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& : WEATHER FORI Cloudy to-day and to-mor: in temperature; fresh no Highest temperature yesterda; Detailed weather reports will be found VOL. LXXXV.?NO. 86FORTY MURDERS SINCE OCTOBER 1 IS CITY RECORD Crimes of Violence Continue to Increase in Each of the Five Boroughs. 22 ABE STILL UNSOLVED % Burglaries and Thefts Arc Marked by Daring?Insurance Rates Likely to Rise. uni ni:pu Apv \FT\lF.ROITS 31 any Cases Filed Away and Detectives Turned to Other Inquiries. While reports from Philadelphia, Chicago and other largo Cities throughout the country indicate that vigorous measures undertaken by the police have checked materially the wave of lawlessness, crimes o* violence continue to increase in tnis city. There have been forty murders in the five boroughs since October 1, twenty-two of which have thus far defied solution. One of the most brutal of these unsolved crimes was the killing of Leeds Vaughn Waters, millionaire son of the late Horace Waters, piano manufacturer, who was beaten to death in a room in the Plymouth Hotel, in West Thirty-eighth street, on November 3. Mr. Waters was struck repeatedly on a honuv olnh criishlnir his skull and breaking the bones of both jaws and nose. Burglars and thefts have so increased and have been marked by such daring it has been rumored for some time that the insurance companies have been considering advancing their rates for theft insurance. Few parts of the city have escaped the lawlessness. The Flat bush section of Brooklyn has proved a playground for house burglars for several months and similar conditions have been reported from Forest Hills. Holdups have become so numerous in certain sections, particularly in the Westfleld section of Richmond, that men and women hesitate to go outside their homes fitter dark. Rnclnl Frnil* M-illllng. Several of the murders, of course, are the result of racial reuun. wmcn u?c police have never been able to fathom and which, according to custom, are relegated to the unsolved list unless a weak member of the feudist* gives a detective "an earful." Then the arrest Is made. Very often that is as far as the solution goes. The prisoner Is arraigned In court, there Is not enough evidence to hold him and he is turned out, Richard E. Enright, Police Commissioner, said in a recent letter to Mayor HyIan, that these murder* are hard to solve "because the family and friends of the murdered person will not divulge any information which will ussl*t the' police, preferring to adhere to their ancient code of personal revenge, and so In many instances one murder begets another because the family and friends of the dead man will execute personal revenge." There are, however, but few of these murders. Several of the slaying* that have occurred since Octdber 1 have been the dtract result of holdups. During the seven week period four such murders have occurred. Ernest Poen, night clerk ?< the Palm Hotel, 201 West Fiftythird street, was so severely beaten by thieves, who robbed him of 1200, on November 0, that he died in the. hospital eleven days later. Abe Markowlta of 210 liist Ninety-third street was shot * lHlIrrl durlnor n hohltin In a nool room at Ninety-ninth street and Second nvonr<- on November 3. He was passIn* by and happened to look In. Walter Jackowlskl, night manager of restaurant at 2886 Richmond Terrace, Mariners Harbor, S. was shot and killed up holdup men, who rifled the restaurant till on the night of October 11. The fourth holdup victim, althouen the police deny it. was (leorge Rlvolre, 22 years old, of Vanderbllt avenue, Concord. S. I. Rlvolre was found dead In the street at Vanderbllt avenue and Van Duser street, Concord. Ills head was battered in. The police report said he had been hit by an automobile. Relatives of the dead man found that his pockets were turned Inside out and that a large sum of money was missing. The Case of Mrs. Rainier. There were other robberies In which the fact that the victim had not been killed W'?h no fault of the thieves. They did their best. Most prominent among these is that of Mrs. Charlotte King Palmer of 89 ICost Ninetieth street. The thieves who roblnvl Mrs. Palmer's home of Jewelry valued at nearly $800,000 were of the "gentleman" type, as they discovered she had been badly Injured In falling downstairs. But Miss Lillian flcenenva of 640 Taylor avenue, The Bronx, waa benten almost Insensible by robbers, who forced their way Into her father's apartment on November 15 and stole $2,000 In Italian money. The New York Herald printed an article on October 18 which told of seventy-nine murders since January 1 which tho police had not solved. The lis: Included all murders up to .September 31. Commissioner Enrlght questioned the veracity of the article and auocccded only In showing there had been three acquittals jtnd two convictions In murders that occtwred In Brooklyn. The filing methods of the District Attorney's office In Brooklyn up to that time were so archaic that It was Impossible to trace a crime to Its ultlmutf disposition. The list, as printed, nad Continued on Fourth Fogo. 'UV CO s y.*Y :cast. nni row; no change B 1 rthwest winds. /, 47; lowest, 41. on Editorial page. -DAILY. Shoe That Pinched Hid Jewels Valued at $1,500 MEW BEDFORD, Mass., Nov. 23.?Because a prospective ! customer complained she could not get her foot into one of a pair of shoes at the Eastern Star rummage sale here last Friday, a clerk investigated and found in the toe a small oblong box which contained four diamond rings and a brooch valued at $1,500. The jewelry to-day was traced to Mrs. Thomas H. Jones, who had placed it there as protection from burglars and had forgotten about it until it was returned to her. FIELD LAWYERS TO GET $960,000 Total Awarded in Litigation Over Attempt to Break Chi cago .Morelimit s >\ ill. BIG SUM FOB ELIIIU BOOT Stanehfield & Levy of New York Divide f?000.000 With Ex-Senator. Special Despatch to Tub New Yokk Hbhai.d. Chicago, Nov. 23.?Attorneys' fees totalling $960,000 were awarded by Judge Foell to-day to eleven lawyers who represented various interests in the litigation in which Marshall Field 3d, in effect, tried to break the will of his grandfather, Marshall Field, by a friendly suit. In this litigation Marshall Field both lost and won. Some of the most noted lawyers of the country were in Chicago during the four cornered suit. The expense of the conclave of expert legal talent involved the biggest amount of money that has come up for division in the courts of the middle West for years. J IK- action was in tnc lorm or a Din to construe the will creating: a $100,000,000 trust. The court was asked to set aside the trust and turn over the entire estate to the grandson of Chicago's merchant prince. Judge Foell refused to do this, but under his construction of the will Marshall Field 3d will draw not only thf income from his own original share of the trust, $60,000,000, but also the income from the $40,000,000 share of his deceased brother, Henry Field. The largest fee, $600,000. was awarded to the attorneys of Marshall Field 3d. These lawyers are Ellhu Hoot and the law firm of Stanchfleld & Eevy of NewYork, John S. Miller, Sr., ami Edward O. Krown of Chicago. Other lawyers and the amounts awarded to them are: John P. Wilson, attorney for the trustees of the estate, $150,000; Frank H. McCulloch, associated with Mr. Wilson as attorney for the trustees, $50,000; former Gov. Edward F. Dunne, attorney for Henry Anthony Marsh, son of Henry Field by an actress, Peggy Marsh, $10,000; J. F. Dammann, Jr., guardian ad litem of some thirty minor children of the Field family, $20,000; John ?>. Miller, Jr., and Walter H. Pollak, representing Mrs. Nancy Perkins Field Tree, former wife of Henry Field, $100,000. Mrs. Tree claimed lier former hus-' band's Interest as her own. Hut the will, according to the court's construction. left her no dower interest in Henry Field's share of the trust. Judge Foell found that the will provided that Henry's Interest went to . Iarshall Field 3d on the death of the former FRENCH LIVING LUWtK DUE TO UNITED STATES Reduction Laid to American t Initiative by Banker. Paris, V iv. 23.?The French Government has paused the word to the hanks to tighten up on credits, according to the Intr'tnaivant to-day, and as a result the cost of living In France already has ceased its upward flight, if It is not actually starting downward. The Government's word to the banks was not to cut off credits, but to ration them, supporting honest firms In temporary need but denying further credit to speculators, for whom new loans would b" only an encouragement to maintain high prices. Georges Itobincau. governor of the Hank of France, is quoted as saying It is certain that reductions are on the way by a slow downward curve. "The drop," the newtpa pet- quoted the dire tor as adding, | "was brought about by American initiative and the lowered cost of raw maI terlals that the I'nlted States furnishes u"-" WOMAN JURY WEEPS FINDING DEATH VERDICT Hold a City Official in an Automobile Fatality. Sprdnl itrnpnlt h to Till- Nsw Yomc IIuhaih. IOrik, Pa.. Nov. 23.?Despite his doclnratloti that he was home and In bed when an automobile lust week killed William Hchulta, traction company employe, a coroner's Jury of women to-day found Martin C. Cornell, city solicitor, responsible for the fatality. The Jury of women, the first. In the history of the city, was very grave na It returned the verdict. Most of the women were weeping openly as the foreman announced the verdict. Cornell woe released on lils own recognisance, County Detective Watson announcing; he would prefer a charge of Involuntary manslaughter against him. J A11< POH ATTACK ON I'RKTfH. BnEst.Atr, riermany, Nov. 23.?Fifteen persons accused of the recent attack on the French Consulate hero have been 1 found guilty and have been sentenced : to terms varying from one to twelve months In prison. Five of the accused [ parsons ww? acquitted. AltI? V It; HI N I " >WN? Nervous? I>.\ vpcptlr? or Anaemic? Try r *'.\vt:\ (rfANDAIlD TONICS |;?S Fulton St.. N V -Artv V HE NI *+ NEW YORK, GREAT ROUNDUP HP PRISONERS IS MADE IN DUBLIN Three Slain by Military in Attempt to Escape From Guard Room. EVERY ROAI) IS CLOSED New Killings, Arrests and Burnings Are Reported Unofficially. SITUATION INTENSIFIED Brutality of Murders lias Caused Revulsion Against Violent Faction. Special Cable to Tub New Yobk Hbhalo. Copyright, 1'jtO, by Tub New Yoik 1Iekai.ii. Dublin, Nov. 23.?A sinister battle line is being drawn tighter and tighter in Dublin and throughout all Ireland to-night. The police and military are proceeding with a fine-tooth combing of this city and locality. The prisons arc all overflowing. Indeed, the Government is reaching the climax of its efforts to root out the militant element of the Sinn Fein, and the next few days may tell the story of the success or failure of its campaign. Before to-night's raids commenced It was learned that a score of men were arrested last night, but It Is probable that the number of arrests made then was nowhere near as great as the Government's haul to-day. Tho military has taken possession of every road, bridge and byway, refusing passage even into the suburbs. They are confident the Sir.n Fein gunmen who perp^Trated the massacre last Sunday are still in the city and they are searching every nook and cranny for them. No house is exempt. Indeed, several loyal Unionists were startled to-night by the arrival of grim detachments demanding admission and the right to search the premises. One officer ex niainea ; "We are taking no chances to-night. Nobody who has a servant knows whom he may be harboring.1' City Combed for Suspects. Although the curfew hour Is 10 o'clock, the Crown forces clamped down the lid in several localities an hour before the time set, metnwhlle throwing cordons around the districts and permitting not a soul to pass, even army ofllcers off duty being detained. Behind this impervious screen dozens of houses were searched thoroughly, floors being torn up, pianos taken apart and even gas pipes sounded, Lorry loads of prisoners were taken last night and this morning. In broad daylight?at 11 o'clock this morning? the entire square around the Dublin ~ ?- c. "*- ...... ? iur,!n t f.rl ..rwl tho offices of the Council and other buildings combed. The best Indication of the severity of the Government's new programme is contained in the official account of the killing of three Dublin men, when, it was alleged, they attempted to escape from a guardroom, which was formerly detective headquarters, but which is now held by the military. Peter Clancy, Richard McKee and a man named McCalune were arrested In the raids last Sunday and lodged In a guard room, sharing the same beds and food with the guards. Clancy, according to a statement Issued at Dublin Castle, was the proprietor of a Republican store, which was raided recently nnd which had been the scene of two killings. Roth of these killings, it was charged, were a part of a long series of deaths of policemen und Sinn Fein adherents, one avenging the other. Alhougli Duidin Castle has for a long time had evidence of Clancy's Republican affiliations, the statement continues, he was not disturbed until recently and not arrested until last Sunday. The statement charged that he was one of the men implicated In the attempt to assassinate Viscount French, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, a year ago, nnd that later he partlclpted In the holding up of a military car and. subsequently, In the robbing of the gelignite depot In Arklow. The other two men arrested were described us officers of the Irish Republican Army. M'cKee, with whom were taken documents containing instructions \ for making high explosives, wan suid to have been controller of the txplosive supplies of the irlsh Republican Army Tried to II.mil. Dtiiirri*. The Dublin f'antle account of the killing of theae men says they waited until 11 o'clock A. M, when they knew the garrison wan nil occupied, and then they nttempted to kill their guard* with Mill's bombs which they had stolen, but which failed to explode. Then they seized rifles. All three of the men were killed when an officer rushed In on them firing at them nnd also enabling the guards to (Ire at them. There are many Instances on both sides of shooting first nnd asking questions afterward. Not only do both aides accept unceasing belligerency ns a matter of fact, but the neutral part of the population and persons who do not hack up their political belief with firearms realize they are living In an actual hattie area In which they may be under direct fire at any moment. This situation has produced a twofold effect. It lias driven many passive, theoretical Republicans Into the ranks of the fighting Irish Republican army and It is driving many other Irishmen to emigrate. The strain Is evident everywhere. I'eo pie hurry on their way with strained faces and tall;, even with their Intimates, In a strained fashion. If It la possible to gauge the sentiment at all under the circumstances, It la to nay there Is?and hu horn?a distinct revulsion against ! the violent section of the Sinn Fein, due to the extreme brutality of their work Sunday morning. On the other hand, there has heen a j frightful hardening of sentiment against ! the "Black and Tans," following their j Continurd on Third Pag*. The tirei nhrlrr Rest sert reetiperatlon. Over- I night each way. Bookings Plazn.?Aiiv. | fc! a. iWYO (COPYRIGHT, 1 020 , BY THE 81 WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBI ( ?; ?~ n i New Limits on Mailed Gifts for Soldiers WASHINGTON, Nov. 23? New limitations on the weight and size of Christmas packages for soldiers stationed in Germany, Porto Rico and the Panama Canal Zone were fixed to-dav by the Quartermaster General. Packages for Porto . Rico must not weigh more than I fifty pounds or have a combined length and girth of more than eighty-four inches. Packages for Panama must not exceed seventy-two inches in length and girth. , Packages for the army in Ger- 1 many must not weigh more than twenty-five pounds or have a combined length and girth of more than eighty-four inches. WONT AMEND COVENANT NOW i Desire to See What United States. Will I)o, Motive for Delay. OBJECTS TO MEET KEMAL Council Awaits Settlement of Anglo-French Difference Over Armenia. Hjr I/A.VHEXCE HILLS. Spec ini Cable to Tub New Yohic Hkbii.ii. | Copyright, l'JZO, bp The New Yobk Hekauu Geneva, Nov. 23.?A protest by Great . Britain, voiced by Arthur J. Balfour, 1 against consideration at this assembly ( meeting of any amendment to the | covenant has completely blocked the , movement engineered by the Scandinavian and other nations for Important changes in the League of Nations pact. The committee appointed to take up the proposal for amendments announced to-day it would take no action regarding any of therh. The discouragement produced in many delegations by this indication ; of irresolution and inaction on the part of one of the most Important committees (that on general organization) was increased by the council's continued inaction in the face of the i esuniuuu oy nene > iviam ui ine French delegation for immediate negotiations with Mustapha Kemal, Turkish Nationalist leader, to save Armenia. The council did not meet J to-day, hut meanwhile reports per- , slated that the British Foreign .Office i had raised serious objections to any : such recognition of Mustapha Kemal. Apparently the council does not de- ! sire to meet until the row Is straightened out. France, according to \f. Vivian!, ( would like to see the TTnited States chosen as Intermediary. J Meanwhile, regarding Armenia, the assembly's special committee of six, . with Senator Henr1 Im. Fonta'ne of Belgium ns chairman, met and considered circularizing the nations to find out If nny nation was ready with men and money to rescue Armenia. I.ord Itobert Cecil, representing the T'nlon of : South Africa, and l>r. Fritdjof Xansen, representing Norway, both expressed hope that the United States would reply favorably if an agreement could be reftnhArl nn fh*? nlrrular. hut It i? AD* parent that a long deplay must ensue before the Armenians are succored, If at all. Mr. Balfour's protest which resulted In postponing all amendments was raised on the ground that It was too early to consider changes in the covenant and that Is was best to watcli the working of the league a little longer. Unquestionably the motive hack of this was Oreat Britain's desire to see what the United States Intends doing before j she determines her own attitude toward any recasting of the original league covenant. Sweden, iJenmark and Norway all raised vigorous objections In committee, but the British protest snuffed out their amendments. In the absence of the unanimity requirement, however, the committee found Itself [quickly at the end of Its labors and so reported to-day. Some of the smaller nations, feeling severely the expense of the league, are raising a protest In committee regarding the salaries of league officials and ! against the organization of the seore- I lariat. The publicity secretaries whose i luty Is chiefly to hand out documents, receive In some cases as much as 113.5 0 a year, while some stenographers arc receiving ?l.<s*> a year. Spam and Japan also are protesting that not enough of their nationals are employed in the league organization, for while seventeen nations are represented in the secretariat a majority of tho1 employees are British, French and Norwegian. J SOUTH AMERICA WOULD WAIT FOR HARDING Think Revision Unwise in Absence of United States. Mj/ tbr Associated /'res*. Obnkva, Nov. 23.?In the drbtte on the subject of amendments to the covenant of the I-eaitue of Nation* nt this session of the Aa?embl)r, In the Committee on Oeneral Organisation, the Scandinavian delegates Insisted upon the consideration Immediately of amendment* they proposed, hut they were outvoted. The South American delegate* accepted Mr. Balfour-* su*Rc*tlr,n that a ape '1*1 committee he appointed to report on proposed chnnitos at the next ineetina of the Aenembly all the more readily, because they are of the opinion that any amendthent of the covenant should await propositions that arc expected from the United States after Presidentelect Hardin*'* consultations on the subject. They declared It would he entirely out of order to revise the covenant In; Continued on 'r/urd Pipe. RK H JN-HERALD CORPORATION.) 7P OA 1QOA ENTERED AS f LXV U-\y ?V6\J. POST OFFIC Rnderup sa? recognition is not inyolyed Right to Trade With Soviet < Alone Asked of U. S. Government. URGES SPEEDY ACTION I Fears England May Step In j and Seize Huge Contracts. j MARTENS KNEW OF DEALS | 'More Actual Communism in White House Than in Russia," He Says. ? .Special Cable to Tub New York Hbr.u.d. Copyright, 1'JiO, by The New York Herald. Now York Herald Bureau. 1 l.ondon. Nov. Z'.i. I The great contracts which Washington D. Vandorlip has obtained depend entirely upon America opening trade relations with Soviet Russia. But they have nothing to do with the recognition by the United States of the Soviet Government. Mr. Vanderlip made that unqualified statement this evening when he was informed of the despatch to The New York Herald that at Washington it was suspected there was a string tied to his concessions for the development af 400,000 square miles in eastern Siberia, and contracts for $3,000,000,000 worth of commodities. Mr. Vanderlip | laughed at these suspicions, and said: ] "Of course we can't ship the goods unless the Government lets us." He added that recognition of the Bolsheviki was an entirely different thing. Regarding reports that he had not actually obtained the signatures J to his contracts, he said Moscow had advised Ludwig C. A. K. Martens, Soviet representative at New York, three weeks ago by cable that the contracts had been signed. He said the question of recognition of the Soviet Government by the T'nited States was never mentioned. Fears Fiiglunil May Art First. "My contracts were duly signed and sealed by the Soviet Government in Russia, but naturally they cannot become operative until trade relations art restored between Russia and the United States. .Nothing was said regarding reeognitlon of Russia, which is a matter lolely between the I'nlted States Gov- ' prnmcnt and Russia, and has no bearing an mv enntraets whatsoever." the brains of the Soviet mission here. He has left the country, although Mart? no la still here despite governmental eflorts to deport him. Nuorteva Is known to have approached representatives of the hlg parking Industries. making thetn a proposition by which they would have a monopoly of the. parking Industry In Huasia for pi rlods varying from fifteen to twenty \ ears At the end of that titrv- the business was to he taken over by "the State. I mrlng the life of the concession the American packers were to be nlU wed to make sufficient profits to Justify the Investment and rfhe final loss of their property. Presumably the same arrangements have hern made with Vanderllp. Other , industrial leaders besides the packers were approached with a similar proposition. The fact that a representative of the Soviet Oovernment could make such a proffer Is regarded as an admission of th- firm discipline which the Soviet military power has upon the Kussian pe.iCnnllriiirti on Third /'n</e. The $3,000,000,000 contract Mr. .Vanilerlip said he deemed of so much importance to all Americans that he believed enough Democrats could be lined up In Congress to overwhelm President Wilson's veto if he does use It on trade relations with Russia. "If this Congress procrastinates Kngland will gain a distinct advantage. ' said Mr. Vandcrlip, "as I fully expect she will *%n the trade relations agre> ment now pending." Speaking of the fear at Washington of dealing with Bolshevik Russia, Mr. Vandcrlip said : "There is more actual Bolshevism and communism in the White House than there is in Russia to-day." galls for Home Ho-cmlier 3. Mr. Vanderlip plans to sail on the Aqultania on December 3. and Intends going direct to Washington to lay the lacts and figures before Congress, asking that America be allowed to do business .r? Russia before it is too late. He said no ratifications of contracts were needed ?xcept permission to carry on trade as o private company under the natural order of things without any Government iesponsibllity entering Into it. He admits that under the present conditions he can't do business even with payments In gold, but he hopes to convince Congress of the wonderful opportunity to give new lif to the trade business generally and to offset the sweeping depression, and all this entirely at his I i.wn risk. VANDERLIP CONCESSION CREDITED TO NUGRTEVA Martens's Assistant Also Made Overtures to Packers. Sit. rial l)r*pntrh tn Till! Nkw Yosk 1Irmi.Ii. New torli Herald Iturrnii. Wiisliinirton. I>. Not. (.1. I The deal which Washington I). Vandrrllp has made with Soviet Russia Is understood to have been consummated here through 8. Nuorteva, the assistant., to I,. C. A. K. Martens, the Soviet Ambassador to the United States. The concessions which Vanderllp I'lalms to have obtained were offered In other respects by the suite of the Russian Soviet Ambassador. Martens does not seem to have taken an active part In this '-.impaiRD. Nuorteva. who pore*.I as Martens's secretary, was regarded as ERAL IECOND CLASS MATTER, U, NEW YORK. N. Y. JUDGE CO uic V/l T M AAhfJ IVi WHALEN r Hettrick's Deposits Ke Names of Many W gEARCHlNG further into the afFa who ran the clearing house fo mittee directed yesterday that its bank accounts. Hettrick's deposits with Clarke sive from April, 1919, to July, 192 to transcribs them, James R. Clai perts are at work compiling the ao turned over to the committee in a i The accountants are examining Colonial Rank, where the lawyer m Jennie Rogers and H. P. De Voe. in his bank accounts. v* FIRE MENACES i OLD PLYMOUTH Church Windows Broken as Blaze Destroys the ' I damage, ai mat ume me uiu umiiivm wan flooded with water and hose lines had been led through the Arbuckle .Memorial building on the ground* close by. The location of the church and other buildings on the block bounded by Cranberry, Orange, Hicks and Henry streets, place* It In the centre of the old Columbia Heights residential district. The street* were thronged In a few minute* after the first alarm had been rung, many of those who hurried from their home* being member* of the congregation. The ftev. Newell Dwlght Hillis, pastor of the church, was reported to b-> out of town. Plymouth Church wa* built In 1M7, and Henry Ward Heecher was called to its pulpit, l-'or almost half a century hlr famous sermons attracted Congregatfomtlists and men and women of other faiths there from every part of the country. Tin- Heechei -Tlllon scandal revolved about the church and it* congregation, and the names of many of the best known men and women of the day were brought Into the new*, as they were called a* witnesses. Dr. I.ynmn A!>l>ott. another clergyman whose name wa* known throughout the country, wa* called to Plymouth later, snd after an Interval he wns suee? < ded by Dr Hillis. the present pastor. r/or unr rt< ud roAFPir I I ML. a 9 v ? i iini a m ON 6 BROOKLYN LINES 20,000 Watch $150,000 Blaze in Parker Building. I'olliv rwn'rvw v ' ri' ? 111???I from four Rrooklyn precinct* Uist night to control ;i crowd of '..m.onn person* attrai-toil by a blase that destroyed the two upper floors of the Parker IIuIIAIiik. lit Flat bush a\eniic (till State street, In the heart of the Rrooklyn theatrical district and a block from the Flat bush avenue terminal of the 1/ortir (eland Railroad Trnftlc on two elevated and four surface lines was held up for nearly two hours until the fire, which did damage estimated at $160,000, had been subdued. The blase was discovered about 7 :30 o'clock, an hour at which thousands of jiersons are making their way toward the theatres In lower Flatbusb avenue and Fulton street. The shutting down of elevated and street car service forced hundreds of persons to abandon the trains and cars and hire automobiles to take 'J^'m to the theatres. Sunday School. BEECHER WRITINGS LOST Value of Property Destroyed Increased by Priceless Manuscripts Burned. Plymouth Church, one of the most j famous in the country and the edi- ' flee in which Henry Ward Beecher i attained his worldwide reputation as a preacher, was threatened with destruction by fire early this morning when flames burned through the | Sunday school building adjoining. In the building to which firemen tried to confine the fire were priceless manu- | scripts left by Mr. Beecher, a collection of civil war relics that cannot be replaced and other property intimately associated with the history of the old church. The firemen found it difficult to at tack the flames from the street because they were confined at first to the basement. Lines of nose were taken into the church after the doors had been broken down. Other lines were run through the famous colleetion of stained glass windows and virtually all of them were broken. The loss In the destruction of the windows alone was placed at about $40,000. Soon after the water had started through "the lines of hose the flames came through the floor of the school building and got temporarily beyond control. At three o'clock the fire was still burning, but it was sakl that the church probably could la- saved. The fire burned through to the roof and the contents wort destroyed. How the fire started was a mystery. It was discovered by pansoraby when the smoke penetrated to the street. By the time the first apparatus arrived great clouds of smoke were rolling from the Sunday school, a building holding a place In Brooklyn history almost as Important as the church. Three alarms were turned In before the firemen considered there was sufficient apparatus to prevent more sefious DTHE BES1 The New York best of The Sun whole revitalize and sounder nc PRICK TWO ~C] IN NEW YORK CITY. NTRADICl VOWING H DEFIES UN 41 ? N pt Bankers Busy; omen in His Accounts irs of John T. Hettrick, the lawyer r contractors, the Lockwood cornaccountants delve into his several Brothers, bankers, were so exten0, that it would take several days ke informed the committee. Ex counis ana me lniwiuauoii wu^ uc :ew days. into the Hettrick account in the I aintained deposits in the names of The names of many women appear i / E. C. BENEDICT, BROKER,87,DIES1 j Commodore Victim of Heart Disease After Illness of More Than a Year. BED AN BUSINESS IN 186.'! Member of Exchange Over Tin If j> font iipy?Travelled 100,000 Miles. Commodore .Klias Cornelius Benedict, long a prominent figure in the yachting world and for more than halt a century'engaged In the brokerage business in New York, died last night in his home at Indian Harbor, Greenwich, Conn. He was in his eightyseventh year. His death, which was due to heart disease, followed an illness that began in September, 1919. He had been under the almost constant care of his j physician since then, at times showing evidence of improvement and then suffering relapses that indicated the end. At the time he was first stricken i I'ommodorc isenenici icn uiwnw:vii on lx>ar<1 his yacht for a trip South. | Ho returned last April only slightly ' improved, and the reports from Indian ' Harbor had shown him to be sinking slowly. Commodore Benedict leaves three daughters, Mrs, Ramsay Ttirnbull of Bernardsvllle, .V, J. ; Mrs. Thomas Hastings of Westbury, L. I , and Mrs. Clifford B Harmon, who makes |ier home at Indian Harbor. His son. Frederick, was killed in an automobile accident nineteen years ago. Travels Totalled 400,000 Mllca. Commodore Benedict, whose activities in Wall street extended from the time of the civil war to that of the great war and whose roving spirit and love of yachting carried him 400,000 miles over the earth's surface, was born in Soiners, a little town In Westchester county, near the Croton River, on January 24, 1834. He was the son of a i'reabyterlan clergyman. In Wall Htreet he was known not only for the wide extent of his Interests and the talents which made millions for him. but also as one of the oldest of the members of the New York t4took Exchange. who stlli retained an active interest In financial affairs. He was a member of the exchange in 1803, and he did not retire from his brokerage Arm until November, 1917, when he had reached the age of 83. How Ions: a period of years CommoI dore Benedict's recollections covered mav ) perhaps be most strikingly illustrated by | quoting a letter he wrote to The Sun on ) December 10, 1#17, in response to the query of a correspondent, who asked whether any one could remember as far back ns the yeur 1&40, when on the eve of January 13. on Dong Island Sound, the steamboat I.exington took fire and burned to the water's edge, over one hundred persons perishing "As a lad six years of hk* I remember my brothi r, ten years older than I. rushing in on the evening of January 14 with the particulars of that disaster, which was witnessed b> tnc residents ol this town (tlrecnwlclt. Conn ?, and all along 1 the shore as far as Westport," he wrote. "I also remember that ('apt. Chester Milliard was the only survivor, his life being saved by a bale of cotton, which lie use 1 as a life raft." Ills Memory a (.real \ld. That retentive memory Commodore Benedict so strikirgly demonstrated In :he letter to The Hun played no small part in his success, for Throughout his years in Wall Street he could look hnrk over past crises and events In the financial history of the country for parallels for the difficulties then present. For this reason his counsel was sought eagerly by the biggest banker- of the < untry, and It was rar> Indeed ih it Commodore Benedict could not aid tnem At the age of fifteen young Benedict I tell a Ills fill. I., VetC Vr.fl, .illv and in thi# ?amo year, 1M9, he entered the servl- of Corning A C<>.. banker* For eight years a* n clerk he served that firm, and then, at the ;<(<' of twenty-three atrtiek out for himself. Ill* auroras was rapid, and six year* later he was a member of the Stock Kxchange, which then was known as the, itold Hoard He berame a me nb -r of th" Kxchange on June R, 1S83. He organised the Hold Kxchange Hank, which grew out of gold speculation of the RO'a and 70'e. A* the United State* grew like a young giant In the years following the i Ivll war Mr. Heneillct became more and more Interested In the field of public utilities and with other associates acquired many valuable franchises In various growing cities of the country. He w-as best known as a handler of ga? stocks. At the time when the Chicago Continued oukgixf/i Page. 1 * r IN ITS HISTORY. Herald, with all that wal intertwined with it, and the d, is a bigger and better .vspaper than ever before. [7\TTO 1 THHEB CENTS DiNlO } WITHIN 200 MI1.ES U k"ra pr upu-upnu S HYLAN ETTRICK; TERMYER O'Reilly Tells of Hylan,Hettrick and Jlirslifield in Old Ewen St. Court. LIBEL TUBE AT IS MADE Wlialen Is Stirred by Questions as to His Old Firm Waafinrr I'ifv ATnrior Git AFT IN FIREPROOFING Building Supply Bureau, With Tammany Members, Fights to Withhold Its Books. Frank E. O'Reilly testified before tha I-ocVwood committee yesterday that In 1902, when he wsitting as a Magistrate in the old Ewon street police court In Brooklyn, John E. Hylan was practising law there at the same time that John T. Hettrick, the lawyer-manipulator for the limestone ring, was stenographer of the court, and David Hirshfleld, now Commissioner of Accounts, was in almost daily attendance. Through Magistrate O'Reilly's statements, Samuel Untormyer, chief counsel for the committee, challenged tha Mayor's testimony given last week be fore the committee when he stated that he never saw Hettrlck In the police court and at that time was running an engine on the elevated railroad in Brooklyn. The young men?the three H's of the old police court days in Brooklyn? were Just getting a start in life. The Magistrate said that Hylan, then a young lawyer, was at the court three or four times a week; Hirshfield was there nearly every day, and Hettrlck was employed taking stenographlo notes of their cases, which he furnished to them if they wished. Tends to Contradict Mayor. When he was on the stand last week iho Mayor declared repeatedly that he never had seen ITettriek, could not pick him out if he were in tho I room and never had had any communication with him. He asserted ha was sure he was not practising law when Hettrick was the court stenographer. Other sensations developed during the day as Mr. I'ntermyer led the committee through wide and varied fields of the housing inquiry. The lawyer and Grover Whalen, Commissioner of Plant and Structures, clashed violently when Mr. Untermyer delved Into the Court House excavation and asked about the refilling of the hig hole back of the Municipal Building. Commissioner Whalen denounced what he termed were Insinuations made by the counsel that the Commiisioner had been interested in permitting Holland & Co., ash removal contractors, to use tho Court lionw site as an ash dump in 1918. Denouncing Mr. ITntermyer, the Commissioner threatened to sue for libel if tho committee's counsel went any fur myer brought out that the city already ha* paid $352,000 for removal of ashes dumped In the cellar* by Holland A Co. The Commissioner admitted frankly having Inherited a half ownership In the Holland company from hia father, but swnro that he had assigned away his Interest In the Autumn of 1917 when he knew he was going Into politics. Ha said there was no record of the transaction, not even a cancellation of the copartnership agreement, but he received no compensation for his holdings and the business was of little or no value. He denied repeatedly having the slightest Interest In the ash dumping which has proved so expensive to the city and 1 so lucrative to contractors. KI reproofers In 1'iira hlnn t Ion, After these rapid and vivid explosions and flashes Mr. 1'ntermyer turned to the operation of the Oreater New York K1 reproofing Association, in which tweivs big deab rx bound themselves by hard and fast agreement to let a combination estimating bureau prepare contracts. A general overhead charge of 10 per cent. vm(s added. Mr. I'ntermyer brought out startling evidence relating to the work of thnt association. Testlmony was given i t JS.OOfl mnr* was paid Into the Brlndell ring through two agents who were tied up to the | transaction After running through this series of sensations and conflicts the committee-! session i-nded at R o'clock with Martini Conboy, counsel for the Building Supply Bureau, on the floor beside Mr. Untermyer fighting hard against the admission of that rss.i. Intlon's honks. This la the concern with fourteen members, one of whom Is John A. McCarthy, formerly partner of Charles T. Murphy, Tammany leader. ->ir. ' inrv \ raw rue lommmw ni?a no right to delve into the book*, which wore.on the bin mahogany table In plain view of ?ll. The doeument* were taken before the committee by Mia* Kll*ab"'q O'lte* nft<'r a lenal battle. The queaflon mil not aettled and It woo agreed *i> allow Mr. Oonbo.v to keep the book* over night. Thi* aaaocintlon of building materiel dealer* la making the hard**: fight the committee *o far ha* experleneed In the effort to keep It* affair* ? cret. Maglatrate O'Kelll.v, aged and feeble, wax annimoned to the hearing on a aubpcena. Hack In 1901 to 1904, when ho wna sitting In the Kweti atreet ronrt, the three men around w hom much of 'he houalng Inquiry ha* centred were prominent In the police court. Mr. O'Reilly aid he waa In the Rwen atreet locr I the Manhattan avenue? >ouit itioat^?