XlEIGH: WEDNESDAY, NOV. 24, ,1858.
HOLDEK A WILSON, Statb Priktvbs, - ' "
jlCTHORlZED PCBLISnBRS OF TBS LAWS OF TUB DNITKD 8TATK8.
Agent for the StondanI: .-..
James H- Biggs and TR. R. Hcdkal, of Raleigh,
C. C. McCBOimK, Traveling Agent.
AH postmasters will please act as ngentt I for ua.1 '
j- All former agencies are hereby revoked.
August 18, 1858.
SPECIAL NOTICE. The Standard is conducted strictly
m the cash sysUm. All papers are discontinued at, the
titration qf the time for. which they hace been paid. ub
tl.riUr will be notified four weeks before their time it out.
In it cross m ark on thtir paper; and unless the subscription
i renrirfl the paper will be discontinved. . This it a rule
from which there will be no depnrtvrt. Watch for the ens
mark, and renew your subscription. ; . -
Wetkly Standard iper annum, in advance.-Setni-WftUy,
(including the Tri- Weekly during the Set
ti n,) 4 per annum, in advance. .'-
Subscribers desiring their papers changed nust
mention the Post Otfice from, as well as the one to, which
they desire the change to be made. '
Our Tki-Weekly. We return our thanks to our
friends for their very liheral patronage to our Tri
Weekly session paper. During the last week we
placed upon our books the names of nearly 400 sub
scribers to our Tri-Weekly, besides about 150 to our
ITasdsome Clcbs. Our thanks to an old friend
at Washington, N. C, for, a club of sixteen sub
scribers, and to a young friend at Morganton for i
club of fourteen, with a promise of mora
Gen. C. II. Brogden.
On Friday last this faithful public servant
re-elected to the office of Comptroller of State by a
highly flattering vote. The btate never had a more
faithful or laborious officer than Gen. Brogden. The
duties of his office have been well peformed in every
respect ; and certainly no one could have been more
attentive in the discharge of his duties than he has
The CowniDiso Affair. Talbot Ligon and Eli
as Ligon, indicted for cowhiding Von Briesen, an
account of which we published some months since,
submitted their case to our county court last week,
and were sentenced to twenty days imprisonment
and to pay a fine of $10 each. John Fort, indicted
for aiding and abetting the Ligons, was found guilty
and sentenced to pay a fine of $200.
Cosmopolitan Akt Jocknal. The most beautiful
specimen of the " Art preservative of all Arts,
the " Cosmopolitan Art Journal a quarterly publish
ed bv the Cosmopolitan Art Association. The De
cember number, the hrst of the drd volume,
on our table, with its splendid engravings on
steel and wood, and an extensive variety of choice
literature. Terms of the Journal fifty cents a num
ber, or two dollors a year.
From the Journal full details as to the workings
of the Association may be had. Wc notice, that
subscriptions to the fifth annual drawing will be re
ceived up to six o'clock P. M. January 1st, 1859.
Terms of subscription $3, for which the subscriber
receives one copy of the Journal for one year, one
impression of a superb steel plate engraving and a
ticket in the drawing.
A Singular Vote. At the late election in Massa
chusetts the town of South Danvers voted as follows
for Governor :
Banks, Republican, 444
Beach, Democrat, 444
Lawrence, American, 444
That town was very impartial in its favors, and
was determined that no party should have cause to
complain of it.
Treaty with Japan. Lieut Habersham, in his
Inst tetter to the Philadelphia Ledger, written on
board the XJ. S. steamer Powhatan at Simoda, gives
the following particulars of the treaty lately made
with Japan. It provides :
Firstlv. That the tax of six per cent, tor coming
our monev into theirs, now paid by the American
purchaser of Japanese exports, shall be dispensed
Secondly. The annual practice of " trampling up
on the cross," which has existed, at Nagasaki only,
since about the vear 1620, is to be continued no
more after the fourth of July next; and our Minis
ters and families to reside at Jeddo.
Thirdlv. The provisions of the treaty to take ef
fect from and after July 4th, 1859. The opening of
some new norts forms an exception to this article.
Fourthly. Americans may build churches and
worship their God ; aud religious freedom is also
granted to all Japanese. ...
Fifthly. The port of Simoda is to be closed, and
that of Kanagawa opened in its place. Hego and
the great city of Osaca, of which it is "the seaport,
are also to be opened. At Hego the water is so
bold that vessels may moor close alongside the
beach, and the back country is the most productive
and thickly populated of Japan.
Sixthly. A stipulation is made in the article that
opens Kanagawa, which is only seventeen miles
from Jeddo, which protects the latter rrom the visits
of foreigners. Mr. Harris says, however, that this
will not last long. Such a stipulation was necessa
ry; for, by Commodore Perry's treaty, we should
have hcen allowed to ramble around Kanagwa to
such a distance that the sight of Jeddo would have
Seventhly. Japanese coin may be exported, but
in the purchase of it American gold must be weighed
against Japanese gold, and silver against silver.
The copper (" t'seny") shall be excepted by this ar
ticle, unless it also be weighed against copper coin.
Speech of Hon. Jefferson Davis. The largest
audience ever collected in the Representative Hall
assembled last night to welcome Senator Davis to
the capital of the Statej and to listen to his views
on political questions." His speech was one of his
greatest efforts, and went homCtp he hearts of his
hearers. It was a success in every essential, wheth-.
considered as a vindication from the ruthless as
saults and misrepresentations of hisnmies, or as'
an exposition of his Views touching the, vital issues
which engross the public mind. - Wev will-not mar
its proportions by aq attempt to report it at the hour
- mgnt this sheet goes to press, bup hope to pre-
seat a synopsis of it in the issue of to-naorrow or the
Mowing.- msissippian, JSTav. . 12
This is the season otjwg ; harvest. Almost every
body talks hog, and most folks are inclined to eat
ng- To be called a hog, is an indignity to many
but to be called to hog, -especially when the. trim
jnings are annexed as our down river friends ,fix
tnem, is not an unpleasant icalL There are 'now (
several droves on the river below us, dragging theif '
greasy proportions to market i It seems to be set-,
ed, however, that the number is much less than in
lormer years. The price generally asked is about
anda half cents, gross. Ashville News.. (
SJEAKER of the House. We are pleased to re
jora the action of the House of Commons of our
,e gaturc, in selecting as their presiding officer,
jw gifted friend Thos. Settle,- Esq., of Rockingham.
u a compliment iustlv due to h5a ihilities and tal.
2 ' and we doubt not he wiu grace the high posi-.
Hon in which th nu'o , x: r ir i
Iummtuil It'll. V !:'t .-'.
The following important bills nave' been intro
duced into the Senate by CoL Humphrey, of Onslow.
in introducing the first CoL Humphrey said : r;
ne Diu proposes to remove the : free -'ne
gro population from the ! limits of the -State.
after two years' notice, or. if. ike tuill -rtnnn. t
reduce them to the same condition as slaves. '- The
bill was prepared and introduced at the request of
mujr ui ins constituents, as well as at the request
of many citizens of other portions of the State? who
uau suirerea long and severely from the evil influ
ences which the free negroes exercise over the slave
population. But a change so radical and important
in our municipal law, as the one proposed by that
bill deserved well, he thought, the serious consid
eration of the Legislature; and while the change
proposed met the views and wishes of those at
whose instance it was framed, he had a doubt that
some oj its provisions might conflict with the con
stitution. In his own opinion some legislation upon
the subject was demanded of this Legislature. He
moved, therefore, that the bill be printed and refer
red to the committee on the Judiciary.
A BILL 1 CONCERNING FREE PERSONS OF
COLOR. : . ,
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly
of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby en
acted by the authority of the same, That from and
after the passage of this act, it shall not be lawful
for , any free person of color to emigrate to this
Sec . 2. Be it further enicted, That if any free
person of color shall emigrate to this State, it shall
be the duty of the Sheriff or any one of the Con
stables of the County to which such emigration
shall be made, to arrest such free person of. color,
after giving him ten days' notice, and bring him
before the Chairman of the Court of Pleas and
Quarter Sessions, before whom such free person of
color may be brought, to receive the bond of such
free person of color in the sum of one thousand dol
lars, with the security of a citizen, to be approved
by him, conditioned for the removal of such free
person of color out of the limits of the State.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That if any free
person of color should be brought before the Chair
man of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of
any county, and shall not be able to give the bond
as prescribed in the second section of this act, such
Chairman of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Ses
sions, shall commit such free person of color to the
public jau, with, an order to the Sheriff to expose
him to public sale, to the highest bidder, at the
Court-house door, of his county, after giving four
weeks' notice of the same, in the nearest public
journal, and at least four public places in his county,
and the said pnrchaser shall and may exercise all
the rights of ownership over said free person of
color, for one year from such sale.
dec 4. Be t further enacted, That if any such
free person of color, shall during the year of such
slavery, be able to give his bond as contemplated in
the second section of this act, to take ettect at the
end.of his slavery, he shall be permitted to do so ;
but if he shall fail to render the bond, until after
the expiration of his slavery, it shall be the duty
of the purchaser to return him into the hands of
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That it shall be
the duty of the Sheriff, upon the return of any such
free person of color, upon giving six weeks' notice
in some public journal, and at least four public pla
ces in his county, to expose the free person of color,
so returned, at public sale, to the hightest bidder,
and such free person of color so sold, shall remain
a slave for life ; Provided, That if any person of
color so sold should be the property of any individ
ual, he shall have his right of recovery by due
course of law.
Sec 6. Be it further enacted. All monies arising
from the sale of such free persons of color, shall be
paid oyer to the Chairman of the board of Superin-.
tendents, to be appropriated by him to the use of
Common Schools, in his county, in the same man
ner as county taxes for school purposes.
Sec 7. Be it further enacted, That upon the for
feiture of the bond cf any free person of color, the
same shall be placed in the hands of the county So
licitor for collection, who shall prosecute the same
against the securities only ; and the amount of sale,
if such shall have been made, of the free person of
color, shall, in all cases, be subtracted from the
amount adjudged against the securities, and the re
mainder only shall be recovered of them.
Sec 8. Be it further enacted. That two years
shall be allowed, from and after the passage of this
act, to all free persons of color who now are in this
State, to remove out of the same ; and all those who
shall be found here after that time, without the per
mission of the General Assembly, shall be arrested
and sold as provided in this act.
Sec 9. Be it further enacted, That it shall not
be lawful for any master of a vessel, or owner
thereof, nor for any other person or persons what
soever, to bring, import, induce, aid or assist in the
bringing, importing, or inducing any free person of
color within the limits of this State, directly or in
directly; and any. person so offending shall be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction
shall be fined in a sum of not less than five hun
dred nor more than five thousand dollars : Provided,
That cooks and other hands employed on board of
vessels shall not be considered as coming within the
provisions of this act.
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That the Govern
or of the State do issue his proclamation, command
ing all free persons of color who now are in the
State, to remove from the same before the 1st day
of January, 1860, and the Secretary of State publish
this act a number of times in all the journals of
this State. .
Sec 11. Be it further enaeted, That all laws
contrary to the meaning and spirit of this act, are
A BILL TO PERMIT FREE PERSONS OF AFRI
CAN DESCENT TO SELECT THEIR OWN
MASTERS AND BECOME SLAVES.
Sec 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly
of the Stats of North-Carolina, and it is hereby
enacted by the authority of the same, That it shall
be lawful for any free person of African descent,
now in the State, or who may hereafter be within
its limits, being over the age of fourteen years, to
choose his or her master, and become a slave, upon
the terms and conditions hereinafter named : Pro
vided, said slave shall not be subject to forced sales for
any debt incurred by, or judgment rendered against
the chosen master, prior to me periou ui enslave
ment Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That whenever
any free person of African descent as aforesaid de
sires to choose a master, such person may file a
petition in the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions
of the county in which he or she resides, setting
forth his or her desire to choose an owner, and stat
ing the name of such person as he or she desires to
select as an owner ; which petition shall be signed
by the petitioner, in the presence of at least two
subscribing witnesses. And thereupon the clerk of
the Court in which such petition shall have been
filed, shall give, notice thereof by posting such
notice at the Courthouse door for four weeks ; and
said clerk shall issue a summons to the petitioner,
and the person designated in the petition as the pro
posed master.citing them to appear before said
Court, ai the term thereof next succeeding the ex
piration of the publication 6f said notice, and shall
to th peuwoo, wpicn subiwbw """ '
; MM.' 'fJkt-mi
Lrauwnv . v . . . . -
the person xlewg
j m; r -k eintrtt hall nrbceed -.t:examine
eact?wirtT "sepaiately as as ttelaubscrl)!
witnesses to thopetition, and such other person
the- Court 'may see fit; and at such examination,
the County Solicitor shall be presentand see that
a fulTeWination is had, and he shall represent the-
' i.-: , ; inK Axaminationl vAni ifupon SttCh
examination, tb Court shall be satisfied that there
is no fraud nor collusion Detween vne p,
the proposed master is a person of good repute, and
there isno good reason to the contrary, the said
Court shall have power, by decree entered into the
records of the Court, to grant the prayer of the
petitioners ' and from the entry of Such decree, the
property in: said person of African descent as a
slave, shall vest in the person so chcen as master
and' his rights and uaDiiities, aim
xl :;nht choll in
I lie uctiuuuu ; . , , .
snail in vui w v"
SMbt9 urtt" enacted, TJjat when any
such-petitione as hereinbefore menUonA shall.be
ja , femlae having children', under fourteen years of
xbajl in her petition ask that such children
shall become the slaves of the same person chosen
by. bas her master, if .the Court shall, after ex
animation as in this act,, before provided, grant
the prayer of the petitioner as to herself, it shall
also decree such children in like manner, to be the
slaves of the same owner. Provided, that where
the mother of such children of African descent, ..un
der the age1 of fourteen years, shall be deceased,
in that case the next friend of such children shall
have authority in their behalf, to proceed in the same
manner to the selection of a master for them, as the
mother might do under the provisions of this act
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the County
Solicitor shall be entitled to a fee of ten dollars for
fof thk n?f Si il lSderthePro-
Snriirt.".1 aS C0Sr n
roceedings, and all the costs of the proceedings-
the proceedings, and all the costs of the proceedings
shall be paid by the master to whom the slave may
be decreed, and after a petition shall have been filed
tinder the provisions of this Act, and during the
pendency of the proceedings under . the same, no
proceedings shall be had against the petitioner un
der any law prohibiting free persons of color from
remaining in or coming to this State
Stockholders' Meeting. The afternoon session
of the stockholders in the Wilmington & Manches
ter Railroad Company was mainly taken up with a
resolution instructing the Board of Directors to co
operate with the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad
Company, in securing a controling interest in the
Portsmouth Road, or in such other project as might
be deemed essential to secure a proper Northern
connection ; provided that, in their judgment, such
co-operation should appear to be for the interests of
the Aompany. J. he resolution was adopted, after
an animated discussion.
A resolution was also adopted instructing the Di
rectors to apply to the Legislatures of North and
South Corolina for power to issue a certain amount
of preferred stock, int he manner and for the purposes
contemplated by the report of the President and Di
rectors, made to the Stockholders' meeting of last
year, and unanimously approved by that meeting.
When the election for officers came up, Wm. S.
Mullins, Esq., the late President, arose and stated
that he was not, and would not be, a candidate for
re-election. The vote was then taken, and resulted
as follows : T. D. Walker, 6,140 votes ; John Daw
son, 4,132 votes; 5 votes were cast for Mr. Mullins.
T. D. Walker, Esq., was declared duly elected Pres
ident of the Company for the ensuing twelve
On motion of Dr. J. D. Bellamy, a resolution of
thanks to the late Able and worthy President of the
Company, v m. S. Mullins, Esq., was unanimously
adopted, and a free passage over the road tendered to
himself and family. Mr. Mullins acknowledged the
compliment in suitable terms.
The old Boad of Directors was re-elected. An au
diting committee was appointed ; a vote of thanks
to the Chan-man and Secretaries passed by acclama
tion, and the meeting adjourned.
The next annual meeting is to be held in this
It is proper to remark that Mr. Dawson was not
a candidate for the office of President Wil. Jour
nal 19 th.
THE ARMY. ORDERS NO. 5.
Headquarters Wichita Expedition, )
Camp Radziminski, (N. C.) Oct 13, 1858. j
I. Major Van Dorn desires to express to you, the
troops of the Wichita expedition, the pleasure with
which he has witnessed your conduct in the late
engagement with the Canianche Indians, and during
the hardships to which you were exposed prior and
subsequent to it Having marched more than
eighty miles with but little or no rest or sleep, and
at one time been more than sixteen hours in the
saddle, with only a hope of meeting the enemy, not
a murmur was heard, or the slightest complaint
When the enemy's camp was seen, and the cheer
was heard along the ranks the signal of the
charge the spirit activity, gallantry, and courage
displayed by you could but be the admiration of the
most critical veteran, as it was of your officers.
You have struck the enemy of the State over which
you are sentinels a blow with an iron hand a blow
which they will not soon forget and the most bril
liant and decisive victory has been achieved over
them that has been recorded for years. To you
this should be a lasting pride. After the battle was
over, and your wounded comrades needed your as
sistancc and care, the kindness of heart that promp
ted and the gentleness of hand that untiringly ad
ministered to their necessities were no less the traits
of the true soldier than those that led to the vic
To have exposed your lives for the honor of your
nag, and killed your enemies in the cause of hu
manity, the proud consciousness of having done
your duty cheerfully and well will be to you, during
your lives, a memory that will give you pleasure.
Let your future conduct on this expedition bring
no disapproving recollection of it hereafter.
II. The special mention of the fortunate brave
should give no envious discontent or bitter feelings
of disappointment to their comrades.
1st Sergeant J. W. Spangler, of "H" company.
2d cavalry, for his cool courage, daring intrepidity,
and gallant bearing throughout the whole engage
ment together with his skill and fortune in having
killed six of the enemy in personal combat deserves,
and has received, the special notice of the officers of
his company and the commanding officer.
By order of Brevet Major Van Dorn :
JAMES P. MAJOR,
2d Lieut 2d cavalry, Adjutant
A Noble Wife Nobly Rewarded. The Paris
correspondent of the Journal of Commerce tells how
a noble wife was nobly rewarded. The story is
brief, and calculated to encourage such heart-benev
olence as is here exhibited. M. dc Montyon in 1819
bequeathed an annual sum of ten thousand francs as
a premium at the disposal of the academy for the
poor Frenchman or woman who should in the year
perform the act most virtuous or morally creditable.
The premium for the last year has just been ad
iudced to a peasant woman. M'me Durand, of the
department of Vaucluse for this exemplary conduct
" Her husband," says Mr. Walsh, " was accused of
a canital crime, and arraigned in Assizes : he was
acquitted with difficulty, and by a small majority of
the jury. The wife sustained him devotedly through
out the trial, and insisted on his innocence ; she re- -solved
to find the real culprits : she persevered in
the search for several years ; she discovered them,
and had them brought to justice. Their conviction
fulfilled her purpose, which was to re-establish the
character of her husband the true amende for an
honest man." The good woman will be passing
rich with ten thousand francs.
Presbyterian Synod. This body met in this place,
last night in the Presbyterian Church at 7 o'clock.
The attendance of ministers and elders was large,
and the session was opened by Rev. W. . W. Pharr,
Moderator, pf the last Synod, by an able and very m
terestme jeermon on verse 6th of the 126th Psalm.
After the" sermon, the Synod was organised by the
election of Rev. Jacob Doll as Moderator and Rev.
.Rr-H. Latferty and Dr.. D. P. Wier, temporary
Clerks : .juid the body then adjourned until 9$
l Wa n to KeG so
intelligent looking men from all
State in our midst; and from the appearence of the
'v-Sod, e look for.a harmonious and interesting
meeting. Newbern Progress 18th.
Senator from Arkansas. A private despatch
t..e tuat been reeeived from Memphis, Miss., by a
gentleman of this city, in which it is announced
that the Hon. Wm. K. Sebastian has been unani
mously re-elected to the United States Senate by
the Leeislature of Arkansas. His present term ex-
'ph-eg on the 4th of March next
Remarkable Man. One of the greatest curiosi
ties about the Fair Urounas, outsiae mo f5,""
aru Mr. Samuel Gessler. of Schuylkill,
born without arms, has learned to
write with his toes, and uses a pen with his : pedal
extremities, in a manner quite surprising. - A bold,
round legible hand is dashed off with great experW
r..;utv and with a freedom from scratches
and blots which would do credit io.themost skill-
I onH Klota whlCtl WOUIQ UU treuii w. uk-
uocra or., ComogaiT .
Kor. 20, 1858 f y
Ghhtlmbh; There appeared lately a omniuni- s I
cation jo.tte-J&wMtor, signed by &. B. Buckley, at
tacking Mr. Clingmani and makinr soma mention
. of me as connected with the transaction referred to.
As I am cognizant of the principal facts, I desire, as
a matter of justice to Mr. Clineman. toexnlam
them. . .During the Court at Waynesville in June
last, Mr. Clingman informed me that he expected in
the course of the summer that Prof. Guyot would
go with him to measure the Smoky Mountain, and
was speaking about the proper persons to eo alone.
and mentioned especially Mr. Robt Collins. - I af
terwards apprised Mr. Collins of his purpose. 'and
had his promise to eo alone as euide. All these
things occurred three months before I ever saw Mr.
Buckley. . As Gen. Edney's.name is mentioned ii
Mr Buckley's article, I requested him to state wha
i r,nikm ;ri-L,iQ 7 r
he knew in relation to the matter, and received from
him the following reply : .....,..
Raleigh, Nov; 20th,' 1858.
Dear Sir: Tri answer to' your inquiry. I would
state, that some weeks before I ever saw Mr. Buck
ley, Mr. Clingman told me that he was expecting
Professor Guyot to arrive at Asheville, and that they
were going to measure the Smoky Mountain, which
he thought higher than the Black. He also spoke
of having once been on the Smoky, and of the situa
tion of what he considered the highest peaks of it
which he had seen when on a point a little to the
right of the gap, through which the road at the head
of the Uconalutla River passed. He spoke particu
larly of the matter, because he asked me if I would
not like to go along, which I agreed to do, as I had
once passed through said gap myself.
Afterwards, and about the first of September, he
returned home, after being away about a couple of
weeks, and was making some enquiries as to where
frot uuyot then was, who had gone off to the Black
Mountain some days before.
1 accidently met Mr. Buckley at the Eazlc Hotel.
in Ashville, and was introduced to him, and learned
that he had lately returned from the Black, and had
some knowledge of Professor Guyot's whereabouts.
i torn mm i wisned to know, because Air. Clingman
had returned last night from Virginia, with the ex
pectation of meeting Professor Guyot, in accord
ance with a previous appointment to go with him to
measure the height of the Smoky Mountain. Mr.
liucKiey then asked me where Mr. Clingman was.
I told him he was at Gudger's Hotel, over the hill,
and that I was going in that direction, and would
introduce him if he desired it He replied that he
would like to see him, and we went over. I intro
duced him to Mr. Clingman. savins at the same time
to him, "Mr. Buckley has just gotten back from the
Black, and can give you the information you seek
as to Prof. Guyot" Mr. Buckley then stated that
he had not been able to see Prof. Guyot that he
had gone North. Mr. Clingman thereupon express-
J V- x 1 - , . l . . , . .
ea ius regret, ana saia mac ne naa expected 1TOL
uuyot to have gone with him to the Smoky Moun
tain, which he regarded as higher than the Black.
Mr. Buckley then said that he believed the moun
tain south of Pisgah higher; likewise said he had
been on them in the spring, and had brought a ba
rometer from New York to measure them. Mr,
Clingman said, though they were not in his opinion
as nign as tne Mnoky, yet they were high moun
tains, and ought to be measured ; and said if Mr.
Buckley chose to go with him, they would measure
the Smoky first and then the others also. He then
described particularly those peaks of the Smoky
which he regarded as the highest, and spoke of the
best way to reach them ; he also said he had a ba
rometer which he would get Mr. Gudger to observe,
and that Mr. Wm. McDowell had another which he
had placed in his possession to observe for the
Smithsonian Institute, and that he would speak to
him to notice it particularly while they were absent.
He said further, however, that they ought to have
a barometer stationed at Waynesville, and that Prof
LeConte had one at Flat Rock, and that he thought
he could be induced to go out for that purpose to
Waynesville. He spoke of writing to LeConte by
the mail which was to leave that night ; whereupon
Mr. Buckley said if Mr. Clingman would furnish him
a horse that he would ride up and see him, while
he was getting ready to go, as Mr. Clingman had al
ready stated that he had so many letters to answer,
that it would be a couple -of days before he could
start on the excursion. The horse being furnished,
immediately Mr. Buckley rode off.
I was also particularly struck by another part of
the conversation. Mr. Clingman remarked, that he
would endeavor to get one of Major Turner's spirit
levels, which would aid them in determining to some
extent the heights of such mountains, as they might
not find it convenient to get on. Mr. Buckley said
he had gotten a spirit level from Green at the same
time he obtained his barometer, and that Green told
him he could measure a mountain with it when it
was in two or three miles of him. Mr. Clingman
asked what kind of a level it was ; on Mr. Buckley
hesitating in his reply, he asked if it had a telescope
and tripod for it Mr. Buckley did not seem to un
derstand the meaning of these words, and some ex
planation was necessary to enable him to do so. I
afterwards asked him why he wanted Mr. Buckley
to go along, remarking that he could not be of any
use, as he seemed to have little or no knowledge of
such subjects. Mr. Clingman replied that that made
no difference, because his barometer would be of ser
vice, and that he himself would-make the observa
tions necessary. As to what Mr. Buckley says as to
my having given him directions to the highest points
of the Smoky, he is wholly mistaken. 1 had in fact
never seen them, having only once passed along the
road, which goes through the gap, at the head of the
Oconalufta, and from which, I understand, and you
are well aware, the higher peaks are not visible. I
am confident also that Mr. Buckley only spoke of
going to the mountains south of Pisgah, and in the
conversation with Mr. Clingman, manifested no
knowledge whatever of the Smoky Mountain. ;
Very respectfully yours, - ' .'
r B. M. EDNEY. .
Dr. S. L. Love. .
It will be seen thet Genu Edriey explains. how Mr.:
Buckley came- to accompany 'Mr, Clingman. It so
happened that at the time referred to, my brother,
CoL Robt Love, was at Asheville, and at the" re
quest of Mr." Clingman, invited Mr. Buckley to take
a seat in his carriage, and conveyed him to Wayncs
ville. While there, Mr. Clingman asked me to join
the party, and also requested me to furnish Mr.
' Buckley a horse to ride to the Smoky, which I did.
Wc went to Mr. Collins's, on the Oconalufta, snd'Sfjthe sentiments of this meeting, and. of the iin-
from thence immediately to the highest peak-if WerArtance or the subject not only to us, bqi to Isorth
Smoky. Our movements were entirely und. 1 jcvroiina. .'?""t.vr'.'' . --'."'
direction of Mr. Clingman. He spoke frequently $fir ' 1 pursuance of the thtrdresolution, the Chair
the route to be taken, and described the situatloMrrVr niajpf the" meeting announced the following com-
the highest peak as well as of the others,
Buckley did not pretend to have the slightest knoL--edge
on the subject but followed, without one word"
of objection, Mr. Clingman's direction in all respects.
I also recollect perfectly well that when we were on
the highest Peak, Mr. Buckley expressed the opin
ion that it was not so high as the mountains to the
south of Pisgah, and which he was expecting to go
to. In fact he then did not believe it. to be as high
as other points of the Smoky which we could see.'
On the day following, when we were getting pretty
near to the point which we visited in Tennessee,
Mr.; Buckley said, "I saw this mountain last spring
when I was in Tennessee in search of plants." Mr.
Clingman thereupon expressed his surprise that Mr.
Buckley should not have seen that it was a very
high mountain. He replied that it did look high,
and that he asked Judge Peck how high it was, and
' that he said it was three thousand feet high, and
that supposing the Judge knew, he thought no more
' about it This statement was several times referred
'ta by Mr. Clingman as a matter of amusement'
When' on one occasion Mr. uuckuey spoke oi having
passed down the Tennessee river some fifteen years
previously, he said that he was then looking for
plants, and so low down in the valley, and so tar off
from the higher parts of the Smoky, that he did not
see them. In fact he must then have gone through
the range of the mountain more than twenty miles
west of the highest 'peak. He, during the whole
route, exhibited the most -complete ignorance of the
localities we went to, and frequently manifested sur
prise at the' scenes presented. He not only did not
profess to have any knowledge of the Smoky range,
but it was obvious from all that occurred, that he
had none whatever, with the exception of the re
marks above given as to his conversation with Judge
Peck, and it was only when we were getting on that
point in Tennessee, and-were speaking of its posi
tion, in Sevier county, at the head of little Pigeon,
that it seemed to strike him that this was the moun
tain he must have seen the spring- befbee. When
Jfe.eTAGSLJba highest peak, Mr. Clingman ex-
PTesseajn Wrong tenn.his regret that Prof. Guyot'
Hw&.'tta i was surpnsea ta near Mr.
Buckley sa y that he was . glad that Guyot was not
along that if he had. been there, he would have
nave. naaue ;creCit ol measuring the mountain. '
I noticed that Mr. Clingman always adjusted and ob
served the barometer himself at each place of obser-1
vuon, ana sometimes when he proposed to make
them at certain Doints. Mr. -Buck W nnM
"oh I never mind, thi is not an Kio-K m.v "
On &eh occasions Mr. Clingman said it was never
theless desirable to ascertain the prominent points,
without regard to whether they were higher or
lower than the Black, and seemed anxious to ex
plain to Mr. Buckley the importance of frequent ob-
i snort intervals. He said that Prof.
Guyot thought it necessarv to take ob&cmtinn at
short distances from each other, to ascertain the
temperature oi the air correctly, 4c. Besides, di
recting all the movements of the party, Mr. Cling
man pua au me expenses incurred during the eight
or ten days of the excursion, including the compen
sation of the. men emploved to carrv the nmn
equipage, provisions, 4c., and also Mr. Buckley's
individual expenses until our return to Waynesville.
It is also proper that I should add that Prof. Le
Conte, who" remained at Waynesville to observe the
stationary barometer, uniformly declared, both at
Asheville and in Columbia, as I have been credibly
iniormeu, mat me measurement of the bmoky was
undertaken entirely on the suggestion of Mr. Cling
man, and that the highest peak should bear his name.
1 he publication in the Spectator of which Mr.
Buckley complains, was made (according to the
statement of the Editor) from information derived
trom Prot LeConte, without any knowledge or in
timation from Mr. Clingman, as 1 have the best rea
sons for believing. In fact the Editors of that pa
per are known to be opposed to him, both political
ly and personally, and accustomed to have no com
munication with him. It is obviously unjust then,
that Mr. Clingman should beheld responsible in any
wise for its course. As to Mr. Buckley's personal
remarks against Mr. Clingman, I do not deem it
necessary to make any reply.
An, Z A. 1 A M A
it may ue matter oi interest to your readers,
f Pwr t A f - - u if i.
from Prof LeConte, giving the result of the meas
Very respectfully yours,
SAMUEL L. LOVE.
Columbia. S. C. Nov. 16th. 1858.
Hon. T. L. Clinainun
Mr Dear Sir: The following are the results of
my calculations of the heights of the sevend peaks
of the Balsam and Smoky Mountains, based upon
the data furnished by the baromctic observations of
yourself, Mr. Buckley and myself.
Nearest peak (Plott's peak,) south-west of Waynes
ville; height above the sea, 6,160 feet
Jones' peak, south-west of Waynesville ; height
above the sea, 6,312 feet
Highest peak (Clingman's peak;) height above
the sea, 6,744 feet
Next highest peak, height above the sea, 6,663
Third peak, (Mount Jackson,) across the Tennes
see line; height above the sea, 6,622 feet
In relation to the last result it is proper to re
mark, that inasmuch as in this case, the observations
were not strictly simultaneous at the uDner and
lower stations, the resulting height may be slightly
rn error. I he height of the hiehest peak of the
Smoky, (Clingman's peak,) calculated by means of
t.ro sets of simultaneous observations, give results
which do not differ from each other more than one
Some degree of uncertainty attaches to the height
of the " next highest peak" of the Smoky, arising
from the fact, that an unaccountable discrepancy
(amounting to 71 feet) exists in the several deter
minations of the height of the lower station above
Asheville. I have taken the smaller numbers.
In all the foregoing calculations, I have, in accor
dance with Prof. Guyot's estimate, assumed Ashe
ville to be 2,260 feet above the sea. Others have
estimated the Court-house to be 2,251 feet above sea.
If the latter is assumed as correct, all of the forego
ing heights will be diminished by 9 feet
Yours very sincerely,
(Signed) JOHN LeCONTE.
For the Standard.
CAPE FEAR AND DEEP RIVERS.
At a public meeting of the citizens of Pittsbo
rough and its vicinity, held in the Court House on
the 18th November, Dr. John A. Hanks was, on
motion, called to the chair, and L. J. Merritt re
quested to act as Secretary.
The object of the meeting, as stated by the Hon.
Hugh WaddelL was to give some expression to the
feelings of the meeting as to the importance of the
completion of the works on the Cape Fear and Deep
rivers, in order to secure to the State the vast ad
vantage of an outlet for the transportation and de
velopment of the mineral wealth of the Deep river
country, and to take such step's as the meeting
might think proper to bring to th"e attention oT the
Legislature not only the importance, but the ne
cessity of an early completion-of this great State
work, that they may be induced by wise -and liberal
action, to allow North-Carolina's grtesteith to
lie no longer undeveloped; J.' -
Mr. Waddcll made some4 remarks salable-" to the
subject in hand, and for the fo.fthirancc'.ol tfieT ob
ject in view, introduced for the tion,p0inlee.t
ing the following resolutions, which, on being ftad,"
were unanimous! v adopted; '-... .'
- Jtcsolzed 1st That the permanent construction of
tne worKs nowin progress upon tne vape tear. and
Deep riven, ancl the removal oT otfstroctibns to the
navigation' of the same, are objects demanded by the
public interest of the whole State,-and ought to re
ceive direct and efficient aid from the State treasury.
' Besotted 2d, That the people of Chatham county,
without distinction of party, regard the same as of
greater interest to them than any present political
question or controversy, and they expect and res
pectfully request their representatives in the Gen
eral Assembly to call the attentionof the Legisla
ture to the subject, and entreat their favorable action
Besotted Zd .That a committee of ten be appoint
ed by the Chairman of this 'meeting- to draft a Me
morial to beprcsehted to the Leeislature expressive
mittee tb draft said memorial, viz: Hon. Hugh Wad
dell, B. J. Howze, Lw J. Merritt, John Manning, Jr.,
John A. Womack, Junius A. Alston, J. S. Lassiter,
M. Q. Waddell;S. W. Gotten and Lucian Burnjtt,
Esqrs. 'S ' : ' ' s . '
On motion,' the Chairman of the -meeting was
added to the-committee, arid, on further .motion, it
was orderod.ihat.the proceedings of this meeting be
sent for pqblicatiopvto the Ralegh Standard and
Register i whereujSml'the meeting adjourned.
' ? JOHN A. HANKS, Chm'n,
' L. J. Meebitt, Sect'y- '' " " .
The agent of the' Catawba Indians' in South Caro
lina made the following report to the Lancaster
court at the late term :
I beg leave to report that the Catawba Indians
now number about seventy in alL I cannot discov
er any improvement in their moral condition or hab
its ; in general, they are fond of spirituous liquors ;
and there are now two distilleries near them, and
when they earn a little money by hire, or raise a lit
tle corn, they will spend it for whiskey, and ' get
drunk, and sometimes do mischief. . , vr- - .
Last winter (as I understand it) as they returned
from one of these distilleries in a high statp of intoxi
cation they got into an affray, which resulted in the
wounding of two Indians and IdHihg one .iwrsei -Now,
after due reflection,' I am 'bound iS believe
such traffic and conduct as the above stated is a sad
nuisance in a civil community, and I itope that the
proper authorities will consider, this matter, and re
move that which annoys. I have had but little con
versation, with the Indians this year about removing
to the West, but so far as I have learned, they are
still willing to be removed. :
. ... ADAM IVY, Agent....
Hurry and Cunning are the two apprintices of
Dispatch and Skill, but neither of ' them ever learn
then- master' trader" w w "
MATRncbstAt Buss In Gotham: In New York
"City; where free lore, -free negroes and free every-
,i ammo uey4ia nappy famf iei We
e the following relative to one nappy "circle
from tiie Day Book, of -Wednesday :
Uxlcckt Risclt ow. a- JfjMVLX Qcarbel. Last
.evening, ahorUy.after 8 o'clock, a middle aged man,
who had only been about three months ago initiated
into the matrimonial state, grrme his name as Wil
liam Judge, residing at No. 86 Eeex street, called
at the Tenth Ward station house in a shocking con
dition. His face was entirely covered wHb bfeod,
as was also his body, emulating from a wound which
he had received in the tack part of his cranium,
Medical aid was immediately sent for, and in the
course of an hour Sergeant Willswood, the surgeow
of that ward, dressed Mr. Judge's bead, after which
he very politely inquired .how it was that he earner
to receive such a dreadful wound. Judge replied by
saying that on arriving home last evening, she whom
he had taken " for better or worse" had no supper
ready. He asked his wife why she had been so dil
atory in performing her household duties, when she
replied 44 if he didn't hold his tongue she would put
him out of the house." . .
Mr. Judge dared Mrs. Judge to do it when at last
words gave place to blows and Mrs. Judge seized a
wash bowl, and rushing at Mr. Judge, dealt him a
blow on his bump of combatireness, causing ' the
blood to flow copiously down Mr. Judge's person.
The injured husband came to the conclusion to re
turn good for evil, and at once made lee bail for the
police station. After he had finished his story, or
rather complaint an officer escorted him home, when
another scene far different to the former one took
place. The wife seeing the M. P. was going to take
her into custody, again rushed into her better half
arms and implored forgiveness, which the good na
tured Mr. Judge could not but grant The anair
was amicably settled and the M. P. was informed his
services were not required.
Election Celebration in Chicago.
Chicago, Nov. 19. The celebration last night in
honor of the Douglas victory was a grand affair, and
was well represented from almost every section of
the State. A torch-light procession, of a mi'.e and
a hair in length, passed through the principal streets.
A number of houses along the route were illumi
Senator Douglas made a short speech, congratu
lating the Democracy on the victory they bad
achieved. The number of persons present was esti
mated at eight or ten thousand.
The official majority of James Miller, republican
candidate for State treasurer, is 3,578. The total
vote for John Dougherty ."administration candidate
for the same position, was 5,021.
The South Pass Wagon Boad.
St. Lons, Nov. 19. CoL Lander, the superin
tendent of the South pass wagon road, has arrived
at St Joseph. He reports that the road will bo
completed to City Ricks, Nebraska, in eight months
at a cost of $40,000. The Cheycnnes had burnt the
grass along the Platte river, causing much suffering
among the cattle of the constructing party and the
Destruction of the New York State Arsenal.,
New York, Nov. 19. Early this morning, before
the arrival of the workmen, the flooring of the new
State arsenal on Thirty-fourth street fell in, carry
ing with it the side and partition walls, and crush-
ing everything inside. The roof of an adjoining
house was also crushed in, severely injuring a wo
man in her bed.
' The arsenal, which was nearly completed, was
constructed of stone, 200 feet long by 100 in width.
Loss over $50,000.
Sale of a Kentucky Kailroad.
Cincinnati, Nov. 19. The Lexington and Dan
ville Railroad has been sold at public auction for
$125,000, to McCampbelL Bowler 4 Co. The roll
ing stock and fixtures were bought at the sale by
the same parties for about $10,000.
In this City, on Sunday morning last, by Henry Penning
ton, E.q-. Mr. James J. Lewis, Printer, to Miss Amanda V.
Lntnler, all of this city.
In Christ Church. Raleigh, on the evening of the 16th
inst., by Rev. R. Alafton, D. Mr. Wm. lL Kennon. of
Richmond, Vs., to Miss Nannie A., daughter of Dr. . C.
Fisher, of the former place.
" At bis residence in Granville county, on the ISth inst., in
the 83d year of bis age, Mr. Pleasant Peace, lie was a
truth-loving, law-abiding, worthy citizen. He conscien
tiously fulfilled all the duties of the several relations of
husband, father and master, and left the pleasing hut of
his humble assurance af a blissful immortality beyond the
BEPOBTSD EXPRESSLT TOM THE IT. C STAXDAKD.
Br M'PHEETERS A GHISEMS,
Wholesale Grocers, Forwarding dt Cunt minion Jterrhanlt,
Kovehbeb SO 1R58
FLOUR The stock in market is heavy, and Flour Is daiL
Prices are almost nominal. We quote S. F, A?i(SB;
Extra ftJiBK Family 7.
COTTON The Canal having opened, the receipts have
been heavy with sales of 1(32,000 bales at 10l'c
NAVAL STORES Common Rosin is quick al fl SO.
No. 1 fl .V31 75: Spirits Turpentine 47fe4c. Tar 78.
' DRIED FRUIT The market is not very act ire- Ap
pies l 75; Peaches 5).rJ, as to quality; onpealed
Peaches $2 50(5$.
BEESWAX SOc FLAXSEED '. 50.
SALT L. li. fl 451 50 ; O. A. W95.
LIME Tbomaston 131 10 : W. C.
OKUCER1ES N- O. and P. It. Sugar X&9c.; Crushed
U N.O Molasses 41050c. P. R. S335c. RW Offee
11 (312c.; Lag. Jsva 17018c Apamantine
Candles 23(g2.c.; Sperm h(g45c Mould 16c Rice 44
Post Office RefolaUorfs at Raleigh, If. C.
NORTHER MAIL closes at 7 A. M.
NORTHERN MAIL via. R. A C. R. R, arrives daily at
4 P. M-. (except Snndajs.)
EASTERN MAIL. GOLDSBORO', arrives daily at 9
A. M cloces at & P.M.
WESTERJTMAIL arrives daily at 4 P. M, (except Sun
days) close at 7 A. M.
FA YETTE VILLE MAIL arrives daily at 5 A. M. closes
t ft r. m
NASHVILLE MAIL arrives Monday, Wednesday and
Fridav at ft P. M. closes same dars at 9 P. M.
ROXBOKO' MAIL arrives Friday at b A. M. closes
OFFICE HOURS from 9tf-A. M. to S P. M.
GEO. T. COOKE, P. M. -
November 20, 1853.
TO PRINTERS- A FEW GOOD COMPOSITORS
will find employment by applying immediately at
this office. None but steady bands need applr.
HOLDEN i WILSOX.
' t t . - - Standard Office.
' Raleigh Nov. 1ft, 1858. '
BELFORD MALE ACADEMY. .
Frakkli.x Cochtt. V. C
: JULIUS GUIOH- Principal. ;
THS NEXT SESSION will eon n ence on the id MON
DAY in January, 1859, and ' '-ntinue five months.
Board per month.
Tcmox ; English $10 Classics 5 per session.
RtrcaKKcn: Vr. Gray Sills and l asMin Nichols, Casta
lis P. 0 Nash county, N. C.
November. S3, 1858. 95 1 .
BY YIRTUE'OF A. DEED OF TRUST TO
me, executed bv Wm. B. Richardson, I shall, at tbe
Court House door in Raleigh, an SATURDAY, the Sth day
of January next, expose to sale tbe residue of the tract of
land conveyed to me by him, lying near Mt. Moriah, and
containing about 80 acres.
Tkeks: Cast). - - - - ' -
.KEMP P. BATTLE. :
November 28,1856., , . . 47 wtds.
AUCTION SALE OF BOOKS,'
This n4 everV Evealaj 4arin this Week t
AN EXTENSIVE COLLECTION OF BOOKS, embrse
fog many standard and popular authors in tbe various
departmenls (if literature.
Sale to commence each evening at f o'clock ai our Store,
Fayetteville Street .
Sale positive. " '
JONES MOORE, AucVs.
Raleigh, Nov. 23,1 S5S. 95 lt
NOTICE TO BONDHOLDERS, r,
Office Wil. & WeMos R. B. Co.,
'. ISTBNoVUtBCK, 1S5S. I
THE BONDS of this Company, endorsed by the Stale
of North Carolina, doe 1st Jannary next, will be paid
at maturity at tbe B-nnetrInk of Cape Fear at Raleigh. 1
Aay bolder desiring to. receive payment previoas to saia
date,' can be acco"nmodated on application at Lbis office, itt
dodinjr interest to the date of parmeoi.' - . r .
For a portion of the amount, Bonds of ibis Slate, pay,
ble in Sew York, will be riven In exchange, if dt-sireo.
Br order of the Board of Director. -4
cJi-v v.!'- tAMJ&A.Ultf$&tTrwttfc
November 22, IS5S. ii-lL
064 -Winston Sentinel v; S .
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