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NEW YORK HERALI PUBLISHED BY THE SUX-HEKALl CORPORATION. 280 BROADWAY TELEPHONE. WORTH lrt.000. Directors and officers' Prank A. Munaoy President; Ervin Wardmun. Vice-president M"m. T. Deuait. Treasure)11. 11. Tlth?r Ington, Srcretarv. MAIL SUBSCRIPTION RATER. On* Sis On? Br Mall, Postpaid. Year, Months. Monti) DAILY 4 SUNDAY.. $12 00 *' O0 *' ?" DAILY only 10.00 ' 00 .8 SUNDAY only 4.00 2.2$ .4) SVNL'AY only. Canada 0.0O S.io FOREIGN HATES. DAII.Y I SUNDAY.. |2rt.OO 9M.30 $2 V DAILY only 18.00 O.OO LA SUNDAY only 9.73 3.12 All checks, money orders. Ac., to be madi payable to The Sun-Herald. Branch ftfftecs for receipt of ndvertlaemcnt; and sale of papers' PaiNoiPAt. Uptown Omen -Herald Building Herald Square. Tel. Kltr lloy 0000. I La j.em Office- 203 West 123iu Sr.. nasi Seventh Ave Tel. 704 Mornlngaide. Opei urm HI I'. >1. Wabhinuton i tenons OtTui? "So wjcs ISlhT Sr. Tol. 9008 Wadswnrth. open uutl in r. m. Downtown .Orrin??20<1 Dboapwat. 8 A.M. to 10 P.M.; Sundays. 2 P.M. tc 10 P. M. bbooki.yn OmiW kagi T. bltl.pi.vo, 30." Washington St. Tel. 1100 Main 24 Corn Kt. Tel. .VJ.'iS Main, open until 10 P. M. Bionx orrn??.MS wilms Ave., at 148th St. Tel. Otttili Melrose. Open until 10 P. M. Principal American and Turcica Bureaus. WASHINGTON?The Munsey Building. CHICAGO?208 South I.a Salle St. LONDON?40-43 Fit at St. PARIS?Hi Avenue <lo 1'Opera. 38 Uuo du Louvre. The New To* it Hkbald was founded by Jamea Gordon Bennett In 18311. It remained the sole property of Its founder until his death, in 1STC, when his son. also James Gordon Bennett, sueceeded to 111# ownership of the paper, which continued In his hands until his death. In 1018. The llrntti.p becaroo the property of Frank A. Munsey In io;o. TtTESDAY, OCTOBER 5. 1920. Mr. Wilson's New Appeal for Ills Dead Covenant. Nothing could more completely and ?t the same time more pathetically illustrate Mr. Wilson's utter isolation from the American public than Ids own message to that public in behalf of his League of Nations In his long and grave illness Mr. Wilson has had no opportunity to come In contact with the American people or to observe the trend of national opinion. In his close seclusion from public leaders and public affairs he has had no occasion to receive and stinlv rerun-is from those who do Know what the American iicople arc thinking and saying and doing. Ilf- does not comprehend, as to the Solemn Referendum for which he long ago appealed and now again appeals, that the American people already have gone overwhelmingly and Irrevocably against his covenant. He does not dream aught of this, although it is perfectly well known to every Democratic newspaper, every Democratic leader, every Democratic manager and every Democratic campaigner. Mr "Wilson does not realize, then, that when lie denounces the "impudent audacity*' of those who oppose his covenant he unconsciously but indubitably Is rebuking the nation. Tt is not meet under these strange and even sad circumstances to find fault with Mr. Wilson for so misreading and misjudging the political sentiment of his own country, at this moment only four weeks from the Presidential election. It is proper, however, and It is relevant to consider Mr. Wilson's reitoratlons as to the purposes of his covenant. Mr. Wilson says: "Those who do not care to. tell you the truth about the League of Nations telt you that Article X. of the covenant of the League would ma so It possible for other nations to lead us Into war whether we willed It by cur own Independent Judgment or not This Is absolutely false." Then, if the League covenant eouM not drag ns Into war, why doesn't the language of the covenant say so plainly? Why didn't Mr. Wilson, with his Illuminating power of expression, with his unexcelled mastery of language, make the fact so clear In the written words of the covenant Itself that no American could mistake It? Why didn't he make Its meaning so unimpeachable that no American, no European, no mind of whatever country or calibre, could possibly misinterpret and misunderstand It? Mr. Wilsojv again says: "Those who dr?w the covenant of the League were careful that It should contain nothing which Interfered with or Impaired the right of Congress to declare war or not declare war according to Its own Independent Judgment a* our Constitution provides.' Then, when tbo language of the covenant Itself failed so to state, why did Mr. Witeotf refuse to let the T'ulted States Senate put the assurance Into the covenant through the reservations which those Senate defenders of our nationalism and Independence ndopted? Why did he permit this omission to kill his cherished covenant? But the melancholy fart la that Mr. WrT.sojv 1? a nick man and this accounts for his clinging to the dead thing which he brought Into being last year. Hltht'cetni From the Air. Kvery one who has paid more than passing attention to the subjects of aerial photographs must, have noticed how much more beautiful and dignified certain familiar city scenes In particular apj>enr when reproduced from photographs taker from airplanes. Two particular Instances may tie found In a recent superb photograph of the Battery, with Its hack ground of lofty buildings, and one of tlie Capitol at Washington. These well known architectural groups appear In these pictures nt an advantage unknown to the eye at the ground level. And If they add nothing to our knowledge of architecture they Impart to these structures a dignity much tuorn impressive than that found In any previous reprodnotion of them. ) Since the commercial advantages of art, the profit to lie found In It, have longer been recognized abroad than In ... A ) I ? ) this country, it is oulj natural that ) the first "sightseeing air tins" should ; have been institute! iu Paris, where . the exploiting of art is a definite : national asset. During September a Parisian company began running a | special line of airplanes over the city to show tourists tin* view of Paris from the air, such car having an in | rerpreter wno [hmtoitlkxi iu? ruie 01 "barker" of our sightseeing buses in spite of the height :U which the alr) plant's Li.tii to* fly to comply with the J air regulations. This phase of the use of airships never hutl a tnore striking illustration ' than a recent experience of the King ' of Italy. Iu a dirigible he made an aerial voyage over Rome, and it is tvi ported t'nat from the air lie saw for i the lirs; time the gardens of the! ' Vatican. / B; scball (iatnbliuit. Representative Nicholas I.onowokth, whose motives are doubtless | of the best, is talking about Congressional action in the baseball seanj dill. He seems to think that betting ; on baseball games could be ended by legislation. He might as well think that legislation could keep the Mississippi from rising with the spring j thaws. So long as there are baseball games and men with hot opinions and loose i money there will he baseball betting. - Betting is the Inst resort, short of physical conflict, among persons who have exhausted their patient tea sonj ing and eloquence on the other fellow, j "I'll bet you" Is the Anal phrase. In this State there Is legislation against betting, hut men will bet. It is a violation not only of statute law but of the Constitution itself to make an election bet. Article II. of the Constitution bars from voting any person who has made a bet on the election ; but John Smith continues to bet Jim Browr, six hats to one that Harding will l>e elected. Tf men will not stop betting when the act hazards their franchise, does Mr. LoNowoRTir think that an act of j Congress will do more than the State i law has been able to do? With all that may be said against betting, it was more than betting that | caused the baseball scandal. The big baseball gamblers could have bet their very bends and nobody would have cared much. But when they bribed i some of the White Sox players to I rurow mo pimes so mat incy couiu win their bets tliey struck a hard J blow at professional hall. The punishment of the bribers Is j not yet plain. That Is up to n Chicago jury. Rut the guilty ball players who j took the bribes and betrayed the pub! lie and their employers are being punished and will be still further punished more severely than legislation could punish them. They are reduced | from easy jobs at *10,000 or more a year and kicked out Into the streets, i branded men. to pick up n living j wherevthey can. So far as any lesson to the owners j of baseball clubs is concerned, the White Sox story is one to be rememj bered for years. Tet the owner of : the White Sox was. so far as the eviI denoo goes, completely innocent of any I knowledge of the bribery of Ills men. When the revelation came it meant a loss of nt least $200,000 to Comiskkt. He could have sold the guilty players : for that much before their perfidy was 1 discovered. And yet we cannot imagine any legislation that would have I protected either the public or Comis. arr. legislation can punish, hot that i does not mean that It can always ; protect. In the ease of baseball or anything else that depends upon the public for ! a living the greatest protection is public opinion. It is a court that operates Itself and from which there Is no appeal. Our Continental Mobilisation Plan. Familiarity In the zone of opera' ftonu l/'-.vw, .. l?o nuun WIIII tut" r IL-UI.II UIIII.V uuu iir? methods led many American officers and soldiers to realize for the first time how sound were Its plans and how well they worked In war. To many such Americans who had our national defence at heart came the hope that we might adopt oue outstanding fenture of the French army system at least. Thai: feature Is Its plan of mobilization. Officers and. men realized the very practical nature of the plan of having every man in the army attached to some certain unit so that when the call for mobilization came a man had only to find out where his unit had Its headquarters and go to It. And out of the spirit born of their war experiences in France many of onr young soldiers have expressed the desire to keep up some sort of official attachment to their old outfits so that If a call for service came again they could rejoin the commands they had served In abroad. To such believers In national pre- j na TMlnngu f>t n nmnHonl corf If will ( bo welcome news to lenrn that the War r?epartment has such a plan under way. Its details were marie public for the first time by Major-Oenernl Wn.mam O. IIaan, Director of the War Plans Division of the War Department Oonernl PtafT. at the recent convention of tho American f'fflcers of the World War at Detroit Under the new orsmnidation of the United States Army It Is made up of i three components, the Regular Army, the National Ounrd nnrl the Organized Reserves. It. Is to this Inst element In our new plan for the national defence, which Is distinctly n war force, that the Continental system of mobilization la to he applied, flenernl Haan explained the plan In these words: "Under plana now In process of development, all Reserve officers will THE ] i be placed under the orders of tr.e commander of the corps area embracing their residence upon appointment, and assigned by hint to a unit of the Organised Reserves at or contiguous to his place of residence. For example, Major B of Boston is appointed to the Ordnance Reserve Corps, and upon the recommendation of the Chief of Ordnance Is assigned by the War Department to duty at Watertown Arsenal as assistant to the commanding officer. This la Major B's war assignment. When ordered into active service for the fifteen days period of training he goes to Watertown Arsenal and perforins duties similar to those lie would perform In war. Captain C of Wilmington, North Carolina, is appointed In the Infantry section and is placed at the disposition of the commander of the Fourth Corps area for assignment. Ho is Assigned to command Company C, 325th Infantry, Eighty-third Division, which is located In eastern North Carolina. Captain C, with the other officers and noncommissioned officers of his division, goes to Camp Jackson for the period of training each year. Each unit of the Organized Deserves will be localized and will be officered by Deserve officers residing in the locality. The enlisted personnel will be assigned to units localized in the vicinity of their places of residence. Provision will be made for transferring officers and enlisted men upon changes of residence to similar unite located In their new places of residence." Such n plan has never lieen a pari of the military establishment of the United States in any stage of its development. It should make an instant appeal. It will be well for the coun| try's system of defence if the plan is completely developed. The Long Roll of Harding States. One of iho most interesting and significant developments of tills jKilitical campaign is the extreme conservatism of the Republican claims in contrast with the freedom and candor of Democrats of common sense who concede pretty nearly everything to Harping and Cooudgk. The truth is that the Republican slide is so broad and so terrific and the roll of Harding States so long that Republican managers and other experts hesitate to express their full j opinions and estimates lest they might I seem to be indulging in wild dreams. So many States, moreover, are regarded as absolutely sure for the Republicans this year as against ordinary years, when many of them always ure classed as doubtful until near the end of the campaign, that the Republicans see no need of strenuously claiming those that are merely reasonably sure. A table, for examj pie, by one of our trained corresponj dents nnd observers, grouping voting territory as Harding States, as Cox States and as doubtful States puts In the Democratic column, for the moment. Montana with three electoral votes, Utah with four, Arizona with three. New Mexico with three. Oklahoma with ten: and doubtful, Missouri with eighteen, Colorado with six nnd Nevada with three. But at the very san e time a great Democratic newspaper, a leading Wilson organ and an ardent league champion, is printing the results of a nationwide canvass of voters in all the shops of the United Drug Company, And this canvass, to which such publicity is given by that Democratic newspaper, shows that thus far In Montana twice as many men canvassed have declared themselves for Hardixo as for Cox and two and a hnlf Hmoo n a mant? xi-ftmon V>n r>n /1a. dared themselves for Harding as for Cox. In Utah thus far the men declaring themselves for Harping outnumber the men declaring themselves for Cox by about ten to seven and the women by more than two to one. In Arizona, hitherto regarded as a Democratic State, the Harding men voters canvassed outnumber the Cox voters canvassed by four to three, while the women are about even. In Missouri the canvass shows a neck and neck race nmong the men voters as between Harding and Cox and only a slight lead for Cox over Harding among the women canvassed. In Colorado the canvass shows one and three-quarters men for Harding to every one man for Cox and nearly two women for FIardino to every one for Cox. In Nevada the men so far have declared themselves for Harding In the proportion of two to one and the women In the proportion of more than two to one. In the vernacular which Is political as well as popular, It Is like taking candy from children. Possibilities of Organized Saisgrry. As long ago n? last April a French writer, M. Rcnft Finos, who Is exceptionally well Informed In Asiatic matters contributed to a Paris publication an article entitled "The Offensive of Asia." In this study, rich In specifications and formidably mnrsliniled facts, M. Pinon predicted n Bolshevik invasion of Asia and n nntflcntlon of mobilised Bolshevik-Mussulman forces In an aggressive wnr on all European authority In Aslntlc territory. lie gave the dates of BolshevikMussulman conferences In Moscow, Berlin and Constantinople, together with the names of the Hindoo, Afghan, Persian and Turkish participants therein. In n word, he prophetically outlined Ihnt formidable movement In the Near Kusf. with Its dangerous Far East contacts, which we now actually see ominously overshadowing Asia. By race, by Instinct, by traditional habit of thought the mighty bull nor NEW YORK HERALD, 1 ! mully inert Russian population in as j Asiatic as the Asiatics. Krea religious harriers are susceptible of be-! wig swept away by the contagion of i Bolshevik madness?madness w hich, when reduced to its final form, is the lull n nirfVi I ine rroetl for rmiiiio nrnl 1 I ? ? I j plunder. Summarized, It becomes' merely n case of ravage hordes mobil-; izlng for a grand looting ritld on all of wealth and- art and orderly refinement of living under established laws which Western civilization, through | the toil of ceuturles, has accumulated. A frank missionary crusade for the return of humans to roving animal herd conditions--that's all. It Is no imaginary danger in the eyes of M. i Pin on. He says: "If the allied nations are unable to I oppose to this Asiatic offensive the insurmountable barrier of their far sighted, order imposing union while ihis offensive in still only an uncertain and unorganized threat, then, perhaps, we shall see, as In the times of the Itoman emperors and of Gen-ohib Khan and Timour, the inexhaustible reservoir of Asiatics 1 again overflow and submerge the Old I World." Xo Genghis or Timour has as yet risen up to lead the Asiatic hordes. But In lieu of such commanders there is the appalling energy of organj ized mob insanity. ? Register Early! This year women will vote in New i | York State for President and Vice-i i President of the United States, and: this fact creates a situation which j j should impress on every citizen quali-[i fits! to register the necessity for per-! forming that essential preliminary at; I the earliest possible monieut. While the experience gained by the election authorities has enabled them to prepare generally for the expqdi- 1 tious handling of ail applicants for.' registration, the arrangements have been made on the assumption that I citizens will not postpone until the! n __________ | Xesr Jersey will b? obliged to spend $1S.ooo,000 within a fewmonths In construction and repair of bridges to provide for the constantly Increasing j traffic on the highways. Motor cars have rendered the bridges of a few years ago utterly Inadequate, and the Htnte cannot afford to restrict business by neglecting to keep the public thor- j ! oughfares open. , The Fnmpkla Fie. Thst bright celestial A. D. T., So slender and so spry. Toting Mercury, one sonny day Was speeding through the sky, He bore a lunch for .luplter j And Venus In a rare Hold casket, which, alas! he dropped, ? In splto of all his rare. * f tt Inndnrj in a garden patch. And there a mortal found The treaaure lying In the grass The early frost had browned. Rehold It In Its flaky cmat, An epicurean treat, J'ood of ths gods, the pumpkin pis W? all delight to eat. I i MlglU XgglM. ( 1 last, possible moment the act of putting tlicir name* on t.he poll list. If there is widespread neglect to take advantage of the early opportunity to register the congestion on the 1 later days will lie uncomfortable forj all citizens and will result in the ex- , j elusion of some late comers from the ', registration places. j 1 The registration places will be open j i from 5 P. M. till 10:30 P. M. In every'1 election district every day this week ] except Saturday. Saturday they will 1, be open from 7 A. M. to 10:30 P. M. ; I The direction to he given to every |1 qualified man and woman in New; York is "Register early!" Not More l.and but More Men. in a recent speech the Democratic i candidate for Vice-President, FraKK- > lin D. Roosevelt, declared that he ! had a concrete plan for decreasing the j cost of living. One of his bright ideas w-.is the opening up of groat tracts of new land for the farmer. The foolishness of such talk is cmj phasized by the reports of th? Census Bureau on urban and rural populations. Ten years ago the cities had nearly 7,000,000 fewer people than tbc \ 1 country. To-day the Inhabitants of the cities outnumber the country people by 4,000,000. Professor Hobson of Columbia makes tbe drift to the cities appear even more remarkable. His figures show that a hundred years ago 87 per; cent, of Americans lived directly off i the soil. To-day less than 33 per cent, j mm In n nre \ /->i tl fn eo nir ru^ugcu in nguvmi.u**, What the farmers need for the general good Is not more land but more men. They will get them when the working hours, pay and conveniences of the farm overbalance urban attractions. Meanwhile the cities will have to pay well for their food because their very pleasantness has In red young men from the plough. In order to vote four weeks from , to-day It will be well to register this evening. I The odds of to 1 against Cox wore \ slightly lowered yesterday by a report1, thnt he had stopped talking. This , rumor Is happily untrue. He only i, stopped touring. I am very anxious to purge baseball l of all crookedness, as I lcnow la even- i official throughout the country, and we j shall leave nothing undone to 8e? that those who through fraud have brought this stain upon the great Amarl n sport \ are legally punished.?District Attorney i Swann. I' How about purging New York of the murderer of ,T. B. Bt.WKtA? A Baltimore police court Judge has ruled that honest crap games are not prohibited by Maryland law. But who, , except the manipulator of the Ivory f cubes, can confidently say whether a game of African golf Is honest? TUESDAY, OCTOBER APPEAL OF A DEAF MUTE. Knowing Senator Harding. She Want* Democrats to Vote for Hlro. To The New York Hkrau>: I. as a (leaf mute, request that all Democrat* vote for United States Senator Warren O. Harding', the great Republican candidate for President of the United Slates, on November 2. Mr. Harding Is not a man like many who know you only at election time, but he knows you at all times. If I could only speak 1 coukl tell lots that he has done. Mr. Harding was my good friend when I was in Prospect, near Marion, Ohio, fifteen years ago. This Is the only way In which 1 have heen able to think of showing my appreciation of what he has done for me. I ask ail i>emoerat? ana union men uiiu women to support Mr. Harding on election day, and I i^pe he will be the next President T am supporting the Republican Volstead dry act and opposed to the league of Nations, lama Democrat, but 1 will vote for Mr. Harding, as I am sure that he will make a fine President. August a Clara Winters. East Orange, N. J., Octoher 4. FINE APPLES WASTED. Pennsylvania Farmers Cannot Sell a Hecord Breaking Crop. To The New York Herald: Up around Wayne county. Pennsylvania, and X understand in every other farming community in that State, as well as in our own State, this year's apple crop breaks ail previous records, and the many fanners with whom 1 talked assured me that the grade l.s excellent. They are. however, unable to find a profitable market, as the dealers who come through from the nearest distrlb- j utlng centres pay them very little In this particular district, to cents a bushel, and deduct from this 30 cents a bushel Cor cartage. A profit of 10 cents a bushel naturally docs not appeal to the farmer, who in order to pick and crate them must take the time from his other work, it being practically impossible to secure farm laborers. For this reason throughout the farming districts great quantities of the best grades of apples arc rotttng ungathered, or thrown to the pigs, and Mr. O'Malley, probably after strenuous efforts, has enabled the chain stores to supply the housewife with five pounds of apples for 2." cents! Granting that freight rates have gone up and the existence of varicus other conditions, such as shortage of lyvrrels, due to the middleman's rapacity for excess profits, JC a barrel or |2 a bushel seems rather high for tho city to charge. If Ilatding is the solution of the "something radically wrong somewhere'' problem. then by all means let's have Harding ! Incidentally, nil through these rural districts Republicans who in the two previous Presidential elections slowed themselves to be hoodwinked by 1 Ft ct irilflArl nVira BOA!f tltn T"Inm Aoeo4 I /-? : nominee are agHin rallying to their old standard, bringing with them many dyed n the wool Democrats who thlnli It's ime we had a change. And after we've cleaned house at the lotion's capital let's do a good bit of it right here In our own city. M. C. R. Xww York, October 4. WHO SAVES, PRODUCES. rhe Importance of Teaching Thrift In the Factories. To The New York Herald: In the leeline in factory labor turnover dealled in the survey by the Merchants Association, mentioned recently In your editorial columns, there Is no reference nade to one of the most valuable staillizers of industrial workers, namely, hrift. Only last week in a rubber plant in fthode Island thia Incident occurred: The champion nipple maker at that ilant is a woman whom the manager has lever been able to get to work more I ban three days a week?her skill was 10 great that she needed the other three lays off to spend the money she made, teccntly the plant Installed an Industrial iR\1ngn system, operated by an active roung salesman who learned how to ackle on the football field. Everybody aughed at him when he said he was rolng to get thla woman to save money. He succeeded, and ever since then that woman has worked si* days a week. Instances like these can be multiplied nflnltely In plants where thrift Is made ieal to workers not by preaching but ?y making it easy and safe for them to lave right where they work, through :hrlft salesmanship. I no ales Kimball. Tasl? fVdnW A "THE HERALDS" PRICE. K Content Detween Mr. Bennett and tho Xswsbny* Recoiled. To Tit* Nrw York Herald: Shortly ifter Mr. Pulitzer reduced the price of he World to two rente Mr. Bennett cut ;h? price of Tun Hkralii to two cents, jut he expected the newe.lenlern to pay ilm one and two-thirds cente a copy. The denier* refused to handle hi* pajer on that margin of profit. This Jrought on a battle between Mr. Henjet t and the newsdealers. It 1* known low arrogant Mr. Bennett could be rhen he desired. and you alto know how ndependent the old time newsboys were. [*hey queered Thr IIkrai.d and Mr. Benictt lost out. New York. October 4. Newsboy. Getting a Paper by Mel] In Maine. To The New York Hbralp: I am tot a circulation booster for newspapers, >ut being In Maine and a dally reader if those published In the metropolis 1 | tm struck with the great consideration Deployed by Postmaster-General Bur- j eson for such a* I. The New York ' nomlng papers arrive here about 6 ?. M. on the day of publication. In the j Id days they were always purchasable mmedlatelv afterward lln? ?lth ?lre i onstderntlnn for tho public oharncteratlc of Mr. Burleson, the present poat >tt1o? arrangements arc such thnt It In mposalble for newsdealers or readers n obtain them until the next morning. Vo hope to gat our New York papers he night of their publication shortly iftcr March 4 next. H. P. Bakooe, Maine. October I. Anchor* on Potty boat*. To Thi Skw Touk Herald: Why loas II. \V. .Tessup worry about ancbora m ferryboat!? Who wishes to anchor . ferryboat? They make few enough rips and go slow enough as It la. P. W, IiRoxrv. Woocn Avtjr, October t. A Kism* F.leetlon Honesties. From the ffeu<orrf Courant. At last that long felt want?a eeheme for i woman to get rid of an unbeeemtwe hat. M bar bet It ea tbg e?aeUea. 5, 1920. TEXAS WILDCATS MISHAP. I | Why an American Entry Kept Out of I the Gordon Bennett AJr Bare. To tine ->*isw York herald : In your i account of the Gordon Bennett raced appears a statement to the effect lhat de.- i ' fectlve construction of the landing Ue-| \ ice of the Texas Wildcat was respon slble for the mishap which prevented Rohlfs from flying in the race. Inns-' much as this might be construed as be1 lug something which we overlooked in I the building of this machine we would ] j like to submit the following : The usual factors of safety were used in building up the design and the ma- I | chine wns constructed strictly in accord- ? : ance with the best engineering practices. Shock absorbers were omitted from the landing gear in order to make tho ma-I i chine more safe for landing on a smooth ' Hold, their absence preventing the possl- ( btlltj' of the machine Jumping Into the | air at a speed lower titan that required ; for the wings to support the structure. ^ \ On the completion of the machine It j s was flown by Roland Rohlfs repeatedly 1 i on Roosevelt Field. No trouble was ex-jc perlenced In any of the landings under 1 , various conditions. Tests were com- j t pleted successfully and the machines! were shipped to France. It was not until the Cox-Curtiss crew 3 actually arrived In France that they jj i learned of the condition of the Etampes ( i Field which had been chosen by the j French club for the race. Immediately c a protest was registered through the f j Aero Club of America against the use of ; this field, as it was not only far below 6 the average French field but waa ol an 1 ! improper shape and in nn exceedingly c I rough condition. j The getaway had to be made on a ^ 'course only 200?feet wide and. It Is said, s I less than three-quarters of a mile long, r ' The field was covered with hummocks e | and deep furrows which amounted to ab- f | solute obstructions to any light landing P gear on a fast machine. At the same 8 time that tho protest was made the CoxCurtiss crew secured Villa Coublay Flyin-r Field for their setup and initial c ; tests, hoping against hope that the Aero fl j Club of France would make the sug- c gested change and offer to hold the race , under condtttoris commensurate with a j safe contest. Fearing lest their protests might not u be successfitl. the machines were recon- 1 structed In order to alow up their land- \ lng speed In tho hope that the entry . could bo adapted at the last moment to J the unusual conditions presented. By r working the crews day and night alteratlons on one machine were completed ! two days before the race ; Rohlfs flew It > on tho Villa Coublay Field, found that it balanced perfectly and that It landed ' satisfactorily. , One of the provisions of the contest ^ was that the competing machines must f be on the starting field twenty-four hours c before the race, and It was for this rca- t son that Rohlfs flew the machine from t Villa Coublay to tho Ktampes Field, in t which flight ho made over 190 miles an s hour, even under the reconstructed con- ' dttlonn. Tt Is probablo that In this flight Mr. Rohlfs did not use the limit of hl? power. j On reaching Etampes he brought his ^ machine to the ground and, unfortu- t natcly, one of the wheels ptruck a hum- c mock and collapsed: Rohirs was inrown a out and slightly Injured. The landing c speed of the machine on reconstructed j whs not excessive, In fact not so fast * 1 as that required of a fast scout In mill- 0 tary service. c It was deemed Inadvisable, In view of n the known condition of the fleld, to at- t1 teniDt to fly the second Cox-Curtlss entry " on the Etanipeg Field, as it has been the ^ policy of the Curtlss Company never to ^ encourage any type of flying which could 8 be considered unsafe. 1 The failure of the Cox-Curtiss entry to v fly the race was due entirely to the se- h lection by the French club of an im- J' proper fleld from which to start.> No ^ J criticism could possibly be made of the y' i engineering or construction work of this $ j machine which, we have every reason to believe, is the fastest airplane ever built, s cranes Aeroplane and Motor Cor.- o poration. c Garden Crrr, October 4. | LEASES REPUDIATED. I j b A Landlord on the Practical Working p of the Smt Rent Lawn. '1 To Tux New Vork Herald: The rent \laws recently passed are conspicuous for fl their bias and their power to create I strife. The following case illustrates f their effect: ^ During July, August and September of this year twenty tenants living In an rpartment house signed leases with me J at an InVrease of 2G per cent. In their rent. Before signing those leases T was obHije<l to acre* In writing to do certain , . renovating In their apartment*. Believing the leasee were signed In good faith I had the renovating done at an expenne of more than 11,000. To-day when T called for the rent the : tenants repudiated their leases aa ho | ^ much icrap paper, claiming the new j (l lawn grant them immunity from living |( up to their obligation*. C Tn the meantime T have contracted for P coal, agreeing to pay upon delivery?a r thing now doubtful Theao tenantn seemed quite decent n people until the new rent laws were i ? passed. Then they were transformed a They Insulted the Janitor, a quiet Polish ' ii woman, and threatened reprisal upon me , IT T didn't agree to their new terms. The , leases they signed they look upon as, '( worthless. 15 These laws stimulated dormant pasplon to an Intense degree, and Instead j, of being an aid In solving the housing n f Ituatlon they Intensify It. n I offer to let the city or State authorl- tl ties take over this property and manage ' It as they see lit. All I ask Is 6 per cent. on my equity snd that they shall return It when the laws under which I bought q' It once more prevail. M M. T. BnooKL.Tt*, October 4. ' n f, HE WON'T JOIN THE NAVY. ? " o This Long Island Man Offers a Good 11 F.xcuse. However. To Thu Nsw Tosk Hicrau> : Almost r( every letter I receive has on It, In ad- v dltlon to the regular round postmark, an " oblong stamp mark. Sometimes It sajs JJJ "Join the Navy." Other times It says ? "T^earn while you earn; Join U. 8. t) Army." o: I wish the Post Office Department would make an exception In my caae; c' and I think there are others like me. Theeo atampa are too stimulating. If a *' dirt not restrain myself from obeying h their command I should rush Into New j York some morning and hunt up the re- r, crulting officer. Hut he probably would o reject me, as I am R9 years old. IlENST posti.ethwaite. i Commack. October 4. tilery Departed. ^ Knlrher?Straws show which way the wind ll blows. c Porhrr?Tf? all they are peed fee aew- ft ateya. h TIES WITH BRITAIN AID WORLD PEACE Anglo-American Friendship Shows the Way. Says Stanley Machin. f). P. KINCJSLKY FOR IMTY I sir Thomas MaeKenzie Tells of ; Opportunities Afforded by 1 New Zealand. Perpetual friendship between the "nited States and Great Britain is the lurest way of maintaining world peace, n the opinion of Stanley Machin, presllent of the I.ondon Chamber of Coninerce, who addressed the members of he Chamber of Commerce of the State >f New York at a luncheon tendered esterday by the executive committee if the local chamber to the British delerates to the Imperfal Conference Just oneluded at Toronto. Great Britain, dr. Machin declared, would be the last lountry In the world seriously to face t inanclal ruin or Bolshevism. j "We have in England," the speaker : laid, "a small militant body who are ^ taking all of the fuss. The great maw \ if English people possess sound common i :ense and when that great voice Is heard ' iolshevlsm, if it can bo called such, will ( >? entirely obliterated. Russia Is now bowing that Bolshevism Is almost 1 dayed out, and common sense and hon- j sty even there will soon make Itself j e)t. The future of the human race do- ; lends upon the English (gieaktng peoples 1 landing together. J Determined to Make (rood. "It is true that we have financial dlf- p iculties to face, but we are facing them ] r.d will continue to face them. Any I ountry that can take a position of an- * ival taxc.i <iver one thousand million f .ounds sterling shows a determination ? o succeed. We are facing this position S ind will continue with the determina* 5 ion to make good. The last figures we '.ive from home shows a substantial irprovement. July shows that our exicrts und Imports are the best since the j irmlstlce. Igist year for the seven j rontlis ended July 31 we showed a t Icflclt of about 216,000,OOO pounds stnr- 3 ltg in our national position, while this ] car, for the same period we have a urplus of over 79.000.000 pounds ster- , >ng." i Darwin P. Kingslej\ president of the *Iew York Chamber, made an earnest 'lea. for unity between the two great ] Cngllsh speaking nations. He said he J ould not believe in any clrcumstancos hat there could be serious trouble beween the two peoples, and said that l here was no question which could posilbly arise that could not bo settled mioably by "sane leaders." Yew Zealand's Opportunities. Sir Thomas MacKenzle, former P'-iir.e llnister of New Zealand, told of the fonderful trade opportunities that Ausralia and New Zealand offered Amor!- i an business men. He said that a large mount of tonnnge of the American Mm-- ( antile Marine was idle, and continued: f "Why not come to our shores fo1- r rade? We have In New Zealand great r uantltles of lamb and mutton?8.000,000 J arcasses?and cannot find ships t"? j aria- It away. "We are in a. position t ow to do a great trade with yo\ir conn- i ry, and we hear that your country" 's ot Ahl? tfi Kiirmlv I'liii wlIK ^ f lamb or mutton your people desire ' Ye have been importing from the Jnlted States machinery, manufactured 9 oods and coal, and stilt need them. 1 'ou have built your canal and have a * oat trade waiting in the Eastern Hen t sphere, so why not take advantage of t? In my experience I have seen New lealand grow from 0 vast wilderness r ito its present state of prosperity. l*a't 11 ear our export trade amounted to P 250,000,000." Among those present were W. P. Uus- <i ell, vice-president. Glasgow Chamber f Commerce; II. L. Symonds. deputy < halrman, London Chamber; A. It. At- j ' ey, M. P., Nottingham Chamber; Bar- j on Kent. London Chamber: Frank 1 loore and C. D. Carryer. Leicester Chatn- . cr; Sir dames Hill. Yorkshire Cham- | * er; E. F. Darrell, president British impirc Chambe r; C'apt. H. Gloster j irmstrong. British Consul General; ohn I. Waterbury, Alfred K. Marling, Iharlea L. Bemheimer. Howard C. | Imlth, William H. Porter. A. Barton ;0 lepburn, William Woodward. William I Peck. J. Baratow 8mull, E. H. j uterbrldge, Charles T. G Wynne and . D. Tamblyn. o JAPAN ALARMED AT CALIFORNIA SCHEMET laron Goto Advises People to I c Remain Cool. R\j th? Associated Press ' b Wamiikoton, Oct. 4.?State Dopartlcnt officials rfvmN to-day that they * ad received official reports from Toklo * riling of a "considerable apprehension" " i Japan growing out of the proposed lalifornia alien land law. These reorta arc understood to he similar to ecent press despatches describing the ' tate of feeling In Japan. j P Conversations between Btate Depart- J lent officials and the Japanese Anihns- ' ador concerning the California lawre continuing, but they still are veiled ! i secrecy. c . .... | n ToKfO. Oct. 2 (delayed).?Anli-Amer- c ;an outbursts on the part of the Japnose press are strongly doprecated by r' laron Hhlmpet Goto, former Minister * f Foreign Affairs and the man who h i considered as Ireing likely to be tho c est Japanese Premier. In a state- ft lent to neuter's Agency, he expressed * lie hope that a settlement of the antlapanese movement in California may e reached. "Tho anti-Japanese situation,'' he ?i<i, is merely a or me ITesientlal election, and is part of the genral question which the wisest statesmn on both sides of the Pacific must tee with a view to securing a fun da i*ntal settlement. The question of J*, wnersiilp of land In California is u?t lo real Issue, but only a part of the n sr.! issue, which Is a question of die- J rlmlnatlon. The Japanese people must ' main cool and refuse to permit the ote-oatchlng politician In either counT to stampede them, while later re- 'J ponslhle statesmen must seek a proper station of the problem. It must he ? sttled honorably on hoth sides, and is Japanese must appeal to the sense e t honor and Justice of America." The Japan-American Society has fielded to send two members to America > o.ideavor to secure a better under- j, landing of the Japanese case In Callirnla and other questions. The society ^ as decided to cable a request to the ' 'a npan Society ef New York City to | ^ (double Us efforts to dispel the clouds ' jj n both sides of the Pacific. o LI THKRAKft IN roM'KHKXCB, i o Three hundred Lutheran laymen met ? ??t night In the Central Branch Y. M. C. i. In Brooklyn and laid plans for ravla- t( ig Lutheran Church work In New York Ity. Resolutions were adopted approvit tha regional conference* now being Id throughout tho country, ?' ? Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. For i;as'. TM Xcv York?V"air tc-4.>", ; nd to-morrow : cooler to-day : nictl rale to fresh northwest winds. For New Jersey?Fair to-day, eonirwtis' nolcr by night: to-morrow fair; motiers'lorihwast winds. For Northern New Kugland?Fair to-day .nil to-morrow; cooler lo-day; moderate to [teth northwest winds. Por Southern New' England?Pair to-day lid to-morrow, cooler to-day. moderate to fresh northwest winds. For Western New Yorlt?Pair to-day and o-morrow; cooler lo-day: modcta'.e northvest to nortli winds. WASHINGTON. Oct. < ?I'rt-asure was re'::> lively low to-day over the North Atlantic States, the St. Lawrence Valley and the far Northwest, ond It was high over all other section*. Generally fair weather prevailed vronghout the country, except there wen. ight local rains In portions of the North .'astern States ami along the northern Ihiciff. oast. The temperature was somewhat higher n the middle Atlantie and North Atluniii States and the northern Rocky Mountain ration and It was lower In the northern laJ.'r eg Ion. Temperature tvas near the liorii..", :o-nlght In the Pastern and Southern S'ati" ind considerably above normal In the plains states and the Northwest. The outlook !.( t'o' renerally fair weather In *hr. Slates cast of he Mississippi lllver to-morrow and Wodnos1ay. The temperature will be somewhat ower to-morrow from the upper Ohio Valley <nd low lake region eastward to the Atlantic oast; elsewhere there w 111 be llttlo change n temperature. Observation at United State* Weather Hu eau stations, taken at 8 P. M. yesterday, leventy-flfth meridian time: Temperature Rainfall last 24 hrs. Ba'o last 24 Stations. Iltfh. Low, meter, hrs. Weather Abilene 84 62 30.16 .. Clear llbany 74 r.o 29.93 .04 clear Atlantic City. 72 62 30.00 .. Clear Baltimore 80 68 30.02 .. Clear ftlsmarolc 78 80 80.28 .. Clear Ooston 78 08 28.02 .. rt.Cl'dy 3uffaIo 64 88 30.04 .. Claar Cincinnati 80 tiO 80.16 .. Claar Charleston.... 74 00 30.18 .. Cloat Ch!oa*o 72 60 20.23 .. It Cl'8y Cleveland 68 60 30.12 .. CleatDenver 82 48 30.16 .. Pt.Ol'Oy Detroit 72 114 80.16 .. Claar ' alveston 78 70 30.18 .. Cloudy lelena 80 40 29.06 .. Clear lacksonvtlle.. 70 68 30.18 .. Clear \ansae City.. 82 64 30.24 .. Clear ,os Anaeles.. 74 CO 29.08 .. Clear rtllwaukee.... 72 04 80.24 .. Clear 'Jew Orleans.. 78 06 30.14 .. Clear iklahoma 88 C2 30.18 .. Clear Philadelphia.. 78 00 30.00 .. Clear 'lttsburg 74 39 30.12 .. Clear Portland, Me. 70 68 29.88 .. Clear 'ortland, Ore. 72 00 29.82 .02 Pt.Cl'4y lolt Lake City 84 36 29.90 Clear Ian Antonio... 86 64 30.14 Pt.Cl'4r lan Diego.... 70 00 29.96' .. Pt.Cl'dy Ian Francisco 66 M 29.92 . Cloudy It. Louie 84 64 30.20 .. Clear It. Paul 70 .. 80. "8 .. Clear iVashlngton... 80 66 30.02 .. Clear LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS. 8 A. M. 8 P. ML .1 urometer 30.10 29.98 tumidity 81 58 iVlnd?direction B.W. S.W. VInd?velocity 10 19 Yea t her Cloudy Clear 'redpltatlon Nono None The temperature tn this city yesterday, is recorded by the official thermometer, s shown In the nnneied table: 8 A. M...S3 1 P. M...68 8 P.M...78 ? A. M.,.r.r. 2 P. M...70 7 P. M...71 OA. M...5C 3 P.M.. 71 8P.M...70 1 A. M...C1 4 P. M...72 8 P. M...68 2 M 03 6 P. M ? 71 10 P. M...6S 1920. 1919. 1920. 1919. 9 A. M. ...MI 01 6 P. M....73 <U 2M 6.7 61 9 P. M .... OS 63 3 I'. M 71 Co 12 Mill....61 03 Highest temperature, 73, at 4 :30 P. M. Lowest temperature, 53. at 8:15 A. M. Average temperature, 04. EVENTS TO-DAY. Presentation of medals to members of tfca ''Ire Department. City Hall. 11 A. M. Manhattan Chapter Military Order of the Jreat War, dinner. Hotel Aator. 7 P. M. The New York State federation of W?wk ts for the Blind, second annual meeting, ooma of the Itusaall Hatt" foundation. Ul't last T'.venty-eecond street. 10 A. St. and I M. Parley P. Chrlatensen will speak at a in.i-s neetlm; of tlie Farmer-Labor Part/, Pr?s>eet Hall, Prospect and fifth svenWa, Irooklyn, 8 T. M. "Primltlvo Art." Illustrated lecture |j> Irs. Angelina Comfort. Amertcan Museum of Natural History. Sevenry-aov,-ntli itreoi rnd >ntral Park West. 8:15 P. M. slohn Cowper Powys will lecture on ",'liu keipeare and the Traitlc-Comlc Spectanlo of Afe." People's House, 7 Hast Fifteenth treat, 8:15 P. M. Daughters of Pennsylvania, meeting, Wallorf-Astorla, 2 P. M. Rotary Club, dinner. Hotel McAlpin, i P. M New York State Association of Master takers, convention, Hotel Pcnnsylva1 is, all lay. Etlileal Society, meeting, Hotel Astor. 2 M. Pekingese Club of America, meeting. Wsl lorf-Astoria, 2 P. M. WHEAT AND FLOUR PRICES DROP SHARPLY Zorn Alto Declines in Chicago Market. Special /leipafcA fo Ttt? llpuin. Ciiioaro, Oct. 4.?December wheat pened on the Board of Trade to-day at 2.05 U a bushel and closed at $1.93. a Top of 12 cents a bushel under tha losing price on Saturday. March wheat pencd at $2.01 a bushel and closed at 1.91. a loss of 12 cents under the Satrelay closing price. Pecember corn opened at 83*4 cents nd closed at 86 cents, a decline of '$ ents a bushel since Saturday. Flour prices In Chicago hit the tobogan again and went down 50 cents a b rrel. The price to grocery stores and bakets ras reduced to $13 and the housewife rho has bepn paying $14.50 a barrel oon will get the reduction to $14. The price paid for in I Ik dropped more lian |l a hundred pounds to-day when he Borden plant at Algonquin, IIL. cut he price from IS.70 to |2.5!^?. Other lants at Garden rrairie and Cherry 'allev reduced the price from JS.70 tt> 2.6".. JHixweapoMs, Oct. 4.?Flour prices ontlnued their downward trend when litis effected a reduction of 10 to 60 ents a barrel for family patents here ?-day. One largo mlll'a quotation was educed from 112.16 to 111.65 a barrel, /hllo another, which lowered Its price nlf a dollar Saturday, made a further ut of 10 cents, making Its price 111.20 barrel. The low wheat market la reponsibte for the decline, millers said FIFTH OF TROOPS REENLI8T fore Than Half In (ieargla and Washington Refsrn. Washixoton, Oct. 4.?About one out f every five soldiers whose enlistments xplred during September have reenlieted. he army recruiting service reported flight. At Camp Gordon. Georgia. 65 p? r cnt. of tho men discharged reentered nmedlately. and at Camp Lewis, tVnshlgton. CO per cent. A total of 16,461 men were accepted or service during September, and the I'or I>epartment estimated the 280,000 ulhorlxed strength would he reached y spring. Tnere am now lnu.ssz me? n rolled. THXTtl.H WORK RR M MEET. MA?frHKPTKn, V. H.. Oct. 4.?The open ",(r day of the twentieth annual conven ion of the t'nited Textile Workers of .merlca was srlven over chiefly to organisation and to an Inspection of the .nioskea* mills. In his address oper.in* 10 convention President John Golden f Fall River. Mass., said that Mont hooter was one of the most strongly rffanized textile cities In the world. The Associated Trees le exclusively entitled > the use for republication of all news desatehee credited to It or not otherwise redlted in thle neper and also tlto local rws published herein. t All rlshts of republication of special desJ atchct hereto are also reserved.