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.Tauter Gordon Bennett In is;t.".. it remained
the aolv property of Its founder until hi*
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Cordon Bennett, succeeded to the ownership
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present owner. In 1020.
TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 9. 1920.
The Mugwump survival In 13*20.
We note with Interest the announcemeiit
Unit Professor Irving Fikheb's
truveiling organization of Independent
Pro-I^ngue orators, just buck from a
seven thou wind mile tour in u special
train?and producing political results
which were conspicuously displayed
on every bulletin board in tiie country
last Wednesday morning?intends
to resume Us campaign for the ratlflcatlon
of the Versailles treaty and the
It was to be expected. The verdict
of the great and solemn referendum,
so recently Invoked as a finality and
so overwhelmingly rendered, weighs
not two centigrams with a certain type
of mind that Is always with us.
More than u generation ago, more
than a third of a century ago, after
an excited discussion arouWd table at
one of the most intellectual of the
clubs In this town, an onilncut Mugwump
of that period arose from ids
chair with a pale but determined face
upon which the light of self-conseerat.'on
and self-sacrifice was almost visible.
He brought his fist down and
the dishes rang. "Gentlemen," he
said, "I would go to the stake for
Tariff Reform!" We distinctly recall
the character of the Cause this excellent
citizen was prepared to serve
even at the cost of personal extinction.
The talk leading up to his hn
the customs duty ou jute.
Men lire willing to go to the stake
for the eternnl verities, for <!un. for
faith, for country, for loyalty to the
loved, but It seemed to he an exces-^
slye expression of devotion when applied
to the rearrangement of custom
Yet there always lias been and Is
nnd probably always will be a certain
or uncertain percentage of earnest,
honest, ardent and often highly Intelligent
minds whose readiness to go
to the stake for this, that or the other
Cause then temporarily in vogue is
equalled only by their contempt for
the great nnd solemn referendums of
our democratic sjstem of government.
Although they have always existed,
they first gained a distinct place In
political and social nomenclature and.
first became the subjects of psycho-;
logical Inquiry about the year 1884.
when the Mugwump was recognized,,
classified and labelled.
Two or three of the chief characteristics
of the Mugwump type, besides
what the lion. bmnniurxie Colrv
would describe as their "high concept
of duty," are perhaps worth a
word or two In relation to their present
reappearance In a new Cause.
First, there Is an abnormally defective
sense of proportion or perspective In
<K?I? nf ?>,- ,?1., ....
importance of public question*. Xext.
when the Cause has l>eon adopted,
titers Is invariably nu inversion of!
enmrnon sense by which the Importance
of tlie mechanism of tlieir support
and their mental processes itt relation
to the Cease transcend the importance
of the cause Itself or the
importance of the practical results to
be attained by the Cause'* success, in
the third place, there Is always n total
eclipse of the significance of the American
word* majority and minority.
Not to become ton metaphysical, It
ball merely be added that while the
Cnn.se may vary according to the
Vicissitudes of Intellectual or moral
faahlon*, the Mugwump himself remains
the same. Whether It Is the
duty on Jute or wool for which lie Is
willing to go to the stake, or the life
tenure of fourth class postmasters, or
some other special feature of tariff
reform, or of civil service reform, or
of11 hygienic reform, or of weather re
form, or of International reform, or(
of world reform, the attitude and the1
methods of the Mugwump who Is willing
to go to the stake are Invariable.
Hnrlng established b.v long observation
the continuity of his processes
and the Inflexibility of his reasonings
we Know exnrriy wnnr ro expen or
him In hi* relation to T/eflgue of Natlona
What la particularly to be noticed
la the present concentration of Mhh-i
wnmp srenlua upon the attempted re*
ncfectlon of Mr. Wilson's Covenant,
httrtod only a week aim under n popu- j
lar majority of from six to eljtht
milK'Wi rotea. la that Pemocrnta generally
are holding aloof from participation.
Onr esteemed contemporary
fhe Cffnimff Poll, for example, and
our esteemed contemporary the Times
are much more active am! enthusiastic
in their Mugwump proffers to Senator
Hakdino of disinterested assistance
with the spade and grappling
Irous than our esteemed Democratic j
contemporary the Workl.
Now that WHsonlsin Is Anally disposed
of, now that there Is to he an j
effort at Democratic reorganization
on a non-Wllsonlan basis and probj
ably on a non-Coxlan basis, with a
view to recovery in a more or less
distant future, the Democrats generj
ally, so far as we can Judge, are no
more disposed to continue their for
nier partisan responsibility for the
League than such Democratic lenders
as IIef.u of Missouri and Walsh '
of Massachusetts and Shields of Ten- i
nessoe have been disposed to under- j
take It in the past. I
In the party of President Wit,son
there seems to he an Intuitive perception
of the fact that the custody of
the Covenant and the championship
i of the principles of the League of
Nations have now become a Mugwump
Treasury Ottlclals Say Taxes C'an't
Conic Down, but Tbey Must.
The Treasury ofliclals of the presentj
Administration advocate the revision
of the unsound. Impracticable ami)
vicious revenue schedules, but declare
the national tax bill of four billions I
of dollars a year cannot be cut. The
answer of the American people to this!
Is that the tax bills must be cut. The
answer of the new Republican business
management which will take
charge of the Government In full on
the fourth day of next March Is that
they will be cut.
It is true that the annual interest I
charge alone on the war debt is in i
round numbers a billion dollars. IIuu-!!
dreds of millions more still remain to |'
l>e cleaned up on the failure of Gov- j'
ernment operation of the railroads, 1
Hundreds of other millions of hnngover
wnr expenditures are still run- 1
ning on. And there are billions of
floating debt to he met in the next 1
Nevertheless, while slathers of expenditures
must he taken care of thej
taxes must come down. The Govern- j
merit business must he better handled
than it has been for eight years, hut 1
the faxes must come down. The Gov- j1
eminent debt must he reduced, but the
taxes must come down.
This is what the American voters u 1
week ago overwhelmingly elected a 1
Republican President and a Repub- 1
llcan Congress to do. It Is what they
expect* to get done. It Is what the 1
new business management has engaged
itself to do. It is what the new
business management Is going to <lo. <
It is going to do It by lopping off tens ]
of thousands of unnecessary salaries, j
by stopping the extravagant and use- i
loss spending of nil departments and !
bureau a, by getting down u> ft eom-1
mon sense business basis of managing |
the affairs of the United States Oov-1
eminent as the managers of steel mills!
and railroads and textile mills and j
banks and commercial houses have to I
do to bold their jobs.
Even Mild Hazing Now Prohibited
The ruling of Rear Admiral A. II.!
Scalks, Superintendent of the Naval j
Academy, has practically resulted In j
the segregation of the fourth class in
that the members of this class, the
most recent entrants or the plebes, ;
are rigidly excluded from Intercourse
with the members of any other class
at the Academy. This disciplinary
measure evidently has the support of
the Secretary of the Navy, since he
announced yesterday that Rear Admiral
Scalks. contrary to rumor, was
not to be relieved from duty at Annapolis
and that his administration of
the Academy had been marked by j
Disciplinary segregation of theplebes t
Is not now to either of our great nn- r
tlonnl educational Institutions; it was i
resorted to at West Point for a year
or two following the Whlttnker ha*- i 1
Ing ca?e and has been adopted at both ! s
the Military and Naval academies! r
when diaclosures have shown flngrant *
violations of the rules regarding treat- t:
nient of plebes by their fellow class- \
nuifps. It has always had the virtue '
of effectiveness as long as it was in t
force. ' r
The real source of the present I
trouble at Annai>oll*. ns Super In- r
tendent Scai.es explains, is the failure
of the first class to carry out
his Interpretation of the law as to
hazing. In recent years hazing at
Annapolis bits been periodical; in lfXHl u
tlie Academy whm reported to be entirely
free of It; Ave years Inter It c
was said to be ns bnd ns nt nny time 0
in the Institution's history, nnd in;"
1918 the Secretary of the Navy took j1
n flrin stand atrnInnt It, declaring that "
he was determined to stamp out the>r
practice and that he would Impose the f
l>ennlty of Imprisonment as well ns '
dismissnl from the service upon nny ''
midshipman guilty of mUt rating the 1
under das* men.
What the Secretary of the Navy f
then descrllied ns brutality no f
longer ovists except. In very rare rases *
at either Annapolis or West Point. ''
I'lebes are not now forced to do
the "spread on trie" until they fnlnt, f
to have their tongue* blistered by ad- '
ministrations of hot dose* of tnhasco ''
sauce. or to sutler from blows nnd! 1
hoisting* because they refuse to obey ^
commands of upper class men. That j'1
Is not considered cinss basing hut "
the brutnllty of a bully nnd n prae-jh
tlee to be condemned. Most, if not i e
nil, of the upper clnss men will agree h
with Itenr Admlrnl ScAr.E* that this a
is hazing within the meaning of the
lnw nnd should he punished. 0
But they draw n distinction which e
apparently the Superintendent does p
not admit between this brutullty und'
what is sometimes called "running"
ur "devilling" the plcbe. As a means
?f reducing his ego the fourth class
mini might ho culled uimui to recite
an article from his town paper
entitled "Our Young Napoleon" or
'Our Young Admiral," telling of his
own appointment and his fitness for
a brilliant military or naval cureer.
Should lie slouch or neglect to follow
the Instruction of his drill master he
might be ordered to "drag In your
chin" or "grind back your shoulders,"
he might even have a personally conducted
private lesson after taps In
the setting up exercises. This the
upper class men believe is necessary
If the military and disciplinary standard
of the institution is to be maintained.
Generations of officers before
them have submitted to this sort of,
hazing and they have themselves In-!
bilged In It. It Is part of the cadet's j
nr the midshipman's training and of
the life of the two Institutions.
An Investigation said to he more extended
and thorough than any ever before
undertaken has been In progress
for some time at the Naval Academy,
ind the report says that "np ease of i
irutal hazing has been developed by j
iny of the live boards." But whether j
this is the only kind of hazing that |
tamps within the meaning of the law Is '
the question upon which the Superin-;
tendent nnd the first class men differ.
Bear Admiral Scat.es may carry his j
point, hut If he does he will knock
nto a pocked hat traditional customs
A-hlch have existed at the Annapolis
ind West I'olnt Institutions from their
General N'lvelle's Arrival.
Of the four great Generals of!
France we have already seen Joffrk,
ind now Nivei.i,k conies to see America
and be seen. Tbe hero of Verdun
Is another of those good soldiers upon
ivlioui destiny waited In his gray hairs, i
To enter the war as a mere Colonel at j
uiu iijit- ?i ,?o nus mil |iruuiiMllK. uui
Sivkixe mounted to Commander In
Chief and showed a military genius
fitting him to rank with Marshal
General Niveu.k is a welcome delegate
to the Mayflower celebration,
lie will find a different America from
that which he saw in 1017. when he
came with the French mission and
found us getting ready for war. But
to a soldier with whom war is an old
story the sights of busy pence may he
as Interesting as the spectacle of preparation
Only One Nation Can Abandon the
An Argentine newspaper, La Nanion
of Buenos Aires, makes an interesting
"Confronted with the dilemma of
abandoning cither the heaguo of Nations
or the Monroe Doctrine, the
I .atin American countries probably
would choose to abandon the latter."
No South American or Central
American republic need worry about
Linn which i,a nunun cans a uuemuiit,
for It Is not a dilemma ut ail. These
republics will suit themselves about
iwlhcrlng to or abandoning the League
i>f Nations. But there is no such
thing as their abandoning the Monroe
Doctrine. That doctrine can be nban- '
loned by only one country, and that
s I ho United States of America. It i
s never going to be abandoned b> tile >
United States. The people, by a nia- j
lorlty of many millions, have Just
roted to hold it fast.
If uil tlie republics of South Araercn
and Central America voted unauinously
against the Monroe Doctrine
heir action would not affect the valdlty
of the policy. For the Monroe
octrine is not ? "regional underitnndlng,"
as Mr. Wilson was content
o have it described in his Covenant,
t is a national policy of the United
States. It is a national determination
114.11 lilt? * IUJ111 apil|!l I' M1U1I
lot be subject to European political
The people of this Republic have
ong l?een glad thnt the people of the
outhcrn republics appro veil the Mono?
policy. They would regret to
e? any change In the spirit of their
teighbors In this respect. Hut this
tall, which has stood between South
tmerlcn and Europe for nearly a ccnury.
Is otir wall; and although other
publics may.enjoy Its protection no?ody
cnu remove a stone of It except
K or king to Health.
No article of furniture was ever regarded
aa more characteristically rational
than the American rocking
nuir. 11 I someuung cnorougniy
>ur own. Of wood and cane, wicker
T plush, mahogany or sheet Iron, It
s altogether Indigenous. Nor has
ny other nation seemed anxious to
oh us of this essentially native nrIcle
of household mnifort. In vain
nterlor decorators have raved In
lespnlr at the popularity of an nrlele
so Inartistic. Returning travelers
have patronizingly referred to.
l>e provincialism of a domestic habit
n he Observed nowhere else- In the
rorld. Hut the rocking chair did not
>?e Its popularity.
Even social Investigators who
raced a recognisable connection heween
other national habits and rocknc
while one sat did not impair the
ngne of the rocking ehnlr. Now It
ias acquired a new Importance, ft
ria been long established as a simple
DoatiH of soothing the nerves, divertng
the mind and relieving domestic
xlstence of Ita tedium, and now It has
ecu acclaimed a great therniwutlc
gent as well.
A Ereneh student who became nr.
ualntert with the American rocking
hnlr when It came along with the
eaceftil Invasion has highly extolled
EW YORK HERALD, 1
its curative powers. Many American
physicians find its mild hut regular
exercise advantageous in various maladies
which tire relieved by improvement
of the circulation. No
longer is the consoling swaying of the
rockers frowned on us anti-social or
inartistic. It is urged to relieve the
twinge of gout or the ache of rueuniaatism.
As a substitute for the exercise
|K)ssiblo to the healthy, it finds itself
authoritatively put in the class
Such is the latest glory of the rocking
clialr. Its disappearance from
the correctly decorated home appears
to be delayed. If in promoting health
it accomplishes half as much ns the
doctors assert It will, it will never be
allowed to leave the house wherp
arthritis has made Itself known.
Indirect but Timely Help Tor Central
Short of a direct credit to Germany,
which would be the most cflicucious
way of sotting to rights the muddled
economics of Europe, the indirect
financial help to Central Europe
through American loans to neutrals
such as Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden
and Norway contributes under
present circumstances to keep Continental
commerce in some semblance of j
animation pending a general plan fori
Tlie United States consul at Zurich, I
Switzerland, mirrors the general con-'
dltlon of European neutruls when he i
sets forth In a survey that 203 Swiss
industries had profits In 1918 of 12.10j
per cent, on the average, compared j
with 8.28 per cent, in 1913. All the i
European neutrals are undoubtedly!
creditor nations on paper at least. If j
tney were nine to oaiance accounts j
with foreign countries they would |
show a substantial margin on the
favorable side of the ledger.
No nation of the Old World dould j
to-day claim even solvency, much less |
a surplus, If It were compelled to j
liquidate nil Its assets, lu this sense
every country Is in the same bout as
the European neutrals. But Switzerland,
Denmark and the other countries
surrounding Germany are the
victims of another sort of creditors' |
embarrassment which we and other j
creditor countries separated from Europe
do not experience. This consists
of a plethora of accounts of Central
European customers unable at this
moment to make good no matter how
solvent they may he. The decline in the j
German mark has paralyzed them.
Tills country and the allied nations
were able at the armistice to settle
accounts with the neutrals and to reduce
the premium on neutral exchanges.
The Central Powers, with
whom the neutrals could not escape
trading during the war, were not able
to duplicate this action. To-day neutral
exchanges are low in the London
and New York markets bur high In
Berlin. The neutrals need money
here to make purchases, but their accounts
in Germany, realizable only in
marks, could not ho converted into
negotiable funds without loss.
The position of these neutral Powers
demonstrates how Impossible It is
to disengage one country from another
when considering the financial
status of the,European continent. A
direct loan to one Is an Indirect loan
to all, and this Is true to a certain
cxrcni even iti considering: tne eirect |
of credits t? countries like France and j
Belgium. thereby enublinp them to
defer at least for a time their Indemnity
collections from Germany.
Rut the neutrals are In closer and
more practical worklnp contact with
Central Europe, a factor which should
not be considered a loslnp proposition
in the lone run simply because it is
now. With the ultimate revival of
Europe it will he a tremendous asset,
just as It was the very life of these
neutral countries before the war.
Aside from credits to France, Belplum
and l'olnnd, loans to countries
surroundinp Oennany have Included
$2.1,00O,OQO to Sweden. *20.000,>f I to
Norway. $.".000,000 to Christ lanln.
$2.1,000.000 to Denmark. $1.1.000,000 to
the city of Copcnhapen, $.1.1,000,000 to
Switzerland, Sfl.ooo.ooo to the city of
Zurich, and the most recent loan of
*0.000,000 to the city of Bern. Switzerland,
arranped by the Speyer firm
?In all n total of $l.">7.onn.non In credits
planted like financial fortresses at
the doorways to the Continent.
Tho Oirl Si outs make their appeal
this week to the population generally
for moral and financial support, and
both should be freely plvcn. The nr- '
rnintzntlnn enrniir.i2???< In irlrlc nil ih?
health producing, educational activities
which give scope for the development
of wom< n strong In body, disciplined
In mind and sane In everything.
An association like this which upbuilds
bodies and characters for the
future deserves all it asks for.
Mayor Harwt Runton of Belvldere,
New Jersey, the only Democrat elected
to the New Jersey Assembly for 1921,
probably Is not giving as much thought
to the task of representing his party on
forty-nine standing committees as he
Is to the Job of defending himself1
against the onslaught of patriots eager 1
for the minority pntronsge.
In the town of Yoncalla, Oregon, all
the municipal officers are women, and
a good many men are finding comfortable
places In the homo.
A sullen moon lurks o'er the fetid swamp;
I?ow moaning winds croon through the tanfted
Pro. not with acrid Inns of earth *t night:
Ortnbrr ravished trees In naked groups ,
Clutch the tow drifting clouds of ominous '
As If to clothe themselves. A msd m?n|.
of lifeless leaves, a dance of death begins j
In wanton ecstasy, With silent mirth
A long abandoned pumpkin this approves. 1
A ghostly rabbit hops with furtive looks
Between the stubble rows, the while fleynard, 1
With purpose sinister, his every move
Follows. The night breathes of the dead,
About to die. Ho ende November.
It. Si.'tn.Rirr van TVorm. I
Plight of the Owner of Heal Estate
Which Brings Small Returns.
To Thr Nbw Yoiik Hekai.d: The presout
Increase in tuxes is nothing short of
confiscation in some cases.
A few years ago real estate was assessed
at Its full value and the tax rate
was 11.00. At these figures owners of cold
wat?r tenements did not receive for their
Investment more than from 6 to 7 per |
cent. The cost of repairs on such prop- |
erty has always been very great.
Now the increase In valuation of such
property is from $2,000 to $6,000 on each
house, and the tax rate is doubled.
On the original full valuation the own- I
ers in many cases had to let their prop- '
erty go in foreclosure proceedings. To
make the present advance Is an lnjus- ;
tice and a wrong.
Also in many cases when vacant lots j
were assessed at full value and the tax
rate was $1.60 the owners could neither
for many years. Now the rate Is doubled
on them There should bo some remedy
to stop this reckless taxation.
A Property Holder.
New York. November 8.
When Rent Is Paid Into Court How
Can They Pay Their Hills I
To The New York Herald : I have
written a letter to the Justices of the
Municipal Court drawing attention to the
increasing liabit of tenants refusing to
pay rents previously paid or agreed un- ;
der lease to bo paid and paying a certain
lower rent or use and occupancy
value amount Into court to wait the termination
of the suit, which may or may
not take a rtionth or two to settle.
Interest, taxes, cost of maintenance
and operation require to bo paid, and In
most cases can only be paid out of rent,
and the growing custom of paying Into
coyrt In most cases Is bringing disastrous
consequences to landlords.
\ mutually signed agreement without
prejudice to cither side under which the
tenant Instead of paying into court pays
the amount to the landlord Is satlsfac- |
tory when the tenant will sign such an !
agreement, but in most oases he will j
not. It in therefore absolutely essential
that the .Justices evolve some plan,
equally protecting landlord and tenant,
under which the amount paid into court
can either be paid by the court forthwith
to the landlord or paid by order
of the court direct to the landlord.
New York, November 8.
Colonel Parsons Speaks for Many!
Members of tlie ilih Engineers.
To The New York Herald: In your
paper of this morning there is a letter
signed "J. W. Jones." in which the
writer speaks of those beyond draft age
who volunteered their services in the
war, leaving "wife, children, mother and
Among the officers and men of the j
Eleventh Engineers there were many j
such who' were In battle In France before |
the draft act began to turn out soldiers. I
On their behalf I thank Mr. Jones for I
his kind thought.
William Barclay Parsons,
Eatr Colonel Eleventh Engineers. I
New York, November 8.
GEORGIA'S THREE ELECTIONS
Winning Democrats Han on the Republican
To Tub New York Herald: The State
of Georgia held three different elections
beginning with the race known in Georfri:i.
iiK !hf> A Mitrhfll TVilmnr rion fnr
th? Democratic nomination for the Presidency
In the preferential primary. The
next election held wns the Democratic
primary, and the third was the run over
Derrocratlc primary. .
In all of these elections the winning
candidate denounced Wllsonism and the
treason scheme called a league of Nations
and took a stand Just the opposite
of the Democratic national platform. In
other words, the Democratic candidates !
who won ran and were nominated on a
Republican platform, excepting the First
Congress district, where a Wilsontte was
counted In and the opponent Democratic
nominee was counted out by the election
When the national election was held
on November 2 many voters voted for
the Republican candidates and the election
managers threw most of the Republican
ballots out of the ballot boxes and
ohangred the few Republican ballots left
In the boxes to the Democratic nominee.
Wljl this fraud be tolerated In the
contest I have made and will file before
the House of Representatives for my seat
In Congress from the First Congress district
of Oeorgin? E. 8. Fuller.
Savannah, Or., November ?.
Room for All fhe News.
To The New York Herald: The letter I
protesting a gainst the space given In !
American newspapers to the MncPwiney ;
case and signed "Ellen Wlnslow" was
Indeed a surprise to me. Is M&cSwiney'a
case the only European matter that Miss j
WIfislow has read In the paper*? What
about Miss rnnkhurst? I* there a dlf- !
ference between the two cases? It would j
be strange If anybody were prejudiced '
against the noble cause of the Lord
Mayor of Cork.
If anybody wants only American news j
In our American papers I am afraid that
person will have to publish a paper of
his own to be satisfied, for every paper
of the day publishes European news and
we have to hear of the troubles of one
place over there as well as another.
Kkw York. November 8.
A Chautauqua County Coincidence.
To Tub New York Hkrai.o: On election
day. 1884, Just 1 was going home
to dinner after voting for Blaine, I
dropped my watch In the w eds alongside
Popple's shop on Oriswold street
and was unable to And It. Lust Tuesday
as I was going home nfter voting
ror Harding I dropped my watch chain
at the same spot. On picking It up I
found that the snap had become fixed
lo some object Imbedded In the earth.
This I pulled up and found to be my
deer old watch. By n curious coincidence
It had stopped at the very hour '
end minute at which I found It and all
I had to do was wind It. J. .f. S
Dunkirk, November 8.
From the Hide Mne*.
Knlcker?What will become of deserving
Ilockor?They will now have a chance to
income observing Democrats.
George Washington explained to his father.
"I am doing my Christmas chopping early,"
AT ANDRE'S CELL.
A Little Lesson In the Meaning of
American Patriotic Achievements.
To The New York Herald: My
friend Christy. who has enriched the
columns of The New York Herald's
Sunday Magazine with a part of his ex
tensive knowledge of Rockland county
history, suggested 'hat I visit the prison
house and tavern at Tappan with him.
i Christy tramps in an old Ford car. A
real tramp disdains ceremony, and as
a 1910 Ford is some remove from being
dignified I consented.
Denis and myself?Denis is a real
tramp?had trudged up the steep hill
from the ferry landing to Alpine on a
Sunday some time previous and hud
stopped at this same tavern in an attempt
to quench our thirst, but, being
refused, had footed it to the home of
a charitable friend further down the
river, who opened a bottle of real Scotch
for us. But that was before the United
States had become dry.
wnen unrisy spoae 01 nevuiuuunary ,
shrines I wondered what he had under ;
his hat. Revolutionary shrines to-day
are palpitant?like Vilna and Warsaw.
I suggested this to Christy and Instantly
'That's like you backsliders, putting
the present before the past I"
"An anachronism," I grinned.
"I'll let you In on some ground facts
of American history," he exclaimed, Ignoring
'What's the tavern you are taking
me to like? It sounds good, but apocryphal,"
I said cannily.
"Don't you know that the Tappan tavern
was Major Andre's prison for a
week?" he asked.
"Was It? But why pick a dungeon
for a pleasure trip?"
We found the old tavern. One-half
of 1 per cent, and sarsaparilla flowed as
Jamaica rum had In the good old Colonial
days. Christy stood at the bar
and punished mo with soft stuff while
he talked about the spy, the traitor,
Washington, Mad Anthony Wayne, and
went over the story of how the talented
young Britisher had attracted attention
In Philadelphia and had danced with the
beautiful Miss Shlppcn, who afterward
Old rifles?antiquated flintlocks?hung
in racks against the walls of the ancient
tuproom. It looked like, a Bourbon
arsenal at the time of the French Revolution.
Christy piled me with unlimited
one-haH, of 1 per cent, and reeled off
whole chapters from George Bancroft
and Jared Sparks while I examined the
"These guns must be a pattern of
those the Russians used against Von
Ifindenbufg In the East Prussia
marshes," I said.
Christy grunted. "Come, I'll show you
He bolted from the room, and 1 found
him in a rectangular chamber with a
door on either side and a window at
"AndrCs cell t"
He flourished his hand like a verger
in an ancient monastery.
"The Major didn't show much strategy
for a military man. Couldn't h?
get out of the window?" I asked.
"Couldn't. Two sentinels?armed." ]
Me was Impressively serious. (
"With flintlocks?" 1
My friend ignored mc. I had offended ^
his patriotic sense. Being an American |
I was a bit ashamed of my levitj'. But (
it all looked so pitifully ineffective in i
an age whose armament is dynamic, 1
whose prisons are dungeons and the
story of Andr*1 was so trite.
Then I reflected. Wasn't my friend
right? His almost fanatical patriotism,
his enthusiastic recital of the vital facts
of the heroic struggle, the story of wonderful
achievement, was the lesson
needed to awaken tile millions who are
making America their refuge to a realization
of what has been won for them.
T stood abashed before my friend's earnestness.
MPT AY SACKETT.
Summit. N. J.. November S.
FOR SECRETARY OF WAR. j
A Place Suggested for Senator Chamberlain
To Tub New York Herald : Though
T am a lifelong Republican from heredity.
choice and conviction, I am fair and
discerning enough to acknowledge freely'
that Tuesday's verdict cannot possibly
be considered a partisan victory.
With this in mind and with a heart
full of gratitude to the hundreds of thousands
of voters who* showed themselves
tn ho Americans first and Democrats af
terward I respectfully submit the follow- |
!ng suggestion for one of the places In j
the Harding Cabinet: For Secretary of
War, George E. Chamberlain of Oregon.
New York, November 8. K. D. X.
LET COX COLLECT IT.
A Job for tho Man Who Found a Ilnge
Rppuhllrnn Campaign Fund.
To The New York IIeraid: I have i
been away from New York threo months,
but I get The New York Hbrapd regularly,
although It is n day late.
I read In one of your papers that the J
Republican party might use nnywhere j "
from $1,000,000 to $3,000,000 In the cammien
mi as n food American citizen I
bosr you to request them to (rive the J
people the chaniro from the $ IS,000,000
or 130,000.000 Governor Cox spoke of.
James Neesom MacFatdb.v,
Batter Cref.k, Mich., November 6. C
The Ruling Passion Still Strong.
To Tub New York Hbhai.d : One must t
admire the blessed assurance of the un- i
repentant and unenlightened Wilson or- t
ran* In continuing to clamor for their
Infamous League of Abominations.
In their bright lexicon what la th#
definition of solemn referendum? Is It
blandly blotted out, like patriotism? All
who are not wilfully blind can see that
the League Is dead.
Richard P. Rf.ad.
Nrw York, November 8.
Daylight Saving Referred to the |
To Tin Nnw York Hkhai.d: I disagree
absolutely with Clemens Herschel
regarding daylight saving, but the question
Is too Important to be settled by ;
Individual opinion. There Is only one
way?the ballot bo*.
Keep up the Interest and compel a :
popular referendum. Do not leave It to "
hasty legislation at the last moment.
a urn Ridok, m. *j.. November 8. p
A Kentucky Trnde Note.
From the Bowling </rc?n ,V?us.
An automobile belonging to Kd Cant rill ?
was tha chief factor In a unique trad*. )(
John Harris owned an old mare and a surrey,
also the best possum and coon dog In
Warren county. So a trade was made. Can- ^
trill gave his car for the horse and car- v
rlage and the privilege of hunting with the r
Harris hound during the coming season. t
CORDIAL WELCOME l>
GIVEN GEN. NIVELLE
Hero of Verdun Arrives on La 1
Lorraine for the Mayflower
LAUDS AMERICAN HEROES [
Reviews Boy Scouts and Guest t
at Luncheon, With His
Aides, at Waldorf. 1
Coming to this country for his first 1
visit as tilfi official r^nmflnnlnHvA nf ]
Prance at tlie tercentenary celebration of ?
he landing of the Mayflower, Gen. Rob- i
"*t Georgo Nivelle, hero of Verdun and v
successor of Marshal Joffro In com- f
nand of the French Armies of the \
N'orth and Northeast, arrived yesterday "
an the French liner La Lorraine. He J
passed a few hours In the city before i
joing to Washington for two days as '
ffuest of the War Department. Into
those few hoilrs were crowded official r
receptions by the French Consul-Gensral,
Gaston Llebert; by Major-Gen.
Robert L. Bullard and several other officers
on behalf of the army, and the
tieads of societies which are participates
in the Pilgrim celebration.
In response to Gen. Bullard's words
jf welcome while the ship came up froni
Quarantine, Gen. Nlvelle expressed
pleasure In attending the Pilgrim celebration
In this country and affirmed
that warm and close relations will be
maintained between his country and the
"It Is a great honor," he said, "again
to be with the famous American soldiers
who were such heroes In France
md who proved to bo real men as well
is real soldiers."
General Wear* War Honors.
He spoke English fluently through most ?
>f the welcoming ceremonies, resorting to ?
us nauve r rencn occasionally wnen u. mi- t
ov.' countryman pressed forward for a \
vord. He was dressed In the full miliary
uniform of General, with the. gliterlng
star of the Grand Cross of the
Region of Honor and five rows of ser- 1
,'ice ribbons across his left breast. With '
lim were his aide, Col. Paul Azan, mem- ^
>er of the first French Mission and in- \
itructor in military tactics at Harvard 1
University, and the Rev. Andro Monod,
.cneral secretary of the Protestant '
hurehes of France.
From the pier at West Sixteenth street
he ofhclal party was taken to the Wal- i
lorf. where Gen. Nivelle reviewed five l
roops of Boy Scouts, representing the 1
lve boroughs of the city. A delegation
,t scouts under the direction of Scut j
Uommtssloner Charles F.MacFarland met
he party at the pier. At the Waldorf
i small luncheon was given by the heads
>f the reception committees. Those who
vere present in addition to the visiting
frenchmen were Gaston Liebert, Col. M.
2. Buckey, Gen. Nivelle's personal aide,
letailed from the War Department,
kVhitney Warren, the Rev. Liniey V. v
lordon and Dr. Henry A. Atkinson, sec- y
ctary of the Church Peace Union. Folowing
the luncheon Gen. Nivelle left for r
(Varhlngton. He will return to New
ITork on armistice day. t:
Appenm In Hrooklyn Thurmlny.
His first public appearance In connec- "
don with the Pilgrim celebration will (
iie in Central Congregational Church.
Brooklyn, on Thursday evening. Rater d
le will attend the dinner of French War
Veterans in the Pennsylvania Hotel and
to to the American Region mass meet- c
ng In the Seventh Regiment'Armory.
The Itinerary arranged by the Amerl- c
an Mayflower Council lnclud'? Chicago,
Milwaukee, Springfield, 111. , .dlanapois,
Louisville and Cincinnati Tho Gen- ,1
(ml then will return to New Yo?k to
"peak at-the meeting In Carnegie Hall j 1
November !lfi and visit West Point, Phil- I j
tdclphiu and Boston. After paying an !
tfllcial visit to tho French Embassy he |l<
will go to Now Orleans and San Fran- u
Isco, returning to New York to sail for
France late In December. I
During a little mere than the first two
rears of the Whr (Jen. Nivelle climbed
'rom the rank of regimental commander
>f the Fifth Artillery to the command I
>f an army corps and later was Mar- "
ihal Foch's successor. Ho directed the b
1317 offensive, which was not success- 1
ul. and yielded command to Marshal <>
(Jen. Xrrlllc In YYnslitnKton.
Washington, Nov. R.?Oen. Robert y
Gorges Neville reached Washington tonight
from New York. After paying f
;s respects to members of the Cabinet *
md other Oovernment otllclals to-mor- (
ow Oen. Neville, who will remain "n ?
.Washington until Thursday, will be e.'- n
ertalned at luncheon by Secretary s
inker. Quests ut the luncheon will In- ^
Judo members of the Cabinet, Oen. j
Pershing, Oen. Peyton C. March, chljf
if staff, and members of the Fronct (I
embassy. I.atUr In the day Oen. Ne "
dlle will visit Washington's Tomb at p
dount Vernon. Wednesday afternoon ^
he French officer will review the corpi 8
if naval cadets at Annapolis
fUSSERAND SAILS FOR *
AMERICA ON SATURDAY ,
Snvoy May Return Soon After
Harding Takes Hold.
Special Cable to Tub Nmv Yon* Hr*ai.d. *
opt/right, 19:0. bp Tub Nbw Yobk llmti,,
New York llernld llnrenit, 1 f <"
Tarls, Nov. ' J A
Julf.n J. junsornnn, rTencn ahhiu?n;i- |
lor to the United States, will leave Parli g
lext Saturday to resume his official doles
In Washington. It la considered h
loubtful if M. Juaserand will remain In g
iVashlnncton much beyond the advent of1
he now Administration, as the French b
Jovernment Is uncertain what his stand- ?
nrt will be with the Hardlntt Admlnlstrninn.
In view of the French Ambassador's >
lose nssocatlon with President Wilson
lurinK 'he peaco conference.
It Is no secret here that Ambassad 1 I
russerand. knowing Paul Cambon. 1 .
vliosq resignation as Ambassador to '
Ireat Britain has Just been announced,
vns about to retire, wanted to jfo to
,ondon, but now It is understood that
here Is no chnnce that he will xet this ?
ippolntment, but that Instead Camilla w
larrere, French Ambassador to Rome, t|
nost probably will succeed M. Cambon a
it tho court of St. James's.
FAVORS OLD NATION PLAN. t,
Inlvsdor I'nlonlnts Follow I,end of I'
San* Salvador. Republic of Hal vn dor,
fov. 8.?The Unionist party of ? Ivn- S
or. In convention here, yesterday n-.opt- >
d a platform similar to that or the a
Tnlonlst party of Guatemala. Ti de- T
tared In favor of the rcestabllshment n
f the old Central American nation, by a
cjfal, peaceful methods. 2
The party decided to disassociate Itelf
from action with other political t,
roups In the country and declared It r
irould not take part In any electoral c
nmpalftn until the Central American 11
inlon was established. p
For Eastern New York?Cloudy and
irobably rain to-day. To-morrow rain
'allowed by clearing and colder wraths-.
Moderate to fresh south winds.
For Now Jersey?Probably rain to-day:
o-morrow clearing and much colder: fresh
For Northern New England?Cloudy and
>robably rain to-duy. To-morrow rain, folowed
by clearing and colder weather: moderate
to fresh south winds.
For Southern New England?Cloudy and
>robably rain to-day. To-morrow rain, folowcd
by clearing and colder weather: modirato
to fresh south winds.
For Western New York?Rain to-day t tenorrow
snow flurries and much colder; Inreaslng
southerly winds, ehlftlng to waet
WASHINGTON, Nov. 8.?A disturbance of
narked Intensity was forming to-dny over
ho upper Mississippi Valley. It has been
? " i uuia in iiib region or me great
akes, tho Mississippi Valley and the plains
States and It Is being followed by snow,
torthwest gales and the coldest weather of
ho season to date over the Far Northwest,
fills disturbance will Increase In Intensity
ind move eastward and bo attended by rain,
'bunging to snow In the region of the groat
akes and by rains In the Eastern and Southeastern
States during to-morrow and
It will be followed by the first pronounced
old wave of the season, which will overpread
the middle West to-morrow and
Vednosday and tho Eastern and Southern
i.atos Wednesday and Thursday.
Storm warnings are displayed on Lakes
Michigan. Superior and Huron, and cold
vavo warnings havo been ordered for the
ippor lake region, Indiana, Kentucky, Tonivssee
and western Ohio for Tuesday night.
Observations at United States Weather Bustations,
taken at 8 P. M. yesterday,
oventy-fifth meridian time:
c. .. hW1 24 hrs.Barom- last
Stations. High. Low. cter. 24 hrs.W'ther.
&e? T iS?i 02 cLcrIdy
liklmorflty" S5 40 ?3(U0 " Clcar
jaltlmore .... 04 00 %80.14 .. Cloudy
,'s'"arcK 118 20.00 .OS Cloudy
<> 52 42 30.12 .. Clear
luffalo IN 40 30,10 .. J't. Cldy
dnclnnatl ... 50 50 30.10 .. Cloudy
;hfrito?n ' I? rl! SO. 10 .. Clear
itili&go ...... r?4 42 20UJ 1 *> Train
.levaland ....no 4*1 jjo.JO Cloudy
S SO 34 30.00 :: Clear
62 38 80.08 .. Cloudy
74 So 3010 Ckar
SETT,:: 8 "I 3# .oi SSL"
.os Angi . s.. (JO 54 30.04 .. Pt. Cldy
illwauke. 40 34 20.00 .00 Kaln
Jew Orl ..us.*. 78 02 30.12 Clear
.... 0(1 50 30.00 .. Cloudy
hlladelph a .08 44 30.10 .. Cloudy
.V 51 44 30.10 .. cloudy
un.in.iiu, me.. tit 04 00.08 .. Clear
'ortland, Ore. 54 30 30.20 . . Clear
ialt Lake City 40 3d 30.18 .01 Snow
Ian Antonio.. 80 60 80.02 .. Pt. Cldy
Ian Diego.... 04 48 30.02 .. Pt. Cldy
inn Francisco 54 48 30.14 .. Cloudy
kattle 52 38 30.311 .. Cloudy
It. Louis 60 52 29.94 . 04 Cloudy
It. Paul 42 88 29.72 . 20 Rain
Vnshlngton .. 02 48 30.10 .. Cloudy
LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS.
8 A. M. 8 P. M.
barometer 30.15 30.14
lumldlty 89 75
Ylnd?direction N. S.W.
Ylnd?velocity 12 11 V
Veatlier Cloudy Clear
^leclpltatlon 09 None
The temperature In this city yesterday, as
eeorded by tho official thermometer, la
hown In the annexed table:
8 A. M...45 1 P. M...50 6 P. M...51
11 A. M...44 2 P. M...B2 7 P. M...50
I) A. M.. 43 3 P. M...53 8 P. M...50
1 A. M...47 4 P. M...52 9 P. M...49
2 M 47 5 P.M...51 10 P.M...40
1020. 1919. 1920. 1919.
9 A. M 44 43 6 P. M 51 44
2 M 47 45 9 P. M 49 41
3 P. M 53 43 12 Mid.. .47 30
Highest temperature, 53, at 3 P. M.
Lowest temperature, 43, at 10 A. M.
Average temperature, 48.
The Poor Richard Club of Philadelphia
> 111 ho dined by the Sphinx Club at the slier
jubilee celebration, Waldorf-Astoria. T
Women's Republican Club, victory meeting,
Maza Hotel, 10 A. M.
Health day In the public schools by dlreclon
of the Department of Health.
Col. .Joseph C. Bonner will speak on
Twentieth Century freight Haulage" at u
noting of the Society of Terminal Engines,
'JO West Thirty 'nth street. 8 P. M.
National Hotel Men's Exposition, Grand
intrnl Palace, 11 A. M. to 10:30 P. M.
Daughters of Pennsylvania, meeting, Walorf-Astorla.
3 P. M.
Revel Club, meeting. Hotel McAlpln, 8
New York City Federation of Women'*
Hubs, meeting. Hotel Astor, 10 A. M.
Now York State Hotel Association, annual
onventlon, Hotel Commodore, all day.
Newsprint Service Bureau, meeting and
uneheon, Waldorf-Astorln, 10 A. M.
Society of Arts and Sciences, dinner. Hotel
, dor. 7 P. M.
A- oiiatlon of Reformed Rabbis, luncheon,
aft Boulevard, 1 P. M.
I'oklngofo Club of America, meeting, Walorf-Astorla,
3:30 r. M.
Order of Ballwny Track Foremen of Amor;a,
convention, Broadway Central Hotel, all
MJBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT.
MANHATTAN AND THE BRONX.
"Trend of the Times," by Prof. William
l Guthrie. Ph. D.. at Wadletgh H. 8.. 115th
treet, near Seventh avenue.
"Water In Common Substances?Crystals,"
y W. L. Estabrooke, Ph. D., at Sluyvesant
t. 8., Fifteenth street, west of First aveuo.
"The Fnrm and the Factory," hy Dr. John
'ranklln Crowell, at P. S. 0(1, Eighty-eighth
treet, cast of First avenue.
"Orators of the Modern Period," by Mr.
'Incent Gllroy, at P. 8. 132, ld'Jd street and
"Reading from His Own Poems." by Mr.
Sdward Markham. at American Museum of
la'tiral History, Seventy-seventh street and
'antral Park West.
"Famous Free Concerts," under direction
f Charles 1). Isaacson, editor "Globe"
uislc department, at Metropolitan Temple,
evsntli avenue and Fourteenth street.
"Republic of Pnnaina," by Lieut. J. 11. H.
lulrhead, nt P. S. r.:t, HINth street, Flndley
nil Teller avenues. The Bronx.
"Peru," by Miss Annie S. Peck, F. R.
I. 8.. nt P S. fat. '.'07th street anil Hull aveue,
The Bronx. Stereoptlcon views.
"Trade Opportunities In Bolivia," by Mrs.
'anny R. Bandolier, at St Ann. Im's lloll,
'Inton avenue, near 155th street. The Bronx,
BROOKLYN AND vJ 'ERNS.
"Trend of the Times," by Miss Jennla
I. Davis, at Bay Ittdge If. H., Fourth aveue
and Sixty-seventh street.
"Home American Composers," by Miss Sally
lattilln, nt Girls' II. S.. Nostrand avenue,
lnl?ey and Macon streets. Illustrated,
lolln and viola solos.
"The Book of the Hour," hy Prof. J. O.
arter Troop, Ph. D., at Brooklyn Public
.Ihrary, Pacific branch, Pacific street and
"The Antarctic: What We Know and What
Vr Want to Know," by Mr. Herbert L.
irldgeman, at P. 8. 30, t'onovor and Wolott
streets. Stereoptlcon views.
"Mexico, the International Poreuplns," by
rthur J. Westermayr, LL.M., at P. 8. 174,
'umont, Alabama and Williams avenues,
tereoptlcon views. . . ,,
"Trade Opportunities In British Africa,
y Miss Ida V. Slmonton. at Newtown H. H.,
hlcago and Gerry avenues, Elmhurst, L. 1.
"The Relation of Panama Canal to Trade,
v Mr. Arthur W. Wyndham, at P. H. 04.
Id House bandln; t > ui, kittle Neck, L. I.
'0 PLANES W:LL RACE
FOR PULITZER TROPHY
irmy and Navy to Compete
on Thanksgiving Day.
Forty or more airplanes, all with
peeds In excess of 100 miles an hour,
rill compete on Thanksgiving Day In
ho Pulljscr trophy race, which begins
nd ends at Mltchel Field, Mlneota.
Eighteen army planes and eight navy
lanes already have entered In the coni?st,
which la of 100 miles. In addition to
Ivllian entries, which inciudo the Amerjan
Gordon Bennett "ships." Sadl Leolnte
of France, winner of the Gordon
lonnett contest, may enter also.
The rnoo for the trophy, donated by
lalph Pulltrcr. Is to be an annual affair,
learly fl.OOO In Liberty bonds will bo
warded to winners In various classes.
'he course, is a triangular one of forty
lllea, with turns at Wantagh, Babylon
nd Mltchel Field.
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled
i ttie use for republication of all news desatches
credited to It or not otherwise
iedited In this paper and also the local
ews published herein.
All rights of republication of special desatehes
herein are also reserved.
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