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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 09, 1921, Image 2

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e latter clyr, t*?e workers fearing that i
* allied gun* would bo turni-d on the ,
' en Jsctoriss Should tHe Inhabitant! |
the river towns disobey Gen. De- 1
itte'B orders.
ttveral hundred thousand employee*
,1 mars meeting: In Essen ar? under
>Od to have adapted resolutions con- |
niilnt in advance "nay alia t \io-:
Tee" and assuring the Berlin Govern- 1
it that the workers are solidly be
?i It regardless of the measure* tin
J ed contingents may impose on the
!ir basin.
,Military officials here consider the new
as forming a fourth bridgehead,
,-hich will provide a new limit for the ;
Rhino ?one, which is to be subjected to j
a special em'onte regime. It is not:
Known yet when and hOw the custom#
erasures will be Imposed but it is un- j
#rrstood that the Interallied Uhlneland
pommlMsion at Coblens has received
partial instructions from the allied Gov
ernments. Meanwhile, it has appointed (
Col, d'Auvlgne civil administrator pend- |
ing more definite settlements. Littleex*,
??itcment was manifested in Cologne.
Bonn, Coblenr and Mayeuce when the
advance started, the general impression I
of the resident;; being that Berlin would i
yield much sooner than the speeches of !
Pr. Walter .Simons, German Foreign
"Tlnlster, Indicate.
Administration of New Terri
tory as That of Rhineland.
? ________
By the Associated Press.
J Difi>sj5U?ow, March 8.?The adminis- ,
e-iitlffn of the newly occupied territory
will be the same as is at present applied
i|i the Uhineland German officials arid
?Jiiployees will carry on affairs accord
ing to German laws and regulations, but
tender the general control of the allied
U't .ops.
J Though nothing has been definitely
m ttled regarding the method of collect
ing the customs, beyond the employment
cJT the German tariff officials, it is under
stood that the Americans will not par
ticipate. Some arrangement will be
ante red Into whereby - the allied troops !
will be allowed to draw an imaginary
line in front of the American area of
Upcupation in order to make a continu
es tariff line along the Rhine, about
thirty kilometres east of the river, with
ike principal headquarters at the bride
head* of M&yence, Coblenj, Cologne and
French and British airplanes flew over
Dusseldorf this afternoon, while allied
troops with machine guns were taking
positions on the bridges and roads and
in the important factories. The in
habitants of the city had not been pre
wired by the newspapers for the deter
mination of the Allies to occupy addi
tional German territory, and were sur
prised this morning at daybreak to see
Rhine boats mooring north and south of
the city, loaded with troops and war
Tho allied quartermasters have asked
the Mayor to give them possession of
certain schools, besides the barracks and
railway station, which have not yet
Ijeen occupied.
Traffic w'ith Obercassei, across the
Rhine, lias stopped, and telephone com
munication with the town has been in
Britain Will Send No Men,
London Announces.
Brussels, March 8.?Premier Be
XViart to-day told the Chamber of J
deputies that a regiment of grenadiers
<fras going to the Rhineland to rein-1
force the troops of occupation, aul that.
tfoaslbly a regiment of cavalry would
inin the forces later. He u iej the
Deputies, however, that the Belgian
troops would not participate in any ex
tension of the present movement with
out the approval of the Government.
? London, March 8. ? Great Britain's
contribution to the occupational forces
along the Rhine for the present is to !
be confined to cavalry, tanks and a
small flotilla of boate, in iddition to a .
small complement of soldiers. It is of
8c tally announced no troops will be sent
from England to the Rhine
Th< are at present 12,000 British
sold it rs in Germany, of whom l,00(> are
011 temporary duty in Upper Silesia.
Press Generally Unfavorable
to Move of Allies.
It 11 ihr .t ?so< afed Press.
The Haove. March S.?Th- Dutch Gov
ernment. as much of Holland's commer
cial prosperity depends on the Rhine <!?,??
tri l, is wat ning clos< ly any affect U
allied occupation of the region or the
proposed customs collections will have
on Dutch trade.
The Dutch newspaper* genera'iy are
unfavorable to the action of the Allies.
The Hague fiemme CourtaiU says the oc
cupation of Duesseldort ami tho other
German cities is a violation of the treaty
ot Versailles, and a* a result Germany
now undoubtedly will pay leas attention
to it than ever, while probably the pro
duction of coul will increase enormously.
The Vad' rland says the measures cer
tainly do not Improve the power of Ger
many to pay.
Dutch commercial and financial circles
express the opinion that th- effe -t of the
allied advance into Germany will be re
flected In the trading in mark* on the
Amsterdam ami Rotterdam bourns,
where ttiey held fairly Steady up to noon
to-day. Heavy felling early this morning
rent the quotation down from 4.80 Dutch
rents per mark at yesterday's close to
4.to, but there were lust as many buyers
and the question rallied to near yes
terday's price.
special D*i)>ntch to Th* New Y<kk Heuu.p.
Chicaoo, March 8.?t'n'l<-r th" head
ing "W|? Werts Warden?" (what will
come ot it"i the Chicago .ibc tirtpost to
day sees nothing in the situation brought
about by the allied advance into Ger
many but a concerted ((Tort on the part
ot th- Allies to force th'- United Smtes.
through the new Administration, to take
a definite stand on the League of Na
tions and betray at once its foreign
After a description of the London ron-1
feren^o, lnterspcr?'-d with the uncon
cerned mien of allied diplomats at the
se.-slona?"Mnr?hn' FVch smiled like a '
schoolboy ar;<i la ug;:ed and Joked with
1'icmler Srlard"?the newspaper d< -
(lores tho fact that, "although the con
sultations w?re set for May 1. th.i Allies l
showed unusual nnxletj' to act upon tho ,
German counter proposals."
"It will he seen," the paper says, "that
hII th'se thing* were virtually accom
plished before th- n< tv Administration
sot Into power and had an opportunity
to formulate a definite stand In the sit
'There W*s no need for Mich hnste,
because German}-, virtually beyond help,
could do nothing and could not get away.
The desire s< ?rn>; to tn *o make things
nr. complicated as possible for the r"w 1
Administration. The situation gives .-,11
th- appearances that tlv Allies Eng
land, france and ItWv?are s ting but
it is really only Encland who is doing
ti" ? things
"Also on the .1 ipanese question, i on
nil otherr. the Allies went ? fur as ;>"S
sibl' to mai'e th? Administration either
re-.iudht' the Vem II'* conferenei or
'?ome Into the League of Matlons, In or- j
iatthat there will be no 'aniuerkennan'
.(j iiebaek) for America."
Briand Will Ask for Levy
of 50 Per Cent, on Imports
From Germany
Economic Sanctions Give
Rise to Great Divergence
of Opinion.
Trade Rivalries Involved in
Attempt to Fix Customs
Special Cable to Tim New Yoik Hctaid.
Copyright, 1931, by The Nbw York Hbba
Now \ork Herald Bureau, )
Loudon. March 8. J
Allied occupation of new German
territory is now rui accomplished fact
A Fpecial telegram from Gon. De
goutte, In command of the French
troops on the Rhine, to Premier i
Briand this afternoon announced that j
the military programme had been car- j
ried out according to schedule with
out tut incident, thus ending tho first j
step in the new method of the Allies j
of making Germany pay.
Regarding the application of the
other sanctions, the allied chiefs will
hold a conference to-morrow at which
the French hope a joint programme
will be satisfactorily arranged.
The Allies will then concern them
selves chiefly with the question of the
customs barrier they purpose to erect
along the occupied region, but Premier
Briand, like Premier Lloyd George, an
nounced to-night that he would imme
diately ask the French Parliament
for a law authorizing a 50 per cent,
levy on Gorman goods imported into
While the Allies were united In apply
ing to-day's military sanctions, it la no
nt all certain that the same unity can
bo preserved In the application of jho
other sanction*. B?*a'dlait j
farious questions now iaised in connee
J " with these economic penalties- there
timent despite the united fr-mt ma
plaved yesterday before thc Ocnn^ns.
The Italians arc opposed to continuing
the Srogramn-e any further a,Ur^;
tfTbiff against the French. TO J****" ;
are alreadv demanding to he ab
solved from enforcing the 50 per cent
levy giving their distance fro*? th.;
s,-ene Of action as an excuse. Ah for 1 th
.f," *nd the French, they are view
? J* ? ? -*per rent. Plan more or less
ink th? ? - f K^irvsr a British product
suspiciously as being a r>n * ,
which Is inspired more by a Britioh de
sire to prevent the dumping of !
products in England than to assist
the reparation collection.
cilgns were not wanting to-day that
~"?"" K:
ten the w" "5
that. Dritain would make the l *v>
j ? same temper, Insist from the
t this direction raubt come from
Germane. ?i,?re is no Immediate
Bat e%en If there s opposed
the hill and has further opportunity of
~auging the sentiment of the countr .
S Premier Lloyd Geo*. U for - *?
nlsn a* a permanent method for the pay
ment of waratlon. by Germany, an
bill is being drawn up with
in view. The Allies are entirely ?*
He a regarding the future *tUtude
Germans, no hint having been thrown ,
rut to-day before the departure of the
delegates as to what the next course
^The* entire German delegation left
London this afternoon for Berlin and
following their departure It was an
nounced that the German Ambassador
Dr von Stahmer, and the Ambassador
in Paris and Brussels also hsd been sum
moned to Berlin. Vcw . ?*? j
move from the Oero ms until after the
Sil- slan plebiscite and the probable re
formation of the Oerman Cabinet.
But where the French approval ap
pears to be almost unanimous the Drttlsn
sentiment 1. divided, all the Asquithian
press to-day opening with a P?rf?ct
broadside on the Premier. Typical of
this was the Weetmiwler Gazette, which
in yesterday's denouement the
bankruptcy of allied ?^temsnship and
calls it a "disaster for the Allies as well
H, ff,r Germany." The paper says the
three sanctions announced for .
action bv the Allies h?s flung u. back
h?to thf de.?p waters of Kurop'an poll
K wherein ultimately, if not now.
h'irn differences ?re, bound to sr w.
The British people believe that the
attempt to dismember and destroy ft
h?.vti? upon 1'r.prf. the ?ober m.i
h,ZH! Zm .7 r..uc.r . P; .- .?;
"IT" SETS?, ?" ?"?'
dc?p ln Lh' "HIM rlrik*
The Ou?tte, like other papers, wants
vn,,w where the Allies are coming out,
? the secure of the customs house,
won't bring them money, while the 5
per cent hem- is likely to divert trade
to America.** part of which is also likely
to be paid by the Br.tish consumer.
"Once more w are committed to a
mint t v enterprise of Incalculable con
peouence^ says the Par, -and this time
nol In observance of the solemn treaty,
not even In defence of a m-nsced nlly, ,
S?t to collect a debt. It IS a vast debt
?ut It might be argued that we've put the ,
halliff" In hrfore the rent Is due. Are
? satisfied that the jenture Is worth
thblood of a single British soldier.
Against this must be balanced U
Northcliffe press. Which has been for
vigorous action for many w<cks and
ZnTy approves Alt J
Wint loom* up A1H in
the situation now created 1* the iiltltwM
of America In French circles great .
rnipliieln laid s.gn(V-*nUy to-d:?y on
uT mtss'on of M V,vl.nl, which hM
vnri designed to ilnd out wiser* the United
States stands and to get her cooperation
In Hi? solution of some ot the European
questions as belftf primarily economi''
and therefore affecting the United States. ,i
Allies' Action Upheld
in Italian Newspapers
p^OMK, March 8.?The Ciornale
d'ltalia, discussing repara
tions, says; "Germany's game is
obvious, for In subordinating the
question of payment to that of
upper Silesia the Germans know
they are asking an impossible
thing. All their concessions are
only a farce."
The Tribuna t-ays: "Nothing
could be more unreal than the
German idea of reparations,
which, according to Dr. Simons,
should be a charge not upon the
German nation but on the Allies,
more especially the poorer of
the Allies. The hour for penal
ties has struck. The allied
watchword is: 'Enough.' Other
wise the war guilty would be
Srivileged and tne victims sacri
Continued from First Page.
statesmen finally see that Europe can
?nly be rebuilt by cooperation.
Theodor Wolff remarks that the story
of London merely goes to prove that in
France the military occupation of Pus
seldorf, Duibburg and Ruhrort was
found to be mow valuable than Ger
many's 15.000,000,000 marks gold in
five years.
If a Rhineland customs frontier is
established, it is held here, that all
countries, including- America, will have
to prove that gwls exported by the
Allies are not of Gorman origin. Onlv
by introducing such a control as that
in the Rhineland of all allied purchases
abroad, the Germans say, will the Allies
be able to make their customs barrier
effective and prevent Its evasion by
Germany shipping her goods through
Holland. Switzerland and Denmark. It
was declared that the Allies could not
forego such a system on the ground of
shipping by way of these countries be
cause of the higher cost of transporta
tion. since Germany would be able to
reduce freight rates accordingly.
The Germans expert America to with
draw her Army of Occupation rather
than permit a customs frontier in the
American zone under American aus
Put Just what difference the with
drawal of the American troops would
make would dpend, it Is seen here, on j
what measures the Allies were willing
to take. In case the Americans re
fused to cooperate with the Allies on the
ground that it would mean ratification
of the sanctions, there would be 'eft in
the tariff frontier a hole nearly forty
miles wide running from the Rhine at
Lens to Llmberg, in the Lalin Valley,
and crossed by two railroads. These
aro now unimportant roads, .but they
could become tho chief outlet for the !
German exports.
The Allies might establish a customs
wall around the American zone, but
this would mean the hampering of an
important traffic between Cologne and
Ma^ ence, as well as controlling the traf
fic along the French frontier. It Is
assumed that tho Allies will ask Amer
ica to decide immediately what course
she will take and thai I'r&sldent Har
ding win be face to face with a vital
choice at the very beginning of his j
It is estimated here that It will take j
three months to build up the customs
organization and set the machinery mov
ing. The grave danger from the cus- i
toms system Is felt to be In allied buyers j
In Germany having to pay more th:?n j
half the purchase price of the goods to i
the Allies, while the German Government ,
will be obliged to settle with theso buy- j
ers. It is feared that this will mean that
the Government here will have to print
additional pnf>er money to the extent of
half the allied purchases In Germany.
A slight amelioration is seen In the
prospect of the Germans doing business
with allied buyers In francs and pounds,
instead of in marks, and so accumulat- |
:ng foreign paper with which they could
make purchases of raw materials, but '
how much this would check inflation It
is Impossible to estimate now.
The enforcement of the allied sanc
tions begins a new period of successive
measures of a punitive character, in the
opinion of responsible. Germans.
Stinnes' Organ Calls French
Plans of Little Use.
By thf A$aoc-.atcd Pre* .
Berlin, March 8.?Tho Benin news
papers to-day discuss quietly tho break
ing off of the London reparations nego
tiations They are virtually unanimous
In describing the enforcement of the pen
alties xs a violation of the Versailles
peace treaty At the same time, how
ever. they advise the populace to meet
coming events with composure.
The Deutsche AUt/emcine Ztituvij, or
gan of Hugo Stinnes. the capitalist,
says: "Germiny's proposals were reject
ed with cold scorn before the Allies took
the trouble to examine them In detail.
The French now have the opportunity,
under pretext of enforcelng the penal
tles, of taking possession of Germany's
coal, settling themselves in the Ruhr re
gion and taking t.he first steps In tli'-lr
plans of destruction. But they soon will
learn that these measures are of as little
use to them .is to the rest of civilization.
Germany c?n confidently await tho tide
of events, relying on the righteousness
of her causa"
George Bernhard In the Vesstarhe Jfei.
run<7, says: "The failure of the negoti
ation* i? a failure for Germany's foreign
policy. Germany must make propos.il*
which will satisfy the Interests of her
creditors. She must stretch to the limit
her rapacity as far as the changed and
uni-ttled economic conditions will allow.
The Herman experts, who. according 'o
the latest news, are still negotiating with
the economic experts of the Entente in
London, must pave the w.?y for this
The Lokalnnteip'r considers that tl>
effects o? the penalties an not nearly <?
bad sj the condition of affairs would be
if Germany had signed the Tarls agrcs
The Germ (into says: "The conference
placed the true sentiments of the F.ntente
In the right light, and this led to n most
ruthle** violation of defenceless Ger
many for a mere nothing."
The freiAeit and Vortcaerf.f. both So
clallet organs. see in the bt'nklnir oft" .f
the negotiations "a victory for tin capi
talists over reason." and consider the
coer Ive measures the limit of the Allle.V
economic and political Impotence and
The Voikftrituna expresses the opinion
that the answer of Premier Lloyd George
to the G- rmsn rroposnls Implies that he
would like to negotiate further while
Germany Is under ths pressure of the
penalties. "The Entente would have lost
nothing In prestige If it had supported
the original provisional proposals," It
The ?nepsen Courier asks whether the
*nrl has- come or whether the negotia
tions will be continued under the sppll
ration of stronger corrclvs measures.
The Bocr?"n XcHimp ways perhaps I'
would he a ttrwrd thing If In the next f. \
w??ks It la made clear that "our billion*
will not flow more quick!? because Oct.
msny's empty poek.ts into ?Mrh M
'>!<??yd George de-lsr ,1 he desired to loo!
are now forcibly opened." jr
Recall of Troops Now and
Declaration of Peace by
Congress Unlikely.
Action Would Embarrass
Allies and Hearten the
Germans, Is Fear.
American Troops Will Not
Take Part in Advance Into
Oerman Territory.
filarial Iic<i>atch to The New York Herald.
Ni-w York llrmld Bureau, 1
Washington, I). C., March S. i
While no comment was forthcoming
cither at the White House or the State
Department to-day regarding the atti
tude which the United States will
assume toward the advance of the
allied armies into Germany, Republi
can leaders in the Senate plainly indi
cated that this acute situation may
make it impolitic for this country to
withdraw its troops from the Coblenz
bridgehead for the present, and prob
ably will result in delay in the passage
of a resolution (the Knox resolution)
for separate peace with Germany,
which was to be on? of the tlrst acts
of the new Administration.
The desire on the part ef the Republi
can administration and the Republican
Congressional leaders for an early peace
with Germany and the withdrawal of
the last American soldier from the
Rhine has not lessened. But it is realized
that a movement of this character in
the present situation would be exceed
ingly embarrassing t.o the Allies, who are
endeavoring to force upon Germany a
realization that she cannot evade the.
reparation demands. It would undoubt
edly appear as a direct desertion of tin
Allies at a critical moment and greatly
encourage the German Government to
rtand out longer against an agreement
to pay. This is fully realized in Wash
The United States, of course, has no
direct interest in the movement to en
force the reparation demands, for this
aountry is not a party to the repara
tions agreement between the Allies and
lias nothing to gain front the movement,
ft ix the hope of the Harding adminis
tration, however, to be. able to lay a
course which will bring about a spirit
of cooperation between Great Britain,
France and the United States in . tbe
formation of some sort of a ne.w asso
ciation for peace. *
The passage of a resolution for sopa
ia?e peace with Germany or the with
drawal of United States troops from the
Oobienz bridgehead at a tiinu when the
allied troops ujre advancing further into
vrerman terrinory would undoubtedly
be looked upon in London and Pari a as
a studied slap at the allied policy and
would certainly rot encourage those
countries to look with favor on any fu
ture proposal which this country may
make for a new international adjust
ment. It seems likely, therefore, that
the status quo so far :is the American
ttoops and the Gorman pern question
are concerned will be alrawed lo stand,
,<t least until the existing crisis in the
reparations controversy iu passed.
It Is hoped by the Senate leaders that
by the time the extra session convenes
early in April the situation in regard to
reparations will have cleared sufficiently
to permit this country to take up the
question of a separate peace with Ger
many and take the American soldier*
out of Europe without seriously influ
cncing the allied cause one way or the
Whatever the Allies may do, there
! does not ?eeni to be the slightest chance
! that United States troops will advance
| further into Germany.
Allied Military Operations
Reported Successful.
| Special Cable to Tub New Yobk Heiui.d.
Copyright, by Tub New Yubk Hb?alp.
New York Ucritlii Bureau, )
IVtrin, March 8. (
Not a single word or act in protest
sgeinst the allied occupation ot' German
cities has come from any of the places
under allied guard The allied military
operations have been eucceaatul In every
The French Government announced
! officially this afternoon that it had no in
tention of calling toy of the reserves
to the colors or of retaining in active
service the class of 1319, Marshal Foeh
Insisting that tan battalions wore suffi
cient fot all the movements envisaged.
French War Office officials said that
fivefold as many troops could be taken
from the Maytnce area and the barracks
in France as were neeied without en
dangering tho Interior situation, while
the certainty that 200,000 men would
join the colors next month gives France
greater surety than she has had at any
time since peace w.is signed.
The general staff plans to extend the
ni w zone of ocupatio.n over a belt about
! seven mike wide from Ruhrort to Dus
The Ni/w York Herald correspondent
here was informed this afternoon that
no reply had been received from Ger
many to the communication made to the
Berlin Government a fortnight ago that
unless Germany presented her comment
on the allied comunication in writing
within th next five days the Repara
tions Commission would piocecd imme
di Uely to fix the total sum due from
G :rmany, is well as tho rates of ex
change which will prevail in their pay
j menu
By the Associated Press.
Berlin*, March 8.?Frederick ICbert,
the German Imperial President, to-day
Issued tills proclamation:
"Fellow Citizens :?Our opponents in
the world war imposed upon us unheard
of demands, both in money and kind,
impossible of fulfillment. Not only our
selves, but our children and grand-,
children, would have to become tho
work-slaves or our adversaries by our
signature. Wo were called upon to seal
a contract which even the work of a
generation would not have sufficed to
carry out.
"We must not and we cannot comply
with it. Our honur and eelf-respect for
bid it.
"With an open breach of the peaee
treaty of Versailles, our opponents are
advancing to tho occupation of more
German territory.
"We, however, are not in a position to
j oppose force with force. We are
I defenceless."
"Nevertheless we ran cry out, so all
! who stiil recognise tho voice of right
j eoueness may hear.
"Right is being downtrodden by
j might. ?
"The whole German peoplo Is suffering
with those of our citizens who are forced
ftp suffer foreign domination. With firm
j bonds must this sorrow unite us in
j one sentiment, one will.
"Fejlow Citizens, meet this foreign
.domination with grave dignity. Main
tain an upright demennor. Do not allow 1
I yourselves to be driven into committing i
ill-ronsidcred acts* Be patient and have
"The Imperial government will not rest '
until the foreign power yields before!
our right."
| Bi knob Aires, March 8.?The Treaty i
| of Versailles has ceased to exist," says
//<t i'poca, the Government organ, com
menting on the ullied occupation of ad
ditional German territory.
It says: "The invasion of German ter
ritory beyond the Rhine is a tmng un
foreseen in the treaty. Both the Ger
mans and the Allies have carried out
their discussions of pending affairs
without much consideration for the
agreements reached at Versailles, con
bidering only the needs of the moment."
Spring Topcoats
Single-breasted, bojj-back model; also
inverted' pleat, with belt all around
HOMESPUNS 17.SO, 19.50 - COVERTS 19.50,22.50
SEE a boy?no matter how.
young?twist and wriggle in
his new overcoat and you'll know
that the Rest label isn't on tWfc
inside of that particular garment.
One of the reasons for our un
broken success in outfitting
several generations of boys
expert accomplishment in
supplying comfort as well as
serviceability in Boys' Clothes.
Youths' Alpine Stitched Hats in Tweed
2.85 and 3.85
Youths' Felt Alpines, New Spring Shades
lEest & Co.
Fifth Avenue nt 35th Street?N Y
EtUtblitheJ 1879
ConUnw il from First
gardei departmental. reorganization au
part of the teamwork all art; here for.
The hurmpny in the discus* e >11 of
administrative reorganization was a very
significant feature of the first Cabinet
gathering, but the spirit displayed here
rati through the entire conference of
two liouiv. Practically every important
problem before the new Government and
holding the attention of the- people was
examined in a general way?the rela-'
tions of the United State* with Europe;
disarmament, the Impossibility of the
League of Nations, the prospect.- for ar
ranging a conference with leading na
tion* to promote peace and tike general
welfare of humanity and the best ways
bringing about such a conference : our
volution* with Latin America, including
the treaty of adjustment with the He
public of Colombia; the border war be
tween Panama and Costa Rica and the
attitude to be maintained by the United
States; Mexico and the prospects of
stable government in that country, and
the Yap Issue, with the cable complica
tions that are connected with it.
On the domestic side of the long con
ference the principal matters considered
were revision of tariff, revision of in- i
teynai taxation schemes, thin includiiu:
a discussion over which should have
precedence in Congress, the remodellim,
of the tariff law or tin- readjustment of
the internal revenue law: the general
industrial situation, including unem
ployment : tho activities of nnemies of the
Government inspired by European Reds,
the outlook for an improvement of busi
ness and suggestions regarding what
action the Government could proper!}
take for the encouragement of business
and at groat length ways and means of
reorganizing the departments to promote
efficiency and end waste of time and
money; This last mentioned topic occu
pied nearly an hour of the conference.
The Impression is held very strongly
that the principal notes struck by the
first meeting of the Cabinet of Presi
dent Harding were firmness and de
One of the points emphasized was that
the United States must be extremely
careful, particularly in its dealings with
sensitive Latin America, and that more
courtesy and common politeness must
be displayed by this Administration
than has characterized one or two of
recent times. But it *tas the unanimous
fueling of the Cabinet Ministers that
tho time has come for the Tutted States
to regain the respect in which it once
was held by certain foreign countries;
the time to make it quietly apparent
that American lives and American prop
erty cannot be destroyed without a
The associates of the President ar
rived at the White House by ones and
twos and small groups just before 11
A. M., the hour set for the meeting.
Char}es E. Hughes, Secretary of State,
was the first to appear, as he had an ap
pointment for a conference with his chief
to precede the general meeting. Then
Andrew W. Mellon, Secretary of tha
Treasury; Harry M. Daugherty, Attor
ney-General, and Edwin Denby, Secre
tary df War. made their appearance, and
finally all the ten had arrived and had
been shown Into the Cabinet room.
Almost precisely at 11 President Har
ding took his place at the routh end of
the long mahogany table. At the right
of the President sat the Secretary of
State, of course. At his left was the
Secretary of the Treasury. At Secretary
Hughes's right was the Secretary of
War, Mr. Weeks; at Secretary Motion's
left Attorney-General Daugherty ; next
! i Mr. Weeks was Pestmtster-General
Hays; next to Mr. Daugherty Mr. 1 >enby
of the Navy -,' next to the -Postmaster- :
General was the Secretary of tin- In- ;
terior, Albert B. Fall: ;it Mr. Denby's !
left was Henry C. Wallace, head of the
Department of Agriculture; ai Mr Pa l s
rl?ht and the lust man on the right hand
of the table was Herbert Hoover, Secre
tary of Commerce, and at Mr. Wallace's*
left and the last man oi| the left hand
elde of the table was Air. Davis, the La
bor Secretary.
At the lout, or north end of the table,
?n a new figure In Cabinet meetings
a very welcome and fnueh consulted
person in tills Administration, Calvin
CoultdKe. Mr. C'oolidge had a definite,
and important part in the d^liberations
of the d-^y, and it was entirely apparent
at the end of the contareiiee that lie was
pleased and that he s\ as not regarded
by the others as being merely anions
those juvi'-ent.
l'ri.a?di nt Harding op-ned the rne> t
ing with a ten minutes talk outlining
his general hopes for the Administration
and giving his general vU-vvs on how th?
departments could cooperate with the
executive. Ho emphasized the impor
tance of team work. This in fact, *n<
the Keynote of the pkmeunt little talk
ho delivered, statii.:: the opinion that a
auccf.-'sful administration scarcely cwaW
be had without perfect team work.
Than he called on the individual mem
bers of tlic Cabinet in the order of their
rank for a general *tatemont of their
plans and purposes within their own
sphere*, asking what recommendations
each had to make for efficiency and for
smooth functioning.
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