ON TiifiaT aft'TB-OB, hr f.orrrBor Brownlow. l.i-nt. t aut
EI. WHEAT, hittt of th firt Mi. hiran Artill. rv. t- Xun
EMMA SI'EXCF, tUnchtor of ."fnator i-n.f. at th r-n-
dmr- of tha hri-lc'a tat lor. B''ar Mnrfr-tsl'oro".
The fair briil ha with h'-r l-.val hu'l-nn-l, n- Kat to
pt B-l tha boHPTmooB. Ob thia happy occa'iuu tha (i-o.-ru' r
will preented hy tha I-ri'T-'grooBi with inn vl-'gaitt nlvr r
virf. whit-h will ft-B remind hi Exr--lI.ii--T of a ov-st d. Irlit-
fnl t-fcaiott. Prft ot4 Tu.f.
v Tiior-iav, XoTfmher !INt, l-y Ktiv. Samuel itr. Mr.
BENJ. C WHEtLEB, of Campbell c untv, aa-1 Mi- K A -l.ISE
WOOP, of KnoxroBBty,
Os Tue.dav, Per. 5th, bv Bat. Famn-1 vr, t ol. Fl-'EI'
Pr TAVERNTEB, l'-th Ill.'t attlrv, to Mi HE. T CAKEY.
Our Whole Stock at Ecduecd Prices!!
OS HA'1 A LAKGK
aa4 Titriad aeortnieBt pf
1IY null F.VIMCTV GOODH,
BOOTS and SHOES,
TOBACCO AND CIOAItS,
Of all Binds bi- h e e5r at pri-e tlm iff "mjit.ri'1-R
Ctll XTUV rilODI Cl'. ef aJl kia-1- ta-a in pn).
stent t"T fieo-ia.
20.OO0 Pounds Cotton w antfd inline-
4tately f-r wbl-.h tb B'sfeeet .Market piK ill be pji i
Hem- Biper la? ptB' a
KIXG .S OLD COBXtE
J. II. Fessenden V t'-
T7MOKY AND HENRY COLLEGE.
Jj WAaiX'jroy, '--r .vrr. n,
tWa r!Bg ieia c-f tkie iutlitotK B "cm ojj tb: IJiSj 0
Jaatary Bt- Oar cbargta are :
TaititB In Colleziata eour fer fiv n'.hr . f .S oo
Tael, r-MrvreBt aad centinpwit ij 19
Board ?J W per , VI wai rf)
la th- rrej-arat'T r reprtwn, thai -j for taTiKn in e0
le- j -
111 payttiant! ar rc'irt.4 IB f -K pt ii in.vaVn u a
rrcv, ia a4TaD-:e.
Bar4 caa ba patd ss-jsthlv ib eias.. as! 1 rt -in-?,
at pti rite, wH ba reaetted.
tu-tenn turnifB inirawn a- o-iis; ni r. ctn TaiB-tcje.
"tb- r mfTtnattnr eaa bxi v a-lareesTa.
e. e. tntf.1. rTTi-o.
tmoiT. p. o., V
OHIO FEMALE COLLEGE.
rpilE NENT TERM OF Tills INSTI-
' I'Ti'L" "T- wc.rtiwi.h the Bm
iK.li w. iin. ,.id.,L urn i.riii..d mull rikM mwr-.-fl. it
r nt -uit, j vi'tree-H ri t. j tin
rr-ol-nt, Ollege MiH, O. iKn-S-3i-
!. Jf. CART;
U WSEPtt. . . srni.
ISAAC 'JOSEPH & CO.,
Corner of G.aj a-nd Main ?trtet.v
o rri r T, ' A . ' n r, ,t W ltl LlL'tlt Sl'ItMlllul Stt'L'l l01Uail,
SOW IN FRE5:'.
A Work of Absorbing Interest and Per-
'.manent Value. s .
SHEE M-A N
J g (J jyj - j X jr i CTj
Col. 8. M. BOWMAN and Lt. Ool. E. B. IRWI5.
1 V"t. H"; P.inu. dun. J. v
rwniT ni whlt, and in U lUd- tails. Evjry Corps, PiTmoB,3
Brani" ni B''gini,nt i wrtltl it lull iire el rrn mi
fritw : tk row" of mrih r arfiiily follow r.l ; ths bmt
lin it4 rakirnuikt-x are d-- riNti with tti- ti'i-ln-ss of artanl
PMMmi ; nd the b'l" nrrtiv 14 rDliTcnl by th
enttao Lricirl-'C!, both ..d nd mirthful, that wr- aa in
w itH- a- ':eirnim--nt of "ich c;aipaisn.
Li.v- A'TrB, O., July, 1"
j,. .T,,,r v juiy fceiv-l. C'"l"noI S. 31. Boman,
a -tiinr of mine iin- e ISO. nnd mor' rec-rotly In th
TTKtr iif fli" l nttft Statrn, nun na-i accra i wj iri.r nan
tetttr ok, .mlT' itis copi"s of all or-leru ma'lv, ana letfra
Tntoi mo in'-f ill- wint-T "f ;th a viw to pun-
bata a.aa"irof mylifoan'l -HTvir-'". I !ive ratherdiacoarag-xl
m-B a paMication", t'lit if on- in to I'-' ma-lr. I prfr. of
cor-, it b"Ul't t rorr--- m-I anth-'nti--; an-1 no other pr
nea ba had such an opp, rfinity t i r-a.l my sret thought
atr-J atifua a Cl B"m;iu. I N-li- him t bo in pojurrt.inn
cf J iiuthfiiic fa-.-H th,-! ryn intiPst III- g-neral r-dr.
1 am. A--..
W. T. SIIEBMAS,
A. J. ltl' R. Ai- nf a r Knut Ttnnria'.
su .u!','l in Hifrv --ountv. I.i'-rtl trrni. si'.u. F-r
fnn tor rnfof inttien. n,('iir" it . I. Hax'r a -'rtli-o. or a-t-Arm
1MV. . I t. W. W. I'l K.
4eeM-l A;,-nt f r Knex rounty.
FAHHS AID HOUSE LOTS.
KIIEA COUMY. FOUIi MILES
frco BFi-.'4 FfiTT, en Tcnn-""--- 1!ivt. a farm of
Aer. nr'h m-a.-!T m riame -lwt'llinp hn-f. an I all th- n
cmiry vx.t tii4iL. XfTr i-l-nr. -l n l tlir h-e K ill b
s14 t a Kii.-.UJ prtr.
In Up vaiiwty Saiphnr pniu-'. Eh- .i nu'v. en th lint
f tbt tcrUn 6-ki!o-.i.l freiu li;itt.uioe -; to Big Crt-k
t.j. any a-tat!. b b-- let. of t " to iu't purchaser.,
A sj4 tKtfci ftt ar .K--i; t-'untv. on tli- Toun'io,
ah, ni thw a.9uih cf I'r-t-k. known at th- " I'rojtoa
tarm." It i-vntiu v ij ar y A- rt . l' of im-h n first tot
toiii, S" to i.' X. I -oon I 1 1 item U ii,1k, rtatrttl. Tha
r--awiio t f ih wU Uuib-Tvl No li-tl' r t orn or w lira land
ran b loau4 ia T--aa --.'-. Cue li.ilf ca"h J- n iUkN"
rtu(tw.., ta Wfljwrun uia - to suit pun r.
Ainu fcr.ir rtisKT turn, it R 0' a ' "iinty, if more ronTn!ut.
pBrih.1-,. aro rrierrft to t ar l ran-.ii rt!irt. in charga - f
J. L. 31aa-in. at s-otpbar "priD0.. K!i--.i -otntT.
j--zf ma buy, ahlkSathv A TO.
A MACHINE Toil THE EAPID,
S. V. 't-ap ftui tb-i-xati ctLi '!" ij o "f Corn. Cotton. -T
(ti-F rr-pUBUd :n nih. It n.l-o 11--I 111 pn paring
th.- gr-vntl anl pnitiai n grm, til - itivat-' vll from
W-. are th- .lr an-tj ; t' aLetc Dia- It i lie ti-r Mi-Mlrao'l
Eiit TraBfTc-, tinvfi job t Atjtj.oia, tn I .ir-- al-o ag-nt
for tb- bot
I and 2 PaX j:o--j W.-- uu l Thresher,
i arid 1 H-jTi-r a. ocr f'artrs aud Th rexher,
R'cir.ayj and Murir-ff iw, Corn Shelters,
Fan M'Us, Vv-fJ, field Sctdt, &tf-"Vs Gag Plotci
l::.. 1-. '1 tu jr.' 3 lirS
."i'',ai'-. N-i.IitIIK T- nn
1 : r--Hi
LAND F0A 8AIE.
Ol'FEUIN; i'UB SALE
17103 m tfe-
t- - f Cera C'-k, twelve niils
BTh-s$ of A;b'"i, 51," 1 ioa c"JB' ' , T-nn . n-ar th ba
wf Ctailbo-vre M'-an.i.'"r.!n:05 "'t- o hun-iit-d an-1 '-Ttraf y
r r-s, tbrt hiDdt- d 1 rt. t-lcar- a, tn'i- ty a-t- a of which i of
t-ha lt iahiy of ' 're- t I "!l, ui. tie- r- maininjc l-ar--l ftr?t
rate splas I, f- ur hnndr- l n-t o,-uty .1- r- -!! timlrfd,
n-t Cb laid t-' . I- a r . 1'- tu .1 ' i - -t x V 1 1 1 - an-1 .celkn'
prins n-ar 1. 'ntni'M'-B- '-ut-l-moiinj:". '1 b-1 tarn, enra!
It wli l r.-l. in a 1 1- U 11-y . ."i-l lo al iliy I'-fuhtT.
iU-, ?J di x-i', a-i- r-lin- t-Al. -. t h. .i-l. at-r S'irticitut
to fuu .uy .on out of rni .liiii' ry.
To p!- ran -tiv-i. -I nit" two -i t'ui. - p I fm m-, wat- r
a4 timh -I a- 1 a v -ir liin- t:-la I-nr.-nn
4f."l: SUAH I. tt'PKK.
OT1CE THIS is TO NOTIFY ALL
t.. ?1- Il l.T. Oil tl :e
i'"utra''U ma I )- to
.nt. .i- I will te-i p:v anv -l.-l't ar
-ti I, .n hit I ft mv i-.-l and board.
.AMI s . MONl'W
NOTICE OS TJ1K 7th
i f l-'-r. 1 a jvi " n nnkri"'. u, ! ft i
ii m Jaw rv ao l
r Pral'lf in Kn-'W 1 1 1 . n- !-,iv unri. -ii"it It'. banN bigh.
.tt'uitf fiv ''ars "t" nt- ii T--i f:it i-M!", and -ri" tift
tit I'ri-il-. Ntf is li.T i-v -iTn th.it unl t f wufr cf fh
:u l l'rop rtr d-.- s r-''l.inn an l j'av th -hur-i upQ th
sanii- on or N (Vtr tli' 1-r ijKv.-f J.Aint.trv n- t, tho nai't item
will n Ili-tt lav hi t'jp.i .1 f,r alf f j 1 1- nation. .iti-I th-pro-
I-' ni'i'lit-l t. tl' atifVi ti-"i "t hai'I ch 'TV-?.
V. .1. NKtRP.
ALK. A FINK
nut v, j"" .T''V h.tlC .in.), i i-ul ii at i"n. tbr
:'fr,-l tmMi vain;!-!'' iim'-or. -Mti' t-- f -r all t-uiltliua
th- M-il i n. )i. aii-l nil a ' ! t h- fiiitn sll w-
A flll hvu k li'O, I.H'' .'IIP. i .!('.,( MMi. i. IfjJ-
-tabl'- a iv I t'th'T ti'-.'-ary (iiiMiiif4. m f-rl-n'l'ti-
n. (ti, id.' liii' M j-'ip:.; "r-h.-tr-J in th,b
Tin f.-1 ;n is
i at I...! i i - alii'-.
.V Ki M'U K.
A FARM LN
tut r v . ronl:uiiH J- Aio-. P" uu-li i ' ultivation atrl
I"" Ull'li I
p-i I- tlv I-" 1. s.-'l 'hv i, n ill pr.Mlin:- l..rt-- rr"r--
n- tv frut-i- hoii-e. tv. II furiiivii 1. I.tr.-- n- tv barn and all
-Ull-nii-lllls. t-it h , tlt, f TTi-r-.-t .-'lor.'-. Will I-,- ..I-t rhejp
tle.-iut t'UCKKILL -t tKVMOl R.
?6ll SALF..-A ;OOU FARM. TAV-
K II .in-l K- ri t . in i l.i i I- -i ri-- r,,., nt . i in,- ,-t' th n-t
l.-irat I-- -U n.-i ti-'ii- in ti.i- part f tie- M.i!--, A 'Tea. oi
l"t' un-l- r iii' it ati- ii oi -..-.-I r-.v- r I-"tr,-in. ra.. of th nif-.f
u-'tfd I'll' Ii' ll-'ii- s eu li-- r -n-l 1 r-'in l.exinztun, Ky., lo
i liarl"-t"ii. . i '.. itii'l .1 I'- i rv on C Inn Ii l iv.-r, vt hit Ii wiil a
raj." ?7i,i an.j ., w ,,. .inriTi.. Ily . Tlii firr-i Ii- a on both tid'
of lii- Kit. r. 'I Ins i- ;i iin. b.uiMin.
-tce2t'tf t'UC K KILL A SEYMOUR.
?OR tSALELX XOKTIL CAROLlxT,
L ta-o tni' f". - ii" .'-. ""' .in I tin- ' th r Lr.-i Acre., each
t:oiitttimn -pi- leiol l.tirj". It'-il, i- an imiii'-ii--.- amount of min
eral tvaltli, ii ii-1 lyitii ri'-.ir tin- projorfd i-'iH-- i the ban
t.ep itiiilro.-el. Kor p ttri ulars -ii-i'iin- --I
-lc.:'"il CUCKKILL .t PKYM0UR.
OK SALE. A (iOOD FARM IN
tlr iinz'-r f.'Uiitv, sitiut--l near lltit!--L'i . .""nt;ini 1
ur.--. ill innk- :i - il- u' -tu-k .iu-1 fruit Urui. A K'"?'!
A l'1't'- t.'i- l.ai -I iin-ii'l- i;' v -..'. I titn1-- r. A "-rti"n "f :t -."UI;tin
a lere .ini-'ilti r.f I "ii .-i -. t hicli h:t I ti tt .. I,, .1 r- n tr-t
a haul--,-. it-i:it. -I ;t in -r I n-i-li' i h-i-"l. I'riee !.!-".
tifi'ti irivi;il.l. .v SKYMOIR.
roil SALE. A TilACT OF
X iir-. ri- e.-iintv --!,''" A-' s a-l.i-t--I I
n-l al'i"in-ls in t Ir.-n ..n-l .-th-r iiiiii.t.iI-
.ie'-l'etf Cut'KltlLl. 4
. -!' k sraziiiR
lOli SALE. IN KNOX COUNTY,
bL n. ar straw 1- 11 v I'l.n..-, t tin- I'luiit.tti.-ii . f so .rr-".
Th- -il is n- li .in-l v. ry t---'luclit . .m I-- ilitide-l mf'
aaiail farw -r -.-I I m ..u--. A p ...! r -mf- i ta'-le rt'i'lenre, all
r.tit l-mi-iin-, i:i' !u-lin a ii':-- l-.irn, ii -rrh.ir-U that pro-
'iure UrL'- .j-i.-nitiii---.-I fruit, - I n.irer potv-r. jron-l timber.
I'- ai-K-a t .ilu il l,- iia-i"t. iiKni- .-f tlirf.-n nt kui-l". Will
flilii l-tt n.iM. .e0.tf im KKII.I. E7JII'R.
DIPUO VED LA'DS IN
ia ail rart- et' Fat T- nn- prK-
..n-l lr"-ntin t- rr-ii!
aJlkiB.l. ff 1'iir-bt-r. A l-lr- oi rail
SALE. sjJ'UO ACRES OF UNIM-
VED I.AM' in Jilt- r- nt parti, - f K,t-t T-nnae.
i-' Bt.i:Bioz iniin-.-ii-e iuin--r il tt-, ;ilth. t ,-H a-laj-re-l to trt--k
graining, e.nh S'-Dt-' "t-l ii-ii-l Mt- ! farm-, aa I w.tt-'i power.
Ai--. kviu- 1 tii- ; -n N aj w-il suit- 1 t- eett't cc-lonie "f
flflllftUt-. I'-'.'l -i-c-- .";i.--;, j (nJ rj f,4 tv 4',.
T: .r"... ' '- - ''' - --'''' ' 'i-'y -,:! ' ...
'.'!;-.. ' "t Kllll.l. CT.ttOt"B,
fr-al T-ts- Cr- kr-,
tie .""n k n. ti 1 ia. Ten-.
W in. T. 3ID-'vn vs. John 11. .Sawjcr.".
rl t j 'jtia' l". en pS'Ni :f . "at t , tn- -i---ndint i in-iel-te-i i-.
k-m and a"- - !t'ls rr.'-nfialibui". If tht tha ordiDar
ar"..'-i ' 'arr ra't b 9rre,) or-'n b'l. an-l hnvms thtaine-1
an Tf'Vtl att.tehmt at a;jint lt- eiai-. nisi., reiurnal-t
vf- ra f'barli M-rr-iw. a Jut'i" ff the Iv. n i..r Kn--
r-'HB-r. aeH i b eB bat i b hu iii.-l on hi, ri.rrtr- l
I i- ei-Mi' bT .lawi-- ih( th- ttetendsnt nrtpear bafora
i o ai at h; efi-- in K W'Tt il!.'. en tii-.- lirst s-atnr-lav t.f April
j r n, r tb ma- Bill W pr-ieee-le-J tntb r piirl... Ii t
! far; tser rrti-rqd by J ati--,'. il-at t'n n- ti--e pu' li1e.
j f-v U nr w-evk ia r'-ttu'o-t , Vibijr
1 --t H - Jl'.Hilli'W. J. p.
F-t'tio'i .' - !I l.ai'.-l
j Wiil'jw lvij;'- aM4 uthcrs, vs. Catherine. Evan- anl Su-
T AITEAIIS FEOM TI1E PETITION
IB t-bi-. --aii.e, tilt fVai'iarine; Etai". f-rni'rlv stliar'n.
i iJ -SC. aata "esaah ar-re"'ri, lornit riv 5'i.iu.th are
! fe n at k"- ,-t 3ary Pw, -Je. e;i-e.. au-l tha' t'.er ji n n
1 1Tm4- B f T- 0 !!- i t 14 tliep t - ..- -'r-I'TI-l liv'tir f.tjif
i tin! pti'tkati-4i usB-t f-T t--nr -u -"--i- . k in Brcwu.
, to- s fci. k.-tihia to- a:i-l ! !' Q'l.i lit - t-i ajpesr a' th
; t'-t-rM-ary i--i t'f tb- f i B'ity oi 1 1 f. r An-i- ra--n r "in"r. I
Ku k. N ai th. ,rj)vt.L.n.,. , r, f I i ,. . . .. 'I. n .. .... tl.-;..! f. n.
- t tfcty 4 Fi-raarT a--t. iM-t Bi t!,e ., f.-n-. t-. - n-l tit'-n, or it
I "ill b-. take ut. i t.ajt,-J an-1 ft f- r r- ,i r"i - It art- a- t
I tica. fce-Jit, . w. Hl.ttLR, llrl
1 V T T P- .1. j V
W. J. I. VU-B TS
a -t c- t-- h:in. t- n- ! . iu-'.
jt I tuvi p'.w, t d his-.. Il t in tii- Mat' , -o th' t!i-? "r-l:nir
! rr':: '-i Mie law - b- -n -1 iij t un, an l a 1-t y ha' -
i iaj 1-Beti -a -I--atat - e-iat-: it ia thervfore "r-lere-l
i ttat Mtx-.' b -,-t--J tp.. -l-f-ai-Jitat -y publieatir-o far f ar
fflje. tje k- it B-.E--t Srf.
' .- -k -! He
v t- th- .-,-t m-ertioo at
-if trial. i 1 1 n tlie -ai l WiUia-i
n..Tt..i. t nrpaaf l--r- M. 31 r- r. r.vi . at the- roort.
b.'- in S.u-tviH--."b tb" l"tli f Mar- h. I an-l annter the
rntp!abt -'f t-t"
U. TBS -etlil- v'li i- i.i- -n - .'UI-s-.l
U. M TKEH. J. T.
, CHASCESY CO USi CLINTON.
of i r , VUot., Ua;!cr vs. John K. tjali-raitb.
i - " " - -
TIIH CAUSE AT TIIE NOVE.M-
; I jjtsg y..,. ue- H:"ti.-ii. ; "as ..r.;,-re.I that puMicati-ii
: .-J a'ai !" aw -r I- ,1 : It it ther-turtr '.plerftl '
be Ha-t-l' a . ,,i...,.,. 1 ,,.! ., f.,r .11.
t;- n--iR it-i b.--h-i r . - -- ---
t te-ivw t,'
N-k- iu Bnjwaiua -t W hi-, n-'tify in the sti-U -hn B
(iall-raitb. t- ?rr-;ar -re . ";"- r - ;
rue Hp-t eu kiy 1 a .'i ty at, -"- -;
... ,- jui,, t-u tak-n i-t t-oiil -au-l
hiK? ?.f.'- U II WH IT- -N. f. - i.
cocsrr court i:ios cocstv.
P- litit-a f"t Partition t f LanJ.
WiaaiB-C'oai. et a!?, vs. Curi Cok.
, .ppearat tee t ebruary i--r , hollJ. in iij.n.rj.
rounty, irnr; TJof ls'0. a.l to plead, aniw.r,
- Ii".: "Jt S bo taken f..r
coBtel 1 for hearint ex p"".
' TN THIS CAUSE IT WAS ORDERED
I v.- , ,.rm 1-6.'-, that I'ublication
: X by th, .6t, at te "-T?lU a h.g, neti-k-
ma- for f.nr t-cf,sn a w.-ki ' ; nnknown, t-
fr a-fcnJant, furti- ook. wboe .... ,,,, ri