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Portland gazette. [volume] (Portland, Me.) 1805-1805, July 02, 1805, Image 1

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[The following Addrefs was written, and tranimated
to Charlelto®, by a diltinguifhcd [Member of the
refpecbible Society of FaiE:»Ds, recently cn a reli
gious vifit to this city ,2nd r.txv about to dt pari from
New-York. for her native land. We ardently hope,
that the Inhabitants, to whom this folemn Addrcf
has been made, will give it their mod ferious atten
tion, and that it may be the mean of difolofiag to
them “ tie things -which h:!:ng unto thtir mrlaping f>ea:e,\
when they will no longer participate in the gigan
tic Iniquity which now difgraces our common coun
try, and which threatens to endanger its future
peace and profpcrity.l PhilcuL Pap.
AN ADDRESS
Id thd Inhabitants of Clarhjhn, SsuthcarJina.
SINGULAR as it may appear to many
of you to be addretTed by an unknown fe
male from a diftant land after this manner ;
I trull I am actuated therein bv no other
#
motives than the influence of that gofpel
l®ve, died abroad ill my heart, which indu
ces me, at times, with earnelt folicitude, to
crave the prefect and everh.fiing well
being of all my fellow creatures Itn
preflld with th. tc feelings, and an appre
henfion of duty, l have been engaged to
leave divers of the he a re ft and tendered
connexions in life, for a teafon, to vifit ma
ny of my friends, in religious profefiian and
ethers on this centinent, as my way open
ed. fiut nat apprehending that I am re
quired to pay you a personal vifit (though
1 have felt my mind engaged on your behalf,
in a very peculiar manner) I believe it right
thus to tall your attention to fome confid
crations which have appeared to me awful
ly important, as they regard your real inter
efts both in time and eternity. In rafting
along through fotne of the fouthern ftates,
my mind has been painfully afFe&cd at the
fight of numbers of my fellow creatu es, of
the African race, deprived of their natural
liberty and of almoft every means of improv
ident of thofc faculties beftowed upon them
as well as ourfclves for the noble ft of pur
pofes, by that ail w ife and bountiful Crca
tor, in whom ** we live and move and have
our bcin * and who, we arc told by the
great apoltle of the Gentiles, “ hath made
of one blood all nations of men to dwell on
all the face cf the earth, and hath determin
ed the times before appointed and the
bounds cf their habitation.’t For any of us,
his dependant creatures, to force them from
the place thus ap up in ted by a gracious and
fuperintending Providence, appears to be
an infringement on the order and oesono
my of this part of his rational creation, for
which the aggiefT>rs mull be accountable at
his awful tribunal, who is infinite injufticei
as well as in m<trcy l lament—exceeding
ly lament, that a cullom, i'o barbarous as
well as fo repugnant to every principle of
humanity and juft ice, as the African Slave
trade, (hould be continued in this or any
ether nation, and by involving them in the
greateft of national crimes, lay them open
to thofe national punifhments, which
muft be expected, as a juft retribution for
the blood cf thoufands of thofe innocent
people, which has long cried for vengeance,
and whole crV b?s reached the ears of the
Lord of Sabbaoth. What the •i m uit be the
expectation of thofe who furpo.t this hor
rid traffic, by purchafmg and continuing in
flivery thole who have never forfeited that
right of liberty they derive, with ourfclves.
from the oae Univerjal P\r-r.t? What,
but “ a certain fearful looking for of judg
ment and fiery indignation,”f when he flan
deth up to ^.iead who hath dcciare l that
•♦for the o> prdlion cf the poor,for the fish
ing of the needy he will aiifc/’jj who is un
doubtedly able to deliver the opprefled from
the hard of him that is mightier than he !
While fuch alfo continue the profeflion of
chriftianity, and are in the performance of
what are deemed religious duties and cere-!
monies, may not thefe come under the
Lme description as thofe fpoken of by the
prophet, when he fays, “ ye faft for (trite
and debate, acd to finite with the lift of
wickednefs.Ӥ
May all fuch, therefore, have their fpirit
Uai eye* lb anointed, a* clearly to difeover
that the faft which the Lord “ hath chofen,
i; to loofe tke bands of wickednefs, to un
de tuC heavy burdens, and to let the on
preflld go free, and that ye break every
yoice ; when thou feeft the naked that thou
Cover him, and hide not thvfclf from thine
_ 4
own flefli : and if thou draw cut thy foul to
the hungry, and fatisfy the aifiictcd foul,
then fhail thy light rife in ofcfcurity, end thy
darkuefi be as the noon dav.’’*[
That this may become the enra;ercnt
* o
and con equen: e*p:.*nee of ail thofe
! uppers-d and of th
inhabitants of CbarlefUm in particular, that
in you may “ break off your ling by righte
ot’fnefj, and your imquine; by fhewing mer
cy to the no r, i; it may be a lengthening
of your tranquility/’** and the means of
awful, and i apprehend, impending judg
ments being &ie* ted, is the fincere defire of
one who wifhes health and falvztion to the
louls uf ail mankind.
ANN ALEXANDER.
Philadelphia, 32. Mo. (i. 1805.
* A<fls xii . 28 f Aits xvii. 25. J Heb. x. 27.
D Psal. xii. 5. § La. Ivii. 4 % Lx iviii. 6. 7. 10.
* • Dan. iv. 27.
Trc.-r. the Vermont Herald.
Mr. ELLIOT to his Constituents.
LETTER X.
I AM accufed of abandoning the prin
ci les of liberrv, and of joining in a plot
for the divifion of die Union. I'iie char
ges are falfe, anuthe authors of them know
them to be falfe.
Who arc the real friends < f liberty, of
genuine, regulated hberrv ? Is the frantic
revolutionift a m re rat.cnal friend of fre
doni than a i'ullen monarchift ? Is rhi man
who advocates peace and Union to be con
fidcred as a diforganizei ? bur it is Laid
that the feleralids are ail monarchifts, and
that tlie principles of republicartifm and :
monarchy can nc more t>c united, than o;l j
and water can be mingLd, or than the glare (
of day and the gloom of nignt can be amal
gamated. A few year-i ft *ce my conftitu
ents were almoft al! profcfT d lederalifts :
1 was ni) felf a member of the little baud
who on no fed. in this diftrYf rhf* ad
It » »
nuniftration of Mr. Adams. Should I dare
to r.fk my conftituents, were you, in *798,
when you fuppoited federal candi^ites and
federal meaftires, enemies to the rights of
man,enemies to yotir ow n rights ? I hey
would inttamly anfwtr with indignation
No — wc have always been republicans —
Is it then more than commo-n ch irity to cor?
cluJe that the immence majority of rhefe
who <till profe(s the principles ol fcdera.ifm
arcalfo republicans ? among the many thou
fands who have left the federal liandard,
how may have told us that they 1-ad been
concerned in a plot for the deltruction of
liberty ? Not one. Monarchical ptincipVs
are confined to a few in lviduals in cur
country and among th'^fe individuals may
be placed fame of cur moil ardent republi
cans !
It is faid that the idea of a union of the ,
people of the northern States in one great
political interdl mud produce a divifun of
the union : and thofe who fay this look i
with periedt comp] c nev upon thegigant
tic mafs of influence which a fimilar union
in the fouthern (fates ha^ already created —
In other \v rd% to preferve the uni j the
fouthern itates n u.i be united as one mart,
and the northern siuit be divided and cbf
- traced. Miferable fophilm ! Abfurd, fo«l
| ifh dogma! Let me here repeat that perfect
union among curftlves would induce Us to
demand no mere than our due fharc of
political weight, which would then be yii I
ded to us, and ti e union would be nrcicrv
*
eel, and even rendered more iccure.
Various are the opinions of men of re
fection in relation to the probab e effects
of the acquifirion of Lcuifiana Upon no
fubjeX have I found if more difficult to form
an opinion for myfelf. home believe that a ;
commercial connexion will take place l?e- j
tween the eafteni and weftern flates ; that ’
the people of New Lapland will carry to
ihofe of the Mifiifippi, the produ61.cn of all
other part., of the world, and export for 1
rhem their own uroduXions : and that this •
» #
eommtrcia! tonncXion will produce a pc- '
litical one, favourable to us, and unfavora
ble to the feutheru flates.—Others argue
that the inhabitants of the weft will be a
(hip-building and agriculural people ,• that
their vici -ity to the V/eft India markets
will enable them to fupercc e us in feme of
j the moil pr firable branches of our com
, merce ; and that the idea of a political co:i
ncXion wihthem, though fplendid, is per
feXly dclufive. The profpeX indeed is
rather gloomy. Hut putting i.ouifiana out
of the queftion, the number of reptefenta
Lives in congrcfs to which the fouthern
dates arc entitled, on account of their (laves
mc.lt forever fecure them a majority in the
councils of the union. The flakes are not
represented, but three fifths of them are ad
ded to the number of free perfons, and this
de ermines the number of reprefentatives
from the state. Were the Haves made free,
we ccuid not r-fafe, tr>ou our own rrin- j
4
; cipies, to allow them reprefcntativea ; but
deprived a* they are, of all civil rights,
Md confidcrcd merely as property, it would
be as juH that the Vermont firmer (liould
be entitled to a representation for his cattle,
as the Virginia planter for his negroes .—
No northern man who has caught a fingle
Iparh or freedom’* fl ime from the altar oi
patriorilm. but mult vvifb that thefe things
were not fo. fmch, however, is the con
Oirmion of our country, that facred inftru
mertt, which I hope never to fee violated in
any ot its eilential principles *, and as it is
not to be expected that the people of the
louthern Hates will ever agree ib art altera
t; >.o draught with ruin to their intereH, it is
:o be hoped that the fnbjecl will not again
i be a si it .ted,
Vv'eare con iuuaMv fold that there is no
d’Timuiarity of interelU between the pe p e
oi the northern and thole of the fouthern
Hates. When we prove tlut clathirig inter
eils Jo cxiH, we are lulled to fleep by fy
ren tongs, and melodicns tulogies upon
fouthem magnanimity. We are told that
our fouthern brethren will take better care
ol us than we could of ourfetves. On this
fubjedf, the contempt with which northern
reprefentarives are treated, the attention
paid to any meafurcs which they propofe,
the attempts to exringnilh the Hate balan
ces, to abolifli the loan offices, and t; re
jttt the Georgia claims, the aduitiorta! du
ties upon commerce, the late alteration of
the conftitution, and ihe other alteratitns
wdii h are c ntethplated, Ipeak a language
more expreffive than all the thunders of
eloquence. ;\s a dernier refort of the a
larmifts, we are told that the immortal
Waldington cautioned the people aguinlt
thole who thould att empt to create geo
graphical parties. Me did fo. Me had in
v*ew the great and general ir.ierclls of the
4! „ ^ ^L _ n • • e 1 r & *
.laviwu, wit tumuiuuuii men, anu 110c mole
minor intercfts which exiftin the very na
ture of things ; foi in the high character
of p^efid nt for the national convention, he
bad before told us that “ the cocftiturion
is the refult of a fpirit of amity, and of that
mutual deference and conceflion which the
peculiarity of our political ft:cation rendered
ir.ditpenftbic ” Jf, however, the fagacious
mind of Walhinyton did not anticipate the
pi efent fiateof things that circumfhncc can
form no argument again ft oyr accommoda
ting our condudf to the events and profpeifts
of the times.
It cannot b? too often repeated that
“man is man ” Did the? northern Uates jiofo
lcfo power, their political lyiteni would
probably be analagous to that which now
governs the fouthern. 13ut power is depar
ted from us ; and hope that we (hall nev
er atten.pt to regain it by any other than
houeft means. The editor of the t rincipa!
paper pubhfhed at the feat of govern mentj
an honeft and candid man,has not been able
to c* nceal his exultation at the profpetT of
northern humiliation. Admitting that the
northern ftates no longer poftefs political
weight, he alks, with an air of triumph,
“ and why does the fouth rule the north ?
Urcatife the fourh is united and the nortli
is d vulcd*” I have juft laid the fame my
lelf. , 7he North gives up an t the South ie/pj
nst fad. 1 hare are men who are lels hon
eft on tfiis fubjttft than the edit r of the
National Int elbgenctr. 1 amafturtd, from
unqueflionable authority that it is part of
thcftyltemof feme young and ambitious
politicians of the fouth, to add fuel to the
flame of party fpirit in the north, that they
may divide and govern us as the Romans
divi ied and governed the Creeks.
v • • ...
ir m y oe arrogant mine to declare that
the opimons which 1 now avow will one
day command the univerfal a dent cf the
people in the northern cuaricr of the un
ion. Hut as I always make it a point to
fay what ! think, 1 Hiall hazard the alTcr
tion.
If at a future day rew pa> ties (hould a
rife in our country, ond we (hould be di
'ided into northern men and fouhern men,
inftead of Federalists and Democrats, would
any one doubt the propriety and pat riot if in
of fupporting the northern interelf in all its
conftitutional and reafonabie rights.--Should
we be divided into large flats and fir,ah ldatc
parties.would it be contended that the peo
ple of the north ought not to embrace the
intcrefts of the laiall (fates ?—Vermont
New Mampfhire, Rhode-1 iland, and Con
necticut, by an irrevocable la w of nature,
mult alv. ays be fmall (fates. Georgia, Ken
tucky, Tcnneflee, and Ohio, though now
final , will very foon be hi the (lift dais of
Urge (fates. Hence ihe abfurdity of the
triumph of the fiijnds of the ia.c ante* d
: merit cf the cdnflituttosi, upon this unani
i mous adoption by the (mail dates of the
| fouih and wefl. should we be divided in
| la a coiiliituiional and anticoiiftitutional par
| ty, would any one cenfurc a “ a union of
1 honed mci»” for the puipofc of prefervirg
il:c co.iftuutiuii t—.is welt might it be ecu
uitucd rhet men of diuerent |K>i.rical i al
lies ought not to unite, to flop the
progrefs of a dedrindivc fire or inundation,
or to rcpUifc an invading enemy ! And it
requires no prophetic powers to predict tlx
exiltcnce oi a'ltnefe different parties in cur
country, in a greater f;r lefs degree, with
in the coune c*f a very few years.
l ew individuals of the republican parry
f ffered more, in their feelings at lead ;
from fedital pctiecution, than m\Lif. I
am willing, however, to burifice cv-n n y
jult refcntiT.ents upan t!»e altar of my t\ un
try. but 1 will never (acritlce my princi
ples. Some of thi fe who cc’aim the mod
violently againft me at this moment were
federal ills while federaiifm was faflikmable.
My condiments will remember that impor
tant fa& when they hear the lirure dec ta
rnations of thofe gentlemen. Other* have
changed. I remain unaltered. 1 repeat it,
I advocate the northern union With a view
to the prefervatlon, inftcad of the deftrutl
ion of the conlUtutioti. And I advocate
it upon republican puncipics alooe. I will
oppofe it whenever it is attempted to he
■ cltabliflied upon principles favourab e to ar
iftocracy or monarchy.
JAMES ELLIOf.
Frora the Gazeue of the United Spates.
BRITISH TREATY—We have been.
ftru£I with foinc pailages in an article which,
appearin the Aurora on Monday laft, up
on the lubjcdt of our commercial intcrcourfo
with Great Britain. As t© the reception
which Jay’s treaty met with among the dem
ocrats, from the higheft to the Ioweft, w*
need not lay a word j i: is well known to
every fchooi bey. It is well known, that
their bift formal and vigorous denunciations
of Genera! Wufhington were grounded up
on his coi Tnt to ratify that treaty, which,
as they aflerted* hunbled us at the feet of
Great Britain. About two years ajo alL
the odious provifroHs of that treaty, namely,
the lait feventccn articles, expired by th:ir
own limitation, and the day of their expira
; lion was haded in the Aurora, as another
1 day of emancipation *o this country, almoft:
as important as the day upon which "Wafts.
ington retired from the chief magiftraev.
i Now mark the fequcl. The Auiora of
Monday lays:
“ We may conclude, from the fo'lowing
paragraph in a late London paper, which,
gives us the only information we have yet
on this fubjecl, that our minifttr at Londoi>
[Monroe] has ne'er yet fufperded his ne
gotiations for the formation of a treaty of
commerce, anil thaf il has teimmated, tot
in the adoption f n*iv commercial arrangements,
hut in agreem fit to CONTINUE the Jormer
treaty for one '‘year." i / /
Here the reader isdoubtlcfs prepared for
one of thofe vollics of democratic feurrility
which would be fulfn ient to overwhelm poor
Monroe, and render him the obj. it of r.ll
that popular deteftation which was wrought
up ngainft Mr. jay. No fuch thing. ’1 he
gentie writer, after a few common's upon
the provifions of the treaty, proceeds*.
‘ No infinuation is here imtrtieii u-!e
conveyed, that our negotiator at L<>u,; t»
Jus not acted nith the H'lbEST EC LILY w hen
\ he embraced this treaty. Bar her than fee till
> our veffcls excluded from their ports [in the
Weft-Indies] it was thus wife ft policy to con
fen t thatti»ue o\er yc tons ihould be admit
j ed.”
It Is in vain to attempt a comment,—
I here are no word* in our language ade
quate to txprefs the abandoned piofligac*
which lucli coitdufl indicates. If the dem
ocrats pofll fled the lead portion cf either
honefty or ihauie, fuch a triumph on c ur
part would be worth enjoying Hot we
know th m too v eil to c.M't'd that tins tie
A
icttion of their hypeeriiy will oc jfton a
ny one of them a fnigle biulii indeed a
ny < ne cf th,:r leader*, at the lime they
were bawling to the people to “ icit k the;
d—d treaty to h~h” would have felt do
confu Hen ui acknowledging, in private con
versation* that the treaty was a gc;'d ore,
and that the object ot the detr.rr —\,x
clamouring aga nit it was merely tarlmnp*
ilh the popularity of gen WufkirgtouN ad
min
G.ie p.titu! ttuk in the Parser of an
nouncing thy »:rut I teaiy iUgriuled by Mr.
..iu.iicC^ dc.eivei tiur.ee, p faid that k:a

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