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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 06, 1921, Image 1

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A discussion of Germany's Economic and Industrial Condition in ten articles by Raymond Swing begins in to-morrow's issue of THE
NEW YORK HERALD. They are important and authoritative. They furnish a good answer as to whether or not Germany can pay the meas
ure of indemnity demanded of her. Leave your order with your newsdealer for THE NEW YORK HERALD. Failing to do this you may find
that the newsdealer has sold out his supply.
WEATHER FORECAST. rfiy m w v 7 -w r /^v tt 7- ^ m -w- THE BEST IN HISTORY.
---a*? THE NEW YORK HERALD ?2?S?g?S
Highest temperature yesterday, 41; lowest, 20. . " .
Detailed weather reports will be found on page J". [COP V RIGHT, 102 1, BT THE 8 UN-HERALD CORPORATION.] an<^ SOUnder newspaper than ever DeiOr
VOL. LXXXV. . 188?DAILV. NEW YORK, SUNDAY, MARCH 6, 1921.-e^V?ce"?sw Ton?, vo PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS! Kronx. KUrwhrrr lo'crntn.
SIONS, HELD DP, |
WAITS REICHSTAG i
TO DICTATE PLAN
German Chamber Is Expect-]
ed to Shape His ?0111*86 ill j
Making New Offer on
Reparations.
MISSION IS IN DOUBT
Fall of Berlin Government
Said to Be Within Possi
bilities?Foch Prepares
lor Advance.
LONDON EXPECTS DELAY
In Interview German Foreign
Minister Declares He Is Un
able to Act Without Fur
ther Authority.
Simons Gets Orders Not |
to Go Any Further
Vy the Associated Press.
T5ERLIN, March 5.?After con
ferences by members of the
Cabinet, Reichstag leaders and
technical advisers to-night, it is
authoritatively stated, instruc
tions were sent to Dr. Simons at
London, in which he was told
that the German Government
would not permit him to exceed
the counter proposals already
made.
herald.
Copyright, l'JZl, by Tub New \obk Herald.
New York IIprul(I liurmti, )
London. March 3. J
With only twenty-four hours re
maining of the allied ultimatum, all
eyes are fixed on Berlin, win-re the
Reichstag is expected to shape the
Germans' reply Monday. Begirding
the outcome of this Reichstag ses
sion, the German delegates here seem
as much in doubt to-day as the Al
lies, the fall of the Government be- j
iug within the possibilities.
Hence, the Herman delegates are
apparently unable to draw up any
reply, though the exports seem to be
working feverishly while waiung for
Berlin to give the cue. Meanwhile,
Marshal Foch is proceeding with the
military plans by calling Gen. De
goutte toward Paris and preparing
for .the advance If that becomes nec
essary. Few persons here expect
Monday's conference to oud things, j
the feeling among the Allies being
that the Germans are certain to sub
mit on Monday something which will
need study by their experts.
Wednesday was put down as the
probable limit for acceptance by the
Gt rmans of the allied demands. De
spite the allied unity emphasized by j
Premier Lloyd George's declaration, j
it is conceivable that if the new Ger
man proposal did not quite meet the
Paris terms, but came fairly near it,
a situation could arise here which
might divide the Allies somewhat.
The chance of the French yielding j
on any point is slight.
Dr. Minion* Inlrrvlfned.
The distinct atmosphere of gloom
surrounding the German delegation
was evidenced in an interview given
out to-night by Dr. Walter Simons.
German MUnlstcr of Foreign Affairs
and head of the delegation.
"My people will not have the Paris
figures," he told a correspondent of the
London Sunday Time"Rather than
submit to what will bring about the
economic strangulation of my country
they will submit to the s.-uictlon* of
the Allies, r have countless letters
and telegram?- from Germany, from
people in towns and villages about to
be occupied, telling me not to mind
the measures of the Allies and urging
me to go on with the flrst proposals
find let the worst happen.
"I must point out that actrordirg to
the treaty of which we are both signa
tories, by Article CCXXXIT. the Allies
have enforced two principles. One is
that Germany Is responsible for the
damage done by the war and the other
tliat recovery can only be made of the
debt 'according to the capacity of Ger
many.' The Paris proposals contain
applications of th^so principles which
are contradictory. I deslr^ a settle
ment and permanent peace, but I am
afraid enforcement of tho Paris pro
posals will provide ground favorable
to the seeds of future enmity.
Says Germany Wants tn Pay.
"We ask the Allies to recognise that
Germany honestly wants to discharge
her obligations, pay her debts and take
her part In the rebuilding of Europe.
Hut the German people won't submit to
n policy wht< h Is perpetually 'rubbing In* ]
Jior criminality and which tramples on
her for forty-two yoarr..
'T am hoping no reply to the Allies
Continued on Hixth Page. J
Whit* ?ulnnur Springs?Th* Ore?rit>rl*r t*r '
Nit sua rwcustirsUeo, Ueeklns* Flat*,?
N
Harding Gets Ohio Farm
for Graveyard Use Only
LANCASTER, Ohio, March 5.?
By a peculiar land grant
President Harding becomes own
er of a one acre tract of land
just west of Lancaster that he
may use for his burial ground
only.
According to court records
here the tract was deeded 100
years ago by Nathaniel Wilson,
a pioneer farmer of Fairfield
county, to President Andrew
Jackson and to his successors in
office to be used as their burial
ground only.
Mr. Harding is the twenty
third President to be notified of
his burial privilege. The donor
died in 1836.
V /
HAVEN OF STOLEN
MOTORS IS RAIDED
N. Y. and N. J. Automobile
Plates and Skeletons of Cars
Pound on Jersey Farm.
TWO MEN ARE DETAINED
Suspect Says Plant Was Used
by Car Owners Who Col
lected Insurance.
A long unoccupied farm, hidden
away In the hills near Unlonville,
N. J., was raided yesterday afternoon
by Newark police on the theory that
It would reveal the secrets surround
ing the disappearance of automobiles
in New York city and cities of north
ern New Jersey. The place was
scarrhed thoroughly, the detectives
under Jjleut. Haller and Sergeant
Rath of the Newark automobile squad
even investigating great clumps of
bushes on the grounds. As a result
the detectives brought back to New
ark seven license plates, believed to
have been removed from stolen auto
mobiles, and left a couple of men to
guard the remains of from ten to four
teen automobiles.
Two men were being held at Newark
headquarters last night in connection
with the discovery of tho automobile
license plates and tho wrecks of cars.
One, William Permlson of D46 Spring
field avenue, NewarU, was taken at Ills
home, while the second. Benjamin Mer
ger of 1?3?5 Intervale avenue, The Bronx,
was taken in charge In the Newark
thopplns district. They wore being
questioned. It was said that the arrest.
If one is made, might bo up to the police
of Union county.
Accompanying the detectives In the
raid was Paul S. Mun>hy of the Auto
mobile T'nderwriters Detective Bureau
of New York. No one was in sight when
they reached the place, and before they
were interrupted, they paid, they found
hidden in the outbuildings tho chassis
of nine cars and tho bodies of seven.
Automobile parts were strewn around
in disorder, and there was evidence that
whatever dismantling had been done
was carried on hurriedly.
The license plates were found sunk In
a brook and covered over with stones.
Four of these, said the detectives, were
for cars reported as missing to the po
lice of New Jersey towns: the others
belonged to automobiles reported stolen
from this city.
Permlson, according to the detectives,
said the cars were scrapped at the re
quest of the owners, and that the car
owners collected insurance on them. He
Is alleged to have told the detectives he
received $ 100 for each one he dismantled
and made from $45 to 190 by selling
parts of the engines.
ETHEL BARRYMORE SAID
TO SEEK SEPARATION
Action Against Russell G.Colt
Reported Probable.
Reports were current last nlglit that
I MIsh Ethel Barrymore was about to ask
for a separation from her husband,
Russell G. Colt, and that within a day ,
or so the action would be in the courts.
It was said also that Miss Barymoro
had retained William Nelson Cromwell,
attorney, of 49 Walt street, to look after
her Interests.
When Mr. Cromwell was asked about
the report of the Koparatlon he replied
that matters were in such a condition
at this time that lie would have nothing
to way.
MIrh Barrymore. who is convalescing
at Flower Hospital after a slight oper
ation on her throat, refused yesterday
to discuss her matrimonial sf fairs.
Neither Jack nor Lionel Barrymore
could be rtnchMI last night.
It has been reported from time to
time In the last few years that Miss
Barrymore and Mr. Colt had more than
oncj approached the parting of the j
ways. Each time, however, according'
to frtends, Mli<s Barrymore hesitated to 1
take such action.
The steps that ultimately are said to
liave led her to her lawyer's office with
tho request that ho prepare to take the
matter Into the courts are not known.
Miss Barrymore'* marriage to Hussell
Grlswold Colt In March, 1909, came as
a surprise to her friends. He Is a
son of Col. Samuel P, Colt of Rhode
Island, chairman of the Board of the
United States Rubber Company. We Is
a graduate of Vale.
The'r children are Samuel Pomeroy
< Jolt, named for his grandfather; Ethel
Barrymore Colt and John Prew Colt, tho
last named for his granduncle, John
Drew.
Miss Barn more already was famous
on the American stage at the time of
hi'r marriage.
M.AHOAHD t'UIRIDA l,flSfTK&-FiWM??
1 ruin d* t.uie, H:!0 P. M. dsll>. For all
Florida resort*. No extra fan'. tfuper'm
nlrilng car service. rteservatloin 11M
Broadway Tel. Mad. Sq. :?TS.-Ad,.
U. S. SUBCHASER'S!
SHOT HALTS CABLE
VESSEL OFF MIAMI
Western Union Ship's Crew
Is Arrested by Navy
Forces.
! FOUR MILES OFF COAST
Boat Was at Buoy at End of
Protested Florida-Bar
bados Line.
CARLTON MAKES DENIAL
Says the Clowery Was Only
Making a Test and Did Not
Intend to Connect Cables.
Miami, Fla., .'Iprch 5.?Work of con
necting the Western Union Miami
Barbados cable, which was begun
again to-day, was abruptly halted late
thi3 afternoon, when the United States
subchaser 154 appeared and opened
Are on the cable ship Robert C. Clow
ery and placed the entire crew under
arrest.
The entire action took place on the
high seas about four miles off tho
coast of Miami Beach, near the buoy
that had been attained to the end of
the cable when it was laid from the
three mile limit of the United States to
Barbados by tho British cable ship
Colonla last summer.
The Robert C. Clowery arrived off
Miami yesterday from Jacksonville to
start work on connecting the cable and
had picked up the loose end when the
hubchaser arrived on the scene. Signals
i hoisted by the naval vessel, it Is said,
were disregarded by the cable ship,
| .ifter which a shot was fired by the sub
[ chaser across the bow of tho Clowery,
which promptly hove to.
! Capt. S Tilth of the Clowery was or
dered to desist from the cable work,
and both vessels entered the port of
Miami this afternoon. When the Clow
ery tied up at the municipal aock the
entire crew was placed under irrest by
local naval authorities. It Is anid that
late to-night the crew wa.i release-1
from arrest by Lieut. Murray.
Second Clash Over Cable.
To-day's clasn was the second that
has occurred in tho efforts of the Gov
ernment to prevent tho landing of the
Barbados cable In Miami. An attempt
to run the cal.ie across the channel on
tho western side of tho causeway last
summer was prevented by armed forces
of tho navy, and a subchaser has been
stationed here ever since.
President Wilson Instructed the Navy
Department to prevent the landing of the
Miami-Barbados cable here, and at the
time the British cable whip Colonla was
j"?nt here to start work of laying: tho
cable fvur destroyers were sent to Miami
to prevent the wire from being brought
arhorj.
The Colonia tied an end of the cable
to a buoy on Miami Beach, outside the
three mile limit, and proceeded with
the cable laying operations on the high
seas between that point and Barbados.
Two destroyers accompanied the Col
onla on this trip, but did not prevent
the laying of the cable on the high
seas.
Last week in the New Tork Federal
Court the Injunction against tho Western
Union Telegraph Company preventing
the landing of the cable was set aside
and the telegraph company was suecens
ful In secur'ng a court order restraining
I tho Government from Interfering with
I the work.
I Local naval authorities have never had
f a revocation of their previous orders to
| prevent tho landing of the cable. It is
' understood, and It is said that to-day's
| action by tho subchaser 154 In prevent
: Ing the landing of the cable was In ac
j ''ordanre with orders Issued by Secre
j tary of the Navy Daniels last summer.
ForNhRdonrd by Carlton.
Newcomb Carlton, president of the
Western Union Telegraph Company. In
a visit to Miami several days ago Inti
mated that a now effort would bo made
by the Western Union to land tho cable
here as soon as the Wilson Administra
tion was replaced by the Harding regime
and expressed his belief that the Har
ding Government would take a more lib
eral attitude than did the former one
and not "prevent an American company
from doing what Its charter permitted
It to do."
Over a year ago the Western Union
made application to President Wilson
for a permit to land the cable at Mi
ami, under the Federal law requiring
a Presidential permit for the landing of
foreign cables in the United States, and
this was never Issued, although no
reason for tho holding up of the per
mit was ever given by the Government.
The telegraph company prepared to
bring the cable to Miami without tho
Presidential permission and tho effort
was stopped by the Government.
It Is sold the Government Is opposed
to the Miami-Barbados cable on the
ground that the cable would be nrltlsh
owned nttd that the company has a
monopoly In cable communications to
Brarll. I
This contention of the Government has
been denied by tho Western Union, which
has given assurances that the cable Is
American owned, and has submitted
copies of Its contract to show that It
was not monopolistic.
Nor.-comb Carlton, president of tho
Western Union Telegrsph Company,
when Infonnod Inst night that a United
States subchaser had opened fire on tho
Robert C. Cfciwery. the Western Union j
cable ship, authored the following
statement:
"No effort whatever has been made
to lay tho <-sl>:e to Mlsml Beaoli. T, o
Clowery has benn ordered to rnnki n
test on the cable thus far laid, to s?t
If It Is In good condition and to mak"
? report on Its condition 10 the com ,
par y"
/ ^
Famous Marble Room
Reserved for Senators
Special Despatch to Tm Sew Yock
Herald.
N>w York llrrnld Bureau, I
Wunlilmrlon, D. C., March 1. I
?pHE famous marble room of
the Senate, where Senators
have for many years been but
tonholed by their constituents
and lobbyists, is to be closed to
the public during sessions of the
Senate hereafter. This was
agreed on to-day at the confer
ence of Republican Senators.
Senators are cramped for space
in their present cloakrooms,
which are behind the Senate
chamber, and shut out from ven
tilation by a wide corridor ex
tending along the entire south
side of the chamber. They de
cided to take the marble room
as an additional cloak room.
The public will be admitted to
the marble room when the Sen
ate is not in session,
l /
MAKING GOOD SOLE
AIM OF GOV. MILLER
Hews to Line, Rejects Party
Leadership and Will Not
Take a Second Term.
TRANSIT NOT PARAMOUNT
State Government Now Is on
Economy Basis, He Tells 'N.
Y. Herald* in Review.
Special Despatch to it'.r. New Yosk Hbum,.
New Vork llernli] nurenn, )
\lbunr, March j. (
Nathan L. Miliar lias completed two
months In the office of Governor. His
administration Is ('Ktabllshp^ mid run
nine; his policies touching every
branch and fibre of the State govern
ment are approaching achievement.
To the. readers of Tub New York
Kkratjj Gov. Miller to-day tells what
he thinks of his new Job; what ar>
his hopes and hnndicapa With thai
clear and forceful reasoning which In
a few weeks has made him easily the
master of his party In this f-tate- an
outstanding figure In government and
a national factor In politics he gives
his first analysis of the office, which Is
second In importance in this country
only to the Presidency.
Although the State organization Is
handing him Its leadership, the Governor
declares that he has no thought or wish
of exercising that power. He does not
want another term as Governor. Ho Is
not bothering: his head about politics or
office, the Governor states, and adds that
the one and only thing he Is trying to do
is to make good on a tough Job without
regard to consequences.
Decause of the controversy on the sub
ject, transit la regarded as the big thlni,
before th? state administration. Mr.
Miller nut? the establishment of an eco
nomical nnd bus inesslike administration
lirst. The port development opening th<
markets of New York city take rank In
his mind with transit and economy.
The Governor gave his interview In th?
little private study adjoining the execu
tive chamber In the Capitol. His desk
was heaped high with papers; a dozen
men and women were waiting their turn
as they nearly always ar<?. While he
talked he sat deep down In his Titg
leather chair, his thumbs In his waist
coat pockets save when ho hit tho desk
to emphasise his point.
"How do you like the Job of being
Governor?" Mr. Miller was asked.
The Executive leaned back, paused re
flectively for a moment and then burst
out laughing heartily.
"Well, maybe It would not do to ?'.iy,"
he answered, and thumped his hand
down on his desk as he continued to
laugn. Then ho became serious anl
added:
"It really Isn't as bad as that: I would
not paint a gloomy picture of the o(H.
i he fact is that It is a tough Job. But
I like It. I bavo been laid up and of
course 1 am getting rather the worst of
It I Imagine hy being projected Into the
office with the Legislature In session ]
right from the start. If I could have j
had a llttlo time to prepare for the ses
sion after taking office it would have i
been much easier.
'One of the hardest things about the
Job Is having to see so many people
every day," the Governor continued. "I I
don't mean that I c'lrllke seeing them, j
but with such a tremendous amount of
work to do as there Is here It seems al
most impossible to get through it all.
It Is really necessary for the Governor
to see people all the time, as they have
to consult the Oovernor about this or i
that, and he has to consult them. Hut
with only twenty-four hours In the day, i
In some of which one has to sleep. It
^ets to bo a pretty severe strain."
"Things may ease up when you get
along through the session," was sug
gested.
"Oh, yes, I expect that : after we get
settled down In the Jnh things will come
along much easier. I should expect he
fore another Legislature met to hav
whatever recommendations I w nted to
make pretty well thought out ani I
worked out so we would not get Into
such a rush and Jam."
Th* Governor w?s afked whether lie
*** discourage,! or dissatisfied with th i
start made by his administration totvar l
carrying out his policies.
"T em very well satisfied, very well,"
he said with strong emphasis. "Things
are starting fine. fine. The Legl?Uturo
has taken hold tremendously wall; cer
tainly I "ould not ilnd any fault with the
Legislature."
But haven't you encountered oil- '
stac|?s you did not expect to meet"'
"I hav* not encountered any obstacles
I know of excepting tho?e you se?* on
the surfaco; you men here observing the I
session know all about that."
"Is the tank of hewing to ?h" line, ?s
ConUnuei on fightctnth rage, '
U. S. SENDS PEACE ;
NOTESTOPANAMA I
AND TO COSTARICA
Central American Dispute
Deemed to Involve the
( anal Zone.
ACTION UNDER TREATY
Secretary Hughes Intimates
in Xotes to Belligerents Or
der Will Be Enforced.
j CONFERS WITH HARDING
Naval Force Now on Way Will
Be Augmented Unless
Squabble Ends.
Spccial Despatch to The Nbw Yosk
New York Herald Burrau, I
WiiNhinKton, D. C.. March 5. (
The United States will not tolerate
1 further fighting between Panama and
I Costa Rica with Its accompanying
threat to American interests In the
| Panama Canal Zone.
Notice amounting in substancc to
an ultimatum was sent to-day by the
| State Department to the two belllger
jents that fighting must cease. Sup
porting this sharp Injunction Ameri
can warships have been ordered to
take up stations near the zono of dis
turbance. and vessels are already
steaming under direction of Rear Ad
miral iP-nry F. Bryan, commanding
the up' Hal service squadron In Cen
tral American waters, toward their
aiwigned posts.
I'nltrcl Staten Interest* Involved.
That action is the first Intimation of
the policy which the new Administration
will pursue relative to affairs in Latin
America between the Rio Grande nnd
the Canal. It followed a confrreno? be
tween President Harding ind .-Secretary
of Slate Hughes this morning which
was continued this afternoon.
The move is based on the right which
tho United States lias under the treaty
with Panama, to talto action when
American interest* are threatened and
when it is evident that the local Gov
rniivnt cannot maintain order. The
treaty with Panama also places on this
Government the responsibility of pre
serving the independence of Panama.
While encroachment on the territory of
Panama does not necessarily entail sacri
fice of Its Independence, the responsi
bility might carry to the extent of com
pelling the United States to eeo to It
that all territory taken from Panama is
returned.
Another complication is the League
ot Nations notice to Panama and to
Cost* Rica, which are members of the
league, that they are expected to com
pose their differences, it Is assumed
that the United States is not disposed
to recognise the right of the league to
interfere in American affairs, nor doea
It wish to precipitate an argument of
this character now.
The first step in dealing vigorously
with Panama and Costa Klca was taken
yesterday by the State Department be
fore Secretary Hughes took office, but
with his knowledge and approval. The
department requested the Navy De
partment to send war vessels to the
threatened district for the purpose of
"protecting American lives and prop
erty."
The more drastic action of summon
ing the belligerents to stop fighting
was taken after tho final conference
between President Harding and Sec
reinry Hughes this afternoon.
Following the action of yesterday, the
gunboat Hucramento was sent to Al
mirnnte, while Admiral Bryan will Bend
additional vessels to threatend points
on both sides of the Isthmus. It is
understood there are sufficient marines
In Admiral Bryan's squadron to handle
any ordinary difficult situation, while
the troops of the Canal Zono are In
reserve to keep anything that may de
velop "well In hand."
Additional Information has been re
ceived here to the effect that Costa
Hlcan troops have occupied territory
which is Indubitably that of Panama.
COSTA R1CANS SEIZE
A PANAMA CAPITAL
Casualties Reported in Fight
for Bocas del Toro.
Hv th* Aotoclatrd Pttnn.
Ban Juan Dkt, SCI, Nicaragua. March ?
15.?Rocau del Toro, capital of the Pan- |
ftma province of the same name an<1 i
situated at tho southern end of Colum
bus Island, oft the cast coast of Pan
ama, has been taken by CostA Rlcan
forces. Many cnsuaitl"? were Inflicted
upon the Panaman troops and the Costa
Rlcans took ISO prisoners, It Is said In
report# reaching h?re.
den. Jorge Velio Is marchlnjr from
Snn Jo*'' with 2,000 men to the vi
cinity of Goto, on th* Pacific end of the
frontier between Costa Rica and Pan
ama.
Ham Josh, fosta Rica. March R.?Re
ports of fighting along the Panama
frontier and the announcement of the
death of ("Jen. Obregon at Coto have
?iroiiaod the people of Costa Rica and
largo numbers of men ara volunteering
for service In the army. It Is said here j
that Col Ohrcgon's small detachment at
("oto u-as overwhelmed by a force of
J,ooo Panamans.
Th^r* Is some disposition to lay re
sponsibility for the present situation on
the Potted Staffs ( tot r-rnment, It being
declared that no pressure wan brought t
to bear upon Panama to secure thp-'
country'* assent to the frontier arb\
trftlon av.ard handed down In 1914 bv
Chief Justice White. The newspaper* '
wed on Fourth Png?.
DRY LID IS TO BE MADE TIGHTER;
PLAN SHAKEUP OF FIELD MEN
Special Despatch to Tin Nrw Tom llmA! r>
?w Yorlc Herald Bni*?n. j
Wuklilnetun. I). C.. Muroh S. !
QNE of the first jobs to which Secretary of the Treasury Mellon
will devote his attention will be a thorough reorganization of the
Prohibition Enforcement division of the Internal Revenue Bureau.
Law enforcement, so far as liquor is concerned, will be made tighter
if possible. Methods and men are to be changed.
The resignations of Commissioner of Internal Revenue William
M. Williams and Paul F. Myers, Deputy Commissioner, are on Secre
tary Mellon's desk, with those of some lesser officials. The men on
the job, however, will be asked to remain until their successors qualify.
General reorganization will extend into the field forces, and
while definite plans have not been announced it is understood that
former bartenders, saloonmen, preachers and others of strongly par
tisan sentiment one way or another will not be kept on the rolls.
Prohibition Commissioner Kramer has not resigned. It is under
stood that he intends to stay in office unless his resignation is re
quested. Strong pressure has been brought to bear by leaders of the
various dry organizations to keep him on the job. Secretary Mellon
has not committed himself. He will, it is believed, leave the question
of prohibition appointments to the next Commissioner of Internal
Revenue.
President Harding in his campaign and since has taken a strong
stand in regard to prohibition enforcement. He believes no law
should be loosely regarded or enforced with laxity, and he intends
that there shall be no criticism of his administration for failure to
make the prohibition amendment and the enforcement law a reality
as long as both exist. Any change in the next four years, it is em
phatically declared, will have to be of one law.
CAPITAL'S NEW ERA
BEGINSBUOYANTLY
Harding' and His Chief Aids In
spire Enthusiasm in All as
Functioning Starts.
VIGOR BANISHES APATHY
Old Residents, Visitors and
Others Quickly Feel Spirit of
Change for Progress.
Special Despatch to Thi Nsw Yosk Htwiii.
New York Herald Burran, J
Washington. 1), March 8. j
Among the peripatetic business men
who coaxingly sought the small silver
of tho fast thinning Inaugural crowd
to-day was wic who displayed in Penn
sylvania avenue a small, appropriately
colored figure of Uncle Sam. It was
made of tin and it lay, to one'? first
observation, flat upon its back at the
edge of the sidewalk. The artful mer
chant, having gathered hia crowd,
turned a key contracting a set of
springs within the little figure, which
promptly, energetically sat up, stood
up and took four steps forward.
The metamorphosis, the sharp in
vlgoration. of this child's toy furnishes
a symbolism that exactly describes the
complete change that has come over
the nation's capital In twenty-four
hours. The Washington that one ob
serves with absorbed interest, actual
amazement, is no more the Washing
ton of yesterday than it was the
Washington of a year ago. The at
mosphere, not only of official life, of
Government, but of the attitude of the
people, has changed over night. One
has the queer fancy that !n a dark
theatre the curtain has been lifted
and the lights flashed on.
Jtfw I,(M* of (?ATrrnmrnt I.lfe.
In thi White House, In the Capitol,
in the preat office building* of Con
gress, in the administrative depart
ments?in everything that pertain* to
government or that the Government
touches?ambition has driven out apa
thy, confidence has suppressed discour
agement, firmness has taken vacillation
by tho throat, ability has elbowed in
aptitude cut of Its busy way.
There ij> a buoyancy and a vigor that
cannot be mistaken for the lassitude and
debility of yesterday. A new era. posi
tive. doiflnlte. concrete, already is virible.
The actual beginning was this morning
when the President, brimful of health,
radiating energy, quietly confident of
himself, sat at bis desk in the executive
offices at D o'clock and went to wwffe.
Tho whole place was energteod. Secre
taries. stenographer.*, the entire stuff,
sensed the change of things and tackled
their duties with a sureness and enthu
siasm that had not been perceptible
around the White House for a period of
years.
Although President Harding v.-as re
quired by courtesy to obandon his own
desk early in the afternoon to receive
several delegations, including the Re
publican National ''omtnltt.ee. ho man
aged to accomplish an Immense amount
of work. When he left off to irreet vis
itors tlii wheels of the machine went
on spinning.
A .Imtlar fnsclnatins dlspls: of pur
soa* and energy observaM a In the
departments. Tl." Secretary of Htate.
Charles K Hughe*. ctkbftM through
hit car*er an great lawyer. Investiga
tor, Governor "f New York. Associate
jtu'tl- - of the Supreme Court and or.-e
more as lawyer us a dymnao of cn> rgy,
took charge of the Department of state
at '0 A. M. and was nt his port until
late in th" afternoon. He would ha-e
been <>n the Job ftt 3 but did noi re
ceive the oatl of office until three min
utes before 10.
Hnaties % ItmUi Mnny Problems.
There fell Into Secretary Hughes'*
hands InotanUv the problett of the
Panama-Cos a Rica war, the Japanese
ap question and seven* 1 other Immedi
ate :>r' .??lng foreign probletMk Ho *a?
too busy to talk.
At the Treasury Andrev W. Mellon, j
who was sworn In yesterday, went at
^ en Second P*<r*.
HARDING TACKLES
AFFAIRS OF STATE
President Starts His First Day
in Conference With Sec
retary Hughes.
SEES CABINET MEMBERS
Visit to Musical Comedy in
Evening Is Signal for Fresh
Demonstration.
Special Drrpatch tn Tub New To?k 11r.Mii}.
President Harding's first morning as
Chief Executive of the nation found
him deep in consideration of official
butilnesf. Soon after breakfast he was
In conference with Chnrles K. Hughes,
and at Intervals during the day he
met most of the other members of his
Cabinet.
Much of the day up to the dinner
hour was consumed in receiving a
host of friends from all over the coun
try, but particularly from Ohio. These
came Individually, In twos and threes
juid larger croups.
The Republican National Commit
tee, most of the members accompanii d
by their wives, culled at the White
House In a body during the afternoon.
After dinner, at which only relatives
were present. President and Mrs.
Harding, accompanied by Dr. Mid Mrs.
George T. Harding, .Jr., attended the
theatre.
Between conferences with his Cab
inet cfflrers and with the mn.1ority
leader* of the Senate and House with
regard to the date of the special ses
sion, President Harding attempted to
reply to hundreds of congratulatory
telegrams and cables. At 4 o'clo -k In
the afternoon Secretary George Ctrl...
tia.ii had awaiting his signature a huge
pile of acknowledgments, and th?se
made up most of the first day's out
going White House mail.
The Sfw White lfanae D?r.
What to President Harding wa, one
of the happiest incidents of the day was
the receipt of a thoroughbred Alrdale,
tlio gift of Marshall Hheppy of Toledo.
The dog Is Laddie Boy. one year and
three months, grandson of Tern Tiptop,
once International grand champion of
his class. He was delivered at the White
House early this morning by Chris W.
Quetsche of Toledo, who bred him. and
before he had been on the place an hour
was thorougly fatnlllnr with his new
surroundings. The President Is Intensely
fond of dojrs. nnd I/addle Boy. like nil
Kood Airedale*, recognised the fact. He
attached himself ImmeCtately to hit; new
master and was In on t) conference
between the President and ? Hughes.
Speskln* of the incident Uter Presi
dent Hirdlnp remarked that there was
st least one attache of the White Hou?e
who would not reveal official secrets.
I.a<idle Bojr was turned ov<t to the
special care of Wilson Jackson, th<*
groom, who u?e?i to look nft"r Quentln
Itoosevelt's pony, and who hasn't had
a pet that suited hltn since. Jncks>n
never did enthuse over President Taft's
cow. Pauiln*, ?'>r President Wilson's
sheep, but this afternoon In it'id I.?sddla
Roy out f?>r a constitutional. Hcforo he
went out Jackann brought his new charge
into the Executive offices for inspection
by the newspaper men.
"I done Jus' ftd hlin aii' he feels pretty
good," Jackson said with a broad grin.
It was Just 9 o'clock when President
Harding entered his office to begin his
first ntti'-lnl day. Waiting to greet hltn
\v"r* Secretary Christian and Jame*
Hloane. former White House secret ser
vice chl?f. who la to be assistant to Mr.
Christian, in addition thtru wer? Miss
Cottnilli Mat tern, who has been Mr.
Harding's confidential trter.ographer for
aeveral yenrc, an<l Ml?s K\a tt. Ulil.
who wit stenographer tor Hi nator Davis
Elklns but who has been attached to
Mr. Harding's secretarial staff since his
nomination. Judnon C. Welllver, former
nevspnper man, who alao I* to have an
0<r*f4n'imf on Second Pojr#.
New York Herald Durean,
Washington, I>. C.. March 5.
Guns of Kronstadt, Scene of
Latest Outbreak, Are Xow
Turned on City of
Petrograd.
REBELS ISSUE APPEAL
Wireless Calls Upon. All
Russia to Help in Over
throw of Bolshevik
Forces.
FLEET WITH ANTI-REDS
Portion of Army Said to Be
Bitterly Opposed to Lenine,
Whose Downfall Is Now
Predicted.
By CAPT. FJIA.V CIS M'ClLtAOH*
Special Cahlr to Tub New Yo*k HraALP.
CovvriOht. I9U. bv Tun New Y..?k Hbim.0.
Riga, March 5.?While the Petro
crrad and Moscow revolts ngalnst Bol
shevist rule have been suppressed, tho
next of a scries of revolts which mar
end In the downfall of Lenine has oc
curred at Kronstadt, where the rebel*
will be difficult to suppress, as tha
Reds have lost their fleet and prob
ably will lose Petrograd, which is at
the mercy of the guns of Kronstadt.
The revolutionary committee at
Kronstadt has sent out an announce
ment by wireless, which rea.ls as fol
lows :
"All the licet and the fortress are
in our power. We deny the com
munique from Moscow that the power
here Is in ibe bands of the 'White
Generals. We call on Russia to over
throw the Bolshevist-'
Petrograd and Moscow are in a
panic and the Government is making
great concessions. It has permitted
the buying of all foodstuffs, and has
dismissed the workmen mobilize!
from the villages, thus reestablishing
private property and abolishing labor
servitude.
The Social Revolutionary party
claims the credit for the revolt, but
It was a spontaneous uprising against
an Impossible economic system. The
revolt tin* far Is leaderless. but So
clal Revolutionary officers and lead
ers are cciug to Kronstadt to taka
charge.
The Letts exaggerated the first
news of t*>" revolt and then mini
mized it excessively owing to the
frenzied representations made by tl?o
Rod diplomatists, who are fearing
personal violence. There Is much ex
I cttement. Maxim I.ltvluoff. formerly
Bolshevist "Ambassador" at London,
is especially frightened and down
| hearted.
LitvlnolT A?U? Protection.
The red flag 1* W WnS da-y and
night over the Riga legation, ami Ut
vinoff has begi*d for protection. Tie
is being attacked In the local papers,
which are criticising blm with Lenlna
and Trotzky.
Tn the Kremlin, surrounded by faith
ful troops, George vltcb Tchltcberln,
Bolshevist Foreign Minister, has com
municated with 1 dtvinoff by direct
wire and has minimized the Incident,
but this revolt is serious, being the
first light among tl*" Reds tliemseheS
which has not been instigated by the
reaction of foreigners. A portion of
the Rel army Is bitterly against Le
nine owing to the tfavnge suppres
slon of the Petrograd revolt. 1
food ration system Is chaotic ami
transportation never vvrs worse. It
seems to be the beginning of the eml
for the l.enlne re# me.
ANT!-SOVIET OUTBREAK I
SPREADING IN RUSSIA
Moscow and Petrcgrad Re
ported to Htave Fallen.
1*oj*don\ March .5.?This evening's
newspapers print, a fesputch from Hel?
*ln*fors which de lairds the anti-Sovlat
outbreak In tiussia . has not been i<up?
pressed, h')t on the ctr.trary Is speadir.g.
The mfssngn ?wrti that both Mosore/
and T'etronrrad urc iat the hands ot tha
revolution tsts.
RiK'i messages ifioted the official
Moscow newspapers ji.h printing resolu
tions adopted by i i?imunlKtlc laborer*
showing the ?xlstenr< "f strikes atul
disturbances, and alio what was dc?J
riared to have lieon ?n official declanyf
tlnn signed by Pramltr l^ntna and Wif
Minister Trotiky "it March 2 sayinie
Kiave disorders had occurred and time
th>- city of IVtrograd and the immediate
district had been placed In a statu of
siege, with all auihi<rit\ given Into Uio
hands of a eommitt<** of itefeno*. This
i quoted .uoclaratlon added that former
Oen. Kniiovskl n?d other officers,
backed by {Socialists, had mutinied o*?
March 2 and arrived several of tha
Fotroirrnd Soviet administrators.
I Other , reports from Scandinavian
?ourcea received Fijlday de< larei'} coa

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