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j SECTION 1 FOUR. ' I 1 Women Reports From Wic of the Country SI in Campaign Issu for Bringing Ferr Polls and Special 5 ing New Holders Solid South Alone Enrolment in L Heavy?Georgia Lack of Enabling T T THAT are the women going to do 1/1/ in the coming election? Are they going to vote as do their husbands? Will they vote in a greater proportion to those registered than do the men? How are they organized? Are the party lines as definitely defined as in other Presidential years? Do the registration figures thus far completed show that the women's interest in the election is active or merely cursory? These are only a few of the many questions perplexing politicians of the old school and careful observers of public events. In an effort to get a definite line on the trend of the woman's vote THE NEW YORK HERALD recently published an analytical symposium of the figures from the States whose women voted in the Presidential election of rgr6. To-day there is presented another careful estimate, this time from NEW YORK HERALD correspondents in widely scattered parts of the country, not necessarily from old suffrage States. Each reader will draw his own conclusions from the reports presented, but it will doubtless be agreed that this year will show the women flocking to the polls in numbers totally unexpected by the professional politicians, much as they did in Maine. New York IT has been estimated that the number of women entitled to vote In the State of New York la 3,033,273, the number of men 3,199,772. These calculations are based <>n census figures. I'olltical leaders calculate that not much more than half the number of persons said to be qualified to vote will register. In other words, something over 3,000,000 will be the total registration when the figures have been compiled, in the opinion of leaders. The enrolment for this last year (the enrolment figures for the coming year will not i>e ready before January) was: Republican, 1,291,000; Democratic, 967,000. This will be the third year that women have voted In New York State. In 1917 the llepublicans cast 600,000 votes. In 1918, the first year of women at the polls, the Republican vote was about 1,000,000 in the State, fast year the total Republican vote (the total of the vote on Assemblymen) was 1,156,000. It was estimated that two-thirds as many women voted the Republican ticket as men. Being Organized Steadily. The organization of women has been going on for practically three years In New York State. The Republicans have perfected a wonderfully effective organization. The Democratic women have been beset by dissension, resulting finally in Mrs. John Sherwin Crosby, their leader, going over to the Republican party. Miss Elisabeth Mnrbury, since September 1, has been working hard to build up an organization along the lines of the Republican, but the time has been too ahort. Mrs. Arthur L. Livermore has formed a woman's organization for the Republicans which In all essential features Is an exact duplicate of the men's. Each county has f Its own leader, who hns a representative In c each election district. All through the Stato " campaign schools have been operated, teach- [ ing the women how to work, how to speak J and explaining the Issues of the campaign. r riVi'i y munuay at irruuuu uunriK ine Hum- ^ mer the Women's Executive Committee has , had a forum at its headquarters, Hotel Vandertllt, prominent speakers being provided fl for the women. Every Tuesday afternoon j, there have been speakers' lasses. r A motor corps has been organised, with a chairman in every county, to aid in campaign work and to get out the vote on election day. Tremendous quantities of litcrature have baen distributed to women, some of H prepared by the women's organization. Distinctively women's meetings have been held all over the State. Cam- t paign funds have been collected. v On paper the Democratic woman's organ- e izatlon Is much the same as the Republican, b based on the election district as the unit, \ with the county coming next. Each one of the 7,221 districts Is expected to raise 110. a wHTitaiT THE T> A\A in Every Registra lely Separated Parts tow Intense Interest es, Systematic Plans linine Voters to the Schools for Instructof the FranchiseIndifferent, Though Louisiana Is Fairly Women Barred bv Act l|j^V i <1 | j*r\ - <tw* m MISS SARAH S. BUTLER. One of the prominent society women ] active in the political campaign. The women hope to run their campaign without calling on the men for financial assistance. But the real organization is Just in the process Of formation and its efficiency is doubtful. Since September 8 the Democratic women have sent out 1,000,000 pieces of literature to voters of their sex. They have assigned speakers and held meetings and luncheons to prominent members of the party. As is the case of the Republican women, who have separate headquarters at the Vanderbilt, the Democratic women direct their work from distinctive headquarters in the Waldorf. Chicago WOMEN of both the Republican and Democratic parties have taken hold of politics in Illinois as If they lad spent years at it, and have organizaIons which compare favorably with the ut:u o?rnjyt-r Aany wncri une consiaem now * ong men have monopolized this field. * Official returns of last Tuesday's roglstra- C ion compiled yesterday show that out of C he 900,766 persons qualified to vote In Chi- f :ago alone 339,361 of them are women. R The Republican women, under the leader- t ihlp of Mrs. Ernest C. Griffin, their State I. hairman, have a list of 15,000 women in l lllnois, every one of whom is actively at \ vork for the ticket. Every precinct In the 'tate Is represented In this army, which was >; ormed early In the summer after an ex- p laustlve survey of the State, and through a s >oll of women voters. q The Democrats are also organized to Q over every Congressional district, every v ounty and every municipality. Mrs. Howard T. Wilson of Virden Is the State chairnan. but most of her work Is done down Itate. since there Is a separate chairman for 'ook nnd Lake counties, which include Chi- r ago and suburbs. The Democrats have ,000 women actively at work, exclusive of hose In the municipalities. Women's headquarters of both parties are tl nxlonsly awaiting the tabulation of the 0| itest registration figures, to learn which pglstered the most women votes. Boston r 'T rOMEN of Massachusetts are flock- tt WJ lng to registration places as If they * " believed they alone were to do all ^ he electing this year. Any question as to |n rhether or not women would take an lnterst in their newly acquired privilege has fc eon completely dispelled from the minds of w Tassachusetts people. er The Republican women of this State have perfectly organized machine, and the b? ' ) JEW YC GAZINE NEW YORK, SUNDAY =z ; Section tionHe H a .. i MRS. DOUGLAS ROBINSON. Speaker in Judge Nathan L. Miller's Campaign. MISS MABEL CHOATE. Daughter of former Ambassador has come out for Cox. Democratic party machine for women enniot he compared with It. G. O. P. women lave thoroughly organized every city, town, yard, precinct, and even block, in the State; ire working night and day for the Republican slate. Hundreds of women who might >rdinarlly be termed "of the Democratic >arty," are going to vote the Republican icket, for they are undeniably against any league of Nations idea. Dast minute rushes In cities to get names tn the registration lists brought out a large lumber of- women, and when registration dosed in Boston there were 10,000 dlsaplointed ones. Tn Boston a delegation of vomen who were waiting to sign the lists rhen the offices closed have lodged formal irotest with a threat of legal action because they are denied the vote through not >elng registered. The following table shows how the women if the State have registered in the cities vith th?- men: ^ .wen. women. toston 129,680 68.776 leverly 5.075 3.319 'ambrldfte 78.625 15.934 helsea 6.045 2,913 Jverett 6,000 3.000 [averhill 10.229 6.204 Awrence 14,000 7,400 ,ynn 18,700 18,000 ,owell 18.067 11,950 tedfonl 9.500 4.500 lewburyport 3,662 2,405 'ewton 9,000 7,100 .evere 4.860 3,390 item 9,500 ,.300 omervllle 77.637 9.303 ulncy 8,974 5,964 forceeter 31,152 21,863 Philadelphia rflK women of Philadelphia are apathetic toward the outcome of the approaching Presidential election, and lis condition apparently holds true throURhjt the State of Pennsylvania despite the lowlntr made on registration day, whep 325,408 of thorn registered. as against 539,026 mon. Political lenders are Inclined to the belief int a vast number of them registered merefor the novelty and will pay no more atntlon to their voting privilege. This beef is based upon the almost utter lack of terest among women In the campaign. The women held true to Pennsylvania rm, the vast majority of them lining up Ith the republican party, with the Demo atlc end almost Ml. Naturally the Republican women are far ?tter organised and what little work la )RK~HE j and BO [, OCTOBER 24, 1920. i Anxiou I MRS. GEORGE BASS. * Chicago suffrage leader. JilMI Willi ' "' m ' J/. II 1 I \ d MRS. CALVIN COOLIDGE. . Wife of the Republican nominee for Vice-President. being done by or in behalf of the feminine voters is being put over by the Republican end. Women leaders were disappointed at the jeglstratlon. The only rift in the almost rolld Republican ranks is an opposition to Senator Penrose, who is up for reelection. In fact, that seems stronger than their concern about the fight between Harding nnd Cox. and this opposition is Statewide, Women ](>!wlora ntiatiPf it In o Rur.1i<4,. ? against Penrose's reactionary tendencies and his opposition to women's suffrage, but It is not believed It will crystallize with sufficient strength to prevent the senior Senator's reelection. An edded factor, According to the leaders. Is thai many women will vote the straight Prohibition ticket in the ITesidential election. Atlanta THE women of fleorgia will not vote In the November election, as they were prevented from registering by strict law, which requires the closing of the registration lists six months before an election. Under this law the lists were closed before the proclamation of the ratification of the Suffrage Amendment, and no enabling act was passed by the Legislature to provide for the registration of the women. The women, as a rule, do not appear to be distressed by this. j\a a matter of fact, the great majority of the white women of the ( State are opposed to equal suffrage. The negro women, however, have shown some desire to vote. " I MMV Orlf*tinw i 1 V ?? vy A IVU1IU I N Now Orleans 25,000 womon registered, an compared with 55,000 men. A smaller ratio registered In the country districts, but, the exact figures are not available. While a considerable antl-Admtnlstratlon and anti-league sentiment exists In southern and urban Louisiana, this will not be appreciably reflected in the vote, which will'go as usual by overwhelming majority for the Democratic candidates In a total vote that will hardly be over one-third of the total registration, Louisiana's local offl< 'als are all prac tlcally selected In the Democratic primaries, and there Is no organized opposition. The Democratic nominee for Senator, who will be elected without opposition, was the progressive oandidate for Lieutenant-Governor four years ago, and supported Hughes. The present Democratic Governor was the progressive candidate for Governor four years RALD OKS s to Vot anizatioi r SALIENT POINTS OF THE \ Latest reports of the importance Presidential election are incorporated widespread interest in widely scattered ence being displayed in the hideboum comparatively small, and in Georgia t teenth Amendment, because the Legisl page 6 will be found a separate article i registered in other Southern States. NEW YORK?Registration (not i Republican women better organized in every county to get out voters. BOSTON?Entire State enthusiast those barred by time limit plan legal i PHILADELPHIA?Vast majority party. Democratic registration being esl the Prohibition ticket because of perso ATLANTA?Women barred from i to pass an enabling act. Majority opp> NEW ORLEANS?Heavy registr sentiment strong, but hardly strong eti uemocranc parry. DETROIT?Endless chain system being worked by 12,000 Republican wot women. Democratic women interested tary of State. Non-partisan clubs hoi both tickets, CHICAGO?Women of both partie CINCINNATI?Unexpected regii School houses used for political meetit substantial majority for Harding. ST LOUIS?Women voters rigidl, the League of Women Voters, a non-f three co-equal presidents, Republican, 1 SAN FRANCISCO?Registration line may be had on the interest of won K HARRIET MAY MILLS. Democratic Nominee for Secretary of State of New York. ago and progressive candidate for VicePresident a few months later, but supported Wilson. Nevertheless all thought of Republicans making any appreciable gains In Louisiana at the polls Is folly so long as Republican catering to negro vote and white supremacy exists, with threats of Interfering With .State's control of suffrage. The last Republican National Convention recognized the black and tan Republicans and rejected the illy whites from Louisiana. Cincinnati AFTER the adoption by the thirty-sixth State of the suffrage amendment ^ ^ thereby putting It Into full force and effect, beginning with the Presidential election of 1920, political wiseacres In Ohio predicted thati the new responsibilltes accorded women would make little difference so <ar as Cincinnati was concerned, as few of them would take advantage of the opportunity to exercise tt\e right of suffrage. Practically none would be found taking any part In campaign activities. It was added. This prophecy was based on the reputation of Cincinnati for conservativeness. a heritage of its large German population. How far wrong these prophets were is shown by the fact that at almost every political meeting held here thus far in the campaign there have been almost as many women In attendance as men, while in many cases women have been the spellbinders, and by the fact that women have flocked to the polls to register by tie thousand*. In the first two days of the four days of registration a total of 92.009 voters registered, of whom 28,621 were women and 63,888 arero men. Even with the women registerng, a factor which was absent four years vgo, the registration Is running far short )f the registration in 1916. also a Presidential year, a condition ascribed to apathy imong the men. Both major parties have encouraged the jartlclpatlon of women in the campaign, an opportunity that has been seized upon by vomen of both political persuasions. The Democratic women seem to be a bit more ictlve and aggressive than the Republican vomen. Thev have formed warrl nrinnlra. ions with women leaders, and hold nightly neetlngs with both men and women spcak rs. The Republican women also are organred. hut not bo minutely. The Board of Education has opened the choolhouses for political rallies, but has equested that the meetings held there he levoted principally to the Instruction of vomen In voting, and that partisanship be schewed. In the course of a straw poll carried by mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmrn TWELVE PAGES I e; 1 Strong VOMAN VOTERS' SITUATION. of the women's vote in the forthcoming in the accompanying article. They show sections of the country, the only indifferii Solid South. There the registration is he women cannot vote, despite the Nineature failed to pass an enabling act. On explaining just why negro women have not ully reported) almost equals that of men. than Democratic sisters. Motor corps fie over heavy registration of women, and xction to get their votes in. of women lining up with the Republican pecially small. Some are expected to vote nal objection to Boies Penrose, voting this year because Legislature failed osed to suffrage anyhow, ation in the cities. Anti-administration tough to cause women voters to bolt the for getting women to register and vote -non oafh /?? n/i>/fa./) ?/. vavil VKC |/<VU5CU IV ? V L iWCIfC WliJCI in the candidacy of Miss Doran for Secred special meetings to hear candidates on s fully organized. Registration is heavy, stration surprises old-time politicians. igs on both sides and straw vote indicates y aligned with the old-time parties. Even tartisan organization, was forced to elect democratic and Independent, of sexes not tabulated separately, so no ten in the forthcoming election. i i ii -t the Enquirer for some weeks and covering the lower part of Ohio 7,588 voters have been enrolled for Harding and 5,489 for Cox. In this poll 669 women voted for Harding and 455 for Cox. Considerable interest is being added to the campaign throughout the State by the stand the newly franchised women are taking for both candidates. This is noted principally by the new records that have been established at the polls during registration # days and by the many unique features being held by the women in their campaigning. Meetings at which ice cream and cake are dispensed In liberal quantities are being held all over, while the latest feature and one which seems to be 'playing a big part at all the meetings is the distribution of flowers by two or three young and beautiful girls. Detroit MICHIGAN women are evincing a lively interest in both the national and State campaigns, indicated by the numbers of them who are registering to vote and their attendance at political meetings. Of the 250,000 voters in Detroit. > more than 40 per cent, are women. A great part of the registration on the part of women Is attributed to the efforts of leaders among the club women of the State and the various women's political organizations. In Detroit there are several women's political clubs representing both parties. They are all banded together under the head of the Women Voters Reague and have made a house to house canvass in an effort to get women voters out to register. The Women's Republican Club and leagues, together with several other organizations of women, are supixirting Senator Harding and are working hard for ills election. The Republican women have arranged and held more political meetings in Detroit, Saginaw and Grand Rapids than even the regular organizations and committees headed by the men. The women of the Republican State Central Committee have .inened hoadnimrtero r.r their own separate from the men'e branch an?l are conducting their own campaign Independently under the leadership of Mrs. Kdgrcr Allen and Miss RIna West. The women members of the ways and means committee of the State, working under the direction of the national committee, have organized 12.000 throughout the State, each one of whom Is pledged to get twelve other women :o register and vote. While greatly outnumbered and not so well organized as their Republican sisters, the Democratic women of Michigan are active In the politics of their party. A new source of interest was added to the campaign for them by the nomination of Catherine Doran for Secretary of State by the Democratie State convention. Miss Doran Is the first woman to become a candidate for a State offlee In Michigan. The various non-politlcnl women's organizations of the State are quite active in things political also. Many of them, being non-partisan, have held special meetings to hear candidates on both tickets. St. Louis WOMEN' In both parties are taking a most active Interest In politics In Missouri. In St. Louis, where all voters were required to register In September, 127,000 women out of 312,000 voters registered. Olendy H Arnold, chairman of the Board of Election Commissioners In St. Louis, estimated before registration that 60,000 would bo the maximum of women to register. Voters In the rural districts of Missouri are not required to register. Before the State conventions the women demanded representation as delegates and attended the conventions, both as delegates and visitors, where they emphatically demanded eflual representation on committees and party councils. The Democratic women started their political activities earlier than the Republicans, and claim It haa given them better recognition than the Republicans. However, that Is not conceded. Both parties have given women plHces on the State committees and executive committees. Each party has an Continued on Following Pogm.