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flEi .XXXVII. NO. 88.
F CHRISTMAS SWEEI9. | pies, 3 packages for 20 oents. I jjjUß AM J4RS—The best quality obtainable In following' fla t Currant, Peach, Pear, Aprioot, Blackberry, Plum, Ijl* s Grape, Gooseberry, Strawberry, Raspberry aAd Pineapple. > per can, 20 cents. JUliKYlf—Made from pure fruit and pure fiuirar in tallowing flavors: Strawberry, Pear, Apricot, Nectarine and Sweet fi*. Per jar, 35 cents. Cherry and Pineapple, per jar, 40 ' IIHIPVWM, RMiardsea 8 ReNMn'-Per can, so, 60 and 76 i oents. • mm LAVES KAIBIPIS—Large, luscious fruit, per pound, 12 fIJLm iAISWS—Fxtra artre size, per pound, 10 oents. SfMßli WAIIWn-Per pound, 16 cents. Sma LEMR OR ORAIWC PHI-Per pound, 12 oents. , Store Open (MM Mae eXtocfc Tonight. i A V Aitw io * " 4 *°* AV.WW. ( AAnPr Jv I PV V ■•«*»» thi« •>« Washington st. yVUVtI U LV T If T*l*flwu Mltl IRS. jyFW^WW*»nTtn'«n'fn , tn'fn , g'rt Tt '«n'r'V«'rr«' n '«TV l « T i"jir« T rr VML ' WtWIMiM ® A SAFETY RAZOR. 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WATCHES ' Have always teen a special feature of our business, and this sea- I son we have surpassed our former efforts in our endeavor to ; Moure the latest and newest styles in cases, is A careful inspection will convince the shrewd buyer that our j prises are most reasonable. « Our stock of Jewelry, Silverware, Novelties, Clocks, Pens, > Canes and Umbrellas is complete and all at popular prices. •ur attractive holiday display awaits your Inspection. We are I glad to welcome visitors and pleased to show our goods. [ FRISCH BROTHERS | MANUFACTURING JEWELERS AND WATCHMAKERS, | 780 First Avenue. —Seattle "PIPE FITTINGTAND VALVES* ' MANUFACTURERS OF SAW MILL, SHINGLE MILL AND ALASKA MACHINERY. WJGET SOUND MACHINERY DEPOT Corntr Washington Street and Railroad Avenue. XRUS SPECTACLES and EYEGLASSES Chas. G. Holcomb, Optician, 216-818 Burke Building. fHtnuine Porh "Br-10( it. PS WAGONER, D. D. S., Painless Dentist. Best teeth *7 Oi 22-JC. Gold Crowns...ss AO Silver fillings 50 up Gold fillings 1 BO up „ a five years' guarantee with alt work. Ifflces 15-16-17 Haller Building. Telephone Main 469 Gold Spectacles and Opera Glasses ta°the ll clty ay * )re * ems ' A"' largest stock and lowest price* H Clur ton#, Hnt An* fctttfc W«h. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1899.-FOURTEEN PAGES. ■ hi II MUD K Hearing on Before Interstate Commerce Commission. RAILROAD 81DE OF IT. Chairman Gill, of the Classification Committee, on the Stand. v Hts Coitntloa lo That Increairrl Cost o* Railroad Operation and Equipment Heceultattd the Pro* posed Advance In Ratca, bat H« Declined on KUamlnntlon to Oo Into Detailed Figures—lt Devel ops That tho Proposed Rates Are the Highest Known HI nee tho Establishment oI CommUilon WASHINGTON, Dec. H.-A hearing was begun today by the Intemtate com merce commission in the matter of change* In freight classification and ad vances in freight rates by carriers using the classification. Many complaints have been filed with the commission alleging that discriminat ing changes In freight classification have been agreed upon, to take effect on Jan uary X, 1900. To determine this question the hearing of today was held. Many of the most prominent railway officials of the Eastern part of the country attend ed the hearing, and representatives of large shipping Interests of the same sec tion were also present. 9sllnM< Side Presented. At the opening of the hearing Mr. C. E. QUI, of New York, chairman of the "offi cial classtncatlon committee," said the railroads were without knowledge of the persons who had requested the hearing, and asked that they be called upon to state wherein the proposed changes wera unjust. Mr. Gill maintained that the pro posed advances in freight rates were due to (he Increased cost of railroad plants and maintenance, and the advances had been applied to classes of freight that could well pay them. Mr. (Mil's contention that the shippers be first interrogated was overruled, and he himself was put on the stand. Advanced Hates Necessary. He said that all protests would be con sidered by the classification committee, but the committee was satisfied the pro posed advances were necessary on ac count of Increased cost of railway opera tions. He intimated that for the Hame reason still further advances probably would have to be made. Upon many arti cles Mr. QUI maintained that existing rates of freight were unjustifiably low. Bto Reasons Given. In the course of a long examination by Mr. W. A. Day, attorney for the com mittee, Mr. QUI gave no reasons for the proposed advances upon special articles or classes of freight, except the general reasons which applied to all freight, lie maintained that the proposed new classifi cations, generally speaking, were restora tions of freight rates which prevailed In times past when commercial and trade conditions were similar to what they are now. His replies to a long series of ques tions Indicated that his own belief and that of his colleagues on the classifica tion committee was that the recent mark ed advance In the price of railway equip ment and opertmons—in steel rails and all formß of steel and Iron, etc.—rendered It necessary for the railroads In a degree proportionately to advance freight rates. He said freight rates had been on a grad ual descending scale for twenty years, but he was unable to say whether the proposed new rates would be higher or lower than the rates wiilch prevailed in 1892. Higher Than for Years Past. In a statement to the commission At torney Day salii a comparison of the pro posed rates on certain specific articles showed that the new rates would be high er than ever had existed since the com mission was created. Judge C. A. Prouty, a member of the commission, instituted a line of Inquiry, the questions and answers indicating: that In 1887 ,the railroads paid more for steel rails and other articles of equipment than they had to pay now. In view of these facts, he desired to know why the classification committee deemed It necessary to Increase the rales. Mr. Gill replied, as he had previously done, that in the rates on articles which had ad vanced. they could well stand them, and the railroads needed the additional revenue which the advances would give them. He Indicated by his answers that the present prices of articles and the prices In 1887 had little. If anything, to do with the ac tion of the committee, except in a general way. The committee felt the ar ticles on which Increases had been made could afford to pay them. While protests against the proposed rates had been re ceived from shippers, the shippers had not been afforded an opporlunlty to be heard by the committee, as It was not the prac tice of the commlttse to accord such hear ings. As chairman he heard the protests, and communicated their substance to the com mittee. Protests against the proposed class ification had not been considered by the committee, and would not be until after the classification had gone Into effect. The committee then took a vecess until 2 o'clock. Hopes for a Compromise. At the opening of the afternoon session Mr. William Oorwine, representing the Merchants' Association, of New York, sug gested that If a postponement of tho hear « Pw Tn«> MAIL STORES Of ME EARLY BATTIfS COMt TO BAND. Wild Panic Precipitated by Male Stampede Caused the Final Sur- Graphic Description of the Terrible Slaughter at Elands La arte, Owing to Accnrate Fire of British Artillery—How the Armored Train From Estconrt > Was Ambushed and Lost. (Correspondence of the Associated Press.) LONDON, Dec. IJ.—Letters from Brit ish officers and 'soldiers lighting Ift the Transvaal, and lengthy descriptions from war correspondents that Alter Into print through the malls, teem with thrilling and pathetla incidents. How an OMcer's Life Was Saved. Writing to his mother, a young officer of tho Manchester*, wounded In one of the first engagements, relates that while he lay at night on the hillside expecting to die, bleeding from a wound In his thigh and shivering with the cold, there stum bled over him a "Tommy of my company named Rogers." Thtt "Tommy" aulckly whipped off his own overcoat, placed It around tho boy officer, and lying down put his arm around him and for the rest of that long night kept him "beautifully warm." Stampede at RlekoUu'a Hek. The Times correspondent gives a graphic account and explanation of the British dis aster at Nicholson's nek, where Oarleton's column, consisting of six companies of the Royal Irish fusiliers, four and a half com panies of the Gloucestershire regiment, and No. 1# mounted battery\ surrendered. . Bowlder Starts the Males. "Two hours before daybreak," says this correspondent, "while the column was In an Inclosed country, either a shot was tired or a bowlder rolled Into the battery. The* mules stampeded and easily broke away from their half asleep drivers. They came back to the Gloucestershire regiment, the advance party of which fired Into the mass, believing. In the darkness, It was an at tack. This added to the chaos, the ranks were broken by the frensled animals, and they dashed through the ranks of the real guard, carrying the first and second re serve animals with them. A Hopeless Panic. "It became a hopeless panic. The ani mals, wild with the shouting and the tur moil, tore down the nullah Into the dark ness, and the last that was heard of them was the sound of ammunition boxes and panlers as they were splintered against bowlders. The hubbub of these few mo ments was sufficient to have alarmed the enemy. Sorry Position Chaae*. "By a strenuour effort the officer* suc ceeded In getting the men again under control, and when daylight came they selied the first position which presented Itself, and which was about two miles south of the original goal. They were forced to take advantage of the first kopje, as Boer scouts were all around them, and the day was ushered In with desultory fir ing. It was a sorry position which they had chosen, and the men were In a sorry plight. All the reserve ammunition was gone, and though they had saved piece* of the screw gun, they were not able with these pieces to patch up a single mount Force t'nder Cross-Fire. "From earliest daybreak Boer scout* were reconnolterlng and about 8 o'clock mounted Boers could be seen galloping in small group* t» the rear of the hill west. Strong parties of mounted men took posi tions on the far side of the two hills, com manding the kopje from them. About • o'clock these two parties had crowned the hills and opened a heavy Are at »hort range right down upon the plateau. Our men made a plucky attempt to return this fire but it was impossible. They were un der a cross-fire from two directions, flank and rear. The two companies of Glouces tershlres holding the self-contained ridge, were driven from their shelter and as they emerged in the open on the low plateau, were terribly mauled, the men falling In groups. The Boers on the west had not yet declared themselves, but about 200 marksmen climbed to the position which the two companies of the Oloucestershlres had just vacated. These men absolutely raked the plateau and it was then that the men were ordered to take cover on the steep reverse of the kopje. A* soon as the enemy realized this move, the men on the western hill teemed on to the summit and opened upon our men as they lay on the slope. They were absolutely hemmed in, and what commenced as a skirmish, seemed to have become a butchery. The grim order was passed around to fix your bayonets and die like men. Laid Down Their Arm*. "There was a clatter of steel, then a moment of suspense, and then the 'Cease firing* sounded. Again and again it sound ed, but the Irish fusiliers were loath to ac cept the call and continued firing for many minutes, then it was unconditional surren der, and the men laid down their arms." Horrors of Elands Ua«(e. Th'e correspondent at I,adysmlth of the same paper, describing the battlefield of Inlands laagte, realistically detail® the hor rors of war. He writes: "The battlefield as It stood on the Sun day contained sufficient proof of the sever ity of the fire. The wounded had been removed by daylight but the burial par ties had not arrived to perform the last duties to the dead. The men lay there as they had fallen, a sad, pathetic trlbuts to the courage of the British soldier. We followed this tragic trail Hlgmanders, Manchester and mounted volunteers lay Indiscriminately grouped. Then solitary figures under the stones showed how little the cover had availed them. There were places where wire fence* had Impeded the advance. Here the carnage had been great and one brave fellow stooped In death, cut off as he strove to wrench a post trom its foundations. In the sky line of the battlefield lay the dead thickest, there being the main spot where the attack had been checked, but the white flag was already there, and strings of coolies were digging the trench which so often la the soldier's resting place. • Where Schlel Waa Captured. "We rode back lo the Boer position, the little kopje upon which Hchiel and his a men had made their stand. The bodies of the fifteen that had fallen of this little band were grouped as death had taken them. "Some lay with heads sunken on their rifle locks, fighting to the end. Another had <U«4 with bit Angara erawtieg a render of Carleton's Column. charge Into his magazine. What remained of the laager was the litter of shell fire. Tents were torn and burned, wagons splint ered and overturned, food stuffs, dead horses and explosives lay In wrecked pro fusion. There remained no doubt that our shell fire had played upon the position with full effect, and one could only mar vel that the Boers had stood to their guns so long. But as one of the wounded pris oners told me later In the day, there was no room to retreat, the extended rifles of the Manchester regiment overlapping tho reverse of the kopje, sweeping the north ern footpath, while the rain of Bhrapnel destroyed every living thing on the west ern slopes. And the scene at the farm house, at the foot of the ridge on the far aide, bore out this statement. Tt was here that the Boers had brought their horses for cover and carcasses lay piled on every side. The slaughter among the horses must have been almost as heavy as that of the men." How Arnaed Train Was Destroyed. Bennett Burleigh, the Dally Telegraph's war correspondent, supplies a full account of the annihilation of the armored train contingent at Chlveley, when Winston Churchill was captured. The train, It ap pears, with the exception of the engine, tender and two trucks, was badly wrecked by the removal of the fishplates, and the seventy men of the Dublin fusiliers and the.nlnety-flve men of the Durban light In fantry, to say nothing of Ave bluejackets from the Tartar, were thrown out Capt Halfdan, of the Gordon Highland ers, who commanded the party, rallied his bruised and shaken men, and amid a hall of bullets from the Boers, began to clear the line, while others were pouring deadly volleys into the almost unseen Boers, hidden behind the rocks about 1,000 yards off. The bluejackets, bravely com manded by their petty officer, who was the incarnation of coolness, got their sev en-pounder into action. They sent In two, if not three, well Rimed shells at the Boers, several hundred of whom lined the hills. Just then a shot from the enemy's three-pounder hit the small naval seven pounder, knocked gun and carriage onto the veldt, and wounded several of the seamen. But the men were not a whit beaten. Winston Churchill's Gallantry. 1 The Pall Mall Oaxette's correspondent describes Winston Churchill'* conduct on this ocoaslon as follows: "A party of volunteers, consisting prin cipally of plate layers, etc., led by Win ston Churchill, who behaved throughout with heroic courage, succeeded In replac ing the cars on the rails. "Mr. Churchill had previously nsslgfted In carrying In no less than twenty men under a terrible fire. Some Idea of the accuracy of the enemy's fire and of Mr. Churchill's courage may be obtained by narrating the fact that a Boer shell burst In front of Mr. Churchill, killing two men on each side of him. Our wounded men were dotting the veldt on each side. The continued rifle fire and the weird sound of the quick-firing gun added to the horrors of the situation. At last the line was cleared and the engine, with one carriage of the armored train, was en able to return to Freere, leaving Capt. Halfdan and party fiercely engaged. The Boers gave It a passing *alvo of shells, hitting the tender and nearly derailing the train a second time." With the Boer Prisoner*., The Dally Graphic's correspondent, de scribing a visit to the hulk of the Pene lope at Somers bay, where the Boer pris oners are confined, undertaken In the company of Col. Stowe, the United States consul general, writes: "The majority of th# prisoners are sleek, contented and Indifferent. They told me they thought the war would be a picnic; that they would rush Natal be fore the British troops arrived; that En gland would be Involved In foreign com plications, and. that they would be able to dictate terms from Pietermarltsburg. They though to view the Cape peninsula as conquerers, not as prisoners. Col. Schlel steps with difficulty. His wound in the thlgrh Is nearly healed, but ho stm requires the use of a stick." SMALL NEWS FBOM AFRICA The Singlo Cable Congested With Official Reports—Boiler's Loss es Growing Larger. LONDON, Dec. 21, 4:« a. m.—There Is still no definite news regarding the mili tary operations In South Africa. Proba bly this la because the only cable that if now working Is choked with official dispatches. Gen. Butler's casualty list at Colenso, Just published, shows that Ml were killed and 746 wounded. Two hundred and twenty-seven are described as missing, and of these about forty are known to be prisoners in the hands of tho Boers. This makes a total larger than Gen. Butler's original estimate. Ponds for Soldiers' Families. Royal letters, signed by the queen, are being circulated by the archbishops of the various dioceses, authorising a collec tion In the churches throughout England on January 7 in aid of the fund for slek and wounded soldiers and their families. Gifts for the Volaateera. The various city guilds have given an additional £12,000 for the expenses of the Imperial volunteers, besides gifts of horses, ambulances and other parapher nalia. The latest notable vogmteers Include the two nephews of Lord Roberts, Ha]s. Charles and Maxwell Sherston. Their brother was killed at Glencoe. Another Naval Brigade. The admiralty has decided to dispatch another naval brigade of 700 men to South Africa. It is believed that In mobilising the eighth division the war office will have recourse to some extent to the militia. It being deemed inadvlsabl- to denude the home garrisons overmuch of regulars. According to a dispatch from Cape Town there Is a good deal of distress in the Orange Free State owing to a scarcity of grain. Stories of tha Coleaaa Fight. Belated stories from Chiveley camp, Na tal, all concur !a Baying the British did marvels In an Impossible situation. The oldmt war correspondents say they never say Anything comparable with the bravery of the.wien and officers. The heat through out was Intense. There were many stories of special acts of bravery. D«k« of Narlkorosck Voloateers. The Duke of Marlborough, who Is a lieu tenant in the Oxford yeomanry, and who has volunteered for service In South Af rica, will take with him 150 men and horses of his troop. He will personally furnish the equipment for these men. The Other Aristocratic Volaateer*. The Earl of Warwick, Earl of Dudley, Earl of Lonsdale and Viscount Oalway are among the other members of the aris tocracy who have volunteered for service In the campaign against the Botrm. Roberts' Measngre to America. The parting message which Oen. Lord Roberts sent through the Associated Press to the American people Is republished in London today and occupies the foremost place in the afternoon papers here, which characterizes the straight, staple words as eminently soldiery and as having the ring which It is claimed should mark the relations between Anglo-Saxon peoples. Although It arrived too late for the usual editorial comment on Its contents, display headlines show his reference to America's friendliness and Canada's patriotism and his repudiation of the charges of Irish dis loyalty are widely appreciated. The queen has been greatly annoyed by Continued on Page Two. PRICE FIVE CENTS. EKM® No Ceremonies Will Be Hod For Ten Days. HONORS TO HIB MEMORY. War Department Isaaes a Eulogy of the Distinguished Dead. Hcooan<« fa a General Order His Services and Direct* the Flrlag of annate Gaaa at Brerr Poet •«* the Wearlit of ' the tJraal Badvee of Moaralagt-The Coal ■alttee llavlaa la Cka«t the Ralelac of raiti for Hla hatlr Meeta With a General Reapoaao -Repaired taa Will Be Ralaed. MANILA, Dae. 21, E:OB p. m.—Gen. Law ton's body will be removed from his late residence to the cemetery tomorrow. In accordance with Mrs. Lawton's wish there will be no ceremony. The late gen eral's staff and Lieut. Stewart, of the Fourth cavalry, which accompanied Gen. Lawton through the campaign, will com pose the escort. The actual ceremonies '•*« plaoe In about ten. days, when the transport 'saHs, under the direction of Gen. Bchwan and with military honors. The civil organisations. Including the su preme court, will participate. Sen or Cal deron will lead the Filipino contingent In the ceremonies. Mrs. Lawton bears her grief bravely. President McKlnley*s and - Secretary Root's messages to Gen. Otis hava been posted at the palace, where the flags are half-masted. EULOGY OF GEN. LAWTON. General Order Issued Recoaatia* His Brilliant Record aad Hla Many Service*. WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.—The following general order, announcing to the army the death of Gen. Lawton, was issued from the war department today: "War Department, Washington, D. C. tfUji "With deep regret the secretary of w*t announces the death on the field Of bat tie of Henry W. Lawton, major general of volunteers and colonel and Inspector general of the regular army. "On the 18th of April, 1861, three days after President Lincoln's first call for volunteers In the war for the Union, at the age of 18. he enlisted as a. private in t,.e Ninth Indiana volunteers. He serv ed with his regiment In the field, in tha army of the Tonneesee. throughout tha war. and at Its close was mustered out at the age of 22 as lieutenant colonel, aft er being breveted colonel for gallant and meritorious service and awarded a med al of honor for distinguished gallantry. He was commissioned second lieutenant In the regular army on the «th of July, IMS, an<\ served In the Infantry until IMB, and then In the cavalry until UM, and thereafter as Inspector general until the commencement of the war with Spain, He was repeatedly commended In general orders for vigilance and seal, rapidity and persistence of pursuit, 'for great skill, perseverance and gallantry In'serv ice on the frontier against hostile In dlans.' "Upon the declaration of war with Spain he was made brigadier general, and on tha Bth of July following, major general o< volunteers. Hla nomination for brlgaider general of the regular army was determin ed upon and was ready to be sent to tha senate upon the day of his death. He commanded the second division of tha Fifth army corps In the Cuban campaign, ren dering distinguished services in the batthig before Santiago, and subsequently com manded the department of Santiago and Fourth array corps. On the 18th of March, 1899, he assumed command of the first di vision of the Eighth array corps in tha Philippine Wands, and remained In com mand of this division In practically con tinuous and most eventful service In tha field until he fell on the 18th of Decem ber, 1899, pierced by an Insurgent bullet, while leading his troops near San Mateo, on the island of I.uzon. The swift and resistless movement of his column up tha Rio Grande and across the northern bound ary of the plain of central Luxon, which had Just been completed, was the chief factor in the destruction of the insurgent powei 1 ; and was the crowning achievement of his arduous life. He fell In the fullness of his powers. In the Joy of conflict, In the consciousness of assured victory. Ha leaves to his comrades and his country tho memory and example of dauntless courage, of unsparing devotion to duty, of manly Character and of high qualities of com mand, which inspired hip troops with hl« own indomitable spirit. "The flag will be placed at half staff and thirteen minute guns will be fired at every military poet and station on the data after the receipt of this order and tha usual badges of mourning will b« worn for thirty days. "RLIHU ROOT, Secy, of War. "By Command of Major General Miles. "H. C. CORBIN Adjutant General." FUNDS FOB HIS FAMILY. Prompt and Liberal HeipnMfi to the Appeal Made bjr the Wa»|i" las ton Coaalllfe. gppclal Dispatch to the Po*t-Intclllgencer. WASHINGTON, Doc. 21.—Adjt. Oeo- Corbln, the head of the committee Charged with the collection of funds for the family of the lata Geo. Lawtao. It In receipt of expressions of ayjtypaUay and of wrlUingneos to co-operate from all quarter* of the country. Stole ot thMW are accompanied by contribution* at money, and there is a promt** of i ienermi* response to the contMittteo'a appeal imued yesterday. 5 Gen. Ctortw^