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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 04, 1921, Image 10

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NEW YORK HERALD
PUBLISHED BY THE SIW-HERALD
CORPORATION, 2S0 BROADWAY;
TELEPHONE. 10.0(H) WORTH. j
Director* and officer* : Frank A. M'imey, I
President; Ervln n%Hiuw\, VillaJPwgiiint;
Wm. T. Dew*n. Treasurer; It. H. Tlther- j
triKtor.. Secretary
MAIL, at"Wri< R1PTION RATES.
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DAILY & SUNDAY...|S>: on $13.30 $2*"
Daily only i?.oo o.oo l.so
BUNDAY onij 0.7J 5.12 .48
All chocks, money order-', 4c., to be madu
payable to The 8un Horahl.
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and utile of papers:
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CHICAGO?20? South l.A Salle St.
LONDON?40-43 Fleet at.
PARIS?1ft Avenue de l'Opera, 38 Rue du
Louvre.
Tw? Nnv Topk tlKBALO was founWI by
.Tames Gordon lJennott In 1835. It remained
tlie sole property of Its founder until his
death, tn 1872. when his son, also James
Gordon Bennett, succeeded to t!?e ownership
of the paper, which remained In his hands
until his death. 1u t#I8. Tub Hhulo I*
came the property "t Frank A. Muneey, Its
present owner, in 1020.
FRIDAY, MARCH 1921.
President Harding.
For the lirst time ia the history of j
our country the newspaper profession
sees to-day one of its own inaugurated !
as President of the United Suites.
All newspaper men niny well have n '
just pride in the fact that in this
ttylng period, the country has turned
to their profession for Its Chief
Executive.
Wabjuex Hajidino Is no hothouse
newspaper man. He came np from
the bottom. He began his newspaper
experiences at the typesetter's case.
Supplementing a college training, he
learned his English at the case, as so
many distinguished men have done
before hini. It was at the case, tin 1
in the counting room, and in the
press room, and in the reportorlal
room, and as owner and publisher of
the Marlon Star, his then struggling
newspaper, that he got the grounding
of Intensive thought, and the ground
ing of real business?sweated the
sweat that congeals Into substantial
foundation".
The closer to the soli a man begins
his career the belter man he Is as he
mounts high lu liis calling. However j
?ibly endowed a man bo he never
Ljets quite the same viewpoint, never
has quite the same feellug, quite the
suxne touch with the manifold prob
lems of life, If he comes into his call
lug from the rungs of opulence.
So in Warren Harding the news
paper profession has a thoroughgoing
representative. In hid great office all
xiewspai>er men will certainly wish
for him the fullest measure of suc
cess. and In so far as they can. ex
cept for conscientious differences of
opinion, they will, we feel sure, gtve
Wabren Harding the best there la
in them In the way of good will and
support.
The Evolution of Banking.
England* banking laws bear only
a remote resemblance to the Federal
Iteserve banklug act in America, or
for that matter to the banking laws
of any other country. But the amal
gamation of the bunking firm of Fox.
Fowler & Co. with Lloyds Bank.
Tvondoni, and with the merger the
final extinction of the last authorized
note Issuing bank In England, aside
from the Bank of England ItseU, set
out in bold relief the noteworthy sim
ilarity In the tendency of banking prac
tices In many countries regardless of
the existing diversity In their bank
ing laws.
The bank charter act of 184-1 lim
ited the note issuing power# of all
banks by permitting no Institution
save the Bank of England to emit
currency If sueh bank were within
sixty-flve miles of London. tTP?n
Amalgamation with any bank within
this radlu? the bank outside the lim
ited area waa obliged to cancel Its
exiting currency and Us Issuing power
pasted to the Bank of England. Fox,
Fowler & Co. was the last banking
house outside the limited zone with
note Issuing power. Its outstandlnc
. paper money amounted to only ?0,500.
or nominally $32,500. This Insignlfi- j
cant figure Is altogether outweighed
by the Importance of the fact thct
England is the first country with,
different classes of currency to wipe
the alate clean and vest the note Issu
ing privilege In one central bonk.
lu America a similar process :>eg?n
with tbo Inauguration of the Federal
UonervA banking system. But the
basis of currency under the National
Bank laws was (Jovemment bonis.
Many of these bonds liearlng tbe cir
culation iirlvllege are still oiit?t?nd
big The volume of national bank
notes In 1014 was $700,000,000, and
despite the efforts of tba Funeral Uc
nerve control banks to buy up the
bonds, canrel the currency on which
rney were baaed and Issue Federal U<>
M?rve notes In their place there are
still $730,000,000 national bank notes
outstanding.
But here also the significance of
this figure is likewise outweighed ?>*
the fact that while the national bank
nnte? have decreased thn amount of
Federal Reserve notes has risen from
$*2fn>,oo ),0<j0 at the beginning of 1917
to more than ?3,< (00,000,000 at the
present time.
It has required ?orenty-slx years for
England to oil minute the different
note issuing banks. The final matur
ity of circulation bonds in this coun
try is the Panama 3 per cents, ex
piring in 1861. 'I Is probable that
until that time there will be a certain
amount of national bank note* In
circulation, barring legislation to
curtail the circulation privilege.
I'lirtailiug note Issuing powers, like
the centralization of gold reserves In
all countries, luis resulted from condi
tions rather than from legislation.
The increasing competition hi foreign
trade and the added difficult}* of con
rroUiag exchanges made for close knit
banking arrangements, an end that
could be attained only by gnthering
the controlling gold and currency
reins Into one central grip.
Y>arwix, by applying his theories
of natural selection, could hare writ
ten nn absorbine treatise on the evo
lution of banking had the events of
reeent years in the financial world
come within his lifetime.
Coats Must Come Down.
Judge Gary's statement of yester
day ruornlng In reply to Comptroller
Witmavs'b charge that the United
States Steel Corporation had made
excessive profits In the conduct of its
business during the war completely
dI-proves the charge.
On Monday morning The New
Herald had an editorial article on
the attitude of the Steel Corporation
?'ith regard to its wages. In this j
article The New York HtotALn took
occasion to give the Steel Corpora
tion an indorsement of Its war prices,
while It questioned the soundness of
its present prices, still kept up by j
j>eak wages.
The United States Steel Corpora- i
tion's wapes, after nine increases be- i
tween February. 191fl. and July, 1920, j
are now 150 i>cr cent, higher than!
they were In 1914-15. But as the j
cost of living has receded from the
peak of last year to a point where j
Its increase over 1914-15 is only one
half the company's wage increase over ;
1914-15, obviously either the United i
States Steel Corporation wage, meas
ured by living costs now and meas
ured by living costs in 1914-15, Is
very much too high now or It was
very much too low then.
An expression on this specific point
by Judge Gary, chairman of the Bteel
Corporation, would be a distinct con
tribution to our present economic
problems.
The National Federation of Con
struction Industries Just now gives
out its estimates that the United
States needs not only 1,500.000 homes.
hut 500.000 factories, 5,000 schools
and public Institutions. 60,000 apart
ment buildings, 20.000 theatres and
churches, 150 freight terminals and
15,000 railroad stations.
The National Federation of Con
structive Industries officially sliowx
that the cause of this colossal short
r-.'o is excessive cost of production
when It urges all Its member* to work
for conferences of manufacturers,
employers, employees, bankers, Ac., so
as to bring about action on the facts
"with the resultant effect of reduction
of costs."
There Is the whole story In a nut
shell. We cannot look for a nation
wide revival in building until all costs
come down. We cannot look for a
uationwMe revival In Industries and
business until wages have been de
flated and all production costs are
brought down to a reasonable basis.
In all or nearly all Important In
dustries save the United States Steel
Corporation a readjustment of wnge*
downward has been In force for
months. The attitude of the United
.States Steel Corporation In respect of
the maintenance of peak wages is so
at variance with the trend of the
times that it would seem It Is under
taking to pioneer a new normal wage
level.
Snch tin undertaking could not fail
to prove disastrous throughout the
length and breadth of our industries
In the process of readjustment down
ward. Without such readjustment It
will be impossible to get our costs of
production down to where the.v should
be, and until they are so reduced there
will not be much ground for business
and Industrial optimism In this coun
try of ours.
Southwestern Sheep in Desert. 1
The sheepmen of the Southwest nre
facing a serious situation because ofj
the tendency of agriculturists In the i
vi.inity of the Arizona desert to.aban-j
don their alfalfa crops for cotton,
which it has been found can be grown
advantageously in that region.
A desert might not seem to be partic
ularly adapted for grazing purooses, j
but It has been demonstrated that
sheep run be wintered In the regloR
near Phoomlx In seasons when the
rainfall during November and Decern
ber hag been copious. Under such
conditions the nsually nrld wastes
produce In the early spring n growth
of succulent alfllarin which "ends the
sheep to their accustomed range for
lambing time In perfect condition.
Against the comlnir of the alfilarla
alfalfa hay at from $0 to $8 a ton
has hitherto been available from the
farmers In the Salt River valley.
The profit In cotton cultivation, how
; ever, has produced the nge old r?
1 suit. There has been a stampede to
grow only this staple.
There was very little rainfall dur
j 'ng November and December of last
year. As a coneeqoence those who
took their herds to the desert have
been compelled to appeal to the Oov
| crnriient for help. They were able to
get only a small quantity of alfalfa
hay at $2^ a ton and the chances of
alfilarla pasturage are small.
The Wgb mountains to the uor?li
(out off ull uporhmMm for pasturage
| lu that direction and relief was sought -
nearer home. Their appeal has
t brought permission from the Forest
.Service of the L>eportment of Agricul
ture to graze tijeir docks on the
Crook and Totito farest reservations,
which are fifty utile* long and have
au average width of three mile*.
These are in the foothills of the moun
tains adjacent to the Arizona desert
and it is estimated tliat the area Is
sufficient to Lrlug the :UrA),000 sheep
through in safety, though their con
dition will have an unfavorable in
fluence on the lamb crop If a plenteous
j rainfall la not a part of nature's
i programme during .March and A!)ril.
The Indemnity Question.
If the digest which the Allies have
xiven ont of the counter indemnity
: proposal of the Germans is at all
' accurate David Lloyd George la Jus
tified in calling it a mockery. If the
I (Jermans have calculated tho amount
they offer to pay with one set of i
: swollen figures, but the amount that
would houestly cancel that debt with
nil entirely different and smaller set
j of figures, there is much excuse for
i the Allies to charge bad faith against
them ami there is ground for the geu-1
eral opinion that the proposal Is im-;
pudent as well as Insincere.
: But, when all Is said an t done,
what the (Jernians have offered or how
they have offered it does not deter- j
i mine the one thing which must be de-!
termlned for a settlement that will;
bear the test of reason and make for
the peace of the world. That one,
thing is, What can the Germans pay
without breaking? What the Allies
have answered, or how they may back j
up their answer with arms, does not
determine it. And, as The Nkw York
Hekald has beeu saying, that one.
thing must be determined before the |
Allies can know what they can get I
j out of the Germans, whether by per* j
suasion or by pressure.
How can It be determined? Cer
i tainly it cannot be determined by
military invasion. It can be deter
mined. however, by a disinterested
; third party, acting as arbiter of the
! facts. This is the suggestion of The j
j N'kw Yobk Herald, and if anybody, j
; Ally, German or neutral, has a better i
or it more practical suggestion It has
i not yet seen the light of day.
Certainly the programme of en
; forcement announced by David Lloyd
! George to go Into effect if the Uer
i mans do not accept by Monday the
i Allies' arbitrary demands without
j change by so much as the crossing of
I a "t" or the dotting of an "1" prom
ises nothlug of substantial results.
Fie says it will mean: occupation of
Dulsberg, the Ruhr district and Dtts
jseldorf; Uwylng an equitable tax on
j all German exports to the Allies and
! establishment of a customs line nlong
the Ilhine. Can anybody Imagine that
j such a programme as that would
; make a derit on sixty millions of peo
j pie? And ns for financial returns,
I all the Indemnity the Allies could
i get In that way would scarcely make
a Jingle In their international cash
drawer.
Arbitration can do better than that, j
a hundredfold. When Theodore I
Rooskvelt, President of the United i
States, brought the Russians and Jap- i
anew together in what wan in effect ;
a proposition of arbitration their war
jcume to an eud abruptly, the terms
of peace were fixed for the two na- |
| tions, and they went bark to their J
| work mid their debt paying.
J What was good for Russia and,
Japan cannot be bad in impartial!
opinion for the Allies and Germany.
There are situations when men in j
| the bitterness of their feelings are!
j not themselves capable of working,
out such a problem as this. When j
| a powerful French official clone to:
i-Premier Hriam>, in response to the
I suggestion of an arbiter to find
out the limit of German capacity to!
pay, cries out: "That's crazy; there
has been enough negotiation; for
France the amount now stands Im-i
movable!" It Is apparent that under
such stress such peoplt are not fit to
bring about a sound settlement.
Not merely does a neutral nollaml,
[ on the other hand, deprecate military
enforcement of the Allies' "Immova
ble" terms, but Italy, herself one of
the Allies, opposes such abrupt meas
ures of force. Italy's losses of men.
wealth and economic power frojn Ger
man and Austrian arms were as
vast and Irreparable as those of any
nation In the terribly destructive war.
Hut Italy, while insisting that Ger
many must pay nil she can pay within
reason and safety, holds aloof fV-om
military coercion.
Bravest Woman in Adversity.
Pathetically the vanity of mere dis
play and Its resulting fame, when
dissociated front real service to the
world, Is Illustrated In the fallen for
tunes of Mrs. Annik Edson Tatlok,
the first person and the only woman
to go over Niagara Falls In a barrel
and live to tell her experience. She
dirt the stunt on October li4. 1001.
! For a time her courage nnd darliu
jinrt her remarkable vitality were the
themes of headlines and the subjects
of popular wonder and praise. Hut
on Wednesday she went to the Niag
ara County Infirmary at Lockport to
| spend the remnant of her days.
Twenty years ago she was vigorous.
, strong fnll of the spirit of adventure.
She was a university graduate and
she had (aught dancing. She boasted
of having crossed the continent eight
j times, she had travelled In Meilco
; and she bad made sixteen Imtg voy
ages on the Gulf of Metleo. At Hay
j City, Michigan, she conceived the
JI'lea of going over the Falls, is lie
l knew the risk, but the fascination of
i danger and the craving for notoriety
; were toe great to resist. 8Ue marie
| the attempt?eud succeeded. For n
i brief space her name was oa every
i tongue.
; She Is now 75 years old. She Is
i nearly blind and without friends or
public recognition or means of livell-1
i hood. She sadly reflects hi a few
words of newspaper talk that fortune
does not always follow fame. The
two episode* In her life, some twenty ;
; years apart, form a sad contrast,
i I'hfy alM> point a moral.
| One other person has gone over the
Kails and lived. Bobhy Lcach did j
i it on July 2"), 1911. He came out of
his barrel with a broken let? and j
, lindlv shaken up. but made a complete
j recovery. H!s barrel was made of
steel. '"Darodoril"* C'haju.ih Q.
I Stephens of Bristol, England, went
j over on July 11. 1920, In a barrel of
I Russian oak. The barrel was smashed
; t<? splinters and he was drowned. Mi *.
; Taylor also nsed an oaken barrel.
! she was lw>l) fast In It by a harness?
I designed to prevent her from being,
hanged against the side's. She had n!
i bad scalp wound and was bruised I
I from head to foot when hauled ashoro
| and extricated, but was not seriously j
I the worse for the adventure.
She went over the Horseshoe Falls.'
i rather on the Canadian side of thfj
| centre line. She was cut loose above
the Falls at 4:03 P. M.t passed the
j brink at 4 ;2J1 and was landed at 4:30.
She retained consdonsnes# as she
| went over the edge, but was Insen
sible when she struck The river below.
The barrel leaked badly and sli<> was
frightfully tossed about. When It
; was all over she said she would not
repent the experience for a mtllion
dollar^ and she would rather stand
l>efore* a loaded cannon and he blown
to pieces than once again suffer the
mental strain.
In fact the risk and the strain of <
the feat place It in the class of has-(
ards that are beyond Justification. ;
There Is no scientific value attached
to the adventure. It proves nothing
but the toughness of some barrels
and the fact, which needs no proof, |
thf' men and women can always be
for- 1 to defy death with perfect;
lightness of heart. It is chiefly be
cause of the inutility of the act that1
It has left Its heroine forgotten and
unprovided for in her old age. The
world has rewards only for those who
either bring to it some benefit for
which It is willing to pay the price, or
else keep it permanently entertained.
Mrs. Taylor proved herself the
bravest woman of her day, but she
spent her courage In a futile and I
thankless effort.
Tom Marshall.
When Thomas R. Marshall was
elected Vice-President for his first I
term he bore the reputation of being
a radical In politics with leanings
toward Socialism. He leaves the Sen
ate chamber to-day a broader, bigger
man than he was when he entered I
it, with no hue of radicalism attach- i
ing to him.
Helping to solve the grave prob
lem* which continually face the na- j
tlon, brought Into immediate personal :
contact with the powerful and uu-!
selfish men who keep the aoclal fabric
of the country Intact, Tom Mamhall ?
has developed In knowledge. In un
derstanding, In the spirit of Amert-!
oanism. Through association with
those who are laboring to upbuild the
United States he has expanded his
horizon and increased his Intellectual !
breadth. He will return to Indiana |
a more vigorous American than lie i
was when he went to Washington j
In 1913.
In the violent dlm-UMlon brought
about by the President's absences
from the United States In 1918 and
1919 a situation arose which would
have Inflamed tlu* ambition of a man
of badly controlled passions, or seri- ]
onsly embarrassed a man of undue i
sensitiveness, had such un Individual '
happened to stand first In line of
succession to the Thief Magistrate.
If requires little Imagination to pic-'
ture the turmoil a Burr would have
created had an opportunity of this j
kind been offered to one of his char-;
arterioles. It is to the everlasting
credit of Mr. M aba hall that ut no |
time during the period of the Presi
dent'* absences wns the Vice-Presl-,
dent's name brought Into dispute or
his conduct challenged. He was not (
only Innocent of Intrigue, but even j
the tongue of gossip, whether merely j
Irresponsible or malicious, could And
no excuse to fix on him the suggestion
of Intrigue. Tom Marshall had to I
walk stralcht to win that tribute to
his Integrity and disinterestedness.
Unaffected, simple, straightforward,
will In* to allow his natural emotions
to find expression and to let his
heart have Its way. Thomas R. i
| Marshall has made a fine place for
himself In the affections of the Amer
ican people.
Persons who have abandoned the j
habit of writing letters during elpht
years of Mr. Burleson are reminded |
that to-day Is the day to resume.
The Washington despatches nay that
Secretary Baker has been inquiring
whether he ceuld ship a stock of llqur><
home without violating the law. Tb
must be a mistake. Nhwton D.'s only
Intoxicant is the perfume of pansles.
Tlie American Atlas?March 4, 1021.
IjO ; he has taken on his back
The burdens of the State,
And mighty nations of the earth
On his decisions watt.
A hundred million people faith
And trust In him avow.
And Jhlft their troubles hopefully
Uf >n his shoulders now.
But Washington and Lincoln trod
The ssme uneven road,
And Liberty Is at his
To help him with his load.
The Constitution Is his staff,
So he will walk unbent.
The Atlas of America,
Our newest President.
Mikma Trvtko.
The California Recruit.
Senator Jolmmm's Attempt to Serve
Two Masters at Once.
To Tub New Yohk Hbraso: Poes the
office of United States Senator stive the
holder a right to serve two masters?
Ilave I the right as a generous con- ,
trlbutor to the city's exchequer to de
mand how much of the taxpayers' money j
is allocated to pay Senator Johns'' I
Hslvo t the rtght to demand from Sen- j
??iter Johnson by what right ho accepts 1
payment for services presumed tq be '
rendered to the United States as Senator
while he is retained by the city of New
York to defend me from the vicious on
slaught of Governor Mll>r, whose victim
I am perfectly witling to become?
In short, as a taximyer I am paying
Johnson for working for me in Washing
ton and in Netv York. But how can he
he tn two places at once?
True tt is that Harry Thaw went to
California for learned counsel, and an
eager country was rewarded with the
phrase "dementia Americana." But Is
It not "dementia Tammanscla" again to
neglect our own talented lawyers?
Again, and as a fallow Republican this
time, have I the ri?cht to ask Senator
Johnson just what his motive is in trying
to assassinate a Republican Governor by
using a Tammany tomahawk?
Senator Johnson can. I believe, be
held entirely responsible for thrusting
upon the country a second Wilson ad
ministration and X am left wondering
whether the knife he used on Hughes in
California In 1918 to accomplish this is
now so dull that It must be replaced by '
the Tammany weapon.
Surely, unless ray o'.vn poor attributes? !
are at fault. Senator Johnson Is trying to
?cave two masters, is receiving pay from 1
two masters andean do Justice to neither, .
be loyal to neither.
Harbison K. Bitod.
New York, March 3.
Work of a Wife.
Honor for Those Whose Achievements
Are Intangible.
To Tim New York H?rai.d: The let- 1
ter of "G. W. H." with regard to the dis
couraged wife ends with these words:
"Give her a chancc to create In business, j
writing, art, music."
In the first place. It se^ms that the ]
chance for achievement along these lines
is ample. In the second place, I have
yet to learn of a human being who has
"created" anything. Benjamin tVanklln,
Robert Fulton, Alexander Bell, Thomas
A. Edison have utilized the forces which
they found In a wonderful way: but they
created nothing. They developed latent
possibilities. So with sculptors, archi
tects, bui'ders.
Lawyers make a distinction between
targible and intangible property, real es
tate coming under the former head, stock
certificates under the latter. This dis
tinction does not Imply Inferiority of
either class. Intangible value being tis
real as tangible. Do we properly esti
mate intangible achievement?
Which is more valuable to the world,
the composition or performance of a
symphony, or a well ordered, harmonious
life? The erection of bridges, or the es
tablishment of a worthy span between
past and future generations, in well bred,
right minded children? The grace o!
statuary and paintings, or the symmetry ,
of a well balanced, contented mind?
All honor to those who are engaged in
occupations having conspicuous results'.!
It Is not my wish to speak slightingly of j
any of them. However, the hidden things '
of life are sometimes the greatest. Mr*. !
"A. W." when she married electe 1 for
herself an occupation than which there
la none more honorable, more fllled with i
opportunity. Her work Is not less noble j
because less notorious ; her circle of In- j
fluence Is not less deep because less ex- I
tended. M. T. M.
New York, March 3.
The Rod of Wisdom.
Another Kflkktit Rattan and (he
Toarhcr Who I'sed It.
To Ti? New York Hbralo: Long
live the memory of Principal Scott's rat
tan. and endless honor to that unnamed
prominent lawyer?why unnamed??who
!n old Public Schfw.l <0 in Bast Twen
tieth street did corn> under Its mlnistra
tlon of Infinite klr. 1 iir.ops. And what
does that lawyer not owe of his promi
nence to that self*; me rattan, firmly
wielded where it would do the most good
upon boyish anatomy In the good old
day*?
I too am a rattan product, but under
another famous educator, John P. Mo
Oaakey of Lancaster, principal of the
old Mulberry street High School In IS71,
a brother of Major-Sen oral E. S. Mc
Caskey of the Regular Army and later
Mayor of Lancaster. Well do I remem
ber a certain conversation:
"G.. here'? your Greek grammar;
there Is the definite article," Ho, Hay,
Toe, we used to pronounce it. Pulling
open the drawer of his desk, he pointed
to the instrument of wisdom: "O., do you I
soe that rattan 7"
"Yes, sir."
"Well. O., come back to-morrow with
that definite article learned, across, up
an! down, sideways."
A tender regard for the truth of his- j
tory oblige* me to record that 1 did;
also, that In that crisis of my career that
rattan was the truest, best friend a boy
ever had. as I was a very backwa-i
pupil. If any man in the solar aystenr.
Is any more grateful to a rattan and to
the wlelder thereof than I, I am desirous
of meeting him.
But tho rattan? Alas, I am not so fa
vored as that eminent lawyer who has
secured his precious frlond and Is to
present It to the alumni association at a
coming reunion.
I can only add that had the present
spineless, milk and water methods pre
vailed I would not have got even the
modicum of culture I now possess. Will
io good old days ever return? I). Q.
Brookltn, March 3.
Rabjr Olo'hrs Wanted.
To The Nbw Vohk Hkuald: Appeals
are being made to the Immediate Aid
Society for baby clothes by young moth
ers whose husbands are unemployed or
who have been obliged to go to a hos
pital on account of accident or disease.
Any articles In good condition, how
ever much service they have seen, will
be mora than welcome.
Immrdiatc A in Pociitt.
73 West 100th street.
Nnw Yon*. March 3.
In %'mir "?hln.
Kntelter?'The Intv (teesn'l allow you to
carry a revolver.
Docker?Put you mar carry the other
fellow's bullets.
Appearunee.
?t<lla~?h<> says hor face i? her fortune.
Hells?W >11, It WOtt have been S*flatiS.
Reyes Pleases in Second Concert
Chilean Pianist Shows Serious Artistic Desire but
Little Progress in Brahms Sonato.
I
I Juan Beyes, a Chilean pianist, who
; vaa first heard h<-re not long ag?. gHVe
I Ills second recital yesterday afternoon
!n Aeolian Hall. Ills most ambitious
undertaking was the F minor sonata of
I 3r?hms. But there were lens i"*arehlng
numbers, such an Liszt's adornment of
the spinning sons from "The Flying j
Dutchman" and his ornate decoration i
of ih?Ti?s from Bellini's "Norma.''
Tho pianist's performance of the
Brahms sonata showed snrlous artistic i
desires and no inconsiderable progress j
toward their accomplishment. Two
elements In the Chilean's playlnK mill-'
rated against his achievement of his
aims. One was a rigidity of outline
and the other a monotony in tone
quality. His range of dynamics was
from p moderate piano to an Immoder
ate forte, and almost all the way thi
tone was massive and without any
tendency to softness or tenderness.
Th- Brahms sonata la a big conception
and It opens vista* of profound feeling
which are to bo successfully explored
only by a player with keenly sensitive
feeling and a mastery of the tonal re- ;
.'ouree* of the modern piano. Mr. Reyes
disclosed xenuine affection for the music j
under his lingers, but his style lacked j
some of tho essential requisites for a I
satisfactory reading. Perhaps the want j
oC subtle discrimination In the treat-'
rnent of accents placed another obstacle j
in the artist's path.
In some of the lighter numbers this j
latter defect continued to bo noticeable, |
but swift finger work and sonorous ;
tone evoked plentiful applause. It la
faster to triumph in the compositions of
Liszt than in those of Brahms, an<l this j
docs not prove, a* some distinguished I
commentators would have us believe, !
that the Hungarian virtuoso was the
better composer of tho two.
Two Operas at Metropolitan.
Two performances were given at the |
Metropolitan Opera House yesterday. In I
the af'ernoon there was a special mati- j
nee of "Madama Butterfly." with Miss ;
Geraldlne Farrar aa the unhappy Japa- i
nb'ide. Mr. Crlmi was the perfldi- ;
ous Pinkerton and Mr. Scottl was Sharp
lesa. The performance was smooth and i
gave pleasure to a large audience.
In the evening the opera wan "Lohen
grin," in wnich there were three changes ,
of oast among the principals. Orvlile i
Harrold sang Lohcnifrin, Mr. Ou!>tafHOi; |
the Kino and Mrtte. Julia Ciiiussen, who ;
appeared for the first time this season j
with the company, was the Ortrud. Mr.
Harrold was a very acceptable ropre- j
tentative of the Knight of the Grail, <
looked well, sang his music commend
ably and made the text generally Intel- j
llglble. Mine. Claussc-n's 'Ortriid was
also praiseworthy In some respects, i
though not of the highest distinction. ;
The other membera of the cast were the I
same as before. Mr. Bodonzky con- j
ducted.
Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt's guests in j
box 1 were Mr. and Mrs. F. Gray Cris- ,
wold and Mr. and Mrs. Beekman Win- j
throp.
With Mr. and Mrs. J. Fred Tarns in I
box 11 were Mr. and Mrs. Ernest 6chel- i
ling and Mr. and Mrs. rreston Davie.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Betts Hillhouse,
Miss Sylvia Hillhouse and Miss Mar- |
garct Rsnistn wrre In boy 18.
Mrs. Samuel H. Valentine, Mrs. Drcxel j
Dahlgren, Mrs. William P. Draper, Mr j
Frederick Graves, Mr. Shipley Jones and
Mr. William E. Shepherd were in box 31.
Mr. and Mrs. Everett Colby, Mr. and
Jiiffhf Watchr*.
From the Montreal Daily Rtar.
Do you ever lie awake tn the middle of
the night,
The tumbled bed elothea kicking.
And tine? tho course of Time's slow
(light
By tho clock's insistent ticking?
Then sins 80 trivial In the day's clear
light,
At: grown to crimes abhorrent.
And a stream of debts?In the middle of
the night?
Swells to a mighty torrent.
I delve deep down in the middle of the
night.
The dead past disinterring;
Dim shaj>es file by In spectral white.
With voiceless lip:? conferring.
They gibber at Fight of my sore affright.
But 'spite the ghostly warning,
The vows I make in the middle of the
night
I break in the light of the morning.
J. R. Bisskttk.
The First Wallack's.
A World Famous Playhouse, Where
Great Actors Appeared.
To Tun Niw York Herai.d: TUe de
Ughtfu! letter of Charles Burnhairt. the
veteran manager, relative to Wallack's
Theatro ;?.t Thirteenth street and Broad- !
way brings up thoughts of the first Wal
lack's, at Broome street and Broadway,
which from 1S62 to 1861 was one of the
most famous playhouses in the world.
There such prime favorites as John
Brougham. Charles Walcot, Laura
Keene, J. H. Sfoddart and a rare com
pany of comedians held forth, including
the elder Sothern, then a young man
masquerading as Mr. Stewart.
Lester WaUack, billed as Mr. Lester, I
first appeared at the old Broadway The- j
atre, near Worth street. In 1M7, and as
John Lester he was a member of his
father's great company at Wallack's
Theatre for years, assuming his own }
name when the Thirteenth street house
was opened, as noted by Mr Bumham.
The. elder W.illack was a great actor, j
and his nephew, James W. WaUack, a
superb player. I saw the latter In "The
Bells" at Booth's. Twenty-third street j
and Sixth avenue, ten years before Irv- j
Ing came to America In that play.
The elder WaUack had an ea-iier the
atre In Church street near Llspenard,
which was known as the National, and
ana burned the night Charles Kean was
announced to play. Very few now alive
can remember the National, but thou
sands remember Nlhlo's, where WaUack
oiened after the National was burned
down, for that famous theatre remained
until the '90s, and thousands more re
member the Wallack's at Broome street
and Broadway, where, after Wallack
moved to Thirteenth street, the re
nowned Barney Williams was manager,
and such famous stars as Edwin Kor
rest, Adah Isaacs Menken, Julia Dean.
John E. Owens, William J. Florence,
Charles Dillon and Charles Kean ap
peared on the stage.
Hers In IS** August In Daly produced
his ' Flash of Lightning." I saw It on
tho Fourth of July of that year and
vividly recall how anxious I was to see
the girl accused of stealing a gold chain
proved guiltless because a flash of light
ning hod melt?d the c.lui.n: tier Inno
cence was Anally demonstrated by the
'?ontents of a coal hod. Kltfy Blanchanl,
J. K. Mortimer and dear old Mrs. Gil
bert were In the cast
Barney Williams and William J. Flor
ence tvere brothers-in-law, and Georgr
F. Browne, who established Browne's
Chop llonse. the smw* relationship
Mm. Lewis Iselln at>d Mr. and Mrs.
Tracy Dawn were in the Astor box.
Mr. and Mrs. William A. Hamilton
nnd Mr. and Mrs. Hcrry Kaufman were
In box 23.
With Mr. nnd Mrs. Grlswold A
Thompson In box 13 wore Mr. nnd Mrn.
Charles W. Carpenter. Jr.. and Mrs.
Lorlllard Spencer.
Among the occupants of boxes at the
afternoon performance were Mrs. Julius
F. Workum, Mrs. Donn Barber. Mrs. J.
Frederick Talcott ard Mrs. Roy Rulney.
"JURfler" at Manhattan.
The musical charm n:id poetic beauty
of "The Juggler of N'otro Dame" were
delightfully portri.yed last nietht In the
Manhattan Opera House by Miss Garden
as the hero of the miracle opera before
cn audience that tilled the theatre. In
Jecn, the Juggler, Miss Garden finds one
of her happiest roles, nnd last night
she was fortunate in being surrounded
?by capable aids, particularly by Hector
Dufranno, the Bonifacc, who made one
of his early appearances In Now York
in the part. His legend of the sage
brush was splendidly rendered and won
him honors of the night second to those
of Miss Garden. The miracle scene In
the chapel In the final act was given
with carefully studied suppression.
Edouard Cotreull wns the Prior, and the
poet, painter, sculptor and musician
amonjr the monks were capably presented
by Messrs. PaUlard, L&zzarl, Nlcolay
nnd Defrere. Mr. Folacco conducted.
Tn tlio audiencc were Mrs. Harry
Payne Whitney, Mr. Clarence H.
MacUay, Mrs. New bo Id Le Roy Edgar,
Mrs. Rita JLydig, Mr. and Mrs. Leonard
Cox, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Montagu
Ward, Miss Rose Grosvenor, Mme. Sem
brleh, the Duke and Duchess de Riche
lieu, Mr. nnd Mrs. Francis McN. Bacon,
the Rev. Dr. Percy Stlckney Grant, Mr.
and Mrs. Felix M. Warburg and Rear
Admiral Frederick B. Bassett, U.S.N.
.Mr. Schmullcr'g Concert.
Alexander Schmuller, a Russian j
violinist, who first played here this
season as "soloist with the National'
.Symphony Orchestra, appeared in the
same capacity at the Philharmonic So
ciety's concert In Carnegie Hall last
night, playing Mendelssohn's concerto.
His performance of the tiineworn score
was refreshing and brilliant He seemed
t*? develop fairly the lyric character of
the music and his fine technique enabled
him to throw oft its various difficulties
with aplomb and ease.
The orchestral numbers were Bach'B
D major suite and three numbers by
Rirhiird Strnufs, the "Don Juan" tone
poem, the "Serenade" for wind Instru
ments, opus 7, and the "Love Scene"
excerpt from the one act opera,
"Feuersnot" (the Fire Famine).
Miss Baird's Recital.
Miss Martha Baird, a Boston pianist,
who pluyed here once last season, gave
a recital last evening In Aeolian Hall.
Included In her attractive list were a
sonata by Beethoven, Franck's prelude,
choral and fugue, a novelette "in the
style of Schumann," by Morton Mason,
two "sketches'* by Edwnrd Burllngame
Hill and Salle's "Gnosslenne." As
when she was heard lvere last year, hel
per forma: ice contained no little Intelli
gence and taste. Her tone was good
; and her general technic, save some false
! notes, commend'ible. Her style and
| color are better adapted to lighter mu
sic than that of Beethoven.
| to them, having married one of the three
fray staters. By the way, Browne's flrr.
chop house was not near the Thli teenth
???treet Wallack's, but In Mercer street.
' back of the theatre at Broome 3tr?et
:ind Broadway.
There will not be a flavor to memo
ries of any of the present thespian tem
ples like that possessed by memories of
Wallack's. H. S. Kenton.
New Rocheixe, March 3.
No M. D.'s for Them.
Turks Have No Faith in Medicine as J
Protection Against De-ith.
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
One of the reasons the Turks used to
be such good soldiers <van because con
tempt for life is the essence of the faith
for which they fought "Divinely calm"
are words that have been employed to
describe the profound and complete res
ignation to the will of Allah which is
an Integra] part of the Mohammedan
faith.
Tho pious Mohammedan liaa ever
present In his mind the end of earth
and the beginning of life beyond. Ttu.
Turk Is said to consider himself as an
individual cami*xl In this world, as his
1 nation tins so long been camped In
| Ntirope. And he considers the Joys of
I life ' ??iy shadows in comparison with
? the eve fla '!tpg delights which await him
In paradise.
In the Koran is found the Idea that
on the brow of every human being arc
Inscribed invisible characters which de
cree the evont.4 of his life and his ap
pointed time. The llrst Is termed "Kis
met," the second "Edjel." From this be
lief springs unquestioned submission to
the defrees "f fate.
Death is considered by Moslems ter
?fble only In the abstract and when
viewed from a distance, in polite so
ciety It is never mentioned save under
Home poetical name, "Cupbtarer of the
sphere" Is one of the more common
I phrases. And never Is It mentioned ex
1 --ept when prefaced by the words "Far
be It from you."
Such 'i view of life and death causes
the co nn Turk to regard medicine
and doctjrs with little rcr.pect. For, ac
? ordlng to his belief, If he has heard
the call "Return" he will die, doctor or
no doctor. And if the appointed time
has not yet arrived he will recover, so
why be troubled with a charmer or
his bill?
Thus It sometimes happens that when
a more enlightened Turk strives to In
duce a dearly loved re'ative to call In
a physician he Is met with argument.
Over and over again Is repeated the
belief expressed In the preceding p?ra
: graphs. The text of the Koran Is quoted
and expanded on, and so the content of
wit.-- iroes on and on. Rather would an
old Turk die than call upon a doctor.
"Wliy should 1 try to cheat my ap
pointed hour?" he crlea.
Disarmament.
The Fky?Don't you think we hart b?U?r
disarm?
The Sea?Well. I'll stop drowalng thorn If
*ou stop striking ihem with lightning
t-'dltnrlal Worries In Arknnsss.
Cnrmpomlf nee ?1 Ihr \>"Odrt Cn%ittfy I'tro
yunt.
News Is scarce this week. Somebody
euplit to start ? en,, thing.
It has been wlil ipered around thsi tho
wedding hells have been ringing, bir we
can't find any one that will acknowledge
that tliey are married.
We wl?h to correct ? mistake In last
week's Items. Mr. Snow killed three begs
Instead of one.
THE WEATHER.
For Eastern New York?Fair in J
much colder to-diiy: to-morrow fair,
with rising temperature; t'reah and
strong northwest winds.
For New Jersey?Fair, much colder to
day; to-morrow fair, with rising tempera
ture ; fr>'-ih northwest wind*.
For Northern New Knjlu.id?Fair, much
colder to-day; to-morrow (air; fresh west
an t northwest winds.
For Southern New England?Fair, much
eoldjr to-day; to-morrow fair; fruh was:
ai id northwest wlr.dj.
I'or Western New York?Fair and continued
cold to-day; to-morrow (air and ,varm??.
WASHINGTON. J.'arch 3 ?The dl?'urbanc?
that lind its centre last night over Ontario
hm passed to the ft I,awrenee Valley and
waa followed by rapidly rising pressure and
much colder weather over th.! Interior dis
tricts ea;,t of the Mississippi River. It was
: ttended by rain within the last twenty
'iur hour- In the middle Atlantic and New
tlngland States, the Ohio Valiey and Tennes
? and light local snows In the region of
the great lakes.
The terapera'ure lias risen decidedly over
the plains States and Rocky Mountain
region, and the weather Is now abnormally
warm generally west of the Ml ;.'.mirl and
lower Mississippi rivers. The temperature
will be much lower to-morrow In the At
lantic States. It will rise generaly cast of
the Mississippi River on Saturday.
Observetlons ?t United States Weather Bu
reau statlona taken at 8 P M. yesterday,
seventy-fifth meridian time:
Temperature Uainfall
Inst 2-1 lirs. Flaro- last 24
Stations. High. Low. moter hra. Weather.
Abilene i: 48 30.18 .. Clear
Albany 50 42 ?0.02 .01 Cloudy
At'nutle City., 64 48 r!U>8 .12 Cloudy
Baltimore 68 ,*2 30.00 .. Cloudy
Histnarek .">0 ! 0 20.00 .. Pt. CMy
Boston 62 4(1 i0.04 .(V Cloudy
Buffalo 34 28 30.28 .02 Cloudy
Cincinnati SS 80 80,(2 .. Cloudy
Charleston TO 50 21).08 .. r-t. CMy
Chicago 34 30 30.'8 CW'v
Cleveland 8H 28 30.34 .. Cloudy
T>enver T8 30 30.0<) .. Cioar
Detroit 38 IB 30.40 .. Cloudy
nalv:st.)n 74 02 f0.20 .. Pt. CMy
Helena ?S 3d 20.81 .. Cloudy
Jacksonville.. 78 til' 2i?.74 .. Clear
Krusas CUy... 62 Sit 30.34 .. Clear
1,0* Ansel?... ?!4 fi'J 30.08 .. Closr
Milwaukee..., 30 10 30.."i0 .. Clear
New Orleans.. 78 C2 30.f2 .. Clear
Oklnhoms 70 44 30.34 .. Clear
Philadelphia.. 68 SO 3(1.00 .02 Rain
Pittsburgh SO 44 30.2(1 .. Snow
Portland, Me... 4(1 40 20.00 .0-1 Clear
Portland, Ore. 5fl B0 SO.04 .. Cloud-.'
Salt Lftka City. 70 48 30.00 .. Pt. CMy
Hon Antonio.. 70 62 JX).24 .. Cleaf
San Diego 62 54 SO.(hi .. Clear
San Francisco. 6C 52 30.02 .01 Cloudy
Seattle 62 40 30.06 .. Clear
Ht. Louie M> 30 30.42 .. Clear
St. Paul 2? .. 30.30 .. Cloudy
Washington.... 68 SO 30.08 . 02 Clear
LOCAL WEATHKR RECOHD8.
HAM. 3 P. M.
Barometer 29.08 20.0(1
Humidity |?T 80
Wind?direction 8. W. S. W.
Wind?velocity 10 t2
Weather Rain Cloudy
Precipitation OP .02
The temperature In thlfc city i-esterday. *s
recon'ed by the official thermometer, is
shown in the annexed table:
8 A.M...48 IP. M...52 0 P. M.. .M
9 A.M...B0 2 P. M... 53 7 P.M...Si
10 A.M...48 8 P.M...53 8P.W...M
11 A.M... 40 4 P.M...58 OF. M...50
12 M 60 6 P.M...02 10 P.M...40
1021. 1020. 1021. 192').
0 A. M 60 33 (1 P. M 84 30
12 M 60 40 0 P. M 50
3 P. M 68 43 12 MM 44 ?S
Highest temperature, 54, at 0 P. M.
Lowest temperature, 40. at 10 P. M.
Average temperature, 50.
EVENTS TO-DAY.
n'a .r'uar^ili an" Harold C. Aron will
In* of the Hart?rf'ph,''"hii a ?"eolal
200 ii?SC0mmeK*
Wm'i"''"'"'!,'.'0" ^""ulssioner Frederick a
sag* s
SKSC- ?5S
Hall, lis West 1?orty-thlrd stre.?t 11 A M
fo^n7P H?of-Vfp^y'VTU ,Club!'' RT,nu'11 ron
w".?' H",eI Ppnnaylvanla, uil .jay.
Tlr rthl!r"e ?,?r t>arrnt"' under ?U.ipJOMI of Bli?
fJro.her Momnent Now York *i*r*Jnin -
School. U8th afreet, near Se^tE avS^H
CWcTstreJt. STm.' Mach,n"* ?"??? ?
?r? La Outtrmi. Darwin Jame* and Rob
p ' " Rpoak M a meeting of the
OI?rk .?^8^J*P?M WOmeB VOter"
New York Microscopical Society, meeting
n? . ?,1 of ",ldc"' American Museum
on i r? . i n ry' ?*vp"<y*<"?enth stree:
and Central Park Wetl, 8 p. M.
Bloanor Patterson will give a recital unitr
auspices of Harlem Branch, Y. W. C. A
{'??-?" Reformed Church, Lenox avenue ar..;
J-!"rl street, 8 P. M.
Dean Martin will lecture
Nietzsche; Our Educational System*."
Cooper Union. 8 P. M.
Andre Tridon mill lecture on "The Inter
pretation of Dreams," ttumford Hal!, 3"
kant Forty-fl rut street, 8::t0 P. M.
Crace Cornell will conduct ktudy hour* for
praclleal workers, Metropolitan Museum e*
Art, 10 A. M.
Section of surgery, meeting. Academy of
Memcltie, 17 West Forty-third street. ?:90
Mrs. Carrie Chapman natt and Miss Mary
< arrett Hay will speak on "The Truth
About th*? Lodgue of Woimn Voters," Nfcw
York University Chapel, this evening.
New York Atumnra of St. Mary'* School,
meetint?, Hotel 111 it more. 3 P. M.
Playwright'* Club, meeting, Hotel McAlpl
8 P. M.
Junior I,eaf?uc, entertainment and danc<,
Wa'dorf-Aatorla. 8 P. M.
Ohio Society, dinner and dance, Waldorf
\storia, 7 P. M.
Dental Manufacturer* Club of the United
States, roee'lng. Hotel McAloln. 10:.10 A. M.
j Charles Goldzler will lecture on "T!
Activities and Accomplishments of Woodrc
I Wil'on." Recreation Rooms forum, IP !
ChvvstiC' street, 8:S0 P M.
A"*oclatl<in of National Hanks ami Trust
Companies, dinner. Hotel Astor. 7 P. M
Canadian |!as,k of Commerce, dlniter. Hotel
Pennsylvania, 7 P. M
American Criterion So< iety, luncheon, Hotel
Connv.ot'ori . 1- :>rt p. M,
Associated Motion Picture Advortlsetr,
dinner, Hotel l;ilttn..e, 7 P M.
TUBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT.
MANHATTAN AND THE BRONX.
"Concert," by r?earon Johnson, at Wad
l*igh II. S , 115t.h street and Seventh avenne.
"Amerlran Drama," by Alfred R. Hetider
*JJn, at P. 8. i!7, Forty second street nud
Third avenue.
The first of a course of four lectures on
"Music," bv Philip Oordon. at P. P. 80
KleMy-elghth street and Third avenue.
The first of a oour<" of lecture.* on "Con
temporary American Politics," by James C
Raliagh, at P. fl. ir,2, lMd street and Wads
worth avenue.
"Recent Idea* of Progress and Their
Meaning for Education," by Thomas S.
T'aker, at P. P. 157, fit. Nicholas avenue and
127th street
"The American Spirit." by Wilson Aull. at
P. 8. 17, Forrtham street, near City Island
avenue. City Irland.
"La Julve," by Clement B. Shaw, at P. 8
58, Anthony and Tremont avenues. The
It ron k.
"The Book of the Hour," by Prof. 3. O.
Tarter Troop, at New York Public Library,
Woodstock IJranch, 759 Bast 180th *treet.
The Bronx.
mtOOKl.YN. QUEENS AND RICHMOND.
"Trend of the Time*." by Prof. William
R. C.utlirle. at C.lrls H. 8.. Noatrand avenue
an-' Halsey treet.
"Trend of .he Times," by Miss Mvron L.
Oram, .t Newtown H. 8., Chicago and Gerry
avenues.
"The Old Southwest," by Robert O.
Weyh, at P P. 95, v'an Hicklen street, nea
Neck road llluetrated.
"Mozart. Beethoven and Other Tone Poets."
by Miss M. Jo tphlnc Wlrthan. *t Pltinhl: K
It 8 , Broadway and Whltestonn av.iiue
Flushing, L. I.
"Uncle Sam, the World'r M. D " b ?
jy,u* 1 ft P*!n?. at p n. W, Pacific ant
I nl m Hoi! atrret*. Jamaica.
T firt cour-c of lectures on "Thi
*n iRide of Plant* and Anlnnl*," hv
Po> il Dixon, at I1 8. 8a. Kim avenue and
Fr? h Pond mad, Rldgewood Heights, I.. I.
"v' ' st rv*. u- YorV Owes to 1m Dutch
ettlcrV' by Miss t?r-*rla 8 Mrday, at
T S tvt, pockawa* road and I,ln<oln ?v>
r .e, Sntith Oxnne Park, I,. I
Kv nlng of American Hong*." by Miss
K H' Heberton avenue,
*Vrt ltlrhmon?1, R. I.
MMRDA GAMMA BAI.L.
Th? I--ni!?d.i Oan.-ni, Minn RuLh Em
Ormsbv exeeutlre rhRtrman, will
? >M the |n*t of a rerlcg of charily bnlln
it the WnMor;.Astoria tn-morre>w T>i?
j?roce? <'s will go to tlie memorial fun'l
'f the Theodore Rooaovelt High Hchi^
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled
?o the use for republication cf all news dr<
.latches credited to It or not otherwi.oj
red I ted In thl* pni<?r, and also the lo'nl
lew* published herein.
All rights of republication of spcc.lal drs
; atchea herein are also rascrvcd.

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