Newspaper Page Text
& WEATHER FORI Fair weather and rising day and to-xno Highest temperature yesterda Detailed weuihar report# will t>? foul VOL. LXXXV.?NO. 81BRINDELLS BIG POWER TRACED TO EMPLOYERS Witnesses Tell Lock wood 33d St. Is the Contractors* Court oi Appeals. 'eidlitz is member Hylan. Boisterous and Argumentative, Faces Threat of Contempt. #47,620 MOKE FOR GRAFT Brindell Is Indlctpd in New $25,000 Case; Backer Trial Is Set for Nov. 26. I The Locktvood committee yesterday broke through the rlngH of building grafters and manipulators which have had New York in their grip for the last year and found that tho great power back of Hobert P. Brindell, the Indicted labor dictator, was the Building Trades Employers Association, the court of nnneals of nil contractors. While the Criminal Court was turning out new indictments and speeding: the trials of those already named! for Avrongdolng, the committee in session in City Hall supplied masses of startling evidence which gave new proof of the remarkable power wielded by this modern "labor king" and went a long way toward tearing down the structure reared on graft and collusion to stifle building operations. The day's session was boisterous and exciting. Mayor Hylan and .Samuel Untermyer clashejl again during a long cross examination until the committee's counsel, exasperated by what he termed the Mayor's stump speeches threatened to have Mr. Hylan cited for contempt Mr. Untermyer struggled hard to establish a connecting link between City Hall and the office of John T. Hettrick, the lawyer who ran the clearing house for contractors The Mayor denounced and defied the lawyer and their wrangling kept the crowd greatly amused. More Tales of Graft Tribute. .Next followed several witnesses who told a series of amazing stories of corruption. Some were calm and placid, others fiery and dramatic, hut in the ami alt r.M ttiA 4iir>lA thlnXT hf>W they had paid tribute to nrlndell ami hi* clique. Hummed up, the payments as detailed during; the day amounted to 947,620. It was the same story over and over, with a little variety 'in the telling each time. Money was extorted, they an Id, for the right to bid on contracts, to go through with the contract without a strike- or to hire lirlndell men to do the work. George At well, whose- name has figtired prominently In the hearings almost from the beginning of the Inquiry and who had been counted as one of Ilrlrid?H'a main props, testified that his payments amounted to $17,120. He -wore Ji? gave five checks. Three have been destroyed. Two bearing BrlndeU's signature were presented in evidence. Another witness told of payments made In the presence of a witness. It was Atwell who at the close of the day gave the Investigators the line they have been seeking for weekH?what w.-> i the power back of Brindell which mad- | nil labor unions, wealthy contractors ud politician* bend thn kneo to him. "I had to go up to the Building Trades Xnsployers Association with Brlndell," Atwsll said. "Otto Eldllts mads a ppeech saying: Brlndell was doing a remarkable work and we must stand behind him. He could cull up any builder on the telephone and K't bids and Information In advance." Employers flehlnd Tlrlndell. "Vou think the Building Trades Employers Asso< iatlon played Into BrindeU* hands?" Mr. I.'ntermyer aekcd. The witness said he did. "Wnat gave Brlndell his great power?" Sir. Unterrnyrr asked. "Thlrty-thlrd street, this association? the Court of Appeals. It Int luded the best builder!), the bosses. the great concerns like Fuller ?ind Starrett nnd Bid* Jits, and all the rest of them. And they required that we hire only Urindell jnen. That was inserted right In our contracts?only men satisfactory to the Brlndell council." "That then Is really the source of this man's power?" ' That Is the source of hik power." Another Indictment against Brlndell ' handed up during Uie afternoon charged 1 him with extortion nnd that superseded the "attempted extortion" charge on which he was held on Wednesday In ; f 100,000. lie was mralgr.ed on the secend Indictment and his bail continued. ' The s-cond indictment charges brindell with extorting $S00 from Ia>uIs J. Cohen, contractor. Ueorrn Backer, the builder. Indicted i for perjury growing out of his testimony , before the 1/Kkwood committee in con- ' nsctlon with passing a $25,000 hrlbe, was arraigric': and his trlnl -et fur Mo\ember 26. Brlndell will appear on the j same day, when motions are made for | his trial ' Mayor llylmi ?'ji the flmt witiu-n, , JTe wn* primed for the ntcond session j with Mr. Untermyer. He wan n differ- | ant wltn?M than the Hylnn who appeared n few daja ago and made ?uoh : a and spectacle. When h? lid not have answera ready yesterday he made j epeechea. He dtiigKed In the "five cent j fpee," the "Intern* tn," the "Interbor?\igh" and all his stock expressions about the "people." He wns verbose, "pnrriilnmt" Mr tJntermyer called II. J|e did not *Ink down In lila chnlr. but leaned out over the table and defiantly elicited hln protection of "the people" against Mr. L'ntc rmyef'ii attarka "on b'half of the traction ring " "All I want from thla board Is fair treatment 1" the Mayor shouted. "T never saw an official of the Government no disorderly and *o unnmenC9i tinU:4 011 ?" ~r(rry<>h rape. " f> \ A t 20 O 3 V7 J ECAST. r*l 1 temperature to- B N rrow. J ^y. 5a 5 lowest, 39. id on Editorial pan* -DAILY. 18 Mallard Ducks Fall on Hunter's Single Shot Special Despatch to The New Yobk HlUU. nEWITT, Ark., Nov. 18.?Of ^ the tens of thousands of ducks that have been shot in the rice marshes of Arkansas since the season opened it remained for J A. McMillan of Dewitt to establish a new single shov score. With one load yesterday, firing at close range, Mr. McMillan hrmiirht down eichtecn biir mal lards. Twenty-five ducks to the man is the one duy hunting: limit under the Arkansas law. Mr. McMillan, a law atiidir.g citizen, (fathered his bag and stopped hunting for the day. He feared to shoot again lest he might exceed the legal limit. BILLION A YEAR' INCOME FOR 67 Number Is 71 Less Than in Previous Year?Total Jumps $2,272,000^900. AVERAGE TAX $254.85 Personal Returns Filed With Revenue Bureau 4,425,111. Washington, Nov. 18.?Despite the loss of seventy-four members by the country's million a year income class, the taxable Income of the United States Increased In 1918 by over $2.2711,000,000, as compared with 1917, according to the income statistics issued to-night by the Bureau of Internal Revenue. Income reported for 1918 amounted to $18,924 639,855, against about $18,700,000,000 in 1917, though 141 persons filed returns for Incomes of $1,000,000 or over In 1917 and only sixty-seven In 1918. Personal returns filed during 1918 numbered 4,425,114, and the tax, both normal and surtax, amounted to $1,127.721.835. The average tax for each Individual was 1254.85. As compared with 1917, h growth of 952,224 was shown In the number of returns filed. The Increase In the total tax was $436,228,881. uvw au.vve persons m.iuu iuuhu v>u Incomes from $15,600 to $20,000 and 16,000 on Incomes from $20,000 tn$2G.0O0, while 9.990 peraons reported Incomes of from $50,000 to $100.000 and 2,3'8 made returns for Incomes between $100,000 and $150,000. x The largest tax. amounting tft $147,42$.666, was collected on Incomes fiom $60,000 to $100,000. with $142,148,67y collected on Incomes from 910.0(10 to $23, 000 next. Incomes between $1,000 and $2 000 paid $26,481,000. The number of wives fljlng separate returns from their husbands was .16,942. the Incomes represented being $333,213,749. Of the Industrial groups from which Income was derived, agricultural and related Industries led. with 172.930 returns reporting a total net income of $1,122,612,163. Income derived from Investments for the year was $ M47.S 14.000. Rents and royalties paid $978,670,606. Interest on bonds, notes. Jtc.. including flduciarlet and forelKn aources, ll.403.4SC.091 and dividends $2,408,749,244. SMITH PARTY SALUTED LONE COX PICTURE Governor Recalle Anecdote of Recent Campaign. fp'rtal Pri>p(itc* tr> Tub Nrw Tosk Hmm. Wiesr Bai*k, Ind., Nov. 18.?Oct. Alfred Smith of New York, *ho has been here for aeveral days, told a little ( auuivncff in#? iojiuwiuk ui n? , recent campaign In New Vork, where, nl- ' though running a mil.Ion votes ahead of hie ticket,'ho was defeated. "Wo wort- conducting nn g^-nalve automob le can ps:?n through several counties." said the Governor. "W> rode for hours, seeing only pictures ol Her- , ding t'it.Hlly after dine ouraglng miios wo spotted a beautiful sepia lithograph of Cox." "livery ono got out and salute the chief!" ordered the Governor "The campaign party obeyed," aald Gov. Smith, "taking hats off to the lone Cox picture. They felt a llttlo better, , but as they ollintx d bRCk Into the r ma- j chines the chairman of thn: particular county took e?-en that little Joy out of the day by observing: That's the home of the postmaster.' " , AIRPLANE WITH NiNE FEARED LOST AT SEA Fail? to Arrive at Havana on Schedule. Havana. Nov. IF.?An airplane carrying Its captain, alx passengers, pilot and mechanic, which left Key West at 4':80 thin afternoon for Havana, ordinarily a i ninety minute trip, haa failed to arrive j and fears are entertained for Its safety. I A Government submarine chaser has loft K?> West In March of the missing airplane. Accord In* to nwniwitN received by the oni|> ?ny which operates the rmm Inn hydro-airplane, the captain of the ferryboat Pirrot^reported passing the craft twenty mile."' south of eland Key at 5 o'clock this .afternoon. SPAIN FEELS HONORED AT LEAGUE MISSION Will Send Marines on Lithuanian Expedition. Ru the .4 eeociatrd Pre,ti Madrid. Nov. I*. the representative of f?r"ln at Ostiers f m Informed tho Government officially ;l at f pain will he requested to rend troof.i to Lithuania, end th? authorities ere mak nr [Separations to undertake the expedition They are putting warehipe In 'condition end organlitng forces briongi ig to the marine Infantry for the purpose Government officials dec'are that Brain feefe Itaclf honored at hcnR selected to Join In the execution of the teak before the lent tie in Lithuania. / i 'v 1 J \" v - H* HE NI NEW YORI MRS. PALMER ROBBED TWICE IN EIGHT DAYS Whiskey Stolen From Home at Long Beach on November 8. MANY CLUES PURSUED Professionals Were in Gem Crime, Says Detective Captain Duane. SUSPECTS NOT DIVULGED \ ictim of Burglary Confined to Bed With Ankles Fractured. ; The police and tho private detectives who have been de\'otlng all their energies toward solving the jewel robbery last Tuesday at the home of Mrs. Charlotte King Palmer, in 59 East Ninetieth street, have not recovered any of the Jewels, hut.they have had their task complicated by the discovery that Tuesday's robbery was tho second suffered by Mrs. Palmer within eight days. On November 8, It was learned, thieves invaded Mrs. Palmer's place at Lung Beach and carried away $1,000 worth of whiskey, or rather that was what it cost before prohibition | set in. According to the Information oh- j tained yesterday, the whiskey was stored in a closet on the second floor of Mrs. Palmer's house. A man who said he was Lieutenant-Commander | Phillips of the United States Navy engaged the Guardian Bureaus, a pri- ! vatc detective agency of 305 Broad- , way, to investigate, and Frederick 1 Kuhne. one of its officers, took charge i of the case. Kuhne. who is a finger print expert and a former New York detective, went to Long Beach. He i found linger print* and had them developed, but has not succeeded In Identifying them as belonging to a criminal. At various times during the rlay different persona called up the police and the detective agency which Is working In the Interests of the underwriting company that will have to pay the burglary Insurance on Mrs. Palmer'a property. and offered Information, most of which wftfl found to he misinformation and suggestions baaed on nothing. The detectives were advised to look up various garages, pawn shops, flats In The Bronx and persona alleged to be receivers of stolen goods. All these odds and elide were traced and examined and '.hen discarded. Ilnane Hm Theory. Capt. John Duane. In charge of the detectives of the Fifth district. In which Mrs. Palmer's horns Is located, said last night that he has hi? own Ideas as to who must have taken the Jewelry, but that lie could not any who was suspected tor _ fear of spoiling hie case. He Insisted, however, that there was no ques t'.on that the robbery at Mr*. Palmer'< was the work of professional burglar* He 1* fully convinced that no one In Mr*. Palmer"* house or having acc<;*- i to It could have had any hand In the crime. He ha* been In touch with every person who ever carried a key to the house, has looked Into their historic* and checked them all up. and foela certain none of them was In on tha rob- i bery. Every servant Mrs. palmer ha3 had In her house for the last three years , has been accounted for. 80 Is every friend of her* who carried a key. It was hoped that a naval officer who called at Mrs. Palmer s yesterday and , who was there previously on Tuesduy might be able to help solve the mystery. 1 V H|ll. L/uaur iccuiif i iini inif. i miiin an her excited state after the bursary might have forgotten some details which the naval man might know ana which , would be of he.p In deciding who the ..urglar* might be. , So ( lor From Ofllcer, I It develoiied. however, when the oillce arrived yesterday that he had come only on Tueaday because Mr*. Palmer had 1 lelegrnphed and askeri mm and that his call Tuesday wna the first ho his mud? at the house since Mr*. I'ulmer closed It j last June and went away for the summer. Mrs Palmer, who explained after the burglary that she had Injured both ankles In falling down the rtslrs leading from the first to the second floor of h?r house, was still under the care of a surgeon yesterday The fall InJ ired her I ankle* severely, according to the ?urgeor, who said that he had htid X-ray picture* taken nnrl had satisfied himself that a bone In each of his patient's feet hud been fractur?d. He could not ray ' how long It would be before *he would be able to walk again In the meantime no one, not even the most ostute detective on the case, ha* any notion how the men who Imund and gngged Mr*. Palmer ?nd then went hrntirh lire home :it their leisure gained ( ccce?* to It. Obvlounly. fine* nono of 1 the window* or door* wnn unlookel, they muit hnve come In by the front door. | They left by It anyway. and that In nil i the clue they did leave. i POLICEMAN AND UNION ! MAN KILLED IN DUEL i; Pistol Fight Taken Place in I' Coal Strike Zone. WtM.tAMnov W V* . Nov. IS. I'rl- ' 1 vnte Krneat 1 Rlpplry of Ihr Hint" pollen, nnd WIMlnm Hatfield. *:ild to be n onion <>r**nl*er. killed each other In n l>l*tnl flirht nt Rand*. twenty-five mile* nnat of here, t?-nt|rht, ncc:rdlnn to report* received by Cupt. Tirockus, commender of the trooper* on duty In the Mlnito conl ntrlhe lone. The trooper mi t Hatfield on the mil-j I road truck* nt Hand*, and, Recording to report* o' Oapt. Brockua, Hntfteld drew ! n platol and ordered ftlpplev to hold tip j hi* hand* Whefi the trooper complied | Matflcld etnrted ahnotlng, itlppley Immediately amnyefed the Are. md In the 1 xrhange of ahoti both men Were killed. iWYO [COPYRIGHT. 1020, BY THE S C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBEF RIBBON WINNIl DISQUALIF1 S. M. Vauoiain's "Little F Daughter, Revealed a Acting on the report of Its official veterinarians. Dr. Robert W. McOully, Dr. Howard E. Winter and Dr. Casslus Way. the National Horse Show Association yesterday notified the llroadlawn Stables of Rosemont, Pa., owned by Samuel >1. Vauclaln ot Philadelphia that the prize awarded i to Little Fire Lady, a hack-1 noy saddle pony owned and ridden by j his datiRhter, Patricia Vauclain, would !>e withheld on the ground that the; awiy Is not four years old or older, sis required by the published conditions of the class. Back of this message to the man who is at the head of the Baldwin Locomotive Works is a story which has kept the executive committee of the Horse Show at Madison Square ! Garden on the qui vive ever since the Vauclaln pony dropped from the clouds on Wednesday to defeat Mrs. Francis P. Garvan's long untx>atea mare Chestnut Blowsom, twice champion of the National Horse Show and winner last season of twenty-four blue ribbons and championships. Robert A. Falrbalrn, Reginald C. Vanderbilt, John MCE. Bowman and John R. Townsend thought the trim ; little winner looked uncommonly coltish for a four-year-old, and so they asked the veterinarians to look at her teeth, by which men wise in the ways of the horse can determine equine agre. When the doctors declared Little Fire Lady to be a two-year-old the comHARDING SAILS ' FOR PANAMA lvvt<ils! SlnlHt (if Slniltli in T'ni'n. well Address to Xo\> Orleans. 1 ROES NATIONAL THRIFT Appeals for Realization of the Dignity of Productive Labor. Sperial Z'ewpotrH Id Tiik Nw Yobk llKTur.n. New Ohleans, Nov. IS.?Hcnntor Hardlnn and Mrs. Harding; and their party of forty waved an appreciative farewell to this attractive o|ty late ' this afternoon an the steamahlp Par lamina of the United Fruit Line j turned her bow into the nwlft current | of the Mississippi River and not under ' way for the Routh Pass thnt leads to the blue water. II was an appreciative farewell be- j rause Senator Hnrcling never received a handsomer greeting throughout the Ion* campaign than was extended to him to-day by the courteous and hospitable folk of the Creole City. Their enthusiasm was bucked by the sincerity of the J S Otto votes N't w Orleans pave him on November 2. an unprecedented vote, something that no other Republican nominee for President ever approached. Ko Visit to Vera Cms. His arrival here this morning to fill an engagement for an address l>eforr the Business Men of the Chamber of Commerce and to greet the citizens of N'ew Orleans generally, before taking ship for the Canal Zone developed pes! Iltolu thftf ha -i.ltl !<.. ntto lila fnr t In present to accept the request of the Mexican Oovertiment and of Presidentelect Ob-eron for a conference at Ve.u Crux. After discussing tho matter with the steamship officials here thla afternoon Senator Harding regretfully dectded that a deviation to Vera < 'rux from tho line of sailing from New ' Henri* to Cristobal, rc.pitrinK about throe days more than had i ? n contemplated, was out of the question. At a later time, possibly, he may find it possible to meet Ohregon and onfe.* with him over questions of the Improvement of I he relations between the United States and Mexico. Senator and Mrs Harding and their party, including Senator and Mrs. J"seph S. Frellnghuyscn of New Jersey. Senator Frederick Hale of Maine, Mr. and Mrs C, E. Sawyer of Marlon. Ohio; Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm Jennings of Columbus. Ohio; it. D. Creager and F. K. K CO bey of Han Antonio, George H Chrl?llan. Senator Harding < sei-rqjlary; ,rumen swan, ariing oh an asnlstnnt se rotary, a.ri<l other* arrived here nt 10:15 A. M.p escorted from llntoti Kongo by llov. John M. Parker of l.oul* ina an l by city officials of Now Orleans. Html ties* Policy \rr<tr<l, Lending an automobile procenlnn and liowlng to the right nntl left a* It passe' through Howard avenue and C iron deb" afreet and Lafayette street to the (Tit> Hall, Senator Harding found 10,000 p? pie mne?cd at the step* of the hall Hi addressed them from a balcony, H poke about the urgent necessity of ?t hlllslng the business and finances of tl. rwintry, and he talked, too. about lh? need for a protective tariff. The par' ;>f hla informal speech that attracted tin most attention was: ' What this rountrj needs In a good business polley Od rinsnclnl stfngth should be on g ind stable basis, and. Hod helping me. I Sin going to put It there." After this tftll: Senator Harding went to the Ortinewakl H .tel, where he re relied Mayor Behrman and members of the various entertainment committees :inl prominent citlrens, and at 12.K P. M sit down to the Chamber of Commer e luncheon, where he made his prepared speech. "I believe," said the President-elect, "the American people have come to realise that, we must face mnriie: tou? problems?world problems, but more Continued oMtStvcaffi Pope. i >Rfv H UN-HERALD CORPORATION] > 1Q 1QOR ENTERED AS SEC V lo, Lv&yj. POST OFFICE, VG PONY ED AS RINGER ire Lady," Ridden by His ,s Colt "Mysterious." mittce called before them Patrick O'Connell, master of horse to the Vauclaln children arid manager of their Broadlawn Staldes. To tin- Horse Show ollicials O'Connell sthutly maintained that the pony was a four-year-old. hut he admitted i?r>i. nnsiiL iu ii reporter iur x HE i>cw York Herald that Little- Fire Lady was t'ne two-year-old filly registered as Mysterious in the American Hackney Stud Book and bred by Charles E Coxe of Malvern, Pa., who is vicepresident of the American Hackney Horse Society Examination of the stud book shows that the white marks of Little Fire Lady, whose photograph was reproduced in yesterday's New York Herald, correspond precisely with those of Mysterious. When asked *why lie entered the pony in a class for four-year-obis O'Connell said he did so without noticing the conditions of the cluss, and added that whoever objected to her winning must be "poor sports" when a green two-year-old was good enough to beat a seasoned champion of ma ture year0. He did not explain why the registered name of the sensational little lllty was changed to Little Fire Lady and her age given as four years \ instead of two. The disqualification of Little Fire Lady will give the Horse Show prize to Chestnut Blossom. By an unusual coincidence both ponies were raised by Mr. Coxe. 3 LYNCHED IN DIXIE HIGHWAY Negroes, One a Woman, Are Sliol to Death by ? Georgia Mob. SLEW WHITE SALESMAN! Blacks Taken From Sheriff in Douglas by 150 Men In A utoniobiles. Special Oenpatrh to Tin; Nbw York Hrralb. Dot-clas, Ga . Nov. 18.?Alex Byrd. Willie Ivory and Minnie Ivory, negroes, charged with killing Pearlie r r r......... ;.. 1 ,.v,/;......n...*****, i mil |'' i J""-' ummiwma ciw.c in the negro .section of town here Wednesday, were taken away from the Sheriff by a mob and lynched In the Dirio Highway,'about seven miles from Douglaa. Harper. ;i white man, about 25 years old. was shot by Minnie Ivory Immediately after the shooting the woman left in n car with a negro named Will Perry. Early In the right Perry was found by Deputy Sheriff Wiggins. He told the officer* In- had taken the woman to P irson, In Atkinson county. The Sheriff hurried to Pearson and arrested the woman at the station, where she had bought a ticket to Waycross. Harper, who lived on the line of Coffee and Irwin counties, enme to Douglas \ v ( Inpodn v tn s^ll kiIih- kvnin Rfffin Ill- l"ft town lin drove to the Grantham . 'torn In his truck. As soon ne the car . topped the negro, Willie Ivory, cnmc up arid started talking. Harper told him he did not care to hear him. The negro ran into the store and threw a bottle at. Harper. Ale* Byrd, another negro, called to Minnie Ivory, wife of Willie Ivory, end told her to bring hie pistol. The woman got the pistol and ahot Harper In the back of the head. Immediately after the killing Ale* Hyrd and Willie Ivory were placed under arrest. During the early part of the night sivcrnl hundred persons from Irwin and Coffee counties formed In front of the Jail. Sheriff Tanner begged them not to |\ neh the nefct ova, hut to let the Inw l ?ke its eourpe. The Sheriff promised he would do everything In his power to j have Judge Hummerall call a special j term of the Superior Court and try the negroes. The crowd left. The Sheriff ! then started with his prisoners for Ocllla, hut wna soon Intercepted by a : mob of 150 men In automobiles, who took the negroes, lined them up In the ' road and shot them to death. The bodies ol the negroes were literally cut to! pieces, ?o many bullets were fired Into them. THREb MORE KILLINGS BRING TERROR TO CORK Night Attacks on Homes Foli n a l _f r* i.L? loiu Lseain or tonsiaoie. T.ovr>"N. Nov. IS.?Three men were I- in* dead to-day in the Cork mortuary, white'two other*, badly wounded, were In hospital n* a reault of aeverftl attacka I;it night on Individual houses by armed j ruen following the killing of Serg. ant ( Donnnbue of the constabulary, accordI ? to a Cork despatch to the Central N< wt\ thl* afternoon. The people, In i..p?ternation, were afraid to venture outdoor*, th' despatch added Art O'ltrien, president of the riaello ' I . a gin In thl* city, authorized n atntarnent lart night that ho had been throafiri'd with death unleea he ''cleared out" of the city within twnnty-four hour*. He declared the warning had boon signed \ "Mia. k and Tan," and had be>n dropped In a letter box nt hi* nlfh ... FEAR VENEZUELA AND COLOMBIA WILL CLASH Reports at Curacao Say Communications Are Cut. Wtt.tSMsrad, Curacao. Nov IS Pns eenuer* arriving here from Venezuela declare that f ur* are entertained there of a conflict between Venezuela and Colombia. Communication through Maracalh'. and the State of Zulta to Curuta, ColamMa. haa hern Interrupted Tire llrei ntuir in it i eratlen. fivrrt.ij.m loei aaj. Hoiking. liu... e, 1 ERAL OND CLASS MATTER. NEW YORK, N. Y. I. C. C. UPSETS T STATE BOARD ON RAIL RATES Increase of 20 Per Pent, in New York Passenger Fares < )rdered. a Ai i \ v I.WV k'll l FH I Baggage, Milk, Cream and Sleeping Car Charges Also Go Up Higher. i V CASE TO BE APPEALED J j Commutation Ticket Order Will Bo Announced Later by Washington Body. \ L Special Deepatrh to The Nsw Yoi;ic Herald. j New York Herald Bureau, I Washington, I?. N'ov. 1H. i In a fur reaching decision vitally I affecting railroad rate control in the | seve ral States, the Interstate Cum- j . merce Commission held to-day that New York State passenger fares are discriminatory because they are lower j than interstate fares and ordering the institution of the higher interstate rates. The decision, the most vital since j the celebrated Shreveport rate case as , affecting railroad control by the In- I terstate Commerce Core mis don, means ' a 20 per cent, increase in all passenger fares in New York State sia well ;>s Increases in baggage charges, milk and cream rates and .sleeping car fares. Action upon commutation fares was postponed pending further inquiry. Orders entered by the Interstate Commerce Commission overrule the Public Service Commission of New York, which refused to approve or put into effect the higher fares, and override the New York State law which limits passenger fares to three cents a mile. Commissioner Kastinan, In a long dissenting opinion, set forth the view :-vit the Interstate Commerce Commission had stepped beyond the founds of its powers and limitations in he majority opinion He brought out sharply the Issue of State rights Involved In the question of State control over interstate commerce. Case I.lkely to lie Appealed. It is probable that th" case will be carried before the Supreme Court for decision, uh all of the State utility and public service commissions lolited with or stood behind the New York Public Service Commission in fighting the Issue of national power or control over State transportation affairs. t When the Interstate Commerce Commission ordered a 40 per cent. Incre. se in freight rates and a 20 per cent. Increase on passenger fares last August nil of the State commissions were asked to make similar increases. The Public Service Commission of Nvw York refused to Increase the passenger fares, milk rates, sleeping car tolls and baggage rates because pf ft limiting .State law and alleged failure of the railroads to show necessity. Other States refused to approve noma of the charges. h The railroads appealed to tho Interstate Commerce Commission and the matter of rates, fares and charges of the New York Central and other railroads j; was set for hearing 0 In brief, the commission announced n that "certain fares, charges and rates ^ required by .State authority to be main- j, talned by the respondents within the , State of New York were found to be c lower than the corresponding Interstate . fares, charges and rates authorized by the order In Fx parte 74. Increased Kates ' 1?'20. 6S I. C. C., 220, and to be unduly n prejudicial to Interstate passengers and shippers, under preferential of Intra- j, state passengers and shippers, and un- c Justly ticrimlnatory against interstate j, oommerce." U Action by the majority of the commission was predicated upon Section 13 of n the new transportation act. which gives i ultimate authority to the commission 'T to eliminate discrimination between In- j terstate anl Intrastate rates, and upon % tho decision of the Supreme Court In () the Shreveport and Minnesota rate cases. Majority Opinion of I. ('. f*. Writing the majority opinion. Com- 1' ml?slon?r Ford said : k "It has been urged In opposition to k* Hon .-.f this nrlneinln to the I 1 pending cose that such Incidental Juris- ' dlstlon as wo may possess over Intra- * stx.tr rales Is contingent tijinn proof that " discrimination exUts affei Mug purlieu- b lar parsons or localities Rut Inasmuch j ? as the basis of our Jurisdiction Is our ! a power to regulate Interstate commerce, t' It follows that the decisive factor Is h whether the rates under consideration l? Injuriously affer t inters!.itn eommerce. "It Is no answer to this to say that If I this conclusion he admitted It may have (he effect of completely displacing State Jurisdiction over State commerce. There may be cases tn which Intrastate w rates affect Interstate commerce Injurl- It ously In ways so manifest as to make , a them suhjc t to our eontrol. There | a may be cases in which the connection ' of Intrastate rates with the movement i r of Interstate commerce Is go remote and r unimportant that we may properly dis- r regard It. a "But In every case which puts In ; ' question Intrastate rates the decisive factor Is whether or not they affect I' Interstate commerce Injuriously to a j I considerable extent. If they do they j " are brought under our Jurisdiction and | <' made subject to our contnt even al- I " I hough the whole > ' structure of ti I t Htnte should be Involved. * "It has not hxpj>ened heretofore, that 0 w> have had occasion to make such an extensive exercise of our authority as l? ' now contemplated, and we omld not he " moved to do so save hy the most cogent 1 rvaaona Much reasons have been suppiled hy the situation In which the trans- *' portatlon Interests of the country were n placed and the action taken by C>>uhress ' to rellpve that situation. "The record shows that, the refusal of the State of New York to permit the " C'd ini'HI f A inth /"opt. j. i Dthe bes The New York best of The Sun whole revitaliz and sounder PRICE TWO C IN NEW YORK CITY f ^ Pro-German Combine Denied by Argentina Q.ENEVA, Nov. 18.?Honoric Pueyrredon of the-Argentine delegation when asked regarding the rumors that the South American republics were in combination with the Scandinavian States and other neutrals to demand the admission of. Germany said: "Argentina is for justice for all but in combination with no one." He declared that it was for the United States to take the initiative whenever that country might be ready to consider entering the lzieiffMirt \VVi<-n bi <? Y\ q t\ nri trtnctk*'? that a formula should be found to permit the entry of the United States he meant that the league should keep the way open so that when the United States was ready linally to declare its attitude toward the league there would be no obstacle of the league's making to prevent it. LIBERALS UNITE' ON HOME ROLE .spouse Asqiiith Dominion Plan as Adequately Safeguarding Empire. JIM T IS I! VIEWS ('If A NO IXG osing Sympathy for Army and Piling l'p Sentiment Against Government. f*perial CalU- to Tub N'rw Yosk IIkkai.u. 'cpj/ritf/il, Irn/>, hy Tub N>:w Yokk Hbkai.l'. New York II-nil<l Ittirriiu, ) l.ondon, Nov. IK. | The fate of the Iri.sh home rule bill n the House of Lords is now somethat uncertain, the Liberal party toay having formally espoused the )omitiion home rule scheme of ex'remier Asquith, declaring that, depite its provisions for an Trish army nd navy. It contained dequnte safeuards" for the Iirltieh Empire This ctlon was taken at a full meeting of .iheral members of Parliament. Despite the situation, however, the lovernment's Irish policy cannot be aid to he subjected to Jeopardy Im nediately. The uncertainty in the louse of Lords is due to the lack of list such an able defence of the home ule measure there that it had in the louse of Common*, and a!?o to the ss dependable prip the Government ins on the ujtper House majority. Furthermore, in the face of the welter if brutality in Ireland Premier Lloyd itorge probably would welcome delay n the actual puttlnp of the bill on the tntute book*. Despite his Insistence, e'terated to-day In response to a storm f questions in the House of Commons, hnt the Government's policy against crrorlsm in Ireland was bettering oonItlons there, report* to-day of killinpH nd kidnappings reveal a particularly evoltlne state of affairs on the Island. British public opinion, which ion? ago 'as hardened :t gainst the Irish by the llling of polfc- men. Is beglnnli it to be qually hard against the Government as eport after report is received of the lovernment's forces taking the law into heir own hands nnd dragging from heir beds nnd from th-lr homes persons 'ho niny he guilty of killing policemen, ut whose guilt hue never been proved y British standards of Justice. Itnlil* fewer. Killings More. While the Government figures show hat the more Intense work on the p.irt f the polie.- in Ireland has reduced the umber of raids by the Sinn Fein, It is nown that the number of killings there as not been reduced, out instead that he number or these killings has In reused. The N'kw Yop.k Herai.u'b espatches from Ir-land Indicate that he Government'!) policy has given a treicndous Impetus to Irish Republican Lrmy enlistments, many young men Dining It because their spirit has beome inflamed as a result of these k 111iRs and now they are ready for anyhlng 1'nder such circumstances the Oovertllent is growing more uncertain regard K the wisdom of putting the homo ule hill Into effect at the present tltn". t knows It would enable Ulster. for Intance, to act with a freer hand umt<v er own Parliament. Indeed, with the erfectlon of th?- organisation of the 'later Volunteers utider the auspices of he War Office It Is feared that there light be brought on a civil war In lre nd worse than anything the island has nown heretofore. Furthermore, certain ilovernment uarters are beginning to foresee that ven a successful outcome of the presnt policy lays Great Itrltaln open to ic Sinn Fein accusation that she Is oltllng Irelind by the mo?t brutal force lily However, that Is not thr Impreslon the Premier wants to make. Never-eless he nrain to-d < y reexpreasesl his ellrf that the present pol'ev would win 1 the end and that It would extirpate a niurd* roue gang" and permit other rlshmen to settle the problem. ftf/ thr Annrtatnl Pre**. I,ONt?oN. Nov. IS. Sir Harnar Grecntoo 1. Chief Secretary for Ireland, stated n the He so of Common* that during recent rabl In Ireland troops captured document, sent by the Commander-ln'hlef of the Irish i public army to his hlef of staff eoi tslnlng a series of emarknble arid horrlfyln* statements caardlnR the spreading of typhoid motiR the troop* and Rlanders nmoni? he cavalry horse*. Sir Hamar read the document. le-nlnir *lth the possibility of spreading yphold amon* the troop* b> Infected ollk. the document described the dlffiultles end risk* run by the operator*, ind concluded with the statement thnt he chief of staff would. In any rase, ired expert opinion In order to carry ul the .?uk *tlon In the document Regarding the spreading of Blander* n hot *< . the Rcnernt methods to be dopti #pi? relat'd and the conclusion med that the best method wa* by oeturln : their on'*. Tills me thod wa* escribed In detail. It beliiR added that ny 1" tor would explain how to grow he microbes. The document concluded: "Give my reRard* to all. I hope your itcce. *ea a III continue, Ood bless you n.y_ 'liirhiir?t. S ' i n' . I il??terthi; \i hi *, t r ' c I t.; r* hruiiHh l ullni?ii.i'tim.^!:iX> l ialls ?jtdy. f T IN ITS HISTORY. ; Herald, with all that was intertwined with it, and the ed, is a bigger and better iwspaper than ever before. 'UXJTQ ) THREE CENTS /HiaNIO WITHIN ?'0 MILE* T1 J FOUU CENTS EUSE\VHJ:H LEAGUE TO SEN i FORCE TO VILNA FOR PLEBISCITE ' 'Action Is First to Be Taken Under Article XII. of the Treaty. jRIGID RULES INTRUDE Ned] for Revision Seen, but Action Awaits Views of America. HELPLESS IN PROBLEMS I>siK's Decided in Committees ?Covenant in Danger Unless Patched Up. By lai HESCK IIII.LS. Rprcial Pabli (< Tub Nriv Vosk. Mkrald. Copyright, 19S0, b\j The New Vobk ileuat.o. Geneva, Nov. 18.?An international fierce, the first ever organized a*. the request of the Council of the League of Nations under Article XII., will bci sent to Vilna to preserve order there 1 during the forthcoming plebiscite. This force will he comp< sed of militury contingents from Great Britain, France. : Belgium and Spain, the latter coun! try sending two companies of infantry and thus appearing for the first tinein many years as a contributor to Kuropean order. > rne oiriciai announcement floes nut ( " ntiiin the word plebiscite, but'uses the phrase. "Popular Consultation "f : the Inhabitants." This is In conformIt: with the statement made by 'Jen. Jtellgouskl, who when in- entered V;lr.a, announced that the Inhabitants should determine their government. The announcement to-night that these nations had acceded to the Council's request heartened league enthusiasts. who insisted that at last the league hud real power However, tills allied action has been the same in ail pi" Incite areas, but this is the i first time it has been done as a roj suit of a treaty initiated by the league I Lcagu- ui: porters here insist that this move will have a grent moral effect iri allaying criticism of the league. They ileclare that it will revive Intop st on the part of many nations in lh? assembly meeting here, an inter| est which for a time the conference here threatened to luck. Committee for Open Sessions. Alarmed over the outburst of criticism ! against the secrecy surrounding the meetings of the alx major commission* of tli Assembly, the Committee on I'lsnrn iment. Blockade and Mandate ha* decided to open Kh doors to the public at Its session. This action was the result of the endeavors of Lord Bobert Cecil and lljilm.ir Brantlng at the first meeting of the commitce to-day. The commissioner* had tn? ilvilege of holding deliberations behind .oh .1 il<?or? j or nol. Another development to-clav wiu a decision that the <|U<-*tlon of G< ru.uny's Admission to Iv.tt?ue membership be postponed. A request to thlH effect vsat conItalned In a statement hy Herr Son warts of Germany that Germany ill I no wish , to enter the league until t'.ie Indemnity question was settled. So glaring are some of the faults of the present covenant appearing as the ..-IKii. K"< on witn lis work ot organlzation ami In committees here, that a formidable m .vemont for ravlslo.i of ths society along looser lines Is a,ready under way. This movement Is >r.ly leld back by the contention of some observers that before making over tni prcsrnt covenant It would be better to wait until the views of the United States aro known. However, foar Is belmt expressed on' all sides that this body In trying to | I um-tion under the rigid frame cf ths I present covenant will flounder In a *ea of talk and formality and may even he wrecked on some of its provts.ona such as the unanimity requirements. Nomll Notions on To|i. In the election to-day of the six vice, chairmen, oho. with the chairmen of the six commissions, the president and the secretary of the Assembly, are supposed to form a sort of a steering com: mittee, the small nations showed how completely they can control a body ot this character If they desire. Jspan and ; the British Km*.ire a.t represented by Canada got two of the six places, ttie others going to Argentina, Holland, 1 Cxecho-SIovakla tinil Bra sit. Of fourteen places on the so-called steering committee the tig Powers represented In th> Council have only four. This run}' be significant when it comes i to decide a question on the admission of an enemy state requiring but a twothirds vote, but It will mean nothing on other vital questions, such as msndatet i or chang. a In the covenant, where una; nlmlty Is required. Nations like Norway and Argentina, who are pressing for Immediate changes In the covenant, admit that nil their efforts can he negatived by Jtiat one vote by any of the big powers, na all amendments to the cover it r st bo airrnv,.! motmly. Crttlelnm of the covenant has asnumed "in h volume here that, Judging from tall^ nanrd anion* the delegates, unions eotru agreement In reached to tear It I" piece* either at thin m**tlmr or at the one n?xt nprlnc. after the Harding Administration comes Into power lit th l.'nlted Hint"*, the league muit certainly fall to pieces in a short time. I sen as Settled In Committee. The cmmlnelotrs met thla af*err,no? _ ^ 1 fully g i' rded, as r ? fie. Ba v|efi. . , t '*" If* ' t? ken with each, '?ed the Assembly, tiv* - t ' r?nderhm sm it p InUig an n minorl'y let o |.c ?t < IV.ft', f" ^ j .1 M. 'i. pule f ?nl t ... A . V .