WM, O. BUOWNLOW, Editor.
'VHP NONK ON (UJAUJ) HUT AMKKICANS."
KINSLOJB it BICE, Proprietor.
ESTABLISHED, APJUL, 1838.
KNOXVILLK, TENNESSEE, SATUMUY MORNING, AlKJUST 30, 18,r)(i.
VOLUMK XVJIJV NUMDEU (I.
TU K KK0XV1U.K WJUfi
u rviuiai viuli
IY KINHI.OE & HICK.
Tarawa of lialBaerlulloia.
Two hotuaaa ywar.111 ..Isaac: Tan IS'IljlBI i ae Flaw
ravs. it aai4 wilaia MB MtHUSai Tsbis UvsUBa, al lit
Biol '( Ilia rr.
No paoar Will tw Slaooatlawse Snlll all !rru-aa.M Br.
pal'l. ea.'.-ril Bl lha aisof-llen ol I1" I'lil'liali.i
ltnilll.i4iof. MR la Maria lhroili tl.a I'-.l-tillte at Ilia
rl-s ul lb I'utillaltar, Wtt-H Ilia ratiil ill Itii- t',.1 -maalal
la laX.s lur las aaBownl l.irwaraa.1.
Hales ml aWrllaluj.
tvaxvi uasl .1 susraasll. Hi KB oaa BuOiBl.
Ha rt BaaaaM
I Tawj !Maa l Wxah ia. aHi.ili I law
$1 no ft sj Mi ; :l ul An w
1 uu . 1st aai 1 4 on aj In ml
V Uu 4UU t a T iai II oo lb UU
4 uu t mi iuu ijiu soon seuo
Rial 1 1 IKi 1.1 lai u uu t. total
1? Ill l 00 K UU All UU aU UU SO UU
at- Aih.rllaiirs Can iitiabrs tt rn.ai at lMstir. lull
til ...r. rlirtiiRa tK roil-a si. IU CawU MI Stasia ul IWal.
llMaNB, will Is dousa s.Wllli'iial.
1 alia uu pstaoiialo ass wins raioll.talrB will la laaarteit aa
iharMlvatuaiinaiiU. Hi U uaul lor llil lal.la IR aal.siir.-
1I.I...IIU i... ....Ji.Ulaa l.a Sials I uut a anil l iiiiii'OiiiI
olh fa. A aa.li. U.UB-i'ai.Mil aauuidsiaa, fill. I i ul
r.iral.mial nelln BO t.er tanl ad'htlelial w III la aliarfist.
All ..l..rtl..in.tiil. ull Whull Ilia milnli-1 tl IllarMMlia
la Rot Matknl will few ajiiuliaJlatl nu avssir, Bud 'baiS'Sl
Advai IIMMwaaU will I a eunaldaraa iliMI wbaa blaarlH,
irail llnwr Willi lioa Wa B- Hfilai aotuniila
hia4.ailiBamaBla hia a .llaiam . will ha laairta an
lasa Mwiaialil ba a rabiliuuaa u il Hi i--iaa wlin
Ilia wl'artl'i r i. kli iwii I- lr uurtual
A II Jul. H ri la oaual-aarail ilua on ilrllvar.
L.lrra ooliLuaiull ramillanri.a. uf i.M l.ii.m-a''ifinral
a.1 with lha ilftna. .h.mlri I- aat.waa-1 t.i Kia.i'B 4 I:kb
IATI HDAT, Jll Ol T SO, IKI...
f.ir Hi Knntftilo ltt
MATNAED AND POLK.
Mr. Editor ; Tlie diitcus.icD bittwen
these gentlemen ul U.i iti"0 h..s just
cloned, D(1 1 haute., to congntulMto tlio
American party through your paper, upon
Mr. Polk led off fur un hour and a half,
lnhiH-inir to Drove Mr Fillmore an utli-
o - - I
, , .
iu7u, a..u rpvu.-....h P- r
the probable result of the tn-anirolar roco
for the Presidency. These ware the ma
terial upon which he tpun out his time,
aided bv numerous vot y well told aud well
- j V
acted anecdote., which u w j oniiuem their l.ea.liUrt-i. fur our-
rather difficult to apply. ' Ho 'I'ou cul.id , riK on tl,0 (lii)(tic nlmo trade ;
upon Mr. Mnjnord to roply to hia areu- 'J'he public prisons havo been citeii
monU and to diacuaa the priiicipN that ; ively uod (perverted fnmi the purpom-a
, , , , . , i lor wliieh they were urrcted i fur eniiyini:
be bad advoeaU d. on the de.iieat.o aluvc trade ;
Wajuard briefly replied tu ln cliarpo ()&lxn (lf t, f(.,)l!rnl
of bolitiiiiim, aenttered il to the winds , Dcrn emi.lnyed and derived euiulunient
"pon iWoeratic tcaliuiony and prjeeed
ed to diaaeet lliulianan and expuc bla
Federalism, his ami i-lavery pnielivitieK,
liia luw waceji doctrine, and shewed that
w it liia a period uf ciht yearn mat he his
aolemnly declared a-ainit "w.uattrr .iver-
eipnty"-and fur it.
l'ulk inakca a poor arjrumi nt, due. not j
aeem to apprehend the difference between '
eonicctiirc and a pnneiplo, a he pre-
acnted and diheueaed the proposition "that j
, , r i . " . '
I'illiuorc had no chance of election, as a ;
iiriiu-ivlf. involved in the contest. Ilia
''T forW ie-iu telling an anecdote, and even
.ii uu ()vv..ibi.uciit ,'iajli;u
cidedly aupcrior to bim, and turned the
Innb oo him in every inftancn, aa he ia
incomparably iu every other particular aa
an Orator and debater.
The Americana were highly gUitificd.
The ditcussioD cannot fail to result favor
ably tothe American causii.
Jouaaburo' Tana., 71, KA
Anothnr of Pierce'e Conaulsj A Mon
urcluat ia Representing America.
It will be seen by the following peti
tion to tho Mayor of New Vork eity, that
Mr. Binds, the Consul of the l'ieroe Ad
ministration at leghorn, oo-opernti with
the tyrant l'ope and hia officiala in tend
ing prisoners for political offences repub
lican crimes out of the I'opel States into
the I'nitcd States, to make Locfoooo vo
ter in this country : Tu hii Honor the
Mayor of the eiVy of Aeir J eri-.
AVe, the undersigned, respectfully in
form your honor, that we are natives of
the l'npal States, that wo were forcibly
expelled for political reasons; that we
were escorted by the Oensdarmery through
tbe papal nd Tuscan territory to Leghorn
end that by the joint action of those two
governments we wereshipped for thia city,
on board the Victoria.
We further complain that the Ameri
can Consul at Leghorn (Mr. Iiinda) co
operated with the authorities at our em
barkation, and that he deceived us by in
forming us we could procure employment
here it two Of three dollars each day.
rinding ourselves entirely deceived ou
this subject, we apply to your honor o
oblige the 1'ap.il and Tuscan Ileprcaciita
tives in the Cuitcd States to provide us
with means of subsistence till we cuu loam
the language and procure work.
Giuseppe Agouti, Luigi Kennetti,
(jorteno I'elli, Angclo Fmboni,
I'ietro liolflcri, Vineemo Scola,
laorentol'antanolu, Clcto Karrcta,
Vineeoso Uallasai, Valentino Socca.
Nw Vork, July 30, lPoli. ,
A It OTHER FILLMORE LETTER.
The following letter of accepunco, is
the reply of Mr. Fillmore to the old line
Whigs of Virginia, who had Dominated
him in their Stale Convention. Like
.very thing from his lips or pen, it isjW 1
fit (As point
How wnllkO HUChsnsn I
Uuck says in his letterof acceptance, that
be baa oo right to answer any questions
now, that will rreurt wear iwiies. Not he,
hit lips are sealed he is the Cincinnati
nominee and he it mum .' And so is
tt'sf Fillmore :
Brmto, N. T, August 6th, IWfi.
WTJIiiHA Kowr.RTiioK, K(;
Bim have the honor to acknowledge
the receipt of your letter of tbe 2-M ult.,
transmitting a eopy of the Preamble and
Resolutions adopted by the Whig Con
vention of Virginia, lstely osnembled at
llichmond, hy which that intelligent and
patriotic body recommended to their Whig
brethren throughout the Slate to yield lo
my nomination to the Presidency their
olive and tealoos support
Standing, as I do, aa the known candi
date of another party, I yet receive this
reonmmendstion with grstitnde and pride.
1 feel that it it made, not because the
principles of the two parties art identical
nor with view of merging tbeu. in each
other for such an ohjen is expressly dis
elsimed by the Convention but becaos
the principles which tnj nomination t
presents, spproach mors nearly to those
..nt.inrd hv ih Whics of Virginia,
than those uf anv other candidate : and
Kbsxtiue, it tbe convenliow was pleated to
wi v, lit tlirir uuiituluucr in my Intu ailiiiinis
I IH! inn of ilia hiititiiuii'IU
Wlmli'Vi-r uuv be uur tlHTon-nccs on
iniiior subjects, am suie there ib una un
wliiili no t-'ruo, mill Uml uui' tliii iiinnii'iil
ii jwi aiiiituut lo all ul lur . I t'lu.li' lo
tllll iri'KlTVlillll of lIlO I'llillll III' lIlI'Ml
HtviU'K, ami I lie rcKi-uinj; tliu cnuiiirv Imiu
accliuiiul tatrifo. Tim iiii'lnii is nut aa
much, liuw aliall llio uviiniiiivut La ad
uiiuilnrud u liuw aliall it bo prvwvi'il ;
ii nd thia (;rrot viml ucntiuiia nutiunal
llciniH'iiU, and I'liiuii liivinn Aiuerioiiia
limy wrll act iu cuihitI. On tliia baaia,
1 ahull wild pn-at jlrniiilv rui.rivo dm viili'a
ut all liu liave ci.nlulriicc in inv iult'iiviiy
and ubilily, and wliu link nu titliiT plcilgu
than mr paxt mTvire, fur my fuluro mu
din t. 'J uia iMuiitiuu ircma to me aliki'
liuiiorabli' In nil. So irincilv ia aurtilin d.
No tii'ccjiliou ia irai'lmi'd ; Slid 1 truat
lint uo one, ra-liiiL- liia vole fur me uu
, (ji, glUUIld, Will t'VtT llSVC CBUSC to r.'fet
j With iiiuiiv llianki dr tSe t1atutiii)r
; inunuer iu nhioh you hnve boon plHl
( to oouiiiiuiiieito tin rt'iult uf tliu Cuuven
: tion, I bve tlio honor to be
! Your friend and ftllow ciiiwn,
I Mii.i.AUD Kai.M'.nt..
BuoUunan'a Dark lleuord.
liy retering to Nile' KepUtor of De-
hales, for tlio your 18-S and '0, it will be
eeu that on lhe Gib of Janunry. 181,
M... M.N..R muv.td the fol.ow.U(M.....l.in
iiuiivircuus AUOLITION JUtDIWI-
TION, in thesluipe of an lNl'KHNAL
PKKAMIUjK AM) liKSOLCTIONS.
embodying tiie ilANKKST AHOM
TIONLS.M ever presented to Congress :
Whereim, the count itution lies fiiven to
CoiiresM within the J)i.-tiiut of Columbia,
the power uf executive, lemlation in all
C4uea wbutsoever: und whereas, the laws
in it:Dfi.-b iu riitniiy hi 1111 j'iriiii i, in
uumuUia tave bcen wholly neplaeUil;
ynm vllvx mlect, iur nearly thirty
years, have giowu mtmerouti and fro
i btave dealers, paining confidence fmni
i iniimnity, huvo mudc the scat of the (eder
from eairvini; on the domestic aluvc triuie:
liLstaneuf of deuth, fiuin tinuiah ond
decpair, cihibited in the llii-ti ii t, mark
the cruelty of thia trallic.
liibtaiiocaot liiiiiiniiij; ami ruienli'
eenled or attempted, have been cahilnted
(rroivin out of thia tratic within the Die-
'"Advertiaementa b.-inni.,,:, 'Ve will
pire filsh flir w, lulrod likely ..un)t
mymea, of both aeica from iii:lit to Iweii-
ty-tive years old, cnntatned in the puli-
P""' of 'e city, u
( oncreaa, ludieutc the
under the notice of
openness and ex
tent ol the trade ;
f-eorea of huiniin leint'S expiweil at
public vendue i re exhibited here, permit
feJ h Urn J.iws if bd itcnera! eovcrn
ment, a woman having bocn advertised to
be eold at liloyd'l tavern, near the Cen
tral Market house, during the mouth of
Tbo llouseof Ueprcsentativca of renn
aylrania, at their lust session, by an al
most unanimous vote, expressed the opin
ion that alavery withiu the District of
Culumbim ought to be abolithed ;
And. nhpreaa. the ion miles snuarc. '
confided to the exclusive legislation of
Uongreas, ought for the honor of this re
publican government, and the interest of
the District, to exhibit a specimen of
pure and just luwa ;
lie it resolved, That the Conitnillee for i
I the District of Columbia be instructed to
! take into consideration the hiws within
the District, in respect to slavery; that
they iuiiiiro into the slave trade as it ex
ists in, and is carried on through the
District, and that they report to the House
aitch amendments to the existing laws us
shall seem to them to be just.
iiesolrcd, That the Committee be fur
ther instructed to impiire into the expe
diency of providing, by law, for the grad
ual A1I0LIT10L OFfLAVK.KY within
the District in such manner that the in
terest of no individual shall bo injured
Against this INFAMOI'S AHOLI
TION POCTMKNT, the South voted in
t body, only on man North of Mason 4c
Dixon's Liuo voting with thorn. Those
msrked in ifoics, arc the Tennessee mem
bers: Nays. Alexander, Alston, Archer, J.
S. Harbour, 1'. 1'. Harbour, J.nrringer,
Hrll, Hryan, lluukner, Carson, Cartrr,
Chaiuocrs, Chase, Claiborno, Conner,
Vmtkttt, Daniel, Devenport of Vs. Davie
of S. C, Vs7m, Drayton, Floyd of Va.,
Floyd of G , Fort, tjilmcr, (iurley, Hall,
Hamilton, Harvey, Havocs, Hinds,
Holmes, Juitit, Krcmer, Leconipte, lira,
i Lutchcr, Luiupkins, Lyon, .IAirue,
I Martin, McCoy, McDulfie, Mellatton,
MeKeo, Miller, Mitrltetl ( Tenn., Milch-
ell of S. :., Moore of Ala., Newton,
i Nuckolls, Owen, '., Itiply, Kosne,
Sawyer, Smyth of Va., Sprigg,' Slrauber-
ry, Talliiderro, Thompson, Treivsnt,
Tucker of S. C., Turner, Washington,
Weenie, Wiekliflc, Wilde, Vaney,-7l).
Hut this HANK AI1OLITI0N' PIIOP.
! ISITION, was carried by the 104 AI30L-
ITIOXISTS, from the North and North-
hcsw i raia toe uiwn iii.iiu.ey vi
m'CHAN.VN with MINOll.and the 'act
that the entire Pennsylvania, with one ex
ception, followed Ill'CII AN'AN. whose
name was first on the roll, it is fair to
presume tbst he bed much lo do in pre
paring the document 1 See the vote :
Yea. Messrs. Allen of Mass., An
derwon of Maine, Anderson of I'enn.,
Armstrong, Piilcy, Baldwin, Darker, Har
low, Harney, llartlett, Hartley, Hates, of
Mass , Hsiea of Mo., llceoher, HUir,
Hlake, Hrown, Hl'CHANAN, Huck,
Csmhreling, Chilton, Clark of N. Y.,
(Vndict, t'oultcrs Cmwninshield, Culpep
rter, Desvenport, of Ohio, Davis of Mass
lletlrsfl, Dickinson, Esrll, Kverelt, Find
lay. Fry, Gurnacy, Gsrrrn, (iorbam,
(i'reen, ll.lleck, Ilanly, llobbie. Hodgrl,
HorTman, Hunt, lngeraoll, Jennings,
Johns, Keesc, King, liwrence, lerfler,
Little, lxke, Ung, Msgee, Mallory Mnr
kell, Martcndale, Marvin, Maynard, Mi
ner, Mclntire, McKean, Mclean, Mer
cer, .Hulilenberg, orr, rieree, rerwun,
Plant, Ramsev, ltsnd?lphof N. J., Keed,
ilichardson, Kussell, Sargent, Sinnickson,
Sloan, Smith of lad., Spregue, Stevenson
of Psnn., Stewart, Slnrrs, Strong, Swann,
Swift, Sutherland, Taber, Taylor, Tracy,
In.kerof N. J., Vance, Verplsnk, Vin-
I ton, Wales, Whittlesey, Wilson of Penn ,
J. .1. W'uml, rnlua Wimd, Wimd uf (llilu,
WiKuli nol, Woll, Wright of N , Wright
of tiliiu 104.
To rap llin cliinai of lliii'lianan'i
Abiililiun i 1 1 Tu 1 1 1 v , il will bo aei'ii lay re
fi rrncr tu llie ('oiiriuiiin.il (ilnbv, llial
uul uf tin furtjr Abuliliuo 1'utiliiiiia prr-at-uicd
tu tho -7lh L'uiiftmii, TlllltTV
1'tll Hlll'-TUKM WKICK Ol'TKUliD
BY JAMKS Jtl I'll AN AN ! What a
liian lo gunrd tlio Slavery inturrata ol tlm
LSuutli 1 Vliia and Auieriiuina am oall
d Um tu fo fur tliia man, ua a immua uf
di ffntinjr KrPiunDt, wlion Fremont il tlio
btiUer Southern mail uf tin- twn !
9 Fftnioiit's Kuuie Pi vor jrniiea would te suoiimu-uwiiu n are Jik. iy
. ...'.!. i c i t. 'ruM .
It (Urns OUl Upon lUVCHtljatl-HI, Hut ' lo n wuru mirun i'uiiuip. jiihio
JuiiN ClUHiajj Phkmont is a uutivo of 1 many who yet liie that we fchnil come
Canada, aud that hia mime should bo acr.w a wild erupt- a hich if properly cul-Vyz-r,
as that was the name nf hia moth- I tivated may sarpaw even the CatuwU in
or. The content among lucatt'tui, for the ' flavor delicacy and freedom liotn rot.
1 honor of hiit nativity, is growing fierce
Tlio Wathii'ifton Orju hui the tollowin
on this subject :
44 Wit MY, WA 1'RKMnNT ItoHN ? A
Vonnont cornpondt'iit of tlio New York
I'.vi.tWji hIji.i'I tliHt .Itilin (V l'raiiii)t,l win
horn in Lower Canada. If ao, ho is of
counte. Iueliiilli to the Prenideney.
44 r romont f b.opmplipm dj imt agree
" to l" '"?'"' )'
It is stated
to be SHvaunnh, by anutherCharlexton. by
another Vinriniii. tine of time writers
informs u that Fremont's fitthor led a
WHiideiinfT hte oimm; the aborigines of
the .v.uth. Hut the Vermont correspon
dent of the Kiprena Ntntea that his wan
derings were iu the French settlements of
L'icr ('unada Thin is probable, ua the
elder Fremont wn a Frenchman and a
tiddler, mid more likely to lind support
numtitr Frenchmeu than anion'' the Crocks
t ltr l linr.ilriiiii
"This douht na to tlio birthplace
p'reinunt must seriously imtiiiir
si re n ','ih. If he eiinnut prove thst Iiowuh
born Iu the I'uited State", thouaanda and
huiidieds nf tlioiisands will refuse to Vote
for him, who niiht otherwise have been
iiielined to dn so.
' It is worthy of remnrk that .John C.
I'reinoiit is the lirst eaudidiite for the
rresi.lency coneeinini; whose origin and
relijrinis fn ith the least doubt existed. He
was noiiiiuuted apparently in pursunucc of
the old linman iiiaaim : otiun' iiiiofrm, to
mirijirtt "till that is obecure is regarded
M ire recently, the Orr;ait pives ua the
followiii)! ndditiomil items :
Mr. liip lnw.of the New York Kveninu
l'ot, has wiilleu a life of Fremont, which
is full of fiihuluiis stati menu. Mr. Jtit'iv
l.iw, aimiiii: other fabrieutinns, slates that
Mrs. 1'iyor, the mother uf Ficmeiit, be
iii; ill ticatnl by her husband, Mr. I'ry
or, obtained a divorce Iruiu tlio Hginia
The Kii hmoud I'cj.ipalcli, on the other
bund, status that " the I.cislatiireof Yir
piuia uovur saui tiuiied the sciaratiun of
Mr. and Mrs. 1'iyor, by passinp an act of
divorce We have examined the acts of
Assembly, from 1SIU to 1M7, (Frcoiont
was born, according to his biographer, 2 1st
January, 1813,) and iu all that time there
were but two divorcee granted, neither of
which was Mr. and Mrs. J'ryor.
It appcura therefore, that Mrs. 1'rvor
was never divorced liuiu Mr. l'rynr. This
beiug the case, we may well inquire if she
wn ever married to Mr. Irviiiont I It
ehe wan, where ia the proof uf it? When
Was she married to him ? Hy whom was
alio married 1 And if married without
having obtained a divorce from l'ryor, was
the second marriage legal 1
Will Mr. liigeluw of the Evening l'ost
furor the public with a reply to these
And with a view tn cast further light
npon the mysterious oriiin of Fremont,
au uld resident of the city of Richmond,
publishes in tbe Whig of that city, tho
ltll'ltMOM), lHtb Aug., 1S&0.
Sir:- The political position of Colonel
Fremont, and the "Meiuuir of the Life
and Adventures of John Charles Fremont,
by John Higclow," make it my painful,
but bounden duty, to publish tho follow
John l'ryor, a Captain of artillery in
tho continental army, owned and kept I
livery stable and a publie garden in this
city, called liny Market. Mnj. l'ryor, in
his old age, married Miss Ann Whiting,
of Gloucester county. About the year
1807. W. S. aud W. F. P., punils, and
Francis Fremont, teacher in Mailer's
Academy, boarded with Msj. l'ryor. Pry
or discovered that hia wife was "encientc,"
snd charged her with infidelity. She
eloped with Fremont, snd was not heard
of for ninny years. J'ryor died in the
His will, recorded in the office of the
Hustings Court, commences thus: "I John
l'ryor, of the city of Richmond, do make
anil ordain this writing as, sod for my
last will snd tcstsment, hereby expressly
revoking all other wills and testaments
heretofore msde by me. Whereas, under
a well founded impression and conGdcnt
belief that my late wife, Ann Pryor, had
departed this life, I have, intermarried
with Klitaheth Graves, who alone is re
cognised by me as my wife, none other
having any just claim upon me, or my es
tate, in that cbsraetcr, I do will and di
rect as follows." 1 present this statement
without comment. K. 11.
Tu lhe Editor of lhe Whig.
If this Black Republican Candidate fur
the Presidency is the boy with which this
Pryor wst rmientr when she took French
leave of Richmond, and of old John l'ry
or, the said candidate is going under a
sni'somer. According to the lews of so
ciety, and the usages of every Christian
country, his name it not Frmnnl, but
For lh. Kitoiaill. Whit.
)or Sir. As yon sre fond of record
ing the progress of grape culture in our
Stste t beg have to state lo you, tbst 1
have just returned from a short visit to
Mr. John H. Aiken's near Wsrtraoe and
that T found his vineyards in excellent
condition. As in my own case Jhe vines
looked as green as if they had had t good
rain at least every week. Thit is tbe re
sult of having the ground well spaded at
least two feet deep Some of hit grapes
have been touched by the rot, a disease
to which the Catawba ia almost every
where subject, hut still Mr. E is likely
to hsve n very fair vintage. Mil vine
yards cover nearly five seres. On my
way home I fell in with Mi)' CoV'per of
Kl.iwuli ulirt atiiti d to mo tliat pMioral
iiivitntiuil lind been pi veil tu the Wine-1
i rnw om of Ti liiu rc to attend a meeting
nf tlm vino (iriiwera nf (ivnria vrliii'l,
I did luke I'laee ml 1'uffldav laal at I tullci
!.. fl a.. a ll.al in II Mi.n.in
itiroipm. It netna that in t'-orjtm
limny of tlio liiI prominent cilinm luve
leniEed 4u KH'lw culture and arop.tr
h h 1 1
I numg it 00 asmiii wliiit eKlenitlve aenlr,
! Tlie M. i-ir alo (ells tue thut apoinohw -
' i i
loul aooivty Iiait hern farmed In (ietria to
, which he wiihcJ t-i draw the attention of
. . ... ,., , - .
ht neihUra hi J enneiwee. I forgot to
I meution that at t'ic unHtini; in Palbm it
I . i .i . i 1 1
was expected that voral specie ot wild
! II lh'Kl M
Detnoorata Enrluraing Mr, Fillmoro.
Tin- fxllowinir rit'li-r-iMuetili of Mr. Fithuorc's
ftunlm'i on tlio Klivriy qttfstion, Iii patriot
ic Uv.otioiito tin1 ("o'l'titutitin and I'liion, and
the constitutiomil rigltH of the Houih, will tie
read with hit err ft nt 1'ii; pRrticular tiiin, snd
silenre thoao Icn.lirs itinl ortrum of llurltanan
who liHve to v.My tr.olufrd liim :
"Hut it hat IWn t-iii'l y the aupportrrH of
(Irit. Cat that Mr Vitimore wns an ah.ilitinu
it. He (Mr. Is ) ''i' hiuwelli's.iniinr.l in
to the noitter, both fnun liii ToicnwliiU ini'un-
frreni, and from those personally aetpuiinh it
I Willi low ; and he wonU aaaurt, without the
fear ef auecemfiil roiitrnJictioii, that MtMariJ
Fillmore was a hue a hi viol to the Sooth a tut i
i to ft'Uthoru inntitutins, a any man, Whip or '
I lieniorrnt, north ot M;n-n ami Muon aline The
j charge aiust Fillnoii- nan only brought up
i Ut pivreiil a lull iiivcfiijinliou of l lit upitiioita j
: n nd position ol ti'M ran'- lion. A. II.
. Slei heu'n Kneet'li at linflni, -Sept. 1, IStK. I
"He Mr. hlepli'Mia, minted nlno llip cliariie
of nlxiliiioiiistn sirniiial Mr. Killmore he knew
; Mr. Fillmore to U- n ..iinol lie was no ulio-
lihoiii-t, trial ileolmeo li.iiisell oiriiaeil 10 nn .11
tiotiiMn in t'miftu-hH. well aa in written le
rlaralinna upon tloil 'tit jeet. lie U upon lhe
people'! lirliel, and will serve llie wlmle people-
lio is a Norlliern tiuin arllli uiilininil prin
ciplea, and hlB j;tfiiiu nn.l ability liave mil tieen
callel inlo iiieitioti." Ii"li. A. II. titeplien'a
k .i, ui i 'u. .villi. mm.
i .. ..' 1 .... .....
IIkah li km. l , as. "l lie A'lmiuisirniion
lias pl:ieed itself lii)ili in tlie preiit work ot pac
I 1 t,v mat the countrv. in il tliey lVB raoeived tlio !
. ineeil nl iippinlialtoii Iroiu pollticitl trirmta and
I political toea. 1 purl i!ie ol tlie sniui' aentiiiienl. I
i do linon jiiatii e. toil I mil a I n-ihi'itiii, nml, i
I lii.d willini-, 1 menu to i!.e one. This in a Mng
; Atuiiiiiatrnlioii, loll tliere ia no reason why I
; shoiild not do thui .lntice; nod I do it Willi
' plivisiire, ill thia foriit noiiler of lhe salvation
i ot thm eoiintry, it 1 may soy so. 1 Imru dona j
' so ; slinll eoiuitnif t. ilo so, whatever Burton
, lluor inpto'l may coiil.,in, lot 1 doit not tor
lluor ssse. loit for the ..ike of the country."
FMch of Mr I'asa in lhe Heinle, .Mareh It), 1
A few weeka In-fore llie delivery of thia eo-
lopiuin liy (ien. t'lii-s. innr-ly, oa the LMst and
2-id of Fedrnary. IS.il. n deluile arime in the
Senate, in which Mr. Fillmore a course, was re
ferred to. He had previi tisly aeut s niessn;e te
Congress asking fill Mo T provisions of Inw, for
putting down niuti, vi.'k-iica and forcilile, m- j
sietAlicc to the fugitive stave luw. In tlie eotirae ;
of tlie deliate tbe fvii'.wing testimony to th. '
tirin Sun lmtblul niauliwi m aiuui aaa ,
cliargad hia Presidential duties, was home lir
'So fur as 1 umleratsnl the measure! of Oie
rrclnlent, 1 apiimvu them, and I believe he ia
ilrterniined lo do Ins duly tirmly in reapact to
this law; and sauna member of tlie rienate, I .
will sy that irihe law ia defective, I nm willing
to cloth liim wilb any lleresnry power within
tlit limits nf the lAiualituttou." lieu. Lewis
Cass. Feb, 12, IKol. ,
"1 for one am disposed to give tlie President
all proper power. He bus given us no reason
to dou'it hia sincerity and fidelity in carmen
out this law. 1 think it is tbe duly of Congrusav
to give sucb power, ami for one 1 shall do it
moat cheerfully. Senutor lluwns, of iai., Feb.
"1 honor bim for his course, snd if the appio
biition ut ft political opponent, wbo basin times
past done bim some wrong, be at nil grateful
to him, let bim be Attained that not 1 ouly, but
thousand of others of my politieai friends hear
tily thank God that we have in this crisis a pa
triot snd a stutesmnn nt tho bead of affairs
who knows bia dull ami ilires to perform il.'
Senator Clemens, of Alabama, February, 21,
"I am one of those who believe that tbe
President nf the t'nited Slates, iu bii effort to
enforce the law, baa done and is now doing bis
duty to the country."
"I take tins occasion to declare that, bumble
ai my support and iiiHueuee are, snd hostile
though I nm now, snd ever eipect to be, lo tbo
political principles of which be ia the represen
tative, he will have, in his efforts to enforce tbe
Inw. my vote anrf influence na long as I bare a
vote aud a voice here, if be continue in tlie
fearless and patriotic course wbicb ha is pursu
ing." Senator liodge, of Iowa.
"If at any time the preaeut F.secutive enter
tained tbe sentiment! which the Senator from
Tennessee has aacribed lo bim, when he reach
ed the high place of I'resiilent of tbe Lniled
States, and came to act for lhe whole oountry. of miwulo .h wli(.h t,I(!t,uUv. had to
he haa laid aaide the prejudicea and predt lee- , ow w(, h( hw .lllir,r i
lions of a mere district representative, and has ,h M, emwt f ,,r ,o..n., f n re
acted for the whole nation, sud I respect him j we ,tTt th, ,li8toriNn , nMr . bul
for having done so.' Senator Dodge; of Iowa. ( 'm frtn,petl moahl Ih) incomplete and disin
Tl.ii. .tot llsmoeralia Senators, one after rrnuiius. did we not accord Ibe meed of praise
. .. 1
another, rise Iu their places in ths Senste of
the United States, and cheerfully testify to
lhe firmness and patriotism with which, as the
Chief Magistrate of ths Nntion, he had borne
himself in a great and trying national crisis.
And vet thia sume Millard Fillmore, whom these
Democratic Bcwiloia, casting aside all party
prejudices, and acting npon their high reipon
libilitiee as Senators of the United States, rose
up in their places in the Senate to honor and
spplsud this same Millard Fillmore is now
villifled and traduced as an abolition, at by tlie
central organ of the Democratic party the
Washington I'nieu ami oilier leaser organa of
Ihat party ! Can any good -can anything bnt
etil eorae to tho country from lhe continued 1
ssoendency of s party, whose organs, si far as i
, . . ' . ,. i. .... ,
their influence goea- ,nd il Is very great-
whose organs debauch the public mind, snd
poison the very fountsins of publie virtue, by
sueh seta as the holding np of Millard Fillmore :
to their hundreds of thouwinda of eon Ming
. a . at I -
rendera a an abtHtloni't ! No! depend up-
on U no food ean cme to tha conn try from (
Ui eontinned aaeendenry of surh a party. It is j
the .eadera of that party which bavt hrouirht .
the oountry to lu present alarnrfng coodiiion,
and only evil, and etil continually can come of
their bein(t eontinnrd in power." I
Tropnbly there is no pnper in the I nion
which ia at this time mora vindictive in its de- !
nunc is lion of Mr. Fillmore aa an abolitionist
than the Itichmond Krupirer. yet, in 1H2. it
punmed a more bonnrshl potiey. Ke rrpub
li-h below an extract from it I
prti the fllt"h.rH Hinlrer. Per. 14th, 11
Hlen. Taylor died t the very etieit of af
fairs. The ewntrr felt relieved from an awful
ae-nny, mhtn Ur. Killmore tooli the reinaof rn.
erntnent, threw aaidr t)eo. Taylor a aiviaera
formed a better cahiurt, and fni hia eon
arienee to other keener than Hewsrd. The
whole policy of government was immediately
"The Cmpromia meaiire quickly ped.
and the whle eountry waa relieved from Its
'F.ver sine that chnnw the ffonthern hi(r
have become more and more deviled to Mr.
Fillmore- H beeeme their ehnaen leader
their Fpecta! od particu.aU- candidate for tbe
ri-wt'Wy. V hiist tbe North averting bim.
tiiok up Willi anuihrr. liu amta tlirir ) iiim-
ixiii.-i, wiiii uai'i nun in iui uu aril Mr. rill
mora, liananar tita TBitiu fit tu tn-ava liiir in
dittualioii 'I liia ii all hialc.rv It la tiur."
"lien. Tuvl.ir iia tiuin iii Viriiiia, liu wiia
rrnr.il In Un- Knuih, aa a lnr-n slnirliulilar.
winUl Mr. Killiomt linl Iim u ailunalail in Kr
...i. -.. i ....... .
I Wi wiiu an j'riiaay m iiiiiii u.n'trilli'B aii'i'l'il-
,,, h.w,l, ,,. .,, ,,.
t mh .IttfienrniiiUaf B.lmuitiinwiili Uim uipii !
j J"' lj.ir.ii..lC t ih otriP t n .m. ......
lttm unit, hi frnitl loitl Ln-nilu-.l I lit' nnii ul
Unlu.i.v hI.Iic, jiuii.uit a puluy wiuWi
! rni" Ui'nl "'"K umim. uj...n U.
1 "uiiuiii ; lute lli oihrr, i'lianiiiift
the c)n..l of iu tmit.reui Ji iiirciti, tli-nnr-
l (,t '"' t'ijudu,,h. ivi)hu
, V Hi ruttiii' of Kkfi'iiii luHiii'iu c,
J t(( MUi(.t Ul8 .,, Vi , t n Voruua
i 1 "0"r.v nJ diiiuii..r."
' Wt ilo roe of .Mr Filluiot M.lniiii-
ittnUnn in ll(h(.v l)llt Xkm irt frpe to
i mj. umin mh uiunv un mnminv iHintrrru
dent fr Itm K.iitti ibuu tt;n. Tuvlr tin! or
i wonlil Iikvv inie. nnl we Mifre I In re i int
' a Uiik iioulli of Mniuii an (I iiiuii loie wlm
( dit'Miil iii Ian lit.. it hclipit llm ruinr tliiiif "
A O. I. Niciiolm, tlir . run m r-lt(..r of
j lU-r .mhIiiiiI.iii t iiioti, ii. ulr h t'iK'li at (lit)-
l.'tili. Ii'lliirarife, tin llieL'lb of Jul.v, lh.'c', nu
t"Hi"l In lite Nniville I'ciinn r.f l.tiuu-t v. I,
, IN.'J. from which we iimke Hie folluwui-i t i-
A.O P. Miholm , ab UiIIhuI rillin.n hi l-f.2
'W nvl hninircd into tl.r itiHiieiifti wlili
led lo lieu. Hiolt nuiiiiniiiiiiii, ami hlu.ww,
tlit'ni to hn freeanil tui l Knti-ctiiiiprmuiHe in
tlifir rharurier. He s)m -w .-l tlint Fillturrc and
Ui-hdtrr were unci ifned for (hir e nipn ttiie
anrti in iii, nihI tlint tirnrral Soti wiiKiiutiona
tfti tiromiRf Iiik ti nilittiil p.i-ili,H mrela liim
ni'irft rcepiallt lo tli riH-iinen uf trie in) To
il ine. lr ooinuiiitt'i.i ul lontli upniiiiuii hvotl'a
liltt r of accrpunce. hhnw'uff tlmt it C'-iittiimt,
iki ciprmts einj.iroi'infnt of the comproinisu. l-ut
on Uu rnntriir a itnliiuli'e Iml Ui ii fiu-iiin"..
m-.-!!'hI portion of the letter in whMi C
j 8r.olt slateil that be will not, in the appoint-
inent ol otliciTH, rcjinre, ai a tet, ej,.ict con-
funnily to hia own opiuiont. Mr. N. rrjrnrh't
thin in a puipaole hid hehl oul to the rtn iniet.
of the fnyil've sUve law iu the Win, riuaa
tne men whom FiMnn re hml pvobt ithetl ami
ttirneil out tiColh.-e hermirie their opinions were
not iu eonf"rniify with bis own upon ll 'it law .
He It. "Jit iliii wim plainly vny ttir to lhe rue
n.it'B ot the com prom ir-p that thev woulil uoi he
j iruscriliail anil luin.il nut nt nlliee tiaiauba (it
lltcir opinions. It wns this proscription Ihat
hud ruined Fillmore nt the North."
Mr. Nicholson, at tbe time be made the
speech frniu which the foregoing cutriiet is
taken, was one of tlie llcutoorntio candidates
for elector for the Mate at lariro, and ho iniidc
the same speech in substance all over the Stote.
es, be traversed I be State in 1S.2, nverywhere
i ..n... 11...1 i ..
Fillmore was 'sacrificed' at
the llaltiiuore Convention ou account of bis
'compromise sentiments' that Mr. Fillmore
bad 'pro.cribril aud turned out of office' at the
North tbe eneuiiea of tbe Fuptivo slave bis'
and that 'it wns this proscription which ru
ined Mr. Fillmoro at tlie North."
UK.Ml Till: I'llKstncST I IP V II K !'!:MocmTIC SA
lion. J'-lui H. War'!, who presided over the
Cincinnati t'oiireution, a i'licsncd Mr. Fill- '
more on bis arrival in Mobile in IS.i.t, iu the.
following wolds :
"Mr. Fi.i.iMocr -Willi unfeirncd plessure I
perform lhe itul v na-icoeil loo ot wolci.ioiiic you '
io lie' city of Siivtiniinli. Minis! the evenlt winch
liinrk your ailiiiioislr.itioo of tlio government
are of two ri'i'piit il lie to tic diseussid without '
at oil si n g passions, w hie b ou I his oecssion should ;
be bulieil to rest, we Itm-t all reno'iiilicr that I
those hi;.'!! sod solemn trusts wereimt nsaumcd !
by you in Ilia sunshine nt our prosponly. It
Was at a dark and eventful period in die hislo- j
ry of our government, ''when the hi live began i
lo fear the power of man, and the pioua to
Bo" '. "el " Dark aiol f-arlu; I
were the clouds that hung on our boriton' vio- the union ol these SlAlea at heart. 1ml, sir,
lent the factious that agitated our land, and 1 n""" true, for il there be one object dearer
men seemed to reck not bow wildly rnued lln I to me than any other, il ia lhe unity, prosper!
alorm, so thai in its fury it upturned the iusli- ' t.v. snd glory of this great Itepnhlic: and I eon
tutioiis of the South. I feaa frankly, sir, that I tear il la in Hanger. I
"It was your lot to breast thsl atorm, and say nothing of any particular aeetion, much
bid ill n utlerili!s cease, aud to do that you less of the several candidates before the peo
niust turn away from the crowd of flulUrern to I pie. I presume they are all honorable men.
tread tlie lonely path ol duty. With your robes i Hot. lir, what do wo see? An eisspi rnted
of oflice us with a pnnoply of ice. you wrapped
jnurfelf from all the prejudices of earlier juurs,
and from all the temptations which then sur
rounded you, f,unleirified by threats, unawed
by clamors, you held on your steatly course,"
irtsurvud the constitution of your country, gnva
peace to the Unit we hive, and rt'pome to tho in
ftiitutionti whirh we rhprith, illuftlrtitine to
tho world tliat "jwnoo hua iln nrloripa no leia
renownett than wnr." It ia fit and proprrnow,
when you Imve laid anid, place and power,
aud patmimge, tliat the Htfeciioiia of a frruteful
people almuld follow jdii to .your home, and
liitlicr around tou in your retirrment. An lhe
constituted aullinrilieH of the eity of Hnvannali,
we welcome you within her limit Mihv rep
roaontatire ol the people, we welcome you to
our LWpilnlltieK aa memhcri of ber iitir.ena.
we welcome you to our homei and our heart."
n it a jh tiif ur.MoeHATie aavirw.
The Pemocratio Kctlew of Deecmhor, Ik.Vi,
haring the Compromise mcafurci of IHoO, and
contain porineous event, uinlor ronsidcrotion, '
thus pcnka of Mr. Villniore : j
"Mnment'ius event were tnaipiriti)r. The
agitation of tlie qurition of alafery wii. para
mount in the puhlic mind. In thia ori-i, it ,
wax well that ao reliahlc a man m Mr. Fillm-ire '
wm found the presidential chnir. The anfcly )
i :. .t. , a a. i. i
riii i rituMj ... ., r '
SLcbampa unit isiii IPHtned frnm a thnilMll'I m-
buHRadea. The enemies of the I ninn ttnrted
forth on erery aide Aliolitionitjm here, arces
aionium Uiere ; acquisition "id filihusterutn
IT,... ill. l',vrmiHnlila (slum on I
r ., , .i i . i .u.. .,l i.i, I
'""J "' Y;;" " V ' "
.. ,l..le .tlwiinistralion of Mr. Fill- I
iii;as rwrRiiivsT rtsaua :
In his first annual message lo Congress,
President l'ieree expressed his npiuion of those
measures, their effect upon the country, and
the gratitude due to those who were instrumen
tal in their passage and enforcement, in the
following lenni :
'Vi hen the grave shall have closed over all
who are now endeavoring to meet tbe obliga
tions of duty, the year 1K'0 will be referred
to as a year tilled with anxious apprehensions.
A successful war had just terminated. I'csce
ag-iii with it a vast augmentations of Terri-
tory: Distuibing questions arose hearing. :
njorn lhe domestic institutions of one portion
of the confederacy, snd involving the eonaliln-
rf ,.,,,. , n,wi(,,. I
jn( ,j,.ri.nceB of opinion anil sentiment
which existed in relation lo data Is and seei-
' rrovi.ion.. tbe aequieseenee of di.nngiii.h-
Pl Clllt"n, W liurwr nrjiuiiiiii sv uiv a. ism
never lie dmibUd, has in renewed tigr to
our institutions, and reitored a n or re
poie aud eecurity te the pullic mind through
out the Confederacy."
nr. a a iiktirt a. wia :
' administration wia Wahin(tton like.M
"Well done, i;ood and faithful ivrvant "
In a epeeth dffivtrefl In Greenshnrf, Ta.,
October 1K2, he aaid :
"To seeare tbe vnte of .VnnrylTania waa
one of the main 'inducements for the nomina
tion of Ueneral Krntt over the hri I nf Mil
Inrd Fillmore. ! there na unprejudiced cititea
of any party in the United Hute. who ean lay
hia hand upon bis heart and declare that he he
lir ves Oeneral Kcolt would make as F"od and aa
safe a Preident na Mr. Fillmore ! No, fellow
cititen. all of u mtit concur iu opinion with
Mr. 'l7 tn Fillmore had superior claims
and qualification! to thoae nf Krott for the
hifhe-t civil aUtion. AvailaHIity. and avail
ability alone, pro! need the nomination of
A (ruin :
"He waa anti'ms lo setrure the eotea of Iba
Freeooil Whift M tbe Heward school, in the na
tional conventioBi -
"Mr. Fillmirrliii eompetttor, had apoken
ontlike a man in favor of the Compromise, and
had tbna done his duty to his eotintry He
waa, for thia very reason. rv.jetl by the Whig
Nrttloiial (infei.loin, ami Gn: fft'tt tim
l im tin I by Hie viiii Hinl iiilluviiwi of III Noi ill
eru rtc oil lug'
I'illrnoro's bjM-ooh ut Albuny, N. Y.
If any remfrr has a HntirrlnK doult (t.at Mr
Pillumre anivrtaiha Uiohi at'nliiiiftii. whirh
evpry patriot would like to nea animating tin
t'bu'l .MHintiule nf tlia l.fpul'lii1, Iti bun
l-Httd tlir lollwiti( uptifcli 1-y Millard Fillmore,
at AMniiiv, rn In Kiiy llironub tliat city. The
limit of liu whole country will throb r"n
aivr to sui h rinliinen(s Lot every patriot
t'lki lit ataml betide air. Fillmore on the
tiiT.uinl here taken by that jtMiHenirin. and
peace an I prosperity will Suou Its realored to
tl I niou :
Mlt. M AVOB A NO FKI.I.OW-CirilKNR I This
rv rwhelmihfr tlrnion,trnlion of I'otivrNtuNtioii
ami tflftiin. a'moi-l dcprivi-n me nt tti power
uf Kn'celi. Hire lo-nrly thirty e;tm Hfo I
CV'tuwrin'Ml my politiriil carci-r In tins lunlil
init I lirt haw a Irpiiliittve li ily in fi"iu,
(I'litjrrs.) tint at tlott time it itevir entcri-il inlo
thi nnpiiHtii'i.ji of my 1 1 fart that 1 sh.iuld i v-r
i t'cciD.- u h a wplrontf aa Una, In lha epiiul
it my nut i r Htitte.
on loiw Wen phitniil, tir, to (i 1 1 lull- to my
former aervU-i-s and my probahle cour-e, il I
ahmilit aiiin lie cullt .l to the poMii,ii of Chief
MitninliHirt of lhe iialiuii. Il in tint plcntnit
t. Mpenk of one's elf. yet I tnui the oecaibn
will jutlify me in liru-ily alliitimjr t .i one m two
Pi ntii ri-miiecied with my p it a-lnnniMrntioit
. oil an know Hint
hen'l was that culled lo
I tbe Kleeutiie I'buir by a beeenvf inent which
I overwhi lint d the nation with grief, the eoiin
try win iiiilorluuatrly agitated from one end
t'. lhe other upon the exciting Bilbjeet of s'ave
) ry. It was then, lir, that I felt il my doty to
( rise above eveiy sectional prejudice and look
tlie wi.oirc ot tlie whole nation. I was
mpcllrd lo a eertnin evloul, to ovricome long
.o.ii.bvd pujoo.v.a, and diatoaid parly
Hot in d.ong tins, sir, 1 did no noire thnu
was d'Oie hy losny abler and heller men than
myself. I was by no means ihc sole instrii-
I 'I. Ulolet Prov.deuec, ill harmonizing those
dilticiillies. There were al thai tilini, in.lcpeu
ib nt, high souU'.l men iu l.otli Ii.oiaiH of Con
gers., pelon.-'iiig to b oh the great politieai par
ti' a of llio eoontiy W hips lind llenn. )ta -
who spurned the charnrler of seltih parly
lenders, ami rallied around my lolniiiiistrtitinii,
iu support of lhe great it ensures which restor
ed peace to our agitated and distracted coun
try. Ily the hle.-ilig of liiim Providence,
our efforts were crowned with signal snecess,
and when I left the I'resuleulial Chair, ihc
whole natii'ii wns prosperous ami rniiteuti'd,
and our re ationa with all f.. reign nntiens wees
ot the most niiiiciible kind. The cloud that
hong upon the horiaon was diisipsted ; but
where are we now! Alas! Threatened at
home with eiiil war, and from nbromi with a
ruoiure of our poiieeful relation!. 1 shsll not
seek to trace lhe cuises of this ehaige. Those
are the biota, nod il is for you to ponder upon
them, flf the plescut n'tmirilstislioii hare
nothing lo say. I can appreciate the dithcul-In-s
of administering this tiovei iinient, sud if
the pieaenl Fveciilive noil his supporters have
with good intention mol honest hearts, made a
loiatiike. 1 hope Hod niny torgive them as 1 do.
Pot if there tie those wl o kivc brought these
ealamnilnv. upon ihr eouiitty. tor sefr-b or
auibitious objuis, 11 is your ilolv. fellow cili
rena. lo lloiil them to a strict respi.lililtilite.
The agilalioii which disluibeil the peace of
the eounlry in le..O was unavoidable. It wi,s
biooitht upon ua by the nciiiisiiion of nrw ter
ritoiy. for the goiernmonl of which it was n
ci'souy lo provide 1 'i-ritin ml adniiuistralnoia.
It is lor yoi lo sny ivlii'ther the proaent agita
tion, which distracts the country and threat
ens us with civil war, boa not been reel-las, Iy
and wantonly produced by the adoption of a
measure lo aid in pei-aonal advancement rather
than in any public good.
Sir, yoo have been plenae.l lo tay that Hiava
leeiing iiimwpi'ii ine .-vortti ami i lie rooun, on
tbe most exciting of all topics, resuilinx in
bloii.Mied aiol organized military nrray.
lint this is not all, air. W e a-ee a political
party, presenting eamtidalea for tbe Preaiden
ey and Vloo Preaoloilcy, selected tor the lirst
time from the free States alone, with the avow
ed purpose of aloetiug these eindidates by the
suff rage! of one part of the t'uion only to rule
over the whole Cuitcd Statea. Can it be possi
ble that those who are engaged in such a mena
ure can have seriously reflected on the conse
quences, which must iurvilobly follow iii case
of success ! Can they have the mnilnesa or
follv tn believe that our Southern brethren
would iiibmit lo be governed by such a Chief
Magistrate ? Would lie be re.inred to follow
the inle prsecribed by those who elected bitn ill
making his 'nppoiiilioents ? If a nisn living
south of Motel) and I'ixon's line he not worthy
to be Preaidont or Vies President, would it be
proper to snleot one from the sums quarter si
one of bis Cabinet Council, or to represent the
nntion in s foreign country ! Or, Mnlrcd, to
collect the Itsvenue or administer the laws of
the Foiled SlntesT If not. wbflt new rule ia
the I'residcnt to adopt in Bclecting mea for of
fice? These are aerioua, but practical questions,
and in order to appreciate them fuilv, it is
onlv nccessarv to turn lhe tables upon Ihein-
e'lves. Kuppone Ihat the Houth hat-inff a ma-
Jorily of the electoral vbtes should declare that
they wuuld have only alaveholitera for Presi
dent anl Vice President; and ahuiild elect such
by their exclusive suffrages to A'Oe over us at
the North, lio you think we would submit to
it? No, not for a moment. And do you be
lieve that your Southern brethren are leu sen
sitive on this subject than you sre. or less
jealous of their right! If you do, let uie tell
yon that you are mistaken. And, therefore,
you mnai see inai n una aateiiunai psriy
you mnat see that If this sectional party sac-
eeetla, il leads inevitably to the destruction of
"""'"l Wne. reeml by our forotathri a.
1 eempiitpd by thpir bl'md, and bequeathed us aa
; a prireleaa iiihpritance.
I te I ynu, my tnemls, that I speak warmly
on tin subjret, fori feel that we arc -in dan
fpr. I nm d-terimiied to make a clean hreant
of it. I will watli my hands of thectiiitrqiieu.
cea, ahutfivr they mny h ; and I trll ymi that
' we are tieadinft; upon the brink uf a volcano,
that is I nt hip at any wow cot tu burst forth and
overwhelm the nation. I might bv ft worts
bold out delusive hopes aud thereby win votes,
I but I never ran conaent to be one tliinjr to tlie
i North and another to tbe JHonth. 1 should dc
I BpiM niv'flf if 1 could be puilty of such evn
' wn. For my eonncience would still aik with
the dramaUo hjI
"Iu lhr not sMoiit awrvH rr-
hirklvn tliiBrtr rt wih Immoital wratb
, T" MsV-t lUt wrr'rh "hi nwe hit f rtl.trN
' T" In- mn"lty'( ruin " (fh-n-rt.)
In the lanure of tbe Umenird. immortal
Clny "I bad rather be ripht tbnn be rrei
dent.'' (LnltiUKiaaiic end prolonprd cheers.
i seenis to me impossihle thai those enga
gptl in this sec ti unal apitation can have con
templated the awful conaequetiee of lucce).
If it breaks amnder the bonds of onr t'ni"n
and spread anarrby and civil wnr thmuph tbe
land, what is it less than moral treatuu I
And let me also add, that, when this t'nion is
disNolved, it will not be dividrd Into two re
publics or two monarchic, but broken Into
fragments each at war with the other.
Hut, Mlnw cittiens, 1 have perhapi aaid all
thit wit nrceaaary on tint aubject, and I turn
with pleasure to a leas important but more
aptreeable topic. It hastteen my fortune, dur
ina my travels in Knrope to witneta once or
twice the reception of royalty, tn all the pomp
and splendor of military array, whpre the
muxicwae given to order and the cheers at the
word of command. Hut, for myself, I prifc
the hnneot pirntaneoBi throb of affection with
which you have welcemed me hack tn my na
tive .tate above all the pap rant which royalty
can duplay. Therefore, with a heart over
fl iwinf with era i ef ul emotion. I rrtum you a
thousand thanks and bid you adieu. Prolong
Tni EaaisB OaatoB, Maj. Oot Henry
haa entered the canvaas, having made a bril
liant and stirring speech near the Cumber
land Iron Work a few days since. Its an j
Governor J ihnann, debate at a Darbecue io
Montgmeie county, oa ths Kih, inM.
' t-l.im On' Nl.U.tlr I'.m t
f Tun hfcoud anows dakki.h.
tll II 4 K A f --TI TO Cor.il 10 H H I'Hmiir-
hK h Ah'MiMMMi Si iuni i rur
Dim an t to I'm i i.u.
We In n fh'in lime In tinir. airii'f (lie
noiniiniiiiiii Mr. lliii'loinmi l v Hit t'in-
eimiati t' iitt-nit Mi, pr - eentrd a iiMiiin:iin'a
w fijctit tit v nit in'a Iii prove him hlile li
lhe -uili, nn.l ilir ihii'ivhlM of fMri.
Sn in it ii w i cvvr i'Hi red in lie count iy
whore reciit un thin oi Ht inn in no blin k,
ami il iniiiil v c iti el ii i vti un i ii unbound
tifhs. Tin . rlii jt wns enrly nmnitrt-ted by
him. aiol In tici n urirrniiitjMi v nmitiUm
ed Up o lln- -lav, lllnl th how I'lieiialiril I y
In iii hi all if riihkiit'n. If lhe political
history nt llu couiiit y eonti anytim e
lint he hatniinl ur tlfiie, iu fi-citim 0"ii
H. et with (hi- I .'inn;, m mi pinery per"iirtl
uioiivu pru.ti!t U ii If ho votMl m ii.ttuii
Trkan, he tint ii with a In art fell, iinti l.iv
ry '(iijiliii ion. ax I with the avowed h p
and belief Hmt il mili etretiinaerihe, il U
did not cpiM' tir il, i- Mite ion,:iion ul
alavery in linlT 1 lit t.ui. w hero it mintn ,
II" hn eiidorail ibe pL.t'erni wl i h w a made
tur bun nt t on iiiti.iii, it una hh tor cart
hurau acut -pin lie p n . . i -1 . j i no itUtiiue
and upprenMVii Lui'l m.k-Ii he only ena 'n
lo onrry or ll.r r.p.r.;.' mul wlmw rh,i
10 he relieves w ith ih - pu I nf Niiiitt--r
S.ivereinniv. Wlo-re.-r n ,w ..rrt bifUht
to recognise ur mniniiuii the nlim u iiie
Siulh III rt'ltn'd tOi:tvt' f.l periv. It w.i Ity
lhe force el loM-efntv. F o twnitv v.uh
bas been Acandidale for his t.ntlvs ii. o.i-
nalioli Iii the IV looev. and l,;is I.e. I, e,
polled lo stnlt and sliullle, tack and linn to
HCeolnilisb ibis end. 'I hear gv rot i.-l.a b.i i a
occasionally forced liim to Mi.TinYe bis ol,
Inirrence to lluvery. mid sui'Oher bis ci -'r-isbed
purpose! lo contine nod tiunlly d.-..
trot it. lint a lair and candid ejni,iiiii.:i u
of his whole course on tho auhj.'.'t -nu
leave nu doubt with nn iiiipri iioio ed in oi
that he ia al heart s hitter opponent ot s;;i
j very, snd that his ambition once irati(ii.l,
t,c would not hesitate to sanction or itii-
j pate measures in l rd.incs with Ins ti.l
. nig. We. think the proof jnst:li.s !!
I tbe Solilli in regiiidiiig linn as no cji-'iim-v
! ,latijcimta ni.oi. Wopmoiil tliM int. 11,10
! nil adililionnl llelll ol teat Inv. II y, nliicll. II
it were possible, retell ra Sllil sir .ror lio'
' overwhelming lutisa alnooly .,!i.d up .o
j i a have ahown thai in 1810 he look tiie
position that t'ongri .i bad Ibe power lo ei
j lode slavery from loc ten ii trie-, an I ad
, vo.'nted its cii'ivim in tbo case of Min-nii-
I That in iSlii. iu a npterh drlivrrtd in-lli"
I inline ot ItcpneiitrttitffK, 1m ticvitrct l.i''
' ry li he a ut I't.i.iiii'Ai.eviI," "h ciudr,"
1 nnd dovoiitiV .tive than It to Inn Miikcr tlmt
j kin hit I uul heeu oiimi in a alato wheiu it tiid
; lint e.tit,
Tlmt in lHort, he apuko in fumr 'f rerpiv
intT nnd reierrinji; pctiiiini priiyinif the nh'il
' ittiin uf nUrtiry, to a scieut oumnmfro, nr
the enniniitt'-e nn the )i.iiii-t ul (iiiiiiliin :
nnd tlmt nu tlm 1 llh nf Jiinunry nt that
year, lie "tlionlit ('fti-rea oupht n"t nt
tht iiit tu ahiilili flitery" in llm I'isin.-t,
th'-ri-hy imply in (U ind eont-'iiding fur th"
ptiwrr. -S'-f Cottf. (Un?, piyf .
Tlmt during tiie eecontl t'Sften of lhe
UTth lsii(creiiht ilirre were tufty alnililit.n
pelitiona pri'm-nti-d, nnd tlmt ha nil'.' red
(Itirfi fintr of them, .Ve Cuuy. (il,.n- oj 'that
Tlmt on I lit 4ih of Apiil, .H. he ciimim
id hiuii-fir and lhe emiuniitee Inn injt utidr-r
CMiinidei utinii the ndiiiiNtinii ul' Arktmns
inlo the I'meii, lor rcconuiicinliitg iu nduiia
sin as a nUre tftato, in the lullu w intf preg
mutt wo) da :
"lie. con."idered the Compromise which
had been made when MiMou-i admitteit
into the I niunai huviur stfttird the o;ui'atitin
PlvM?r$ni tbs-iii'iy- Simh u .-teiu
Ktatea; and the Committee, TU KKKFOKK, 1
did not think proper tu interfere with the in- j
alitutinn of atnvery in Arkunsna.---aSt4t Cony,
(Unix, pay li0.
In thi he ujruin implic. in itntnistnkahle
lanjiunire, hia ludiot in the power of Con
grerta "to inlcrlt-re w nli the iii"iiiiition nf
Mlnverv," nnd that he wtmld Imtc doiii au
in the euse f Arkrinumi, hud ii"t uu exittn
stittuti! piei-Uiili d liim.
Tlint in 1 S 14, while tho Tuna tmity nf
ftniiPXtitiiin wns under C'ttiHideraiinn, he ei
preeu'd hia "irt-nt repuiiiinnee hv anv ant
of his to extend tho limits of tlie tinion
over new tlivp-linliiiiig t rnlory," nu I only
supp iried the trenly on tl-o niund that it
would "limit," nnd ut 'Vntur-a the doiiiiu
oiiH of Uveiy" nnd further ihut it wdiiIJ
.peeitre the abolition of slnvcry in the Ntntea
Hd iiinin, Mtiryland, Keniin-ky, and Mis
amni. 'J'liut -nllbe 21st nf August, lKH. ho
wrote to Tbitdridi .Sitnfnrd, ef Muhile, spo-
emilv t't rliitc tlmt ho itdiiered tu bis o in
imiu expreepud in IHJ'.I, Aa to the power of
i'ofinri'M ovit the fjinniion of shivery; nnd
reiterate his opinion, thnt ('onruM 'pns
aes"es the puwer tn It'jfiflitte upon the
eiibjeet of slavery in the tprritoi les," nnd
deelarea that Iiik "power, from ilnfnature,
niunt he exeluive."
That in October, 1 S IK, be tnnk a pisition 1
on the ijuentiiin of nlHvery directly oppnnite
i to that held by Clny, Calhoun, and the whole I
Sttith, to-wit : tlmt the territory acquired ;
: by the tJuadaloupe Ilidiiljro treaty was free j
' territory, and could not be openpd to the I
' admission uf slave, unless by the pueitire j
' enactment of a competent h-gislative author- j
I ity. His word wero aa follows, tlmt when f
"when we nequired it .from Meiieu, it wna
' rpita Inrrilorv tmlh in I n sr nnd in fapl. and
. ;" , . ' i i
frte .1 f ust romnn, un its pteaent condi-
tion snail oe cnanKea iy nie p...,(.-e
inetit of a ni,tent legialat.ve authority.
. n,at mlh4H l.e advocated the eatensmn
nf the Misauur. reelr.ciiun line to the I aei f
fie Ocean. It will be borne in mind that
this line ia now the epecial object of the d1- I
: n-"iin of Southern men,. aa uW, tWi- ;
on .anH HnwMtohwd.
: lhatiulvr,,m h.a letter on aceep ting
the i incmnati nomination I.e. aa-ert. in Un- ;
fcmiKe ur :-''"-. y . '
ot tbe tieople uf tbe d-rritory to forbid,
advnnee of the fnrniatinn of a Suit cetisli
tution, tbe mrrytng of slave property into !
tba t'Triturie!. anl contend that it ia a
principle nnd the meaning nf the Nebraska
Kiirmns hill, which Gov. Wriahtsof Imliana. !
a rti-iiinguinlM'd democrat and anpnorter of j
Hiiehanun. Ittcly declared to be the " nr.T i between the I1 alia and UJ-pcualun linde.
WiTitoT I'rovisii rra tsu-ttu." and in Thi we believe, is the first time the fnat
which be uiwed truth for it te an equally , Wa(l evor atteuipU.a. It waa auccowfully
sure mode of dp-)troinc lb riebts of the r . . r .. , , J
Smith in th, territories, snd w.. pronounce.) rr"""J ' F- Urge number
bv John t:. Calhoun lo be "a oa.t vius of peciatnrs.
Wit ot I'siivisinsv." alai'ltsnn is emplnjed hj the New o tk
Thia is the sohaiance of the evidence Crn'ral Hailroad Compsnr, anil has es-
which has hitherto liwn rendeerd against tntiliahetl Lit reputation ts sn sdventurer
. him. nne tewh of which is sufficienl Meoii-; e j, ti,, ,, m)0 wal,eJ the ladder
' vict him. We, however, produce thia morn- , briHce from ,l ice, last winter, lo Bird
, l,,fe:,,o;hi,:r;';U,;d zt ", - ' -
Houihern man' frnm his support, whow soul i d l"i'C i .but, to onr notion,
' is n t aiecpcd and soaked in parly litter- thin last exceeds it in danger and bold
ness. Jlv referring to Nilea Register, tan ncsa. AVuAetfrr ( aioa.
ttniiiirteachiiblsaiithoritv.) for the years IM'JS t . . .
and li'.l. it will be found that on the Oth Jan- i , ine 0f Ulinwis have
; n.rv, H29, Mr. Miner moved the fdlowiiig, I UU1. ou, fir jIr riUnsoro. ...d will be
ttrewmble nnd rrolotina, embolving tbe . i .l .
, moat outrageous abolition pnipo.itiunver r i nnvent.nn, ,n
i fotrd on in Congress: It tltitm-re. o look fur a grand rally of
Wherpaa, the Otistittition baa given to i
CtiiigreM within the li-itrict Iistriet of Co
lumbia, the power nf exelusive legislation in
all case whatsoever, and whereaa, the law '
in resrect to slavery in the Ihstrict of Co
lumbia, have been wholly neglected
From which neglect, for tienrly thirty
year, have grown numerous and groas cr ;
punitv. have mad. lb. seat of lhe federal '
government their heado,d.rters for carrying,
. . - - . .
on lhe dome.lie slave trade
The public priaons have Issen eitensively
used perverted from the purposes for which
they were erected for carrying on tbe do
mestic slave trade.
Oroeers of Ibe fedvn! government Lave
been employed and derived emolument from
earryint; en the domestie elave trade ; .
Private and secret priaons evi.t In tbe i three, Ibe captain, second male and one
thatriet lot carrying, on thit traffic in human ; man. H .ports of other wrecks and straad
Iteinga ; ! ing have been rveitad wiihat f artienlare.
Hie trade is not cos lined to Ihooe who an
elates lor hie, but persons having a limllud
lima sre bought ly lhe slate dealers sud
soul where redrosi is hopcleas ;
iltlieryars kidnapped and csrriod away
beiote tb' unit be readied,
liiainiicoN of death front anguish snd de
spair, exhibited in lbs Innriol, mark ths
cruelly nt thia trallie.
luvi.iiii'ea of maiming snd suicide, ete
o.ilid or attempted, have lieen exhibited
gn wing out of thia trallic wilhin ths Dia
I id ;
Flee persona of color cniniiig into the Dis
trict are liable to arrest, impi iioiuuelit, snd
sold into shivery for life, for jail fees, if un
able, from ignorance, misfortune ur fraud, lo
prove thou- freedom ;
. Advciiisriiii'iii. beginning, " We will give
ra.li for one hundred likely young negiues,
of bulb seine Iruiu eight to Iweniv-tive years
I old," coiitniio'd 111 lhe pubbe pnnis uf tho
j i-rty, iindei the notice of Coi.giesa, indicate
lhe opeiinesa and extent uf the traffic ;
K'ciica of human lsaingi expose, al public
Vendue nie exbil iled hers, permitted by tlie
laws id the general government, a woman
I having been adi?rtleett lo be mid at Llnvd'a
j l.ivern, near Ibe tvnirnl M u ket house, dur-
i ing the niolllb of llecembcr.
i A grand jiny of Ibe District has pieieuted
I the sl ue Hade aa a grievance ;
J A writer in s public prim in the l'iitricl
I has set forth that to those who have never
seen a spectacle ol tbe kind (wxtnbiled by
I lie slate tlnde.) no description call give aa
ndctpuilc idea of its horrors ;
'lo such extent bad thia been rnrried in
I s I'i, Ibal a member of Congress from Vir-
' ginin. introduced a rcaolnlion into lbs lluiiao,
" that a committee appointed lo examine
into tho existence id' nu inhuman nnd illegal
iriiffie in sinvea. curried 011, in and through
; tlio Ihitiictot Columbia, mid report whether
any, anil what lueaBUiea ale necessary for
lhe putting a stop lo the sumo ;"
T ho House ol liepren nutives of Penn-
' syU.uitl, ut their last session, by an almost
I unaiiiuioii Vote, expressed ths opinion that
.slavery within the llistlict of Columbia,
onlit to bo wliolisbed ;
Nomenoia pi-tiiion. from various parts of
; the I luon, have been presented to Congress,
prnyitio l..r the reii-ion of tbo laws In re
ape, t to slavery, nod tlie grndiial uljtftitmttnf
,,.'trry inl'tlH the l)mtni t of 1 'n mtnn.
.. 1 1 r ii i ii wns pteacntcd nt tbe last ses-
so II ot' t'ollgress. signed by Uloril llllltl one
il..oi-;!'i l iiihiiloiiinis of Ibe Pistrici, pray
lot: t i- the griitlual abolition of slavery
i tl ;ii ;
Aiol. v. hernia, the ten miles square enhfl
ib il ti tho exclusive h isl.ilion of Congress,
on-'1!! I r tjo- honor ol this rcpobloan gov
erooo'M, in, J tin.- interest of tlie Ibatrict, to
evl.ilol a -p.'. inn n ot pure nod just laws
lb' II re..ille,l, That the Coiniuiiloo for
I tbe llialriel ot I'olot'llnA be ill'itrtlcted to
! t.il." inlo I'otisnb'i'iitinii ibe laws within lhe
! Ii-tr.ci, in r-speot to slavery : that they in-
quite into t!,,. sinvi' tinde us it exista in, nnd
' is e, orie l on thioult t' o listriet, nnd that
. they rep. .it 1. 1 the House sio.h amendments
, to I ho existing laws as slinll serin to them lo
llFi).VFI. THAT TIIK Ctl.MMITTFR
in-; fi iniii.it iv-ii'iu I'li'.D 'in in
i,ii nu: i ui Tin; i:xi'i;iiFcY up
1 l'llti ililNU, HV LAW, Fi'lt 'ITU' lilt All-
! i ai, Aitui.ninN ul si,.vr.i; fi ii-
IX THi; MSI li H T IN St I'll M.lNNKIl
THAT TIIK 1MT.KIST nK M IMH-
ti't Al. SIIAI.I. Hi; IN.II JU.D ITIKIiK-
, Wa hrcpnik nn atienlive perunl "f thia
piviinihle, nnd of lhe l.irt nolve. The tirt
1. ,.".:v. s.nmfrl from the ali'ilitnm
nieiiiornti ot lu iker and Frit-nd S'cieiies,
and is rmhr-llifdicd villi llio aelectfi-L ln
frnnpe in the vooihuliiiy f fnnntieinin. It
...H.ts in horrible pbnifc, a grnsaly rx-tg
perilled pinturo nf K''!ry nnd the ive
trode, nn.l rcfer-i t- th 'ie ahoii:ion pitiliima
winch Mr. Hueiuinnn ao liked to pieoiit, as
the outcry uf the popular bnrt aga.nst it,
and as a junlilinatitm uf the measure pro
poised in the lutit reatiltitinn, which is the ab
olition ov tu.AVKRr in tuk Dotsict or Co
t.i M m a, the limt luve nnd darling uf Gid
d.M-iH and his infurnul trew.
hen tbe nhovo preumble and rfulutinns
worn rend, Mr. Worms uf Ntryhtud, n eouth
ern mnn, and a rcprc'Mitive from unc of
the Suite which h.id ccdi d this district to
the cmTtil cover n men t moved th quest nm
t tiomulmxituH, by which ho desired t teit
the HL-mte of tlie House on the pnipueition,
nnd which motion in hy parliamentary law,
regarded Him If at question. Mr. Miner de
m inded the yea and miye en the question
wht tlier the Uune would consider, and the '
the Mouse ordered the etill of tba roll. 'J'ha
qtipntion was decided in the atfirmalive, aud
J unit Buchanan atnitde revurded an.
W a will not enlarge upon the mh rmotis
wiekedneNH of I Jtid propunititin. livery Suuib
ern mind inuwt nt umo rnup it, its iia eniire
eoinpr'diensioii, nnd revolt (rem it. Suffioa
it to anv, thnt it enactment woulil have vir
tually destroyed the fxitencd of ilnvery in
the iMutt s as well as virluully dt'stmyod it
in the J'ietrict. The former would have
been the next agressirn efcp aouthward of
tho "bhrud-boltered" Aliiln of anti-slnvery
fannticinni, nnd with the first bluwol his in
vasion would have perished the integrity of
the I nion. To aUtlish slavery in the lUis
diet and dnrk-yards nnd arcnals uf the
L'nited Stntes, was (he first step in the war
nf tbt anM-slavery crusaders a en in id the in
ai itution, to be follow"! hy an attunpt upon
the institution in the States, and the recorda
pruve that James Ittiohanan, aympatkiied
and suitained by his votes in Cungrena, thia
unhnlluwed Work. Let Southern men read
thia again, and convince thctnaclven of the
tine again, and convince triemaclvus ol t
U u . uU firm
h f (r if if-
(i()n -nd (0 )f Vrhu ht
R, quetmn were U. .aeun.e a e.ill m..ra
ufM t A f(ttkM nilU,ime would
mt tltund Ul6 wckn of w
Wij, not Southern men, in this dire truer.
f( t t and ,lltir fMce-
(lin;Mhf; nJn ahrtwl .j, cmirM b
((M.n B wnr lnA mtmt Mcui and
lAKINt l'KAT WIMMNU TIIK RAr-
its of Niagara. A tunet daring and
oriloua leat waa prfortned at .Niagara
alls yeeterday. A man named 1 .lack-
a-n actually ewam aiTi Niagara Itiver,
rtiiiMrraiiTeti 01 me union on in at oo-
r&ionKif the men who, ear hewing the
, aeetionalistn which threaten?" to subvert the
l.cpublic. will appeal to their brethren ev-
erywhere to come to the rescue, and whose
appeal will not he unheard.
Erritemrnt in .Vooie. Mokitt, Aug. l0.
Much eicitement haa been enswed hare
"p-inrt Strickland Upaori. Ill eivnsM.enee
"fthe salt br them of awmion raxiks A
wnmmitlasa nf etlia.ns araa liirman .fad isst...
ed them to leave the eity in four day,; but
. the feeling against them increased to web
an extent that they left immediately.
! SHpvrtrii m4 Leas of Life. A'eve Or-
enat. Aitf. 2. Tbe Sieamehip ,N'aatiloe ie
rwrsorted wrecked. The ship Manilla, from
Bordeaux is treat with all on board Meant
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