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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 18, 1921, Image 12

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NEW YORK HERALD
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the sote Dronertv of Its founder until his
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present owner. In ID'JO.
FRIDAY, MARCH 18. 1921.
England and the Main Chance.
Those who do not know their Brii
Ish history will be startled by the
trade pact signed between Great Brit-1
aln and the Russian Soviet Govern-1
ment. They will be astounded by the
Near East agreement now reiidy in
London for final signature under j
which the Turks, after being thrust
oat of Europe bag and baggage as one j
supremely desirable result of the war,
and after being thrown partly out of |
Afda Minor, are now to be brought
back and set up in business again ?t
the old stand in Constantinople. They
will be dumfoundeil at the terms un
der which not merely Smyrna but
Thrace?the Thrace which was Greek
soil, race and religion for centuries j
before It was enslaved under the!
Crescent?is torn away from Greece |
and again given over to the Turks as
their rebuke for having made war on
the Allies: as their punishment for
having administered in the Gallipoli J
campaign as crushing and costly a de- j
feat upon British arms as they sus- j
tuined in the war; as deep and bitter ]
humiliation as British pr!:le anil pros- J
fisre ever accepted In any war and as ,
Unmitigated agony and horrible de
struction as heroic Kritlsh soldiers,
ever suffered on this earth.
And. as if all this were not enouch ;
to leave those who are unfamiliar
with their English history diized and
bewildered, there is the further un-|
surpassed and unsurpassable achieve-1
nrnit wiierehy under the smooth, capa- j
hie. unemotional, diplomatic mnnlpula- >
tlon in London even Internal Turkish
sirife K stilled anil the wurrlng Con- j
sramlnople and Nationalist factions, I
?s the.v are known, have been brought |
lulo j?erfect doine>. Ic harmony and |
political solidarity, to the edification
of Christianity t:nd the glory of
elrlllzntion.
Kul this is the Kagiand of surpass
ing statesmanship from rime Im
memorial, the Kngland of long heart,
far vision and steady resolve, with
ever nn eye to the mnin chance?and
there is so much to he considered
?nd done.
The Turkish Nationalists have been
hand in glove with the Russian Bol
shevistic and these Reds have been
hanging over the very edge of India.
But by the trade pact with Soviet
Russia tliere shall be no iiostiie km
onetration, there siiali be no propa
ganda against British poweurtons.
right* and Interests anywhere on
Qoo'tt green fdot stool.
A cunning and effective devi e,
this trade pact, to work a political
alliance Wllbout needing to tnl;e>r
foreign treaty before Pnrllnnent,
where the Lloyd George Ministry
would have to face seal bins criticism
anil savage attack for this most
odious bed fellowship. The Ministry
single handed niay look after c??n
mer<?' arrangements so the trade
pact and the treaty politic*. tied up
tn the s::uie liuihilc. <er>e exactly
fo fulfil the l.l"\'l r^.- purpose, a
pnriK?se of boundless posslbiiitiOH.
It may be that for f!ie time belli?
few goods will jo from British |K?rts
to ltuesian ports and fewer gold r.ibles
from Russian buyers to Pritish |Kwk
ets. The British ??units, always jeal
ous guardian- of the rialits <>f British
subjects, from tiielr liberties to their
sltilltltgf1. may ileeree that every six
pence oi' value thai drops into the
I nited Kiuudom from Soviet Russia
belongs 10 a British banker, a mer
chant <? r a worker that had been de
<t*il!ed of lit- property possessions by
BprtflievM tyranny nnd terrorism Yet
he chnn e is well worth taking that
if such wrinkles arise they tnay be
ironed out u ben sn much grenter
tfiffbultle* and problem* arc living
overcome trininpbiuitl; . If there Is
a stream of Imtttedl tte trade and
sain, so mucii flu* belter. If there
Is not. there uiely will be other rich
returns.
For heMdes the safe kcepiiKT of
India, there are the priceless oil
fleldn of JIesopoiai.il- rimmed b; the
Turks and tile Bolshtwists, now s"
friendly and helpui!. There Is Egypt.
There Is even \rnbla. There is Per
sia, with Its millions of pounds of
English loans and other imcstnn-nts.
and with Its political fb>.':,s ranging on
the flanks of Afghanistan and India.
Small wonder, then, that the coldly
calculating statesmanship in Dntnlnn
' Street '-ould Indulge Premier Bmiarii
in some of Ills post-war enterprises
and ndvefltnres not at all commer.dlng
iiemacl'es to the practical business
experience and common sense of the'
; British public. Lloyd Geobuk, get
ting his for Britain exactly where and
as he wanted It on two continent**,
could be neither so ungracious nor so
small minded as to challenge the aim
of M. Bkiand in the undertaking to
fry to get bis.
Ah for the natural abhorrence of
British morality against trafficking
with Bolshevism for plundered rubles
and blood 6talned loot, or of British
sentiment against crowning with the
1 victor's laurels the Turks who butch
ered the flower of the manhood of
Ounada, of Australia, of New Zea
land, of Britain Itself, lying now in
the unmarked ditches of Oalllpoll
well, the dead are dead for all time.
For them there Is nothing left In
this material world. The living must
always work and trade and manage
and contrive and control.
England, tlie dispassionate, that can
embrace Red Terrorism without a
qualm and remember Gallipot! with-,
out n pang! England, the Inscrutable,
the marvellous, the magnllicent!
Nine Million Motor Cars.
The Department of Agriculture. I
which has made a motor ear census,
reports that the number of gas driven
vehicles, passenger and commercial,
registered In the continental United
States Inst year w as 9,211,205. This
total is amazing. It is a million more
j than the estimate made last year by
j the automobile trade. It is seven times |
j as great us the nnml>cr of curs with
j which this country was credited In
the first year of the great war.
The investment iu these more than
nine million cars must he eight billion
dollars. The annual inlerest on the I
investment would be ahout half a
billion; the depreciation, at 20 per
cent., $1,600,000,000 a year. The cost
of bousing, operating and repairs must
be figured in billions. A few years
ago a prophet made bold to say that
eventually the American people would
spend as much to run automobiles as
they spend to have railroads. "Even
tually seems to be now.
In contemplating a growth like this
mere figures only numb. It Is better
to use them as a guide to the con
templation of a country so great that
it can do such things and still lire.
The amount of labor diverted to au
tomobile building; the drafts that
have been made on Nature for iron
and oil; the making of new highways
that have been needed since all Amor,
i'a started to motor?these are the
actual costs that have followed the
success of the internal combustion
engine.
The business man will wonder
when the motor car Held will reuch
the saturation point. But that Is not
"" "'arming question. If It should
bo nmimed that saturation has about
arrived and that 10,000,000 cars are
Hie limit for this country, there would
"till bo a great future for the indus
try. Replacing 10,000,000 cars would
nu n a steady demand for 2,000,000
i cars annually, five years being the
generally accepted life of a motor
vehicle.
having a car for every ten or eleven,
Americans. He will talk of Joy rid-1
In?, of unnecessary travel, of wild I
extravagance. But the optimist will!
think of comfortable travel, of Joy
ous excursions to the country, Qf the
swift convenience which the automo
bile lias brought into the commercial
world. Everybody who has a car
thinks he needs it and Americans
demand what they think they need. '
The War Finance Loan.
Sceptics have begun already to
limit ut Ei'okke Meteb, Jr., appointed
:!s head of the War Finance Corpora
tion by President Hawhno. Mr.
Mkykr was responsible for the re
vlvu! of the corporation b.v the Inst
Congress. His ability to make of it
an instrumentality to promote our
foreign traile. us Congress Intended,
is now called In question by certain ,
critics on the ground that our foreign !
tnide needs no help, as former Secre-j
tary of the Treasury Houston so'
often reiterated.
The lirst answer to his critics is
i lie announcement by Mr. Mkttb of a
loan to promote cotton exports. Last
year at the beginning of the present
tni'le depression the original call and
the primary need was for a marking
down of general values to prices at
which foreign cast omen would buy. I
Cotton, among other staples, has been
deflated to the vanishing point and
still the customers evince no Interest, i
Itecent months have revealed that
foreign baying power Is no more a
factor in our trade than foreign
soiling power. Our shrinking Im
ports testify to the topheavy, non-ne
gottable trade balance we are erecting
ternuse of misplaced credits. There
ire risks in Europe which no private t
:1rm or group of firms could possibly
psantne. Nevertheless, they must he
saumed somehow if the normal flow
n' commerce Is to be revived. It Is
only a io* months since H. P. Dati
soi*. sftenklng from his experience as
in International banker, urged the
? Cavern me At to set aside a fund of
$500,000,000 to overcome the difficul
ties Involved in doing business with
countries where conditions were un
settled. These were, however, the
very countries where the greatest need
for credit and goods existed, and
Where production could not be stimu
lated without tbettl.
Our credits since the armistice hare
tone largely to nations which were
(rablffd by them to build up their
trade in the Otsh markets of the
world at our expense and while hold
i ing otir k?tins lit a non liquid stnte.
Nothing can be achieved by marking
down prices iti the hope of vending
our goods abroad unless at the samej
lime foreign buying power Is In-;
i creased by building up foreign selling j
i power where, l?ccnu<c of a shortage j
\
\
[ of materials. It does not now exist.
The .greatest need Is for credits to
central Europe and It Is to finance
cotton shipments to Germans and
Czecho-Slovakia that the first loan by
the War Finance Corporation will be
used. Mr. Meykb does not expect,
nor does anybody else, that miracles
are to be wrought, but under his man
agement and under the broad policies
of Secretary of the Treasury Mellon
the corporation ought to accomplish
fnueh in helping restore equilibrium in
International trade.
Pawnshops and the Slump.
The annual report of the Provident
Loan Society Is usually, in one way or
another, a barometer of public for
tune. This great pawnshop organiza
tion, which has more accounts than
any savings bunk, with one exception,
in the United States, feels the <ome
and go of prosperity and depression.
The number of loans made in 1020,
j which wns 377,700, is not a true Indi
cation of last year's slymp, however;
i for that is ihe smallest number of
loans made by the society since 1010.
That there were fewer loans last year
than were made In the preceding
years of inflation is accounted for by |
the fact that the society, because of
the money murket, was obliged to
lower the maximum loan. As valua
tions were also reduced to follow the
dropping market, some borrowers
were kept awa.v.
What does reflect the slump of 1020
is a comparison between the "loans
made" and "loans paid" columns of
the report. In 1015, the first year
that the war stimulated Industry, the !
number of loans paid was greater ;
than the number of loans made. This '
had not previously occurred since)
1000. In each of the tive years begin- !
nlnsr with 1015 more clients came to
reclaim than to pawn. In 1910 the
loans paid outnumbered the loans
made by 38,000, but in 1020 those who
came to pawn outnumbered those who
came to pay by 10,000.
, The character of the borrowers had a
natural change last year. Early In
1020, as in 1010, says President Otto
T. Bannarp in his report, "the work
ingman seemed to have been sup
planted In the line of borrowers by
the salaried, professional and business
man. but with the fall months of 1020,
along with the decline of commodity
prices, wage reductions and increasing
unemployment, came the return of the
wage earner as a borrower." The era
of the silk shirt had ended.
In a Hundred Mile Zone.
There is a vast appeal to the Im
agination in any proposition involv
ing the hundred mile zone about New
York. This time it comes in the form
of a police alliunce for mutual aid
and cooperation. The idea Is a pood
one for obvious reasons, but the fas
cination from a contemplative point
of view is in the immensity of the
human interests condensed into this
relatively small space.
The circle Is not complete; at least
a quarter of it Is In the Atlantic
Ocean. ? but It takes in the greater
part of Connecticut, including nearly
all the lance cities;-a corner of Mas
sachusetts, all the great Hudson
river towns to beyftnd Poughkeepsie,
and the southeast portion of the
State to a point almost twice as far
distant as I'ort Jervis. nearly the
whole State of New Jersey and a fat
slice of Pennsylvania along the Dela
ware and including; Philadelphia.
In this area, the projectors of the
alliance say. there are a hundred
cities. The population must be In ex
cess of thirteen millions of people,
iinil the only region in the world that
could he thought of as In the same
class with respect to wealth would
he a similar circle having the London
Mansion House for its centre. The
n.'-sessment for taxes in this city alone
Is $l0,1.Sf>.207,279 for the next fiscal
year. That amonnt Is far from in
cluding all the wealth of the resi
dents of New York ; perhaps almost1
as much more should he added. Then I
there Is tlie rich commuting district,
and Philadelphia Is not a centre of
poverty.
For such vast Interests both per
sonal and material no system of pro
tection can he too complete or elab
orate. Colonel Abthvb Woods pointed
out the value In perfectly harmonious
police operation when he was Police
Commissioner, but no practical hoed
was taken. It Is strange that so ob
vious an advantage should have been
overlooked so long. It cannot now he
too rapidly organized and put Into
effect.
Spain's Tax on Foreigners.
American business interests have
entered a vigorous protect against a
particularly drastic tax law recently
passed In Spain and aimed with as
tonishing frankness at all foreign
merchants and bankers doing business
In that country. The National For
eign Trade Council has laid some of
the unusual provisions of the law he
fore the State TVpnrtment at Wash
ington nud has asked Its assistance
to have Its terms modified. The
State Department Is understood to
have made representations on the
matter to Spain.
A fine hand Is displayed by the
Spanish lawmakers In their deter
mination to stop the penetration by
foreign in eposts. The tux law pro
vides. among other things, that any
company or hank doing business in
Spain, whether through an estab
lished branch or a supply depot, shall
he taxed on Its total p'oflts from
I'tisinesfj In all parts of the world and
(.11 'is total capital employed in all
countries Tn computing the total
capital both surplus and reserve funds
are to be Included.
In addition to this tax on total
profits and capital, s fax twlc? ss
large In percentage is levied npon
the capital employed exclusively In
{
Spain, and then, whatever the pro
portion of such capital to the whole, a
similar proportion of the total profits
U deemed to aria* in 8paln an(1 |(j
sp<*lally taxed. If, therefore, a eom
[winy uws one-third or one-half of Its
capital In Spain, but sustains a deficit
In Its earnings In Spain, it is taxed
anyhow on one-third or one-half Its
total profits earned elsewhere.
But In all oases banks or merchants
are Arbitrarily deemed to be employ
ing nt least one-tenth their capital In
Spain and a minimum tax on that
basis Is fixed both for capital and for
profits.
American bankers nnd merchants
are not folly Informed on the motives
behind tlie new law, but its effect in
a few weeks has been to demonstrate
that It will do more harm than good
as far as concerns helping the domes
tic Industries of Spain. The law is
particularly irritating to our mer
chants and hankers who established
branches in Spain In good faith dur
ing the war when that country was |
exceedingly anxious to do business!
with us to make up for the loss of i
European markets.
Among the concerns which have:
been forced to close their Spanish!
offices the United Suites Steel Prod-1
ucts Corporation may be taken us
typical. If it had maintained its ??ales!
ajrency with a native American man-]
ajjer It would have had to pay taxes'
on the entire capital of the United
States Steel Corporation, of which it
is a subsidiary. Likewise It would
hare been taxed on the basis thar
one-tentli the total profits of the Steel
Corporation were earned In Spain.
Many other concerns of foreign na-|
tionalities have withdrawn from Spain
and are now clcinsr what business they |
can through commission agents.
Ft is hardly likely that the law will
loner survive. There seems to be a
worldwide hallucination, especially
among those nntions whose position
has been improved In the last six
years, that they can now withdraw
into their own shells, like oysters, and
by so doing retain all the benefits of
the war while avoiding !t? economic
backwash. Spain has not escaped
the epidemic of unsound legislation
Inspired In many countries by this
false creed.
Keep Baseball Clean.
Under the Kavanaugh law, enacted
at the present session of the legisla
ture, it becomes a felony in New York
State for any person to offer a bribe
to n baseball player to "throw" a
game, and a felony for a baseball
player to accept such a bribe. The
Chicago scandal of last year Inspired
the new statute.
All corniptors of baseball players
and all crooked players deserve pun
ishment, and If such rascals can be
sent to Jail It will be a good thing;
but when baseball falls so low that its
players must be watched by detectives
and its honest spectators leave the
diamond wondering whether the
match they have watched was sold to
gamblers, the sport will not be worth
much as a national game.
If professional baseball Is to be
made clenn and kept clean, the club
owners must do the Job. If they are
wise they will act before criminal
prosecutions are needed, for the richly
paying business of professional base
ball may he knocked Into a cocked
hat by dishonesty long before that
dishonesty becomes so barefaced and
apparent as to Justify calling In the
police.
A Boston man who spent seventy
two hours in New York says his visit
cost him $3,000. T^iere are a greut
many persons who will agree that a
visit to this town is worth the price.
A Staten Tsland bank, a quarter of a
mile from a police station, has installed
a burglar alarm Biren which can be
heard Ave miles away. This, it is
explained. Is not a reflection on the
police, but is merely Intended to give
the depositors notice that their money
is well protected.
The temporary inactivity of the
holdup men who resumed business
yesterday Is easily explained. The
fellows were busy on their income tax
reports. It Is harder to calculate a
surtax than to swing a blackjack.
One prohibition official declares that
one pint of beer every two weeks is
a roa enable prescription. Hut what
would It cure? Certainly not a thirst.
Panama and Costa Hi mi. ajfrce with
Mm?. Ct'niK that the world is grow
lnR no cooler.
Germany asked the l,*>ai?ue to stop
the allied tnvanion. but the Allies sent
her a note demanding twenty billions
In Kold marks by May 1. Something
new In a maximum silencer.
For every ?.le there must a pur
chase, but the trick Is to find the
buyer. L.lotb Oboso* haa Just bought
a solid gold brick loaded with dyna
mite which Comrade I.bkin* had ped
dlod all around the world without suc
, cess.
A Warden of the Sonlh.
Th* white magnolia wakens with the
day
To look upon ? wonder world of bloom.
Where feathered branches of slim,
yellow broom
(losslp with hooded Iris, and the iray
Orange snd brown clad atocks dance
down the way;
Half hid beneath the olive's gray
leaved gloom.
Anemones, like patterns from a loom.
| Ckrpet the terrac*. where quaint foun
tains play.
| The ltttle winds amid the almonds hide
To of*Mi blossoms for the honey hees ;
Alonpr the pftthr the la?y li*ards glide,
Dasetl by the fragrajicc of the locus*
trees.
And wh?>re the hedgerows two young
lover* hide,
The wood doves croon their wiatful
melodies.
CHARtiOTTf BBCKF.n.
I
European Credits.
Conditions Suggested by American
Purchase* of Cotton Abroad.
To Tnr Naw York Herald: It Is gen
erally reported that Amertcan manufac
turers are buying cotton In Europe, as
they can do so for about $10 a bale less
than they can buy It here. This con
dition Is really amusing In view of the
fact that the major portion of the cot
ton exported from this country to Eu
rope has been on a credit basin, whereas
the cotton exported from Europe to this
cr.untry has been on a cash basis.
Tho practical effect of this Is that
whereas American producers establish
a credit in Europe, which Is not very
valuable at the present time, Europeans
on the other har.d arc depleting Ameri
can capital through the export of gold.
Not only through the export of gold to
pay for the imports, but the consump
tion of capital to pay for the exports
through which the credits are estab
lished.
Should the foreign trade corporations
ertabllshed and to be established under
tho Edge act bo largely Increased and
assuming tile Imports to decrease by
reason of tariff restrictions, &e? the
time will ultimately arrive when the
United States will hold great unfunded
European crrditB and Buffer from a high
money rate through depletion of Its busi
ness capital, which of course will bo
practically In proportion to the Euro
pean credits created. A secondary ef
fect may also be expected, as Europe
undoubtedly will endeavor to decrease
American credits by dumping European
commodities upon the United States
market at a price which will destroy the
United States market for similar arti
cles of domestic production.
Guonor H. Benjamin.
New York, March 17.
Wool Wanted, Not Shoddy.
The Head of an Interesting Family I
Would liaise More Sheep.
To The New York Herald: My big
family of six sons and twelve grand
children wear clothing. The west side
of their garments is getting thin?I
mean the part the sun sits on. Can
you do anything for us? The need is
more wool and less shoddy.
The shoddy may be wool that has seen
better days; It may have come from
Lucy's pet lamb, but every time It has
been worn It has taken from the wearer
tho impurity of his body and spine cash.
Warmed over wool gets a lot of misery
If you give It time. But It does not
make good clothing.
On a railroad near here there used to
be five mills, four virgin wool mills, one
a phoddy mill; the four are out of busi
ness; the shoddy remains and one of
the pure wool milLs now makes shoddy.
The woollen mills got at the people once
In two years, the shoddy every two
montha So we need relief.
Our great country has the land to
raise sheep, has the market to sell wool.
We should keep hundreds of millions of
sheep, we should have the golden hoof
that makes rich land.
I saw on a recent trip In three States
thousands of acres of sheep pastures
without a tenant.
Have we as a people abandoned the
soil? Must we wear shoddy and give
the sheep to the dogs?
Duty Clark Kenton.
Carbondale. Ta., March 16.
He Shook Lincoln's Hand.
Two Recollections of One of Principal
Scott's Pupils.
To Tkk Nnw York Hbrald: I am
another scholar of Public School No. 40
who felt the rod of Principal David B.
Scott.
One day some of the boys. Including
myself, were down In the school yard
during recess. We got together under
one of the school windows and yelled
at the top of our voices the following:
Whipping Scott and
Four Eyed Mason,
Thickhead Thorp and
(iranny Grecian.
One of the monitors plckcd me out
and I was sent up to Mr. Scott. He
not only gnvo me the usual dose of rat
tan, but because I refused to divulge the
nr.mes of the other boys he gave me
extra measure.
Do liny of the boys remember when
Abraham Wncoln came through this city
on his way to Washington In February.
1861? I was one of the boys who
skipped out of school and ran down to
Fourteenth street and Broadway and
was Just In time to eee Mr. I.Incoln a.*
ho turned the corner of Fourteenth
street. I was one of the kids who
]ump?d on the steps of the open car
riage and shook hands with Abraham
Lincoln. Harrt O. Marsh.
WTLLTAMHRRinor, March 17.
Oil Alarms an Angler.
He Fears Refuse From Tankers May
Kill Jamaica Bay Fish.
To The Nr,w York Hriiald: If It ie
truo that the Government Is cleaning
ol! tanker* In Jamaica Buy It means
that If all th? anglers clubs and Ashing
boat captains do not take steps to stop
the practice right away we will not have
a flsh to cntch thta fall.
Already there are many dead flsh
floating around the lead works In Flat
landa Bay. If It keepa up we might an
well start flshlnfj In another State.
ErvwiN J. Wall.
Brooki/tm, March 17.
Locomotive Whistles.
A French Change Stirs Rebellious
Hope In an American.
To This Nrw York Hkrauj: In an ar
ticle In Tub New York Herald on Sun
day It was stated that the I-'rench hav?
reiplacetl th? whistles on American loco
motives remaining after the war with
the variety of whistle In use on their
own locomotives.
j Thus 1b demonstrated once again that
?they regulate those things better In
France."
tn there any reason why whistles
should be so loud In this country except
that we are fond of noise? Atmis.
N*w York. Mnnch 17.
Where Wtmrdrj Fall*.
! Knlclter?Is that seer any *ood?
I nooltBr?No, she rould tell my fortune but
I not my Income fas.
An ndlterial Side Mne.
Prom the Pattlnneoa Nugget.
!,e?t year ye editor married seventeen
couples, helnt more than any other one
man In the count* performed, which shows
i that we are useful as well as ornamental.
Wagner Music Pleases Large Audience
Mias Florence Easton Sings With Symphony Society
Orchestra in C&rnegie Hall.
The historical cycle <of the Symphony
Society of New York had revolved us far
as Richard Warner yesterday afternoon
and Carnegie Hall contained a large,
comfortable looking and approving au
dience, which received the gospel ac
cording to Malreuth with moderate rap
tures. It was an entertaining afternoon.
First the guilds assembled In Nuremberg
and the masters of the song craft were
properly acclaimed.
Suddenly the scene shifted and the
howling gales swept furiously around
the Cape of Qood Hoj>e while Vander
decken's ship vainly strove to heat to
windward. Then Henta told the sorrow
ful tale and betrayed her mad lnfatua
Uon for the wanderer of the teas. Again
the scene changed and the hammer of
Donner was heard smiting the rock. The
thunder clouds floated away, the raln
liow spanned the mystic Rhine, the gods
tntered Walhalla, and from the depths
below the helpless Rhine maidens
pleaded for the return of thefr gold.
And now the storm raged again and
all the Valkyrs wont hurtling through
the murky skies to assemble oti their
rock where Wotan kissed the divinity
from the eyes of BruenvMlde and le/t
her In fireglrt slumber. All ttiat passed
between her and the "highest hero of
worlds" was confided to the Imagination,
for the next music was that which ac
companied the lifeless body of Siegfried
back to the stricken noire of the Glbi
chungs. And finally was heard the great
farewell of Bruennhildc before they
threw Ora.ne and herself upon the blaz
ing funeral pyre, which reached Wal
halla Itself.
Mme. Florence Easton of the Metro
politan sang the ballad fcnd the Bruenn
hllde music. She had Just hh uncom
fortable a time with the former as no
pranos usually do. For some reason i
that song disturbs their vocal poise.
However, the audience applauded her
mast cordially. She is known to be one
of the best singers now before the pub
lic, so of course what she did was right.
The orchestra played with great vigor,
frequently with too much of it. But
It was Wagner, and his music is to-day
the most popular that Is heard in the
concert room.
Boston Symphony Concert.
The last of the Boston Symphony Or
chestra's evening concerts took place in
Carnegie Hall last night. The pro
gramme consisted of the second sym
phony of Brahms, Weber's "Euryanthe"
overture, Ravel'H "Valses Nobles et
Sentlmentales" and one movement from
Berlioz's "Romeo et Juliette" symphony.
Aladdin's ( arpet.
Across the open space between
The morris chair and desk
The sun la weaving on the floor
A gorgeous arabesque,
A golden rug of pattern rare.
An intricate design
Of blowing, growinp, flowing things
In convolutions fine.
It takes me as a passenger
To uplands fair and free.
And ancient woods and azure lakes
And cities by the sea;
For when Aladdin took his lamp
And vanished evermore
He loft his magic carpet, lo!
The sunlight on the floor.
Minna Irving.
The Harding Doctrine.
An Addition to the Principles Set
Forth by Washington and Monroe.
To The New York Herald: If 1 am
not greatly mistaken Mr. Harding's in
augural address contains the most im
portant pronouncement upon foreign pol
icy that has been made by any Ameri
can statesman since James Monroe sent
his famous message to Congress on De
cember 2, 1823. It is as follows:
Our eye* never will be blind to a de
veloping mi-nace. our ear* never deaf
to the call of civilization.
In expressing asplratlonsi In seeking
practical plana. In translating humanity's
new concept of righteousness and Justice
and Its hatred of war Into recommended
action we ere ready moat heartily to
unite, but every commitment must be
made In the exercise of our national
sovereignty.
We have come to a new realization of
eur place in the world and a new ap
praisal of our nation by the world. The
unselfishness of these United States Is a
thing proved, our devotion to pnace for
ourselves and for the world Is well
established, our concern for preserved
civilization has had Its Impassioned and
heroic expression There was no Amer
ican failure to resist the attempted re
version of civilization; there will be no
(allure to-day or to-morrow.
There Is the Harding Doctrine in a
nutshell. It is a plain statement of
facts. No man could better have ex
pressed them.
If Mr. Wilson had had such a doctrine
to guide him in 1914 there would have
been no thought In his mind about the
American people remaining neutral in
thought and In act. Germany would not
have counted upon our abject neutral
ity. The eriucHtlon of Woodrow Wilson
cost the United States *24,000,000,000
and the Inhabitants of the earth a world
war.
Rightly considered, the Harding Doe
trine Includes the Monroe Doctrine and
the open door policy, which Is the Asiatic
edition of the Monroe Doctrine. Mr.
Monroe talked about republics: Mr. Hay
discussed commerce; Mr. Harding minxes
no words, but speaks directly about "a
developing menace."
I venture to predict that Mr. Harding
will, after Washington, occupy the high
est place in the formulation of our. for
eign policy. First cornea Washington
with his admonition against entangling
alliances : second comes Mr. Monroe with
his warning to European Governments,
which virtually makes us the ally of any
American nation whenever It Is attacked
by any non-Amerlcnn nation; third
comes John Hay with his open door pol
icy, which makes us the potential ally
of China In her blind efforts to main
tain her Integrity, and Anally we have
Warren G. Harding with his doctrine
which reveals to us and to the world
that we are the ally, potential in all
cases, active In case of sad necessity,
against any developing menace such as
Germany became under William 11,
There Is nothing new In thlH doctrine.
It has had Its impassioned and heroic
expression. 8. V.
Washington, D. C., March 17.
Fitting Msn In Job In the Oiarks.
b'mhi thf < onti Bj/ County Unit.
Trvln Meal* ha* purrhased the King Res
taurant and ba.i taken charge.
Rffeet ef the Fanny Page la Arkansas. !
Mill Crtek correspondence Oturk Nprctator.
Alfred Allen, wife and three children,
Mutt, floss snd Jlggs, spent laat Sunday
at IC. R. Klrby'a.
It waa an extraordinary programme, put
together apparently without the least
thought of relationships, of clashing
styles or musical symmetry. Plerro
Monteux, conductor of the Boston Sym
phony Orchestra, perhaps wished to play
Brahms and Kavel and had to add
something- to make the customary two
hours of mutilc. He succeeded 1" doing
Just that and nothing else.
Mr. Monteux tinds himself entirely 1"
sympathy with the exotic musio (exotic
to a Frenchman) of Brahms, but it can
not bo said that he perfectly assimilates
it. He has endeavored to do so. and he
conducts it with sincerity, with devotion,
lut usually from without. He Is far
happier, of course. In the music of Ravel,
which is Oallic, Parisian, urban, palpi
tating with the vivacity and Intelligence
of the salon. The walties h<-ard lost
evening have moved numerous French
men to extended comment.
There is room for doubt that they will
stir the sluggish imagination of Ameri
can commentators, who are so f*iftidly
matter of fact that a creative critic like
the late Jajnes Huiiek/- ruffled the
waters of all the great lakes. Of a cer
tainty he could have written much deli
cate and delicious prose about these
tulry trifles, which are instinct with
grace and captivating in badinage. But
they do not seem lo be worthy of pro
longed lyricism. They are pretty and
they are admirably scored.
The Boston Symphony Orchestra hae
played better In the latter part of the
season than It did in the early days.
Powslbly It will do still better things
next autumn. Meanwhile the note mav
be made that to-morrow afternoon its
final concert will take place.
Plays Beethoven Sonatas.
Mme. Olsa Samaroff gave the seventh
In a series of eight recitals, at which
she Is playing the thirty-two piano so
natas of Beethoven, yesterday after
noon in Aeolian Hall. The works given
w?re the three sonatas, opus SW. in E
minor; opus 101, in A major, and opus
110, iri A flat major. After the second
sonata the husband of the pianist, Leo
pold Btokowskl, conductor of the Phil
adelphia Orchestra, who at two pre
vious recitals In the series has spoken
on the first and middle periods of the
great master, addressed the audience
on his third and last period. In her
performance of the three sonatas, and
especially in the opus 110, upon which
her husband had dwelt somewhat in his
remarks, Mme. Samaroff united appar
ent devotion, fine technical power and
a clear appreciation of the Beethoven
scores. The audience showed deep
Interest.
Hunters Shot Fine Geese.
An Incident Showing Why Fanners
Want the Game Law Changed.
To The Nbw York Herald: With re
gard to the proposed amendments to the
game laws It might not be out of placo
to relate a recent experience of mine
with hunters and sportsmen. It will ex
plain the farmers' sentiments on licensed
hunting and the ravaging of their farms
by permission of the State.
My farm lies on Shawangunk Kill, a
stream which ordinarily Is placid and
well behaved, but on Wednesday of last
week we had a heavy downpour and old
Shawangunk soon assumed the propor
tions of a river.
T am and for years have been a
breeder of pure bred geese, shipping
their eggs for hatching purposes over
the United States and Canadi. It
would not be boasting to say the wealth
of domestic fowl added to the country
each year from this source would equal
26 per cent, of the amount collected by
the State of New York on hunters'
licensee.
Well, after many years of Rood be
havior, for some unaccountable reason
the ?eese lost their heads and twenty
one went sailing madly down tlic kill on
the high water. Some were descendants
of and others actual winners at Madi
son Square Garden and the New York
State Fair, but these honors availed
them naught In taelr mad rush down
stream.
On Thursday I advertised tho fact In
the locnl papers and personally spread
the news at the farms along the kill;
Friday morning the geese had been lo
cated and with the help of neighbors
and farm owners along the kill we cov
ered the kill on both sides down to
Bloomlngburg, a distance of five miles,
and succeeded in getting eleven, all shot
to pieces; two have since died from
their wounds.
In all that distance through forest and
dell we did not see a game bird, not
even a squirrel or a cottontail rabbit.
Why should the State Issue licenses to
hunt game where none exists? Why
should the State Issue a license to a
stranger to roam over the property of
another upon which It levies a tax. State,
county and township?
If It must Issue licenses to hunters let
the State make It operative on State
lands only: make It an offence to carry
a gun or another firearm along the high
ways or on the property of another with
out written permission. Put the burden
of proving his Innocence on the tres
passer rather than compel the farmer to
prove him guilty.
What right has a stranger to any bird
or animal that feeds and exists on our
arms, anyway? Gkoror E. Howklu
Howni.j.s. March 17.
A Correction.
To Twc N?w York Herald . In The
Nbw York Hfralb of March 15 there
was printed an article under the head
line "Rug Display Here Given Illusion
of Stamboul Bazaar." In this article
you describe a rug exhibit and make the
following statement:
The explanation why the All Ashraff
floultanoff rug collection of Constantino
ple now !? here Is that It I* to he sold
on account of the American Foreign
Trade Corporation, a corporation that Is
the European agent of the American
Tobacco Company. The American To
bacco Company, like many other Mb
concerns, occnulonally finds Idle ships
upon Its hands and li ohllircd to branch
out Into side business. Kliidlng Itself
one fine day the owner of this enor
mous collection of Oriental rugs, It de
cided to sell them in America. The oc
casion Is unusual as well as Interesting
and will be sure to excite run connois
seurs to a special degree.
As the article hup been rolled to my
attention I nm writing this letter to cor
rect your statement with reference to
th? Amerlcsin Tobacco Company.
The American Tobacco Company hns
no connection whatever with the Amer
ican Foreign Trade Corporation and Is
not in any wny Interested In the rugs
described in yotir article.
1'wnctVAL 8. Him..
President American Tobneco Company.
The error to which Mr. Hill directs
attention wns the result of raisin for
mation. The Tobacco Products Corpo
ration, not the American Tobacco
Company, should have been named.
THE WEATHER.
For Eastern New York?Fa.r * 'i
colder to-day; to-morrow fair, with ri
tug temperature ; fresh northwust winds.
IOor New Jersey?Fair anrt cooler to-day ;
to-morrow fair, with rising tentperatur> :
fresh northwest winds.
For Northern New England?Fair e 1
colder to-day; to-morrow fair, with rising
temperature; fresh west and northv. > t
winds.
For Southern New England?Fair and
colder to-day: to-morrow fair, with rising
temperature; fresh northwest winds.
For Western New l'ork- Fair to-day and
to-morrow; warmer to-morrow.
WASHINGTON. March 17.?Pressure was
low to-night over the north Atlantic Stales
and the Canadian maritime provinces and
over the Far Northwest, and it was hlsii
over the upper lake region and the Gulf of
Mexico. Mild temperature continues over tlm
United States except along the northern bor
der from Minnesota eastward, where the
temperature Is relatively low.
The weather is unseasonably warm
| throughout the Gulf States, the Mississippi
Valley, the plain States and the Hocky
Mountain region. Cloudiness prevails ov?r
| much of the country, and within the l?at
; twenty-four hours there were rains and
snows In the region of the great lakes and
rains In the upper Ohio Valley, Georgia, Ala
bama, Tennessee and the north Pacific
States.
The outloolc is for generally fair weather
to-morrow and Saturday in the States cast
of the Mississippi Hlver except in tlio upper
lake region, where it will be unsettled.
The temperature will be lower to-morrow
in tho middle Atlantic and New England
States, and It will rise to-morrow and Satur
day In the upper lako region and Saturday
in the lower lake region, the upper Ohio Val
ley and the middle Atlantic and New Ens
land States.
Observations at United Stales Weather
Bureau stations, taken at 8 P. M. yesterday,
seventy-fifth meridian time:
Temperature Rainfall
la?t 24 hrs. Baro- last 24
Stations. High. Low. meter, hrs. Weather
Abilene HO .. 20.94 .. Pt-CI'dy
Albany 52 40 20.74 .. Cloudy
Atlantic City. 50 42 294*8 .. Cloudy
Baltimore ... 58 4(i 20l(8 .. Ilain
Bismarck .... t!4 32 20.76 .. Cloudy
Boston ut? 40 29.82 .. Cloudy
Buffalo 44 as 20.86 .20 Cloudy
Cincinnati ... 70 42 211.08 .. Clear
Charleston ... 70 00 30.00 .. Pt.Ol'dy
I Chicago <12 42 30.06 .02 Cloudy
| Cleveland 54 J t 29.08 .11 Cloudy
Denver 70 50 20.00 .. Cloudy
Detroit 4(1 5S 30.00 .08 Cloudy
Galvuston ... 70 70 30.12 .. Pt.Cl'dy
| Helena 58 4* 20.02 .. Uain
Jacksonville.. So 04 30.0*1 .. Clear
I Kanuas City.. 74 52 30.00 .. Pt.Cl'dy
I Los Angeles.. K2 60 20.94 .. Clear
Milwaukee ... 50 12 .",0.10 .0-1 Cloudy
New Orleans. 8tl 60 30.08 .. Clear
Oklahoma ... K2 04 20.04 .. Clear
Philadelphia.. 68 42 20.84 .. Cloudy
Pittsburgh ... f.0 3S 20.02 .08 Cloudy
Portland, Me. no 34 20.78 .. Pt.Cl'dy
Portland, Ore. 56 54 20.66 .20 Pt.Cl'dy
Salt Lake City 68 40 20.84 .. Cloudy
San Antonio.. 80 OS 20.08 .. Cloudy
San Diego.... 70 50 20.96 .. Clear
San Francisco tiO 52 30.08 .. Pt.Cl'dy
Seattle 50 34 20.61 .44 Cloudy
I St. Louis 74 40 20.03 .. Clear
! St. Paul 44 .. 30.02 .. Clear
Washington... CO 44 20.88 .. Rain
LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS.
8 A. M. 8 P. M,
Barometer 30.14 20.8H
Humidity 31) 33
Wind?direction N.W. S.
Wind?velocity 10 20
Weather Clear Cloudy
Precipitation None Nona
The temperature In this city yesterday, as
recorded by the official thermometer. Is
shown In the annexed table;
8 A. M...41 t P. M. ..50 6 P. M...W
0 A. M...45 2 P. M...52 7 P. M...48
10 A.M. ..47 3 P.M. ..31 8 P.M. ..48
11 A. M...4T i r. M...48 0 P. M...17
12 M 48 5 P.M...18 10 P.M...47
1021. 1020. 1021. lO'O.
0 A. M 45 40 6 P. M 48 11
12 M 48 47 0 T. M 47 30
3 P. M.. .51 4t 12 Mid 45 "8
Highest temperature, 52, at 2 P. M. *
Lowest temperature. 37. at 6 A. M.
Average temperature, 44.
EVENTS TO-DAY.
Meeting, Mantel- Sign Painters, Hotel Mc
Alpln, 8 P. M.
All-American meeting, Madison Bquatv
Garden, 8 P. M.
George M. Sago will lecture on "Interna
tional Disarmament," 188 Chrystie stre
8:30 P. M.
Meeting and entertainment, Knlckerboc;.
Civic League, Hotet Majestic, 8:30 P. M.
A campaign for a "Rack to the Peop;o
Amendment" to the Federal Constitution will
be opened at a meeting at the home of the
Misses Hewitt, 0 Lexington avenue.
Meeting, American Board of Applt il
Chrlnllinlty, 10 West Forty-eighth etro ',
Jnnlor debate, Fordham vs. U of p ,
Fordham University auditorium, 8:15 P. M
Lecture. 13. D. Martin, "Nietzsche: Om
Humaultarlsnlsm," Cooper Union, 8 P. M
Chief City Magistrate McAdoo will spea:;
>n ''Tiie Magistrates' Courts," before tlv
Men's Brotherhood of the Fourth Preebv
terian Church. Ninety-first street and West
Lnd avenue, 8 P. M.
Capt. Hugh S. Martin will speak on "Bo'
shevltfm in Ruselan and Its Menace to the
United States" at a meeting of the Worn
an s Forum, Hotel BUtmore, 10:45 A. M.
9 Independent Artists' ball. Waldorf-Astoria.
Frank M. Brinkerhoff will apeak on
Safety of Passengers In Steel Cars." Ral'
P?*M 29 Wc,t Thlrty-nlr>t!> street, 8:'5
Flower Show. Grand Central Palace.
Meeting. Refractories Manufacturers A?
o?p Jftcl Pennsylvania, 10 A. M. and
Amateur Radio Show and Convention. Hot?i
Pennsylvania, 2 to 10:30 p. m.
All day meeting. League for Industrial
Rights, Waldorf-Astorle. Banquet In tlvi
evening.
Meeting, Section of Orthopedic Surgery
Academy of Medicine, 17 West Forty.third
Street. 8:30 P. M
Meeting. New York Microscopical Society.
American Museum of Natural History. S
P. M.
Free motion pictures, the Bowery Mission,
227 Bowery. 8 P. M.
Dinner-dance, American Criterion Society,
Hotel Commodore.
Panee under the ausplcos of the Horace
Mann School for Boys, Hotel Commodore,
8 P. M.
John O. Brooks will speak before tlie
League for Political Kdueatlon. Town Hall,
123 West Forty-third street, II A. M.
Gov, Allen of Kansas will speak on "The
Industrial Court" before the League for
Political Kducatlon. Town Hall, 123 We j?
Forty-third street, 8:30 P. M.
Luncheon and meeting. N?*v York Satrlnga
Bank Association, Hotel Astor, 1 P. M.
Meetlnr and Knffet supper. Nu Sigma Nu.
Hotel Astor. 7 P. M.
Dnnce. Guaranty Trust Company em
ployees. Hotel Astor, 8 P.' M.
fiance. Drama Comedy Club, Hotel Astor,
9 P. M.
Dance, Pershing Club, Hotel MeAlpIn, *
P. M.
Dance, New York University Lav Schoo'.
Hotel MeAlfln. 8 P. M.
Dinner. New Hampshire Society. Hotel Mc
Alpln. 7 P. M.
Meeting, Playwrights Club, Hotel MeAlpl:i,
8 P. M.
Dinner, Meissen Club, Hotel McAlpIn, >
^Dinner, Wllbraham A'umnl Associate;
Hotel McAlpln. 7 P. M.
Meeting, United Stales Daughters of 181...
Waldorf-Astoria. 10 A. M.
Muslcale, Lti phony Society, Waldori-A
# -I .. 4 1' ISf .
Dance, Sigma Epsilon Delta Fraternity.
Waldorf-Astoria. 8 P. M.
MeeMng, Knlekerbt?'k'? 1 hap.<r. 1'. A. H
W0^AorneVl"wi!l W-W ? "?.*> ?
for Practlc.1 Worlrs," Metropolitan
Museum of Art, 10 A. M.
Andre Trldon will l.-cture on Dual Ic>
Fonalltles" under the nuspleei of the I li e
Arts Guild. Hum ford Hall. 50 Kar- Kortv
first street. 3:80 P. M.
rianist Make* Debut Here.
1 >a?lol Wolf, planiat, gave hla ftr.;t
recital here. laf?t night at Aeolian Hal
HI" programme Included Beethoven
sonata, opus 27, "Moonlight." Chwpln't,
A flat polonaise, several pieoa-'
! self anJ a rhapsody of T.lsxt, Ho proved
; to he a young player of admirable
i ac.hoollng and inuslcla.nly Intelligence
j Tn the matter* of tone, quality and
mm nee he still ha* ?onie tiling* to leant,
lie la evidently serious, and ought to
go further In his art. A certainly
! orglnallty of style In his work, while
at times questionable. una Interesting.
I His playing was warmly received
The Associated Press Is exclushely entitled
to the use for republication of all news dci
nateliex credited to It or not otherwise
credited lT' this paper, and also the lo. *i
news published herein.
All rlfht ? of republication of special il>?
I patches hurcln are also reserved.

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