Newspaper Page Text
..ubscription price of the
Hs.WecklT. months,' ' $30 "
Beiu ' 3 months, . ...
r J u S months. . .... .10
"i,kertisements will be charge five dolkrs per
A. i. i;nia frr culi insertion.
QI KU """1 -
iGH: FRIDAY. FEB. IT. 186ft.
. i.a. miM lo-av lor va praciaawMon w
.fwl PubroirT Uth.186S.but itshdl
Got. v - . , ..
P" . r.nmnr rnnld not mike 4hl final
in our neiu . -. .-. . .-. ...
nneil witboui gomg "-j ,
. A fi nMnla nfthf RtltfL ff MVS: '
le poruuu i r-r - - 7 -
nv however, of our people, who advocated
7 ..n mich vaeue and Ul-aettnea terms as w.
f" doubts of the.r ood faith and loyal tj,
mpiI sedulOU8lT 10 aisaeuiiuw upiunw mw
, ft.n eovemment alone was to blame for ft
Intinaance of the war, going, m far m soma
00 .i- . tn threaten revoluUdnarj measures, for
islinc the treaty-making power from iU hands,
ind IJ. ,!! cerUinly eet such terms if the
ites would act. in thmr sovereign capaeitj, as
would secure our property and slaves, by recon
struction." . -.
Admit, for argument's sskb, utai e oot m
and what then t Beyond ail question If Got.
Yncehad.gone with the Editor ef this- paper in
inwisC 1863, when be began to advocate peace on
"-0- . . ; . 1 i. -r
k.oIq nf the indenenaence ana sovereiKBv
the States, " our property end-slaves " could Have
Uen saved, either by a temporary separation er-by
Vtwtw - - r
restoration of the old government; and Bjt only
could oor slaves have been saved, but hundreds of
thousands of, precious, lives would have been pre-
. 1 1 J
red. But the Governor naraenea nis neari anu
itiffeued bis neck, and urged var as the only means
for saving slavery, and now behold tne resuii 1
true, wheahe was before toe people tor
and when be . wanted votes, ne was a peace
In February, 1864, he approved Mr. Bogle, s
resolutions in favor of a'Convention, which looked
to the very sovereign action of the State which he
denounces in this proclamation. In his Fayettevilie
.neech he declared that thfState would be justified
... - i i a.-
ing in the event o aty great uisasier w ute
Confederate, cause. And in aU his speecnes, made
to eet votes, so much was be devoted to peace
measures that he gave it as his opinion that, before
the leaves then green should fall, peace would smile
upon the country.
So far as " good faitn and loyalty" are eoneernea,
- - ... ..... M " .
wehavebeen-astraeto North Carolina as it was
Dossible to be. We have preferred ber prosperity,
her glory, and honor above every thing else; and
we are proud of the fact that we have-never, at any
time, countenanced the idea that she spouid, for
any cause or in any event, be coerced and dragoon
ed by ber own agent, tbe Uonfecerate governmeat.
Gw. Vance cannot say that He has been truer to
the cotton States and truer to the Richmond gov
ernment than be has been to his wn State. He is
welcome to all the credit he has. gained by Such
" good faith and loyalty.'
Tbe antipathy of Gov. Vance towards a consider-
ble portion of sur people appears to be mortal-
He can never forgive them for . voting against him.
In this respect, though the head of the State, and
therefore bound to treat all our people with courte
sy and justice, he has exhibitedJess liberality and
less magnanimity man is suowu uj iuo iecu crate,
tbe organ ot me original BeucKuuuiBia.
Messrs. K. J. Hale, A. McLean, C. B. Mille and
others, as we see by tbe last Observer, have ad
dressed a letter to Messrs. W. B Wright, J. G.
Shepherd, and W. McL. MTvay, in which they re
quest then to. attend a meeting to be held in - Fay
ettevilie, on Monday the 19th, to " advite, enlighten,
and encourage " the people ; and these gentlemen
in reply very kindly say, whatever of advice, en-
liahtenment. or encouragement we may be able to
pre for the prosecution of our cause,-will be freely
offered," Ac The people will, of course, be very
grateful to these gentleman, for their kindness in
thus offering to' take care-nfthera. But not a word
is said about fighting. Certain public men will give
"sdvice'? all day, and "-enlighten" everybody
most thoroughly oh public affairs ; but as to doing
what they say ought to be done; that is not in tneir
line. They want tbe roasted cnesnuts, but the
hand of seme one else must be thrust in the fire
to nhll them out
" Who would be free himself must strike the blow.
We shall soon know how -many volunteers have
offered their services at the Fayettevilie meeting.
First " advice," then - enlightenment," then volon-
teeringvand then desperate fighting. It wfll take
very man in the Confederate States from eighteeea
to sixty, to render it at all probable that tbe enemy
can be successfully resisted. Meanwhile the-enemy
is already half Way through South-Carolina, and
vidently making for this State. Ha will pass
through the " Harry Percy of Che South" with as
much ease as be passed through Georgia. Shall he
be met and vanquished in North-Carolina? What
exer is done must be done quickly. Is Fayettevilie
ready? Will she turn out all ber able bodied,
warlike men to meet Sherman on the Pedee? It
fill not do merely to "advise" and "enlighten"
each other we must fight
We are delighted with the spirited -and eloquent
war article in the joneenavte of the 16th. Mr.
Ilobbins says : . " Let ua not simply, resolve, but
do, and do at once. Let our young men, middle
aged men, who are filling offices either as details,
or exempts, show to the, country that they are true
men, by resigning them to the old. men and women
of the land, and rushing to the field of battle."
This, we take it, is not only a general rally but a
special appeal to the State officers now in bomb-
proofs m Raleigh, to' resign their offices and take
the field. Of course they are going. "The coun
try- needs every man." says Mr. Robbins. Of
course Mr. Robbins is going. His musket is no
doubt in order, his knapsack has been filled, sod he
u merely waiting to tell his friends good by before
rusning to the held of battle." Go, Kobbins, go,
uu may honor and glory await you.
" If these rumors ( which mar nrnve in h al'lA.
tether idle) sbaH be based upon a shadow of truth,
the time may have come far the cotton States to de
liberate together upon their fate destinies.'"
wr. mercury. -" -
1 he " cotton States " indeed 1' Thev ar (n fa.
JiWate together" the breadstuff States are not. to
consulted. Well, let" them do so. The.cottos
ttes seceded in 1860 to save the country let them
now Bccede to relieve it By acting in concert with
abolitionists they" have destroyed, slavery.
"uwui they do next?
."v&nM" gbalt appear in our next
i m.i n ii il ' - - - II .S II. ST- IU W- n B.n ' tkl m,-t- -V WW.- . -aSaSBBSBL BB,-tfI . .AV W, 1 . U I . IJ i. . H . A SS BL . IF BL 1 - If - - I
: - iit . t ii?--r,,. - - - . ... - ... r - . ' '
r Dclfetewet la Treasury 'Ertiiaateav
It-teems that ' tbe Injunction .of secresy as" re
cently been removed from the subject of finance
and taxation, which has been so doselyceupyf-
tbe attention of the Hosse f Eepreeentative'4ir
Richmond, .when It wis discovered lhat the body
bad ,beeo coosiderlng a tax bill to cover in error
that-has" bw detected, the-.eBtJeaate of the
government ImMfittes..; The present -Secretarx
of ijre -Treasury, It seems,- was led into sa. siP'
ror by bi predecessor in stating the amount of the
amajr of indebtedness 4b his report at' tbe opening
of Gaagress io anbuMifttLDd'feuraea solt
lions ofdoBars, Addttienal liabilities fn the nature
of cutfjtnmsactions, hive already been ascertained
to tbe amount f aearjy four uundrc4 millions, of
-dollars. To provide for this JaeMase of debs.' Mr.
Trenholm advises that )he rcptipea sum be chMfly
derived from taxation ; that the present scheme pf
taxation be adhered to, with,thw anMinitment renemni
mended m cis report of Qecember 7th, and that one
hundred per cent, be. added to the existing rates.
and in the' application thereof to the tax in Tnnd
that it by assessed upon tbe value of thesame, and
be paid in Treasury notes. The additional revenue
that will be raised by this means-may be estimated
at three hundred and sixty millions of dollars.
Leaving a deficiency to be obtained from other
sources of thirty-six millions of dollars.. . .
A mistake of four hundred millions, in the esti-
mates of ther Treasury J' Such a thing has never
before happened in the administratisa.of the finances
of any people. Not fourbousand, nor four mil:
lions,-but our hundred million! Where iff this
money r Who has stolen it T ' Who his it T Where
is it? Who is responsible for it f In the language
of a friend who has written us on the subject, " that
this deficiency should be alleged to be merely an er
ror, is a direct insult to the people, for the sum is
too largt to be tl accounted for. Four hundred
millions of dollars to be Mirery an error, and that
on the debtor aide, disclose a system of book keep
ing so vague, so loose, and negligent,that it stands
forth as a just rebuke to the .Head Of tbe depart
ment If the tax law which is founded on this al
leged deficiency should be enacted, then are we,
- the rich and the poor, at once bankrupted. Cry
aloud and spare not the miserable wretches who
have thus'swindled the government" ' . -
A small mistake of four hundred millions, and
the soldiers not paid for the last six ornlse months
Whither are we drifting, or rather, where. are we?
The people's substance, to the amount of four hun
dred millions, must be taken to makesgood a deficit
in the Treasury, which is unaccounted for, and
alleged to be merely an error. This, with other
taxes that will be necessary, will absorb nearly all
the property in the country.' North-Carolina, as
one of the few States yet unoccupied by the enemy,
contribute probably as much as
will have to
third of these Yast amounts; and the burthen will
be placed upon her. and pressed down by the vau
of members of Congress from Missouri and Ken
tucky. . : . " ' -
Too ' Nortk-Carolina Army." ;
The Governor's- organ, the Contemative, speaks
of the "North-OaroliBa Army. - Where is that
army ? We thought those of our toops that consti
tute the "army " were m Confederate. service.
We concur with the Progress, that
" If North-Carolina was an independent power.
and was at war, with a hundred or two thousand
men in the field, she would want no more "War
Department than she has got The whole thing
is a nuisance, a numoug, ana tne ijegiBiaiure suouiu
nave broken it up ; and but for the influence of tho
Executive, who desires to keep up all this, parade
... .... .. . . 1 1 . t . . 1 3
Tor bis own gratincanon, qoudi, rgii. out u. wouiu
have been. done. The cotton cards, scythe blades
and blue steae distributed will hardly justify the
debt of tea millions which has been created, and
which those who have mismanaged our State affairs
'ill be resnonsiblo for transmitting to our children.
Thepe is probably a email brigade of men connect
ed with this "North Carolina War Department,"
more men in the bomb proofs than tbe State has in
the Held, as State troops, -and tbe annual expenses
amount to several millions. And what does it all
amount tot where is the good accomplished ? All
the extra vaeaoee And corruption is not to be .found
at Richmond, as our people will find to their coat
when the debts now being created, have to be paid.
With the whole management of the war in tbe
bands of the Confederate authorities, North Caro
line has no more use for a War Department" than
she bad in peace times, and bad we been in tbe
'Legislature we should have insisted on abolishing
too whole concern : ana sucn position we are sure
would have met too approbation of the people of
The exavBvWt tlaf this war department are con
stantly ioftSfS Not long since a number of its
shade officers were promoted, not for services in '
the field, but it ocder to increase -their pay ; and
the lasi Legislature allowed tbe Adjutant Genesjl
the pay pf a Mejor-General. As the -result Of .the j
existence and maosjraent of this "army," the
Confederate government is now in debt to the State
some two V three milbons of dollars, lor expendi- :
tures incurred moolhs ago, and which debt is net
likely soon to be mid Meantime tbe currency de
preciates, and the State is the loser by the depre-
ciation. This " war department ought to be re
duced to its. former dimensions, and the ardent and
ablebodiefl men who, as special favor front the.
Governor, enjoy " bomb' proOTs under it, should be
sent to the froot An Adjutant General with one
Aid and two or three Clerks, would be amply suffi
cient for the control and management of the .mili
tia and home guard. We are surprised that the
Legislature did .not apply the knife to this excres
cence on tbe body politic. . It will- not be too late
to do so at the next session. It is never too late.
to retrench and reform, and thus lighten the bur
thens of the people. he" immense "State debt con
tracted during this war, and now increasing by the
million, must be paid in full in specie or its equiv
alent, or scaled, or repudiated. " If the extravagance ;
which has marked the administration of ouraffairs
for the last year or so should bejiont.inued, repudia
tion is inevitable.- " We speak as unto wise men ;
let them give ear.", ,.. ,
' Tho Constitutional Amendment." '.
St. Locis. Feb. 7. Both Houses of the MissourT
Legislature have ratified the amendment to the
United States Constitution abolishing slavery.
There were but two dissenting voices in the Senate
and fouHn the House.
Augusta, Me., Feb. 7. Tho Legislature of this
State to-day ratified the constitutional amendment,
and a salute of one hundred guns was fired in hon
or of the event
Eleven States have so far ratified the amend
' mint ' "'. ' '-"'
Psopfasv Wutui snx Ckwjnrata. If ae-ls "
fvbfneF place, than the Charlotte DM art
ufrrtfc ferH beyodtbe UsslnH shsOssHoJtS D
pot -a voetssiti of in tev'siinr
enwoaatm wxisran oi ovory
to s miaHsimtf tHm'jieinaBji
the -trsiBSta) litartllr bastend.
suddenly beooffi fasMwaaalo, aad tW4esirs.'r v
cnaage ar a
thus befreats. m
the road.fsE tssutapiditTy
with we ttev niaisslsi SM"aiiiii ; aad not loss
gratitude is duo by osarojrtsw far tspiriof se
eomBswtioLiMiif 'hmtmWwMk tpfciah tteir de
mandsif mm swt Son. Was. JohiMraAe
PresWssf fti Jnos lite ftosityvSMltisospaeaU
arrangemeaMir those asWottoaet so bSOemii refa
gees4 while Ui AiMoe Makgto, Welft
no sn4sost ss Msiiiutstois is. OAticiM-
(ing and pisdia sor ko pobho vwmSitk
QanUtiatu x i.r.---v - -s. - : --
' It seemsho pTs sw flenj frotn tbe enemy
in pouth-Carorina, as ny-bte Sooo in 'other
tUatOS, i -Thisls sdlrii MA
continue to advance thai will soon be ao place to
escape to," so as to avoid his essacs. 'Ixptrieoce
should admonish the peoplo t6 remain at their
homes. They have nothing to" gain and every
thing to hue by becoming rofugses. This is a sei.
fish world; and especially eo towards poor refugees,
as many of that nofbrtunate class can' testify. The
.houses in the towns and villages are all occupied,
-and there is not sufficisjitin the small area of coun
try which is now lefv to sustain the inhabitants
and the large numbef of refugees crowding into
thit area. Let the people remain at their -homes,
and take their chances wit& the enemy. They will
inevitably, in nine eases out of ten, maketheir cjn
dition worse by leaving their liomes to. wander
through the country in search of new places of
We violate no confidence in saying that at a eon
. sulfation between the members of. Congress from
North Carolina, and the commissioners recently
sent by theXegiglature of that State to confer, with
the Confederate authorities, it was the nawot
jecommendatioaof the Congressmen, and the united
(opin;on of all, that no movement for a State Con
vention bo instituted or encouraged. JSiehmond
Sentinel. . - " ' -
And we "rioMe no confidence saying " thst
' of the twelve members of Congress and four com
missioners from this State referred to, nine were
for a Convention.' When and whose did the Rich.
mond Sentinel obtain authority to speak for Conser
vative members of Congress from this State? Two-
thirds of tbe people of this State an to-day ur favor
"Tbe doubt has been dispelled. . The truth is
made manifest ; and the startling conviction is now
forced upon all. The invasion of the State has
been, commenced !"
The above is the opening paragraph of the recent'
proclamation of the Governor of South-Carolina
one-W1" MWMt? ta .""P-J
not appalled at the invasion of his State. Gov,
llhgvathis an original secessionist of the nurest
water. His State is the hotbed, the very fountain
of that admirable doctrine of secession. If there bo
any thing good or glorious in secession, South Car
olina is entitled to it all The time has come for J
her Governor and her people to show themselves
men. If her-people frill rise and fight the invader
as the Spaniards fought Napoleon if they wfll be
as ardent, as bold, as courageous in meeting the
enemy as they were prompt and -determined in; their
act of secession in December, 188, they will main
tain their ancient character- in all its lustre, and
will cover themselves with glory as with a mantle.
' .Yes, "the doubt has bosh dispelled.". .Secession
meant war. We said so in 1500, but we were
laughed at for it and called a traitor. " The truth
is made manifest" It is. Time proves all things
01860, 1865-what will 1866 reveal? Who can
We-learn that Major W. W. Pierce, Confederate
Quartermaster for this State, office at Raleigh; has
been dismissed trom omoe. 11 were nas been gross
. mismanagement, as reports say, why do not some
one of the Raleigh papers inform the public ? This
is no time to conceal official mismanagement
Charlotte Dem . - '
Better not credit all yon hear. We have heard
it asserted, here, that the late fire in Charlotte, by
which so much govern Beot property was destroy
ed, was tbe work of officers of the post who de
. term in ed to destroy their boots and papers so their
peculations could never bo discaverid, but as the
Charlotte papers were silent we came to the conclu
sion, that there was no. path m the repotts.
-' Major Pierce has. been relieved from dutv. and
his successor has taken charge of the office, but
this is the first timp we hare heard anything about
bis being, dismissed -the service. Jl Court of En
quiry is now sitting in this city, and we learn that
the case of Maj- Pierce is being investigated; and
when the irrvestigatien sbaH have been concluded
wo doubt not but that the result wilt be made nub-
lie by the authorities.' And-until the result of the
investigation sbalf be made public, we presume (he
ivateigu papeni ue uisvtbmoii euvagu to &ecp si
lent on a matter of which they are entirely igno
rant To give currency to the ertravajrawt charges
against Major- Pierce, by newspaper publication of
the many rumors anoat, beiore an investigation nas
proven any guilt, would be doing, as we conceive,
great injustice to-tnat gentleman. trrogre.
Thb Esd or ths World. Sundry people, much
given to the interpretation of prophecy and deeply
versed in biblical lore, are ot the opinion that tbe
end of the world, or at least of the present dispen
sation, is at band. Either event would, we think.
end the present war. We hardly think it could be
carried on in another world, nor Would its conttn
uance be consistent with the coming of the milieu
i urn the supposed thousand years - of . holiness
and happiness which, is to prevail before the pass
ing away of the pfesent physical world,, and the ad
vent of a new heaven and a new earth:'
Dr. Uumminr, of London, who has had s spite at
the world for some time, and has tried to .bring it
to an end on -several occasions, will have it that tbe
dose is bound to come next year, certain, sure, -and
no postponement on account of tbe weather. - New
ton and some others are disposed to give an exten
sion of time, and even consent to spare it until 1867.
There may be something in all this, but we do not
know anything about it.- We have always thought
that the scripture was clear iu intimating that tbe
happening, of the last day was a thing which AO maa
could find out or anticipate that judgment, when
it did come, would come like s thiefin the m'git ;
and we think sostill. v
. But to hundreds the end of the world: comes ev
ery, day. . To the eoldier-.whe 'pours out bh life
blood on the. battle field, or ajnks. more alowty in
the hospital to the wife or mother, removed from
all that tbe heart clings to to al who die-4iis
world ends as effectually as though its last day had .
come and its last hour bad struck. -r- WiL Journal.
Gor. Clark has issued a. proclamation convening
the Mississippi Legislature, in extra session. It is
to assemble in Marion on the 20th of February.
DAY, -FEB.- 22, 1865
1. 1 m-.1!0m tosColiasi. .. . .
Jfco Columbia Gur4iM Uooday last sots
WHwrFridsT the lOtlvGsn. Wbeeler oitackod
5flpatrick aad drove him five miles to bis en
jff. iikes. Afterfis IT Wiles frost
gjHa, s4 Kilsotriak is thas, tbwva out to cover
- 'Ahamaia body of Sherman's army, Useesas, ban
pptod above Brancbtille soqfo 18 miles, to the vil
ofo of Oraageborg ou the Columbia and Cbarles
osi rafeoad, Ttns moveoMnt completery wotflaaks
Jwces at BmnebviU, aad wiB compel 4bem to
Bfcre beyond the Saniee the next river and Ime of
defence. . ;
f Th teilin branch of he Santee, tho Congaree,
HorA-rolins;. flows sooth Westwardly
broe Sootb-OmliMs passing south of Columbia
svlew asilea, n4 enters too AUaotio socne 40 mitse
orUi of Charlaston. Its bottoms ro marshy and
lull Of SWamDS. - Should nur nrM dinMir M.
tore beyond tins river they must evacuate Charles-1
' UshBMdsy last the Columbia train brsosadedoo'
wrtker SOIHB. than JMrieriUa. . akirh in akanaSA
i' J htv reewveu... ih VffllumDia vuapaka .nl
isesaay,; tne Mthy wtricb, confirms the. oecups-
tidn of Orangeburg last Sunday by Sherman after; j
a Biuooora ago. uur..troM have retired, -from
BranchviUe towards Columbia, or ia other words
behind the Santee. Tbe Guardian says: "We
have thrown .awsy greet advantages of position.
There is no -more defensive country to tbe world
than that which stretches between the .Savannah
nveraodTSalkahetenie. across which the eoemv'a
advance has been made." Gen. Hampton baa been .
placed in the command of Columbia and vicinity as
far south as our-lines extendi
Tbe Carolinian of Ihe same date savs that Colum
bia is in h spasm I That there is a general topsy
turvy in tbe condition 61 affairs, owing to tbe
threatening attitude of Sherman's armr' That '
large crowds of refugees are flocking hi to the city
tor saiety, ana numbers hurrying to remoter places
in North Carolina I Since" 180 it seems that the
tide of emigetioo among, the original secessionists
has been turned backwards into the borders of old
Kip. Yen Wmkle. The Same payer says that heavy
trains are loaded with supplies public and private,
and altogether the Capital of Secessia " has been
plunged into a whirlpool of excitement bo less nov
el than refreshing." ....'
1.. Richmond DupatcA of Tuesday thinks that
Beauregard does not intend making an attack:. but
will retire behind tbe Santee. river. He is said to
have a force adequate either Jot offensi ve or defen
sive operations, whichever policy he may find it ex
pedient to adopt .
In the Senate on the 13th the bill for raising
200,000 negro troops was reported back from tbe
Committee on Military Affairs with amendments.
Pending the further consideration of the exemptiosV
0111 tne senate resoivea into secret session.
In the House the appropriation bill was perfected
and passed, The tax bill was referred to a special
committee.' Nothing else of interest
The Senate on the 14th after debate adopted and
passed the report of the Committe of Conference
to promote the efficiency of the cavalry.
In the riouse, Mr. Barksdale, from tbo -ocial
Committe to Whom was referred tbe bill introduced
by himself relative to the employment of negroevas
soldiers, reported back said bill with s recommen
dation thst it pass. It was umde tbe special order
for Tborsdajr. . . . "
,Sr..JI ilea asked and obtained leave to print th
uiuiuiii.jr irpori mm tne same yommtuee. '.
The report, of the Committerof Conferenca on
the bill to prom ute the efficiency of the cavalry was
The bill to punish frauds against the Govern
ment was rejected.
Several bills were considered and passed, includ
ing House bill for Organising field artillery.
- The House then went into secret session.
- rroaa witminrtoa. . -iu.
.A dispatch from Wilmington on the 13th sOii.
that the enemy made three attacks- on Sugar Loaf
on Saturday, w,mcu were repulsed, it was thought,
with heavy Tow to the" enemy.
.The whole fleet opened ontFort. Anderson during
the attack, but the casualties were slight one kill
ed and' one wounded. The enemy sow have sprue
Monitors in the Uape tear and one of them partici.
pated in the late attack. , M
All .indications seem to point to the speedy re
newai 01 acuve operations oeiow vv umtagton.
At fetersourg ait remains quiet . The enemy's
pickets extend out a lime beyond liatcber s run.
They aee engaged fn erecting observatories all along
their tines.- One is in a pine tree immediately front
ing Franklin Street, and overlooking the houses of
Exchange of Prisoners.
. It seems that the Commissioners on both sides
bavo agreed to tbe speedy and entire exchange of
all prisoners Of war held by both parties.
One thousand and fifty returned Confederate
prisoners were expected from Verina at Richmond
on the 16th. - It is understood the exchange wu
now proceed regularly.
Front the United States.
. Northern papers of the lllh contain Lincoln's
nvessage relative to tho Hampton Roads' conference.
Mr. Lincolo states that Blair, on this return from
Richmond, left with him a letter from Mr. Davis
expressing a williness to enter into a conference
with a view of securing peace to the two eountrin.
In reply Mr. Lincoln addressed a note to Mr. Blair,
expressing a willingness to receive any agent form
ally sent with a view to secure peace to the .people
ofcr common country. Subsequent' correspon
dence explains tbe detention of the commissioners
at Petersburg snd City Point
Mr. Lincoln's statement of the interview is con
firmatory of the report of our commissioners as to
bis ultimatum. - fie saya our commissioners seemed
to desire the adoption of some course which might
- !or might not lead to re union! . -. ". ;
Papers of the 14 th inet say, that Thomas and
Wilson will sweep through Mississippi and Alabama,-M
soon as the weather will permit, with a
large force of cavalry and mounted infantry.
Seward hi his report to. Adams, of the late con
ference, says what the insurgent party seemed
chiefly to fvor, was a postponement of the q'nes-.
tion of separation, and a mutual direction of etfjrts
of the government, as well as jthoseof the insur
gents, to some extrinsic policy or scheme, for a sea-
son, during which passions. might be expected to
.'subside and armies be,. 'reduced, and trade and in
tercourse between the people of both sections be
resumed. - ..'-
It was 8nggelted by tbenr that through such a
. postponement we might now have. immeiiat peace
with some not very certain prospect of an ultimate
and satisfactory adjustment of political relations be
tween tbe Government States, sections and people
r now engaged in conflict with it The suggestion.
thoogh deliberately considered, was nevertheless..
regardW by the President as one ot arnnsuce, 0
trajte, and be. announced that the government can
agree Jo iro suspension of hostilities except on tbe
basis. of the disbandment ef the iasurgenf forces and
a ssstoraiion of tbe national authority throughout
all tlQgtetes of tits Union.
The riian says : "If tbe object of tbe rebel
-commissiouers was to conceal tbOtdetails of the late
conference in Hampton Rpad4 they- hare socceed
ed perfectly. If the commissi oners merely wont
there to learn thst President Lincoln would treat
for peace only onthabasisof the Union, they might,
one would think, bavo saved themselves thstioubld
oftno journey.". .
Tfcoitew YorkJVViM edited by. Ben .Wood, do
nouneas S oassndo Wood for going over to theRe-"
pobliftns tkne the posse masion exploded.
Admiral GokUborougb is perfecting tho orgahi;
Wfieus Number 1556.
atio of the fleet far TllinriSaSliI vvmiaasaaa Th "t- 1
Wado doty, sod possibly an irea-ckd (one of the
lsrgest dags) may bo added to it -TT ' "
Fnoli Baxow. We loam Oat active aklrml.hin. "
Wn ntneoasfi daw SttarAmw Kumm . Z
KSwIjtriMkim&tvHmj below, fo-
T -T w?7 aovanoao ia toroa, dnvmria or
Xt "SiD .tarn sttscks ppoo oor
asibline, alt of which were handadmely epuked
with cortderaUe, we might ssy boMy, ion totho
?J-, Omt eaeuahiea wore about twenty.
Finally tha 11am wn noml ..
befbro, and all remained quiet yeeterday with tho
sxceptmn oTsome sheUing by tho enemy's fleet ,
. v- o"wsy one n ue monitors in tbe river
threw some of her fifteen inch he1t at ynrt AtuI.
esosv sritb tho effect of killing one and wonndinc
anothor ofour men...... , ,
Ihe following persons, wounded' in the above
tight were received at General Hospital No. 4 on
8undaT:: f i :
wwyumeu rsciOIUS, . U, v
. D. F. Jenkins, Co. E, 42d Regt N. a , tonta
sum, back, severe Smith Grove, N. C.
W. J. Williams. Co. K 27th n.t rf.,
tWgh-Red Oak, GaITtl Journal
tCerreepondeiieeof the JUT. Eeimld.
- Ifapoteon's Schemos in Sowora.
Parti. Jaiv IT. The desit'na of the Easaw na.'
on Mexieo are beedming more' plainly developed,
It is stated in politicaTcircfes, sod is generally be
lieved, that orders, have been sent to Marshal Bax-
aino 10 oacupy in pcovmce or sonora id the name
of Franca, and thst this portion of Mexico sbailbe held
ss a pieoge untu the entire stipulated indemnity shall
be paid up.. Once taken possession of by France,
you can rest secured that Sonora will never be vol
untary abandoned. The Emperor has long bad
his eye upon this rich province, and as long ago as
100 was intriguing to obtain possession of it lbs
ill-starred expedition of Count Raousat de Boulbon
was encouraged by M. Dillon, then French Consul
at San Francisco, until it was evident that it was
gotta bp on too small a scale, and then Boulbon
and bia companions were abandoned, and died the
death of filibusters. But from lhat dav to this the
Emperor has never taken bis ere from Sbdors- and
from the.time when "the expedition against' Mexico
was nret pianoea tne seizure 01 tnst province by
France has been always a portion of the oroerarame.
Ii, as stated, Dr. Gwin has been appointed military
governor, viceroy, or wW not of Sonora, yon may
rest assured that it is in .'the interest of France.
Gwin, when there, had two private interviews with
tbe Emperor and several with the Duke de Moray :
and, without doubt, tbe, whole' plan was arrarrgea
before his departure. Gwin stated here that he
had abandoned tho fortunes of the Confederacy ;
ana one oi me principal reasons urged for his ap
pointment to mat omciai position hi Sonora was
that he could induce an' immigration here, from
California and elsewhere, of a considerable .namber
of Southerners, ready to fight for France.' Gwin.
who bad much rather "reign in bell than dwell in
heaven," and -who never was true io anybody yrt
- 11 1 1 v 1 1 . . . . . r.
wiu, uuiess ue is very suarpiy watcneu, tnrow on
the mperor yet, and set np on his own account
At the residence of her son, W. R Richardson,
in tho City of Raleigh, on the 14th inst, of con
Sumption, Mrs. Martha A. Richabdsok, relict of
the late Capt W. & Richardson, of Richmond,
I3F" Richmond Whig, Enquirer and Dispatch,
will please copy and send bills to this office. .
COUNTY COMiXISSIONEa .' :
WE ARE ATJTHOBI2ED TO AFT YOUNCE
Capt. F. H. PGRUY ss a candidate frr Coenty Ce
missioner, at the election to be held at February Tera ef
Wake County Court. . ' .
yeb.l, 18U5. 14-lt
Hendquarters Iteserve North Carolina, ) -
" Adjuvant GsHaaAL's Urnca, V '
.- . Raleigh, February 18th, IS65. J '
GsvsaaL .Oaoaas, 1
I ENROLLING OFFICERS IK TBE BTATE OF
O Nortb Carolina will make diligent enquiry in their
respective cdunlies for tbe arms, io., called for io Gen.
L- s appeal ef Jsouary 15, 1366. .
The; are required to receive all arms .brought forward
under this appeal, and restore ttaers to Oapt W. Law
rence, so ord uance officer, Reserve, If . C. s
By command of Lt. Geu'l UoLr
JOHN W. HINSDALB. '
Aaet. Adj General.'
Bsaoqb's Ajuit or Koethies Tisanria. 1 i
. - January 1865. . j
To srm and equip an additional force of cavalry, there .
is need of carbines, revolvers, pistols, saddles. aud;other J
sccoutreoisais uf monnted men. -Anns and equipments ef !
L the kind desired are believed to be held by citixeos in auf- j
ficient numbers to supply our wants. Many keep them ss r
-trophies, aad some wnb the expectation of using them ia
tbeirowo defence' But it shouid be remembered lhat ';
arms are now required for uSe, snd that Ibey. eannot be
made so effectual for the defence of tbecuuntry inany wsy
ss -iu tbe bands of orgauised troops.. - Tbey are needed to
enable our cavalry tocope.wi h the well-armed snd equiped -cavalry
of the enemy, not' enly ia the general serviee, out
in resii'ting tho?e predatory expeditions which have ianicfc. :
A mi mnc.h loss unun the neonle of the interior. 1
To the patriotic 1 need make no- other appeal than the I
wants of we service; but 4 beg to remind those who are i .
reluctant to part with tbe arms, and equipments ia. their j .
possession, that by keeping them they diminish tbe ability i
of the army tQ defend their property, without 'themsslTea J WilkeS,
deriving any benefit from them I therefore urge all per- 1 ' rrrjUnn.
sons net in the rerriaa to oeiiver nromntly, to seme or tbe. 1
officers designated below such arms and equipments (es-
nnrinIlT those auitabla for eavalrrl as tbev mar have, and 1
to report to those, officers the names of suoh persons ss' (
neglect to surrender those in their ponestiou. t
Ktctv citizen who prevents s carbine or pistol from re- ,
mainisg unused, will renders service -to bis country. ;
Those who think to retain arms for their defence, should
remember that if the army eannot protect them, the arms .
will be of little use While no valid title can be acquired
to public arms snd equipments except from tne uovera-
meba, it is reported that many' persona have ignorsntly ;
purchased tfam from private psrtiel -A full compensation
purckased taem rrom private panies. a. i" cuuiu.mu r
-ill. Ue.re. be made to all who deliver secb arms and r
ipmenU to any ordaanee officers; timcercommenaiog at ;,-
r. ii- 1 - . r V. .. A.... .t mnA 1 ...m. .
. ,u,.t nffiivrund urenla of the Quartemusier aad Com
missary Departments at any staUun, or effisers in the .
Enrolling service, or connected with the Nitre and Mining .
Huresa All these officers are requested and those con
nected with this army are direoted te receive and receipt J
for all arms snd eamumentt, whatever their condition, and f
forward the same, with duplicate receipt to the Ordnance 1
Department at Richmond, and report their proceedings to
these beadqurfrierfc Ttie person holding the receipt will
be compensated upon presenting it to the Onmanee Bure
an. While it is hoped that 00 one will disregard this ap-
.1 .11 nrtipr. MinnM-ied with .this army are reauired.
.j'.n s.ihra .n. ronnsHtprt. to take Dossession of any :
public arms andq'uipmenls they may find in the hawl of
nertons nnwillinir to surrender thein to Ihe serviee of ths.?
ceunlry, and to give receipts therefor. A reasonable 1
li.wjnce f.r tbeir expenses snd trouble w4H be made
.,,nh .trifltin sitizens as will cullectand deliver te any
tbe officers above desigosled such arms and equipments as i
tbey ninf and in tbe bands 01 persons noi m ute wnw,
... h ill renurt the same tft those officers. A aroaiut
complissoe with this call will greatly promote the em- 3
eieuay snd strength nf the army, psrticularly of the csval- A
ir. and render it better awe 10 protect we nonKaanu urw .
perty 01 we peupie 11 om Genersl
The officerl receiving arm or seeoatremeats oadev tbie
anpeal art req anted to state npoa the foes of the. dapli
eata receipU given by them tbe conditio of the articles,
whether ia good older or other vise; sod if act in good
order, the per ceotage wifcb ' should be dedusjed, ea that
aoeooat. - ' ' ' . . . . -
Those reeripta msy be presented for jyaaar4 teas earn
of the, W lowing asmedoffioers 1 i-;-" '
Capt. i. M. eHevens, Rstbsaood Araoaeia sabaoad, -Major
B. Raoaolph, 8untoo,Va
Major B.. Hotter, Danville, Va .
Capt. G. 8l Getty, Iysebtiorg, Ys?
Osot. Caas, tfcmple, VFythevill. Thj.
JCspt. A. G Breow, Balisbuij.lti '
Brif 6easJ Chief of Ordoaur.
OAeial: .k 1g. Bus, A. A. G.
Feb. IS, Um. - . l-t
1ST State psparaeopyi tuo.k. -
AU DSSMUttOrT Of rTBUtt fOHTA
Ovnoi sir Xdnuhr Boabs.)
vtns; saado etrfhotte of ih oVbool Foad, hats)
Idirected tte MMat sabalar stetimssTsat ha
showsH WbssJssi to ho.
The aavouat el aU Mt.n rfi am
. . &. W VAN01V
irks. - '
iCaswelt, . -iOatawbs,
W 0 Abenmthr.
D J Wehb, D A
&,AIi. P. Webb,
1.681 77W KBtriokland. o
die, B, 160.
1,780 86 IE
876 lWEOrren. B. 78.-
1,678 79 M.J BUtxahard, TJ
U, 76. - .
1,649 9 4U W Loffet, D
r 1 Gardener, D
AD, A S A re
1,778 71 0 W Porter, B, ?1
814 831. VT Holt. U U,
Holt, D AD, A
0 McLean, B,S
66 88 . " .
Z Flowers. B, 76 -E
J Hayl DAD,
A E E JQaither,
it Carter, D A Dl
N Carter, DAD,
aad J Carter, D
A D, 286.
- 854 81
A Jamison, DA
0. Levers, DAD.
I PegranV B, and 1
D J Moore, B, 76.
O Lane, DAD
0 W Wellborn, ft
E Crisp, DAD,
14,2191 1,52 94
M HaB, B, ana !
Hall, B, 160. '
0 Harris, D
. 500 84
H Belk, D A D, J
Bellt, li U, aad
W 8 Belk, D A
T ssn '- '
1,828 18 N J Dupree, B T
yiement, u 11,
. and J Simpson, B,
144 53J J Read, B, 78,
U fiumerlm, U
D; H Sumerlia
and 8 W Samer
14,866t 1,658 40f
A Owens, M Ow
ens, and BO wens,
Ths Counties of Clay, MitcheH sad Tranaylvssah
will receive their shares frost the Counties oat of
which tbey were reepectively formed.
. l JJ" rj? .,1, ln (haMlaarinw nanara-
be 9 fJiSi
It was orderea toat too aoovo wouiar siBMame
- r- -.. tuiii
DsilV and Weekly Csnssreotio. the. Daily0
fimm faiiraU. and tho Weekly tftawsswot
FayeUeviU ?Zisereer, Wilmington Journal, Wades
kArn'. A rant Was tern Democrat. Salisbury Wtek
man, Qreonsboroirkh Patriot, Salem Prut, Iredall
Express snd Asheville Neve.
February 16. 1865. . r f-lt
lervOaN- C. )
tc;i, use. 1-
MAJOR C.JB.JBTRJWFKbsaw- A8SOTA5TA.
M futant Geaersl C 8. f. A. Will reReye Cspt. Jao W. .
iiindiUle. AaistsntAdj!ttsot Geoefal of rr
C snd-the Utfter effieer wjll proceed to join the 8rd Begi
ment Reserrss M. Cm as its fJolonst. h haviac hemdaty
Clecteo 10 sa.qmas op, u oiu n .
The sieuteoaai (HombI Commanding, ia taboo novo
of.Coionet Hi'odadale. tenders bis wsraa congralulatioaa
on aisMWolieo, and earnestly hopes that the eU
gence, Jssl s-d aallantry which has ebanctsrissd aaer.
viscsa-aSteaT offiosr may be matured by experteaea. We
greater sekaloess ia his new aad saere fftaojlphsat.
- ittgaed) .. . T a-lrB'.
OSdal: . r :
Cbas. 8. Sraixarsubaw, . . , .-
itd boyT, .boutnyVaaTW ttrV
'be owmt OA asU boy U aei'aeitted to euWW
k tt ittsv- , . . , -. . ' ' ' .: ... -
belonss to Beei. Wedmc-t -