Newspaper Page Text
Hilt numu oaiioaJHa
' --WW HI
? "Bit fcB'fcGbVfcfeiroii
:i J AA fn nmtAli ftt 'totr. -T '
Now therefore. L ZKBULUN U,
VANCE,- Governor of the said State, act
nateji'V 'a'Bacred tense -.tfdufj and "love
of country, . da doegijt necessary Jto. id
dress you in this manner in regard to the
dangers and duties of the prMeat time J;
earnestly praying that. it may, ba condu
cive to harmony and gopd .yrlll, :wherola
only is to be found a saw and . honorable
deliverance from all our troubles. It m
known to yon all, that Sn the beginning of
these troubles, North1 Cg'f olio: was so. de-'
cidedly epposed to imitating the secession
of her Southern sisters, that any 1 attend
to force her to do 60 by even a majority of
hemebDle. prior to'tne ' Proclamation jf.
Lincoln in 1861, would inost likely have- J
resulted in civil war, among our own jcu- .
xens. ' It pleased God, however, to .prevent
this - calamity and to calm an tne nerco
passions' of party bitterness, "and to cause
the most perfect unanimity' by, means of
that Proclamation,, which placed before us
.the dire necessity of either .assisting '-or
slaughtering owown brothers'and friends.
Interest, honor and sympathy .combined
to decide us npon. resistance jo what all
united in condemning as a cruel and wjek
. ed war uion- jke'4iotofie8 and liberties of the
i South.. With nnexpledzeal.we entered,.
w ito the war, rushed forward our bravest
pons and poured out pur richest; treasures.
With immense sacrifices, and. varying for
tune we conrintied thestruggle, still with
,' treat unanimity "for years:-' About the end
.f the third year, however, portion, of
onr people in common with .many others
throughout the South, -seeing how our best
citizens were falling, and how our fairest
lands were desolated, began to ..urge that;
peace should be sought for by negotiations,
as well as by .the sword. They, argued
ih8tour Oolifederate authorities, moved by
pride oT opinion and embittered by the
length and fierceness" of. the"conflict, had
- iiot made a sufficient trial of statesmanship
ps a means of stoppingihe war;: that no
doubt if properly appfbached, .either by
torn mission era appointed by. our common,
government, of by the States separately'
. supposing diplomatic reasons would pre-
vent the enemy from treating with the for
mer that our enemy would grant us. bet
ter terms than wo had supposed, and pro-;.
imsiiig that if. a tair and . honest enort at
negotiations should be spurned by the
-enemy- or rejected, then all.clasBesand con
ilitions of menin the South wpiild un.Ue :
iif an earnest prosecution of the var.
This was- the "first serious approach to, a .
division among our people. Sympathizing
,with' "th reasonableness' of this demand,
though not with all the .reasons given for
believing in its eificiency, And being as
sincerely desirous as it waspssible for man
to be, to stop the war oh honorable terms,
I, as your Governor, addressed President
Davis in December 1863, and urged, this
course upon him. In answer thereto" be
assured me that three separate and-distinct .
efforts-had been made to treat with the
enemy, without obtaining even -a hearing,;
and that he did tot see how a fourth' one
could be initiated -without hHiniliation to
ourselves and injury to our cause!
Trusting - that Providence ,wonld yet
. open the way the matter rested here for
another year. Many, however, pf our p"feJ-.
)le, who advocated peace upon such vague
and ill-defined terms as to canse donbts of
iheir good -faith and loyalty, con tinned
bednlonsly to disseminate the opinion, that
our own government' alone was to blame,
for the .continuance, of the war; going so
tar in some instances as to threaten revo
Intiojiary measures ;for wresting the treaty
making power from its hands, and negotia
ting with the enemy ojireelves,' alleging
that we could ieertamly get 8ach terms if
the States would act in their sovereign ca
pacity; as would secure our property and
. slaves by reeonstruotion. Since the be-v
ginning or tne present year, however, two
individuals from the North having visited
. Sichmond on a peace mission, bv the au
thority of President Lincoln, and haying
as our rresiaent supposea opened ti.e way
for another effort, at. negotiations, it -vws
promptly made. He immediately sent a
deregatron through the lineafor tbat pur
pose,' consisting of Vice PresidenHBte
phens, Judge Campbelllate of the Sunreme
Court of the United States, and the H&a.
Jt. m. 1. ilanter, (Jontederate States Sen
ator, from the Statej of Yirginia, men all
eminent for their abilities, public services,,
and. the . long continued confidence and
respect of their .countrymen. TJie first
f two are well known to have -eppoeed the
beginning of this waK and to" svmbathizo
with the general desire tor negotiations.-'
Aney.svere met at fortress AlQnroe, by
Preailent Lincolii, and Mr. -fieward. his
Kecretftryif State, who "without allowing,
inem to leave me Dpat on which they .ar
rived, told them what appears in the fol
lowing official rejort :
'rr'RicirrfoN Feb. 5 1865.
to tfte President of the Gmfederaie States:
Sta Under your letter oT appointment
f Commisioiiers of the 28th, we prdceed-
ed t seek an lofonnal conference -with.
woranara L,nev, t'resideut the United.
States upon.the sobject mentirtned in jbpr
letter. The conference was granted and
took place on the J5d iust., on board a stea
tatr anchored- ia Hampton Roads where
yre ;net President Lincoln and Hon Mr.
Kirrd,eeretarj of State for the United
S ate. It eon tinned for ae veral hours and.
ih fnll "and -explicit. Wo learned
UmA Aiem that the message of President
'Mwn i& the Cngrcss of the United
HtAtm U t5cmW l-Mt explains clearly
i d'mmgtj uU 4ntimea. as to thtf
iitrmittSumAifattit, nnu 'quA of proceeding
y&M pe? sum bo scored , td tlie
frlf m4 w ware mt ift&jffled' tliat
tUjf wmU U wmI'44 or altered to at
m4, W Mdto4 from bun
JIll?? 9rmte fny twaty w
nas -CQnierrey ujimi . iVi
ilaico'Wei; yon? welfare, guard Wli fidcV
ity your fnter&ate"; and warn .you. of every
anroachinir danger ; . . a '
him with the authorities of the Confodor-
ftta RtfttoB bocAiiBB that would bo a recog
nition ofthoir exiatentt its twff
Dower, which under. n. circuTncncM
wonld ho dona, and for llkaJeasort tllfci
F Mm fronf States separately, that no ex-
nr armistice as at present ad
1 . 1 .11 A..vl .iitlirallt
viseu wouiu ue graureu vr . . -
satisfactory nssuranco in advance of the
Complete restoration l"the authority of
tho Constitution arid laws of the United
Stales over all places, wjtlua JLhe.btatea
the Confederacy ; that wnatever circui i
stances may tbjlqw from' the .restablish
raent'tthat authority ihnet.b'e accepted
out.arid jwiL, "Indiridttals, wbjeet to pains 1
iuid rAnftltifB imdnr the laws
inder the laws of the unnea i
States, might rolv upon a very, liberal ui
of the power confided to Mm. to ffW$
those .pains', and penalties, if .peace bfe-
irnA (fnvm iinnh.AnnfSmnee.'
.The proposed amendments tdie Cbft
stitntioti ftdootedbv CoVisfeW'oftthe Zt
rultl- Svere,bronght fc' ouA notujftt .Th.ese:
Amendments provide that noithea alavery
uorJavoluntary; servitude, except" for
crime, should exist wlthra the ITnUed
States of in ahr place within' its jurisdic
tion. ; and Congress should have power: to
enforce the amendments by . appropriate
legislation. Of . all the correspondence
that preceded the conference herein 'men
tioned and leading' to the same, yon have
heretofore been informed. :
Very respectfully,. .. .- ; -
Your obedient servants, -(Signed)
A. H. STEPHENS,
f - K. M. T. HUNTER, .
, J. A. CAMPBELL. .
. Thus' vou see' tbat ceithef' terms nor
jeonditions were' spoken- of in ffhe inter
viewy but only subjngali'on "ptfere4..fns, tlie, 1
mere details.' of which they proposed.toj
settle. -; At .one blow all our hopes iu the
humanity and moderation of our enemies
were dashed to the 'ground,.'" No terms or
proosals of a treaty coming either, from
tlie Confederate Statai,. or any one of tlie
States would be. entertained, but-, a com
plete, absolute and unconditional submission-to.
the Constitution and laws of the
United States, is required as a prefiminary
step fo.'any,seveh the slightest.cessatipn of
hostilities.- . beeing then that we ran treat
witb the enemy, neither by the authorities
of tho Confederate&tates; nor by separate
State, acticn, what will be the. resnlt if we
submit, as. we ave required to-do t This
We can. partly judge by examining tlnit
Constitution and those Vaws, to which w6
are required to. yield obedience.'; Tliat
Constitution is not the one we leftr .Iu ad-(
dition to the qlianges it. has undergone- by
eorruptv and. . violent - interpretation' -by
"Black Republican judges, its wording has
oeen so cnanged as to decree immediately
and forever, the abolitfo.n of slavery. The
" laws " to whose tender mercies ' we iffe
referred, provide most minutely and par
ticularly tor the punishment, of death by
the halter, of every man, soldier, sailor or
mannej , civihans and. others, who. have;
been engaged in what thev term rebellion.
Not ceasing ;tp ruaisk., with -the- death of
the ottender, tlie "la,ws"'of the United
States also provide tliat all his property?
real and personal, shall be confiscated.
The only mitigation ot the rigor threatened
by these laws, is contained in Mr. Lin
coln's proclamation accompanying his ari-
nqai messaire iu leceinoer ISiiS. in wkich
he proposes to haner only thosa ahavs iha-
rank ot Ujlonel in the army and Lie.nten-
niit. in th'a nnVv a?ir nil I.rll l.A
. t . a - :
matic officers on agents of the Confederate
government,1- and. various other classes
therein specified ; coupled with the vague
intimation to our commissioners in. their
recent interviews', that whilst .We must ore
pare to accept all the pains and Denalties
of the laws, we might rely on a liberal use
or me pardoning power, vested in him.
llo awg imorius us tnat tne terms set iorth
in his recent -message of December last,
wberein he r'erendorges the aho've men
tioued proclamation, will be rigidly ad
hered to. : . - -
. Now then, we can sura up, in some sort,
the cohsequences-of ouraubmission. Four
million i?f slaves, two hundred thousand of
whom have been in arms against ns, turned
loose at .once in our midst, our "land. con
fiscated, and sold out to pay. the cost of
our' subjugation or parcelled among negro
soldiei s as the reward of tho slaughter of
their masters ; our women, children and
old men reduced to. beggary," and .driven J
frrkm tliatj inntk ltnAnir lAwtxn - ' 1 1
avuAi.A.v. vuvu UDJ' , Ulr UlUlll-
ated arid diseased soldiers, starving in rags,
from door to door, spurned by even pen
sioned negro soldiers, whilst the gallows
grows weary under- the burden of onr wit
sest statesmen -and bravest defenders; to
say nothing. of universal financial ruin -and'
the intolerable oppression of a rapacious
and vindictivefoe, in the hour of conquest !
Great God I is there a! man in all this hoil
drable, high-spirited ancl noble, common
wealth,' so steeped in every conceivable
meanness, so blackened with all the guilt
of treason, or so damned with all the. lep
rosy of cowardice, as to Eayyeg, .we wilf
submit to alt this t and whilst there yet re
mains a half inilliqn then ambhgus able to
resist 1 And who says the enemy -.will
give us anytning oetteri iiot jir. X.uv
coin ; and do the weak and the vacillita
ting among us know .better than he does,
what ho will do for "us?
Having nuide-therefore, a fair and hon
est effort to obtain peace by negotiation,
and knowing now precisely, fro.n the lips
of the PrcsidenAof the Tin i ted States, w,hat
wetre to expect, what 'are we to do hext l
There is only one tiling left for us to do.
Wo must fight,' my countrymen, to the last
extremity, or submifc Voluntarily to our
own degradation. Let. no man . mistake
the issue now. The Uine of distinction
will be jdrawn 'plainly between those, who.
are for their, country, a nd those who are
against their country. There is .lib half
way house upon the roauV Ipe. purity mg
nre is eyoa now burning yiro.ughoht'the
land, and its ennsutning n&rinea must sepa
rate the dross from tiro true metal. ; Deg
radation. ruin and. dishonar on .the one
hand, liberty, independence And honor, if
vwum uo eirung, oa me outer.. 19 it not
worth another honieafc.ftnd miAnly elFortl
Aye, Another, and another,' aud aaothe,
and aihonasnd. eiforta of 'onr whole people.
As North Oarolinlani, 'da, ecendanta of rev:
oliitlonarvherbes. and fathers and brothers
of the Boblestue&a ana uviiijjaieMwt I
r..l - W1 Imritn 'oil tVitxan fp.ftrfft
erfnl armies, and invite 'all these
consequences upon our country, we would
live torhafe onr ebttiren VRtterVVP'rmj'
hairs for fastening our dishonor upon them..
i trust; Ana Deiiev iuatrvw3
little difference of opinion in North-Caro-
8istance. ino great argumeni reu
a. Till I
he hronclit fvrward to BhakeF Tonr" boTor
And ietendei tf. mcfte yoir to despair will
numbers us. that, onr fighting rndft Itrelll
laitf : dnT-fesoirfces- an exhausted ana we
might las' well stbrnit iiow: This,;myjeonn-:
trymena teJse na as. irequonuy - jiw
jceeda'j frou craven - or -ttaito a
4rora an ioiiest bntTnistaken spirit, weat
Lai onr calamities have been, straitened
we are far -all supplies- both,pf me.a and.
inateriaU I-.tell. yea, an all xandorj ta,
Sshen I sarvey onr dendkion by the 'light
ji nnman nistorv. i see no uauKcr njwn
hreatena to-be, fatal tto puf .cause, except
this depression of spirit among'tlie people
and the still more fearful, risk of internal
dissension. So long as we remain one and;
determined, it is not iu the power f our
enemies to-suoaue na. "suij ; excepfinese
aKidein the ship.'Ve- cannot bft 8ayed."-r-
All things may- be supplied if we were bat
iSoasedsSffof that bold1 arteV mflfnlv-Boirit?Of
resistance "toT tyranny , of -wbljclf ' jiberty.
ana independence are-.pQrn., vinat aion
can fflfihe widowX barrel and. still the
orphanVcry, can -cast caimo and bnild
ships of war ;; can raise up' armed men
from the'dust'of'the dragon's "teeth, tan
wrest, tangible realities from the very jawg
of impossibility. Without it, numbers. but
add. to the ignominy '-of certain' defeat;
even as the Persian millions were whipped
rahd'shamed by the tbree Jinndred. in the
mountain pass.. Are our "men-all slain!
Over fopr. hundred thousand, ham.es. yet
Stand upoa tho muster rolls of the Con
federacy, to say nothing- of. the many
thousands who shirk,; yliere arc, they J.
Thousands upon thousanda absent witJiout
leave, are lurking in the woods and swatnps
of the S6itth: Are-onr provisions all gone!
Hundreds of thousands' bf bushels ofgrain
now. rol'at the yarions-depbts of the. South
'for wahtpt. transpoj-tation ; and this trans
portation cannot be protected because
these absent soldiers are not at the post of
duty.. Oh I my countrymen I if you would
but rie to entreat, to shame, to tlrive them
baqfc to their country's standard. Has our
territory been overrun! It has, but how
much of it has' been lieldf. The enemy
marched 'triumphantly through -f he heart
-of our sister .Georgia, and Is she conquer
ed -Except for the garrison at Savannah
and the ashes of desolation on their track
.tlH-oiig!ttho interior, Georgia has neither
enemy nor the sign of enemy n her soil.
-So of most portions of -the South which
epace does not permit me'to enumerate. ;
T. X" .. aI.'; .i i- ' .i
rw .our years, tneir countless legions nave
gnawed ii tho ritai-uf VTtgtjiia,yet7 to-;
day tuey claim nvt even all ot her; terri
tory which is swept- bytheir cannon. The
cities they garrison, the land their armies,
actually stand npon, and the waters ridden'
by their fleets, are all tliat they really hold,
or ever can hold' except., by our. ignoble
consent. .. . -
LM the balanee of onrcitiesrgo ; Mobile,
.CSiylLSfeton, Wilmington", Richmond' all,
andif we are determined to." be free otir
subjugation is "quite as sistant as ever.r-r
For thank God, the Confederacy does not
consist in brick and mortar, or paftitfnlaf
spots of grotfnd, '.however valuable they J
.may bom a military point of yiew..Qur
nationality consists in our people. -Liberty
dwells in the heart of her votaries, and
the ragged, barefooted soMief, standing in
the "depths of the forest, 6r in the shadow
of the mountain, can offer her sacrifices,
which, will be as sweet and as -acceptable
as those profftred in gorgeoustemp3es-ih
the midst of magnificent cities." o if onr
country and its caused like to fheldngdom
ot GodKbeeiuhroned in bur hearts, then,
indeed am I -persuaded, that neither prhv
cipalities bbr powers, nor things present
; nor things 'to "come, nor Jleight nor depth,
nor Lite nor death, nor any.otlier creature
ishall he able to sepaatepsfrpm that inde-
A.. nn .1 A l.yv.'MM .lt.U
fiendet.ee alid honor or. which our people
iav-0 suiiered and onr sons have diedr . -.
Therefore; any eodhtrymfen,'' bavin?
warned you of this danger which fsnjxm.
ius, .uuw appeal 10 . you. uy evtjryfjiiug-
JieM sacred among men, to bear yourselves
as. becomes . yonr lusrh hneaere and future
hopes. I implore you to lav down all party
bitterness, and to be reconciled' to jouf
njguoor tor 11 10 sane 01 your country j -10
use every possible exertion to restore ab
sente'es ;to -the- army to dfvide- of yobr
abundance freely with. -the poo? and tli'e
Bnlferirig";; tostrengtheO the.arms ot your
rulers, and to sustain "your soldiers and
nheir Generals; anckogive cheerfully your
aid phyeiclu, mental, and moral, in what
ever-sphere yon may be; to preyent thev
uegreaaiion 01 your country, ana tne rum
of its people. -. ' ', ' - - '';'
" For the purpose of determining the best
means ot accomplishing this-, as well as tor
giving expression to your opinions,' I earn
estly recommend ' that you assemble in
primary Jaeetings in every county in the
Slat ev arid let the 'whole world, and espe
cially our enemies see hOw! a free: peeple
can meat a" proposition tor their 'absolute
submission So the will of their conquerors.
. . Given under -my hand and the
i L. : -great Seal ot the State, - in onf
..1 -v City of Kaleigh, on the 14th day
of February, A. !., Jtj65: ' ; '- -M
By-the Governor ... r .'I '
' A. JsjL. MqPaEffrKES. Private Secretary."
. : : r v
Th report that the enemy had burned Atken,1
Granlteville or the .reajdencea of Messrs.' Wn.
Gregg. ao4 Riehard. Xeadon, al Ealmia, ig- thus
far without foundation. "Nor hare we heetd of any
peritonei outrages perpetrated npon ladies beyond
verbal fnao'tand iatriMioii in their premises. Sa
vannah .refugees report that Shermaa punishes
these -priscreants with death wherever- found, and
that the ntraost severity ir employed in that Cfty
oe tnat gujccessiui.- resisianvu. w v
Possible;.. Some. wiUrtelljqni a .
'alreftdj.nbdudi that; tbe
LineoUUrtptrt o tl Peact nfe
hM of a. to a fmm
mmionrt-r willing, tri
.rTi. v . -rJSbuLRiK Wm iMt JM. I?
MntM irom viio a " -wmf rr -tt -i
flo'd tf Mr. Iinooln'. ? A. PT-
ing documents, in rauuoa w uw rowi r
feranca ml fltmpton Ro. '. - . ;
ISly?ddtapton SoJirt hT thetoi)or
to Btet. that on th dy of the date I gave fmSi
the beerer, F.- P. BIir,fir., to pm our hnu ge
South retara.- :rjuoa v.'JUeOV8fc
Dttmlm k 18MJ? w-v y v,-; t
1 Thtt e Aft4fal i
oaghaad A:vm4L&U tBiehond,
Virgtt. to mvia0uiiPJ
ctTorMxyw, Wal 4BAMfl
,4hinive uliij &
hd betKeh(J.pQjeA'iii Mr. -tler
Dtia, iwiie air-!' the vaH,4
9 i-r.. i -fmiwmf-
inU tfr o to jmnA Dn
Unee ef mrim tljutMl tnie&
by you toMMienl; LiMpin, Jto. s.r "V- -
and . waljni jiew, tM hum, HsurMa
eotitiM far to.n&oniMni4l ftae--1
to tend a -commission whenever I he, reaet w
uppoee it wHl be nctlvei-or U ?Me'eoininis-;
.;. -if thn TTnifrd 'Rtmtca pnTetnment ihalt chooM
to send one ; thai; notwttlMStinidfflg the rejection of .
our lomer oners, l woo to. n you oouhj prim
copimissio&er, minister or other agent would be
receWad, appoint .onejAuaediatalj, and taa.
ctfrt to enter into a conTeren.c, .rlth a. view to sa:
core peace to the two coiin'triei ' . ''
. ! - Touraiav r " '
- Signed ., JEFFKRSONrDAVt
: Afuirwarda. and with, m siew tbafc. it ahotild be
shown to Mr. I)vis,iI.wrota,.and deliver to Mr.
Blair, a letter as tollows, to wit : . - .
. . .. ... fAianieTOx, Jia. 18, 1885.'" .
F. P: Blair, Eiq.:- . .V '. - ' !
Si;-You having shown me Mr.-. Davis's letur to
you of the J 2th insunlypu-majr saj to him that I
have constantly bee.n, am 'now, and shall continue
read fo'receive any agent whom ho of any other'
influential persort new resisting' the national au
thority may. informally send .me, with the view ot
securing .peace to the -people of our. common conn-,
try. ' tours, Ac,, " ; A LINCOLN, .
- Afterwards. Mr.-Bhh dictated lor aiid authorized
me to make an entry on the back of my retained
opy of the letter last above recited, wbih entry is
'as follows: " ''. '. V s.
JiscASV 8, 1885. To-day Mr. Blair telle ma .
Ltbat on thft 2lst insUnt hedcvered to Mr. Psvis
the ofigihst of which the within is a eopyt and left
. . - . .4 . .i - a a i: :
4t wn mm K.inat at ine ume oi acijvcnug m.
Dsvis resd.it over twice tn Mr, iiUir's presence, at
the cfose of which he f Mr. Blair) remarked that the
part about onr one common country related to the .
. - C J T;aa .kn.it In. a (.Annf rial
part of Mr. Davis's letter about the two countries,
to which Mr. Darts replied that he s5 understood
it - , , . A. UN'UltM."
Theo follows a telegram from- General Ofd an
nouncing that the Confederate commissioners .have
arrived in front of (he Yankee lines and . that they
would like to go through ty 10 o'clock the next
morning v '- - "-' '
ItaDDears that about .the' time ef pkeinic the
foregoing telegram in my hands the Secretary of
War dispatched Gen, Ord, as follow to wit :
J . . War Drr., Wasimncwh Qrn.l -"
;' Jan."SOr 1865, 10, p. m. .J
'Major JQenrol Ord:' .
This department has no knowledge of any under-, .
standing by General Grant to allow any person to
come' within his lines as cemmiasionerS of any sort."
You will, tberforeraiIdwb-one to-come mtoyehr
lines under such chafactor- or proiesaioa until you -receive
the President's instructions, to-whom your
telegram will bo-tent for his direcnoni,
.- --.',- BOWIH SC. STXUTOK,
; ' Secretary of War.
Sent in cipher at 1 s. m., 80th. '
Afterwards, by my directions, the Secretary of
War telegraphed. XJen. Ord as folIoTS : ' -
- Wia DerV. Washington, D. C, ) "
- Jan. 80, 186510 ra j f
Major-General E?0. .C.Qrd, Headquarter Army
of. the Jamee: . . i . .
By direction of the President you are instructed
to inform the'thrie gehtlemenMessrt Stephens,
Hilnter-and- Oampelj that a - messenger' iilV be
dispatched to than at or near where they now are,
without unnecessary delay. ,
- ' " .'''. 4 " SedreUry of Wsr.
Afterwards r prepared aneVputrfnto the hands -ti '
-Mijor Thomas T. EekerVthe fuMowing instroetions
andmesssge: . v - -,.' . - r,
t Exscutivs Mansion, )' '
; .- . ''Washinoton, Jan.. 80, 1865." r l
MajorT. T. Eekert f ' ' -
SSik: You will proceed with tho documents pla- -
ced in jour-bands,.andn ;reaehiitgvGn.-prd will
deliver oth -the, letto addressed to him by the Sec-v
retarv of War." Ihsn, by General's Ord's assist
ance, procuro-an interview wUh" lleasra. StepbetJSj
Hunter 4tnd vampbetl, os any 01 tneut, oeuver. to -him
or theat the.panenoo which, your own letter is .
written. Jtotst en he copj- whieh you retain the
iinie of ita.delivery shd to whom deliveycL Receive
their n8wer in iwn ting, waiting a- reasonaUe time
for. it, and whrch, If it contain their decision. to .
come throagh wi t aonl iurthes eoodttioa will he your
war rant, to ask Geaeral Ord-oo Jsa them thsouwh. .
ss disected in the. letter of 4eeeretry 6t War- to-
him.. If by theunswr thoy dechne to coin, r
propose. ;Other terms, do Jiet ie tbetavBassedx
through. And this being your whokduty, returq
and report to me. 1 - . .' -
t --.i Yonrs,ruly, . "A. UNCOIN. .
Mennx Alonte E:9tephnA J: JL'OaikpbeZl and
JL M.' T: Hunter . ' .'-'.'- ',
-Gbnt.ui'bn:-I am instructed b'ytbe Presidentof.
ineumiea Bisies ippiace wiib paper in yonr nanus,
with the information tnat ifyou,ptts through the"7
United Statts'tnilitsryltnss itw.il! be understood
that you do 5 for the purpose of an informal coh-;
ference on the basts of that letter,- a copy of whicli '
is on the' reverie side of this Sheet, ahd that if yoo'
enooKs to., pass on socn unoersunaing, ana ao notiry
me in riBie." I will procure the Gommandinar'
"General td pass you through the lines and to For
tress Monroe, under Such muitary orecantions' as
be may deem prudent, and at wnichplace yott will
oe uicb iu uuo nujuuj auiuo jiotboii or peisona ior
the purpose of .s'uch informal conference, and furth-.
e'r.that yo'u shall hsve protection, safe condoxt'snd
ssfe return in. air events, '
. TH0S. T. ECKERT,
' ' Major and A. p. C.
' -Cfty Point, Vsl, Feb. 1 1865. . . ' . ' . . ;
Afterwards, but before Major Eckert had depart
ed," the folio wing.digpatch was received fsom Gen.'
Grant ; : ; - ''.''".''.
. ,0rioB TJiTtp States Uilitart Txlscibapb, ) v
t . ; Wak Dsr atmsn.- 1
The following telegram, received at Washington.
January 81, 1865, from- City Point, Virginia, 10.80
A. M.; .. s . ' - - 0. ' x
' . JanCast 81, 1868.
Hit Excellency Alyrdhm Lincoln, Praidenttf. the
United Stittee: , , :.; -.
The following communication was .received here
last eveuing: -
PrriRiBOBO. Va.. Jan. 30. 1865.
Liewt. aTtM. Z7. & OranL commanding the Armiei
of the United Btatet : .
STa We desire to pass youritnes under safe con
duct, and toprdaeed td Washington to hold con
ferenot ith President Lincoln hpori thosubjeot of
the existing war and with a view ef ascertaining
upon what terms it may be terminated irt pursbaneo
of the course indicated by Kun" in his letter to Mr.
.Blair .of January 18, 1365, of 'which we prerame
you nave a copy, and if hot, we wish to see-ypu in
person, if convenient, and to confer with yon on '
the'aubject. '. ; - . v.-.
. Teryrespecrfwtly youra,
' . - ALEX. H.-8TEPHENS,
:., a .J-: J. A.5AMPBELLi :
i .... -4 ' - R. M. T. EUKTEiC- ;
evenidg aTc&gylagw&Ktiona. -
- V ' ' W'tt, --V8. GBANT,' '
I'bW nrtiML K to tw peroiited, tniwAmd
resolVed, however, to aend Major 'Eckert forward
. . r
with this message, and, aocoraingM teltgrtpbea
Gen. Grant aa follows j. ; . '' " -:
T-r"- '"-BaaiiofH aTVaiaiiuii't '"
' Wasdhiotoh, Jan. 81 1866. J
Liut.-G GtvnL CmuuindiMg.&ff v-x'T
. A measenKer is comioir to you .on the busim
contained in your du patch. Detain the gentlemen
10 eomfortshla Quarters nntn brtirMa, BdpthB
act upon the message he brings, aa far as appliea
ble, it having been made up. .tamest lvogh,lien-Ord'ahabd-and
when the gej)Unea wajf aiippet
ed to 6e beyond our lines. ,: ' " " : -
.. . . . - A. ttrauuiiM.
ISant in $pheF fi t : 80 ?.1L . - - -
. When Major Eekert dMarted heOmrt with nisa
lettorsf tne Secretary of War Xf Gels. Grant, as
follows, to wit:' -. ." '.. "... ...,'
Wj&BtmrO. Jv 85 1886. i
(j sural ir. The President desires that yon wiU
lease procive for. the- bearer. Major Thomas.- tl
Jcklrt, an interview with Messrs. Stephens, Hunter
jand'Cbmpbel!, and if,-on- his return to you, he re-qaesta-ft,
-paas.hent through- our lines -to fortress
Monroe bf soca-raute.aad under suca miutary pre-
caations.is you may deem prudent, giving thnj.that t5e SeortUry of State had not vet
protection and comfortable Quarters while there.
and that yon let hone of this have any effect upon I
voor soveisats orHaas.-. T - "
. ; 3l order of the PresjdoMt -. .t , . . - u
,Kr.: .... '; ; . ,X- K, StATONr ..
' ' . .Secretary of Wir: .
Supposing the proper -points to- bo then reached,
I dispatched the Secretary ot'Sute, with the fol
lowing ioatruotiea, Msj. " fiekertv howorv going I
snead of nun: . - , .. ..
' .' ExCrjTIVS.MAK8I0S,J
"Washwgtoh. Jaa 81.' J8881 f
Hn. W.H. 84voi(L-8cr4try of Statt: "I
Yon-wili proceed . to For t Jlparoev Yireinia., there
to'tpeet.and informally, confer with' Messrs. Ste
phens, Hunter and Campbell, on the" basis of my
letter to F. "P." Blair, Esq., of January 18, 1865j a
opyof which you have.- Yoo'will make known
to them that three things mre indiapensi bloylo wit:
, First The restoration of .the natiqpal authority
throughout all the States.
Second. No recefftag by the' Executive of the
'United States en the slavery Question' from the po
sition assumed tbereea tn the late annual message
to Congress and in preceding documents. ,. -, -...
Third. No cessation of hostilities snort of an etfij
of the win-and the disbanding of- all the forces hos
tile to the Government ' You will ihforin them that
all propositions of- theirs not jnconaistent with he
above will be considered and passed upon m apirjt.
of sincere liberality.' Yoii will hear all they may
choose to ssy, and report it to the.' You'wjU hot
assume to aenniteiy eonssMmMsrany4snav
v .. -. Yours, te.r , - . i- , ,-','...
- On the day of its databe following telegram was
I seat to Oen. Qrant :
I " WVto 11 .
WAH DsrAUTMSKT, WASBntOTON, D. C., )
; - - Feb. lj 186. J
Lieut.-Oen. JBranJt, City Point Virginia.: -.
; Let nothing' which is transpiring change, hinder,
or delav your military movements or plana.
Sent in cipher at 9 : 80 A. K. J
- Afterwards the fojlowing eMspateh.jra.iaMVij
rom Gen. Granti. . -. ,x
Ovricx ; Unit A . States . Miutabt . Teumam,
Was Depakthent, (in cipher The folld'wmglele-.
gram receireu at r ainingian,: su r. JLTaornarj
J. 1865:- " - v '-.r.
- Citt Point, Feb. 1 V18, 80 P. IC .
Hit. Excellency A. Lincoln, President of tie United
States: - ;. ' . ' '
. Your dispatch received. ' There will be' no arhrlS.
lice in consequence of the presence of Mr. Stephens
and ethers within our hnea. The troops are-4fpt
in readiness to move at the shortest notice if oeca
sion ahould justify it, ' " .'"
'"' ' . . . .. tj. 3. GEANT;
To notily Mjor Eckert that the Secretary of
State would be at Fortress Monroe' and to put
them in communication, the Mlowittg dispMdi.was
pent:- .- '. , ,-
- War DsrisTMSNT, Wasbumtox) JXd ). -'
Feb. 1.18B5. -L
JM T. T. Eckert, cart Qen. GrantVity PmM' j 7wr P"ports
. Virginia : ' .-T-- JJ)Hiam$tft
GU at Fortress Monroe and snt vonrkelf
direction of Mr. Seward, whooi yewwiu Caw taera;
On the morninir.pf the 3d iaaiaai. thsr foBowiina-
;ielegratas were received by m reajveif fcaas
the 6ecretarj-e State and Maj. JCokart; ::t ..
- : -s . - : Foa MoBioE, Vwois; .. ..
Feb. 11165, J1;8,0 PJbV , L
The Pretident of the United SUttee; . J
.: I arrived at 10 o'clock this evening. , jUchssead
0rty not here. . I remain hare . - . ,
- Out Ponri', ViMima,-)
Hie EtceUeney.A. Lincoln, Pretident of Ho TisMeaVrlibberd our steamer end had an intervie w with the
Statee-: - - ; - Secretary of Stato and myself of several hours'" du
. 1 have the honor to report the -delivery -f -.foot- vation.. No question of prelimroaries to the meet
comsawaioation -and my letter at 4:15 this- aftew- ,ing wsav the,n, and, there, made or mentioned, N
noon, to wfaioh I received a reply at rVMaml ether person was. present. No papers were ex
not satisfactory. . . - . - r-; V s ., . - changed or prodftced, and it wis "in advance agresd
At 8 R JL the foHowing awto, addi snrtd to Osa. ' that the-eohversatfon wli to bo informal and verbal
Grant, was received-. r. mereg. Jfnu pert, the -whole substance of the
' --Grrs Penrs, YiactKui : instructions to the Secretary of State hereinbefore
' - -- " -fabinary ltswS. v t rud.s s.UUd and inawtod upon, and nothing
,Te Lintt-Otn.. Grant: - :- ; v:i . f:, ,. wss saii inconaisUnt therewith while by the other
-SwV Wees toto tVWashro event w' in ssy
fer ioToraaMy with the President traofyt:in--rn.'
Terence .to Hbe matters mentioned tans fetter' tfr
Mr. Blair of the JSth January, nit. - Without toy
personal eontbromise' on nv- onestinn MHha TAU,-
w have the permission to da so fror e sutbori. !
.AIM AAA1 AUQUUIVMI. . . - - - . IU .
Biefamend. . ' -. ' .Vw. ';
,Ver raspeotfully, youi t ,
. - is 4. ft STEPHENS;. J
" ' - J. A. CAMPBEtL? -
ACscSlr P. H, I notified them thatlhoy could
not proceed further unless they oOnaplied wk .uio
terms expressed in my letteiv2he point-of meet.
ing designated in the above troie ought not, in my
opinion, to.be insisted, upon. - I think Fort Monroe
would be. acceptable - Having com rifled with my
instructions, 1 will return to Washington tosaor.
row, unless Otherwise ordered. .,
- . THOMAS T. ECKERT, v-
' " ' ' '- ' . v- Msjer, Ac. '
On reading this dispatch of Major Eckert, I was
about te cecall him and the Secretary -of Stoto,
when the following telegram from Gen. Grant to
the Secretary of War waSjShown me: . -
Orrics United States ' MUitArt Telbobaph,
War DeparMent. In cipher. The -following
telegram wareceived at Washington at 4 AS A. M.,
Feb. 2, 1865, from City Point, Virginia:'
Febbuabt 1, 1885, 100 P. M. .
Hoiu Eitein M. Stanton, Secretary of War :"
Now that' the interview between Major "Eckert.
under bis written instructions, snd I. Mr. Stephens
shd party, has endad, f will state confidentially,'
but not officially, to become a matter of record, that
I am convinced: upon conversation with Messrs.
Stephens and Hunter, that'ihcir Intentions are
good and their desire-sincere to restore peace and
Union. 1 have not felt myself at liberty to espress
any views of my own or to account for ray, reticence.
This has Disced me in an iwlinnl laAQt linn war k SnW
I could have avoided by not seeing them in the'Srst
instance. I now Tear their eoinr back without any-
expression from any one in authority will hav a
bad. infhienee ; at the same time I recognise 'the
difficulties in the wsy of receivihr these informal
commissioners at this time, ahd do not know what
to recommend. I am' sorry,' however, -that Mr.
Lincoln cannot have an interview with ' the two
named in this dispatch, if not all three now within
our lines. Their fetter to me was all that (he Pteav
-ident's -instructions ontemplsted to' secure their
safe Sfcriduct, if they bad used the ssme Unguage
to Major Eckert. '.
U. & GltAWT.
This diostoh of Qen. Grant chsnged ay purpeBos
Ury of State reepecUrely u fellwr.
" , -" " A8HIH0TON.
si 1 w"i meet
enally t Fortrese Monroe, as soon ., i !m P-
Sent la cipher St 9 A. MJ ' MUUC .
Induced by a dispatoK from Gn n . .
yon at Fortress Monroe asToon as I r V'l1 J
Sent in.cipher at 8 A.M. ,NCOLN.
- Before starting, the following dispatch w .i,
me. I. proceeded nevertheless: - QWMl'w
Omc 'lIITSn STATSS Mimiart TlLmr
WAa toasHr-lCipherO-The Mo'
gram Was received at Washin.inn m6"
WW: From ORy Point, YirZ '.Tl L,
, -1Mb. Hoa William H. S.J'tJ1-'
State, lortrss Monroe, (copy to Hon. Edwhf I?
Stonton.creunr of Ww, Washington, D o
The gendemen here hate accepted th
torn, and wll lesv. for FortJs MoJroeW
"-'fc' ' '-' U. 8. (JRant
; o-ight ' 2d i
and found te Secreurr of Sute and iSt?4
on a steamer anchored eft the shore, and le.rnJ .
Uiem that the ItiAmond Mntlenien J ' f
?m& s?,i?rch6red ff the ro;r S
communicated with them. I enw.::j .r?"
Jtckertrhad literaUy complied with his iMfruMj
end I saw; forthe first time, the answer of th.
mend gentlemen to him. which, in hi. J. tTT
me of the let, he character, aa not MtSJ?
Ttwt answer is as follows, to wit: UctM7.
: -y Ctrt Pom, VraotHiA, Febrnarv tm
Thmns D. Eckert, Major and A.-Ik C: '
j Ma job: Your note, delivered by yourwslftt..
day, has been oonsjdered. For rep!wX?u
say that we were-furnuiheJ with a codv of . i
Uer of President Lincoln to Francis P. Blair T T.
Kth of January ultimo, another conv nf .VT't "7
i:appendetT'to - ybor. note. Our intentinn. ...
A..1UVU w iwLmi yi waica m lOUOWing jg a CODV
Innfemity,with the letter of Mr. LmcZ ,f
Tshich the foregoing is a copy, you are to prW
ro w aanmavon city ior informal conference wuk
himiipon th issues involved in the exiitlnewar
and for the purpose of securing peace to ths two
' With grist res'pectj your ohediefit servant
. -' ' .,''. JEFFERSON DAYIS."
The substantial effect to be obtained by thiio.
formal oMiereaoa is to aacertain npon what terns
h sxjsting.wj,r. can..bs terminated honorablr
Oar instructions contemplste a-personal inUr?iV
between President Lincoln, ahd ourselves at Wuh.
ingteHwnt wiUs this esplanation, wears ready t
meefaoy person or persons thst President Lineoh
may. annjuat, at such place aa he -mav dftaivnA.
ur. earnest dsjke is tsss jost and honorable
peace may be agreed upon, and we are prepartd to '
receive Or to submit propositions whieh may po
sibly load to ths.ttainment of that end.
, ., Yeryrespsctfully yours, .
v. v-v .-.v , alex, a Stephens,
. ' .. ''. R at T. HDNTER,
. , - - ; ; J0HN CABPBELL,
A note of these gentlemen. aubseoii-ntlT
ed, to General Gant, has already been given is Ma
jor Eckeit's dispatch of the 1st instant
. I also here saw for the first time, the foltowinr
note, addressed by the Ricbinond centteuta 11
Major otart:J ... .
. UlTT. PoHTT. YuantlA Vnhru.r 1 IfiAK
' Thmfe&Eei.t,Mw Aid de-Camp:
.: 'Majob : In reply to your yerbal stsUment that
your instructions did not allow you to alter the
condition upon which a passport could be gives t
tts. we aav IkaA we ara willin'i tn nan.l
f " ww .. ... .v jiuwvu .v in-
-fresa M0nroe..aad theFO to have an informal confer-
once with any person or persons that Prwident
Lincoln' may appoint, on the basis of his letter to
F. P. Bhih-, of the 18th of January, ultimo, or upea
any other terms or, conditions that he may hartal,
ter propose, not-, inconsistent with the essential
principles of self-government and popular right
upon which our constitutions are founded, ft is
our earnest wish to asoertsin, after a free inUrchanrs
of ideas and information, upon what principles and
terms if any, a, just and honorable peace can be ev
tablished- without the further effusion of bleed ; tvA
to coo tribute onr utinosL effiDrtB to acomnliih aueh
a result, we think U bettor to add Aat, in accept
ing your passports, we axe hot to be underah oi at
vea to anything but to carry to
$hh informal cpnj
lue views ana teeuop
; - -Very teipectnilly, yoors,ftt., ' "
t . r, ALEX. If, STEPHEHS,
J ' t.U J.'JL CAMPBELL,
L;.'i.ii, , A B. M. T. flUNTEa.
Note. The above communication was delirono
to m at Fortsess Monroe, at 4:80 P, M., February
S, br. Lieoteoaot-Colonel -Babcock, of General
$s.ttafc, --o- ,s -'1
---.:'; . THOMAS T. -ECKERT
, , , , . . Major and Aid-de-Camp.
' .On the morolnr of Febrnarv 8. th thrm ntl.
anenV KessfS. Stephens, Hunter nd Campbell, cam
;ealrterjslmyj-essjst woaU ooasent to re-union, and
- T'J1 WOjejiy wmuea loaeuaK tost tney wouw
not cansant. V they seemed to desire a nostnone-
ponement of that question anj the adoption of some
otheV coinoe' first, Which as some, of them seemid
to stgjaspnigtit might not lead to re-union, bat
Wbiejeuc .wer thought would amount to sn is
dsfiBite postBonement. , The conference ended with
out result. ;:, . . -:?
ITl foregoing; containing; as is bolitred, all the .
jnfovsea sough is respeetfally submitted.
.'. ' v j --t . ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
Executive Mansion, Feb.10, 1805. '
'' -L OMPfANYNG pOCPaiSTS.
. WiSBimon, Febniary JO. Ihe following
inclosed in ths massage sent to the Senate:
To the Pretident:
.'The Seeretary of BUU. to whom was referred
resolution of the Senate of the 8th insUht, reaotft
ing the President of the United States, if jo b
6ptnie iiei incompatihle with the public intereits,
to furnish to ths Senate any information in bis P0" .
session concerning recent conversations or commnj
nicafwns with certain rebels, said to have occurres
under SkeCwtive sanctfon, including commuDie"
tions wh the rebel Jefferson Dais, and any cor
respndejpxe rsfaiing. thereto, has the honor'to re
port that the. Senate may properly be referred us
special message of the President bearing upon the
subject of the resolution Snd transmitted to tb
House tbiat .day.-.--- . 'v.-
Auixmded to the reiort ia a aoor of an initro-
tion which, has been addressed to Charles Francit
Adams,. Eq., Envoy . Extraordinary and Minuter
Ple.ninnionli&rv of th TJnitMl Arntps at London, SBd
which is the only correspondence found' in this
.panmenisouentng mo sopject reierrea w " -resolution.
' : Respectfolly submitted. '
: V ' WM..H. SEWAKU-
Department ef SUte, Washington,-February VK
. .MB. SEWARD TO UK. ADAMS. 1
'. Departjibnt or Stats,
.- . Wasbmotok, February 9, 1885.
It ULsni thsl in time of pesce there are -waya
instigators of war. So soon as a war begins
thenar atisetts- who impatiently demand negotUK
twos of pefca. 'The Bdvocatos of war, after
agitation- longer or shorter, gonerally g" tDf"
feaabl ep though the war declared is not untrer
'quanilf neessssry and unwise. . So pesce agi
tors in time of war ultimately brine about sn tM
donmeht of conflict, sometimes without securing .
. j L:.k :.h. rtMl from toe
oeoflict . .' ' .-..a fc,
Theagltatowfor war in time ot peace su