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Portland gazette. [volume] (Portland, Me.) 1805-1805, April 08, 1805, Image 1

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t_ Sr ELEZER A. JENKS.
k\ 1.51,1,'I*l.I'IE\ PORTLAND (.'.I.1TXL) MONDAY, APRIL 8, 1805. [Wm,LM No. 363]
_ —;—- —- —- ^ ,‘ . ____ _________
From a London Papir,
t THE GHOST OF ROBESPUiRRF.
WRAPT »n the fauguine fliroud of guilt and f®r,
* from the dark regions where the wicked dwell,
Uproic the grimly Ghoft of RoaEsriERRE,
*kr.d bellow’d thus around, with hideuus yell:
u Where art thou rampant pow’r of Likrty,
44 Whole wild notes pierc’d the welkin’s UartleJ oar ?
** Equality! what’s now become of thee,
** To rcnjvatsd Gallia once fodear ?
44 Where are thofe vows of hatred td all Kings,
“ And all abettors too of kingly fway ?
'* O grand Republic! W'here are ill ihefe things,
4‘ That mark’d with briliianry thy riling day '{
“ W'here are ye, Jacobins ! my trufty Friends,
M W ho cleans'd foul Royalty's Augean Hall ?
44 Are ye too gone ?—The thought my I'pirit rends !
44 My curfe light on thee, tickle, fai thiefs Gaul!
44 Where is the 3ennct-r$wyt—the Mountain-form
“ Of Revolution’s terrible snonfeon ?
44 Where is the pride-depretfing Guillotine?
44 W’here Ca Ira's ioul-animuting tune l
m Departed all—or barter’d in exchange,
“ For worle than thole vile lhacklcs that vc tore!
w O degradation 1—O delulion llrange !
O*
44 Far this did Freachm n (bed fuch floods of gore !
• What blafted vilion now invades my view—
“ What torment, palling all by Demons known ?
44 Is my dim fight deceived ?—Cau it be true ?
“ Does Bonaparte fit on Capet’s throne !
44 T is true, by Stvi!—there fits the perjur’d knave !
41 Sworn the Republic’s Ironor to defend !
44 I cannot bear it !—To my gloomieft cave,
44 G lirehus 1 once more let me delcend.”
^ _HAFIZ.
Commoraunltl) cf ^asoactjusctts.
An A£t for determining the times and places
for holding the feveral Courts of Common
Pleas in the County of York.
SEC I. Be it enacted by the Senate and Houfe '
tf Representatives. in General Court uffembiedy and |
by the authority of the fame, That from and af
ter the pa {Ting this act, the times and places for
holding the Courts of Common Pleas, within
and for the county ofYorkihall be as follows,
viz. at York within and for the county of York,
on the fourth Monday of April •, at Waterbo
rcugh, within and for the county of York, on {
the fourth Monday of Auguft ; at Biddeford,
within and for the county of York, on the firfit
Monday of December.
SEC 2. Be it further enact < dy That all ac
tions, fuits, writs, procelf s, appeals, and recog
nizances, already taken, commenced, fued out
or made ; or that hereafter may be commenced ,
fued out or made returnable at tfork, on the
third Tuefday of April next, or on the third
Monday of April next And all actions, fuits,
protefies, recognizances, and prcfecutions of
every kind, now pending, er that may be pend
ing, in the Court of Common Pleas, which
was to be hoiden at York, aforefaid, on the
third Tuefday of April next, or on the third
Monday of April next, fhall be rerurnable to,
entered, proceeded upon, and tried before the
laid courts, to be hoden by virtue cf this a£t,
i at York, on the fourth Monday of April next.
SEC. 3. Be it further enacted, 1 hat all the
laws heretofore made, and now in force, deter
mining the times for holding the feveral courts
aforefaid, be, and the fame hereby are repealed.
Bjprovedf March 15, 1805.
AN ACr In addition to an act, entitled,“ an
act for the relief of poor Prifoners who are
committed on execution for deb
BA it enacted by the Senate and houfe of repre
fentatives, in General Court affernbled, and by the
authority cf the ;amey That whenever any perfon
tfhall have been convicted for any offence againlt
government, and fhail have fufFeed the penal
ties of the law therefor, and cannot therefore
fce admitted as a witnefs in anv civil or crimi
4
sial action, and fhall afterwards be committed
lor debt, and being poor and indigent fhall be ;
unable to pay prifon charges, the fame perfon !
may be admitted to the oath as preferi ed by the
a£t to which this is in addition, he or fhe con
forming to all the requifitions which are made
in fa id a<ft.
j{iy the Governor approved.—March 1, 1 8c j.
IM -- — ■
of tljc ClnitfO States.
[• .AN ACT In addition to “ An a£l to make
p rovifion for perfons that have been difabled
by known wounds, received in the atlual
fervice of the United States, during the revo
I lutianary war.t
I £E it enacted by the Senate and H$ufe of Repre
sentatives of the Unit id States cf America in Con
fref ajpmbl'd, That the provifions contained in
the lirlt fe£tion of “ An act to make provihon
for perfons that have been dilabled by known
"wounds, received in the actual fervice of the
United States, during the revolutionary war,”
T>iffed the third day of March, one thoular.d
•eight hundred and three, are hereby extended
to all thofe perfons in the fervice of the United
vitaces, who, in confluence of their di I ability
hv known wounds, received in a<ftual fervice,
during the revolutionary war, rengned their
Coaimidions, ort#ok difeharges ; or who, after
incurring their difabi'ity, were taken captive by
tiie enemy, and remained cither in captivity, or
on parole, until the clofe of the war ; or who,
i tfc coofe^ucn-c of known wounds received in
the actual fcrvlce of the United States,’ have at
any period fi nee, become, and continued difa
bled, in luch manner as to render them unable
to procure a fubfiltence by manual labor. Pro
vided, that every perfon of the feveral deferip
tions herein mentioned, applying for a penfion,
ihall in all other refpefts, conform to the re
quirements of the act, to which this an i« addi
tion. Apprcnrd.—Marc 3d, 1805.
AN ACT To amend the aft, intitled “ An aft
for the government and regulation of the
feamen in the mercants’ fervice.”
B fi it enacted by the Senate and Houje of Repre
sentatives of the United States of America, in Con
!gr*/i ajjembled, That all the provifions, regula
tions, and penalties which are contained in the
eighth fection of the aft, entitled «« An a£t for
the government and regulation of feamen in the
merchants’ fervice/’ fo far as relates to a
chelt of medicines to be provided for veficis of
one hundred and fifty tons burthen, and up
wards, hull be extended to nil merchant vefi'els
of the burthen of feverity five tons,or upwards, i
navigated with fix perions t r more, in the
whole, and bound from the United States, to
any port or ports in the Welt Indies.
Approved.— March 2, 1805.
Lutefl from Curopr*
r.'sn 33i
Constantinople, Dec. 4,
The ufurper, Iihmacl Pacha is llill in poflef
lion of Acre. He lately pretended a with to
treat for an accommodation with Ibrahim Pa
cha, who unfortunately relied on the fmcerity
of his : ropofitions ; but at a moment w hen
lcaft expected, Ilhmael made a faily, attacked
the troops of Ibrahim in flank, and beat them
back with great lofs.
Cairo, Nov. 12.
Three thoufand Ofmanlis on marching out of
Cairo, were attacked and defeated at the bridge
of Faioum by the Arabs and Mamelukes united.
A fecond detachment c^rrpcfed almoil entirely
of Albanians was to have proceeded under the
command of Mahomet Ali towards Upper
Egypt; but on the news of the defeat of thefe
30CO Ofmanlis, fear overcame them, and they
remained in the city. 500 Albanians have de
ferred to the Mamelukes, with the Aga, who
kept up a correfpondence with them. Fears
were entertained that they would behege Alex
andria.
Vienna. Jan. 9.— M. Rochefacuault, is ap
pointed ambaflador of France, to our court,
in the room of M. Campigney.
Advices from Genoa, ftate that Lord Nelfon
has blockaded Port Maken.
i he petition which the Britifh had taken in
the vicinity of Barcelona, rendered it impof
iible to relieve, or augment thegarrifon of Min
orca. t
Gen Moreau it is faid, has taken his depart
ure for America.
Hamburg, Jan. 4.—The tax t» defray the
coronation expenfes, is to be a defied on the fal
aries of the Senators, lribuncs, Legiflators,
Counfellors of Hate, Minifters Generals, Bifhops,
and all public functionaries. The quota, one
tenth.
PARIS, jan. 18.
Notwithftanding the march of our troops, and
the emperor** intended journey to Italy, we ftil!
think here there will be no war on the conti
nent, with Ruftia, much lefs with Aultria.
The arrangements for a new organization of
the kingdom of Eutruria, are not yet ripe for
execution.
A divifion of the grenadiers and chafl'curs of
the Imperial Body Guards has marched to Ly
ons, from thence they will proceed to Milan ;
whither a detachment from the corps of Mame
lukes is already gone.
There are now in this city, two deputies from
the (Cafalpine) republic, with inftru&ions to of
fei the crowd to Bonaparte, as king of Lombar
dy- _
Esndont Feb. 6.—Bonaparte is on the point
of again croiung the Alps ; and to make anoth
er vifit to Italy Let Auftria beware ! She neg
lected this caution before the battle of Maren
go, and fhe loft Italy. Bonaparte’s mamelukes
and his guards have already lefc Paris, and are
immediately to be followed by his imperial ma
jefty. The elevation of his brother Jofeph to
the throne of Lombardy, which has been offer
ed by a deputation from the Italian republic, is
alledged to he the fofe caufe of his journey—it
I is only one of the caufes —For fome time paft
1 troops have been filing ofF from the eaftern and
jfouthern parts of France to Italy ;—it is even
faid, that the Italian detachments which formed
part of the encampments at Bologne and along
the weftern coafts of France, has broken up, and
retu rned to Italy, under the pretence that the
cold weather was injurious to troops ufed to a
warmer climate. The increale of the French
troops in Italy, and the pofition they took along
the Adriatic ihore, and on the Neapolitan fron
tier, was fuppofed to be with a view of occupy
ing Naples, and of defeating any attempts that
might be made by the Ruffian troops at Corfu.
! Whether Auflria faw rhat fo large a force could
not he required to defeat the defigns which the
Ruffians in Corfu might entertain, or to over
run and occupy the whole kingdom of Naples,
we know not, but flic began to form a cordon
upon her frontier from the Tyrol to Venice.—
She has alledged the epidemic diftemper in Tuf
cany as the cauie of this cordon—a pretence
which does not deceive Bonaparte, who certain
ly perceives that fo large a force can only be for
the purpofe of obfervution. It is evident that
Auflria fufpe&s him.—Ac has endeavored to
quiet her apprehenlipns by an exprefs condition
that the new king of Lombardy fhall renounce
ail claim to the lucceffion to the Imperial crown
of France, and that the titles of emperor of
France and king of Lombardy fhallever be uni
ted in the fame perfon. But thefe alfuranccs
have not produced the effecl of removing the
apprehensions of Auflria, or of inducing her to
withdraw her cordon •, She has recently increa
fed it. Hence the altercation at the levee be
tween Bonaparte and Count Cobentzel, to
whom the former fpoke in the language of in
fult and defiance.
ine agjrandizment of his family, an aggran
dizment for which they (hall be indebted fole
lv to him, is the vaft object of his ambition.
To give his family a power and a .confequence
which none ever poifeffed before—to be empe
ror, reigning over dependent kings—Kings bear
his name, and created by himfelf; is the grand
fcheme and determination of his mind—Kings
cf Ita y, and of Holland, of Switzerland,and cf
Spain, all (tripped from the fame tree, and
planted in the different foils of Euro e by him
ieIf. The pope is conveniently abfent from
Rome, and already do we hear it infincated,
thot his refidcnce may be fixed elfewhere, bv
the indended changes in Italy The kingdom
of Etruria is fickly»and is haftening to itsdiffolu
tion. In the kingdom of Lombardy will bf
merged the republics of Liguri and Lucca, the
kingdom of Eutruria, and even the territories of
the church. Naples will be the laft part of It
aly feized and added to it. I hat fuch are Bo
naparte’s gigantic defigns, feems to be fufpeded
by Auftria, and this is the motive for her hav
ing aflembled fo large a cordon.
We (hall net be furprifed to find that Bona
part’s object, in palling the Alps, is not to feat
his brother on the throne oi Lombardy in the
firft inftance, but to place himfelf at the head of
his army, attack and break the Auftrian cordon,
which, by being too extended, is in no part ve
ry ft) ong *, which, not expecting immediate ho(
tilities, has not collected fufficient ammunition,
and other neceffaries, and thus drive the Auft
rians out of the Venetian territories, and fecure
the poffeftion of them to t rance, that is to the
kingdom of Lombardy.—Bonaparte fees that
war with Auftria is inevitable and his policy is
always to ftrike the firft blow.
London, bab. 2-—A veiy extenfive expedition
is now almcft ready in our ports. Its objctl,
of courfe, is a matter of uncertainty.
London t Feb. 3.—At length, after remaining
two years in port, the French have venture 1 to
fend a fquadron to fea.. A look out cutter has
brought intelligence to admiral Cornwallis, oft'
Breft, that fix fail of tf^line, and two frig fces,
had put to fea, from Rochfort, the 1 ith of Jan
uary. On the 12th. they were deferibed by one
of our cutters, ftanding N. apparently having
fudained damage in their mads, fails and yards
On the 14th they wers fpoken by an American
veftel off thtPenmurkSy [on the French coa(ly a
/mail didanM to the N. H'\ of U Orient] when
they hove about and dood to the Southward.
It is evident they have gone to the weft ward.
Immediately on receiving the above intelligence
Sir Charles Cotton, and Sir Thomas Graves,
with each a fquadron, was fent in purfuit of
them
Rear Admiral Grave’s, fquadron, is compo
ftrd of the Foudroyant, of 80 guns, capt. Rod i
Windfor Caftle, capt Gould ; Hero, 74, capt,
Loring. It was on the 14th January he got in
formation of theelcape of the fquadron ;—the
heavy gales having obliged kim to go into Qrii
beroa bay. On the 24th he was oft' Uftiant.
Feb. c.—The army eftimates were moved vef*
J J «
terday. By thtfe it appears, that we have an
army of regulars, militia and fencibles, of up
wards of 300,000 men, and a volunteer army
to an equal amount. If to thefe be added our
na\al force, it will be found that we have a
greater number of men in arms, than any coun
try, in Europe, not excepting France herfelf, -.
—we had laid then almeit anv two coun
*
tries.
Feb. 5 — Yeftcrday, fix of RufteBs Waggons,
full of the chefts of Spanifh dollars, ) one mil
ion and a half) received from, on board the San
ta Gertruyda Spanifh frigate, were efconed
through this town for London, by parties of the
2d. regiment of Draggon, Guard, 81ft, 1 ft De
von, and royal C rnwall Regiments in grand
proceflion. The money is to be depofited in the
Bank of England.
Feb. 7.—We ftated a few days fince, that,
though the grand expedition was for the prefeni
deferred, fome regiments wou d Ihoitly be em
barked for colonial service. We now find that
not lefs than 1000 cavalry are under orders t.
embark as Tortfmouih, for the Weft-Indies.
<r
* «t ' - t * / .oft, *
;_Political_
CIRCULAR LETTER, from thf
Hon. Matthew lyov, jw. Ct*~ns*9
To u:s CONSTITUENTS.
* iVaJk'mqt&i, I.tanh 4, 1605.
1 HE time for which the Eighth Congrefs
was chofen, in which I have been honored with
a leat by the free fuffragesof my fcllew-citizens
of the fixft Congreilionai Diftricfc in Kentucky,
« having expired, and the fecond fetlion doled
; laft evening, agreeably to my premife, and what
I conlider my duty, i now give you a fummary
account of the proceedings of that fcITion, the
: part of which has been dull, formal, quiet,
i arKl unimportant ; the middle turbulent ami
! boiilerpus ; the lall aimoft whol v occupied by
the trial of Judge Chafe. .
It behoves me to explain myfclf with regard to
the tranfadions of the middle part of the feilion,
by the following narrative.
In the year 179;, the government of tb* *iau»
of Georgia, fold to certain companies, 35.000,. a
of acres of their We item Lands, received the
price agreed on, and gave ample conveyances of
the property ; on the faith of whtah the fir A
purchafcxs fold to feconu purdiafcrs, they to ci
thers, and fo om j
A 1 accenting legiffoture, in 1796, ir Teems,
did not like the barg i 1 made by their prciiccc -
fors, they declared it founded in. fraud, and
without bringing one of thofe concerned in
what they called fraud, to trial, they reclaimed
the property and offered to fell a part of their
Weftern Territory to the United States. The
purchafers Irom Georgia, remonftrated ' again ft
the propoled fale to the United States, and no
tified the Prcfident of their claim, its validity
and extent. Congrefs, however, by a law, au
thoriled the Prefident of the United States, to
accept the ceffion of the terrirory propofed to
be ceded by Georgia, which includes nineteen
millions of acres more than the before mention
ed purchafes, at the time time making a pro
vifion dor a compromife with the aforefaid clia
mants.
Some time after this, a convention wa£ agreed
on between the United States and Georsia, by
which the United States became bound to give
for the land ceded to them by Georgia,
>250oocdollars out of the avail of the lands In
this convention the exafperated Georgians cau
fed to be infericd a claufe limiting to 5,000,00>
of acres the extent of what the United states
lhould be liable to give to all the clamanrs, by
way of ccmpromife, which if not appropriated
for that purpofe within one year, fheuid revert
to Georgia—the appropriation was accordingly
made in due time.
The claimants at firfl view were unwil ing to
accept of the fmall pittance of the coo,coo
which, by the convention between the Ur ited
States and Georgia, the U. States were allowed
to give for the compromife, but when they con
sidered that without the confent of COngrds the
Indian title could not be by them extinguifhed*
and without that extinguiiliment they wold net
be allowed to fettle on their lands, they felt dif
poled to accept what was in the power of the
I United States to give’
T_ o__ 1__rr_ 1 _n_* .1
iwwj, a law ^.laiicu luiUxlillliig U1C OUIJYclt
tion between the United States and Georgia,
tn which the claims of the purchalers were a
gain recognized, and they invited to a compro
mife and to record the evidence of their cliams,
weichhas been done at avail expenfe ; and to
further this obje£l the Frefident, (who in a pre
vious melTage to Congrefs recommended a com
proroife as a mtalure preliminary to the fettle
meut of the country,) was authorifed to appoint
commiflioncrs to hear and report the offers of
compromife which IhouU be made, with their
opinion thereon. Thofc conimiffloners,namely,
the Secretary of State, the be or eta rv of the
1’reafury, and the Attorney General, all appoin
ted by 1 Tefulent Jefterfon, after a full examina
tion of the nature of the claims, and the atten
ding circumftances, reported to Congrefs in
favor of a compromife with the claimants, fla
ring that the intcrefl* of the nation, together
w ith certain equitable confederations in favor of
the claimants, rendered a compromife in their
opinion deferable.
The fubjetfl of the compromife w>as accor
dingly brought forward in the firlt felhon of the
eighth Congrefs, for legidatire lanciion (as 1
conndered,) under the molt favorable aufpices.
1 feel deeply interefled in the compromife, not
that I ever bought, fold or owned a foot of the
land, or ever expcfled to own any of it, but I
ooked forward with pleafure to the time when,
by this compromife, every objection to the ex
tinguifhment of the Inoian title would be remov
ed, and the country lying between the diflrict I
reprefeat, as wcil as our neighboring flatc of
Fenneflee and the waters of the Alabumar, the
Tombigbec, and the other rivers running into
the Mobile bay, might be letcied, and our coun
try by that means have a new and more conve
nient channel and courfc cf commerce than any
ffse now has. 1 know' of no cbjctl lo unpor
j tant to the people of the weflcrn c urtry gene
rally, as the fettleraent and population of this
cor.refled territory, not only on the fcoie I lath
1 mentioned, butbecaufe the read from Natchez
to Nafhvillc, for near four thou fa ud miles,' lies

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