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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 18, 1921, Image 1

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Pair and colder to-day; to-morrow fair
with rising temperature.
Highest temperature yesterday, 53; lowest, 37*
Detailed weather report v.tll be found on Editorial pas*.
The New York Herald, with all that was
best of The Sun intertwined with it, and
the whole revitalized, is a bigger and better
and sounder newspaper than ever before.
4 + *+
Giyes 111 Health as Cause of
Retirement, but Rift Over
Irish and Russian Poli
cies Reported.
Austen Chamberlain and
Lord Derby Mentioned as
Likely to Succeed to
Vacant Post.
Black-and-Tanism Looms as
Big Issue?Unionists to Con- !
fer on Party Balance
in Cabinet.
Special Cable to Tiie Nrw Ton it Hft.ald.
Ccyvnght, 1921, by Tub New Ygik Herald.
Ntw York Herald Rnrfuii, )
1-ondoti, March 17. )
A political sensation shook Great
Britain to-day. Andrew Bonar Law
resigned from liis leadership In the j
House of Commons and also from his I
position as Lord of the Privy SettI in 1
tho Cablnot. Ill health Is given as the i
reason for his resignation, and while
there is gossip Air. Bonar Law's own i
letter and the manner In which Pre-j
mier Lloyd George read it and every |
available source of information con- j
Jirm the official version.
It is nevertheless true that his resig- j
nation imperils the Coalition Ministry I
and the tenure in office of tho last sur- ,
vivor of the allied war Premiers. Gen
eral elections are talked about already j
in political circles.
It was the warm personal friendship
and the intimate man-to-man under
standing between Premier Lloyd George
and Mr. Bonar Law which enabled the
once radical Welshman to hold the
hard headed Tories in line.
Chamberlain fur Place.
Austen Chamberlain, Chancellor of the
Exchequer and son of the Kreat Joseph
Chamberlain, Is the likeliest candidate
to succeed Mr. Bonar Law as leader of
the Unionist party and as Lloyd
George's yokemate at the head of the
Coalition. While Mr. Chamberlain mixes
with the Lioyd Georgian temperament
almost as well as Mr. Bonar Law he is
notoriously less popular with his own
followers, both In the House and in the
country at large, and critical develop
ments in politics may be expected.
The correspondent for Thk Xkw York
HicnALD, while talking to one of the Pre
mier's chief adviser* in Downing street
to-night, witnessed one of the Indications
of the seriousness of the problem. Across
the court from the oflice in which the
adviser and tho correspondent were Fit
ting the lights suddenly flashed up in a
t? autiful b!?r room. Mr. Lloyd George
h:>d Just returned from the House of
Commons, where he had read the pa
thetic letter from Bonar Law. The
Prime Minister cou.d be observed nerv- j
ou?ly pacing from one end of the room ;
to the other, constantly running ids 1
lands through h:s long hair.
Later, In addressing the "Twenty |
Club" to-night, the Premier gave one I
sure indication of how he would llko j
the future to go when he declared that !
Mr. tlonar Law's retirement was only j
temporary and defined the real gov
err.ment opposition as labor. He said
thar he had been assured Mr. Bonar
I .aw would recover by the rest cure,
lie poked fun at his old Libera! part/
and all Its leading lights and ridiculed
the idea of its consolidating with labor.
He sketched the future of himself as
heading tho Conservative party, purged
of reaction and bringing In the best
elements of liberalism with revolution
ary labor as the real opposition. The
"Twenty Club" is strictly a Coalition
organization and the speech mot with
unstinted upplause.
Ireland and lln*?l? I'lcnrc.
Tloth Tiutsla and Ireland are assigned
sa reasons for Mr. Bonur U*'? quit
tin*. These storle", which are from
sources unfriendly to the Coalition, eay
that Mr. Bonar Law played a set of
trnioli after the Glasgow ceremonies
.Monday and therefore can't be very
alrk. They Pay that the flgnlng of the
Russian trade -irfreement with Gregory
Krasslne. Bolshevik! trade envoy, vio
lates every principle of Tory politics,
and sny that the weakening of the
Coalition over the reconquext of Ireland
by blnck and tan methods also <11s
pieised hlrr.. It was pointed out that
an editorial in the .Wontlnj Post this
week said that If the Russian trade
agreement was signed there wns noth
ing for Bonar Law to do but hand in his
In quarters close to both Bonar Law
snd Lloyd George, however, these
rumors are denied. It Is stated that Mr.
Lloyd George has known and feared
for many months that Mr. Bonar Law
might suffer a nervous collapse, so that
his resignation did not come as a sur
prise to the inner circle, however greatly
Parliament was startled by the news.
They say It Isn't a matter of Mr.
Bonar Law having taken a chill during
the Glasgow week end, but a long stand.
Ing condition approaching nervous ex
haustion. The Premier, rs well tut the
opposition, gave very Indication of ac
cepting Mr. Bonar Law's excuses during
the reading of the sensational letter In
the House of Commons this afternoon.
Fears Complete Breakdown.
Mr. Bonar Law's letter of resignation
as read by the Premier follows:
"The strain of the last few rears r,as
proved most heavily on me and, ss you
know well, for more than three years I
have had the greatest difficulty In doing
my work. Now I am worn out and my
medlral advisers have warned me that
my physical condition Is such that unless
T hive an Immediate and long rest an
' arly and complete breakdown Is Inevlta
"lt\ these circumstances T have n?
choice, an<i I nsmre you that It always
will b*? a pleasure to me to think that I
Continued on Second Page.
Forbids Troops to March Be
hind 'Irish Republic* Fla^
in Boston Parade.
Will Allow No Act That May
Influence Nation's Foreign
Relations, lie Says.
Special Despatch to Tun N'piw Youk Hctai.p.
New York Herald Bureau, )
WAtliln|t(?n, D. C., March 17. J
President Harding uuopted a far
reaching policy when he took a doiiniie
stand to-day iii refuting to allow
American military and naval forces
stationed in the vicinity of Boston to
participate in a demonstration ob
viously intended to further the agita
tion for Irish freedom:
The position he took, that American
soldiers and sailor* "can have no part
in any demonstration which may be
construed at* Influencing the foreign
relation of the Republic," was con
sidered here to bo precisely in line
with the announcement he made In
the campaign that the Irish situation
was not an affair for the L. nlted States
The statement of policy was made
in the form of a telegram after a long
conference with Secretary of State
Hughes and Secretary of War Weeks.
In the opinion of President Harding
and Secretaries Hughes and Weeks the
carrying of the flag of the "Irish Re
public" in a parade in which Ameri
can soldiers and bluejackets partici
pated would have made it embarrass
ing for the United States Government
a situation already strained through
inaction in the past.
The telegram was sent to John F.
Harrlgan of the Massachusetts Council
of the American Association for the
Recognition of the Irish Republic. It
was signed by Cleorge B. Christian, Jr..
secretary to the President, and read:
"Your telegram has been called to the !
attention of the President, and he di- J
rects me to say in reply that army and j
navy commanders have authority t > i
direct the forces under their command. ;
The Government raises no issue about j
the fitness ot xour celebration of Kvacu- s
atlon Day. and the spirit of St. Patrick s
Day is felt throughout our country, but |
the naval and mllttary forces of the na- >
tlon can have no part in any demon- |
stratlon which may be construed as In- I
fluencing the foreign relations of the |
This message was sent in answer to
one received from Mr. Harrlgan protest
ing against the action of Brig.-Gen.
Ruckman and Rear Admiral Dunn, com
manding the army and navy forces In
?nd around Boston. In this message
Mr. Ilarrigan demanded to know
whether the officers were "Americans
or satellites of foreign governments."
"Are they autocrats," he said, "or is
this a democracy? They say no author
ity can revoke this decree. It Is for
Washington to say whether they are
supreme. A? Americans we demand ac
tion in th.- name of 12.".,000 citizens of
our State now and the revocation of the
orders from Ruckman and Dunij "
Caillaux Lecture# Under
Protection of Troops
Special Cable to Th* New Toax Hraui.n.
C'opurt0ht, t'Jtl. by Tub Nmw Vosk Hctai.d.
New York Herald Bureau, (
Pit lis. March 17. J
"FRANCE is not yet ready to
forget the transgressions of
Joseph Caillaux. This was evi
denced yesterday at Grenoble,
when the onetime Premier, who
was banished last year, w as
scheduled to deliver a lecture on
Republicanism. Royalists and
labor organizations joined in the
rioting outside the hall, and
| placarded the city condemning
the Government's inability to
i keep Caillaux quiet.
Troops and police eventually
quelled the disturbances after
many persons had been injured.
The lecture was delivered before
a small audience, protected by
. troops. Mme. Caillaux, herselt
notorious as the slayer of the
French editor M. Calmette, re
' fused to remain with her hus
band and returned to their home
on the outskirts of Paris.
Department of Justice May
Prosecute Bostonianf.
apieP Dttpntrh tv Tiia Naw Yum HmiLO.
Bohtoi*, March 17.?-More than 600
veteran* of the world war, moat of whom
marched under banners of American
Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars
posts, wearing their army and navy uni
forms In defiant.'*; of orders of Army
and Navy officials, Joined to-day with
10,000 citizens In a pnrade through the
atreeta of South Boston In observance
of Evacuation .lay.
Many army reservists, officers and en
listed men paraded In uniform. Con
spicuous In thia group was Ju4ge Ed
ward !? I>ogan. whfr was a colonel In
the Twenty-sixth 11% *lon.
During the parade agents were ata
tloned at atrati glc points along the route
and, with the cooperation of the police,
obtained the name* nnd nddresses of
many marchers wearing service uni
forms. These violations will be reported
to t'nlted States District Attorney Gal
lagher, who may submit the cases for
prosecution. The law says men for
merly In the service of the United
States may wear their uniforms for
three months after their discharge and
thereafter only In ceremonlen strictly
Chicago, March 1?.?A mild winter,
which greatly reduced the mortality
rate, has sent the price of coffins down
close to bed rock, according to mem
bers of the Northwest Club of Casket
Manufacturers, who met here to-day. j
About twenty manufacturers were rep
White V?lphur Nprlng*, The Grceitbrief. < lolf |
courm.i In best summer condition.?4dv.
Amended Answer to Divorce
Action Parallels Charges
3Iade by H usband.
Affidavits of Servants Fig
ure in Charges That Old
Intrigue Existed.
Child Mentioned Is Three
Months Older Than Guy, Son
of Mrs. Still man.
The amended answer which Mrs.
Anna U. Stillman will file to the di
vorce action brought by James A. Still
man, president of the National City
Bank, now pending before Justice
Morschauser at Poughkeepsie, sets up
charges similar to those which the
banker brought against lier when he
named Ferd Beau vain, a guide, as co
respondent. It was learned yesterday
that Mrs. Stillman names a* core
spondent a Mrs. Florence H. Leeds,
alleging that her husband was Inti
mate with Mrs. Leeds during a period
of more than two years, and that a
son known as Jay Leeds and now 31
months old, was born as a result of
that Intimacy.
It was said yesterday by a man
thoroughly conversant with the details
of the Stillman case that Mrs. Stillmam
is not going to set up counter allega
tions, as had been re-ported, but will
embody her charges in a stronger de
fence. The reason for this action b.
said to be thi> fact that a trial of the
case might result in a draw, whereas
by merely making the allegations a
part of the defence Mrs. Stillman will
be free to use them as a basis Tor a
future suit for divorce in the event of
her husband failing to win his present
The amended answer to Mr. Stlllman's
complaint, '.t was learned, mentions an
apartment in 34 Kast Eighty-sixth street
and a country plac>.: at Stony Brook. L.
I., as the places where her husband whs
in the habit of meeting Mrs. Leeds. She
is s.Ud to alh-ge that the banker lived a' I
thetft places with Krs. I.eeds as man and
wife. The period covered by these rela
tions Is said to have begun about Sep
tember, U?17, and to have continued until
recently. In suoport of these charges
Mrs. Sti'lman will file at least three af
AHIiIiitK* by Servant*.
The first of these is that of Mrs. Sophie
Erickson BartkoiT of 172* Park avenue,
who. as Miss Erickson. was in the em
ploy of Mr*. Iveeds as a maid at the
Eighty-sixth street ho-jse during the
period covered by the allegations and up
to six months after the birth of Jay
Leeds. Another affidavit 's said to have
been made by Frank Ivens. superintend
ent of the apartment house. and the
third by Hannah Johnson of Setauk?*t.
L 1., who was formorly a cook in tho j
Stony Brool: house.
It was learred yesterday that these i
affidavit; state that the deponents have |
identified :i photograpn of Mr. Stilltnnii |
as that of the man they knew as Frank
lyn H. Leeds, husband of Mrs. Leeds, j
?nd they ar* reported ?lso to contain j
details relative to the birth of the child !
and the frequency with which Mrs. j
Leeds's husband appeared at the house ,
In East Elghty-nlxth street and at the,
house in Stony Hrook.
Mrs. Bnrtkoff told a reporter for
The New York Heraij) last night thai
it was true that she had worked for
Mrs. Leeds at a maid In the East
Eighty-sixth street apartment and In
the house at Stony Brook. She said
she had always understood that Mrs. |
Leeds wus married snd that her hu?- |
band, who was a "pleasant, generous j
man," visited her several times a week.
Mrs. Leeds was also recalled last
night by the Fairbanks Twins, who are
appearing in the Ziegfeld Midnight'
Frolic on the top of the New Amstsr- j
darn Theatre, a* a jclrl who was for
merly in the Ziegfeld Follies at the
Century Theatre. She was only in the
company for a short time, the twln.n
said, when she told tht other show
plrls that she had made t3".000 In Wall i
Street on a tip given her by a friend
and that she was going to retire.
It also states that Jay Leeds was born
In Ser>t,?mb?r. l?iS, about three month*
before the birth of O'jy Stillman, 2H
months old. whose leirltmacy Is ijues- j
tioned by the banker !n his action. Both ;
children aro said to have been bom In
New York.
So far as could he learned Nicoll, |
Anable, Fuller & Sullivan, attorneys for
Mr. Stillman, have filed no denial of |
the allegations In Mrs. Stlllnmn'e
amended answer, which was served upon '
them on March 6, when Oadwalader, |
Wlckershsm, Tfc.ft and John F. Bren- j
nan of Yonkerfs her attorneys, asked ]
permission of Justice Morschauser to ]
amend the answer to the banker's com-1
plaint and provide for alimony and coun- i
sel fees. It was pointed out by attor
neys yesterday, however, that Mr. Still
man has until Saturday to tile a denial.
At that time the motion comes up for j
argument before Justice Morschauser at
Mr*. Only One Vnni'il.
It ha* been reported that Mrs. Still- ,
man probably would name more than
one woman in her amended answer, but
It has been ascertained definitely that
Mr*, tweeds IK* the only co-respondent
named. The amended answer Is said to
be voluminous, as the banker's com
plaint also Is reported to be, and to have
at least as many supporting affidavits
as Mr. Stlllman has put forward.
Mrs. l*ceds Is reported to be In Florida
at present. Persons close to the lawyers
in the case say she left this city soon
after Mr. Stlllman beuan his action la/?t j
July. The banker Is ssld to have sailed 1
Continued on Seventh Pnpr,
HOW to find * better room. Bee Furr.lthed
Ttoom.i to l?et Want Ad. section to-cJay.?
A 4*.
Pinny Tragedy in School G7
iNot All They Did to Wreak
Revenge on Teacher.
Little Gang Leader and Chums
Fnll of Remorse. Fearing
'Coals of Fire' in Court.
One day last week Mike Eotto of 353
West Forty-seventh street, who is 13
years old and the possessor of an
amazingly fertile brain, was disciplined
by Miss Amy Blenenfeld, assistant
principal of Public School No. 67, ,
| where Mike 1s more or less of a stu
dent, and he considered it a seriouK
! affront to his manly dignity. He swore,
to get even, and he called into con
! sultation two members of his prang,
j Herman Wenzel, 10, and Edgar
' Sweeney, 11, both of 546 West Forty
?ixth street. They deliberated, and as
a result they got even with a ven
1 geance last Saturday afternoon. ?
On that day Mike and Herman and
j Edgar. seething with the desire to
avenge Mike, went to the school, climbed
through a window and went up stairs
to Miss Bienenfeld's room, where they
forced the door with Mlke'a pooketknife.
They went inside and made their way as
straight as homing pigeons to Miss
Bienenfeld's desk. They broke this
open with a pocketknlfc also and there
lay spread before them all of the teach
er's belongings! that related to her
school work. There were bottles of red
ink and bottles of blue ink and pens and
pencil* and rulers and stacks of paper
and all the envelopes, and also a great
pile of those hated things, the school re
ports, one of which didn't say ver>
much for Mike's deportment. In fact
Mike read it and considered it positively
I.fttliiic I'p Imitation Snow .-orm.
Therefore the first, thing that Mike'
and his gang did was to split the pile ;
of reports into three parts and thon tear j
them up. Then they tore them up again j
and again, and finally, wearying of this i
sport, they flung them broadcast on the!
floor, so that the room be*an to look ,
like a snowstorm had struck it. T.-.ev
delved further Into the desk and came
forth with a bottle of red ink. a bottle j
of blue ink and a bottl? of black in.i
With this they drew futuristic and cu -
1st and dadalst'.c pictures upun the walls i
and the floors, creating som- startling,
designs. But three bottles of Ink mil
not last forever, even in the nanp <?
three small boys. They cast abodt for,
something else.
The eye of Mike fell up"" the T> ???>?>.s
and pictures written and drawn ?? ^
pupils and hung upon the walls ns prl
exhibits. Neither Mike nor Herman nor
Bdgar was represented in this dlspiity i
of intellect. Therefore Mike and Her
man and Edgar considered them fair
game. The pictures and the pajwrs *<r|
In scraps inside of two minutes and hau ,
been torn up and sent to Join the report,
i cards on the floor. Then the boys took |
I all of Miss Bienenfeld's stationery ana ,
tors that up. and they broke her penc.ls
jmd pens, and those they couldn t
| they stuck in their pockets. And nf er
I that Mike's pocket knife was brought
Into use and charming designs were
i carved on several desks, particular'} the j
teacher's desk.
Poor nek Are the l'lnal VI 5
And then because they had wrecked
the place so far as they could see the
three 'boys started out. But ns tney .
I neared the door Mike's eyes fell upon !
two bowls, each brimming with t ;
nnd each containing seven sp'?r;<lln?
goldfish. Mike had an idea, which be
shared with Herman and Edgar, nn i
they then achieved the crowning event
of their revenge. They emptied the
bowl*, stabbed the goldfish to d"i '
with the pocket knife, and put th ?
bodies In Miss Bienenfeld's d'-sk :in(1 |
carefully closed It. Then they wen"
home satisfied, and not really knowing
tha* they had done wrong
They didn't And out that they had
been wicked until last night, when I"
tectlve. Cooney visited their homes on<
by one and gathered them In anil
them to the Children's Society, when j
they are charged with Juvenile delin
quency. Advices from the society's room i
last night stated that Mike and Herman |
and Edgar are gripped by hornorse with i
a capital R, and have sniffed themselves j
to the point where they are quite recep
tive to moral teachings. They will get a
bit of that In the Children's Court thlj
morning, and when the attendants so In- 1
formed Mike last night Mike gulped one"
or twice and saldt
"I hope the Judge don't forget about
puttln' coals of Are on somebody's head "
r- n
Blame Kaiser for War,
Demand in Reichstag
]}ERLIN, .March 17.?In the
Reichstag to-day, in the course
of an animated debate on the
Foreign Office estimates, Eduard
Bernstein, majority Socialist,
dwelt on the necessity for the
Government to admit the respon
sibility of Emperor Williams's
regime for the world war. Bern
stein said if the Government
would recognize this fact it
would help ,to create a more fa
vorable atmosphere abroad for
Republican Germany.
Herr Petersen, Democrat, ar
gued that both sides had made
"intellectual mistakes." Herr
Schultz, German Nationalist,
held that the former Emperor's
Government was in no wise re
sponsible for the war.
Jurors Take Only One Bal
lot, Secret, in Oklahoma j
Murder Trial.
Widow of (J. 0. V. Commit
teeman and Oil Promoter
Near Collapse.
Talk of Actions to Give Ac
quitted Defendant Part of
Dead Man's Millions.
Arduous. Okla.. March 17.?Clara
Smith Hanion was acquitted to-day of
i a charge of having murdered Jake 1*
[ Hamon, Republican National Commit
teeman from (Oklahoma and railroad
! and oil promoter.
The Jury took the case at 4:30 P. M.,
and returned to the courtroom forty
j minutes later. B. lr. C. Loughridge,
aged 73, foreman, said only one ballot
was taken, a sccret one, confirmed by
* rising vote.
Clara Hiunon obtained the Informa
tion fully seven minutes before the
verdict was rendered in open court and
sat, surrounded by members of her
family, half smiling, half afraid to be
lieve the noda of assurance that were
bent toward her.
When Judge Thomas W. Champion
mounted the bench and received an af
ilrmative response to his quefltlon, '
tiemen, have you reached a \-erdlct" her
eyes followed the motions of the bailiff
*e he received the verdict from Mr.
l-oughrldge and handed It to the clerk
to read.
Clara Hamon gasped audibly in the
?enstly silent courtroom, dropped for
ward In her seat, only to be seized from |
behind by her younger brother, "Jim- |
vnie," squeezed and violently kissed.
Tears came to her eyes, and the other
-ncmbers of her family cried with her
as she crossed to the standing Jurors,
and. halting, thanked them for their
Happiest Woman 1" World.
"t am the happiest woman In the
wor'd," she said.
She used a secret passage from the
-ourtroom to escape the crowds which j
ti reatcned to overwhelm her with con- j
Kratulatione. To-night her plans for the
'uture were incomplete. Hhe *:i<1 mem
oers of her counsel of sis attorneys said |
ihe was considering a number of bust-;
r.pss proposals. Acocrdlng to V alter
g jott of Fort Worth, one of her counw 1. '
what she shall do in the immediate fu
ture is undetermined.
Clara Hunon'l father, J. L. Smith, Is .
terlously ill at K1 Paso, and It was sa d
r.'ne might return tl??re to be with him
?n the last days of what Is termed an
Illness which niiiy be fatal.
N'one of the members of the family of
Ja\u- U Hamon was in the court room
when the lury returned Its vedlot. Mrs.
Hamon. the widow, and her nlneteen
ear-old son. Jake L.. Jr.. left when the
IU. was placed in the Jury's hands.
.Mrs. Hamon at that time ws* in tears.
Mrs Hamon attended all fusions
the trial, except two. clad in deep mourn
In* an 1 sitting directly opposite C.ara
Hamon. Not on?e during the ? ntlr
trial, which began a w->ek ago ' !
dYd the two women appear o b con- ,
s. lous of each other except on the
they testified, wlwn each regarded the
other closely.
can't Tell Verdlet to Widow.
To-night at the home here ofMrs.
Jakn Hamon It was -aid she had not
tven told of the verdict. and that she
could not be until to-n.orrow l^ause
of her physlclal and mental coalition.
Jake U, Jr.. said that if his mother re
ceded the information of the acquittal
after such brief consideration by the
Jury It "would tend to throw her Into
a collapse, on the verge of which she
Mr'lUmo" wa- shot or the night of
November 21 last as the culmlnatlon of
what was brought out In evtdenrc tn
what was urjuj. being a vicious
troductd at tli? trm* hh w
fight with the young defendant. He
whs shot once through th. upper rlgh'
body with a -2r. calibre bullet and died
five day* later. . ,_
Clara Hamon immedlfttelv left^Ard .
more, departing on Now1 th?t i
was established during th.> trl^ th^ (
she left upon instructions of Mr. W""?*
h! lay -upon a hospital cot. Frank
i Ketch former business manager for
th* Hamon estate, furnished her 15.000
under dlrtotlon of Mr. Hamon. j
u-i,. went to Chihuahua tra^i
i. - ?,ri??v across Oklahoma and
T xps i?y automobile, and trying ?n
,Actually once to obtain an -Irplans
fnr her flight- fh^"UrrFI )-am"snd
countv sheriff at Ri ??"?
returned to Ardtnore on Christmas T>ay. j
Dying Man'* Tale I ??< Trial.
The State's case was based upon sl
d dying statements of Mr.
I?which he wns <iu?.ted as having said
hst he had been shot by Clara Hamon
as he lay upon the bed In his own room
{ the two they had together occupied :
for a number of years In an Ardmore ]
Mr. Hamon was declared in tes
Hru.nv to have said that Clara Hamon
,nv. to Ms bedside, placed her left hand (
u'p,,n hi* forehead and fired the bullet,
Oottf'fMterf on IHghth Pan*.
The Safest Way of Renting a Room
In the neighborhood you most prefer, at the price you
wish to pay, you will probably find advertised in to
day's HERALD a Furnished Room that suits you to
a "T." j
If you prefer to have a lot of letters from which to
select your room run your own ad. under Furnished
Rooms Wanted and specify just what you desire.
? >
Bj the Aeiocietrd Prtis.
J>ARIS, March 17.?Rene Viviani, former Prime Minister of France,
on his forthcoming visit to the United States will go prepared to
ask on behalf of the council of the League of Nations whether the
United States Government will not enter the League of Nations pro
vided Article X. is stricken from the covenant of the league.
This has not been disclosed officially, nor by M. Viviani himself,
but it is the understanding of his intimate associates that this will be
the primary object of his visit. M. Viviani will set forth considera- 1
tions which he considers will make it easy for the United States to
enter the League of Nations. He has talked over the question not
only with members of the Fren:h Government, but with the council
of the league.
Further, it is understood that M. Viviani will point out that the
French and allied nations cannot abandon the covenant because it is
inseparably interwoven with the execution of the treaty of Versailles.
First, with regard to the administration of the Saar region; second the
administration of Danzig and the Polish corridor; third, that it has
given title to the districts of the Eupen and Malmedy to Belgium; and,
fourth, that it is charged to supervise the restriction of Germany's
Besides, M. Viviani will contend that any effort^ to separate the
covenant from the treaty would render less secure the fact that the
treaty already is the Treaty of Versailles. This is deemed particu
larly important because the Allies at present are applying military
and economic pressure to enforce the treaty.
M. Viviani became a strong partisan of the League of Nations
during the ftcertt meeting at Geneva. Stephane Lauzanne, chief
editor of the Matin, will accompany him to the United States.
Will Probably Be First to
Becover From War, Says
Steel Man.
Old Time Teuton Efficieney
Not Impaired. He Finds
After Tour Abroad.
Charles M. Schwab, chairman of *he
board of the Bethlehem Steel Corpo
ration, who nailed hence six weeka
ago on a recuperative Kuropean trip.,
returned yesterday by the White Star >
liner Olympic, looking and feeilng un- j
usually brisk and cheerful, and ready, i
as ho declared, to go back into harness
again with all his heart. One of the
first things he did after arriving ??
his home in Riverside Drive was to
take an observational spin over the
city in an automobile, which helped
him to appreciate Us marvels as con
tracted with those of Kuropean capl
Although Mr. Schwab, accompanied
by his friend Dr. S. A. Brown, toured
only France and Italy, he devoted
some time getting in touch with con
ditions in Germany through talks with
German manufacturers and econo-1
mists. "Germany will recover from
the effects of the world war," he said,
"much sooner perhaps than any other
of the Kuropean countries involved in
it. I noted that France and Italy were
getting on their feet swiftly, but from
the information I obtained T am con
fident that the world will have to look
out for Germany as a poaalble com
petitor in much shorter time than is
generally allotted to lier.
"I believe, however, tiui; the United
States need have no fear of being out
stripped by Germany Industrially, and
In regard to shipping I have no doubt
that we will still retain the lead we
have achieved and are achieving.
"German y Is a conquered country and
her people ar? aware of it. but. they are
llkf a strong man who ha* failed In
business and sets his teeth determined,
to win back what he has lost by hard |
work and competent management The
flecret of Germany's previous Induatrlal,
aucceaa was the efficiency of her work- |
ere. They still have thst efficiency and j
that training that is necessary to -vtn ,
In the world of commerce and manufac- ?
tures. Business Is bad. of course in
r.emwiny as In all other countr "
eluding America, but it .. on the ^ . .
Mr. Schwab was unwilling to J ,
yet about the subject of reparation* and
did not care to dl?eu>* t'U' '
moderate !>rote?t?%. t?r . ^ hMr,K
"av* tl;\A^,'con,pet!tl.c, of foreign J
harmed by trie conn rnited i
goods, might be n,,^W4r"'.vlth the Pope ,
Statea In hi?'Htt-H-n.;. ^the^P^
Mr. Schwab -aid the 1^ ^ prt^.
great Interest In the ne?.>
Went ?nd national the
j. H. Thomas ^ J ^ Com.
Internationa Mrr"^'n . nf |,^pw.tlon
pany. returning Qer
Hamburg nnd ;,thrr ^
many, confirmed ,,-onaring to
Schwab that Mr Thomas
"C?^he was surprt-.! at the ?PParm,t |
Won't Act on Release Until
Well Informed on Ca??
. r ' TitP! NrV TotK HWRAl.tk*
Sl>e<1a> " V" Herald H?re*?. |
' **? <? Mr", At tor !
srx %
Atlanta p???lttntlan h -ff|,-!*i
The Information ^ Mnfwu,l '
^Kanniiai that Pr#*ld*nt Harninf *OUM
the information required from th ,
.ornev-aenersl It was e*PWIned th*t |
the Socialist threat to ph ket the \ nn (
Sr^M^Ur^n^amntlon h..d |
""oJs'pite1 present' agitation. Mr j
refused to par-ion T'eba. comicted tor
violating the espionage law.
Sooner or Later to Enter Into
Negotiations With Entente,
Says Foreign Minister.
Declares Germany Must Place
j Work of Reconstruction in
Forefront of New Proposals.
U'j the Associatrd Prtma.
Berlin, March 17. ? Dr. Walter]
SlmonK, the Foreign Minister. speak- i
lng before a committer of the Eco-1
nomlc Council of the Reichstag to
day, said: "We are pretty well agreed
; that sooner or later we shall enter
again Into negotiations with the En
| tente." He added:
"I am of the opinion that our ad
i versarles' method of laying down flg
' ures for Germany's capacity In the
? form of annuities for a long time l?e
| forehand will pro\ e a failure. We
must face the problem from another
sideand place the work of reconstruc
? tion In the fort-front of our proposals,
| at the same time formulating com
i prehonslve a plan as possible for re
: construction of the devastated regions
' of France."
Dr. Simons expressed the '-lew that
, the French economic dit tress could only
I be relieved with the aid of (German
i labor, which miirht lie put forward as
security for a loan.
Dr. Scholz, Minister of Economics, de
clared that in view of the allied penal
j ties G??riiian trade must seek fresh chan
i nels, and expressed : ? hop... that east
ern Europe ivou d he sbh- to absorb Ger
I man goods v !?h tin- vitfw of facilitating
the opening of *u< -- i h;iruiel.-. He held
: out the prospect of an extension of the
' export free II?>t, tnu dropping of prlee
: control Ir most spheres and the gradual
' abolition or export uuties.
The increasr In unemployment with
which Germany was threatened as a
result of the allied |<en? 1 ties. Dr. Hchol*
lidded, would be met by promotion of
the building trade an. reconstruction
of the merchant marine. He emphasized
the necessity of malntalntnK the prohibi
tion on the Importation of superfluous
foreign goods.
The suggestion contained In foreign
despatches received here that the United
States be made the arbiter of differences
between Germany and the Kntente con
cerning the amount of reparations Ger
many car. pay without disrupting her
economic and Industrial life, meets with
favor among the Oentum offi "lsls. They
hesitate. howev?r, to indorse th?- sueges
tlon openly, as they say such action prob
ably would be offensive to the Kntente.
No announce me n't has yet come to the
, German Government as to how the Kn
tente purposes to collect customs, fior
has tlierf been any definite suggestion
of further conferences on the repara
tions problem. Prominent Germans, as
sert that they feel that arbitration
through disinterested Jtldgf probably In
the only w?y that a. satisfactory ad
justment of the rep* rat Ions nu- ?tlon ??m
be achieved. The Question no longer Is
a political one, In th? opinion of Ger
man leaders, but purely ? financial inc
They declare It now Is a question of fa<-t
and figures Which a disinterested arbiter
could pass on with greater Justice than
French Expect Germany
to Be in Default by May 1.
Rpe<~tat Cohlo to Tnr Nsw Yosk Hssato.
Copvrti/ht. 19H. by Tiin Nsw York limit.
?w York Herald Rnrraii, j
Paris, M?r. h 17. t
Although Premier Hrland won the ap
proval of the French Chamber of Depu
ties to-nlgrt for his London policy
which resulted In the application of eco
nomic penalties i/i (iermany, the present
Ministry still remains Insecure Its po
sition depends upon the march of events,
with Msy 1 looming up as the day upon
which the French policy toward Ger
many may have to b" recast.
1 With the exception of the Socialist*
and Communists the vote to-dav wns
practically unanimous In favor of the
London decisions. But the point of view
generally maintained in the f'hamber
was that with Germany rejecting the
Paris agreement, which was offered ns a
compromise, it Is now a case of return
ing to the full letter of the treaty and
adjudging (Iermany entirely In default
t If May 1 sees no change in her stand.
In that even? It wouH be for France,
in accord with the A!'1e? If such a thin*
be possible, to enforce In full the meas
J ures of the treaty by more energetic
0<ntf4rtMe<'?evi Second 1*009.
Trotzky Puts Down Kovolt
by Taking Fortress Af
ter Attack Lasting
Two Days.
Their Chiefs Escape With
UlHl Soldiers After Blow
ing I'p Battleship
They Held.
Many Persons Arc Injured by
Falling: Buildings; Intense
Bombardment Prepares
Way for Troops.
By the Associated Fres*.
HELfliNoroRS, March !"??Kronstadt
has ?urr?ndered to the Soviet forces.
This announcement Is made by the
revolutionary committee of Kronstadt,
?which has arrived In Finland accom
panied by 800 soldiers.
Before retreating from Kronstadt
? he revolutionists blew up the war
ships Petropavlovsk and Sebastopol.
(ien. Koslovskl, leader of the revolu
tionists. has also arrived In Finland.
B-J the Associated Pres*.
Stockholm, March 1".?Since th?
Kronstadt revolt bega/i last week there
has been no such heavy cannonade a*
Kronstadt launched to-day against
Krasnaya Gorka, according to advices
received here. Throughout Wednesday
night and Thursday fires burned furi
ously for mllew around. They broke
out in the centre of Kronstadt. flared
up at Krasnaya Gorki and swept to
many other j>olnt8.
Attnckera Twice Ejected.
The fortress was taken by the Soviet
forces nt '1 o'clock In the afternoon,
according to a Bolshevik new* agency.
The arrival of the Kronstadt Revo
lutionary Committee and 800 soldiers
at Tcrlokt, on the Finnish frontier Is
The fighting for possession of th*
armed fortrcsH was of c. furious char
i acter. and the attacking forct-s wero
ejected from the town at least one,
according to reports received here.
The engagement began V\ ednesday
evening with artillery preparation. In
which all the shore batteries Joined.
Great damage was don# and many per
sons were Injured by the fallina build
ings. The bombardment culminated In
a most Intense drumfire, and at *
o'clock Thursday morning the Russian
Soviet War Minister Trotzky, in com
mand of the Bolshevlkl. launched his
main attack from Oranlenbaum.
For thir assault here Trouky had con
centrated the whole of the Red Seventh
Army, consisting of Red cadets from all
the Russian dtie*. and other troops,
totalling 60.000.
Kronstadt ilred its 10-lnch guns. a.
when the attacking fr'rc"f
enough opened with a machine gun tin.
cm using severe losses. Neverthele.F tbo
survivors managed to force an "n,ra?5?
through the I'etersburgskl *H''",n?ln^d
town, whore the local Communists^ joined
them. But after two liours* of Ilghttog
they wore ejected, and at ? oi oc
nearly all the attacking forces had been
killed or wounded.
Meanwhile. Kronstadt s obsolete bat
teries Nos. 4, 5 and 6, on the .?rn*JI
Islands near the Karelian coa't. were
blown up nnd the defenders
r?treat. The obsolete forts of Totleben.
Obrutcheff and Schants held out
The Kronstadt ifarrlwon consisted or
between 1 S.OOU and 16.000 men. of whom
10 000 wore nailors. They worn ex
hausted through la.k ^
era! days. Soon after the fall or th?
forties groups of fugitives from t>?
abandoned forts were seeaing *af ty
across the Ice toward Finland.
v despatch from Heistngfor* says
that only 10" men of the crews of bat
teries 4. 6 and 6 escaped. The remainder
Artllierr fnseestrsllen.
Finnish refugees reported that Ms
Bolshevik! made extensive preparation,
for the final attack, four artillery divis
ions with forty-eight 4-lneh and Mnch
ijuns being concentrated between hyster
bak and IVtrograd.
Tti?> magazine Soviet ttHStia here yes
terday made public a wlreleKK despatch
nlgned by George TchJtchertn, i'om
mlssar of Foreign Affairs In Moscow,
asserting that the Kronstadt rebellion
was dally changing In favor of tl.e
Soviet force*.
The mes?age, dated March 14, which,
the magazine sal<l, had been recelvr .
via Chrlatlanla, continued:
"Our deliberate action correspond* to
i a strictly predetertnlntd plan to pre
serve the fortress and avoid unneces
??ry bloodshed, Our action? sgatni-t
Kronstalt are rather of a demonstrative
1 character.
"Information v. hlch we have reeelvad
confirms prevlo-i* reports of the cm
if ant disintegration of the Kronstaci'
garrison. Th" feeling at Moscow an
Petrograd, :i everywhere el-''. 1* qu'et
i and fully confident of a speedy end of
the adventure."
Says It Takes 87,000 Square
Miles Away From Russia.
A strong protest agnlnst the Rur*<}
Pollsh peace treaty to be < onsumrnate<1
to-dav tu Riga wns contained In ile*.
' patches received -n>re pesterdav by Iht
Russian In' ?rm*tlon Bureau from Alex?
under K. Kcrtftfky. Kcrenskjr teruvd
. the pe.*<-e one of "oppression anj na
itlon-l subjection," saying:
I "Under the provisions of the* Rig

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