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THE NOTH'1 CAROLINA iM8Mi CiAfbW tf?
the were r ind to he well conducted, no harm could come of he ennuirv. But it was the duty of the Legisla ! rc to look to all the interests of the State. Mr Worth had no design to cast censure, or ex-' -Ration of making any exposure of irregularities. II - desired merely to have light on the matter of the R. That company had been in full opera tion now for some time and had made no dividend lr Thomas was surprised that the mere fact of the road having declared no dividend should have led to this enquiry. He asked when did a road con fined to the Atlantic slope ever declare a dividend till it had tapped the Blue Ridge? The experience of all the Atlantic States was against it There was no wonder in it to him, and it was no reason for the enquiry. Mr. Poole thought the enquiry should be exten ded to all the roads if any, otherwise the singling out became invidious and would cause unfavorable impressions to spring up abroad. Mr. Lane would vote for Mr. Edney's amendment ; being a director in one of the companies, he courted enquiry. The resolution as modified by Mr. Edney's amend ment, was adopted. BILLS INTRODUCED. Mr. Thomas introduced a bill to amend an act en titled an act to incorporate the Kcohee Turnpike company. Referred to committee on Cherokee lands and Western turnpikes. Mr. Donncll, a bill to incorporate the Pamlico Guards. Referred to committee on military affairs. Mr. Bledsoe, a bill to repeal the uth and 6th sec tions of the StOth chap. Revised Code, Mr. B. ex plained that the object was to remedy an injustice, in guardians investinc the property of wards in State hinds, which were frequently purchased at depreci ated value ana paid over at par. PAYMENT OF JUSTICES OF TnE PEACE. The bill to pay justices of the peace for taking the tax lists was now taken up on its second reading. The committee to whom this bill was referred, re ported an amendment as follows: strike out per day " and insert " a sum not exceeding $10." Mr. Houston said the committee thought in many cases the list could be taken in two or three days, and it would be. better to leave the matter discre tionary, except as t the maximum, with the county courts. Mr. Ramsav asked if that would not exclude mas- i-trates from a seat in the Legislature. Mr. llou.- ton replied that magistrates were special ly excepted by tue excluding clause. Mr. Steele thought $10 ten thousand times too much for some magistrates. He knew of some not worth two cents. But competent men could not be found to perform such labor for $10. Mr. Leach thought we must do the best we could with what we had Air. fAiney considered $iu a ridiculous compen sation, lie meant no disrespect to the committee. But if it was the intention to pay justices of the peace, they should be iiiirly paid. He moved to amend bv inserting "a sum not exceeding $25. Mr. Pool said there was a bill under consideration to appoint persons other than justices, to take the tax lists. JL ill that was disposed of he moved to lay the present bill on the table. .Mr. uorrell said the judiciary committee had re ported against the passage of that bill. He believed cood and efficient men could be found amongst 'the justices in every tax district in the State. The duty was compulsory and heavy, and the men ought to he paid for it He thought $2 per day a fair com nensation. -ur. steeic iearea ire naa oeen misapprcnenuea. He meant no disrespect to justices of the peace. He knew there were very many competent and respec table men amongst them ; but then again there was a large number who were not so. He was sure that in many districts $10 would be found to be a very poor compensation. Mr. Douthitt concurred with Mr. GorrelL ' Good and competent men could be (bund in Davidson ; he did not know how it was in Mr. Steele's counties. He thought $10 sufficient. The gentlemen of the bar might think that a paltry sum ; but the justices of the peace would be quite satisfied with it. Mr, McDonald was in favor of some compensa tion he thought $10 sufficient Mr. Pitchford also concurred with Mr. Gorrell as to the competency of justices of the peace. He did not believe there was one in Warren not competent Mr. Pool renewed his motion to lay the whole matter on the table. Mr. Leach demanded the ayes and noes. The mo tion did not prevail by 27 to 20. Mr. Carmtchael offered to amend by inserting " such compensation as the county court, a majority of the justices present concurring, in their discretion may think proper." Then the pay might be in pro portion to the work. After considerable debate, in which Messrs. Hous ton, Ashe, Leach, Bledsoe, Ramsay, Miller and Dob son participated, and during which a motion, by Mr. Miller, to postpone indefinitely failed, (three only voting in the affirmative,) the bill passed its second reading, with Mr. Carmichael's amendment. The resolution concerning the distribution of the revised code also passed its second reading. j. -1 e J 1 1 1 i i i i A message received from the House concurring in the proposition to count the vote for governor, on Monday next Also one transmitting a message from the gover nor with the report of the Chesapeake and Albemarle canal company, with a proposition to print Con curred in. The bill to amend the 15th sec. 119th chap. Rev. Code, concerning the number of witnesses as to pro bate of wills was also read the second time. FREE TRADE FN RAILROADS. The bill to repeal the 37th sec. Gl chap. Rev. Code, prohibiting the building of canals, roads, Soc, with out authority of the Legislature, was now put upon its second reading. Mr. Davidson had hoped the committee to whom that bill had been referred would have reported in favor of the repeal of the section, as its object was to stimulate and encourage private enterprise. He called for the ayes and noes. Mr. Ashe considered that the bill required the most serious consideration. There was great neces sity for restraining this desire to tap the great road in which the State and individuals were so deeply interested. "We had been too long tributary to South Carolina and Virginia. There were three points at which this road might be tapped at slight expense. We had already built up Charleston and other parts of South Carolina, and are now sne'ered at for it He moved to lay the bill on the table. Mr. Brown knew this to be an important question, lie hoped the bill would lay over to give gentlemen time to consider. But he must say that he dissen ted very materially from the views of Mr. Ashe. There was a great civil right involved, which no man could disregard. He would not enter into the ques tion for the present Mr. Edney was for settling the question at once. He was surprised at the notions of Mr. Davidson. ihe law intended to be repealed was intended to protect the State interest to prohibit stock-jobbers from destroying our great State' works. Mr. Davidson had consulted the", gentlemen . con nected with the revisaL and none of them could tell now the section ever came into the chapter. He as in favor of free trade in railroads, ' and he . con sidered it the duty of every man .tcfrfitrike out the section. JSL-:f' Mr. Houston said, the question involved was whether the people of the. State had a right to build 'ouiuaua wnerevertfeeyrpleased. v It was 10 his ConcfHi Afr Edney believed the financial interests of denlorable condition. If they his constituenf&3.ttniil lor iwxm in fvA&i':eri&lei3&2D6i9to Wbririg iuStS. .vsli?w k tAh nivc Your ear is delitrhted Of a timnor eV,J ml 1 Droner fiohommuir: a I -vvuv : UUUIIL. VVUJ1VS. lUCl was ivajioiouva.. lie woo ivr uiuwuii c interests nf tVia iw-iA iw ciAiA xruw ry J v JvpiV UU tll JVIIA7 Ul 11 a .na IIe desired to have time for consideration, and therefore moved to-makc the bill the special or- vcn iVe(lne8flay nextat 11 o'clock. ' Mr. Brown follow! with not in favor of the high protective tariff system li-re was nn nrntf;nn : a i a.-- i 1, afand equal and exact justice to all for they r ,.the founlation of all the interests of North Carolina. Mr. Ednev said tw . ctato ' u.a aris-ht t a . " . JU!1 ne pieasea; duc m a state oi 1 government he had duties as well as rights, ,tle gentleman from Caswell (Mr. Brown) would have to reform his views. Mr. Ahne thought tVm lom n . our be Mi , were Sne to destruction if other States said t0 thcm where they Please- He had roi nTere three Pints at which the N. C. could be tapped, he had since discovered there were half a dozen at which it could be drained by the capitalists of South Carolina alone. No ohp who had given these subjects a moment's considera tion could say that if you tap a railroad 200 miles long m a half dozen places, you would not injure it Did the affection South Carolina had for us demand such a sacrifice an affection equalled only by that .m U9 ujr , j, gmia. Ana were we to disregard our own private subscriptions, made upon the faith vi niv uwic protection r Mr. McDonald considered that the act at present struck at the rights of the citizen. He, too, was in tavor ot free trade in railroads. Mr. Brown would not discuss the question wheth er this was the Chinese exclusive policy or that of open and unrestricted dealing. But he considered it one of the most important questions of the ses sion. Mr. Ashe repelled the imputation of a Chinese pol icy he repelled the imputation, because of his love and affection for his State as between Virginia and South-Carolina. Mr. Thomas hoped the Senate would consent to a postponement Both of the Senators had expressed great devotion to the State, yet they were directly opposed in their views. Mr. Bledsoe favored a postponement He dissen ted from the opinion of Mr. Brown as to the feelini among the people on this question and instanced in iiiu line guuernaioriai contest, one of the candidates favored this scheme and the people had voted against him. The bill was made the special order for Wednes-da- at 11 o'clock. The bill to encourage the planting of oysters and clams passed its second reading. Mr. Ashe presented a bill and memorial from the president and directors of the Bank of Cape Pear, which he afterwards withdrew till to-morrow. . On motion of Mr. Ramsay, the Senate adjourned till 11 o'clock to-morrow. HOUSE OF COMMONS. At 11 o'clock, after prayers, the House was called to order, Mr. Baxter, from the committee on propositions and grievances, reported favorably on the bill con cerning wild fowl in Currituck county. KESOLITTIOXS. A ioint resolution from the Senate concerning the Revised Code, fit gives 20 copies for the use of the Senate, and 50 copies for the use ol the House com mittees. The rules were suspended, and the resolution passed. Mr. McKay, giving authority to the clerk of the House to distribute printed documents to newspapers A message from the Senate, proposing to rescind the joint resolution for the counting of to votes for Governor on this day, and appointing the 6th of December next, was concurred in. BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS READ FIRST TIME. Mr. Simpson, to incorporate the Greensboro' and Danville Railroad. Referred to the committee on internal improvements. Mr. Stephens, concerning the office of Sheriff of Columbus county. Mr. Shaw, to prevent horse stealing. This bill provides whipping- for the first branding on the forehead for the second, and death for the third of fence. Mr. Woodfin, to charter the Tennessee Valley Turnpike Road Company. Mr. Barbee, to amend an act concerning Harnett county. Mr. Ripley, to amend the charter of the Little River Turnpike Companj'. Mr. Baird, to protect the helpless against money shavers. Mr. Scales, in favor of G. M. Albright of Ala mance to pay back excess of taxes. Mr. Gatling, to amend an act Jurors. concerning tales Mr. Walker, to abolish jury trials in the County Courts of Cherokee. Mr. Foy, to declare railways and steamboat lines highways, and for the punishment of theft theron. Mr. Byrd, to modity the criminal law, and relieve Grand Jurors in certain cases. It releases Grand Jurors from presenting breaches of the peace, riots, &c, where no damage is done or weapon used. SEEP RIVER IMPROVEMENT. Mr. Moore, of Chatham, offered a preamble and joint resolution, stating that the said river has been pronounced by the most eminent and scientific men perfectly practicable, and admirably adapted to slack water navigation; which, if completed in a permanent manner, would be better calculated to convey the produce of that region to tide water at a cheaper rate than any other mode of transporta tion. And as the General Government has been in duced to order a corps of Government Engineers to examine and report as to the expediency of select ing that locality as the site of a National Foundry, therefore, Resolx-cd The Senate concurring, a joint selccf committee of five members be appointed to examine and report to this General Assembly the condition of the works mon Deep river, and whether it be not for the best interests of the State "to complete said works in a permanent manner. Adopted. MESSAGE FROM THE GOVERNOR. His Excellency transmitted the report of the Chesapeake and Albemarle Canal Company. Sent to the Senate with a proposition to print BILL ON ITS THIRD READING. The bill to amend the acts incorporating the Tuck- asege and Kcowe Turnpike company, was read the nrst time. There seemed to be some disposition to reject the bill, when Mr. Isryson rose and explained the objects con templated by its enactments, which was satisfac tory. Mr. Morehead thought it but proper respect to the mover of a bill to make him acquainted with an intention of opposing, that he might be prepared to defend it. The bill then passed unanimously, and was or dered to be engrossed. The ioint resolution relative to the navy commis sion appointed to examine Deep River Coalfields, passed its third reading. nOCRS OF MEETING. Mr. "Woodfin's resolution changing the hour of meetinsr from 11 to 10 o clock. A. AL. was laid on o i the table. ORDER OF THE DAY. The Sneaker announced the bill for removing ob structions from the Yadkin and Pee Dee rivers was next in order. Mr. Walscr stated there was mill property on the river to the amount of twenty or thirty thousand dollars, which would be utterly destroyed it this bill passed in its present shape. On the part of the citi zens of Davidson county, he opposed it as destroy ing property without paying for it He was wil ling to do justice to all interests, and proposed some amendments to the bilL Mr. Reeves was not willing to pay damages to people for removing what he contended was a usur pation. The freedom of navigation was handed M.I 11 1 J A X down bv their lathers, and ne ciaimeu it as mat ter of justice and right He advocated the law ria-hts of fortv thousand citizens, and though the citizens of Davidson raised a cry, he trusted the Hnnsft would not refuse redress to his people. To accept the amendments would be to destroy the bill. ... . 4 t -t rf 1 3 lnl lie alluded to the memorial oi iuuu goou im ivy citizens asking the House lemoye the obstruc- finnn nn-ttiA Hvr7 -TtiteTaJfrnTlox every im- nrovement building rtM:JTW: ea wnen rauroaup rc At rnr jortionB. of the tat& imrrtntHtheWiinyer.wasanimpom ! noN'J'Sl3uIrnadii 3 thUS advanCir ,OiWrvt.. i7Urt&xi& contmuea in; a very - ama n, togfitttma. adra htagef . strain, fromhe-lS concluded by. askjlg,the House ttf do strict justice by rcmoviug ineoqptrseMuiu wux plained of. He partiJulriy objctedto staking out the word 44 navigation: ' t : A Mr. Walser said if.it was possible for imall craft y sa dnwn tho.river he would vote for 'the bilL A boat had done so 20 years ago, and the experiment i j i . ,.t cmr-- Hp. said the bill de- "-t- :, , - tlul fi stroyed more property than the value of aU the fish that ever passed up the river xie wa make any compromise, but if the amendments were voted down, he would oppose tne diu u me uuuu As a mill-owner himself the bill would serve him, by destroying opposition above and below him, but he would not be induced by such- motive, to sup port the measure before the House. Mr. Reeves replied, the old law required 100 feet of the river to be unobstructed, and less would not do. It was a mistake to suppose that boats could not navigate the stream ; ,8ome have passed down loaded with five hundred bushels of corn. If the river was opened a vast amount of produce would pass down fona Wilksboro' to the N. C. railroad. Unasked the House to vote down the amendments Mr. Dockery proposed to refer the bill back to the committee for further consideration. - MiMorehead considered the bill of much impor tance. There were so few rivers navigable in North Carolina that he thought the grievance, under which the people labored ought to be removed. The river ought to be made navigable to Wilksboro, which would bring down a vast amount of produce and make available a large water power. He thought it possible to facilitate navigation on the Yadkin at a moderate expense. It was a matter of importance but had been formerly proposed on too great a scale. The amount of produce to be transported would not justify locks and dams, but thought it might be ef fected by sleuce and batteaux navigation for forty thousand dollars to Wilkesboro. He hoped it would not be passed in its present shape as there were va rious ways by which to reconcile the different in terests, without injuring the mill-owners. A pas- He did not wish to interfere, but he wished to make sago ior uaiieaux ana ior nsh nil eh t be arrantred. the Yadkin navigable without destroying valuable property. The bill was recommitted to the com mittee on Propositions and Grievances. STATE KAILKOADS. A message was received from the Senate propos ing to raise a joint select committee to take into consideration the present state of the several rail roads in which the State has an interest Concur red in. BILL ON ITS SECOND KEADIKG. The bill concerning wild fowl in Currituck coun- TV hninnp ron ri & Mr. Baxter said the bill was one of deen intent to the people of Currituck. He explained the bill to be one necessary to the preservation of the rights oi tne citizens oi that section, lie said gentlemen V, tK : iu l...l,.i r l.:n: i .1 ing north large quantities of wild fowl, but not ;f exfanf. to make us the creditor instead of with the ordinary gun used from the shoulders or the debtor State of the South. North-Carolina em arms, but large guns, 10 to 12 feet long, killing vast barked twenty-two years ago in the great work of ....a?a! 1a t i . . quantities. It was war of extermination, and he wished to put a stop to it, if not, the fowl will be either exterminated or driven away from their haunts. Another mode equally destructive was by "fire-light at night," which frightened them away. This bill would put an end to the practice. Though seemingly a small interest, it was of the utmost importance to his people. The rules being suspended, the bill unanimously passed its second and third readings, and was sent to t.he Senate. It enacts that any person hunting at night, or using any weapon, save those fired from the should er or arms, shall be fined $25 for each offence, one half, to the informer. The House then adjourned. For the Standard. THE COALFIELDS RAILROAD. Taking it for granted that the Legislature now in session will devise some plan to aid in the develop ment of the coal and other mineral deposits on Deep River, and render them available to the State at a Kource of retenue, the question presents itself, how can it best be done t The stockholders of the Fayetteville Coalfield Railroad, are asking for an exchange of bonds, and prefer that mode to enable them to carry on their enterprize, than soliciting the State to become a jtartner with them. 1 have glanced hurriedly over the pamphlet, containing the proceedings of the annual meeting of the company, and noticed the report of the Engineer on the re ceipts of the road. His figures all seem to be right, and estimating only a transportation of 500,0000 tons of coal per year, he makes the net profits at something over eighteen per cent, on the capital stock. Hut this is a low estimate, and coal will only be one article, and that the least important, so far as the profit derived for transportation is con cerned, to be realized by the stockholders. The opening of these immense treasures on Deep River, will at once direct the attention of the general gov ernment and capitalists to that point ad soon we shall witness the erection of extensive foundries, machine shops and rolling mills, in which will be fabricated all manner of iron-works from a simple axe to the costly locomotive. All these manufactur ed articles, (ichfch pay more for their freight to market than coal,) will add to the receipts of the road, equally as much in amount, as the Engineer's estimate of the coal alone ! Assuming, then, that the receipts of the road will only be what the Engi neer has estimated, the 500,000 tons of coal will yield eighteen per cent. What then is the true policy of the State in the matter to exchange bonds with the company, or become a partnerin the enter prize ? that is the question. I hold that the Sate ought to become a partner, and from her investment therein, derive a revenue which would tend greatly to lessen the loss she is now sustaining, by reason of her subscription f other work of internal im provement The dividends on $000,000, at eighteen per cent, would relieve 4he people of much of the heavy tax now imposed to meet the interest on rail- road bonds. I do not know that the Coalfield road desire the State as a partner, but if a partnership can be effect ed, the true interest of the State is to make it The aid now asked for by the company might be granted, with the understanding, that the State have the privilege of concerting the bonds into the stock of the company at any time within five or ten years, as may be agreed between the company and the State. CLINTON. Activity of Christian Love. It will not content itself with improving opportunities. It will create opportunities. It will go forth into the vineyard, to see what needs to be done, and ask the master for employment It will search out the parcntless, and sadder than orphans, the babes of the chill attic, the damp cellar and the noisome gutter, and bring them, young forlorn straying lambs, to the good shep herd's arms. It will open 44 ragged schools," and will convert the title into a misnomer to all eyes that look in upon the decent and cleanly order within doors. It will organize bands for spreading a table and lighting the hearth stone within honest pover ty's humble walls. It will lift the fallen in the gen tleness of a great pity, like His whose sacred feet the Magdalen kissed unrebuked. It will bear leaves of healing, full-handed, and scatter them like snow flakes along all the thoroughfares. It will usher the Book of books, a lamp of solar brightness into dark homes. It will bend, with its spiritual kindred, around the altar of social prayer. It will take its place in the front rank of the sacramental host ; ask to be excused from none of its campaigns ; never wearying of the watch or the conflict It will hal low the Day that stands among the days of time, God's symbol of sovereignty and majesty like the test tree of Eden. In one word it will honor the apostolic idea of Christian living 44 Steadfast, im movable, always abonding in the work of the Lord." So will it be real power, moral power productive efficient fruitful tireless and constant in its degree as a Ijaw f nature, as the uncreated loye. A. L. Stoned JBUsnpp xAtkinson. This distinguished divine didactic and forceful and vet it kk?s.L I . UtiU V o.r n-a.t1. Ko nrmw1 uln. with but little that may correctly be termed elo- io oe eloquent, n is terseness of expression s. Stronz and sustain- f kept under control by compact logic and Kpure taste, we think is the leading attribute of his mind. At any rate, we have yet to near tnat man in the pulpit who so pleases us. We sit delighted as he preaches, however much we may be dissatisfied with his opinions or sceptical or unbelieving as to the correctness of his deductions. Oxford Leisure Sour. The South-Carolina Senator. Columbia, Not. 27. The second ballot for Uni ted States Senator resulted as follows: Adams 37; MemmingerSO; Rhett24; McQueen 22; Manning 21: Chestnut 21. Coixhbia, Nov. 27. The ballots to-day for Sen ator for the long term ended unsuccessfully. Mr. Rhett, it is supposed, will be chosen. RALEIGH: WEDNESDAY, DEC. 1,1858. H0LDEN k WILSON, Stat Pmsnaa, ASO AUTHORIZED PUBLISHERS OT THE LAWS OF THE CX1TED STATES. SPECIAL NOTICE. The Standard it conduct slrktiy vpon the cash system. Alt paper are discontinued at the expiration of tht time for which they hat been paid. Sub scriber will be notified rovm weeks beore their time it out, by a cross mark on their papert ; and unlet tkt tuUcription it renewed the paper will be discontinued. Thie it a rvlt from which thert will be no departure. Watch for tkt crott mark, and renew your tultcriplion. Wtetoy Standard $2 per annum, in advance. Semi-Weekly, (including the Tri-Weekly during the Set ti n,) ti per annum, in advance. l-& Subscribers desiring their papers changed mast mention the Post Office from, as well as the one to, which they desire the change to be made. The Legislature. This is the third week of the session ; and now that the elections are over, and the committees have all been appointed and organized, and have begun to report bills, we may expect the two houses to set diligently about the work of legislation. "We learn that during the present week the bill to extend aid to the Fayetteville Coalfields Road will be up for consideration in bth houses. The friends of this important work expect to make a strong ex hibition of facts and reasons in its behalf. "We sin- cercl' trust that the biU ma7 Pass. It is not a lo- but an important State work a work which will do more than every thing else which has here- tnfnri Wn dAn0 tn r.inn .'.. i .v-j, jvuutvc, iu cuuai- improving her internal condition. She has expen ded millions of dollars for Railroads ; yet up to this hour not one ounce of coal has been shipped, and. not one pound of iron has been made as the result of these improvements. Let this fact be remem bered. In the Senate, on Saturday last, quite an interes ting debate took place on some resolutions offered by Mr. Turner, censuring the administration of Mr. Buchanan for alleged interference in the Illinois elec tions. Mr. Brown, of Caswell, replied in a forcible and impressive manner to Mr. Turner. It was ap parent that the Senator from Caswell spoke on the spur ol tne moment, with no time for preparation ; .... ' yet he acquitted himself with his accustomed states man-like ability. It was the first strictly political debate of the session, and attracted very general at tention. Mr. Turner's resolutions were tabled. We invite the attention of our readers to the pro ceedings of Saturday and Monday, in our paper to day. Superintendent of Common Schools. Under the Revised Code the Superintendent of Common Schools holds over, and continues in office, though no election is made ; and no election having been made at the" last session of the Legislature, Mr. Wiley, the present Superintendent, remained in office, and will continue to do so for two years more, in case the Legislature should not see proper to go into an election. We have had opportunities as a friend of public instruction, as a member of the Literary Board, and as the Editor of a public journal, of observing the manner in which Mr. Wiley has performed his duties ; and we can truly say that we have never known any public officer to discharge his duties with more fidelity, or purity, or efficiency than he has done. His removal at this time, and especially on party grounds, would be an event very much to be deplored by the friends of Common Schools in all portions of the State. We earnestly and respect fully appeal to the General Assembly not to intro duce the spirit of party into our Common Schools, and not fc remove the present Superintendent to make room for an inexperienced and incompetent officer. We are as good a party man as any man in the State; but in our humble opinion neither the interests of the Democratic party nor the pros perity of the Common Schools will be subserved by the removal of Mr. Wiley. Hon. rhilo White. The following editorial article from a Quito paper, shows the high respect and regard entertained for the Hon. Philo White by the citizens of Quito, Ecu ador, and is a deserved tribute to the able, discreet, and admirable manner in which he performed his duties as Minister Resident in that country : From the " Artesano" of Quito, Sept. 23, 1853. . ECUADOR.'. TRANSLATED FOR THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD. Mr. Philo White, a true representative of liberty, of civilization, and of the progressive' principles which pervade the North American Union, "has been relieved from the duties whichilcvolved upon him as Minister Resident of the "United, States -in Ecua dor, by another gentleman of equal grade. And on his retirement, he leaves behind no clement of dis cord nor cause of diplomatic scandal, as has unfor tunately been the case with some of the other for eign diplomats accredited here ; on the contrary, sentiments of profound regret pervade this commu nity on his departure from among us, a regret pro portioned alike to the probity of his character and the conservative principles be inculcated, as well as to the conciliatory course of policy he ever obsew uuniig ure ue vuiis ue aujuuriieu in onr which was eminently pacific, republican, and social. Devoted to the expansive principles of cy, always a Inenrt of the people, and an UncoaE promising advocate of truth and justice, heCJT given the most unequivocal proofs that he fullyNjpf!' predated, as he has most honorably fulfilled, the, cardinal purpose which his and other enlightened nations have in view in sending diplomatic agents abroad, agents who, like Mr. White, not only en joy the respect and esteem of their own country men, but conciliate the most friendly regards and enlist the warmest sympathies and admiration of the governments and the people where they are ac credited. This tribute of respect towards Mr. White from the citizens of Quito, is the sincere expression of their personal regard, and of their high appreciation of his many virtues. We are unused to the lan guage of diplomatic compliment, which is too often made the vehicle of unmerited eulogy ; but as we are the friends of all who arc the friends and cham pions of the people's eights, we do no more than sheer justice in lauding the meritorious deeds, and honoring the distinguished character of the gentle man who is the subject of this editorial article. Bfp The United States Circuit Court is in session here this week, his Honor Judge Biggs presiding. We hear of no case of importance for trial, except that of the United States c. Lee of Pasquotank, charged with robbing the mail. g? Elias Bryan, Esq. of Chatham, has presen ted us with some sweet potatoes, as large and as fine as we have ever seen. One of them a monster po tato weighs eight pounds. The Right Rev. Dr. Lynch, Bishop of Charleston, is expected in Raleigh this weejc We understand it is his intention to deliver a course of Lectures in the Catholic Church in this City. For lbt Standard. Messbs. Editors : This is indeed a gtrang world. It would hardly be recognised by any of the plain old worthies, who lived a century or two back, could they be permitted to revisit the scenes of their eartfc ly labors. It would be absurd to suppose that, amidst the many changes and improvements which are occurring in the physical condition and com plexion of things, there should not be a correspond ing refinement in political ethics. The most strik ing illustration of this was presented a few days since by a certain political party, whose stock in trade consists of 44 a boast of old achievements and a despair of new." It may be true that I have no right to arraign them. They are answerable to their consciences and constituents. But "justice is justice," says the old adage, and when political wrong, without the shadow of a shade of reason is perpetrated, it can but elicit notice from fair minded men, though it cannot, from considerations of poli cy, even distort censure or condemnation. A few days since, I read from your paper, in the presence of a number of Americans, "Whigs and Democrats, the result of the elections for United States Senators. The question was immediately asked 44 For whom did the opposition vote F ' Before I could speak, an unsophisticated, but plainly spoken, straight for ward American responded 44Yhy, can't you guess f Don't you know there aint but tteo men in the par ty ? Til bet my horse they voted for Badger and Graham I They have been cased in honors as thick as the skin of a rhinoceros, and still the cry is, daub it on a little thicker! Four-fifths of the op position members arc Americans, yet they discard such men as Rayner, Rcade and Outlaw, who have borne the brunt of the battle for Americanism, and give their support to men who did not raise their little finger to defend it and its advocates from the assaults of Democracy, yea, who have not to this day, given their approval to a single one of its prin ciples ! And where is McRae, who carried their banner so gallantly through the late contest ? "Want he worthy of a complimentary vote ? want Rayner? want Outlaw ? The truth is this vote shews what would have been the result had a majority of oppo sition members been elected to the Legislature. One set must do the work and another set the drones of the hivc must reap the harvest They have always acted on this principle, and they are now where they deserve to be, Milder the bans of irretrievable defeat. There was food for thought in this brief but strong harangue of the indignant and disappointed Ameri can. It brought prominently before my mind's eye, one man who more than any other in North Caro lina deserves the gratitude and needs the consolation and sympathy of the American party. I refer to the Hon. Kenneth Jlayner. If any man in the des parate conflicts of that party has exposed himself to the broadsides of their adversaries been cut to pieces by their sharp scimetcrs or riddled by their unerring bullets, that man is Kenneth Rayner! He is covered all over with wounds received in the conflict "While he was fighting and leading on the forlorn hope of that party, where were they wno are nw thought the only men worthy of hon I 1 . 1. M -T'T . t or, emolument, rank, position ? hat were they doinj; to insure victory or save their friends, when defeated, from being cut to pieces by the victorious enemy? Arc the epauletts to be placed on the shoulders of those who stood on the heights afar off from danger, whilst the battle was raging, and made good their flight without injury in hair ur hide, when the tide of battle turned against their gallant comrades ? A general who would act on this principle is a fool, and the party which adopts it deserves, and will assuredly, sooner or later, meet with defeat I really-pity Rayner. He de serves sympathy for the injustice done him. Well may he exclaim " save me from my friends, &c" Every body thought he would get the complimenta ry vote. It would have done him some good. It could do Badger and Graham none. And then his friends knew it was a compliment he would have prized so highly. Not that it would have added any thing to his reputation, but it would have been a salvo for all the abuse and denunciation which have been heaped upon him (as he thinks no doubt) in times pastl But sie transit gloria mundi. There can be but one Pope, there are but tteo grown men in the Whig-American party ! All others are treated as if they were but pignies, fit only to walk between the out-stretched legs of such giants, whose nod is law to the insignificant, suple-jointcd Lilipu tians, the "hewers of wood and drawers of water" that surround and do blind homage to them 1 The inexorable rule, like the law of the Modes and Per sians, is that no young man shall dare aspire to honors in the ranks of Whiggery. The cry is " Down with him ! Kick out the impudent brazen brat, who dares to look vjneards, and to cry out excelsior in the presence and.withont the permission of his bettors of us the political nabobs of Whig Americanism! Out with him! Let him know that his place is at the rake, and the hoe, and the spade, and the plough of party. There is dirty work enough for him to do yet He has no right to eat his bread except by the sweat of his brow. The nectar and ambrosia of the party are- for us alone, the ruling gods of the pantheon " Such is the edict, and upon it they have ever acted. Mr. Rayner, Mr. Rayner, you and yonr young companions are engaged in a useless work. You arc wasting your high energies in thin airy noth ingness. Go at something better. It-is the labour of Sisyphus. If you get the stone of Whig-Americanism to the top of the hill it will fblldown again. The honors of victory are cnot. for .you. There are two grown up men in . theparty, and An the name of all the gods I is that nqitouffAfJi it possible that you do not see VfutfCVitl.be the consequence of your impudcnco'ih drih5$uv dulge an honorable ambition. Throw ."it -away, .by that the angels fell ! Badger andGcahf to are still: living, and when they depart nnce;.tbFenry.way. you can secure even a complimentary. -vote'-for any jiost of honor, is to apply fof-xecutorship to one of them! As. Yenable very sharply .said 'of one oC your quondam companions, You . may wash the dirty clothes of Whiggery for half a century, and they never will pay j'ou m any thing but soapsuds f" Take the advice of your old personal friend but po litical adversary,' Th'" V.- NESTOR. . Three Days Later from Europe. New York, Nov. 25. The Africa arrived at her dock this morning at 9 o'clock. " She left Liverpool on the 13th. Fears are entertained for the safety of the Indian' Jknpire, from Halifax tojQ&lw ay on the 18 ult, and' not yet heard from. I -Galway is about to be adopted Vy Tfrance as an k oulet for steam communication withncrica. The lfCjfcrojcted Havre line has been abandoned in favor of o Ualway scheme. fir. Whitehouse says that recent experiments demonstrate that the svstcm of testine the Atlantic cable is fallacious, lie believes that the iault lies very near the shore, and reiterates the conviction that it may bo successfully worked. . . . y England consents to France engaging. Coolies. The Bank of. France has lost 23,000,000 francs of specie during tle month.. .. A Spanish expedition of eight steamers. to act against the Riff pirates, has taken its departure. The Spanish demands on France will probably be countenanced by France. Additional vessels have been sent thither by the latter. England is also dis posed to press her claims for redress equal to what is accorded other governments. The second instal ment of the Spanish expedition against Mexico is ready to sail at any moment The report that a reduction in the Freneh army was about to be made, caused a bouyancy on the London Exchange. A French commissioner had been appointed to examine on the spot the question of African emigration as to its being concealed slave trade. coercial. Lo5DO!i, Not. 13th. Bell & Co., report .unusual animation in State stocks, of which there hare been considerable sales. Railroad stocks are dull. Liverpool, Nor. 13th. Sales of cotten for the week were 49,000 bales, of which speculators took 3,500 and exporters 7,500. Holders offered freely, but showed no disposition to press sales.' The mar ket closed steady, without change since last week. Fair Orleans 7 3-8d.; Middlings 6 7-8A; Upland fair 7s.; Middlings 6 3-4d. Inferior is unsaleable. The stock in port is 382,000 bales, of which 28,000 are American. Breadstuff, were generally uuchan ged. Polite Childl-X. Everybody likes polite chil dren. Worthy persons wul pay attention to such, speak well of their good manners, and entertain a high opinion of their parents. Children make a note of this. Lecture bj Col. "Wheeler. It will be seen by the following notice by tne Committee (Rat CoL' John H. Wheeler, late Minister to Nicaragua, will deliver a lecture in the Commons HaH to-morrow evening;: CoL Wheeler will no doubt deliver an interesting lecture, and we bespeak Sat him a full booae t NICARAGUA I At le request of the officers of the Oak City Guard and others, a kcture will be delivered on Wednesday evening nexthe Irt Decntber,) at 8 o'clock, in the Hall of the Howe of Common, by CoL J. II. Wheeler, late Envoy fxm the U. State, near the Republic of Nicaragua, vpo the early hit' tory of that country, its climate ao4 productions, the late events, its present political conditio and probable destiny. The public are mpectfully invited-te attend. V, H. THOMPSON, JOS, JONES, J. W WIGGINS, Com, W. Jv ANDERSON, J MARRIED, On the 24Jh inst,at tbe residence of her iatbei', in Ramp son countj. br tbe Rev. George Gibbs, Miss Mary IxmiM, eldest daughter nf Dr. Thomas Bunting, to John H. llill. Esq., f ltmnsirick count y. In Granville ctmntr, on tbe 24th inat, bv Rev. L. K. Willie, Mr. Henry C Hicks to Miss Catharine H BobbitU DIED, In Ibis City, on Sunday morning last, at S o'clock, A. M Mrs. Kate Smith Yarborough, relict of tbe late Ed. W. 1 arborough, Jr., and oldest daughter of Dr. John Lea Haywood, aged 25 years and 4 months. At her residence in Warren county, S. C-, on the SPth October last, in tbe 49th year of her age. Mrs. Harriet E. Fittn. relict of Cot Oliver D. Fitts, and daughter of Mi chael Collins, Eso., deceased. On tbe 4tb of tptember last, after a protracted illness. Dr. Hamden Sidnev Williams, in tbe 4th rear of his age, eldest son of David Williams, deceased, of 'Martin county. THE MARKETS. FAYETTEVILLE MARKET. , JkOVBEB 27, 1SS8. COTTO Has advanced with sales early in the week at 10 ?UXc since then at 101, market closing at 10 cents for best grades. S-TS. TCRrESTlXE-Is a shade lower, with sales at 42(943 cents. FLOUR Has arrived freelj, and sales are easily made at . 0Og5 SO. CORN Is some lower, sales of new at 80S5c and old at S.SS cenis. Carolinian. WILMINGTON MARKET. November 27, TURPENTINE Declined a shade yesterdar, and further sales were made of 54 i bbls. at - 9 fur virgin and vellw dip, and $1 7S for bard, l 2?0 TLs. No sales Ibis mornincr. SPIRITS TUni'ESTINE Has also declined, and 3a bbts. changed hands yesterday at 45 cents per gallon. No transactions reported this morning. TAR Sales yesterdar afternoon of 93 bbls., and this morning 85 do. at ti .5 f) bbl. TIMBER Two rafts inferior sold this mrrning at 4 tp M. Journal. FOR RENT. I OFFER FOR RENT tbe bomrtead property latelr own ed and occupied by Ctkin Jordan, Esq., suuatcd'in the north-western part ot the City. This property consist of a two acre lot, with two houses, ont bouses, garden, c Terms moderate to one or two good tenants. Apply to G. H. BAGWELL. Agent for Owners. Raleigh, Nor. 20. 1358. 43 wCL REAL ESTATE FOR SALE. AS AGENT FOR THE OWNERS, I offer for sale, on liberal terms, all of tbe Keal Estate lately owned bv Calvin Jordan, Esq. This properly consists of several eli gible Lots and Houses in the City of Raleigh, including tbe homestead of Mr. Jordan. The balance of tbe pro;erty ia under a good rent, and will remunerate tbe purchasers with good returns. The purchasers at Mr. Jordan's sale having no nse for the property, will dispose of it to advantage to those wish ing to make investments in City property. For further particulars, terms, Ac, apply to G. B. BAGWELL, Hargett street, Raleigh. Novetnbee 20, 1 43 writ. ADMINISTRATOR'S SALE. THE SUBSCRIBER will sell at Public Vendue, at the plantation of the late Dr. A. H. Taylor, dee'd- in tbe county of Franklin, on FRIDAY, tbe 17th of December, all tbe present year's crop of Corn, Fodder and Peas, Horses, Cattle, Fat Hogs, Wagons, Carts, Farming Utensils, House bold and Kitchen Furniture, with many other articles. Six months credit will be given. Bonds with approved securities will be required of purchasers. G. H. FARIBAULT, AdmV. November 22, 1858. 86 tds. TrOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AP- JL wl plication will be made to the Legislature, now in ses sion, for two acts, authorizing a ring fence around portions of Holloway and Union Square districts, in the county of Person, N. C. Novemter 27, 1853. 9i lm th. APPLICATION WILL BE HADE TO THE legislature, during its present session, for a charter to Thomas Williams and others, for the improvemint of McLenon creek, in Moore county. November 23, 18-8. 48 wlm. mjOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AN Lm application will be made during tbe present session of the General Assembly of North Carolina, Jones County Male and Female Seminary. November 24, 1S58. to incorptratj 98 lm... ' THE AMERICAN SHOKER. A SMOKING TUBE in one atyle for Cigars, and in an other for Pipes. Is is strictly Philosophical, and ia - The Greatest Luxury of the Age. . a The smoke passes cool to the month, leaving the Nico tine, while tbe aroma of the Tobacco is fully preserved. J For sale at WARD & HUGHES' Drug Store. Raleigh, Nov. SO, 181S S8 tf. "TOAKER'g. BITTERS A new supply. jut At WARD A HUGHES. V8 tf. November S, 18S8. "TTELMBOLD'S FLUID EXT. BUCHU- JUL For sale by WARD k HUGHES. SS-lf. November 80, 18S3. jCHIEDAH SCIINAPPS- For sale bv WARD November 80, 18o8. HUGHES. Si tC T ONDON PORTER Very superior, M-M for sale or WARD k HUGHES. 3 tf; November 30, 1858. From the Legal Intelligencer of 10th Sept, 1858 BENTON'S ABRIDGEMENT or THS DEBATES OF CONGRESS. Yol. 9th bow ready D. Arrtrrox k Co- New Yokk. THESE T0LU1IES contain tbe most satisfa-tory Politi cal History of tbe United 8Us and tbe best liiogra phies of oar Orators and great Stan -nen. Tbe Debates of Congress bave bee ieerning.fur 70 years fill 120 large volumes; cost '00,u are too voluminous forpost-dilarUns either to read or -earth through. Tney have beeo crystalized by C' I Benton," tbe right msn in tbe right place;" tonipre. I without impairing their integrity, and an analytical In . x gives instant access to any subject or to any speaker. The Arguments on both sides of u'.' tbe great questions are fully stated, fresh as the fell from tbe men of renown who lived in those days." The great .rineiple that under lie onr Constitution, tbe stndy of which derates the politi cian into tbe statesman; the theory of the Constitution ; the powers of tbe President ; of Congress ; of the Supreme Court; of esch State; of every voter ; Our relations with Foreign Nations; with the Territories; with tbe Indians. The various Partr I'latfi.rms; Free Trade; Piolectkni; Tariff; Slavery ; "Negro Citizenabip; Finance; tbe Bank Question; Paper Currency; Appropriations for Public Buildings; National Improvement and Defence, and all the other important subjects which were successively debated in all tbe forms of eloquence, are by means of this litersry ca ble bud from 1789 to tbe present time, msde audible to the present generation. Tbe reader ia placed in affinity with tbe Titans who formed tbe Constitution and made the lam s, from Washington to Webster, and may receive sparks from their patriotism, knowledge from tbeir statesmanship, and wisdom frHtn tbeir inspiration. Tbe biographies of onr great Statesmen substantially form onr National History. Tbe beat biography of a man is the record of what be said and did on great occasions when bis powers were at tbe atretch. Such biographies are giren in these Tolnmes at a titbe of tbe bulk and expense of labored personal histories by partial friend. We commtnd a work to tbe BsT which chronicles many of the brilliant efforts of her sons which records tbe evi dence that man ia capable of self-government, and which sheds light on tbe study of all impending political ques tions, while onr government lasts Each Volume contains abont four years of Debates, and sells for 3 : a price that puts it within the reach of all who aspire to any share in the government. State or Federal, or who wish to onderstand the history and working of nt National Institutions November 2?, 13-8. . .