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NEW YORK HERALD I PUBLISHED BY THE SUN-HERALD CORPORATION, 28" BROADWAY; TBLEPHONE, WORTH 10.C00. Directum and officer*: Frank A. Munaoy, t President; Brvln Wardman. Vice-president: Wm. T. Dewart. Treusurer; P.. H. TltherIngton, Secretary. MAIL SUBSCRIPTION RATES. On? Six One By Mall. Postpaid. Year. Month*. Month. daily a Sunday... 112.00 ?'i?o *i.on DAILY only 10.00 & 0? .8.. SUNDAY only 4.00 2 2". .40 sunday only, Canuda 6.00 3.211 .53 FOREIGN RATES. DAII.T a SUNDAY...$26.00 818-80 *2 40 DAILY only 18.00 0.00 1.50 Sunday only 0 73 6.12 -m All check*, money order*, Ac., to be made Payable to The Sun-llerald. Rritncli Office* for receipt of advertisements and Hale of papers: P?incipai. 1'ptow* Optic*?Herald nulldlne, Herald Square. Tel. Firs Roy 0000. HUaijpu Omcp?2h."i W?t 125th St.. kpab ' ^ Omnth Av*. Tel. 704 Mornlng?lde. Open until 10 T M. _r Washington Heiohts Optic*?385 w?*t 18i*t Sr. Tel. boils Wadeworth. Open until :o p. m. Downtown Offic.s? 200 biov.wii. Open R A. M. to 10 P. M.; Sunday*. 2 P M. to in r> m Bmski.yn Owp -24 Cocst At. Tel. Main 54,1?. Open until 10 p. M. Eaci n Bcildiko, 80.1 Wamiincton Br. Tel. 1100 Main. BauNx Omoa-MS Willi* at* . at 148th St. Tel. 9tUJ(l Mtlrose. Open until 10 1*. M. Principal Amerh an ami Foreign Buret'ifc WASHINGTON?Tlie Mun.'ey Uulldlns. CHICAGO?208 South La Sail- 8t. LONDON?40 43 Fleet St. PAltlg?*o Avenue do I'Opera, 38 Rue flu Louvre. Tit* New Yo*k Hkkai p was founded by j Jamea Gordon Bennett In 183.r>. It remained , the sole property of Its founder until hlJ death, In 1872, when his ion, also Jar.i-s i lorrton Bennett, succeeded to the ownership of the pap.-r. whirls continued In his hand-' i until hl? death, lis 1P1S. Tub Hbrai.d be eme tlio property ">f Frank A. Munacv, It < preaent owner. In 1P20. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1020 Sio-called Panama Canal Profits Arc Hugo Losses. , Tiie way Government management does business and keeps books the Panama Canal shows for last year u profit of $2,3S7,58D. But If tlie United States Government, in behalf of the American people, managed its affairs and figured the financial results the May a private corporation. In behalf "of Its stockholders, has to figure Its results and keep its books, the Pun IUJ.I \ 41 Hill 41."3 II UU9IUC3S |JlW[n/??lliv** would look like a financial wreck. As a matter of fact the difference between the operating expenses und j lie receipts of the Panuniu Canal? the aforesaid $2.387,599?called by a wild flight ot' imagination profits, is only a drop in the bucket toward paying the fixed charges on the colossal bonded debt Investment of the American people In the Panama Canal. Including cost of construction, purchase of rights, annual payments to Panama, fortifications, &c? the American people had put into the canal, up to June, 30, 1919, more than $459,000,000. With nothing ever earned toward meeting the interest on that debt, not to mention payments Into the sinking fund to extinguish the debt, the canal stands the American peopfe In to-day more than half a billion of dollar-. Because of valuable privileges going with the Panama bonds, put out to build and equip the cnnal, they were issued, some of them at as low an Interest rate as 2 per cent, a year and some at 3 per cent, liven on >- this highly artificial basis of figuring interest the so-called profit on the Panama Canal last year was not luftf enough to meet the abnormally low interest charge on the Panama Canal honrls nn.l other Investment. It was not a quarter enough. The whole gross receipts of the Fanama Canal last year?some $8,985,871?even If not a red copper had been deducted for operating expenses, would not have been enough to pay the Interest on the Panama Canal debt and other Investment of the Amcrlf-an people In the gigantic project. If we figure that any investment should he worth at least the Interest which the Government has to pay on Liberty bonds, and If we figure depreciation at a merely nominal rate, jnd If we virtually Ignore sinking \ Iind charges, the Panama Canal, as I business proposition, ought to earn, II tfct very low rate of 0 per cent. b> cover everything, not less than ?80,(MX1,000 a year. This might by a miracle clean up the debts in the course of generations and keep the balance sheet from being smeared all over with red Ink figures. It could not do much more. Of course, the Panama Canal never was built to make money directly and openly, like a railroad or a factory or a bank or a department store. It was conceived and built by wise, far ' setting statesmanship, and half a billIon of the American people's money was poured Into It to confer a great water transportation benefit upon the commerce of this country and of the whole wide world. Put for anybody to taflk of an annual profit of more than two and a third millions of dollars ' omlng out of the canal when the actual lo?* ''.in Pr mensurcd anywhere from twenty to forty million? of dollars a year la something of n fiannclal Joke. I.lfe Without Money. A Rochester business house im* abandoned the use of currency. It? money transactions. coming and going, wtl! lie performed with check". Its #00,000 customer? will pay by check. Its thousands of employees will have their choice of chocks or deposit slips. The Rochester house Is trying to kill two birds with one stone. It wishes to end the rohhery of men who entry pnyroll money and to show that modern business may he conducted without the use of "chicken feed." Of course currency has become small In the money world. Not only In bualness but In home life the hank check ha? taken the plnre of the <?ov ernment paper. There is not enough currency. In gold or paper, to carry on modern trade. It may !>e that n household could ba run without currency. # The mnn ot the family use? currency for news papers, car fare, bootblucklng anil - luncheon. But he could start monthly accounts with the newsman, the bootblack and the restaurant. The waiter might have his tips monthly on n I percentage basis. Having a charge account with the subway would be a 1 novelty aud we are afraid It would be hard to start. But a certified check might buy a year's supply of tickets. Some women have charge accounts In almost every desirable Hue and tliey would need few more: the soda ! fountain, the tea shop, the theatre, i The children would he lost at first ! without small coins. You cannot very I well draw a check for one lollypop. What would become, with small change gone, of the beggar, the penny In the slot machine, the wandering newsboy and the five and ten cent stores? These Interests need not worry. Neither small change nor cur-' rency w ill go. If every man, woman and child had a charge account In every line of ex penditure the people would go broke, j For credit la alike most useful and most dangerous. Governor-elect Miller and the State- j wide Primary. Senator Arthur Capper's Xopeka, Capital takes issue with The New : York Herald regarding the failure, of the direct primary system to produce in this State the good results \ which Its honest advocates hoped and expected from its oj>eratIou. It d tects "reaction" In Judge Miller's pledge to recommend a return to the convention method of expressing the purposes and will of party organism-J I lions. It says, in the first place, that j the direct primary in the true form . was never adopted in"New York, and, j in the second place?speaking generi ally and without special reference to New* York?that nobody can doubt j the good results who is old enough i t to remember what polities was iu the days of machine boss rule before "the people rose in their anger and overthrew bosslsm in politics." Under the primary, It says, "the machine j boss has gone out of business and , no longer exists." Our esteemed contemporary makes the mistake of confusing the theo- . retlcal operations of a plausible idea . I of election machinery with the prac- j ; tical operations of that Idea as exhibited by actual experience. There S is no "reaction" in the abandonment ! or modification of a thing which has j had a fair test and has notoriously failed to moot expectations. Whatever may be the case In Kansas or elsewhere, the Statewide diriyt pri, mary as tried In New York has not proved itself a success in improving political conditions, in rendering more i efiectsve the Interest of citizens in j party management, or In curbing llle- i gltiinnte power of pnrty leaders. The contrary has been the case nndI I the contrary has been shown by un-l inlstnknble demonstration during the| : period of experiment. The Republican party, which Senator Capplii will probably recognize as the proper | agent of electoral reform liere or elsewhere, has become so thoroughly convinced of the folly nnd futility of the existing substitute for representative: action by representative delegates in; a representative convention that it ^ would have abolished the system near- J I ly a year ago it the bill for that pur-; pose bad not been blocked by Governor Smith's veto. Governor elect Mim.f.r'b position on j the Statewide direct primary Is in ; line with the desires and intentions i of the party that carried New York j by more than a million plurality In the Presidential vote. And this decision is founded not on mere theory or in political depravity, but upon expert-! once; tills desire is inspired by quite impartial observation of the mischievous character of the system ns n 1 breeder of factional disputes, as a thing of Inordinate and unnecessary j expense to the taxpayers, nnd as a worthless substitute for the eonven-, tlon system as to remedying whatever was wrong in that system, Mon over, the Republican intention to restore the State convention ns n more responsible nnd more trustwor- j i thy agency for the selection of State condidates, for tin* formulation of State policies nnd for insuring the i performance of party pledgps Is as distant as the north pole Is from the south from l>elng a move to revive md replace In business the machine bos*, who. Senator Capper's news paper says, )?ns been driven by the direct primary out of existence, The Capital'* remarks on that branch of the subject have *?o bearing on the question that Is before the people of New York. Ours Is a question Of *peclnl fact, not of general theory. ^ Wranger* nefeat Leaves Other Problems for Bolshevism. With the defeat of General WRAJi-i nix's army In the Crimen the latest organized mtlltnrj opposition to Bolshevism rollapsos. Thla army, ortginnlly a guerrilla force In the Caucasus, gained Its chief strength by accessions from the Don Cossacks, who \ saw in WRAsront. a dashing, fearless leader, able to head a strong nntl | Bolshevik movement In south Tlussln. It was nlwuys vastly Inferior In numerical strength to the force which Triorsky was ahle to send agnlnat It, | 1 and It una hnniperod by lack of equip j ment and supplies. The aid which Wrajtoxt. received from outside sources was Insufllelcnt to unite the anti-Bolshevist element* i In hia supjiort; It. in fact, merely j formed a basis for T.ksine'h chargel Ilrnt the whole movement was for the| purpose of destroying Ilusslnn nn- i tlonallty and bringing nbout foreign i 1 Intervention. The defeat of Wrastovt | Is only rrnotber proof?two others were furnished by the fullures of^ \ - THE NEV Dfnikijcf and Kolphak?of the utter ' futility of the course of foreign narions in giving half-hearted assistance to antl-Bolshevlat movements. The Bolshevists will make use of the rout of Whawpft. to counteract the effect of the defeat of their army on the Polish front. They will use it also to advantage In tlnflr propaganda to arouse Itusslan national spirit in their favor. General Sf.menoke, speaking from his own experience as a member of the Koleliak Government, says that this was one of the strongest weapons which the Entente Powers by their dilatory, uncertain policy placed in the hands of Lenine and Tboizky. When at the beginning of the Bolshevist rule the Allies might have helped Russia they were so completely divided on the question of the faction to support that the assistance they furnished was of little value. By their dealings with the different factions thoy did nothing to convince the Russians that they were working in the Interests of a Russian nation, but rather left the impression that each was working In Its own interest or for the restoration of Imperialism, which the great mass of Russians opposed. This gave the Bolshevlkl the opportunity they sought for declaiming against foreign intervention and of gaining national support against the dismemberment of Russia. It was not the Bolshevists alone that overthrew Wranoki.. but Russian nationalism under Bolshevist handling. It would he difficult to estimate the effect on Bolshevism of Wranoel's d feat. The overthrow of the more formidable movements headed by Rot " chatc and Denikine gave a little longer lease to the Bolshevlki's power, but It' brought no more permanency , to their Institutions. The real strength ; of the Bolshevist army is still a prob-! An * li ~ nAtoh ...hni.., a-iii. vu tiit" i uuoii limn, vviicii; mi" , Bolshevist army met a fora? of corre- j spondlng military strength and under able leadership, Us defence crumpled j up and the first really aggressive j movement sent It in rout bnek to Mos- j cow. The operations In the Crimea j were no test; Wean gel's small force I was merely overwhelmed by a pre-; ponderant superiority of numbers. I The Red army as a conquering 'force is a threat held over the world by the Bolshevists. Tt fell, however, by its own weight in the Caucasus, j where it was supposed to have made headway; it was driven out of Persia, it failed in cooperation with the Turkish Nationalists, and in central Asia and India it Is considered a power only by fanatics and revolutionaries, who would use It In their own interests. Wbaxgel's defeat may be a means of disclosing to the Russian people their own national strength?a most dangerous thing for Bolshevism. Rut will It restore the industries of Russia, repopulnto Petrogrnd and other devastated cities, will it furnish food for the starving Itnsslnn millions, and bring to Russia a sane government? Yenlzelos'* Political Defeat. The temporary defgat of Vknizexos nnd tlie party of which he has been the head since his return to the Premiership on the dethronement of Constant inf. seems certain. Messages from Athens report that his opponents in the general election on Sunday won 250 of the JJOS seats In the National Assembly, enough to give them control of the Oovernment, and that Yknizfxor and his Cabinet have re signed. There 1m, however, reason for doubting that the retirement of Yeni zki.ob will !>e permanent; the opposition to him Is a combination of political factions which will find difficulty in agreeing upon n successor and may eventually be forced to recall him to the Premiership. The popular vote might be taken to ' Indicate a national disapproval of the policies of Venizelos and a desire for the return of the deposed Co^stavti.xe or his eldest son. Prince Geobok. But with these two issues were complicated ? number of other mntters of purely internnl interest and sometimes of distinctly local concern. An- j other feature of the election Is the fact that Vemzelos may have proved himself less of a national politician t tun an international statesman. Both lie and his party manifested overconfidence In the result; ho was In | Greece scarcely more than thirty days in the last year and he did not have an appreciation of the strong catnptiigu carried on against him by the opposition under the direction of Cowstantint.'s followers until scnrcely more than two weeks before the elections. Vcnizelos'8 defeat came as a considerable Rurprl.se to the allied nations. Roth France and Great Britain unquestionably stood back of and supported his candidacy, while Italy strongly favored his Government, looking upon It as the one most likely to cement llie friendship of these two Mediterranean countries. The Allies had largely based their belief In his success upon Greek appreciation of his distinguished services nt the pence conferences, services which made him one of the foremost figures of these meetings and which secured for Greece n territory and population double fhnt which she had before tinwar and which gathered under the Hellenic standard nil the Orc-k people of the Aegean shores and Islands. A message from Paris says that the Allies arc determined to do everything Itosslhlo to prevent the return of ConsT/VNTine and that they will also refuse to accept any compromise that would id nee Prince Groans on the throne. It Is not yet clear that the victors in the election will Invite CnxnTA.s 11\k to Greece. In the divided oppvi 4 V YORK HERALD, WI sltlon several of the political factions have announced their disapproval of the deposed monaren s return. It is evident, too, that if Cosstantine should be again enthroned safeguards will be erected that will prevent the disregard of the constitutional rights with which he was previously charged. What may happen is that failure on the part of the factions to agree will result, not In the return of Constantine, but In the recall of Vf.nizelos, whose statesmanship seems so necessary for the problems of Greece. Europe may well hope that the retirement of Vknizf.ios will be only temporary. Ills skill and statesmanship, his high character and diplomacy ure greatly needed In finishing the rebuilding of a strong Greece and the peaceful settlement of the Near East controversies. Theatrical Successes Are Costly to the Public. It would be difficult to convince even patient New Yorkers that the present high prices of theatre tickets are the Just result of the original expense t>f the production. Undeniably the cost of theatrical production lias grown In the past five years. Elaboration of decoration, moreover, is In some cases indispensable. Mr. Zikoket.d's "Follies," for instance, are Inconceivable without their accustomed luxury. Yet there are other dramatic performances which do not depend on the shade of the satin or tlie outline of a bodice. It might even be suspected that better aesthetic results could be obtained in nine plays out of ten were taste and not expense the principle which guided the decorator. It is easy to recall Instances to prove how much more can be accomplished by taste than by extravagnnce. One comedy of Southern life played here for a year did no|t possess a single new scene. All the decorations had done service before. So frenzied Is the nrndnetlon of new nlnvs with no change of life that, second-hand seen- j cry is a drug In the market. An' Italian tragedy, which was acted with ' great success for a whole winter, had I the advantage of a beautiful series of j Interiors which are said to have cost' less than $4,000. So the trick may be done without j nn extravagant outlay of money. The' fact that the cost of the theatre ticket lias soared steadily upward in recent years is not the direct result of increased cost of production In spite of tlip declarations of the manngers. If' the theatre powers combine with the speculators to demand almost four times as much as the regular price of a ticket, and if they are usually able to get at least twice what It ought to cost, it is because they happen to be the fortunate managers of successes, j That Is a form of monopoly which ' enables the theatre manager and the, speculator to demand almost any price they want. The hardware merchant may ask $2 for a patent appliance which Is not worth more than one- i fourth of that sum because ho lias a | monopoly of something the public wants. So with the manager of a' popular piny. He may talk about the increased expense of production or in other ways attempt to hoodwink the ! public ns to the demands of the spec-, ulator. But he knows that it is ou account of Ills fortunate monopoly alone that hp Is able to set his own price for his tickets. The spirits of Tom and Huck must be smiling. Out in Indiana a boy found $1,300 In buried gold and the court has decreed that "finders are I keepers." Newfoundland hunters are going to ' use dirigible balloons to find seals this j winter. With the latest appliances devised by science to aid him man should be able to exterminate the seals with gratifying celerity. The big safe of the Italian Cloak, Suit I and Skirt Makers Union 48, on the' ground lloor of 231 East Fourteenth 1 street, standing In front of a window which la without shades, was blown open some time between Saturday night and this morning and $2,832 In cash taken. Another safe, Inside the big one, was removed to the hall, where the hinges were pried off, but whether or j not anything was taken has not yet' been determined.?The Evening WarUl. i It is to bo hoped that the cracks-; men dl<l not add Insult to injury by I working without union cards. The difference between Coal Oil! Johnnt and the Shipping Hoard Is that the Pennsylvania^ squandered his own money. The Calumet and Ifecla Mining Com- \ party has laid off 1.G00 men and cut thi wages of men retained 15 per cent. The lot of those who will have leaner pay envelopes than they are accustomed to may be less comfortable than It has been, but they at least will not envy the men for whom there is no work. The Street Cleaning Department Is reported to be without adequate moans for handling a big snowstorm, but we are confident that the Board of Estimate can supply enough warm air for the Job. .Iohn Burroughs challenged Hbnrt Ford to climb a tree, and Kinky, who liad left his car at homo, was not equal to the occasion. T1i? lloman. We elnidder whan ? ? read about Thoeo time* ?o far away When gladiator* died to niak* A rinman holiday. And heartlor* emperor* enthroned Among the rlrh and itreat Wy turning up and down their thumb* Were arbiter* of fate. Itut lot w* go to football gam** And rheer the etruggllng Una Of fighting, flawing, eweatlng men And think If mighty fine. The mAlde?broken noaea, mud And hlnod?around the hall, I'.rneath li <u' ?t of e>nti|plr? find* The ftoman In \i'' elt MlbN* Itriba. I SDN ESP AY, NOVEMBER A HUNTER IN HARD LUCK. Bagged by a Game Harden After Eleven Consecutive Failures. To The New Tork Herald: In the lingering twilight of last Friday, while I was ploddlpg a weary way along the public road skirting the hilltops In the rear of Highland Kails, returning from the eleventh consecutive fruitless hunting trip, pondering as to why a humble citizen should be fleeced to the extent of $1.10 for the privilege of entering these game less woods with a modern cost-plus shotgun, & Ford approached, stopped and then, as if by magic In its veiry suddenness, the hand of a very consequential little marv grabbed my yet harmless weapon. The League of Nations head could not have been more unyielding to a recalcitrant unit such as the United States than was this game warden to explanations of my Innocence of the evasion of any law; that I was merely a victim: In (1\? nrdmUn? in no*#?e?s tnsr more than ! one coat, which brought about my presentation of a 19J9 license for the one which I inadvertently left behind and which afforded the great favor of allotting as a part of the short and simple rfnnals of the poor the freedom of the woods for two short weeks of the year. The brandishing of his revolver, the display of handcuffs and my forced auto jaunt to a local justice of the peace were to me, a previously Inoffensive, harmless and law abiding citizen, somewhat of a dream. En route, as numerous large and more palatial cars speeded by, I wondered if some of their owners were not hunters too?big gamo hunters concerning whom tlio columns of the newspapers are now weighted and j whom no warden has yet successfully! stalked. But that's neither here nor there. | After every effort was mado to display | mo publicly as a criminal I reached the ' community where eyes have been and i are now shut as elsewhere to the j)ig things above referred to. The justice and myself were at great pains In our efforts t,- convince the warden that I was no criminal culprit. Article X., with the previously suggested interpretative reservations thereto, was apparently no more complex to this grime official than were the simple little rules 1 he carried in his pocket. After my ac- j qulttal and as I was taking my departure he was still arguing that I was guilty of hunting without a license, when actually I possessed the document and was guilty only of the neglect of displaying a little button. Joseph Thorp. Hichlavd Falls, November 10. GREENWICH VILLAGE. The Old Ninth Word n Flare of Long Established Homes. To The New York Herald: Your editorial article about Greenwich Village is illuminating. The extension of Seventh avenue, with the subway, revealed this picturesque section to many residents of the city, and as a result artists in general came and Joined the small I colony who had lived thefe for many j years. The good work of Commissioner En- I right and his officers in maintaining the j family character of the old Ninth ward , by eliminating most of the night shows j which drew sightseers is commendable. j The old well constructed throe and 1 four story houses date from eighty to j one hundred years ago and as stated In I the article probably more dwellings in ; Greenwich Village are occupied by I single families than In any other dls- ! trlet of equal size in Manhattan. There are many families who have a j residence record of three and more generations. John It. Voorhls and Nich- i olas Onderdonk, both nonagenarians. ! have had their homes here for over1 three-quarters of a century. Our family record dates from 1836. In tho excavations that are in prog- j ress one can readily see the sandy soil that contributed to make Greenwich Vil-' lage a health resort for the Inhabitants i of the city during the yellow fever epl- i demies of 1798 and 1822. P. C. New York, November 16. MUGWUMP General Horace Porter's Do Unit ion of the Word in the Illalne Campaign. To The New York Herald : I may be wrong, yet with no consciousness of mugwumpery 1 believe you have overlooked the keenest, most accurate and epigrammatic definition of a mugwump over uttered. Its conception waa tho Inspiration of the moment. If I remember correctly General Hor- i ace Porter was delivering a political speech at Albany In the Blalne-Clevoland campaign. During a rather severe ; and telling castigation of the Mugwumps some one in the audience shouted, "What is a Mugwump?" The General replied with conviction: | "A Mugwump Is a man educated beyond his intellect." The General's conception of a Mug-' wump has been my guide these many! years In the use of the word. * 1 ?- * I""* ? ?vwd mtieuniiHa to Mr. Wilton many, many times since his entrance Into public life. To my mind ho more perfect specimen of the genus mugwump ever existed. In fact ho Is a super-mugwump. F. L. SLOCT'M. PiTTPBrro, Pa? November 16. FIND SECRET PASSAGE. Believed Be an ('ndcrgroorid Way ( Used by Mary Qneen of Srots. From lb# London /tally Chronlrlr. A good deal of surface mining Is taking place in and around Sheffield, and near Sky Edge, on the east side of the city, miners have come across a long passage. Tradition has It that when Mary Queen of Scots was a prisoner at Shef- , 11 .nht,r?n?n ? 1 from the castle to tlie manor house. ! Many passages have hoon discovered from time to time, but the latest And Isthe most Interesting. Men were digging on the edge of Barnsley seam when they mnde the discovery. The passage Is In lino with the route the secret way to the manor house was supposed to take, and Mr. J. Itlder, the Sheffield collier artist, who has made a study of local history. Is of opinion that this Is part of the passage of Queen Mary's days. It was explored for about forty yards. The sides nre formed of well dressed ( rocks, and the smooth arch roof 1h about . six feet high. Had air and coal gas will prevent its being properly examined, but I local archaeologists will probably make j another attempt later. A similar pas- | sage was discovered when the new post j office was being erected, and that was on the same line of route. W Hen Nnnh Was n Salter. Nenh congratulated hlrns- f It M certainly handy n> In >uui nv,;i shipping board," he rile*. | ? 17, 1920. HAZING AT ANNAPOLIS. Youngsters Accused of Doing What They Objected To as Plebes. To The New Youic Herald : If the j trouble In the Naval Academy at An- ; napolls la caused by hazing, and It undoubtedly le, the perpetrators of the offence should be court-martialled and dismissed from the naval service because they are unfit to become officers In the United States Navy. We all know there is a certain Amount of hazing done in the academies and universities, and the good natured fun j we do not object to; as & general rule j no one objects to the good natured kid- ' ding that Is a part of every plebg's j training. What I object to, however, is the fact that the very men who are now causing so much trouble by their ungentletnanly action are the plcbes of last year and the youngsters of to-day. It was the plebes last year who cried so bitterly at what ihSy called oppres- j slon by the upper classmen, and now i they In turn would do the very things they complained of so strongly. Last 1 year when there was trouble Admiral 1 Scales, superintendent of the Naval I Academy, asked the men to desist from their treatment of the plebes, and as! gentlemen they did so. If they did not j stop Admiral Scales told them he would > segregate the plebes from the upper classmen, and the trouble then ended. ! I believe the same course was followed this year, and If the plebes have been segregated from the rest of the student body It must be because they broke their word of honor, which la an unpardonable offence In the United States Navy, or because the youngsters misbehaved. Therefore, Che logical conclusion Is that the youngsters of this year are the ones who broke the law, and my reason foi-v., assuming this is that they were the only ones who were not asked to cease hazing last year, being plebes, and that the balance of the upper classmen this year were upper classmen last year and were honor bound to stop hazing. I know whereof I speak when I lay the blame at the door of the youngster class because I was an Instructor at the imtai Auuina; iasr year. Because or my connections with the navy and the traditions it holds dear I feel compelled to give vent to my feelings. 1 despise a man who squeals when a little pressuro is put on him and says everybody Is against him, and yet when he gets a chance becomes an arch bully, forgetting how ridiculous he appears in the sight ' of jjthers. Ex-Officer, u. S. Navt. Nn\y Yor.K, November 16. Tradition Confers Xo Right on (One1 Class to Hare Another. . To The New York Herald: Attempts j are made to justify hazing at Annapolis and West Point on the ground that it Is traditional, and that this bullyrag-1 ging and moulding of the students by such means is a good thing for them. No mention is made of the sport it also j provides for those who are not the vie- j tims of the traditional nrocess. Why should the second year men or any other aggregation of cadets arrogate to themselves the power of regulating the, actions of the other students, or of disciplining them In accordance with their own personal and peculiar Ideas upon the subject? Why should these Government schools be conducted in accordance with the private and untrained views and the wishes of the ca- i dots? Why should certain bodies of i the students therein be allowed*to dom- : Inarte, control, bullyrag, mould' or hu- j mlllate any of the first year men? Hazing Is a form of bullying. It is a rovolt against authority, and la the ex- ! ercise of arbitrary and unlicensed : power against the weak. It Is certainly no part of the curriculum laid down by the Government authorities. It seems to me thut these embryo officers should be Just as amenable to discipline ana 10 punisnmcni mr a violation thereof as members of the regular army or navy. Those who become Insubordinate and disobedient and refuse to obey the law are an Impudent and ungrateful lot, and should be punished or fired from the service which they dishonor. The amatlng thing Is that there are members of these schools who, la spite of all the advantages freely bdstowed upon them, and the oaths they have taken, and the duty they owe to the people, will deliberately violate such duty and law to hare their fellow students. Another American. New itociim.i.b, November 1?. A WOMAN INDIGNANT. She's doing to Make Home Hrew l.ven Though She Doesn't Drink. To The New York Heraed: 1 am an American, born and bred. 1 have never nroKon uny iiuvs auu im.?o anything I need tie ashamed of. We never kept Mquor in the house and none of my family ever indulged. But when I read the headllno "Beer Brewing In Homoa Must Stop, U. 8. Raya," I felt every drop of my blood boll. 1 would like to know just who Is meant by WU. 8." What's the matter with the American people, the American citizens of this country? Have they nothing to say? 1 have never made any home brew, hove not the first Implement to begin I with, but I'm going to have it now, and I want to^see one of these mealy mouthed, hypocritical petticoats come to my door ami try to tell ma whnj I can do and what I cannot do. It would Just do my old heart good to thrash one of them soundly and pitch him or her down the stairs. Mrs. J. b Smith. Brookltn, November II. There Are No Brass Fool Bulls |n) the Tcllar. To Thb New York Hbrald: In your Issue of to-day I read: Malt ntid hop* may be In peril, but the ownor of a private etlll knows that ' there will ?hvay? be plenty of cornmeal and water. Also grapes or apples, from which you can almost 'llstll dynamite. It seems to mo tho prohibitionists do not yet realize what they are up against. But the pity of It all In that tho homo will not take tho place of the saloon. Nbw York, November 16. Ah Bas. Introducing na Hid North Mute Prmlnrt. from f/ie Houston Pout. It Is said that tho persimmon beer prospects In tho North Carolina mountains are more brilliant than for many years. Not so many peoplo In Texas know anything about this tasty beverage, but It Is full of pep, pop and potentiality, and It do?s not Invslldeto an ordinary ehurch mambershlp. Enlightenment. From fh* Washington Wlor. "Is this speeeh making tour of yours a eampalgn of education?" "I don't know how It strikes the nudl"iieps," replied P'uiatnr florghurn, "but' f lUst n itri ill that I am IcartilrJr a few ll Inge," t PRICE SLUMP LAID TO GRAIN GAMBLERS Farmers Told of a 'Conspiracy With the Captains of Finance.' SEEK CONGRESS HELP Tillers Hope They Will Be Supported in Refusal to Sell at toss. C0LUMEU8. Ohio, Nov. 1C.?Blaine for j the present siump in prices for farm products was laid at the door of a "well organized conspiracy on the part of grain gamblers and some of the cap IU1I13 Ul 1U1H.IUC uy \J. Vj. onuui OI i^lU- I braaka, president of the Farmers Na- J tionat Congress, In his annual address at the, opening session of that body's annual convention hero to-day. Mr. Smith expressed the hope that "the Congress of the United States will Indorse farmers In their refusal to sell their products at q loss." It appeared the consensus among speakers that the American Farm Bureau Federation, because of its national scope, was the organization best fitted to protect the farmer by seeing that ho gets a "proper return on his investment." Smith urged passage by the Congress of thp French bill, requiring labelling of woollen goods as to virgin wool content; the Kenyon bill, to control meat packers; urged restriction of Immigration, urged dismissal of Louis F. Post, Immlgatlon Commissioner, and praised the American Legion for its Americanization work. Ho condemned the Nolan bill, which seeks to levy a tax of 1 per cent, on farm values in excess of $10,000. The farmers were warned against buying worthless stocks, Mr. Smith declaring that 10 per cent, of all securities being floated now are without value. "If ngrlcultut^ goes the rest of thenation goes with It," said J. A. Shirley, Springfield, Mass., manager of the Eastern States League, who. with J. H. IClmhle of Port Deposit, Md.; Andrew Kimball, Thatcher, Ariz., and W. F. Callander, Federal stock reporter for Ohio, spoke at to-day's meetings. ? BRITISH TROOPS SAIL; AROUSED IRISH HERE Demonstrations at Armory Where Men Billeted. Among those who sailed for Jamaica j yesterday aboard the United Fruit liner | Turrlalba were the score of British soldiers whose presence In the Seventh | Regiment Armory as a temporary billet led to picketing of the place and J other demonstrations by Irish sympa-1 thlssers. Tho soldiers were en route there J from Bermuda, but came north to New j York to act as a guard of honor for the British Ambassador on his recent arrival from London. Regt. Arthur Riddet, one of them, declares soldiering Is the "safest profession in the world." He has "been at it twenty years and has amassed a bank account, a wife and child and a home in Oleon, N. Y , among relatives he has induced to come to the United States. Though in engagements In all parts of the world, he was wounded only in the late war. He intends to retire after twenty-three years' service. "Then I'll liav^ two years added to i my life," he said. "For when I enlisted \ I said I was two years older than I j WAS " SUGAR REFINERS BEGIN TO READJUST PRICES Downward Tendency Seen as Old Orders Are Cleared Up. Having caught up on practically all : clil orders, sugar refiners began readjusting prices downward yesterday. Warner's Howell's and the American Sugar Refining Company's prices were quoted at Id cents, less 2 per cent. Federal sugar was quoted at 9 ai, regular terms. ' i nrrr wan a report in inp sugar market. that second mi par ww being sold in Philadelphia for 9% cents 11 pound. 1 Tho Arbuckle Refining Company's price remained, however, at 10% cents, less " par cent., although virtually all out of town refiners were said to bo on the 10 eont basis. The demand for granulated continued slack. No reduction occurred In the raw sugar market. CITY CLUB TO URGE TAX EXEMPTIONS ON HOUSES Plans Appeals to Aldermen and Estimate Board. The ntv ClHh will n??rt If. I.,a. to p?riUM(i? the Hoard of Aldermen and ! the Board of Kstlmate to exercise their 1 prerogatives under the apodal housing legislation In exempting now dwelling* from taxation. This la 'one of the activities of the programme for the coming year outlined by. Raymond V. InKcrsoll, the s. >Tetany, at tlie annual meeting of the club last night. Joseph M. Price, chairman of the hoard of trustees, presented a report of the last year's work. Joseph P. Chamberlain. Albert do Silver and Morris I.. Krnst were elected ' new trustees. Trustees reelected were Hlchard B. Chllds, John J. Hopper, Joseph M. Proskauer. Joseph M. Price, Lawson Purdy. Francis H. Blsson. Richard TI. Waldo, Frederick H. Whltln nnd Henry C. Wright. Nelson S. Bpencer, president, was In the chair. HALIFAX THANKS COOLIDGE. "Spirit of Sportsmanship" In Ilrrenl Schooner flaee Commended. Boston. Nov. 1 (I.?Gov. Coo lid go received a Tetter to-dny from W. H. Silver, chairman of the Halifax committee that managed Canada's Interests In the Dolawana-Kspornnto International Ashing schooner race, expressing the Canadians' appreciation of the "spirit of sportsmnnsMn nnd good will" displayed by the Anionic n arrangements committee The letter c\,> sed the trust that this rplrtt tinilM '"ar. I.rn tl?r? pipm "? " Arthur L. Mlllott represented the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and W. A Rood the Gloucester Board of Trndo on the American race committee. USE OF-CARS CRITICISED. Jersey Officials Scored for Driving State Motor* for Pleasure. TnFNToN, Nov. IS.?John A. Redden, State HudTCt Commissioner, severely scored to-day State officers and officials who use Htato atitomoblles to tnko their families to football Barnes and on shopping trips. Mr. Ucddan'a criticism wss occasioned by numerous requests for appropriations to pny for automobile repairs and tlrfs. Oov. Bdwards, Mr. Reddan made It krown. favors a central garage lti this c'ty where nil State automobiles would be kept, state chaufTeurs Would be <mp'oyed. he said. nnd the cars would be illowed to b ivc the parage only on psrmlt for specified business. / K , Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. For Eastern New York?Rain to-day; to-niorrow fair, no change In temperature; shifting gales becoming northwest. For Now Jersey?Rain on the coast and rain and snow in the Interior to-day; fair to-morrow, no change In temperature; shift lng galea. For northern New England?Snow or rain to-day; fair to-morrow, not much change la temperature; northeast gnles. For southern New England?Rain or snow to-day; fair to-morrow, no change In temperature; northeast, shifting to northwest gales. For westA-n New York?Snow to-day; fair to-morrow; strong northeast and north winds. WASHINGTON, Nov. 1H.?Storm central over North Carolina, increasing greatly In Intensity anil moving rapidly north-northeastward. The south storm has advanced northward and Increased greatly In Intensity and Tuesday night its centre was over North (Jbrollna. It has been attended by rains throughout the Atlantic and East Gulf State' and snow and rain In Eastern Tennessee, tf Ohio Valley and the lower lake region. If has also been accompanied by gales on the Atlantic coast. Storm warnings remain displayed on the entire Atlantic roast. Another storm is approaching the north Pacific coast, where rains and strong winds have already set In. Tho south storm wilt advance rapidly northward and be attended by snow anil rain to-day In the middle At lantlc and New England States, the upper Ohlo Valley and the lower lake region. Jt will be followed Thursday by fair weather east of tho Mississippi River. ' The temparature will be considerably low*to-day on the south Atlantic coast and tsni perature will continue considerably bslow normal during Wednesday and Thursday generally east of the Mississippi River. Advisory northeast storm warnings, 0:30 P. M.. Lake Huron, Alpena to Port Huron. Increasing northeast winds and snow. Observations at United States Weather Bureau stations, taken at 8 P. M. yesterday, seventy-fifth meridian time: Temperature Rainfall last 114 hrs. Baro- last 24 Stations. High. Low. meter, hrs. Weather Abilene 44 18 .10.20 .. Pt.Ct'dy Albany 3(1 32 30.20 .08 Rain Atlantic City.. BO 44 29.88 l.(>2 Rain Baltimore 40 3d 20.82 1.84 Rain Rtsmarck 42 24 29.04 Cloudy Hoston 42 38 80.30 .14 Rain Buffalo 34 28 30.12 .08 Bnow Cincinnati no 28 30.00 .82 Snow Charleston.... Bo r>0 29.70 .48 Cloudy Chicago 34 28 80.20 .02 Clear Cleveland 36 84 29.90 .10 Bnow Denver 40 20 80.04 .. Clear Detroit 30 20 80.14 JO SnowGalveston 48 30 30.28 .. Clear Helena 46 38 29.94 .. Pt.Cl'By Jacksonville.. 68 40 29.92 1.82 Cloudy Kansas City... 80 18 80.26 .. Clsar Los Angeles... 60 B0 80.12 .. Clear Milwaukee 22 .. .... New Orleans.. 40 38 30.18 .. Clear Oklahoma 40 18 80.20 .. Clear Philadelphia.. 38 30 29.94 .80 Rain Pittsburg 34 24 29.88 .68 Rahi J'ortland, Mo. 30 82 30.42 .. Cloudv Portland. Ore. 60 46 29.70 .. Rain Salt Lake City 52 42 30.12 .. Cloudy San Antonio... SO 28 ^80.28 .. pt.Cl'riv San Dlcgo 06 r,4 80.08 .. Clear San Francisco 04 56 80.14 .. Cloudy Seattle S8 48 29.70 ,20 Rain St. Louis 88 24 80.24 .. Clear St. Paul 38 .. 80 14 m.... Washington... 38 84 1:8.78 l.is Rain LOCAL WEATHlift RECORDS. 8 A. M. 8 P. W Barometer ....80,38 8O.O1; Humidity 74 98 Wind?direction N.K. N.K. Wild?velocity 10 28 Weather Bain Ruin Precipitation 0.5 .52 The temperature In this city yesterday, *? recorded by the official thermometer, is shown In the annexed table: 8 A. M...39 1 P. M...39 B P. M...3S II A. M...39 2 P. M...30 7 P. M...38 10 A.M...39 3 P.M...30 P.M.. 38 11 A. M.. 40 4 P. M...38 P P. M.. .3P 12 M 40 5 P. M...37 10 P. M...40 1920. 1919. 1920. 1919 9 A. M....39 39 0 P. M 38 45 12 M 40 44 9 P. M 89 44 8 P. M ...39 50 12 Mid. ...41 43 Highest temperature, 41. at 12:15 P. M. Lowest temperature, 36. at 12:05 A. M Average temperature, 38. EVENTS TO-DAY. Discussion of the urhnn and suburban transit problem of New York by Frank Hedlev und flthpro ho#Arn 4V> .? v"-'- " * *1 American Society of Civil Engineers, 2W \Ve?t Thirty-ninth street, 8 F. M. Exhibition of pictures of the Twenty seventh and Seventy-seventh divisions in action for the benefit of Host 750 of the American Legion, Judaon Church Memorial Hail. 4 P. V Victory dinner of the speakers' bureau of the Republican County Committee. Samuel S. Koenlg. Miss Helen Varlck Boswe'l and Mrs. William Vanames, Cafe Boulevard, 7:30 F. M. l.ccture by Francis S. Onderdonk, Jr., on "How to Fight Soul Famine." Iluhal Library. 416 Madison avenue, 8 F. M. k'lnthush subway parade, starts from the corner of Rogers and Church avenues, ? F. M. Twenty-fourth annual convention of the Notional Founders Association, Hotel Astor. all day. Luncheon conference under the auspice of the American Manufacturers Export Asso elation; address by Don Beltram Mathieu Ainbassndor of Chile to the United States. Hotel Pennsylvania, 12:30 P.M. Lecture by Miss Marion C. Collin on "Ga: den Harmony and Succession In Planting, " 111 ma of Natural History, 8:15 P.M. One hundred and thirty-fifth anniversary of the founding of the General Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen of the City ef New York, dinner, Waldorf-Astoria. 7 P. M. Lecture by June B. Walker to the deaf and deafened who read the lips (children' on "The Htory of the Golden Fleece," tO;Ro A. M.; lecture on "Lettering" for instructor* In the Vocational School for Boys by Bailie i>. lannanni, 41.) r. #1., .uoiropoman mu Mum of Art. t'nlted Drug Company, convention and luncheon. Hotel Alitor, n II day. Foreign Commorco Club, dinner, Hotel Alitor, I!:HO P. M. Lecture on "The Mysteries of the Uncon cloui; or What la Psychoanalysis?" b> Andre Trtdon, Labor Temple, Fourteenth street nr.d Second avenue, 8:30 P. M. Luncheon of the Long Inland Real Ee*a'? Hoard, Cnfo Roulevard, 1 P. M. Container (lliih, convention. Hotel Blltmnra; dinner, Tielmonlco's, 7 1*. M. National Horse Show, Madison Square Garden. all day. Ameiican Gas Association, convention and exhibition, Hotel Pennr.ylvanla, all day. Caeunlty, Actuarial and Statistical Society of America, Hotel Pennsylvania, It) A. M. National Institute of Arts and Letters, Century Club, 1 P. M. Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Tenchlne HI A. M.. Fifth avenue. National Association of Deather Belting Manufacturers, meeting, Hotel Pennsylvania. 10 A. M. , Association of American Universities, Co lombla University, meeting of tho confer ence of deann and similar officers of graduate schools, 3 r. M.; dinner, Columbia Unlvcralt.v Club. 7 P. M. Paint Manufacturer* Association of the L'nltod States, sessions all day; dinner, 7 1'. M.. Hotel Aator. National Induatrlal Traffic I.oague. convsn tlnn, all day, Waldorf-Astoria. Manhattan Matinee Club, luncheon, Waldorf-Astoria, 12,'SO P.M. Dinner to Alfrod M. Barrett, Publlo Ser vice Commlaeloner, Waldorf-Astoria. 7 P. M. Chiropractic Convention, meeting, all day. I Intel McAlptn. Klwanls Club, luncheon. Hotel McAlpli-. 12 :30 P M. New Jersey Medical Society, dinner. Hotel McAlpIn, 7:30 P. M. Aroma Club, luncheon. Hotel MoAlpln. 12:30 P.M. PUBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT. MANHATTAN AND THE BRONX, "flomo American Composers and Poets," by Miss Hally Hamlin, at Publlo Hchool 40. Prospect avenue. Jennings street and Rttter place, The Bronx. by Mrs. I.IIIIan b Fisher. Fubllo School 4.1, Brown place and 1.10th street, The Hrom. The flr?t of * course of throe lectures on "Travels In th? Pacific Inland*." Illustrated by aterooptloon view*. "Paving ?h? Path to Paace," by Major Colmsn D. Frank, at Publlo School 40. IBfith street between Palnbrldge and Brlfga ava nuee, The Ilron*. "The Freedom of the Slavee," by Father Panic! C. Cunnlon. at Publlo School 47. Ttandolph atreet, Lawrence and Reach ave . i, The llronx. Stereoptlcon views. "Trend of the Tlmee." by Henry 11. Klein, at Cooper Union, Klghth atreet and Fourth avenue. "Trend of the Tlmea," by Prof. Nelson P Mead. Ph. D., Townaond Harrle Hall, C, C. N v., Amsterdam avenue and l.'IOth atreet "The Book of the Hour," by Prof. j. O. Carter Troop, Ph. f>? at New York Publlo Library, Forty-aecond street and Fifth av nua. "What the Nile Told an Airman," bv Robert A. Curry, at Publlo Sehool 101, 111th atreet west of Idtalnfton avenue. HtereopUcon view*. "Antique Muelc of Many !*ande," by Mra Angelina Comport, at Central Jewish In%i tute, 12" Fa at Hlrhty-flfth atreet. Illustrated by piano selection* and colored etereoptioon vlewe. Tito Associated Prccs la exclusively entitled to the fur rcpuhllration of all tiewr ilsi patches credited to It or not otherwise . rertlted In this tmprr and also Ilia local n. > . puhlPho't herein. All rlyhta of republication of pedal 0e?patchee herein ere alao reserved. I ( N