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The Seattle post-intelligencer. [volume] (Seattle, Wash. Terr. [Wash.]) 1888-1914, October 31, 1897, Image 22

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045604/1897-10-31/ed-1/seq-22/

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PURCIIASEOF ALASKA.
THK THK *TT BET»T.F.I Rl ««1 \
ASH THE HITKD IttTKl
A Redsrkahle Trsswetlos m h ' rh
Kllllim ft. «ew»H, Edowri de
Itaeekl Mad » smI»« *• "«y
PlajrH Very (omplcsna* Psrfa.
WA*HI3»OTOSt, Oct, ».-In an npp*r
I'm* of ap*nme rifts tc a rarablmg m-I<~-
«i;re near the northern hnu:» of the ra
tional capital, erected for an asylum,
fowled under the patronage of Doily P
»f*drton. wife of the floor* prssUi< at at
th» UaJ'sd for orphans of gsid>re
srvd miior* of trie UaflKed #f>— tn the sir
40 r-Ji, b«t Ck#-t"
n* ar.'i fimrsng tide of time twixt Ui*
gr.h and SHh «i«y» of March. In the year
"wo s'auautca of world-wide t.%m-.
The a'rnpiy furnished and so mew hag
wHroly lighted spaitaaents had the ap
pearance of the euMßir-Uin* eta*** of s-sns
great event in the affair* o? mi:, and
na'tona. There were pr» imn: the plenipo
tentiary. secretaries and attach#* of s
mighty empire, a«d the secr*jary of state
sr-d his Sf"<*&SireU of a *r*at MpuMte.
Th»r» w*>re present t&.e sarfbes and al-o
resrtjr interpr»tetw of ;wo powerful na
t *!». In effusion Strewn ov»r the
was a at statkmery, covered
with the myatic characters of the Slavic
or the simpler chirojrraphy of the Anglo-
Rmxon and L*tfn family of language*.
Throttcb *ol*»mci flours of thf Niitht.
Aa time sped onward toward dawr. this
habe! o* rfsuirhiy in*cr 4 ann«r ated
In Slavic and Roman characters
snd three tongues, under the deft manipu
k>'iou of the ascmaries a*i*ni«d the eis-
«*mce and tu.'cux*<y at engrossed pareh
n"-r.-«4. with *rea* seals and other cere
tn'i- !al as*perssi«#T« of inTemational sr.»te
df." -;b 'its a-hed, eonvevine tn paraUH
c*ilutnris the vernacular and
the French dlpimn&lic version of the
<snpois4k>ns, "word for word," asre«<S
upos by th« high oontraoting parties.
4 M » ■trrious I'srkrt.
TTI THE earlier part of the evening of the
»th or of date the 17th in the tardier no
tation of time in the imperial calendar,
there arrived hurriedly at the portal* of
an historic mansion on Lafayette place
a mefUM-ng-T w-arinir the livery of a royal
master. who < nveyd to the porter with-
Ir. a scaled packet embossed with the
armorial bearings of the vast empire of
the North.
It* contents. simile In t»rm.« and brief
In detail, at once electrized not only the
aged snd decrepit statesman to whom the
packet had been handed, but brought
forth a prompt response of acknowledg
ment and Invitation to final conference.
IIit«»o-tmrrtcin IllploniAr>.
An hour later the principals were In
earnest adjustment of the finishing terms
<ff the great set. Their assistants were
In scrupulous supervision examining and
comparing the terras and phrasing* as
they would stand recorded for war or
peace so far as human agencies could
make them upon the duplicated sheets of
l<archment for signature imperial con
firmation, senatorial ratification, mutual
exchange, presidential proclamation as a
l.ond of perpetual friendship and moral
union between the mrj*t powerful repub
lic and most formidable empire of ancient
or modern times.
in Imperial <>*«lnn to the I'nlon.
These scenes ef activity and zealous ne
gotiation at 4 o'clock on the momlnir of
the Sftth day of March, American style.
In the year 1*67. reached a triumphant
culmination In "the treaty concerning the
cession of the Russian puss-salons In
North America by his majesty, the em
pernr of 41 the Russia*. to the United
States of AmeH< t '* ■ urt eluded by the
«K»atorv powers JU I *• • tgent*. Will
iam 11 S» ward. s> r» <>t ,<tate of the
United States ami d de Stoeckl,
envoy extraordin^' - nWilmer pleni-
potcMlary to the Uni H:at*>s and privy
•■ounaellor to his Ri.it ■» ■>• th< emperor of
«'l the m consideration of the
payment of |T «*»»,(*•< for the ceded terri
tory . nil }2OO 0» ;o cov» r contingencies an t
• r.< jn>hr*nces by the associated compa
nies In gold,
Tt < mysterious packet which had so
sudd< nly turned expectancy into realiza
tion contained the fallowing (translation)
w.iril" • • • *' by » tegram dated
Id-;'* of this raonth. from St. Petersburg.
Prinze inform* me that his
majesty. the emperor of all the Russia*,
gives his consent to the cession of the
Russian p03.-<»*slor,s on the American con
tinent to the United States for the stipu
lated sum of 7.200.W dollars in gold. and
that hi* majesty, the emperor, Imests me
w.th full powers to negotiate and sign the
trr ty. • • • StoeckL'*
l<its*ian I»«>nr nnd >11«« <'oluml>l»
Tho inceptive and progressive stages of
th'.** earl! *t romnce cf our mc!>rn sub-
Arctic Eldorado m<-eived from tho living
Hps of the somewhat erratic end turn*
rr trv statesman and the placid, consider
nt" and courtly manner.-nj diplomat, make
on Int r st • g In »st- narrative of an int. r
nation a courtship which hegan in the
mutual infant slag** cf Russian bar
-Im:< im rgwirea ln*o W astern civilisa
tion and the conquered American transi
tion from colonial subjection into nation
al autonomy between the two foremost
power* of the earth today.
Th#- *eefft«ry RUhtesaalr Itlrr.
It was not i'one self hut honest glorlfi
eatlcn t .f republican diplomatic method*
which cau«*«d the i < -f officer of the
An>rt>*in t'Mnet. *e;vt«d in his "official
den** to earnestly exclaim to the wrl* r
diplomat ■ event was ace mplishej
wit' . lit pr -edent. protocols or dispatches
and th» transmission of but two brief
no a be'w-en the two negotiators.**
Tho antecedent career of William Se
v.t n ic affair* point l that man
f ft* e; rly as the mid-century period
'I f pollth ail contentions over questions
• i at'onal politics as a statesman of
mf"» e- -i.*e * ■■■* -■ tip t. Am. - ran de
I ntrrosrinn a I friendship.
The growth e? fr'-r vlp between the
United * end Ru« » her an with the
e«ta* 11* re nt of the trd< pendei.ee of the
Vmericaa colonies, and had been man!-
f sted mora than or e in tiir s of eriti
* ii relation nlth oti.er E,.- iM »* a power*.
Imperial l>l«-oU in I tm»( « tr «>« a
Trs tho midst of the commercial and
r 'eatin* hostility ar..l Int- k ••e of m-xt
of the European tn the earn r
* ;ses of the rebellion In the Southern
*• 'tea against the perpetuation of the
Ai-"rir»a confederation, Ru*« a held r.n
s • t'tude in th# very out sot of substanral
«vr~-athy and solicitude f.>r the stability
C (he Union.
The tfwst notaMe tewtanca of ?> *
f•* al mtdaMUMtaling >»e*ween . »
♦wo roverntner-ca that th* ft.: <s| s
" i-Ut at liberty. If K ah.<MJ : !he f d
* 'V'swrr, to carry prtt«*s taken on the
1 %h e»*um from any nation at war *:•!> it
©r under the tntwrrgant flair. Into (tamstas
P for advidtcark>n or aalew tt w%» «•
a f«v*t often reverted to hy NV» Y »r,
fore to-set *t*twmeis to the wrttee rh it
<• trtwt the en'trv of the re*-- I • f
the floutii. when «fthec natlcsna
«nd her onloe(V"w»r.T. France ard
S win-wore r c\«r*d tn mwer daily.:,g
tresttng. ihs On- f*"era*» acerst w -«
ever raielval, orvsouragorf enterttalcesl
a* s* I'r W ■ "g.
«r» - s oot -f - >•->-
pilils to Br*.;v#
t- -owe* ef r-rffss nr»,t Corf <vi:«
fntrlgueet *er* % '• bv rt :a
--r -"on with--njt e*"-. -■»•• -*i W rr -«
If the w nter of 2*KS. tt is we.l rem*m
t>err<d b? <#" o' ante'a y«*-%rs :> ♦ s«* »y
I :• h a tOT'ertv<r*ro t r n vti n * e
ttr>: vwr. of the R- f.■«»". •»,« v. # «v
|ar* cf New Tor* and t*e nsafla ,-?f Hatno
rocs, the e-Mt hse e? «n>r mse cf
• fte Awn sn c» *1 w«<• •# >*•
A -x ■» ' 1 • .* * <«
ratted hv the psw ter; \ora»\mm Unoln,
0 •' • - - - *!• »' •' '«d > •e. *. %
<or"*»vn.- r*tksn of (rcod at';' and s n-x: -e
to Kng' »e ? JF,<awe, n-rrn »ny and j»- t n
or all the ea*tv«na of 'he ear a tha* the eo
fc'iad i; .:?»c cawld not s-*-. the y w-.ats of
♦he »*Rp:r* in defer* of the Anerirsa '
Ua«.
* Unnrt of t nlon
The km? a-d steadfast oourtahip be
tween the Russian B*ar and Columbia,
•he mm d«n of nations. w«s br< ..gist «il!
closer in in'.macy between the authorities |
of the two count-tea, an understanding: to f
ant tr, concert for the establish men t of a
Hne of t*-»«ersj»h b**-w«>*n S» P<*:*n*>urg
snd WaaAtfngtoa through an Interorean
cabl* au-roas the narrow strait* of Bering,
then withfn tfbe dominion of the emperor. ;
to - mr'c-t with a I tf«i service acrosa 8i- :
**rk* toward the Bast, and the United
F-a'es the Brttlsh and Rttalu pos(we
»ior-s toward the W?ist.
The » he-ne nsgnciAted «t 3*.
snd WasljlT«g*.-/r wa- sen-Uon*d by the
statutory enactments of con
gr+«m.
* PrMMrulis! Inrltall'Ki.
T- e co«>r\«htp m-iruM Jr. De""n»bsr of
1«4 when the pr- 6 * ,d»nt invited the em
a-iv!««>r the Grand Duke Conet *ntine. to
tn«ke s visit to the Un -«d S i*«> to be
reteiV' d by the president and people ss
tneSr gueae.
Th» of m of the home affair* of the
sropire a!on- pr-vetited 'he accorapllsh
nsent as. that time c? this further aat of
international friend&riip.
4n isrlilrai in iweriesa P«ltttr».
In furtherance of this profered tok"n
of international Intimacy the American
On. M 4 iay. of
Kentucky, was dir- from Washing
ton to brin*r the subject to the personal at
tention of the grand duk#> The American
plen i»ofcntiary w«s amply fortified for
•ueh a delicate duty. He had been
d»nt UncoJn'a first appointee and had be
come a favortte at thr trliliant court of
the Cxar Alexander II After a little over
a year's residence he had been summarily
displaced, with evident signs of imperial
disapprobation in order to make room for
B.rnoti Cameron, of Pennsylvania. This
veteran official, having become objection
able to the president. Abraham Lincoln,
and his cabinet, had been unceremonious
ly d to St. Petersburg as pleni
potentiary. A residence of eight months,
madf Srksom' by much dampened fer
vor whi --h had hitherto existed between the
two countries, brought this incident to &
cios*. Gen. Clay, whose admirable tact
had given him attention from the em
p*ror and his surroundinirs were once
more established Jn his old p-ist and re
newed the cordial relations which had
been ao ruthlessly Interrupted.
An l»»ffltirr I rom U aoMnirlon.
It was evident from Mr. Seward's v*ry
oblique utterances at the time to the
writer that he was then contemplating per
sonal overtures for the acquiescence of the
emperor in the transfer to the United
State* of his vast possessions on the west
ern shores of the Pacific for a considera
tion to be agreed upon as ample and sat
isfactory.
In this he suggested in a deeply diplo
matic way a misconception of the actual
conditions, which made him wish it were
po&c-lble for the grand duke "to come out
and spend a few months in America."
The secretary persisted in withholding a
specification of his reasons, "as they
would occur to the envoy as well as to
h s imperial highness." which they seem
ed not to have done when most essential.
* Man From the I'ar West.
The rapid sequence of events which
finally tended to the Immediate negotia
tions end consummation of the traditional
friend- hip of the ruling family of Russia
and of the personal good will of Alexan
der IT. from the throne of the Roman
offs beaan not in the older and more ma
trre states of the American Union, but
In the most rem >te and Inaccessible parts
of the public domain.
In February, I*s*s, a memorial of the
legislature of the territory of Washing-
W n to the president of the United States,
Andrew Johnson, called the attention if
the government to ths abundance of cod
fKh. h tlibut and salmon along the sho-es
of the Russian possessions, and asking on
the pirt of the government the negotia
tion of arrangements which would pro
tect them in the exploration of the seas
fr m "Cortex Rink to Rehring Straits."
This memorial was made the occasion
of a correspondence with M. de Stoeckl.
the Russian envoy at Washington, by the
secretary of state, Mr. Seward, having
in view arrangements to enable the dar
ing fishermen of the Pacific coa*t to pene
trate those unknown seas in pursuit of
their perilous vocation.
At the time the«e preliminary negotia
tions were under way In April. I*C6, an
attempt upon the lif» of Alexander 11.
was made by one Karakoiuw. This atro
cloua act aroused throughout the United
State® the most supreme Indignation. An
expression of national Joy upon his es
cape was conveyed to the »mperor by an
Offi .-r of rank. A-sistant Secretary of the
Navy Fox. as special bearer and a* a
demonstration of friendship.
lltM>*lan Knvojr Mosard Bt<teekl.
At this Juncture, in October. th» Rus
sian envoy, Edouard de Stoeckl. who had
served as Russian charge d'affaires ad
int.. at Washington, as early as IMS, and
ajraiß In W>4 and w.os promoted to en
voy and plenipotentiary near the govern
n 'nt of the republic In l*o?. left for S*.
Petersburg as part of an understanding
'tween him«elf and Secretary Seward,
to pron- fe the gootl rotations existing
twp«»n the two countries.
So effectually had the prellmlnarle«
b"»n covered that th« following March,
less- thtn five mon'hs. de Stoeckl was
ar*!n At hlf= post awaiting his final In
structions. These reaching him on the
'-•th of the same month, as w«> have seen,
hefora the dawn of the day following th
i:uj" »n po«<»c«sions on the North Amer
-1 on continent. *0 far as the concluded
nt-g ■Nations were concerned, had be- ome
an Integral part of the American Union.
»• ntlmcnl i«-hln to Diplomacy.
We have now seen the sentimental side
of th« court shin of two mighty nations.
T v ere was an earlier and far-reaching
motive Involved, which had Its Inception
in t' e unerring and undevlatlr.g diplo
ma' - policy of the empire Inaugurated
hy -.e ptjk. sof Kle* eleven centuries be
t(-contlni od by the Dukes of Wladl-
rt M ».-nw and Muscovy, consolidated
by genl':s of Nflchae' Fedorovitt. of
the of Rom.ir iff nnd amplified In
it?! ramifications In the international rela
'*• : 'th powers of the globe today by
his detcendanta.
\ licml»Ucrad> Vnakeßa *ctlr»n.
In M«S. wK > returning to the diplo
ir t;'o ;>o«' from whioh he had been so
• 1"". -d. the re.app.nn*
"d Americ <-i plenipotentiary. Gen. Clay,
hid a* a fe4i-.w :>a<*e>>c>»r on the Atlant:
svar#r a well known personage In public
ffv.rs luring imlr j, ration of Jam.«
K Poik. Tho in Vvid.iai referred to had
b->-n *»-«• functionary's secretary of the
•re 1 iry In -he Inst ha f -f the four**
1 -«> of the present century. He had
"ignaitaed his pre---.-* in the official fam
v of the president' il T»rne*se*an by
drawing up a -1 securlr.e the passage of
one f the most gro'caqae and Imprac
t! ahi# a* > *n* * r raising revenue the
country ha 1 e\ er > en and par cons.-
<5 fr -e Invo ■, - ' c 'ngr-'s* and the people
In - utmost p ;• ii turmoil. This d,»p
- trid hus'l ac K'tle m«n of brains and
fr.ts, with I h .d a moat en
■ :e a --, -t.ntanc* !« krown to A»er
po • * n hert J.. "Bobbie"
\\ *-.-r. of M sslasopl lr w<s durin* the
a Itv of this admlr'••rg'ive >efiir» In
• *he Wi g surr— 1 P of whic •
c :• v* ! tn the W - -t-Ashburton
••••ended in th «t mr relative to
?• » \*. - « lerritary, b*gan to as
sume a warlike aspect.
Vtnrrleow Oestiitt l'»ro«liario<r<>t|.
|. v,, i, - *•_„ United
that tv« «*Mtn» line hv previous
tr—*v ir-a ran a?-ng the paralM
• 4 and *» mir utee
fr-m ,v '« s * *1 Horky rr
The !%.».•" of tr" . •«. ,r,,
are <d w«*h c'»-Mme ferro- r . v #r the
pre."r*ct of a war w h Rrr'and a great
\r! dominant nc n U part v. the TVtiHw
rra-< in rat- -a' ccnventlon of de
elaee-l a* a csnc- of t»« : r roBt:-*al faith
I •'-4.." or frtt."
U: "» *hat f'ti'ihr ere the atmlnts?rs>
I tl n f James K P 's: w v Tied Irsto power
|TO o. v r o --e was su-stalned br -v.
"■r» • rnt In h « tnaug s-ai address to his
I fe'.K w ccui;traraen. The people were
■ re. 'v f->r - t.
The rtfgmm assembled and prepared
for * »r, » th Lew * Cass a* the leader.
THE SEATTLE POST-IXTELLIGENTER. SUNDAY, OCTOBER 81. 1897.
t-T-ked br the Democratic press and peo
r>
The eor.ere*s rave authority ar.3 ordered
eoties served upon Great Britain abrogat
ing the <.v.nt occupation of the disputed
region bv citizens of the two power*.
% Rriti»h Dli-loicitif f orpk.
The British receded by proposinc the
parallel nor.h latitude continuing to
the ocean which had previously be«n sug
prr«;ed Sr. ISM by John C. Calhoun the
last of the #*rles of secretaries o? state
umSer Pre*- lent Tvler. The president d»-
c' • -1 »o j d. The wily Lori A*hb ir
ton who hed beers on a special mission
and understood the sensibilities of Ameri
can politics. v«"rv adroitly disarmed the
r*eH3'XTati<; "M-40 cr fight** at one iwjcp
by obsequiously acknowledging the con
<; j est of Canada by the United States In
evert of war and the enormous prepon
derance such an acouisitien would give
to the free states of the North over the
South in the enactment of laws in con
gress. Canada was known to be mere
bitter in Its howt'fitv to the "institution'"
than were the most radical of the states.
This settled anv further controversy.
The mutterinrs of war with Mexico soon
diverted the martial spirit of the people
to other fields of rore and glory.
.% *>t»rtlii*K IHrrsstlie From Rossis.
In the oour-se of eonvermtion upon the
gTowmg trails- of She Pai-ihr. ex-Secretary
Waiker somewhat startiert the American
er.TOy by informing him that the emper»»r,
Nicholas 1., to his personal knowledge,
was willing to cede his Russian-American
possessions to the Unit«*d States if the
United SiaAss would ck»se up its Pacific
co«M pocwsasMma to j4 d»fsrrees 40 m.natw.
A of the authority of Mr Waike>r
fr. been a member of the offlcial fam
ity of the to whom the over
tures v*>re made, gave the statement full
credence in the miivl of the American dip
lomat. and added an Impetus to the efforts
•which followed.
The ex-seer«CAry conceded the reciprocal
feeling in the United States and the pos
s£*ility c »i an alliance with Russia, -which
would have driver, out the commerce of
England made the North Pacific an
Aenerican lake.
He arinr.f.ted that .he «Have-ho!ding In-
in ita fear of such a vast acqui
sition of froe soil, surrendered the welfare
of the nation and not only thwarted RUS
SIA in twr splendid Eastern policy, but let
England iiato the trade of a great ocean.
Ami Rritinh Poller »t Hnwlt Active.
The sjArit of war having its wings
foe the time being, the vast possessions cvn
She western shores of the North PaoifVe
once more became a sui jeet of diplomatic
consideration between the empire and the
republic.
During the administration of James
Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, the Russian
government went so far as to take the
Initiative ».y sounding Lewis Oass, then
secretary of state at Washington, through
Wiifcaaa M. Gurinn, a senator from Cali
fornia. and Mr. John Appleton, of Maine,
ihen assistant secretary of state, and
upon Che advent <«f the Lincoln regime
Amt ru-an envoy a* St. Petersburg.
After several interviews with M. de
Stoeckl at Washington in December, lfc9,
a price was suggested at 10.'W0.000.
In 1880 Prince Gortchakoff Informed
Jeremiah S. Black, of Pennslyvania. then
secretary of state, in a dispatch, that the
offer was not what might have been ex
pected. The presidential elections of that
year, the secession of the slave states and
the War of the Rebellion put an estoppel
upon further negotiations at that time.
The importance of an European elec
tric telegraph, independent of English con
trol, once more revived the subject of
American ownership of the Russian pos
sessions on the Western hemisphere.
A Krltlsli Inlrlitur.
It transpired as a fortunate coincidence
when the final agitation of possession be
gan in February, that the charter of
the Russian company w\>uld expire the fol
lowing June.
As a complication, which threatened to
involve the negotiations to a controversy
with Great Britain, the Russian company
had practically underlet to the English
Hudson Bay Company all Us franchises
on the mainland from 54 degrees 40 nuu
ut< * to Mount St. Ellas.
The Russian government was not favor
able to renewing the charter to the Brit
ish Hudson Bay Company, such company
to pay to the Russian government 5 per
cent, of its gross proceeds.
The American envoy at St.
advised the American secretary of state
on February 1. I*6T, of the effort? of the
Russian company to secure a renewal for
25 or 30 years for the purpose of subletting
to the Hudson Bay Company, already en-
Joying the monopoly of the British pos
5. --.ans in the vast region around Hud
son bay.
* {'rl»l* Reached.
In order to meet this critical pass of af
fairs Mr. Seward expedited his negotia
tions >*> as to head off so untoward a cul
mination of his thus far successful ef
forts. In anticipation, however, of this
contingency the American secretary. aft»r
sf»ve.j-nl Informal conferences, convinced
the Russian envoy of the importance of a
personal visit, which was made, as we
h*tve seen, to St. Petersburg.
% Ill|>l»n«atl€* foualer.
Ft a prompt and tlmtly Interview of
C- melius Col«*. then a senator from Call
ff.tnla. one of the promoter* of the Amerl
ean company, with the Russian Knroy de
Stoeckl. and a subsequent conference with
the American secr.-tary of state the
counter movement began. The Califor
nia senator was a man of tall and com
manding figure, with a fine address, court
ly methods and a sharp ey« to business
and diplomacy. He speedily won the 'n
ter*st and favor of the Russian envoy.
The American secretary went so far as
to instruct the American envoy at St.
Petersburg to lay the subject of the R-,is
«S?sn company and the adverse connivance
0' the Hudson hny managers at London,
before the Russian government.
Through the succes of a shrewdly m*-
nlpulated intriarse the Ru*«ian authori
ties privately turned over the privileges
sublet by the Russian-American eom
pany to the English Hudson bay com-
P>nr to American hands. Th" o-tenslbie
ren«on for this clever move was to have
t!.« natives of that wild region friendly to
the American interests In the exploration
ar-d e nstrtt tlon of the pr-»no?ed line of
'»]' era ph. and to have the line in Ameri-
an hands tn event of war by Russia or
the United States with Great Britsln.
The Pnjrli-h Intriguer* whi work.M
w •• ?. r* !n 1««. but u?*-r!v failed !n IV>7,
trade v-ljrorou* attempt" to ba!k or frus
trate th« consummation of the treaty.
They al«o set adrift a rourt Intrigrue at
8» Petersburg aUegtnjr the opposition of
every Russian sovereign from Ruric.
1>:k« -vf Keif, down to 11..
'•rrp*ror of nil the Ruw'i*. to the ces
of territory to a fwm The
British inluence wHh some Mtlre. al«o
b- cht tsr the nominal »u« received for
the va.«t arid valuable resrton. They were
it* ' * 'th the Russian r»« v: "We know
w-e h* v * sold too cheaply, but it 1# all in
the fam:iy •*
\ nord n( PfTpMnal Friendship,
e Am-—' an envoy, Mr <""!#*, r*~
* -ted the motive* of the emperor *nd
:« »ur«♦s!•>« when he said: "The Rus
sia; <» wsr.ted us a.* rear their eastern
- - ««. >«<ors as possih'e They r*<srd us
a; fwrrrtual friend#. In the of ern
«. r>n the P«uMfe. in the peat re fu) pyp.
= t of Atrertrar and Rt}*s!nn
they e\p» -t to u?t.m«tely etpe] *rcm the
P» -n<- at! nations to be feared •*
T" e mlmir.atSvn of th-.s international
©CKirtshlp, revertrr a of near:* a
century in the oes*v>r of an imperial d*>~
m-.tn in supreme rNrht and area, to the
aovereimtjr of the American repui ,ic, be.
ran an en of Anv-rscan destiny f.~r»-
*h*' iwl year* a*o in the r»T**o::«
sre of the enara. In the r»cent discovery
of aor:f-rou» and exp: ftatJon of vec table
-nd marine there is se«n aisead a
marvekKia realization.
RAXDOLPH KKIM.
To Ms I mriicA.
«*ea~sh?p CVrelar.l sa':» from Artfnr
• ->n dock. Oct cher 3f\ »t S p m. C*hin.
ft 50 «eeraftt H E. E. CAIXE. Ac-nt."
r>r Albert J. F-rreae. dentist. hag re
j-r d from X»w Y >rk. OfTs«*, g a » e !>_
po«: hvtiidin*
HE RISKED HIS LIFE.
C%MMIR ZEGI.EX BECOHF" A T*R
«.KT FOK SOLDIERS' RIFLE*.
Protected by the Ballet-Proof Shield
He Has Constructed— Made of "Ilk
Hipped In fbrmlra't—This Tloth
I* Likely to *itre Many Live*.
CHICAGO. 11l , Oct. If experiment
count* for anything. it 'its been conclu
sively proved that Casimir Zegien. a resi
dent of this city, has invented a combin i
tion of cloth and rbeir.i.-a!* which will
successfully resist the impact of bullets
of the largest caliber. S • great has the
faith of the inventor been in the invulner
ability of his invention that on n-ore thin
one occas.on he has himself fa>.-:d bulle s
from that T.oat powerful of modern rifles,
the Kraec-Jorg* n?*n. H* has never even
received so much as a bruis* from a bul
let, although the shot flred at him would
ordinarily have pierced a man through
and through.
OUcer* of the regular army, officer* of
re ' t and others to whom the smallest
details of the rifle and its accomplishment®
a:« as an open book. have witnessed the
trials, in which this "human target" has
letn th? centra! figure, ar.i they all unite
In saying that while previous efforts la
THE HUMAN TARGET'S STORY.
CASIMIR ZEGLiEN, WHO HAS WRITTEN A SIGNED STATEMENT FOR
THIS NEWSPAPER.
th- line ~>t bullet-proof cloth have not been
practically successful, in this instance
there can b« no doubt whatever of suc
. .s. Col. Stanislaus represent
ing the Austrian government, has also
t>en a witness of the experiments, and is
en enthusiast over xne invention. Ht- says
he believes the governments of Europe
will tak* the matter up as soon as th>y
appreciate* what has r«ally been accom
plished.
Z-Sb.n himsef is Bomctliing of a char
acter, outride of the genius he has dis
played. He is what is known as a "Res
urroctionlst Father." and has long been
a resident of the monastery of that orl-:*
kcated here. In the quiet that always ac
companies a life of this nature his busy
brain has been studying a way to les?- n
the dapger which comes to humanity
through firearms In the hands of tho-»
Who seek human life. He Is an enthusiast
in this re-sard, anti a genuine humanita
rian. In appearance he gives one exactly
the impression of his real character.
Clearly a student, his ability is apparent
even to the mast careless of observer*,
and his kindly face and gentle manner}
always win friends.
His experiences leading up to the com
pletion of the invention anrt his re
garding it are best told by himself. So
the ?'sjned statement covering these points
will be of more than ordinary interest:
"It was my prirv.p&l idea trom the first
Just as it is today, to set at naught th«
>3«?tructlve for~e of th« builet and to re
move forever the danxer of so many indi
viduals lives through these
deadly missiles. I do not know when the
idea of bullet-proof first came to m<\
Tou know such things are inspirations,
md it is not for any human being to say
ho* or just when they came. I do dis
tinctly remember, though, that it was on
the sth of December. ISM, that I really be
gan work on what promises to become a
creation of great usefulness to the wtrld
"To he sure. I did not have any def<n!*«
idea as to Just what I was to 1o to bring
about the results which I sought, but I
real!i«d of course that experiment and
experiment only would teach me the fac's
which I must knew before I could hope for
success. I had many (dea» as to th® exe
cution of my p'an*. and wis r>f'«>n disap
pointed in the utter futility of them, as
shown by repeated trials. Undiscouraged,
I proceeded w -h my work, an 1 in the yesr
185 R. by continuous labor and many tests,
! !earned that it w-t« a positive fact that
slik dipped in a r»va'n chemical com
pound know-, only to mv».'lf, possessed 'n
certain desrre* th« property of resisting
successfully the «hock of a huliet.
"At first. I discovered that "h" cloth so
prepared would prevent the bullet from
penetrating but did not prevent it in
flicting » painful b- ii-e. To be v;re •»
was a **■•■** c mfto ?*• 1 that T had
accomplished f-v but I was re.
sc.h-ed to achieve, if it were an earthly
po»sib;ritv, the o* 'e-* wh'-~b T had so In- c
sourht to xain I tr>4 combination aft--r
combination and w-at was my joy when
f r»a'!*ed 'bat gradually I wis
th* deifred poirt I bad sorre si'k wo*»n
in a peculiar manner, and at ls«t with the
aid of *r » wpave and a t»* "berr !
combination I the bullet-proof
*l»th as it **'.«♦« t' I<«r so far as resist
r| bull'*- is c~.r.-erred.
"After a f'-w »xr»ertinent* it bec.ame
plain *> rr.e * v »* "be w»« too 4V !-k
and Tr 1 suffl entlv elastic *o be uti'ized
•»t a rrsterial for « •. nf arrr r' n be
■n conrccticn wi'h tb at clothfnc wi'h
wb.ich a mm r--*rai ; r attire* himself.
.»,<» uxi 'nrm nf tbe soldier B-side* as
»* was theti. it w«« ne<-e»*arv to manti
'acture It bv h-ir.d and *bat wsuld nev»r
do if T wanted to make armor suits in
laree quantities
~For a time T eo**tlßued experiments.
*-d tben w v «*"e T outd
.».** fniy manufacture f be '•loth bv m#-
cMserr bu" so r-dtsced the tHcke***
* t ft'jt gr ttly !#»«#>n nw the »• "V f-r
resistance that it b» mad* into suits
Wke urderw- §r ar«l r—'mt 12 i»-*s oi ~h»
caliper provfeled they e»—* fr-.m
revcl-e'* In order to re-« ; «t 1 •"** tul-
S#? the cloth tr: ;«; b* of twi-e th- t.-i-k
--smmm of which I bays spoken. Here is
I do not feel that I have quite ac
eosnpl shed what T c weire to be my wts
a! or, for tbe .-| • - j n double thiefcreas
i<>sea its elasticity and i« therefore o-.fit
to be ms.de ir.t s; *s al'h -u-h adr-:-*b'y
adapted for a sr.ie.d and other military
~t. myself, have proved that la doubl#
thickness it w ,l r*--.-t a rifle ball. be-a.:*e
I have on several donne«i a rdate
of th s c:< th sever. inche* -->rir twelve
Inches w.da and thrce-faurtha of an incli
thlrk at* a pertr/tted soldiers cf the ?*.«•
Jar array, armed with Kraes-Jorg*-*"* l
rife, to fire at rr.e from a distance of £*s
yards. I rire rrrer fc« m:. sruisea
by the ballets.
' OR one ■>—».« at distar-es of 5f !3P
and 3PO yards one plate *tf ?he cloth was
us?d as a tareet for twen'y st<°el cart
ridges frcst an artr.y rifle. and thirty
<s-callber bullets from the revolver. Th«*y
did not wen dent the cloth so that the
d*n» was visible an hoar ai;erward. I
do not intend this exclusive!y for military
purposes. but as a protection from the as
sassin and the madman.
"CASIMIR KEGL-F-N.**
SHALL ALL BE CRAIYf
Every > ear thr Proportion «*'
Inosne Grows (iremef.
LONDON. Of. Sl—ls t v e world rMr.g
mad" This qtiwisn l« rendered e»:ir ly
legitimate bv the discovery th.it every year
the percentage of cases of madness am ng
human belr.es Is steadily Increasing The
mar -h cf prcrres- « appar*nt ! v affec ing
our brains and «ome day, if the present
ratio continues. >e may all he Insane or
so many of us that we shall shut the san 3
people up in the asylums and do jus* what
our disordered brains may ;mp»l. The sug
gestion of ail this has been made before,
but never as now backed by actual medical
figures.
It canr.ot be argued that this increase in
the number of case® of insanity is the re
sult of the world's population growing
' g~eat»r. for "aklre all that Into calcula
* tion the incrsated proportion is unchanged.
It is true that the same statistics show that
the number of deaths from insanity is con
siderably less than formerly, and that the
proportion of persons who become again
clothed in their right minds is greater, but
these facta do not at all alter the truth
that there are more persons who become
Insane and remain In that condition each
year than used to be the esse.
Ix>ok at th'se figures: The total present
number of lunatics in England and Wales
is 99.385. as compared w;th %,*4S on the
NO SHAKING BEFORE TAKING.
THAT IS ONE great a Wantage that DR. SAN DEN'S ELECTRIC BELT offers over
the old-style drugging in cases of Nerve and Vital Weakness especially in
chronic and lingering ailments. DR. SAN DEN'S ELECTRIC BELT cures after
medicine fails, and cannot harm even a little child. Its current is soothing and
invigorating.
Dr. Sanden's INew Belt
WITH FREE ATTACHMENTS FOR LADIES OR GENTLEMEN.
Drnss »re onidnnr In this llfe insr appliance. It prnetrair* the weakened aerses and muscles wltk •
steady sltallclne stream, and fltargc* the body with a Igor.
,f " enres are reported dally. V-» other reoied) een altos* half aa many bona fide fare* as this *••***'
fal Helt.
Superior to Liniment or Drugs.
Twenty-«erond and Kasl Davit Streets.
fORTLAXI), ORROOt, OCT. I«. !«**•
Dr, I. T. "onflenj Dear Mr—ln resrard to the iicH wbl' h I ht>>iKht of jraa three years ago, I most saf thai M
h " complete .atl.faction. | KOt the I«-lt for rheaniatle pslna and a stlt.h In the hack. It *«**
t rusti<-illa te relief, and In a 'hurt time eompletely enr»d the coiiipla I at. alnee whlrh 11 rn '■ I h»«e kept the
*' * * rnrml cnre all. In all ea«ea of aehea and pains. 1 form! it far superior to liniments or «trn*s. *• mT
hanlnesa. s«hleh Is hlarkamitklag, I orca »l una 11 y nrenrh ny hark, hat alvrays find that the llrlt will stral#*'*
en me oat luilde of tweaty-fonr hosra. I wonld n«»t pnrt with 11 tor any money. It tonrs up and lasi*« rt,<i
the whole system and Infuses one with new life and enerry. Voars trniy. J. 11. TB ICE.
RIIBLMATISMt, BCIATirA, LUMBAGO
1 /imP
KNOWN LuillV Uuvll) TIE I T - THIS FAMOUS CT.EE
vTfn --/ _| LO--.: -i asD DRAIK3 STOPPED IN
BY ITS CURES. WeSKfIeSS,
l>r. Sandea'i Kieetrir Belt In the one remedy for weak ra< n. Ho other remerts la so effective la resfsrta*
the slaor of foath. Erery man uultrrlnu from weakne««. of whatever aatnre. -hoold aire this Belt a «->•**
poeket edition of Dr. Snnden'a latest hook, entitled "Three Classes of Men." villi he fftren to all ssfc*
or will hp mailed, sealed, free to any address upon application. Are yo a weakt If so sead tor ik*
It may sas-« yoa years of misery. Addreaa
SAXDEN ELECTRIC CO.,
t '-'iner ct iLird and "Washington Streets, fortland, Orego"*
c^rre? ponding day of
mathematician to discover th* ?*"t that
this s* •*? an increase of 25!9 {)•*»?«* who
have joints the lur.acr contingent
of our great doctors argue that the in
crease la recoveries is due to the faoi that
mor* of the insane are placed under the
control of the medics 1 profession than
was formerly the case. hut that la only *
matter of theory for no one ever will know
the correct number of lunatics that are
treated in the r own or the home*
of their friends.
It is in Mar that the major s .'r of
go mad. It may seem stransre that one
month should create apparently such a
fearful amount of mental d ( sorder. btit th*
facta demonstrate it beyond controversy.
Bes'des Mar. March Apr' Jure and Ju'.v
ar ; for th- * ' : re ->f *ev
jvms. so ftr aa statistics of occurrence
can make them so.
It la also 1- the sprint that the younsr
man s fancy ahtly turns to thoughts of
love and vet the same statistics m> n
tioned show :hat the proportion of young
women who are driven mad by Cupid s
wiles '.n the spring is far greater than .he
number of young male lunatics. A promi
nent physician, when asked the eaus-' of
this, stated that in his judgment it
because the mental organisation of woaaan
■w\« much more deli-ate than that "f n ;n.
and therefore a shock of a mental nature
at th» season of the year *rhen C «P- is
supposed to he in the xenith of his power
i« inrtnitelv more likely to be prod'i tive
of ill results to the female than the ma e
Tt is interesting to note the great part
that love plays in the creation of lnsanit>.
To thoroughly appreciate it. it must be
understood that half of th- ease, wh!<-h
appear on the insanl'v records as due to
various causes *re really th* repui* of ove.
This is what medical m»n say and experts
as to the causes which drive people mad.
Marriage, which is the natural result of
Jove, unquestionably he-p* the growth of
the insane record Tt * a that th#
number of Sn«ane married tifn proportion
ately exceeds that of -ane single men by
at least one-t'-ird. D irlng the five years
from I*9l to tv.« n h,« ve. 952 married men
with suicidal propensities were treated,
while during th» same time there under
went treatment " 1x bachelors and wid
owers. Turning to the other sex the rec
ords sbow us durine the -ame p r->d the
married women treated number, d 1.222, the
spinsters 939. and wil-iws •
These figures are necessarily convincing,
and they are hard to explain. One of the
very best known physic ans In discussing
the matter the other day said: "It simply
upsets the theory tha* marriage renders
people long-lived and less prone to mental
disturbance. I And no solution of the prob
lem. except that aifoMid by the divorce
courts. The number of divorces has in
creased in even greater proportion than
the number of cases of insanity. I sincere
ly believe that the marriage covenant is
so liKhtly considered nowadays that people
hastily assume all obligations it implies
and when It Is too late, realiie what they
have really done.
"Of course it not follow that all
marriages are by any means like the sort
referred to. but I think almost any person
who has studied the problem as closely as
I have will tell you the same thing. If
people didn't plunge Into the sea of matri
mony with no more thought than they do
when they take a dip In the ocean. I be
lieve wc should soon see a reduction in
the percentage of the insane."
An interesting feature of this question is
the causes of insanity In general, and how
these causes operate In members of the
two sexes. Here are some instances, in
which the ?ex per, entage Is given:
Females. Males.
Hereditary Influences 28 9 20 1
Previous attacks 22.0 I<> 4
Domestic troubles 9.2 4.3
Intemperance In drink S > 20.s
Old age 6.7 5 9
Parturition, etc 6 5 ....
Mental anxiety, worry and over
work 5.9 6.3
Business anxieties and pecuniary
difficulties 4 5 7.4
Congenital defect 3." 5.2
Lf-vn affairs 2.2 6
Religious excitement I.S 15
Fr . it and nervous shock J.B S
Privation and starvation 1.5 1.3
1.. n 1.5
Accidental Injury 9 4 ?
The comparative, ratio of Increase of in
sanity is demonstrated by the fact that in
lKi3 one person in every 538 of the popula
tion was under treatment; in IR6I, one in
every 419; In 1579, one in every 353, and ev
Hope for
Consumptives.
I am prepared to treat —, m | M
bronchial troubles by methods whl-h
the best and *;in»*t known to the »*»£?
world. Mt rfw Invention »nd
bv medicated air kills all r»rms
directly upen the lungs and bleed CW
sumption can positively he mred by
treatment. The public is invited •» <
epect my laboratorv and treatment ro^
DR. A. M. BURNS,
Masonic Temple. Seattle.
Puritan
for Oct
50%
Larger
Everybody said the September
Puritan contained a dolor's wortb
of reading tor lo cents. Then the
October Puritan must contain two
dollars' worth for 10 cents. io
cents— s I a year—all news-stands,
or of Frank A. Munsey, New York,
Marine Machinery
Estimates furnished on complete ma
chinery plants for email craft of aay d«-
sc:.pti m.
Launches, Tugs,
Stern Wheel and Side Whetl
River Steamers.
All work built to order and guarantee!
first-class In every particular.
Mitchell, LeHls ft StaverC*.
34MU310 Plr«t AT. Sooth, Seattl*.
•ry year the state of affairs has been iff
tin* worse, till !n 1596 there en# la
every 323; In 1596, one In every SIS. and la
; i*»;. sis.
The death rate has not gone up with the
i number of patients, for It is reckoned for
isn# at 9.06 of the total number of patleati,
a decrease of o.i*» as compared with tie
previous year, and 0.63 under the
for the ten years ended I*S«.
The number of recoveries Is not Quits •#
( satisfactory. In I*®6 !t sttod at 31.5S p»r
cent, of the total admissions, or O S abat#
the preceding year, but 0 .4* below the
I age annual rate for the ten years.
School hours in M lwaukee have N>eenr*»
duced from si* to fl\e and one-half hout*

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