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NATION'S FINANCES, CONGRESS WARNED Houston Says All Estimates 31'ust I>t'^;'1eecl Down tobare .Necessities. OFFERS HIS TAX PLANS Careful Summary Proposed Raising Four Billions a Year for Three Years. RICH AVOIDING TAXATION') Would Replace Excess Profit ..Plan With Levy on Iuconic ' of Corporations. Special Despatch to The New York Herald. Npw York Her old Hurroii, J Washington, D. C'., Drc. 37. f "Unless every unnecessary expenditure. such as the proposed appropriation for payment of soldiers' bonus, be avoided, unless every official or other estimate or request for appropriations bo reduced to a minimum, no sound plan of tax revision can be carried out and the successful financial conduct or the Government during the next three years will he seriously imperilled." These are the closing words of a Bfatement made to the Senate Finance Committee to-day by Secretary Houston of the Treasury defining reasons why he opposes approval by the Senate of the House bill granting four optional bonus schemes to ex-service men in the world war. He flatly told the committee he had given no study to any of the proposals suggested for additional taxes to raise bonus funds; that all his attention had been confined to devices for raising funds for current needs and future unavoidable obligations; that the most generous of the four bonus proposals would require $4,534,000,000, and the lowest at least $1,800,000,000, and that he is opposed to any and all of them. Supplementing Secretary Houston's review of our finances. Dr. T. S. Adams, Treasury expert, explained in detail many of the sources of government income that are shrinking. Both officials In the most solemn terms warned Congress against Incurring any further obligations. Would tower Income Sorlaiea. Secretary Houston presented a careeiinamarv f\t rnprttnm<>nfln. tions for tax revision, based on a proposal to produce $4,000,000,000 a year until tho end of the fiscal year 1923. In brief he said thin summary meant that "a system of taxation based upon the income tax?adjusted to ability to pay? bears less heavily on the taxpayers and yields less revenue, as it must, when the income of the country' declines." "I recommend the reduction of the extreme income surtaxes, not to exempt the rich but to tax the rich." said Mr. Houston. "At present by investing in tax free securities and by the use of other devices, the very wealthy can and do avoid taxation. The taxable income of taxpayers having net Incomes offer $300,000 a year fell from $992,$72,986 In 1916 to $392,247,329 In 1918. Tills condition, I have suggested, may be met either by reducing the upper surtaxes to a lower general level, or by reducing tho upper surtaxes with respect to that part of the Income which Is saved and reinvested In taxable property or business, leaving the present rates. If necessary, upon income which is wasted or used in ostentatious and linnecessarv consumption. "The excess profits tax should be replaced, primarily because it is losing Its productivity and promises In the near future to become a statute of exemptions rather than an effective tax. Moreover, t'rfe tax is so o-omplioated that it imposes upon both taxpayers and administrative authorities burdens too difficult to be permanently carried. I recommend that It be replaced?not merely repealed?with a simpler and more certain tax upon corporation income or profits. I suggest in this connection for the consideration of tho Congress either a flat additional tax on corporation profits, such as recently has been adopted in the United Kingdom, or a tax upon the undistributed profits of corporations under which, if adopted, corporations should be expressly authorized to pay taxes through their stockholders, as partnerships are now taxed through ttieir members. By either of these proposals the Income tax on corporations could be made a fair equivalent for the income tax as now applied In effect to Individuals, partnerships and personal service corporations. Kxpeets Increase on Luxuries. "I recommend the retention of a simple system of specific sales or consumption taxes designed to collect a moderate proportion of the nggregate tax levy from a few highly productive taxes on non-essentials. Miscellaneous sales or excise taxes, shifted In main to the conI mimer, supplied in the last fiscal year about 20 per cent, of the total taxes, or about 23 per cent. If customs duties arc counted as consumption taxes. 'In view of the financial needs of the Government these proportions may properly be maintained or even increased to perhaps 30 or 35 per cent., but no radical Increase as doubling the consumption taxes would in my opinion be justified. There must be a fair balance In the tax system as a whole be Itween taxes on the consumption of the masses and taxes on wealth, income and business. It would be especially unfortunate to substitute sales taxes of .any variety for taxes upon corporation fronts required both to balance the tax system and to equalise taxes on corporations with the progressive Income tax as applied to unincorporated business concerns. To place such an unfair load on the manses would violate all the recognised principles of Justice as to the division or distribution of the total tax burden. I do not oppose at: sales taxes, biit I have recommended fifl ropes I of those sales taxes which a' e difficult to enforce, unduly vexatious iitnl of Inconslderoble yield. The entire iax system, including the existing fpeclfio sal' s ta \c? should be simplified. not further complicated by the ioptton of a turnover or general sales fix which would require huge additional administrative force If administered jnopcrly and would reault In wldef * read evaalon If not thoroughly administered. "The excess profits and other taxes which in my opinion should be replaced would yield In the future less than $7.10,>00.000 a year. In order to meet this I Induction or deficit, I have mentioned? V rely for the convenience of the com Stop Racial Migrations, Is Warning of Dr. Dealey WASHINGTON, Dec. 27.?One result of the world war, Dr. James Q. Dealey of Brown University said to-night in his presidential address before the' fifteenth annual meeting of the American Sociological Society, should be "the stoppage henceforth of racial migrations." "The time has come," Dr. Dealey said, "when every nation must hereafter undertake to care for its own population, and ! should no more expect to foist its surplus inhabitants on other nations than improvident parents should expect the community to support all the children they may happen to bring into existence." V mittnna nf PnnCrpSR which will bo dl- ! rectly responsible for tax revision?-a | large number of new or additional taxes, ; including higher income taxes and additional specific sales taxes upon luxuries ] and non-essentials, capable of yielding over $2,000,000,000 a year. Obviously] all of these taxes are not recommended, i They are mentioned as possible new sources from which to make a selcc[ tion." Sinoot Cllngt to Sales Tax. Senator Snioot interposed by saying he | was unwilling to agree with Secretary 1 Houston that a sales tax is Inadvisable and Indicated that he favored a sales I tax. He did not, however, enlarge his [ idea. Revenues on automobiles for 1920 have Increased, likewise for freight receipts, admissions and club dues, for near beer, and for candy, Dr. Adams told the committee, submitting figures to ! show the increase for November, this year, which he said is a typical month, j On the other hand he presented other i statistics showing decreased revenues for that month on cigars, cigarettes, tobacco, both chewing and smoking, and some other items. Here are some of the figures furnishe 1 by Dr. Adams as to reductions and increases : REDUCTION'S. 1920. 1919. Cigars $4,418,000 $4,708,000 Cigarettes 10,387.0011 14,307.000 Tobacco 3,332,000 .*>,033.000 Perfumes, cosmetics and like articles 504,000 512,000 INCREASES. 1P20. 101P. i Carpels and luffs (2,1.30,000 (1,716,000 Near beer 2,900.000 1,710,000 I I >ue?, 4c 7,902,18)0 0,877,000; Jewelry 1,101,000 1,083,000 Candy (revenue from July to October) 7,136,000 6,022,000 No figures were subbltted on freight receipts or automobiles. Dr. Adams said that higher taxes offered greater inducements for evasions, most of them lawful. Men of large in- | comes, he said, were reducing their taxes lawfully by investments in tax free se- I curitles, by selling non-productive stocks ' and holding productive ones. "An income surtax much above 30 per cent, cannot be successfully enforced in peace times," he said. The Treasury officials urged that better salaries be paid experts doing high class work for which private concerns ' paid more. The Government lost (50.-1 000,000, it was estimated, by the resigns- j tion of one expert drawing a salary of i (."i,000 a year, who got (20,000 after leav-1 lng the Treasury. They opposed suggestions for taxes on ; stock and bond sales, real estate sales j and stock dividends taxes. FULL ACCOUNTING BY SHIP BOARD DEMANDED Edge Senate Bill Seeks Profits or Losses. Washington, Dec. 27.?A complete j accounting by the Shipping Board "in a concise report, devoid of arguments , and intelligible to the average citlsen," i is called for In a resolution introduced ' to-day by Senator Kdge (Republican) j of New Jersey. The board would report the total amounts appropriated for it and the Emergency Fleet Corporation from Sep- I tember 7, 1916. to November 20. 1920. profits or losses and disposition of any profits. It also would state the number of merchant ships now owned by the OovernmenC. those in operation and those Idle, the losses by idleness and depreciation and the amount of capital j on which the board now is conducting business. "The resolution is a simple business proposition," said Senator Edge in a statement, "and not at all an Inquisitor} or muck raking request. The people have invested about four billion dollars in their merchant marine, and as stockholders they are entitled to a llscal report from their board of directors, the Shipping Board. No one knows i whether there has been a profit or a | loss, and it is time that the investors be informed as to the success or failure 01 ineir cuirrpi ibu, nu mm $%. n.o, w placed on a sound business basis." LABOR WILL CONTINUE FIGHT IN STEEL TRADE New Committee to Have Meeting Next Month. Washington, Dec. 27.?The new labor committee charged with continuing the effort to organise the steel Industry f\I pects to hold its first formal meeting here next month. Some of the members already here express the opinion that the first meeting probably will bo de| voted largely to a survey of the developments of the year and the laying of | grounds to continue the fight at a time . which the leader* may consider opportune. j The chairman of the reorganized coinI mltteo is M. F. Tlghc and the secretary j is William Hannon. William II. Jolin! son. president of the-International Asso, elation of Machinists. Is a member. 8ec' retary Morrison of the American Fcd! oration of Labor Is expected to participate In the meeting, as he In trustee of the 170,000 fund which remained In the hands of the old organization committee when It was dissolved. Tho new committee was formed at a meeting last month, at which were represented the international unions having members In the steel Industry, rather than at a meeting of the Kxecutive Council of the American Federation of Labor, as wa* erroneously stated at that time. Tho representative* of the unions, how *vsr, cl!(l meet at tne can or tne executive council. P. U. C. BOARD LOSES APPEAL. Itrmoral h>- (tor. Kdwarda Upheld ?( oca to Highest C'onrt, Trenton, X. J.. Dec. 27.?The Htat' Supreme Court to-day upheld the action of Gov. lOUwards In removing the State Hoard of Public Utilities Commissioners from office. The hoard la expected to | carry the ease to the Court of Errors , and Appenls, the hiirheat tribunal of I New Jersey. The board was removed from office several months ago following charges of misconduct In office by the municipality of Jersey City In connection with Its decisions. It has continued to function as a dc facto body, however, the ousted members contending that the Governor had uaurped Judicial functions. . THE NE JAPAN WITHDRAWS HER OBJECTION TO CALIFORNIA LAW Representative Kahn Si) States After Talk With Ambassador 31 orris. PROPOSE NEW STATUTE Substitute Would Prohibit Any Alien Holding Land, Avoiding Discrimination. TREATY DEFINES RIGHTS Satisfactory Progress Made With View to Obtaining Approval of Congress. Bj/ the Asaor ialed rrtas. Washington, Dec. 27.?Declaration was made to-night by Representative Kahn of California that lie believed reports were true that the Japanese Government had withdrawn its opposition to | the recently ratified California law prohibiting acquisition by Japanese of title to real estate in that State. The California Representative inado the statement sfter a conference to-day with Roland <5. Morris, American Ambassador to ToUlo. Announcement was made by Representative Kalm that a meeting of the California members of the House had been called for Wednesday to discuss ?i,? n.^iiotlnn. lint.- liclnir carried on between the United States and Japanese governments looking toward a treaty defining the rights of Japanese nationals in the United States. The principal matter to be taken up at the conference. Representative Kahn said, was the proposal that the California legislature be asked to enact a substitute for the recently rutifled law. The substitute would prohibit any alien front acquiring land in California, and would thereby remove the contention of the Japanese Government that the present California law is discriminatory. To Confer With Congress. Mr. Kahn. who conferred at the State Department with Ambassador Morris, who is representing the United States In the negotiations conducted by the Japanese Government through its Ambassador here. Baron Shidehara, said his Impression was that no definite conclusions as to the proposed treaty between tne two nations naa been reached. The conference held by Mr. Morris with the California Representative is understood to have been in accordance with a suggestion made by the State Department that leaders in both houses of Congress be consulted witii regard to the proposed treaty, with a view to obtaining approval from Congress for various provisions of the pact when it is 'completed. These consultations are understood to have included conferences with Senator Johnson of California, the only member of the Foreign Relations Committee from the Facifle coast States, and Representative Johnson of Washington, chairman of the House Immigration Committee. Negotiations between Mr. Morris and Ambassador Shidehara of Japan to lay tho bases of a new American-Japanese treaty are understood to be proceeding here with a view of obtaining for the proposed compact the approval of Congress. The State Department Is said to have advised that the attitude of both branches of Congress be taken Into consideration. To the end that the approval of the legislative branch of his Government might be Insured Ambassador .Morris has been In conference with Senators and Representatives. Inrluding Senator i Johnson of California, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee from the Pacific coast, and with Repieseiitatlvc Johnson of Washington, chairman of the House Committee on Immigration. Mr. Morris is understood to have discussed with the former the general outlines of the negotiations as they have proceeded and with the latter the subject of Japanese Immigration, especially In connection with general Immigration legislation. The ecgiferepoes between the Ambassadors. it is understood, have been marked by an absence of formality which has permitted co-nsldcrable latitude without committing the respective Governments to a definite programme. Satisfactory progress has been made, it Is said. a"d a mass of material in the shape of reports is about to be submitted to Toklo and to the State Depart ment here. Ambassador Morris's report. It Is believed. Will be made available to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. 1 CONFER ON DOMINGO. Daniels nnd State Officials Discuss Nut Commission. WAiifiKOTON, Dee. 27.? It will bo several months at least before the actual withdrawal of American marines from the Dominican Republic will begin. under the provisions of the proclamation Issued 1 in San Domingo Christmas eve by dlrec1 tjon of ( President Wilson, Secretary 1 Daniels said to-day. Mr. Daniels conferred to-day with (vttatc Department officers with reward to the membership of tho commission to be appointed to revise the laws and frame such new statutes as may be i neoeasary to enable the Dominicans to govern their country. Rear Admiral [ Thomas Hnowdcn, the Naval Oovornor of Han Domingo, will appoint the commission upon recommendations from j Washington. After the Dominican Congress lias apI proved the new statutes and places theni In effect the withdrawal of American forces will be started, Mr. Danlela said. HOME BREW GAINS KICK. Rat It la All "Haw DtaC," Health Km pert Report*. Boston'. Dec. 27.?Those who brew their own liquors have not Improved the product In their eighteen months of i practice. Herman C. Lythgoo, chief of i the division of food and drugs of the 1 State Department of Health, said In hi* 1 annual report to-day. "It's all raw ! stuff," he added. The home brewers, I however, developed more kirk for their makes In the year, sample* reaching the State health authorities showing an Increase In alcoholic content from 13.fit last year to 29.40 In the last twelve months. Mr. Lythgoe had a word of advice for the legion of home brewers, 1,429 samples of whose work were received by the department. The only way the liquor now being put out can be Improved, he said, Is to let It ripen for four or five years. ;w YORK HERALD, T WARSHIP'S $72, YEOMAN A Paymaster's Assistant Signs Prepares for Cruise t General Alan Special Despatch to Tu* j\tw VotK IIekm.o. Norfolk, Vs., Dec. 27.?W. J. Myers, a third class yeoman on board the destroyer Satterlee, left his ship without leave this morning; and at the same time a satchel containing; 175.000 In cash vanished. Myers was yeoman to the paymaster, ; and when an express messenger came on board the Satterlee this morning with a ] package Myers signed for It. He left ! the ship about 9 o'clock. Myers was not missed until 5 o'clock this nf>?rnnnn when PavmastCr \V. H. Buck came on board and Inquired for the package of money, which wa? due to arrive from Washington. Me mado in- j quirles at the express company's office i and was informed that the package containing the money had been delivered cn board the Sattcrlee and was signed for by \V. J. Myers, yeoman. Then a search for Myers was begun. It was found that he had disappeared. One hundred sailors from various ships in this port were sent ashore to help search for Myers. The fugitive LIBRARIANSLAMENT READING OF CO-EDS Daily Horoscopes, Palmistry and Monographs on Permanent Wave Popular. Special Despatch to Thk New Yoik IIwlm.d. | Ciiicaoo. Dec. 27.?Speaking gen- ! lorl V / ?< *! I aiv to ti rlno?n't' read u thing except perhaps a paper back , monograph on the permanent wave, the j daily horoscope or palmistry. That was the lament of librarians to- , day at the opening midwinter meeting of the American Library Asaociat'on. i Co-eds devote their time to making up | for the next hop, to an intense con- | templation of the new Paris styles in knee length frocks or to sorority shin- j digs. But as for reading, well hardly. The, dear things don't even reud the newspapers to know the world news, 1 the college librarians complained. "Now, take this spiritualism fad.1' said George T. Settle, head of the Louis- j ville (Ky.) free public library. "The public seems all excited about the Sir Olivet' Lodge Iden. And. I don't know why, but the men are more excited ' about it than anybody else." "How are the American authors going? J Dreiser, Anderson, Huneker?" was asked , of Miss May L. Faidbanks of Cornell College. Mount Vernon, la. "Well," said Miss Fairbanks, "we must be very particular what we place in a university library. Oh very. Now, Mr. Dreiser may be estimable, but. you know, he has been criticised. College students take it for granted that a book's all right if we place it on Die I shelves. So we must bo careful. We And that the Kuropoans are more to bo preferred. Ibanez, Conrad, Couperus, Turgenev, Bennett?well, Bennett's bean criticised ton. but we've several of his books, anyway." "Yes," added Miss Ada M. Nelson of Knox College, "It's too bad. but the American authors can't come up to the foreigners. America lacks the traditions, i the seriousness, the stability for Cine . work. We're too much In a hurry." "The kids are, as they say, 'off the old favorites, Alger and Henry,"' said i Henry O. Severance, librarian of the Unl- i j verslty of Missouri. "There's a great demand to-dny for books on plumbing, , agriculture, engineering, chemistry. And. i do you know, the war made bookworms I out of the American Kxpedltionarv Corces. In billets, camps and dugouts there was plenty of time to read. Now the boys have the book habit. A fine ] thing, t think." FLU VICTIM IS SAFE FROM SECOND ATTACK Immunity Likely to Prevent an Epidemic. Washington, Dec. 27.?Influenza attacks carry witli them "a definite Immunity to sut>?< quent attacks, lasting sereral years." according to conclusions reached by the Public Health Service after Intensive study in the homes where the disease was epidemic in 1918-19. "Inasmuch as the epidemic of 1918 and 1919 affected so very large a proportion of the population," the statement toy Kurgeon-Oeneral Cummin* added, "there would seem to be reasonable grounds for believing that even should flu' become prevalent hero and there (this winter) it would not assume the j epidemic proportions of the last two years, nor would it rage In such severe ; form." Dr. Cumming pointed out, however, i that there was no way of definitely forci telling "whether this winter will witness try recurrence of Influenza In epidemic J nntc" that the public took such Interest I in "spectacular epidemic outbreaks of disease" and wa# "so little moved" by ! the "dally occurrence of preventable ' death." I "Of the one and one-quarter million deaths occurring In the United States annually, at least 100.000 could easily have been prevented by the applleatlon of available medical knowledge." he said, pointing out lliat IB.000 annually died of | diphtheria despite the existence of an effective antitoxin which could hove : prevented "practically every one of these deaths." Another 10,000 deaths were due j to typhoid, he said, In similar clrcum- : stances, and there were 400 "entirely ! J unnecessary" deaths from smallpox. DE VALERA STILL INDISPOSED Remains til Ills HldlnK Since, Says , Secretary. Kamonn dc Val?ra. "President of the Irish Kepubllc," who went Into retire- ; ment December 10 for a rest on advice of hla physicians, Is still Indisposed In I'.IH inning place ill mm ciijt, rinrry floland, his secretary, announced last I night. Boland declared he Intended to visit , Be Valera some time to-day. He h.is Just returned from a Now England trip v/ith Mrs. Muriel Macdwlney, widow of thr late Lord Mayor of Cork. Poland denied cable reports that t>r Valera was en route to Great Britain. PERSHING GRAND MARSHAL Arerpls llnrdlna Inrllntlnn for I nnnaurntlon I'srnilr. Washington, l>ec. 27.?Gen. Pershing. In a telegram from Konlyn. X. Y., tonight. accepted an Invitation to serve as grand marshal of the parade for the inauguration of President-elect Harding, it was announced to-night by the commltteo in charge of arrangements. The Invitation was extended to him In conformity with the custom of having the ranking officer of the army head the nauguial pm ada? K I'ESDAY, DECEMBER 2 ,000 GONE; LSO VANISHES , for Payroll as Destroyer :o South America? 11 Sent Out. yeoman was reported having been in a haberdashery this afternoon buying civilian clothes. It is reported that Myers confided with shipmates that he would leave for Haltimore in an airplane. After a search In Norfolk, Portsmouth and Newport News a general alarm was sent all over the country and police In ' every city in America will be on the lookout for him. Myers lives In Allen- ; era I relatives. It was stated on board the Kattcrlee ; to-night that Myers never had signed t for any money before. He was rated ; two grades below two other yeomen In the pay office. Tlie Satterlec leaves next week fir cruise to Panama, Peru and other South American ports. The money was to be [ used in paying off the crew during the i three months the ship is expected to b> away. The Satterlec is a new destroyer. She : has been in commission about a year. Myers has been on board about six months. The ship Is commanded by Commander C. V. Mayo. TROOPS WILL GUARD NEGRO DURING TRIAL Kentucky Militia Protect Train Bearing Him to Court Seat. Lorrsviu.E. Ky.. Dec. 27.?To prevent possible mob violence, seventy members ' of the Kentucky National Guard to- I night boarded a train carrying Lee Ellison, negro, charged with the murder of Sheriff Scott Hunter, of Hopkins county, to Madisonville for trial. .lackson Morris. State Adjutant-Genera!, had charge of the troops and they will protect Ellison throughout his trial, which begins to-morrow, according to i schedule. Reports from Madisonville, where the troops are expected to arrive in the morning, were that the town was quiet. Ellison. It was charged, shot and killed i Sheriff Hunter in Madisonville on November S when the officer attempted to arrest him for alleged whfskev "boot legging." The negro fled. Recently lie was captured In Hannibal, Mo., and brought to L,ouisville for safekeeping. Osceola, Ark.. Dee. 27.?Charley i Giles, a negro who Is alleged to have ! shot and killed O. T. Craig, a planter, ; and Mr. Craig's daughter. Mrs. May Cello Williamson, at Wilson, Ark., Christmas Day, to-night, was believed to be surrounded by a posse about nine miles from hero and his capture was expected momentarily. More than 10) men were in the party pursuing Giles, which had with It a pack of bloodhounds, procured from Dyersburg, Tenn. According to a report from Driver. Ark., the negro, formerly a farmhand on the Craig plantation, was hiding in Young's I.nke. a basin from which the water lias been drained. Sheriff T. B. Blackwood of Missiasippl county headed the posse, but despite his presence authorities said it' was feared the negro would he lynched If raptured. Df 1 Kt A IX/ A V TDAtiVD UITC AU/fnirm J MX f-\. i MA MM M M KM CROWDED CAR ON HILL One Killed, Forty Hurt in Pittsburg Grade Crash. Pittsr!"rg, Deo. 27.?On- man was killed and more than forty persons were injured, several seriously, win 11 a trailer attached to a street car broke loose on a Forbes street grade in the Oaklund dis- i trlct here to-night, dashed down the hill and crashed into another ear. Both cars were crowded with persons en route, to! their homes in Oakland, Kast Liberty and Wilkinsburg from their work in the ; downtown section. The accident happened at I.awn and Forbes streets, three squares away from ' the point where the trailer disengaged , itself from the lead car. When the ( trailer broke loose at Craft avenue and started to back down the grade the passengers became panic stricken. In the i rush for the doors a stove was over turned and a slight Arc resulted. The . PHsengers crowded against the exits, and after the trailer struck the other car at' T.awn street It was Impossible to open the doors. Firemen who were summoned to extinguish th*n fire In the trailer attacked the doors with axes and soon liberated j those passengers who were able to walk. Many others were carried out. CUBAN ENVOY INSISTS U. S. WON'T INTERVENE Republic Needs Only Friendly Cooperation, He Says. Uptcial I)r*patrh to Tit r. New York lint id. New York Herald Bureau. ' Washington, l>. Iter. 27. 1 Reports that the United States may intervene In Cuba wen! branded to-day as "absurd and nonsensical" by I?r. Carlo3 de Ccrpedes. Cuban Minister here. Hinco the appointment of Albert Hathbone of New York as financial adviser to the Cuban Government, rumors have been persistent that the State Department might send Major-Gen. Knoch II. Crowder to Cubs to help straighten out the tangled political and financial affairs of the Island. Dr. Cespedes denounced enemies of Cuban independence as "those persons who sre making It appear that present ecvngiiin: nnu punuuii tuTHiiinniii in * u?h are such as to muUe American supervision necessary." With the friendly cooperation of the United States, he Insisted. Cuba will emerge from her present economic dim cnltlen on a sounder basis and with a clearer conception of her best Interests for the future. "Cuba's political differences," he said, "will bo patriotically solved in Cuba and by Cubans themselves." SPENDS FORTUNE IN YEAR. Stearr Tells t'onrt It "Slipped Thrnnah Ills fingers" Sprrtal Despatch to Tub Nrw Vosk Huron. Chp'Auo. Dec. 27.?Chris O. !*toner, president of Stegrr & Sons, piano manufacturers. was appointed conservator to-Ua.v for the estate of his brother, George F. Sieger, In an action In Die Probate Court. The latter admitted that his fortune of $1,500,000, which came to him from the estate of his father, John V. Htefer, had become reduced In a single year to $500,000, with liabilities of $350,000. j "I can't tell what became of the ' money." he said. "It Just slipped | through my fingers." 18, 1920. FLEXNER TELLS OF ! WONDER PARASITES Tlicy Are Able to Pass Through i Pores of Earthenware and Induce Maladies. SUCH AS TRENCH FEVERi Organisms Too Small for .Microscope to Detect?Makes Address in Chicago. Chicago, Dec. 27.?Dr. S'imon Flexner, director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, to-night reviewed i bacteriological progress during the lust twenty-five years in an address which marked the opening of the annual j convention of the American Association j for tlie Advancement of Science, and of some two score affiliated societies. More than 1.1U0 scientists arc attending the sessions, over which Dr. L. O. Howard, chief of the Federal Bureau of Entomology, is presiding. l?r. Flexner's paper used for its initial point the announcement made In 1?;? of the discovery of the curative effects of diphtheria antitoxin and traced bacteriological progress from that time. Tlie speaker described In considerable detail some classes of diseases initiated by filterable parasites?microorganisms , mlniitn -tlvuf tliov nflafl thrnnch tho ! ])ores of earthenware and so small as to be beyond the power of any inlero- | scope. These minute organisms Induce j In animals such maladies as the foot ' and mouth disease, and hog cholera. 1 and in man such definite and severe dis-! eases as infantile paralysis and trend) I fever. An apcoir.it of Dr. Noguchi's recent investigations of yellow fever was given by I >r. Klexner, who said recent disclosures had shown it to he caused by a tenuous spiral microbe which can be cultivated outside the body and be made to yield a vaccine for the prevention of yellow fever and a serum for tlio treatment of eases already started. At the session of the Entomological Society of America J. M. A id rich of the National Museum. Washington, said ho ! had found one small tribe of Mono I.akc Indians which caught and dried a tou and a half of caterpillars in a season for food. Prentiss Baldwin of Cleveland told the Wilson Ornithological Club the results of ills Investigations of the migrations of birds as developed by his trapping ami marking of birds at Ills Cleveland home and also at his winter place in j Georgia. Contrary to genera! belief, the house wren frequently is divorced from his | mate during the season, said Mr. Baldwin. Some wrens return year after year with the same mates, while others have been discovered with two different mates in the same season. PENNSYLVANIA ROAD ORDERS FURTHER CUT More Employees to Go and Expenses Reduced. Vhiuadklphia, Dec. 27.?Samuel flea, president of the Pennsylvania Rail road system, announced to-day that present business conditions "will necessitate further reduction in the number of employees and in the working expenses and capital expenditures until the situation Improves." The number of men to bo laid off wo* not annoum-ed. It was understood It is the purpose of the management to cut expenses about 10 per cent. The company made public the following general notice sent to the administrative and regional vice-presidents of the system : "Conditions now confronting the Pennsylvania and other railroads ir.ake It essential to observe the utmost economy consistent with safety and efficiency. Traffic has already declined and unini.-tak|ihlc Indications exist of a Blowing up of business. It Is very important that the situation should be clearly understood by the employees and the publ Ic. "It in hoped that such reduction in business as may take place will continue only for a brief period, but this condition has already involved curtailment and will necessitate further reduction In the number of employees and in the working expenses and capital expenditure until the situation Improves." KHKRSON IIOIt.Il II, I... Chicago, Dec. 27.?Emerson IInti?li, the author, who was removed from his homo to a hospital Inst week following several works of Illness. was reported to-day to ho In a serious condition. Physicians said double pneumonia had developed and that ho spent a restless night. Iir., KIIF. FIGHTS OFF UBATll. CH1CA00. Dor. 27.?Mrs. Sarah Quinn. who says she Is 115 years old, declared to-day she was "as well as usual" after being nearly asphyxiated In her homo yesterday. She is believed to have absent mlndodly blown out the gas stove flame. An hour after being revived in i a hospital she Insisted on going homo | "to do the dishes." < \SCemTprfcvQ Jhe Superfine sSmaII Gar : !l Templar quality i , ; X Xj. i-1 saves you more i because it serves you better and longer. ; I . Jj Morrow Motors Corp. 1761 BROADWAY New York i THB TEMPI AR MOTORS COMPANY j CI*v?land, Otwa FUGITIVE BOND DEALER | HELD IN MINNEAPOLIS Former Jerseyman Charged J With Oregon Shortage. Portland, Ore., Dec. 27.? John L. Etheridgc, fugitive ex-president of Morris Bros., bond dealers, was arrested late : to-day at Minneapolis, according to a telegram received by the Sheriff's office. 1 An officer will he sent at once to bring Ktheridge to Portland, Sheriff Thomas llurlburt said. Ktheridge is an cx-convtct with two prison terms in New Jor- ' t.ey charged against his record, according to a (certified statement received and published here to-duv from Irvin C. , Beam. Clerk of the New Jersey Slate 1'rison. Following the issuance to-day for the . rrest of Ktheridge on a charge 6f lur> vny by Bailee, Walter H. Evans, District Attorney, announced that a preliminary survey of Etheridge's affairs had iiown his personal account with .Morris Bros, to he overdrawn 159,000 and that of Mrs. Ktheridge to be overdrawn $- ',000. 1 B II i Mill SIXTY D < ORDINARILY FINCHLt Y RE) PERSON TO CALL AND AN. AND ECONOMIC ELEMENT. HOWEVER. THE EFFORT i ING THE GARMENTS NOU DOLLARS WAS SUCH THAT IMPORTANCE THAT THE Vs CUSTOM FINIS THE ANNOYANCE HEADY- TOTAILORED AT Ps TOO! 5Wojtt 4-6 11 NEW Y< ^9^564.-566 MoMsJOfikAtl Are Now After-Chris oi Mid-Winte L' n f at greatly redu DAY AND EVE LUXURIOUSLY F i-N ? \; /^>/^\ A "To D/A I IUA 1 O i BLOUSES RICH and IMPORTEC IT HAPPENED ^ ' The Brookl?n Ferr The Village of Wn nouu THE boundary of the Villaf ning of the Eighteenth Cen | at the public landing, aouth tie hast River, along the pul thence to the Jamaica Turnp the Wallabout Millnond and along the waterfront back to It is unnecessary to describe t we now know as BrooklynMen*d with adjacent towns i ropolis, it exceeds New York in population and wealth. , Not a fungous growth, but a Ing the sure foundation of ou on tmprovca t ;upcnw? m urn for mmi or wr> ran t vc:tr.-rfnr, non-fiuctuating as Interest. V/t hai( an .ntn?r?i-i( ' UOMB TTILE IN SI Hrnry J. Davci Willojghby and Ja 1 1 3 Sure Relief CY~; ^vy\Wy^S6BE LL-AN S Sure Relief RELL-ANS i^F FOR INDIGESTION ASK FOR and C.ET Horlick's The Original waited mIIK for Infants and Invalids Avoid Imitations and Substitutes ] t " "1 L m jjj 0 L L A R S RAINS FROM URGING A 4LY7.E THE CHARACTER S OF A BUSINESS SUIT. HXERTED IN DEVELOPV RETAILING AT SIXTY IT IS OF THF. UTMOST \LUF- BE INVESTIGATED. H WITHOUT r OF A TRY-OS PUT-OS ISH/OF PARK lOiBY h. Street 3RK 4-6 t? and 47tj? sts v. Holding tmas Sales r Fashions ic)?nq ced prices .NING GOWNS ur-Trimmed SUIT. \ND WRAPS MILLINERYFURS ) NOVELTIES I 'L IN BROOKLYN n n t to New York about 1710 eukelen? Cjreatcr Brooklyn [c of Brooklyn at the beginitury was at follows: starting of Picrrepont's distillery on }lic road to Red Hook Lane, ike Road, northeastward to from there to the East River the start. he enormous extent of what the Home Town of today, and formine nart of the met* in acreage?growing (readily healthy development, formr Guaranteed First Mortgage a oklyn and Quecn??the Ideel i rking an absolutely aafe into principal and yielding . fl'.Vi ro teri yen JRANCE COMPANY *port, President y Scitcts, Brooklyn - - nu**- < .