v. - -' ? 'i aO
. .- . ...... jj,. ;i ,
TERMS OF I!
. . . awir-ar. - .- . . - -- , f . i
will be.inWtea ia SlMier W"fri",
... i -t-Jl In. ithF tl
r',irsxnlnalua.lT'aiw i"i V" T PTV!?".." .'
Terms AwvertielB Wertftr!MWHK5
ireewULfor 5 AeO,et iaarti;.A
iar? BymnItri wtber.f!WWrg W
arked o tee vwtiiwmaot it Sa ioseHed i
Mooevseni as oj am p y.i j
A jgp jjTe sbP W tha pJwsur of Uy wsorj
our readters &MtftMZt tewe, th aJtend intertel-
ifig!Iecfr rftl Hi WHlikur GrSrt -oeT,V
-i-siK-VHtotfc OontenrtoiiIq onPQsitiru the
Test )at 'iRmftse.''''W lo PWiabi
f - ' , mi vish them.t f
CMa- tnayr r-t" . ...... ,vi ;
n.vti!.-From'the Fayettcknli Obr
W- we leari'lbat Hon. Warren tftnalctrJiM -.
-LifMxab ' ------ .r- . r -
. hear that Sr.. health -eMty- tapre4.
Toe ser state;tbat -i. has i rcjifeted bj-
r .erf'geoilemf to; propose thfrliaBje oTIWilliam
M L MiiKa-JUa. i s hi& aucttssor, WHe iCuni-
lorla'nd' and. Haroett hava many al4fl;
Mv Wnmiintent ii fill the sm if Sr.
i,. it- 'Atk'i..i.ki tkai-A nn fitter nul fur iKi
bst tlUan Sir, UcKa, and none perhaps (ir whm
, the iwople of ft parties wouU mora reWy rote-
u.. iiiiJ rulIiiljR sun "f die old Mrth State
;.-- -i JiLiiii' .ii,i-:r? a .T
r4?tJSS tTt'H 4My ai p,
Cou.rTA-w- h te; pwttre ff ,n?
Cot z!;fiVamcc, on VVedncs lawVttia :Ber
tnaXlng afr-winehts'lbr'suppl es fof"w Irfeunent
fTht. Colorm wh ir7 'eU. '1 iMung u
" cheerful atftr,j ..
. tccuANOi--The ConfedcrMS atbrHis)iaT
prpo-itly exchanged 240 Yatikee prisoner) "afRicli
?" troond ni the 240 of the Batterts prisooerl felwaed
by Lincoibfc Our prisoners were released jop prle
upon condition that the -Confederate' go-4eniaent
'J4- -Sease similar number of Yankee pkaonera.
Vbndiog rnk. V lfi$
I , t i A ... 7 .
tTEBCEXSST. Tb "Bladen Rie Cm
. fTM riextN. C. treopB, MUnejrkdgo
jheir 1st Lieutenant, D. fL MeXiir, be re
. lot of clothing for said company fr m tbe
adiea of ;BIden County.. . ,
': -y. r i , ..
' : ijr. PicKBHS. The Richmond Eifftlrtr at
tieav of -an experienced picki,. guards
kfa :gturatid. iti"y phiiritupua
,ya:ianMaae.ii ,jBegsnaan ar tarreu
I. ' i- i i . ffi't I
,r:; li j-'f
rfjf''U r A
(..'tfiis. sVf n 4ta
! tbi Utl.11 2
iies have btfUoii4ii.w lotsS cent,
ti.mewefsjfW B Stt& prit
rag.pJatSejr, ' Lit Fayt'tUvilto t fi
Tnuoted at9 ruWaJsra Jlai sar our plant
; ir. Raderai that in ttefsbb&W the flls it war
v -i'lotca at 10-cenu. -v w mjimaioa pai oer ar
,' h hypers at jJiffBf poiaU who bay
f 'it up at these kw rates,; to' be clandestinely convey
ed to die-Yankees and sold at btgjk prices; If there
be ahy-t?uib in the intiinationsitbe parties ought
. u .e dwcpreij)j.jn4 :hu'ng uj) by Ihej'. heebi,! :
CoiiEiprein,AKT.Tle.ldies oi Petersbjirg gae
- t.t year.iiiimetrtotia4tbHi!C. reKeaent,X7oL
Hnrkee on the M i&tf Ibey had a fln tii
WkA'rr?6"" nratatied f r0"""01"? wisngian-i over
ke on &$$k;Xbq Wift an all W readily mai aodi
m ,-, .: , jnjyrDeepRiveivha
u.g, .please tbpalaf.j fiHAialiiiant. Ah althduelfc
i i .- 4Zi& --V-i--. , iaeWmeaasar
. .. ...... ,: . . .. :''. . ...... .tot a-'-.-' r. il J 1 .
i's;JaLy'oaeoj4; treeownt t'ttoe 4r-'
C4:i;5,aod invited thta,to efcatg?6paavlliBf
!tcs provided. tor ibn, . i i .-i..ji: ;-N7.:a..t .
- Col, Clarke responded n eloquent arid happy
e ms, and bia .rsmarks ,vera reoeivad wlth.-tke.
yiegi approval JJ all wha listened la him ,L rUT
, rt confidontt, tie repast was such as to remold
w gallant aokliers of their New Year's dinners 4t
aje, and we are confideBl too that tb kind ladies
vjo so-freery provided for Ibwa, rsceitetl the hjglK
t weare of praise and thanks from be heatof
4ebilo partook; ol the $w$?t&nis:
luBer.UK' -YIIOfiaBrb the modiOsa f
w truce v chu KUnt. -a cottriBicUos
P h njts:;eiily an bnMtwt
!TlioletkMrV:Vn ai.d raiui bribe
aid Federal "eri
military affiufs 3 kljowed --IthrWorflYe-ealts
m!w vPua.BttwiBsi; tH wmHtyM roe
WrJ Wat Prom mm. ' " " ";
iqHiiSous war began, netj mbtth
ihpWeoV seine new phase in the war oro-
iFtit j';$prai. Now, they wertf about to
Igummi'. cjtn--then another and another,
3d South'era courage" ndUin
COCMSWe-t this day hbat they intend to undertake
iWtfjntjt ioifi wtai they design to do it for! .
JPr'rV? inJsdvance movement at farioUS
jojfrts sem i.htab; ;but the mere rallying
oft far troofato mee them has suddetily changed
bw progrtewtne, fend: conjecture failed , to point out
Wlrtjfcaa; -be jrttted next " No certain reliance
oarif tfrekn ; be pjxtk either upon the information
fa.iiyag or from the pubnc
onaaw ot V rtj to theui dements.-
"IfWr, sjewiwttot to bavHrabat
;1& ? ?.n ilne'r disappointments or de
feat!. It , arhapi), letter than it has been at any
perioii: -Mortal :.'tat$jto the Southern people has
been increased bhlr failures, and jrevengo even
?i??l4i9n nd the stealing of South
riiiln'jiaBil jrRerJ appear to engross and in
: thOiJiorAern vkes. The flame' is rendered
IhaTiior intense bv fee falsehood and invective of
'.'PM'lhat villainous, sheet, the
' iow Jorij Merqldi kjrejmost, if possible, in clamor
- ,lng foroutbem blojifi and Southern property. It
a hetetoMro aoarktd etit sundry programmes for
Wcbae ended in smoke; and re
PS"8 to eak with some confidence of
;tUVt nwet;wbicb might give the South some
ancerir; If tbere rereiatty probability of its being
lmVeted. As soon as dtrtain arrangements are coni-
ted, it'.My tht thc expeditions of Sherman,
2ler and Bumskie. tiB advance at the South from
Pensaoota. to the mouth of the Mississippi, and
rss .inland -that; McClcllan will then move for
and siiiiultanenu-sly the
a0';ibfl4i..Keqtoieky and at Cairo will ad-
reen ; York-
ill take Winchester,
Ort Royal will assail
aad capture fort PulaskUnd Savannah. This looks
IbrmMabto toHi sire, but fortunately for the South,
6or troops '" reijdylb'r 'theni at those points, and
the advance cann be hiadc without defeat and dis-
Let noAa-felwrsecwity or reliance upon other
than Pjrldemaourjiwn arms, lull the South to
repose.' ftc preparation of the North are upon a vast
scale, to tSect oar ruii J Nothing, we believe, will
be omitted -to aacorikplah' tlic diabolical purpose.
From the flrit,:-we-havat anticipated notliing but a
most Woody andbarrassing war ; hence, we labored
to put off the evil Jjf not to defeat entirely the
ballisb parpoM Nor has the war yet reached its
ialmtfWtrTeirllwnnncreaso in manifold bitter
aieaa and malipiif jlj barbarity and cruelty. Yet
the "result is not doirJrtfuL however damaging it may
be to the South. " She" was never more convinced
man now, of the justice of Ker cause, the strength
qf her arms, artd the certainty of ultimate triumph.
t We mar jnect f'iLh somo Worses glooai may come
over our prospers for a wfcila poverty may pinch us
and our fields b drenebu in blood, but we can nev
er Ofi conquered.'' Yet tie crisis calls for unwonted
f: and patriotism
orselvcs the aban-
aims of all person-
Ire surrender of our
the altar cf huinafc
louthern cause. Let
o meet the foe.
Iro iKO Cqau e efvi an article to day from
tbfl EfMnood pipaipi showing Uie importance of
r - ;tw wticlE to tits irealth of a nation, and the
t ranee, and
rHP.'1 . 3' waJ. Uur cotemporary
ajeaktr' raaoafOts'of Virginia, Tennessee and
ort.AliaWraf ore; arid of the abundance of
.nthracfoi Virginia, Jba, but
wtfjOl'lttioiHlf )eep River region,
&icb sboanda'ul the lk if n(, ores the world can
J1!m,if6pn, As yet anthracite
Ml has not beefi discovered In that section we be-
' ljareV but it abounds 3f-t4uitnuou.s coal, which is
ji ajjead uaed extensirely Jgr blasting, and when re-
dieeel Camke, answers wen tor smelting purposes.
has beeiitinwa arairf demonstrated, that no
bn of this countrt possesses in ereater quantatr
!t Bwnae foe, iron area oil better quality than
e Se:Jnrer nsgioa, nmy species or ma-
ity rfimplemctitvery deinandofour nnmer-
ni tkoawi, ryerj oanu waicn iron may
balW.foftarnuj, caonon 4& for military purpo
and perhaps better met.
l.o(PeepRiverhan,juny where else on
irhdujlt "this fact has been
jgMnMityciraoqs explorations, ex-
hiade, the Confed-
meMBeahit afjwars.'es nothing to devel-
iMjrgBWQKB' e prints of other
rTf 1 1 Ifc " -"tiMnnfiiinfil f ATI iroc.
4araS obtfties itteuMib iroft' Our forges are now
aron toltJchbloaduse of the Cpnfed
rsittVWS'T &r Bjountisi region doubtless,
T. toll tqh aoA coal, hih-4some future day
bsotebed, When i It WerIy intersected
lrka' R(rKcx';AHtbrciU ol of an excellent
tUyVCupd in abundance. aRockingham and
ri potbing utbe tardiness of
isW peoplat. la tt B?' tbllg has prevented
:Wuw tt nsio4e,!th More
ijreThB irf acP er, and the an-
.M7laii .IrhnaVfr. ailpiaya6dvi' ioaections
mpa .thjotj sA adbeWajcjut on bis way. to
jMfaond, V kiartH for tin f'fm -of obtaining
wtheGjertimenttbe tair the right to
ir'tbmertajn sequMRjanson Dcp Riv-
W af thatifanlOOoerate in the South.
toacmka.--W arWeaad.1o Bay toatwe
,roViflij,,,'iIjlU' i Orange,
patent ofittce has
ta of varu
IEI-jII' ' C.. ; WEDNES
-. ' i .;. (Special Despatch to (be Richmond Enquirer, j
-.- -J Surrender of aiasoa and Slidell.
v i'Ckstkevill, Dec. 80, 1861.
- You may state it, as coming fronts reliable Source,
that Seward has surrendered Messrs. Mason and
LfJJi " "Tr" ' 7? .tB?-. .lands.
the above be correct then has Lincoln's eov-
ernment done' what ,we feared it would, o-"'0"
minioosly humbled itself before England, : Where
now is the declaration Of Secretary Welles that
Commodore Wilkes was forbearing in not holding
the English steamer as a prize f . Where is the back
bone of the Lincoln. Senate and House, which
thanked W ilkes for his exploit J Where the exul
tations of the presses and the people of Yankeedom
over" the seizure of our Envoys ? The English lion
baa roared, and the Yankee crane pipes for peace.
:. Appearances indicate that Lincoln has complied
witb all the English demands ; that Messrs. Mason
and Slidell are to be placed on board a British vessel,
and an ample apology offered to England for the
insult to her flag. - The degraded Yankee government
sacrifices its last claim to honor and to the respect
of civilized nations, in order the more fully to glut
its vengeance on the South. It first plays the bully,
and then the coward, sneaking off from a contest
with a government which it has insulted, and con
gratulating itself on the mattneu with which it has
avoided the impending wrath of England.
But the South will gain by even this. The Yan
kee government must henceforth incur the con
tempt, to a greater or less extent, of all the great
powers of Europe; and the Confederate States,
having already obtained the sympathy of Ibt peopU
of England, whose flag has been insulted on account
of their Envoys, will at onco occupy a higher po
sition in the eyes of the world, .The recognition of
the Confederate States by England and France is
not far distant. This will open the courts of Europe
to our Ministers, who can propose and make terms
for us which will aid us in our struggle; and after
the experience which Lincoln has had in seizing our
Envoys, and after his humble apology for the act,
he will not be apt to Uy his hands again on a Con
federate Minister, under the British or French flag
on the high seas. Oh for twenty first class ships of
war, with force to man them! If the South had
only these, she would soon break the blockade at
important points, and her own flag would protect
her Envoys on the ocean.
Before the war spun cotton was selling at from
90 cents to $1 10 per bunch, and ordinary cotton
cloth at 8 to 10 cents per yard. Now the former is
$1 75 to il 90 per bunch, and the latter 20 to 25
cents. We are glad that the factories are still able
to turn out these fabrics, and we know that all the
materials they use, except cotton, are much higher
than formerly ; but then cotton can be obtained at
7 to 8 cents per pound, and labor is cheaper than
heretofore. Under these circumstances, it seems to
us that thirty to forty per cent on former prices
would be a fair profit for the manufacturers ; as it
is, more than 100 per cent is paid by the people for
these fabrics before they reach them through the
merchant We do not know which of these classes
the manufacturer or the merchant is realizing the
greatest profit, but we do know that those who need
and must have these fabrics are paying enormous
prices for them.
We again urge our readers to start the cards,
spinning-wheels, and looms, and manufacture their
own cloth. We know cards are scarce, but let them
all be gathered up and used. The spinning-wheels
and looms can be made at home. Cotton is cheap.
Spin it, and then weave it into cloth. We can well
remember the day when the hum of the wheel and
the trcddlcs of the loom were heard in almost every
dwelling. Wc must also have more wool and more
flax. Let no more sheep be butchered, but save
them all for their fleeces ; and let considerable crops
of flax be put in next spring, for the staple will be
needed for cloth, and tho seed for oil. '
W. G. Bkowslow. This deluded man, wh has
done more to fan the flame of discontent and hostil-
' ity to the Southern Confederacy in East Tennessee
than any one else, was recently arrested by tht civil
authorities of Knoxvillo, Tenn., and put in prison
on a charge of treason. Since his imprisonment the
rumor went abroad that he refused to eat any thing,
desiring to starve himself to death. This he denies
in a letter to the Nashville Patriot, asserting that
he has no idea of committing suicide ; that his health
is good except a cold, and that he eats three full
meals a day, sent him by his family. In the same
letter, however, he attempts to cast reproach upon
the Confederate authorities by insinuating thai they
hare been guilty of a breach of faith towards him,
by inducing him t3 return to Knoxville under a
pledge of protection and a safe passport beyond the
Confederate lines, and then suffering him to be ar
rested by a civil process.
The facts are briefly these: Believing that it would
be better to get rid of Bro wnlo w and 6end bim North,
than to alio v him to remain, and not aware that it
was the intention of any one to arrest him by civil
' process, the government proposed to Brownlow to
deliver himself up at Knoxville, and that he would
be protected and furnished witb the necessary pass
ports beyond pur lines. This was done. The time
appointed for bis departure was fixed and an escort
provided; after which, the civil process was served
on him without the knowledge of the military au
thority, who offered no resistance to the civil pro
cess, but delivered him up. On the 27th Dec the
case was. brought before J udge Reynolds of the Con
federate Court, when the District Attorney laid be
fore the Court a letter from Mr. Benjamin, Secretary
'of War, explanatory of the design' and purpose of
the Government to act in good faith ,to Mr. Brown
low Judge Reynolds immediately dismissed the
case and ordered his release. It is understood that
he will be conveyed across the lines by the military
in a short time. Bis release caused great excite
ment and discontent among the soldiers stationed at
Knoxville. - 1 '' "'
v Srat they" Come. We are under many obliga
tions to a friend in Gaston- County for a list of tan
subscribers; to a friend at Durham's Station for
list of eleven, and to a friend at Beaufort for a list
of twelve subscribers, with a promise of more from
'feich.' Who tie'xt : will imitate these excellent ex-
amplest- Send themjonjjtiend and run up our
JSpdry u snppJrWiOaf' ana inK large,
WarwftbalT the ri?ftT
1 . 1 I I
DAY;: JANUABY 8. 1802;
. The Press.. . -. : .
i None can be more jealous of the liberty of the
press than we are, yet, at a time like this, the ut-
most prudence is demanded on the part of the South,
era press. There can be no doubt that, in the anx--;,
iety to gratify the public taste for news, most, if not
all the Southern presses may have erred, ; but in '
some points the daily press has been egregiously at .
fault The publication of arrival of vessels in Con-
federate porta with munitions of war, a, and the
escape of individuals from the North, often times
giving the names of the parties, their .mode of es
cape, &c, cannot, we think,' be condemned too high
ly. From all we can learn, at any rate, it is , posk
tively affirmed by intelligent parties from the North,
that Lincoln has his emissaries all through the
Souh that every important fact is communicated
North in a few days, arid that nothing scarcely s
capes their vigilance. Under such circumstances,
how important it is that the press carefully avoid
publications which must certainly enure to the ben
efit of the enemy. Can it be true that Lincoln has,
at this late day, emissaries in the South f If so, let
them be ferretted out and punished.
Death vbom Intemperance. Simeon Marshall,
who resided a few miles west of Raleigh, was taken
up on Thursday last and put in the guard house in
a very drunken condition. In a few hours thereafter
he was found dead. A jury of inquest was sum
moned by Mr. Coroner Bevcrs, on Friday morning,
who found that Marshall came to his death by the
intemperate use of ardent spirits.
Intemperance in the Army.
The Richmond Enquirer has the following just
and sensible observations on this subject It is a
" bitter mockery " to punish a drunken private, and
at the same time to tolerate a drunken officer. The
"One of the duties which will devolve upon Gov
ernment, during tho winter suspension of hostilities,
and which may best be attended to at that time,
will be an enquiry into the habits of the officers of
the army, as to sobriety, with a stern dismissal of
those whose vicious indulgences disqualify them
for their posts. We are sorry to say there is too
much necessity for instituting this enquiry. It is a
bitter mockery to arrest a drunken private, whose
fault is confined to himself, and leave unreproved
the iraudlin officer, whose fault involves the use
fulness, and the comfort, and even the lives' of his
command. The bawlings of the besotted soldier in
the guard house are far less discreditable to the
service, and far less ominous of evil, than the revel
ries of the General in his cc mfortable quarters.
Drunkenness is a vice to which many good and brave
and gifted men fall victims ; bat when they do, how
ever, the necessity is to be regretted, nothing re
mains but to get rid of them, The dead timber must
be cleared away. If a drunkard of any use in
the world, except as the trial of men s patience, and
woman's too, it is yet to be found out But the last
place for him is that whioh puts him in command
of others. How can he take care of a multitude,
when he is unable to control even himself? Imagine
an officer called upon to issue orders at a time when
he sees goblins in the air, and snakes and rats crawl
ing over his couch! Imaging hiui scanning a field
when his eyes are red and swimming, and covered
with mists ! Hear him issning the word of com
mand when his tongus doubles ami his senses reel !
To such victims of such a vice we would appeal by
all their pride, ambition, love of country, regard for
their soldiers, to set a worthier example. Such as
are wedded to their ways, should either see, or be
shown, the necessity of giving place to sober men."
For tbc Standard.
TO THE MEMBERS OF THE CONVENTION
OE THE STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA.
Gentlemen : The right of instruction being a prin
ciple of free government, and it having been found
ed in good faith in the original letter of our State
Constitution, we, a portion of the people of Wilson
County, assuming to exercise that right with refer
ence to the disturbed condition' of our financial af
fairs, caused by the maladministration of the federal
government, do, therefore, appeal to your honorable
body, in the name of our State, setting forth, in
brief, what wc conceive may be provided as a rem
edy for us in common with our fellow-citizens of
North Carolina, against the present as well as future
troubles which may arise from a protracted stale of
We would therefore suggest and recommend for
your favorable consideration, that the Convention
establish a uniform system of hanking in the name
of the people of North Carolina, basing it upon
the real and personal property owned by the State
and people ; that the property thus pledged and
fixed as a basis of capital stock, shall be deemed
and held in bank as an equivalent to gold and silver
coin ; that the principal or mother bank under this
system, shall be located in the City of Raleigh, N.
C, and shall be chartered with the right to establish
a branch in each and every county in the State.
The principal bank shall be allowed to issue and
circulate notes ranging from five dollars to one hun
dred in denomination, the circulation not to exceed
the sum required to meet the State's liabilities du
ring each year the war shall continue, the notes to
bear six per cent interest payablo to the State or
people, as the case may be.
Let it be further provided, that the capital stock
of the branches located in each county of the State,
shall be according to thero rata of taxes paid by
tie people of the counties, to the S'ate government
in which they are established, with the privilege of
circulating notes to the value of four times the
amount of their capital, ranging in denomination
from twenty-five cents to fifty dollars. Let it be
further provided, that every tax payer in each and
erery county in the State, shall, upon presenting a
gjod bond, borrow four times, if he desires, the
amount of his or,her taxes; the bond thus discounted
shall bear six per cent interest payable semi-annually,
and one-fourtb of the principal of the note made
payable annually, until the whole debt is cancelled.
Let it be further provided, that the notes of the
principal and branches of said banking system, shall
be made a lawful tender during the continuance of
the war, and shall be taken as gold and silver in
payment of debts, taxes, the purchase of goods,
waTes and merchandize ; also, salt pork, beef, ba
con, lard, corn, wheat flour, in fact all prime neces
sities. Further, providing such restrictions as will
secure the faithful performance, and honest admin
istration of the system by the officers employed to
superintend the same.
- This system, in place of making the State a borrow
er from individual banks, or corporations, in and out
- of her own limits, incuring a heavy interest debt for
the people to pay after the war, would afford the
State a means to meet her liabilities, and her people
to pay their debts and taxis; and instead of paying
this enormous interest debt to individual institu
tions, would pay it to the State in the name of the
people themselves, the interest thus paid falling into
the State Treasury as a sinking fund to lessen in the
end the principal or State debt incured by a short
or protracted war with the Lincoln government-
Hoping you may consider, when you resume yonr
deliberations again in January, our suggestions, and
provide a means for our meeting ours as well ss the
State's liabilities without distress of property, we
submit our prayers. MANY CITIZENS.
Wilson,' N. C.v Dec. 18, 1861. ' 7 !
The Delia says that the Banks of New Orleans
have agreed to lend the State of Louisiana $4,000,000,
at the rate of eight per cent interest to enable it to
pay tho Confederate tax and meet its own heavy
1 A-rtVW Aa
BC1 Whole jfo.ER 1397.
.c :').. .. i.i..-
-.The Stat: Law. The talk which prevailed in the
State some time ago in regard to the Stay Law,
seems to have subsided in a great measure. This is
not owing to any change in public sentiment in re
gard to it,, we judge but because of the readiness
with which our honest and law-abiding people sub
mit to law, even when it pinches. ' There is evi-.
dently a diversity of opinion upon the subject, yet
we have, thought the majority of our people are op
posed to the present law. - What the Convention
will do, we af e not prepared to say.: An intelligent
correspondent, in one of the western counties, who
has been engaged in mercantile business over forty
years, remarks in a letter to us, that money is more
plentiful in his neighborhood than it has been in
five years, and that he is satisfied that there would
be little or no pressure if the Stay Law was repeal
ed. He says, "the late Stay Law has put down the
credit system. The poor in my county are violent
ly opposed to it, and even good livers say they can
not make their crops without the credit system.
The rich are also opposed to it because they cannot
collect money with which to pay their taxes." . This
state of things creates dissatisfaction, and proves in
jurious to the cause of the South in carrying on the
Confederate. States. The announcement of Mr.
Secretary Memminger that he is ready to pay the
interest on the Confederate funded debt in gold and
silver, must be very gratifying to every friend of
the Confederacy. This fact places the credit of the
government in a high position, and gives to the
Treasury Notes and other obligations of the Confed
eracy, a passport throughout the South. There is,
perhaps, not on record an instance, in which a young
government like ours, born without a cent plung
ing in debt as soon as it began to breathe, harrassed
and crippled by a bloody war, with its ports block
aded and cut off from the commerce of the world.
which in less than one year pays off the interest of
its debt in gold and silver. Long live the Southern
Plenty of Powder. Contrary to general expec
tation, we are glad to "learn that the Confederate
government has been able to make ample arrange
ments for a full supply of powder for the war. Maj.
Rains who has charge of the manufacture of powder
for the government, and who is superintending the
erection of pnwder mills at Augusta, Ga., says that
the government has an ample supply of sulphur
for that purpose for years.
This article which is so gratifying to the publi
taste at this time is exceedinelv scarce.
Kentucky. A dispatch from Nashville on the
80th ult, gives the following items : A special dis
patch to the Louisville Courier from Hopkinsville
States that Col. Forrest's rjivalrv ahnnt Snf ttrnm,
and the Federal cavalry, with about the same num
ber, met at Sacramento, on Green river, on Satur
day last, when a skirmish ensued. About fifty Fed
erals were killed, wnnnried inH tnlon TfA i;anorc
Uur loss was Capt ii. Clay Merriwether. of Louis-
vine, aim one private Kiuea, ana one private wound
ed. The eneinv fled in great cnnfiisirin
A gentleman who hsui inst. arrivm! tin ttnA wltst
left Louisville on Christmas day, says that pilots
cannot be obtained for the Federal gun-boats which
were destined to go down the Mississippi river.
They say that they are afraid of the submarine bat-
. l I . j:cp . ... . . .. .
Minca pmccu ni umereni points in tne river.
It is reported here that the Louisville Journal has
announced that there will be no forward movement
on liowlintr Irrpnn nr flrtirt rivA nnii! T C.
O - a,.. U.J bit .u.utAF-.l, O
position on the slavery question is satisfactorily de-
New Orleans. Private dismtfoW f RiVfcmnnA
state that on the 30th ult, 22 Federal vessels were
landing troops at Ship Island on Sunday and Mon
Another dispatch was received on 31st staling
that the Federals had landed troops at Balize : and
11 was oenevea mat f ederal troops bad also been
landed at MississiDoi Citv. onnosite tn Shin MnnH
The people on the islands in that section were
much excited, and are not provided with suitable
means to resist the Federal invarfera.
Balizu is about 100 miles from Mobile, and 85
from New Orleans.
Soctu-Cauolisa. The Charleston Mercury of
the 31st says:
"Although matters are getting quite brisk along
the neighboring coast there does not seem to be
that imminence of battle, which was believed a few
days ago, to exist On Saturday Maj. Gen. Lee and
staff visted Brig. Genl. Evans' military district and
spent the entire day with the hero of the " Stone
Bridge" and of Leesburg, making observations in
that quarter. The enemy's gun boats are still in
sight off White Point but it is believed that this
point of the inland communication has been occu
pied by the enemy for the purpose of more effectu
ally blockading us. The Yankees believe that our
Commissioners and many valuable cargoes have
found exit in this direction. One of their amuse
ments consists in shelling the residence of planters,
on both sides of the stream, and if their practice
was even tolerable, much property would thus be
destroyed. But fotttmUkW thi--v--
bad that as many m .
at a large house bol
less expensive garni - ; .
range rifles, and thl "; 4 - .
an armed party to ii
On Sunday momi "i
approached White I)
Gen. Evans' pickets; ... . . v. ,. . , . . -
The Latest News -
We receive but little news from our last mails, or
from dispatches. All quite still on the Potomac.
. Dispatches received at Richmond from the Po
tomac re-affirm the rumor that Mason and Slidell
have been surrendered. The Baltimore Sun of the
30th December publishes Seward's dispatch to Lord
Lyons, releasing Mason and Slidell, "yielding them
to claims intrinsically just, and in conformity with
American doctrines." Contemptible I Why did
they not discover it before they roused John Boll ?
The Richmond Theatre was burnt early on Thurs
day morning. A saddlery was also burned, and
the Marshall House injured.
A dispatch from Mobile says that on 1st inst, a
Confederate steamer going to the Pensacola Navy
Yard was fired upon by Fort Pickens. Bragg s
batteries replied and the firing continued at last ac
counts... : .
Large shipments of arms and munitions of war
had arrived at New York from Europe for Lincoln's
army, , Hudson river was frozen over from Hudson
to New York. The new Federal tariff on coffee and
sugar, excites commotion among buyers. The
Northern people are represented as tired of the war,
except army contractors.
. vWbstern Virginia. Intelligence from Western
Virginia represents that many of the beat citizens
of Raleigh and Fayette counties have had to aban
don their homes and seek refuge in Monroe, in con
sequence of the outrages perpetrated by invading
parties of'Yankces. Some, having been captured
by the foe, refused to take the degrading oath of
allegiance, and were sent to Columbus, Ohio. Tho
people of our Western counties are in a high state
of excitement, and are urging the Government to
send more troops for their protection. JiW.nwmi
DitpdtcK. ' .77 -; -
. ' miwniini.aiunrraK.
it cy wasvnoBi oruuam. For tho t
luu um won u a tbere was a contort!) stream :' .. .
m gentlemen- ana laches entering antf retirfrjo, ; lb ; t ;
Gownor of Virginia, theSecretaiyofthwTraswy, ;;;
m Mrs. and Ass Metmmnser, the Secretary of 4m&
Navy and-Mrs. MaUorr.. ttw aetia SecretarV 4 -
btate-and Mrs. Bftvne, the Secretary of War; At
President Tyler, and, Hons, W. C. Re and W. &
Mai r, ! 1 .... a . , -
among tnose present, ja us uoweuy :
the accomplished sister of Mrs. Davis assisted by ,
Mrs. Joseph R. Davis, and Mrs; General Jones, iV '
ceived the guests in the place f Mrs. BaTiav who- . '
was not present on account of indisyosition. i
inond Enquirer. . - .-, ,.r.f
. ,! .McClbllas and this Lincoln CoNfiess.-R. ik "
currently reported that a movement iaewteotiw - -the
Washington Congress to supersede Gem II C . ,
Clellan by the Massachusetts lawyer, NathawfoV.P.
Banks. They complain that McCleUan is too stew,. :
and they want a commander who will respond! to v :
the popular clamor for an onward movement Th '
Yankees have been eight months engaged in the
work of subjugating the South, but are still , as tar .
from accomplishing their purpose, as they wen at '
the outset' We do not wonder, therefore, at their -impatience.
Rick. Ditpatch. ;.. 7.J
" Tub Right Man is tub Right Place." Among
the appointments of the North Carolina Conference
(which we publish in another eolumn) it will be seen .
that the Rev. C. P. Jones has been appointed to
Portsmouth, Ocracoke and Cape Hatteras. Mr. "
Jones has command of an Artillery Company, and
inasmuch as part of his territory is in possession of :
the Lincolnites, it is to be presumed that he will use
the Gospel in connection with powder and lead,
The latter will certainly have the most effect on the
mean souls of the Yankees. Wetter Democrat.
Geoeoia. The General assembly of Georgia
has passed an act authorizing all vctitnteers and
other troops in the service from that State to vote
at all elections, without reference to the place where
they may be in service at the time of such elections.
Disappointment. The New York Timet says : .
" There has been considerable disappointment felt
that the landing of Yankee troops on the coast of
North and South Carolina has not produced that
diversion of the Confederate troops before Washing'
ton which was anticipated. The expected rash .
homeward of the Carolina Confederates to defend
their own States has not taken place; and conse-,
quently, McCleUan has as strong an enemy in front "
now to fight as he had before the Yankees landed! ;'
twenty thousand men at Hatteras and Port Royal.'1'
Dividends. The following Banks of this State
have declared the following dividends: The Bank of
Fayetteville, a semi-annual dividend of 4 fit ceftt
The Bank of Clarendon, 5 per cent
The Bank of Charlotte, also a dividend 6ft per
The bank of Washington 3 1-2 per cent
Mrs. Jackson, the wife of the martyr, mufcfeitd
by Ellsworth's Zouaves, while defending the flag of
his country in Alexandria, is now a resident of
Death by Fire. The FayetteviUe Olemer,
states that Miss Sarah E. Goodman, daughter of Mr,
Goodman of that place, aged 18, was shockingly
burncil on Christmas morning and died the same
night She was dressed to go to Church, and was
standing before the fire, when her clothes caught
The Legislature of Texas, now in session, has un
der consideration a proposition to make it a suffi
cient cause of divorce if the husband belongs to the
Coast TJefexpes. Tlio rQcT.;ntAM hi
.v muiiiMH 4IOWIW
mentions the arrival there of Gen. Branch, who "is
very busily engaged in attending to the interests of
this part of his brigade."
. A line of telegraph is to be laid from Washinfton
to Fortress Monroe,, and possibly from that point to
Hatteras, Port Royal, and points further Sotth.
The gas-works of Mr. Fries of Salem, caught on
fire on Saturday the 21st ult, and one ol the houses
It is reported in New York that a sovere engage
ment had taken place between the United States
steamer Iroquois and the Confederate steamer Sum
ter. One of them, it could not be ascertained which,
had put into Martinique to repair damages. .
Capt Asa George of Charlotte, has Invented a
cannon, which it is said three men can load and fire
75 limes a minute I The inventor is a poor man
and unable to have the gun thoroogbly tested. We
shall need just such instruments to fight the Yan
kees with, when we get our pluck fully up. Let it
be tried. -
General Wool has written to his Government at
Washington, demanding tbat some immediate steps
be taken with regard to Jhe negroes now at Old
Point He represents that he sees a great deal of
trouble with them, and states tbat they are contin
ually wrangling-and fighting with his men.
We see it stated in the papers that a Halifax
(Nova Scotia) paper or some one else, asserts posi
, tively that Messrs. R. M. T. Hunter, of Virginia,
; . ' -6-1 vkj, roil uuti inace ,1
in a iiriusa steamer, Having been appointed Envoys V.
. uic uumuau -uuiueueracy 10 Angiaiia enu c raoce,
in place of Messrs. Mason and SlidelL We do not
believe it - . : . .
We learn from the Louisville Courier that there
are ten thousand Abolition Yankee soldiers sick and
now in the hospitals at Louisville, and also large
numbers in camp between Louisville and Nolin.
The sickness is of a fatal character, and they are
dying ty hundreds. Such is the just fate of these
who have attempted to enslave a free and happy
people like those of Kentucky .. Y
General Stuart's official report of the battle' of
Drainsville states that be lost 43 killed, 143 wottod-
eil and ft miccii-in- '
D- ,. , . ... .',....-,.,,
Homicides have become an everv dav in n
in Washington City, - Hardly a day pastft.'ai ,
two or uiree muraers oo not take place. s-.'t.
aiTliTi!',' JL ''
.. The intrepid Valtondiiihaiiv of the Lrncott
gress, tried to make the friends of Lincoln jr" "Sr "
the capture of Mason and Slide.! after the netr Jv
cngtand arrived, by the adoption of atrontr
VIUUB, UIM WBJF HCHU, ami rMBlTCCI mem oar.Z JS-.
mittee to sleep. YaUandigbatn wants to JfM
. unrighteous war, and he thought the quickcJ-a."
was to embroil Lincoln with .England..'
papers riaieuietne oraggsca rw&?f&
rarely, on account of the inac ' ttv!0:
the- Yankees severe!
the 'Grand Ann y" around Washington fo :
months. - They higgle at the idea of calling XT fiti
lan a second Napoleon. ' ' prfc?&44k
The notorious Bennett of the New York JtfY'
who was ready to fight England at first, now .
lition journals in thinking it best to compQH "j &
me oemano oi xingiaoo now, ana seme uie jp, wr a
with her after they whip the South. 'V'!";
The withdrawal of our troops from WWtJ'.;-
ginia, leaves tbat section much exposed to J?T' - 7 V
depredation. Several persons beyond StaunteipV '
have lost much stock, &c, recently by the Jg? 0 ;
thieves. A portion of our. troops will
Alleghanies and about btaunton. .
Gen. Floyd has left with a. portion of hfcCXky
mind to tuin lien. Jonnston s line in KeMaw ' . T.i
ms command is sara to oe one oi toe most
and well organized body of troops in tho
i Hoa Francis E. Rives, of Petersburg, Vi
in that city on tho 86th. - - :-
V Rb-bnustmbnt or: Taoops. We feel perfectly
justified in saying, from information in our portff :
sion, that fully seven-eighths of the Virginia treat
now in service will re-enlist when ,their present
terms expire. Richmond piyatcK ; .j
S5t V - 1
Ltv. - v-'.&
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