flEi .XXXVII. NO. 88.
F CHRISTMAS SWEEI9.
| pies, 3 packages for 20 oents.
I jjjUß AM J4RS—The best quality obtainable In following' fla
t Currant, Peach, Pear, Aprioot, Blackberry, Plum,
Ijl* s Grape, Gooseberry, Strawberry, Raspberry aAd Pineapple.
> per can, 20 cents.
JUliKYlf—Made from pure fruit and pure fiuirar in tallowing
flavors: Strawberry, Pear, Apricot, Nectarine and Sweet
fi*. Per jar, 35 cents. Cherry and Pineapple, per jar, 40
' IIHIPVWM, RMiardsea 8 ReNMn'-Per can, so, 60 and 76
i oents. •
mm LAVES KAIBIPIS—Large, luscious fruit, per pound, 12
fIJLm iAISWS—Fxtra artre size, per pound, 10 oents.
SfMßli WAIIWn-Per pound, 16 cents.
Sma LEMR OR ORAIWC PHI-Per pound, 12 oents. ,
Store Open (MM Mae eXtocfc Tonight.
i A V Aitw io * " 4 *°* AV.WW.
( AAnPr Jv I PV V ■•«*»» thi« •>« Washington st.
yVUVtI U LV T If T*l*flwu Mltl IRS.
jyFW^WW*»nTtn'«n'fn , tn'fn , g'rt Tt '«n'r'V«'rr«' n '«TV l « T i"jir« T rr
VML ' WtWIMiM
® A SAFETY RAZOR.
Slides Over Wrinkles and Dimples Alike
f7 save me. We have them in eleffant
«awu DiTIMTJI cases with sets of . blades
, SATE PAHHIUm and automatic strop, Jußt
H// SAYC6ASIIES ' what y° urM#n<lwantß -
Stewart & Holmes Drug Co.
First iW., Foot of Cherry St..
L... As we are direct Importers, and having secured our start early
R In the year, we are offering Diamonds at remarkably low&ricefc.
A complete stock In Solitaire and Cluster Rings, Brooches,
i pendant*. Lockets and Scarf Pins.
> » The newest designs in Diamond-Mounted Studs, Link Buttons,
i Match Boxes and Watcb Cases.
' Have always teen a special feature of our business, and this sea-
I son we have surpassed our former efforts in our endeavor to
; Moure the latest and newest styles in cases,
is A careful inspection will convince the shrewd buyer that our
j prises are most reasonable.
« Our stock of Jewelry, Silverware, Novelties, Clocks, Pens,
> Canes and Umbrellas is complete and all at popular prices.
•ur attractive holiday display awaits your Inspection. We are
I glad to welcome visitors and pleased to show our goods.
[ FRISCH BROTHERS
| MANUFACTURING JEWELERS AND WATCHMAKERS,
| 780 First Avenue. —Seattle
"PIPE FITTINGTAND VALVES* '
SAW MILL, SHINGLE MILL AND
WJGET SOUND MACHINERY DEPOT
Corntr Washington Street and Railroad Avenue.
XRUS SPECTACLES and EYEGLASSES
Chas. G. Holcomb, Optician,
216-818 Burke Building.
fHtnuine Porh "Br-10( it.
PS WAGONER, D. D. S., Painless Dentist.
Best teeth *7 Oi 22-JC. Gold Crowns...ss AO
Silver fillings 50 up Gold fillings 1 BO up
„ a five years' guarantee with alt work.
Ifflces 15-16-17 Haller Building. Telephone Main 469
Gold Spectacles and Opera Glasses
ta°the ll clty ay * )re * ems ' A"' largest stock and lowest price*
H Clur ton#, Hnt An* fctttfc W«h.
SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1899.-FOURTEEN PAGES.
II MUD K
Hearing on Before Interstate
RAILROAD 81DE OF IT.
Chairman Gill, of the Classification
Committee, on the Stand.
Hts Coitntloa lo That Increairrl
Cost o* Railroad Operation and
Equipment Heceultattd the Pro*
posed Advance In Ratca, bat H«
Declined on KUamlnntlon to Oo
Into Detailed Figures—lt Devel
ops That tho Proposed Rates
Are the Highest Known HI nee
tho Establishment oI CommUilon
WASHINGTON, Dec. H.-A hearing
was begun today by the Intemtate com
merce commission in the matter of
change* In freight classification and ad
vances in freight rates by carriers using
Many complaints have been filed with
the commission alleging that discriminat
ing changes In freight classification have
been agreed upon, to take effect on Jan
uary X, 1900. To determine this question
the hearing of today was held. Many of
the most prominent railway officials of
the Eastern part of the country attend
ed the hearing, and representatives of
large shipping Interests of the same sec
tion were also present.
9sllnM< Side Presented.
At the opening of the hearing Mr. C. E.
QUI, of New York, chairman of the "offi
cial classtncatlon committee," said the
railroads were without knowledge of the
persons who had requested the hearing,
and asked that they be called upon to
state wherein the proposed changes wera
unjust. Mr. Gill maintained that the pro
posed advances in freight rates were due
to (he Increased cost of railroad plants
and maintenance, and the advances had
been applied to classes of freight that
could well pay them.
Mr. (Mil's contention that the shippers
be first interrogated was overruled, and
he himself was put on the stand.
Advanced Hates Necessary.
He said that all protests would be con
sidered by the classification committee,
but the committee was satisfied the pro
posed advances were necessary on ac
count of Increased cost of railway opera
tions. He intimated that for the Hame
reason still further advances probably
would have to be made. Upon many arti
cles Mr. QUI maintained that existing
rates of freight were unjustifiably low.
Bto Reasons Given.
In the course of a long examination by
Mr. W. A. Day, attorney for the com
mittee, Mr. QUI gave no reasons for the
proposed advances upon special articles
or classes of freight, except the general
reasons which applied to all freight, lie
maintained that the proposed new classifi
cations, generally speaking, were restora
tions of freight rates which prevailed In
times past when commercial and trade
conditions were similar to what they are
now. His replies to a long series of ques
tions Indicated that his own belief and
that of his colleagues on the classifica
tion committee was that the recent mark
ed advance In the price of railway equip
ment and opertmons—in steel rails and
all formß of steel and Iron, etc.—rendered
It necessary for the railroads In a degree
proportionately to advance freight rates.
He said freight rates had been on a grad
ual descending scale for twenty years,
but he was unable to say whether the
proposed new rates would be higher or
lower than the rates wiilch prevailed in
Higher Than for Years Past.
In a statement to the commission At
torney Day salii a comparison of the pro
posed rates on certain specific articles
showed that the new rates would be high
er than ever had existed since the com
mission was created.
Judge C. A. Prouty, a member of the
commission, instituted a line of Inquiry,
the questions and answers indicating: that
In 1887 ,the railroads paid more for steel
rails and other articles of equipment than
they had to pay now.
In view of these facts, he desired to
know why the classification committee
deemed It necessary to Increase the rales.
Mr. Gill replied, as he had previously done,
that in the rates on articles which had ad
vanced. they could well stand them, and
the railroads needed the additional revenue
which the advances would give them. He
Indicated by his answers that the present
prices of articles and the prices In 1887
had little. If anything, to do with the ac
tion of the committee, except in a
general way. The committee felt the ar
ticles on which Increases had been made
could afford to pay them. While protests
against the proposed rates had been re
ceived from shippers, the shippers had not
been afforded an opporlunlty to be heard
by the committee, as It was not the prac
tice of the commlttse to accord such hear
As chairman he heard the protests, and
communicated their substance to the com
mittee. Protests against the proposed class
ification had not been considered by the
committee, and would not be until after
the classification had gone Into effect.
The committee then took a vecess until 2
Hopes for a Compromise.
At the opening of the afternoon session
Mr. William Oorwine, representing the
Merchants' Association, of New York, sug
gested that If a postponement of tho hear
« Pw Tn«>
MAIL STORES Of ME EARLY BATTIfS COMt TO BAND.
Wild Panic Precipitated by Male Stampede Caused the Final Sur-
Graphic Description of the Terrible Slaughter at Elands La arte, Owing to Accnrate Fire of
British Artillery—How the Armored Train From Estconrt
> Was Ambushed and Lost.
(Correspondence of the Associated Press.)
LONDON, Dec. IJ.—Letters from Brit
ish officers and 'soldiers lighting Ift the
Transvaal, and lengthy descriptions from
war correspondents that Alter Into print
through the malls, teem with thrilling
and pathetla incidents.
How an OMcer's Life Was Saved.
Writing to his mother, a young officer
of tho Manchester*, wounded In one of
the first engagements, relates that while
he lay at night on the hillside expecting
to die, bleeding from a wound In his thigh
and shivering with the cold, there stum
bled over him a "Tommy of my company
named Rogers." Thtt "Tommy" aulckly
whipped off his own overcoat, placed It
around tho boy officer, and lying down
put his arm around him and for the rest
of that long night kept him "beautifully
Stampede at RlekoUu'a Hek.
The Times correspondent gives a graphic
account and explanation of the British dis
aster at Nicholson's nek, where Oarleton's
column, consisting of six companies of the
Royal Irish fusiliers, four and a half com
panies of the Gloucestershire regiment, and
No. 1# mounted battery\ surrendered. .
Bowlder Starts the Males.
"Two hours before daybreak," says this
correspondent, "while the column was In
an Inclosed country, either a shot was tired
or a bowlder rolled Into the battery. The*
mules stampeded and easily broke away
from their half asleep drivers. They came
back to the Gloucestershire regiment, the
advance party of which fired Into the mass,
believing. In the darkness, It was an at
tack. This added to the chaos, the ranks
were broken by the frensled animals, and
they dashed through the ranks of the real
guard, carrying the first and second re
serve animals with them.
A Hopeless Panic.
"It became a hopeless panic. The ani
mals, wild with the shouting and the tur
moil, tore down the nullah Into the dark
ness, and the last that was heard of them
was the sound of ammunition boxes and
panlers as they were splintered against
bowlders. The hubbub of these few mo
ments was sufficient to have alarmed the
Sorry Position Chaae*.
"By a strenuour effort the officer* suc
ceeded In getting the men again under
control, and when daylight came they
selied the first position which presented
Itself, and which was about two miles
south of the original goal. They were
forced to take advantage of the first kopje,
as Boer scouts were all around them, and
the day was ushered In with desultory fir
ing. It was a sorry position which they
had chosen, and the men were In a sorry
plight. All the reserve ammunition was
gone, and though they had saved piece*
of the screw gun, they were not able with
these pieces to patch up a single mount
Force t'nder Cross-Fire.
"From earliest daybreak Boer scout*
were reconnolterlng and about 8 o'clock
mounted Boers could be seen galloping in
small group* t» the rear of the hill west.
Strong parties of mounted men took posi
tions on the far side of the two hills, com
manding the kopje from them. About •
o'clock these two parties had crowned the
hills and opened a heavy Are at »hort
range right down upon the plateau. Our
men made a plucky attempt to return this
fire but it was impossible. They were un
der a cross-fire from two directions, flank
and rear. The two companies of Glouces
tershlres holding the self-contained ridge,
were driven from their shelter and as they
emerged in the open on the low plateau,
were terribly mauled, the men falling In
groups. The Boers on the west had not
yet declared themselves, but about 200
marksmen climbed to the position which
the two companies of the Oloucestershlres
had just vacated. These men absolutely
raked the plateau and it was then that
the men were ordered to take cover on the
steep reverse of the kopje. A* soon as the
enemy realized this move, the men on the
western hill teemed on to the summit and
opened upon our men as they lay on the
slope. They were absolutely hemmed in,
and what commenced as a skirmish,
seemed to have become a butchery. The
grim order was passed around to fix your
bayonets and die like men.
Laid Down Their Arm*.
"There was a clatter of steel, then a
moment of suspense, and then the 'Cease
firing* sounded. Again and again it sound
ed, but the Irish fusiliers were loath to ac
cept the call and continued firing for many
minutes, then it was unconditional surren
der, and the men laid down their arms."
Horrors of Elands Ua«(e.
Th'e correspondent at I,adysmlth of the
same paper, describing the battlefield of
Inlands laagte, realistically detail® the hor
rors of war. He writes:
"The battlefield as It stood on the Sun
day contained sufficient proof of the sever
ity of the fire. The wounded had been
removed by daylight but the burial par
ties had not arrived to perform the last
duties to the dead. The men lay there
as they had fallen, a sad, pathetic trlbuts
to the courage of the British soldier. We
followed this tragic trail Hlgmanders,
Manchester and mounted volunteers lay
Indiscriminately grouped. Then solitary
figures under the stones showed how little
the cover had availed them. There were
places where wire fence* had Impeded
the advance. Here the carnage had
been great and one brave fellow stooped
In death, cut off as he strove to wrench a
post trom its foundations. In the sky line
of the battlefield lay the dead thickest,
there being the main spot where the attack
had been checked, but the white flag was
already there, and strings of coolies were
digging the trench which so often la the
soldier's resting place. •
Where Schlel Waa Captured.
"We rode back lo the Boer position, the
little kopje upon which Hchiel and his a
men had made their stand. The bodies
of the fifteen that had fallen of this little
band were grouped as death had taken
"Some lay with heads sunken on their
rifle locks, fighting to the end. Another
had <U«4 with bit Angara erawtieg a
render of Carleton's Column.
charge Into his magazine. What remained
of the laager was the litter of shell fire.
Tents were torn and burned, wagons splint
ered and overturned, food stuffs, dead
horses and explosives lay In wrecked pro
fusion. There remained no doubt that our
shell fire had played upon the position
with full effect, and one could only mar
vel that the Boers had stood to their guns
so long. But as one of the wounded pris
oners told me later In the day, there was
no room to retreat, the extended rifles of
the Manchester regiment overlapping tho
reverse of the kopje, sweeping the north
ern footpath, while the rain of Bhrapnel
destroyed every living thing on the west
ern slopes. And the scene at the farm
house, at the foot of the ridge on the far
aide, bore out this statement. Tt was here
that the Boers had brought their horses
for cover and carcasses lay piled on every
side. The slaughter among the horses
must have been almost as heavy as that of
How Arnaed Train Was Destroyed.
Bennett Burleigh, the Dally Telegraph's
war correspondent, supplies a full account
of the annihilation of the armored train
contingent at Chlveley, when Winston
Churchill was captured. The train, It ap
pears, with the exception of the engine,
tender and two trucks, was badly wrecked
by the removal of the fishplates, and the
seventy men of the Dublin fusiliers and
the.nlnety-flve men of the Durban light In
fantry, to say nothing of Ave bluejackets
from the Tartar, were thrown out
Capt Halfdan, of the Gordon Highland
ers, who commanded the party, rallied
his bruised and shaken men, and amid a
hall of bullets from the Boers, began to
clear the line, while others were pouring
deadly volleys into the almost unseen
Boers, hidden behind the rocks about 1,000
yards off. The bluejackets, bravely com
manded by their petty officer, who was
the incarnation of coolness, got their sev
en-pounder into action. They sent In two,
if not three, well Rimed shells at the
Boers, several hundred of whom lined the
hills. Just then a shot from the enemy's
three-pounder hit the small naval seven
pounder, knocked gun and carriage onto
the veldt, and wounded several of the
seamen. But the men were not a whit
Winston Churchill's Gallantry. 1
The Pall Mall Oaxette's correspondent
describes Winston Churchill'* conduct on
this ocoaslon as follows:
"A party of volunteers, consisting prin
cipally of plate layers, etc., led by Win
ston Churchill, who behaved throughout
with heroic courage, succeeded In replac
ing the cars on the rails.
"Mr. Churchill had previously nsslgfted
In carrying In no less than twenty men
under a terrible fire. Some Idea of the
accuracy of the enemy's fire and of Mr.
Churchill's courage may be obtained by
narrating the fact that a Boer shell burst
In front of Mr. Churchill, killing two men
on each side of him. Our wounded men
were dotting the veldt on each side.
The continued rifle fire and the weird
sound of the quick-firing gun added to
the horrors of the situation. At last the
line was cleared and the engine, with one
carriage of the armored train, was en
able to return to Freere, leaving Capt.
Halfdan and party fiercely engaged. The
Boers gave It a passing *alvo of shells,
hitting the tender and nearly derailing the
train a second time."
With the Boer Prisoner*.,
The Dally Graphic's correspondent, de
scribing a visit to the hulk of the Pene
lope at Somers bay, where the Boer pris
oners are confined, undertaken In the
company of Col. Stowe, the United States
consul general, writes:
"The majority of th# prisoners are
sleek, contented and Indifferent. They
told me they thought the war would be
a picnic; that they would rush Natal be
fore the British troops arrived; that En
gland would be Involved In foreign com
plications, and. that they would be able
to dictate terms from Pietermarltsburg.
They though to view the Cape peninsula
as conquerers, not as prisoners. Col.
Schlel steps with difficulty. His wound in
the thlgrh Is nearly healed, but ho stm
requires the use of a stick."
SMALL NEWS FBOM AFRICA
The Singlo Cable Congested With
Official Reports—Boiler's Loss
es Growing Larger.
LONDON, Dec. 21, 4:« a. m.—There Is
still no definite news regarding the mili
tary operations In South Africa. Proba
bly this la because the only cable that
if now working Is choked with official
Gen. Butler's casualty list at Colenso,
Just published, shows that Ml were killed
and 746 wounded. Two hundred and
twenty-seven are described as missing,
and of these about forty are known to
be prisoners in the hands of tho Boers.
This makes a total larger than Gen.
Butler's original estimate.
Ponds for Soldiers' Families.
Royal letters, signed by the queen, are
being circulated by the archbishops of
the various dioceses, authorising a collec
tion In the churches throughout England
on January 7 in aid of the fund for slek
and wounded soldiers and their families.
Gifts for the Volaateera.
The various city guilds have given
an additional £12,000 for the expenses of
the Imperial volunteers, besides gifts of
horses, ambulances and other parapher
The latest notable vogmteers Include
the two nephews of Lord Roberts, Ha]s.
Charles and Maxwell Sherston. Their
brother was killed at Glencoe.
Another Naval Brigade.
The admiralty has decided to dispatch
another naval brigade of 700 men to South
It is believed that In mobilising the
eighth division the war office will have
recourse to some extent to the militia.
It being deemed inadvlsabl- to denude
the home garrisons overmuch of regulars.
According to a dispatch from Cape
Town there Is a good deal of distress in
the Orange Free State owing to a scarcity
Stories of tha Coleaaa Fight.
Belated stories from Chiveley camp, Na
tal, all concur !a Baying the British did
marvels In an Impossible situation. The
oldmt war correspondents say they never
say Anything comparable with the bravery
of the.wien and officers. The heat through
out was Intense. There were many stories
of special acts of bravery.
D«k« of Narlkorosck Voloateers.
The Duke of Marlborough, who Is a lieu
tenant in the Oxford yeomanry, and who
has volunteered for service In South Af
rica, will take with him 150 men and horses
of his troop. He will personally furnish
the equipment for these men.
The Other Aristocratic Volaateer*.
The Earl of Warwick, Earl of Dudley,
Earl of Lonsdale and Viscount Oalway
are among the other members of the aris
tocracy who have volunteered for service
In the campaign against the Botrm.
Roberts' Measngre to America.
The parting message which Oen. Lord
Roberts sent through the Associated Press
to the American people Is republished in
London today and occupies the foremost
place in the afternoon papers here, which
characterizes the straight, staple words
as eminently soldiery and as having the
ring which It is claimed should mark the
relations between Anglo-Saxon peoples.
Although It arrived too late for the usual
editorial comment on Its contents, display
headlines show his reference to America's
friendliness and Canada's patriotism and
his repudiation of the charges of Irish dis
loyalty are widely appreciated.
The queen has been greatly annoyed by
Continued on Page Two.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
No Ceremonies Will Be Hod
For Ten Days.
HONORS TO HIB MEMORY.
War Department Isaaes a Eulogy
of the Distinguished Dead.
Hcooan<« fa a General Order His
Services and Direct* the Flrlag
of annate Gaaa at Brerr Poet
•«* the Wearlit of ' the tJraal
Badvee of Moaralagt-The Coal
■alttee llavlaa la Cka«t the
Ralelac of raiti for Hla hatlr
Meeta With a General Reapoaao
-Repaired taa Will Be Ralaed.
MANILA, Dae. 21, E:OB p. m.—Gen. Law
ton's body will be removed from his late
residence to the cemetery tomorrow. In
accordance with Mrs. Lawton's wish
there will be no ceremony. The late gen
eral's staff and Lieut. Stewart, of the
Fourth cavalry, which accompanied Gen.
Lawton through the campaign, will com
pose the escort. The actual ceremonies
'•*« plaoe In about ten. days, when
the transport 'saHs, under the direction of
Gen. Bchwan and with military honors.
The civil organisations. Including the su
preme court, will participate. Sen or Cal
deron will lead the Filipino contingent
In the ceremonies.
Mrs. Lawton bears her grief bravely.
President McKlnley*s and - Secretary
Root's messages to Gen. Otis hava been
posted at the palace, where the flags are
EULOGY OF GEN. LAWTON.
General Order Issued Recoaatia*
His Brilliant Record aad
Hla Many Service*.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.—The following
general order, announcing to the army
the death of Gen. Lawton, was issued
from the war department today:
"War Department, Washington, D. C.
"With deep regret the secretary of w*t
announces the death on the field Of bat
tie of Henry W. Lawton, major general
of volunteers and colonel and Inspector
general of the regular army.
"On the 18th of April, 1861, three days
after President Lincoln's first call for
volunteers In the war for the Union, at
the age of 18. he enlisted as a. private in
t,.e Ninth Indiana volunteers. He serv
ed with his regiment In the field, in tha
army of the Tonneesee. throughout tha
war. and at Its close was mustered out
at the age of 22 as lieutenant colonel, aft
er being breveted colonel for gallant and
meritorious service and awarded a med
al of honor for distinguished gallantry.
He was commissioned second lieutenant
In the regular army on the «th of July,
IMS, an<\ served In the Infantry until IMB,
and then In the cavalry until UM, and
thereafter as Inspector general until the
commencement of the war with Spain,
He was repeatedly commended In general
orders for vigilance and seal, rapidity
and persistence of pursuit, 'for great
skill, perseverance and gallantry In'serv
ice on the frontier against hostile In
"Upon the declaration of war with Spain
he was made brigadier general, and on tha
Bth of July following, major general o<
volunteers. Hla nomination for brlgaider
general of the regular army was determin
ed upon and was ready to be sent to tha
senate upon the day of his death. He
commanded the second division of tha Fifth
army corps In the Cuban campaign, ren
dering distinguished services in the batthig
before Santiago, and subsequently com
manded the department of Santiago and
Fourth array corps. On the 18th of March,
1899, he assumed command of the first di
vision of the Eighth array corps in tha
Philippine Wands, and remained In com
mand of this division In practically con
tinuous and most eventful service In tha
field until he fell on the 18th of Decem
ber, 1899, pierced by an Insurgent bullet,
while leading his troops near San Mateo,
on the island of I.uzon. The swift and
resistless movement of his column up tha
Rio Grande and across the northern bound
ary of the plain of central Luxon, which
had Just been completed, was the chief
factor in the destruction of the insurgent
powei 1 ; and was the crowning achievement
of his arduous life. He fell In the fullness
of his powers. In the Joy of conflict, In the
consciousness of assured victory. Ha
leaves to his comrades and his country tho
memory and example of dauntless courage,
of unsparing devotion to duty, of manly
Character and of high qualities of com
mand, which inspired hip troops with hl«
own indomitable spirit.
"The flag will be placed at half staff
and thirteen minute guns will be fired at
every military poet and station on the data
after the receipt of this order and tha
usual badges of mourning will b« worn for
"RLIHU ROOT, Secy, of War.
"By Command of Major General Miles.
"H. C. CORBIN Adjutant General."
FUNDS FOB HIS FAMILY.
Prompt and Liberal HeipnMfi to
the Appeal Made bjr the Wa»|i"
las ton Coaalllfe.
gppclal Dispatch to the Po*t-Intclllgencer.
WASHINGTON, Doc. 21.—Adjt. Oeo-
Corbln, the head of the committee
Charged with the collection of funds for
the family of the lata Geo. Lawtao. It
In receipt of expressions of ayjtypaUay
and of wrlUingneos to co-operate from all
quarter* of the country. Stole ot thMW
are accompanied by contribution* at
money, and there is a promt**
of i ienermi* response to the contMittteo'a
appeal imued yesterday. 5
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