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10 NEW YORK HERALD PUBLISHED BT THE SUS-HERALQ CORPORATION. *80 BROADWAY; TELEPHONE, WORTH 10,000. Directors snd officers: Prank A. Munsey. President; Ervln Wardman, Vleo-Prosldent; Jntton. Secretary. MAIL. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One Six One By Mall. Postpaid Year. Month*. Month. DAILY A SUNDAY...#12.00 #?.00 #1.00 DA II.Y only 10.00 5.00 S3 SUNDAY only 4.00 2 38 .40 SUNDAY only, Canada . ? 00 3.25 .36 FORBION RATES. DAILY A SUNDAY.. .$20.00 #18 SO #2 40 DAILY only 18.00 0.00 I 80 SUNDAY only 0.T5 5.12 .80 All check*. money order*. Ac., to be made payable to The Sun-Herald. Branch Office* for receipt of advertisements and sal* of papers: PaiNriPAi. Uptown Owcr-Herald Building, Herald Square. Tel. Fits Itoy 0000. Haei.hm Orrtctt?205 Wbrt 125th St., near S?vtjnti Av*. Tel. 704 Mornlngslde. Open uatll 10 P. M. Washinoton llnc.it r* Orrrn*-888 W?*r 381st St. Tel. tHfJa Wadsworth. Open until 30 P. M. Downtown Opvi<t>?20tl Bsoadwat. Open s A. M. to 10 P. M.; Sunday*. 2 P. M. to 10 P. M. BaooKLYN Orrrre*-l4 Cocrr Sr. Tel. Main 3438. Open nnt'l 10 I'. M. *"au'n Hi.TLUI.nu, S08 Wabhincto.n St. Tel. 1100 Main. Bbpnx Osticb?518 Willis Av* . at 148th Sr. Tel. M<W Melrose. Opon until 10 P. M. Principal Ameiicnn and Foreign Bureaus. " TL' A RUTWOTOV TV.. Mi.nece HnllHtnz CHICAGO?20S South I.a Salle St. LONDON?40 4.1 Fie;-1 St PARIS?19 Avenua de 1'Opera, 39 Rue du Louvre. \ Tita Nrw To?k Hbsald w%* fnuwle.l by Jamc3 Gordon Bennett in 193'. It remained the sole property of Its founder until hie neath. In 1972. when hi* son, also James Gordon Bennett, succeeded .to the ownership of the paper, which continued In Ms hand* until his death, tn 101S. Tun Knuui became the property of Frank A. Munaey, lis present owner. In 1020. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 1. 1920. Nr ton I Tat Hrtltlon at Onre. President Wilson is right in his judgment that Congress should not wait for March 4 to begin the needed revision of the revenue law, but should pitch in next week. The days j will be few between early December ! end March, when Mr. Habmng will j full the special session of the new Congress to give full legislative effect to the whole Republican programme. But there is always time enough to do something in the way of good work when sound minds and skilled hands ere on the job, and President Wilson deserves credit for his stand of "do it now." The Republican leaders who will have charge of framing the temporary and permanent revenue measures ard* Intimately familiar with all the details of the law now in operation and all the financial problems of the Gov- j ernmeut. They know the funds the Treasury must have. They know the reuer tue industry nna ousiness or the country need. They know the faults and dangers of the existing law. While It would take them many months to work out the host that can l>e done In the way of revenue legislation, Whatever they can do?and they can do a great deal?between now and the time the next tax statements must he made out will be a godsend to the American public. Tariff legislation In particular, by the *"ery nature of things. Is going to require so thorough an examination of the country's economic condition I nnd so deep a study and so cureful a framing of the schedules which will be required to leave American Industry safe and yet not kill Imports and j thereby dry np customs revenues, that ! sve should be lucky to have a measure ' anywhere as good as Dtnolet or AlDrich could make Inside of a full year. This is the very reason Con- , press should give us what else It can within three months. The Treasury can't wait on distant tariff revenues to pay hills that are knocking at the door. American business can't wait to lie relieved of restrictions and burdens that are throttling production and distribution. American wage earners can't wait when their bread and butter depends upon work which itself depends upon the productive machinery of the nation running full speed. Let the country get all the help that can be given it now. Then give me rear as xuiiy anu as so?m as ftossible. Martyrs to the X-Ray. The death of Dr. Chari.es Ikfbott, a well known French surgeon and one of the most distinguished X-ray specialists, was reported yesterday from Paris. He died, like many men before bitn who devoted their lives to the study of the mysterious rays discovered by Dr. Rontge^, a victim of bis own senlous efTorts to reveal the aecrets of this strange agency and to convert It Into a safe und usable power for mankind. Ever since their discovery the full scientific value and jxnvor of the Itbntgeu rays have pilftaled scientists. To the man who made them the sub- j Jeet of special study they were peculiarly fascinating. Ills researches as often proved that mnch which bad been accepted regarding their power eras not borne out by careful and thorough experiments as they revealed the wonderful jx>ssl bill ties of new and unthonght of uses for the marvellous rays. These researchers all recognised that they were pioneers In the study cf a powerful agency. That the.v were constantly baffled Just as they thought j they were on the point of making K>ra? great discovery seemed only to add aeat to the continuance of their Investigations. There was none of srf tjteae men bnt recognised thnt In ?nee*lnat nn hlu ovnnrl tncin i a Via man U*4tl>un VM mi" vpt.iuivij.o MC "nn I rtotog bo at the peril of his life, and ( that an Infection from the rays often meant years of Intense suffering and death. The number of these martyrs to th* otndy of the Itttntgen rays has heefl remarkably large. A recent death In this country which was attrfbfttf to tho X-ray woo that of .Ip. John A. Lee, president of the Kings County Medical Society. Others were those of Dr. E. W. Caldwell. one of the pioneers in the science In the United States; Dr. Louis Keiole of Rochester, Dr. William Sprengeh of New Haven and Dr. M. K. Kassadeian of Philadelphia. Some of the dangers in the use of the rays have heen removed by shields of lead or other contrivances. These were an tne inventions or men woo a I were the victims of the rays. Dr. |Caldweix devoted much "of his Uine jin the last years of life to expert- i rneuts which would insure Immunity from X-ray Injuries to the re?ore hers , who should follow him. Dr. Inkboit < idid the same and In the despatch an- < nounclng his death is the stutement that there nre at least a dozen specialists In Paris hospitals In tho first i stages of the disease from which Dr. Infboit died, hut despite the fact, j that they know they are doomed to w n early and painful death they cun' tlnue their work of trying to "find , means to safeguard the X-ray speclalj ists. These men. who worked in such I constant perij for the benefit of man- , j kind, must be recognized as martyrs to science. I i The Hague and the Chemical Warfare of the Future. Last "Sunday in the magazine sec- j tion of The New York Herald there , was n very intelligent and valuable , review of tho progress made in tho , development of gas charged missiles and projectiles; with some indlca- , tion?as much indication, perhaps, as j prudence permits?of the stage of ( efficiency reached hy our own experts ( under the direction of Brigadier-Gen- ( oral Fries, Chief of Chemical War- , fare In the United states Army. ( The United States Government Is ethically free to develop, to the extent of its own discretion, tho^e j methods of chemical warfare in which our Inventors and engineers and ehem ists made amazing progress during i the period of hostilities with Cer- i ninny. This fact is due primarily, if | not solely, to the foresight of the late | Admiral Alfred T. Mahaiv, the his- ( | toriun and philosopher of sea power < and one of the American delegates to , the first Pence Conference at The | [Hague In 1890. He was then known as Captain Mahan. The story of Captain Mahax's successful protest against any committal of the United States to a treaty or compact or international understanding prohibiting the use in warfare of projectiles diffusing usphyxlating or deleterious gases is extremely interesting. in view of the nresent ten denoy to legitiifintlge such means of defensive or offensive warfare. A declaration by the contracting Powers agreeing to abstain from the use of gas projectiles was adopted at the first. Peace Conference at Th? Hague, with only a single dissenting vote, that of the United States; Great j Britain, however, making her ac-, ceptance of the priuciple conditional I upon unanimity. Germany was among | the Powers signing ami ratifying the antl-chemlm! restriction. The reasons which impelled the United States to stand aloof from the. rest of the nations represented at The Hague In regard to the use of poisonous gases were stated very concisely by Captain Mahan to the sub-com-; niittee considering the subject. They ere worth reproducing now: "1. That no shell emitting such gases Is as yet In practical use or has undergone adequate experiment: consequently, a vote taken now would be taken in lgnoranoe of the facts as to whether the results would be of a decisive character, or whether Injury In excess of that necessary to attain the end of warfare, of immediately disabling the enemy, would be Inflicted. I "2. That the reproach of cruelty ! and perfidy addressed against these supposed shells was equally uttered formerly against firearms and torpedoes, although each are now employed without acruple. Until we know the effects of such asphyxiating they would be more or less merciful than missiles now permitted. "3. That it w&a Illogical ana not demonstrably humane to be tender about asphyxiating men with ran rWn all were prepared to admit that It wan allowable to blow the bottom out of an Irorfclad at midnight, throwing four or Ave hundred men Into the aea to be choked by water, with scarcely tho remotest chance of escape. If, and when, a shell emitting asphyxiating rases haa been successfully produced, then, and not before, will men be able to Vote Intelligently on the subject" In consequence of Captain Mahan's attitude on tlw proposal to ban ns Uncivilised this particular method of warfare we have as of record the somewhat cnrlous result here ftoted: Austria-Hungary signed and ratified the declaration against asphyxiating gnses; Bulgaria signed and ratified j It; France signed and ratified It; Oer- j msny herself signed and ratified It; | Orent Hrltaln adhered; Italy signed ind rntlfled; Japan signed nnd ratified; Portugal signed nnd ratified: Rumania signed and ratified: Russia signed and ratified: Serbia signed nnd ratified: Turkey signed nnd rntlfled: the united States neither signed and rnnneu nor nnnereo. Of nil the notions enynyed o either I side In the great.war of 1914-11*18 tho l t'nltod Stntes stood nlone ns npprov- 1 lng or permitting by treaty engagement tue employment of asphyxiating 1 or deleterious gases. Without exrep- I tlon the other nations who were par- ' tlrlpnnf* end had been parties to the I l In fun convention* had declaration* i < THfci i\E of 1809 bad committed themselves the other way. This singular fact deserve* emphasis whenever the question of future methods of fighting and future military and naval armament is in focus. Whatever the United States has doue or may decide to do in the perfection and employment of those deadly and effective appliances for shortening the period of war agony, It has been and will be immune to such reproach as Germany, for example. Incurred when her General Stsf^ore up the declaration of 1899 and turned her remarkuble laboratories to the production, to the limit of scientific precision, of the paralyzing and death dealing missiles of chemical war. This freedom of action the country has owed to Mahan's attitude at The Hague. Ills long range vision has been certified as exact by the. decisions Just now of the Advisory Commission of the League of Nations at frenovn that It Is useless to seek to restrict the employment of gases hi wartime by prohibiting manufacture in l>ence time. ^Vhile ^fits does not amount to a straight Indorsement of that which the Hague declarations positively prohibited In the case of lhe nations catalogued above, it is a long step toward their enfranchisement from the restrictions they deliberately' undertook to respect. But as to the United States, as wc have showu, the new Geueva decision has no bearing whatever. With what keen professional Interest would Admiral Mahaix have read last Sunday's article, printed twentyme years after his defence of the military morality of chemical warfare, riuallfied by the statement that "no shell emitting such gnses Is as yet In practical use or has undergone adequate experiment"! 'November s'n Economic Paradox. Judged by the measuring rule of statistics, the month of November has been a worldwide economic paradox ir. the deflationary movement forced by high Interest rates. An idea of the confusion which exists can be gathered from the volume and movements of mouey and the fluctuations in \ nmwH bonds car fit*! OU cttdlt [H itrDj tuiupiucvi nuii |jiutiuuq H'ain, Circulating Bank Bradstreet's Money. Clearings. Price / Millions . Level. 1914 1?,710 $3,080 $8.86 1913 9,799 4.948 10.37 1918 4.?41 5,753 12.79 191 7 4,924 5,500 17.07 191 8 5,943 6,150 18.88 1919. ... 5,816 7,936 19.90 1920 6,393 7,309 15.67 It Is frequently Inferred from the tirop In the price level in the last year that a large amount of commodity and security liquidation has taken piace and that an abundance of goods Una driven down the index number. If this were the case It would he a vindication of the whole programme if deflation, which was aimed at forcing liquidation. But unfortunately the total of bank loans and the drop In prices tell another story. The larger hank loons, as reflected in the Increased currency, cannot lie aceounted for except a<4 a vehicle foi financing commodities nnd securities, md since goods and securities are lower to-day than a year ago and trnnk loans are larger, the quantity of Merchandise and securities carried on wedit must be larger. To account for the price decline by inserting that commodities had passed from speculative hands into distributive channels, and thence to the consumer, it would have to be shown that bank loans against these holdings had been reduced and that bank *lea rings had increased, due to the ilgher velocity in the circulation of money as a result of rapid liquidn;ion of merchandise. And If securities had been taken up with indi-| virtual savings Instead of by a shiftng of bank loans from seller to buyer, there would have been a still further reduction In such loans and conseluent reduction In circulating money. What actually occurred was a drop n the price level due to a suppressed nit unsatisfied demand which could lot or did not assert itself in the face if stringent credit. This forced the producer to enlarge his line of bank redit to carry his stock of goods, rbe slower movement of merchandise esulted In lower velocity movement if money reflected in decreased bank 'lea rings. Unlike the conditions now prevailng, the steady increase in currency ind credit of previous years was ecwmpanled by increased isuik cletrngs indicating a mensuro of quick I. ?ti 1,1 ni Inn nf arrfrx la n till lontlM which loes not exist to-day. The evils of to-day are n clumsy mil unequal distribution of supply. The hindrance to distribution some nontha ago was a combination of Ight credit and shortage of transporatlon. The betterment In* transportation was a Htep to relieve the under"ipply. Blit the fconeflfa from this Java been diminished by the opposing jollcy of restricting credit which In >ne wny nnd another tends t( diminish demand. The reflex frotn the foregoing mess ?n far hHs been not so much n prevention of our snles abroad as the crlpillng of cur Importers who would make our export trade a liquid transictlon by taking back goods In re urn. Eventually, however, such a xdlcy If continued must 1m reflpcferl n a drastic reduction In our exports. A yenr of empirical deflation finds >ank loans as large as before, and rade In a far less liquid condition, rhe only actual reduction In loans las been under the heeding of Gov w yokk herald, w this reduction ha* been eounterbal-j anced by an increase In commereia' loans to finance Immobile merchandise stocks. Sunday and the Blue Lavs. The generally accepted duty of gov-1 ernments in respect of Sunday laws l?ns been plain since the,time of Cosstantinb. That duty is not to direct men, but to tuuke them free to do what they wish to do within the law. Th? Situra nf Naw YorL- h<m nn re | llgion, but the State of New York i recognizes that most of its citizens ' are followers of one or another religion. In order to make most of Its citizens free to follow their individual ideas of the manner In which Sunday should be spent, the State prohibits, In general, all unnecessary labor. A man may not keep his packing hi use open on Sunday because it is | ; obvious that all the work of a factory i mny be done lu the six weekdays; but I | the restaurant to which the meat ln| | sold may be operated 011 Sunday be- j I cause it is obvious that the public cannot eat enough In six days to sustain them on the seventh day. Formerly, in this State, all public sports and shows were forbidden. Recently the Legislature, In response to a wide demand, has left to local option the matters of Sunday baseball and the Sunday exhibition of motion picI tures, but In both eases the lawmakers prevented the games and shows from being played until 2 o'clock in the afternoon. Here was freedom extended in two directions. The hired baseball player and the motion picture operator had Sunday morning for themselves, to go to church If they wished. The people who like baseball and motion pictures found themselves free to see thein on Sunday. Tills was not a violation of the spirit of t" original law, which rend thflt" tli#? l.i-if" flnv nf f Vir? wanlr urn a "set apart for rest and religious uses. A great many persons find more rest In a baseball game or a screen play than they would find loating about llie house or walking. If the backers of the new blue law movement have their way, these concessions to an amusement loving public would dlsnppcar. More than that, this city would go back to a fate; harsher than that of old New Eng, land. The Puritan did not miss much | by being kept at home on Sunday. I There were no baseball games or motor Cars In his day. P?ut a mau sitting on Sunday in bis house end wishing he was out on the road was In no more pious mood than a modern New Yorker sitting on Sunday in the ! bleachers of the ball park. Certain of the ancients were dej scribed by Macaulay as objecting to j bear baiting, "not because it gave pain j to the bear, but because It gave plcasI ure to the spectators." There arc I doubtless u few minds of the same j ! cast to-day. Other backers of the pro-; ! posed blue laws ore honest in their j t belief that a closed Sunday would re-. suit in greater piety; yet we have never heard of a man going to the devil because New York permitted delicatessen shops to he opened on Sundays. There is a small third class of blue law a/ltators who make a living out of crusades of this nature. They will be for the blue laws until the campaign Is over and then they will turn their paid talents to something else. Already the blue law movement Is : producing reaction. Last Sunday It ; drew disapproval from Dr. Manning, ! | ?n Episcopalian, and from Father DtffTT, a Roman Catholic, both gen-! 1 tlemen of the cloth who added to their understanding of the human race by service as Army chaplains What they said about blue laws Is a pretty good Indication of what will happen If the closed Sunday ndvo cotes succeed tn milking n M^.te or j national issue of their plnns. And [ ' what will happen will he nothing less 1 ban n religious war over a political j issue. There are millions of church i members who nre determined that1 Sunday shall not he made by law n \ day of gloom. As we read the news from Lucerne,! Constantine is all drer-sed up aftd waiting for some place to go. Exit November, noted for Its equable | temp^-ature and Its wonderful election ! returns. A canning company which paid | $10,000,000 for milk to New York State dairymen last year has ceased purchasing. canned r ik now being a ' drug on the European market. When milk sales for export were at their | height a law to prevent them was | vociferously advocated. Such an enactment could only have made trouble. Our ancient friends Supply , 1 and Demand havo taken care of the ; trade without the aid of human lawmakers. The coal crisis has passed. In the Judgment of the Interstate Commerce Commlsalon.?Netca from Workington, But the ultimate consumer has not j j yet passed the crisis of paying for It. | The Millionaire Problem. (The latest interne) nevemie Report shows over 5,000 fewer millionaire* In the ITnlUU j states than last reartj I What will beenma of pur millionaires? What ahe.ll w? do to keep Up the breed? j I A problem new to Increase our earee And add to our burden of woe Indeed! Who ran regard the prospect with composure 1 Of baring plutocrats doomed to foreclosure? j Who Will be left to abuse and Cuss Tf millionaire crops should disappear? How could politicians rant and fuss With atock In trade all ypllow and sera? What Would Hum uompers do ror ammunition i With rich men loot like dodoes from attrition? We mu*t act at onoe or elee, alas I The country can't stem the ebbing tide. I am ready, for one, to Join the class And stifle my "poor but honest" pride. Bidding the Boiehevlkl stem defiance, A oobhs tbartyr In the re use of science I Navama N?Mta. EDNESDAY, DECEMBER TURNING SUNDAY BLUE. The Her. Mr. Bowlby't Aspirations and His Plan of Operations. To The New York Herald: The Rev. Harry L. Bowlby has some Interesting Ideas as to the methods of pushing the new reform movement. He Is quoted as saying: We shall work In every Congress district In every State. We shall agitate"* and spread propaganda and cause voters to write unceasingly to their Representatives In Congress uutll no Congressman who cares to stay In Congress will daro refuse to vote for our measures. These were the methods used by the Antt-Ealoon League and they were effective. Representative government Is a fall ure under such a plan. The merits of the laws passed by Congress are not the Issue, but questions are to be decided solely on the ground whether "a Congressman cares to stay In Congress," a political bribe for votes, a truly noble conception of a Congressman's duties. It is the adoption of the same slogan as the Anti-Saloon League, "Results arc the acid test of any policy." After having given a list of things, to be prohibited by a national law on Sundays, he adds that the result would be Hggt "people naturally will drift back to church." What a commentary on the churches If It Is true that after 2,000 yt ars they are to be filled by dr''tlng. as a place of last resort! Generously, however, this bluest of bl.is gentlemen kindly permits the people to do on Sunday the following: "We should have no objection to ther people taking decent rccrcatljn, such as walks ! in the country or reading good books j or healthy conversation." Where will the city people walk? How many miles j and how many an hour? Will tho Con- j gross puss a law giving n list of good , books which will be allowed? What Is j healthy conversation? Will the conversationalists have to use a phonograph to report on Monday to the nearest police station for approval of the enforcement officials? J. v. Halstead. New York, November 30. / vThe Advocates of Radical Sunday Closing. To The New York Herald: The more haste, the Jess speed. Before passing further reform laws should we not wait to soe the actual benefits resulting from the Eighteenth Amendment? Indeed, we may yet como around to thinking the Eighteenth Amendment tackled the liquor question at the wrong end, that It ' shoulo have aimed to eliminate the de-1 mnnd for liquor. Demand governs supply; supply does not govern demand j The Rev. Mr. Bowlby, secretary of the Lord's Day Alliance, in advocating radical Sunday closing as a means of increasing church attendance says that' July, 1778, only declared our lndepen* denee of Oreat Britain W. N. Hun nun. Colonel, U. S. Army. XABHVit.tR. Tenn., November 2#. M. n.nrwnrnt*. Knlcker?How fur do you live from the elation? Worker?A* lite eroxV file*, the lime file* or the money file*? Renlaned. Take Runday from our Joyou* Hat' And fake awny our heyday: Ve only aak them to de?i*t 1-roni nwiihtflhi a'.th lA>dn> i 4 Joined In this movement, another is on ^ the fence arid only Roman Catholics, | Unitarians, Seventh Day Adventlste and Jews nro outside of the movement. But how about tho attitude of some considerable number of people not strongly affiliated with any denomination? As to thcslxteen denominations favoring the movement, have they consulted tho Individual sentiments of such o' the'r members as are engaged in any of the many trades and vocations which would suffer, directly or Indirectly, through Sunday closing? Have they consulted the working men and women attending their churches? It 1h interesting to note the boast that the movement Is well flnnnced and will have an effective and experienced lobby In Washington, and further to note tho explicit threat to Representatives In Congress who may not favor tho movement. However, Congress Is a body of men who are not to be Influenced by threats; In fact, threatening is generally a very stupid action. Apolph Oppkkheimer. New York, November 80. Bait for Members of Congress. To Tub New York Herau>: From his explanation of how Congress Is to be made to adopt the measures proposed by his Lc-d's Day Alliance It looks as if the Rev. Harry L. Bowlby thought that Congress Is a bargain house. His statement can only be construed to mean that he and his Lord's Day Alliance have ready a bribe In the shape of their support In politics to offer the Representatives In Congress through lobbying should It become necessary. Every Representative In Congress is elected by the vote of the people, not bought, and he Is to give them the very best that Is In hint. Legislation of the kind Mr. Bowlby haB in mind will never come to pass. The love of God cannot be legislated Into anybody any more than a person can make a horse drink If It does not want to. The country has all It can do to handle Its present agitators Rnd breeders ?.u.l a-llh, t IS- ..Mill.. _? new Invitation of trouble. Let well enough alone i Henrt Colarku.1. New Yobk, November 80. PISTOL PERMITS. Means of Defence Against Criminals Asked for Citizens. To The New York Herald: Two letter* In your paper on Sunday I earnestly Indorse. One Is about pistol permits i the other Is headed "Whip the Ruffl-ns." I nfllrm that If these two letters were considered as thoy should be by those In authority there would very soon be an i>nd to the outrageous holdups and bur* Claries that have lately disgraced New York city. Good citizens are quite abto to take care of themselves against crooks of all sorts when given the means to do so. Let pistol permits be given to tMem without difficulty and we shall soon be able to live safely. Beverlet Robinson, M. D. New York, November 80. ? 40 Onr Second Independence Day. To the New York Herald: I want to suggest that the second day of November, 1920, he classed with snd considered and celebrated In the future along with"the 4th of July, 17Td, msrklng as It does our Declaration of Independence of all ; 1, 192U. TROUBLES OF A PASTOR. Happiness on $93 a Month In Charge of a Country Church. To The New York Hbbald: I was the principal party In the case before Judge Crank Phillips In Cleveland, Ohio, which was referred to in your editorial article entitled "The Poorly Paid Preacher Who Works at a Trade," and In which I was found guilty of extreme cruelty for remaining in the ministry on $93 a month, having a wife and Ave children to support. The court ruling has called forth much comment from all parts of the country. In view of the ruling, based upon a misapprehension of the true situation, I would like to make a statement to the public of the facts. It is nearly four years since I left the ministry, before the high cost of living struck the country. My ministry for the most part was among the rural churches and not In the cities and $93 a month salary for a rural pastor was considered a good salary at that time. We had a free parsonage to live In and a largo garden plot, sometimes to the extent of three acres, whtcn I made good use of. The church members, as well ns uuisiuers, were iwnu iowu.ro ub, uestowing gifts of meat, flour, potatoes, apples and the like. Besides many a meal, cash donations were made. Then there were the nfarrlage and funeral fees. When the church would allow me, I sold garden and farm seed and fruit trees, which netted me a few extra hundred dollars. Wo had no financial hardships; we lacked no necessary. At times there wero some Inconveniences. Owing to tlio poor financial system in.vogue among the country churches money, came In Irregularly, but at the end Of the pastoral year the salary was all paid In. Indeed, my family fared better while I was In the ministry on |93 a month while In the country than they have since I left It and came to Cleveland, Ohio, where I had a much larger Income. The greatest hardships we ever experienced have been right here In Cleveland, and we really haven't had any hardships here. But It has been harder to make ends meet here than It was while In the ministry. I did not leave the ministry because of lack of support, but it was because of domestic troub'es. As my children ] grew up to the years of 12, 13 and H they wanted to bo out late at niguu This I objected to, while my wife approved of it, so It went on growing worse and worse, until 1 couldn't control them. I and this hurt my Influence and brought on wrangling between father and mother. I found It Impossible to keep up the right spirit under such home conditions, so I decided to retire. I moved from a country town Into Cleveland In 1917. Our relations as husband and wife were happy for a few months. Finally differences arose between us,' and Mrs Shcrwin left me with two little boys to care for and took the two oldest, one boy 18 and the girl 15, and the little girl 5 years. For nineteen months I have cared for them the beet 1 could. In order to make her take them and care for them I sued for a divorce. Now she must cere for them. Iler charges against me were all unfounded, so that the Judge dismissed the ?a?e and didn't grant divorce to either of m." I could not bring suit for a divorce for desertion until she was absent three years, *o the decision was all that I could expect. While it Is based upon a misapprehension- of the true situation, yet It In satisfactory mo and I shall abide by the court's Judgment, at pres?nt at least. The Rev. B. A. Sherww. Cleveland, Ohio, November 29. HOUSE CLEANING TIME. An Investigation of the City Government Called For by Taxpayers. To The New Tor.K Herald: What we need Is a big cleaning up, starting at tht City Hall; then a long visit at Fourteenth street, where the gentlemen who carve the pork are eating most of it themselves and hiding the rest of It In the wigwam: then a real long visit a: Police Headquarters at a real housecleaning, starting at the cellar and going to the attic, not forgetting the closets and the storerooms. If ever there was an actual need for a real searching and complete Investigation of our wretched city government It! is to-day, and the sooner It sta ts and is.) truly and complete'y finished the bstte* j it will be for the 5.000.000 cltlscs who , are getting mighty tired and disgusted with It all. Some of us rem^n-bir I Boss Tweed and "To hell with the pub- j lie." A Taxpater. New York, November 29. ?? CHINESE GREA T CLASSICS. I Franco to Receive A,000,OOO Tagrs of Wisdom. Frem I,* Tempt, Paris. M. TalnlOve has returned from China. J The former Prime Minister was charged trr the French Government with an Im- i portant mission concerning Chinese unl- ' versltles and railways and has returned well satisfied with the results of his trip. He Ima obtained from the Chinese Government the promlso of an annual subventi t of lOO.OOOf. (?4,000 at par) for an Ins.ltute of Chines*,higher studies In Paris. The Chinese Government also has agreed to tho creation, In one of the Chinese universities, of an alhtlutcd branch of the University of Paris, and It will devote to this purpose the sum of BOO.OOOf. (?20.000) annually, on condition that the French Government gives the same amount. The Chinese President has further promised to have reproduced the collection of four groat claseles which contain the essence of Chinese civilisation, and to present three copies to France. These volumes run to not less than B.000.000 pages. fit* Domain. Fanta Claus?If they knew what fun It Is on the roof they wouldn't stay In the cellar. 4 Gallivanting Kansas Mayor Called Down. Front the Clyde Gerard. Mayor Pymes went to Miller Tuesday. Just why our Mayor should go galllvantln' over the country when wo have legally elected htm to look after this town Is more than we can tell. He knows what the fellowysald when tho President went to Europe, yet he takes no heed. A Ktinenn ArmWIoo Do; Olrl. Front thr Fahrtha Mar. Arm I.it (i Lucille Is the nurne Riven by Mr. end Mm. Roy rendergrnsti of Rnhetha to their little daughter, born November It. It I* very fitting Ultt the daughter of a soldier be born on Armlet lee fay. Holding Vp the f 'nnnt in Arkanena. Arkirdn carrenprmrlenrr Fortman dun. The people of thin Vicinity nre waiting far the election retnrnn of Little River rounty, e nil the rut at the Vnlted Athlon hot It. \\ LEADERS DISCOUNT i WILSON TAX PLEA ____ W cl Republicans Believe Short 81 Session Will Be Unablo to u Meet Demands. - ?8 NEED GREATER INCOME \l ? m 4Pop Gun' Measures Possible u Prior to General Re- ai u< adjustment. ? th of Bpec*ai Despatch to Tub New Yokk HsaAr.n. Nrw York HrraM Rurun, I St Wa-hlnston. D. C.. Nov. TO. I ot; Republican leaders In Congress are prepared to receive Ironically any recom- ? mendation for early taj^ revision In Presl dent Wilson's annual message. While the pt necessity of tax revision Is foreseen and agreed upon. Republicans are inclined to n> view a Presidential recommendation as a s< step to get from under this burden and other pressing but delayed reconstruc- a! tive measures and pass them to Republlcan shoulders when the session of Con- Pi "l mess opens. In any event, the new con- p, trolling party will have to bear the onus ?J | of increasing taxes that are already ci ! burdensome. [l, j From present indications the President t> j not only will recommend tax revision and [ < leave the accomplishment of this object 1,1 to a Republican Congress In a crowded short session, but Secretary Houston will L< offer many suggestions as to the neces- M sity of the situation. It is Indicated that the President will urge Immediate gencial tax revision. Re- pi publican leaders of the House and Sen- P' ate say It Is impossible to give proper consideration to such a task before the present Congress expires, March 4. sfl Preliminary consideration by House S? leaders and committees of Congress of the estimates for Government expend!- 1 8t tures over the next fiscal year hip vv brought home a general conviction that the American people must lie asked to bear an lncrea^'d burden of taxation for at least two or three years. Estimates of government requirements a' for the next year will show a greater \V total than the aggregate of approprla- *"*' tlons for ordinary expenses of the pros- , ent year?the larger nn record. With thj Treasury carrying a heavy burden nr of floating debt and the Victory loan g maturing In the succeeding fiscal year, v income well in excess of the require| ments for Government running expenses ^ Tax revision Is certain. Ite.vision up- n ward of many of the present taxes and Jinstltution or new ones also Is certain. ** Songress is confronted with a big prob- ' m in determining In just what manner and just how soon this can be done. There is rruch difference of opinion on what can be done. Representative Mondell (Wyo.), floor leader; Chairman j Goode of the Appropriations Committee 0f and other Republicans are determined to a i cut the estimates of Democratic Cabinet tlf officers, to the marrow. It Is realized, r however, that a ruthless trimming will ] not bring expenditures sufficiently below Be receipts to provide for sinking fund A' operations and retirement of the floating [>' debt. 'i In tills situation something must be pe done to Increase the Government In- th, come. The two big sources of Govern- c0 rnent income s'neo John Bar'eycorn was laid away are income profits and excise taxes and customs receipts. ?r Republicans and Democrats alike rjl agree that it is next to impossible to m make any general revision of the revenue act of 1918 at the short session. It w'il be a difficult task to pass the ap- I propriatlon bills. Even if this were not so Republican majorities In this Con- ' to Kress are not sufficient to permit a free j "I Republican hand as they will be in the ' , next session. Tariff .revision is prac- I 2 tically out of the question. t This loaves as the only apparent solu- en tion the beginning of hearings at the 1 short session for a general tax revision at an extra session called March 4 or ! p., the passage of "popgun'* tax bills. By j ; the use of such "popgun" or specific tax | W | bll's the revenues could be increased ! ,rJ measurably. For Instance, it might be I' possible to make an increase in the in- er dividual 'ncome tax rate by the passage th I of a simple bill for this purpose. Other " bills could be framed to Increase various j items or levy new taxes. en CENTRAL JAIL CONTROL " URGED IN BAY STATE fj Plan in Keeping With Platform Pledges. I Boston, Nov. 30.?Prediction that a .. reorganization of the penal institutions |.3j of th s Htnte which would place the administrations of county jails under a Ki central State department Instead of County Commissioners as at present, sj, was made by Representative S. Loring i Pc Young at the annual conference of Probation Officers at the State House to- * day. Representative Young, who is a tt\ candidate for Speaker of the House, argued that to maintain an equal standard in tho correctional institutions tlirnof^ioiit the State they should be under central control. rn He pointed out that the Republican party In its platform this fall gave "absolute promise that the Jails and houses Ai of correction, now maintained with vary- '"j lng standards by fourteen different j : counties, should be consolidated and | w hereafter managed by the State." W The study of the feebleminded and de- , linquents for the discovery of "psycho- \y logical factors" before putting down an pe offender as a criminal was urged by Dr. i''| C. McAfic Campbell of the Boston Psy- Kj Choggtitle Hospital. 1,1 "The chief 4'st'nc'-lon'" h? "aid, "between criminals and non-crlmlnals la I ?, that the latter are merely uncaught." ! >. DARTMOUTH INCREASES ? TUITION FEE TO $250 I Effective Next September? w Scholarships Adjusted. "ji Nprciat Despatch to Thi Nnw York ITnui.o. hi Hanover, N. H., Nov. 30.?Beginning ' next September the Annual fee for tu- ? Itlon at Dartmouth College will be $250, ] according to an announcement made III by the college authorities to-day. This Is an Increase of $50 a year over the ' * present rate and Is found necessary, It Is explained, on account of the Increased costs of operation. With that Increase the tuition fee will equal approximately 50 per cent, of the annual cost per man of operation of the college somewhere In excess of $500. ,,c At the same time a change will be made In the scale of scholarship rates In order that the students denendent J* upon such aid may not be obliged to meet an Increase out of proportion to their ability to pay. '( HEBREW NAMES IN PALESTtNE. C .TrritsAt.rm, Nov. 29.?Sir Herbert ~ Samuel, High Commissioner for rales- , tine, ordered to-day that all official to documents, maps and guide books should i>n designate Jewish colonies In Palestine " by their Hebrew names. In all, tbero arc " sixty-four jewlsu colonies. rB 1 ) . Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. For Eastern New York?Unsettled lth rain to-day; fair to-morrow; no tango In temftTature: freeh northeaat, lifting to northwest winds. For New Jersey?Unsettled, with rain toly; to-morrow fair; no change In temperaire; fresh northeast shifting to northwest lnds. For Northern New England?Unsettled, lth probable snow or -aln to-day; to-morrow ilr; freeh easterly winds. For Southern New E igland?Unsettled, with tin to-day; to-morrow fair; no changu In mperature; freeh northeast, shifting to orthwest winds. For Western New York-Htaln to-day; toorrow pronably fall; moderate temperuire; moderate variable winds. WASHINGTON. Nov. 30,-Pressure I- V>w ong the northern border and high, or fwlairely high In all other regions. Thte pre?-uro sitrlhnHnn hau hoan o ?. ndod mperatures for the reason gene-rally -~er e Inland and widespread cloudiness east the Ricky Mountains. There were ralne Ithin the last twenty-four hours In Middle tlantlc, Houth Atlantic and East Oulf ates, and the great central valleys. Tho itlook la for unsettled weather and rains -morrow In the Atlantic States, the upper lto valley and the lower lalte region. Other Ise the weather will be generally fair toorrow ond Thur-day In the States east of e Mississippi River. No Important tern raturc changes are Indicated. Observations nt United States Weather ureau stations taken at 8 P. M. yesterday, venty-flfth meridian time: Tempi rature Rainfall last 24 hrs. Baro- last 24 Stations. High. Low. meter, hrs. Weather. blleno 64 32 30.20 .. C'ear Ibany 3d 34 30.38 .. Clear tlantlc City.. 48 4(1 30.32 .. Cloudy tltlmore 40 40 80.26 .02 Rain ismarck 30 24 30.04 .. Clear aston 42 30 30.40 .. Clear Jffalo 44 34 30.26 .. Cloudy intlnnatl 48 40 80.10 .18 Rnln uirlegton 62 31 30.14 .10 KAIn tlcacro 48 44 30.14 .. Cloudy evelnnd 40 30 30.14 .08 Cloudy -fiver 64 82 30.12 .. Clear etrolt 40 10 30.18 .. Ft. Cldy ilveston 00 32 3U.28 .. Clear elena 4 4 28 30.10 .. Cloudy .cksonvllle... ?2 31 30.14 .04 Rain msas City... 42 38 80.10 02 Cloudy is Angeles... 70 60 20.08 .. Cloudy llw&iikee 40 44 30.14 .08 Rain tw Orleans.. (10 48 30.20 .. Clear tlahoma.-.v, 44 3d 30.24 .. Pt. Cldy illadelphla... 4S 42 30.34 .. Cloudy ttrburg 48 38 30.10 .30 Rain >rtland. Me.. 36 24 80.4(1 .. Clear >rt!and. Ore.. 54 42 20.80 .. Cloudy tit Lake City. 48 28 30.24 .. Pt. Cldy it) Antonio... 68 48 30.24 .. Clear tn Diego 72 54 20.06 .. Cloudy in Francisco.. 58 52 20.06 .. Pt. Cldy attle 54 44 20.82 .. Pt. Cldy . Louis 48 40 80.08 .. Pt. Cldy . Paul 38 .. 30.14 Cloudy ashlngton... 44 38 30.26 . 04 Kalu LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS. 8 A. M. 8 P. II tromoter 30.45 80 30 imldlty 75 70* Ind?direction N.E. N.E. Ind?velocity 11 P eather Cloudy Cloudy ecipltatlon None None riiu temperature In 4hla city, as recorded the official thermometer, la shown In the incxed table: A.M... 41 IP. M...48 6 P.M... 4. A.M... 42 2 P.M... 41* IP M... 4T A M... 44 3P.M... 4S 8P.M... 47 A.M... 4(1 4 P.M... 47 DP. M...47 M 4(1 0 P. M... 40 10 P M... 4(1 1920. 1919. 1D20. 1919 A. M... 42 07 0 P. M... 40 3* M 4(1 0.7 9 P. M... 47 ?" 1*. M... 49 47 12 Mid.... 45 84 Highest temperature, 49, at 2 P. M. Lowest temperature, 98, at 12:15 A. 51. Average temperature, 44. EVENTS TO-DAY. Mayor Hylan will run the first car at ths flclal reopening of the Midland Staten Isl(1 Itallway System under municipal opera* ,n. St. George, 2 P. M. Dinner to Ludwlg Nlssen, Hotel Astor, 7 M. Public meeting In support of the Chrlstman al Campaign of the New York Tuberculosl(soclatlon. Engineering Societies Audlto jni, 29 West Thirty-ninth street, 8:00 M. F'ormer pupils of St. Michael's Schools will rfect their organisation, 425 West Thirty Ird street, 8 30 P. M. rho Heal Estate Hoard of New York will rislder suggestions for reducing government penre, 217 Hroadway, 3 P. M. Lecture on "The Interpretation of Dreams , Suppressed Desires and Their Dream -atlflcatlon," by Andre Trldon, l.abor Teme, East Eodrteenth street and Second aveic, 8:30 P. M. Die American Federation of Arts Exhlbl- i >n of Prints, Sage Foundation Hulldlng, ISO ist Twenty-second rtreet, 10 A. M. to 0 M. ralks for Instructors for vocational schools r boys, "Ornament In Woodwork and Furture," William M. Ivl is, Jr., Metropolitan useum of Art, 4:15 P. M. Hnlny Day Club, social day, Hotel Astor, P M. Meeting, National Society of Patriotic Wont of America, Waldorf-Astoria. 2 P. M. J Bridge, Hebrejv Sheltering and Guardian , iclety, Waldorf-Astoria. 2 P. M. Meeting, Hrothcrbood bf Commercial Travel la, Waldorf-Astoria, 8 P. M. Meeting, Lithuania; Chamber of Commerce aldorf-Astorla, 10 A. M. Meeting, Philadelphia Textile Manufactui s Association, Waldorf-Astoria, 2 P. M. A meeting of the British Great War Vet ans Association of America will be held a e Seve ity-flrat Regiment Armory, 8:30 P. 1 All who served with British Empire forco:, irlng the wa>- are Invited. Musical, ways and means committee Worn 's Club. Hotel Pennsylva lia. 2 P. M. Kt wauls Club, luncheon. Hotel McAlpln. :80 P. M Dinner, Kaks & Co. employees, Hotel Mc pin, 7 P. M. Luncheon. Metropolitan Paper Bos Manueli'rera Association, Hotel McAlpln, 12:8<' ' M. 'UBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT. "Trend of the Times," hy Mr. George A 1 actings, at Public School (12. Hester and ' we* treats. "Trend of the Times," by Mr. Henry If. leln, at Cooper Union, Eighth street an turth avenue. } "Trend of the Times," by Sydney N. Us ier, at Labor Temple, southwest corne J >urteenth street and Second avenue, "Trend of the Times," by Prof. Nelson P ' ead. Ph. D., at Townsend Harris Hall ! dlege of the City of New York, Amsterdam enuo and t.lPth street. "The Hook of the Hmir," by Prof. J. C , irter Troop, Ph. D.. at New York Public hrary. Forty-second street and Fifth ave "Victorian Period," by Mrs. Angelina Com irt, at Central Jewish Institute, 12.1 East ghty-fifth street. Colored stereoptlco . ' ewe. "The Violin and Violin Music," by Mr jgust Wlngebach, at Hunter College, Ln , gton avenue and Sixty-eighth street. Illus- ? r>re<l with violin and piano. "What Music Means" by Miss M. Josephine Icthan, at Y. M. C. A., Harlem Rranch, IS est 125th street. The first of a course of ree lectures on "Mu-lc." "What Is an American?" by Dr. Harry ehb Harrington, at Pnblle School 40, Pros- ! ct avenue, Jennings street and Hitter pee. The Bronx. "Through Melanesia," by Mrs. Lillian H ! sher. at rubllc School 43, Brown place and rtth -tr>et, The Bronx. 'Past Peace protdems," by Major Colman Frahk, at Public School 40, 190th street, tween Balnbrlilge and Ilrlggs avenues, The , -on*. "The Period of the Spanish-American 1 ar," by Father Daniel C. Cunnlon, at , iblie School 47, Randolph street. Lawrence id Ucacli avonues, The Bronx. Stereoptlcon ews. "The Buslnos" Outlook" will bs the subject t addresses at ? luncheon meeting of the crchants Association at the Hotel A'tor. Dr. Josephine H. Kenyon will speak en Che New Idea of Health," under the aus- , L-ee of the Federation for child Study, at e Ethical Culture Meeting House, 2 West xty-fourth street, st 8:45 p. M. Die Society of Arts and Srlences will give dinner In honor of Sir Rablndranath Igore at the Hotel Astor In the evening. Norman Angcll will speak on "The (.treat itirlon and the War" In the Horace Mann ' udltorlum, Columbia University, at 8:tfi M. G. 0. P. PLURALITY 77,394. IHrlitl Maine Plgnres Show In* rresse In Hardin* Vote. Auouiita, Me., Nov. 30.?The Repub:nn Presidential electors had s plullt.v of 77,394 out of a tots) of 187,840 . the national election, according to the bulatlon of the official vote announced r the Governor and Council to-day. eoas wcitiipna nn ulncf Inn n I crht era if a them 1,333. The party totals were as follow*: cpubllcan. 133.855 ; Democratic. 58, It: Hlnele Tax. 810: Socialist. 3.819. the Associated l*ress t* esrlustveljr entltlPC the use for republication of nil news dps itches credited to It or not otherwise erllted In this paper and also the local we published herein. Alt rlsthts of republication of special do? itches hefeln are also reserve!.