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Weekly standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1858-1865, December 18, 1861, Image 1

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RALEIGH: STUftDA.Y, !EC. 14, 1861.
The Convention.
AVe invite attention to the proceedings in our col
umns to day of Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday
On Thursday the Convention passed an ordinance
exempting the militia of the State from other than
monthly drills.
Mr. Gilmer's resolution calling on the Governor
for information concerning the Cape Fear and Deep
River improvements, was adopted.
The ordinance introduced by Mr. Holden, provid
ing for the raising of a battalion or regiment for
twelve months, to be composed of returned volun
teers of the First North Carolina regiment, (the
Lafayette Light Infantry and the Independent Light
Infantry, of the town of Fayctteville, Included,)
and such others as may enrol themsehes with them,
was passed through its several readings, (the rules
having been suspended) and ordered to be enrolled.
Mr. Ferebee, the commissioner to Richmond on
the subject of the war tax, made a partial and in
teresting report to the Convention. The hope is
indulged that an arrangement will be made by
which the war tax will be paid without bearing
heavily on the people in May next.
The President laid before the Convention a com
municalion from John Devereux, Esq., Major and
Assistant Quartermaster, requesting the appoint
ment of a committee to investigate the accounts of
his department. This request was based on the
erroneous supposition that the Convention, in adopt
ing the report of a committee, had charged "fraud.
peculation, and malfeasance on the disbursing orh
cers. Mr. Satterthwaite disclaimed for the commit
tee referred to, all intention of casting any imputa
tion of a personal character upon any officer in any
of the departments.
The Convention was engaged for the remainder of
the day on the ordinance incorporating the Pied
mont Greensboro' and Danville nailroad Company
The Convention will take a recess from and after
to day, until the 20lh of January.
Provisional Congress. Congress has passed,
and the President has approved an act authorizing
the President to enlist for the War such seamen,
not exceeding 2,000, as the exigency of the Naval
service for the defence of the Sea coast, Rivers and
Harbors may render necessary. Also an act au
thorizing the President to appoint a chief Bugler,
or Principal Musician, according to the corps, to
each Regiment in the army. Also, an act authori
zing the Seceetary of War to appoint an assistant
Secretary of War, at a salary of $3,000.
Sentenced. The Northern papers state that Col.
Kerrigan, a member of Congress from New York,
and a Colonel in the Federal army, Has been tried
and condemned for treason, and sentenced to be
shot. Lincoln has signed his death warrant
Gen. Poi.k. Wc are glad to perceive that Gen.
Polk has entirely recovered from the effects of the
explosion at Columbus. Whatever doubts may
have existed in some minds as to the propriety of
his appointment as Major General, the part ho bore
in the battle of Belmont, as well as his general man
agement of his command, places him in a high po
sition as an able and successful commander. A
letter from a correspondent of the Memphis Appeal
brings out the points of his character finely, and
places him in his true position. We regret that
the crowded state of our columns excludes it
Coi,. Bkown. A rumor in the papers states that
the belief prevails at Pensacola that Col. Harvey
Brown, commanding Fort Pickens, has died from a
wound received during the late bombardment
Appointments. It is understood that President
Davis, recently, in order to put an end to differences
which may have arisen between Gens. Price and
McCulloch in Missouri, has appointed Col. Henry
Heath, of Virginia, attached to Gen. Floyd's com
mand, in command of the department of Missouri
and Arkansas, leaving those Generals in their pres
ent position. Much dissatisfaction prevails at Rich
mond arid in the West with the appointment, and
it is understood that the Congress will not confirm
the appointment Gen. McCulloch was on his way
to Richmond.
LovEJor's Academy. The proprietor of this
School has for twenty years or more been a teacher
among us. See his advertisement
Prisoners Beleaskd. Thirty Southern prisoners,
lately confined in the old Capitol building in Wash
ington City, having been released on parole, recent
ly arrived at Norfolk under a Hag of truce.
Hire or N eg hoes. The Newbern Progress states
that it has heard that slave laborers have been
hired for the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad for the
ensuing year, at 50 each. We have heaid nothing
of it. We find there is a general expectation that
there will be some reduction in the hire of negroes
for next year, from the former high prices, but we
were not prepared to expect so great a reduction as.
that The utter prostration of the turpentine bus
iness, and the poor prospect before cotton planters
should the war last, must greatly reduce the value
of negroes.
High Point Seminary. -Rev. S. Lander, it will
be seen from bin advertisement, is still conducting
t ms excellent school for females, at High Point
"is well known qualifications for the position are a
guaranty to parents and guardians that
""dents will be thoroughly instructed and well
ed for.
Vol. XXVII.-No. 51. . fiA
The Test Oath Ordinance.
This ordinance, so objectionable in some of its
features, our readers will be gratified to learn, re
ceived its quietus in t,he Convention en Tuesday
last, by the adoption of Mr. Graham's motion of in
definite postponement by a vote of 79 to 22. We
have abstained from any very marked opposition to
the ordinance in our columns, because of our indis
position to prejudge the case. Few members of the
Convention, perhaps, would have offered any objec
tion to an ordinance properly drawn up, simply to
punish sedition. And if it were true, as this
ordinance plainly indicated to our Northern en
emies, that this State was full of traitors, or had
in it at least a goodly number of persons still at
tached to the Lincoln despotism, none would have
raised an objection to an ordinance providing an
oath of allegiance to the State and the Confederate
government to be taken by persons rightfully sus
pected of infidelity to the government. But in view
of the manifest unpnimtty which prevails in the
State in support of the war, and of eternal separa
tion from the Northern States, we can scarcely im
agine any thing which could more violently shock
the public mind in North Carolina, than to attempt
to offer to every citizen's lips, at this time, a test
oath of allegiance to the South. The friends of this
offensive measure will doubtless thank the majority
of the Convention for stepping forward so oppor
tunely to shelter their heads from the overwhelming
storm of indignation and wrath which must have
arisen, if they had unluckily succeeded in its pas
sage. The South does not contain a more honest,
united and patriotic people than those of North
Carolina. None have done more, all things being
equal, to prosecute the war, and none will resist
Northern vandalism with greater valor and sacrifice
than her people. The very intimation that any re
spectable portion of her citizens are traitors, or dis
loyal to the South, is an insult of such magnitude
that no one can make it with impunity ; and the
attempt to force upon our people a direct implica
tion of their patriotism, such as a test oath would
be, would arouse the old spirit of '75 from the moun
tains to the sea-board, and kindle a fire of resent
ment not easily extinguished. We are glad, there
fore, that the ordinance failed.
Our Convention proceedings and the speeches ap
pearing in our columns, will give the reader a full
view of the whole question. The ordinance and
report were made by a committee composed of
Judge Biggs, Mr. Wooufin, Mr. Kayner, Mr. Badger,
and Mr. Graham. The three former made the re
port and ordinance. Messrs. Badger and Graham
dissented from the majority. The reader has learned
from our columns, that the ordinance was supported
at length by Messrs. Biggs, Woodfin and Rayner, and
that Messrs. Leak, Dick, Jude Osborne and Mr.
Graham opposed it in speeches of great power.
Mr. Rayner, on Tuesday, replied, in favor of the
ordinance, with his usual ability. It is due to Mr.
Rayner. however, to say that while he favored the
ordinance at its introduction, more mature reflection
had modified his views materially as to the proprie
ty or policy of compelling all our citizens to take
a test oath. This he frankly avowed, preferring to
strike out that feature of the ordinance which re
quired a test oath, and confining its operation more
especially to the punishment of sedition. Mr. R.
ingenuously and manfully repelled the insinuation
that the old Union men of the State had acted in a
manner to excite the suspicions of the original se
cessionists. He declared that- they had contribu
ted to make the State a unit, and that they had
shown at least equal if not greater alacrity and pa
triotism in supporting the war. Although a seces
sionist himself, before many others were, he had no
misgivings about the old Union men, and regarded
them as equals in the great movement in which the
entire South was engaged. Indeed, Mr. R. acted a
frank and manly part in relation to the " Test Oath"
feature by announcing his opposition to it on re
flection, and his willingness to strike it out.
Mr. Badger made the closing speech against the
ordinance. What our reporter says, of that able
effort is true to the letter. We have never heard
him, when he was more himself. Indeed we doubt,
if among the many speeches we have heard from
him, he has ever excelled, if equalled his speech on
that occasion. We hope all the speakers in this
important debate, will give their speeches to the
The Point Settled.
J Whatever hopes for peace may have been in
dulged by persons North or South, the policy ad
hered to by Mr. Lincoln in his late message, and
the tone of his Secretary of War, Mr. Cameron,
leave no room longer to doubt that the most ex
travagant charges of an intention to subjugate the
South, to confiscate, emancipate and destroy South
ern property, and to reduce us, if possible, to utter
vassalage, are but too true. The simple fact, that
there are some in the Congress and perhaps quite a
respectable minority of the Northern people who
are friends of peace and anxious for the cessation of
hostilities, gives no assurance that their counsels
will prevail, so long as the masses can be deluded
and cheated with the idea that the Union may be
restored. Even those who are the professed friends
of peace, look to it only as the surest means of re
storing the Union, and' so far as we can discover,
do not desire peace on any other terms. But what
Southern man now looks to any such result, or
would accept of peace upon such terms '? Can any
be so blind as to desire peace at the great sacrifice
of returnirg to a Union which has been sundered
by treachery and deception, by the violation of eve
ry principle of Constitutional freedom, and by war
and bloodshed ? Certainly none.
The course of the South is therefore plain, al
though every footstep be marked with agony and
blood. She will never retrace her steps. Onward
is her watchword, until our enemies are vanquished
and the South is free. The vast hordes of the North
may rush down upon us our ports may be be
leagured by their fleets poverty and want may
harrass us at every point, yet still, conscious of the
right we must meet them, one to five if need be, at
the threshhold, and contest fiercely every inch of
ground or die in our entrenchments. But tbe con
test is riot doubtful. No great people can be subju
gated, determined to be free. However dark and
portentous the cloud of war may hang around our
horizon, it shall be iispenea oy we uprising oi a
mighty people that trusts tU destiny to the controj
of Providence and tneir own strong arms.
Resioned. Judge Nesbitt, of Georgia, haiffesign
ed his seat in the Provisional Congress, in conse
quence of ill health.
The Latest News.
Charleston in flame! ! A battle expected on the
Peninsula. Quiet on the Potomac, &c.
A dispatch from Columbia, S. C, to the Charlotte
Bulletin, dated the 1.2th inst, announces that two
thirds of the City of Charleston is in ashes. The
fire commenced on the night of the 11th, and con
tinued burning till 5 o'clock, A. M., on the 12th.
It is said to be one of the most destructive fires
which ever occurred on the American continent.
The dispatch received in this city, says that half of
the city is destroyed. We are inclined to think that
the disaster is not so great We fear that incen
diaries are at work.
Rumors were rife in Richmond of an expected
battle on the Peninsula. Gen. Magruder it is said
looks for an attack. Some uneasiness prevails about
Norfolk. The large accession of Federal troops at
Fortress Monroe gives rise to these rumors.
It is said that McClellan is urged strongly by
members of Congress to advance upon our lines.
The Yankees are impatient, but McClellan knows
his fate if he attempts it, and hence he hesitates.
The reported fight of CoL Ashby with the Yankees
is not confirmed.
The Congress at Richmond, has voted $50 bounty
to all privates, musicians and non commissioned
officers of the army to all who shall serve for three
years or during the war, to be paid after twelve
months services.
Troops from the North continue to arrive in Ken
tucky. McCook refused to recognise the flag of
truce sent from Bowling Green by Mrs. Gen. Buck
ner, who wished to bury her child at Louisville.
Gen. Jeff. Thompson is fortifying New Madrid in
Missouri. All quiet at Columbus. The attack up
on Cairo has been abandoned.
The Norfolk Day Book says that the dispatches
sent out by Messrs. Mason and Slidell, went on to
England They are confident that England will
resent the insult
St. Mary's School. This School, under the man
agement of its able Rector, Rev. Dr. Smedes, has
become an institution to the State and the South.
I Us venerable for its years, and indispensable as a
home and for the liberal and accomplished education
of our Southern girls. Its friends will be gratified to
learn that its halls are still open during these war
times. See the advertisement of its accomplished
Rector in our advertising columns.
The Troubles in East Tennessee War on our
Border! North-Carolina Incaded! !
A terrible state of affair.? exists in the border
counties of Tennessee. A fight occured last week
at Parrottsville, Cocke county, about fifty miles from
this place, in which Capt Gorman, and two privates
of the Confederate calvary were killed. A messen
ger reached this place day before yesterday, from
the commanding officer at Greenville, Tennessee,
urgently requesting that a force be immediately dis
patched to the adjoining county of Madison, to in
tercept some two or three hundred Tennsesee and
North Carolina tories, who had fled before the
Southern troops, and taken refuge in the mountains
of Madison county. About 1000 tories, the messen
ger informed us, were at Newport, in Cocke county,
armed and organized. Col. R B. Vance's regiment
had been ordered to disperse them, and would, it
was supposed, reach Newport last Tuesday. Noth
ing definite has been heard since, but it is presumed
a collision has taken place before now.
We learn that a great many arrests have been
made, and no little old fashioned hanging has been
done at Greeneville. The authorities having ex
hausted all mild remedies, are determined to crush
the rebellion by force, and teach the traitors that
the Southern Confederacy is a Government, with
ample power to enforce obedience to the laws.
News from Col. Vance's regiment is most anxi
ously looked for. We will give it to our readers at
tbe earliest possible moment. Ashetille News.
Potomac The many rumors of an early engage
ment on the Potomac, have ceased to excite the
public mind. People will look for it when it comes.
Passengers from Manassas at Richmond, report that
Col. Ashby's command had a sharp skirmish with
a for raging party of the enemy, on Sunday last,
and killed fifteen, took eighty prisoners, and, cap
tured twenty wagon loads well filled with plunder.
Our loss is reported at five killed.
Gen. Johnson is said to have remarked a few days
since that the army of the Potomac was in better
fighting trim than it had ever been before.
Information had reached our lines, and had been
fully corroborated, that the Yankee troops were
suffering trouble from the small pox. It is describ
ed as raging among the Federals opposite Lei. sburg.
Soutii Carolina. Charleston, Dec. 9. The
Courier, of this morning says that the British war
steamer Racer, arrived on Friday afternoon and left
for Port Royal. Among the blockaders yesterday
was the Swedish barque Minerva, bound to Charles
ton, and ignorant of the blockade.
Thirteen cotton houses have been burnt by their
owners on Port-Royal Island ; one on Paris, and one
on St Helena Island, since the Federal invasion.
A letter from Hardeeville, dated the 7th instant,
says that active preparations of defence are progres
sing. A detachment of Beaufort Artillery have visited
Beaufort and burnt 450 bales of Sea Island cotton.
A detachment of Col. Martin's Mounted Regiment
ambuscaded while going into Beaufort? Lieutenant
Bumwell wounded in arm.
- Kentucky. Gov. Johnson, Provisional Governor
of Kentucky, has issued a stirring and eloquent
Proclamation, calling for twenty companies of Vol
unteers, to repel Invaders.
The Bowling Green correspondent of the Union
& American says it is understood that Gen. Marshall
has issued a proclamation to the people of Kentucky
which says Home Guards in the different counties
must join him or fight him, as he will not leave them
in his rear.
Missouri. A dispatch from Rolla, dated 1st in
stant to the Su Louis Republican, says Gen. Price,
with 16,0000 troops, marched on the 26th November
for Kansas, the field of future operations. The
country in the neighborhood of Independence is be
ing deserted, the men joining Price, the Federal
Price's proclamation is unfavorably received by
the sympathisers at St Louis, particularly the part
that says Congress has authorised Federal Generals
to confiscate all the property of rebels who refuse
to take the oath of allegiance.
Nothing new from Columbus.
From Tybkb. The steamer Ida arrived last even
ing from Fort Pulaski, but brought no intelligence
of interest We learn that the Yankees have sunk
two of their old hulks abreast of the big light where
they serve as a kind of wharf. They were engaged
a part of yesterday in landing something from the
beached vessels, but it was impossible to see what
they were bringing on shore. They had four drays
and horses engaged in hauling their articles from the
The Mobilt Advertiser says that a deserter from
Fort Pickens who came over to the Confederate lines
reports that the losses of the Lincolnites was heavy
during the late bombardment sixty-two were killed
in the fort and a great many wounded, CoL Brown
being among the latter.
DAT. DECEMBER 18,1861.
Made in the Convention, December the Sd, on the
ordinance to establish Test Oaths.
Mr. President:
I had determined to remain a silent actor during
this session of the Convention, but a sense of jus
tice to myself, ray people, and my country, compels
me to speak out against this " bill of abominations."
The history of the past has taught me, that sedition
laws and test oaths have ever been the engines of
tyranny, and justly odious to every free people.
Free speech and a free press are important parts of
our heritage of liberty, and if we give them up, we
will no longer deserve the name of freemen, and pur
great sacrifices and sufferings in this mighty strug
gle will be in vain, as the only fruits of success will
be a change of masters.
Does any stern necessity demand such an ordi
nance? Where is there any manifestation of dis
loyalty to the State or Confederate Government
among the people of North Carolina ? There are
many men who are dissatisfied with, and bitterly
opposed to the proscription and partizan spirit
which too often characterizes and controls the poli
cy of the country ; but they have shown themselves
to be tree and loyal men, and they will not quietly
-submit to injustice and wrong. For whom was this
ordinance intended ? If it was intended only to
reach traitors, it will not accomplish its purpose ;
for the man who is untrue and disloyal to his coun
try in this time of her trial and peril will be dis
loyal to his God, and will readily blacken his infa
mous soul with perjury. I cannot and-will not be
lieve, until I have the evidence before me, that any
large part of the people of this State are the friends
of Lincoln and his horrid despotism. North Caro
lina is not the mother of traitors. If she has such
children, her curse is upon them, they deserve to
die, and ought not even to have a grave within her
Mr. President : This ordinance implies that there
are many disloyal men in North Carolina. The im
plication is untrue, unjust and it is a libel upon our
native State. The conduct of North Carolina dur
ing the whole of this revolution is worthy of the
highest -admiration, and is a just source of pride to
all of her people. She has acted with prudence,
justice, and calm deliberation. She has been influ
enced by no wild and reckless ambition, or desire of
self-glory and advancement. With unwavering fi
delity she kept her plighted faith to her sisters of
the old Union, until the Constitution, the sacred
record of her vow, was rudely broken by despotic
power; and then, with her whole heart and with
all her resources and energies, she entered the fore
front of the ranks of her Southern sisters in this
mighty struggle for the great principles of Ameri
can liberty. She called upon her children to stand
by her in the hour of danger, and with wonderful
unanimity they have responded to her call. Now
thirty-five thousand of her sons are in arms, and
they as loyal, as true, and as brave men as ever
trod a battle field. Her daughters, too, have shown
themselves equal to the crisis. Like their mothers
of the old Revolution, with indefatigable toil they
have fitted out their husbands, brothers and sons,
for the field ; with tearful eyes they have bid them
go where duty calls, and their high and holy patri
otism has nerved with fresh courage the hearts of
the brave. With munificent liberality North Caro
lina has poured out the accumulated treasures of
long years of economy and industry, and still she
is willing to toil on, undaunted and undismayed.
Is it possible that after such high heroism, such sac
rifices and suflerings, she must be the first State
called upon to take a test oath to prove her loyalty
to the Confederate States of America? Others may
do as they will, but I would die at the stake before
I would cast such a reproach upon the fair fame of
my noble and glorious old mother.
Mr. President: lam opposed to this ordinance,
because it is an unwarranted usurpation of power.
This Convention has already trespassed far enough
upon the rights and liberties of the people. We
have adopted a permanent government and refused
to allow them to ratify it; and, without their con
sent, wc have elected delegates to the Provisional
Congress. We have thus violated two great princi
ples of American liberty. The people of the east
cried unto us for protection from invasion on the
coast and that cry was disregarded. The enemy
came. The defences were insufficient and unavail
ing. Now many of our brave boys are captives in
distant prisons; women and children fled terror
stricken from their homes, and millions of property
were exposed to robbery and devastation. Former
usurpations of power may, in some degree, be ex
cused by the " emergency of the occasion," and tho
neglect of our coast defences, in charity may be
called, an error of judgment; but there can be no
excuse for our wrongs, if we arraign the whole peo
ple of North Carolina at our bar upon the charge of
suspected loyalty.
Is this a tune to call upon our fellow-citizens to
take a test oath ? Now the hand of industry reaps
not its accustomed gains, all ordinary business is
prostrated, nearly every channel of commerce is ob
structed, the common luxuries of life have been
taken away, and even the articles necessary for sub
sistence are engrossed by soulless speculators, who,
like the locusts of Egypt are consuming the sub
stance of the land, or, like hungry vatupyres, are
sucking out the life-blood of the poor.
Is ira time to suspect the loyalty of our patriotic
people, when, in the public defence, every nerve is
strung to its highest tension, every energy taxed to
its utinos endurance, every heart throbbing with
anx ety, but not with fear ? when every hand is en
gaged in toil, and every house is a workshop of sup
plies, and more than all, when every house is a tem
ple from which the incense of prayer is rising up
to Heaven for the protection of our soldiers and the
success of our arms ? The world has never wit
nessed a more grand and sublime spectacle of a
united people struggling for liberty, and shall we
now cast the dark shadow of suspicion over its glo
rious brightness ?
Mr. President : What will be the effect of this or
dinance upon our enemies? It would give them
more "aid and comfort" than would the defeat of
our army upon the Potomac. Throughout the
limits of their vast empire the news would spread
like wild-fire in autumn among the mountains, and
it would be said everywhere that North Carolina
desired to return to her former allegiance, and her
people were only restrained by sedition laws and
test oaths. Their hopes would be encouraged, their
efforts redoubled, and with renewed energy and
power they would prepare for the conflict They
would eagerly pouroout their treasures, and tho
" drum call " would summon new armies into the
field, and soon their tens of thousands of bayonets
would be bristling upon our border.
What will be the effect of this ordinance on the
great powers of Europe ? North Carolina has ob
tained a high reputation abroad for her integrity
and conservatism, and soon it would be said at tiie
Courts of St James and Versailles that the people
of this good old State were opposed to this revolu
tion. North Carolina is a calm and quiet old State
no longer. Her rights have been violated and her
people threatened with subjugation, and now like a
chivalric warrior, she has girded on the panoply of
justice and her power and fearlessly sprung to-the
vanguard of the contest.
Mr. President: I regret to detain this Conven
tion by any personal defence, but I hope that I shall
receive its kind indulgence. During a recent can
vass for Congress in which I was defeated, my loy
alty was often questioned, and many of tbe little
Captains and Corporals of the guard proclaimed me
a Lincoln man. If these partisans had been con
tent with my defeat, and ceased to utter their un
just imputations and slanders, I would make no
reference to the past on this occasion. I know these
men who are influenced by party prejudice to do
injustice to one, who never did them wrong. Many
of them arc among the tear men who regard " dis
cretion as the better part of valor." Before tbe
war, their courage was exceedingly fierce, and it
might have been supposed that ere this time, oneof
Whole Number 1394.
them would have chased a thousand, and two of them
would have put ten thousand of our enemies to
flight They were like the war-horse so eloquently
described by Job, when " be smelleth the battle afar
off," but they have not got nearer "the armed men"
than the public crib. Like jackals they were wil
ling to lead in the pathway of danger until the con
flict came, and now at a safe distance they wait to fat
ten on the spoils of the wounded and tbe slain. I
have often said that this war might have been pre
vented by calm and prudent counsels. I struggled
long and hard to avert it for I preferred peace with
honor to civil war, and now, in my inmost heart, I
feel that I have never been disloyal to the best in
terests of my country, and I am willing that time
shall decide whether I erred in judgment. If this
war makes us a greater, happier and more prosper
ous people, I will cheerfully " give honor to whom
honor is due,',' but if the result is different posteri
ty will render its verdict 1 have always been proud
of my birth-right in North Carolina, and with un
faltering devotion I am willing to share her fortunes
and her destiny. I am loyal and devoted to the
Confederate States of America, because North Car
olina loves so well her Southern sisters. I now
have no feelings of bitterness for any of my fellow
citizens, and I would willingly forget and forgive
the injustice and wrongs of the past, and ask also to
be forgiven, if this would exorcise the fell spirit of
party. 1 would make any offering to appease this
demon of ruin, and I am opposed to this ordinance
because I know that it will add fresh fuel to his in
fernal fires.
Mr. President: This ordinance proposes to intro
duce a new feature into our form of government by
requiring our people for the first time to do "hom
age and fealty" to the State. Citizenship is the
birthright of the native born sons of North Carolina,
and allegiance is their natural duty, and shall they
now be sworn to be faithlul to the very instincts of
their nature? You might as well swear dutiful
children to honor, reverence and love the good old
mother who bore them.
There is a great difference of opinion among our
people as to their relations and duties to the general
government Many of the original secessionists be
lieve that they never owed any allegiance to the
Federal government and the old Union was but a
league of States, and they think that this principle
is the corner stono of the new government. It
would be ungenerous and unjust to force them by
this ordinance to do violence to their honest convic
tions. The old Union men believed it to be their
duty "to bear true and faithful allegiance" to the
old government and without being sworn they did
so with unwavering fidelity to the last hour of its
existence'. Many of them entertain the same opin
ion as to their duty to the new government, and
they require no test oaths to make them rally around
and sustain it. As they were faithful to the old, so
will they be faithful to the new government, and if
the storm of revolution should overwhelm it, they
will be found the last to leave the falling ruins.
Mr. President: This ordinance excepts from its
operation "volunteers mustered into the service of
the State and of the Confederate States." This is a
proper exception, and the reason assigned for it in
the report of the committee receives my approval.
Our brave volunteers have shown their devotion to
the country, by their suflerings, trials and dangers
in the camp and battle field, and they deserve our
lasting thanks and gratitude; but, do you suppose
that they will regard this exception as an honor
when the ordinance casts odium and insults upon
the loved ones they have left at home ? The brave
are always unselfish and noble, and they will scorn
this pitiful compliment
Mr. President: I desire to show that there are
many people in North Carolina who come within
the spirit of the above exception. The members of
this Convention have given high evHence of their
devotion to the country. On the 20th of May, they
signed our Declaration of Independence, and, by so
doing, they pledged " their lives, their fortunes and
their sacred honor," to the maintainance of this rev
olution. If it is unsuccesful that act may confiscate
our property, lead us to the gibbet, or drive us into
exile. I believe that act made a record of glory and
immortality for us all, and can it be possible that
we must now take an oath of fealty to our wives
and children, our homes and firesides ?
If the brave boys who have gone to the wars, are
excepted in this ordinance, why not except the no
ble fathers who sent them? Did.it require no de
votion to the country to make them give up the
idols of their hearts and homes ? It was the high
est sacrifice they could offer. With more than Ro
man firmness they stilled the voice of paternal
love; they saw their "brave boys" go forth with
the consecrating kiss of weeping sisters, and the
fervent blessings of stricken hearted mothers, and
then with a grief too big for. utterance they entered
their once peaceful and happy homes, now the
dwelling places of sorrow. How slow and sad the
long days go by, while their thoughts are with
the absent ones, and often in the solemn midnight
hour as they turn restlessly upon their pillows, they
see dreamy visions of the battle field, the coffin and
the shroud. No ambition, or love of power and
place has prompted them to make such sacrifices
and endure such sufferings, it is devotion to duty
and their country. If these fathers are not except
ed, at least except those whose sons have died in
the storm of the battle, or perished before the
breath of tho pestilence. Many of them have wept
over their youthful dead until sorrow has exhausted
the fountain of tears, and, oh ! it would be so cruel
now to mock them in their time of agony.
Mr. President: There is yet another exception.
The men of Bethel have come home from the field
of their fame. Their term of service has expired
and they are no longer soldiers. Who in this Con
vention would dare tell them that they must take
an oath of fidelity to their country? While we
were safe at home, they pledged their lives to the
country, in the blazing lines of battle, and received
the fearful baptism of blood and fire. It fills my
heart with pridl when I mention Bethel. It was
North-Carolina's battle and she was the victor.
There is something significant in the name of Beth
el. You well recollect where it first occurs in the
Bible. Jacob left the tents of his father Isaac at
Beersheba, to avoid the fierce wrath of his brother
Esau ; and when the sun was set on the first day of
his journey, "he lighted on a certain place," when
foot-sore and weary he rested ; and in the visions
of the night he saw the angles of heaven, and then
God proinised to give him and his seed the land of
his father ; and Jacob called the place Bethel, the
house of God. We, too, have been forced from the
halls of our fathers by the cruel hatred of our Esau
brethren, and we have been deprived of much of
our just inheritance. For more than fifty years, we
have been feeding them with the messes of pottage,
and now wc alone have the birthright of liberty and
the blessings of our fathers. God was with us at Beth
el. He shielded our men in the day of battle and
in the brilliant victory He gave us, we have assu
rance that we shall continue to possess this goodly
land forever. We may have to struggle long, but
at last we will come off more than conquerors, for,
with all the strong confidence of a patriot's hope, I
believe " The Lord of hosts is with us ; the God of
Jacob is our refuge."
Mr. President: I desire once more to allude to the
spirit of party, which alone disunites the people of
North Carolina. I fully agree with the honorable
delegates who have preceded me, that this is no time
for party feeling. Our safety demands that we
should act together. We can never do so until we
are more just to one another. We have common
sufferings to endure, and common dangers to en
counter; and it is but right that we should share
alike the honors and responsibilities of the struggle.
We have just commenced our great history. Migh
ty events are daily gathering around us, and we have
already written many pages brilliant with the re
cords of patriotism and valor. Darker scenes yet
may come, and
" We may know era long.
How sublime a thing it is
To wffor aud be strong."
We are hdt entering the defy furnace of trial. It
is to be heated trt seven timw Hatter. We may
not hope that like tbe tote Clod-fearing Hebrew,
we can pass through and not T en the smotj of re
be Upon our garments, but by the blessing of Hea
ven, and our own strong heart and arms, we will
successfully defy the wicked commands of tht king1
of modem Babylon.
We moat rise to tbe magnitude of our present
duties and reapowaihWiHea, "let the daad past bury
its dead," and go boldly forth to meet the future,
whatever may betide. This Convent ian to alar the
heart of North Carolina, and if it but throbs arfajat,
it will send the life Wood of patriotism and volar to
every extremity of tbe State, giving bar vigor and
strength to work out her mighty destiny. Our peo
ple have entrusted as with this high position, and
we nave to answer to them and to posterity. ' let
not test oaths, but the strong feeling of brotherhood
unite us, and together let us act, "without fear,
favor, affection, reward, or the hope of reward;" and
do all things truly in the fear of God and for the
best interests of our country and the hopes' of tho
world. W
Makbi.k Nash Taylor. The New York ;
are stultifying themselves on account of the notoriety
they are giving this individual, whom they claim to
be Provisional Governor of North Carolina. The
idea that a convention of the people representing
40 counties has been held on the banks, for tho par
pose of forming a Provisional Government Ac., to
supremely ridiculous. Taylor who figures as Gov
ernor and who has been making speeches in Now
fork, is a man of the most ordinary capacity and
whose position as a travelling preacher in the N. C.
Conf. of the Methodist Church, was always all in
ferior one. His private Secretary Alonzo J. Stove,
can make his mark, but must be a poor apology for
a Secretary. We cannot give space to Gov. Taylor's
Kentucky. The Provisional Congress on tho 10th
inst, passed a bill for the admission of Kentucky aa
a member of the Confederate States, on an equal
footing with the other States of this Confederacy.
New Orleans. A dispatch from New Orleans
on the 10th inst, says :
Lieutenant Shepherd, commanding the Confed
erate States steamer Mobile, has just arrived with
a Lieutenant and nine Yankee prisoners, from the
schooner Annie Taylor, which was wrecked near
Sabine Pass. They leave for the city on a special
train this afternoon.
Wakrexton Female Institute. This is one of
our oldest and best schools. Mr. Wilcox is an ex
perienced and thorough instructor. Warrenton to
a delightful location. See bis advertisement
The Boston Post, says: Robert C. Winthrop,
some months ago, asked James M. Mason when he
would visit Boston. The reply was, " not until I
come as an Ambassador."
Railkoad Accidekt. A serious accident occur
red on the North Carolina Railroad on Sattirriuv-
j night to the express train coming west About two
miles beyond Haw river, one of the axles of tbe
lenaer orose ana turew the train ott the track.
Four of the cars were badly damaged, but we learn
that no bodily injury was sustained by any one.
Charlotte (N. C.) Democrat, 10(A inst.
Nasaville, Dec 8. Dispatches received from
Bowling Green last night state that Capt Morgan,
with a detachment of cavalry, went within Ave
-miles of the enemy's force, and burned Bacon Creek
bridges, which the Federals had just rebuilt Cant
Morgan captured some guns and horses.
For the Standard.
Mit. W. W. Holden: I hand you a list of contri
butions handed to me for Capt Webster's company
as follows: rj
Mrs. A. B. Bright, 2 blankets, 2 bed-qoflts, 3
pair socks, 2 towels, 1 pair pillow cases, 1 counter
pane, half a dozen candles, lot of sage and mustard
seed, cash 1 ; Mrs. B. N. Watson, 2 coverlets, 2
pair socks, 3 towels, 1 dozen candles 1 pillow and
case, sage and mustard seed, 14 lbs. cake soap ; Mrs.
Duncan Murcherson, 1 coverlet 1 towel ; Mrs. Owen
Andrews, 1 pair socks, 1 towel ; Miss Martha Web
ster, 2 pair socks, 1 pair pants, 2 lbs. cake soap ;
Mrs. Aaron Evans, 1 pair socks; Mrs. Talton John
son, 1 bed-quilt, 2 towels, 1 pair pillow cases; Miss
Lornhama Emerson, 1 blanket; Miss Martha Emer
son, 1 pair socks, ssge and pepper; Mrs. Mary
Canbell, 1 towel ; Dr. W. D. Watson, cash $5; Mr.
James Watson, 1 neck-comfort; Mrs. Jas. Watson
1 bed-quilt 6 lbs. cake soap; Mrs. Thomas Moody,
kit of sage ; Mr. Thomas Moody, cash 25 cts. ; Mrs.
rranklin Headcn, 2 towels, and 1 pair pillowcases
Miss Jane Beal, 1 towel, and sage ; Mrs. Solomon'
Womble 1 bed-quilt, 1 coverlet, 1 towel and sage :
Mrs. John Bright 8 blankets, and 8 pair of pants'
Miss Emaline Temples, 1 pair drawers; Miss m!
Fields, 1 pair of socks; Miss Martha Beal, 2 pair of
socks; Mrs. Benjamin Glass, 8 lbs. cake soap and 1
towel ; Miss Mary Glass, 1 pair gloves.
For tbe Standard.
At a meeting of the Sandy Creek Lodge, No. 185,
the following resolutions were unanimously adopted
WnEREAs, We, the members of Sandy Creak
Lodge, No. 185, have learned with deep and heart
felt emotions of sorrow, of the decease of our
brethren of this Lodge, Dr. C. H. Stalling,., A. C.
Hight and J. B. and J. Yarbrough, while nobly
and gallantly serving their State and countrr, in
the army of the Confederate States.
Resolved, That while recognising in humble sub
mission, the decree of an all-wise Providence, wo
deeply deplore their loss, and sincerely sympathise
with their repecti ve families in their severe affliction.
Resolved, That our lamented brother, Dr. Sai
lings, by his unremitting kindness and attention to
his comrades in arms, his zeal in relieving their aof
fenngs, his caused his memory to be cherished and
respected by all.
Resolved, That brothers John and J. B Yar
brough faithfully and cheerfully discharged their
duties as soldiers, and died beloved and respected by
their friends and acquaintances.
Resolved, That brother Hight, one of the Lieu
tenants of the Sandy Creek Rough and Readys the
company to which all foor belonged, by hie efficien
cy and gentlemanly bearing as sn officer, had gained
and deserved the respect of his associates and com
panions; and in his death his company and our
community hare sustained a sad bereavement
Resolved, That the foregoing resolutions be sent
to the Raleigh Standard and State Journal for pub
lication, and that a copy be sent to their respective
families. r
At the residence of the bride's father, in Milton, on Teea-
H.J' ? Blelb j ear of be,
Her fnr.eral will take nlam t th .,t "J T'
tin Samrdav m..ri ai m w r
, , A00!" " teaching the theory and prieliciof
Modern Chemutrr, iejtawlio.tion the ToSeW Sfe
and tbe improved method of manipulation in tbVmanul
lacture of in.uj of thnae important and necessary article,
of universal coeaumptioa, ao mneh required at presents
the Gmtederate States, .. now prepared to enter WA
nership with reliable awciatca. wbu can command ioffl
eient cap.tnl and give their time to work of uaefnl and
pmnlable industry.
I'aoFESSoa OoBitrr is occupied with his school-New-bern
Academy-and ean spare but one whole dav in tbe
week, but morninga and ereniapt are also at bis command,
and he could direct and supe. intend Tarion important an
lucrative manufacture; for example: Soda; Soap Raain
nuap; uennea 3ap; uanaies tallow and adamantine'
Iim finm itim. ..... -I U.l. : . . n -
niivj... W... L. . L. 1 1 t rv -i . i . I
r-wwwi , uin.M , urn, u. rnii. unwrvymo i
sell shares in a new Detent Water Filter. uJihi
right of his approved Conical Mnllrt fir inii"iill)hna'aniii
u. -i iaic trciiM.iiui nufjci iinenueaoe saa InsiniCtiOII
re .ncorenient or impowible, full and pIMU written .
itriinti.ino lu J i. - J" -
ii u. tv nure oersrna xuDerrntendanM knrt iuimmi
structions can be fumixhed at reasonable rata.'
Apply to PROF.
December 10, 1861.
50 V

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