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DEC -G 1920'
WEATHER FOE Rain to-day; colder in aft to-morrow fair and sor Highest temperature yesterd Detailed weather report will b< VOL. LXXXV.?NO. REPEAL OF EXCESS PROFITS TAX NOW FREELYPREDICTED Conservative Estimate ol Revenue Loss From This ing the Gap. COULD BOOST MAIL BATE Stamp Assessment and Increased Excise Tariff Among Other Plans Committee Will Consider. Tiik Xkw Touk Herald publishes herewith the first of a series of articles which will make plain the exact condition of affairs at Washington, together with the prospects for the future. These articles will deal with specific features of the general situation and uHth departmental conditions as well. The article published hcreivith has to do with the excess profits tax. Tomorrow's article will have the general fiscal situation as its subject. The articles will be published every day until the series is completed. Special Despatch tn Tub New York Herald. Washington, Dec. 4.?Every discussion one liears here of the taxatiqn revision programme of the Government appears to revolve uround the expected early repeal of the excess profits tax. There are some "whose opinions are worthy of earnest consideration who maintain that if for no other reason than because of its veryname the excess profits tax should remain on the statute books. But these persons appear to be in a hopeless minority. The sentiment, in ao far as it Can be gathered in advance of the actual debates, seems to be overwhelmingly for the abolition of this tax. Secretary of the Treasury Houston has joined with former Secretaries McAdoo and Glass, the three Treasury executives who have been charged with the administration of the tax, hi recommending its repeal. But the rejection of an item of revenue receipts from which for the current flscai year have been estimated at $1,300,000,000 demands careful consideration, particularly of the substitutes proposed to stop the financial gap. The opinion, however, Is general that the revenues from the excess profits tax for the next fiscal year, provided the tax remains in effect, will be far below, possibly not more than half of, the estimated returns for the current year. KlflfM Profits IIInq|iprarfng. (excess profits have dwindled, if not disappeared entirely, in the last year In industries from which tl* greatest contributions were received For this reason, and also because of . le pretty gen erai Deiiei mat tnc tax ltseir has been one of the greatest Incentives toward extravagance, the billion or more dollars of paper loss Incurred by Its repeal is not viewed with alarm. Among the chief reasons put forward for the repeal of the tax arc: \ ?It Is too complex and difficult of administration. The time consumed In arriving at a final determination of many of the returns is too great and produces an uncertainty In the business world which should not exist. 2 ?It has encouraged extravagance In business management by creating the Idea that almost any expenditure was warranted because, In reality, from 60 to 80 per cent, of such expenditure was borne by the Government. ?It requires so much Information and data from the taxpayer that a feeling of hostility against the tax readily arises and further complicates its administration. So much uncertainty may exist concerning the final amount of any assessment that frequently when cvnslon Is charged the trouble may lie In a. different construction of the law rather than In any attempt to defraud the Government. 4 ?It discriminates between different forms of organization which may be found In almost any Industry. it penalises the more conservative business corporations and puts a premium upon those whose capitalization had been Inflated prior to 1917. ?It unjustly Intimates that any profit of a corporation In excess of I per cent, is excessive, tending thus to create a dangerous social Implication In the public mind. g ?The definition of tnveated capital. upon which ltd exemption* and rate* are baaed, la tinaound. Tt Ignore* i eel value which has been created by conaervatlve bualne** management, and exclude* appreciation which may be due thereto. ?Ita productivity I* conatantly dlmlnlahlng and the future yield la too uncertain to permit It to be relied upon aa a definite menna of producing a given amount of revenue. Income Tax Modification. The above reaaona briefly *et forth the flndlnga of the tax committee of the National Induatrlal Conference Board with regard to the exceaa profit* tax. The committee had a* advi*er* euch authorities aa Dr. T. 8. Adama. Col. Robert H. Montgomery, A. K. Holcomb, ,T. F. Zoller, Otto H. Kahn, George E. Holmea and Profeaaor* FalrCovtinvrd on Twentp-nocond Pope. each the employing"ci*? <>f biMnene nil houaewlvee titrnugh * ItKft A1,1 > "gltna tlon Wanted" Ad.?Adv. mas trees or other greenery for Christmas decoration, which are i taken without the permission of the owner of the land, shall upon conviction for the offence have his license revoked. K HAGSWHY, HERE, SURE OF AI Huge Crowd Cheer Widow o: Cork Mayor at Pier and Along Fifth Avenue. TO TESTIFY WEDNESDAY Declares She and Husband A1 I ways Counted on U. S. to fliro Mftot W?lr?. ?? v '""r1 A slender, gray eyed young womai dressed In deep mourning, with masse; of black hair showing in ripples whei she threw back her heavy widow's veil and a well shaped pretty mouth whicl smiled engagingly from time to time disclosing perfect teeth, was the re cipient yesterday of one of the mosl enthusiastic demonstrations ever ac corded to a passenger debarking fronr an ocean liner in New York. She was Mrs. Muriel MacSwiney widow of Terence MacSwiney, Lore Mayor of Cork, who voluntarily starve* himself to death. Taking part in th< welcoming demonstration were som< ten thousand Irish friends and sym pathizers with the cause for whicl Mayor MacSwiney died and for whicl his young widow will live and work. Mrs. MacSwiney came to testify be fore the commission investigating con dltlons In Ireland. She went to the St Regis Hotel, where she will remalr until Wednesday, perhaps, before golni to TV aahlnirton t r? pfinfnr with t hp rrvm mission. She was induced to come t< this country by Oswald Garrison VII lard, editor of the \atioti and a mem ber of the committee. With his wlf< Mr. Villard will entertain the Irish vis itor in a manner befitting: her mourn lng state. Mrs. Henry Villard, mothei of Mr. Villard, was also at the pier t< meet Mrs. MacSwiney, and organized t committee to go down the bay on Frt day, when It was expected the CeltU of the White Star nine would dock, an<! also to make the trip again yesterday. City's Craft Convoy Celtic. It isn't every woman who can have ten or a dozen men take charge of hei luggage. Although the young widow travelled with four or five boxes, thh special committee, representative* ol the longshoremen's union, volunteered to see that each piece was safelj brought ashore and delivered to her al her hotel. Joseph Ryan, Interrtatlona vice-president of the union, headed the group, winch was composed of men ol Celtic name. The Celtic arrived too late Frldaj night to bo passed through Quarantine and she lay all night Just off Quarantine station. Karly yesterday mornlns the usuaJ examinations were made b> the health officers and immigration representatives, and the big vessel steamed up the bay convoyed by the police tug Patrol with more than 15< on board, many of whom nad gone down the bay the afternoon before to welcome Mrs. MacSwlney. Th? John F. lrylan also steamed down th? harbor to meet the liner. On board wai Grover Whalen, Commissioner of Plan* and Structures, representing Mayoi Hylan. On the Patrol were Mrs. Peter MacSwlney and her daughter and Mrs. Annlt MacSwlney Dixon, cousins ot. the lat? Lord Mayor. The convoy was a riot ol Irish colors, with which were Intermingled those of tho new "Republic ol India." And among the welcoming host were several men and women who ar? working for the freedom of their Oriental I country. Others on board were John D 1 Fitzgerald, president of the Cork Men'i Assoc lat on, who organized the Mac! Swlney memorial mass at St. Patrick'! ! Cathedral on Thanksgiving Day. By the time the Celtic reached Pier 80 * about 9:45 A'. M., thousrtrg'j of person) had gathered In West stpsjt and alont Twenty-third street, fror/ which polnti they hoped to catch a glimpse of Mrs MacSwlney. The young widow was th? first to step down the gangplank. Accompanying her wept Byrsn R. Newton Collector of the IWr. and II. D. Chesterbrook of the Collector's department, whe j had gone on board early to arrange for ' the prompt examination of Mrs. Macj Swiney's luggage. J. K Fawsott, selfstyled consul of the "Irish Republic,' I made the trip w-lth Mrs. MacSwlney. Another In the party was Miss Mary Mac; Swlney, sister of the lRte Mayor. Mlm MacSwlney, who Is much taller than the widow and much more robust looking. ! was also dressed In deep mourning. HE N1 NEW YOR EX-NAVY MAN HELD ON TELLING POUCE HE KILLEDWATERS John Reidy, Deserter, Is Said to Have Confessed Slaying in Hotel. HID IN TURKISH BATH Light on Gang That Preys on Strangers With Cash in White Light Region. | CLUES TO OTHER CRIMES Afnn Slnvs Prnm f'itv ? a Month and Kesumes His Haunts in Broadway. John Reidy, a deserter from the United States Navy, confessed last T night, according to Capt. John Coughlin, in charge of the detective bureau, that he killed Leeds Vaughan Waters, - grandson of Horace Waters, piano manufacturer, in the Plymouth Hotel, 257 West Thirty-eighth street, in a drunken brawl on November 3. Reidy, who told the police he was 24 years old, but looks scarcely 18. was i arrested after his story had leaked out s through men who have made a praci tlce, the police said, of "trimming" ; wealthy young man on Broadway. 1 Roland Noak, alias Herbert Kreb, was arrested with Reidy as a material " witness. Both are known to the police t and the stories they told may help to solve the murder of Frank Barber in 1 Central Park two weeks ago. Inspector Coughlln said. According to Reidy, as the police gave 1 out the alleged confession, he met 1 Waters in the subway station at Times 5 square at 4 o'clock on the morning of ^ November 3. Waters bought some rlnlnbn In n eotoan nti TT^i crh f V? <1 vanim anil they went to the Plymouth Hotel, where Waters registered as Talbert and Reldy as James Dunn. After they went to their room they began to quarrel, Reldy said, and he hit Waters on the head with a cane. Watera's head struck the bedpost as he fell and he died almost instantly. Returns to Rroadnsr Haunts. Reldy then covered Waters's body with a bed sheet and left the hotel. He went to East New York, where he lived for three days In ? Turkish bath. After this he lived In Jersey City until he thought It safe to return to his Broadway haunts. The arrest was made by Detective James J. Finn and Chief Inspector Thomas J. Shehan of the Naval Intelligence Service. Reldy said he had served about two [ years in the navy. He enlisted In Milwaukee and deserted from the battleship Arizona In New York Navy Yard on August 19, 1920. Since then, the police ! said, he told them he has been living in New York preying on strangers whose r acquaintance he made in the white light i district. f He and others, according to the poI lice, have made a profitable living In r this way. They confessed to robbing t men whom they had accompanied to ' hotels of as much as $1,500, Inspector ! Coughlln said. Re My took $8 from r Waters after he killed him, Coughlin said the prisoner admitted. The scuffle between Waters and Reidy caused a commotion in the Plymouth Hotel and a clerk went to the door of ' their room a few minutes after Waters wa8 killed. Reidy told the clerk there ' would be no more noise and he left without investigating. Waters's body ! was found the following morning. | Handwriting la Identlfled. The Identification of Reidy as James ? Dunn, who registered at the Plymouth ) *ith Waters, was made by John Carey, i clerk of the hotel, tteldy's handwriting t was compared with the signature in the register and completed the evidence against him, the police said. Waters was reputed to be a inillion aire. His body was Identified by Ben! Jamln R. Vaughan, a cousin, who said f Waters was about to go to Kngland, . where he was accustomed to pass the f winter. He came to New York from t Bronxvitle on election day to get the i election returns, Vaughan said. I Mr. Waters lived with his mother. Mrs. Horace Waters, at the (Iramatan , Hotel, Bronxville. The news of his . death was communicated to her by Mal, 1 coiin R. Ix>vell. a stock broker and presl! dent of the William A. Mills Brass Com| pany, who is a friend of the Waters family. Mr. Water# wns well known In Palm Beach and In l.ondon. In 1SIB? he married Elisabeth L. Blunc, better known ae Haroneaa Blunc, an act re**, considered then one of the most beautiful women In Philadelphia. They lived together for thirty-one days, when young Mrs. Waters returned to the atuge, subsequently obtaining a divorce. The Waters family home was at Bast Greenwich, R. I., but Mr. Waters was little known there, most of his time being given to travel. His father was one of the leading piano manufacturers of the country. The family Is one of the oldest and best known In Rhode Island. The Detective Bureau was elated last night, not only because the Waters mystery had been cleared but also from the fact that through the statements of Reldy and Noak they hope to solve some 1 of the other crime* that have been committed In this city recently. Reldy Is 1 , charged with homicide. Noak Is being j held as material witness. SECRETARY COLBY SAILS. ! Will Return Visits Here of Month American Kteriitlves. Nkwpoht Niwt, Va? Dec. 4. ? Balnbrldge Colby, Secretary of StAte. sailed I ! from Hampton Roads on the battleship i Florida to-day to return the visits to the | United States of Presidents Brum of ! Uruguay and Pessoa of Hrasll and to be the guest of the Argentine Government. | ft n rut n*r. n < ?on. Golf and all other sport*. Through Pullman. Penn , I;0R P. M. dally.?A dr. EWY( [OOFTRIOllT, 1920, BT THE K, SUNDAY, DECEMBE Wilson Walks to Prove He Can Deliver Speech Special Despatch to 'Cuts Naw Yobk Hhulc. New York Herald Bureau, j Wanlllnjctoll, It. ('. Iter. 4. S WHETHER President Wilson will make his last regular message to Congress the occasion of a dramatic appearance in the hall of the House of Representatives next Tuesday will not be made known until the Joint Congressional Committee calls at the White House Monday afternoon to notify him that Congress is in session. Mr. Wilson is said to have been doing an extra amount of walking through the White House corridors to convince Dr. Grayson that he is able to deliver the speech, but the general belief is that he will not do so. V / nrm n/unrrrrn md i n f\UV IOC.K.Z KJiy ALASKA CHOSEN BY WILSON New Interdepartment Plan Formed for Efficiency. Washington, Dec. 4.?To coordinate Federal activities dentin a with Alaskan problems President Wilson lias authorlied the creation of an Interdepartmental committee on Alaska, Intended to be permanent, made up of a representative of each Government department concerned. Secretary Payne announced to-day that the committee would be composed of Major Clarence O. Sherrlll, War Pepartment; James C. Corrldon, Post Office; George A. Parks, Interior; K. A Sherman, Agriculture; Dr. Hugh M. Smith, Commerce; H. V. Saint. Shipping Board ; O. C. Merrill, Federal Power Commission, and Gov. Rlggs of Alaska. "In view of the work of the different departments in dealing with Alaska," President Wilson's letter authorising the committee said, "I approve the formation of nn Interdepartmental commlt. tee. The function of the committee Is to coordinate and bring together facts and fiff...llni' Alaska and make recommendation* foi definite action to the department charged with the particular function, to the end that duplication may be avoided nnd ef\ flcleney secured. "While the work of the committee I* advisory, It is believed that bv bringing together all available Information and providing for an exchange of views by representative* of the different departments much of the difficulty now experienced In dealing with Alaskan affairs will be obviated and speedy and Intelligent cooperative aetlon sei ured." SEEK A LAW TO HALT MAKING OF HIGH HEELS Osteopaths in Massachusetts Attach Lollypops Also. HoBTOK, Dec. 4 A ban on high heel* i such as never carried a Puritan or 1 Pilgrim ancestress to church Is to r>? sought from the Legislature by the Massachusetts Osteopathic Society. Announcement that the society would Introduce a hill to stop the high heel at Its source#~-the manufacturer?wts made at Its nineteenth annual convention to-day. ' Or. R. Kendrick Smith of llrookllne, who read ? paper on "High Heels a Crime," told his associates that the advent of woman suffrage hail given to the society courage to propose a bill prohibiting the manufacture, sale and wearing of heels more than one and one-half Inches In height. The fad of sucking lollypops was attacked. "The lollypop Is not n had piece of physical enjoyment." said Dr. Robert H. Veltoh of Medford, "were It not for the danger of functional derangement of the stomachs of our school | pupils and others by Its excessive use." 0' )RK K SUN-HERALD CORPORATIO 'P C 1 QQA ENTERED AS BE rflV Of X.ULt\J. POST OFFICE, hardingappU PftP Din I QIIDDAD^ run i uuu uuiiv/iiJ OF EVERY crnzH Receives Welcome Home o Presidential Size and Make Several Brief Addresses. COHESION MAIN THEM! He Would Have Americ Great Maritime Nation With Adequate Navy. HONORKI) BV SERVICE President-Elect Proceeds t Bedford, Va., to Speak Today at Elks Home. Hpteial Umpatrtt to The New Yobk Hfjral Norfolk, Va-, Dec. 4.?Journeyin to-night toward Bedford in this Stat where the Benevolent Protective Oi der of Elks maintain t home for the aged and infirm, and where he wl make a memorial address to-morrow President-elect Harding is keen! aware that his vacation is over ar that once more he is in the swirl < practical American life and facing tt great tasks he was appointed to shou der. The transition from the unhurrie unworried existence of sea voyage an pleasant adventuring in strange lane was sudden and complete. Senate Harding again is in the land of prou and desperately energetic local con mittees, of brass bands, of hungr politicians and ambitious men of man degrees, of swift functioning teW graphs and of Jobs that must t tackled and policies to solve. Not for one moment in this crowde day was he permitted to forget th? he is no longer a mere cog in the ma chinery of government, for here withi the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay mi nicipalities, the people and even th navy and the army extended to hit the honors that are reserved for President. Series of K?notion*. From the hour?9 in the morning that he landed at Newpoprt News froi the L'nited Fruit liner Pastores unt he boarded his train for Bedford at 1 o'clock to-night Senator Harding wi the centre of a succession of formal er tertainments and informal reception There were occasions for four'speeche for a luncheon and a dinner, for an it spection of the navy yard at Porti mouth, the naval base at Hampto Roads, the army base and the vast plat of the Newport News Dry Dock an Shipbuilding Company, and for a serit of automobile drives which thorough! exhibited to him the peculiar merits < the harbor. It was the busiest day sper by Senator Harding since the heat < hie campaign for the Presidency. The message he had for the people ( Newport News and Norfolk and thrnug them to alt the United States dealt wit large questions that Senator Hardin already ha? revealed in his Interest 1 national defence, foreign relations, th upbuilding of foreign trade and the n? cessity for teamwork if the problem now awaiting solution are satlsfactoril to be solved, I'osslbly the most Important thing h said in the course of the day was aboc this necessity for whole hearted coor eratlon on the i>art of all the people. H made it clear that In his opinion no sir gle human being contains genius enougl energy enough, to put through the rt construction demanded, and that th task Is a task for all the people as we as for the President they had chosen. No Man Mast Re Remiss. "The humblest cltlsen of the Republi ran do his part," the Senator said mor than once to-day. "So man must b remiss In the performance of this dut> and I crave your help, my countrymen. There was hearty applause when h said hie Administration never will los touch with the people and that one o Its principal alms will be to restore tru democratic government, keenly senslbl | to the popular will. In the Academy of Muah In Newpor News nt noon Senator Harding was In troduced to a large audience by Representative Bland (Dem., Va). After reference to his visit to the Pansm ("anal Mr. Harding spoke of the devt-1 opment of the merchant marine, a topi of special Interest to this community. "I do not believe," he said, "that an nation sver wrote a particularly tirlllian page In the nistory of the world excep as It was eminent on the high sea.(Snly a mistaken policy ever allowed ou merchant marine to recede. Amerlc must be a nation of shipbuilders an hip operators on all the high seas. W are Just from Panama, where we sa< the miracle wrought when America; genius dug a channel across the Isthmui The still/greater thing for us to arhiev Is to make America a maritime na tlon." Touches on Dlsnrinnnient. Tn several speeches he touched on th question of disarmament, saying "No one knows precisely what t< morrow tna.v be, but I hnve an abldln conviction that the heart of Amerl- a I right and that the courage of Amerlla equal to every task before us I be llfiVii a /M ilgw h-anliln.l ? Mr. Hickey was riding beside his wife when the accident occurred. They were proceeding north in the west bridle path and had reached of point opposite 102d street when Mrs. Hickey'a horse, apparently frightened' oy an automobile in the driveway, S reared. Mrs. Hickey slipped from the back of the animal and fell to the ground, but her foot caught in the 0 stirrup. The animal then started to run away, dragging Mrs. Hickey along the ground for more than a hundred feet. Policeman Daniel Galvin of the Arsenal station, standing near the 103d ^ street entrance, saw Mrs. Hickey fall. 1 MOONSHINERS ARE i KILLED BY RAIDERS ie i- Nine Also Captured and Five j Whiskey Stills Destroyed in Eastern Kentucky. is ? >r d REVENUE MEN UNHURT i > 1.000 Shots Fired in Buttle? ^ Culprits Who Escape Are Being: Chased. id it t. I.bxinoton, Ky., Dec. 4.?Nine moonn shiners were captured and a number of others are believed to have been le killed or wounded in a battle between ? thirty moonshiners and four United a States revenue officers in the southern part of Hell county, near the Tennessee border, according to reports received here to-night by U. G. McFar_ lund, chief prohibition agent11 None of the Government officers was j Injured, although more than 1,000 shots j were flre<l Five stills were destroved. I The Government forces were headed b. by Steve Cornett and Charles Winfrey, s. prohibition agents. The prisoners will ? be taken to Pineville to-morrow. '* The scene of the battle is in one of n the wildest sections of the eastern Kenit tucky mountains. First reports of the d fighting came in a despatch from Pine's ville, which said heavy firing had been > heard in the southern part of the county. >f The moonshiners who escaped fled into it tho mountains with Federal ngents in >f pursuit. The Government agents left Holden. Trnn.. the nearest railway point. ,( Friday morning. h Plans for the raid were made during h the term of Circuit Court which closed K in London,' Ky., a week ago. For more n than two years the moonshiners of that 1(, section of the State. known to residents as "South America." have been growing 19 bolder In their operations. U. G. MrFarland. chief prohibition agent, stated to-night when Informed of the battle. p No raids had been made In that sec|t tion In several years, and it was decided at the Ixindon conference to break up | e the traffic there. ; 35 KENTUCKY BARRELS CONTAIN ONLY WATER 11 California Grangers Find Real Prohibition Liquor. San Francisco, Dec. 4.?Regauging e of the liquor In bonded warehouses In San Francisco has revealed that thlrty. five barrels supposed to contain whiskey . valued at about. $70,000, were filled with e water, It was announced to-day by ,, Justus S. "Wardell, Collector of Internal f Revenue. About 7,000 barrels out of 0 10,500 have been regauged. he said. ? The thlrty-flve barrels were shipped here from Kentucky distilleries. Wardell t said he believed the substitution was _ made before the barrels reached the local warehouse. * 3 TARS, SEEKING KICK, DOWN 45 MINCE PIES C ______ End Up at Police Station, Juft Like Old Days. it 1 ? 1 xenial lifspatih to Tine New Yi,hk Kmui.0. f Chicago, Dec. 4.?Wllllatn Davis, Miii hue I fonroy and James Ahern of l?c'1 trolt Jolly ihis. landed in South Chicago " late last night on shore leave from their ! coal tioats and set out for a rip roaring " good time. Capt. Joe Collins had damped the lid ii tight, and It looked like a dry time. Suddenly one tar rememberrd a newspaper clipping he had saved for Just such an emergency, and upon consulting e it fhiv aiiit out in March of tvilnce til, which the clipping noid hud an awful " kick. 11 At 2 o'clock thin morning, after having ( eaten fifteen pica each tliey were ar,l rated for dlaorderly condui t. Arraigned befora Judg - Labuy thin morning. the> told their ntnry, and the Judge thought 1 it nuoh a rattling good one that he fined 1 them ft each and nent them back to th'lr boats asm LBTI M VSM oism e WlLLUMWMK'l, V?.. L>ec. 4.?Sir Auckland Oeddeg. Brltlali Ambnnaador, ? ?:? Initiated to-night Into the mother chap1 ter of the Phi Heta Kappa, larg-at and ? oldeat of all Greek letter frat -rnltlea. He van the prlnchml orator of the cele. bration of tne t44tli annlvera.i>v of the founding of the noctety at the College | of William gnd Mary here. i I "HAVANA aprt IAI.." Only Direct Through I I train Atlantic f!nn?f I.Ire <Vflc?, i"4g | Hroadnay. Tel. (.ongarre ."?aar> ? AH< . V J He ran onto the bridle path, leaped and caught the horse by the'bit. The horse dragged the policeman several feet. Mr. Hickey had jumped from his saddle as his wife fell. He disentagled her foot from the stirrup and pleaded with Galvin to hurry for a physician. The policeman started up the bridle path and hailed several automobiles but none of them heeded his slgnalj Finally Mrs. Clarence N. Chauncey of 116 East Fifty-eighth street saw that there has been an accident and ordered her chauffeur to stop. Mrs. Hickey was lifted Into the car and she was taken to Park Hospital, In Central Park West, where Dr. Cox pronounced her dead. The horse Mrs. Hickey was riding is the property of her husband and is a high spirited animal. Mr. Hickey lives in the annex of the Montana Apartments, 375 Park avenue. KNOX IS URGED NOT mA rnimi in rt i nnrrm iv mm uabimt Appointment of His Successor Would Aid Gov. Sproul at Penrose's Expense. OLIGARCHY' CRY HEEDED G. 0. P. Leaders Convinced Harding Aids Should Come From Outside Senate. Special Despatch to Tub Nbw York Hbbald. ?w York llrrnlri Ilurrati, ? WnxlilnRton. I>. C. Ilff. 4. > There is little likelihood of any member of the Senate becoming a member of the Harding Cabinet, according to Senate sources of information of the most reliable nature. The suggestion often repeated that Senator Knox (Pa.) should be made Secretary of State again has been regarded until now as almost in the class of certainties. However, the statement by Senator Penrose (Pa.) urging that Senator Knox remain in the Senate is looked upon as spiking this possibility. Pennsylvania politics doubtless is responsible for this turn of affairs. It was pointed out that In the event of Senator Knox leaving the Senate the appoointment of a successor would rest In the hands of Gov. Sprout, Senator Penrose's chief rival for control of State politics, and evidently Senator Penrose feels that this would put too much power In the Governor's hands. Back of the desire to keep all Republican Senators In their present positions Is recognition by the Republican leaders that the cry of control of the Republican tnllon on duty here to put out the flames. for a time Intense excitement prevailed, hut when It became known that ft prisoner accldentftlly had eel fire to his blankets the soldiers were returned to quarter* and the people went home. Adjutant-General Jacknon Morris of Kentucky, who reached here yesterday, had a Ionic conference with Col. Herman Hall, commanding the federal troop* In Mingo county. Den. Morrl* *hI<1 he hud come here to ad first hand Information of the situation a Ionic the Tug fllver. which here form* the boundary between Kentucky and West Virginia He also said he would look Into the activities of Tike count> deputy sheriffs In the Kentucky strike region. DEBS PETITION WILL HAVE MILLION NAMES London Will Present It to Congress Next Year. CHirmo. Dec .?One of the first official acts of Meyer Tfondon. Socialist Hep rnsentatlve- elect. New York. In Congress next year will be to present a petition signed by more than 1.000,000 cltlscn* requesting the release of Eugene V. Deb? from the federal prison at Atlanta, according to an announcement made tonight by members of the National Socialist Committee. Deb* Is serving a term for violation of the espionage act. The committee will hear and read the petition to-morrow when Meyer Tendon and Theodore Debs, brother of Eugene V. Debs, will arrive from New York. Uaugh -sob?thrill at "OVEIt THE mi l. " I YEW.-THICK TO l? A v.-4-f . Small Nations for Protection, STRUCTURE IS TOTTERING Leon Bourgeois Admits Council Is Impotent to Use Effective Weapons Against Soviet Russia. By LAl'RENCE HILLS. Special Cable to The New Yohk Hjcbalo. I Copyright. 1920, by Tub New Yobk Hekair. Geneva, Dec. 4?This Dengue of NaI tloris structure, produced largely by President Wilson's own hands In Paris, Is to-night rocking on its foundations under the blasts which came to-day from the two American continents. The Argentine Republic, in a note uont tn "Paul Hi'mnns nretiident of thft j assembly, to-night, threw down the -hallenge that unless her proposals >r changes In the covenant, including I tne demand for the admission forth! with of all sovereign States, were adopted at this meeting she would withdraw from the league, her deletion headed by Honorio Pueyrredon, her Foreign Minister, having withdrawn to-day from the assembly pending an answer to her challenge. Canada, responsive to her big neighbor's objections, as well as her own, and dissatisfied with the halting policy here toward changes in the covenant. i moved in the assembly to-day to cut out the "heart of the covenant," Article X., here and now, as being conceived in iniquity, unfair to the small nations and a piece of humbuggery, to use the words of Mr. Charles .T. Doherty, Canadian Minister of Justice and proposer of the resolution. It was referred to the committee on amendments. I Protest \Knlnnt Dnmlmncf. Both demands spring from the sam* ' general causes and have the same object, namely, to obtain Immediate revision of the Paris covenant aa having been framed by President Wilson and his hi* Power associates without proper consideration for the rights and Interests of the smaller nations. They are made aa a protest against the control the big nations have exercised here, through tha unanimity rule and their domination of the council, to confine the assembly's action to harmless discussions, and to postpone changes and present decisions in all matters vital to their Intcres'.s, disputing in the meantime the assembly's power over the council. Canada stepped out beside Argentina j to-day In asserting her independence, I but Argentina's action appeared mors serious to-night, because she has al| ready withdrawn from the meeting hers and also because other South American States may follow her if she leaves the league. Thus the league at last stands tottering, its weaknesses, pointed out first by the American Senate, now demonstrated to the disgust of Its members In the very first experiments of this assembly. Demands of Argentina. Argentina, and even Canada, are admitting that they, like America, havs nothing to lose, even If they are not In this league, and Insist upon changes In the covenant, Argentina taking up her position now beside the United States These are her demands: 1. That all sovereign States, notably Germany, be admitted to league membership In such manner that If they <lo not become members It will be by their own action and not by that of the league. 2. That the States nhlch have not been delimited be admitted In a consultative capacity. : i nal tne international conn om given immediately compulsory Jurisdiction. 4. That the council be democratized through elections In a rotary manner) which will (rive each State membership. In the council Inside of thirty years. t In the note sent to President Hymana, | Argentina says the obtaining of amend- | ments to the covenant was the chief purpose for which she sent a delegation here. Argentina not naving been consulted in the formation of the pact. The note, which was signed by Senor ! Pueyrredon, ssld that the action taken on amendments and rules demonstrated the futility of the Argentine hopes, and "In consequence and in accord with Instructions from my government I hat? the honor to inform the president of the assembly, and through him the assembly, that the Argentine delegation conI aiders Its mission terminated." "Itoes Argentina withdraw from tha league?" .kenor Pueyrredon was asked i to-night. "You can gather vour own conelusions." he replied "They have tried to build the top of the house before thajr build the basement." Situation Is feverish. The situation here to-night resemble* the feverish days of the Peace Conference In Paris. The desperate attempts by President Hymans to save the situation failed, although he promised reconsideration of the amendments question by the next session, but even by this was unable to prevent Argentina's ultimatum league enthusiasts are "running