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The Seattle post-intelligencer. (Seattle, Wash. Terr. [Wash.]) 1888-1914, May 20, 1888, Image 1

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045604/1888-05-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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m ssujsgar&mniw mi» n m
W. P. BOYD & CO.
*«.». M MRW rnrri IUIIUI.
Changeable Milks, Changeable Xnlte BUka,
Blaok and Colored «llka.
FARABOU and *V 5* V MBBKLLAM in beautiful ooAortas
nwign snd workmanship onrirsllsd.
In exquisite **P> T * **
narrowwt edging. Aton AHover Lams, to delicate entering. **
a JJI .mt variety In embroidered cost times to wash fabrtes—some novel designs
A great variety in OT ®J£Jaw«|*clallr «*» »«*> P"***
by mall will receive earetol and promt* attention.
621 and 623 Front street, Seattle, W. T.
J. P. HOVT, President.
M. I>. HALL* an. Vie* President.
latches, Diamonds and Jewelry.
Ami other Fimt>cti>ni Mnkw of Pinno* ami Orwum.
—muock. raow man.
Tlik 1lr»t
ajrJO HflUrr Aprrlfnl. '■»
Diamonds, Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and Silverware.
In orrter In enable roc In mult.' a «nal •etllciaeat of the eatate ol T. r «rnllh.
I will flow "111 III' entire *toek of watche», Jewelrv. ele .at COW sale
• ■■•l to tiegln at once. Will d\r the t*"»t l«ntatu» ever olSml. •«> call earlj au«J
get tint choice. I aluo offer for mlv all rial c.tate owueil »•» the «rtn
1., r Willli A H..11, 78» Front >tn-.l
!Mnrine, I>ito nnd Accident.
Do *n Exclusive Insurance Business, representing 25
companies, the best in the world. Prompt
payment of losses.
to «»iiy or our old euatomerw.
OOlee In HaUer'a Hwtldlwg. Jamea »twl. «ewt«te.
Me agviil. tor - JVlh- of Uiii.*l.« oM Kenn»ck» < garter «>wk » I
Kentucky Mrbra; ixnrtt IHmmomm wait wbtaaey.
Im IVrla «le ik»lf«> an»l la Key *«**» rtcar*.
3t.1 Cwawtralal mraar »—ttto. W. T. "" *
713 and 715 (Union Block) rront St.
Goods delivered free. Telephone No. 48.
Complete lines of the mot desirable
Owidenlal Hotel Block.
J. rt-wrn. Treasurer.
JAIIRS RonittU. Hee. "nd Manageer
Hole agents tor the celebrated
K** tth ' v
•u* If WriUrr Aprrlml.
(Special Correspondence.)
Kay ML
Of UK BUT noble river* whkh find
their source In the ('•wade mountains
the nuxt Datable for natural beauties
in the fliMKinilmh It* beginning* at*
ta the depths of the great range mid
way between the northern and scnath
em limits of Washington Territory,
and for many miles it winds among
the higher peaks, a river amid the
Honda. In Ms earlier career its gen
eral coarse lies near the summit Hat
to the north. It tarns Am to the east
and then to the west, as if undecided
whlrh inviting root* to choose for the
journey to the sen—whether to the
east, through the treelem uplands to
join the great Cofombia.or to the west,
through the funereal forests to Paget
Hound. It turns finally to the west,
through the paw which has taken its
name, and after (earing the moan
tains behind. Sows in a deep, swtft
stream to the northwest until encoun
tering the Snohomish it joins that
river and sweeps in company with it
to the Hound
All Ik* faci nations that have made
The Biirf a favorite tjrmbol of sacred
and poetic Mprßßkm. have fullest
illustration in the nrift-flowinf and
beautiful bnoqualmie. The puritv of
it* water*, their coolness and depth of
fotof, the alternation in ita banks of
frowning precipfre and mailing plain,
the depths of tin forest shade*, the fra
granee of its hordering meadows, the
gayety of light and color in their play,
along it* winding course—these with,
at intervals, the swift nub of its
broken waters and the roar of its
nufhtr rata rait, make it a stream
with all the charm* that nature and
literature have bestowed upon tradi
tional Hirer.
tmc r*Lui.
But it is of the Knoqualmie Falls of
which t write—not indeed with the
hope of describing It. The poverty of
language i* too severe for that. West
ward From the Cascade Range the
country falls in a succession of
"benciies" to the level of the Hound,
and at least two of the benches break
olf in abrupt precipices At the first of
the«e sudden breaks in the surface
level there is in the Snoqualmie river
a cascade and a fall whk-h is de
scribed as very fine, but these, as yet,
1 have not seen. At the second or larger
break of the country, in descending
from a higher to a lower level, the
river pours its whole volume massed
in a single deep and narrow stream
over a steep precipice 25# feet high.
In this decent there is no interruption
—the whole river rushes in a mighty
leap into a wide charnn which open* to
receive it
It ha* not been given to man to por
tray in words the majestic scene* of
nature. Mere words and certainly
pen and paper have no power to ex
press color, light and pruprotion. Of
what use is it to attempt U> descrilw
that which must lie seen to be under
stood ? Of what u-e is it to »ay that
a river 12S feet wide and t<J feel deep
rushes in a swift stream over a previ
pii-c feet high ? Of what use to
say that the ba«in into whi<-h this
plung i* made is six hundred feet
act®**, and that it* riius are upon the
upper level of the stream ? Of what
use to describe the swaying pillar of
white anil broken water,' the cloud* of
spray and the bright raidbow which
»|wn* the gorge ? What n*e to t<-llof the
forest* alsive and l>elow with the mul
titude o( circumstances which unite
the picturesque with the majestic?
A* well might one attempt to de*cri>«-
the charm* of a l«-nutiful woman by
giving the figures of her hight, weight
the length of her mw :y>.| the number
of her shoes. As well attempt t" 1111
press a man tsirn blind with the splen
dor* of the rainbow, a* to describe this
wonderful waterfall to one who ha*
never *ern it.
I 1 ha<l heartl of I!t«* Sn<*|ualittie Fall;
rea«l what assumed to lie description*
of it; hfttl seen it« phtuml representa
tion in numberless forms, but I ***
no more |»rei»are«l for tbe realitv than if
II hflfl never hear<l of the -eene before- -
even le-*. for it !■« Itelittled by every
attempt thua made to |»ortray it.
There i* nothing on the continent like
it. It H higher hv nearlv a hundred
fret than Niajrnra and while lacking by
«omi*ari«on in volume and power, more
than make* up in the charm* of pictur
enqoi form tiul xnmmtuiinft. It tM
certainly the mtwt noMe and striking
natural wonder of the Pacific Coa*t.
Throujrh the counties year* that
this stream ha« poured Ho*»d over
the precipice. it ha* eaten it* way Ui k
from the brink many hundred* of feet
leaving on either fide abrupt Muffs
uhi- h overlook the >eething whirlpool
in the baain l»elow. The visitor mav
walk along the brink of the«*» bluff*
ami hn>k from the higher level of the
river into the faee of the fall or he
mav by a ateeti path into the
Imr*in and view the nonle pcenc from
the lower level. Thii is the finer view
but it involve-* toil* which only person.*
of *ound endurance «hould attempt
The facination of the Fall i* irreMti-
We. It claim* the attention by a
charm which never wearies. The
more familiar the *rene orne* the
mory it attract*. Th<»*ewho eome t«v
stay an hour find it difficult to tear
then»M»lve* away at the erni of half a
day and aotwxfv turns from his last
!«*>k without a sigh of regret.
There are two way* of going to Sno
qualmte Kail* (rum Seattle. Take the
Seattle. l.ake Shut* «t K.a-tern road I"
f.ilman (two hours ri.lel ami from
there eilher by *ta«e or hor-e it i* *t*-
Irrii mile*. to" the' Hop Ranch Hotel"
where all visitor. .top Another way
is t > go by the Seattle A f'olumhia
Hirer rood" (o>al roa.lt to Newcastle
an.t from there by to the hop
ranch i* twenty two mile*. The form
er I- the shorter an.l ami more con
venient roa<i although in aeoMing the
rttie from Newcastle to liilman the
visitor muwe* a view worta a ilozen
•vi h ritie*. From tiilman to the Hop
Hani h tlie rwl i« undeniably rough
It i« op-hill an.i down hill bat tor
nearl* rhe whole dMUmv through
majrnili. ent fore»t*. Fu;thn*-(ourtli.
of the way the oTerhansnng branche*
from rarh -iile meet i!*>ie the rvwd.
>1 n'»m« are numerous ami arttletuents
the opportunity to »ee that in the tim
l>ere.l wiblerne-'. ea-t of I'licet S>umt
there i« reaUy a (treat .leal of laivl *u«-
•-eptihle to ciiltiTathm. There i* no
where a vallev more lieautiiu) or fer
ule that that of the Sjuak an i alone
the whole route, im-liuling tlie valley
of tlie Snoqnalluie. there are «trrt. he*
of verr fine cimntry For the moat
|«rt the fertile lan.i i« ti the «oft
a i.ip'e I t4> h»p« ami other crop- upon
who b lance amount, of labor can he
nntubh m»««l up»n >mail trwt«.
an.t from whwh the *iel.l i» prv»por
tionateK valuaWe A few a. thi
laml wifl emptor *' inin T l*"l' ir **<*
vifld as wnch or mor* lit return, re* k
,*>neti hv value than as many sc»»res or
even hun.lre,i» .if acre* of prwin lan-l
The la-'t few mile* of the hor-eha<-k
journev fr>.ni liilman i* thr»u»rh a
f-ounlrv magnificently ttmbere.l The
n.a.l i* «niply a prajul ai*le through
the prime*al fore»t As 1 rvv.e jei*-
urel< thr.Htgh thi« afinM «treh h of
rx>aJ. taking .leepdraught, of the rich,
twnev fragrance, I was renun.W of
an .4! new .juper parwgraph which »
woith repeating. Notsn* the UJ
SlimS, W. T., BUSDAY MOHIEI&, MAI 2% 1888.
for sofa pillow » made of fine needles,
a cirver writer added that it was a
to dajntyein
an appropriate phrase, for example:
"wis* me of war balm, oh, fa Wee"; i
- Dreams of the Forest," etc. These,
he added, "are growing hackneyed,
and novelty and originality is sadly
needed. In the case of a young lady
making one of these pillows to I' Lsent
to a yoeng gentleman, allow me to
submit the following as new and ap
propriate "Oh. Kprace young man.
Rr Tew I Pine."
tuk i»m.
After the deep, mysterious woods,
with aB their charm, there is a sense
of nfcrf in emerging into a green val
ley and to ride down a lane between a
green doter field on one side and an
orchard on the other, with tree, old
enough to illustrate at least two de
cades of settlement, and it is pleasant
to find in the midst of this orchard, a
tittla further on. a hotel—new, clean,
wefl furnished and home-like. And a
little later It is pleasant also to find
that the living is good; that the pro
prietor, Mr. r. O. Wilson, is an intel
ligent and agreeable man, and his
voungwifea tmwt accomplished and<
estimable lady. The hot*? is inciden
tal to the busutes of the great ifoe
quahnie bop ranch, the biggest of the,
kind in the world. Mr. WUson is the
superintendent, and his assistants in
the management of the hop ranch,
the hotel and the store—all of which
belong to an incorporated company -
are Messrs. J. O. ftartap and Wilt red
l>arneal, both enterprising young
'■ Fron the hotel the Fall* are some
thing more than a utile distant The
! «pper Falb are eight mile* awa v and
other attraction* are Bear at hand.
The river full of delicious trout flows
immediately in front and the Cascade
, nop risen in a bold ridge five thou
sand feet high *een»inglv within a mils
although in fart several miles away.
Horses for getting about the country,
boat" for Ashing in the river—all that
isneedfui for rest and entertainment i«
here. It is in fact a sweetly restful
spot apart from the busy world.
In another letter which I shall not
he in too great haste to write. I will
tell of the wonderful hop ranch, rail
road prospects, the upper Falls and of
other things connected with this most
charming place. H.
Neither Alllaoa. Haw ley Kor SWr
■aa Knew the Date of Their C«a
[Washington Special, May 6th.]
| Senators and representative* are
chuckling quietly over a story recently
put in circulation by inimitable Sena
tor Torn Bow en, of Colorado. Bowen
wa* arranging for a trip to the wilds
of the State of bis adoption, and hav
ing plenty of time to spare proposed
to take in the Republican Convention
on his way to Chicago. The exact
date set for holding this great political
meeting had escaped bini, but catch
ing sight of Senator Allison as he sat
on a sofa in the senate cloak-room, be
strolled over and inquired of him the
day and hour.
•'H —m, let me see." said Alii*on, re
flectively; "I think it is mime time
early in"J itne. but the exact date has
slipped my memory. Hawley there
can tell you." Considerably surmised
that the senator from lowa should
take so little interest in the approach
ing council of his party, Bowen walked
over to Hawley's seat and repeated hi
"The convention ?" .said the Con
necticut senator. "Why,oh yes—why,
it's funny I don't ret ail the date just
at this "moment. . Somewhere along
about the middle of June: but. upon
my won), I forget its exact date.
Seems to me it's the 15th or Kith—per
haps a little earlier. By the way,
Senator Sherman over there can tell
you exactly." Bowen was growing a
trifle sceptical at all this senatorial
ignorance, but rc*olved to try once
"When tloe« the RepuMican conven
tion meet at Chicago?" he a-keil. a*
he approached the senator from Ohio.
'•Republican convention?" naM
Sherman, knitting hi- eyebrow* with
perplexity. "Why. in June, of cuurw
—in June—along the latter part, some
where about the l?th, I think; mebhy
the litl> Queer I should forjret the
exact date. Here." (to a page) "get
Mr. H<>wen a tile of l»-t winter's TW
fcuiw. That'll show the ilate."
"Well," ejaculated Bowen. a* he
turned away, "this lieats three of a
kind and a pair. A hot favorite and
two dark horse*, and not one of them
knows when the flag will drop." Then
walking up to a bright-looking young
clerk, who happened to lie in the
chamber, he asked:
"Can you tell me w hen the liepubli
can convention meets?"
"June IS," wa* the prompt re*pon«e,
"So guess work. qpw. insi-ted Bow -
en '■ I want to make a time table on
that date. How do you know- it's the
19th ?"
"Because I've read it a hundred
time-to-day. replied the clerk. "I've
just fir.?-bed -ending off a lot of circu
lar* for Senator Sherman, reminding
friends of his of the exact date."
\ rrjr Provoking.
How they (irai«<il ami they aj>-
Anil her every a< ti«>n Uixled.
Ami dei'larM shpil In- r«*war«le>l
Yc) l . imlw!. rt »ar U"l ri< lily 111 the
land brvoml the skv
For." quoth they, "of the tuany
In our family not any
In usefulness or |"*tieiic€ can with h«-r
begirt to vie.''
Then they turned them to their
And add to their treasures.
And took all sorts of measures
To have her alone to l>att!e with the
troubles and the cares.
For she seemed so well to hear
That they felt mi rail to share them.
Though, as oft as they remem!>ered,
she wa-s mentioned in their
And it cau-ssi smie indignation.
And no very slight vexation
When their overworked relation
Closed her tired eye- ut»>n the earth
and softly *ighe«i "<«ood-by!"
And. while a lew tears giving
tMorr than eer they gave her
They murmured . How provoking 'tis
that she should go and die' '
—Harper's Weekly.
A I-r..fe.«l«i»al Jake.
Sew York World
Hosmer. Ihuim. McKay. I*laisted,
(.audaur, and an amateur oarsman
i«layed a good j»ke on the Harvard
Varsity .Tew la*t Monday The Har
vard hoys bad arranged a ra.-e with
what they thought was an eight-oared
crew of amateur- Thev etpe teil to
win an easy victory, ami when their
cont-~tant» pulled away from them
with ease, the wearers of the crimson
were a-tonished. The fact was tiu>!
the professional oar-men named al<ove
had nithirteil the s heme to fa. h the
college boys that amateur rowing,
however brilliant, is r>ot elTe- tive
against men who live by the oar.
Ye-. Mi»» >m:th. I eipe< t
t» -a;l tor Kun pr
Mi - Smith tinnooentlvV- Indeed
What on*
inxtm (e»h»rra<ei>--W»B. er— to
tetl you the truth Xi«- Smith it'* on
burnivel MeM).-TtlM Sifs.in|r*.
■•Bt-n* p«m Mi
[Special Vorrespoedenre.]
Aktstßdbdinul ftsllmta. or
■OR, went OB tkt rtmnw to rat
Vnut Vernon the day that Mr. Eels
and myself nodnded to ton our
■rite* loom lor a day in dw country.
I was isfsmtd by one of the attend
ants that over four thoosand ?Uton
had been received there during the
■Math of April. We had been told
that it was a delightful trip down the
Potomac on the splendid fast steamer
Corcoran, and of the scenery on the
way, and Kke attraction*. On Paget
Sound, by comparison, this steamer
would neither be called splendid nor
(as*, and, eacept for the historical ree
oUections, the scenery would haw hut
all attractions. The trip was de
tful though, as we found by the
experiences of the day.
The house stands on an elevation
above the waters of the Potomac, near
ly as high as the lower level of the
University irround* at Seattle, or say
naarly two hundred feet, but tioaer to
the rtver than the grounds referred to
are to Paget Sound. The landing is
at a wharf built by Washington, as we
were told, down the river nearly a
quarter of a mile, which gave opportu
nity for an easy grade to the house.
About half way up the grade we come
to the tomb of Washington, a plain
brick structure without ornamentation
or di<plav of any kind. One does not
care to linger long to gaae simply at
brick and stone, for, after all. that is
all that is to be seen at the tomb, and
this of work wrought by other hands.
The real monument to attract our at
tention was the work done under
Washington's own eve—the residence,
the (Hit houses, stabler, and all that
! goes to make up the sum total of a
farm house and surroundings.
After all Washington was a man,
-übjeet to the same wants, encounter
ing the same difficulties, experiencing
the «ame disappointment! as like oth
er men of his day.
WMHtsoTOiCa norsr.
The house is a quaint old structure
indeed built by piecemeal, some by
Washington's ancestor- half a century
before hi* time, but more since. The
great, wide portico in front extends
clear up past the second story and has
but the one floor, (that on the ground.)
which is paved with stone. The rooms
in the house are numerous but small,
with low ceiling, small, mere attic*--, so
close under the roof one could not
stand straight under th# outer por
tions. The outer kitchen and work
room standing detached from th?
main building, with an open covered
wav between, suggested the old time
stvle of living. There were two such
addition*, one at each angle at the
liack of the house.
I went down to the l>arn or stable*
standing a little way from the hou-e.
Thi* wa* built of brick, wa* what we
would call low and squat, with but
few convenience* and little room.
Much of the old timber of the roof wa*
gone and had been replaced, but the
structure wa* there substantially as
he left it.
In another quarter were the gardens
and green hou-e I n the garden are
numerous ornient.il shrtib*. some of
which are said to have lieen planted
by Washington. The old I six hedge
running through the garden i* still
there and is well preserved.
Then we came to the negro slave
quarters, yes. the slave quarters, old
and dei ayed and nearly gone, like the
cau*e that created them. These too,
were built of brick brought from Eng
land like tho*e of the stable. The only
relic I brought away with me was a
piece of the mortar that had cemented
these pri*on walls. The walls *how
the work of the storms of a century
or more in the serrate! form of the
face of the wall, cau«ed by the wear
ing away of the mortar, leaving the
bricks protruding. I went inside the
wall*, but the roof was gone; the
windows were more like mere "port
holes" than like places to admit air
and light. Some of the heavy -olid
oak casing* were iu place, but the
whole presented a dejected and for
saken aspect. The walls had never
been over seven or eight feet high.
spying three negroes at work near by
I thought to draw them into conver
•I»o you know, boss, whether any
of the descendents of the negroes that
used to belong to Washington, live
near here?"
No sah. I dosent. they mought and
then agin thev raoughtent," turning
th<' bigge-t white of an eye upon me I
ever saw. and speakin'g with such
earne-t gravity that for the life of me
I could not re-train a burst of laugh
ler. for which I wa* heartily ashamed.
I did not a*k that darkey' any more
questions, and the "sentiment" all
went out of me. a- the sense of the
ludicrous took posses-ion of me. I
certainly was "down to the rediculou*"
without having liecn "to the sublime"
and left the -lave quarter* for more
congenial scene*.
WMHWT'ij'l "BAM'-lt."
Washington mu-t hive hn<( a strug
gle to make »mh farming l-"in<l as was
in sight pay. though in fact there n<
not miK'b of It cleared near by. It i«
s*M he inherite>l 4090 acre- ami added
*•*) more l>y purchase all of which,
thank* to our righteous laws of entail,
has not descended to a single heir, hut
ha* heen "senttered to the four winds''
to numerous owner*. Of all the for
bidding soil to lie seen anywhere, that,
that had cultivated adjacent to
tJie homestead was the worst of any:
"liard as a brick" on the surface. sand
and crave! just Iwneath. it k*>ked as
if the It** one had <>( thi- kind, the
i-etter I Mtkcd that the material
taken from Just Vwtieath the surface
soil was the very *»*«t kind of road
matertal. making a compact, smooth
driving surf are However, almost all
the surrounding country was in
primeval fore-ts ami shut out any ex
tended view of the adjacent country.
I took a stroll in this timber." Of
eourae. if there was any brush around.
I would naturally take to that, a* my
• native element.'' Within less than
S«i vards of the tomb of the illustrious
dead. I Was completely shut out from
all signs of civilization amid the na
tive umber*, the immense bearing
grape Tine* ami tangle of underbrush
Here, the wild cherry (rrew -bigger
than my body." the tiassafras like a
great spreading tree. The thorn and
honey locust, poplar and sugar maple,
elm. ash. white, re*l and hiu k oaks,
huckeve and miniemm other varieties
I .-ould not identify. were growing
promiscuously together in the one for
est. if the small, not to aav stunted
growth of the timher i» entitled to the
name of forest.
A -trink of milk "from the row of
tfcr W" «t*«-k." a hurried look
lhr»uirh ihr «(irine h«a* at the Itrt
.<f the hiß when- *• Wmfcimfton >»*< d So
keej- the milk in auntmer t»> k for a
moment through the bou*e to *f*in
w. the rrh. v brought the »hnil pene
iritin* whl»tle <■# the watchman warn
ing u* all »n Uwir*i. after two hour* of
»trfit «ee«fieaii<l tramp-in*. V> where we
»ii Immra hi I* seated an«t (wiitur
quirt white listening to the music of
soft strains plaved by deft hands upon
the vfohn and harp, aa we pfowed our
way »the Patomac.
A short run pas* Fort Washing
ton en the right, the old. quaint, dead
town of Alexandria on the left: past
the asylum, the arsenal and to the
dock to separate, maybe not to think
of Mount Vernon or the tomb of
Washington for many a lung day. ami
for manv. never. Sack is fate.
K. Mania
This night a year ago I lav
Within the wreath which crowned
her hair.
The hall with lute and lamp was gay.
And she was fairest of the fair.
With me she left the sound and light,
A noble squire was at her side.
They lingered 'neath the dark, cool
night. t
"And win TOU be," quoth be. "my
I saw their lips together meet.
I fell his finger round nr stem—
"Behold. I snatch this token sweet,
I A rosebud from thy diadem."
Yet here to-night again I lie.
Beside my lady where she grle.es;
The quick tear from her brimming eye
Faßs brightly on my tattered leaves.
No blushing sweets I now disclose.
Long since have color and fragrance
And ah! the hive that snatrhed a rose.
K'cn as the rose is dry and dead.
Shall glory to the bud return.
Though drenched with heaven's sweet
est rain?
Or can the hottest tears that burn
Bid withered passion* bloom again?
—Casseil's Magaxine.
Mna, Mlwerwl Hill Wmm
nH« Lake.
[ •A. P. &" in Walla Walla Union]
Seven miles above Rybv, at a point
where the two forks of the Salmon
river unite on a most beautiful site.Ss
the town Conconully, lately known as
Salmon. The town has a population
of prut*bly 350. fully three-fourths of
which are men. Its buildings are
mainly single room board shanties,
but occasionally there may be found
for stores, hotel or merchandising a
structure of two stories and consider
able length and breadth. The town
has within its limits a saw mill, and
the residents say the hum of its saw
is never silent, although lumber is
held at war rates. A branch of Salmon
river, about the size of our Mill creek,
passes through the city lengthwise,
and running eastward, where the main
residences are being put up, is a can
yon with a broad base which in a
quarter of a mile meets Conconully
lake. This body of water is nearly
four miles in length, aUmt a quarter
of a mile in width and is deep enough
to float a good sized craft. Its waters
are a deep emerald, cold and seldom
disturbed by wind. It abounds in
fish of exceptionally large sizes and is
a common resort for the people who
enjoy boating. Like Ruby, Salmon or
Conconully, il is largely made up of
saloons and restaurants. It has some
few of the industries represented in a
measure but there is an opportunity
all through the trades, merchandising
and professional employments for im
provement The arrangement of the
town is such that genteel folks live en
tirely segregated from the toughs—the
home of the miner's family is not
overshadowed by the places of cu
Situated between the two forks of
the Salmon river and rising to a height
of 4ono feet is Mineral Hill-the rich
est region about the towns. Standing
upon the' top of this elevation one can
see without interruption the snow-clad
l>eaks of the Cascades, the low range
••f mountains skirting the southern
boundaries of British Columbia and
observe the sinuous Cieur d'Alenes as
they stretch away eighty or a hun
dred miles. In the midst of summer
little patches of snow hide away on
this lull so soon to !*■ tortured and fur
rowed by miners The peculiarity of
Mineral llill i* that everywhere across
its broad top there is supposed, from
the prevalence of mineral, to la- a vein.
Locations begin at the foot of the hill
near the town and run across the en
tire surface, and nearly everywhere
evidences of silver is discoveralJe in
the cropping. There is one lead
which has tieen develojied considera
bly and on tin* claims sell for from
S3)O to but generally out
side claims are held at a much le«* fig
ure. The ore is high grade, often go
ing into the thousands, and veins are
usually small in comparison to those of
Kubv Hill. Opposite this hill easterly
is a fonjr low mountain, which termin
ates at Conconully lake, which is loca
ted and on which some handsome dis
coveries have l>een made. It Is on
this mountain the Taeoma concentra
ting company have purchased two
mines, namely, the Homestead and
the Toughnut. These propertie* are
expected to furni*h 25 tons of ore per
day towards keeping the .VMon con
centrator going and undoubtedly they
will have considerable development oil
them by fall. Shoul l they prove good
as anticipated it will stimulate the
owners ol adjoining i laim* to greater
industry, and hence the concentrator
is a camp over which the camp can lie
In the neighborhood of twenty-five
miles to the northea«t is a land of
Seat promise, where rich strikes have
lelv been made. It Ls designates las
Wonnecotte Lake district, and has
lately been a point of stampede The
ore is gold and silver and assays «how
a- high a* $■.«»»•. but the la-tter claims
are lower grade and much wider in
vein. The "liver appears to run with
lead to a considerable extent, and
many predict that it will be known as
a galena camp.
rro-pectors are arriving daily and
this year will witiic-s a thorough pros
pecting of the Similkameen. Hock
Creek and Skagit mountain countries,
in all of which gold or silver float is
The cost of living in the mines t«
not exhorbitant. in fact is not over a
quarter higher than in any small town
in Ea-tern Washington Meals are
usually fifty cents each and lieds range
from fifty cent* to one dollar Oat
retail at Ihree and one-half centi |>er
pound, and Hour iss! 75 tos2per*ack.
To gel there 1 should in moot cases
recommend a cayu-e. but if one is
merely a visitor it" is best of course to
take ordinary means of travel, and the
question arises by which route to en
ter the country. I have traveled two
out of the three routes, and can «afely
say the !**t conveyances are by Spv
kane Kails, and yet I cannot forget 4he
f-prague route is full thirty miles
•hotter. Both of the* stage line* are
accomroodatingand reast nabiv speedy
but before two weeks expire* 1 am in
formed reliably that the tone will be
reduced to two days between either of
the railroad point* and Salmon City.
The fare from .-prague i« sl4. and from
Spokane is $1«. with fifty jw>nnds of
l «ggage to the pwssenger Ellen -burg
and North Yakima do not at present
afford as gwd a tarting point for
stages as the first mentioned, but it is
very likeiv with their steam ferry for
river transportation they will become
formidable rivals-
Anung WaUa Wallans I met during
mv four days' stay in the miners were:
Win. Harkneis*. Ed Rourke. John
Kiwt. 11. S. Iludley and Scot, h Jer
rv." a prospector in the days of "fil.
nu w k ■■hm nin w
The tlsnenmeat Batten fun Tap
U Bsltsm Th. Country Practi
cally ruler a Military P« ipstlem -
A TmilMs Picture.
[Havana letter. April Mh.]
In attempting to give a true repre
sentation of Cuba's present condition
1 am hampered by the obstacles to
mnmunkitkm. the dangers to which
1 expose myself, were my identity dis
coeered. and the iucmliNe character
of what I >hall narrate. My descrip
tion may appear Munchausetiish to
the uninformed American leader, for
1 shall relate, as every day occurences,
things that should not take place in a
civilised land; yet every statement will
be substantiated by incontrovertible
i evidence. Though 1 labor under great
disadvantages. 1 do not despair. The
American people will patiently hear
and frankly judge. They ate in the
dark, but thev surely are not witling
to remain so.
A word about the difficulties which
at one time threatened to thwart tuv
Tne uUi:<»t disorder prevails at the
Havana |mstoffi>*. I*tter< are -em
when convenient, illustrated maga
zines are generally appropriated «nd
American newspaper* invariably de
stroyed by the clerks. French novels
they first read and then forward,
soiled and dogeared, to their rightful
owner*. This rule has its exceptions;
sometimes they are Dot sent. This
Uut system of mail delivery has its
conveniences; for one of mv 'acouaint
ances. a former servant of whom is
now employed in the postotfW. daily
receives a large uutulier of periodical
and books which, after reading at his 1
leisure, he returns to the office, when i
they are sent to the original address. j
But it also has its inconveniences. The
employes at the postoffice, under the
system of espionage that reigns there.'
submit all letters to a rigid scrutiny, i
and unhesitatingly destroy those that. |
by exposing the aoorteoning* and er-1
rors of the Spanish government in
Cuba, would t>riiig into bold relief the
inefficiency and corruption of iL- rep- j
Another serious difficulty lies in the
fact that as soon as my fearless reve
lations of the incapacity and rotten
ness of the government' official- here
shall have attracted the attention of
those in authoritv. mv acts will lie
carefully noted amf my Toot.steps close
ly followed. The postoffice not being
serviceable and spies constantly
hounding me. the first step must lie to
devise some safe and efficient means
of communication; and with that end
a process has been adopted which will
etude the Srianiards' vigilance, and
the Sun may lie enabled to learn the
actual state of thing* in • ulm.
The obstacle* which environ me at
home having lieen overcome. I am dis
heartened at the idea that I shall iu
this first letter address unsympathetic,
perhaps incredulous ears. This is -aid
not in censure but in sadnesi. The
people of your great republic cannot
lie expected to feel ninth interest in a
land or partake of the feelings of a
twople of which Americans know so
What ft grievous refutation of the
theory that unantmitv of feeling and
oneness of purpose should character
ize and bind together the countries of
the new world i* afforded by the
behavior of the I'nited States towanl
CubaWe have long ceased to ex|>ect
sym|>athy from the great republic. A
Cuban cannot easily forget or forgive
the course of the administration that
ruled in Washington during our-trug
{rle for independence. lln the one
■and was a country battling for it*
most precious and inalienable rights .on
tlie other, a government whose atti
tude was marked by cruel indifference
and willful ignorance. A timely inter
ference. or even remonstrance, might
have saved thousands of lives, hun
dreds of millions of dollars, and res
cued this fair i-land from slavery and
wretchedness. This word was not
spoken: those who should have been
foremo-t in Cuba's defense were the
first to abandon her. 1 cannot hut
shudder as I recall the false promises
which the republicans at that time in
jsiwer held out to the Cutians, thus
prolonging for vear- a ruinous war
which -apped tlie life of the Cuban
Eeoplc and drained tlie blood of their
ravest sons!
It will probably astonish the aver
age newspaper reader, who <ns arti
cles and columns of telegrams devoted
to Bulgaria and Abyssinia, whose con
nection with his own country be can
not < learly make out, to hear that Cu
ba, whose name those very paper*
rarely mention, is of capital impor
tance to the I'nited States. Such is
the ca«e. however, and, therefore, a
plain and nnvarnished account of this
island, which seems destined to play
an important part in the history of
the United States, should be of some
interest to Amcricau reader*.
(«en. Marin, the present captain
ire 111-r 111 of Cuba. -imply the crea
ture anil tool of Seitor lUdaffuer. the
minister of ritramar,, who in < barged
with the management of .-jmiu's o>-
lonial affair-. wHtleo the ti led 'alary
of |.Tl>,!»*> a year, the captain general
wields enormou* or rather unUiunded
power, ami h.i- unlimited importuni
ties- to increase hisincome. Kven now,
in Cobt'» di|iiuuwd condition, an ap
pointment here is the most lucrative
Iwrth the Snaniih government can lie
-tow. Wm a (treat flourish, fien.
Mann entered upon hi« duties a* cap
tain general pro teni., solemnly pro
testing that he would put a stop to the
scandalou- thefts of the government
officials. atul to the lawlessness ami
brigandage that exist ramnant through
out the island.
The custom house receipt* were
dwindling so markedly an«l steadily,
that in July l&xt. the minister of Cltra
tuar, sent Gen Marin orders to inves
tigate it- working and ascertain the
fart* of thi« decline. tren, Marui -
first a< t was to oust the employes and
occupy the custom bouse by armed
foree, thin violating notoidy the laws,
but the constitution; for under no <ir
cumstance* was the captain general at
liliertv to take this step without the
knowledge ami consent of the govern
or of linances, the civil g>irernor of
the pwrinoe, and the heads of the var
iou* departments. I marine for a mo
ment «»en. Mheridan charging down
Wall street. taking military poaaamfcxi
of the customs hou«e. driving out the
clerks, and running it aci-ordin* to bis
own will' Yet this bas hap(«-ne>l in
Cuba. tSen. Marin ha* converted the
customs bouse at Havana into a bar
Was the rashness of the treatment
justified by an immediate change for
the t«-tter ' It wa-riven out that an
enormous increa.se in the receipts bail
lieen the consequence. but the follow
ing are the true IK I» Um. Marin as
sumed s barge of the custom house in
August lam but to the confu
sion and delay naturally consequent
on a > omplete change of employes,
the duties on merchandise that arrived
at this port during the last fortnight of
August were not collected until V(-
tember; am! instead of being credited
to the month of Aurust. they were
added to the receipt* of September.
I Moreover, all gi-sls shipped under
! special i'T iers to different |*rt" ■ f the
island, were oniered to enter by the
| Havana custom house ami pay duties
TOL. xm-NO. 9
there. 1» it strange that there should
lie an innM in the custom
hoc* receipts fur September. I,*TT
But, »< Cm. Salamanca fhirty pvwl
in the Spanish Oortn. the
duties eoOertesl at Havana durin* Sep
tomter. UK. ami thii h wprrvntol
the imports of the entire island. show
ed • deficit of f7t.<W. as compared
with the tola) receipts of the ru.>kira
houses of the island. for September of
the pwTii'UJ year Why *t« this*
The thieve* have been eifiM. yet
the rrreipts hare been shrinking morv
ami mnrv every day. The eu«tom
house figure* «h»">w a it of fMO.<W
in (Vk.trf, of fUO.ttfW in November,
ami (HC.tHi in Peisember In the (««
of these figures. the captain general of
Cuba ami the minister of I'ltramar de
clare that for the ferst time in years
the custom<• house is honestly man
aged? lien. Marin has not taken any
steps to bring the former dishonest
employes to trial; he Is content M run
the business himself. indifferent to the
clamor of the expelieti clerks for Jus
tice. and in defiance of public opinion,
which insists on a thorough investiga
tion of the existing frauds.
Haying exploded Ueneral Marin'*
pre ten-ion" to honesty, I will now ex
amine his career as the aNecn) des
troyer of the brigand hordes that
swarm throughout the island. New
before in the world's history has law
lessness l<eeu more routMr or mur
der more common. 'Bamlo!cr:«m"*
roams at large Ever since Marin was
made captain general brigandage has
not had to seek a refuge in distant
cares. It thrives in the very heart of
the capital. With perfect impunity
murderers ply their daggers in the
streets of Havana in broad daylight.
Formerly the criminal classes painted
their razors (their favorite weapon}
black: but now the shining Made- re
flect the sun's ravs with defiant bril
liancy. A reign of terror exists in
Havana. families dare not go out of
Jwm: the theaters are empty; the
promenades deserted. The men of vari
ous profession- whose duties call thent
out are continually found stunned and
bleeding on the streets. The old ami
respected professors of the university
•re robbe.l at the very d.sir- of the in
stitution; doctors are-taUwsl as they
leave the h.vpital*, the judges, at the
very d«M<rs of the courthouse, are
forced to give up their watches or
promise that they suit not punish some
criminal (hen on his trial.
lien. Marin's favorite telegram t»
the minister of I'ltramar is: "Kvery
thing quiet." Let lue quote. however,
from the paper* that |*rseveringly
support him and are the recogntxed
organs of the government. I n Voz tie
Cuba said recently: "Assaults, thefts
and murder* are dailv occurrences
throughout the Island.'' Kl Ihario de
la Marina savs: "The worst of it is
that foot pads do not alone lieat and
rob, but on the -lighte-t provocation
employ the dagittr or pistol, and thus
they have already caused the death of
many eminent and peaceful citizens."
The Spanish paper* U Kpoca. Kl
tandarte and Kl Kspauol also s|>eak of
the Island's terrible situation ami
loudlv demand strict measures to res
cue tfie country from the tyrrany of
Within the past month the follow
ing persons have lieen kidnapped while
engaged in I heir daily lalsir* Jose
Kurt", Antonia Allentado, Angel Men
endes, Jose Sierra, Kelipe tiarcia Vi
{ron and the wealth planter, Senor <>a
indet y Aldama, who was obliged to
pay a ransom of in gold. This
is only a mouth's record, t an any olio
name* a single bandit who has tiren
captured or imprisoned since Marin
assumed command.
The Havana press cannot speak; it
is muzzled: for Marin, in violation of
the constitution, ha- appointed >pc« ial
judges to act as press censors, l'rior
to tne treaty of /anion, which in I*7*
put an end to the ten years' war lie
tween Cuba and Spain," the pres- was
subject to the so-called Previa Censura,
which meant that an article could not
lie published till it had received the a|>-
protiation of the government censers.
After the war, a judge and a -|ss ial
tribunal were created to ai tas pre-H
censors. By their rules, if a new-pa
|>er -hould violate the pre«* law* three
times, it could not !«• publi-lied again.
A later reform alsji-hed this law, and
all s|iecial legi-latiou for the Cuban
|>a|ier», making the pre*- subject only
to the laws of the I'enal l ode, as in
Spain, whit h provide* that only when
the national integrity or the inviola
bility of the King are availed -hall a
iudjfe of the district in which the f»aper
has lieen published prosecute *ai«l
i>aper. If found guilty, the |ut|irr may
I* lined from s.'> ui ♦."*»«>, in which case
all responsibility emls with the |«y
mcnt of the tine, or the number that
contains the offending article may 1«
seized and destroyed by the police (tlie
seizure of a |iope'r is known here by
the technical term of - kidnapping
and thi* in turn may or mav not, ac
cording to the offence, lie followed by
criminal proceeding* against the |>a|ier.
These rules, wbi< h to you will ap
pear bariiarous, were by us cousidcml
extremely liberal; but again has tieti.
Marin, acting without authority and
in direct opjuisitioii to the constitution,
violated the laws of the country, ami
created a "special tribunal of press
censors" composed of his warmest I "ar
tisan* and meanest hirelings. At his
i will he fines or "ki<lnai»s" the papers
> that displease him. When ami where
is this man going to stop? He eon
; trols the custom house. he gags the
| press, he violaU's the constitution.
! What shall himler him from declaring
| Havana iu a state of siege?
Knougb for the present to prove
that I ito not exaggerate when I way
that Heath -talk-, prim anil unop
posed, through a onrc flourishing
Inland, anil that, hantli uffed ami out
raged by her cruel macters, I 'ul«i 1*
fast •inking into a condition of utter
lawlessness, despair ami ruin.
Iteq lite seat.
Where are the trousers that <mrf lit
M» ti^htlv.
Anil made our leg- look a* if ea«t
in a mould;
With their stripes of two im h all
looming up brightly—
They are (rone like the wonlii of •
*tory that * told.
Where are the hit" that «o flatly were
On the beads of the swells, pulled
most carefully down;
(lone; all tlie duile« who are staunch
ami true mettled
I'se far different cbapeain to cover
the crown.
Where are the ' tie. k> that were fre*-
etit mi 1«> i.lh
<>u yarnM-M« affr-te.l by all of the
Their cntan no longer are looming ii|>
Am] ilrownriir the lo<i«le«t l>ra*M
lanii wiili their now.
A»k of the three iriMfl ball* brirhtly
A«k of the urn le »h«<v l.n-ine-- i»
A»k, if to know where they are you're
Of iviloiyon Mw. ikntu on the
iieit *|«iare.
Merchant Traveler.
spring Mu»ie -Kbe >u«»! by the op
en window ami a« the «M man <-ame
into the r<»m. with a fin*er on her
li|« «h>- ixole him bu*h Then the
Ivt MiKx of a lawn mower in the ail*
Joining yan) <lie*l away in the<ti«tanre,
•he Israel with a look of on
her fare. "Ah. [apt." ihe-»ul
Wajrner eiqui'ite . Sew York sun.
Alberto— 1m» yoo lore me tlarlin* ?
<laril«*--Hare I not hn<t all the
vhair* taken from Jhe rooui H'tpt
tbi«l*etiT>!t Free rre«.

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