Newspaper Page Text
THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD: WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23, 1862.
THOUGHTS OF HEAVEN.
No sickness there ' " k '
No wear wasting of the frame away; : v ' .
No fearful shriuking from the midnight air; - -No
dread of summer's bright and fervid ray 1 , . .
No hidden grief, -
No wild and cheerless vision of despair,
?o vain petitions lor awift relief, .-:
No tearful eves, do broken hearts are there !
Care has bo home..'...
Within the realm of ceaseless praise and gong!
-Its billow's break away and roett, in foam,
--- Far from.the mansions'f !he spirit throng!
-- Tne storm's black wine -. . ;
Is never spread athwart celestial skies!
lis wailiugs btfnd not with the voice of spring, .
As some too tender flowret fades and dies! .'
a . No night distils ' '
Its chilling dews upon the lender (rame; . ,
No moon is needed there ! the light which fills
That land of glory, from its Maker came!
- . No parted friends
O'er mournful recallectious hare to weep !
No bed of death enduring love attends.
To watch the coming of a pulseless sleep !
- No blasted flower.
Or withered bud celestial gardens know !
No scorching blast or fierce deseendinpshower
Scatters destruction like a ruthless lee! ' -
No battle word i.
Startles the sacred host with fear and dread, .
' The song of pet.ee creation's morning heard
Is sung wherever angel minstrels tread!
Let us depart,
If borne like this await the. weary soul 1
Lo-k up, thou stricken one! Thy wounded heart
Shall bieed no more at sorrow's stern control !
With faith our guide,
White-robed and innocent to lead the way.
Why fear to pluogein Jordan's rolling tide,
And find the ocqtn of eternal day 7
" THE ROANOKE ISLAND OEFBAT.
Yesterday morning. Col. B. S. aitber, Chairman
of the Roanoke Island Investigating- Comrnitt.ee, of
the House of Representatives, submitted the follow
ing report He also submitted a very voluminous
mass of testimony, covering five hundred and thirty
four manuscript pages, which he desired to be re
ceived and laid on the table Without reading. The
report of the committee, exclusive of the testimony,
(which embraces Gov. Wise's "Report of the 21st,",)
was ordered to be printed :
Hie committee to whom was referred a resolution
of the House of Representatives, instructing them
to inquire and report the causes and circumstances
of the capitufation of Roanoko Island, have had the
game under consideration, and have given all the
facts and circumstances connected with the defences
of the said Island and its adjacent waters, and of
the capitulation on the 8th of February, a most
elaborate investigation. ,
The committee find, that on the 21st day of Aug.
1861, Brig. Gen. Gatlin was ordered to the com
mand of the Department of North Carolina, and the
coast defences of that State. On the 29th of Sept,
Brig. Gen. D. H. Hill was assigned to duty in North
Carolina, and charged with the defences of that por
tion ot said State lying between Albemarle Sound
and the Ncuse River and Pamlico Sound, including
those waters, and was directed to report to Brig.
On the loth of November, Brig. Gen. L. O'D.
Branch was directed to relieve Brig. Gen. Hill in
command of his district in North Carolina.
On the 21st of December, that part 'of North Car
olina east of the Chowan river,- together with the
counties of Washington and Tyrrell, was, at the re
quest of the proper authorities of North Carolina,
separated from the remainder, and constituted into
a, military district, under Brig. Gen. II. A. Wise,
and attached to the command of Maj. Gen. Huger,
commanding the department of Norfolk. .At the
time, therefore, of the surrender of Roanoke Island,
on the 8th of February, 1862, it was within the
military district of Brig. Gen. Wise, and attached
to the command of Maj. Gen. Huger.
The military defences of Roanoke Island and its
adjacent waters on the said 8th of February, 18G2,
consisted of Fort Bartow, the most southern of the
defences on the west side of the Island, a sand fort
well covered with turf, having six long 32 pound
guns in embrasure, and three 82-pounders en bar
Ittte. The next is Fort Blanchard, on the same side of
the Island, about two and one-half miles from Fort
Bartow, a semi circular sand fort, turfed, and moun
ting four 32 pounders en barbette.
Next on the same side, and about twelve hundred
yards from Fort Blanchard, is Fort Huger. This is
a turfed sand fort, running along the line of the
beach and closed in the rear by a low breastwork,
with a barquette for infantry. ' It contained eight
32-pound guns in embrasure, two rifled 32-pounders
en barbette and two small 32 pounders en barbette
on the right
About three miles below Fort Bartow, on the east
side of the Island, was a battery of two 32-pound
guns, en barbette, at a point known as Midgett's
. In the centre of the Island, about two miles from
Fort Bartow, and a mile from Midgett's Hammock,
was a redoubt or breastwork thrown across the road,
about 70 or 80 feet long, with embrasures for three
guns, on the right of which was a swamp, on the
left a marsh, the redoubt reaching nearly between
them, and facing to the South.
On the Tyrrell side, on the main land, nearly op
posite to Fort Huger, was Fort Forrest, mounting
In addition to these defences on the shore and on
the Island, there was a barrier of piles, extending
from the east side of Fulker Shoals towards the
Island. Its object was to compel vessels passing on
the west side of the Island to approach within the
reach of the shore batteries, but up to the 8th of
February there was a span of 1,700 yards open op
posite Fort Bartow. Some vessels had been sunk
and piles driven on the west side of Fulker Shoals,
to obstruct the channel between that shoal and the
main land, which comprise all the defences, either
uponthc land, or in the waters adjacent
The entire military force stationed upon the island
prior to, and . at the time of the late engagement,
consisted of the 8th regiment North Carolina State
troops, under the command of Col. H. M. Shaw ;
the 31st regiment North Carolina Volunteers, under
the command of CoL J. Y. Jordan ; and three com
panies of the 17th regiment North Carolina Troops,
under the command of Major G. H. Hill. After
manning the several Forts, ori the 7th of February,
there were but 1,024 men left," and 200 of them were
upon the sick list On-' the morning of the 7th of
February, Brig. Gen. Wise sent from Nags Head,
under command of Lieut Colonel Anderson, a rein
forcement numbering some 450 men. This does
not include the commands of Lieut Col. Green and
Maj. Fry, both of whom reached the scene of action
after the battle was closed. The committee do not
think there was any intentional delay in the landing
of the commands of Col. Green and Maj. Fry. The
former, Col. Green, exhibited great anxiety to get
into the fight, when he did land, and acted with
great gallantry in the skirmish he did have with
the enemy in the vicinity of the camps. The whole
under the command of Brig. Gen. Wiso, who, upon
the 7th and Bth of February was at Nairn Head, four
miles distant from the Island,1 confined to a sick bed
and entirely disabled from participating in the ac
tion in person. The immediate command, there
fore, devolved upon CoL H. M. Shaw, the senior of
On the 6th of February, it was discovered that
Hie enemy s fleet .was in Pamlico Sound, South of
Koanoke Island, and apparently intending to attack '
the forces upon the Island. Col. Shaw immediately
communicated tbe fact to
sued orders for the disposition of his troops? prepar
atory to an engagement J The points at which it
was supposed the enemy would attempt to land
troop,, were Ashby's and Pugh's landings. Ash
"y s is situated on the West side of the Island
about two miles South of Fort Brtow, and Pueh's
on the 8a,ne about So(jth rf ,
the n!Ln,gt 0f fhe flth' or morning of
was sent'to ptaCimfntJWith 0ne Piece -of tU1J
of artillery wfc ding and one with two pieces
of the forcwerri? V- the
orig. uen. w ise, and is
a reretationed in tho iminedia vir.in.
ceedea towards trf1?"
infantry stationed at Xi t1?.6!:' ?f
tothevicinit of Ashbf. uS? b"k
with hu squadron of seven vessels, had talnm Tporf.
tion, and at 11 o'clock the enemy's fleet, consisting
of about 80 gunboats and schooners, advanced in
ten divisions, the rear one having the schooners and
transports in tow. The. advance and attacking di
vision, again sub-divided, one assailing the squad
ron and the other firing upon the Fort, with
inch, ten-inch and eleven-inch shell, spherical case,
a few round shot and every variety of, rifled projec
tiles. The Fort replied with but four guns, (which
were all that could be brought to bear,) and after
strikihg the foremost.vcssels several times, the fleet
fell back, so as to mask one of the guns of the tort,
leaving but three to reply Jo the fire ot the whole
fleet The bombardment was continued throughout
the dav, and the enemy retired at dark. The squad
ron nndrfr the command of Commodore Lynch, sus
tained their position most gallantly, and only re
tired after exhausting all. their ammunition, and
Having ki me Mcuuitf vums"
abled Fort Bartow sustained considerable damage
from the fire of the day, but the injuries were par
tially repaired by the nexU morning, and the Fort
put in a state ot defence.
About 3J o'clock on the morning of the 7th, the
enemv sent off from their transports about 2fi men
in a "launch, apparently to take soundings, who
were fired upon and retreated. Wnere',Pon,ewS
large steamers having in tow each 80 boats filled
with troops, approached the Island under the pro
tection of their gunboats, at a point North of Ash
Wo i.n;n t- . Havmons, and did effect a
Lai vl .wint selected, was out of reach of
the field pieces at Ashbv's, and defended by a
swamp from the advance 6T our infantry, and pro
tected by the shot and shell thrown from their gun
boats. Our whole force thereupon withdrew from
As'hby's and took position at the redoubt or brcast-
ork and jrtaced jin-battery the three field pieces,
with the secessary artillery men, under the respec
tive commands of" Capt Schemerhorn, Lieuts. Kin
nev and Seldon. Two companies of the 8th and
two of the 31st were placed at the redoubt to sup
port, the artillery three companies of the Wise
Legion deployed to the right and left as skirmish
ersthe remainder of the infantry in position 300
yards in the rear of tho redoubt as a reserve.
The enemy landed some fifteen thousand men,
with artillery, and at 7 o'clock, A. M., of the 8th,
opened fire upon the redoubt, which was replied to
immediately with great spirit, and the action soon
became general, and was continued without inter
ruption for more than five hours, when the enemy
succeeded in deploying a large force on either side
of our line, flunking each wing. The order was
then given by Col. Shaw, to spike the guns in the
battery, and "to retreat to the northern end of the
Island. The guns were spiked and the whole force
fell back to the camps. During the engagement at
the redoubt, the enemy's fleet attempted to advance
up Croatan Sound, which brought on a desultory
engagement between Fort Bartow and the fleet,
which continued up to half alter 12 o'clock, when
the commanding officer was informed that the land
defences had been forced, and the position oi the
Fort tun.ed; he thereupon oidercd the guns to be
disabled, and the ammunition destroyed, which was
done, and the Fort abandoned. The same thing was
done at Forts Dlnnc-hard and Huger, and the forces
from all the forts were marched in good order to the
camp. The enemy took possession of the redoubts
and forts immediately, and proceeded in pursuit,
with great caution, towards the not them end of tho
Island, in force, deploying so as to surround our
forces at the camp?. Col. Shiw having arrived with
his whole torce at bis c.imp.s, in time to have saved
his whole command, if transports had been furnish
ed ; but none were there, and, finding himself sur
rounded, by a greatly superior force, upon the open
Island, with no field works to protect him, and hav
ing lost his only three field pieces at the redoubt,
had cither to make an id'.e display of courage, in
fighting the foe at such immense disadvantage to
the sacrifice of his command, or to capitulate and
surrender as prisoners of war. He wisely determin
ed upon the latter alternative.
The loss on our side in killed and wounded and
missing is as follows: Killed 23, wounded 5. mis
sing 62. The loss of the 4Sth and 59th Virginia
volunteers is, killed 6, wounded 28, missing li).
That of the 8th nnd 31st and 2nd North-Carolina
troops is 16 killed, 30 wounded, 48 missing. Of the
cngineir department, Lieut Scldon killed who
had patriotically volunteered his services in the line,
was assigned to the command of the six-pounder
which he handled with so much skill as to produce
immense havoc in the enemy's rauks, and to elicit
the unbounded admiration of all who witnessed it
Unhappily, however, that gallant officer received a
rifle ball in the head, and he fell without a groan.
The loss of the enemy was in killed and wounded
at least 900 men, and the probability is a much
The foregoing is a brief and concise view of the
defences of Roanoke Island and of the adjacent
waters ; the number of troops engaged in its defence
on the 7th and 8th of February, and the circum-
stances of the capitulation thereof on the 8lh of j
February. The Committee are satisfied that CoL
" uvm iusi-a?.:uil Ul lllitb post &3 long as Qe i
could have done so without a useless sacrifice of hu- I
man life. That on the 7th and 8th the officers and j
men in Fort Bartow displayed creat coolness, conr- t
age and persevering efforts to sustain their position
and drive back the enemy's fleet
In the battle of tbe 8ih of February, at the re
doubt, the officers and men exhibited a cool and
deliberate courage, worthy of veterans in the ser
vice,, and sustained their position, under an unin
terrupted and deadly fire, for more than five hours,
repulsing the enemy in three separate and distinct
chaiges, and only withdrew from the deadly con
flict after exhausting, their ammunition for their ar
tillery, and being surrounded and flanked by more
than ten times their number. Instead of the result
being "deeply humiliating," it was one of the
most brilliant and gallant actions of the war;
and in the language of their absent Commanding
General, "both officers and men fought firmly,
coolyefficiently, and as long as humanity would
allow." The committee are satisfied that the whole
command did their duty, and they do not feel at
liberty to designate any particular acts of companies
or of individuals. But in simple justice to Cilonel
Shaw, upon whom devolved the command, by rea
son of the extreme illness of his superior, General
Wise, and who has been censured for the result,
the Committee take pleasure in stating that there is
no foundation for any just reflection upon him. He,
upon the 7th of February, after disposing of his in
fantry force, and finding that the enemy did not in
tend landing, repaired immediately in person to
Fort Bartow, where the bombardment was progres
sing, and made his way int the Fort amidst the
most imminent danger from shot and shell, and
there remained, encouraging the men and assisting
as far as he was able, until he discovered the enemy
intended to effect a landing below, when he left the
Fort under the same dangerous circumstances of
the morning, to take command of the infantry in
person ; and upon the 8th, at the redoubt, he com
manded in person, sharing the dangers of his men
for more than five hours with a firmness, coolness,
and bravery worthy of the position he occupied.
Immediately upon the secession of the State of
North Carolina from the government of the United
htates, siid the adoot on of the ConKlitntinrt of f h
Confederate States of America, the authorities of
that State commenced the construction of fortifica
tions at Hatteras and Oregon inlets, and other points
upon her coast which were not completed, when the
State transferred her forts, arsenals, army, navy and
coast defences to the Confederate government
Shortly thereafter the attack was made upon forts
Hatteras and Clark, and they were taken, and the
fortifications at Oregon inlet were abandoned, and
the armament, stores and ammunition were removed
to Roanoke Island. The enemy immediately ap
peared in force in Pamlico Sound, the wafers of
which are connected with Albemarle and Currituck
Sounds by means of the two smaller Sounds, of Croa
ton and Roanoke. The Island of Roanoke being
situated between these two latter sounds, command
ing, the channels of each, became, upon the fall of
Hatteras and the abandonment of Oregon inlet, only
second in importance to Fortress Monroe.- That
Island then became tbe key which unlocked all
Northeastern North-Carolina to the enemy, and ex
posed Portsmouth and Norfolk, to a rear approach,
of tbe most imminent danger. In the language of
Brigadier General Wise, " that such is the impor
tance and -value, in a military point of view, of
Roanoke Island, that it ought to have been defend
d by ell the means in the power of the government
It was the key to all the rear defences of Norfolk.
It unlocked twoaoimeV-Albemarle and Currituck ;
eight rivers the Northwest Pasquotank, tbe-Perl
qurromana, the Iattle, the ChowaMhe Roanoke and
the Alligator; four ctandg the Albemarle and
Chesapeako, the Dismal Swim?), the. Northwest
canal and the Suffolk ; two ranlroads the Peters
burn and Norfolk and the Seitwoard and Roanoke.
It. guarded fourfifths'fcf M Norfolk supplies of
cornj pork and forage, tni it cut the command of
Uen.. Huger off trmntfl ttltits most efficient trans
portation.. It endangers the subsistence of his wnote
army, threatens the Navy Yard at Gosport, and to
cut otf Norfolk fro Richmond, and both from Rail
road cominunicstMn with the South. It lodges the
enemv in . u iarhnr from the storms o' Hatteras,
gives them a rendezvous, nnd a large, rich range of
supplies, and the command or tne seaooara irora
Oregon Inlet to" Cape Henry. It should have been
" defended at tho expense of 20,000 men and of many
millions of dollars." "" "'"
The comaitJee are of the opinion that the Island
of Roanoke was a military post of great importance,
that it might liavebeen placed in a state of defence
against any reasonable force, with the expenditure
of money and labor, supposed to be within the means
of the goveanmen't; that the same was not done,
and the defences constructed were wholly inadequate
for its protection from an attack, either by land or
water; and the committee nave no nimcuuy in as
siirnine as the cause of our disaster and defeat on
the'Sth of February, the want of the necessary de
fences upon the Island, the adjacent waters, and
upon the mainland upon the Tyrell side ; the want
of 'necessary field artillery, armament and ammuni
tion, and the great and unpardonable deficiency of
men, together witn tne entire want ot transporta
tion, by which the whole command might have been
conveyed from the Island after the delsnt at the
battery. But tho committee have had much tiiUi
culty in locating the responsibility for the neglect
of this exceedingly important point, owing to the fact
that the command of thaf Island has been transfer
red so frequently from one military commander to
another, between the time that the Confederate
government became responsible for the coast de
fences of North-Carolina and the attack upon that
Island upon the 7th of February, 18(52. That Is
land, upon the full of Hatteras, was taken posses
sion of by Col. Wright under instruction from Gen.
Huger, and the principal defences constructed under
the authority and direction of General Huger, who
assumed jurisdiction over the Island, although it
was within th military command ot Gen. Gatlin.
Afterwards Brig. Uen.'D. U. Hill was assigned for
a short time to the immediate command of that
post, who immediately entered upon his duty, made
made an examination of the defences in person, and
was making active preparation for putting the Is
land in a state of defence, when he was suddenly
superseded, and Brig. Gen. Branch given the com
mand. It does not appear in evidence that General
Branch ever visited the Island, or made any move
towards its defence. He, however, was superseded
by Brig. Gen. Wise, about the 1st of January, 1862,
who immediately proceeded to the Island in person,
about the Bth of January, spent several days in a
reconnoisance of the Island and its defences, and in
examining the adjacent waters, with a view of con
structing obstructions in Croatia Sound to prevent
the passage of a hostile fleet; and from that moment
up to the 7th of February, the committee are satis
fied, that General Wise has devoted his whole time
in a zealous, energetic and indefatigable effort to
placa that Island in a state of defence, and has done
all and every thing in his power, wiih the means he
had at his command, to effect this important object.
At Norfolk, upon the 2d of January, on his way to
Roanoke Island, he met an express from Col. Shaw,
(who was then in the immediate and temporary
command of tho Island) to Gen. Huger, informing
him of the defenceless state of the Island, and urg
ing the necessity of strengthening Fort Bartow, by
mounting other guns, obstructing Croatan Sunji
and making requisitions for ammunition, pile driver,
and other things necessary. Gea. Wise endorsed
and approved of the requisition, and seconded the
demands of Col. Shaw.
Gen. Wise arrived at Roanoke Island upon the
6th, and assume! command at that point upon the
(inoi reo., imij. Alter making a reconnoisance
of the Island and its defences. Gen. Wise, on the
l:Hh January, informed Gen. linger, "that Koan
oke Island was in a defenceless condition and in
presence of a very formidable enemy's force. The
Burnside expedition is reported to have sailed, in
dependent of that, the force now at Hatteras inlet,
can pasJS or take Roanoke Island, and pardon me
for saying that, I respectfully difier from the opinion
you expressed in your orders of to-day, tliat to pre
vent the enemy's gunboats from passing the mai slies
at the south end, will also prevent any landing.
Batteries at the marshes are vitally essential to pre
vent the gunboats from passing into Croatan Sound,
they will not prevent the landing on the south and
east end of the Ishnd. At least 3.UUO infantry are
needed on the Island and a considerable force! shv
1,500 melt, jire needed on the beach, and if the ene
my pass .Koanoke, 5,000 at least are necessary I
finht them on the tongues of land on tho north sit;
ot Albemarle bound. e need on tho beich .mil
on the Island at leas'-8 field pieces and the carriages
and caissons necessary. We require 32 horses fop
tne artillery. e need at feast 0 heavy pieces at
tne soutn end marshes and J at I oast at Kleetewood
point On the same day Gen. Wise addressed the
Secretary of War, in which he says, that It is very
important that my Legion should be forwarded as
speedy as possible. The defences of Roanoke Island,
which is the key of ail the rear defences of Norfolk,
aiict its canals and railroads, is committed to my
charge, and 1 have just returned from a reconnois
ance of that point It is now utterly defenceless.
No preparations have been made there at all ade
quate. Gen. Huger has given me a large authority
to do whatsoever is necessary, and has advised what
he deems proper in my command ; but we have very
limited means and not half time enough to prepare
to meet an enemy, who is now almost in immediate
presence, in very formidable force. Twice thn num.
ber of my Legion is necessary, and I beg that the
place ot my 3d regiment may speedily be filled or
uiai n, may oe restored." On the 15th January,
ise writes to tne secretary ol War:
I aiii hure you win not adjudge me importunate,
when I inform you that I returned from Roanoke
Island to Norfolk last Saturday. I hastened back
after a short reconnoisance to Jlcailquartcrt and
apprised tho Department, that there are no defences
there, no adequate preparation whatever to meet the
enemy, and to forward all the means in my reach as
speedily as possible," to make the key of all the rear
ol Norlolk, with its canals and railroads safe. In
side of Hatteras inlet I found 2-1 vessels of light
, . u,c ai leasl are steamers? 8aiu t0
carry four guns each. They are, at farthest, but
v .1... iiuui jvjanose island, and can reach there
any four hours or less, to attack five smalt gunboats
under tapt Lynch and four small land batteries,
wholly inefficient Any boat drawing seven feet of
water, or less can pass the Croatan Sound as far
off as 1J miles from any battery, and the enemy's
guns can silence our batteries there in a very short
time. Neither battery is casemated, and our men
now there are untrained to heavy pieces mounted
on navy carriages. The moment the enemy passes
Croaton Channel, the North landing river, North
river, Pasquotank, Chowan, Rqanoke, Alligator, and
Sjcuppernong rivers, and the Dismal Swamp and
Albemarle and Chesapeake canals will bo blockaded
effectually, and Norfolk and Portsmouth will be cut
on from supplies of corn, pork and forage. The
torce at Hatteras is independent of the Burnside
expedition. No matter where the latter is, the
former is amply sufficient to capture or pass Roanoke
Island in any 12 hours. Let me say, then, sir, that
if we are to wait for powder from Richmond, until
we are attacked at that Island, that attack will be a
capture, and our defeat will precede our'supplv of
ammunition. 1 he case is too urgent for me to delay
speaking this ont plainly at once;" and in another
part of the same letter, he says : " We want am
munition and men. In a word, almost every pre
paration has to be made. Delay is defeat now at
Roanoke Island; and with present means, Capt
Lynch and I combined cannot guarantee successful
defence for - a day. I beg, sir, that you will urge
this upon the Navy Department, and believe that I
am not superservicable in this urgency."
Gen. Wise finding that his written' appeals for
aid in the defences of the Island to Head qwters at
Norfolk and to the Department at Richmond were
neglected, and treated with indifference, repaired in
person to Richmond, and called upon the Secretary
of War, and urged in the most importunate manner,
the absolute necessity of strengthing the defences
upon that Island, with additional men. armament
and ammunition. The Secretary of WsTeplled
verbally to bis appeals for reinforcements, that he
had not the men tp spare for his command: -Gen.'
Wise urged upon the Secretary that Gen. Huger.
had about 15,000 -men in front-of Norfolk jying idle !
In camp for eight month, and that a considerable I
'portion of them could be spared for the defence of
the rear of Norfolk, and especially, as his. (General
Wise's) district supplied Norfolk. anrthis army with
nearly or quite all of his corn, pork and forage, lhat
reinforcements at Roanoke. Island were as absolutely
necessary to the defencj at Norfolk as forces in its
front, and that particular or specihl posts should not
be allowed to monopoIiw nearly all tho men, pow
der and supplies." In reply to all his urgent ap
peals for the means oPdefem-e, General Wise, on the
22d January, received the following military order
No. 17: . .. , . , .
. "Brigadier General Henry A. Wise, Provisional
Army, will immediately proceed to Roanoke Island,
North-Carolina, and assume command of the Con
federate States troops at that place. '
By command of the See'y of War,
(Signed) - JOHN WITHERS,
As.-,t Adjr. General."
It is apparent to the committee, from the corres
pondence on file of Gen. Wise with the Secretary
of War, Gen. Huger, his superior officer, the Gov
ernor of North Carolina, and other persons, that he
was fully alive to the impnrtanceof Roanoke Island,
and has devoted his whole time and 'energies and
. means to the defences of that position ; and that he
is no way responsible for the unfortunate disaster
which befel our forces upon that Island on the 7th
and 8th of February. But the committee cannot
say the same in reference to the efforts of the
Secretary of War and the Commanding Officer at
Norfolk, Gen. Huger. It is appart, that the
Island of Roanoke was important for the defence
of Norfolk, and that Gen. Huger, had under his
command at that point upwards of 15,000 men, - a
large supply of .armament 'and ammunition, and
could have thrown in a few hours a large reinforce
ment upon Roanoke Island, and that himself and
the Secretary of War had timely notice of the entire
inadequacy -of the defences, the want of men and
munitions of war, and the threatening attitude of
the enemy. But Gen. Huger and the Secretary
of War paid no practical attention to those urgent
appeals of Gen. Wise, sent forward none of his im
portant requisitions, and permitted Gen. Wise and
his inconsiderable force to remain to meet at least
fifteen thousand men well armed and equipped.
If the Secretary of War and.the Commanding Gen
eral at Norfolk h id not the means to r enforce Gen.
Wise, why was he not ordered to abandon his posi
tion, and save his command; but upon the contrary,
he wasrequired to remain, and sacrifice his com
mand, with no means in his insulated position, to
make his escape in case of defeat The Committee,
from the testimony, are therefore constrained to
report that, whatever of blame and responsibility
is justly attributable to any one for the defeat of our
troops at Roanoke Istaiid, on the 8th of February,
1862, should attach to Major General B. Huger and
the late Secretary of War J. P. Benjamin.
All ol which is respectfully submitted.
B. S. GAITUER, Chairman.
COURT OF INQUIRY.
After the battle of Newbern, (says the Richmond
Dixpatch) which resulted in the defeat of our forces
at that point, some charges of unsoldierly conduct
were preferred against Lieut. M. D. Craton, by Col.
James Sinclair. This led to the call of a Court of
Inquiry, which was held, with the result indicated,
at the camp of Brig. Gen. Ransom, March 31st,
1802, by virtue of the following order:
Headquakteks Dep't op N. C, )
March 27, 1862.
Gem Hal Okdek, No. .
At the request of Col. James Sinclair and Lt Col..
M. I). Craton, 35th regiment N. C. Troops, a Court
of Inquiry will assemble on Monday. 31st March,
1802, at the camp of Brig. Gen. Ransom, to ex
amine into the circumstances connected with the
conduct of the above ofiicers in the late battle below
Newbern, and report upon the merits of the same.
The court will sit without regard to hours.
Ih tnili for the Court.
Brii. Gen. Robert Ransom ; Co!. Clingnian, 25lh
Reg. C. Troops; Lt Col. Robert H. Cnwan. 3 J
Reg. N. C Troops; Lt J. S. E. Miller, 1st Reg. '.
C. Troops, Judge Advocate.
By command of
SigneliJ Maj. Gkx. T. II. HOLMES.
AitciiLit AsoEusox, A. A. G.
By a special order from Maj. Gen. Holmes, .dated
March 2;tth, 1802, Lieut Col. R If. Cow:m, 3d reg
iment N. C. Troops, was irelieved from duty on the
Court of Inquiry, an J Lieut Col. Meares. of the
18th legiment N. C. Troops, appointed to act in
The court met pursuant to the above order, and
heard the tcstimonf Gen. I O'B. Branch; Capt
Thos. B. BreuOoth Reg. N. C. Troops; Capt J.
II. Kelly, 35th Res. N. C. Troons: 1st I
i nomas j. uates.
being no turther evidence to introduce, the Court
was closed, and after mature deliberation on theevi-
- . . i f
l dence adduced, find the facts as follows in regard to
I Col. Sinclair; That Col. Sinclair took his proper po-
sition during the engagement, was calm and cool
throughout, and remained there until the right win"
of his regiment, which was separated from the left
by a section of artillery and an independent compa
ny, gave way ; that he went towards a portion of
the retreating men and ordered them back to their
entrenchments, and then took his original position ;
that he afterwards received the order to retreat, and
gave the order to his regiment ; thrt the retreat f
his regiment to the camp of Col. Vance was con
fused and not orderly ; that the regiment was form
ed there and conducted in tolerable order to the rarl
road, where he give the order to his regiment to get
on the cars, this without authority ; that after the
regiment was ordered off the cars by Gen Branch
and formed, the retreat was conducted in order, un
til the report of pursuit by the enemy's cavalry; that
he then consulted with his men as to the surrender,
stating that Col. Lee recommended a surrender,
whereas Col. Lee advised no such course, but, on tho
contrary, urged them to make a stand ; that Col.
Sinclair afterwards assisted in the formation of a
rear guard and offered to remain with Col: Lee and
the rear guard, and after the correction made by
Col. Lee, encouraged the men to fight and not sur
render ; that after the regiment was again formed
the retrtat was orderly to the end.
From these facts the court forms the opinion (as
it has not thrieht to approve or disapprove of the
conduct of Col. Sinclair on the occasion) that, under
the present emergencies of the service, no further
proceeding is now necessary in the case.
R. RANSOM, Brig.-General,
Jons R. S. Miller, 1st Lt and Adj't 1st N. C.
T., Judge Advocate.
The'same court heard the testimony of Gen. L.
O'B. Branch, Capt. Thos. H. Brem, Maj. O. C. Pet
way, 2d Lieut W. H. P. Langston, 85th N. C.
Troops; 1st Lieut J. R. Warwick, 36th N. C.
Troops ; and there being no further evidence to in
troduce, Lieut Col. Craton requested to have the
accompanying ordgr, granting a leave of absence,
attached to the proceedings, thereby showing that
he was desirous of being with his regiment on the
day of battle, although bis leave had not expired
by two or three days.
The court was then elated and proceeded to de
liberate. After mature deliberatfcn on the evidence
adduced, the'eourt finds the facts as follows:
That Lieut Col. Craton was on leave of absence
which had not expired, joined his regiment before
the battle commenced, was in his proper position
during the engagement, and rallied the militia at
ono time,- and subsequently his own men, when
giving way, afterwards joined the main body of his
regiment with a portion of his command, continued
with it during his retreat, assisted in forming it at,
different points, continued with it in his proper po
sition until reaching the town of Newbern, then
left it temporarily and rejoined it in its further re
treat until a report came of pursuit by the enemy's
cavalry; a consultatiqn was called, and a proposal
made to surrender, and a majority of the officers
and men present favoring the proposal, CoL Craton
protested against the surrender, and said they should
not surrender him, and left The court is, there
fore, of the opinion that no further proceedings are
necessary in the case. .
R. RANSOM, Brig. Gen'L,
" ' -y' v" . President '
Jobs R. S. Miller, 1st Lt and Adj't 1st N. C. T.
Judge Advocate. , "
It is; stated that -the Louisville Journal has de
clared for peace, affirming that the further prosecu
tion of the war could only end in devastation and
unnecessary expenditure of tmmey and blood.
I nomas J. Uates, Adjutant 35th N. C. Troons Vol.
to , R. Campbell. 7th N. C. Troops ; t'apt H. M. Dixon,
le j 35th N. C. TrooiiS : Maj. Petwav. 35tli N' C!. Trnnns
j and Col. C. C. Lee, 37th N. 0. Troops; and there
THIS T$$ MILITARY BILL.
A Biii. ti lie entitled An Act to further vrotidt
i'V ot the Public Defence.
Itf view of the exigencies of the country, and the
absolute necessity for keeping in the service our gal
lant army, and of placing in the field a large addi
tional force to meet the advancing columns of the
enemy now invading our soil. Therefore5,
Section 1. The Vongreet of the Confederate
State of America do rnqct, That the President be
and he is hereby authorized to call out and place
ii the military service of the . Confederate States,
for three years, unless the war shall have been
sooner ended, all white; men who are residents, of
the Confederate States, between the ages of 18 and
Ao years at (he time the call or calls may be made,
who are not legally exempted from military service.
AH of the persons aforesaid who are now in the
armies of the Confederacy, and whose term of ser
vice will expire before the end of the war, shall be
continued in the service for three years from the
date of their original enlistment unless the war
shall have been sooner ended: Provided, hovstter.
That all such companies, squadrons, battalions, and
regiments, whose term of original enlistment was
for twelve months, shall have the nVht within for
ty days, on a day to be fixed by the Commander of
me Brigade, to re-oriranize said comnanies- sound.
.rons, battalions, and regiments, by electing all their
uuh-cib, wuimi mey naa a right heretofore to elect
wno snail tie commissioned by the President: Pro
vided, further, That furloughs riot exceeding sixty
days, with transportation home and back, shall be
Biaieu ui an mose retained in the service by the
prjvisionsof this Act beyond the period of their
original enlistment, and who have not heretofore re
ceived furloughs under the provisions of an Act en-
uueu - An Act providing for the granting of boun
ty and furloughs to privates and non-commissioned
ofiicers in the Provisional Army,'' approved 11th
December, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, said
furloughs to be gronted at such times and in such
numbers as the Secretary of War inav deem m.r
compatible with the public interest; And vrotided
j u, .,m, xiim in iicu oi aiuriougn the commutation
value in money of the transportation herein above
granted, shall be paid to each private, musician, or
non-commissioned officer who may elect to receive
it at such time as the furlough would otherwise be
granted: Provided, further. That all persons un
der the age of 18 years or over the age of 35 years,
who are now enrolled in the military service of the
Confederate States, in the regiments, battalions,
and companies hereafter to be re organized, shall
be requu-ed to remain in their respective companies,
battalions and regiments for ninety days, unless
their places can be sooner supplied by other recruits
not now in the service, who are between theacs of
la and 4a years, and all laws and parts of laws pro
viding for the re enlistment of volunteers and the
organization thereof into companies, squadrons, bat
talions, or regiments, shall be and the same are
Sec 2. Be it further enacted. That such compa
nies, squadrons, battalions, or regiments organized,
or in process of organization by authority from the
Secretary of War, as may be within' thirty days
from the passage of this Act so far completed as to
have the whole number of men requisite for organi
zation actually enn.lled, not embracing in said or
ganizations any persons now in service, shall be
mustered into the service of the Confederate States
as part of the land forces of the same, to be receiv
ed in that arm of the service in which they are au
thorized to organize, and shall elect their company,
battalion an i regimental officers. '
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted. That for the enroll
mcnt of all persons comprehended within the pro
visions of this Act, who are not already in service
in the armies of the Confederate States, it shall be
lawful t,r the President, with the consent of the
Governors of the respective Slates, to employ State
officers, and on failure to obtain such consent he
shall employ Confederate officers, charged with the
duty of making such enrollment in accordance with
rules and regulations to be prescribed by him.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That persons en
rolled under me provisions ot the preceding section,
shall be aligned by the Secretary of War to the
different companies now in service, until each com
pany is filled to its maxi.num number, and the per
sons so enrolled shall be assigned to companies from
the Slates from which they respectively come.
Sec 5. Be it further enacted. That all Seamen
and ordinary Seamen in the land forces of the Con
federate states, enrolled under the provisions of this
Act, may, on application of the Secretary of the
Aavy, Oe transterred from the land forces to the
Sec. 0. Be it further enacted. That in all cases
where a State may not have in the army a number
of regiments, battalions, squadrons, or companies,
sufficient to absorb the number of persons subject
to military service unuer mis aci, Deionging to
sucn state, men me resume or excess tnereol shall
be kept as a reserve, under such rezulations as mav
be established by the Secretary of War, and that at
stated periods ot not greater than three months, de
tails, determined by lot shall be made from said re
serve, so that each company shall, as nearly as Drae
ticable, be kept fult Provided, That the persons
belt! in reserve may remain at home until called in
to service by the President Provided, also. That
during their stay at home, tliey shall not receive
pay. rrotiaea jurtiter, lliat the persons compre
hended in this Act shall not be subject to the Rules
and Articles of War, until mustered into tho actual
service of the Confederate States, except that said
persons, when enrolled, are liable to duty : if thev
0I...11 ...;if..tl.. (-..., .1 -j ,. ! . . J
oiuii inuiijr itiuM iu uuey saia can, eacn.or tnein
shall bis held to be a deserter, and punished as such
under said articles. Provided, further, That when
ever, in tne opinion 01 the President the exigencies
of the public service may require it he shall be au
thorized to call into actual service the entire reserve,
or so much as may be necessary, not previously as
signed to different companies in service under pro
vision of section four of this Act : said roprvp chad
be organized under such rules as the Secretary of
.rtnn ,lna . n t t mx
ujr buii. jrrociaea, rne company, battalion
and regimental officers shall be elected by the troops
composing the same: Provided, The troops raised
in any one State shall not be combined in regi
mental, battalion, squadron or company organiza
tion with troops raised in any other State.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted. That all soldiers
now serving m the army or mustered in the milita
ry service of the Confederate States, or enrolled in
s.u service unuer me authorization heretofore is
sued by the Secretary of War, and who are con
tinued in the service by virtue of this Act who
have not received the bounty of fifty dollars allowed
by existing laws, shall be entitled to receive said
Sec 8. Be it further enacted. That each man
who may hereafter be mustered into the service,
and who shall arm himself with a musket shot-gun,
rifle or carbine, accepted as an efficient weapon,
shall be pilid the value thereof, to be ascertained by
the mustering officer under such regulations as may
be prescribed by the Secretary oi War, if he is wil
ling to sell the same, and if he is not then he shall
be entitled to receive one dollar a month for thcuse
of said received and approved musket, rifle, shot
gun or carbine.
. Sec. 9. Be it further enactea That persons not
liable for duty may be received as substitutes for
those who are, under such regulations as may be
prescribed by the Secretary of War.
uS,?C: ll,e Uf'lrther enacted. That all vacancies
shall be filled by the President from the company,
battalion, squadron or regiment in which such va
cancies shall occur, by promotion according to se
niority, except.in cases of disability or other incom
petency: Provided, however. That th PnM.nt
may, when, in his opinion, it may be proper, fill
such vacancy or vacancies by the promotion of any
officer or officers, or private or privates from such
company, battalion, squadron or regiment who shall
have been distinguished in the service by exhibition
of valor and skill, and that whenever a vacancy shall
occur in tho lowest grade of "the commissioned offi
cers of a company, said vacancy shall be filled by
election -. Provided, That all appointments made by
the President shall be by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate.
Sec. lb Be it further enacted,. That the pro
visions of the first section of this Act relating to
the election ef officers, shall apply to those regi-.
ments, battalions, and squadrons which are compos
ed of twelve months and war companies combined
in the same organization, . without regard to the
manner in .which the officers thereof -was originally
ppvuncu.. , . -l
Sec. . 12. Be it further enaetea, inav each com-,
pany of infantry shall Consist of one hundred and
twenty-five, rank and file ; each company of field
f artillery of one hundred and fifty, rank and file
v- -""j,.uc!guiy, ranic and fie.
. Unit t O Z7. J A M.. i 1 v"
ecu. 10. uo,jv,Ti,aer enacted. That nil
subject to enrolment who are not now in thfs
under the provlsrons of this Act. shaTl'oe p Sed
previous to such enroWn "nittea
. . "i w uiuniC(
cer m corn-
f 11.4 uun us uc OVI ICC
Interview between General Bsarear,i ...
Prisoner, Geueral Pre'tis d hU
Prentiss. You have met and n,."
the best troops we have. 0,e-me to day
Beauregard. I am glad to heir it , a .
the result of this da.V'swork n j tZ
erniuent to a frame of mind J. " -vo"r Gov-
h f--Th,t can h ?dlvnbLTrVlTve M
had pushed on after the haul,. nf u -vour ilr"'y
have taken Washinltnn f Manassas. u mi-la
and brought ust Z"' LlTn N'"
supply of arms then? ami were not ,1"
muskets purchased in Be ITum b. V I lhe
but little account- you 1 c,?, ,m 7 Frm,wt w"eof
the muzzle, the bore was t ll T thu,,,b "
curedfrom England uV old uWe als0 Po
stered away as uselis T1 have becn
the war with NapoTeon in
value whatever. It is onlv L'.k- hly are of no
mistakes-first in notavailin- itself or ih J r -.1
the battle of Manassas; ands Sly f
until we had become we'll armed and organized "8
The above is copied from tbe correspondence of
the Savannah Republican from Corinth, by a writer
who gives some particulars of the battle and of
conversation between Gen. Beauregard and Ge
Prentiss, the captured Yankee General. The b,st
remarks of Prentiss about the mistakes of the Con
federate Government, only reiterate what thousands
of the Southern people have believed for some time.
The Newspapers and the Was. -The Virginia
papers are complaining of great difficulty , conse!
quence of so many printers volunteering in the ffar.
and those who did not volunteer are called out &
the militia, so that it is a hard matter to publish the
papers at all It is proposed to exempt the wort
men on daily papers, and there is no good reason
why the workmen on weekly and sen.f-weekly na.
pers should not also be exempted. One is as ncces-
?r7a,he !ihcr-.if a"ythinS- the importance of
the weekly and sem.-weekly papers is greater than .
the daily, for the former have it not in their power
to hiake imprudent baste in divulging the plans or
secrets of the army or government, while at the
same time they do as much good, and no doubt more
in consequence of their larger circulation, and arous
ing the people to action. ,
It is probable that editors and printers who at
tend to their business properly, see harder service
than if they were in the war. And one thing is
very certain, editors are not making any money out
of the war, but, on the contrary, are losing by it .
The Richmond Examiner remarks :
. " It is almost impossible to keep the necessary
fi rce to write, print pres and mail the papers.
lhe army contains more nrintprs nnnn nA
journalists, in proportion to the. population engaged
... o. wi iMtiuuii, man any iwo or three other
professions." Char. Democrat.
Printers have been noted in all countries for their
devotion to liberty. One of the great leaders of the
old revolution, Benjamin Franklin, was a printer.
And in the conflict in Paris between the people and
Charles the Tenth, three hundred printers were en
gaged on the side of liberty, and types and qvadt
were lreely used by the cannoneers after the canis
tershot had given out
A portion of the l!)th reeiment of South-Carolina.
from one to three hundred, is said by the Constitu
tionalint, to have refused to preceed further West
than Augusta, alledeinff that- thev had enlisted to
fight for their own State and that they would not
go out of it On further consideration they went
COMPAxW SHOPS, April 14, 1802.
mrOTICEIS HEREBY- GIVEN THAT THE BASK
ot Commerce "at Newbern." has enmimlan ..ffiM .
this place, where all business will be conducted as formerly
. ., , ,. J- A. GUION. Cashier.
Aprd 18, 18S2. 82-8w4w2t
HILLSBOROUGH MILITARY ACADEMY.
THIS INSTITUTION WILL BE RE-OPENED US
der efficient management on WEDNESDAY, March
5th. The services of officers having been permanently se
cured, no lurther interruption of duties need be appre
hended. For circulars, statins new terms, Ac , address
"SUPERINTENDENT H. M. A ."
. ' Hillsborough, N. C.
R TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS REWARD.
UN V AY FROM THE .SUBSCRIBER ON SCN
day the 2Mb of January last, my negro boy named
ANTHONY. He if) of a whitish yellow complexion, about
5 feet 6 or 7 inches high, IS or. 20 years old, and supposed
to weight about 240 pounds. He has a heavy head of bair,
and talks short when questioned, and has a down look.
No doubt be is trying to pass for a free boy.
I will give the above reward for him delivered to me at
Prospect Hill, Caswell County, or conGned in any nil so I
Kehiln- . KL, WARREN.
Caswell Co., March 14, 1862. 12 wtf.
STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, I
, Raleigh, Apiil 15th, 18C2. f
TO THE PEOPLE oFnOSTH-CAEOLHTA.
BY AN ADVERTISEMENT IN THE PUBLIC PA-pe1-.
s'gmed . S.Ashe, yoa are informed tbat he
will appoint, and send agents through everv County iu Ibe
State, to borrow, purchase, and if necessary, to imprest all
tbe arms now in tbe haads of private citizens.
-Any attempt to ix thn im f .,-i;.un. : Anu.itr
at variance with the Constitution, and in opposition to tbe
declared pohcy of the Government, which makes it the
dty ot every citizen to keep and bear arms, and protects
v mina even irom execution lor dent.
But while I notifv vnn thai iLu ...ni. h... lawful
authority to seize your private arms, and you will be pro
tected in preserving the means of self defence, I must also
enjoin upon you in this emergency, as an act of the highest
patriotism aud duty, thut you should discover to the pro
per State authorities, all public arms, Muskets or Rifles,
within your knowledge, and of ellinn to the State all the
arms, the property of individuals, which can be spared.
Tbe Colonels of the- several regiments of Militia will act
as agents fur the State, and will notifv me whenever any
SUCb armS are dbliTtrfH HP tfF.,rtA in ihm Tliair nnmint
and earnest attention is caNed to the execution of this or
der. . HRNRY T CLARK.
. ., Governor Ex Officio.
April 18,1862. . 17 wtf.
ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT, I
ftaleirh. Marrh 24th. lftftf. I
ALL PURE SALTPETRE DELIVERED AT THE
Ordnance Denot nt RaleiVh within thn next six
months will be paid fijr at the rale of sixty cents a pound.
All that is impure will be received aud paid tor at the same
rete fur the puie Saltpetre it may contain. Transportation
from any point on the railroads will also be paid by the
Depadment. All communications on this subject should
be addressed to Cant. A. W. LAWRENCE. Ordnance De
partment, Raleigh, N. O.
- J. G. MARTIN,
- Adj't Gen. and Chief of Ordnance.
HOUSES TO RENT AND MILL BAND LOST.
rjnHK SUBSCRIBER HAS SEVERAL HOUSES NEAR
JL Durham's Station. Oranire Count v which he will rent
on moderate terms to any persons removing from tbe Eaa-
He will give $S0 reward for the delivery to him of his
Flouring Mill Band, which was stolen from bis mill in Jan
uary or February last The band is 44 feet long, from U to
fi inch Ihiek, and IV inches wide, and well rivited. The
Band is an important appendage to niv milt AU persona
are warned not to buy 01 trade for said Band.
'Durham's, N. C, April 18, 1862. 17 w4U
MORE TROOPS FOR THE WAR I ! I
1AM AUTHORIZED BY THE SECTY OF WAR TO
raise a LEGION for tbe war. 1 want an- additional
regiment of Infantry, two Companies of Caaalry, and one
company of .Artillery. A bounty of ONE HUNDRED
DOLLARS will be paid to each soldier upon his enlist-,
meut. Cavalry are required to furnish their own horses,
for which tbe government will pay them forty cents per
day. and their full value if killed in battle. Tbe beat arms
and equipments to be bad in the Confederacy will bejur-
maueu. necruiia win m receiveu aiugij or vj wuipauiea.
Turn oat, and let's make short work with Abe.
ST Address mt tit the present at Kwstoh. N. 0. '
. a. h. vance! ;
Col. Corn's; 28th Rep;.
N. CT T.
Fayetteville Observer, Greensboro' Patriot, Charlotte
Bulletin, Salem-Piesa and Asheville Jiewa, please copy
April 18, 1881 IS 4.