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Portland gazette. [volume] (Portland, Me.) 1805-1805, April 22, 1805, Image 1

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rOP.TLAND (MAINZ) MONDAY, APRIL 22, 1305. [K'hqlx No. 3* r
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_ . __ , , , , - , k
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I P)f pilgrim.—No. XXIV.
• Q»' jiuJct cptctjm ch’j'u ctibitMgere ractJK,
Malta tulu feutque putr ; fadavit et alj:*. KOKid
Tli? youth, who hopes th’ Olvmpk prize to gain.
1 All arts mull try, ami every toil iuftain. fkancis.
"Whether we rcgjrd ptefent intereft or an.ufe
I ment} whether we aremore delirous of fuccefs
■ in this world, or fuiicitouvfor our reception in
■another, the cultivation of our minds w II be «
1 qually deferving the highetl attention.The mind,
l like the waters, that are pyriried by perpetuai
| undulation, when conftantiy agitated by adefirc
I of knowledge, is prelcrved from that ltagnatioi;
I which emits noiiome exhalations, and lwarm
[ with hideous monlters. Between the fquali
fcloathing of Hottentots and tlie elegant garment'
?’ of an European, although tlrcfs is highly cha
* ra&eriltical of mental imptovement, there i-.
r much lefs difference than in their intellectur
? acquifitions.
Iruluffry is ufuTlv the attendant of virtue ;
I iJlenefs is of the family cf vice, and may lame
1 tunes be taken for Ikt mother, and fometimes
I for her offspring. The mind of man, like a foil
f naturally fertile, mull produce fomething , and
if care be not taken in reusing more valuable
I plants, weeds, i'pontaneous in their growth,
\ and difficult to eradicate, will be the only har
j veil.
In the Olympic games, to which Horace in
our motto alludes, whoever wilhed to excel,
lihould from his youth have been inured to hard
9 {hips, not mak ng vigorous, yet inconflant, and
therefore ufelefs, efforts, but devoting himfcll
with unremitted exettion to the acquifition of a
.reward, thit conferred immoftality. Thus in
the purfuits of fcicnce or literature, conllancy
is no lets requifite than activity. How many,
who begin the race with alacrity, foon become
I in?patient of the fatigue, or are terrified by the
| length of the courfe, and ingiorioufly rc.inquifh
| their hopes and their claims.
Meditating one evening on this fubjo<ft, in
fr-tre of mv tervent resolutions the contrary, I
* _ 4 a 9
ted an.ep, and hau the following vilion.
1 faw' an exceedingly high hill, on the top of
which a fplendid edifice bore the inferipti n of
j V the temple of fcience.” It had a hundred
I doors ever open ; but, though the avenues near
the bottom ot the mountain were thronged with
thofe who directed their courfe to the fummit,
the werlhippers in the temple were few. The
road teemed t> be of tedious alcent, and in lome
places dangerous precipices threatened the tra
vellers,and impervious thickets obilru£ted their
Way; but I obferved, that it 1 ecame lete peri
lous and more pleafant, after they had proceed
ed feme dill a nee.
I therefore wondered that fo few were to be
[ feen cn the higher parts, till I difeoverea the ha •
Citations of the Sirens, Idlcnefs and Plcafure,
fkuated near the bottom of the mountain, where
j the path began to be broken by irregularities, or
; darkened by overhanging trees. Here many,
[ who thus far had travelled cheerfully, were fe
duced from their journey by one or other of
f thefe females. Some entered the labyrinth of
Pleafure, and were loll in its mazes ; but being
pliable to return .continued tcrove without tatisfac
* tion through meads of flowers,that faded as they
were gathered. Others, a more numerous
band, obeying the invitation of Idlenefa patted
the fatal threlhold, where a tew only were ob
. terved to linger with irrefolution, and to utter
groans, like the lrojan liorte, in eroding the
proitrated walls of the heaven deferred city.
A venerable figure was engaged in directing
and aflifting the travellers in their journey,
“ whole head,
M Not yet by time completely filver’d o’er,
“ Befpolce him pull the bound* of frealdlh youth,
M But ftronj for fervice ftiil.”
Thofe, who dilregarded his advice, were gene*
\ rally wearied by unavailing eiforts to furmount
fame difficult pafs, and returned to obey the
mandates of difciplirie with humility. Some
however, confident in their own powers, feern
ed the directions of their inftrutlor, whom
they expcfled to furpafs by their ardor, declar
ing they would rather be IoH in exploring new
paths, than arrive at their object by following
the old one.
In the nr id ft of the temple grew the tree of
I tame, under whofe golden branches were feat
[ od the poets, orators anu philofophtrs of all <g
I es. 1 lie fruit ol this tree was diftributed with
| impartiality ; and I beheld with wonder an tn
(■ ffaih bard, whole labors had deprived him of
flight, receiving a reward equal to that, which
j ages before had been bellowed on Virgil. '
Ihrough the long period that fucceeded the
Ifetllement ©f the barbarians in the Roman en
I pire, until the fifteenth century, very few vota- •
Ivies had arrived at this temple. They appeared
I at great intervals, like the folitary liars, viable in
‘an evening of clouds, whofe iuftre, i nil cad of
ifcciug magnified, is diminifhed bv the furround
ffag t* lrkuefs, or quenched by the humidity of
[the Iky. " * j
The ceremony of conferring the rewards of a
pong life of laoor cn lbme genius lately arrived,
fa Simulated my nerves, that I inllantly Halted
I i
* ♦ f r ;
from flceo, and in uiy fird "motions of pleafur
pravecl, that I niighc not, like Mofes from the
top of Pifgah, be favored with a view of that
land, which it is dedtned I thall never poffefs.
s in,
\ CJTJR. piece, entitled “ The ercrt:in\' of
the prtjent adthi mid ration,' publiflied in the Gaz
etted the lit ind. contains lome malicious m
fmuation's, which I could not fee palmed upon
the public without endeavouring to refute.
Granting that the net proceeds of the poft
ofiicc, were iti 1801, ftxty feven thoufand dollars
1 and in 1804 but fourteen, docs it follow, that
the feveral poltmaders have embezzled the pub
ic money r No iir ; be it known to you, they
lave accounted for every cent cf it. When
you fay *• the revenues of the individual offi
ces have dcubltdat lead lincC i 80 • you Jpeak
• he thing that is net. (in the contrary,the deereale
•>f revenue in the individual offices, is in a due
atio to that of the whole : and this not on the
principles to which you allinie, but on thole
which every wcll-wifher to his country will be
iroud of .* I mean thofe true economical ones
which aim at the good ol the people, and not
the paultry tr.fle of revenue of fifty three thouf
and dollars i which is the difference
Pickering and hlaberllnm (for (nutter views
no doubt) a.-pointed fuch deputies as we fooliffi
people could confide in ; fo iliat we thoughtleff
ly threw out letters, whether of importance or
not it made little difference, into the pod office
and let them lhift for themfelves. The revenue
increafed lo fad that one would think we all did
nothing but write letters, and then f$nd them
by the mail jud to fee how l'afe they would go
At this rate we ihould all have been ruined.
But new, having a new pod matter general,
and new deputies the tables are turned, thank
heaven, and our eyes are opened to our true
imeretts, and we faved from ruin. Inliead of
fquandering away our time in writing letters,
and our money in poltage, we now write as fel
dom as poffibie, ami then Jook cut for a private
A man uled to travel to liofton with no other
conftqutnce than what his own money, and his
own bufmelsgave him : but now, his fifty to
one, lus own money is not the tenth part of
what he carries ; and the letters he is charged
with is of greater bulk than his cloaths. ' Ibis
helps his felf love, and is at once making a bet
ter man of him For according to the doctrine
(by inference) of the greatelt philofopher now
living, we are all perfect, negroes excepted, if
we can only bring ourlelves to think fo. Btfides
this way of doing bufinefs eitabliflies a friendly
I intercourse among neighbours and makes us bet
ter difpcfrd to each other : it being a fettled
axiom among all philofoph«r$, “ 1 hat a man’s
gratitude rifes in exact prop rtion to the bene
fits he receives.” It alfo makes us more alert.
Formerly we had nothing to do but walk au'ay
like drones, with our letters to the poll-office ;
whersas now we mud itep round the town
briikly, fomctimes for two or three davs, to
ieek fomeb by by whom to fend them. * You
furely can’t deny that this is for the bell ; for
it keeps us from the rud of idlencfs i a lure
way to keep us out of mifchief.
Moreover, vve have heretofore been in the
habit of faunteriug into the pod office aimed
any ttirring heur in the iour-and twenty ; but
now, having to go fomctimes twice or thrice,
perhaps to no purpofe, we are encouraged to
leek for other conveyances. An additional help
to eoconomy. ' I
Hence it is p ain, l»r, that the deputy pod
mabers are no defaulters ; but that the decreafe
of this revenue is done with a defign, and that
with a fingle eye to our good. for you fee it
is plain, fir, that the left the revenue is from
the pod office, the better it is for us as individu
als. It it is true that the revenue in tour years
has decreafed from 67 to 14 thou fa nd dollars i
it follows that it will take no great while to
link it wholly. The pod-office then mud be
fupported by otiier revenues, when it will be
viewed in its true light. I mean a public nuif
ance, and will of couife be as it ought to be,
abolifhed. And then Mifter Querilt, I hope
we lhall hear, no more of your grumbling.
I rom a late Liverpool paper.
To the Printrr,
MR—that indances of longevity
are not fo rare in modern times as is ufualTy irn
magined, the fubjoined lid, collected from vari
ous fources, is a curious proof to which I beg
you will give a place in your columns, if you
think it will afford any amulement to votir num
erous readers, t hat I might not fwcll it ‘o an
in convenient length, none have been inferted
who have not attained their 130th year, or
whofe longevity has not appeared to be well at
tended. Many more might, without doubt, be
added, by thole, who have better opportunities
for collecting iuch accounts. The date affixed
to each name is the year in which each perfon
died, when that has been afeertained, or when

- ' * •*.. ' _ . 1 __j
nor, the laft year in w hich each is know n to
have lived.
Fetr. Fge. Fear. -dge,
179.5 D. Cameron, 230 17( C Tho*.. Dobfon, 139
'66 J. de la Some I, fSO ’85 Mary Cameron 139
'66 George King. 1% ’52 William Laland, HO
*67 John Taylor, 130 - Counti’.Deimond.f 40
’74 WilliamBeatle, 130 1770 James Sands, 140
’78 John Warfon, 150 ’70 Swariing.a monk 142
’80 R.Macbride, iso —~— C. M’Fmdlay, 143
’80 Wm. Ellis, 130 1757 John Effingham, 144
’64 Eliza. Taylor, 132 *S2 Evan William*, 145
’75 Peter Garden, 131 ’66 Thos. Winfloe, 140
'61 Eliz.Merchant, 131 ’72 J. C. Drahaften
’72 Mrs Keith, 134 berg, 116
’67 Francis Agne, 134 1652 William Mead, 118
’77 John Br«v.>k<*y, l.‘>4i> 1713 Francis Coulir, 150
■ ’44 Jane Harrifon, 235 1542 Tho*. Newman, 152
’59 James Shiele, 136 1635 Tho*. Parr, 152
’68 Catharine Noon, 1 <6 ’56 James Bowies, 152
’71 Marg. Fofter, J .°,6-I lenry Weft, 154
’76 John Moriat, 136 1#48 Thi v Damme 157
’72 J. Rtchardfon, 137 1763 A Polifh pea‘ant,152
’98 —4 Robertfon, 137 1797 Jos. Surtington, 160
’57 Wm. Sharpley, 138 1668 Wm F.dwa%4* 168
’68 J. MeLonough', 138 1670 Henry Jenkins, 169
’70 — Fairbrother, 13S 1782 Louila Truro, 175
’72 Mrs. Ciuun, 138
I o fhefe may be added a Mulatto man, w ho
died in 1797 in Frcdricktown, North Ameri
ca, and who Was faid to be 180 years old.
in the county Chronicle, of Dec. 13, 1791,
a paragraph was inferred, which (bated, that
i ho mas Cara, according to the par:*}; regiftcr
°* St. Leonard, Shoreditch, died the 28th of
January, 1508, aged 207. This is ?n intlance
ot longevity fo far exceeding any other on re
cord that one is difpofed to fufpe£b fome mk
take either in the regifter or in the extraid
Sucli however as it was there given, I now fend
it you , and if it (hould find a place in your
columns, will oblige, A. F5.
Commeruusaitb cf fi?assarlju3ctts.
An aft in addition to an aft, entitled, “ an aft
eltabl idung an incorporation by the name of
the Maim turnpike Affociaticn.
BE it troubled by tide Senate and Idoufe cj Re
prejentatir.esy in General Court cffembledt and by
the authority of the fame, That lb much of the
firft feftion of an aft, entitled, •« an ad cflab
1 idling an incorporation bv the name of the
Maine Turnpike /ijfociation? pafT d the eighth day
of March, in the year of our Lord, onethouf
and eight hundred and three, as authorizes laid
afTbctation to lay out, make and keep in repair
a Lurnpike road from Portland to Augujla Bridge
be, and hereby is repealed, any thing in faid aft
to the contrary notuithftandirg.
A larch I r, i 805.—By the Governor Approved
An aft to alter the times of holding the Court of
General Seflions of the Peace in the county
of Cumberland.
BA. it enabled by the Senate and Houfe of Repre
frntarives, in General Court ajfembledy and by thb
authority cj the jarney 1 hat from and after the
term of the Court of General Sellions of the
Peace in the county of Cumberland,, to be holden
by law on the third fuel day in February in the
prefent year, and after the firft Tuefday in
March inftant, the laid Court of General bef
fions of the Peace fhall be holden but twice in
each year, viz on the firft lucfdayof Septem
ber, and on the firft Tuefday of March in every
year, when the faid Court fhall be holden in the
town of Portland, any law to the contrary not
March 14, 1805.—By the Governor approved.
Petersburgh, (Ruflia,) Nov. 3c.
According to the laws of Kuflia, but one fon
out of every peafent’s family, can be obliged to
enlift into the army ; and when there is but one
fon in a family, he is entirely dxempt from mil
itary fervices. Notwithftandjng the eldeft fon
of a peafent’s family in the government of Teven
having been killed in battle, the fecond was ta
ken, itnd the third alfo in the late enrolment, lea
ving to the unfortunate parents to fapportthem
in their old age, only a blind girl and a dwarf,
who was the fourth on, who had been molt un
kindly treated by nature. The mother fell a vic
tim to the diftrefs in which they were involved ;
after her death, the dwarf fi rmed the refolution
ot coming to his capital, though he had five werft
I to walk. He fet out on his journey, without
knowing an inch of his way, and fulfilling en
tirelv on charity;
< ,
Having arrived here, he procured a perfon to
draw up a petition for iiim, containing an exahf
narrative of all thofe particulars. He went to
the parade with the intention oTprefenting it ta
'he emperor; but lie came too late; he went
there again the next day, but his heart failed him,
1 he third dsy, having acquired more resolution
he threw himfelf at his majefty’s Feet, and pre
fented his petition. As foon as the Emperor
had returned to the Palace, he inftantly read the
petition, and was lo atlecled by its contents,
that he gave immediate •rders that a ftridt en
quiry fhould be made into the whole affair ; the
petition was found to be perfectly :orre£l in all
its circumftances. Ilis Majcfty commanded the
Miniffer of jufii.e to iffue orders for the imcie
diate freedom of the dwarf’s brriher, and that
500 roubles fhcuh; < g ven to the dwarf as a
reward for his trouble.
The Minifter fcnt for him, and corr.mumca
ted to him his Majeftys pleafure, addirg that
there was a carriage at the door at his fcrvice, in
which he might have the fatisfaciion of going
himfclf fur his brother, who was quartered at
Gatchim The poo? dwarf could fcarcely be
lieve w }v>t lie favv and heard ; when he waf
convinced of the truth of it, he forgot all dlf
tift&ious of rank and (late: he leaped about,
laughed, and committed ev rv fort of evtrava
gmce. t length he got into the carriage, ar
rived at Gatlchina, (hewed the Emperor’s order,
and brought his brother bark to hts a^cd father
anti his Kind filter. 1 he perpetrator of this a£fc
of injustice 10 th l'e poor people, is to be crim
inally pr. .c» tcJ tor the fame.
Baffate* \ 'larch 15.—On the 5th, a French
fleet averted off his town, anchored, and fir
ed a it loft Smith. Having no force tore
lift io powerful an enemy, i;x pentlemen went
06, with a Hag of truce, to offer a capitulation
—when the following terms were offered ;_.
That the merchant (hipping (hould be Jurrtnde> ed :
7 hat frts Smith and bluf Point (houldbe occu
pied by French troops ; and t hat a contribution of a
mit'ion <5/ livers, (hould be fent on board the Majef
teux, by nine o'clock the*ext morning. Ihis could
could not be complied with. The French
troops were landed, and gen. Barbot ordered
the ttcafurer to produce 5000!, fterlirg by 8
o’clock the next morning ; in penalty of being
amerced in double the fum next day j and if
not then completed, the town {hould be deliver
ed up to pillage, and then be demolifhed 1 he
French general laid, he confidered the the levy
as made on the Britifh government, which
would indemnify the ifland. — Independent of
the 5G00I. he declared he muft have 200,0- c li
vers as a ccmpenfation for the troubeofthe
troops. The funi required not having been pa: 1,
gen Barbot demanded double *, and it being
impoffible to procure the cafh ; recourfe was
had to bills ; and Mr. CofHn dre^-on gen Mat
thews (on a vifit from the United States) ft r
:c,occl. pound iterling, in iavor of gen Bar
bot ; which were accepted by gen. Matthews
who immediately drew * n the American confui
at Paris, for the amount.
In the afternoon the committee were carried
on board the Majcfteux, when gen. (France com
plained of the final Inefs of the tfum railed ; —
and demanded 22,oooi. more , aw 1 on the com
npttee declaring it i.npofiible to raife the mon
ey ; they were ordered into confinement. Soon
after, however, gen. B-rbot, i iformed them
they mull pledge themfelves to bring on board
2cco guineas, by 8 o’clock, in which cafe no
injury fhould be done the town. This was com
plied with, and on the 7th they left the ifland ;
and proceeded to Nevis ; where they obtained
4,200I currency , but did not land :ny foldiers.
1 hey demanded at lirft 20,000 guineas.
£?. Domingo.—From Cape Francoife, we
learn, that vn the 26th Feb. gen v hriftophe,
attacked St. Jago, (in the Interior of St Domin
go) at the head of 6oco men, and after a fe
vere conflict with 1 coo Spaniards, carried
place. The inhabitants were indifcriminatrly pat
to the fword. On the next day, this feroc.wua
army marched againft Santa Djiningo.
From St. Thomas March 5 •— “ A French ccn
rul has arrived here from the city of St. Do
mingo, and has published the proclamation of
the French commander in chief of St. Domin
go, declaring that all pertors found cn board
neutral velfels, within two legues of any ot the
ports in pofleffton of the blacks, going in,, or
coming cut, lhaii be punithed nith dca h.
Cr.pt. Bowyer, from Santa Domingo, arrived
at Newyork, informs of the capture of St. jago,
bv the black armv, and of the murder of all the
men, w omen and children ; and that they were
then marching againft Santa Domingo.
From Cjncm:l, March 7.—“ The Haytian
(black) army has got within fix leagues of the ci
ty of Santa Domingo.
1 he black army gone the city ofv t. Domin
go, amounted to 40,000 men. Ckriftophe was
! commander in chief.— Gen. Brave, (a ferocious
black.) commanded at the afTiult of St. J»go»
and was faid to have been mortally wounded.
— He loft a thouximd tr-en in tile afliulc.
Gazttte (THaiti.— Captain Boyer, of rhr fthr
Harriott, from Cape Francois, yeRerday oblig
ingly handed us a regular tile from its commence
ment to the 22(3 ult. of the Gazette pditiqut ce’
| commercial d'Haiti, printed at the cape, by P.
Roux, printer to the Emperor.” i he editor
Rates that the paper is published “ under the
aufpicea of his excellency the genera! of divider*
Vernet, miniRer of finances.” flic motto ia ap
| propriate.
Injuft ice a la f.n produit I Independence.
The<e papers are almoR entirely filed with
exr.aCts from Englilh and French prints relative
to European affairs, and articles from American,
rcfpecling the civil tranfa&icns of this country,
efpcciailv with regard to our reYrions with f t

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