Newspaper Page Text
fHE QAAiH A aT ;.WyK8yA. .. MARCH 29, 1865 AV.,r ;v
TUB SABBATH OF TIIE SPRING.
BY MEO. II. DILL.
" The flowers appear on the earth ; the time of
the sing:.rg of birds is come, and the voice of the
turtlois heard in on'r land." The Song of Songs,
A ylnrious change Is come to pass
An A !ril sky is overhead: - . -. .'
Like emerald gloTS the growing grass, '
And lliwers are rising from the dead :
Renewed rejuvenated trees
Resume their leafy; liveries,
And bursting from the icy prison
The gulden buttercups are risc.i.
Arouse! from their hibernal sleep,
The j icinth and the crocus leap .
Into the lap of Spring and'bare
Their sceoUd bosom to the. air :
"With downcast eye and mitn demure,
The pensive s-novr-drop pale and pure
Seems listening to an ardent wooer:
- Later from Winter's realm to sally,
The loitering lily of the valley
Begins to bud and sweeter yet
The blushing blue-eyed violet,
Who cloistered in the twdight shade
, Which her luxuriant leaves have made
By her own breathing is betrayed..
Above me now the honeyed cells
Of pink and purple lilaeh bells
Pul?c perfumes on the wandering breezo :
And lured by these,
The golden bees
Are come with hummingS of the hive
'Till every cluster is alive
'Till all their bells together chime
With murmurs drowsier than my rhyme ;
More softly somnolent than thoa
That wooed from Hy.bla's beds of thyme
And clover-gardens in their prime .
The weary to repose.
At noon as tipsy as the bees
The languid zephyrs lie
Around these nectared chalices,
Unwitting how to fly ;
For oh ! the luscious iiiac flowers,
While giving sigh for sigh,
Breithe opiate balm that overpowers
The ti-nlrj 'till they die.
' Blush-tinted petals of the new
Peach blossoms lend a rosy hue
To folds 'that widen on the view,
T- whore withdrawn into a mist
Of crimson haze and amethyst
The bLy puti ofl its living blue.
Tho winged choristers of air
Arc making music everywhere;
Ere dawn emerges from the aVk
Are heard' the matins of the lark': -The
thrush sings in the hazel brake ;
The mocking-bird is wide awake;
The blithe hedge sparrow chirrups by.;
" The swallows twittur in the sky,
And faintly far adown the glen
Ts cheeping now the russet wren :
Birds, bees and flowers,
Sunshine and showers
Bring Sabbath to the world aiain! '
SUWARROW, TIIE RUSSIAN' HERO.
lie "was in person miserably thin, and
five feet one inch in height. A large
month, png nose, eyes commonly .half
shut, a few grey side locks, brought over
the top of his bald crown, and a small mi
powdered queue, the "whole surmounted,
by a-three-cornered felt hat, ornamented
with green fringe, composed the " head
and front " of Field-Marshal Suwarrow ;
but his eyes, when open, were piercing,
and in battle they wereaidto be terrifi
cally expressive. When anything said or
done displeased him, a wavy play of his
. deeply-wrinklad forehead betrayed, or
rather expressed his disapproval He had
a philosophical contempt for dress, and
might often bo seen drilling his men in
shirt-sleeves. It was only chiring the se
verest weather that h9 wore cloth, his.
ohter garments being usually of white
serge turned up with green; These were
most indifferently made, as were his
large, coarsely greased, slouching boots ;
one of which he yery commonly dispensed
witli, leaving his knee-band nnbrtttoiuod,
and his stocking about his heel. A huge
sabre and a single -order completed his
ordinary costume, but on grand occasions
his field-marshal's uniform was covered
with badges, and he was fond of telling
where and how he had won tliem. He
often arose at midnight, and welcomed.
tho first soldier ho saw moving with a
piercing imitation of the crowing of a
cock, in compliment to his early rising.
It is said that in the first Polish war,
knowing a spy wa3 in the camp; ho issned
orders for an attack at cock-crow, and the
enemjj expecting it in the morning, were
cut to pieces at nine at night Suwarrow
having turned out tho troops an hour be
fore by his well know cry. The evening
before the storm of Ismail, he informed
his columns : -j,
" To-morrow morning, an hour before
daybreak, I mean to gWtip.- I shall then
give one good cock-crow, and capture Is
mail!" When Segnr asked him if he ever took
off his clothes at night, ho - replied :
"No! when 1. get lazy, and want to
Tlave comfortable a sleep, 1 generally take
off one spur."
Buckets of cold water were thrown
over him before he dressed, and his table
was served at seven or eight o'clock with
sandwiches' and various messes which
-Duboscage describes as detestable Cos
Back 'dishes; to which, men paid "the
mouth honor, which they would tain deny,
but dare not,' lest Suwarrow should con
sider them effeminate. He had been
very 6ickly in his youth but by spare diet
and cold bathing had strengthened and
hardened himself into first-rate condition.
English ale was his favorite drink. t Sol
diers, indifferently from ny regiment,
were bis servants. His food, straw (for
. ho used no bed,) and lodging were the
same as theirs. He saluted as they did ;
dispensed with his pocket handkerclUefs,
like them ; would bo seen half-naked, air
ing his shirt and . dressing himself at a
watch-fire, among a crowd of them; in
short, ho adopted all their habits. De
scending to bo their friend and model, he
did not only what they were obliged to
do, .but whatever it was to their advan
tage should- bo done;' and they were
proud to imitate tno man wno was not less
their comrade than their commander,
and tho companion of princes, The con
straint of duty was unfelt obedience was
a delight to them. They called them
selves his children and him their father ;
and while he -attended to their wants like
one, his familiar jests with them, or in
their presence, maao every condescension
" What I sav to soldier." ho observed,
" is told to his. comrades at night, and the
next day the army "know it." ' ;
io impress on tuem the duty ot implicit
obedience,1uis aides-de-camp were accus
tomed to interrupt his dinner or his doze
"You must eat no more,'.' or, "you must
" Ah !', ho Would, answer, in affected
surprise, " by whose order?"
" liy that of ineld JViarshal Buwarrow,"
was the reply ; arid he must be obeyed',''
was the laughing and submissive' vrejoin-
aer. .- .-.
ne once had his arm raised to strike a
soldier, when an officer boldly, exclaimed :
"' llie Field Marshal has commanded
that no one shall give way to passion."
He desisted, saying; ...
"What the Field Marshal orders, Su
His instructions tended to form the man
as. well as the soldier.
" you perceive a cannon with lighted
match," he directs, " rush upon it creep
ing: the ball will pass over your head
cannot and7 cannoneers are your own ;
overset tho gun and spike it the men
may reeeive quarter. It is a 6in to slay
without a canse. Do no wrong to an un
offending party: he supplies yon with
meat aud drink. A' true soldier "is no
robber. Spoil is to be held sacred : if you
capture a camp or fortress, it is . all your
own ; but beware of laying your hands
upon spoil without previous orders. . 6eek
to die for the honor ot the Virgin- Jttary,
your mother (the empress,) and all the
royal family. lue church- Qllers up
prayers for those who fall honors and re
wards await those who live. A soldier
should be healtlrr-minded,. brave, intre
pid, decisive, loyal and honorable. Let
him pray to Gjd, from whom proceed
victory and miraculous interpositions.
God be our guide ! God ia our leader I"
I don't know I can't impossible, were
words he hated. "Learn do try," he
would exclaim ; " when a soldier is ex
pected to do, and doe's nothing, he must
do wrong; if he. does something, there
are chances if he does rightly. Many a
man has resources within himself that he
is not aware of. Under Suwarrow he is
sure to do his best." If he went, into a
house whore the army bivouacked, he
frequently ordered away the doors and
windows. " I am not cold nor. afraid," he
would say, and the soldiers, who laughed
as they obeyed the. order, would try to
brave the cold like " their father." When
privisions were scarce, he not nnfreqnent
Jy met the difficulty by ordering a gener
al fast, which, as he kept it religious!',
was cheerfully acquiesced in by the men,
Lonis XIII coming from the counci
witlr Iiichclieg, whose opinions had just
overruled tnoseof the king, the latter stood
aside to let the monarch pass. "Are ye
not the master here s said the king, push
ing him angrily. "Go before me." "J
can only do so," replied tho adroit cour
tier, taking anarch from one of tha pages,
" by assuming the duties ot one of the
humblest ot your servants.
Temptation is .a file which rubs off
much of the rust of self-confidence. Fene
Why is a muffiu like a chrysalis f Be
cause it is a grub that makes butter fly.
fFrom the Standard March 24, 1865.
Casualties in the Battle of Beutonsville, fought
Sunday, IHarch 19th, 18C5.
Our Reporter has handed us the following list of
wounded in the battle of Bentonsville, and now in
this City, (or in the course of being transferred to
Other points,; at the Episcopal and Baptist Ch arches.
Officek's Quarters Haywood House.
Brig Gen D II Reynolds, Ark, lefttthigh ampu
Brig Gen E W Pettis, Lea's corps, fksh wound
Col D N Keener, 6th Fla, amputated right leg.
Lt Col J K Elliott, 30th. Ala, contused wound.
Maj V Elliott, Gen Lee's staff, gunshot wound
Li Jno Middleton, 1st S C artillery, concussion
Lt A D Regans, 28th Ga, right leg.
Capt J M Buss, 32d Tennright arm..
aaaLt V C Coffcy, S8th N C, contusion shell
"LtE S Sauls, luth S 0, flesh wound.
Lt Boy kin, 6th Ga, right arm.
Lt F M Carroll, 61st N C. head.
Lt J N Dotla white, lt Afiss, Batalion, leftshoul
Lt W J Miller, 45th Tenn, jaw.
Lt C W Gray, 60th Ga, right leg. -Col
Jas Hagan, 3d Af a, Cav, left arm.'
Capt B II Thornton, 65th Ga. .
Lt J C Boyer, 2nd Ark, left thigh. '
- Lt L Tope, 4th Ark, right ankle.
Lt M D ParR, 5th Ark, neck..
Lt Jas A Kelly, 36th N C, left arm.
Lt C C Gunn, 6th Fla, left thigh.
Lt S S S McAubey, 10th N C, right side..
Lt T J Kirk, 65th Ga, wrist
Capt J Brooks 36th N C, amputation right arm
Capt W D W est, lata Ark, sUoulder.
Lt Albert Levingston, 3rd Fla, knee.
3 F WaJdcn, Corpl Company A, 22d Ga, bat
L McDonald, B, 36th N C, stomach.
Burton Brown, G, 66th N C, right side.
S D Hiller, C, 20th S C, left leg.
C Itosers, E 41st Ga, fight hand.
E R Knowles, C, 20th Ga battalion, right arm
Corpl J A Webb, C, 20th Ga battalion, left
Private Lewis Ellis, A. 63d Va. left hand.
Corpl A J McKinney, C, 1st S C artillery, left
nana. . . -
Private W 11 Pucker, C, IstS C artillery, left
Chas O Brien, B, 10th Tenn, left thigh.
J B Cnderwood, 1st S C Artillery, C, kft hand.
JTH Brown, 1st S O Artillery, leftside, head.
Corpl P J Collins, 1st S C Artillery, right side,
Chas Lanwicks, 1st S O Artillery, B, right hand.
w r uaioert, 1st S U Artillery, U, contusion,
J A Owens,. 1st S C Artillery.B, right arm.
David Collins, 7th Fla., F, left hip.
J E England, Cth-Ga., K, right shoulder.
J A Hendrick, 6th Ga., left hand.
J A Orr, F, 63d Va., left shoulder.
W M Rough, I, 42d N. C, left arm.
J P Fountain, G, 6th Ga., right urm.
Sergt S J Mooneyt H, 8th Miss., left Hand. '
B F Day, Sergt, G, 23rd Ga.. rieht arm.
J L Cox, prisoner, E, IstS O Infantry, left hand.
Wm Semm, prisoner, E. IstS O Infanfrv. riatht
... -- t tf I u
I11JJ. . -
- T Smith, G, 1st S C Infantrv. left hand. .
J T Ohilders, G, 1st S C Infantry, lea arm.
D H Burney, 36th N. C, left hand and side.
D McDaniel, G, 3d Fla, left shoulder. '
L p Batter,' E, 3rd Fla., both hands.
8 J TiJlet, C, do do left side.. . .
Oscar Collins, G, do do neck. -P
J McKee, H, 36th N. C, left thigh. . -J
Passman, 03d Geo., concussion, $hyll, head and
shoulder, ' ' - .. ,.
Orderly Seret J F Douglass, 15th S. C battalion,
left hand. .
H J Harshaw, A, 15th S. 0. battalion, left arm.
Wm CaldweL A, 15th S. 0. battalion right
Wm S Brilly. H, 17th N. , left arm. .
Wm Price, E, 17th N C, right shoulder.
Sergt J A Murphy, F, 8d Miss, side and head
H S McFadgeo, B, 36th N O, contusion.
J 11 Lanning, G, 25th Ala, left side head.
W W Cook, H, 54th Ga Vols, left wrist
' W R Perry, A, 55th Ga, left arm. .
Oorpl W M Scoggin. 1, 19th Ga, right arm.
J M Robbins, 1, 19A Ga, left shoulder. --ST
James, 0, 54th Ala, right arm. 9 '
Peter McDemot, B, 2d Ark, right leg.
J M Bright H, 2d Ark, left hand.
A number of wounded have been transferred from
the hospital whose names we have not obtained.
v, Baptist CHUiwa.
Npnt A number of those named below have
beon transferred west of this, olace.
Privates E B Wilson, A, 13th Arkansas, left
P It Bradshaw, K, 14th Arkansas, left hand..
I Williams, I, 13th Arkansas, left leg.
J 8 Malono, K, 2nd S C, right hand.
J Vf Miller, K, 8th N 0, head.
W R Walden, U, 5th Ga, right hand.
S H Ratcliff, I, "31 Miss, left arm.
E Jones, li, 22d Miss, left arm. ' ;
M S Stuart, G, 2 2d Miss, right hand.
F M Turner, B, 1st Miss, left arm.
Sergt J J Spivey, E, 28th Ga, right arm.
- Corpl C Vf Riban, t), 22d Miss, right arm.
J R Hayne, C, 7th Fla, left band.
Sergt J Hence, A, 15th Tenn, left arm.
T Strickland, G,. dih Fla, right arm. ,
D II Player, F, 6th Fla, face.
LtD J Williams, C, 9th Ark, left arm.
J E Lee, D, 9th Ark, right arm.
" Walters, D, 9th Ark, left leg.
Henderson, K, 9th Ark, left arm.
W. Kelly, F, 1st Fla, face
Gillespie, A, 1st N C, right cheek.
C E Steward, A, 1st N 0; right wrist
Graham, A, 1st N 0, fight arm.
M Killer, A, 1st. N C, left arm.
J H Bailey, H, 6th Ga, throat
D C Pannenter, C, 6th Ga, left arm.
J F McDonald, C, 6th Ga, right arm.
D R Burtlaw, A, 1-ght battery, finger.
Sergt .M J Rivenbank, B, 1st N C, left hand.
Lamb, B, 1st N C, finger.
J D Herring, B, 1st N O, head.
Judge, B, IstN C, right arm and eye.
W H Burt, B, 1st N C, left leg.
Thos Thigpen, D, 17th N C left arm.
J S Finch, K,- 3!U Ala, left leg.'
J C Gibsun, D, 9th Ala, thigh.
P Davis, Corpl, G, 31st Miss, left hand.
A E Strowd, B, 28th Ga, head,
- H Hill, B, 28th Ga, left thigh.
W Conder, C, 10th N C, face.
H C Harper, , 43d Miss, breast
A Benton, D, 10th N C, concussion.
Vvr R Karlott A,H6th N C, hip.
U 0 Leach, A, 10th N C, finger.
G Walton, A, 10th N C, forearm. -C
B Hutto, B, 2d S C A, right leg.
Henry Lask, 11 2d S C A, left shoulder.
G W RoseT A, 5th Ark, left hand.
C W Richards, E, 9th Miss, left arm.
J C C London, B, 9th Tenn, left arm.
T M Clark, G, 22d Ala, right leg.
B F Gurhels, B, 1st S C, right hand.
J II Everit, C, 17th N C, right leg.
B Billiards, G, 28th Ga, ar:u.
B Landiness, G, 28th Ga, arm.
H Hurtley, II, ZSlh G left aim.
E F Eames, G, :!lst Miss, light hand.
J L Tyson, E, 40th Ala, right shoulder.
C J Abrams, F, 2Uth S C, loft hand. .
II C Martain, F, 20;h S C, right arm.
A L CauMe, K, 60th. N 0, leg.
A M Buke, F, 27th Ga, right shoulder.
W II King, A, 32d Ga, right leg.
II Chapman, H, Ga, right leg.
J H Vanghan, G, 27th Ga, laft arm.
J F Lilller, F. S4;h Va, lefr thigh.
.J M Owens, F, 54th Va, right side.
A Brown, F, 54th Va, right side.
J Rodgers, F, 54th Va, hip.
H H Bievins, K, 26th Tenn, face.
. Sergt JEW Austin, C, 10th N C, hand.
W Bcvins, C, 10th N C, hand.
H L Wolfe, F, 2d S C A, face.
W A Church, F, 2d S C A, leg.
Lt Jno Robins, G,' 65th Ala, leg.
Lt W T Henderson, K, 55th Ala, left side.
. Thos Kelly, G, oath Ala, left foot
Sgt G T Barker, B, 55th Ala, left foot
Sergt J J Wolfe, F, 2d S C, left foot
J B Riley, F, 2d S 0, right arm.
J M Kennerly, Ft 2d S left arm.
A J Hartzog, F; 2d S C, concussion,
J W McLany, F, 2d S 0, face.
T A Bruce, F, 2d S C, left side.
II C Uletz, F, 2d-S C, head and hand.
D W Bird, F, 2d S C, right side.
J R Walker, C, 2d S 0, foot
J R Wolfe, C, 2d S C, thigh.
Lt Colbert, A, 57lh Ala, left arm.
. W R Wingate, I, 57th Ala, left arm.
J Balukon, D, 57th Ala, left aun.
J M Reynolds, 0, 19th S C, left hand.
E Withers, B,-7th Fia, right hand.
J U Irisco, F, 7th Fla, right shoulder.
JB Stephens, K, 7th Fla, leftside.
JH Parker, F,-40th Ala, hand.
" Sergt W T McDonald, E, 23d Mis. left leg.
Corpl J.S Bullock. E, 23d Miss, shoulder.
E M Yates, E, 23d Miss hand.
H C Vincon, C, 6th Ga, head.
J C Rump, 0, 6th Ga, left leg.
J Vissage, C, 6th Ga," sight arm.
M L Kitchiiig, I, 6th Ga, thigh.
Sergt J P Daniels, B, 4Sth Tenn, 'leg.
S R Wilder, D,17th, NC, left arm.
W G Stricklin, K, 51st N C, right hip.
Baines, C, 1st Miss, back.
L L Skales,-!, 19th Ga,ncck.
P London, F, 61st N C, right hand.
EM Brooks, G. 23d Ga, head.
J Braxton, E, 6Gth N C, right arm.
S P Thomas, E, 2d S C, back.
E Hatchell, E, 2dS C, back.
Samples, B, 6th Ga, left arm.
S A Hieks, B, 06th Ga, head.
W Rodgers, B, 6 th Ga, right leg.
S C Hargan, A, 14th Miss, left hand.
J D Rushing, G, 14th Miss, left hand.-
J M Hughes, D, 31st Ala, left hahd.
T J Jefferds, E, 31st S C, left hand.
Sergt W R Harrel, A, 12th La, right arm.
A L Parker, H, 12 th La, right arm.
T G Lucas, G, 12th La, left hand.
. A J Nelson, G, 12th La, Vight arm.
J M Cruise, E, 54th Ala, leffhand.
Sergt W R Johnson, E, 54th Ala, left
Corpl J W Burnett, C, 7th Fla, hand.
JB Knight B, 7th Fia, hand. '
Lt J E knighting, H, 26 Ala, right arm.
Sergt J M Bell, E, 23d. Ala, left arm.
W Lewis, K, 34th Ga, left arm.
J. Wallace, K, 56th Ga, hip.
Sergt B Rosser, E, 30th Ala, left harji,
; R Adams, C, 7th Ark, left hand.
L Gr.oon, A, 6th Ark, arm.
Will Char.ua, I, 2d S C A, right shoulder. -
James Harp, E, 30th Tenn, arm.'
Battle op Bentonsville. A. train containing
some two hundred wounded from the battlefield at
- Bentonsville arrived here Tuesday afternoon:
Among the wounded are-the following:
LtCo! J J Sharpe, 23d Ga., in right shoulder
dangerously. ' '--.
- Maj Renlrew, 27th Ga., thigh broken.
Capt John Kfcely,r Co B, 19th Ga., small bone
in left leg broken.
Adjutant J B Pye, 27th Ga.,- in. right knee, se
Lieut Hamilton, Co F, 19th Ga., shot through
lungs, mortally. '
Lieut Montgomery, Co A, 19th Ga., shot through
right thigh, flesh wound. . v
Sergt Chas Guess, Co B, 23d Ga., (formerly of
Orange county, N. C.,) leeg broken.
H C Harris, Co K, 17th N. C, from Pitt county,
shot through body. '
Private 0 D Wilson, Co II, 4Qth N. 0., from
Sampson county, through thigh severely.
J A Walter, Co L, 17th N. 0., from Oabarrus
i coupty, in thigh. Doing rtllConscmUwe;
Report of the Senate Committee on President
Davis' Late Message.
The following is the report of the Senate Com
mittee on the recent message of President Davis.
It was read and adopted in secret session, and tho
seal of secresy removed on the 16th instant:
The select committee to whom was referred so
much of the President's message of the 13th instant
as relates to the action of Congress during the pre
sent session having duly considered the Same, re
spectfully submit the following report:
The attention of Congress is .-called by the Presi
dent to the fact that, for carrying on the war suc
cessfully, there is urgent need of men and supplies
for the army.
The measures passed by Congress during the
present session for recruiting the army are consid
ered by the President inefficient ; and it is said that
the results of the law authorizing the employment
of slaves as soldiers will be less than anticipated, in
consequence ot the dilatory action of Congress in
adopting the measure. That a law so radical in its
character, so repugnant to the prejudices of our peo
ple, and so intimately affecting the organism of so
ciety, should encounter opposition, and receive a
tardy sanction, ought not 'to exciU;irprisu ; "but if
the policy and necessity of the measure had been
seriously urged on Congress by an Executive mes
sage, legislative action might have been quickened.
The President, in no official communication to Congress,-
has recommended the passage of a la'w put
ting sllves into the army as soldiers, and the mes
sage under consideration is the first official infor
mation that such a law would meet his approval.
The Executive message transmitted to Congress oft
the 7th of November last suggests the propriety of
enlarging the sphere of employment of the negro
as a laborer, and for (flis purpose recommends that
the absolute title to slaves be acquired by impress
ment, and, as an ipcentive to the faithful discharge
of duty, that the slaves thus acquired be liberated,
with the permission of the States from which they
were drawn. In this connection, the following lan
guage is used :
"If this policy. should recommend itself to the
judgment of Congress, it is suggested that, in ad '
dition to the duties heretofore performed by the
slave, he might be advantageously employed as
pioneer and engineer laborers; and, in that event,
that the number should be augmented to lorty thou
sand. Beyond this limit and these employments
it does not seem to me desirable, under existing, cir
cumstances, to go."
In the same message the President further re
marks : .
" The subject is to be viewed by us, therefore,
solely in the light of policy and'our social economy.
When so regarded, I must dissent from, those who
advise a genera t levy and arming the slaves for the
duty of soldiers."
It is manliest that the .President, in .November
last, did not consider that the contingency had
then arisen which would justify a resort to the ex
traordinary policy of arming our slaves. Indeed,
no other inference can be deduced from the language
-used by him ; for he says :
" These considerations, however, are rather ap
plicable to the improbable contingency ot our need
of resorting to this.element of resistance than to our
The Secretary of War, in his report,'undor date
of November 3d, seemed to concur in tho opinion
of the President when he said :
. " While it is encouraging to know this resource
for further and future efforts is at our command.
my orcn judgment does not yet either perceive the
necessity or approve the policy of employing dates
in the kiylier duties oj soldiers."
At what period of the session the President or
Secretary of War considered the improbable con
tingency had arisen, which required a resort4o
slaves as an element of resistance, 'does not appear
by any official document within the knowledge of
your committee. Congress might weil have delay
ed action on this subject until the present moment,
as the President whose constitutional dull it is
" to give to the Congress information of the state of
the Confederacy, has never asked, in any authen
tic manner, for the passage of a law authorizing the
employment of slayes as soldiers. The Senate,
however, did not wait the tardy inovenients of tho
President On the 29th December, 1864. the fol
lowing resolution was adopted by the Senate ia se
cret session :
" Resolved, That the President be requested to
inform tho Sonktc, in ooarot ses&ioa. Hi t th&tftate
of the finances in connection with the payment of
the troops ; the means of supplying the munitions
of war, transportation and subsistence ; the condi
tion of the army, and tho possibility of recruiting
the same ; the condition ot our toreign relations,
and whether any aid or encouragement frcjn abroad
is expected, or has been sought r is proposed, so
that the Senate may have a clear and exact view of
the state of the country, and of its future pros
pects, and what measures of legislation are re-,
In response to this resolution, the President
might well have communicated to the Senate his
views as to the necessity, and policy of arming the
slaves of the Confederacy as a means of -public de
fence. No answer whatever has been made to the
resolution. In addition to this, a joint committee
was raised by Congress, under a concurrent reso
lution addptcd in secOt session, on the 30th of De
cember. 1864. That committee, by the resolution
creating it, wa instructed, by' conference with
the President and by such other means as they
shall deem proper, to ascertain what are our relia
ble means of publijdufence, present and pros
pective." A written report was made by the committee on
January 26th, 1865 ; and, although it had a con
ference with the President,' no allusion is made in
the report to any suggestion by him that the ne
cessities of the country required the employment
of slaves as soldiers. Under these circumstances,
Congress, influenced no doubt by the opinion of
Gen. Lee, determined for itself, the propriety, poli
cy and necessity of adopting the measure in ques
tion. The recommendation of the President to cm
ploy forty thousand slaves as cooks, teamsters and
as engineer and pioneer laborers was assented to,,
and a law has been enacted at the present session
for the purpose, without limit, as to number.
All the measures recommended by the President
'to promote the efficiency of the army have been
adopted except the entire repeal of class exemp-'
tions ; and Some measures not suggested by him
sucb as the creation of the office of General-in-Chief
were originated and passed by Congress,
with a view to the restoration of public confidence
and the energetic administration of military af
.On the'subject of exemptions the President in
his message of November 7th, uses the following
"No pursuit nor position Should relfere any one
who is able to do active duty from enrollment in
to e army unless his functions or services are more
useful to the defence of 'his country in another
sphere. But it is manifest that this cannot be the
'case with entire classes. All telegraph operators,
workmen in mines, professors, teachors, engineers,
editors and employees of newspapers, -journeymen
printers, shoemakers, tnnqers, blacksmiths, millers,
physicians, and numerous' other classes mentioned
in the laws, cannot, in the nature of things, be
either equally necessary in- their several .profes
sions, nor distributed throughout the country in -such
proportions that only the exact numbers re
quired are found. in each locality," eta -.
The casual reader would infer that the laws, as
they stood at the date of the message, exempted
the classes enumerated by the President, as well
as many other, classes not mentioned by him.
S6ch is not the fact The only class exemptions
allowed by the laws then in force, were the follow
ing: Ministers of religion; superintendents-and
physicians of asylums for -the deaf, dumb and the
blind, and of the insane ; one editor for each news
paper, and such employees as the editor may certi
fy on oath as indispensably necessary ; the public
printers of the Confederate and State governments,
and their journeymen printers ; one skilled apoth
ecary in each apothecary store, who was doing
business as such on the 10th df October, 1862 ;
physicians over thirty years of age, and or the
last seven years in practice; presidents and teaoh
ers of colleges, seminaries and schools, "and the su
perintendents, physicians and .nurses in nublic
hospitals ; certain mail contractors and drivers of
post-coaches; certain officers and employees of.
rauroaa companies, ana certain agriculturists pr
- Officers of the State governments are not prop
erly included among the exempted classes, because
it is conceded that Congress has no constitutional
power to consenbe them, as soldiers. JNor are
Dunkards, Quakers, or other non-combatants, re
garded as belonging to class exemptions, because,'
under the act of June Y, 1864, the exemption of
these persons is subject to the control : of the sec
retary of War. The exemption of agriculturists
or overseers between the ages ot eighteon ana iorty
five,- has been repealed at the present; session..
Tanners, shoemakers, millers, blacksmiths, tele
graph operators, and workmen in mines, enumera
ted by the President as among the classes exemp
ted, are not now, and have not been since the pas
sage of the act of 17th of February, 1864, exemp
ted as a class. If railroad officers and employees,
and State officers who are not constitutionally sub
ject to conscription, be excluded, the classes now
exempted east of the Mississippi river etnoiace
about nine thousand men one-third ot whom are
physicians, and nearly one third are ministers of
thi Gospel ; the remaining third is principally
composed of teachers, ' pressors, printers and em
ployees rh newspaper offices, and apothecaries. ,v
In remarkable contrast to .the number of persons
relieved from military service by the exemptions
above mentioned, the report of the Conscript Bu
reau exhibits the- fact that, east of the Mississippi
river, twenty-two thousand- and thirty nve men
bave been detailed by Executive authority. In con
seouence of this abuse of the power Of detail, Con
gress, at its present'session, passed an act revoking
all details al limiting the exercise of that power in
the future. The thtrd section ot this act, exempt
ing skilled artisans and mechanics from all military
service, rhich is excepted to by the Pcesident,
and which has sincobeen repealed, was originally
adopted in consequence of suggestions contained in
the report of the Secretary of. War. lu alluding to
the embarrassments encountered by the administra
tive bureaus, the Secretary says :
" In adJitiuu, they have been constrained, br ihe
stringent legislation of Congress, to relinquish their
most active and experienced, agents and employees,
and substitute them from more infirm and aged
" Interferences of this kind are inevitably s pre
judcial and disturbing that it is hoped a well devis
ed and permanent system of providing and retain
ing in continuous employment a sufficient number
of artisans, experts and laborers, lor all essentia!
operations, may be devised and established."
The truth is, that the bill' originally introduced
into the Senate exempting sKiuea- artisans ana me
chanics was actually prepared in-one of the bureaus
of the War department Congress, therefore, bad
reason to suppose tha: it would meet the sanction
of the Ecutive. " .
To conscribe tho ministers of religion, and require
them to obtain details to preach the Gospel, would
shock the religious sentiment of the country and
inflict a greater injury on our cause than can be
described. The conscription of editors and of prin
ter's necessary to the publication of newspapers
would destroy the independence of the press, and
subject.it to the control of the Executive Depart
ment of the government The railroad offipers and
employees, are as necessary to the prosecution of
the war as soldiers in the field. Physcians and
apothecaries are essential to the health of the peo
ple, and no complaint has reached Congress of abu
ses in this -class of exemptions. If the education of
youth be regarded as conducive to the maintenance
of society and the preservation of liberty, it is not
perceived that the exemption of professors of col
leges and teachers of schools can be justly censured.
The Senate passed a bill containing a section re
pealing the exemption allowed to mail contractors
and drivers of post-coaches ; but, at a subsequent
stage of proceedings and on the recommendation of
a 'committee of conference, based on the urgent re
monstrances of the Postmast-General, the section
alluded to was stricken out.
The subject of class exemptions was called to the
attention of Congress by the Executive message of
November last It was Carefully considered, and
an act was passed expressive of the views of the
Legislative Department of Abe government ' The
message under consideration recurs to the same
subject It is to be regretted that the views of the
Legislative Department of the government have not
met the favor of the Executive, and that be should
deem it both necessary and proper to express dis
satisfaction with the matured opinion of Congress.
It is true that Congress has failed to respond to
the recommendation of the President 10 enact a
general militia law. The subject was considered,
and the failure to act was the result of deliberation.
The conscription laws enabled by Congress' have
placed in the military service of the country, all its
able-bodied citizens between- the ages of seventeen
and fifty. : The whole military material of the coun
try, so far as legislation is concerned, is absorbed
by the conscription acts. There fs none. left on
which a militia law can operate except thffexempt
ed classes, and the boys under seventeen, and the
men over fifty years of age; It. was deemed expe
dient to allow this material to remain subject to the
control of tho State authorities for the purposes of
local police, to aid :u the arrest of deserter, and to'
enforce the administration of State' laws.
It is also true that the President has recommend
ed the passage of a law suspending, the privilege of
the writ of habeas corpus. This recommendation
was the subject of a special message, in secret ses
sion. It occupied the attention of Congress for
.four or five weeks. After mature deliberation, the
measure was laid aside as unimportant and inexpe
dient Spies can be arrested and tried summarily
wiihout suspending the writ of habsas corpus.
Conspiracies, tending in any manner to the injury
of our cause, were provided for by a special act,
passed at the present session, 'to define and pun
ish conspiracy against the Confederate States."
The States of North-Carolina, Georgia, and Mississ
ippi, had expressed, through their Legislatures,
great repugnance to the past legislation of Congress
suspending the writ, and a large portion of the peo
ple throughout the country was arrayed against the
policy of that legislation. It was deemed wise and
prudent to conciliate opposition at a time when dis
sensions are ruinous; and as the benefits to be de
rived from tae suspension of the writ were conjec
tural, the deliberate judgment of Congress was ex
pressed by its silence onUhe subject It is to be
regretted that the Executive does not concur in
these views, and again calls on Congress to revise
its action, and to suspend the writ of habeas corpus
as a measure " almost indispensable to the success--
ful conduct of the war." If the facts slated in the"
Confidential Message, alluded to by the President,
be the basis of the. opinion that the suspension of
writ " is indispensable to the conduct, of the war,"
the Congress does not concur in that opinion.
The writ has not been suspended since August
last It is not perceived that the military reverses
of the country since that period were occasioned by
absence of the legislation asked for.
-In regard to luiprcasmonto, Oongmn. at the pre
sent session, has passed -a bill declaring that tha
terms "just compensation," as used in the Consti
tution, entitle the owner whose property is im
pressed to .the, market value thereof at the time
nd place of impressment Tttis legislation was
considered necessary, in.-consequence of judicial
decisions in some of the States,nd because of the
difficulty of procuring supplies oh any other terms.
Indeed, it was supposed that the Executive had
reached the same conclusion, as the Commissary
General, on the 20th December, 1864, had adver-i
tised that he would pay for supplies the price fixed
by local appraisement ; which is, in fact, the mar
ket price. The President, in his Annna Message
of November last did not call the attention of Con-,
gress to any difficulties attendant on the execution
of the impressment laws. The present message,
for the first time during this session, suggests mod
ifications of those laws ; and the recommendations
of the President will doubtless receive the respect
ful consideration qf Congress. It may well be
doubted, however, whether the present specie val
ue, payable in the future, will induce the owner of
property to part with it ; and whether the passage
of such a measure would not result in a general
concealment of provisions, and consequent starva
tion of the army.
It is apprehended by the President that some de
gree of embarrassment in the management of the
finances will be felt in consequence of the inade
quate provision made by Coogress ; and it is inti
mated that some ot the measures recommended by
w mm were so retarded as to lose much of their
value : and others, after beins matured, were, for
the same reason, abandoned, because no longer ap-.
pncaoie io pur altered condition. The only finan
cial measure abandoned aftor being matured was
the currency bill, recommended by the Secret.,-
iiis Annual Message, it may be remarked that th
failure to enact any fiscal measure, which h. I ?
sufficient vitality to. render it valuable and anni;,.
oie lor ioe short period of four months, do 7
deserve much regret The currency bill was re,
mended to Congress, and- based on the
sage, and by the Secretary of the Treasury in
. ii avBuuuucu witnout regret, becau,.
at a subsequent period of the session, it Was ascer
tained that the arrears of public debt constituting
cash demands on the Treasury exceeded bv ...
j iuui uuiiuicu uniiiuua, iue amount originally r
ported to Congress by the Secretary of the TreV
sury. The currency bill contemplated the rcdue!
tion of the currency to one hundred and fifty mil
lions by a-conversion oi treasury notes into titha
certificates, payable after the war, and by an an
nual application of a portion of the taxes in tha
nature of a sinking fund. The treasury notes re
ceived for tithe certificates were to be canceled.
The military reverses, which impaired the credit of
the government to such an extent as to destroy tha
saleability ot any of its bonds, left little hope that
treasury notes would -be exchanged for tithe certi
ficates. As soon as the enorVnous increase in the
arrears of debt was -discovered, as above mention
ed, all idea of reducing the currency wa3 abandon
ed as impracticable. For these reasons, the com
mittee of conference. having charge of the currency'
bill agreed to abandon it as a useless pledge of fu
ture resources without corresponding present ad
vantage. Indeed, if the bill had. been passed the
first day of the session it would have expired from
inanition on the 9th of January, 1865, the day on
which the Secretary of the Treasury reported to
Congress the deficit of four hundred millions, and
recommended an increase of taxation to meet it
The tax bill is regarded by the President as lib
eral, though inadequate. - No nation on earth ever
conducted a protracted -war by resources derived
from taxation alone. The message intimates a re
gret that the recommendation by the Secretary of
the Treasury of a tax on agricultural income equal
to the augumented tax on other income, payable in
treasury notes, was rejected by Congress.' This is
evidently a mistake, as it assumes there has been
an increase of taxes on other than agricultural in
comes. The present income taxes are those laid
by the act of April, 1664, as amended and re enacted
on the 17th of February 1864. - To .-equire the ig-
riculturist to pay a tax on the income derived from
his farm in addition to the one-tenth of his gross
production, and the property tax of nine per cent
ad valorem, would be manifestly unjust and oppres
sive. After the delivery of his tithe, to tax the in
come of the agriculturist derived from the property "
producing the tithe, would leave little for family
subsistence, for the purchase of supplies neccessary
ior carrying on nis agricultural operations, ana tor
tho payment of the ad valorem tax on his property.
Congress, therefore, did not concur in the recom
mendation of the Secretary of the Treasury, be
lieving H to be highly inexpedient.
The recommendations of the Secretary of the
Treasury have, in the main, received the approba
tion of Congress, and every disposition has been
manifested to co-operate with him. The tax bill
adopted very , nearly .approximates the rates desired
by him. lie recommended ten per cent on prop
erty. Congress has imposed a tax of nine per cent
A new foreign loan was authorized in secret ces
sion, at his request without any limitation on his '
authority except as to the amount A transfer of .
certain sterling funds abroad was, by joint resolu
tion, directed to be made from the Navy to the
Treasury. Efforts were, made to raise specie. A
bill was passed in the Senate, in secret session, to
accomplishHbat object by the sale of certain license.
It is understood the bill was defeated in the House
oi Representatives by the acquiescence, if not at the
instigation, of the Secretary 'of the Treasury. It
appears from the correspondence submitted to Con
gress that the Secretary of War, as early as the 18th
of February, notified the President of the em
barrassed condition of his Department ; and it is to
be regretted that the Executive deliberated, on, and
postponed for so long a period, as nearly twenty
days, the communication of that information to
If loss of time be a vice inherent in deliberative
assemblies, promptitude is a great virtue in Execu
tive action. There is every disposition on the part
of Congress td comply with the recommendations of
the President, and some means of raising the coin
desired will, no doubt, be devised. It is unfortu
nate that the necessity for coin in the Commissary
Department was hot made known until the message
under consideration was received. The use of coin
in one department of the government is calculated
to superinduce the necessity for its use in all other
departments ; and hence the policy of the proposed
measure, in a financial point of view, is very ques
tionable. The . necessity for supplies, however,,
overrides all other considerations. If practicable,
it would bo wiser to employ the specie in the pur
chase of treasury notes, and then use the notes to
Nothing is more desirable than concord and cor
dial co-f Deration between all departments of Govern
ment Hence your committee regret that the Ex
ecutive deemed it necessary to transmit to Congresa
a message so well calculated to excite discord and
dissension. But for the fact that the success of tho
great struggle in which the country is engaged de
pends as much on the confidence of the people in
the Legislative as in the Executive Department of
the government, the message would have been re
ceived without comment . ifour committee would
have preferred silence. It has been induced to an
opposite course, because they believe ' Congress
would be derelict io its duty to permit its legitimate
and constitutional influence to be destroyed by Ex
ecutive admonitions, such as those contained in the
message under consideration, without some public
exposition of its conduct
JAMES L. ORR, Chairman,
THOMAS J. SEMMES,
W. A. GRAHAM,
A. T. CAPERTON,
JOHN W. C, WATSON.
A CARD. .
. JAMES MT0WLES,
Auctioneer and - Commission Merchant,
RALEIGH, N. C.
GRATEFUL FOR THE VERY LIBERAL
and greatly increasing patronage be hat received fur
the last five years, he offer hia ervices anew to hit friendf
and th.e'public, with promises of using every endeavor Io
oales dava every SATURDAT MorniuRsand WEIHiiS
DAY aud FRIDAY Evenings. Call sales at any time re
JAMES . TOWLES,
Aue. 4 Com. Merchant
February 16, 1865. s wttud.
THE CLOSING OF THE PORTS
WILL PROBABLY SOOX COMPEL ME TO RAISB
tlie price f tbe "Southern Hepatic Pills," ths
best family medicine in the Confederacy. Now it thr
for ftmiliet and dtalirt to mipplu tkenuelvst.
v.... immci iiuhiuc whi aena Dj mail preuaiu, "
box for as, a doxan for tSQ: Druroiata and other dealers
an buy by the quantity at 1450 a grosi, the purcbsisr
avinir freight. Thttt
I will be giad to sell ai old rates for specif, namely, 3
cents a boi, $2 '.'.0 a Uozen, so a grogs. Cash must
company all orders. Address
GKOKGE W. DEEMS,
Qoldsboro, or Raleigh, N. C.
Feb. 20, IMS. 15-tpa-
TAKEN UP AND COMMITTED TO TIJB
common jail of Surry county, N. C, on the 25th day
of February, 1385, a negro boy who says his nam is
WILLIAM, and Says he belongs to John Irvin, of Geor
gia, who livs near Thomaaville. Said boy is a dark mu
latto, 8 or 8 years old, about feet 9 or 10 inches higo,
and w.ill weigh about 160 pounds. The owner of said boy
ia hereby notified to come forward, prove proP'jV P7
charges, and take bun away; othorwise, be will be deal
with as tbe law directs, , .
WILLIAM HAYMORE, Sheriff.
March 6, ISM. 11-w"-
. SALE OiTnEGROES.
ON MONDAY OF NEXT SUPERIOR CO0RT
of Wake Connty, I "will sell the Negroes belonging
a :-. a xt vi a ii i v m i kii an timr. air i .rfHirii u
JNO. T. LKACU. " r.
March 10, 1885.
I3BT Progress copy weekly till day