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Weekly standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1858-1865, December 25, 1861, Image 3

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THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD:
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 25,
,or is authorized to panies,
ton 01 ininu, -
;r.i- months or area
rime
nt of ten compw
Loosed of volunteers
volunteers, ih-j
,1 ol Worm v ai ..... .
i i.riit uuaoirj
viHc included,) and
the town of Fayette
otbersa may enrol , companics
iWrl commissioned of-
have tne ngn . thn rht t0 c.cct
I thn battalion 8Hfr . .? . , .
Am. of companies and
Sttdta S-t ? be chosen accord
the U now in force providing for the
:' "f ,..cers by tlie'twelve months volunteers ;
bn of officers py
;,, i, fleeter, that twnmw'""' w
, .1 l i...i,.,i;,im rr i-nm-
wwnmw nmv , r
ithin convenient time to,
cceptedj by the government of the Confederate
d and ratified in open Convention, the twelfth
ni December, 1861; mimima '
Pres. of Convention.
wes II. Hoorb, Prtn. Sec'y.
C. Edwabds, Assistant Secy.
No. 25.
hed, That the Secretary of State have the
i. -es and resolutions passed at this session ot
Ajv t.tion published in three newspapers,
iel in Mo Oitv of Raleigh, as soon as it can oe
it'iitlv don i
,1 and ratified in open Convention, the twelfth
Member, IbOl.
Pres. Convention.
II. Uoojiht, Priu. Sec.
'. Edwakbs, Ast. Sec.
' No. -Id
ESOLUTTON ASKING INFORMATION As
THE STATE AND OiMHiiUA ut ihk
. . . miTEin iuni)j,vc
!'K I hiAK AN U UIjIA- ivlr,n mi nuirj-
NT.
iKKEAS. In February last, the General Assem-
nacted that the Doard of Managers appointed
air and continue the improvement of the Cape
and Deep River improvement, and for this
se placed nt their disposal thirty thousand dol
l-also authorized and required the cominission-
the Cape Fear and Deep River Navigation
nv to sell as soon as they may deem advisable
Kcate s lnterereat in said works: ana wnereas,
represented that said works are likely to suffer
dam lire from the want of repairs that would
nit a small sum.
wived, That his Excellency, the Governor, be
. -Uullv requested to inform this Conveution of
it. .mil condition ol' said works, and all the in
atiun in his possession as to what hath been
iris likely to be done, under the said act of
ibly.
wit ed further. That said Hoard of Mcnagers
quested to report :t the earliest day convenient
is Convention, ail that '.hey have done under
ic; ! Assembly, a lull and detailed account ot
late and condition ol said improvement anil
n their judgment is best to be done with the
ad and ratified in open Convention the twelfth
:f December, 1 86 1 .
V. N. EDWARDS,
Pres. of Convention.
mes II. UoOKE, Prin. Sec.
C. Eowakus, Ass't Sec.
No. 27.
)lution in favor dennis d. fere-
:e. ksq.
toked. That the Treasurer pay to 1). D. Fere-
he amount of his expenses incurred as Coinmis-
r to Richmond, amounting to thirty-eight dol-
ad and ratified in open Convention, the thir-
h da of December, 1861. 1
V. N. EDWARDS,
Pres. of Convention.
IXES II. MoOBE, Principal Secretary.
C. EuwaRBS, Assistant Secretary.
For Ihe Standard.
TNG OF ASSESSORS IN GOEDSBORO'.
.'onvention of the Assessors (under the Con
te war-tax net) for the State of North Caro
net at Goldsboro", by request of chief collector
on December 20th, lbGl, and organized by
i:i-' ,i. i . niiKiana, oi iran;e, to me . nair, anu
lintii..' C. B. Harrison of Wake, and J. R. Bea
of Sampson, Secretaries.
r. Lane siated that there were 08 collection dis-
in the State,
Secretaries to
thjinames of which h
can. Hereupon, ii auucaicu ; lerring to our COIUU . is.
uri :k i - ,
10 were represented tn person,) by letter,
8 unrepresented.
Iter some desultory conversation among mctn
, on various subjects, Convention took a recess
half past 3 P. M., when they re-asseuibled.
pon motion a committee of ten was appointed
lopt a uniform rule of valuation for Land and
roes throughout the State,
lie eoiiiiinttee found much difficulty in agreeing,
finally reported through their Chairman, Mr.
ith I!. Liltlejohn, several resnlutionj, which be
imended, were adopted, as follows :
it Rctobted, That upon all real estate, a reduc
of 10 per cent, from the State valuation of 1800
Dade tjf .i-(. assessor, except town property,
n wnicn a reduction ot not less man iu nor more
25 per cent, be made, at the option of the as-
r. I
. Rooked That an average value of IJOdol-
i- i j . .i ... . i i
in order to apply this rule equitably! to
iluveholdcr, the assessor should adopl a e&olfi
, the average value of which shall amount to
uni of 30(1 dollars, as nearly as pra ..cable,
sC invention adopted the following additional
iked, That when open accounts !me leen
tliey be stricken out by the assessor or col-
That in the opinion of this C
. rounds that the iiouds of the Stat
should be given in at par.
!, That the proceedings of
juhlisuedaa soon as possible m
'tpers, with the request that
he Stale copy.
J. U. KIRKLAN
Harrison-, I SecruUries. .
Bi: A.MAN, j
For the Slifii
37th REGIMENT OF N. C. TROOPS.
his fine regiment, now in camp at High Point,
organized on the 2uth of November, but) we be-
no complete list of its officers has j it been
ished. The 87u was fortunate when u lecured
tself the services ol Lol. Lee, "the ah, v unc
I1UI ill Ktty. "iu i..n, i.i'. , aim , UlC
flu lnlf,Til ha RflUJW! to lie nrmul lit III. :va
must of whom are from the mountain c ins
.in, it at ixi-Kfit-lv Hnv u-llli Irnutv HHptt .
IV,liril tn riiii'iin lHli Th'mi 1 1
neanil a Irieuu, we .".re ante to give a c .tele
if tlu nifieen of 37th :
iiuiwi, iiuiic v-iiiai rnm
hi 1 lir... it I '-..l .. .
i , .-ii i.. r- i 'l
1 A i 1 1 ,1 j -i ...
i hiitanl Win 1. iclio son. HaJilax Lou it v.
. .... I) t IV...... .'I
- ,.i- II II Vt',,.11 r .... t . . i I nnntr
ll.l-l.AH I-.. ....... I I i . , i 1 VI lIL'flLi I Vllltltl
' . Ill -
ss t. surgeon, .lan es i racy, cieaveiana i. ;unty.
baplain, a. U Stough, Union County,
aptain', John Hartxog, Ashe Co., Company A.
Jonathan liortoii, atauga (Jo., ;o. B.
J. M. 1'otts, Xftcklenbnig Co., Co O.
J. B? Ash craft, Union Co., Co. D.
Wm. Farthing, Watauga, Co., Co. G.
U. . Hickc-rson, Wilkes Co., Co. .
.'amen Reed, Alexander Co., Co. I
N. (!. Rankin, Gaston Co., Co. H.
J. U. Harrison, Mecklenburg Co., o. I.
loin. RoB, Alleghany Co., Co. K.
ill introduced into the Federal Congr by
irainger of Mieh'.gan. requiring all par in
before the departments or the Courts, I 1 all
to take the oath of ulleeiance to Lin da's
mcnt, it is believed will pass. "
imposition is before the Lincoln Congrcs sp
uing $100,000 for the benefit ol the Y. ke
v: in Iii.. Swmll.
w ... ... . uuaiii. ... .
Pfntion, I
JJtjrth 1
RALEIGH: W EDNESDAY, DEC. 35, 1861.
SPECIAL NOTICE. The Standard i conducted stricVy
tpon the cash system. All paper are dUxontinved at the
'xpiratitm of the time for which they hate been paid. Svh
icribers will he notified fodb weeks before their time w out,
it a caoss mask on their papert : and unlet! the tvbecriptian
is renewed the paper will be discontinued. This it a rule
rrom which there will be no departure. Watch for theerott
nark, and renew your subscription.
Weekly Standard ft per annum,in advance.
Semi- Weekly, i i per annum, in advance.
Subscriber desiring their papers changed must
mintion the Post Office from, as well as the one to, which
ihey desire the change to be made
To Advertisers.
We receive many requests out of the City to in
sert advertisements in the Standard, both by letter
and through our exchanges, from persons we do not
know. Sometimes we are told to publish so many
times and send biRi, and frequently till forbid, or
which is the same thing, without any instructions.
It has been our practice invariably, to comply with
these requests. We arc tired of it ami shall atop
if, for the reason that in nearly half of the cases,
we never hear from said persons again. We have
lost hundreds if not thousands of dollars, by pub
lishing advertisements rot prepaid. We do, perhaps,
as many charily jobs as any press in the State, but
when we woik for nothing we wish to know it in ad
vance. There is no better advertising medium in the State
ttlltn the Standard. If an advertisement is worth
any thing, it is wcrth what we charge for it. We,
therefore, lay down a few rules which must be ob
served. 1. All responsible advertisers will be charged 25
per cent, less than the usual rates, who contract
with us for six months. For twelve months the
charge will be 33$ less.
2. When advertisements are sent in, the number
of times to be inserted weekly or semi-weekly must
be marked on the, advertisement. If this is not done,
they will be charged at the full rates for the whole
length of time Uiey are inserted. Many persons
never think of (his, and when the bill is sent in they
are surprised, and some even complain that they did
not intend it shoald be inserted so long. Whose
fault was it?
3. The chcujHst, saft.il and best rule, both for ad
tertisen and the printer, is altcuys when you send
an advertisement to be inserted in a paper, to send
along the cash with it to the full extent you wish it
inserted. When an advertisement is paid for, prin
ters always insert it one or more times gratis, unless
the object of it demands that it should be taken out.
4. We wish it then distinctly understood, that'
from and alter the 1st day of January next, no adver
tisement will be inserted in the Standard which is
not pre paid, except from those with whom we have
standing accounts and who are prompt payers.
Christinas.
This day, Christinas, again greets us and our
readers. We could wish them, one and all, a merry
Christmas, but we are reminded that many a home
in the State is deserted by the strong and the young
men, who are off on the battle field, and that were
our people to indulge in the usual festivities, they
might in the midst ol. their gaiety, receive the un
welcome tidings that a father, a son, or a brother,
were weltering in gore on the bloody field. Sad as
these thoughts are, Christmas cannot fail to be a
joyous season to those R ho take it as a remembrancer
of the world's Mess! jk Cod grant that it may
prove to be the day qfi redemption to the Southern
States from the tyranny and lawlessness of the
Northern Despotism, and from further devastations
by this cruel, unjust and bloody war. We therefore
n iith our readers a hippy Christmas.
Our coteinporary of the Wilmington Journal has
a useful lesson on the pecuniary aspects of the ques-
he desired j tion, which a want oi' space prevents us from trans-
Usually, Christmas has been a season of expen
sive entertainments, of large expenditures for toys,
jewelry, fcc, lor the children and youth. We
would remind our readers of the stronger claims
upon them, of the poor for bread of the family
ol the poor soldier, and of the soldiers themselves.
Large expenditures for children's toys and such
like, are more than worthless they do neither the
giver nor the receiver good but donations to the
poor and needy to our soldiers and their families,
are blessed both to the receiver and the donor.
While, therefore, on this glad day, we contem
plate the priceless value to the world of the coming
of the Great Deliverer, let us not forget our own
struggles for political freedom. Let our alms go
forth to relieve the poor and to cheer the soldier,
and let our prayers ascend to God in behalf of our
bleeding country.
J5p We yield to the time honored custom of
giving the hands employed in our office the usual
holiday, of the season. No paper will be issued on
Saturday next. Our semi-weekly and weekly sub
scribers will, however, all be supplied with the
semi-weekly on Wednesday next.
J5f Much matter is excluded by the ordinances
solutions of the Convention, which came to
at a late period.
CnmsTM.vs Tableaux, etc. The pupils of the
rth Carolina Institution for the Deaf and Dun.b
the Blind will give an entertainment on Wed-
ay evening (Christmas) the 25th December.
oi-ject of the entertainment is a very laudable
one. It will be for the benefit of the Charleston
sufferers by the late lire. Wc anticipate a full
house. If the evening should be inclement, the
exhibition will be postponed to Friday night follow
ing. Convention E.ections.
R. L. Patterson, Esq., of Forsythe, having re
signed his seat in the Convention, an election will
be held on the 13th of January to fill the vacancy.
And the lion. Asa Biggs, of Martin, having resigned
his scat, an election will be held about the same
time, (we do not know the exact date) to fill the
vacancy.
The Salem Press says it has heard several can
didates spoken of, but no one is yet in the Held.
We trust the conservatives of these two Counties
will promptly unite and send conservative men to
the Convention. People who refuse or fail to vote
in this crisis, deliberately abandon their right of
df-government By all means let there be a full
rn out on the day of election.
'he Mails. Wo receive complaints frequently
the route of the Western Mail Agents, of the
ire of the Standard to reach its destination in
lime. We are assured by our subscribers that
Raleigh papers go regularly, except the Stan
'. This looks strangely, as the Standard is al-
wa printed off' several hours in advance of the
Otlii i n, and is deposited in the City Post Office al
mos' oiiversally at or before half past three o'clock,
P. M.. on Tuesdays and Fridays. Wc beg the at
tenti on of the Post Masters and Agents to this matter.
The Winston Sentinel. V
The Sentinel seems to have been much refreshed?
recently, by an article of ours, headed u The Point
Settled." The Editor, says, " it reminds us of the
'Standard of other days." When has the Standard
talked otherwise than in that article? In 1860,
immediately after the John Brown raid, we urged j
tno Governor to convene the Legislature and recom
mend to that body the appropriation of one million
of dollars for the defence of the State. And in Feb
ruary last, when we were struggling to preserve the
Union, and to avert the calamities of war, we re
peatedly declared that the Union could not be main
tained by force that "it would fall to pieces at the
first touch of aggressive or coercive power" and
that, if Lincoln should even threaten the Southern
States with the sword, we would defy and resist
him. But the Sentinel, because we did not prefer
to dissolve the Union, and labor to dissolve it, in
February or March last, has forgotten all this'
We would be glad to see something in tie Senti
nel that would remind us of other days. When
did the Standard cease to refresh the Sentinel?
We answer, when the Sentinel departed from the
old Jackson faith, and went after strange gods.
But it seems the State Convention, no matter
what it may do or omit to do, cannot please the
Sentinel. With a certain depraved sheet in this
City, it snarls and snaps at the Convention, and
apologizes for every thing done or omitted by the
Legislature. Well, there is some human nature in
this. Pigs love to hang on to the teat that yields
them milk. The Sentinel clerked it for the Legis
lature, and the depraved office referred to printed
for the Legislature ; but the Convention preferred
other and better hands to "work for it, and hence
the latter body can do nothing that pleases these
disinterested worthies.
But, joking aside, what point or sense is there in
this continual harping against the Legislature and
the Convention? Has any good resulted from :t ?
Both bodies may have said and done what every
body cannot approve, but who doubts the patriot
ism, the wisdom, or the integrity of either body ?
The Legislature met three times, and sat as long as
it chose to sit, and then adjourned. The Conven
tion will no doubt do the same. In Virginia, the
Legislature and the Convention were in session at
the same time. This has not been the case in this
State, nor is it likely to be. Our own wish would
be that the Convention do its entire work well, and
then adjourn, as we advised the Legislature to do.
For one, we would much prefer attending to other
duties, and no doubt this is the feeling of every
member of the Convention ; but business of the
highest importance, which could not be well trans
acted during the holidays, required that another
session should be held, commencing on the 20th of
January. The Convention has already done much
for the credit of the State, and for her efficient co
operation in carrying on the war much in provi
ding for the wants of the people, and in protecting
the public interests, and much remains to be done.
Nor has it looked abont for business, or remained
in session without employment. On the other
hand, grave and important matters have been put
before it by the people, and action has been called
for by the people themselves ; and the Convention
would not have been true to its trust if it had neg
lected these matters.
A striking specimen of. growling without reason,
is exhibited in the Sentinel of the date we are no
ticing. That paper complains ol the ordinance
passed to provide for the manufacture of salt, as
calculated to cripple private enterprise; and the
same number contains the proceedings of the Mag
istrates of Forsythe, in relation to a supply of salt
for their County, in which it is stated that " the re
cent action of our State Convention, in making the
appropriation to carry on State salt works, and ap
pointing a commissioner to the management of the
same, was relerrcd to and highly approved." So the
Sentinel does not speak for its own County in this
matter.
We take this occasion respectfully to warn the
people of Forsyth against the doubtful, not to
say evil counsels of the Sentinel. That paper be
longs to a small faction in this State, which makes
party and office paramount to the public good. It
takes its tone and its cue from a depraved source in
this City ; and, as long as it does this, it will be un
worthy the confidenceof the virtuous and intelligent
people of the Forsyth country. In addition to this,
the Sentinel is an enemy of the old Jackson Democ
racy. Jackson Democrats should have nothing to
do with it
Free Trade -No Duties.
The following remarks of the Richmond Whiff,
strikes us as being judicious at the present time.
Whether wc ought to concern ourselves about free
trade before there is absolute certainty of raising the
blockade by England, is dubious. It will be time
enough to talk of abolishing duties when there is
a chance to collect them :
It is understood that Congress is considering the
propriety of abolishing all duties for a fixed period,
or during the war. The term of five years has been
mentioned. The object is to stimulate foreign ves
sels to run the blockade. We are not satisfied that
the proposed action would have the desired effect.
The inducements at present, in the very high price
which certain articles command in our Confederacy,
are very great and throw out of consideration al
most entirely the petty duties -imposed. But per
haps no serious evil could result from the abroga
tion ol duties for a short time say twelve months,
and the effect in that time might be tested.
But we can imagine very serious objections to
pledging ourseUes to absolute free trade for a term
as long as five years, or during the war. By making
the suspension of duties commensurate with the
war, it might happen in future complications with
foreign powers, which may become parties to (he
war, that it might be their interest for the sake ot
of that free trade to prolong the war. And in the con
tingency of the war. ceasing soon, a period of ive
years might prove very embarrassing to our finances.
When peace returns, we shall experience great diffi
culty in meeting our public debt, and to rely solely
upon direct taxation, will prove a desperate expe
dient It strikes us as the safer policy, not to bind our
selves for a longer time than one year. If the ex
periment proves successful, it may be continued
from year to year.
Wnnnc ? What ? The salt Commissioner recent
ly elected by the Convention is not required to re
port to vs, nor are we required to answer for him,
still, as the question is frequently asked of us, where
the Commissioner is and what be is doing, we put
it in this public shape, so that it may reach some
body who can answer. We know that it might not
be desirable or expedient to indicate the precise fit-Id
of his operations, present or future, but we suppose
the public would like to know that he has commen
ced, or will soon commence somewhere. Wilming
ton Journal.
We saw the Commissioner, Dr. Worth, about rf
week ago, who was on his Way from the coast, wfae' e
he had been engaged in making arrangements for man
ufacturing salt lie assured us that he would be
able to turn out large quantities of salt at the earl
iest practicable period. But a work of this sort, on
a large scale, necessarily requires time it cannot
be done in a few days or weeks. Those who know
Dr. Worth best, say that he is eminently a practical
business man, possessed of great energy of character.
Wc trust the Journal will exercise some patience,
and give the Commissioner a fair trial.
England and the North.
The question upon all lips now is, Will there be
war between England and the United States War
is a very serious thing. It not only requires much
preparation, and involves human life, but it creates
heavy debts. England will not brook an insult,
espec'a'ly to her flag on the high seas, but then she
will not rush heedlessly into war for any canse.
She will deliberate, and, before she strikes, she will
be ready at all points. The debt due by citizens of
the United States to England is large, and besides,
there is much English property in the Northern
States. The old Federal government, it is true, ap
pears to bo desperate, and is controlled by a spirit
of fanaticism which knows neither justice nor fear,
because there is no reason in it ; and it may be that
the North is just as ready for war as England is.
If so, a conflict is inevitable, for England will fight
if no'apology is made to her for the insult to her
flag. But France may be called in as an arbiter
between the two powers, or she may tender her
friendly offices as a mediator between the two ; and
thus in this way, or in some way, the Yankee gov
ernment may be let down on its knees to England
in tolerably decent style, and there may be no war
after all.
But, even if no conflict should result from the
violent seizure of our Envoys, tire fact of the seizure,
and the insult to England, will prove of great bene
fit to the Confederate States. Messrs. Mason and
Slidell are doing more for tbeir country in a Yankee
prison than they could have done at any of the
Courts of Europe. The outrage committed upon
them and upon England, by Lincoln's government,
has made the Confederate States the subject of uni
versal public talk in Europe. Every intelligent
English and French subject is now discussing the
power, the extent, and the character of the new Re
public on this continent, the scizaro of whose En
voys on a British steamer is likely to lead to war
between their countries, as allies, and the old Fed
eral Union. All this will tend to pave the way to
our recognition as an independent power by the
nations of Europe.
We sincerely hope that Lincoln's government
will not accede to the English demands, and that
war will be the result. Such a war would soon
open our ports, and would assuredly end bene
ficially .'or us, while it would still more deeply hum
ble our wicked enemies.
South Cao'mxa. Ihe South Carolinian at Co
lumbia, remarks, that " an impression seems to exist
with many persons that our State authorities have
control of the defences ot the State. Thi3 is a mis
take." All the troops of that State are subject to
the orders of Gen. Lee, the commanding general
of the Confederate Army in that department. South
Carolina simply raises troops now for the Confeder
ate service. This is what all the States should do.
Adjutant General Gist of that State calls for the
raising of Volunteers. If a sufficient number do not
volunteer the drn f. will be instituted. We hope
her people will rally to a man to drive off the inva
ders. It would be a shame after what South Caro
lina has said and done, to be compelled to draft her
citizens to fight the Yankees. Let the chivalry ral
ly at once to the call of patriotism. The Yankees
seem to be gradually advancing and sitting down
upon South Carolina soil. They would delight to
subjugate her, if possible. Let them be driven off.
Aitrovai,. Among the many substantial evi
dences of the approbation of our fellow-citizens to
the course of the Standard which we receive, we
acknowledge fie kindness of a friend in Washing
ton, in this State, for the handsome list of semi
weekly and weekly subscribers sent us. Next to
the approval of our own conscience, we value the
approbation which we are daily receiving from the
most substantial and intelligent citizens of our State
of all parties. We shall labor assiduously to con
tinue to merit that approbation. We are seeking
to promote the true interests of North Carolina
without regard to party, and to urge'ori the success
ful prosecution of the war in the most energetic yet
economical manner. What we see to approve in all,
of any and every former party affiliation, we shall
most gladly do, bnt we shall fearlessly and faithfully
condemn in all, whatever partakes of a partizan 'as
pect during this war, and whatever is selfish, ex
travagant, unwise or in any way derogatory to the
cause of justice and truth and the welfare of the
whole people of the Slate.
Mail Facilities.
We are requested, by many citizens interested in
the matter, to call the attention of the Postmaster
General to route No. 5,01)0, under the old federal reg
ulations, by which a large number of our people have
heretofore been served, but which has been discon
tinued since June last, by Ihe refusal of the contrac
tor to carry the mail at former rates. This line
runs from Carey, on the North Carolina Railroad,
to Haywood, by way of New Hill, in Wake; and
there is a side contract which served Holly Springs,
from New Hill, and one that served some five or six
offices from Haywood. The Postmaster General
will perceive at once the importance of this route ;
and we will add, that it will furnish mail facilities
to a large, intelligent, and growing section of coun
try between this City and the coal and iron region
in Chatham. The people, since June last, have beeh
themselves at the trouble and expense of conveying
their letters and papers froth Carey ; and they have
appealed to us in the strongest terms to bring their
grievances in this respect before the Department at
Richmond. They have sent scores upon scores of
their sons to the war; and they have contributed to
sustain them in the field. The' arc good citizens,
who pay their taxes cheerfully, and rejoice in their
privileges under the new government; but they
think they have a right at the same lime to call on
the government to give them the ordinary means of
infoimation, and of hearing from their friends and
relatives in the army, and not compel them to bear
the expense and trouble of carrying their own mail
matter. We, therefore, appeal directly to the Post
master General most respectfully to consider this
case, or have it considered, and to remedy the griev
ances complained of.
The " Rocly Face Rangers" is the name of a
fine company, from Alexander County, now at camp
Mangum, near this place. The officers are as fol
lows: Geo. W. Sharpe, Captain; John E. Rheim,
1st Lieutenant ; George W. Flowers, 2d Lieutenant ;
Joseph 57. Stephenson, 3d Lieutenant Accepted
2d November, 1801.
Sale of Railuoad Stock. We learn that Mr.
Towles, Auctioneer, sold a number of shares of
Stock in the Raleigh and Gaston Road, in this City
on Saturday last, at $G0 per share.
The Wab Tax. Mr. Secretary Memminger has
given notice to the Collectors of the war tax, that
in those cases where the States assume the payment
of the war tax, the Confederate Congress will cer
tainly make equitable compensation to the Collec
tors for their trouble. One of the arguments urged
in favor of the States paying the tax, is the saving
of the 10 jier cent expenses of collecting.
Oer Coast Defence .
We take the liberty of again calling fee atterrtioB
of our State authorities to the coast defences'; and
especially Roanoke Island. Has every thing feteei
done that could be to defend that important petal?
By the loss of Hatteraa, Pamlico Sound was bra
open to the enemy. Roanoke Island is the Key
to Albemarle Sonnd. The Yankees know this as
well as we do. We ask again, ate there enough
troops on that island ? Are they all wefl armed ?
Are the fortifications what they should be I
Gen. Hill was removed, without cause, from the
command of tne Northern department of our coast,
and Gen. Branch has been appointed to succeed
him. Wc have conversed with no one, and we have
heard from no one, who considers Gen. Branch qual
ified for this command. We now say to.Prosident
Davis that our people are not satisfied with TJencral
Branch ; and that this State is entitled to command
ing officers, especially of Brigades, and especially on
our seacoast, who are not merely possessed of ordi
nary judgment, but who have some knowledge of
the art of war. The lives and property of our peo
ple, and the lives of our brave troops are too pre
cious to be confided to the keeping of a mere politi
cal General.
We are as much the friends of the three years as
we are of the twelve month's troops ; but we protest
against the policy which arms the former in camp,
and leaves the latter, on the coast, not armed as they
should be. Let the authorities look to these things.
If Roanoke Island should be lost by any neglect on
the part of the governing powers, whether at Ral
eigh or Richmond, a flame of indignation will be
kiudled which will not be easily extinguished.
The Laceel Sprixo Gcamis. This company is
now at Camp Mangum, in Col. Leventhorpe's regi
ment. On their way here ah excellent dinner was
given them in Wilkes County, at the foot of the
Blue Ridge, in the neighborhood of Capt Brady,
who was active and liberal in furnishing the repast
By request of Captain Wilson, Maj. Phillips, of this
place, responded on behalf of the company, return
ing thanks for the hospitality of which they were
the recipients, and pledging the company to do its
full duty both in the camp and field. Maj. Phillips
is entitled to great credit for his efforts and zeal in
raising companies in the North western part of the
State. Aided by others, he has been instrumental
in raising some ten companies, four of which are
attached to Col. Leventhorpe's, and six to Col. Lee's
regiment! His health has suffered seriously by his
labors in this noble cause, but he will soon be ready
again to appeal to his countrymen, if necessary, to
rally again and again as volunteers around the Stan
dard of the country.
Confederate Bonds. Mr. Secretary Memminger
has given notice that on and after the 2d day of Jan
uary, the interest due on the Funded Debt of the
Confederate States will be paid in coin, on present
ment, at Richmond, Wilmington, Charleston, Sa
vannah, Nashville, Mobile or New Orleans, to the
Treasurer or assistant Treasurers.
Kentucky. The extreme abolition measures of
the Lincoln administration, the Louisville Journal
says, " changes the whole aspect of the contest from
the relief of the oppressed people of the South, to a
war of conquest, subjugation and assassination."
Kentucky will not stand this. The wonder is that
her people should have so long been misled by the
Journal. What else could sane men in the South
expect but robbery, subjugation and assassination
from the Lincoln government, after its repeated de
clarations and its uniform conduct for the last six
months. Wc hope Kentucky will now have her
eyes fully opened, and that she will rally as one
man to the banner of the South.
Noble Gexekositv. From a correspondence be
tween Col. D. K. McRae, of the Oth N. C. Troops,
and Mr. Secretary Memminger, wc learn that the
officers and soldiers of that regiment raised arid for
warded $910 for the beneiit of the Charleston suf
ferers by the late lire. A noble example. Were
every regiment in the army to do likewise, it would
probably amount to $300,000.
WAR NEWS.
This Potomac. Various rumors have been afloat
of a battle on the Potomac A dispatch from Rich?
i moud on the 21st- to the Charlotte Bulletin an
nounces a battle on the 20th at Drainsvilie, 16 miles
beyond Contreville. Early on Friday morning a
portion of General Stuart's brigade, about three
: thousand, left Centreville to attempt the capture of
I a foraging party. On arriving at the place they
j found tiie enemy 15,000 strong, when Gen. Stuart
I attacked them. The fight lasted a good part of the
j day, when Gen. Stuart retreated, with a loss of 80
j killed and about the same number wounded. The
j loss of the enemy was not known. Col. Taylor and
j the Major of the first Kentucky regiment and sev-
i eral other officers are among the killed. About
) night about fourteen regiments of Gen. Longstrect's
division left to reinforce Gen. Stuart, and a battle
was expected on the 2 1st. The reported battle at
Leesburg was incorrect The Richmond Enquirer
learned trom passengers that Gen. Jackson in com-
: mand at Winchester, crossed over into Maryland,
not far from W illiamsport, and blew up two dams
j of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. The Yankees
run, leaving four pieces of artillery in Gen. Jack-
i son's possession.
i The enemy occupies Port Royal Island, upon
: which Beaufort stands with 5,000 troops. The
! Island may afford them about 1,500 bales sea-island
; cotton, aiy there are 3,000 negroes on it and in the
! neighborhood.
SAVASNAn,.-The enemy now occupy Tybee Island
j below Savannah, with about 2,000 troois. They
j thus have control of the mouth of the river.
Monii.E. This city is threatened by the Federals
' from Ship Island to be rc-inforced by the arrival of
I Gen.'Butlcr.
! East Tennessee We hear but little from this
! quarter. Col. Robt. B. Vance's regiment from this
State, had attacked the tories of Greene county and
dispersed them.
Our Coast. The Wilmington Journal speaks of
heavy firing on our coast above Wilmington.
Firing was also heard about Swansboro.'
The Latest News.
The Richmond Dispatch contains a lengthy and
circumstantial account of the battle at Drainsvilie.
Ourspace will not admit of particulars. It appears that
Gen. Stuart's forces were designed as a foraging party
and that he was entirely deceived as to the number of
the enemy. By a mistake one of our regiments
fired into another, killing five men. Our loss was
41 killed and 150 wounded and missing. The ene
my's loss is supposed to be considerable. When
Gen. Stuart's rc-inforcemcnts arrived, the enemy had
disappeared. The whole affair was an ill-judged
movement, and nothing but the dastardly cowardice
of the enemy saved our brave troops from utter de
struction or capture'. Col. Taylor was not among
the killed, but we lost several valuable officers and
brave men.
There are indications of a severe battle in Ken
tucky, near Bowling Green, and an. attack is con
stantly expected at Columbus from Cairo.
Wc hare no intelligence froeWiTashington City
in reference to the Mason-Slidell affair. Nothing
has transpired since the arrival of the bearer of dis
patches to Lord Lvons. All accounts seem to con
cur in the purpose of Lincoln to refuse to give up
Messrs. Mason and Slidell.
Tne Yilminetou Mfnal aava thiCMSMM. Bill
ahd' Parker, are making very wee Salt dtv fojpst.i
Sound.
From all narts of' the North, it is sa'id'that Lincoln!
WsYeceited urgent demands, not to yield hig ground, ,
in Ac Masw-Siidell affair, to England. Thj North,
appears to' be as ready to pitch into England at if '
did into the ?nnifc f Whom the Gods intend Mr
destroy they grstfmake DMeV
The Confederate (ovcrn'ment. has determind to
exchange Mr. Ely, IfcS general UrteWwr, fcfMt;'
Valkner, of Va., late rrnnister to FrarrtJC.
It is stated that Gen. Shfc! as of California, does'
accept of the appointment of Brigadier General in
Lincoln's army.
Her. Dr. Wilmer of Richmond Va.Sis been'
elected by the Protestant Episcopal Convention of,
aiaoama, uisftop oi that JUiocesa iu place of foe late'
Bishop Cobb.
It is said that the ras calif Yankee blockaders off
Charleston Harbor, fired a salute of 30 guns in
token of their joy at the tote destructive fire 'm
that city. Such is the fiendish character of the
enemy we are fighting.
Two more Bridee burners, named Harmon. Weft .
nung at rvnoxvnie, xenn., on tne 17th inst
Dividend. The Charlotte & S. C. Railroad has . i
declared a semi-annual dividend of 37 per cMt. U
The Company donated one thousand dollars to the
safferers by fire at Charleston.
The estimated loss of Real Estate in the city of .
Charleston by the late fire, is 3,500.0f)0. Of this
there was insurance for about $1,500,000 which . -
rests chiefly upon the local insurance companies. -i
Doubt is expressed whether they can pay it end h
keep up. '
A cargo of 1230 bags of cpffe bie arrive in toi
Confederate States within the past weeL
A cargo of 13,000 muskets shipped from Bremen
to Lincoln's government having been compelled to '
go into Hull, England, have been prevented from ' 1
be'ng re-shipped by the English government So i
says the N. Y. Times.
Gen. Bragg has issued an order as ftAh ws i '
"The sale or introduction of any iind of ardent, 'f
spirits within five miles of the lines of this army fe i
prohibited, unless under special sanction of the . - I
commanding general for special purposes." lie says '
the domestic enemies, who have done us more hnrnr '' '
by this traffic than the foreign invader, shall m . '
longer fill their pockets by dealing out poison W I
the gallant men keeping watch in front, while the ' .
sleep quietly in their beds."' ,
! T-y imm' ' 1
MARRIED,
At (he residence of the bride's father, on Tuesday even
ing, the lath in t., Bv Elisha U. Slnujrhan, Ksq Mr. J
E Praar to Miss Fiuxens (J. Jobjiso, all uf Chatham !
county. J
Iii Surry county, on Thursday, the 12th hut , Mr. Aaa
ham Mabio.s- to Miss Bkbscca Katjoki, all oi Sorry,
DIED,
At his residence, in Chatham County, S. C , Decrmter I
Htu. imn, e it a BTiiEi; silcb, ajfed near M vearg. Th da
ceased ft few weeks since was called upon to witneu the
oeaui oi nis only sun, a meirber of the 2ilh reaiment W. 0. H
irwips. stationed near Carolina City. Whilst there I cob
tmctwl the disease which led to his departure, and it m
hoped to a more perfect union wilh Christ. Ho was u kind
friend, a -rood neighbor, a tender father and a loving; hns-
hun. T.. L 1.1... ... ... . - i , m a . . . .
v... uiiu in esteem uim lor nis nijfb acute d
ol honor, his unceasing industry, and his kind heariednras
He leaves behind a wife, two daughter, and numerous rel
ative and friends to mourn hig absence, and may that God
whom be secretly worshipped bind up their wounded spir- '
its, and sancufy this their affliction to their everiaalma . - i
good. R. H M 1
HT Fayettevillc Observer and Spirit of the Age 'please f I
cpy- ,. . ;
ENGLISH, CLASSICAL AND MATHEMATI
CAL School,
GERM ANTON, STOKES COUNTY, N. C.
REV. R. H. SMITH, Principal.
Board, including washing, fuel and lights, $0 U7 00
Tuition, 10
ORRMAVTOH IS A HEALTHY, QUIET VlLLAO
and young men from the lowcoumrv wnnM h.nu...-
M and young men from the lowoouutrr would be pleat'
ed Willi the situation. The school buildings aro superior
A large number can room in the Institute with the Priest'
pai. i ue exercises will be resumed on the 10th of Janua
ry, 186J.
For particulars, address the Principal at Germantou. S. CI
Dec. at) 1861. '
HOUSE AND LOT JFOM RENT.
THAT DESIRABLE HOUSE AND LOT
lorinerly owned by Wesler Whitaker, deceased, is far
rent. Possession given at any time. The house has live
good rooms, all in good ordee; very large garden and yard"
ailucued. for terms, apolv to Mrs. U. WHITAKER ow
the premises, or to J. R. WHITAKER.
nsieigh, Dec. 'M, lrjisi
110-M.
HOME MADE LIME.
I AM IX RECEIPT OF A SAMPLE tfF VERT STJPfi.
rinr LIME, manufactured by our townsman, Mr. Mark
M. Williams, at ihe kilu of Messrs. Williams A Doub in
Forsyth county, If. C.
A good supply will he kept on hand at (be M. C. Depot,
in Ih'sCity. Ihe article i considered cheap, on account
of jta quality, by those who haTe worked it. The price is
$5 pel irreL cash down. :
Orders forL-f!!e. Can be addressed to Messrs. WiUutna
A Dmib, Vienna, PorsjTft ' ebunty , Jt.'C or to the aab
scriber, a t the Depot. ...- ml,
, . , ' ft a7THSEJ .iytttt,'. .''
Raleigh, V C, Dec. g8, 1061, jfot,.;.
TURPENTINE STILL FO SAME-'
A TEN BARREL NUMBER ONE T URPE.NTINE
-cm fcllLl. lor sale, it has been used some, but ia near
ly as good as new. It will anawer for diatilhar Whiskey
Apply to the subscriber, at Leachburp, Johnston Co C
JOHN M. STEPI1ENSOS. '
December 21, 13SI. 523Ipd!
WANTED! e
ONE MATRON, ONE ASSISTANT MATRON, AND
ten good N urees for the General Military Hospital at
Rn'.eigb, N. C. Apply to r
E. BUKKJS HAYWOOD, Sniwon.
December BVWfc JlO-wfiwtf.
MULES MULE&
FOR SALE,
FOUR LARGE AND GOOD MULES
Also for Hire,
Four Ncjrro Men, three Women, two Uoyg and two rood
House Servants.
Apply to
SETH & JONEK,
SS W3I.
December 20, 1861.'
ROCK A WAYS AND BUGGIES FO SALE.
fHAVE SOME T2N OB TWELVE NEW BUGGIES
and Rockaways for sale, which I will dispose of on rea
sonable terms.
Especial atrention will be hereafter jriven at my shop
to Repairing for which Cash on delivery will be demand
ed, in all cases.
All persons indebted to me for work, are requested t
conic mi irau anu sciiie meir account, l nose wmo ca
pay the cash, will please close their accouuts by note.
a' , N- HARP.
Raleigh, Dec. 1 1 , 1 861 . SI w3t.
ATLANTIC AND N. C. RAILROAD.
To the following Consigueea for the weak tmi
lag, December Utk, 1861.
GoMsboro' T M BncWs, 8 C Sleujht, W D Holt N
Rouse, J W Davis, J R Dyer, D Cogdell, R Wusbinatan A
R Richardson, S ii Evans, W C Blount, Express Asem' K'
tt M, Mr. Christman, D I'earce, E A Thompson, U S Uuell
Graham Wm Patterson, M Patterson, A J Hughe J A
Lowe. W G Clurdincr, O Vestal, W McMolb, A Header, P
C Smith, W Waves. ""' r
Gibsonville D P Foost, Eli Smith, 3 Greyer, L 8 Boob.
Wilmington K & M, MScbiilkiD, 11 fcewboff, Qr. Mu
ter, SiO.
Petersburg, Va Tappy A Lumadea.
McLeansville- F Smith, Smith k Carmer. R 8 Phipps, J
Ranlcin, J Warrick. ir
Lincoln ton U C Henderson. s
Salisbury Yadlciu Mauufact. Co.
Raleigh-W R Andrews, H Pet lit, Williams A Haywood,
W H & It S Tucker, J W F Rogera, J Hunter, M Shepherd,
J C Washiugtuu.
Thomasville C GO.
Hilhiboro-Wiikcraon A Fuller, J C WUkcrieau W If
Strayborti, T B Hill, O Hooker;
Charlotte C, W E White,
High Point N Uwrt, jr., R Patterson.
Suffolk-J A Brently.
Franklintou Rev W Clots, J T Kerney.
Jamestown C P Meadtnhall, C C Cortaa.
Faiaon's Depot D W B Williams.
Fayetleville C T Haich.
Dudley W D Cobb.
V ichm ond-R 0 Haakiaa, Jaa i IvaL
Ualifax-K V Merrirt.
Greensboro' N D Hardy, r P Cobb, i D DonneU.
Durham W W Guess.
Siatesville J Holly
Company's Shops A T Jerkins.
Thiiti Creek-J F Foard, N Sedy.
Mnrrwrillr. 1 II Hnilolilnn 1. J Uanorttinn J A
II
V
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