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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 09, 1921, Image 7

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LABOR BUREAU'S
CHANGES OPPOSED
Organized Effort to Ite^isfc
Reorganization Appeai-s
at Healing.
PRESENT LAWS UPHELD
Senator Knight Defends Bill
Before Governor for
Approval.
Aidant, If&rch S.?Organized labor,
representatives of the State Industrial
Commission and spokesmen for the City
i.'lub of New York, the Women's Mu
nicipal League and the Consumers'
T.eagiie appeared before Gov. Miller to
day In opposition to the Knight-Brady
bill, designed to reorganize the State
Industrial Commission, ?which is now
beforo the Governor for approval.
The bill w?s defended by Senator
John Knight, one of Its introducers and j
the head of the special legislative com- <
mltteo which has boen studying the la- j
bor laws, and by Mark A. Daly, repre- j
eon ting the Associated Industries.
President James P. Holland and John \
M. O'Hanlon of the State Federation of ]
Labor presented a brtef embodying or-1
ganized labor's objections to the meas
ure; Bernard T. Shlentag. counsel to
the Industrial Commission, submitted a
brief from Edward F. Boyle, chairman
of the commission, nnd Miss Frances
Perkins, a member of the commission,
spoke in opposition to the bill. The op
ponents argued that enactment of the j
measure would break down the existing
labor laws, which are the product of
thirty years' study and legislation, and
that the bill does not embody the Gov
ernor's reorganization recommendations
In that it leaves with the proposed sin
gle industrial commissioner, rather than
with the Legislature, the reorganization
of the Labor Department.
Miss Perkins said that the Labor De
partment should not be "lightly com
mitted to the hands of different com
missioners."
"The labor laws under which we are
operating to-day," she said, "are a mon
ument to the young people -who lo.^t
their lives in the Triangle Are."
Senator Knight's argument was in the
nature of a general reply to Ni>- specific
objections directed against the bill. Mr.
Daly declared that four or Ave years'
experience with the industrial commis
sion os at present constituted hud con
vinced the members of bis organization
that the administration of the commis
sion had been a failure. ''It is goo'l
business," ho said, "?o substitute the
*o-called overhead plan for burr -v,:crati'
control, and we believe that great econ
omies may be effected thereby
SMITH OVERWHELMED
BY ALBANY RECEPTION
Ex-Governor, as Citizen,
Urges State Reorganization.
special an pat/'h to Tut. Xrw TttK Hbhai.d.
New A'ork H.-rnlil Kumn;, '
Ailuinj, Mnrclt N. (
Citizen A1 Smith came back to the
State capital to-ilny for his first visit
since he left as Governor, to appear :it a
public hearing of th* A*scr.:l>ly Judiciary
f'ommitto in support of the Adminlstra
tion'H policy of reconstructing the State
Go\-ernment. The gray haired attend
ants around the corridors of the State
Hons* saul that It wad the first time that
a Governor had ever come back to epeak
: s a citizen.
Mr. Smith's visit was spectacular and
was a siKTial for a remarlcablo personal
testimonial. Coming: up on the train thi*
mornins he shook hands with scores of
?ntn and women w-'io passed through hi*
car. and hi;< w;ilk up Capitol Sill wa<: a
Mrries or sidewalk receptions. At '2
o'clock lie start, d '? ..m th- Assfmbiy
I'hanije:' f.>: h? Ml my Club, r;n?r?
?eveval friend" were er-ihi? to entertain
him at lunch, but by ".r,o h<* had b"en
able to gel only half way across the As
??^rnbly corridor because of If ng lines o'
old f: lord's. ITs Iherefore abandoned the
'?inch and went Into the Capitol r. ??. j
?ant, w.iere lie ate a hr:n cmdwlch
witrt one hand and shook hand-' with
tic other.
The constitutional amendments that
were the subject of the hearing provide
for consolidation of all State depart
ments and commissions under eighteen
sads. a four year term for Governor, an
executive budget and the apnotntmer.f. of
most of the State otTl<-ers by the Gov
ernor. The former Gov. mor declared
!'iat the present system was behind the
t r/ies and that a private corporation
? ondueted under the same methods would
go our of business in a year. He de
clared that the only reason the Htate
wrnment had not. collapsed was Its
t ' mendous taxing: power.
REALTY MEN SEE CHAOS,
WITH LESS CONSTRUCTION
C'outii.ued /rout First Pa'jt.
'Die stagnation of apartment house anu
home building c!iu>?d by the enactment
of the laws will comiiiu>, they said, un
til t'ne laws automatically expire In So- j
veraber.
A statement from (he Ttcul Estate In
vestors of New York, Inc.. v/hich in
cludes some of ihe largest operators in
the upper West Hide and Riverside Drive
districts, said in part:
"The rent lawn, regardless of their
constitutionality, have driven investors
and builders from the apartment house
field. An Investor will not buy when he
has/to go to court month after month to
secure a fair return upon his investment.
A canvass of butlders who have con
structed hundreds of millions of dollars
worth of apartment houses in past years
lu.? brought a unanimous statement that
these builders will not resume their op
erations while the rent laws are on tho
statute books. Th Building Depart-1
inent records show that practically twice ?
as much wan spent to build stables and I
garages in Manhattan In 1520 as was ]
spent for the building of apartments."
See* Out)' Hope In I.ii<i Clin 11 ?<??.
The Apartment House Association,
Inc., of which S. Fullerton Weaver Is j
president and Lawrence B. Elliman
first vice-president, which operates
through the Grand Central and upper
Bast and West Side rones, asserted that
"no builder of experience and no in
vestor of careful judgment can be ex
pected to build, purchase or loan on
dwellings" unless amendments are
adopted that will make the laws less 1
drastic: and virtually repeal certain pro
visions. As an alternative to this the
association urges the "absolute neces
sity" of tho "building of houses directly
by the State or city, or by philanthropic
organizations financed by the State or
city."
"We make this latter recommendation
with reluctance," the statement con
tinues. "Wo believe that housing thus
produced will be constructed with ex
travagance and loss to the State or the
city. We feel, however, that this hous
ing of our citizenry is more vital to the
community tlmn the safeguarding of Its
funds from waste. If tho building of
dwellings through private Initiative Is
to end the State must assume the ob
WANTS TO MAKE CITY
USE VOTING MACHINES
Heydt Advocates Measure to
Compel Installation.
special Despatch to Tnr N'mv Yosk Hekai.d.
New York Herald Bureau. )
Allmiiv, Marcli 8. )
lu the name of honest elections in
.vow York city Charles Heydt, Commis
-'oner of Elections, at a heai-ing before
tuo Senate Judiciary Committee this
: l'ternoon urged favorable action on a
? ill requiring the city to adopt voting
'machines. He declared that frauds and
the necessity for tccounts are unknow |?
it places whit' h have adopted voting
machine*.
"Conditions in New Tork city."- Mr.
Heydt said, "ar>. different from Chose In
other places. Something must be done to
get a quick and proper statement of the
:ps.lit of an election so that it will not be
constantly questioned. With voting ma
Chlaes election districts eould be in
creased to include at least 700 electors
vithout inconvenience. This would en
?ib! the city to cut down the number of
its election districts from 2.700 to 2,000
?uid result in a sa\lng of $400,000 a
year, beside* assuring an honest count."
Mr. Heydt estimated that to instal
voting machines in New York would
(ost about $2,000,000. and said they
would puy for themselves in five or six
years.
HIGH COURT DIVIDES, 4-3,
IN ODELL MURDER CASE
Majority Decides Prisoner,
Not Wife, Slew Kneip.
Ai.bant, March S.?The conviction of
?Tames Louis Odell oonviotod or nur
'I'-ring Ed", an! J. fCu?lp, ncar Hoe1 es
ter, on January 7. 1030, was aflbned
> the Court of Appeals to-day. The
-ourt was divided. The conviction was
upheld In Judges Pound, Cardoao. >.!?:
Lauglilln and Crane. <:iitef Judge Ilis
oock and Judges Andrews and Hogan
dissented.
Odeli and hia wife. Pearl Odell. were
charged with having beaten Kneip t''
death in revenge for Kneip's relations
with the woman before her marriage.
Both opinions point out that the trial
Judge inadvertently tailed to present to
the Jury the question raised by Odeli's
testimony as to whether he actually
killed Kneip. Odell swore to facts which
Indicated that Kneip was killed by Mtf
Odell while the husband was uncon
scious. The majority of the court, while
criticising tills defect In the charge,
thought It was inconceivable that the
verdict of the Jury would have been
different had the omission been supplied.
The minority held that the omission
was a. substantial error.
financial firms
keep a file
of The Herald, because it is
dependably Accurate and
('ompleteh covers all Finan
cial News daily.
You will also find that much
important Financial informa
tion is published in The
Herald?FIRST.
The superiority of The Her
ald's Financial Pages not
only makes them indispen
sable to large banking firms
but to you as well.
Turn to the Financial Section now!
THE NEW YORK HERALD
Say HERALD to your newsdealer eich morning!
ligation of creating sufficient housing
space, no matter what the cost
"So loll* as the business of building
and renting dwellings is to be the sub
ject of price regulation private <ai>i
Uil will not construct, or flnance n<-y
housed. It ia perfectly clear that capi
tal will not engtiK.' in this h.'/.a dt .is
business?now made subject to the bui
dei.s but receiving none or the hone
lit* enjoyed by public utilities--espe
dally while it is related by '.nstru
mentalitles so loosely conducted so un
certain in their methods, and so in- ,
consistent in their rulings as the Mu
nicipal Courts."
ye1v Construction (icli ''low.
E. A. MacDougall, pr?sid<>nt of the
Queensboro Corporation, one of the larg
est home builders in that borough, gave
his opinion that "as long us these laws
prevail they will have a very deterrent
effect upon new residence construction.
Richard O. Chittlck, executive secretary
ot the Real Estate Board of Ntw \ork.
said his organization preferred to read
the complete opinions of the court be.
tore mailing comments.
"T see real estate going begging as
lor.g as these laws are 111 force." Tito mil*
ICrekeler, treasurer of the t nited Real
Instate Owners Association, said. "1
know of many owners who ar- not In a
position to pay the taxes on tho big
apartment houses they own because their ,
rents have been tied up for montns in ,
court."
Douglas L. Eliiman. secretary of the
Committee of Apartment House Owners I
and agent for many big apartment ,
houses in the upper East Side, viewed I
the court decision as detrimental to fur- j
ther building movements, although ne
does not expect to see a wholesale effort
to take advantage of the provisions ot
the laws. He says the tenants in his
buildings are of such a class that they
seem to recognize the fairness of the
rents now being < harged. and, remember
ing that the landlord will have Ills da\
when the laws expire, are not trying to j
antagonize him now by taking advan- ,
tago of technicalities. , ,.
Arthur J. Hilly, chairman of the j
Mayor's Committee on Itcnt Profiteering. '
led those who rejoiced in the Court of j
Appeals action. "The decision gives,
judicial recognition to the fact that an |
emergency existed and that tho city had ,
a rlgHit to protect Its citizens in this
crisis," he said. j
DRY BILLS' STRENGTH
SHOWN IN TEST VOTE
Outcome Insures Passage
Late This Week.
Social Despatch to Ttrr New Tosk llKAr.p.
New York Hcrulil Bnrfau. I
Albany. March 8. I
The fivst teFt vote r,n Governor
Miller's three State prohibition enfor.e
I nient. bills came to-day in the Assembly
when Charles D. Donohue. the minority
leader, demanded a slow roll call on
I their advancement. The vote wa-. .?? to
r,n. Insuring their pnssage in the lower
i house later this week.
| The minority leader declared thnt ?<??
I cause of the numerous amendments that
Iliad been made to the bills further
' progress at this time should be held up.
"These bills have been carefully con
! sldered," retorted Simon L. Adler. the
majority leader, "and action on them
should be taken now."
Twenty-nine Republicans who Joined
with the Democrats and Socialists in
opposing the bills came mostly from
New York and Buffalo. They were.
' Aronson. Riium, Bly, Brokowskl. Carol!.
Caulfleld, Doherty. Druss, Plplrro. Fox.
Gempter, Qlaccome, Halpern, Hawkins.
Lleberman. .1 'J. Moore. Mcrrisrey.
| Moses, Mullen, Ncary, Nichols, Hnlher,
! Reiss, fteelbach, Steinberg. Stltt, Ullman.
| Wallace and Warren.
The Assembly advanced without
opposition the Governor's tax re
organization bill.
EXPUES8 CARS DBHAILEt).
Scoa.vton*. i'a.. March 8.?Ten express
cars attached to a Lackawanna Ratl
road train containing silk and other
merchandise consigned from Now Vork
to Buffalo and Western points were de
railed to-day at Kacloryville. necr here.
Rf ports Indicated that the damage to
the merchandise would be heavy.
LEADERS HESITATE
ON CAR FARE LIMIT
Legislators Fear Too Bieid Be
*1 fictions May Work Badly
for Public.
COI RT DELAY IS MENACE
Transit Amendments Being"
Put in Shape So Bill Can
Be Printed Soon.
Special Despatch to Tub New Yo*k Hntu.p.
New Vorlt Herald Kureuu. I
\lb;in;.. .Hard) 8. J
How far the Leg-Stature should bo In
Imiting the new Public Service Commis
sion to be created under Gov. Miller's
transit policy in the matter of power
to increase or lower fares pending tlnal
adjustment of tlie traction problem was
not determined to-diy by tlie legisla
tive leaders.
Tho Public Service Committee met to
revise the numerous amendments that
have been suggested but did not com
plete its work. Another meeting will
be held to-morrow, wncn It is expected
the committee will reach an agreement.
The leaders are anxious to report out
the final amendments by to-morrow or
Thursday so that the bill may be re
printed over Sunday.
The amendment proposed is that the
new commission shall not have any
power over fare readjustment until the
working plan has been perfected for the
now system by the .State, city and cor
porations.
Further demand row is made that the
limitation be extended to provide that
the commission shall have no authority
over faros until the plan is actually in
operation. There also 's the possibility
that the application of the programme
n.oy be held up by court action.
Those who favor giving free hand to
the commission in dealing with fares
point out -that it is a rule which works
both ways. With that power, it might
be possible to drive the traction corpo
rations into a bargilri which they would
not accept otherwise.
The Public Se. *c<? Committee lias
agreed, it is understood, to limit the
term of the Commissioners to ten years,
instead of placing it at fifteen aa wrs
proposed at first
Another amendment accepted provides
| for a sliding scale in dealing with elcc
tric liglit and ga.s rales.
Samuel Koenis', Republican leader of
I New York county, called on Gov. Miller
I to-day and conferred with 1-jgislalive
leaders. The Governor said they rlis
i cussed the amendments proposed by the
i Xew York county Republicans. There
was no mention in their discussion, the
Governor said of how New York city
nu mbers may \otc.
RIGHT TO LAY TROLLEY
SPUR IS DENIED TO CITY
Cannot Cross B. C. R. Tracks
to Get to Bridge Car Barns.
Tue Public Service Commission yester
day denied the application of Orover A.
! \v'ialen, Commissioner of Plant and
Structures, for a certificate of conven
ience and necesity for the construction
of a spur from trolley car tracks over the
illlHUisburt: Hridg>' to a car barn on
tue Brooklyn side. 1 he action was taken
on recommendation of Morgan T. Don
nelly, Deputy Public Service Commis
sioner, because of lack of Jurisdiction.
, The ctfect is to prevent the city from lay
| ins tracks across fha tracks of tlie
Brooklyn City I ailroad Company, but
does not affect the question of the city's
j right to operate its proposed municipal
! trolley line over the* bridge. It is ex
pected that the city \<ill take the com
mission's decision to court, since it 'S
i buildi: g the barns which it seelrs to
j reach by the spur foi which the permit
' was denied.
Herbert S. XYorthley. .\<uis?tont Cor
? tHK-ai ion Counsel, or-r .-??d the petition of
A Sacred Trust
THE savings of the people must be
safeguarded beyond hazard. That
is wliy they are largely invested, with
the approval of the law, in sound and
improved New York City real estate.
We offer, subject to prior sale, in annual sei ial
maturities from November i, 1921 to Novem
ber 1, 1930, a new series of GUARANTEED
F'irst Mortgage Certificates on 78*86 Trinity
Place, New York City, in the heart of the
iiaancial section.Tlie amount of the mortgage
is only about sixty per cent, of the valueof the
land alone and only a third of the value of the
land with the building now being erected.
Issue of . $800,000
Property worth $1,500,000
Pays j\<2% Interest
Purchase these certiticatesfrom $too upw ard
Americau Trust Company, Depositary
?i . .J i
NEW YORK
TITLE 6c MORTGAGE
COMPANY
135 Broadway, New York ? 203 Montague St., BUn.
Telephone Rcctor 9560 Telephone Main 7100
375 Fulton St., Jamaica ? Bridge Plaza, L. I. Citv
the Brooklyn, Qui ens and Suburban | I
! lailroad Company for permission to r< -
nunc operation of the Metropolitan ave
?iue line from the Metropolitan avenu<
I station of the Myrtle avenue elevaetd
! line to Jamaica avenue at an additional j
rive cent fare. A number ?f citirens ap
peared in favor of the petition on the
ground that they needed the service re- |
j-'irdless of the proposed additional fare.
| The bearing will be resumed Friday. ;
Decision was reserved upon the pend
ing petition for resumption of operation ;
?I the Park slope trolley line during
rush hours.
RAY HER ONLYSPONSOR
FOR OWN LIBEL BILL
Public and Press Voice Oppo
sition to Measure.
Special ne#paf \ to The New Yobk 11k*ald.
Srw Urk Herald Bureau. J
Alhin;, March 8. >
Tha bill making It a libel to criticise
i >my race, s?;<'t or order came to-day be
j >oiv the AR'oimbly Codes Committee for
I it bearing, but the only epokehman In
' favor <">t it vas Assemblyman E. R Ray- ,
?er of New York, who introduced it. ?
strong opposition was expressed by rcp
resentatlves of newspapers and the put>
| 1 >2. Senator Duggan, who introduced 1
Mie measure in the Senate, is said to ,
Have disowned It.
Assemblyman Ernest E. Colo asked
Rayher where the demand for such b
drastic law cam-' from and Rayher in
sisted it caine from the people. Mr. ,
i oh remarked It was strange no one In j
ihe Legislature excepting Assemblyman
Kaylier had heard the voice of the
: people.
"This bill o* yours," he said, "would j
make criminals of almost every writer
: living, to say nothing of the publishers i
of books long dead."
Assemblyman Martin declared the bill
was a dangerous piece of legislation and ;
should not bo reported out of committee, j
Martin Saxe, appearing for the New
York press, told tho committee that if j
< nacted the bill would gag fill free |
? speech. Canon William S. Chase of I
Brooklyn aUo appeared against the
? measure.
1
Dyeing and Cleaning
MODERN dyeing and cleaning methods are responsible for
the trust that the public has placed in its patronage of
establishments doing this class of work. Careful handling of
garments, fast colorings, non-injurious processes and many
other items combine to sustain the reputations which have been
properly won and which are zealously maintained.
In this, as in all industries where a dependable source of power
drive is required, the alternating current motor is looked upon
with great favor. The many dyeing and cleaning establish
ments in Manhattan, whose plants are entirely equipped with
this type of power installation, placcs the important responsi
bility of Electric Service supply upon our extensive power
facilities.
CJie United Electric
Lighi and Power Co.
1^0 Ecsfr njth St., New York.
89th Street & Broadway 146th Strc:t 8c Broadway
Announcing the
WILLS SAINTE OLAIRK COMPANY
OF NEW YORK
Edwin B. Jackson, President
18/4 Broadway, New ) ork
It gives us pleasure to announce the appointment of
the Wills Sainte Claire Company as distributor in
Illinois for the Wills Sainte Claire car.
The Wills Sainte Claire Company has had many yean
of experience in motor car selling.
We believe that it can be depended upon worthily
to represent the high ideals and sterling quality that
have been embodied in the Wills Sainte Claire car.
The car itself is now on exhibition at the local
show room. It is its own best exponent.
^'ou are cordially invited to see it and let it demon
strate its character to you.
C-H VVILLS AND COMPANY
SMarysville - ichigan
WILLS SAINTE CLAIRE
ii 'r hv* and build in SUarysvtll*

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