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The Seattle post-intelligencer. [volume] (Seattle, Wash. Terr. [Wash.]) 1888-1914, December 18, 1898, Image 30

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045604/1898-12-18/ed-1/seq-30/

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By ■ '•-•••
t ,- ,-pectir.g p*rt*»' * i«': Edmor-
S) ' for the Yuk'-n, their p arm
Ma| Is make as far as
COOM in tne fall and c<Sßij*»*te
the jou rr--, : * •<- -:*-ing V-fore
r ■ 1 get in by < 'her r : They
to- * j-u-khors#* »-,%■ r »t. It:': an tr**'.- oy
way of Ln He. A,- <i • ;u-r >se coun
try to St. John, a d tan • <■' '*'> rai>s. The
trail. bowev r. !• :: r - ,gh considerable
feoc*ty I«r>d and t full* were sot
properly gral' * ' ' i-a k t'amaia, ct **!»
quenlly t > • - *■ : r sr.«- It w«s
winter J* * *<d f r* 8; J'an.
They »« r- 1 - ! h < ving loa* si »t
of their ' * » ' • * ty. fr rr- »xt are
and .< an . . N a;,*i iww®i*r
s*v»-',i r a- -"I ov< r the wm:er traii
wi*': flat .-I Th*-« too, m*d* »Uw
pr- ;»r« «••, losing most of the'r horse* m
ros.-re. and - .ffenng all the hardships of
ou» ioor iif« if: a cold touniry. Near y a.l
•topj "d a' }'< >< >• river lar./s;rg, unab'e by
r« a-- n o f ir.** of hor#«-s to prrx ».-ed f rt <r
T • only course open. therefore w ?a
tiuiid Isiats and pro eed !n tti* sor v t
Peace river, ]ak* Athabasca. Kiave ri.er,
<»"ai Slave Ma<-k» nz.e \ >-t t r ttse
I.:ard. and by soinit up th. f, ,rrt ar.i Kran
*-is rivers to Fran ia lake. . .- to '•
h«-ad of F'eliy river.
The (invcrninriil frail.
In thf m*-antim< < <>-n
rent out witr, a ' .4 up 1
wide trail suitat' • ! .■ :»• a . urn
Kdmonton to !.«•*»«. 1 fel.iv* . Bj the
latter ptrt of Jar <ar> . »■■.* rojiorted
finis.'i' «1 If ti)'-rt'. !s:,»! ;r#
over a i-'.ige
the At.*.«'as -a riv» r ui. 'he e to l.ittle
Hiave ri'. r. ai.d them « l i Hi ive
lak". Uy this time ittracted by the many
lidveriis»-d idv.i: . p; vj-j-e, 'pi r' es
fiotri ali >>t th. « <b»- w» if arriving In
Kdmunton, and ,i> liie n< w r ■ id was r»*p- i
resented to b« siior!>'r .mi letter than the j
old, nearly ail started in tai- way The j
first partie* started early ir February. l :<r \
a distance tin- road was practical, but very
rough in piarcs, and the hilis w> re in>t
properly graded. When a short *ly out j
the wt.'rd < ii ippera w-re m«*! c minK in.
They reported ail < u: but ai»"Ut !i\e mii»s i
from Hw.tr river, from which p. i t th» r«
was a go d trail on f< e t< the H.atre lak»t i
p'uc 'Hitiy explained tiiey had lan short .»f
provisions and were going back io Kdtn n- j
ton, a diatari' " of *•»»• m i's, for a furth'-r I
supply. It 1* i- mutually by me i
parties to voluntarily as-i.it in cutting a
way through, on r. 1 hintc Moo«e mount- '
«ln the stil !,f t tr.i" war- n h<d. Tin-y
set in w. h ,1 will ti cut t it- trtf from toe
road, in thre# fiet of - .m T - y > on bad
the trail cut to tiit * in! of '. i. - : irv<'j r <
Idaite marks aii i were bretki; * a path,
when tho surveyor# r« iuira d a.'ai p «» J- d
to blare tii<« path, the prospe R »rs foli JW
!iig up with a*.* In a few however,
the surveyors raturii* i and i:.fornn-d them
that they had reached a ravine jyO f-'et j
<t-ep, *'.j, j,. r;>» o.ii dar walb '!■ Li us.-
less," tia-y added: "ti.e d< vil him*-if could |
not ge* through."
Alnnj* M II luff In the Wny
The temper of the men w now In na
vfiy trjiinjull Tin-v fiH.l 1 ft Kdm.m
toji with what l;i>r«e feed th« y could arry,
*.«»ff!«•!« nt with f-aworiiibly ffood progress to
las' to Ii";' 1 S (»<• lake. th'' next
point for *uppllfc.-< Th' everywhere
tc>«> d« • p to alio* hor to "'rustle."
.iii<l w! h i.r>s;«tvt.i «if i!i indefinite
hold-up matter* took H turn.
Thrrata of what mix'tt I-H'ltn :f th? chief
surveyor < anie that wiy ha! free circula
tion. Kiplorlng p\rtles radiated on sti JW
»ho*s< to try to find a way o':t. hut all re
<uru«d with tli*' sa.w atory They cam«- to
the steep bluff .•» :;d saw th" country
•iretched out below thetn To the north
wi-it a IOTIK, rirr'w *tnp of whit- ,
which proved to b,. hi »r 8 ,ivt 'ake, fully
f j'y miles' distant Irs af w diyn, how
ever, two men »u. i ;n getting down
and •Hiking S*m liver, finding the old to
t»"*gnr. triiil ti«»d by the p,»rtl»«< starting
In t- trly wlnb r They f • !'. w -1 thi* to n
p>jiiit where It branched fr-m t main
trail ** nv!'» ba k f'"n wVre * l »» parties
were eamp»-d. Thet* w .•» but HH l f v tig to
d - to turn back and cut tli! n.irr< w t >t><-'■
WJjut Inwigr&tioQ Wa<J
Me iouf!?t tc Skve to P\zd ttje Growfijg
ttawtfe cf % C-iiefjiii
0 \\ P N Y t •, w ji, ,
« • *•!•> v« >f for tlve yews I
11 don't think I »m goirg t •■<>
f • w !»• -\ l «t> that \\ j
ingtoti To g. f: tt •• said Imm'i r I
t-on •. rWa*twt ■ tt d:* ».v. g :
the lntp< fat ■■ »»f !! ■ vt : v »•« ? v *»t «•: v
cni it • •.»tr>• ft
I «in t- tli ;'• -' * IK w • 1 >-• \ '
think that \\ i- • :.t<>" is t! ei <•
state in the i • -*t .) t < *- j ;t in
terests," Mr \\ »r»l c• -rit!• n.ed l on! ■r.
With tl> it! " V'* di- iV •. ! • V* ' t
wh: h *( !«:•*• -':*, uw t> it '• .:«• .t -
(OCK to a!i p* tltitv* : the world mine*
Which W I lit' on \ ■ n t«r « V\, r.
fctSSS tt'lij r i- !■ .V t itt!'- ■■
other "tovk as a tiii '•! 5 «•••.-. Hi'
It y en ,)tt ■ U . ■ 1 «-«» i j ?
»f but h- . t • •at t < m «'v ntu t*."
X • t • t ■ .• -• hiftg |)V
p!i*»n, X * H »»"> ut in i' t,
f»r p\ t! > i * «■. t and i »t -u- h a
tht* «t If" ■ *» -r vi ! **: i• tV
t«y of ttie -<j to de*tr< > tlt <* n -suits
«»f i nun'n '• itrx
"It is ready w- «brf ti lay o.t And
think of it' A m trktt f< r it almost
t>ur tl't«i s'"
\tr r» H i'>! hi* 1 t''i> sm:n,fn
t:><n < ? thUM.-is' th«* > u«> {.>r % r, .mbr
t>f vf»r< Hi Ja* htuit; 1 t* »« uV*<•••"•
f -m »H P'»U»t•?. t f v. w t*
'• r-o"-v iit- '-rT t' • u-*'i tV w
r>- tht» * f •" *-«r-sti r r -
f is a;tti I •» ■ r •f- x* t< ■
Vt ' h \\ -h»t IT!- • * ♦\ h
' Thw '» K'V ■ : t U:,.l h. ».»!,t I
Mf «> •! \ i • . - « W A
1 ,t i: «
i 'it Cm* - -It vr »:• « •« • u*T» w
hnv* to v n trn W tff t!-.f of tf:tn
VvT'-tti- nt • «£»•{ 't. l-'.t 1 '«•' A «»\ •»
> « to t' 'h:»t * • r-t « t\fr«wtat 1 i t
! i i* »t ral r. . i ire r t 'hro» n Sn
t: tw »«!*%•* ■ 1 V.f "it; 'O jf ■ A li
v <rk ' t'f-t * - > > ap, '<
*M\ I ,r± - t • ««•; t t. *- r ' ■
: <• I'.IP 'f •- ■ '-t t>r
» • • c -mt ;,if* <• >' h T v- « <'f
f wy- > r n i'\t i<- > >■ Ift th#
m f r hlif' > 1 t j»;» ~
lit- ». «* >* lU hnr ti sp-'r.tl th«
><» '.r !• t-.tf «r'- ».• U' '' a 1« <•» y%hrt\
i >--1 r -h -X»Uf c "
V* , . , . ,
t '• • tu.-i iu '
0i)« hardships 09 the Jsdft)oi)toi) ®*® mm
ga" trail "o double sleigh a ;d*.h. Mary had
| •-* p-.i.ed up a s'eep. AfßtVit hid wUI the
d of bi.vk and 'a kle, a ted!o;is and
the proposition to gc bark again wag M(
r- »i«bed. One large Chica»' par's deter
mined to endeavor still to e>* througa. They
tr:« d hard for a *e»k. wi'h the re- .it it
toey ioat a xreat many ho»« fr m s'ar
vatinn. The task of cutting J; th* fifteen
mii'S of fore«* trail was ut:dertak»» wrh
an energy which had f. - iner t e pros-
of starving in: it was five
days Vie'-.re t■ .< firs - , d-auble sieign reached
H*an river. liv tb : s tme ; e triii for mi
was filled w*h outfits. Nearly a.! were
, shor f ha>. at. 1e- nigh as J is) a ton was
offered for r:i hay. 0..t *bo>e wio had it
would not sell.
Itc 1 ding Swan river, there troubba were
if a? ■ '.h •>i ;>uKm*nted. Ti;e river whs
. v>r- 1 by a r. layer of eiare i <\ whi h
wr ; d • me* mes give way under the
■ -•■»' •• • • d the broken ice pile high in
fror.r of the -ieighs. In rapid places the
. : rr : . a*i. w* uid even give way and let
1 ■ h tn-*i 1 •is into the channel itself,
.• *h was for'unat'ly not more than three
f.-tt in such place*. Tne wetting,
• a• v. r, was ruinous :■> provisions, fie
»"ain nar * an h w;*h short rations,
a.nd the men a w rry aid Ice-cold baths
• rod ■ . !:• ut. *s of the men.
I **<»s a month b- ' <ro the a a iers reached
Le»,e r Slav, lak- :>s» miles fr m Edmonton.
.r. : • ef" •■ • v f jr -i ih 1 - . .y. advert.se.i as
pientifu; at 1 t 1 was almost unobtain
able at f' :i ,»nd |4'i a ton.
From l,<t-r Slave lake to Peace river
landing, a iican.-e of ei*hty-six miles,
there 's a impar-tt vely g.»d double trail,
and this of t e journey was easfy
made ir. t: r . >r f nir days. Their coming,
however, hid i. <*n heralded and here hay
had riser ' a i;ke pr.' i.an ! tne oa's mar
ket had s'idd» 1 v fluctuated from IT cents
to K per bushel.
On thr !«*•■ Trail to Sf, John.
At this pofht many w< r<* undecided as to
what • 1 ur-e ;n pursue Hom». tiring of the
overland Journey, were inclined to build
boa to and go down * v P. a »- wi h those
w>; had starte.l »ar!y ir. the winter. The
t wn of Edmont n had sent two m>*n by
1! g team to s«*. if a 'rail were not possible
direct from th s 1 oint to the Nelson, and
s.'me wa re ln« hn« d to await their report.
The m ijorlty. however. <!• i.bd to push up
the river on th*' . • and endeav.-r to make
St. John. 2c" milts away.
When t ie parties started up the
Peace ruer it was near the end of March,
and a* the river usually breaks up about
the middle of April no time was to be lost.
M'hi n they j l Itur.vrgar. the weataer
wis warm, and the trail became very dan
gerous. The big river sliowe.d signs of
breaking up, aial the high, precipitous
banks gave little h>.p« of escape If this camo
suddenly. Whi la the trail led close to shore
wherever practicable, it wis frequently
necessary to < ross. taking blind chames OR
flooded ice. in rapids the channel was tx
po-» d, lt.v depth an.l swiftness affording lit
tle hope if horst sor «<b Ighs went in. Ir was
by t > means rare that th.- sleighs broke
through the glare Ice and had to be pried
mt with handspikes, while teams were
d >ublt d to pull tiie load cut. Many tr.iv
• if-! from 3 o'clock in the morning and
stopped at noon, thus taking advantage of
the mrd trail before it was made slushy
I the afternoon's sun. The first of them
reached Ht. John and pulled to land, glad
lo be r.d of :he worry and danger of river
travel. ;g Travel continued, however, un
it! t: -' !<, was in such condition that horses
were failing through and they wire crowd
ed to land. Among the last to reach this
point was a party who claimed to have
pawed in the neighborhood of 1,100 horses
between Edmonton and St. John.
tv.x;\ mi'es above St. John was a big
canyon twenty nilbs In length, but hiving
a portage a *ro»s of twelve miles to its
hea 1. and same adventurous spirits were
desirous of making this point. As many
as twenty- rie succeeded in doing so. aft r
having hast part of their outfits and having
close rails for their own lives. Some, run
n r>g si** tt of hi r*-e feed, used their flaur
and corn meal for this purpose. Only
eighty hid r iched St. John, the other■»
\-elng f..-i-*cd t land at Danvegan and at
t-ivrs f t>.e s* tte which h.j | Veen g : ven
. t ■ sheep ta-rdlng and were det'lared
'* 1 • t"t for t• • sup;.--r? even ' a tick
■ if i ■ ware expl iitetl settbrs ami tt
t' ;■[ »'t ft me • 'ctit'Me !<-'m'' <tf th«>
'tt' k; > t.l ' ited '. Wt-u pportCti
p-- 'I of the t ttninonwt-uith.
I'm;- -. Mi Ward's r- ■• nt cor.tie. ti »n
With t!.e W - shit exhibit at the
''n ' ev ; tt- nbe talked with tV«* re»«-
rext.t t! v t t.f r : . Cat.adtan government
imt- i■ <i n lev. . These stated
* • t »: from tl't i'. trat \S • "tern
'• •'e tS- ■, h. ! ti* ,*n fam'ii' H
w ■ 1 >:■■■■:• fat ii, S had
tt »' ma.' i er $1 • !»•.•
V iv. s ippttae »e v. -re to !rv tht : .;:*ie
'' Mr Ward. "If the
• a'i t>\ k-.v n*.t nt ■ iid g* t p.-»pi«
u ''ht;i m-iiib- to i;. t t the <l. t
*■ - > ■ ".trv i.rca'.d the K-! rn •r,
CO' I W RSI ißgt n I >t get A'i n. . ;-!■■ t .
eof '• !" •; j ur v n
• d i -i » * .1 bring w!t h 11 •tn $:«»,-
" ft t * t e w. rth w ii.-. t uiv'Ht>
It would i -st us"*
"•h* -■ ;■ >n* would purchase lands
a* i ~nj me t. . \ *-,»■ t.; j .....,.
■ - '.v .i \ *f p p t-*v in the
«r, Thr r « o \x u'd improve our
1' t: • r •. . • r ;« ,-, r'. Ins tr S s "
To t ..t ;s oft,* m,i-'e bv firmer*
th tt tht re ,tit rt'orrs f-, r r?\ r {>»• p!e -
a> -e tint# *ho art here cam it s.-il
" - ' * ' * ■' t teir farm pri-du. Mr
W ,r
- a •' • «'.-•* i t * a
! ; ft-'-* • • .k.' it v u g- • w more
a:'.; ta and 1 1 n*. r« cattn. you la-uld
r er.it . .. f(Vf tht , ~, t R _
it * *. t w o n w Import 1-a «« «*n aunts
of r>- ■ti ,«i r? ■l9 fr. m h if
vvM2 X' t r r # . *ji rhi . ••*:*{ fur* • >%
m- =rr e- % .it 1 we h»ve"t'o'be
H .* to f i rtagtc g :n
b 1 ** : ■' t»r \ a v.r>"w r.* re po.i.trv
l ' ' '• " *• sc.e? at tent i- n to
' v>e !t I !ai» eftt J"rjl
e. d ttvtt s • fj** s -.d hrk -m If \r a
faMec-d » * e h,-gn ->u couid 5f -k*
'' ' ' * fr m W .St- .• X* rt
' " • *" - - I ! A
«■ -♦i v .t, . c fAi Uj.+>a
1 other pear's tr Sway betweec the post#.
For a time n:w nor* could #s*t farther.
There were two proposed routes. One was
to r-row-i by boat up Peace river, up the
Finlay river to its hea :«i;er?, Then to
portage to a tributary of the l.iari river;
tn*n<«- up tne Liin! ar.d Francis rivers to
Francis lake. The other was to go by
pa- k train overland. but there were con
flicting .«tor.<? as to whether any trail cx
isted. The river Journey wis impossible
until the ice went out, and the horses wcrt
ir. no shape to start packing until the mow
had gore and the grass began to lppear.
T deciding on tne former course sent
their horses i>> land trail up river to Cust's
house, an abandoned trading post at the
bead of the big canyon. Here they would
build boats for the Journey above the rap
ids having made arrangements to have
I their goosls brought up in the Hudson Bay
: Company'.* bout to Hudson's Hope, at the
f.x>t of the rapids, and to pack across the
j portage. It was May 1 before the river
j ared, and those who had expected to be
i at Pelly banks inside of two months found
I that three months had already passed and
! their Journey was barely commenced.
Indiana Show a Bad Temper.
A* this time trouble of a new character
threatened the prospectors. The Indians
were jealous of this invasion of their coun
try by white men. They had hitherto seen
no white men except those 1n charge of
trading posts and once in a while a trapper
who wandered into that country. They re
garded their own race as the most numer
ous in the world and inquired if the exodus
of the hundred or so had not nearly de
populated the white man's country. They
had a feeling, too, that when the white man
enters the game departs from the country.
Their attitude was in no way improved by
cases of theft which they laid at the white
man's door. It is a custom among ail
northern Indians, when moving back and
forward through the country, to "cache"
excess possessions they may have until
they come that way again. This they do
by hanging the bundle from the limb of a
tht' 1 steamers without bfiiis so much as
s. t n hy Washington merchants."
Those blm don't want government lan<'s
or can't get them have plenty of other
lands offered to them at prices within
reach of those whose pockets are not ple
thoric, tJoo.l linds in theast and west
of the state sell for and J<> i>t-r ai re,
whether in need of irrigation or not.
! .1-. is with water rights under ditch< s al
n a»l\ built sell for >;!0 pt-r ai re These
HKurt-s are from V» to 3UO per cent, under
those which prevail in the fruit-proud
state of California. Yet Washington
r ■ ver has known a grain drouth and
'"ilifornia h;is Washington grows ail
kititls of staple fruits has » heap lumber,
h '- comt "ting railroads and an exporting
•••ri of its own. California cannot vtt-r
this mm h
"W»' have t.:» mi r«- miles of terri
' r\ " ■ intinued Mr. Ward, "and
I"- pit tt> till them More than half of
• In the cities So ninth
land have w•» to spare that the ureat
• .1 system which was constructed to
irrigate ? : -.<W -ere- in the Yakima \ alley
- applies watt r t t »nly about 1 '»•' acres.
• ';;r nee-t i- p.<puliitit>n. We •an afford to
and 'Ught to iifford to spend money to
c • i - The In.ve.stmert will p,.y.
" A 1 wh» n you touch upon that ques
t: >n of Or! ntal commerce you op-n tip \
\ <t s.;!•?'•«•! in tlie markets of I'hir.a.
.1 .: ",n, S! > ;ia and other trans! icirtc
countries t! >re is patronage for • -very
thing that every! *d> we cotild cr vvd into
"is f,. r .1 ! •'« tint* to come could
; e t»ur ?e t our c"rn, -ur flour,
o,r ni its "'.r < • indenst-tl mi'.k. our
.! v-g. '.« l ;r canned fruits w :l
!>•■ it demand if o? v we can get life int »
.",.1 •. apt ur the market whiie it is still
"Tie time ;s a - , important < r.e for us,
a:-. ! we -hou. j tak« advantage of it "
Mr. Ward took his index linger ba< k
f: - tn t» •» Htmost her* in which he had
1 n umuk st fur purposes of emphasis,
whe> • ! ar-'ut-d rt his chair and com
n-.t-nc. ! to tddrtti wrapper* and envel
opes t •ht detU7en> Of the Mlritlle W« st
to »! m he :s constantly sending v - l
utnes of !n• rmation at h.s t.wn cxj.ense.
> - f ' » t!tat t-.-g t:.t <t<*»e centrihute»
• • in« tO*»rt th» expanses of its com*
THI m Jcfr. r»:!#.iy :ra n has every
. e We sleen and <!:ne, rec : in«
on tn« h-s; upi..>Ut*ry in the best egaip
n.t-r' t At ar. r-e hunt * |t to n4e eaat.y
W - -« •awn hv «■■»: <•« tha; r.e ver hreak
iv t r ttoiii ro*tit>eds and thro .sn
•»-* r.erj varied us a • - sirnt presents
> - h« Northern I'ac tlc.
1 lie "fuflt t hat ««Vf» « hlltlrro'i
Mr i[ i 1 r N>rrt- *k f ; e drug *ter»
of H Sh «n;aker H*rr>, I 1., savs. a man
»rr* lataoor. r "tore tae ;her -i*\ -ani.
1 w »nt a - 'tie af that s'.-.fT that HVti
erntret s lives. I resd lr th# Vesr, as >ut
T'- eh. tzf r may get s! lc w.en w
- ' i* ''» Itvi r ejj' k enough It •
-t - • v c «• . for ere n ' He al
-1 T.bt - .ti ■ s t";sT Itt-njeti..
t . ' *•
twin. Jtur »-ue l v dralcr*.
tree, sufficiently high to be out of reach of
wild animals, the only thieves they had
hitherto found it necessary to take precau
tions against. There are many of these
"caches," containing trap#, kettles and
sometimes skin* arid provisions, scattered
over the country, mast particularly along
the trails. Probably under the impression
that these fiave been thrown away, soma
white men had been in the habit of appro
priating anything they could use. Matters
reached a climax, however, in a short time.
The Indians had a number of horses run
ning wild in the hills, and these proved a
source of great annoyance to passing pack
trains. A fine sorrel stallion belonging to
a Cree chief wa* shot, and this proved the
List straw. A meeting of the Cree and
Beaver Indians was held at St. John, at
which it wa* decided to go out and shoot
aii horses belonging to white men, and
some of the Indians spoke threaten.ngly of
the men themselves. The trader in charge
of thia post persuaded them to adopt a
more pacific course—to find the real crim
inal and make him ssttle in full for the
damage. In the meantime couriers were
sent to notify tribes ahead of their griev
,\o Ite to Push Onward.
With the clearing of the river the travel
ers launched their boats and stajrted for
Hudson's Hope. Almost Immediately, how
ever, the spring freshet came on, the water
risii-.fr fifteen feet, covering all the bars and
beaches 3nd making the boatmen's task
exceedingly difficult. T?ie water is very
swift and on account of Its high stage
there was very little opportunity for foot
ing to pull the boat up stream. Those who
w>re fortunate enough to se.cure room on
the first trip of the boat were two weeks
making Hudson's Mope, a distance of sixty
miirs. and the work was so exhaustive that
the Indians hired to assist deserted the first
day out. On the second trip they were un
able to make it at all. but were compelled
m land thflr cargo midway, and not having
enough horses to pack the entire outfit were
compelled to make two trips over a trail on
PisdpUge—Giionsel for
Cloaks Silted ©f tfoe Wfeites.
Or. T. V. Mo<»illicudy w an arrival |
on yesterday's train from tli»> l'i- !
coa.'t Thero art- few better '
Known men in the K.a k HIIN
than f For «fvr,i! y. '.r.« he was ti« an of
'he s'»<te hoard of mires, at I lap 5 O'v
and f..r s»v*n years, from 1*79 to !*>>•;.
in>'.tietve h»> -a ag nt «; the Pine
It:-:mo Just at thi« t;me, w h-n oM
• *h>f Red « *k>ud ;« seenntKly It* euch trou
!lv ov-T the building of th. !•g wire for e
i ii the !> -• rvation and other things. which
" ive lump up recently lietaeen him inl :
thi - government, tne doctor would be pl> •*«-
»••! to tii -t t! • old man, in mswer to the
•11 • Iff'.-! request. and help strain:*:»:i
out tha uni-l - asantnes*.
I>r M -Cri,!. ;My fiir :•»■! to a vr-at t
extent in Western Indian M-tor 1 > tr.e i
Jn«l:ani of the Korthwnl he la kn » n w .
"Thunder- :--t e-N- . k ' be in-- >f «
i>1;» gut t• ral vole m l another n .me
a. . -h he r» teJved at the Pin» H • - :
c\ is "I.itt!« Heard."
i '!■ id. in description « f the kin ! X «ard
th-» doctor *or» at ♦hat t;m«» WS- n 1 >r.
IfeOUUcuMy rtr«t wrrt to tn>- ipnrf to '
Til! the office of iff'" ' tie Indiana w> r e. I
iis t l- -- di* • -r ►x;.rcs-' 1 "«1 1 " I; wa«
in the early history of the 1?U-k 11 is
win (Mi» s«'tlecs were - m:ug into the
new goi.J fields and the Indian* w*ru «»>l| ;
smarting over the defeat anl t 1 newary I
surrender of * «*lr valuat-'e bunting
g-ound* amnt g th» I - TV•• new . <ent
t • >t» w* th.it ther« » «s to ' tro ,'rde -.t
t v -i'.art In efif'.r. itu; the |a*l of t)M fO»*
ernrrtfrt, but he rmtTTjl at the fUrt tb»t
let what co\V'. he would carry out t e ,
r '.r* at the HgT-ncy He h.d a n .rrN r >f
trust-il Indian po'a e at h# «• mmand, u.-
on whom fHt that he • o Id At
ore time the nce.nt l»arr. i that the In
dfan- w re plirnite r- ,J ; > h m «"tn» m*■
• ' T'-e j-' n ,».t« t )'• if n . si
seks that in - • the d irtor*!
o'" f *Jt i jr-\rt mo sort of * ;• w; a
would *tve rood cause for a fl«;ht. Amt
M i\v stati ned hit roi-<— at the
rear end of the room, out f I'ljtht a*.l
waited the «omirtir vf It* youne t . k*. At
du*k twelve itrtipt'r.g yoijnj o-»ir. a
the open (hr'ait.l Tn!u»n n. a
the The d' -tor *amerl »ri sr. ' *r':-m
h!' i'-k "V; I •»1 •»-;« 'e, J f; n 5* ■'»
w.n*e<i. fie ■ . that •» » t • »
gc. h.§ hors'i fehod. Ti a 44 at irroic out {
which the feed a* yet contained but little
nourishment Or the horses, and led around
cliffs and precipitous ravtr.es on which the
horses frequently lost their balance and
rolled to the bottom with their loads.
Those who had started with less than a
year's provisions now saw the folly of con
tinuing and returned. In fact, people had
been turning back from the beginning, but
their reports apparently had no effect, aa
parties were still coming from Edmonton.
Those who had reached Hudson's Hope on
the ice had already portaged their goods
and were ready to start from Cust's house
w.th open watrr on May 1. The first of the
St. John parties stacied June .* and reached
Fort Graham on the Finlay river July 1.
but a week later than the leaders Here it
was found that parties who had left Ash
croft in April, had come i;r> the Eraser
river, portaged to Crooked xiv«r. down this
stream to McLeod's lake, to Parsnip river
and up Finlay river, had reached Fort Gra
ham a week or two in advance of the Ed
monton people. On both water routes they
had met with great difficulties and dan
gers. Many had lost part and sorau* all of
their outfits by boats overturning in the
wild waters of the Peace and Finlay riv
ers. and narrowly escaped with their lives.
Two men from Ashcroft. when within
thirty miles of Fort Graham, ran their boat
against a snag, and in a flash it overturned
and sank with everything they owned. In
some miraculous manner the men reached
driftwood on the head of an island. Here,
without food, coats or blankets, they were
held for three days and nights, when a boat
fortunately came along and rescued them.
Another party upset their boat but twenty
two miles from Cust's house, and. hazard
ing their own lives, saved some flour and
other provisions that floated. They re
turned and patched up their outfit as well
as they could at Hudson's Hope and started
again. While leading their lightened boat
over th* Finlay rapids the tracking lina
parted and the boat with contents was
carried on the rocks. The same party,
returning from a prospecting trip on
the Injinica river on a rift, ran Into
a log jam, lost what provisions they had.
and one of the party was rescued from the
water as he was about to be carried under
the driftwood. In fact, hardly a boat ar
rived without having suffered a loss of pro
visions, which more or less crippled them.
l)l»appolutmrnl tn Store.
A great many had been attracted to this
country by reports of rich finds on the,
•tributaries of these streams. A thorough
prospect, however, revealed nothing worth
the while. A grisley put !n operation on
one of the most promising of the Finlay
bars yielded the magnificent returns of 42
an order on the asoti y bVi k.-mith for the>
w ; k Ae- r • M•« then ask. ! the
next, buck In the oir'> what he Wf«nt» t.
llf jr»«(.r''J th-it be wanted •
An order for the blanket was n'.ven. The
n»--xt Ind in wanted a dishpan The n« *t
5 ; k in th<« '.role wanted a j»on\ Ea h
Indian *va» Klven a chance to a*k for some
thing After all had spokt-n, A men t M -
<'»U!:-nid.lv turned to th«* leader an J a-k- J
if that *is a.'l they w 1 Mod. ThelV «ts
no an-w-T.
"If that i-< all you d n ra.-" tl- want."
y»'.>d the doctor, "there'a the d">r. Git."
And. the do tor «ay« they "*t«t "
C»!d «*b ; - f Ited <*loud at first made a
gr> tt deal 1 f trouble *or the ntent, and
NCiatO to t,.k.- •peria! ton *rd him.
He of*, n idv..-''d ) * bu k« to s*. thlnsrs
c ontrary ta the r at th- ac »i •. At
one t me 'he old ehi-f >■nt- r.vj the do.-t-T's
o and 1 . itr.it en > d • ' -ate i' e Rc v» rn
mnit at-ent and » else that tie
thouir t m ji'-.t irritate the agent Wh-m
b« had mone far enough Atr'-nf MeQHllCUd*
dy ar »« from b\« chair *tt I 'ak ng fh • f
1 «*lo\: 1. the h«i'd mar of »'.>•
b) Kta biar Rim in BOSt, 1«1 him t.» the
open sloor. and gave the surprised old fel
li-w a v:K'»rous shove down th* 'rffl.-e *t.'[i»
The retreating fornr. as it ?hot down to
'he gr« and beiow. was g.vt n a g> r«t!» re
minder from the roar by the agent's fc- at
From that d.iy to t>-:« the old chief haa
' « 1 the greatest r--■ • ■ f r Ak- tit M -
tiilli -\iddy.
A* !%!(. cf the \v md-d Kti.e affair
• e ».i\ Tftment s»*r t \gf-nt M-aJ.di- ud H
ovt-r tr-»m l<a ,«td * *:ty *■» the agency to n
d'*i\ r. If tc s-fle the trouble
with .t d. When Chief lie.l
Cloud sa *■ th»* oM agent coming he rati
ar: 1 ftr.bn ' h.m. With u «rs in hi* eyes
the old chief,
1 an ir h>a l- m> i n th- i (Cf .-'s arm
.*.« ■ .r K' ':• ? f 'his tr. .hie would
ev. r have happened When you were our
ae-en: we cftent.m. s tho ;c:.t yon w-tc
harsh and unmindful of ua. but now we
F's that a-e were n. - ak -n ar.d jou
were our fri. nd "
T>-. M S< .Id '« a f-racti •: g t ' v«sl
«r. i>nd at ' •' w' 1 - • 'ten ha J • «-
% • Kve roe Jj . t • t..e - k Ir- c-n
At .•• ' '• R ! 1 ,•: to *h. < -or
a.-U a iuviUmeQe and acme at-jauivU
certs per man. and flour was sss> a hundred
and everything else in proportion. Boats
arriving at Fort Graham in July reported
the Peace river htersHy covered with
boats, ail pushing up stream, ani >ome of
the latest from Edmonton reported crowds
sti 1 coming ia by w ipons and . arts.
Boats had gone from Fort Graham to tho
Finlay forks, hoping to make the portage,
advertised as twenty miles in length, but
found the stream to be followed small,
rapid and Jammed with driftwood and
rocks. It was impossible for even a canoe
to ascend it. The river men had clearly
reached the end of their tether, and no
choice remained for tht m but to go home.
Some, however, who had left horses at
Cust's house, resolved to go back on the
river and bring them overland, a distance
of over 200 miles, to Fort Graham and en
deavor to reach the other side of the mount
ains by pack train.
In the meantime several parties had suc
ceeded in reaching Fort Graham by the
land trail. In doing so they crossed three
summits of the Kocky mountains and
passed through a gr*at deal of boggy coun
try. There was one continuous stretch of
thirty-five miles of muskeg, and this they
were compelled to make in one day's run.
in order to get feed and a dry spot to camp.
There were two rivers which, owing to
the high stage of water, they had to raft
and swim their horses.
It was early in August before those who
went back after horses returned ready to
proceed onward. It was now* just a year
since the first parties left Edmonton, and
the few who survived had Just left this
point with the vague hope that some day
they might see the Yukon.
Indiana Try to Collect Toll.
There were several difficulties In the
way of those who wished to make Deasa
river by pack train. The Indians were
again averse to this procedure. They had
received due notice of the coming of the
white men and had congregated at Fort
Graham. They had decided *0 levy a toll
on all who went through. In fact, they
saw the problem of life solved for them so
easily that they did not go out on their
accustomed hunt. The first parties to ar
rive were forbidden to go farther, but at
the request of the Hudson Bay Company's
trader were allowed to come in. He
further informed them that the white men
had no more prolslons than they needed for
themselves and could give them none, at the
same time advising the white men to give
them not so much as a cup of tea. The In
dians stayed absolutely without food for
five days, when starvation forced them to
go into the forests to bunt for game. On
leaving they threatened to set fires to burn
trouble. The doctor prescribed some calo
mel for the chiefs trouble, making- it *»
s»» veral doses, with Implicit instructions to
divide the remedy Into doses, to be t «ken
at Intervals. The old chief went home, and.
a ting upon the principle that if a little
medicine w ill do good a "heap" medi
cine will do "heap" pond, he proceeded to
take all of the medicine at one swallow.
The result wan terrific. In a very short
t'rrie the old chief began to get w< ak and
dizzy-h' «tie 1. I,ike frightened animal, ha
gathered himself together and ran like a
d> er for the open plains. He was
for arretal daya from his- hone, when
he at last returned his f e e wa« still bloat
ed and swollen, and he was a sorry docking
object. It wns a |.»ng time before he would
* titer Agent Mc<*ll!lcaddy's ottce. and |
whf n he did it was with f« ar in< 1 trembling. '
He ii'i ae.ptlM' 1 a greater res pet fur the '
new asrsnt.
It'ii Clcud did not rake ji srt in the Cluster
battle, l>ut it Is known that he couosfMl ;
his f. II w braves md warrior.- t.f battle
against the whiter, but he hinwlt jvas too '•
shrewd not to s-e what the final result
w nild be to '.is jx>opb As a reward for
I'Js ke< ;>ing out f the «'tister t re the
government ordered .\g» nt Mcoiuhiuddy to !
build the ol J hi ' a modern bouse at tie
agency, to cost not le.»* thin $,">.000. \ fine ,
'building *,m erected and painted whit*, the
i b il I ..! >r «.f the Indians for such a struc
ture, and into the house the old chief and
h;s wlf- irinvt ' Th» y f. it very proud of
ti i r dwelling >n ! furnsshe lit with car- i
P'-'s mnd :• iliz» d f'jrni'ure. The old rhi-T*
wife Is d«ad, and be, poor old man. !« pan! ,
his T'Hh yea: He is r,< ariy blind, and
fjiend- m<»sf f bis time lyinsr s-.tssivdy
n>on h i ,'U h, waiting :h- call of the •
"<;re«t Spirit " He cannot live long. His
strength k raoldly pi vine away under th»
w-cht of many years. He dies with the
hatred of hie trile f r !h- whiles.
\ti \*iii ii I■ li iit if i> i »«• | it«ii re,
!>*-«!!« '«< Weekly.
Y ast n * ir.g >zure i« mi 4« by t'.»
effi In! r<-d book Ot the Sp.iri«h guitlg»
m«T.t which <'>n?ains »h» ;nr>-nt« and
letters that paused between the I'nited
and Si-ain Jus* >••• 'ore the outbreak
of the WMT, thmt tIM Spanish MCrrtary of
stat*. February v ».* th:« year, sent %
net" • ♦}-•■ ymwer*. •Mtsr.jr mat »n.- )«ten
" *»?!•: .•« i "i- •■nrr iTto of trie Ann n- in r. r> -
val 'it '* -n ft;?-in wttir*, and 'he ;,or.
n *;th » h "h M tine and th'-
M«nt* ir.ery e.-r • - .■ ! t-> remain in bun
«■'<>•<» proximity to f'uba, w n c.vu*tn* ex
citement, ami the Sp'inifi *e re*»r>- ej
pre*.-»d the f» ar that "" v «ome arr'd nt a
enfttct mlrht be pre .1." Just one
*r-k !h- ot: ; ■• ' •> . M , ••*.-
r\t-r, ! ••* the " i.-t • • « 1 || •• »
Spar. »h xerretary <f .!«• 1 «<»
' r<- >*!*• a:H>«it a »ta*e of w»r. Tr «" I *e-
ITH-nt of the Hp,'>n!<?h **■< re'ary, trj ref-r—
--er. •* to ?.-.<■ jvsibir.'r of an a ••-!d*t;t pf"*
cipita*:r sr a may } iv» T-e«n
a cc'.ncMene». but it is c«rtaln!y remark
s' • t l ,*t 'he n; ' «;cjj or. th< M.!:ne
c.rr- S fo «-v»r after j> x,« tr. vie. *r »
rr.-> -r. of • • Va • h. 4 « n; v r }•••*:> f ,<•
:m •- • -i I'r ii« ■ the nil truth w;J
be J:fe.io9< J Jr. d * >.:ua.
ail the feed, so that horses c»oM
tnrough. A few par:i.>. however
to make :he trip. An in .-nan ir»t hir*
guide them. but ,>r. learn-ig that a'•«
of Beaver I: .i tns ad V-en se* n •
trail looking for the •••ir:\ who'V-v* I
chiefs horse a St. Jo r. he r. fused V
They were. t rtf re. :■ ft : eiio*a
sources. The t-- st information >.« '
trader colli d ;:ve was -if di^«
was a little r -W mi'.o; ti.it
lei up the nor: 1 fork of the K:nl. y » 3 ,
summit ana down a tr.t titarv .-f tj»
on the other .-Me. TV ..ad-rs
by mistake follow* o up , v iuthe-t»;
known river and .i.« • v. ted t'.eii J
only after cut tine s tr»:'. tjr fcrtj m
They found the richt r.«;i and fruS
to the summit, cutting the rail t» •>,
went «o as to allow packhorsea t» k,
through. w
Whether ' ! r not the Indian* fulrtllea*
threats o.inr.ot be proven, :<ut eertaiai.
that after the first patty the m
country was set afire at roast r egutir
tervais, and those follow ;:ig had s*i-|
times to run through the tire, *>nte
par .s of outfits and even horses is •
fia me?.
After the fire ha 1 been passed, toa ]
sides ht-ing hampered by trees that >
filled in the trail, they were subjected
constant dang: r by reason of the treqi -j
were still falling. Th is condition exit
all the way down the middle fork of issj
river. Long runs were necessary in J
to make feed for horses, and as clean
the trail of fallen timb» r was more lab
ious than cutting a new trail hut .<«
progress was made. The entire distance
200 miles lengthened into 3t>i> miles btfl
the pack trail lea ling from 'he Hij
river :o the 1 lease was reached, and |
fore the tramp-like aggregation reaej
Sylvester's landing they had traveled ci
4rt»> miles from Fort Graham. It was
Inr, and the -now was already fajig
Their horses wera not in shape to coatfl
farther, provisions were higher thast]
travt lers- now reduced to poverty—caj
stand, and as they found themselves «
denly entered near civilization it whs!
elded by many to to out for the wimer!
least. A few, however, cut hay for ;j
horses" winter use and prepared to *
ter. Others left their horses on a m
and trusted to their wintering themsto
and s<: out a line of traps, hoping to sa
a grutust tke by a catch of fur. None
tempted to go farther until spring.
Still on tin* Trnll.
While nearly all those starting on n
route have a umione.l it early, »her«]
still some wintering on the way. At Fi
Graham th.re are a number who
cabins and are prepared to make I>«|
riv r next year, but they will have a h<
time, by reason of the trees which \
have fallen with tho first heavy wind a]
the lo:ig stret a of burned land. At I>«
wood lake, midway between the Black J
1 >ease rivers. 11.• re is an outtlt of a
which are intended for the Dawson 0
market. Th< left Edmonton in Febrd
arid were pa. ked fr< m S:. John. Ota
are located Iviek on the Black river, wa
they expect to hunt and trap this winj
T!i< ir position is rather dangerous, hj
ever, as te.se Indians are very jealous
white trappers aial only last year kJ
two men who persisted in it. :
The only party reaching Dawson
Edmonton by that route was the expedd
-out out by the Northwest govern mend
see if 1 trail was practicable. He had J
limited rm an: at his control, thereby a
ing access to t!l the conveniences of|
country, such ns guides, horse*. dogs. I
visions and outfit.s of any kind. They q
Edmonton sn August, l s i«T; St. John In 1
vember; Fort Graham in July, is#; a
vester's landing early in September; Ffl
.•is lake September 2», a: -d reached N
Selkirk on the Yukon October 'J2, the 1
taking just fourteen months.
llatl Model* to Follow.
He—A self-made man is common enoq
but we never hear of a wotnai.
She - Considering the kind of article!
men turn out who are in the self-man
business ,vi>u can hardly h'.ame the woal
for not taking up the occupation.—Bosl
* m r * •> * mrmmrn
44444444 4 41
f AKUA KMT and Quelle are t*il
1 f\"x> tcr.j, the former 7'j and the ft!
j » C nearly •'». Margaret is a delicj
* child, enaltlvi ••• I <!• ffH J
extremely susceptible to repr >of. Slw is]
mortal terror of offending her mother
fettle Lueile, or "I'teby Lai," as »hej
calltd. !.-• the rewm full of temper. !
! perimiH, brave. She scorns tears.
; ( fr," day Mart iret was guilty of * «'M
Ish sin. \- she came into the nursery J
i mother, without administering a rtbaj
looked fix dly at the child, as wa.< j
J wont, her eyes -howdng displeasure. Mi
: gnret stood it f-r an instant, and ihenv
'• ra gatl • red In hi ytm and her 1
trrnihlcd. Still lor 11 »th ( r"s eyes held*
♦n th'all. J' ■ - i> -• r« • ntant one l«H
Into '.are, lliiby T. ;, who iiad watchH 1
wr: do pro e. « ;ir♦ I with '
mlfl.t and -r.1;• t ' :'v< lmjK>rlous command]
; "Mamma! Turn looet o* Margaret!" j
a N certain Weatern • ity i*o mad
I ij n-i on huge p< • I- ertiHJnrnt 'j
" entrarsee to the p.«rk. <>?»« Woven*
■ ias w> - n tf •• r i l be'w. • n the tw> ImW
was \• ry muddy, \lr« Hums, with b*H
> >r 'i I ' ■) Hit dd, pa'fe i tliat my.
fill ratr.ed t»:. light f..r.. and tl< m
s:m i ad dr i | r tin from one 1
i ifh of the mm- ds leaving theotti
I dark an ! dirty tn spots.
The tioy H'opf d ft-.- mother lr the aw
i"* eroMing. "JLook, mans mar I
| :te !, "'The l.or i i j >,ff their fid
llf t night whip r>» > • was |<»okln« «
j play.d with each other In the trud -
- !
*'ree| Vriili Hint ( tiiiptnl*.
\ ! '">r little sstr» • t urn- vu ! r«U
Into th» hoapifn by the policy, H« 1
le en run ov<— l>v un omnibus, ao4 '
badly j«. u?> ; The < ha{»!aln was I
for it w -t-» t'-osj..' >.» lmi>mba!»l<» that
J live ni«ri. hO'jr- With W
t,->. t f-.t r f.iw.n b*<an v ■ lrtervietr®
'M,V )n\ the <1 ' ,r<« <> rli you *fc "
mn -i hurt.. 11.iv*' you * ■ eri ,» icood
boy V
Boy dr. : h borM) v. ■. >? aout!
(■ ekH) Bot 1 ■ m afraU 1
are not ;t tr«x>'l Uttle
you may perhaps be polnjj to dl«,
I-toy 1 .-xi (US , f 0 , n ,j , jnterrfr'
i . * .in '» riW' o' Vfr." '• i-l" e*"» any j
>t' rr } t* .< t ',t f f , ,io v* itrt yo<i?
J '» -t'.' i ; , in the ec-fin Hue?
It la pie; -.! Nt t » fx* able •" rel»t» "
'«><.» lAt V Ti •<»%•••?•; 1.
* roint mod •« »i n*.
"Are y' j ffvv;i r- . y ur -yr tr.in, th»t t
l ;i i'-" ter ht* * I •■••it reared Iti I<:X , WT'
"Wi, -Ir ,1 r 1 if y,,-i j; ve n-e fief *
!i •: -•« 1 -a ! »iv \ !» n'y w r *
►' or i?.h» I Ali! put no'f ■ >«c in 5J

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