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XlEIGH: WEDNESDAY, NOV. 24, ,1858.
HOLDEK A WILSON, Statb Priktvbs, - ' " AND jlCTHORlZED PCBLISnBRS OF TBS LAWS OF TUB DNITKD 8TATK8. Agent for the StondanI: .-.. James H- Biggs and TR. R. Hcdkal, of Raleigh, C. C. McCBOimK, Traveling Agent. AH postmasters will please act as ngentt I for ua.1 ' j- All former agencies are hereby revoked. August 18, 1858. SPECIAL NOTICE. The Standard is conducted strictly m the cash sysUm. All papers are discontinued at, the titration qf the time for. which they hace been paid. ub tl.riUr will be notified four weeks before their time it out. In it cross m ark on thtir paper; and unless the subscription i renrirfl the paper will be discontinved. . This it a rule from which there will be no depnrtvrt. Watch for the ens mark, and renew your subscription. ; . - Wetkly Standard iper annum, in advance.-Setni-WftUy, (including the Tri- Weekly during the Set ti n,) 4 per annum, in advance. .'- Subscribers desiring their papers changed nust mention the Post Otfice from, as well as the one to, which they desire the change to be made. ' Our Tki-Weekly. We return our thanks to our friends for their very liheral patronage to our Tri Weekly session paper. During the last week we placed upon our books the names of nearly 400 sub scribers to our Tri-Weekly, besides about 150 to our Weekly issue. ITasdsome Clcbs. Our thanks to an old friend at Washington, N. C, for, a club of sixteen sub scribers, and to a young friend at Morganton for i club of fourteen, with a promise of mora Gen. C. II. Brogden. On Friday last this faithful public servant was re-elected to the office of Comptroller of State by a highly flattering vote. The btate never had a more faithful or laborious officer than Gen. Brogden. The duties of his office have been well peformed in every respect ; and certainly no one could have been more attentive in the discharge of his duties than he has been. The CowniDiso Affair. Talbot Ligon and Eli as Ligon, indicted for cowhiding Von Briesen, an account of which we published some months since, submitted their case to our county court last week, and were sentenced to twenty days imprisonment and to pay a fine of $10 each. John Fort, indicted for aiding and abetting the Ligons, was found guilty and sentenced to pay a fine of $200. Cosmopolitan Akt Jocknal. The most beautiful specimen of the " Art preservative of all Arts, is the " Cosmopolitan Art Journal a quarterly publish ed bv the Cosmopolitan Art Association. The De cember number, the hrst of the drd volume, is on our table, with its splendid engravings on steel and wood, and an extensive variety of choice literature. Terms of the Journal fifty cents a num ber, or two dollors a year. From the Journal full details as to the workings of the Association may be had. Wc notice, that subscriptions to the fifth annual drawing will be re ceived up to six o'clock P. M. January 1st, 1859. Terms of subscription $3, for which the subscriber receives one copy of the Journal for one year, one impression of a superb steel plate engraving and a ticket in the drawing. A Singular Vote. At the late election in Massa chusetts the town of South Danvers voted as follows for Governor : Banks, Republican, 444 Beach, Democrat, 444 Lawrence, American, 444 That town was very impartial in its favors, and was determined that no party should have cause to complain of it. Treaty with Japan. Lieut Habersham, in his Inst tetter to the Philadelphia Ledger, written on board the XJ. S. steamer Powhatan at Simoda, gives the following particulars of the treaty lately made with Japan. It provides : Firstlv. That the tax of six per cent, tor coming our monev into theirs, now paid by the American purchaser of Japanese exports, shall be dispensed with. Secondly. The annual practice of " trampling up on the cross," which has existed, at Nagasaki only, since about the vear 1620, is to be continued no more after the fourth of July next; and our Minis ters and families to reside at Jeddo. Thirdlv. The provisions of the treaty to take ef fect from and after July 4th, 1859. The opening of some new norts forms an exception to this article. Fourthly. Americans may build churches and worship their God ; aud religious freedom is also granted to all Japanese. ... Fifthly. The port of Simoda is to be closed, and that of Kanagawa opened in its place. Hego and the great city of Osaca, of which it is "the seaport, are also to be opened. At Hego the water is so bold that vessels may moor close alongside the beach, and the back country is the most productive and thickly populated of Japan. Sixthly. A stipulation is made in the article that opens Kanagawa, which is only seventeen miles from Jeddo, which protects the latter rrom the visits of foreigners. Mr. Harris says, however, that this will not last long. Such a stipulation was necessa ry; for, by Commodore Perry's treaty, we should have hcen allowed to ramble around Kanagwa to such a distance that the sight of Jeddo would have been included. Seventhly. Japanese coin may be exported, but in the purchase of it American gold must be weighed against Japanese gold, and silver against silver. The copper (" t'seny") shall be excepted by this ar ticle, unless it also be weighed against copper coin. Speech of Hon. Jefferson Davis. The largest audience ever collected in the Representative Hall assembled last night to welcome Senator Davis to the capital of the Statej and to listen to his views on political questions." His speech was one of his greatest efforts, and went homCtp he hearts of his hearers. It was a success in every essential, wheth-. considered as a vindication from the ruthless as saults and misrepresentations of hisnmies, or as' an exposition of his Views touching the, vital issues which engross the public mind. - Wev will-not mar its proportions by aq attempt to report it at the hour - mgnt this sheet goes to press, bup hope to pre- seat a synopsis of it in the issue of to-naorrow or the Mowing.- msissippian, JSTav. . 12 This is the season otjwg ; harvest. Almost every body talks hog, and most folks are inclined to eat ng- To be called a hog, is an indignity to many but to be called to hog, -especially when the. trim jnings are annexed as our down river friends ,fix tnem, is not an unpleasant icalL There are 'now ( several droves on the river below us, dragging theif ' greasy proportions to market i It seems to be set-, ed, however, that the number is much less than in lormer years. The price generally asked is about anda half cents, gross. Ashville News.. ( SJEAKER of the House. We are pleased to re jora the action of the House of Commons of our ,e gaturc, in selecting as their presiding officer, jw gifted friend Thos. Settle,- Esq., of Rockingham. u a compliment iustlv due to h5a ihilities and tal. 2 ' and we doubt not he wiu grace the high posi-. Hon in which th nu'o , x: r ir i Iummtuil It'll. V !:'t .-'. The following important bills nave' been intro duced into the Senate by CoL Humphrey, of Onslow. in introducing the first CoL Humphrey said : r; ne Diu proposes to remove the : free -'ne gro population from the ! limits of the -State. after two years' notice, or. if. ike tuill -rtnnn. t reduce them to the same condition as slaves. '- The bill was prepared and introduced at the request of mujr ui ins constituents, as well as at the request of many citizens of other portions of the State? who uau suirerea long and severely from the evil influ ences which the free negroes exercise over the slave population. But a change so radical and important in our municipal law, as the one proposed by that bill deserved well, he thought, the serious consid eration of the Legislature; and while the change proposed met the views and wishes of those at whose instance it was framed, he had a doubt that some oj its provisions might conflict with the con stitution. In his own opinion some legislation upon the subject was demanded of this Legislature. He moved, therefore, that the bill be printed and refer red to the committee on the Judiciary. A BILL 1 CONCERNING FREE PERSONS OF COLOR. : . , Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby en acted by the authority of the same, That from and after the passage of this act, it shall not be lawful for , any free person of color to emigrate to this State. Sec . 2. Be it further enicted, That if any free person of color shall emigrate to this State, it shall be the duty of the Sheriff or any one of the Con stables of the County to which such emigration shall be made, to arrest such free person of. color, after giving him ten days' notice, and bring him before the Chairman of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, before whom such free person of color may be brought, to receive the bond of such free person of color in the sum of one thousand dol lars, with the security of a citizen, to be approved by him, conditioned for the removal of such free person of color out of the limits of the State. Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That if any free person of color should be brought before the Chair man of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of any county, and shall not be able to give the bond as prescribed in the second section of this act, such Chairman of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Ses sions, shall commit such free person of color to the public jau, with, an order to the Sheriff to expose him to public sale, to the highest bidder, at the Court-house door, of his county, after giving four weeks' notice of the same, in the nearest public journal, and at least four public places in his county, and the said pnrchaser shall and may exercise all the rights of ownership over said free person of color, for one year from such sale. dec 4. Be t further enacted, That if any such free person of color, shall during the year of such slavery, be able to give his bond as contemplated in the second section of this act, to take ettect at the end.of his slavery, he shall be permitted to do so ; but if he shall fail to render the bond, until after the expiration of his slavery, it shall be the duty of the purchaser to return him into the hands of the Sheriff Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Sheriff, upon the return of any such free person of color, upon giving six weeks' notice in some public journal, and at least four public pla ces in his county, to expose the free person of color, so returned, at public sale, to the hightest bidder, and such free person of color so sold, shall remain a slave for life ; Provided, That if any person of color so sold should be the property of any individ ual, he shall have his right of recovery by due course of law. Sec 6. Be it further enacted. All monies arising from the sale of such free persons of color, shall be paid oyer to the Chairman of the board of Superin-. tendents, to be appropriated by him to the use of Common Schools, in his county, in the same man ner as county taxes for school purposes. Sec 7. Be it further enacted, That upon the for feiture of the bond cf any free person of color, the same shall be placed in the hands of the county So licitor for collection, who shall prosecute the same against the securities only ; and the amount of sale, if such shall have been made, of the free person of color, shall, in all cases, be subtracted from the amount adjudged against the securities, and the re mainder only shall be recovered of them. Sec 8. Be it further enacted. That two years shall be allowed, from and after the passage of this act, to all free persons of color who now are in this State, to remove out of the same ; and all those who shall be found here after that time, without the per mission of the General Assembly, shall be arrested and sold as provided in this act. Sec 9. Be it further enacted, That it shall not be lawful for any master of a vessel, or owner thereof, nor for any other person or persons what soever, to bring, import, induce, aid or assist in the bringing, importing, or inducing any free person of color within the limits of this State, directly or in directly; and any. person so offending shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be fined in a sum of not less than five hun dred nor more than five thousand dollars : Provided, That cooks and other hands employed on board of vessels shall not be considered as coming within the provisions of this act. Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That the Govern or of the State do issue his proclamation, command ing all free persons of color who now are in the State, to remove from the same before the 1st day of January, 1860, and the Secretary of State publish this act a number of times in all the journals of this State. . Sec 11. Be it further enaeted, That all laws contrary to the meaning and spirit of this act, are hereby repealed. A BILL TO PERMIT FREE PERSONS OF AFRI CAN DESCENT TO SELECT THEIR OWN MASTERS AND BECOME SLAVES. Sec 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the Stats of North-Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That it shall be lawful for any free person of African descent, now in the State, or who may hereafter be within its limits, being over the age of fourteen years, to choose his or her master, and become a slave, upon the terms and conditions hereinafter named : Pro vided, said slave shall not be subject to forced sales for any debt incurred by, or judgment rendered against the chosen master, prior to me periou ui enslave ment Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That whenever any free person of African descent as aforesaid de sires to choose a master, such person may file a petition in the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of the county in which he or she resides, setting forth his or her desire to choose an owner, and stat ing the name of such person as he or she desires to select as an owner ; which petition shall be signed by the petitioner, in the presence of at least two subscribing witnesses. And thereupon the clerk of the Court in which such petition shall have been filed, shall give, notice thereof by posting such notice at the Courthouse door for four weeks ; and said clerk shall issue a summons to the petitioner, and the person designated in the petition as the pro posed master.citing them to appear before said Court, ai the term thereof next succeeding the ex piration of the publication 6f said notice, and shall to th peuwoo, wpicn subiwbw """ ' MWJ? ; MM.' 'fJkt-mi ' -W Lrauwnv . v . . . . - the person xlewg j m; r -k eintrtt hall nrbceed -.t:examine eact?wirtT "sepaiately as as ttelaubscrl)! witnesses to thopetition, and such other person the- Court 'may see fit; and at such examination, the County Solicitor shall be presentand see that a fulTeWination is had, and he shall represent the- ' i.-: , ; inK Axaminationl vAni ifupon SttCh examination, tb Court shall be satisfied that there is no fraud nor collusion Detween vne p, the proposed master is a person of good repute, and there isno good reason to the contrary, the said Court shall have power, by decree entered into the records of the Court, to grant the prayer of the petitioners ' and from the entry of Such decree, the property in: said person of African descent as a slave, shall vest in the person so chcen as master and' his rights and uaDiiities, aim xl :;nht choll in I lie uctiuuuu ; . , , . snail in vui w v" SMbt9 urtt" enacted, TJjat when any such-petitione as hereinbefore menUonA shall.be ja , femlae having children', under fourteen years of xbajl in her petition ask that such children shall become the slaves of the same person chosen by. bas her master, if .the Court shall, after ex animation as in this act,, before provided, grant the prayer of the petitioner as to herself, it shall also decree such children in like manner, to be the slaves of the same owner. Provided, that where the mother of such children of African descent, ..un der the age1 of fourteen years, shall be deceased, in that case the next friend of such children shall have authority in their behalf, to proceed in the same manner to the selection of a master for them, as the mother might do under the provisions of this act Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the County Solicitor shall be entitled to a fee of ten dollars for each fof thk n?f Si il lSderthePro- Snriirt.".1 aS C0Sr n roceedings, and all the costs of the proceedings- visions the proceedings, and all the costs of the proceedings shall be paid by the master to whom the slave may be decreed, and after a petition shall have been filed tinder the provisions of this Act, and during the pendency of the proceedings under . the same, no proceedings shall be had against the petitioner un der any law prohibiting free persons of color from remaining in or coming to this State Stockholders' Meeting. The afternoon session of the stockholders in the Wilmington & Manches ter Railroad Company was mainly taken up with a resolution instructing the Board of Directors to co operate with the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad Company, in securing a controling interest in the Portsmouth Road, or in such other project as might be deemed essential to secure a proper Northern connection ; provided that, in their judgment, such co-operation should appear to be for the interests of the Aompany. J. he resolution was adopted, after an animated discussion. A resolution was also adopted instructing the Di rectors to apply to the Legislatures of North and South Corolina for power to issue a certain amount of preferred stock, int he manner and for the purposes contemplated by the report of the President and Di rectors, made to the Stockholders' meeting of last year, and unanimously approved by that meeting. When the election for officers came up, Wm. S. Mullins, Esq., the late President, arose and stated that he was not, and would not be, a candidate for re-election. The vote was then taken, and resulted as follows : T. D. Walker, 6,140 votes ; John Daw son, 4,132 votes; 5 votes were cast for Mr. Mullins. T. D. Walker, Esq., was declared duly elected Pres ident of the Company for the ensuing twelve months. On motion of Dr. J. D. Bellamy, a resolution of thanks to the late Able and worthy President of the Company, v m. S. Mullins, Esq., was unanimously adopted, and a free passage over the road tendered to himself and family. Mr. Mullins acknowledged the compliment in suitable terms. The old Boad of Directors was re-elected. An au diting committee was appointed ; a vote of thanks to the Chan-man and Secretaries passed by acclama tion, and the meeting adjourned. The next annual meeting is to be held in this town. It is proper to remark that Mr. Dawson was not a candidate for the office of President Wil. Jour nal 19 th. THE ARMY. ORDERS NO. 5. Headquarters Wichita Expedition, ) Camp Radziminski, (N. C.) Oct 13, 1858. j I. Major Van Dorn desires to express to you, the troops of the Wichita expedition, the pleasure with which he has witnessed your conduct in the late engagement with the Canianche Indians, and during the hardships to which you were exposed prior and subsequent to it Having marched more than eighty miles with but little or no rest or sleep, and at one time been more than sixteen hours in the saddle, with only a hope of meeting the enemy, not a murmur was heard, or the slightest complaint When the enemy's camp was seen, and the cheer was heard along the ranks the signal of the charge the spirit activity, gallantry, and courage displayed by you could but be the admiration of the most critical veteran, as it was of your officers. You have struck the enemy of the State over which you are sentinels a blow with an iron hand a blow which they will not soon forget and the most bril liant and decisive victory has been achieved over them that has been recorded for years. To you this should be a lasting pride. After the battle was over, and your wounded comrades needed your as sistancc and care, the kindness of heart that promp ted and the gentleness of hand that untiringly ad ministered to their necessities were no less the traits of the true soldier than those that led to the vic tory. To have exposed your lives for the honor of your nag, and killed your enemies in the cause of hu manity, the proud consciousness of having done your duty cheerfully and well will be to you, during your lives, a memory that will give you pleasure. Let your future conduct on this expedition bring no disapproving recollection of it hereafter. II. The special mention of the fortunate brave should give no envious discontent or bitter feelings of disappointment to their comrades. 1st Sergeant J. W. Spangler, of "H" company. 2d cavalry, for his cool courage, daring intrepidity, and gallant bearing throughout the whole engage ment together with his skill and fortune in having killed six of the enemy in personal combat deserves, and has received, the special notice of the officers of his company and the commanding officer. By order of Brevet Major Van Dorn : JAMES P. MAJOR, 2d Lieut 2d cavalry, Adjutant A Noble Wife Nobly Rewarded. The Paris correspondent of the Journal of Commerce tells how a noble wife was nobly rewarded. The story is brief, and calculated to encourage such heart-benev olence as is here exhibited. M. dc Montyon in 1819 bequeathed an annual sum of ten thousand francs as a premium at the disposal of the academy for the poor Frenchman or woman who should in the year perform the act most virtuous or morally creditable. The premium for the last year has just been ad iudced to a peasant woman. M'me Durand, of the department of Vaucluse for this exemplary conduct " Her husband," says Mr. Walsh, " was accused of a canital crime, and arraigned in Assizes : he was acquitted with difficulty, and by a small majority of the jury. The wife sustained him devotedly through out the trial, and insisted on his innocence ; she re- -solved to find the real culprits : she persevered in the search for several years ; she discovered them, and had them brought to justice. Their conviction fulfilled her purpose, which was to re-establish the character of her husband the true amende for an honest man." The good woman will be passing rich with ten thousand francs. Presbyterian Synod. This body met in this place, last night in the Presbyterian Church at 7 o'clock. The attendance of ministers and elders was large, and the session was opened by Rev. W. . W. Pharr, Moderator, pf the last Synod, by an able and very m terestme jeermon on verse 6th of the 126th Psalm. After the" sermon, the Synod was organised by the election of Rev. Jacob Doll as Moderator and Rev. .Rr-H. Latferty and Dr.. D. P. Wier, temporary Clerks : .juid the body then adjourned until 9$ o'clock to-day. l Wa n to KeG so large delegation of intelligent looking men from all r it,. State in our midst; and from the appearence of the 'v-Sod, e look for.a harmonious and interesting meeting. Newbern Progress 18th. Senator from Arkansas. A private despatch t..e tuat been reeeived from Memphis, Miss., by a gentleman of this city, in which it is announced that the Hon. Wm. K. Sebastian has been unani mously re-elected to the United States Senate by the Leeislature of Arkansas. His present term ex- 'ph-eg on the 4th of March next Remarkable Man. One of the greatest curiosi ties about the Fair Urounas, outsiae mo f5,"" aru Mr. Samuel Gessler. of Schuylkill, born without arms, has learned to write with his toes, and uses a pen with his : pedal extremities, in a manner quite surprising. - A bold, round legible hand is dashed off with great experW r..;utv and with a freedom from scratches and blots which would do credit io.themost skill- I onH Klota whlCtl WOUIQ UU treuii w. uk- uocra or., ComogaiT . Kor. 20, 1858 f y Ghhtlmbh; There appeared lately a omniuni- s I cation jo.tte-J&wMtor, signed by &. B. Buckley, at tacking Mr. Clingmani and makinr soma mention . of me as connected with the transaction referred to. As I am cognizant of the principal facts, I desire, as a matter of justice to Mr. Clineman. toexnlam them. . .During the Court at Waynesville in June last, Mr. Clingman informed me that he expected in the course of the summer that Prof. Guyot would go with him to measure the Smoky Mountain, and was speaking about the proper persons to eo alone. and mentioned especially Mr. Robt Collins. - I af terwards apprised Mr. Collins of his purpose. 'and had his promise to eo alone as euide. All these things occurred three months before I ever saw Mr. Buckley. . As Gen. Edney's.name is mentioned ii Mr Buckley's article, I requested him to state wha i r,nikm ;ri-L,iQ 7 r in what he knew in relation to the matter, and received from him the following reply : .....,.. Raleigh, Nov; 20th,' 1858. Dear Sir: Tri answer to' your inquiry. I would state, that some weeks before I ever saw Mr. Buck ley, Mr. Clingman told me that he was expecting Professor Guyot to arrive at Asheville, and that they were going to measure the Smoky Mountain, which he thought higher than the Black. He also spoke of having once been on the Smoky, and of the situa tion of what he considered the highest peaks of it which he had seen when on a point a little to the right of the gap, through which the road at the head of the Uconalutla River passed. He spoke particu larly of the matter, because he asked me if I would not like to go along, which I agreed to do, as I had once passed through said gap myself. Afterwards, and about the first of September, he returned home, after being away about a couple of weeks, and was making some enquiries as to where frot uuyot then was, who had gone off to the Black Mountain some days before. 1 accidently met Mr. Buckley at the Eazlc Hotel. in Ashville, and was introduced to him, and learned that he had lately returned from the Black, and had some knowledge of Professor Guyot's whereabouts. i torn mm i wisned to know, because Air. Clingman had returned last night from Virginia, with the ex pectation of meeting Professor Guyot, in accord ance with a previous appointment to go with him to measure the height of the Smoky Mountain. Mr. liucKiey then asked me where Mr. Clingman was. I told him he was at Gudger's Hotel, over the hill, and that I was going in that direction, and would introduce him if he desired it He replied that he would like to see him, and we went over. I intro duced him to Mr. Clingman. savins at the same time to him, "Mr. Buckley has just gotten back from the Black, and can give you the information you seek as to Prof. Guyot" Mr. Buckley then stated that he had not been able to see Prof. Guyot that he had gone North. Mr. Clingman thereupon express- J V- x 1 - , . l . . , . . ea ius regret, ana saia mac ne naa expected 1TOL uuyot to have gone with him to the Smoky Moun tain, which he regarded as higher than the Black. Mr. Buckley then said that he believed the moun tain south of Pisgah higher; likewise said he had been on them in the spring, and had brought a ba rometer from New York to measure them. Mr, Clingman said, though they were not in his opinion as nign as tne Mnoky, yet they were high moun tains, and ought to be measured ; and said if Mr. Buckley chose to go with him, they would measure the Smoky first and then the others also. He then described particularly those peaks of the Smoky which he regarded as the highest, and spoke of the best way to reach them ; he also said he had a ba rometer which he would get Mr. Gudger to observe, and that Mr. Wm. McDowell had another which he had placed in his possession to observe for the Smithsonian Institute, and that he would speak to him to notice it particularly while they were absent. He said further, however, that they ought to have a barometer stationed at Waynesville, and that Prof LeConte had one at Flat Rock, and that he thought he could be induced to go out for that purpose to Waynesville. He spoke of writing to LeConte by the mail which was to leave that night ; whereupon Mr. Buckley said if Mr. Clingman would furnish him a horse that he would ride up and see him, while he was getting ready to go, as Mr. Clingman had al ready stated that he had so many letters to answer, that it would be a couple -of days before he could start on the excursion. The horse being furnished, immediately Mr. Buckley rode off. I was also particularly struck by another part of the conversation. Mr. Clingman remarked, that he would endeavor to get one of Major Turner's spirit levels, which would aid them in determining to some extent the heights of such mountains, as they might not find it convenient to get on. Mr. Buckley said he had gotten a spirit level from Green at the same time he obtained his barometer, and that Green told him he could measure a mountain with it when it was in two or three miles of him. Mr. Clingman asked what kind of a level it was ; on Mr. Buckley hesitating in his reply, he asked if it had a telescope and tripod for it Mr. Buckley did not seem to un derstand the meaning of these words, and some ex planation was necessary to enable him to do so. I afterwards asked him why he wanted Mr. Buckley to go along, remarking that he could not be of any use, as he seemed to have little or no knowledge of such subjects. Mr. Clingman replied that that made no difference, because his barometer would be of ser vice, and that he himself would-make the observa tions necessary. As to what Mr. Buckley says as to my having given him directions to the highest points of the Smoky, he is wholly mistaken. 1 had in fact never seen them, having only once passed along the road, which goes through the gap, at the head of the Oconalufta, and from which, I understand, and you are well aware, the higher peaks are not visible. I am confident also that Mr. Buckley only spoke of going to the mountains south of Pisgah, and in the conversation with Mr. Clingman, manifested no knowledge whatever of the Smoky Mountain. ; Very respectfully yours, - ' .' r B. M. EDNEY. . Dr. S. L. Love. . It will be seen thet Genu Edriey explains. how Mr.: Buckley came- to accompany 'Mr, Clingman. It so happened that at the time referred to, my brother, CoL Robt Love, was at Asheville, and at the" re quest of Mr." Clingman, invited Mr. Buckley to take a seat in his carriage, and conveyed him to Wayncs ville. While there, Mr. Clingman asked me to join the party, and also requested me to furnish Mr. ' Buckley a horse to ride to the Smoky, which I did. Wc went to Mr. Collins's, on the Oconalufta, snd'Sfjthe sentiments of this meeting, and. of the iin- from thence immediately to the highest peak-if WerArtance or the subject not only to us, bqi to Isorth Smoky. Our movements were entirely und. 1 jcvroiina. .'?""t.vr'.'' . --'."' direction of Mr. Clingman. He spoke frequently $fir ' 1 pursuance of the thtrdresolution, the Chair the route to be taken, and described the situatloMrrVr niajpf the" meeting announced the following com- the highest peak as well as of the others, Buckley did not pretend to have the slightest knoL--edge on the subject but followed, without one word" of objection, Mr. Clingman's direction in all respects. I also recollect perfectly well that when we were on the highest Peak, Mr. Buckley expressed the opin ion that it was not so high as the mountains to the south of Pisgah, and which he was expecting to go to. In fact he then did not believe it. to be as high as other points of the Smoky which we could see.' On the day following, when we were getting pretty near to the point which we visited in Tennessee, Mr.; Buckley said, "I saw this mountain last spring when I was in Tennessee in search of plants." Mr. Clingman thereupon expressed his surprise that Mr. Buckley should not have seen that it was a very high mountain. He replied that it did look high, and that he asked Judge Peck how high it was, and ' that he said it was three thousand feet high, and that supposing the Judge knew, he thought no more ' about it This statement was several times referred 'ta by Mr. Clingman as a matter of amusement' mm When' on one occasion Mr. uuckuey spoke oi having passed down the Tennessee river some fifteen years previously, he said that he was then looking for plants, and so low down in the valley, and so tar off from the higher parts of the Smoky, that he did not see them. In fact he must then have gone through the range of the mountain more than twenty miles west of the highest 'peak. He, during the whole route, exhibited the most -complete ignorance of the localities we went to, and frequently manifested sur prise at the' scenes presented. He not only did not profess to have any knowledge of the Smoky range, but it was obvious from all that occurred, that he had none whatever, with the exception of the re marks above given as to his conversation with Judge Peck, and it was only when we were getting on that point in Tennessee, and-were speaking of its posi tion, in Sevier county, at the head of little Pigeon, that it seemed to strike him that this was the moun tain he must have seen the spring- befbee. When Jfe.eTAGSLJba highest peak, Mr. Clingman ex- PTesseajn Wrong tenn.his regret that Prof. Guyot' Hw&.'tta i was surpnsea ta near Mr. Buckley sa y that he was . glad that Guyot was not along that if he had. been there, he would have nave. naaue ;creCit ol measuring the mountain. ' I noticed that Mr. Clingman always adjusted and ob served the barometer himself at each place of obser-1 vuon, ana sometimes when he proposed to make them at certain Doints. Mr. -Buck W nnM "oh I never mind, thi is not an Kio-K m.v " On &eh occasions Mr. Clingman said it was never theless desirable to ascertain the prominent points, without regard to whether they were higher or lower than the Black, and seemed anxious to ex plain to Mr. Buckley the importance of frequent ob- i snort intervals. He said that Prof. Guyot thought it necessarv to take ob&cmtinn at short distances from each other, to ascertain the temperature oi the air correctly, 4c. Besides, di recting all the movements of the party, Mr. Cling man pua au me expenses incurred during the eight or ten days of the excursion, including the compen sation of the. men emploved to carrv the nmn equipage, provisions, 4c., and also Mr. Buckley's individual expenses until our return to Waynesville. It is also proper that I should add that Prof. Le Conte, who" remained at Waynesville to observe the stationary barometer, uniformly declared, both at Asheville and in Columbia, as I have been credibly iniormeu, mat me measurement of the bmoky was undertaken entirely on the suggestion of Mr. Cling man, and that the highest peak should bear his name. 1 he publication in the Spectator of which Mr. Buckley complains, was made (according to the statement of the Editor) from information derived trom Prot LeConte, without any knowledge or in timation from Mr. Clingman, as 1 have the best rea sons for believing. In fact the Editors of that pa per are known to be opposed to him, both political ly and personally, and accustomed to have no com munication with him. It is obviously unjust then, that Mr. Clingman should beheld responsible in any wise for its course. As to Mr. Buckley's personal remarks against Mr. Clingman, I do not deem it necessary to make any reply. An, Z A. 1 A M A it may ue matter oi interest to your readers, f Pwr t A f - - u if i. from Prof LeConte, giving the result of the meas urements made. Very respectfully yours, SAMUEL L. LOVE. Columbia. S. C. Nov. 16th. 1858. Hon. T. L. Clinainun Mr Dear Sir: The following are the results of my calculations of the heights of the sevend peaks of the Balsam and Smoky Mountains, based upon the data furnished by the baromctic observations of yourself, Mr. Buckley and myself. balsam range. Nearest peak (Plott's peak,) south-west of Waynes ville; height above the sea, 6,160 feet Jones' peak, south-west of Waynesville ; height above the sea, 6,312 feet SMOKX RANGE. Highest peak (Clingman's peak;) height above the sea, 6,744 feet Next highest peak, height above the sea, 6,663 feet Third peak, (Mount Jackson,) across the Tennes see line; height above the sea, 6,622 feet In relation to the last result it is proper to re mark, that inasmuch as in this case, the observations were not strictly simultaneous at the uDner and lower stations, the resulting height may be slightly rn error. I he height of the hiehest peak of the Smoky, (Clingman's peak,) calculated by means of t.ro sets of simultaneous observations, give results which do not differ from each other more than one foot. Some degree of uncertainty attaches to the height of the " next highest peak" of the Smoky, arising from the fact, that an unaccountable discrepancy (amounting to 71 feet) exists in the several deter minations of the height of the lower station above Asheville. I have taken the smaller numbers. In all the foregoing calculations, I have, in accor dance with Prof. Guyot's estimate, assumed Ashe ville to be 2,260 feet above the sea. Others have estimated the Court-house to be 2,251 feet above sea. If the latter is assumed as correct, all of the forego ing heights will be diminished by 9 feet Yours very sincerely, (Signed) JOHN LeCONTE. For the Standard. CAPE FEAR AND DEEP RIVERS. At a public meeting of the citizens of Pittsbo rough and its vicinity, held in the Court House on the 18th November, Dr. John A. Hanks was, on motion, called to the chair, and L. J. Merritt re quested to act as Secretary. The object of the meeting, as stated by the Hon. Hugh WaddelL was to give some expression to the feelings of the meeting as to the importance of the completion of the works on the Cape Fear and Deep rivers, in order to secure to the State the vast ad vantage of an outlet for the transportation and de velopment of the mineral wealth of the Deep river country, and to take such step's as the meeting might think proper to bring to th"e attention oT the Legislature not only the importance, but the ne cessity of an early completion-of this great State work, that they may be induced by wise -and liberal action, to allow North-Carolina's grtesteith to lie no longer undeveloped; J.' - Mr. Waddcll made some4 remarks salable-" to the subject in hand, and for the fo.fthirancc'.ol tfieT ob ject in view, introduced for the tion,p0inlee.t ing the following resolutions, which, on being ftad," were unanimous! v adopted; '-... .' - Jtcsolzed 1st That the permanent construction of tne worKs nowin progress upon tne vape tear. and Deep riven, ancl the removal oT otfstroctibns to the navigation' of the same, are objects demanded by the public interest of the whole State,-and ought to re ceive direct and efficient aid from the State treasury. ' Besotted 2d, That the people of Chatham county, without distinction of party, regard the same as of greater interest to them than any present political question or controversy, and they expect and res pectfully request their representatives in the Gen eral Assembly to call the attentionof the Legisla ture to the subject, and entreat their favorable action thereon.'-.' . Besotted Zd .That a committee of ten be appoint ed by the Chairman of this 'meeting- to draft a Me morial to beprcsehted to the Leeislature expressive mittee tb draft said memorial, viz: Hon. Hugh Wad dell, B. J. Howze, Lw J. Merritt, John Manning, Jr., John A. Womack, Junius A. Alston, J. S. Lassiter, M. Q. Waddell;S. W. Gotten and Lucian Burnjtt, Esqrs. 'S ' : ' ' s . ' On motion,' the Chairman of the -meeting was added to the-committee, arid, on further .motion, it was orderod.ihat.the proceedings of this meeting be sent for pqblicatiopvto the Ralegh Standard and Register i whereujSml'the meeting adjourned. ' ? JOHN A. HANKS, Chm'n, ' L. J. Meebitt, Sect'y- '' " " . The agent of the' Catawba Indians' in South Caro lina made the following report to the Lancaster court at the late term : I beg leave to report that the Catawba Indians now number about seventy in alL I cannot discov er any improvement in their moral condition or hab its ; in general, they are fond of spirituous liquors ; and there are now two distilleries near them, and when they earn a little money by hire, or raise a lit tle corn, they will spend it for whiskey, and ' get drunk, and sometimes do mischief. . , vr- - . Last winter (as I understand it) as they returned from one of these distilleries in a high statp of intoxi cation they got into an affray, which resulted in the wounding of two Indians and IdHihg one .iwrsei -Now, after due reflection,' I am 'bound iS believe such traffic and conduct as the above stated is a sad nuisance in a civil community, and I itope that the proper authorities will consider, this matter, and re move that which annoys. I have had but little con versation, with the Indians this year about removing to the West, but so far as I have learned, they are still willing to be removed. : Bespectiully submitted, . ... ADAM IVY, Agent.... Hurry and Cunning are the two apprintices of Dispatch and Skill, but neither of ' them ever learn then- master' trader" w w " MATRncbstAt Buss In Gotham: In New York "City; where free lore, -free negroes and free every- ,i ammo uey4ia nappy famf iei We e the following relative to one nappy "circle from tiie Day Book, of -Wednesday : Uxlcckt Risclt ow. a- JfjMVLX Qcarbel. Last .evening, ahorUy.after 8 o'clock, a middle aged man, who had only been about three months ago initiated into the matrimonial state, grrme his name as Wil liam Judge, residing at No. 86 Eeex street, called at the Tenth Ward station house in a shocking con dition. His face was entirely covered wHb bfeod, as was also his body, emulating from a wound which he had received in the tack part of his cranium, Medical aid was immediately sent for, and in the course of an hour Sergeant Willswood, the surgeow of that ward, dressed Mr. Judge's bead, after which he very politely inquired .how it was that he earner to receive such a dreadful wound. Judge replied by saying that on arriving home last evening, she whom he had taken " for better or worse" had no supper ready. He asked his wife why she had been so dil atory in performing her household duties, when she replied 44 if he didn't hold his tongue she would put him out of the house." . . Mr. Judge dared Mrs. Judge to do it when at last words gave place to blows and Mrs. Judge seized a wash bowl, and rushing at Mr. Judge, dealt him a blow on his bump of combatireness, causing ' the blood to flow copiously down Mr. Judge's person. The injured husband came to the conclusion to re turn good for evil, and at once made lee bail for the police station. After he had finished his story, or rather complaint an officer escorted him home, when another scene far different to the former one took place. The wife seeing the M. P. was going to take her into custody, again rushed into her better half arms and implored forgiveness, which the good na tured Mr. Judge could not but grant The anair was amicably settled and the M. P. was informed his services were not required. Election Celebration in Chicago. Chicago, Nov. 19. The celebration last night in honor of the Douglas victory was a grand affair, and was well represented from almost every section of the State. A torch-light procession, of a mi'.e and a hair in length, passed through the principal streets. A number of houses along the route were illumi nated. Senator Douglas made a short speech, congratu lating the Democracy on the victory they bad achieved. The number of persons present was esti mated at eight or ten thousand. The official majority of James Miller, republican candidate for State treasurer, is 3,578. The total vote for John Dougherty ."administration candidate for the same position, was 5,021. The South Pass Wagon Boad. St. Lons, Nov. 19. CoL Lander, the superin tendent of the South pass wagon road, has arrived at St Joseph. He reports that the road will bo completed to City Ricks, Nebraska, in eight months at a cost of $40,000. The Cheycnnes had burnt the grass along the Platte river, causing much suffering among the cattle of the constructing party and the emigrants. Destruction of the New York State Arsenal., New York, Nov. 19. Early this morning, before the arrival of the workmen, the flooring of the new State arsenal on Thirty-fourth street fell in, carry ing with it the side and partition walls, and crush- ing everything inside. The roof of an adjoining house was also crushed in, severely injuring a wo man in her bed. ' The arsenal, which was nearly completed, was constructed of stone, 200 feet long by 100 in width. Loss over $50,000. Sale of a Kentucky Kailroad. Cincinnati, Nov. 19. The Lexington and Dan ville Railroad has been sold at public auction for $125,000, to McCampbelL Bowler 4 Co. The roll ing stock and fixtures were bought at the sale by the same parties for about $10,000. MARRIED, In this City, on Sunday morning last, by Henry Penning ton, E.q-. Mr. James J. Lewis, Printer, to Miss Amanda V. Lntnler, all of this city. In Christ Church. Raleigh, on the evening of the 16th inst., by Rev. R. Alafton, D. Mr. Wm. lL Kennon. of Richmond, Vs., to Miss Nannie A., daughter of Dr. . C. Fisher, of the former place. DIED, " At bis residence in Granville county, on the ISth inst., in the 83d year of bis age, Mr. Pleasant Peace, lie was a truth-loving, law-abiding, worthy citizen. He conscien tiously fulfilled all the duties of the several relations of husband, father and master, and left the pleasing hut of his humble assurance af a blissful immortality beyond the grave. THE MARKETS.- XORFOLK MARKET. BEPOBTSD EXPRESSLT TOM THE IT. C STAXDAKD. Br M'PHEETERS A GHISEMS, Wholesale Grocers, Forwarding dt Cunt minion Jterrhanlt, Kovehbeb SO 1R58 FLOUR The stock in market is heavy, and Flour Is daiL Prices are almost nominal. We quote S. F, A?i(SB; Extra ftJiBK Family 7. COTTON The Canal having opened, the receipts have been heavy with sales of 1(32,000 bales at 10l'c NAVAL STORES Common Rosin is quick al fl SO. No. 1 fl .V31 75: Spirits Turpentine 47fe4c. Tar 78. ' DRIED FRUIT The market is not very act ire- Ap pies l 75; Peaches 5).rJ, as to quality; onpealed Peaches $2 50(5$. BEESWAX SOc FLAXSEED '. 50. SALT L. li. fl 451 50 ; O. A. W95. LIME Tbomaston 131 10 : W. C. OKUCER1ES N- O. and P. It. Sugar X&9c.; Crushed U N.O Molasses 41050c. P. R. S335c. RW Offee 11 (312c.; Lag. Jsva 17018c Apamantine Candles 23(g2.c.; Sperm h(g45c Mould 16c Rice 44 Post Office RefolaUorfs at Raleigh, If. C. NORTHER MAIL closes at 7 A. M. NORTHERN MAIL via. R. A C. R. R, arrives daily at 4 P. M-. (except Snndajs.) EASTERN MAIL. GOLDSBORO', arrives daily at 9 A. M cloces at & P.M. WESTERJTMAIL arrives daily at 4 P. M, (except Sun days) close at 7 A. M. FA YETTE VILLE MAIL arrives daily at 5 A. M. closes t ft r. m NASHVILLE MAIL arrives Monday, Wednesday and Fridav at ft P. M. closes same dars at 9 P. M. ROXBOKO' MAIL arrives Friday at b A. M. closes J M. OFFICE HOURS from 9tf-A. M. to S P. M. GEO. T. COOKE, P. M. - November 20, 1853. TO PRINTERS- A FEW GOOD COMPOSITORS will find employment by applying immediately at this office. None but steady bands need applr. HOLDEN i WILSOX. ' t t . - - Standard Office. ' Raleigh Nov. 1ft, 1858. ' BELFORD MALE ACADEMY. . Frakkli.x Cochtt. V. C : JULIUS GUIOH- Principal. ; THS NEXT SESSION will eon n ence on the id MON DAY in January, 1859, and ' '-ntinue five months. Board per month. Tcmox ; English $10 Classics 5 per session. RtrcaKKcn: Vr. Gray Sills and l asMin Nichols, Casta lis P. 0 Nash county, N. C. November. S3, 1858. 95 1 . BY YIRTUE'OF A. DEED OF TRUST TO me, executed bv Wm. B. Richardson, I shall, at tbe Court House door in Raleigh, an SATURDAY, the Sth day of January next, expose to sale tbe residue of the tract of land conveyed to me by him, lying near Mt. Moriah, and containing about 80 acres. Tkeks: Cast). - - - - ' - .KEMP P. BATTLE. : November 28,1856., , . . 47 wtds. AUCTION SALE OF BOOKS,' This n4 everV Evealaj 4arin this Week t AN EXTENSIVE COLLECTION OF BOOKS, embrse fog many standard and popular authors in tbe various departmenls (if literature. Sale to commence each evening at f o'clock ai our Store, Fayetteville Street . Sale positive. " ' JONES MOORE, AucVs. Raleigh, Nov. 23,1 S5S. 95 lt NOTICE TO BONDHOLDERS, r, Office Wil. & WeMos R. B. Co., '. ISTBNoVUtBCK, 1S5S. I THE BONDS of this Company, endorsed by the Stale of North Carolina, doe 1st Jannary next, will be paid at maturity at tbe B-nnetrInk of Cape Fear at Raleigh. 1 Aay bolder desiring to. receive payment previoas to saia date,' can be acco"nmodated on application at Lbis office, itt dodinjr interest to the date of parmeoi.' - . r . For a portion of the amount, Bonds of ibis Slate, pay, ble in Sew York, will be riven In exchange, if dt-sireo. Br order of the Board of Director. -4 cJi-v v.!'- tAMJ&A.Ultf$&tTrwttfc November 22, IS5S. ii-lL 064 -Winston Sentinel v; S .