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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 11, 1921, Image 1

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Highest temperature yesterday, 51; lowest, 35- , sounder npwsnancr thafc ever before
Detailed weather report* will be found on Editorial page- ICOPYRIGHT, 1 9-.'1 , BV THE SUN-HERALD CORPORATION.) ana i>OUnaer ne a spdper tnan e\Cf ne.O..
VOL. LXXXV.?NO. 193?DAILY. . NEW YORK, FRIDAY, MARCH 11, 1?21.-J=TO??R tfT"- c,?ENTS {
Every Sort of Extravagance
Openly Flaunted in
Larger Cities.
Spenders Make Huge Prof
its on Goods in Which
There Is Shortage.
The New York Herald pub
lishes herewith the fifth of its
series of articles portraying
the actual conditions of indus
try and of life in Germany to
day. This article provides
striking information regarding
the luxury and extravagance
to be seen in Berlin. In The
Herald of to-morrow Mr. Swing
will tell of the remarkable
work which German chemists
are doing in connection with
the general coal situation.
BprciOl Correspond free to Tiik N'tw Yokk
Ciriiyrioht. /.">?/. by Till; N'BW VoKK llHUI.D.
York llrrnld ICurrnu. I
Itri'ltn. Frb. 51 (
Iii contrast to the almost invisible
suffering iii Germany is the nuite
visible luxury of tiie well to do. It
Is not possible 10 sny precisely 'vhat
makeshifts, professions and industries
support this group or how large it
really is. Tbc average German pro
nounces the wo if I "schieber" to stig
matize the entire class.
A "schieber" or "shifter" is one
who lives from selling at a high profit
goods or supplies in which there is a
shortage. These goods may have
been smuggled across the frontier or
may have evaded state control in the
interior, or they may merely have
fallen into the custody of middlemen
who hold them for n rise in prices.
The general scarcity of many ma
terials ami articles has provided the
ha nee to abuse the law of supply
unrt demand to enormous individual!
I,RW? \rr l)l?pp(tiirdfH.
Not a Government ordinance in
Germany regulating food Imports,
dwellings and fuel need bp observed.
Dealers discreetly dispose of coal
without cards at one's door: farmers
bring butter from the country; the
janitor's wife can supply sugar: the
baker delivers white bread-?a gray
ish white, but containing more than
ihe lawful ration of cereal flour;
npartments can be rented for a gen
erous commission in violation of the
For those ?ith nte.ins there are no
hardships in Germany. And. one can
?ay. there are few social laws which
one f|<?es not keep voluntarily.
The "schleber" class derives Its
wealth front (his demoralization. And
the money ?o swiftly gathered is as
swiftly spent. Rut the "schlebers"
do not make uii the entire caste in the
drama of waste which plays nightly
in the amusement places in German
cities. Two other groups can he dif
ferentiated?the speculators, for whom
ilie Stork Exchange \\ith its almost
daily fluctuations is a fascinating
road to quick riches, and the foreign
ers. whose currency lets them live in
abundance. There is still a third
classification ? the Germans with
wealth who have stopped caring.
Wlnrt ?n?l C?hiir?t?.
A great measure of publicity has
Icon assigned to the luxury in Ger
many. Berlin has several score of
wine restaurants, where the scale of
prices is not much bejlr the level In
London. Paris and New York and the
nnnu Is as sumptuous. There are
twelve operette theatres, beside th?
legitimate stage, a dozen or two cab
arets of various shades of decorum,
and U>*n the gamut of dajioe palaces,
attended by the very considerable
bevy of such women as the men who
bo there demand. Beslden-.these locali
ties there are gaming clubs, night
dance halls and l?ar?? which violate
the closing ordinance, and the other
re?orfs usual to a metropolis.
The mood of the notorious Berlin
ainuscmenl seekers is ?both expensive
and hysterical. They wear extrava
gant clothes, drink costly cham
pagnes. gamMe heavily and pass their
hank notes out in a. reckless spirit.
Many Is the man who has spent
Continued or%$Fifth Pago,
* \
/ 1
Modified League Urged
on Harding by France
By the Associated Press.
pARIS, March 10. ? It was
stated in the Foreign Office
to-day that negotiations were
under way between the French
Embassy in Washington and the
State Department in an effort to
induce President Harding to
favor acceptance of a modified
League of Nations.
The French position is con
ciliatory and is believed to relate
to expressions by officials con
nected with the present Wash
ington Administration made dur
ing the peace conference.
President Ebert Thanks Him
Formally for His Work
in London.
?Absolute Monarch' Charged
With Seeking Another For
eign Minister.
Spccial Cable to The New York Hkrai.d.
Copyright, tO'.l. hii Tub New Yoiik 1 Iekai.d.
New York Herald Burrnii. I
Berlin. March 10. f
The Cabinet this afternoon listened
to a report by Dr. Walter Simons,
Foreign Minister, on the reparation*
conference in London, in which lie
reviewed in detail the German counter
proposals a/id the stand taken by the
allied Powers. The Cabinet meeting
was a long one, but before it ad
journed the Ministry unitedly voted its
support of Dr. Simons, while President
Ebert thanked him formally on behalf
of the republic for his work in Lon
don. Later Dr. Simons addressed the
Foreign Affairs Committee of the
Reichstag 111 a secret meeting. To
morrow he will address Parliament.
Now that the Cabinet Iras voted solid
ly, to support the Foreign Minister it
is eonsidered that he is secure in his
position for the time being. It is as
sumed that he will be able to explain
away the charge that his five year
annuity reparation payments proposal
to the Allies in London exceeded the
instructions he had received from thq
Cabinet. If this proposal did not ex
ceed his instructions it at all events
went beyond the advice j^nd sanction
of the Government experts, as the. po
litical and national economic parliament
Attacks on Dr. Simons continue here
and are openly attributed to Hugo
Stinnes and other German industrial
loaders. Germania. the organ c* the
Catholic party, assumes that "the ab
solute monarch." Herr Stinnex, Is
grooming some coiporation director to
take the foreign secretaryship. The
newspaper is perplexed by this turn if
affairs, saying:
"Since the Spa conference the general
Impression' has been that in so far as
foreign politics go no leaf could fall from
p tree without Kerr Stinnes or some one
close to him at least expressing a view
about It."
The Conservative press has already
proclaimed a war on the Foreign Minis
ter. not only on the ground that he ex
l c^-ded his instructions but also because
of his conciliatory attitude toward the
Allies in London. Vorwaerta, taking its
ctio from the . Conservative attitude,
springs to the defence of the pledges of
the Majority Socialist support of Simons
in the Reichstag.
German politics has rarely produced
such k complex state of affairs. Dr.
Simons was offered a torchlight proces
sion by reactionary students and as
sailed by the reactionary press all in
the same day. He is charged with hav
ing wrecked the London conference Tin
der orders from Herr Stinnes. and at the
same time it is asserted he Is to be
ousted as Foreign Minister by Herr
Stinnes's command. And after what is
admitted to be either blundering or
provocative strategy by him in I?oii<i?i
he I' taken under the wing of the Ma
jority Socialists, who are not members
of the Government.
Heard on Charge of Exerting
Evil Influence.
Montreal, March 10.?Before adjudg
ing insane .Major Robert VV. Griffith,
confessed slayer of William A. Holland,
Montreal broker, a special Jury was told
to-day of a mock trial held In the cham
bers of Police Magistrate Cusaon a year
ngo, at which Holland was "arraigned"
for "exerting secret and malicious In
fluence over Griffith."
Mn gist rate Cusson waid the mock
ceremony was gone through with at the
request of a friend of Griffith in order
to ease the letter's mind from a de
lusion that Holland waj exerting an evil
Influence ever him.
Griffith Rhot Holland last January.
He now will be held pending receipt of
Instructions from the Lieutenant Gov
Mountaineers Use Bolos on
Spectators at Cockfight.
By tht At?ociatrti Pres.*.
Manila. P. T., March 9 (delayed).-?
Four Filipinos were killed and eleven
wounded by a band of Filipino moun
taineers armed with bolos. who raided
a cockpit in I lot Jo province, 300 miles
southeast of her?*. according to advices
reaching here to-day. The hand, led
by I'edro Navo. Invaded (he cockpit dur
ing the prog""* of h fight.
The mount llneera, u-liig bo o*, stubbed
everybody who approached, while .Navo
engaged in ? hand to hand fight with
native policemen. The mountaineers
finally were overwhelmed by the native
police and spectators, who be^it Navo to
death. All others of the mountaineer's
band escaped, pursued by a detachment
of constabulary.
WANT to *oe sn Interesting letter about F"ur
nl?ti?d Room* fn !,#?? top nf Want A<1.
P???, this Adv.
French ami British Pre
miers Agree Berlin Will
Soon Come to Terms.
Lloyd George Tells Parlia
ment Germans Will Lose
More Trying to Evade.
Allies Will Enforce Only Le
gitimate Claims Within Op
ponent's Ability to Pav.
Special. Cable to Tub New York Hbiim.d.
Copyright, tost, by Tub New York Hbbai.d.
New \ork Herald Bureau, I
l.iindon. March 10. (
Both Premier Lloyd George of Great
j Britain and Premier Briand of France
voiced the opinion to-night that the
I Germans would not long continue to
sulk. Indeed. Premier Briand more
than intimated Germany would soon
come around with new proposals.
After the allied conference here' closed
to-day, Premier Briand. who is leaving
London for Paris to-morrow morning,
talked for half an hour in high good
humor with newspaper correspondents.
It was in connection with the final
answer of the Turkish envoys that
they would have to consult Mustapha
Kemal Pasha, leader of the National
ists in Angora, before they could agree
to the final plan by the Allies for a
settlement of the Near Eastern ques
tions. that Premier Briand made this
"The situation in the Near Kast is
just the same as that in Germany.
The Turks cannot accept the allied
decisions without returning home to
consult their Parliament. So Dr.
Simons, who was here last week,
could not fl;.tly accept the Paris offer,
favorable as it was and less than the
treaty, without consulting home poli
Triumph f?r Rrin nil.
Pr.Mrii r Briands statement was ;nade
fo 11 , '"V*. Pa"Wd an hour ??enlng
remier Lloyd George's speech in the i
House of Commona on the London con
ference and after he had dined there
The proceedings in the House of Com
mons developed a|moBt into a fw,m
nial service to Premier Br,and. |, can
not be doubted th u the allied conference
her-J was a great victory f01- the French I
both in regard to Germany and the Sear !
Premier Hriand smilingly received
new. to-night, that Pari* was preparing !
a g.eat demonstration for l,im when he I
n'iIZ"8 w? th* French cuf>Ital to-morrow I
ihi srinned good humoredly over
. nt' acknowledged thereat
LI oy d"George*^ With
iii' Vi'1''' ''I0"''' '',lorge demonstrated to
SavViv ?,? c'omniotIS Just how
... s 'hl' economic sanctions of the
? riH agreement between the vilify
wouid weigh Oil Germany. ||?. declared
the Germans would lose fiO per . exit of
usurjsjssr ss drein
Ml. U.'r'?
^r-Crr s
^ model" bill for the collection
PrlM-lplm or tl.c I
WUI E a force lliiii,,.. |
"It was perfectly fair settle,,,en ?? I
S,r"u "'!"manv ou*''t to p?v. n>!
many Ir ?h* v"" "*rpo|n'':it ?'lth Ger- I
accept responsibility for war
POS.. an, thing? All the Allies me ,?
enforce arP fhHr legitimate J'
abViiTT,' fw wit Hn hor
we Lni flay' and unt" ?" <?<> that'
r?t n.?Ver K,'t a settlement" I
0?"*"'"*, ?r ?-?rkIn* of the levy on
tries the^T l7,r,?,,t"rl ir"? ?"ied coun-!
BHtaln ?aC 7 r/leC,ar'''1
worth , \ Importing Cfin.eoo ooo
ports to"l.,VT 'hr t0t" of r'"r?"" px- J
Der een? , , countries represented 57
?.rf *ll>r
"Hoes* any one think Ceimanv wn,.M
come" * settlement will
dav>hot.?MiV'',i ,hr7 from 'lcl^n.v to
"?,h through diplomatic and nr.*.
channels, hardly hears out the optimism
PrZi: ",p n,itiMit^ rJS
Ministers, however, althourl, ii
mSst^lSm ?U?0r" ,hrl' the
news to dl! ,7 foM"r? "f ,h* "ertnan
Simons hi ** *,Uck on Dr filter
In th.^i.K Ht|nnes. must he read
" above."' "J* Herr Stinne,
","0 " ''"dheaded
*'^s anv Tdv negotiate If he
?ees an> advantage In doing so.
Clynen in Commons Assails
George's Course.
A**?riatr,l f,ry,
f ;
nt # )<#> f .?i r in typhii if
Continued on HfHy ro(/f
thrn.? . S'" r? W Vi
f ^
Harding Prestige Is Lost
on Caswell Laddie Boy
Sptciul Oeapalch to Tin New Yon*
Srw York Hrrald BurFuu. I
Washington. D. C., March 10. )
MO man, however eminent, can
hold the fealty of an Aire
dale, which is distinctly a one
man dog, unless he has time to
cultivate said dog. The Presi
dent of the United States is rap
idly losing prestige with the
White House pet, Caswell Lad
die Boy, and Mr. Wilson Jack
son, dark, five feet one inch
short and everybody's subordi
nate, is becoming Laddie's idol.
Now a grateful change has
come over the circumstances of
Mr. Jackson. When Caswell
Laddie Boy was sent to the
President it was necessary to
assign a guide to him. Pat Mc
Kenna, chief doortender and
solver of unexpected problems,
brought Mr. Jackson and Cas
well Laddie Boy together and
since March 6 they have been in
It is feared by thoughtful ob
servers that Caswell Laddie Boy
has passed up the President, for
to-day when the President saw
the dog the creature merely
wagged his tail.
$3,500,000 IN ROM
Illegal Removal of 167,000
Gallons Is Charged to Fed
eral Custodian.
Inited States Attorney Says
X. Y. Dealers Are Involved
and Will Be Exposed.
<p,, ,ai Denpatch to Thb New Yoek Hbhai.d.
Trenton# March 10.?Kdmond J. La
lirecque, who has been in charge of a
Government bonded warehouse in 110
Front street. Newark, and Oscar C.
Friedrich, Jr., owner of a saloon in
Newark and a hotel on Stateii Island,
were indicted yesterday by a Federal
Grand Jury, charged with having been
| concerned in the illegal removal of
167,000 gallons of whiskey from stor
age. Kriedrich was arrested last night,
and is held in the Newark county jail
| unable to furnish bond of 150,000. La
Brecque hau not been arrested up to
a tate hour to-night, but. when he Is
taken into custody his bail will be fixed
at,the same amount.
The liquor Involved in the La Brecque
case has a wholesale value of ap
proximately $3,300,000, and if sold over |
a bar would bring close to $7,000,000, |
New York I'nuor dealers, as well as
those of New Jeraey, are known to be
involved in thia latest alleged boose
ring scandal, the discovery of which
Is expected within a few days to lead
to a whiskey plot of larger propor
tions than any yet uncovered, accord-'
ing to Assistant United States Attor
ne> Arrowsniith.
Rumors are afloat in Newark that
men well known in political life are i
Involved in the scandal, as well as I
many of the operators on the so
called Whiskey curb market in that;
City, where certificates arc forged and
legitimate permits bartered.
A few day* ago an inventory of tin
warehouse made by Department of Jus
tice agents showed the liug<> shortage,
which In fold to have been brought about
by the use of a large number of forged
permit*, no record of which was found
on the books after a thorough examina
tion. It Is ait*> alleged that large quan
tities of whiskey have been remove#
from time to time without even the nne
of permit papers, forg. d or otherwl#'
l>a Brecqtte b'oatne < uModian of the
warehouse at the request of the prohibi
tion enforcement division of 111?? Cover"
mcnt after it had been raided some
monthn ago, at which time none of the
i ontents were confiscated. He ha- be<
ordered to appear in the United S ate
District Court heie to-morro" to .i"
swer to the indictment.
The whiskey alleged to hnve be< il
legally released was fine ease .tul bar
telle# roods and vac tra,*) .rt? i to
iiarts unknown |n large dosed a i'on>o
blle trucks. The yi^ice ha.s been *o! *.i
lor some time, and it is report# ! that the
ense numbers issued in New Vot in !
, Xew Jersey, together with t > ntmeg
of owners, are in the possession of the
| I nlted States District Attorney.
"Newark has been a clearing house
for the Illicit liquor traffic," Mr Arrow
i xmlth declared. "To the best f ou>
| knowledge It can be safely stated ths'
many prominent people are involved n
this parti. ular case and th?i? e*p?-ure
Is certain."
Indicted for soliciting and re ? "K
| bribes, three Government prohibition ?"
foreernent agents pleaded not guilt> to
day iii the United States District Comt
and were held for trial hy Judge H dine |
i in ball ranging from $.'..oft? to 17..".00
The Indicted men are rj. <\ Sftf'irath,
Ft J. McCabe and tleotge S Rldt ? all
of whom are said to Ittve be n in. nh r.?
oi tlie force of Chle* Ifct'rnss*' o Phil
adelphia, ha\tng been detailed tot pe
clal dut\ In this State
The three men were indicted jointly
1 or_ seeking and accepting a hr be of
$2,R0O from Samuel FVIdman, a liquor
dealer of 180 Pa von la avenue. Jersey
City, on November .10 last. In consider
ation Of the $2,u00 It in alleged t lie i re.
agents permitted Feldman to retain po?
session of fifty cases o' whiskey seized .
on his premises dttring a raid
.National City Bank's Head
Begins First Snit, Coun
ter Action Being Filed.
Ket'eree Appointed and Ar
gument for $20,000 Ali
mony to He Heard.
Wife Is Grundniece of the Late
Bishop Potter?Camp ut
Three Ifivers Named.
Through a motion made ui White
Plains for the amendment of a com
plaint in one of the actions, it became
known yesterday that James A. Still
man, president of the National City
Hank, is suing his wife, who was Miss
Anne L'rquart Potter, grandniece of
th" late Htahop Potter, for a divorce,
and that .Mrs. Stillman has filed a
counter claim.
Every legal move so far made in
the ?proceedings has been enveloped in
.secrecy, and no one concerned in the
double action would admit connection
with it yesterday until Justice Joseph
Morsehauser of the Supreme Court
was asked to confirm the reports as
he was leaving the court house at
White Plains.
Justice Morsehauser admitted then
that counsel for Mrs. Stillman had
made a motion before him in Pough
keepsie, where lie -was sitting last
Saturday, to amend the complaint in
her action against her husband, and
had applied for counsel fees and ali
mony. He said that hearing on these
motions had been adjourned for a
week. /
The allegations Included in Mr. Still
man's complaint, although none of the
detail? could be obtained, are understood
to centre about happenings at the Still- j
pian camp, near Three Rivers, In Que
bec. When tliis action was started still
is not generally known, it being under
stood that the suit was taken to 1'ough
keepsie because a court rule makes it
unnecessary for papci* to be filed there
until a decision has been reached.
(?tiurillan Named for *oi?.
Nevertheless. It was reported tha'
Justice Morschauser hail appointed
Daniel .1. (?lea?>on, whose law offices art:
In Poughkeepsie, as referee in Mr. Still
man's jction. and John E. Mack, also
of Poughkeepaie, as guardian for Guy
Stlllman, 2 years old, child of the Still
After these steps had been taken, it
wan learned, the application In Mr*.
'Stillrnan's behalf was made for alimony
of $10,000 a month and $5,000 counsel
fees. It is hearing upon these appli
cations that Justice Morschausser will j
conduct to-morrow. It was understood
that Mr. Stillinan, who inherited a lain
fortune from his father, who was Mr.
Stlilman's predecessor as head of the
National City Bank, had ueen paying
Mrs. Stlllman at the rate rf $150,000 a
In contesting Mrs. Stiiiman's alimony
request. Mr. Stitlnian, It is understood,
represented that his income, which last
year amounted approximately $SOO.OOO.
was reduced to a net of $220,000 by the
payment of Income and other taxes.
Efforts to learn the details of the
divorce actions were no more successful
here than In Poughkeepsie. I'elancey
Nicell and Cornelius Sullivan, both in
dicated in the reports as counsel for
Mr. Stlllmnn, refused evtn to admit
that thc^ represented Mi. Stlllmnn. '
Mrs. Stlllmnn wbi said to be repre
rented by John B. Htanchfleld of this
- itv fcnd Joiin K. Br<*nnan of Yonkera,
but ntither of th'-se lawyers nor any
one in their offices would dlscuf the
matter in any waj
Mr. Mack was found in Poug'.keejiele
by s Nkw YottK Htr.At.n reporter, but
lie refused to admit 1 l?ad ever)
heard of the case
1'ix-n lit Ion HIM* II our ( lowed.
Mr. Gtaason was not a; his office In
Poughkeepsie, and at his home In Mlll
< rton It also was said lie was not there.
\t the Stlllman < ountry place at Pocan?
tlco Mills last night employees of the
txtate sjld that neither Mr. nor Mrs.
Stiliman was there and that the house
was closed. Karl$- in the afternoon it
was said at the National City Bank
that Mr. Stiliman had left for the day.
Mr. Stlllmati is one of the youngest
presidents of the large banks of New
York city, 'fe was elected chairman of
the hank's board of directors on April
3, 1918. a short time after the death of
his father. He had entered the employ
of the bank in 1*98, two years following
his graduation from Harvard.
Ho passed through various positions
until he became a vice president and on?
of the managers of the hank. He
succeeded to the presidency in June.
1019. upon the resignation of Frank A.
Mrs. Stlllman was a daughter of Mrs.
James Hrown Potter, the actress, and
before her marriage was known as
Flfl." Mrs. Stlllman and her mother
were not much together after Mrs. Pot
ter was divorced from James Brown
Potter, until about ten years ago. Mrs.
Potter was a prominent figure in society
In this city for many years, but she
finally embarked upon a professional
stage career and spent several years in
London She appeared for several sea
cons as a ro-star with Kyrle Rellew
How to Find a Better Room
''<vety day and Punday then arc scores and .score* of
f urni8h?d Rofifns to irt in tf Wml A?J. Section <?r Thp
Herald. Owinm ; > the Quality-Quantity Circulation
imorr than 200,0no> h ul are quickly .?? ured from
the nicest kind of people. Turn to this section now and
read Mr*. Irvlnir's lettet printed at the ton of Want.
Ad. paffr.
Fits Roy 6000.
$2,366,000,000 IN SIX YEARS
QN July 20, 1920, the United States Kail toad Labor Board added
$606,500,000 to the payrolls of the railroads of this country by
awarding wage increases amounting to about 22 per cent. The plan
of the railroad executives is to lop from these payrolls now ap
proximately one dollar a day for every employee from presidents and
chairmen of directorates down.
During 1916 and 1917 wage increases were granted to lailroad
workers approximating $350,000,000. During the eighteen months
of Federal control wage increases amounting to $1,050,000,000 were
granted by the United States Railroad Administration. In 1914 the
average annual wage of the railroad worker was $814; in 1915 it had
grown to $834; it became $1,004 in 1917 and $1,587 in 1919. To-day
it is $1,900.
The payroll of all the roads in the United States has expanded
from $1,134,000,000 in 1915 to $3,500,000,000 to-day. The increases
granted by the Labor Board last July, which the roads now propose
to abolish, raised the pay of clerks and freight handlers 25 per cent.;
maintenance of way employees, 25 per cent.; enginemen and train
men, 23 per cent.; shopmen, 19*4 per cent., and station employees,
23% per cent.
The legular hourly .pay of those employees of the New York Cen
tral who are now notified that these rates are to be cut follows*
Clerks, 56 cents to $1.11; maintenance of way employees, 68 to
92*/2 cents; boilermakers, blacksmiths, sheet metal workers, electric
workers, moulders, cupola tenders, signal department mechanics and
core makers, 85 cents minimum; carmen, 80 cents minimum; linemen,
31 cents minimum.
v __ J
President Harding Probably
Will Be l ulled I'pon to Set
Conflict at Host.
Ruling* of Woman Assistant?
of Palmer Cause Clash in
Justice Department.
Kjmhat Despatch to The New ioik IImaiD.
Npw lorU ll>-inl<l Knrrau. ?
\\ iixhiiillton. H. Mnrrli ll?. (
I'resident (larding probably will be
..lied uptvi to iron out entanglements
and conflict" besetting prohibition fn
foreement in tlie United States. The
Treasury Department and the Depart
ment of .fuHtiie are clearly at odds
through the activity of the Demo
cratic Administration and Democratic
The latest flare up the orUiion by
Attorney General Palmer saying phy
sicians may prescribe beer or any
liquor for patients and that the pro
hibition office cannot limit them, has
brought a crisis that makes necessary
a general review nnd coordination of
the work. ?
Two branches of the Treasury are
at sen over two opinions on enforce
ment from the Department of Justice.
Roth opinions were prepared by An
nette Abbott Adam?, Assistant Attorney
General. The first held that no ?hip
could toiici-> a' a I'nlled States port
with any liquor on board, whether it
%vas in t-ansit or otherwise. The Brit
ish Government protested because of
Its effect upon passenger I'jiers ft> ing
for'-iwi flags, and the matter was
taken up by the State Department.
The Treasury could not carry out the
opinion without international compli
cations. A review wan requested.
The latest opinion, that alTectlng beer
and prescription*, has stood the entire
prohibition unit on end. Prohibition
Commissioner Kramer declares it will
tt'reclc the progress so far made in en
To ntraighten matter*. Secretary Met
ion of the Treasury is expected t > re
quest the President to direct a Renewal
review and Interpretation of the law by
the new Attorney-General.
It v.a* Mnt"?l af the White House to
day that the matter had not be^n for
mally brought to the attention >f /'resi
dent Harding AVlien It is. it is likely
that conflict between agrt ies will be
>fraightened out.
Under the Volstead act ooth tile De
j partment of Justice and the Treasury |
are charged ?1th the detection of viola
tion*. The .Jiistic e Department is
charged with pr?<te> u!:"n" The Coast |
Ouard doe* enforcement work against
smugglers on the sc t and the cumomv ,
service of the Treasury again t wmugglers
a: ports and along the land borders.
Commissioner Kramer declared he be- 1
lleved the Palmer opinion would make
much more difficult the enforcement of
I the Volstead la*'. lie especially took ,
exception to the view that physicians
might prescribe beer to their patients
| In quantities they might see fit
"There are." lie said, "a total of 436
breweries In the country n;sklnj beer
: containing less thar. one-half of 1 per
cent, alcohol If they ar? to be allowed
: to manufacture beer with 4 per cent,
alcohol. In my opinion 'he number of
physicians In the countn will have to
be Increased because 1 f the demands
by patients "
r>r. Wilbur F. Crafts. superintei.dent
( of the International Reform Bureau, the
hero of the "blue law" talk, appealed to
Attorney-Of.iera! T?*U*herty to overrule
the Palmer decision He made the pro
test In a long lett?r. In which he de
clared the medical profession did not
con alder beer as a medicine, lie signed
, himself, "Yours for a better world."
Anderson Savs It Will End in
Ban on A If Prescriptions.
Chaiie.- is. <>'?'.itii<>!. .t*' |vr?, ..
Pr.ili ?. ! ?r. - M l? St - I! he . oHd no
make r< drrtnite ?'h'p'm.'hI usitl
had heard from lis *nerl?. .? in rega'd
to former \ttori" y-(Jei t h' Palmi
ruling in favor of 4 t ei fert. b?er to
be used for ??medicinal pnrpos. ^
The same reticence on 'the *ub)e> f did
not e*|.?t with William H. Anderson
State Superintendent of the \Rll-ftaloott
League, who issued the following char
acteristic statement:
"In our Judgment Mr. Palmer * ruling
Caaftewerf on fUmfh fig*.
Sounds try Against Reduced
Wages. Open Shop. Before
Harvard Students.
Effort^ of Manufacturers to
Protect Freedom of Labor In
teresting'. He Sa\s.
' 'amBftiDOK, .Mas?.. March 10.?Samuel
(jumpers to-Aight voiced organized
labor's opposition to wage reductions
and the open shop movement.
Addressing the Student Liberal Club
at Harvard I'ulversity, the president
of tlie American Federation of l,abor
warned the enemies of rational labor
unionism against driving too iiard the
targ'iin of wage revision, said'that la
bor regarded aspiration as a guaran
tee under the Constitution, interpreted
that in terms of "We want tni>re." and.
ssserting that the open ?hop was sim
ply a sui-terfugc to close shops against
labor tuiioniata. added that the men
of labor who have fought to protect
the country and themselves against a
political autocracy were not now going
to submit to an industrial autocracy.
He said the time was one to try
men's souls and "thai with the cut
tin* of wages and i roflteerlng still
going <*i the pimte? of finance and
of business have much to answer for."
"1 hevp lived to se<- many industrial
depressions and p?nlr? so-called." antd
tlie labor leader. "I ha-e ^ee:i the pen
1 dulum iwlng both ways, through depres
, slons and revivals as well. I want to
say in al' "arnestties* that it will not
do. it bodes no good, for the enemies of
bona fide national labor unionism of
America to dUve the bargain too hard.
"The tnen of labor are in earnest In
this movement of our?- They are deter
mined to see to It that as a rcsuli of
their labor and services they are giing
to be regarded as sovereign citizens and
obtain tli?ir guaranteed rights."
"1b Is of considerable interest," the
sp*8V:er remarked. In dlar-usslng the open
shop movement, "to And employers, or I
manv of them. orgnnl*ed in associations
i<r : ?ipendlns larf sym? for the purpose 1
?f piotertng employees in their freedom. ?
11 ?tory lie:non*trate* r.o such care of I
master for hi* ?lave. 1 submit for your
thougl t whether the National Asporta
tion of Manufacturer*. the National
Kie. *i.:s Assih latlon. the chambers of
nintmr e which have launched the cam- j
;>n!sn. onduetlng It with advertising. i
p.iRc after p.?ge, against the closed shop. <
ar- seeking to protect employees In thelv
right not to Join a union.
"The fart of ti^e matter is that there
ar? -till living among employers t: pi <1 I
old ourbons?those who forget nothing j
be ause they have learned nothing Then
are some of these who atill hold the hopt i
that the time la coming when there nil! j
I he reestablished a condition of serfdom !
among the gre.it clasw of toilers of the
"Tiie time when the worker waa rep
resented as a man with a hoe. bent back
and receding forehead has past, and the
hoatlle employer* should know that
America's employees nr?w stand erert.
demanding Justice, and they *111 be *,. -
Isfled with nothing but Justice. Certain .
Inalienable rights are guaranteed them
by the Constitution Anplration y? one
of these that corae? under the 'pursuit of
happiness,' ampliation for something
more and something better. We v ant
more. I nonde. if inrre la any iioMlle
employer who doe* not w ant more? If
I understand the strength If the labor
movement aright. It wanis more ami
more until the full mer^ure of Justice i.?
received for Its services."
The labor lender turned to d scusslon
of strikes. saying that like tht pooi
they are always with us. and contln- i
! ued :
'The effort now being made by some
to make strikes per ?e unlawful will
fail To make the cessation of work a
<-rlnu will react on the authora of such
a proposition and do more to shake the
faith of the people In the freedom of
our Instltutlona than aught else.
'.Vow <'onie men who want to drive
the workers aga-.i Into Involuntary
?ervltude. The Jaw ss t now exi*t? I'
Knnsa? '? h s'en fuithei toward com
p.isot\ labor"
Tb? I'," I'-C' inn n? railroad he
s.'ii, ret'j"red i n1 m>n h? t! 1 do
eve' > ? , g p,?slb'< I' see to it Vt >t set
II e should not be IntWTupted In any
w* but no pp?a!!* tviis p' ovldt 'l f
that i?e't'oi heemis*. and In- ouot< d h
r.Ulror t lobbyist for a.ist lie <d ?n .-d
us >h?* i?axon. "It whs better to ha\e ro
penalty provided, bee*use with writs nf
Injunction Issued only when there Is no
?de<]uate remedy available at law, omli- ,
alon of a penalty left no adequate rem- ]
j My available, and II " us found easier
1 to eonvlrt for violations of Injunctions
than for violations of law ."
Practically All Ijnes in Ac
cord in Reducing Pay to
Eliminate the Inflation
Caused by War.
N. V. lent ml Cuts 4tf,000
and New Haven Road 23,
000 in April, With More
He visions to Follow.
To Kesume Correct Business
Methods and Give Hotter
Service to Shippers and
Public at Lower Cost.
Chicago. March 10.?Wage reduc
tion proposals affecting thousands of
men were announced officially to-day
by practically every Western railway
with headquarters in Chicago, among
them being tiie Santa I'e, Chicago,
Milwaukee and St. Paul, Chicago
(Jreat Western. Chicago. Rock Island
and Pacific and Chicago and North
The roads will first hold meetings
with their employees In nti effort ko
retwli some agreement regarding a re
duction iu wages. If the roads and
workers were unable to reach agree
ment* the disputes, it was announced,
would he allowed to go before the
United States Railroad Labor Board.
"Wages must come down," said A.
<J. Wells, vice-president of the Santa
I'V system. "Everybody knows thai.
We will in a few day-, as a start in a
general readjustment, ask represent**
fives of maintenance of way and shop
workers, especially the uuskilled
workers, to come to Chicago
agree to a more seemly wage seal*
The Chicago. Rock Island
Pacific aud the Chicago and N<
western likewise notified its mn
j'nance of way employees to meet
| March 18 and 21, respectively, f
discussion of wage readjustment;
Central and New Haven /Vo|
So Severe as Pennsylvania.
As Tub N'kw York Hbralk outlined
yesterday, the New York Central Rail
road announced a horizontal decrease
in the wages of 43.000 of its em
ployee*. The New York, New Haven
and Hartford followed suit and mud*
it known that J3.G00 of its workers
would experience a cut in p?y begin
ning April 1 and April 15. The New
York Central's new *^age sx'iilc be
come* effective April l?.
In neither case is the decrease as
sweeping nor as far reaching as that
announced by the Pennsylvania llail
road. Neither railroad diminished tho
salaries of Its president, vice-president*
or other officials. But w of the New
York Central officers said:
"There will he another statement
made later. We have not accom
plished our ends in one fell swoop as
the Pennsylvania has. But wait."
Briefly both corporations announced
that they proposed lopping off all in
creases In pay granted skilled and un
skilled labor 'short of the four great
railroad brotherhood*) by the United
States Railroad Labor Hoard on July
L'O. 1920. and revert to the wage scale
obtaining immediately preceding that
decision. In both cases the employees
are notified that class by class they
will be given opportunity of setting
forth their opinions in the matter at
places and times to be announce*! later.
Then, it was learned. If the employ>??>#
fall to agree, the decreases no into
effect any way and the employees can
take the matter before the Labor
First and last it is the firm inten
tion of the railroads to force a show-;
down with the Labor Board, for to
that tribunal, which has no pun'tlve>j
powers, the matter seonis certain to'
go. From the labor leaders came noth
ing I,ut silence yesterday. There l? no'
t?Ht of strike yet. They merely ?%y |
that they're sitting tight nnd awr'tlner
the decision of the mm they r '?
Thr New Vork. N'* Haven snd
ford will propose n wage reduction 1
tier c"nt. when it* officials confer 'i
i eprosentattves of unskilled empl *
of the system here to-day. This I
?matloii was given out last night In
Haven hi K .1. Pearson. preaJder Jf
the New Haven roaa
Th? coffereri e In r sffe<ts the *k(i ?
of more t'mn 3.000 workers on the v-v
Haven io? i Mr. Pe-irson ssld not! '<
d< firilt*? list1 been decided In resard '??
tin- i .*1*1 on o' w.iTe of skilled ?..He
* l< e -s,
Mi. Pf > on ,iid 11? ii.ned tn? ?<-. ?
' " hi ni .v bf adjust)? itliout -,>y
"t r'n*r<? The ? rru o:i of mi >?';?
?' t i in: ??ul ni. til? hosfne** s
1 ii i' <t t".e rallro w\e l>een v ??
?ft' to o the ;? <itiestlen, ?>#;.,
-?hIii. anil as the N> ? If'iven road es.n*
uo?' of lis n villi from its local b '
nes* in Ni w Ki.gln-id, the road lill b
i at ttetllarlj affected by business depi "?
slon In the Ne? Pngland territory.
From neither the New Tork Central
I nor the New Haven was it possible to
1 obtsln a forecast regarding their pre
gramme with the big brotherhoods. Thar*

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