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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, December 09, 1920, Image 1

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' <s V 1 3 S
Partly cloudy to-day, p
x snow; fair to-rr
Highest temperature yesterc
Detailed weather reporta will be tou
minuiLdiiui nil 11
Joseph irlui'k Says 'Nicky'
Keceived Bonds From Him
in Washington.
Nick Cohen, Who Accompanied
Tliem. Was In on
Deal, He Testifies.
Witness Says r>oolin?- Has
Made Promises to Many to
<V.v. -I/.*
< iiiiuu .vi iisii iii.
Special Despatch to The New Yobk Hiiuld.
Nw York llrruli) Hurrnn. I
Washington, D. Dee. 8. i
Joseph Gluek, Wall street messenger.
under indictment in connection
with the $5,000,000 bond thefts, was
the principal witness for the Government
to-day at the trial of Jules W.
"Nicky" Arnsteln. and the other defendants
under indictment here on
charges of conspiracy to transport
stolen securities into the District of
Gluck turned State's evidence and
told the Jury before Justice Oould in
criminal court how the stolen bonds
were taken to Washington by Arnsteln,
the witness himself, and Isadore
"Nick" Cohen, who thus far has eluded
His testimony came as the climax to
a series of revelations of immunity alleged
to have been promised to the
offenders by the New York District
Attorney if thev would e-ive evidence
which would tend to convict Arnstein.
Gluck told how the bonds were
turned over by him to Arnstein .ind
Cohen and taken to Washington, win e
they were placed In local bank r as
collateral for large loans advan< ed to
the firm of Sullivan & Co., 10 Broadway,
Xew York.
"ny? Ida Share Wn fl.oOO.
The witness Identified David W, Sullivan,
former head of Sullivan * Co., aa
the man who met Arnstein at the Pennsylvania
Station In Xew York In October.
1910, and conferred at great length
over the .stolen securities.
Cluck said the party then entered a
iraln for Washington, where the securities
were turned over to file local
dices of Sullivan & Go. He said lie rc
clvad J 1,000 for his share of the booty,
hut that Cohen later borrowed $300
from him. He did net get a chance to
say what other funds or stocks were
iatiiina/1 ?a him . fr.- Tiif.tl.va An
dered adjournment until to-morrow.
Although Gluck wu Interrupted several
times by attorneys who clashed ovor
the propriety of admitting certain of his
statements to evidence, the story he told
tan approximately as follows:
"My name Is Joseph Gluck. 1 live In
The Bronx, New York city. I knew Arnstein
as 'George' and was introduced to
him by Nick Cohen. I met Arnstein in
New York the same day the bonds were
reported stolen. It was at the Wellington
llotel. I went there with Cohen. He
told me ho had an appointment with a
gentleman and 1 was to wait In the
lobby for him. After a few minutes a
gentleman came in and stopped before
Cohen. It proved to be Arnstein. I
thought his name was 'George' and knew
him by no other name. Once during that
day 1 had been to a broker's office. I
showed the securities and bonds that I
had to a Mr. McKetrtck. He said,
'Won't there be an awful holler about
this?* I said '1 don't know about It But
1 hope not'
"Then Cohen and I went to a Mr.
Hogan's office. This was before I had
met Arnstein In the hotel. The stocks I
had got from tny brother. Irving Gluck.
who also has been promised immunity rr
he tells all that he knows. He Is in
Tombs prison now. It was the evening
of the day that I met Arnstein. I met
him In a cafe. Mr. Arnstein was there.
i onin asueo me hooui tne securities. 1
gave him 100 shares of Het&U Stores. I
had other atocka but did not part with
them. Cohen and Arnatein went off together.
I waa told to get ready to leave
for Baltimore at 1 o'clock. It waa then
about 11:25 P. M. 1 met Cohen later by
appointment and aaw Arnatein with him.
It waa in a saloon. Arnatein called a
i ub. We got In and told the driver to
go to Pennsylvania Station. I held In
my hand the bag In which the securities
unci bonds were placed. I went ahead In
front of Arnatein when we got to the
station, and Cohen bought the tickets.
Arnatein furnished him with the money.
1 stayed back and presently we walked
down to the train ahad.
Delivered Bonds In Washington,
"The porter wanted to get my bag.
but T refused to let him have It. 1 held
onto It and when we were In the drawing
room of the Pullman Cohen told Arnatein
he was sure the bonds were goodi Arnstcln
sold he wanted to be shown, so the
bag ws* opened and the securities were
dumped out. Amsteln looked at the signatures
and said they were good.
"Next morning 1 got up at about $
o'clock. Cohen was awake. Ha told me
io go out for some breakfast and meet
Mm and Amsteln at the New Wlllard
Hotel. Thin was In Washington, although
1 thought we were going to Baltimore.
I went to the hotel and they
were there. They asked me for the bag
?a*tn and I gave It to them, limy took
ut the securities and handed the bag
bS'-k to me. 1 checked it again and wo
< ent to the Tlnletgh for lunoh.
"After lunch we called a cab and
Cohen handed me a thousand dollars In
Continued on Jiiwth Page.
furnished Rooms, Houses and Apartments
dverttsed "Pet Meat" la TtoffmALo are
pretty sure IsbsBMs ?fe lulMtie gja^
f 6 DEC 10 1920
lECAST. fTT^ 1
robably rain or I
lorrow. J J
'ay. 40; lowest, 29.
nd on Editorial pas*.
)1?DAILY. 4+f*
Cambridge Denies Full
Membership to Women
J^ONDON, Dec. 8.?Cambridge
University to-day by a vot6
of 904 to 1,712. refused women
! full membership in the univeri
sity on equal terms with the men.
Most of the other universities.
including Oxford, have already
granted full membership to
women, and the decision to-day
means that women attending
Cambridge University, who are
present at the same lectures and
take the same honors and examinations
as the men, are still
prevented from taking degrees.
Among the arguments employed
by the opponents of the women
are that the university would
become overcrowded and that
Oxford already regrets having
granted women full membership.
Cambridge wants women to have
their own university.
Denies Wave of Lawlessness
' Sweeps City and Gives Figures
to Back Him.
; General Burglary Insurance
Not Raised Here, as in
Some Other Cities.
Richard R. Enrlght, Police t'omniissioner,
issued a long statement last
night in which tie defended the Police
Department against attacks made upon
It from various sources, and in which
he denied vigorously that there hud been
a crime wave in the city, or that the
police had been negligent and inefficient
In their duty.
'The crime records of this department."
says the statement, "show that
so far us the four important crimes
against nersons and property are concerned
there has been no inciease In
crime. In fnct, there lias been a subI
stantial decrease over conditions exlst|
lng during the previous five years."
| To substantiate this statement Mr.
! Enrlght gives figures, which ho says
are taken from the records of the department.
showing tiiat In 1915 there
were 15.S85 cases of the four Important
crimes?murder, felonious assault, assault
and robbery and burglary?against
10,614 in 1920. In 1916. the statement say*,
there were 14,431 cages of theae crimes
and In 1919 11,292. These figures do not
Include, Mr. Enright points out. the
thirty-nine persons killed In the Wall
; street explosion.
"T! e Police Commissioner," says Mr.
| Enrlght, "has been criticised for relnj
stating men tvho were dismissed from
I the sorvlce by previous Police Comi
mlesioners. The total number xeln;
stated during the past three years of
this administration was forty-three.
They failed to state, however, that
during the last two years and a half of
the Mltchel administration thirty-one
members of the force were reinstated,
but of course things which were entirely
proper during that administration are
not considered at all proper during the
present administration. T might say In
passing that many of those men. who
had rendered good service tor fifteen
or twenty years, were dismissed from
the department for comparatively trivial
offences, and many of them to satisfy
personal grudges.
"I have the written statement of an
oflVcer of the Casualty and Surety Company
of New York that there has been
no recent Increase In burglary Insurance
rates In this city excepting an additional
9fi n?r cent ner thousand for pollc.es
amounting to $1,000 or less. In other
cities, such as Cleveland, Toledo, Detroit.
Chicago and St. Lout*, there baa been
an Increase In rates for residence burglary
Insurance from $27.50 to $40, and
on apartment house Insurance there has
been an Increase from $30 to $60."
formed in europe
Serbia Agrees to Protect It
From Hungary.
VtaNNA, Dec. S.?The Funfktrchen district,
105 miles southwest of Budapest,
which was awarded to Hungary by the
pence treaty, hns been declared the Republic
of Baranya, under the protection'
nt Serbia, which promises military aid In
the evont that Hungary attempts to occupy
the district
Proclamation of the republic followed
extended conferences between the BelI
grade Government and the formr Hungarian
Ministers, Jaskl and Dlndncr, despatches
from Agrarti ndd.
Ixing smoldering discontent among
Croatlana against Perblan rule hns resulted
In a declaration by the newly
elected assemblymen of the Hadhal party
that they will proclaim the Independent
Croatian I'easant Republic, it Is said In
another despatch from Agram.
mexican bandits slain
by their chieftains
??. '
Refused to Wreck Train
Carrying Americans.
Ban Antonio. Texas. Dec g.-AccordInjr
to Information broujrht hen* to?c?*\
by a mnrhmnn, Mexican bnndlts. who
worn ordered to wreck and loot n special
i train carrylog American visitors returning
from Mexico city, where they
1 attended the Inauguration of Oen. Obregon
ax President, were executed by
their chieftains when they refused to
carry out the plot.
The holdup waa to have taken place
In the State of Coahulla.
r?iiT.ADKi.nriA. Dec. k?Senator Penrose
left here to-day for Atlantic City,
| where he will rest for a week or more.
| He was accompanied by hla secretary.
Leigh ton C. Taylor.
The Senator appeared In good health
aa he left hla home. Hla atep wm> firm
and thare waa a Unfa of color In hia
ohaeka ^ ^
? ^ i
No Amnesty, Surrender of 0
Arms and Abandonment !
of Republic Demanded.
Sir Hamar Greenwood and A
Sir .John Anderson Con- |
fer With Premier.
; Sinn Fein Determined to Hc-jOl
I ject Fir-.t Two Conditions and '
i i
Save Michael Collins.
Special i aoir to Tiik Nnr York IImuid. i
Copyright, tby Tnr Xnw Yon; IIr.i i.u.
Now York ll'rrlil Itn-iin. I
l .iuiilo i. Dec, X, i '
The hopes of Irish peace have been
' shattered again upon the rocks of the mi
. Irreconrllability of botii sides. It is j to'
; stated semi-ofHcially here following the | * a
I Cabinet meeting to-day that the Gov- ^'e
! ernment's terms include 110 amnesty.
tlie surrender of all arms, and the | ra
abandonriient of the demand for a He- '
public for Ireland. ' na
The correspondent of Thk Xew ' aK
York Herald is informed through di- no
reot channels that Sinn Fein irlll not If>
acceDt the first two terms and that it st:
Is confident it will be backed by the ! ?r
entire Irish people In Its refusal. I ae
Inclusion of no amnesty and the I
surrender of arms came after Lloyd ! f,,:
George had been talked to. not only by i
Sir Hamar Greenwood. Chief Secre-1 p?
tary for Ireland but by Sir John An- I
derson. political head at Dublin Castle I ro
and a military official whose name cannot
be mentioned. Those men refused m'
under any circumstances to have anything
to do with any plan which would 'n
permit Michael Collins and other chiefs V*
of what the Castle calls "the murder ar
gang" to escape the net that the Castle Wl
believes is rapidly closing around them. ^5
l'rum Sense of Duty.
Sinn Fein and the bulk of Irish opinion
will not consent to the surrender of n,f
Collins, et al. to the mercies of the
I British military tribunals because even ,
' If they believe the activist leaders are
responsible for such outrages a* the !
I slaughter of British officers lo Dublin 1 fei
j they believe they did It a* their duty in | l'?
! their war against an alien enemy. ' *r
Father CVFIanagan's telegram was be- j re'
fore the Cabinet to-day, and while no ?D
formal reply la yet foreshadowed It U R*
stated on good authority that when such
a reply Is made it will first demand
O'Flanagan's credentials and then lay by
down Jhe above conditions of treating th
with him further.
There is no doubt that l.loyd George co
himself Is willing to accept the eondl- Ai
ttons outlined heretofore, providing for re
the summoning of the Dail Elrann, the
Sinn Fein Parliament, and testing Its mi
powers to effectuate a truce, but he ha j -vl
been overruled by the element repre-! In
anted at Dublin Castle and the Cursor.- ?o
lie majority on the Coalition benches In Cj
the House of Commons. tei
It Is further predicted by both sides on
here to-night that the reault will be a <jc
recrudescence of violence in Ireland of
a scoix? and bitterness hitherto unpreco- fh
dented. The Castle believes It lias the po
Sinn Fein on the run, and the Sinn Fein ga
believes all Its msmbers must stand to- br
gcther now or never. pe
Aievr Korns of Reprisal. th
From Cork la reported the outbreak "r
nf a farm of reDrlsal there?auxll- **
lories setting whips from Jaunting cars
and driving the crowds before them In "
order to make Bearche?.
. ca
Commenting in this connection on the
I publication of the Government terms, a
I man who reflects representative opinion
j here to-night told the correspondent of t0.
Tub Nbw York IIkraj.d: "If Lloyd
I George asks Father O'Flanagan to sur- | pl.
! render the men Dublin Castle says are < (n
guilty of the killings, O'Flanagan might fol
as well reply with a demand that Lloyd y,
George surrender to Irish Justice the ,jli
Black and Tan auxiliaries who. as 0|,
' against the killing of fourteen British th
officers In Dublin, assassinated sixty- ex
three Irishmen, young and old. some
! crippled and Invalided, before Dublin's t |f
' bloody Sunday." ag
This man then produced a copy of the i of
I Irish Bulletin. the Sinn Fein propaganda th.
I Sheet, which enumerates fifty-three "de- do
liberate murders of men nnd boys se- | va
lected to be murdered and says tic
, the list docs not include eighty- otl
two ' casual killings'- by the military ( hej
I and police this year. The list begins , In
\ with Thomas McCurtain, I/ord Mayor cl?
of Cork, who a coroner's jury found had : cot
j been killed by "police." a verdict In . wh
which all Ireland, at least, believes, and cot
j ends with Father Orltten of Oalway. na
This man further states that ty-eland
will not agree to surrender arms because a
Ireland known not only about the open I if
, enllstmctV of Carsonttes as special ' 1
armed police In Ulster, but has Informa- | st?
Hon that the Ulster Volunteers ar- | tin
! equally well organised under cover.
Ireland was Willing, he said, on the | me
other hand, to renounce the demand for ' j j.
aheolutc independence, but the British wn
press has failed consistently to present Ca
the Irish views of the situation ana 4>B,
British opinion Is feel exclusively from ?f(
Dublin C'estle and Is sure to back up , ter
| bioyn ur*iri<", acuiu iiiiik iw uim man.
'Question of Expediency,'
Honor Law Tells Commons, an
flj, lit AnoorintrH Vrtto. , th<
IXJN'nox, Dae. .?Tha Itritiah Ooverr- *~r
ment i* confidarin* whathor it will ri ...
i . ahl
Contin?m4 on fourth Pag*. . Th
? ? /1 . i1,..... b
PPUNIUOU un?"M IU Willi- p
oil's Effort to Dominate ?]
the Assembly. f
ttenipt to Create New Bureaus
Arouses Alitor of jyi
British Colonists. ill
Id World Statesmen Shocked I
by Latest Attack in Geneva
pn al < iil.fr I? Tub Nr?v York Heilu.d. i |\ |
iiyriithl. tuto. hi/ Tub New York .'I:: u r> I
Geneva, Dec. 8.?European states- 1
mship received another sharp blast j?,|
-day; The explosion came again from
.pacta. whose independence of Euro- C(
on traditions and of the control of
e mother country, Great Britain, is
pidly becoming one of the leading
iturr: of this meeting. The Ca- syr
.dian blast to-day was directed 1 <
ainst the idea that the world's eco- tht
>mio and political affairs are to be He
gulated hereafter by European for
itesoraft, exercised through all kinds to
committees In conference under the th<
gis of the League of Nations. I Oil
In fact. Canada went further and tju
iplied her blast to the league Itself. | sej
"The people of Canada are not pre- ! I
red to turn over the question of ha
allng wilh these problems to a Ku- , dr<
nnnn lenene or a Eiirnnean commit- ! m:i
e." .said Newton Wesley Rowell, for- ( nir
prly President of the Canadian Privy ! inf
tuncll. Mr. Rowell then pointed out joi
a manner that chocked the Euro- hit
ans that it was their diplomacy and yP.
nbition which had drenched the an
arid with blood and burled 50,000
tnadian soldiers In its wreckage. (n
Arthur J. Ualfour and H. A. L. an
Isher. British delegates, were plainly thi
Hounded by Mr. Rowell's denuncia- <
jns. but made no attempt to reply. ?t
Canada's Protest Cne*?ected. i|(
Canada's protect was an unexpected to
aturc of to-day's seyyion. removing fcr t?
e first time the "rubber stamp" char- Ko
tcr of the proceedings incident to the ,
ception of tho committee reports and
>emng me wgj ior umci jm ?w?h j vej
;alnst the (ontrol exercised by some of, gpC
e Powers ' ^ej
That revolt Is on against the attempt I
tho allied supreme council to direct i An
e affairs of the assembly was empha- I
ted following the supreme council's ter
mmand to the assembly not to admit > no
Tsnenla and Albania, but how far this j the
volt will reach Is still uncertain. i
The British Dominions are obviously mo
Bklng a show of their independence, ^
Ith an Idea, for one thing, of Justifying an,
American eyes the separate vote acrded
each of them. Australia Joining
inada's protest to-day against the In- , cfn
rpretatlons Europe Is seeking to place c(jr
i the covenant and the creation of huge 1
hemes for Investigation and control. I I
The result of to-day's protest was the !
st upsetting of any commission re- j,a'
irt. This report was on technical ornlzatlon
and was presented by Oa- pr>
lei Hanotaux of France. It would ap- h j
nd Immediately to the faltering league ^
ree new bureaus on economic and ?
lanclal organization, communications
al transit and health, each with a eep- ?
. . ... Kr
aw personnel iinaer control or rne
tguo council, and each with a highly ,h*
Id staff, while each of them would be at>'
tied Into annual conference In Geneva. *Pr
I of
Indignation Aroaird. ,isr
Although the scheme by Tomaaao Tit- lea
nl of Italy for the pooling of raw martnl*
has been dropped from this tinl
*n as a result of the protests made |n 1
the committee to which It was re- s j
rred, the extraordinary latitude of run
cse proposed organisations and the j the
^advantages non-European countries 1
vlously would be under in regard to af)l
em aroused Canada's Indignation, as , rov
pressed by Mr. Howell.
Mr. Howell based many of his objer- | Qy
ins to the creation of these new
encles on the fact that Article XX1IT.
the covenant gave no authority for
fir establishment except that It was G<
ne by special conventions among the
rlous states. ^Iso he called atten- 1
in to the fart that Canada, like any (
ler nation, could not be sending over
r best men .continually to conferences nj
Europe, and that If she sent second Leilas
men It would mean that these ' in
ifcrencea. which will establish policies spe
lerolo Canada might be bound, will be by
1 trolled absolutely by the European
Hons. n?'
"ThAt might be all right If this were
European league, but It Is all wrong nf ,
It Is a world league." he declared.
He said he had respect for European pC?
itesmen, but added that "they do not con
derstand our viewpoint." <j'0,
...... .. - . it
nny, even inr eraieamen or me
ther country, nrtit Britain, for whom
lava reapect, admiration and affection, *(r
do not permit to eettle any of our
nadlan affair*, and *? am not pro- j .
red to turn over for settlement aurh \
air* to a nmoral European commit- i c. *'
>.' h# aald J J? ,
| had
Reapnnelfc'llty for War. *Pf
"Tou may aa> that w* ah on Id haVa m),,
riddance In the European atateamen t)f r
d laadera. Perhapa we ahould. hut It
a European atateamanahlp, European pp
Ucy and European ambition* which
;nehed the world with blood, and we ' '
5 atlll aulTcrlnir from It and will .-on- i n
tia to suffer for generations. Fifty j v
iniaand Canadians udder tha. anil In "?'
ance and Flandara?that la what Can- "'j*
a hna paid for European statesmai - , L1
ip trylag to settle Kuropaan problem*
arafora I aubmlt that we ahould not ^-gthla
International aaaembly part with ~Hi
Confmuod on Ppnrih Pope.
)og With Flag on Tail
Costs Owner $10 Fine
^OSTON, Dec. 8.?The display
for sale of a toy dog with a
liniature American flag at- I
ached to its tall, brought S. Ishiawa
into the Municipal Court
)-day. Mrs. Ralph Kirtland,
resident of the Woman's Civic
.eague of Maiden, and a mem- |
er of the Daughters of the
devolution, complained it was
hown at Ishikawa's novelty shop
*1 Back Bay.
The merchant admitted the
act, said the toy was one of a
>t imported geveral years ago
rom Japan, and pleaded that
here was no intention to show
isresDect for the Stars and
He was fined $10.
lvroid (Hand Is Successfully
Transferred to Cripple
Hidden IB Years.
itient, 1!) Years Old. Kxpcet
1 to Become Normal Mentally?Simian
May Die.
c ol hrtpalch to tim Nik Vokk Hbrai.h. |
'hicaoo. Dec. 8.?Balboa clung to |
s liars of his cage In the American-,
ispltul and chattered weakly. Life ,
the moment was a dark mystery |
B vlboa. He had been picked up In ,
s street while collecting pennies for ;
useppe, the organ grinder, rushed to ,
- hospital, shaved, umesthetiwd and ;
>araieu irom min m.uuiu
ft was not for Balbon to know ho '
il participated in u stirring srientille ,
una that had begun when the hu- I
ine society authorities had found
leteenoear-old Jlary Zenbek, blink- i
; like a little crippled mole in a
liet cellar. Mary had been kept |
Iden by iter parents for eighteen j
ars because she was born deformed. '
d her parents had been ashamed to j
aw her. She had lived, eaten, slept .
the cellar, never had seen daylight !
d nnd grown up misshapen and with
? mind of a child of 8.
Scientists as well as welfare workers '
once Interested themselves In the j
is. snd II fell to Balboa, skipping j
litly to the music, of a hurdy gurdy, J
step forward from the hinterland of i
dnt'a:. snd contribute a thyroid gland, j
r. according to the scientists, thf ]
ublc with Mary Uenhi k was that she
1 b' en born with an Improperly de- ;
mien thvroid. and this defect was re
inslhle for her mental condition and
riir operation was performod in the
lerlcan Hospital to-day by Dr. Max
01'-k and Dr. Barnard Klein, the lat- ,
of .toilet. Dr. Thorek would make i
statement, but Dr. Klein explained '
it the operation had been simple, that
i sland had been removed from the
nkey's neck after the creature had
>n shaved and put under the ether.
1 that It then had been placed In !
ry's neck.
'The girl," said Dr. Klein, "will rerer
And In all ltkelihood she will he
ne normal mentally and retrain her
)r. S. Kniniholz. professor of neurolr
at Northwestern University, who i
i had Mary under observation during
three month* since nhe was dlacov- J
d In the cellar, declared the operntion I
1 revealed the girl to have only the 1
llmenta of a thyroid gland
The defect made her only 8 years
mentally nnd physically," said Dr. !
umholx. "But we feel certAln now 1
t with the monkey gland she will be
e gradually to acquire the Intelll- j
ice heromlrg a girl of her age. Khe. j
course.- will have to be taught as any |
ht-year-old girl would, but she will ;
m. and that's the point."
til of which was part of the drama
cnown to Balboa. Chattering weakly
lis cake the Vlttle monkey slipped, from
terch and huddled on the floor. Th?'
so had put a bandage on Balboa and
Intern had given him a pat and
il: "flood boy, Sarah." And there
teared some doubt as to Balboa's reery.
tvernor of West Virginia
Talks to Southern Society.
Jov. John C. flornwell of West Vlrla
wm the principal speaker la.?t
ht at the annual dinner of 800 mom's
of the New York Southern Society
the Waldorf-AetorlR Hotel. In n
ech which was frequently Interrupted
applause ho defended hln course In
ling with the disturbances In th? coal
da of hla State, and declared that
an Ired labor must cast out Its radical
lore If It wishes to have the respect
[he United States.
We have started out with the pure
of restoring Mingo county to normal
dltlona and enforcing the law." eald
r. Corn a ell, "and we are going to do
If It takes all the men of West Vlrla
and the American arm> Into the
"lark Howell, editor of the Atlanta
utMfuMon, and Martin W. Littleton
Now York also snokc. the former dc
ring that the South wa* better
rope with Ite problem* now than tr
I been for fifty yeara. Mr. L.lttlrt?"<
reeled for the preaervatlon of InIdual
liberty without the encroach
r?f of exeeaelve governmental regulai.
iotkut oer tnnr costbtrt.
'tvrtXNATt. Pec. 8.?Protect* ngalnat
l"ar Department contract with a prl.
corporation, which It la contender!
lid demorallao the harnea* and
her bitalncsa generally, boa been
it In Waahlngton hv Cincinnati and
tngfleld (Ohio) manufacturer* an-l
National Tannera' Council.
or ana and Miami, Palm Beach. Tampa. {
retaraborf, BeMealr. fla.. through sleep
Seaboard Air T.tne B?. Offfo*, 11??
war (tttb Bfcfc TM. Ma* **. UTBomAAa *
r ' II tO
House ways aiiu ueaus rej
Committee Begins Hear- po
ings Next Week.
I co
_____ ! en
Fortlnev Suggests Taxes 011;
Corporations. Sales. Tea
and Coffee. ?n
' $1
Preparations Made Jo Ihish
Measures for Special
Session in March. 1 ^
>)) ,o! I>r*?at'h to Tlir Nrw YoSK 1 i BAA LP.
New York Herald Hurenn, ) , lt
Washington. I). C.#?Dec. H. \ ! nCll
I 'ni.iil.Ki'un mnmliers nf t hp Hotlfle '
Ways and Meuns Committee to-day ' '
decided to expedite the revision of the
revenue and tariff laws by beginning
work on tills enormous legislative task
next week. ! A R.
Hearings to determine what changes j
should be made in the tax laws probably
will commence Monday with Soil
Treasury officials as the tlrst witnesses.
.Suggestions for changes in 1
the tariff laws will be heard, beginning
January C and continuing until Februurv
1C. at the earliest.
I til***'*
Tentative plans are to continue the
hearings on revenue revision until the 1
holidays to determine whether it is i A
imperative that a few tax changes the
should lx> made at the short session or 1 eral
that an amendatory legislation should year
be passed until a complete revision j Reei
ran lit* made. I ?
Consider l-trlff Klriit. ,pj
chairman Kordney of the committee ,jle
said present plans are to have tile re- ma(j
vised tariff bill ready for consideration
In the House before the new revenue tf>nr
bill. He pointed out that the tariff bill "
should be brought up first. The tax laws two
can be made retroactive, he pointed 'out, ! one
while it is impossible to do so with i nutr
tariff changes. [ eatlf
The committee, according to Mr. i
Kordney and other members, has no j amo
definite programme as to either revenue i 0
or tariff changes, believing few conelusions
can bo reached until the various ^ u
I interests involved itt'e h'eard. t,?' course. C'J|
plans are to increase the tariff. The ' '*
prevailing opinion aniuu* ,
member* la that the Increase* cannot be 1 J," ^
: expnoted to yield much more than $500,- J ^
000.nno. ok compared w ith the present (.
rates of $360,000,000. , righl
A* to-the revenue revision, the committee
next week hopes to have See- on (
rotary of the Treasury Houston explain (pj. |
these new tuxes ho suggest oil In his an- nuj
nunl report made public to-day. It is ..j
understood the excess profits tax will grt!l
be repealed and that many of the pres- t|,ail
ent obnoxious petty levies will be ellm- eim(y
Inated. amo
The actual framing of the new tariff with
u'n ?v - - In tha nriAfia I
Ulll Will W liuic.i ... ...... . ....
session to be called by I'resident-eleot ' to a
Harding. Mr. Fnrdiify hopes. It can- "I
not be pawed until late In the Hummer, w ha
It ia generally arfreod. If the pevliiion Smo
of both tariff and revenue lawn can be tioni
accomplished during 1921, Congress will In t>
have shown exceptional legislative nav?
speed, Mr. Fordney thinks, because of "*
the vast amount of work Involved. c:v,l
llonston's Hovxritliina Considered, subn
Many of the tax suggestions made by rons
Secretary Houston did not meet with ^1,Ht
approval among House committee membcrs.
His proposal for a tax on un- * '
divided profits of corporations seemed
to be the most popular, but there was
strong opposition apparent to Increasing
the normal Income tax rates.
Tax suggestions made by Mr. Ford- gln
nej include a flat tax on corporations, i
a sales tax and special levies on tea and
coffee. "It Is my desire," he said, "that
the Income tax laws be made so simple' *'''
that a corporation will not have to hlre'l
an expert or a lawyer to figure out how r)f rl
much It owes the Government. I think
that rates coulif be adjusted so that, by j ) ',
a flat tax on profits, $1,COO.000,000 can ' 7"
I Wll?M
be raised. [ hunb
"T believe a tax of one-half per cent. mnr,
on all ralea would prove a wine and arceptable
one. Also, after the civil war (i)|J
n tax of eluht centa a pound waa placed so)j|
on coffer Import a. If we ahould tax | ,,hl|tl
coffee five cent* a pound the yield (joI|
would he $65,000,000. A tax of ten njfr
rente a pound on tea would ralee about , . '
' narrn
$15,000,000." |hom<
Mr. Kordnty assorted the eetlmatee of -j-j,
the Treasury Department were rldlru- . *trtr
louely high end raid the.v must be re- huab
duced more than $1,000,000,000 If Con- her <
gross la to have any suceera In lighten- com?
Inn tax burdens.
Klnr Months* f analdrratlon. Mrr.
In a statement on the tariff hearings
Mr. Kordney aald :
"It In the plan of the committee to frfft
conclude henrlnga and complete necenrary
printing prior to th?s adjournment
of th< nhort'eoanlon on Marrh I. no that
artnal n ork on the drafting of a hill rail Fre
be commenced without delay under the
now Administration. It In a foregone
conclusion that Mr. Harding ?'tll call
Congress In extra amnion noon after In* i ,-,<pV
auguratlon. and In the opinion of th"
rhnfrman and committee metnbera the
final enactment of a tariff mnaauro at | Th
the special eennlon could not bo nrcom- ' Fren
pllahed If hearlnga were to be delayed **?
until the new Conarenn convened To 'h* '
rvibatantlate thin, the chairman pointed j? '
to tlir fort that In 191* hearlnga were
. oinnn nc'il November l*> and the hill pnri|
wan not finally enacted until August S. Tli
1919. the rlapncd time helnc five ilava held
ahort of nlno montha Tn 1913 tariff whet
hearings were begun January ? and th- roun
bill wan enacted October 3. three daya J
lean than nine montha balng required."
Amdvern?ry Una- dauw
on Qplf and alt other eportn. Through Orde'
Putlman^t Pwrn.. Itg IVMt nallyt??t*ea Uoeti
<y The New York H
best of The Sun int
whole revitalized,
and sounder news
'n nkw vouk orrr.
ix Increases Proposed A
by Secretary Houston
.0/ Dmpatch to The Now YokK j
Heilmh. H
Nf* York Herald Rurwn, I
V\ Wellington. I>. ( .1 lire. tt. |i
ZCRETARY of the Treasury I
Houston recommended to-day H
his annual report the follow- |
I increases in the income tax j
compensate for recommended |
Deal of the excess profits tax: ,
Twenty per cent, tax 011 cor- J
ration profits and higher sur- I
ic rate, yielding $690,000,000. j
Six per cent, tax additional on j
rporation incomes, yielding
Abolishing of the $2,000 exlption
to corporations on inme,
yielding $58,000,000. A'
Readjustment of income sur{
rates, yielding $230,000,000.
Increase from -i to 6 per cent. Ci
incomes of $5,000 or lesa,
d from 8 to 12 per cent, on (
:omes between $5,000 and
u.uuu, estimated to yield |
ator Says Estimates Must
[> Reduced, as $T,00Q,000f000
Is Set as Limit.
edulos in AH Departments ^
Will Have to Be Sealed. ta
Is Dictum.
af Despatch to i he >ew iokk ?"?
NfW York Herald Itnreuii. I Ju
WfinliliiKtnn, I). lire. 8. f _
nillion dollars must be cut from j
executive estimates for the Fed- .
Ooverument in the next fiscal ,
This Is the dictum of Senator ,r
1 Smoot. and Senutor Smoot is In
jsitlon to know what the money j
ramrae of Congress will be.
10 Utah Senator has not tabulated 1
I co
manner in which this cut is to be
: cri
e. He was speaking1 in general; n,f
is. Regardless of the sum total J ^
le estimates submitted to Congress ! ^
days ago. the Senator is aware as ! ,
result of hiH long service in the I ^
onal legislative body that original I w,
nates do not make up the whole j ^
tint of money which Congress will j ^
ailed on to pay.
urgr deficiency impropriations will wl
sked at the present or coming ape- j^(
-c??ion, Senator Sm.xit pointed out.
>lte every safeguard within the pur- t
of Congress, except pilnon terms po
Inc.-- for the offending executive ofs.
It Is common knowledge that ^
Ing has been able to restrain the
rnmcnt departments from going
t ahead and spending money, legally
rating the Government, then calling
"ongress to pay these sums no mat- jj'
tow much paring was done In orlglestlmatea.
t Is out of the question that Cons
shall provide for paying out more an
i I4.000.000.000," said Senator tw
ot. "The estimates already submitted : *2
unt to more than $4,500,000,000. and ;
the usual deficiency appropriation tir
'h will b< asked for will amount
t least $5,000,000,000. J wj
have not made out any schedule of ! to
t estimates must be cut," Senator I Mi
"TVias lttTifPCt rgflllf. I Afl
i. I should estimate, would be made tu
10 money asked for the military and
11 establishments. There Is sure to cei
i big slice taken from the sundry of
appropriation. ex
t is safe to say that every estimate fui
-lifted to Congress will be cut down thi
lderably. It Is out of the question tul
In tho next fiscal year the L'nlted mf
as will be forced to pay out fully of
>0,000,000." wi
1 501
?? I K*
ghamton Woman Made an.
Request on Deathbed.
? yei
al Despatch to Tilr Nww Yn?g llrmi.p. thl
noiumton, n. Y., I tor 8.?Robert lar
a yea. 35 yearn old, of this city, mar- thi
his stepdaughter, Anna Mne Mer- cet
within five daya after hia wife's
h as the reault of her dylnir bequeat
1 ahe gave her daughter to ho her '
and's wife on condition that he [ Kr<
y her at once. ')
ina Mae Merrltt. who la 20 yoara , *b'
waa married three years ago to a i 'n
or named Moore A year later a
waa born, and following a s?j>.?raa
divorce was granted to the young ,n!
The girl resumed her malilen I 'pi
i* and with her child took up her 'aT
? with her mother and stepfather,
le mother, when Informed she was
ken with a fatal disease, called her po
and to her bedside and told him
>ne great worry was what would be- ea,
s of hii daughter and her grandson. )n(
naked htm to grant her last, request
marry for 'laughter. Me did so.
Hiiyes died Inst Wednesday. Monthe
husband and his stepdaughter mt
married 0(X
nch Jurisdiction in American
Cases Fixed. on
ritil C'nM* tn Tim Nrw Yoaa llcRAi.r tot
ripht, 1?20, bp Th? Nhw YoSK
\>w Vork Herald Rurrmi, I yl?
Patf*. Her. R. |
i# question of the Jurisdiction of
oh courts In American divorce o*?n
definitely settled here to-day when
""ourt of Cassation uphold the valid- ?oi
?f the dlvorre decision rendered hy 14.
Versailles court to Frank .f. Oould
which later wns sustained hy the ;
s Court of Appeal*. fm
ie .fudges of the Court of Cassation |njl
that Mrs. tjould had no around y)<,
on to < ontest th* Jurisdiction of the I
? and threw out her appeal, thereto pr,
ng en Important precedent
trvaSTast?Deerfnot Vanit oal
? the folks would <myn L'asrfnot rarru I ,
?f? wtth arrlddl* caksa for breakfast' ^
?he seontna to-da> hrtrt en havtna | (
I?U-4S+ '
erald. with ail that was
:ertwincd with it, and the
is a bigger and better
paper than ever before.
pport, to Congress Asks for
Revision of Taxes to
Raise Enough Funds
to Meet Debts.
iggests an Assessment on
Corporations' Surplus as
a Partial Substitute
for Present Plan.
mdy. Tobacco, Gasolene, Automobiles
Among Other
Thing's Named?Action
tcial Urftjntih to Tits Nbw Yoik Hctiai d
Nf* York Ilrritld Bureau.
Washington. D. C., lire. 8. I
Secretary of the Treasury Houston
commended to-day In his annual reirt
to Congress on the national
lances that the existing laws on
xatlon be revised so as to yield
,000,000,000 revenue annually "td the
d at le^st of the fiscal year 1923."
Mr. Houston recommended also real
of the excess profits tax, readstment
of rates In higher income tax
oups, and elimination of a few
xury taxes, notably that on soft
inKs. which nas provea naro 10 ot>i:t
and comparatively unproductive
i proposed largo Increases In taxes
corporation profits. raisltftr the tax
ry on Incomes up to $6,000 hv 2 per
nt., and increasing by 4 per cent, inmes
between $5,000 and $10,000. Inpased
taxes on most luxuries also
tre urged. The revised and new
xes were estimated to yield $2,000,0,000.
The report Is to be acted on at the
esent session of Congress without
litlng for the special session that
nator Harding Is expected to call
ter his inauguration as ['resident.
In explaining his plan for "revision
thAiit rnH i inMnn nf rAWnUM." All.
#uston said In his report 5
"While it Is highly d<strablo that the
x law should be revltrd at the earliest
'SMhle date. It Is Imperative, In m>
Intone' the revenue from taxation
mnlntnlnedVtfter this fiscal year on
level of not'Ww than $4.<100,000,000 a
ar to the end at least of the fiscal
ar 1923. The Internal revenue reIpts
may not greatly exceed $4,000.0,000,
even In the fiscal year 1921, on
e basis of existing law.
"We now have a floating debt (tax
d loan certificates maturing within,- :
elve months) of approximate!)
,350.000.000. This short time debt
ould not be funded but should be rs erl.
If possible, by the end of ths
cal year 1922. On January J. 1921.
ir savings certificates now amounting
about $800.0^0.000 fall due. and on
ay 20. 192 J. Victory notes now
riountlng to about $4,250,000,000 mare.
"The retirement of the tax and loan
rtlftrates, the reduction of the volume
obligations maturing In 1923. to iomi
tent by the operations of the sinking
nd and the successful refunding of
? balance of those obligations rorvstVLe
a colossal taak, to the accomplishint
of which the whole financial poltojr
the Government must be shaped.
Ith obligations of approximately $7,000.000
maturing In the next two
d a half years tt would be unwise, uns
compelled by the severest form of
biatrial depression, to plan for aggrete
tax receipts after this fiscal year
il till at least the end of the fiscal
ar 1928, of less than four billions a
ar. But this of course does not mean
tt the public will have to pay as
ge a tax amount In the aggregate in
it period as In the current or the prellng
financial year."
MxLInu I p Kir?a? Profit* Uap.
tn proposing thin programme to Con?sa
Mr. Houston n?m?d the now taxes
erehy he hope* to compensate for the
olltlon of the excess profits tax. but
so doing said: "I shall not attempt to
k-uss them." but that "these possible
irees of Income are mentioned for the
'ortnatlon of Congress." Mr Houston
->ss|ble sources of Income" are as fotrs:
A tax of 2 cents a xalton on gssolens
lether for automobiles or other pur- ,
? ?#.' yielding $90,000,000
A Federal license tax of l" centa for
eh horsepower on automobile yieldr
A sales tax on motor vehicle* other
Ln trucks and w-afrnna. motorcycles and
tor car accessories. yielding $100,000.I.
a f A --Silt Un. I tVs.
r% i" i?u'i"iw.i?, ?*** <>u ?????
tlrketa and admlaalona. yielding $70,?
MOO. .
Additional tn* of $2 Hi thouaand on
rnrattaa. vlrld ng f70,000.000.
Additional tax of 2$ cant" a tltnuaaiid
dgara. ylaldlng fb.ltO.OOa.
Additional tax of $ eanta a pound on
ixcco and rnufT. yielding $$.000,000
Additional tajt of S p< r cant on candy.
Idtng $20/i 0,000,
Additional taX of T par cant, on chew*
r gum, yielding $2,000.00"
Additional tag of 7 pap cant, on toflrt
ip and tollot aoap powdara, yielding
Tan per cant tag on aala hy manufaa*
ara, producer" or lrnport?r? o' par*
rM, coamatlca and medicinal artlclaa
ifaad of preaent tag on conaumar.
tiding MO.OOu.Pno.
\ddlf1onflt H par c?nt on Jan "try and
rloua metal#! (aiding $2$,000,000.
Additional lax of a pop nant- on muaiI
Inntrumanta, ylaldlng $11,000,000.
Additional tax of 5 par cant, on mon
platum fllma, ytaldlogr $4,000,0001
Jbouarutug lha luxugg $nx a. o% ^

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