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The Seattle post-intelligencer. [volume] (Seattle, Wash. Terr. [Wash.]) 1888-1914, February 20, 1900, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045604/1900-02-20/ed-2/seq-2/

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« Cale of the Great Polar Placers* *
crowds of "rocker men," as they are
termed, by common consent worked from
day to day within the limit? of a few feet.
Meanwhile they had been arretted en
manic, several hundred* of them, by rapt.
Walker's Regulars. under the pretext that
they were hindering navigation and ob
structing commerce. The transportation
companies are said 10 have been the com
plainants, though the "rocker men"
charge conspiracy with the intent of ex
* hiding them from the beach diggings.
Neither the army nor transportation p<"-
ple couid pen or provide for the several
hundred men who had suffered arrest,
without resistance, and subsequent events
do not seem to prove that the 2,' WO gold
diggers on the beach were any serious
hindrance to commerce.
Twenty-Acre Locators.
The "rocker men" were thus left in the
position of citizens without title, mining
the tide lands and the edge of the reserve
strip They claimed nothing more than
the few feet of ground on which they
labored each day Another class locate!
twenty-acre claims along the beach for
miles, from what they decided to be the
line of ordinary high tide, across the
sixty-foot reserve and Into the tundra.
Many of these locators, acting under le
gal advice In what they had done, mined
under the existing condition throughout
the season, with the determination to car
ry their case to the national capital.
In laying their base of operation! the
twenty-aere men held that the fair weath
er high tide line was the limitation of the
tide land reserve, and that the sixty-foot
reserve amendment to the homestead act
did not Inhibit them from mining the
ground or asserting mineral title to It.
The interior department has already sus
tained them in so far as the sixty-foot
strip fs concerned. The other contention
as to the line of ordinary high tide Is not
■o easily disposed of. In the first place,
l. e supreme- court of the United States
has decided that ordinary high tide Is that
beach line where marine or land vegeta
tion ceases. Under this decision, the line
of ordinary high tide would be at the me
ander of the tundra edge, and not the fair
weather high tide of the Arctic coast.
It would be difficult to conceive a more
perplexing dilemma. It has been out of
the jurisdiction of the government to de
termine ordinary high tide lines, as such
a survey presupposes the establishment of
a basis for titles to lands which the gov
ernment has alienated. If the government
establishes the average fair weather high
tide line at Nome as the mean from which
the upland shall be surveyed, the question
as to why the learned decision of the su
preme court was disregarded will lead to
litigation The supreme court, In other
Words, will be called upon to reverse itself.
If the line of tundra vegetation Is estab
lished as the ordinary high tide line, the
supreme court will be appealed to for a
re venial on the ground that the tidal con
ditions of the Arctic circle differ greatly
from those of the latitudes for which tide
land vegetation was devised and court de
cisions rendered.
It h m Great Problem.
Tt Is doubtful whether human Ingenutty
ran frame any law respecting the disposal
of titles to lend abutting on Cape Noma
tide lands that tovM tlOl hftVl to bg in
terpreted by the supreme court, while the
large mining estate at issue might t>o
looked against labor indefinitely. For
these reasons, th« action of congress re
spiting mining on the Cape Nome beach
Is awaited with the profound**! concern
by every one Interested In the new gold
fields, and especially by sharpers In tldo
land lore. Some remedy for the situa
tion must Inhere In congress, and doubt
less It will be provided as the result of
compromises between trsdltlon and neces
sity in timt* to benefit the crowds who will
start north at the earliest moment prac
ticable to prospect the beach around to the
Arctic ocean.
I BtaOUDtD HISTORY. |
WIIO discovered Nome? Only
a year and a half h is gono
alius the riches of this now
fit mount district wore lap
ped. and yet the name ot
the discoverer, when m« did
It and how it happened, art as little au
thentically known aa who be wua, when
he did it and how It happened In the case
of the discovery of America. tradition
underlies ul| the chief facta of the hls
history of this remarkable lo« alltv. and
definite and undisputed knowledge of it
will probably nevei tie obtained N >
fewar than a dosen explorers of th, north
claim the proud di*tinctlon of hating N en
the men who unearthed the first shove
ful of rich dirt and pl» ked up the flrn;
nugget, and the same may km.| of the
Noma bea» h< toa»<h Ins dWcoverem
without number, and ♦•»*. h «u-. »\er\
bolstered up by the testimony of "re
liable" witnesses that would seem to
stamp the particular claimant as the only
discoverer
Ordlnartly It w-mid matter v little
who dls o-ered th»« ■ >i > >■< thf t nit -
try, but In this partn ular Instan e, like
the 4!«< overer of Americ.t win) rtrst lean
el that the world w;i< round u>d moved
ground the sun. there seems to l>e a con
tention baaed <>n *,« me «;i<kno* retuto
and reward for It that .»■ e\>r\i>. iv
who happened t«» in i ar Nome .i >out
th* tlmo of the discovery to claim, with
ihe soberest and meat strenuous insist
ence, that he was the man who did it.
Verbal and written controversy of greater
or lesser warmth has accordingly been
Instituted, and the unconcerned listener
and reader Is atlll as much In the dark as
If Nome never was found.
Story of Linderberg.
Jafet T,lnderberg Is one who. claims that
he was the man, and has been Interviewed
and written himself about It. until In the
minds of many he has established an in
disputable claim to tho distinction. In
one of his recent communications IJnder
berg soliloquizes thus:
'Late In the summer of i«w mv part
ners, Mr. Bryntesen and Mr. Jslndblom,
and myself left Oolovln bay and started
to do some prospecting. Hitherto we had
had very poor luck In our mining ad
ventures, so we proceeded without any
very definite idea as to our destination.
We had not the slightest Inkling that there
was gold to t»e found in and about Cape
Nome. • • • it was on the 16th of Sep
tember, INJW, that we panned out our tlrst
gold dust on Anvil creek The first pan
produced ffl. Sizing up the situation at
a glance we saw that we had made a.
strike indeed. After a hurried consulta
tion w#> decided to return to Oolovln bay
with all haste, stock ourselves out with
provisions. g*t two other men. and form
a district In the new region. We lost no
time in our return trip to Oolovln bay,
where we were Joined by Dr. Kcitelsen
and O. W. Price. Having the requisite
number to form a district we left imme
diately for Cape where a district
WHS formed and claims were staked off.
"When we came to Oolovln bay directly
after our discovery the new a of . ur good
fuck proved too good to keep. * • • Our
description of the Cape Nome territory
and Its auriferous possibilities was ade
quate enough to fire hundreds with th**
desire to drop everything and go • • •
Claims were staked out every whore re
gardless In a very short time the whole
place had been appropriated, and the bar
ren waste which we three had seen on
the 16th of September was ©hanged into
a fairly civilised community. We were
absolutely ignoiant of the gold-bearing
quality of the sand on the beach. We
weie content to confine our operations to
the rich creeks which abounded there.
We arrived at Cape Nome the second time
October
It Is noticeable that lenderberg in the
foregoing account does not claim the dis
tinction himself of having discovered the
riches of the Cape, but leaves the reader
to guess who it was of ihe three that
panned out the tlrst shovelful.
Wh*t Brostrcm S,ay*.
"History" records another claim which.
In the words of Ivan Broatrom, one of th*
early Nome operators, is given as follow.
rredlt - f the discovery of gold Iu
t*»e Nome mining district belongs to i
Swede by the nsme of K O. Llndblom. In
the spring of lfc* Mr Undblom left San
Francisco as one of the crew of the whaler
.Masks Mfe on board this vessel was
most dlssgrt cable to him. and wh»n the
bark anchored *f Port Clsrence to tske <»n
IN'IU I a new supply of fresh water Mr.
I.tndbtom grasped the opportunity to leave
the ship. Without anything to eat. and
with only the «to the* tie had « n his tat* k.
he struck out among those barren mount
ains In search of <tn Indian camp
"!<ate on the evening of the «econd iay
THE SEATTLE POST-INTELLIGENCER. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1900.
ho met a party of white men belonging to
the schooner Falkenburg, camping close to
the mouth of a river emptying into Bering
strait In the neighborhood of Port Clar
ence. These men h«fl been up the river
prospecting at lhat time, and were on their
return to the schooner. Heing short of pro
visions themselves, liindblom had to he
contented with a piece of stale bread and
some dried iish which he obtained from
them, nnd continued his way back to Port
Clarence. From a prospector there he so*
cured some provisions and stiLLied out
anew in the hope of reaching the trading
station at fW>loWn bay, by way of the head
waters of Fish river. He walked up the
river some thirty miles, when he met a
party of twenty natives going down stream
Jn their big canoe. From the chief, Poma
shaOk. Lindblom was .tllotfed to go with
them to Oolovln bay. The next day the
Indians killed a walrus, and landed in the
evening at the mouth of Slnook river,
where they went fishing for a few days.
"During this time Lindblom amused him
self by trying to find out if there was gold
on the river banks. The only Implement at
his dlapoeal consisted of a small frying pan
used by the natives for cooking purposes.
With this crude and greasy miner's too'. he
succeeded In finding some good colors,
thereby establishing, to his own satisfac
tion. the fact that gold was there, mis
was the 11th of July, 119 ft. The next day
the Indians left Rlnook river and sailed
along the coast to the mouth of Snake riv
er. While stopping a few days fishing at
this place. Llndblom again tried his former
experiment with the frying pan, and found
on the banks of Snake river some good
colors.
WAnted to Kno*w SMinxnq.
"Tho 19th of July the party arrived at
the tradln« station at Golovin hay. where
Llndblom told the trader. Mr. Dexter, and
Missionary Rultberg. about hit* t-xpsrlenee
and the location of gold. Not being a prac
tical miner himself at that time, and tiger
to obtain some knowledge concerning proa
pectlnx and mining in general. Idndblom
went tip Fish river to secure work. (lold
had previously been found there. He
worked at the*** mine* until the Bth of Sep
tember. when he came down Kl«h river to
th» trading station. During his absence,
Missionary Hultberg. with a party of Ave
men. had been over to Snake river pr >*-
pectlng. but pronounced Lindblom'x gold
discovery a fake, and the men thema»lves
admitted that they had been on a w!ld
gooae chase.
"tJndhtom. however, knew there w.«s
gold at Snake river, and induced two
Swede*. Hrvntf-en and I.in*)erhcrg. to *ro
with him on n prospe. ting inur. They left
Oolovln bay the llth of September, arriv
ing at Snjike river the 15th. On the tKth
they found soaie coarse gold on what today
is known a* 'he diaovary claim on Anvil
reek On Snow gulch they panned fKit
some J3O. The discovery of gold was an
Miabliiihed fact. and the prospector* staked
out < talma and returned to Oolovln bay the
bih of October.
"In order to organise H mining district
the prospector# told their experience »o a
fen selected one*, and as a comnqiience of
this information A party of seven men. con
slstlng of [JndMont. Hrynteaen, IJnier
berg. Kltfelaen. Price, Tomsnsea and
Adams, with ample tools and provisions,
left In the mission schooner on the 12th of
October, arriving ai Snake river the lith
They went Into camp on No. 6. Anvil creek,
and there organized the Nome mining dis
trict. with Dr. Klttelsen as recorder On
No. 8 and on Snow gulch the party washi d
out Si.HOO In four days.
"After having built a storehouse and
staked a large number of claims, the party
went down to the mouth of the Snake rlv*
er. where they found the schooner frozen
In two feet of Ice. They cut the vessel out
of the Ice and hauled her up on shore, and
made for an Indian village located
twelve mile* east of Snake river. There
they secured a dog team from the natives
and started for Oolovln hay. Two days
out on the trip they met Missionary Ander
son, who, being provided with reindeer
teams, conducted them to the trad ng sta
tion."
Stories Don V Agree-
Comparing the two previous account*,
some marked arc seen.
Underberg sayf, "We had not the slight
est inkling that there was gold to be
found In and about <'ape Nome. * • •
hut where that lucky spot could be we
could only vaguely conjecture;" whll\ ac
cording to Hroitrom's account, Undblom
knew It. having made a previous discov
ery. Underberg nays that they found gold
on Anvil creek September 16 while the
other account styn it wa* the 18th. I,tn
derberg says th#>y arrived at Nom*» the
eecond time to form the mining district
October X while Brostrom says it wan
October 15.
Here id another account of the sam#»
expedition by Carroll Bennett, and It will
be noticed In It that "Dr. Hultberg, John
Bryntesin and several others" are ml
ifeti with making the discovery, not In
July, when Undblom Is nald to have
dished up hi* first panful, but in August,
thereby eatatllshlng a new late:
"Th« first discoveries at Cape Nome
wt-rn made in August. IBt#. by l>r Hult
berg. the Swedish missionary at Oolovln
bay, John Bryntesen and several others,
who had atarted on the mission schooner
for Cape York. A storm drove the boat
over the bar of Snake river, near Cape
Nome, and here they anchored and be
gan prospecting From Snake river they
crossed it ridge to Anvil - reek, and pros
pected half way down the htretim. finding
good pay from th*» graa* roots wherever
they worked. The first pan washed out
$1.85, and In other places they found from
tie cents to $1.2?». Bryntesen staked 1
covery claim on Anvil creek, and the rest
of the party took one claim each.
"They returned to Oolovln bay pledged
to secrecy until they had made furthei
locations, but the news wan ton good to
keep, and It gradually leaked out. The
first to learn the secret were I)r Klttei
e#»n, R J Anderson. William Kjellman.
John Mndblom. Jnfet IJnderberg and G.
W. Price. the Alaskan representative of
C. D. Lane. the successful California
mining man. The party went to Cape
Nome In September, an 1 organized a
mining district, with I>r Klttelaen aa re
corder. They staked the whol* length of
Anvil creek. Bryntesen staked the whole
•»f Know wulch, an abnormally rich stretch
of ground about » mile lon*. on behalf of
himself, l.lnderberg and l.lndbloro. under
the name of the Pton*«r Mining Com
peny. This rorajwny siso took four claims
on Anvil creek and a 'lumber on othfcr
creeks, making about thirty tn all.**
Still Anothtr Account.
fltlll another account Is given hy an
authoritv. who save
The discovery of gold on the Anvil and
adjacent diggings wa* originally made in
t*. •*» by two prospectors name s Huckberg
and Blake. Not being able to do much
work that fall, the two came out for the
winter Huckberg came by wa> f Oolo
vln bay. where he communicated his In
formation to Q. W. rrlce representing
Charles l>sne. of San Ftandseo, and
others, among whom wer« Under berg.
Unlbiom, Brlnstrum and
They formed a party. w«nt to the Nome
creeks, and located all they could, start
ing a great winter's stampede for Nome.
These were the claim!* on which Nome
district was organised October 3. isas
AT' • informing the Pi be party at t.o -
ovln bay of the find, Huckberg had con
tinued on out of Alaska to hia old home
!n Bwr ifn, an returnel on the first boat
in the * immer of IM, to find himself rich
In the locations made for him by his
friends Ilia old partner Blake, not be
ing In with 'hat party, returned after the
first ex Uement and found the most vai
• abb i cUlm* had * n stake 1. Yet It is
unlerati'-d that Ulake still succeeded tn
caring valuable gTo-md
There to atiil another story that slso
eems pr Ab.e: The L*plaadfers. from
long life in the north are ac-custoinad to
seeing gold and knowing it when they see
It an-1 it is believed that they first found
the riches of Nome, and informed the
Swede* and other*, who <«em to have
formed the first expedition to locate.
A Dawso« paper gives this account of
the discovery:
"It was Ilultberg, a mission
ary. who f.rst learned of the preserves of
gold sbout Cape Nome from the Eskimos.
His mission Ik «?,itioned at Golovln bey.
and he notified the Swedes IJnderberg
ieen brothers, who in i u saw. (i. VV.
Priet, aci induced i« &<* ttims,
he was the only one experienced in min
ing. Price was on his way to Kadiak
over the Ice by dog team, en route to Cali
fornia."
Who Found Benches?
if the discoverer of the goJd of Nome
is not known, there is still more doubt is
to the finder of the richness of the Nome
beach. It would take a professional
chronicler months of work to gather all
the claims advanced in this direction, for
nearly every vessel that arrived from Ber
ing sea last fall brought a "reliable and
fully authenticated" report from * persons
In a position to know" of the discoverer
of the beach, and in each case, strangely
it was a different man. Armed with this
report as u i*asls each particular mm add
ed to it, and In the absence of contra
dictory evidence established ills ctaim for
the time being.
A romantic tale of the finding of the
besch gold is told by I>. R. Dwyer, as to
Ing the one given general credence on
the Yukon He says that an aged Klon
dlker, suffering with scurvy, and broken
down frevm the hardships and long work
and exposure in the Yukon district, had
wandered to Nome, where creek mining
was at Its height, and one day last July
look his pan and wandered out of hi*
ragged tent to the beach. For lack > f
something «-lse to do he idly washed out
a little sand, and his experienced rye
at once perceived colors. He washed an
other and etlll another, with Increasing
interest and excitement m he went
some prospectors happening by asked him
what he was doing. "Looking for gold."
be replied, "and, what's better, I've found
It;" and so he bad. it is said tUat tail
occurred In July.
A. N. Orny, of the N A T Ac T. Co.. is
quoted as follows, as to the claim* of No
ble Walllngford, who Is also numbered
amonK the "discoverers":
"I Mtw Mr. Walllngford on the beach Jul>
10, IW9. and knew that he wan the llrst ma %
to discover pay fold on the Nome beach
This was near the Alaska KxploraJi vt
Company's warehouse, and It was the new*
of hts And that caused such a stampede to
those diggings."
Here H another report fiat U given »t«-
dence:
"William Thompson, the present deputy
recorder, has the honorable distinction of
being the first locator of a beach « aim In
Alaska This was made *t Hi nook which
district was organised !4eptemlver 22.
tnd he gwve the first 110 in dust taken from
his claim as the recorder's fees for filing
his notice. The cold weather < MVting on.
nothing further waa done that fall by Mr.
Thompson Tn the following spring he rook
out before the first boat came n. b i
did not go to bedrock. This discoverv
be< ante known at «'ape Nome, and * ie
beaches then 1 were worked to fabulous
profit. The district of Alnook is on tne
coast twenty miles west of Nome f)eo<g.
Curtla. formerly of Heattle. wa« choesn re
corder of Blnook."
According to the foregoing story, r r
hlnook district antedated the Nome district
l>y several weeks.
And so on. fltlll, may the question be
asked, with no hope of a correct answer
Who discovered Noma?
After all. it mattera little and summ ag
It all up there seams no question but thst
the flr«it gold was taken out by the Hwedee
and that t cy have exerted every effort
since then to keep particulars of their con
nection with It a secret. There \% much of
romance In this suddenly acquired wealth
of a lot of Ignorant foreiffners. They are
said to have been, Wrought hen :t\>m
Northern Kurope by the United Statc< for
the purftoee of taking care of the reindeer
in the north. They knew nothing of min
ing, had" never seen a mine, probably, and
knew gold only In its coCnei form, when
they were so fortunate as to .ecelve their
allowance In that sort ot mono . But th \
stumbled onto ihe fabulous richer of *'
Nome, likely t m Information given '
Laplander, as not much faith Is plat
the tale of the shlpwrlck of either I.in
blcm or the party. Story has It that on
them was told at St. Michael by thS
known Laplander of untold so!det; i
on the Nome side of the sound, end th n
they went there to see If they could And i;
true. They rudely stumbled onto the dis
covery, and appreciating the possibility of
getting rich immediately forsook their
work as reindeer lenders and went to gold
gathering
They knew little or nothing of Unit 1
States mining laws, and therefore ml«to>k
for unhealthy Interest the inquiries of cut
siders. thinking that as they were aliens
something was going to be done to deprive
them of their new-found wealth. They will
In a sort of general way tell of the original
operations, but nobody can And out how
or by whom the first shovelful wa> un
earthed. nor In whose personal name any
of the property was locatted 'That 1* my
own private business " is the answer to all
d I rent questions. In .t!ie- evident tear that
the interrogator Is a detective working
against thrm.
There Is, however, no dinger of anybody
having the power to dispossess them by
this time. Under a strict interpretion Of
the loose mining laws of the United States,
an alien may discover and locate mining
property, and he will confirm him in his
title If he afterward declares his Intention
of becoming an American cltiz n A* t v ie
lucky Swedes have had attorneys without
number iooklng out for their interests,
there is no doubt that they are now be-
coming citizens as rapidly a* time enebh*
them to fulfill the requirements. These
Swedes possess the distinction of being the
first foreigners In the history of this coun
try to discover, locate and keep the best
part of an original gold district
The party of original developers went
back to the trading station, as has been
stated, but Llndblom returned to Nome
November 2, r >. IS9*. end In the winter made
four trips over the ice to different rivers
along the coast Klttelsen and Linderberg
went to St. Michael and reported what they
had found In the new district, while llrynte
sen and his followers went to the t'nalakllk
mission station, where they spent the win
ter.
Early effttsh to Nome.
It WHS only a few weeks after thrse re
port* reached outside settlement* lha>
people were pouring In by the hundred to
lift possession of simp of the reputed
riches of the in-w district. Every able
bodied and many rrlpplod men within
hrarln* of the extravagant statements of
the first settler* or the men who had
t(*ld, dropped everything and rushed to
Nome. People went from the low«r Yu
kon, over :nountaln and glacier and Ire.
i rosso.l the mountains from Kotarhuc.
rushed down the <.« st from as far to the
north as Cape Prince of Wales, ran
around the Inner edge of Norton sound
frem Ht. Michael and crossed the It-* from
that ancient port. nithcred thare from
(Jolovln l»a.v and Cminrl! City in a few
weeks Nome was Jnmmel with hundred"
of gold-thirsted prospector* who tdaked
creek. river. gulch and tundra, pvm rlear
up the sides and to the tops of mount
ain*. It was believed that gold was
everywhere, and the land must !>« se
cured at all haturds Thus, hy personal
location and power of attorney, befori
winter had fairly started, the whole coun
try within twenty-five square miles was
individually possessed.
Tht neat spring. a year ago the < omin/
aprln®. the prospectors b»|«n to come out
;i* soon a* they could find transportation.
The novelty had died out. fuel wan scarce,
and. unable to work t?.#» property in the
winter, many frtopie came to th* conclu
sion that the district wan a fake They
■ >«?ne with tale* of hardship and profit*
l***s work, such as w*re brought from the
<Ypper river country a year and a half
ago, and g<*n«»raliy Kt *v«* Nome «s black
an eye as their language could paint.
Nome wa« therefore In g*nr.ral disfavor
In the stated.
But along in <"arly summer unehody
found goUi In the sandy hearhv<« *llOO4
tho front of Nome, and the i*t#r arrivals
brought mysterloue tales of the wealth
that anv>»odv rould by ximnly taking
a lire shovel and a pan and digging up
the dirt from land,'' f?>r It
was 'jul kij learned that nohody had a
tltlw to the tide lands, am) the public In
terest waa aroused to such an * 4 *<ent that
th* hard-luck storlra lout their rffe< l,
V.vtry Mat that w«*nt irom here after then
w-s* lou'lfd with *»sg*»r men. >ld *nd
vimr.f etpcriet ed and lnexparU»nce4,
who for the < hance to g*t *t that
r •
Gold for Everybody.
I*ter. r»ix*rts from these began to come
t a< k, and It then became generally known
that here waa a wonderful country, where
C-. ml«ht liter •!!> rifkM un.
| "? m»ney »'»- I. ana *hare It * "
atoolueiv ...mm t .t a »•..
i he wjm a dry goo,?s c!>»»k or a rfttm
waiter or .ui old mliu-r, could get J£"?j
plmp.v .Itirsirni a few- mlnutct ?., r i. ..J
that if he , -k, ■ . aT '>ro uM
■ mount*) . "' 1 mh> "*"• "^5
t'here » . knnwn * h ex,,-*.
"*•"» ! * ' t!,» 1-, -.in, of t '£
knot.-i.-d* All S»«*.!le. I ,„h at flr« !l
" ■ 'le entl-a
x. liol.irr nln-iU *
, 1 ""T * -• i. -m*: M-.
...a rould S M aw. y r,retired to «,, ,1
Thr • ' the ' »r of ~,
>'!. *ieHm*hi|-' |.hlnt batwwn Nra
'"I th-re. « t- • >#! •« a Te!U>'«
in. that lie w. rvt :t I , r | ng lb ,, ,
.i,.y»h-vr-e w.i« v ;'•% In tha
lior..ra atnrttrs: the r '#n. and
out j*i«. fvum the t h -eanda, ihc.-gh
hr kn»«r nothing of minimi fc«lpat to r..
the interest to A fever heat.
This wa. th rite ,f mini
•;t ♦ It. u: on It w m too Jute to g» w
to Nome, and It ha- been the caac
thl* winter J>. Maw left for No**
by th* mv rlnn.l i■ n preferring to w»ifc
the .1 flflft miles ft .m Skatrw&y down tb*
i Yukon. that thej might be ahea4 of thr
j thousands that v ill go a* *<> on At navt*
gation opens in Miy n*v! Jane, and fe»
•luirles are coming ♦•very .lay from people
all over the Kn*t * *\o Intenl to leave <Z
t!;.- fl.st steumcry Herth* have been en«
gaged siv month* n»v Ir!. and the toftfe-a*
tions a-,- that not n boat will Wve H,-a
this summer that will not be loaded w<tk
pa<s.»n: IN
All did not ico oil with the beach «tr*
Ker* Ja#t fummor The itae overf o fi
wen Ith in the tile ?«nd< and the rc*\})u
In* movement there of hundred* or
Ple oreafed j.• ♦!.>• i«\ Mmiy p«r»on« «
POMd to represent eoitwrat# Interest.* hv.
title IhihU under the tirentyirr*
pla. or law, though It l« reported thut tb*r
were told by •« v \ Walker, In cburre nf
the military ther- that It waa :»rej*»M«r.
ous to try to keep tide land* f<>r mlrtnc
run»oHr« The miners poid no rttemMt
to stakes , n 1 <rowtfad onto tha
h«a« h and even under tb* «,
eairer were they t« K ot «»ver rvafy *v«H,
aivie foot of ftrtuind where there might ha
a grain of a old.
Trouble With Mil ti dry.
The thlp eomparlett filed rompklaif
with the military that the mlnrr* in
terfering *lth rnmmerre. an<! the ortleera
arretted i beaehful of them at cmtf It
is sild that rapt Walker had 50} miner*
bafore him a« prtaonera at one time Thera
were Indignation meetlnpi and Utreata
avaintt the military hy the miner*, but
after peeing the lmpo*iibttlty of taklnf
are of h.> many prtaonerw they a ere tln ih
!y turned loope and lite l»eaeh r%«
tumeil I heir work
it l«i Ptated by the miner* that th« t4llU
# tary h.id no sympathy with miner*' m«rt«
Intra and In one Instant r* fua«d V) P?r*
mlt ih«m to pats resolutions oenVmnln#
lhe light of locating claim* thiough poff
of attorney. Taking this Matter
AltPka Miners' Association ho* prfn
form* d in Seattle with 800 ex-N ss
members They have been laboring, til
winter with the problem, and lias* teal
attorney* to WaeMngton to l|? to InAiea
eongre«» to repeal the hiw perfnUtlnf ti
One of the flrwt results «>f the
of benrh gold was t > limit thf » apply of
labor to «»|o|» an extent
Ptances work on aulch ». \ ittW w\a alpa*
doned simply t»eeau** there Mer* ao o»en
to do it Prior to the ftndtmr of.beach fobl \
laborer* were paid at the rale Of ».* a dnjt
and board, but the worker if quickly sh*n»
! doned the « reek* to ptrte five timet US
; much from «h»» Panda The t.tpply of n»*»a
rut short, wages at once advanced to ti#
a day. 91 an hour, and then to S+
Hy mutual agreement of miners th#
width of beach • lalmt aaa flifd \ thircy
feet extending from the losr*wtter mtrH
to the tundra No i« gal re<ptirement« wert
neresstary in taking up thete eiMimt. tha
operator* simply putting up tltelr linlof
stakes and going to work The miamf
laws, howevet, cover the ground attova thf
lower tundra line, which permit p!*c#f
claims of twenty ore* Halt water aaa
In »n©*t caatt carried up from the pea ta
W4ih out the Rold taken fr«»m beadl
clalma.
The tilst tundra from Cape Nome fan#
parallel with the b«*ach forty mllet.
Which |M>lnt rnountalnt eome down loth#
beach for about half a mile and ih*a
1 teak Inland mid the tundra tben c*?*nda
to <'ape I'rtner of VVnUs Abuklt Pfteeg
miles east of i ;»{>« I'rfnce of Wales la
t'ap< Y«ik at which pla«e the eamfes sra
ev|uaii\ a* r•. h a.- thoar of c ape Kww
from Hhoval creak, which empihMt
' HolonoMi river three miiea h->i«»w *l<si«ar«
I ery. nuggets valued at from IS to $» trt
. reported to have i««n (aken. ao<| thf
I tributary at reams whiah wera progiesie4
! aiao ahowed rich color*. In fact, to
. are the digging* (hat HHovtl creak k*f
kfeu named the ' Know gulch" of t.»«
| trlct. The streama running Into It wbteH
are ret»orted to be rich are Bos ton, M*"»*
tary. West, Ailams, Kaegon ii*%t I*o
Notch Nothing I- known of the co*»irj|
: beyond ftolomon
< «|ir Niiinr >«»%*• in llriall.
Saftltli j- .-.t 1 • 11• ilia'i>l f ■ dally
Hun l«y, sent to a; addre*» f«f ■ - w*t#
per month, or one year. $*M, •!* ov*nthai

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