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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, December 22, 1920, Image 1

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WEATHER FORI
Rain to-day and to-morr
change in tempe
Highest temperature yesterda;
retailed weather reports will be tout
VOL. LXXXV.?NO. lb
AUSTRIAN LABOR
ON $8 A WEEK IS
DMGEROOS NOW
Situation Disquieting Despite
32,000,000 Crowns
Daily to Cut Prices.
MOKE COAL AND FOOD
Fats, Sugar and Condensed
Milk Added to Supply
of Latter.
DEFICIT NEAR 25 BILLIONS
~ !
Prices More Than Doubled i
Since Last Year and Exchange
Still Falling.
Sp<?etreJ Cable 1o Tub Nsw Yob* IIrjuld.
Copyright, iato, by Tub -New Tom: Hjbalb.
VntNNA, Dec. 21.?The highest paid
labor In Vienna receives only $8 a
week in wages and workers here could
not have subsisted last month had'not
tiie Government contributed thirtytwo
million crowns daily to reduce the
pride of food, says an official state
mcnt describing- Austrian conditions
which was prepared for The New
York Herald. It says the situation is
Improving in some respects, but, taken
as a whole, is more disquieting than
it was a year ago.
"If one compares the present economic
conditions obtaining in Austria
with those at the end of 1919, the conclusion
must be that, taken as a whole,
they are nearly as bad and decidedly
more dangerous," the statement says.
"Dast December the chief difficulty
was in fh'e impossibility to procure
enough coal and foodstuffs and thus
keep traffic moving and the population
fed and clothed.
"This December the coal supply Is
larger than it was a year ago. and
there are considerable supplies of food,
raw materials and manufactured goods.
We have about a third of the fuel and
raw materials we want. But prices are
more than doubled and the exchange
rate on the Austrian crown is approochtria
that of flip Russian ruble.
.Ilnjorltjr Lire on State Relief.
"(.ast month the Austrian Government
contributed thirty-two million
crowns a day to cheapen bread and
(lour rationed to the population. That
i.? at, I he rate of twelve billion crowns
a year. This sum does not include the
Mate's purchases of fats, sugar and
condensed milk. Without this contribution
a majority of tho population would
be abandoned to unspeakable misery,
for they are hardly able to afford to
pay even these artificially low prices.
Ihe daily deficit Incurred on account of
the rationing- of food considerably lnereasod
this December because of the
further depreciation of the crown.
"In the budget the entire deficit originally
was estimated at halt a billion
conns, but when the Finance Minister
made his last announcement he mild
It had already gone to twenty-five billions,
although the .State's revenues bad
Increased 228 per cent, in tho foregoing
y ear. This simply means that the financial
capacity of Austria la out of all
proportions to her requirements and that
chaos Is imminent If the reconstruction
plans of tho Reparations Commission remain
an unfulfilled promise much longer.
"The time Is coming when no one
abroad will accept Austrian crowns in
payment of debts. Tho circulation of
paper crowns Is already expected to be
more than 31.000,000,000 crowns by the
end of this month,
"If we had coal and raw materials
enough to supply our Industries fuhy
we could afford to raise prices to the
world market level and so save the gift
of 30.000,000 crowns dnily which the
Government presents to the poor. It
would be a ruthless experiment and
probably wbuld doom many families to
death, but it would break a vicious
circle. Tt would make It possible to set
up a budget with a greatly reduced
deficit, or with no deficit whatsoever.
Material* Short. W?ge? ton.
"But sii>Cc we have only a third of Iho I
raw material* needed, our wage* are
kept down and our manufacturers can
only export.
"The metal workers are the best paid |
labor In Austria to-day. They receive
IS a week. They could not live on thin i
n Ithont the aid of the Government.
"Were Austria a selr supporting country,
producing, say, four-flfths of hat
necessaries. the financial problem would
not bo so hopeless. But she produced j
less than a third of her requirements,
partly because so much of her land Is j
mountainous and partly because many
of her farms were ruined through the
constant requisitions and the general i
neglect they suffered during the war.
"We live on foreign oountrles snd will
be unable to pay them for years to coino. !
We are already planning how to pawn
otir art treasures, which shows how
desperate we have grown. We need
quick, systematic help, and If It does not
ome the Austrian "State may b< * *I.eeted
lo collapse as early as next February
or March.
"It Is Important that the average Austrian
does not believe in the vitality of
the new State and will not until It has
solved the problem. Some of the best of
Austria's provinces arc only awaiting!
the moment when the difficulties of existence
will provide the desired pretext
for them to shake off the yoke of the
Treaty of fit. Germain and seek salvation
In a union With Germany or with
Switzerland.
"No real Government can wait for'
events to drive through this conclusion
without accepting ths logic of the situation.
laying down its mandate and admitting
that dissolution Is Inevitable."
t.nnn.ooo 1* Obl.l) AftRIVRft.
The National Hank of Commerce In
New York announced yesterday the re-'
olpt of $1,300,000 In English gold bars.
The metal came from the fivrrlgas Rlkabank,
the Government bank of Sweden,
on board the Swedish-American line
a eamshfp Drottlngholm.
: " , ' 1 " 1
'"HAVANA AneCtAI-," Only Dtcwt Thrtrngh
'alnte Havana. Atlantic Coast Lips. Offtey,
IMtHKINlij, KA!.Len?aor*?M?*-*Mi?
V
V
11
7 3 iff
:cast. ....
ow; not much B
xature: 1
y, 41; lowest, 26. -?id
on Edltorlftl pa go\?DAILY.
4.4.
r
Ford Boosted Coal
by Panicky Purchases
JS'pen'tii Despatch to Tint New Yomk
IlkBAUl.
?w York Herald Hureau, )
Wanhinilon, I>. C., Deo. 31. I
JJENRY FORD got panicky
over the coal shortage in
Detroit, according to testimony
before the Calder committee today,
and sent ten different agents
secretly into the coal fields to
buy coal.
These agents competed against
one another, one buying from
I others, until they jumped the
| price trom $4 a ton to ?11 a ton
1 for the eame coal in one day.
AQUITANIA DOCKS
MINUS DE VALERj
Searchers Find No Trace o
Irish "President," Heported
on Vessel.
SIGNS OF PEACE INCREAS1
Gen. Tudor Off on Leave?
Republic Idea WanesTalk
of Wales for King
Svtciol Cobl* to Tim Nftw Yosk
Copyright, 1M0. by Tun New Yokk ILckali
Sew York llrrald Bureau, I
I.ondoti, Dee. 21. j
The strictest vigilance in Southamp
ton failed to reveal any one lookln
like Eamonn de Valera, "President c
the Irish Republic," when the steain
ship Aqultania of the Cunard Line ar
rived there to-day. There are ail sort
of rumors that he is somewhere on thi
side of the Atlantic, but has not ye
been "recognized." It was suggeste
that the reports to the effect he wa
on the Aqultania were spread mercl
as a blind to divert attention fror
other vessels.
a scrutiny or the passengers an
crew satisfied tlio authorities that D
Valera was not there. The Captain c
the vessel said De Valera could nc
have come as a member of the crev
as ho had not added to his force 1
New York.
Despatches from Dublin indicate nei
signs toward peace there. A semi-off
clal statement from Dublin Castle inl:
mated that if De Valera arrived in Ire
land he would not be arrested. Anoth*
statement of the same nature this cvr
nlng said that Gen. Tudor, in conunan
of the auxiliary division of the Roy?
Constabulary, had received a leave <
absence, which is reported to be for a
Indefinite period.
This is accepted as a step bearing or
(Jen. Sir Nevll Maoroady's ultimatum ..
threo days ago that reprisals must ceasi
and looks as though the Govern men
were trying to do everything possible t
bring about peaee,
(Jen. Tudor has been in charge of ih
"Blaek and Tans" and is genera:)
accredited with the publication of .h
Weekly Bulletin. If Gen. Tudor leave
tactics are liable to a change, and wit
Gen. Macready's order posted the Iris
?iu iiiiv* every cnanen in uiko suip
toward pouco if they really desire t
meet the conditions of Premier I<loy
Uoorge, which leave the way open fo
something besides an out and out re
public..
If J)o Valera does appear now in Ira
land or in Hngland It will be so inuc
thu better, both aides feel, because hi
presence will at leant offer a smoot
road for all sides to get together.
That certain factions In Irnhuid hav
swung far from the ambition to cstab
lish a republic la Indicated by Tlmoth;
McNulty, who told a meeting of th
Irish Vlgilanoe Society thut Do Valen
is In favor of an Irish kingdom, will
one of the sons of King Oorge as men
arch. Tliere has been some talk fo
several months of the possibility of nam
lug the Prince of Wales as Regent c
Ireland, and, owing to his popularity, j
Is widely believed that this would d
much to bring the two peoples togcthei
With the Christmas spirit near there I
a decidedly moro optimistic feeling re
guiding ax- early Irish peace.
HOME RULE OR
CROWN COLON 1
London Government Only Al
ternative for Ireland.
IjONDON, I>ee. 21.,?The Irish liom
rule bill, as slightly modified l>y th
House of Jjords, was adopted by th
House of Commons tn-dav. The ineu
ure now needs only the Royal slgnutiir
to became a law.
The measure win bo effective at th'
discretion of the Government at an:
time within threo and h 'half yearp. Th'
Oovernmont reserves the privilege o
applying the law when the opportun'
moment arrives.
The bill Is not fundamentally differ
ent from the measure the < lover 11 men
first presented. Months of disc ussloi
nnd efforts to amend Iti both houses re
suited In certain safeguards being added
which Its adherents believe will make 1
m<>re acceptable to the Irish people.
Its critics, however, still nialntnb
that It will not be accepted by sou then
Ireland, and In this connection It 1
recalled that Arthur Or With, Sinn Kelt
leader, said some weeks after the bil
was Introduced that there probably wer
not ten Influential men In Ireland wle
had even taken the trouble to rend It
The bill's critics argue that the event
of the past few months have not aervei
to change the Sinn Fein attitude tha
they will not set up the governmen
suggested by the Imperial Parliament
The bill on presented did not provld
an alternatlvo If either I'lster or th
south or both, declined to accept It. bu
It has been amended to the . ffo< t tha
If either docs not accept It within thro
and a half years, the measure nutomn
tleally dies so far as the section ie
fusing to accept It Is concerned. In llv
meantime Cither s< ctlon declining to no
rept can be ruled as a crown colony
The limit of three and a half years oa.
adopted because by that time there mus
be an election and a now House of Com
mons.
The hill now provides that there shal
(foeMniiSrf, 07% Fifth JPnpm,
?
HE NI
?. NEW YORK,
; MILLIONS SHARED "
BY OFFICIALS AS
COAL PROFITEERS
IG. H. Gushing, Director of
Wholesale Association,
ir.i nl
.unites i narge.
J $675,000 TO ONE CROUP
'Dollar a Year Man' Named
r to Senate Committee Prob1
ing High Prices,
f DENIES REAL SHORTAGE
Asserts Reports of Panicky
Conditions in Market Were
j
? and Are Artificial.
Licxpatch to Tjib New York Hbkai.d,
New York Hrrnld Hurrnu, )
Wii-liincton. 1>. C.. Dec. 81. 1
Enormous profits on coal, running
into millions of dollars, were made
by Government officials during the
panic over the shortage Inst summer,
according to the testimony to-day of
George II. Gushing, managing director
of the American Wholesale Coal Asso
>- ciatlon before the Senate special comg
mlttee on reconstruction,
if The name of one official not now
connected with the Government was
furnished to the committee hut not
a disclosed. This official, it was ass
serted by Mr. Gushing in executive
t session, was one of a group of Govd
ernment officials who made a net profit
s of $1.50 a ton on 450,000 tons of coal
y sold to consumers In this country and
n abroad.
"He was a dollar a year man and
d not connected either with the Depart?
ment of Justice or the I. C. C.," said :
rf | Senator (""alder (X. V.). chairman of
it the committee. "His name will be J
r, given later. as it is the purpose of the
n committee to summon him as a witness.
Mr. CuHhing told us he would
V give us the name of other Government
officers who also went into the
oonl business. We were given to unr
derstand that they used advance information
from Government sources
d as to the needs of various communlil
ties for coal In making their deals.
r , ?otwl
'* I>omr OI in n uocli nviivi nv.t
11 fomn to foreign purchasers. but notje
if of it was sold to the Government."
Tells <>f One Itlu Jon.
it Mr. t.'ushlng's revelation came at the
o close of a severe grilling by the committee
in which they sought to show
? that the COO members of the association
y have been profiteering In coal during
? the coal panic. It created a sensation
s and led to sn immediate demand that
' the names he furnished.
' This Mr. Cushlng declined to do pub3
licly. but said he would furnish them
? to the committee and later gave one
name with a promise to produce the
r others.
I.io you know that Government officials
secured part of the enormous
'* profits made out of coal?" asked Sen"
i a tor Calder.
s "I do." replied Mr. Cashing, who
!l afterward stated also that he had been
offered a share of 2." cents a ton by one
fi group of Government officials If he
" would help tliern locate 400,000 tons of
>' Coal that they could market. This ho
e refused to do.
* "Why do you refuse?" asked Senator
h Edge (N. J.). "This is a serious charge,
" and If the Government through Its offir
clals have been helping to maintain high
i" prices we never will arrive at a solution
'f of the difficulty if we cannot have all thj
It facts."
o "It would do no good," said Mr. Cushr.
Ing. "for it Is all over now, and what
s tills committee should do is In consider
!- the immediate situation. My muckraking
days are over."
i'rrtflIn Spill Many iVa?s.
, "I* It really fair to leave It open.'"
' persisted Senator Ken yon <la.), Ilepubllcan.
who also hud Iw n insisting upon
? an answer. Mr. ('ashing re;illed that he
might furnish It privately to the committee,
which lie aftei ward dhl.
, The exposure of profiteering b.\ C?ov.
ernment employees was forced as the
result of an attempt by the committee
I to have Mr. Cusldng explain where
^ I profits made by other dealers In coal
: went. He admitted one case In which
(> J coal valued at IJI.Bti a ton at the mine
y j sold for 114.50 a ton at the mine.
J "Where did these enormous profits j
f go?" asked Senator Kenyon.
n j "They went everywhere," replied Mr. I
j flushing. "Priority orders for eonl Is-1
* I sued by the I. C. <C. made It possible for !
1 i contracts to ho broken, leaving a vast !
quantity of free coal. Thousands of
I people thtiF saw a chance to make profits
j and went Into the coal business. It wis
shared by operators, by railroad official*.
..1 uy certain (lovernment officials and by
r( Iridtviduals
w "| stake my reputation anil a record
^ of twenty-five years," inlil Mr. tlushI
inc. "upon the statement that unless I
t, n?vr iv?ti t.?r mime oui?r
n worldwide explosion, tho people of the
United Htates may forget that there is
i a coal problem and may disregard posHi
hie danger or a future fuel famine.
t! "This Is conditioned, however, on the
t further assumption that there is an ah*
> sence of (lovernmenlHl restriction or
p I too much centralisation of control of
,, Interstate carriers, which may kill the
t transportation companies."
11 ,T. r>. A. Morrow, vlce-prealUent of the j
? 1 National Coal Association, representlnir
. mine operators, flatly contradicted .Mr. j
. Cushlng's Statement that there van no
n occasion for alarm, lie Insisted that I
.. j the alarm was Justified by conditions
>. | and ttiat his view was Indorsed by rn.lls
I road and Government officials. The
t I committee will hear further testimony
. ^ from Mr. Morrow to-morrow morning.
' rlnehumt. ?f. C.?'Carolina Hotel now open.
I Interesting events In golf anil other spur's
Thru I'ullmsn, I'eno* g.05 f, M. dally.-sd.rfv.
iWYC
[COPYRIGHT, 1920, BY THE !
WEDNESDAY, DECEM
DOCTOR'S RAD
SET BROKE*
Internal Injuries to Storm 1
Wireless Sputt*
Anoth(
rw.. <( i-inur th* chief
surgeon on the Leyland liner Winlfredlan
directed by wireless the setting
of seamen's broken bones and the care
of Internal Injuries on the Belgian
steamship Menapler after she had been
battered by a hurricane was told today
when the Wlnifredian reached
port from Liverpool. The surgeon Is
Dr. Patrick S. Burns of Providence, a
veteran of the Medical Service in the
world war.
An SOS message from the Belgian
ship requesting medical aid was
picked up by the Wlnifredian several
days out. The distressed vessel, bound
for Antwerp from New Orleans, was
100 miles away, but under forced
dramrht the Winlfredlan got within
hailing distance* in a few* hours.
"Hit hard by a hurricane," signalled
the Belgian captain. "Several men
LEAK IN GAS 1M
ENDS LONG FLIGHT
Army Plane Forced to Land at
Mitchel Field After 18
Hours in Air.
FIANCEE WATTS BELOW
Grows Hysterical as Plane Disappears
for Short Time
in the Dark.
1 j"* H irk nal rick, aftci
being hi the air over Mitchel Field 01
Long Island since 7:30 o'clock yesterday
morning in an effort to make a
.sustained (light of thirty-six hours
was compelled to land this morning
at 1:80 o'clock because of a leak in his
gasolene tank. Lieut, lvldkpatrick was
therefore in the air 18 houds 6 minutes.
Had he succeeded in (lying for
thirty-six hours lie would have established
several new world's records.
Through the day the airplane attracted
no alt -m i in be i a use a ship in the nil
in the vicinity of Mitcliel Field Is nothing
new. Hut last night when darknesst
ime, tho ru' e between time mid tho machina's
gas supply took on a weird aspect.
Tin- airplane became a shadow
dancing across the banks of mucker*
olouds *anrl occasionally cut'lng across
tin- .face of tlie moon. From (hie tc
time, Lieut. Kirkpa trick swooped dowr
in wide spirals, coming to within 20(
feet of the field, only to climb back t<
the altitude from which lie started. Hli
plane carried no lights and wm Invis'bh
exeept when it swiuig into the illuml
tinted sector of-the sky.
With Lieut. Ktrkpatriok was Mai
Goodi rough, an old army flyer, (roodenough
served as mechanician for th<
flight and alternating with Lieut. KirkPatrick
us pilot.
The ideal conditions of wind undei
which th?? flight wan made hud (ailed t<
blind Major Arthur Christie, < omniand
ant of the field, to the possibility that il
the Interna- cold Isjlh pilot and median I
clan might find the suffering unbeantbh
and make a forced landing. The nut
took with them eight quarts of hoe coffee
and a supply of sandwiches. The onl>
other baggage was a supply of extra
clothing'. necessary because the email
size of the plane's cockpit and the fact
that it was not heated rendered the driving
of the machine a cold and uncomfortable
Job.
At 6 o'clock In the evening six big
flood lights were placed around the margin
of the landing field to guide tin- aviators.
should they find it necessary to
descend, and to show them the limits of
the circular route they wero ordered to
follow In the flight. ,
When the flight started at 7 3<i
o'clock yesterday morning. Major Christie
and Major Henry Miller, adjutant
of the post, as well its other junior officers.
Were on the field. After tin- plane
hud circled the Held a dozen times and
the ra was well under way, ill but
the official observers for the War Department
disuppearM, and Ldcilt. Klrkpatrl
k end his mechanician were left
to themselves. It whs explained that the
tlgl t wiis ordered by Major-ten. Men
ol.'t. crimtimntiing tne army air wtvht,
and that it waa expected the aviators
foil hi demonstrate fully what an AmerI,'
in made airplane ami motor could flo
w lion called on to make an unusual
of fori. .
The plane used for the test I*
ono of the Kaglo typo luid wn^ const
rue toil at the Curt loo plant for patterns'
r service last summer. Kor the purposes
of the flight the passenger compartment.
was redesigned for gasolene
anil oil storage. and when the ship took
tho air Its tank* contained .*90 gallons
of gasolene and forty t?f oil.
Tl wing spread was sixty-one feet
tine Its I ngth thirty foot. Its motet- Is
one of th- 100 horse-power Liberty englre
s. hurtling about eighteen gallons
of gasolene an hotlr.
HEAR HUGHES IS SLATED
FOR HARDING CABINET
Capital Circles Say Post Is
Secretary of State.
Hpr<.at Drypatrh it Tim New To* a lltoui.n.
New Verb Herald Hnrratt, I
\\ aehlnitiin, l>. I>ec. 2.1. J
Following a vlalt of Ch.xrle* F. lIuirhCN
to WnnhltiKton it wax reported here toright
that after it conference with Sen
ntor Knox (IMnn.' the former Juetlce of
the Supremo Court had been offered the
portfolio of Secretary of State under
t'rxldeut Hiirdliur.
Senator Knox could not be Interviewed
on the mibjert. Mr. Hughea went to
New York on ;innf ternonn train. Other
Senator* xald tlioy had heart} nothing of
the reported conference between Snator
Knox and Mr. Hughe*.
The flreenbrter. WTil'e Sulphur ftprtnga,
Bptnd hcll-laye b?tl. llouUun K?s?r-d<fv,
?
>RK H
BUN-HERALD CORPORATION.)
BER 22, 1920.-ESK?Vr><
10 DIRECTIONS
I BONES AT SEA
/ictims Also Attended To as
irs Orders From
;r Ship.
washed overboard. Several others
have broken le^H and arms and some
1 Injured internally. There's no doctor
aboard. Can you help us?"
Dr. Burns attempted to put out in j
a lifeboat, but toppling seas and a (
j strong wind prevented the launching. 1
i He then conceived the idea of using
i the wireless.
Details as to the men's condition'
> sputtered on the receiver in the Wlnifrediun's
wireless room and carefully
Dr. Burns dictated the treatment re- i
i quired. For three days the two vessels
lay within hailing distance, unable
to communicate by boat while the surgeon's
instructions were obeyed.
On the fourth day came this mes- i
. sage from the Menapier's captain:
"All your instructions safely carried
out. The men are resting comfortably
and are out of danger."
HOPE OF FINDING
1 BALLOON FADING
; Airmen Search Adirondack
Region in Vain?Ottawa
Next Base.
r I NOTED PILOT CALLED OX
| North Hero, Vt., Reports
Sighting" a Balloon on
Sunday Night.
The fate of the missing navy balloon
i and three officers who left Kookaway
Point naval air station a week ago
Monday wh.m still a mystery last night,
and it became evident that the officers
left at the station no longer are confident
their comrades are safe somewhere
in 1he wilds of the north country.
As an indication of the anxiety
felt by the navy, I dent. Albert W.
Evans, noted naval aviator, balloonist
and dirigible pilot, was ordered to start
Immediately from Roeknway for Ottawa,
and to make that city a base of
operations in a search of the Canadian
wilderness lo the northwest. Those
i two facts stood out among a series of
' developments that included the finding
i of a dead carrier pigeon, thought first
to be one from tbe missing aircraft;
the first real search of the Adirondack
region, and a report from Xorth Hero.
, Vt., that, the balloon had been sighted
1 there as recently as Sunday night.
! Navy officers gate some attention to
i the report from North Hero. Several
I persons, It na? stated, watcheil the halc
loon pass over the town in a southwcst
erly direction at * o'clock Sunday night.
> It was travelling at twentv-flve mile*
. an hour and itm lights made It plainly
visible at a great distance,
p The first aerial search of the Adlron)
dark forests was Just as disappointing
. as the Inscription on the aluminum leg
i hand <>n the dead pigeon. Lieut. L. V.
- Beau and Ills observer. Scrip nt John
White, covered J00 square mile without
i sighting evidence of a wrecked balloon.
. Their search, made at an altitude of
' 3.200 feet, took them well north over
Hamilton county, from which the first j
I reports of the sighting of the craft came,
and then on to n point over Indian Lake
Lieut. Beau lias not given up hope of
I finding the landing place of the balloon
somewhere In the forests, messages from
him told the officers at Rock a way la-t
I night. Ho will hop off agalr. this morri'
Ing and continue the search until dark.
I It was the decision that Lieut. 11.ntnn,
pilot of the missing balloon, and
his two companion*. Lieut*. Farrell and j
| Kloor, If not In distress, would eer- I
, taluly have found some method of oo
munbatlnn with the Rockaway base that 1
caused the issuance of the order sending
Lieut. Kvans Into Canada.
Lieut. Lvans may conduct his seareh
in the (lutlnenu River basin. He will
be assisted by the Canadian author- j
Itlet and by American airmen. Wliib (
| preparing for the trip the lieutenant
said the iirvj is working on the
theory that the balloon must have b< en
forced down days ago and that Lieut.
I lliiton siul hi# fellow officer# may be
struggling against cold and starvation.
CABINET MEMBER'S SON
KILLED BY AIRPLANE
Walter R. Alexander Struck
by Blade of Propeller.
WASJirxOTO!*, Doc. 21.?Walter K
Alexander, son of Secretary Alexander
; of the Department of Commerce, wa?
killed Instantly to-dn.v nt Boiling Field
I here b? the propeller of an airplnm In
which he was preparing to make n
flight striking him on the head
Tim Commerce Secretary's son was m
i commissioned officer in the army air
service during the world war. and had
gone to the aviation field to-day t.n nial
a flight, so as to keep In training,
i Mr. Alexnnder. who was 2S years old.
had been connected wltlie Shipping B?nird
and had recently returned from n trip
to Kurope on Government buRiiWM
PLOT FOR BIG REVOLT
OF CZECHS UNEARTHED
Prague Communists' Papers
Show Detailed Plans.
I'ltAotR, In 21.?A (Mailed pi i of
!i frojecttil revolutionary movement h.<>
bwn found nninfig paper* of agitator*
at Kltdnv. near Hrt|u?, uecoiding'to the
Xiiiorhii Linty. The nownpAper mh\ the
plan proTlded for a domniuniit Ministry
and worker*' council a.
Highly eomprorolalng correapondenoe
also Ia aiihi to have been found allowing
that the f'*echo-81ovak ComtnunlAla are
In eonatant touch with there in Germany,
Hungary, Italy. Kubai*. the
I'nitci StntcA and China.
ERAI
SECOND CI-ASS MATTER,
'E, NEW YORK, N. Y.
COIN CAPTURED
AS ARNSTEIN AID
AFTER LONG HUN1
Suspect Seized in Washing
ton as Ho Is About to
staid for Now York.
DEFENCE HELPED PL
Wanted Missing Man a
Witness to Bolster Case,
Is Report.
PROSECUTION SI RPKISEI
Pooling Says Arrest Is On I;
First of More Startling
Developments in Matter.
special Despatch to Tiid New Yo*k IIbiim
Nm Ynrk llrrnlil llurrail. J
Nicky Cohen of New York, one <
| the group indicted with Nicky Arr
stein in connection with the New Yor
! bond thefts, was arrested in Washing
ton late this afternoon by two Ne
York detectives, Urover C. krown an
August Mayer, lie was picked up t
! Union Station and was placed in Ja:
Cohen refused to talk about the cas
; it was the first time he had been see
I since he was indicted.
Cohen was waiting for a train f<
| New York. He was charged with eoi
j spiring to bring stolen securities in
! the District of Columbia, an offen<
J charged in indictments returned la
I spring by a Federal Grand Jury and c
| which four of his alleged confederate
j including Jules W. (Nicky) Arnstei
| ire now standing trial in the Distri
Supreme Court.
4rrh?-r Much Surprised.
j James Barrher, Special United Stati
| District Attorney, who is proseeuttr
I Arnstein, expressed surprise at the a
I rest of Cohen and John Dooling. Assis
I r,nt District Atlnmcv of Xrw Vork \i-t
is :i witness at the trial, was unawai
that the New York detectives were her
"Mayer and Brown were question
to-night by me," said ?Mr. Archer, "at
mid tiny arrested Cohen at the Instaro
of a 'friend' of William ,T. Fallon at
Eugene MvGee, attorneys for Arnstri
About ten thiys ago Fallon told Oeori
I Storek, a bank accountant of the Dopar
! mont of Justice. and myself that Mc eo
| trolled Cohen, that '.ie owned him, :n
; ti.at if trmstelu were convicted or
| danger Cohen would voluntarily ent
the district and exonerate Arnsteln.
'Now, to-night two New York deti
I tives, not detectives from the Keder
[ Government <t tho i>istrlct of Column
! but New York detectives, appear at t
Union Station and arrest him and i
down and eat dinner with him. Th
had been informed of how he would
dressed and the kind of trag he wou
carry. They would not admit to-nig
| that they had been Instructed by Fall
; .and Eugene MoGee to make the am sr.
Urln l>y Trlrphnnr,
I
| "Mayer said. 'A man telephoned 1
last riund.ij night' to tnfike the arr<
when o>h"ii r rived In Washington.
"I may add that at 11 A. M. to-da
alien the Arnstcin ras> was procoedin
Fallon told he Judge he had a witne
to offer who would not be hero un
aftfr 3 P. M.
"We have been looking for Coh
since February 10. and there Is u
reward out for him. These New "Yo
detectives made no report tp John
1 tooling of tho District Attorney's ofli
of New York that thev were to ma
thf irrMitu nor to their superior ofl]c(
In Xnw York. Heforc they loft tho 11tt
conference wo had to-night they adm
t- :l that perhaps they had mndo "a h
mistake' tn not r< portlifg *o their sup
riorit.
"I have always said that 'Nicky* An
stein was not tho master mind in *tl
thefts of securities from brokerages
tli.' financial district," shM Mr. Doolin
"The arrest of this fellow is only t)
!i -inning of a s< r|e.> of startling d
viopinents In connection with this eas
T ? connection of prominent men wit
tin- disposal of the stolen' securities ar
tr i .unification of the conspiracy
onnectlan with tin tlufts of the sceur
ili? I feel certain will now bccon
known."
The trial uf Arnsti In and the thn
otliei s is about toV- ended, the last pie
rotation of evidence ladng expected t
tnort iW. It was said to-nlgiit at tl
District Attorney's office that the <1
fence in the case had aided in the a]
prehension of Cohen so as to bring hi
:?h Olock, Wall street m<vvtig
fin.I witness tor the prosecution In tl
trla . ha* testified that he fntrMd In
nn .unfincnt with Coho# to deltv
I 'indicia of thousands of dollars' w?>r
.|.i|?n securities, on which he wan
t. i vi an h per ?ent. .-onun lesion. dim
,iIf.. haa testified that all his ne Colli
i |on? were with t'olien and that he ncv
I , il<altn?r? with Arnntoln, the alte-<
In. 'tor of the bond theft operation*
SOUTH WALES MINERS
CALL GENERAL STRIK
Case of Eleven Discharge
Men Cause of Tieup.
IiONpov, Deo. 21.?A neneral strike .
miner* 111 the Tthonddn en.il field"
otolith Wales line boon dednred In eoi
sequence of the refusal of the Oce
i -onI Company to reinstate eleven in
dlsnilss'il on the arourrt thai th? (r wot
a:,* not tenv.ineralive to the eotlipanj
Forty-life thousand men concerned
the strike are trylnr to persuade tl
South Wah? Miners Federation to ca
out all the Welsh miners.
Tlesrh the ejnptortn* etas* of business m
unit hrnisswters thru 'ith * HmiAtiD "Sttu
lion Wanted1' Ad.??i4u.
DTHE BES'
The New York
best of The Su
the whole revitz
and sounder ne
"price two c
IX SEW YORK CITY.
f ; <\
94 Women Seek Police
Jobs in Massachusetts
jQOSTON, Dec. 21. ? Ninetyfour
women, ranging in age
from 21 to 55 years and in
r weight from 109 to 190 pounds,
took the civil service examination
for policewomen ut the
State House to-day. They came
j from many parts of the State
and represented many oecupa?
tions.
The examination was 50 per
cent, on the manual issued by
i and 50 per cent, on questions
I designed to test the applicants'
! judgment in handling typical
* problems of police work.
" $7,000,000 SPORT
TAX IS FORECAST1
I
[) j
! State Administration May
> Levy on Baseball. Box-inland
Horse Ka<'in<i\
j 11 1 BE PURSES OPPOSED
p. I
I Provision for Central Spoils
Commission Being
k Considered.
w;
l(] The three major professional sports.
,1 1 baseball, boxing and horse racing', may
U.: be called upon by the Incoming Ree
' publican State administration to l>ear
n the burden of $7,000,000 or more which
it is estimated must be raised from
}r some new source if the State is to be
i- kept out of debt in 1921.
to It became known yesterday that the
regulation of all sports by a central
at sports commission is being considered
,n and a heavy profit, tax?possibly as
much as 13 per Cent.?may be imposed.
At present baseball and racing
pay no revenue to the State outside
I of the income tax. Boxing under the
Walker law pays " per c ent., "just
'N about enough to meet the expenses of
'* j the Boxing Commission," a Republlcan
loader' said.
in '
I Tax on SlIilliiK Scale.
Oov.-elect Miller Is not opposed to boxing,
but lie does object to the huge
id | purses now in vogue, such as the $500,ce
000 purse offered for the Dempsey-Oar,(j
pentlcr tight next. year. One suggestion
n Is that purses above a certain amount
,p he taxed on a sliding scale. This would
have the effort of keeping tlo-ni down.
n. which is what Judg" Miller wants.
Mj Bus?bsll clubs' in Now York city?the
I Olant- and tin- Brooklyn t' ?m?. in the
(,r National League. and the Yankees in tlio
American League, inaile a veritable
cleanup last season. It Is reported the
,aj (Hants earned $1,200,000, the Yankees
$1.500,000, and Brooklyn, pennant win
ners. $750,000.
The owners of the two ITcw York
_ v teams could not be reached yesterday,
^ but Charles II. Ebbets, president of ne
|](j Brooklyn club, was chary expressing
,( himself on tne proposition of additional
tii xes.
"Understand that I no nor mean to
criticise anything the Coventor r>r the
legislature may see fit to do. but I
( n hardly bell'-ve Ooy.-c.|c? t Miller \v >u'd
,s. advocate imposing a heavit r tax on
profits made out of professional bus--bail
than on other legitimate businesses."
l"'' Mr. Ebbets said.
' "Baseball has been through serious
tll conditions and lost heavily during the
war, We haven't paid dividends for e .-en
or eight years. Everybody is heavily in
debt. The profits from baseball ire not
In the least what people say they are.
J_ It's a hazardous business and we ought
' to earn at least 10 pec cent We don't
ce do it." ,
ke
rs llevenue From Track*.
Outside of the throe Iocs 1 clubs and
a Huff !'> minor league . |ji> tie v would
be little eovdriue In bits. ball. It Was said,
?" Semi-professional ball and small town
team- pay very iini- T at all Before
a- the Hughes lnvestle i > , ..t raring and
ii? betting and ihc re." ai of the Percy Bray
In law In 1098 hors. ra i paid a State
u. re\ ctiue of from 'to $ 1 bO.OOO a
Last year?Man War's year?was
tie- 11 - t N'ev V' ha bad since
* the old davs. K. iv tare track made
ih 1 Ik profit*.
id Then- wrc H" days <>f racing:, and on
In S'itunlays and " l*.v? 'he crowd* were
l_.i ncvi r less than wltn .<n average
?.'*? in Mi-i'hs of J-.0.0?0. Hlit purse a
" like the Kufurlty un<l Hopeful, that run
s igii i'" $60.t'00, do not come nut of
f" I tli' i !m : receipt!", only the "overnights,"
e- friili-h nre inconalderable.
i?. vrceent h ulng and ra ing cuiij
ml sinners undoubtedly will be lagls...
| Htet out of office January I. There la
no ha ball commliMilon. If the plan to
I cre:i? n rentcnl sports commission la
ni r adopted other professional sports, ruch
| as automobile and bicycle races, ather
, -is, socci : and 'lathe football
lie 1 and so'o Indoor sports, probably will be
|0 It I tubal
E J. M. RIKER MORTALLY
HURT AS WIFE IS KILLED
:1,
^ Couple, Each 69. Struck by a
Trolley in Newark.
.hi ph M, Kiker, |>r<, Ident of tin Mer
lisnts ami Manufacturcra National
Hunk of Newark, and -Mia. Hiker were
? stlllrk and hurled seotv of feet l ist
night by n. eurfn.ee car at P.ineo|n Park
.and I'llnton avenue, Newark. Mia. Hiker
d was dead when i tumlni 1 by an ambit*
Imee surgeon. Mr. Ril-er w in taken to
the City Hospital In a dying condition.
Tin accident happened ne .Mr. and
Mr a. Hiker crossed I.lnioln Park to go
to th Ir liotre at M. They had crossed
th? Westbound tracks and we;.- well 01
their way across the tliorouglifur- when
a llroml street surface ear, Westbound.
" came Into \ leiv. Tile motorlliuti. Witnesses
-'.id. i lung'd the la II, and the
In couple I" came < onfused and r? treated
14 ' to the wfit rails Immediately In front of
,11 the car.
Hofore It could oe stopped they were
_ lilt by the fender and thrown to one side
The motormnn. Prank Parsed, was ar]jn
rested on a technical charge of manslaughter*
"I
r IN ITS HISTORY.
Herald, with all that was
n intertwined with it, and
ilized, is a bigger and better
wspaper than ever before.
fTKTTC! 1 THREE CENTS
1 O I WITHIN J?0 MINES
J FOt'H CENTS BLSEWHt-if,
POLICE RIFLEMEN^
IN MOTORS SWEEP
CITY, SEIZE MANY
Side Streets and Cheap Coffee
Houses Combed for
Holdups and (Hut
Toters.
BlU SIIAKKIT TO-DAV
Inspectors, Captains and
Lesser Officers as Well
Face Trouble, It Is
Said.
EN RIGHT OKDEItS SILENCE
Issues Appeal to Heads of City
Departments for Cooperation
in Ridding City
of Criminals.
i
A virtual adoption of Chicago police
method* of rounding up criminals was
seen in New York last night when
twenty automobiles loaded with do
| tectives, t-ach containing a sharpshooter
armed with a rifle, left Police
Headquarters to patrol the city streets.
These automobile squads were organ|
ized by Richard K. Enright, l'olico
! Commissioner, to aid the uniformed
force in holding up persona fdund in
j "unfrequented streets" in the City1
wide search for "gun toters," which
> had entered its second night.
While this system of fighting the
| criminals was Ix-ing launched rumors
were flying thick and fast that one
of the biggest shakeups in the history
of the Police Department -would take
place to-day. The shakcup, it was
said, will affect not only captains and
lntq(ectors, but lesser officers of the
department, patrolmen in the streets
j and the mein'oers of the detective
division. The rumors have been current
for several days and caused Mr.
Enright to issue an order late yesterday
afternoon which said: "There is
too much conversation between patro#j
men on post. It must cease."
knrtKht I>kucm Appeal.
Mr. Enright sent a letter to the heads
of the various city department* urging
that they aid tlu police in ridding th?
city of criminal*, it luiioivs:
"Tht Police Department fa taking
. iv i . - !j . i >r? < a u*. Ion i tli? jik.uction
of lift anil property in this city. It
j liaa occurred to inc that the tnany inPvctn:
- i.r.d Investigators in '.!?> ftvtral
city departments, in the performance of
their duty of inspection and Investigation.
could render some service to the
public and to this department by
promptly reporting to Police Headquarters,
or to the nearest police station v
to any polite ofticer, any conditions corning
under their observation which may
appear to be suspicious.
"If they ol ??r\i any suspicious place
or condition, or any suspicious person
loitering about in any ixirUcular neighborhood,
the Information should be
transmitted to this department. Should
these misi icious circumstances have referenc
to automobile . taxicabs or the
occupant thereof, the number of the
cur should be taken, as well as a description
of the car and its occupants,
if tills information can be obtained."
The armed motor patrol had not been
net long last night until reports began
t-i reach I'ollce HcadquarterB that they
wero meeting1 with s?ood results. One
! of the first places to be entered ?al a
coffee house In Water street, where the
detectives "frisked" all of the men.
Michael Colli hela, 25. who suld he had
no homo at present, had a pistol In his
pocket, the detectives said. Conchcl.i ex.
plained he had read so much about
' audits recently he had decided 1' was
best lie arm himself.
Detecttvi s under command of Inspeoi
toi William Cob-man raided two illegrd
gambling houses In Houston and Broome
, streets Is to Inst liiKht and arrested
j eighty-one men. all of whom were taken
to poll'* stations. There they wets
| .searched or weapons wrt their record*
looked iii Detectives alKi tut. scut
to the Cumin >nwe.i|th Sporting Club in
195th street and Madison uv< iiui:, whets
boxing matches Were being held, and
searched every person who entered the
plai?. The search, however, failed to
' disclose rfny concealed wea|>oiia.
Broadway had Its nightly bit of excitement
when Detectives Lavine and
lleptner of Inspector Boettler'a staff at
the height of the after theatre rush hour
tU.*, ottniiil Mi.-xlr. r , ,f th? Toil
ralno Literary t'lub, which was being |
held In Geneva Hull, In 143 West
Forty-fourth street. Si* women, alleged'"-/
b> th> doteetlvis to hue been i? rfomiliiK
Immoral dance*. were taken to the
West Forty-seventh nti ?t station, ae
were more than loo men found In the
l>lpci> All of tin men were charged with
disorderly conduct, and all of them wc*.v
searched for w? ipon? at the police stations,
an ! an Inv t ; vtlon begun to St-a
If any of them have criminal records.
\ re I'irl.rd MnrUsmen,
flallaaher's sal. m at Ktghth avenu*
and Forty-third street, where the police
say the recent holdup at the Uotel Astor
was planned nnd where a man from OkIrhoMia
was blackjacked several days
I ago, was raided list niulu by detective*
and the bartender was arrested charted
with violating tie Volstead act. The
police nlro pinocd a patrolmnn on guard
, in the plm-e nft- r the raid.
Dcteetlvi of lie Ituhun ffjad arrcsted
l{n.-ar;o .V|ulllno. i'v o.' 1*3 \lott
street, la a Moil street coffee liouss
ifc r ti 'en. i . i'i", e his p..n? A
M
The detective* .n t!ic machine* wee*
const rated their a
ability as "heavy hlttei - TI ^
men. formerly members of the military
section of the department, hud sccr al
th? highest marks on the rifle ranga
All possible marks that might Identify
the automobiles as city owned were removed
and license plates vhanged, as it
e.
? ' 3m g.linijl JjB
: _ !'H:- , . -il

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