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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, December 20, 1920, Image 10

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Dir.ctora and officer* Prank A Munsey,
President; Ervln Ward man, Vlnc-I'realdent;
Wm. T. Dcwart, Tr. aaurer: R. 11. TltherUiKton,
Ore Si\ One
Bv Ma.ll. Postpaid. Viar. Months. Mui.tli.
DAILY A SUNDAY.. .IRMKI ??Uk> *1 <??
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SUNDAY only t.OO 2.25 * .40
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DAILY A SUNDAY.. .$24.00 IE1.30 ?2.40
DAILY only 18.ni) 9.00 1.50
SUNDAY only 9.75 5.12 .?l
All checks, money orders. Ac., to bo made
payable to The Sun-Herald.
Itran. il offi.es for receipt of advertisements
and sale of papers:
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Herald Square. Tel. Kit* Roy liOoO.
M.eirv. Om., b_'VK Wear I't.'.l U ST.. KB4B
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until It) p. M.
Washington Heights Ornrr?r>8."i Vert
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JO V. M.
Downtown Omen?20B Broadway. Open
S A. M. to 10 P. M.. Sundays, - 1*. M. to
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i'rookitn Officer?21 C'<u ax Sr. Tel. Main
MiiS. Open until 10 P. M. Eauis Bcjileino.
SOU Washington Sr. Tel. 1100 Main.
Bronx Office?518 Whaik Ave., at 148tii Sr.
Tel. llOiMi Mel roue. Open until 10 P. M.
Principal American and FtrrilR llurettUD.
Washington?The Mun?ey Building.
CHICAGO?'.'08 South I.a Salle St.
LONDON?10-43 l'l.et St.
PARIS?40 Avenue de l'Opera, 38 Rue du
The New York Herald was founded hy
James Gordon Bennett In 183.Y It remained
the solo property of Its founder until his
death. In 1872, when his son, also James
Gordon Bennett, succeeded to the ownership
of the paper, which continued In his hands
Until his death, In 1018. The Hera n hecame
the property of Frank A. Munsey. Its
present o? iter. In 1020.
monday. deckmrek 20. 1920
The Place Hunters.
If The New York hkraiu were n
person instead of a newspaper, and
us n person were the President of the
United States, it would say to the
two or three million place hunters
that the Government has no Jobs oi?eu
to theiu.
It would say that the Government
will call to its service only such men
as the business and industries of the
country have called to their service
and such as, proving efficient, have
heen retained in their service.
It would say Hint the Government
Is not in a position to experiment
with untried men or to undertake t"
work out. in its service, men who
hnvo failed to make paid elsewhere.
It would say that tlie old theory
that "to the victors belong the spoils"
is antiquated and demoralizing, and
means nothing short of waste and inefficiency
In ttie Government service.
It would say that the test of a man's
qualification for public office Is the
measure of his efficiency, considered
always In connection with his personality
and character?this test to
apply alike to those now in Government
service and those to he drafted
into the service.
It would say that both the personnel
md ability of Government employees
must be brought up to even a higher
standard than the very high standards
obtaining in sucli great organizations
as tlie United States Steel Corporation,
the Standard Oil Company and
tlie Pennsylvania Railroad, and that
this is easily possible, because the
Government alone has the moral right
iv aiuiuiuuuiTt lv ii" bci * i' r ikmii mt*
ranks of all business and industry the
most efficient of their forces.
This Is about the position The New
.York Herald would take in respect
i if Government employees and in
respect of place hunters generally.
Moreover, It would so simplify its work
as President <>f the United States that,
it would have time for the really big
nterests of the Government, for It
would turn over to the heads of departments
the selection of their forces,
saying. "It is up to you to get your
own crews, and with your own crews
I shall hold you to a strict accountability
for results."
We Shall Not Have the Plague.
That It Is not Impossible or impracticable
to make a city virtually rat
proof has been proved In Snn Francisco
and in New Orleans. Hen 1th
Commissioner Copelanu now advocates
a slmilnr improvement of the
New York city water front to protect
us against the rats which come here
on ships from countries afflicted with
bubonic plngur, carrying with them
fleas which transmit the germs of that
Tie wants the Building Code
amended to provide that, all existing
buildings, as well as new structures,
.i-UKIt. i>ik k < ?..? ..r .. .
~ * irrv *?i tin? wmpr imiii
shall have their foundation walls to
the height of nt. least five feet above
the grade level, and their tiren and re
taining walls and the surface of their
lowest floors and outside areas, const
rooted of concrete, stone or shnllnr
a hard or Impervious ninterlal, frowsy
oiled to a smooth surface.
It is estimated that the water front
of New York is ."sat miles In length,
und with that liberality of margin
cliaraeterlhtle of horseback estimate"
the cost of this Improvement would
he "from kfto.ono.tHH) to $ion,ixtn,f?tiM'
If Mr. llRtsnf.ii. and his friend"
'ake tip rat proofing the eost might
uc a good deal more.
men In New York real estntr
owners must count the cost, but that
1$ not the paramount conalderatior
in the present case. Obviously 11
would take a long time to do the work
the Health Commissioner advocate* il
the money were at hand to pay for It.
Dr. ConcLAM* assorts that th<
b &1i 'k k?.. 'M :
plague is already present In this
country, saying nsrs have been
1 reported in Texas and in Florida,
and the danger of Infection from
abroad he holds to be imminent. In
tliis situation it is plain that New
York cannot lie made rat proof by
concreting water front buildings in
time to protect its people from the
present menace. Consequently Or.
! Copklam.'s duty is to devise emercoiwv
iiio-istii-ox to nrotect the city.
Fortunately, effective measures to!
save us from the plague can be put j
into operation without waiting to re-:
build New York. Jn principle and in
detail they are thoroughly familiar.
Inspection, disinfection and quarantine
have for years kept New York
city free of such diseases as the j
plague, and there is no reason why,
intelligently applied, they should not
safeguard us now.
Meanwhile l'r. Copet.anii will do
well to refrain from any hysterical1
statement which might unduly alarm
the public.
State Traffic Rate Mischief.
With Illinois, Ohio and other States
following New York in the effort
to resist within their boundaries the
traffic rates fixed by the Interstate;
Commerce Commission the gross mis-j
carriage of the proceedings must become
obvious to everybody.
Intrastate trattle looms a stupendous
bulk of ifce railroad business. If the
railway group which must have the
so-called <5 per cent, of earnings as a j
territorial whole could not get the
j required net revenues out of the <
i .States where vast local trattic moves, i
it stands to reason that the interstate;
rates would nave to De raised corre|
spondingly to make up the difference.
This would make the transsudation
eost of all goods coming into a State
all the more burdensome. But as it
would make the transportation cost
of all goods going out of the State
similarly burdensome it would tend to
kill such business. Thus affected.
State industries that had been producing
for markets in other States
would have their production cut down.,
They then would pay less of wages to
local labor. They would distribute j
less of earnings to local owners and ;
stockholders. They would consume I
less of local supplies. They would
diminish materially the purchasing
, power of the local market. Yet everything
coming Into the State would call
for n higher price because of the necessarily
higher traffic rate on the interstate
The Cleveland J'I a in Healer, protesting
against the appearance in Ohio of
the grotesque State proceedings, very I
well puts it as follows:
"State utilities commissions and
State legal departments pretend to be j
firhtiriir the battle of the neonle !
, against the large corporation In re- j
straining tjie carriers from collecting ,
the authorized rates. That, instead I
of helping the public generally, they
are endangering the nation's most
i Important instrument) of trade and
, communication, will be established."
There can bo no question that the
Supreme Court of the United States
will softie tliis political nonsense, hut
economic danger, for all time. But
because of the mischief it can work
not merely to the carriers but to industry,
business and the whole publie
the sootier the national execution
of the State commission obstructors
lakes place the better.
Must Coat Tails Go?
The war is blamed or praised for
the greater informality hi the dress
of men which is noticeable in this day.
An observer need only attend the opera
| to see that evening garb Is by no
lyeans as uncompromisingly formal
i as It was a short time ago. The same
Impression is gained from observation
of social gatherings. Men who a few
years ago would have considered themselves
Inappropriately clad without an
evening coat do not hesitate now to
appear In what lias come to he called
a dinner Jacket.
Indeed, the war seems to have hud
a remarkable effect on coot tails. They
linen nil Kilt /liuiinnPil I'Pil ft WfW t 111 w
fuel that embarrassed an American
diplomat In London who went to his
tailor for a morning coat to wear at
an official gathering In the day time,
hut was content to order n Hack coat
when he learned tluit the highly patronized
manufacturer of men's clothes
had not made a spike tail cont since
the second year of the war.
So It has been In New York. "Death
to the coat tall!" emerges a determining
rule in men's dress. Where are
the frock coats of yesteryear? Where
are the walking coats with the diminished
yardage? Where, as a matter
of fact. Is any kind of cont except
the sack of every day commerce and
the dinner Jacket?
Will the tails of the evening cont
dlsapjtenr altogether? Orfnlnly that
gnrtnent has only ai? academic claim
to Its time honored place as the
uniquely appropriate dress for formal
evening wear. In fact too many
men look well dressed In the dinner
Jacket, even when It Is ameliorated
with a white tie or waistcoat, to make
the old rtile about the tail cont hold.
The rule among the fnstldlous used
to he that the presence of ladles
made the so-called "dress" coat Imperative,
Yet Indies have survived the
iKTeasIng preponderance of Its democratic
rl\nl; few If any of them have
ltoen heard h> complain.
The war of course had oil Its side
t the Ineradicable preference of the
i average man to wear a dinner Jncket,
t If he dare. Instead of the more cerei
monlous evening coHt. Who ran exf
plain this prejudice? Is It distaste
for the embellishments that must Inn
evltnbly be ussutned along with this
most formal out of garment? Does the
wearer rebel at the thought of the
silk hat, the white waistcoat and the
lawn tie?
Whatever his objections to the coat
with the tails may have lieen, they
are having their inlluence now. Its
popularity has suffered. In tlie evening
attire of women pre-war standards
have i>eeu restored. They may
dress as elaborately or as simply as
their taste dictates. Hut much of its
formality seems to have departed from
the garb of mere man.
15,000Americans Burn to Death.
Fifteen thousand men, women and
children are burned to death In the
United States every year.
A few of these deaths are the outcome
of unavoidable misadventures
which human prescience could not
foresee or huuiuu ingenuity could not
guard against.
.Most <>f them, however, are brought
about by "accidents" which result
from avoidable conditions which can
be attributed only to carelessness or
Many of these deaths result from
Improper construction of dwellings
and public buildings, from unguarded
heating and lighting devices, front inllatninable
hangings and decorations
thoughtlessly placed where they may
come Into contact with open flames.
i'titers are the direct consequence
of brutal, barefaced violation of
building ordinances and fire prevention
codes by employees and employin
m?r..|ll<HU ..I.. I ....... .nln.
establishments, by patrons and proprietors
of theatres and assembly
halls, and in other places where many
persons gather.
A great many of these deaths are
directly attributable to the criminal
carelessness of men and women
smokers who throw lighted matches
and burning cigars and cigarettes
away without a thought concerning
the injury they may do.
This appalling and heartrending
death list is a monument to stupid,
criminal disregard of elementary
principles of sound building construction
and simple good behavior. It is
the terrible price the nation pays for
heedlessness and shortsighted selfishness
in individuals.
The authors of these tragedies
should be held to responsibilty for
their acts and, for the safety of the
public, punished.
Bone Dry Alaska.
Tito thirsty New Yorker who 1ms considered
the national prohibition act as
the limit of dryness will scarcely he!ie\<$
that the citizens of one section of
this country would welcome Mr. Vorstead's
law in place of what they
have. Yet we find tlds very wish expressed
in the annual report of the
Governor of Alaska. That Territory
since January 1. 1918, has had bone
dry prohibition containing no perceptible
legal loophole. The Governor,
Thomas Rigcs. Jr.. declares that "it
would Lie well to extend the provisions
of the Volstead act to Alaska, particularly
ns applied to the use of
liquor for medicinal purposes. During
the epidemics of Influenza doctors
were frantically endeavoring to procure
whiskey for their- patients seriously
ill with pneumonia. They tell
me many lives could have been saved
had whiskey been available during the
Of course there is some illegal wetness
in Alaska. The Governor says
that liquor th.ds its way in froiu Kritisli
Columbia and "distillation processes
are liecomlng well known." The
passing of the open saloon, however,
i has had a beneficial otYect. Savings
have Increased and families are better
1 cared for. "But," adds Governor
Kicgs ruefully, "the drastic provisions
I of the bone dry act have made lawbreakers
of n large proportion of the
| population otherwise law abiding."
Return of Herr Rosner.
The ever faithful Kabi. IIoskek,
personal historian and Journalist of
the former Mmperor William during
the world war, continues his task of
putting his luq>erial master correctly
before the world by publishing a book
about the last days of the Hohenzollem
rule. Ilerr IIosnkr was the
sweetest of all the war correspondents,
the only real I'ollyanna of the
craft, and If would Ikj hard to forget
the sprightly Idts of news that he sent
u.< front the battle front.
It was he who told us of the
Kaiser on Ids return from the field
of Sotssons calling some of his sol
fliers to his limousine and giving them
j a grnphic description of the German
successes, adding, "Tell It to your
Comrades; tell them too that I told
I you? I, In the midst of the lighting."
It was he who wrote of the embattled
frogs that won a 'Ilohensolleru vlc.
tory for the Crown Prince, of th^
Hohenzollern chief's friendly association
with his private soldiers, of his
| deep imperial grief over the loss of
life and property which was cnused by
the war forced upon Germany by the
wicked, envious allied nntlons, and It
S was llerr Hohnfr who gave us the
' touching pen picture of WtLUAM
i plucking a violet from the blood
i soaked soli of Itelglum and gently
' soliloquising ?|>on the evils of mill1
tnry ambitions.
All of lhis the former Emperor said
would he a "storehouse ..f Informatlou
for future historians of the war."
But. apparently the bnek Hies of the
Berlin l.okalanniyrr, In which llerr
Horner's correspondence ?n? printed,
have not been so generously thumbed
by historians ns was expected. So
this reverential chronicler has himself
rescued his writings from neglect and
supplemented them by later occurrences.
lie attempts to give the deposed
monarch's words and to ex
press Ills thoughts when the crisis in
Cermun affairs came. In this dark
: hour the Emperor, according to Herr
Kosnkk, said:
"No, I have no right to spread my
! sorrows before 'men. In this black
! hour I am alone In my sorrow and
must pray, like Christ on the Mount
i of Olives, while around Him His
I Apostles slept: 'Father, if it be pos
SUMe, uiue mis UUII Ui. UIUHKCS9
from me: but not ob I will, but as
Tliou wilt.' "
Of the last meeting with Von Hindenhcri;
und Ludkndoktf he gives particulars
which have not before been
published. These two iueu were .it
General Headquarters for the purpose
of informing their chief of the necessity
of a retreat from the Marne. Ludendohff
"hud not taken the trouble to
meet his Emperor at the door" and be
dropped his monocle upon the table "us
usual when greeting any ordinary visitor."
The two officers remained entirely
oblivious of the imperial wrath.
The Kaiser remarked that what General
Li'dkndohff told him "sounds
quite different from your tales four
days ago." Herr Rosneb says:
"The thin ribbon tying these two
men is torn. The General's blood
rushes to his head, hut he keeps his
temper and says with a hard voice:
" 'Reverses aie within the range of
j possibility In every war: hut if your
j Majesty has lost confidence'
j "No. lie doe:> l.ot want that and ho
I tries to make up."
A messenger enters with riie lex:
i of the telecram to tell the Gerriian
people of tlie catastrophe on the Held:
the Field Marshal signs it ntut the
Emperor reads it. Speechless, he returns
the sheet, "llow* harmless It
sounds! But if (Jon works no miracle
it is the end of everything."
The world may denounce the former
Kaiser, Germany may depose
him. the great Hinhknbvro may turn
a deaf ear and a eold shoulder t<? hini
and EmKNooitFF may treat him with
marked, premeditated disdain, but
j through it all Herr Uoknkb remains
true to tlie last.
Our Marines in Hayti.
( ntil Brlgatlier-iieneral Babnett's
statement that there haul been "practically
indiscriminate killing" of Hnytlans
by T'nited States marines was
made public the industriously circu;
lated charges of brutality brought
against our forces on duty in the Black
j Republic were received by Americans
'generally as propaganda based on unj
fortunate incidents inseparable front
| the occupation of the island.
General Harnett was quoted as
I saying his words had been misinterpreted.
iuit they made immediate ini
vestlgation of Ilaytlan conditions necessary,
and that Investigation has now
reached a stage at which the court
of inquiry conducting it lias felt justified
in reporting to the Xavy Department
in.it Cnncr.it It v r\ ctt "had 110
proper grounds" for Ills assertion.
Considering the difficult nature of
I the work set for the marines, which
consisted largely in the suppression
! of bandits, the wide authority necessarily
reposed in individuals far from
the higher officers, the provocation
under which they labored, the marines
appear to have comported themselves
with credit to their uniforms
and their counttw, and Infractions of
discipline among them were promptly
and suitably punished.
Enrioitt's all right.?Mayor Htlaj*
on his Commissioner of Police.
This Js an official indorsement of
Mr. Enrioht, not part of the refrain
of a topical song, but we may be sure
that phrase from tlie Mayor's lips will
' be heard on the stage some day.
Mayor Htlan hopes every honest
I man in town will hang a bandit on this
i year's Christmas trite.
The self-inflicted wounds which
ended the life of Pat O'Bribn, whose
record as a fighting aviator and whose
escape from mllltAry prison in Germany
thrilled the country, end in tragedy
a life which seemed destined for
flno successes. Not mere charity but
sound sense suggests that his mind
. was affected by his war trials and that
the underlying cause of his affilctlon
is to be sought not in California, where
he died, but In Europe, where he
Martkns may be taken Into Federal
custody.?Newspaper headline.
II me Auminimranun is noi rum ui
| the Bolshevik agent will actually be
[ on its hands soon. When it frets him
what, does it intend to do with him?
Conhtantine returns to his kingdom
to find the population which enthusiastically
voted for his rcestnbllahmcnt
on the throne preparing in several districts
to revolt. Ruling Greece is not
I a Job for a lover of peace and quiet.
Paintings offered ns old masters are
now subjected to examination by Xray,
and when- spurious this modern
development of science exposes the
fraud. No doubt the painters of "old
masters" will soon devise a way to
foil the scientist, for the rewards of
! those who cater to the universal ap;
petite for pictures by famous artists
gone before are too high to be surrendered
without a struggle.
Tale of a Christmas Tree.
I bought a little Christmas tree,'
A gem of verdant symmetry
That whispered from Its every twig
! Of frosty nights when stars are big.
T bore It to my modest flat
And set it on the braided mat,
A treasure from the woodlands gray
To make a Christmas holiday
I tt held its dusky branches out
| For tinsel to bo wreathed about,
It fairly begged for parcels whlta
And candy tied with ribbons bright.
I But when I paid the price, behold I
For which that conifer was sold,
bo! I had not a blamed'two-bit
To buy a thing to hang on it.
Minna Irvino.
Crime in New York.
A Question as to the 1/egal Liability
of the City.
To Tiik New York Hkrai-d : In view
of the appalling wave of crime that
| seems to be sweeping over the city,
' holdups, murders and robberies, and
I which the authorities seem practically
i powerless to check or to solve, I desire
' to ask if actions for heavy damages
would not hold against the city, actions
brought by the sufferers? The citizens
nav lieavv taxes for a protection that
they do not seem to receive.
Henry e. Nitchie. {
Westfield, N. J., December 18.
Where Oflirinl Responsibility Lies.
To The New York Herald: The
[ Governor can remove the District At!
torney and the Police Commissioner.
The only way to etop crime In this
[ city Is to get rid of these incompetent j
J officials.
Let us unite and cooperate to bring
about this consummation.
David A. Covrsen.
New York, December 18. ,
The Lash for Robbers.
To The New York Herald: There
I Is only one remedy for this robbery by
[ violence and murder which is going on
with such frequency, namely, the whip,
j I remember going through Peru during
the Chile-Peru war; the Chileans
J were in occupation of the capital and
1 lawlessness, ns the outcome of the war,
was rampant, and among all nationals
evilly minded It was absolutely unsafe
to walk oul in lonely parts of the town
even In tli- daytime, as 'you ran a great
risk of being knocked on the head and
1 having your money ami valuables taken
from you.
Fortunately, General Lynch, the son ot
in Irishman, was sent np to take charge
of the troops, and he immediately instituted
the whip for all crimes of violence.
The prisoners were inarched through the
streets wearing foolscaps describing
their crimes and followed by four other
prisoners, and at four different public
squares they were laid out and publicly
I whipped by ttie other prisoners.
If the latter did not do this as vlgorI
ously a: was expected of them they re|
ceived the flat of a sword blade across
i their backs, which always had the dej
sired effect.
After a week of this one could s!?ep
i safely with the front door open ; in fact,
it was said the remedy had such an
effect that when those criminally lni
cilned saw open doors or windows they
[ ran to avoid the possibility of falling
into temptation.
Tills may be very barbarous tsc-atj
ment. and no doubt against the views of
milksops who talk about its brutalizing
effects and so on. but it certainly is
very effective.
is it not worth whipping, say, a score
of tb"s< brutes to insure the safety of
the millions of peaceful and law abiding
| citizens? Cannibal.
New York, December 18.
| Abuse of the Telephone.
Too KiiRcr Salesmen Impose on Business
Men Over the Wire.
To This New York Herald: An imposition
is practised, by some zealous
salesmen in the use of the telephone.
Many busy business men find them
selves frequently canea up nn me telephone
by persons whom they do not
I know and who Invent one excuse or another
for opening up conversation about
, the sale of stocks, usually problematical
| oil and other equally speculative offer;
ings. In some eases they pretend that
j an Inquiry lias been sent in ; in others
j that .1 friend lias asked them to call
] you up, and in other cases they Just open
| up the conversation on their own account
: direct.
I am fully aware that the telephone
j is open to everybody who wishes to call
up any other person on matters of business
; in fact it Is one of the greatest
conveniences of the age, but, like all
modern improvements, it Is subject to
abuse, and it seems to me this constitutes
such abuse.
Could not the daily newspapers use
their groat influence in helping to abate
the nuisance? W. M. B.
New York, December 18.
Make Game an Asset.
; Farmers as Well as Birds Need Protection
From Poachers.
To The New York Herald: Automobile
gunners and others of the poaching
persunslon are a constant annoyance to
the farmers and a menace to what poor
remnant of game birds there is- left in
New York State.
It should be made unlawful to hunt on
any lands without a permit in writing
from the owner But this Is only a part
of what the present emergency require*.
| There is eo little game left that It must
1 not only be protected but induced to
j breed here in our .State. If it can be
i made worth while to the land owner to
! provide sufil-lent cover and protection.
1 this will naturally follow. Under the
present laws frame Is a liability to the
farmer: It must be made an as?et.
The present writer understands that
there was a clause In the Republican
State platform favoring better game
law*. The matter Is not partisan In any
1 ?ense, and the new Legislature may be
I expected to act. PAUL VooRHiER.
Brooklyn, December 18.
Identifying Germany's Foremost Financial
1 To The New York Herald: In various
reports regarding the Spa and Brussels
conferences which have appeared In
this country, as for example In the report
appearing In your paper this morning,
the name of the foremost Herman
financial delegate is giwn an Hlgmund
This la In error, and the delegate referred
to 1* not the manufacturer, as
has frequently been stated, but Is Htaatssekretaer
Carl Bergmann, the chairman
I of the German Reparations Commission
i In Paris, who before entering the OerI
man Government service was promt:
nently connected with the Deutsche Bank
and who haw many friends In this country.
L. C. Marburg.
New York, December 18.
Gifts of Music Records Wanted.
To The New York Herald: The
children and old folks we visit In the
hospitals and almshouses love music.
They have talking machines but need
music. Do any of your readers wish to
gladden their heart* and brighten their
| lives by giving them some records?
Wo will call for them and on Christmas
Day the givers can think of the Joy
the children and old folks aro receiving
because of these gifts.
New York Citt VtsiTmo Committee,
10f> Bast Twenty-second street
New York. Docember IS.
20, 1920.
Symphony Pleases i
Orchestra Plays for First
From D'Indy's "Legen
The Symphony Society of N'ew York
resumed Its Sunday concert* at Aeolian
Hall yesterday with a varied programme
of German, French and Russian music.
It comprised Wagner's "Eine Faust"
overture, Schubert's B minor symphony,
a symphonic Interlude entitled "La
Queste de Dieu," from D'Indy's opera
i "Legend of St. Christophers" played |
here for the first time and Tchaikovsky's
violin concerto. Fritz Krelsler
waa the soloist.
D'lndy's "St. Christopher," which he
created during the years 1907-191S, was
first produced In Its entirety at the
Carls Opera last June and most favorably
received. The Interlude In the
opera takes place between the two parts
of the story of the giant's life which i
picture him before and after his conversion.
Before the excerpt was played Mr.
Oarnrosch told the audience the subject
of the opera and played some themes
on the piano. The music, admirably
performed, made an Impression and
created a desire to hear It as a part
of the whole opera.
Mr. Krelsler's reading of the conci rto
' is familiar and yesterday It again was
I one of splendid artistic proportions.
Spanish Soprano Gives Recital.
Mme. Maria Grever, a Spanish soprano.
who has sung here before, gave a
recital yesterday at the Princess Theatre.
In a programme, including a
group of her own songs, with others In
Spanish and French, she sang with a
! voice not well controlled, but with some
idea f phrasing and g-uod feeling.
Hofman and Schwarz Arrive.
Josef Hofmah, the violinist, and
Joseph Gchwara, the Lettish barytone,
arrived yesterday by the White Star
, liner Baltic for concert tours of the
i United ftates.
The violinist sailed hence for Europe
. in September, giving recitals in London,
! France, Belgium and Germany and
spending some time In his Swiss home
near Lake Geneva. He will visit friends
' in Philadelphia and will make his first
1 ndesirables.
, "Seven hundred undesirable immigrants
rejected by Uncle Sam at gate, to bo de!
ported."?Nov, 2?, 1020.
They sit on benches in hot rooms
i Ami stare and cough through Idle days.
Their thick wind-blooded, black-browed
Like leeches suck the bloated shore
Where gold was promised evermore . .
Outside the ocean they have crossed,
Fog-bound, In wailing of far ports.
Outside the city coveted
Is drinking ships In like a sponge :
Is poised?an jron wave?to plunge. . .
They stir along the bench and shift.
They open mouths, they gasp for air.
Their ashen thoughts like trailing smoke
| Become vague spectres sick with fears.
| Oh I on them squeeze two hemispheres.
Kathrvn White Ryan.
Peace by Consent.
A Combination Suggested of League,
Court and Referendum.
| To The New York Herald: Regard1
ing the plan #to end war by referendum
the following suggestion may not be
without value.
To submit the issue directly to the
j people's vote might defeat its very purpose
of prevention. In the light of the
world's knowledge acqtdred after the
fact no one can doubt that had the
issue been submitted in 1914 to the
German people they would have voted
war In accordance with their education
I and the dictation of their war lords.
Determination by league or court Involves
the nice and difficult question of
j what Is Justiciable. For example, no
American citizen would hcstltate em1
phatically to declare as non-Justiciable
I the Issue whether or not our republic
should be Inundated uiftll submerged
| by the floods of Eastern populations,
i Not because the peoples of the Orient
i are Inferior races, as racial superiority
or Inferiority has nothing to do with
j the question. The reason for their ex{
elusion is simply because nature has
j made them in too many respects radl|
tally different from ourselves. Different
physically, mentally and temperamentally.
Different In language, customs and
laws, beliefs and perhaps Ideals. Thereby
nature Itself precludes the hope of
amalgamation. Hence exclusion Is ijot
Now It seems feasible to combine the
ideas of league, court and referendum
In the plan to prevent war and create a
preventive In so far as at present clvil;
I zed ingenuity can devise one. Let the
nations agree upon a court of definitive
Jurisdiction over all questions deemed
Justiciable, and ovef all other questions
j submitted to It hy referendum of the
nations between whom a non-Justlclable
Issue arises, thereby making 'such issue
Justiciable by the consent nf*he nations
concerned In a given case. .
fin win r. Lbavitt.
Nkw York, December 18.
America's Home Makers.
I Women Who Need No Servants to
Help in Care of Their Families.
To Tim Nrw York Hkrai.d: 1 am of
I the opinion that the average American
1 woman does not want servants or a part
In the management of the affairs of the
Government. She saves and labors for
what she has and Is content to do her
j own work, and by doing for her husj
band creates a love which seldom if
I ever dies.
How many divorce cases have none
Into the courts from real Amerl'-nt amlIImi
tn which love of homo nd mo life
Is uppermost in t"he th .ghte of the
If other families need servants let
them bring servants in from foreign
shores. Will a true American be a servant?
No, not for any one. Will a true
j American do for himself? Yes. If doing
! one's own work Is good enough for an
' American, why Is It not good enough for
everybody In this country?
T.rlng back good old American homes
and avoid foreign fashions.
A Tsm.r American.
Hp.ooki.tk, December IS.
The Apathetic Oiark f'oirespnadenl.
Tarkrr correspondence Grrm forest Tribune
We failed to hear last week of the arrival
of a new girl at the hotne of Mr. and Mrs.
I Willie Stanhope.
Stunts of Discovery,
Columbua discovered America.
"It ras much harder work trying not to
discover where my wife bad hidden my
Christinas tin," b? confessed.
n New Opera Music
Time Here the Interlude
d of St. Christopher."
appearance of the season at Atlanta.
Oa? on January d. After recitals In this
city he will go to the l'aclfic coast and
back, completing his tour In April.
Schwarz was accompanied by his manager,
Alexander L. Fischer of this city,
who says he discovered the barytone,
who is a linguist as well as singer, having
complete command of seven languages.
He will open his first season In
America at Carnegie Hall on January 3.
He said it had been the ambition of his
life to come to America and that he intended
to become an American citizen
and make his home here.
He is of striking personal appearance,
37 years old and 6 feet 1 Inch in height
and of splendid physical proportions.
Born in Riga, Courland. as one of a
rather large family, his early promise of
becoming a singer secured for him a
thorough musical training both In piano- I
forte and voice, hut his youth was not
without Its difficulties and It was onlyafter
a-stern personal struggle that he
achieved his success.
Misi Farrar Aids Children
Miss Geraldlne Farrar has written to
Mrs. James Clifton Kdgar, chairman of
the publicity committee for the Professional
Children's School, expressing her
admiration for the great work being done
hv the school in educating children.on
the stage and requesting that a box be
set aside tdr her use for the first of the
matinees t > be given by the school at
the Longacie Theatre after Christmas.
Miss Farrar will attend the matinee if
i her opera appearances will permit.
Art Objects on View.
In Silo's Annex, 313-343 Madison
avenue, there will be opened for exhibition
to-day a collection of art objects,
Jewelry, silver, modern and antique furniture
and rugs from the estate of the
late Sarah Speyer. In addition to these
objects there arc also two automobiles
to be sold, an Isotta-Fraschini sedan
ear and a L.ancia-Holbrook landau
brougham. The sale will take place on
Tuesday and Wednesday.
The KJadlsun Art Galleries will place
on exhibition to-day the entire contents
of the town house of the late Mary C.
ICahl, 147 Kast Sixty-third street, on the
Selective Immigration.
One Test of Newcomers the Possibility
of Americanizing Them.
To The New York Herald: Rigid
selective Immigration must be established
at the least for a number of years.
We cannot absorb Into this country, as
large as It Is, the tide of illiterate peoI
pies who are coming to-day without
inviting another and more alien race to
turn the flood into a torrent.
Can we not decrease the Immigration
of skilled and unskilled Industrial workers
and increase the advantages for
farmers and farm laborers who are
capable of absorbing and realizing American
Ideals? The Chinese and Japanese
are not, from what we have seen of them
during the last fifty years, through their
fundamental racial characteristics capable
of becoming "of America Americans."
The problem In time would become
a greater one than that of the
The proportion of the total immigration
between the years of 1899 and 1909
that declared themselves farmers was
but 2.7 per cent. Let it be Increased,
but at the expense of the class of Industrial
Immigrant who is now becoming
a burden; and let it be increased
from other races than those who cannot
become part of us.
Roger L. Bridcema.v.
New York, December 18.
Two Stamp Taxes.
A Plan to Pay the Government 1 Per
Cent, on Cheeks and Bills.
To The New' York Herald : I "ugj
gest the following stamp taxes to take
i the place of the present income and excess
profits taxes. Stamp taxes have a
bitter taste to- American mouths, but
they are simplest, cheapest and easiest
to be collected. They should hit the
rich and poor alike in proportion to their
1. A stamp tax on checks. This
should not be the Spanish war tax of
two cents on each check. This fixeil'flsr
ure Is unfair to the small check drawer,
but. the check should carry In stamps
1 per cent, of Its amount.
2. A stamp tax on bills and statements.
All bills and statements rendered
monthly or otherwise should carry
stamps to the amount of 1 per cent
This would be along the lines of a sales
tax. The party rendering the bill must
stand the tax. That Is, the landlord
must place stamps', which cannot be
charged to the tenant on the rent bill,
the Insurance broker on the Insurance
stnteinent, the butcher on the meat bill,
the dry goods merchant on the dry goods
bill. An agent of course would pay a
tax only on Ills commission, charging to
the owner or insurance company his or
Its correct proportion. This tax would
reach the store owner, real estate operator
and corporation.
Now what Is 1 per cent, on checks or
bills? Surely the man who draws a
check for $5 should not object to placing
a stamp for five cents on his check.
Nor should the landlord object to placing
on his bill for $250 rent a stamp for
$2.60. Think of the cash saved now
paid to lawyers, sudltors and collector^;
the time saved now wasted with Government
Inspectors and tax forms. Possibly
we could hnve nnd keep our books
and affairs to ourselves, not open to prying
These taxes should bring In a larga
revenue. The flow should be steady,
causing no financial disturbance, ns at
present. What would these cost to
collect? Certainly not the vast sums
expended at present. Only the cost of
printing and distributing the stamps: u
mere trifle. I.,rt's swallow our stamp
tax hatred, get to work and pay our
debts. Kino Smith.
Nbw York, December 18.
The Navy find Better Keep Away Prom This
Kansas Town.
Ilutrhinann correspondence Tnptka Capital.
Mnnagor Magulre of the Harvey House was
Two hundred and eighty sailors en route
from the Orrat Lakes station to flan Pedro,
. Cat., to become part of thn crow of til"
battleship New Mexico, spent an hour at the
lnml Harvey House for breakfast. And then
they marched out onto the Blsonts lawn, a
' sarrcd precinct on which no man la allowed
to s? t foot, niul there. Tight tinder thn horror
stricken Rase of Mnnn*er Mngulre. thn sailors
went through their setting up exercises
on the grass. Tb? watrhman was dlrncted
, to eject them. Iln ailed up the 2S0 husky
youths and suddenly heard the telephono ring
J ami had to answer It.
The Age of Iteason.
Knleker?Are they a disillusioned family?
Booker?Tea, they no longer believe In thf
League of Nations or Santa Claua.
Daily Calendar
For Eastern New York?Generally
fair to-day and to-morrow; not much
| change In temperature ; Jresh west and
| northwest winds.
I For New Jersey?Fair to-day and to-rnor
row; not much change ill temperature; moderate
variable win.l*.
For Northern New England-Mjenernlly ','alr
to-day and to-morrow; not much change in
tem|?erature; moderate westerly winds.
For {Southern New ISngl&nd?-Fair to-day
and to-morron ; not much change in temperature;
moderate to fresh westerly winds. /.
For Western New York?Cloudy to-day. ? .
probably light snow near the lakes; tomorrow
generally fair; ifot much change in
temperature; moderate southwest and west
WASHINGTON, Pec. 19?Pressure *as
low and falling Sunday from the Pacific
coast eastward over the plateau and Rocky
Mountain regions and it was high over the
sections further east, Kaln fell In the Gulf
States, the south Atlantic States and the
Pacific States and snow In Montana, the
middle Missouri Valley, .the region of the
Great Bakes and the ^per Ohio Valley.
The temperature continued below normal
over the greater portion of the country and
minimum readings of fen to twelve degrees
were registered in North Pakota Sunday
The outlook is for mostly fair weather In
the States earn of the Mississippi River tomorrow,
but the western disturbance Is "xpected
to move eastward and cause unsettled
weather Tuesday, and snow is probable In
the upper lake region and the Ohio Valley
and rain In the Southern States.
Temperature changes will i\f>t be Important.
I Storm warnings are displayed on tho
southern California coast.
| Observations at United States Weather
Bureau stations, taken at 8 I'. M. yesterday,
| seventy-fifth meridian time:
Temperature. Bar- last 24
StattonB. High.Bow. ometer. hrs. Weather.
| Abilene tiO .. 20.08 .. Clear
Albany 28 30.14 .. Pt.Cldy w
Atlantic City.. 40 2X 30.10 .. Cloudy
Baltimore 40 30 30.18 Cloudy
i lllsmarck 10 .. 30.22 .. Pt.Cl'dy
Boston 40 2 8 30.08 .. Cloudy
I Buffalo 24 22 30.12 .32 Cloudy
Cincinnati 30 .. 30.20 ... Pt.Cl'dv
Charleston ... r.0 44 30.20 .01 Rainy '
Chicago 22 16 30.24 .. Clear
Cleveland 22 .. 30.22 .. Know
Denver 43 2G 20.72 .. Cloudv
Detroit 24 IS 30.20 .01 Cloudy
Galveston .... 38 50 30.00 .. Cloudy
Helena 38 .. 20.70 .. Pt.Cl'dy
Jacksonville .. 38 48 80.12 .02 Cloudy
Kansas City... 30 24 30.18 .. Pt.CFjJy
Dos Angeles... 58 .. 20.82 .68 Clear
Milwaukee ... 18 14 30.20 .. Clear
New Orleans.. 54 50 30.08 .. Cloudy
Oklahoma City 50 .. 30.O4 .. Pt.ClMy
Philadelphia .. 38 30 30.18 .. Cloudy
Pittsburg 2(1 20 30.22 .00 Cloudy
Portland. Me.. 38 2(1 30.0(1 .. Clear
Portland. Ore.. 44 .. 20.84 .02 Cloudy
Salt I.ake City 46 .. 20.64 .. Cloudy
San Antonio... 68 .. 30.00 .. Clear
San Diego 58 .. 20.00 .32 Pt.Cl'dy
San Francisco. 52 .. 20.00 .28 Pt.Cl'dy
Seattle 44 .. 20.84 .20 Cloudy
St. IjOuls 30 26 30.22 .. Clear
St. Paul 16 .. 30.20 .. Clear
Washington ... 42 28 30.18 .. Pt.Cl'dy
8 A. M. 8 P. M.
Raromcter 30.14 30.18
Humidity 62 63
Wind?direction W. N.W.
Wind?velocity 22 20
Weather Clear Cloudy
Precipitation None None
The temperature In this city yesterday,
as recorded by the official thermometer. Is
shown In the annexed table:
8 A. M 26 1 P. M 32 6 P. M 33
0 A. M 26 2 P. M 34 7 P. M 32
10 A.M....28 3 P. M 34 8 P.M....31
11 A. M 27 4 J'. M 83 0 P. M 31
12 M SO 5 P. M 35 10 P. M 30
1020. 1010. 1020. 1010.
0 A. M 26 16 6 P. M 33 23
12 M 30 10 0 P. M 31 21
8 P.M....34 24 12 Mid 20 21
Highest temperature, 30. at 6:20 P M.
I.owost temperature, 25. at 5 A. M.
Average temperature. 30.
Ernest Harold Ba.vnee will deliver an Illustrated
lecture, "Our Animal Allies In the
World War," under the auspices of tha
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals, in Eextngton Theatre, 8:30 P. M.
The 302d Engineer Tost of the American
Region will hold its annual election of of
fleers at a meeting In the Seventy.seventh
Division Club, 27 West Twenty-fifth street.
8 P. M. ,
The New York Chapter of World War
Veterans will meet In the Seventy-first Reg!
men! Armory, Park avenue and Thirtyfourth
street, this evening.
The Society of American Foresters will
hold Its annual meeting at ths Vale Club.
50 Vannerbllt avenue, beginning at 0:30 A. M
Dr. Winifred Sackvllle Stoner will speali
I on "Am You a Genius, a Prodigy, a Fool,
| or an Ordinaire?" at a dinner of the Sunrls.
i t'liib at the flafe Tloillevard. 6:45 P. M.
The anual dinner of the New York Academy
of Science* will be held at the Delta
Kappa Kpellon Club, 30 Weal Forty-fourth
atreet, 7 T. M.
The section of ophthalmology of the New
York Academy of Medicine will meet at
17 Weat Forty-third atreet. 8:30 P. M.
Haley Roone will give an Illustrated lec
ture on "Record* and Romance of the
Plymouth Pilgrims," nt Evander Child* HIrIi
School. lf?4th atreet and Field place, the
Brans. 8:15 P. M.
The Society of New York Women will hold
: a meeting at the Hotel Astor. at 2 P. M.
1 Yarn Dealer* Association, meeting. Hotel
McAlpln. 7:30 P. M.
The Westchester County Chamber of Com
merce wll hold a dinner at the Hotel Com
modore, 7 P. M.
Dr. Frederick Schlelter wll lecture on "Tlv
Development of Science.' at the Manhattan
Trade School, Iyexlngton avenue and Twenty
second street. 8:15 P. M.
Countries Suffering From
^ War Will Benefit.
Assistance to medical schools In central
Europe, In countries whose combined
population approximates 75.000,000
people and which are sufArlng severely
in consequence of a great shortage of
physicians, has been decided upon b>
the Rockefeller Foundation. ,
The programme Includes aid In the
rehabilitation of scientific equipment for
medical teachings and research In thee
countries: aid In supplying universities a
throughout Europe with American and '
British medical Journals, and otn Invitation
to four leading medical men of
Serbia to visit America at the expense
of the foundation that they may study
medical schools here as a preliminary
to establishing a medical college In Belgrade.
In Serbia, according to the report
made to the foundation by its re^re
Rontatlves who recently visited central
Eurrgte, there are less'than three hundred
doctors for the entire population
In Poland, with Its 26,000,000 Inhabitants,
there are less than two thousand
physicians outside of the army medical
forces. With the exception of Germany
and Austria It was found that all tlte
countries under consideration are badly
In need of schools which will train up
adequate numbers of physicians for the
Immediate future.
Col. F. F. Russell, who has been In
Prague since August serving as technical
adviser In public health laboratory
organization to the Czech Ministry of
Hygiene, Is to arrange the details of the
foundation's cooperation with the medical
schools abroad.
Attack* Ills nillt labor 1*
Not Heady for Yoke.
Pcnoimcln* Senator rolndoxter'a antlstrlko
hill, Samuel Ootnpers, president of
tho American Federation of Labor, issued
yesterday the following statement
"Senator Polndexter Introduced the ,
anti-strike bill when only twelve Senatore
were present, and Senator La Toilette
therefore moved a reconsiderstion
of the bill. Evidently Senator Poinds*
tor has Joined the coterie that would enslave
American labor. The American
worklnamati is not yet ready to submit
his neck to the yoke."
The Associated Tress Is exclusively entitled
to the use for republication of all news despatches
credited to It or not otherwise
credited In thle paper and also the locsl
? news published herein.
All rights of republication of speelsl das
patches herein ar* also reserved.
I 4

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