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SOCIETY REFORMS ITSEIF.
Tfce Solution of the Labor <Jum tion in Progress. rtusi* of tk* Ptet Mammy Aglta tJOß—Result of UM PrsUbl tlmists' Efforts. gdward Atkinson in March Forom, The advocate of cooperation holds oat the expectation of great benefit U the community by the adoption o; that system, especially when applied to distribution- One may ask tb©*< trbo prefer this method, If you de*lrt to co-operate, why do you not co operate ? There ia nothing to prevent except the one fact which is common !y overlooked, namely, that the smal; P margin of profit which now suffices tc maintain the great shops erf tfclacoun try. dealing upon the ca<sh system and upon the principle of large sale* an< small profit*, leaver littie or ne frac tion te 1* raved by those who choo* to co-operate in some other way that by baying at such a shop. The high est city rents are paid by the greal shopkeepers for warerooms in central locations, in order to be able to dis tribute goods at the lowest cost, be cause such places are most convenient for their customers. The customer' sgvt more time and lahar foi themselves by going to these great shops in the trade centers, on which the highest rents are paid, than thev eta save for tbemsdses by going long distances to small shops widely scat ter*-), or by attempting to share the st»*» margin of profit by going into the business of co-operation. It is •Iso prol>ably an error to suppose thai the big chops eat op the little one- The Tast increase in the mass of com modifies to be distributed in recent years makes the big shops necessary to do the additional work, white what ore now small shops in the smaller cities would have been great shop* in what were the great cities 30 or «i year* ago. The largest dealer* do their work at the least specific charge or profit on each transaction; it is h only in the small shops, especially in those giving credit, that the cost of distribution is high in proportion to I the amount of business done. At a recent convention of the reprvsenta tires of co-eperative distribution in Great Britain, where long credit, even on retaiJ purchases, has engen dered high coat in distribu tion. it appeared that the profit saved and divisible among j themselves amounted to mope than 12 per cent, on the gross sales. It is ! well known that the co-opet ati ve shops I on a cash basis sell at lower prices | than the private shops. Where is the l great shop in anv city in the United states in which the net profit is even half of 12 per cent, on the gross sales ? The largest fortunes are made on a much smaller margin of profit. On the other hand, the rents, charge* and expenses of the great -hops, targe as they are in the aggregate, come to a very small percentage on the gross tales, while in the management of the separate departments of these greal establishments, large numbers of men attain success as business men who have failed in their attempts to trans act the same business wholly on their own account. The operations of the great tank* are probably conducted at the least margin of profit on each transaction, as compared with alt other brant-he* of commerce. It is for this reason that in all times and in all places I since banking became one of the neces sary factor* of commerce, the highest mental qualities of judgment, pru dence, and foresight, as well a* the highest moral qualities of honor. Cbity, and truth have been called and have been found in those who have conducted the great banking house* of the world. On the other hand, there is no truer standard bv which to measure the general intelli gence and Integrity, or the want of tb«s# characteristics, in a given com manUy, than by the support or ol>- stractiun which its members may give to the establishment of a well-de veloped system of banks and banking. We may therefore ask the advocates of co-operation, Would your method increase the general product or de crease the cost of distribution so thai each one might get more for his .V> cents than he gets now? Can you save anything in the general cost of distri bution? II you can, why do you not cooperate? So far as legislation is concerned, the way is open. Another proposed panacea is that of profit-sharing. In one way this has been an established method ever sim-e the factory system was introduced. Payment by tlie piece is but a system of profit-sharing without imposing upon the workman any responsibility for losses. It lies at the very founda tion oi the rule that large earnings are the correlative or complement of a lots co>t of production; it is also conducive to greater profit in any branch of industry to which it can be applied than employers can se cure by anv other method. Profit sharing in this way is. however, very different from the conception of those who advocate it as a more just method of distribution than the pres ent system, it is <H>mmonlv assumed thai the share which now falls to capi tal under the name of pn,»lits is very huge, because such profits have l<eeh the source of many great individual fortunes. In this again it is not safe to reason etcept on the basis of facts, in many arts the share, or profit, fall lag to the capital invested mav be equal to the whole sum ot wages paid out in the conduct of the work; yet this profit may be but a very small fraction on each unit o product. and may represent out a very moderate percentage upon U»e capital used, ia proportion to the risk taken. In almost all the primary processes in the production of metals, «tuany branches of metal-working, kn«i in the textile arts, the capital re quired in the mills or works comes to *l9l*' or more for every man or wo wan employed, Heavy 'stocks of ma terial must t>e carried, from one-half to three-fourths of the value of the fcnished product may consist of the castoi materials purchased, and the total annual product may not much exceed th«|amount of capital invested, la ether arts, sueh as miii.ng grain. Packing meats, and the like, the cost o* materials may come to even per ®eat. or more of the value of the romplet«',l prod act: hence even a mere uectson of profit on the outlay for *»ienai may amount to a larger Win than all the wages paid in that winch of production, if great for tanes are made on these small uiar- Pja it is because those special ww'* wot k arc the very ones wjuch require not only the largest pr»- amount of capital but also [ very greatest abilitv in the man -11. •fensent. It follows that the tatio of profits to work done is only that which %ill "tag into the business the nece-«ar\ **P*tal and abilitv combined; there I *^ f *. a ny system which should propos. ■ J? the workman any share of ■ «us small Margin, without'his taking S •^ rT tsponding share in the risk of IS y?- Would of necessity re-nlt in re the work itself. Only those I s . a! * ''Pe*'tally protected for a time I »*, by combinations or 1 «f t> ' ° r "P*' 4 ial legislation, I J* 4 *est*t the tendency of profit* I D "*iuiun», because the competi -1 rapstal wah capital works 8 twvfi. - toward the reduction of all 8 Kf; measure of that rate 8 M?I necessary to attract capital . ■ *k abiiity t.» the work, and without 9 e w °rk will not t«e under -8 *««t at all. JH **°> intelligent attempts have !wp 8 <* °P of great capitalists 8 SVmb? Plovers of labor to introduce the 8 2? em profit-sharing, according to m y reformers' ooaoepikut of that I tei" ,v>r joint benerit of c>wner 8 l: alike. 11 >uch ! int 8 th# " 1 ''be result, would not | i *J>tetu have become general ? it been found, t> a rule, to promote an sa&ease of product or a diaiiaatkm of work ? HAS It added to tbe wmor m*» of the pTwiact of the communi ty? Unless this method sbcraid either add to the present prod art of 59 cents' worth per head per day or reduce the ■cost or making that product, what ef fect would it bare «>n the jreneral con dition of society? We next come to the nostrum of 'fiat" money The adTocate of Sat money, or of the unlimited coinage of low-prkei Mirer, allege* that il we had more money in cirruiatk.n wages would be higher, and then each man could bny more, because he would hare more money to spend. Doe* not experience prore that all tampering with the standard of value. which in the form of coin in made wm of as an instrument of exchange, tends to diminish the production of article* necessary tor consumption ? Hare not all such undertaking ended in re stricting credit, and therefore in dimin ishing the product and in raising price* murb higher and much fas.er than wages have been adranced ? Is apt credit one of the prime factor* in abundant production? fnle*a a large supply of so-calied cheap money should increase the pro duct above what Hi cent* a day will now bay, so that the greater quantitv of money would puchase a still greater quantity of produce. might not the only effect be that the rich would be come richer while the poor would be come poorer, a* has ever been the case when the stability of the standard of value has been tampered with by leg islation or when the standard of value ha* been depreciated. I* uot the malignant influence of all depreciation in the value of the currency of a country to be found chiefly in Its effect on >credit? is not credit a prime factor in making prices' If so. does not credit depend Upon the quality rather than upon the quantity of the circulating medium? What constitute* credit? Does not the farmer who plant* a crop, or the manufacturer who bays a .stock of erode material, grant a credit to the future when be does so? Will not all hi* undertaking* be restricted when there is any doubt whether the money received for his product after all hu labor has been expended upon It. will lie as good as that which he pays out for hi* iat>or at the beginning of the season? Will not product then be diminished? During the civil war, when the greenback was depreciating, dki not ah private credit granted by one man to another finally cease"? D«i not prices rise faster than wages ? The prohibitionist says "Mop drink ing and everybody w:ii be better off. " This may be true, it may perhaps be true that dram-drinking can be stopped by leg islation ; but as yet the method * does not appear to base been rery success ful. it, however, lie 'admitted; what doe*'it come to? The expendi ture for liquor, in the manufacture of which a certain j»jyt of the grain and other products of agriculture and a certain amount of faei has been con sumed. now averages about I cents l>er «J*7 per head oi the population, or about fls a year per capita. In the typical community of *M») people this would come to $90,000 a Year, or 1% per cent, of the total product. To that extent a great benefit might ensue if the larger part of the force now ex pended or wasted in the production of spirits and beer could be employed in some other way. How can it be done? It would" involve the necessity of linding other occupations for the farmers and growers of grain and hops, and lor the distiiiers and brewers, as weh as for dealers who now get their i bring by providing liquor. Jo what extent would this change affect the community a« a whole* It is admit ted that a large part of the crime and of the public expenditures for prisons and reformatories is due to intemper ance; but, ou the other hand, if the statistics are accurately compiled, not only of those whose productive ca iMK-ity is impaired by the use of liquor f»ut also of those whose pro ductive capacity is not im -1 paired by such use, or if the sta [ tistics were compiled of those who make a tem|<erate or moderate use of liquor as compared to those who are intemperate, the percentage of intem perate persons and the percentage of persons whose ability to work is im paired would be small. If each reader will consider his own acquaint ance, or the members of the commu nity in which he lives, rich and poor, and take note of all who ever drink so much as to impair their productive energy, he will probably lie surprised at the very small number and the very small percentage of the whole who will t«e included in that category. Therefore the question must tie asked, to what extent would the disuse ol liquor increase the product or improve the distribution of products now measured on the average at 5u cents* worth per head each day. more or less? Is there not a greater waste in the use of food than there is even in the expenditure for drink? Admitting to the fullest extent all that may be presented as to the l«ad effects of liquor, may it uot be held that dys pepsia caused by bad cooking is "as f»ad or even a worse evil, whether con sidered materially or morally, thau the moderate consumption of liquors which constitutes their average use* It has been my purpose ia reciting these various proposed reforms by legislative method- or by special of- KsnizAticns. to present them in a way that will bring each to tne test, by ap plying each one to the conditions of a small community and to the measure of the present average product of this country. It would t* useless even to attempt to state the tuaiufoid l«aring» of any one of these so-called reform* in an article of moderate o&mpa*.-. I have thereiore tried to present ' the other side" in each case cited, and to put questions in such a way as may raise a doubt as to the efficacy of his special process, in the mind even of the most strenuous advocate of each legislative Pana ea for the admittedly narrow conditions under which w'e now exist, tn the end, the common sen-e of the people will seize upon and hold fast every element of truth that is to 1* found" in each and all of these proposed reforms, and will reject all that is shallow, fallacious, or purely -eItSW In that way -*>» ;etv grows and reforms itself. STICK or LIFE. "Jennings is no judge of beauty," >aui IV s Jones. ' 1 don t know about that,"' replied his friend. "Well, I do,* 1 returned IV Jones. "He is going to marry that girl that jilted I me. Hockertto old oollegechum)- -"Yes. your «ia drops in to me quite often." Nrooker—"That's stranjje. Tom never mentions it. By the bye. what business are you in now'*' ftocker— I'm a pawnbroker." R*/- /«/>> Owmer. I'rafts are !>ang*rou- titles You ahould I* careful not to <vt in the way of a draft at this time of the year. It is dangerous." 15rown I "Yoa bet it is Had to have a draft oa you. One oi them bank rupted me sone yt>ars ago.',— VV* Y* k SHU. Mi*.- Kusaa—"Ob. CalvertThis is ->>>(• < aatneeM Her Maid "Kxcuse me, X!iss Jlary but yur* mother sml me down t' ieii vei that about that little matter she wor talk ing over wid yea this morn* for youse t say yes.' >he said youse would kttow phat she means.'*— Tim*. Rennet' Touche iairily)— What, working old man. I'm fast off for the dog -tiow." lftliou* *» wearily What pr;« are you trying for?" Tfcn:che iangr.iy> "Well, sir, 1 m not entered in th?> puppy list, at any ratelUlioas (promptly)— ■ Thanks awfully. That csves mv pups>y a walkover." ,N>» York Htmid Mem y t.forsf . KnglUh Taar Loadoa LrtU-r. Henry Georre wilt have a treat re ception wteea ae visits thi- country this spring. A number of jueetis:g hav<> t>een arrange!, at * hub he wui -pea's, and an influential c\>n mittee i> devoting itself to making him a campaign suoee»> SEATTLE POST-INTELLIGENCER. FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 1889. WE OFFER TO-DAY LOTS In Olive addition, within two blocks of Jackson Street Cable Road. Ail cleared, ierel and accessible. Baxter Addition, x 8 lots, within three blocks of Cable road. Graded street and sidewalks. Yesler's First Addition on Yesler avenue, three lots, block 32. Hotel and two lots on Jackson street, $7,000. $5,- 000 cash, balance one year. Eighty acres, section 35, township 25 north, range 1 east, SI2OO. House and lot, Jackson street addition. House, five rooms, one story high, S6OO cash, balance in monthly payments. S2IOO. House and two lots, Jack son street addition. Two story house, six rooms, barn; lots cleared and fenced. One block from Cable Road. SISOO cash, balance one year. SBOO. Four-room house and lot, Baxter addition, $550 cash, balance on time. $2400. Four lots, Eden addition; 60x128 each. Forty acres, section 12, between Woodland and Gil man Parks. High land, level, partially cleared, with good view of Lake Union, Salmon Bay and Sound. Forty acres adjoining Smith's Cove, section 15; on high plateau overlooking Pleasant Valley addition and Hiawatha Park. Eighty acres, section 30, township 25 north, range 5 east, near Kirkland, $75 per acre. One hundred and sixty acres, section 28, township 26 north, range 5 east, in 5 and xo-acre tracts. This land is well adapted for hay and fruit. Fourteen acres in cultivation; with good house and barn. C. H. KnriNGER J tin and Stand stmts. Seattle, - W. T. Dote aid Dodge ADDITION. This beautiful five-acre addition, lying only two blocks north of Hill street, overlooking Lake Wash ington, will be offered for sale Monday. Only 4ft lots, 30x100 feet. Prices from S2OO to SBSO per lot, and yon can make year own terms if yon are reasona ble people. This is just north of H. E. Holmes' ad dition, which is just about sold out. BOMAN & ROCHESTER, Bmbs 5.1,7 tid 8, Koro Block:. We offkr a half biock oa Jackson street, opposite -white fence," overlooking the iake Cheap and oo easy terms. We have the best busineas corner in heart of city for Hk for a few dajt Aao ose Sot adjoining Queen Anne Town in Comstoek* addition. Only 9680 for a few day*. BOMAN & ROCHESTER, Koor»» 6,7 ai 19. Kom block. FOR SALE. f HOICE LOTS IK GEITRAL ADDITION To West Seattle, AT ®SOO EACH. Terms one-half cash, balance throe, six, nine months. These Lots are level and cleared. Price and Location Considered, it is tbe Cheapest Property Offered On the West side. Lots in other parts of the city ranging in price from giaO to 150,000 per lot. Printed matter descriptive of Se attle and Washington territory tree. Send stamp for Puget Sound Primer. LLEWELLYN, DODGE&CO, Real Estate and Mining Brokers and Auctioneers, Bombs 6, « aad H, BOS TO > BLOCK, Seattle. WANTED. Tie makers. 10c and £rc apiece. Land clearers. 12 day. Servant girls. 1.3 to S3O. Oeneral employment always on hand. FOR SALE. First-class furniture in &-room bouse, H£>; spring water. Two cabins on free ground. fc>o to SiOO. Two meat markets, centrally located, taootoMoe. Restaurants, roo to I I XC. Fine improved bottom ranch, stock and tool*, #SOOO. Building 25x100, with years' lease, near Occidental. JifiOO. Pour lodging houses— fUOO. 11575, >1350, rsoo. FOR RENT Farm to exchange for city lots. Ranch, "acres cleared, good house and bam, near Mercer Island, rent reasonable. Furnished and unfurnished rooms al ways on hand. G. W. "CRANE. W. T. Employment Bureau, Washington St.. near Commercial. FOR SALE, Best business comer in tbe city. Rents for I*oo per mots th. Choice corner on Second street. Choice comer on Front *treet. One hundred aad eighty feet of wharf property. Twelve lota between cable roads on Seventh street, at a bargain. Two lots corner Pike and Third street Charles addition , only three blocks from cable road. fine property: all clear. One block of 12 lots on Madison street: lay fine. Block Hsafari addition. Block 33, Hanford addition Block a>. Hanford addition. Biock 38. Yesler's First addition. Two lots Mock 14, Yesler s First addi tion: good view. FIVE ACRE.- IS SOMERVILLE FIVE ACRES IS SOMERYIUJL FIVE ACRES IS SOME RVILI .E FIVE ACRES IS SOMERVILLE. FIVE ACRES IS SOMERVILLE Iwo huairvd Mad »ereatT-«<rea KM, with mill site. HEFNER & DIMI *&St (offiffitTfial st. Vaitfc, W. T. WOODBURN NURSERY,' TRIES' TRIES' TRIES! P.ae stock of Iran, aharie» onwomental, net, «r«in*en trees, viae#. *a4 rtsnab bery. Th«e-rt*r-»»}«i t*«r. p'uej. prune, «ad cherry f«*. Street tre« « specialty. £eai to J. H. SETTT F.MTKR. WOOOMTRS. OREiiOS. F« Cttiu w aad Price'.lit »*fAW THE SALE OP WIS H ILIBIiTE BWCIS cc WOODRUFFS ADDITION TO OLYMPIA,W.T. Win commence on I '.'i\ MARCH 12,1889 At lfl o'clock ft. 33. Lots are 50x100, with wide streets and ml ley*. Prices from 8100 TO *175 * » Per kit, with easy terns of payment. Fries Will Be Adraiced Immediatsly »• the close of this sale. Remember, only a limited number of lots are offered at the above price* We open the sale March 12 with a clean plat from which the first purchasers have the choice of lota in alternate blocks through out the entire tract, excepting only the water front, which we hold for improve ment. These lota are fully worth from 1400 to SSOO to-day. and cannot be bought for that sum sixty days hence. This addition, the most sightly in Olympia, ia only 2350 feet from the postofice, 900 feet from the railroad depot, command* a magnificent view of the entire city, Tumwater, the mountains and Sound. It is within the city limits, and all railroads down the west side man cross its front. For any further information apply to the Olyipia Seal Estate, Loan & Insurance Apcy, Wood raff Block, Olympia. A GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY —JOB THE— HOME SEEKEK —OB— S PKCI7LA r r()R. Valuable Property In one of the best towns in California ALMOST GIVEN AWAY. TRAVER Business and residence lots in MeCall'* addition to Traver, only 600 feet from the depot, at from $5 TO S2O EACH. Colony and vilia lots in McCall » Colony, adjoining Traver, with perpetual water rights, only SIOO PER ACRE Traver is a thriving business town of l<Oo population, on the Hae of the Southern Pa cific railroad—only 27 mile* south of Fres no, and also on tbe line of the .-an Joaquin Va:U y railroad. Iti* about half way be tween San Francisco and Lot Angeles, in the direct line of progress and Increasing population, and is bound to become one of the leading cities in the San Joaquin val ley. Traver has a Jive weekly paper, four good hotels, thrwehurches. a large graded school, 15 (toren, machine shops, a brew ery. five livery ttabka, one of tbe largest Souring mills in that part of the «tate, and three large grain warehouses, with an aggregate capacity of SijOOO tons oi wheat, and is tbe principal grain thippiag point for a large farming country. It is also a central distributing point of importance. The climate is magnificent and most bene ficial in all rases of bronchial and pulmon ary affections. In climate, soil, and pro ductions it is fully tbe equal of Los Angeles or .San Diego. The scenery is strand—a wide sweep of fertile plain, terminating at the foot of the snow-clad Sierras, the clear air robbing distance of its dimness and bringing the mountains to near that they are a never failing source of delight to lov ers of the picturesque. IXVESTIMTETHIS OFFER Before purchasing a dollar s werth of land anywhere on the Pacific coast. For further information and to see photo graph* of Traver and plats and maps of the property call on or address TULARE ft KEEN COUNTY LARD CO., HARRY L. EI'ELL. Agent, 710 Second St., Seattle. W. T. Next to Boston Block. FOR SALE. Special Bargains. 200 acres of rich land at Kirkland. Best corner on West and Virginia streets. Lots in West Seattle Park addition. OXORdE DORFFEL. Real Estate Broker. Oftce west vie Commercial street.between Mill and Washington, ap stair*. The First Regiment Armory CAN BE RENTED Far Fair*, lalb aad Eatartala- CHARUCS EJTTISGKR. secretary HARRY WRITE. ENERGY AND ENTERPRISE REWARDED. OVER 100 LOTS SOLD LAST WEEK I>T THE SANDER'S ADDITION WEST SEATTLE! ABSOLUTELY A. SAFE ESTVESTMEISJT Title Perfect and Guaranteed. Prices Lower than Anything Terms to Si Purchasers. On Residence Lots we accept a small payment down and the balance in Monthly Installments of* &IO per lot. SO-AJLiE OF PRICES: SIOO. $l5O. $125. $250. S4OO. Located directly opposite the busi ness portion of Seattle, and where CommerciaQstreet will penetrate: ad joining the WHITE & MANNING, SOUTHERN PACIFIC, F AEG RE'S and SOUTH HAVEN ADDITIONS. The residence portion of this addition is unsurpassed in any locality—East, West, North or South; lying on a level plateca; easy of access; within 700 feet of the water front. A grand view of the hoarycrests of Mounts Rai nier and Baker; the wild and rugged Cascade and Olympic ranges. You can secure one of these lots at the re markably LOW PRICE of $125, one half cash and the balance in six months; or $25 down and $lO per month. We shall offer a limited number of CHOICE WATER FRONT LOTS at FREE STEAMBOAT TRANSPORTATION To and. from the Property. OUR STEAM LAUNCH "FLIRT" LEAVES BUDLONG'S BOAT-HOUSE, AT THE FOOT OF COLUMBIA STREET, AT 10 A M AND 1 P. M. Choice Properties in all parte of the city. Intending purchasers will con sult their own interests in examining our list of Business and Resi dence Property, Ranch Lands, Mineral and Coal Properties. White & Co., SQXJIHE BLOCK, Corner Sooth Second and Main Streets, Seattle. W. T. PFRRUARY TENTH WE SHALL REMOVE TO OUR NEW AND ELEGANT M TLFFI SQUIRE S BLOCK, CORNER OF SOUTH SECOND AND MAIN STREETS. Offering in West Seattle. >4oo>ach. Within eighteen months rapid communication to Seettlo proper these lots will *U for >ISOO each. independent of steamboats or ferry CHOICE BUSINESS PROPERTY lines, at |2ao to 3300 per lot, within 30 feet of If Ton hare faith in Seattle's ultt deep water. mate greatnoss. this then is the* spot to Do not miss your opportunity, i plant your gold. where the return will Without question the safest and quick- be large, sum and certain, est turning property on the market to- The Mad Fiat# will not fowver re day. main as they are. Huge warehouse*. THE LAKE SHIPYARD adjoins tnis property on the south water line, A GIGANTIC SMELTER PLANT.j of which some of our wealthy citizen* ; and Chicago and San Francisco capi- j talists are the promoters, will be estab lished on the property adjoining the west line of this addition, in close proxicnitT to the SEATTLE SOUTH ERN CAR BHOPS and ROUND \ HOUSES: in the direct line of the Electric Motors, thus giring direct and "LAURON INGELS. gigantic manufacturing enterprise*, heavy business of all kinds must and will seek advantageous ground. Slowly and surety the iron hand of nooesstty will reach out and grasp Ute other shore. The connecting link once made property will double, treble and quad* ruple in value. This splendid Water Front Property, now offering lit ridic ulously low figures, will then t« hant to obtain at almost any price. 3