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The to incorporate the Arendel Hotel Com ,. msscil its second reading. P ),i motion of Mr. G-e-n, of Franklin, leave of ab nce until Monday next was granted to Mr. E. n Drake, of Warren. ' MESSAGE FROM THE GOVERNOR. message from his Excellency was received, insmitting a communication relative to building a utional Tnon iment in Philadelphia, which . on mo VmofMr. liadham was sent to the Senate with a p'oposhion to print and raise a joint select commit- tec desultory conversation ensued relative to the ,oivcrs possessed' by the committee on Privilege '"id Elections between tle Speaker and Messrs. Hoiibury, Morehead and Dortch, after which on mo tion of Mr. Martin, the House adjourned. CORRECTION. The name of Mr. Martin was printed by mistake O Mastcn, in the list of yeas and nays in the elec inn of Gov. Bragg as United States Senator. Tin line mistake occurred in the election of Engrossing ks. ll was Mr. Mastcn not Martin that nomi- nitv-JMr. Ward. THE iiortlj-Coralina itatiiwrii WILLIAM W. HOLDEN, Editor and Fropriktoe. FRANK. I. WILSON. Associate Editor. TKM3 OF TliE WEEKLY Two Dollars per annum iERMS Or Tilt. SEMI-WEEKLY Four DoUars per 4H. am, luvunaoiy in advance. .E ...ir,F T.'iE WEEKLY TO CLUBS: J.es flO 10 " 1 - 15 Ml paper are discontinued at the exniratioi. of the time for c n tuty .ace oetn paid. ' Terms of Advertising in the Semi-Weekly sianuara. ur regular rates of advertising are as follows: One square, (14 lines or less) first insertion, - $1 00 Each subsequent insertion, - -- -- -- fc5 Louger advertisements in proportion. ,...w.n;is will be made with advertisers, atthe al-oie e..lfiUr mtes, for six or twelve months, and at the close ot t -: contract 'oo per cent, will be deducted from the gross ft .lUIIt. .V.il'e-isuinal or business Cards, not exceeding five lines jrill be inserted in either the Weekly or Semi-Week!y,for f fir six nitiuiiis.or f i tor twelve months; or in D tn pa pers for $1" tor six montns, or $ to tor twelve nioLtns. Terms of Advertising in the Weekly Standard. One dollar I er square for the tirst insertion, and 2." cts. f,ir imcIi snbw qiieut iuseriioii. So deduction will be made M Wrikhi uii't. titiirnt, ho matter hew Owy they mayrvn. Onir a limited number of advertisements will be admitted int.i iLe U'eeklv All advertisements, not otherwise direcl- eii, :ire inserted in the Stmi-Weekly, and charged accord ingly. lien the number nl insertions is not marked in tbeuilvertisciiieti! it is inserted until forbid. Money sent us bv mail is at our risk. RALEIGH: SATURDAY, NOV. 27, 1858. HOLDEN & WILSON, State Teixters, AND AUTHORIZED PUBLISHERS OF TUB LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES No Back Ncmbers. We regret that we cannot furnish new subscribers the back numbers of our paper from the beginning of the Legislature. We have been printing extra copies, but the demand has ex ceeded the supply, and we now have none on hand. The Wilmington Journal. The Wilmington Journal of Wednesday, in its notice of the late Senatorial election says : "In regard to the Senators elect, it may be re membered that months ago common consent appear ed to assign to Messrs. Chnginan and Bragg the positions to which the Legislature has called them ; or, at least, it was generally conceded that these gentlemen's chances were decidedly superior to tiiose of an' other aspirants. It appeared all along to be regarded as certain that Mr. Clingman would be chosen for the balance of Judge Biggs' term ; and, as but one Senator could be expected to come from the West, that therefore, Mr. Reid might be regarded as virtually out of the field. Gov. Bragg was regarded as the Eastern counterpoise to the ex treme Western location of Senator Clingman. This was the position of things during the most of the year, or until a state of tanglement occurred about the centre, and opposition feelings and thoughts and hopes arose. We most sincerely hope and trust that all unpleasant feelings in the party, or between members of it at Raleigh or elsewhere, will pass away with the occasions which excited them. To nourish such feelings, or to act upon them, can only result in evil." We are at a loss of know what the Editor means by the expression, "opposition feelings, and thoughts and hopes." Does he refer to the " opposition " to Democracy ? or to those whose names were used against Gov. Bragg ? So far as the " state of tan glement " is concerned we are certainly blameless. We have been all along the victim of this " tangle ment." Suspected by old friends by whom we had long stood, and for whom we had long labored, of some connection in some way with the recent course of the Warrenton News, and most anxious then as now for continued harmony and good feeling, we voluntarily stepped forward, and in our Card of the 18th of October we met this suspicion with full ex planations and an earnest and prompt denial. What more could we have done ? And yet this denial was not satisfactory in certain Quarters, and hence j the "state of tanglement" to which our cotempora ry refers. We join our cotemporary fn the hope that all un pleasant feelings between members of the party may pass away. When full justice shall have been done the Senior Editor of this paper by those who have suspected him of complicity in the Warrenton Feics articles, they may pass away, but not before. In the meanwhile we trust our cotemporary of the Journal, who is numbered among the " elsewhere, will himself set the example which he commends to the imitation of others. Gov. Reid. The last Register says : . . . , "On the 4th dav of -March next the Hon. David S. Re:d will take his leave of the U. S. Senate, and W;ll never more be heard of si public man, unless Remaps as Chairman of Rockingham County Court. Is the Register quite sure of thatt . f- The Register adds i) - - 3tij J ' I he Speaker chosen waslris Wffconnection, and irom his own County,-and' the, friepdj, of Messrs. ""aggand Ilolden wjgre furnished 1 .wtjf -an argument p'fusi multiplying; honors in one family and one Holden" usedjsncb argument against Goy Kd, nor did he advKe his friends here or elsewhere to use such argument, not has he heard that it was "sed by his friends. "Ilolden" is blameless in this, m many other thingwith which he has been vol. heeler. We had the pleasure yesterday "tmng of see.ns CoL John H. Wheeler, who is in . v.ty on a visit to his friends. CoL W. has been res'dent for some time past of Washington City." 3T Mr. P. Ferrall, merchant of this City, has us a sample of " Kane's Irish Malt Whiskey. which is a very superior article. toT 1116 publlc debt of Virginia amounts to J-f 12,'JOB. About one-third of this debt is paya- Nw Yark wdabout two nillioaa ia London 1 Vol. XXIV. No. 48. The Mineral Deposits in Chatham Conntr. We invite the attention of our readers, and espe cially the attention of the members of the Legisla ture, to the following lstters from a practical and ex perienced gentleman, in relation to the mineral de posits of the Deep River Valley in this State. The importance of reaching these deposits by means of transportation, and of thus bringing them forth for use by the world, cannot be overstated : New York, Nov. 15. 1858. Dr. DeRosset: Dear Sir : Mr. Brown invited me yesterday, to give you my ideas of the capabilities of the deposits in Chatham county for the various branches of man ufacture in which the coal, iron ore, clays, sands, &c, may be used that are found there in such ex traordinary quantities and qualities. Ihe hrst and most prominent of these is the man ufacture of iron. In this branch I have put in wri ting some memoranda for use of friends in Baltimore, and hand you a copy herewith, lhis, you will ob serve, is exclusively confined to pig iron, and from my knowledge of the manufacture of it in Scotland, from similar materials as we saw around us in our tour of inspection, I speak with confidence that the article can be made thus. It will take 4 tons of black band ore, raw, to make one ton of pig at a cost of $2 40, say 2 40 It will take tons of coal to melt, heat the heater, and tire the engines, say at 60 cts per ton, Limestone for Flues, say 10 cwt at $3 per ton, Labor at furnaces, engine, &c, (50 per ct more than in Scotland), Incidental charges, wear and tear, interest, salaries, &c, 1 35 1 50 2 00 TO The pig iron would not. cost over per ton, $8 Ot Two furnaces erected on Scotch principle capable oi eacn maKine zuu or ou tons per weeK ; tnis is the usual make of Scotch furnaces with the latesi improvements to make iron from blackband ore, and it far exceeds in quantity the produce of any furna ces on this continent, and also the produce of furna ces in other parts ot .hurope, where they are not blessed.with the blackband. The consequence is that Scotch pig iron costs less than any produced in the world. But in Chat ham county the proximity of the coal to the ore is more favorable than in Scotland, and there a lord snip is pam lor tne coal oi l snunng (zo cts.; per ton. These two facts far more than counterbalance the extra price that will be paid for white labor, and P K iron can be made cheaper in Chatham than in Scotland. io manutacture pig iron into Jtauroaa or mer chant bars, costs with us, (in Scotland) including profit to manufacturer, about in round numbers, double the price of the pig that is to say, if a man ufacturer pays 60 shillings per ton for his pipr, he can afford to sell his bars with a handsome profit at 6 per ton, provided he does not pav more than 4s. to 4s. 6d per ton for his coaL In Chatham county, tne coals can be mined for 00 cts. per ton, and barr can be made much cheaper than in Scotland. For reasons I stated to you verbally, I would not choose to identify myself with any other branch of ron manufacture than pig, although all the other branches which will grow out of the supply of pig ;ron, such as bars, plates, rods, locomotives, &c, will hold out most tempting inducements to people from Pennsylvania, &c, to locate themselves with their capital where they will find such cheap and od iron and coal. Then the command of cheap pig will attract foun ders to the region, for manufacture of pipes and other castings. In Glasgow a founder does a good business if he pays 60s. for his pig and gets 85s. for his large pipes. Brooklyn is using just now 30,000 tons of water pipes for which the corporation pay about 41 per ton these could have been made in North Carolina at $8 per ton for the iron and $0 to $7 for casting say $lo per ton. The specular, magnetic and hematite ores, are of such richness, purity and quality, and the coal is of a quality, and such splendid coke can be made from it, and there is such an abundance of wood to make charcoal, that it is my beuef that blooms, steel and wire can be made cheaper and of as good quality as are to be found in the world. The blooms Mr. Paton intends to make on the Tyler property he informs me will not cost more than $20 per ton, and they ..til bring now in New York $65 to $75 per ton. A few months will suf fice to prove the quality pf the singular natural cal cined blackband ore we saw on this property and its fitness to make blooms. Mr. Paton is most sanguine that it will be found perfectly suitable, and if so, a very large fortune will be the consequence to himself and partners. I am not certain that it will be found profitable or desirable to extract the oil from the blackband ore at Egypt, but there can be little doubt that the coal will give an ample and very large return of Ke rosene oil, and this article is one in very large con sumption, and it can be purified on the spot or made into Benzole or Perraphim. I was told that the re eion abounded in clay and sands for pottery and glass, and from the cheapness and quality of the coal these articles can be as cheaply manufactured there as at any place on this continent or in Europe. I have put down my ideas very roughly and hur riedly, and if you make use of them to forward the means of access to the region, whether by the river or by railroad, or both, I must trust to you to put them into a more readable shape. I am, dear sir, yours truly, WM. GAMMELL. facts REGARDING THE MINERAL DEPOSITS IN CHATHAM COUNTY. NORTH-CAROLINA, 1. The Coal is of a quality equal to the best New castle coal, and the best for making gas, for which purposes it would nett in New York $6 to $7 per ton. 2. It is very easy to work, and free of faults. 3. It is admirably suitable for smelting iron, be ing free from sulphur. 4. Blackband iron ore overlies and underlies the coal, and can be mined from same pits and open inors. ' 5. The blackband is in deposits 18 inches and 6 feet thick, and of.a better quality than any found in Scotland, containing such a large proportion of car bon. And of so peculiar a character, that from 12 to 16 gallons of Kerosene Oil can be extracted from it while it is being calcined, to fit it for the blast furn r fi'to Iti inches is the usual thickness of the blackband iron ore' in Scotland. ' - fi ' Hematite iron ore: claV band and also magnet icr-iron ores, are "in: enormous dfpbsita within, 10 miles of the coal and blaciii ' 7.' Pig iron can Wmaaeron tber Above rdppsite 'ArVrf-niMJito KiirVerior to'an'y maeJScotrahd-r-ui any qoatitityt arid at a pricevless;;thiTO&otln; i theT Tjromitv of . the Tninerals;' io Mlotw. mdre tnan , Pfjwnsaiuig?, vuc i- r-, --f ThA land rri be nrocurea ai pnce&nu uiuwv higher than agricultural lands; and ey cry. acre oi tne mineral land K T consider, worth cres of the r:.. v n.r&i !anria?ir Cumberland. It may be fallwT a nrmn rfftrion' .. V- ... f Mi prtmmarii1i.p Wilkes, of the U. S. N., was or dered to report tothe government at Washington a the. oHmnhirM of establishing a national foun dry in the region, their attention having been drawn to it by Prof Emmons, the State Geologist's report, ,i r; TankinnV of Boston. Commodore Wilkes, with a staff of four men, spent some weeks in the renon, and he has just completed his report, to be presented to the Senate when it meets. H,e speaks m the most unequivocal terms of its advantages, and indicates the locality for the proposed establish ments. RALEIGH. N. C. WEDNES I have no interest whatever, either direct or indi rect in North-Carolina. I visited the reeion at the instance of friends, who are the principal proprietors oi me uovernor s Creek Co., and to whom I have engaged to loan $26,000 on the security of their property, if, after personal examination, I was satis fied with the security. The result is, that I found ine region exceeded, in value and importance, the representations made to me. I am satisfied that pig iron can be made at a cost of $9 per ton, in Chatham county, on the banks of Deep River. $150,000 would suffice to buy enough of mineral lands to supply two furnaces with materials for some generations. It would suffice to sink the pits and erect the two furnaces on the Scotch prin ciple, and as the minerals are the same as in Scot land, the plans ought to be imported from thence. The two furnaces could make 400 to 500 tons a week, say 2t0,000 tons per annum, at a cost of about $200,000. Price in New York and Boston, varies from $22 to $28 per ton. I am willing to become one of a private partner ship, (not a joint account company,) to take up such an enterprize as I have indicated. I will organize the business, and if sufficient inducement is devel oped, I will manage it afterwards. WM. GAMMELL. Baltimore, Nov. 3, 1858. United States' Senators. On Tuesday last the Hon. Thomas L. Clingman, of Buncombe, was elected by the two Houses of the General Assembly to fill the unexpired term of the Hon. Asa Biggs, in the Senate of the United States ; and the Hon. Thomas Bragg, the incumbent of the Executive Chair, was elected to fill the whole term of six years, commencing on the 4th of MaTch, 1859. Mr. Clingman was appointed by Gov. Bragg to fill the place made vacant by the resignation of Judge Biggs until the meeting of the General As sembly ; and Gov. Bragg will succeed Gov. Reid, the present Senator, whose term will expire on the 4th of March next We have heretofore recorded in the most emphatic terms our approval of Mr. Clingman's appointment to the Senate, and we have now to add our hearty concurrence in the action of the party, which places him in that body during the unexpired term of Judge Biggs. Western North-Carolina we mean that portion of the State west of the Yadkin and Ca tawba has not before had either a Governor or Senator, since the adoption of the present Constitu tion in 1835, with the exception of the present Gov ernor elect. The election of Mr. Clingman is an act of justice to the West, while at the same time it re tains in the Senate an able and experienced states man,- a vigilant and zealous co-operator with the na tional Democratic party, and a tried and inflexible defender of Southern rights. Gov. Bragg, who has been chosen to fill the long term, is an able and practiced debater and a sound and reliable statesman. He will bring to his duties no small experience in public life, and a firm pur pose, while true to the vital interests of his native State, to co-operate zealously with the only national organization which can protect the Constitution from violation and thus perpetuate the union of the States. Gov. Reid, whose term will expire on the 4th of March, has acquitted himself faithfully in the high post to which he was called four years ago ; and he will carry with him in his retirement the respect and the best wishes of all true Democrats. Now that these elections are over, and the wishes of the representatives of the people have been offi cially expressed, we trust that all ill feeling growing out of the contest will subside, and that party har mony will be thoroughly restored. Personal inter ests and feelings must always be subordinated to the good of the party. Personal and private relations preceding or growing out of contests of this sort, or indeed out of contests of any sort, are always in the keeping of those who are personally and privately concerned ; but they should never be permitted to disturb the harmony or the progress of the party which is so dear to us all, and to which our highest loyalty (next to that which we owe the State itself) and best service should always be rendered. Naval Workshops on Deep River. The following resolutions were introduced in the Senate on Wednesday last, by Maj. Gilmore, the Senator from Cumberland. They will no doubt pass both branches of the Legislature unanimously. The Senator from Cumberland prefaced their intro duction with some remarks, setting forth the im portance of the late commission appointed by the general government to examine the Coalfields, arid expressed the opinion, founded on information as full as could be properly obtained under the circum stances, that the report would be highly favorable. Now that the attention of the general government was turned to North Carolina, and to the rich and inexhaustible mineral deposites on Deep River, he though it incumbent on the Legislature and on all our citizens to unite in the good work of develop ing our resources in that quarter ; believing as he did that such development would eminently redound to the advancement and prosperity of the State. The resolutions are as follows : " RESOLUTIONS APPROVING TUB NAVAL COMMISSION OF THE U. S. APPOINTED TO EXAMNIE THE COAL FIELDS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. Rcsohed unanimously. That the General Assem bly of the State of North-Carolina, hereby approve the Naval Commission, by which the Coal Fields on Deep River were recently examined by Com. Wilkes and others, in reference to a suitable location for Government Machine Shops for the manufacture of Machinery for the United States Navy. ReQhedl further, That should the report of said Corxnr$s$$riers be favorable to said location, that our Senators in Congress are hereby instructed, and our Representatives requested, to use all proper means. Jbr ,the speedy establishment of the same, I and te jprcsS upon the attention of the. government the :nra'c'trcaitv ami advantages of establishing a Na- (tional x (Dunary.i ai tne kjo-m neiua uu ccy awiei. jaP" Our neighW of the Register keeps tapping ' us about the misprint of fp-root for op-root in Mr. sBridgers' Agricultural Address. We protest that it m ifSs a mistake, and mistakes will sometimes occur tri the best managed printing offices. The Editor edifies us particularly, and his readers generally, by a learned dissertation on "tap-root vegetation." His proclivities for underground worl. contracted when he made the acquaintance of 'bam, have suffered no abatement We trust his explora tions will prove at least agreeable to himself; but ,a r,ct iwnllect that like the mole, whenever he comes to the surface he must expect a tap. KS" We are glad to learn that Henderson Sher- rilL Esq.. the member elect from Catawba county, who has been confined at home by illness, is now will m-obablv be in his seat 80O DAY. DECEMBER 1. 1858- Elections by the Legislature. On Tuesday last the two houses of the General Assembly, by joint vote, elected the following Judg es and Solicitors : Jesse G. Shepherd, of Cumber land, and R. R. Ilcath, of Chowan, Judges of the Superior Courts of Law and Equity ; and Robert Strange, of New Hanover, and William J. Houston, of Duplin, Solicitors. On Wednesday Thomas Ruf- fin, Jr., of Alamance, was re-elected Solicitor for the 4th J udicial Circuit. These are all excellent appointments. Messrs. Shepherd, Heath, Strange and Rutfin are already in office, while Mr. Houston succeeds Mr. Stevenson, who declines a re-election. We have heretofore frequently borne our humble testimony to the abil ity and fidelity with which those already in office have discharged their duties, including Mr. Steven son, who is about to retire ; and we may add in re lation to Mr. Houston, that he will more than meet the expectations of those who have elected him. He is an able lawyer, and in all respects one of the most promising young men in North Carolina. As Elective Judiciary. A correspondent of the Petersburg Express, writing from Roxborough, Per son county, N. C, says : "lam convinced that the doctrine of electing Judges by the people is gaining ground in this State. They are determined to have something more directly to do with the creation of those who are authorized to pass upon their lives, character and property 1" Election of Pcblic Treasurer. Daniel W. Courts, Esq., of Rockingham, was on Wednesday last re-elected Public Treasurer by the joint vote of the two houses of the General Assembly. Mr. Courts had no opposition. Thanksgiving Day. To-day being Thanksgiving Day in this State by appointment of His Excellency Gov. Bragg, business was generally suspended and Divine service performed in the various churches. The Legislature adjourned over from Wednesday to Friday. THE WESTERN RAILROAD AN IMPORTANT DISCOVERY. We had the pleasure of a moment's conversation. a few days ago, with Mr. Kuper, Chief Engineer of the Coalfields railroad, who, with his Assistants, has been engaged for three weeks past in a re-sur ve3T of the third Division of the road, beginning 25 miles from town and terminating at Deep river. And he gives us the gratifying assurance that he has found a line which reduces the distance to the Gulf about three miles, to Egypt about two miles, can be more easily graded, and will be almost straight, portions of the distance for two or three miles at a time being a straight line, This will reduce the first cost of the road, suppo sing it to be constructed to the Gulf, as it must be, sooner or later, to answer its proper ends, at least $50,000, and will reduce the cost of transportation upon it, for all time, more than seven per cent, or as 3 is to 43. It may surprise some persons that this discovery is only now made. But the explanation is easy. As the funds of the Company were not in a condi tion to let out the 3d Division, there was no neces sity till now of making a re-survey of it But the application about to be made to the Legislature made it proper that the most perfect statement of the cost of the whole work should be made, and that the line should be ready to be put under contract at once, in case the application should be successful ; therefore the re-survey was commenced nearly a month ago, and the result is important and cheer ing. The line now run has the great advantage of being in contact with one and m close proximity to others, of the most well known and important coal locations. The President and Directors have applied to the Legislature, nnder a resolution of the Stockholders, for aid. They ask that the State will lend its bonds to the amount of $600,01)0, receiving in exchange the bonds of the Company for a - like amount nl secured by a mortgage of all the property of the Company, present and prospective, amounting, with $300,000 already expended on the road, to $9u),000. The interest paid by the Company on its bonds will of course meet the interest on the State's bonds, so that no provision need be made by the State, by taxation or otherwise, to pay interest In case of of default by the Company to pay interest or prin cipal, the State to sell the road under the mortgage. Provision to be made by a sinking fund for the re demption of the principal of the bonds, This mode of extending aid is presented as every way the most unobjectionable. Besides the primary consideration of avoiding further taxation and in debtedness, it seems to be generally admitted that States do not construct or manage pubuVrjworks in which they have a controlling interest, veitber so judiciously or economically as individuals ' But jt is believed that the Legislature Vrould be very Te-" luctant to make a direct subsonptjon at present of $600,000 to any new object, and cf have . to devise the ways and means of paying the .interest on that amount. ":'- '.' ' ' - The application made by the Company to. the Legislature shows that the cost of the first 25 miles (all of which is either completed or under contract,) will be' $379,031 89. And of the remaining-18 miles $235,405. This last sum is based upon the cost of iron already purchased and upon offers' al ready made to do the grading. To this aggregtf this deduct $25,000 from the excess of csti iron over actual cost, $20,000 for reduced cow, j: u oj r:. .: .: : 1 c : v.' KlaUIIIg OU .LMYIMMM 11 ttll 1UI 111 BICdU Ul JIUI M, 111 WUIJhIIIJ a UVIIU9, 111 All TVVV, showing that the whole road can be completed ancr equipped for about $910,000. The Company has already expended $300,000, and ' has unpaid subscriptions for about $40,000 more. So that it might be possible to accomplish the work with $550,000 of aid. But it is safer to apply for $600,000, for if needed it will be most im portant to have it, since the whole property on which money could be raised will be already mort--gaged to the State. And if not needed,-it will not be used, but the bonds can be returned to the State and so much of the obligation on each part extin guished. The Directors state that the yak is in such a state of forwardness that with! Vle means the whole road can be completed bysV of Septem ber next . Ok '. . And now will the State again refuse toujid this great work ? Other works of far less iiflpprtance, and far greater cost, have been set in motion and sustained by grants of two-thirds (perhaps we might say three-thirds) from the Treasury, at our cost in part and by our votes in part, before they had exvi pended a dollar..-. . This town and county have actual ly invested $300,000 before getting a cent from the State. We do not call upon Hercules without put ting our own shoulders to the wheeL We believe we are correct in stating that in no other instance has $300,000 ever been expended on any public work in North Carolina by individuals before the State came to their help. Jn most instances the State has begun the work, and in some it is said she both begun and finished it We trust that such considerations as these, and others which have been presented by the President and Directors, and others still which will be more forcibly presented by our members of the Legisla ture, will induce that body to listen to the appeal bow utdti to ib ibyeCfemti Otnerver. Whole Number 1236. Rev. Dr. Hawks. The New York correspondent of the Richmond Enquirer gives the following sketch of Dr. Hawks and of his sermon preached in Calvary Church, New York, on Thanksgiving day: 'Thanksgiving day passed off pleasantlr. and was very generally observed by the business communi ty, bervices were held in most our city churches. Dr. Hawks delivered an eloquent discourse in Calva ry church, 4th Avenue. It was more in the shape of a splendid oration. The church was denselv crowded with the most wealthy and aristocratic fam ilies of the upper part of the city, who listened at tentively to one of the most eloquent pulpit efforts of the times. The Doctor had cvidentlv. prepared himself for the occasion. He dwelt with great force upon the tendencies of the times, politically and morally. He considered that our citizens were cul pably neglectful in the proper discharge of their po litical auues. He gave a fearful picture of political corruption and degeneracy, and declared that God's judgments were as sure to overtake the wickedness of nations as of individuals, and the happiness of all was involved. as members or a corrupt political body. He also alluded to the fulfilment of the judgment pronoun ced against the Jews, and which would as surely fall upon all nations who forget God. He alluded to the moral corruption which pervaded the politi cal atmosphere of Washington, and depicted the depths it had reached by the support given to its gambling hells by members of our National Legisla ture, whose votes were often held by the successful keepers of the most fashionable faro-tables. We cannot, in a brief space, do justice to this bril liant effort of this learned divine. As your readers already know, the Dooter is a native of North Carolina, and a graduate of Chapel Hill. He has been all his life long a hard and indefat igable student He is an excellent linguist, and can readily translate Hebrew, Latin, Greek, French, Spanish, German, and, I believe, Italian also. He possesses a fine library. He is very fond of histori cal research, and of the study of ethnology. He is also a member of various learned societies, and Pre sident of the Statistical and Geographical Society of New York, and is also a member of the Ethnologi cal Society of this city. He possesses two full length ancient stone statutes from ruined temples in South America, probably the only perfect specimens of the kind which exist in any part of the civilized world. He designs to have casts taken of them in the plas ter of Paris, for presentation to the British Museum. He is, it is said, also engaged on a history of North Carolina. How he can find time to do so much, has always been a marvel to his friends. Few persons can perform the intense and long continued labor he endures. He is now, probably, a little turned of fifty years, vigorous and active in his mental faculties. He is a little bald, and slight ly inclined to fulness of habit, probably, induced by sedentary habits. His eyes arc those of the bright genius order, the color of those of the Duke of Wellington, and which are so common with des cendants of the Aborigines of England, viz: of a dark, soft and expressive hazel, or gazelle color. The late Mr. Upshur of your State, had such eyes in perfection. We have seldom seen such eyes with a well formed head, and educated mind, unaccom pained with brilliant genius. Though many ex amples of blue eyes, and genius combined, can be given ; yet they are not so constant as in the other cases. The Doctor is simple and unpretending in his manners, and cordial and affectionate in his in tercourse, and the favorite of all who know him." For the Standard. Col portage in North Carolina. Since the 1st of Sept I hare labored, more or less, in over 30 counties in N. C, traveling on Railroads, in buggy, and in the rougher mountains, on mule back, and day after day I went on foot . in order to reach the poorer cabins. Of the 562 families visi ted, I found 172 who never had a religious visit and prayer before, and many had not attended preaching from 3 months to 9 years, because of the distance, or affliction, or ignorance of the duty, or prejudice, or love oldistillenes, grog shops and places of amuse ments, which are resorted to on the Sabbath by pa rents and children. I was kindly received by all at their firesides, where I could adapt both talk and books to their wants, and they made to feel that they were cared for by pious and intelligent christians be longing to more than 20 denominations who sent me to their houses. hich fact being, made known, the most ignorant is favorably impressed with Christian ity. ' . In this general work of christian effort; I was warmly received by ministers, of ,the, diBjJhrrrt ag nominations, who expressed, ' and . acted 'oafe, their increasing convictions of the necessijyjbx this w4rk, by which most effectually to gojevery"wljyiiptear ching the word." A prominenf Jtiyajahaisler writes, "I love the American Tract Socrety-It4 a good work, and we should co-operate with it and -all similar agencies that can reach the pepulatioa-of our,, as yet, unexplored and heglecedicotryvn VThis minister enabled me to get about $ 1 50. ka three - i r it- , i , . - . " i - oi ms ieeoie congregations, .notner wnuag vo ins parish says,"'' I very heartily commend the work of supporting a Colporteur to all who desire" to dis charge a duty to the ignorant and destitute among us." He gave me $10 and soon about $80 were given. . v In many of the more thickly settled sections there are churches well attended by pious, intelligent peo ple, 'who are having good schools; . -v : ' - . I was frequently told that ourfjolporteurs visits from house to house had awakened an increased in terest in going to church and reading. ' I learned of over " 70 Sabbath Schools resulting. hmore or-leasi from Colportage. In one county i it "r o o.Lt.a.cj i a.1 -y-.yv nere lucre were oniy o onuuuui owjouis . uicre arc 5e ported from it this year. The' work in this fRcoiinty is supported Jby a few benevolent persons of moderate means. In many counties from ,200 to 800 have been hopefully converted this year, many of whom attribute their awakening to tracts and books. One lady thanks God for raising up ihe American Tract Society which sent her Come to Jesus, by which slu; was ed to Christ, ller pious exam Die and teachirftr.in answer to her Drivers, has been blessedjn- the.re&rmation of her drunken hus band, to whom she was-afraid even to speak about religion. But the truth she taught the' children and their love of prayers, effectually reached the drunken father's heart and he has embraced Christ, and been a consistent member of tbe church several months, conducting family prayer. . Such facts should stimulate each person, whether in or out of the church, to prompt and continued action cither in giving to support a Colporteur, who will carry the Sabbath School and Gospel to tbe fireside of rich and poor ; or in buying books and tracts to distribute among the people, the influence of which will continue for the good of souls and our country. One of moderate means, obtained by dai ly labor, gave me $100 by which 5 children are made Life members, who draw annually 1500 pages gratis while they live. Many others are doing the same by giving $20 each. . Others are giving $10, $5 and down to the widow's 50 cents. One of whom senfith her 50 cents these lines: Enclosed " is the wgow's mite. It is the last cent IJUavc, which God en-lme to earn with my fingers and lay by to makeJU. Although little, I trust it will be acceptable Such are precious jewels in the church, to bless and save the world, and showing that each lay man and woman can and must exercise his and her talent to aid the ministry in spreading the gos pel. I shall ever owe a debt of gratitude for the kind ness and hearty co-operation of the many friends in the different counties in the extreme western part ofN. C. That section is highly , interesting and proiniaiD& bod I trust w fthaU sxxn fatw a Coi- portetxr in every county t&exe, to raach the scatter ed and otherwise almost inaccessible families. Our . Colporteur Convention which met at Baltimore, McL, the 4th of Nov., must result in great good in pro moting the efficiency of this book and fireside prea ching system for the salvation of souls. Our warmest thanks are due the different Rail Road officers, who have shown us great favor, which will enable us to furnish hundred) of our poor and needy with Bibles and religious boots.. Each one may do something for Jesus and souk, andWt it be done quickly and continually, as the day of life with each one will soon be gone, and souls son eternally. Yours truly, , W. J. W. CROWDER, GeaAet of Am. Tr. See forN. CU Raleigh, Nor. 24th, 1858. ST Editors of the State will please copy.. For the StMAard.' Messrs. Editors: I concur with you in thinking' your correspondent in the Standard of the 13th, has made a strong showing in favor of an additional Su perior Court circuit, and with him in believing "no fair minded man can object to it" His plan as F understand it is, to take the counties of Stanly and Anson from the fifth and annex them to the sixth circuit, still leaving twelve weeks in the former and to have ten exclusive in the latter. This would certainly be a judicious arrangement, as the Pcdee river is often so full in the Spring and Fall as to make it diracult to cross ; besides these counties in their political character belong to the West Anson and Union, Stanly and Cabarrus forming senatorial districts and by arranging the circuit, so that these counties should not conflict with the times of holding the courts in Montgomery and Richmond, there could be no well founded objection to the change. But your correspondent has done injustice to the present Judges in proposing to give them a salary of only two thousand dollars, as that is less than they now receive according to his own show ing. The seven Judges now get in salary $1,950, making in all $13650, to which should be added the $90 from the twelve counties in the fifth, sixth and seventh circuits making $1,260 this added to the salaries would be $14,210, which sum being divided between those seven would m ike two thousand, one hundred and thirty dollars and as the constitution interdicts the Legislature from diminishing the sal aries of the Judgts during their continuance in of fice, it would be inconsistent with the constitution to give them a less sum than what they now receive; besides the sum proposed is clearly inadequate. It should not be less than two thousand, two hundred and fifty dollars, and even this sum would not be more than equal to the present salary, when first fixed, as the expenses of riding the circuits and bu siness has increased at least twenty-five per cent There are no officers in the service of the State so badly paid as the circuit Judges. Let me not be told that gentlemen can be found quite willing to take it and so you may get men as overseers for fifty dollars, but such as no farmer would be willing to employ. It is a fact that the Presidents of your Railroads, and even the Superintendents of your Insane and Deaf and Dumb Assylums, now receive better pay than your Superior Court Judges. Let justice be done and the people will not complain. - ANSON. - For the Standard. The writer has had the pleasure of riding on the Fayetteville and Coalfield Railroad, and is pleased to say he has not been on any road in the State or elsewhere that surpasses it in material or construc tion. The cross-ties are large, very closely and well laid down, so that there is not a jar in th cars in passing over it The rails are of heavy iron and well secured, and have been finished about ten or twelve miles. There is a remarkable cut in the road for a flat country thirty-six feet deep and this for about a thousand feet, with banks so firm and solid as to be free from all danger of falling in. The road, when completed, promises to be one of the best in the country. Can there be any doubt as to its completion ? it is to be hoped not It is not Fayetteville alone, but the whole State that is interested in having the Coalfields tested, so that it may be seen whether the reports as to their richness be true or not When this shall be made known, they will doubtless be reached from other points. What would now be gained in accommoda tion to the Legislature and in saving to the State, if there was a direct communication from the Capitol to the Fields? That this will be the case in the course of time, and as it is to be hoped within a very short time, there can be no doubt Fayetteville is one of the oldest and best market towns in the State, deserves this encouragement, and if the pub lic voice shall be heard, there can be no disappoint ment So let it be. C. For tbe Standard. MILITARY. Officers and members of the Volunteer Compa nies of the State, will remember that a movement of some importance to their interests is at present in contemplation, and will soon be put into execu tion. We refer to an adjourned meeting of the offi cers of all the Uniformed Volunteer Companies of the State, to be held at Raleigh, on the first Monday in December, to consult and advise on the best means and most proper form of petitioning the pre- -sent Legislature to grant such privileges and immu nities to persons belonging to Uniformed Volunteer Companies as shall induce our citizens, and espe cially bur young men, $o give more of their time and attention to military affairs than they are at present willing to do. A meeting of this sort was called at our State Fair, but, owing to proper notice not having been -given, the attendance, although- good, was not so large as those present were desirous should be rep resented. We hope, therefore, that all our officers will make an effort to attend this convention, as the movement is fraught with interest to all, and will, .no doubt, be productive. of good to the State at large. Officers are desired to bring their Uniforms. Douglas and the Black Republicans. Sir : A statement appeared in the Jefferson Examiner, of recent date, making certain grave charges against Judge Douglas, in which my name was involved. Up to this period certain considerations forbade my making any response, although I -have been .fre quently urged to do so. I learn since, however, from the Senator's speech, delivered at Booneville, Illinois, that he denies thetruth of those assertions, and at other times and other places he reiterates the denial, and to give it an apparent sincerity, he in directly calls for the proof. I deem that I am now liberty to state all that 1 know in relation to this matter, which has taken hold upon the public mind. 1st It is true that Judge Douglas did send me a message by Mr. Colfax, of Indiana, in substance the same as that charged upon him by the Examiner, viz : "Tell Mr. Blair to come and see me ; I wish to give him Jas. S. Green's place m the United States I Senate." 3d. It is true that I did writ.- letter to B. Gratz Brown, Esq., of St Louis, and .iat that letter was written in accordance with tL - wishes of Judge Douglas himself 3d. And it is true, that there was an understand ing, perfect and complete, bet vu-.-n Judge Douglas and several prominent member- of the republican party, the aim and scope of wbuh I am not obliged to divulge. My personal interview with the distin guished Senator, to which his message to me refer red, had reference to the success of the Emancipa tion Party in Missouri. I have stated enough to substantiate the charges made public through the columns of the Examiner, and repeated in a letter from the pen of Isaac H. Sturgeon, Esq., of St Louis ; and, bearing in mind what had transpired at the interview between Judge Douglas and myself, and the understanding arrived at and agreed upon between him and other promi nent members of the republican party, both in tbe East and the West, I confess that I was not pre pared to hear of the Senator's demonstration of joy over my defeat in this district Very respectfully, FRANK P. BLAIR, Jr. The Cincinnati Gazette tells of a gentleman of that city formerly connected with the turf, who recently made a visit to England, and while there attended a number of races, betting freely in a small way, and generally coming out winner. Finally, just before leaving, be went to the Cesarawitz racer, with a balance in bis favor up to that date of some $14,000 on his operations, and finding the odds ten to one against Ten Broeck's Prioress, he concluded to risk his pile on her. Had aba won, be would, have packet $140,Ufo