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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 18, 1921, Image 2

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treaty Polanl obtains, in addition to
a lid beyond the Puraon line established
b? the peace conference, fifteen coun
ties of tne provinces of Volhynia, Grod
no, Vilna and Minsk in their entirety,
afcd parts of eleven counties In the
i>ft>vinces of Volhynia, Minsk, Vilna and
? i'The total area of land taken away i
ltiom Russia is about 87,000 square j
itfile*. This territory is inhabited by |
a^put 7,000,000 people, of whom not
"i?re than 400,000, or only 6 per cent., !
a|6 Toles."
Mongolia independent
Carder Is Maintained by Gen.
j, L'ngern-Sternberg.
By the Associated Press.
Jt'EKix, March 17. ? Following the
ci?tura of Urga, Northern Mongolia,
eifrly in March, the Mongols reinstated !
tliu living Buddha, who was deposed
l'i' the Chinese General, Hsu-Snu
Of eng, in the winter of 1918, and or- :
sanlzed a government under which in
dependence was fully restored. This
statement was made to-day by Aincr
irjnis, Britons and Danes who have re
turned here from I'rga and whose fate
hid long been in question.
JThe foreigners said they had received
p#(jper treatment at th<i hands of Gen. j
Karon Michael Ungern-Sternberij, chief j
liiutenant of Gen. Semenoff, who had
n&tored order, suppressed looting and
gfi}nted amnesty to Chinese prisoners,
b?t had executed all Russians Identl
/lai as Bolsheviki. They said also that
Mongols desire friendly trade rela
tions with China.
?The Chinese are making little ap- !
parent headway toward their announced |
ir^);ntion to make an effort to recover I
>(l;nntluii Remain* Same R^KHrd
Iuk Soviet Trade.
JOttawa, March 17.?Signing yester- j
di^y cf a trade agreement between Great
Britain and Russia leaves the position j
or'Sihe Canadian Government unaffected,
it M as stated to-day in official circles.
Jt Is felt that, with the resumption of j
tinde between Great Britain and Russia
thi-ro is likulihood of Russian orders
b'jhs placed in Canada. The stand
taken by the Dominion authorities, as
heretofore, is that any Canadian who
wfcihes to trade with Russia may do so,
btflj at his own risk.
France Objects to Soldiers on
{ Bp th<: Associated Prdss.
J?ajus, March 17.?The French Am
bapsalor in Berlin, Cha?-ies Laurent, j
ha?i been instructed to Inform the Ger- ,
imin government that France is aware ,
of J the concentration of a large number
"ft German troops on the frontier of
UjJper Silesia.
Prance will hold Germany to strict j
H' tount If any troops cross into the j
plebiscite area. M. Laurent has been
ordered to tell Germany, tlie French j
*,jj-ernment pointing out that the allied I
troops are solely responsible for the j
maintenance of order In the region.
(\mbassador Laurent was further In
stuucted to protest formally to the
Gorman government against tlie pres
? of the troops on the frontier, and
to" advise Germany that responsibility
t<->* any disorders resulting from the |
concentration will be placed squarely-on j
shoulders of the German govern
By the Aittoaatcd prest.
* $Varsaw, March 17.?The legislature
of j the Kepubltc, on the eve of the
plebiscite to determine whether Upper
Slft'sla shall be Polish or German. to- |
<J:iy passed tl??' constitution of reborn I
inland after Its third and Anal read- j
JBghteen months ago a special com- i
mifcslon of the Diet began struggling
wi(h the question. A constitution now 1
l as been completed, which the Poles be- ;
'i'.'i-i- will hav<# a favorable Influence j
urjjn the participants in the plcbtm-lte.
,'Jeliart Korfanty of the Polish Ple
b'acltu Commission to-day forecast tha;
60 'per cent. of the votes in Upper Silesia !
?vopld be cast in favor of Poland.
In the event that the Upper Klleslan? i
?ote to Join Poland after-a separation,
c'imore than 500 years, the legislators '
hr.ye promised the SUcslans wide auton
omy, with their own Diet, elected upon
a f>road democratic basis and represent
ed all tradeo of the industrial district,
naif the sise of Belgium, which ha* been
thrt object of dispute between Poland
?i nil Germany. So confident arc the
T'oles of winning the plebiscite Sunday
ih^t the manufacturing areas which
suffered through the war and since it
through laclc of fuel, are preparing ex
tensively for a resumption of work with
cheaper coal, whioh a victory In the
plebiscite would brin*.
During the early hours this morning
tirid Diet members slept at intervals
?v.fii heads upon their desks, while
9oit>e watched the progres of the meas
ure calling the sleepers to vote when
rxaded by ringing bells. The sitting was
enlivened during the small hours by cat
calls and whistling prior to compromises
or tlic article providing that the Presi
dent of the republic must be of the
Catholic faith, which was altered so that
a Protestant shall be eliglblo as Chief
Lit shit z and Loriot Freed, but
Defeated at Polls.
Kv the AitaocUtted Pre?i>.
#AA!B, March 17.?The ten Communist
leaders who were placed on trial "Feb
ruary 28 on the charge of platting to
overthrow th* Governme.nt In connection
with the strikes of May 1, 1920, were
acquitted to-?iay. The Government
charged that the strikes were Intended
to paralyze the country as the prelude 1
to the setting up of a Soviet dictator. '
ifour of the men tried, Pierro Monatte,
editor of in Kx'.remlst newspaper: Boris
Mfshltz, known aw Houvaritie, a Socialist t
editor; Gaston Monmou*? <> iu. Itadk-al
loader of (he railway workers, and Isi
dore Loriot, were alle.ged by the Govern
ment to hsve been members of the ex
ecutive committee of the Third Interna
tionale of Moscow.
The trial, which was held before the
Peine Assize*, a'tracted wide attention j
because of the prominence of IJfshlt*
and Loriot, both of whom conducted
active campaigns for election to the
Chamber of 1 >< putles on the Communist I
ticket while in Jail. The elections were
held last Sunday and both were de
Bu the Anxnclntert Prttn,
Bupapeft. March ill.?The prelimi
nary discussions between Hungarian and
Ceecho-Slovak state men for the con
clusion of an economic treaty between
the two countries Iwtve resulted In agree
ment on the principles of the accord,
sky* mi official sta?em?M Issued by the
Hungarian Government to-Any.
TSxchang" rates were nervous to-day,
tl-e Hungarian */"ner rlfrimr to nbou'
double 'he v?' j'i/if the Austrian kroner.
The prk" of fjBcommooltlen has fallen
* jv r i cut. ?n #he l*Pt few d?y?. .
Approves Their Application
and Occupation of Cities
by J-91 to 66.
Guns Found in Koniffshorff
That Can Fire 1.500 Bullets
a Minute.
Bu the Associated Press.
Faris, March 17.?The decisions of
the London reparations conference,
the occupation of Dusseldorf and other
German cities and the application of
the allied economic penalties on Ger
many were approved by the Chamber
of Deputies this afternoon by a vote
that was practically unanimous cxcept
for the Socialists and Communists.
The vote as officially given out was
491 to 6(5.
Premier Bri&nd, replying to M.
Klotz, former Minister of Finance, and
M. Lefevre, former Minister of War,
who respectively insisted upon further
light as to the Government's inten
tions with regard to the execution of
the Treaty of Versailles and securing
the disarmament of Germany, took
occasion to answer Germany's protest
to the League of Nations against the
allied occupation on the ground that
it wafl a violation of the treaty.
He called the attention of the Cham
ber to the fact that at the time this pro
test was sent Germany had refused, on
the summons of the reparations commis
sion, to execute the clause of the treaty
calling for the payment of 20,000,000,000 :
gold marks.
"Germany," he said, "has violated the
treaty in three essential clauses?dis
armament. reparations and the trial of
accused officers. Thus the sanctions as
provided for in the treaty are applicable
and just as we have applied them."
The allied commission of control, he
declared, was working under the advice
of Marshals Wilson and Foch, and might
be depended upon to satisfy the r quire- |
ments of M. Lefevre as to the disarma
ment of Germany.
M. Lefevre said that since he declared j
in a previous debate in the Chamber I
that Germany was making a new ma- |
chine gun capable of shooting 1,500 bul- |
lets a minute its existence had bee* I
proved. The guns had been found in
Koenigsberg, he declared, along with a
n< w type .of 6-inch cannon, proving that
the Germans were making re*' arma
ment to replace that destroyed under
allied control. He said that material
had been discovered in cellars of the
Spandau arsenal sufficient to manufac
ture 6,000 field guns.
M. Lefevre asked Premier Brland to
accept a resolution calling for permanent
allied control of the manufacture of
arms and munitions in Germany. The
Premier said it was impossible to accept
the proposal, as such a body was not
provided for in the treaty.
German Staffs to Work Under
Allied Supervision.
Paris, March 17.?Provision for 150
custom houses along railroads and 54
on highways In the new Rhineland
tariff zone is made in the report to the
Supreme Allied Council by the Khine
land Commission, says a Coblenz des
patch. The staffs of these customs
houses will be mado up of Germans,
who will'work under allied supervision.
rri-nch Onrrol <i?e? Tlier* for
Tour of Innpertlon.
liy the Associated Press.
? Dusseldorf, March 17.?Gen. Pc?
goutto. Commandcr-In-Chlef of the
French forces in the occupied area of
Germany, arrived here this morning for
a tour of inspection. He was met at
the station by a company of troops in
full dress, a band, many English and
French officers and armored tanks.
Tip; small crowd of spectators who
silently watched Gen. Degoutte's arrival
was well behaved.
Committee Would Leave Present One as Monument to
German Barbarism, as It Is Hard to Find Workmen
Capable of Replacing Destroyed Sculpture.
Sflft al Cable to Tjik New Yort. Hrsauj.
| Copvr.ght, bl/ The New ? 1Ie1uld.
N??v York Herald Bureau. (
Paris, Mar.h 1". j
Although tho Knights of Columbus
have promised financial assistance and
| the funds already received from British
: and Danish Catholics total nearly 500.000
| francs, norma! exchange, it is not vet
wuTk? ^ th? Rhf>hns Cathedral ever
; ^ " p ? n * committee appointed
ook l?^ent n?arIy two *K? to I
lio* into the matte r has not yet reached
I a decib on. and is reported to be in a
, ueadlock, two distinct schools having de- 1
j veloped In the last few months.
, ?k i ?*' these believes that the
r?alMtaLf U'd i.ne,ely b0 Protected
r.grainst dcca - or further collapse with
only a small section of it repaired sufll
Continued from, First Pctgr.
have been abte to help you in the great
work which since >ou became Prime
Minister you have done, it is necessity
*hlch compels me to abandon any hope
giving you anv assistance In th??
difficult task which now confronts you.'1
Mr. Lloyd George g ive every evid. nee
of being deeply moved as he read this
letter. He said that he had hoped the
retirement of his frlejd might be only
for a short time, but <m consulting phy
sicians ho was informed that the former j
Cabinet member ne?dad a very long rest j
and freedom from worry. As lie ivad i
the letter his voice 'it times became I
husky as he, choked back the sobs, and j
when he had flnishe.1 ho sank back into !
his chair with the air of a man who is 1
oecply crushed.
niack Hint Tails an innar
W ith tho replacement of I?lr. Bonar 1
Law by Austen Chamberlain, however, I
the whole future course of the coalition
may be changed. The Irish policy par- 1
ticul.irly is quavering on the edge. Tho
Coalition has at last realized that Black- '
and-Tanlsm won't work in Ireland, and
now are making valiant efforts to disci
pline that body, and are not sure of
their ability to succeed.
Important fiscal questions are coming
up which can't be settled finally until
the imperial conference in June. But,
Mr. Lloyd George will be compelled im
mediately to take direction over the settle
ment of the questions of the mines, rail
ways, &c., and this may determine the
support of the Unionist majority in the
House of Commons, which hitherto under
Bonar Law's whip lias followed the
Government in blind faithfulness.
The interest of the United States In
the resignation lies in tho fact that as
long as Bonar Law held his position of I
influence it was certain that Great Brit- i
ain always would be ready to put out i
and hold the hand of friendship.
.Vervoua Over I nltfd State* IVavy.
The navy debate to-night, however -
evidenced that the American naval ef- !
fort Is getting under the skins of the
Tories and may mean that the Unionist
party will come out definitely within a
? ew days for the old programme of Bri
tannia ruling the waves without auc
Mr. Bonar Law is leaving the jronntrv
within a few days for a long holiday,
| and It Is reported that the Unionist
party will hold a meeting at the Carlton
| c lub Monday, not only to choose a suc
cessor to Mr. Bonar Law but possibly to
dictate new terms upon which they will
either remain with or leave the Coali
tion There Is talk of Lord Derby and
j not Austin Chamberlain becoming their
? leader.
| Andrew Bonar I,aw has long been
prominent in British politics and since
,,ie Government leader
in the House of Commons. He be
came Lord of the Privy Seal in January,
R?nnr !'aw was flr8t elected to
the Commons In lono He was a mem
p!r ?f, Pr?mi?r Lloyd George's War
fr?n, a* Chancellor of the Exchequer
from December. 191G. to December, 1918
the ?.T th* Brlt,f,h rte'*S?tc, to
the Peace Conference in Paris in 1919.
10 New Brunswick. Canada, In
!5?V # son of the Rev. James Law
and Lliza A. K. Law, Mr. Bonar Law
th? ?u? education in Canada and In
AnnS ^0W, H,f\h Sch?o1- He married
Annie Pltcaim Itobloy of Glastrow ?n
1891. She died In 1909. ,n
^^)ACH season Knox pre^
eents for the consideration
of its patrons a new Derby?
a style which is universally shown
by all Knox Shops. It can be
had in several proportions.
New Spring models, suits and light-weight
overcoats ready for wear.
siNoiR autt.oiNa
dently to permit the holding of services,
leaving the maximum amount of devas
tation as it is so as to show future gen
erations how German barbarism Invaded
Catholic France.
The opponents of this scheme, however,
insist that true Catholiivum demands
1 hat the Idea of perpetuating national
! antipathies must be abandoned and
the edifice repaired regardless of cost.
| There is a strong possibility that tlie
'ormer school will prevail, experts de
! daring that it is practically impossible
(o find workmen In this generation suffi
ciently talented to replace the master
pieces of sculpture of the fifteenth cen
tury. In this event it is likely that a
i.i w cathedral, entirely modern, vjll be
constructed, on another Rbeims site, with
the funds promist d from both sides of
Lho Atlantic.
< ontinued from First Po-gr.
military measures than those being
m ployed ut present.
The demand of the Reparations Com
mission that Germany pay J250.000.000
by next Wednesday as an earnest of her
intentions to meet her obligations co
incides exactly with French opinion. ]
There apparently is a general agreement ,
that all the. allied offers have now
lapsed and that the full terms of the |
treaty alone remain to be enforced.
The Government's bill imposing a 50
per cent, levy on German goods which j
was introduced to-day is modelled al- |
most exactly after the British bill and
it will undoubtedly be passed, though
it was criticised by several orators, in- ;
eluding Louis Klotz, formerly French
Minister of Finance, who pointed out
tluit while the British might benefit
thereby in France it. would be the
French consumer who would j> the 50
per cent, and it would bring iittle into
the French treasury.
In a speech before the vote in the
Chamber was taken Premier Brland ac
cepted the view that the Paris agree
ment was a dead letter lacking Ger
many's signature, and now exists only
as a treaty explaining the demand of
?he Reparations Commission for the im
nediate payment by Germany of $250,
"This commission," said Premier Bri- |
and, "is a email, permanent interallied
commission, requiring unanimity to ob- '
tain decisions. Very well; It was after '
such unanimity had been obtained from
the Allies that it acted."
Again St. Briand warned the Cham
ber significantly that it might be called
upon to make grave decisions, his refer
ence apparently being to May 1, saying
that the moment might come Quicker
;han was thought. He asked for a vote
of confidence in the meantime.
U. S. Labor 'Envoy* at $50 a
Day Returns.
Rowland B. Mahany, a solicitor in
the Department of Labor, who recently I
was recalled by Secretary Davis, arrived
yesterday by the White Star liner Olym- j
pic and was landed at the Battery from I
a Coast Guard cutter by arrangement j
with Frederick Wallis, Commissioner of j
A despatch from Washington yester
day said that the reason for Mr. Ma- '
hany's recall was the discovery of a ,
secretarial allowance of $50 a day and
txpensos as American representative to
the International Labor Conference.
Mr. Mahany went directly to Wash
Man Executed, Constable Sliot
Dead, Crown Forces Kill
Lorries Bombed in Streets,
Shots Fired and Civilians
B\> the Associated Press.
DUBLIN. March 17.?As a reprisal for
the execution Monday of Thomas Whe
iHn In Mountjoy prison. Constable O'Kane
?was shot dead In Clifden, County Galway,
last night and another constable was
wounded. Crown forces made searches
to discover the authors of the shootings
and shot to death John McDonald, who
Is alleged to have attempted to evade ar
Several serious shooting affraye oc
curred In this city last night, and a num
ber of persons were injured in encounters
between military forces and police and
civilians. A number of soldiers riding
in it motor lorry were proceeding along j
Redmonds Hill street, on the north side
of the city, last evening when a bomb
Was thrown at the machine. The soldiers
returned the flro and wounded two per
Another lorry was bombed and fired
upon from windows of houses along
Camden street, and three civilians were
wounded when a bomb exploded in Aun
gier street. During a melee near the
Ship street barracks many shots were
fired and three persons were wounded.
W. M. Kennedy, a merchant, was shot
and killed and his solicitor wounded last i
night. They had taken a case Involving
land ownership to the Carlow Assizes.
Uli the Associated Press.
Belfast, March 17.?Considerable ex
citement occurred to-day when Constable
Boyd was shot by a burglar named Gor
don at Newtownards, County Down. The
constable at the time of the shooting was
endeavoring to arrest Gordon.
Gordon barricaded himself In a room
and used two revolvers he had In his
possession to ward off a besieging force
of constables and special officers who
surrounded the house where he had
taken refuge.
The town meanwhile was in an up
roar. Finally a bomb was thrown by
the besiegers, but no damage was done.
Later another bomb was hurled anu
Gordon was injured in the explosion and !
surrendered. During the siege Constable
Boyd was taken to a hospital in a dy- i
ing condition.
The railway station at Rich Hill.
County Armagh, an Orange centre, and I
twelve loaded cars were destroyed by!
tire this morning. They had first been j
soaked with petrol. A train proceeding !
from Portadown for Armagh was looted, j
Tho railway station at Rich Hill, |
County Armagh, an Orange centre, and I
twelve loaded < ars were destroyed by flre j
this morning. They had first been soaked ,
witli petrol.
Babies Dying in Hundreds,
Says Their Message.
fly the Associated Press.
Dublin, March 17.?rive prominent
Irish women, in a message transmitted I
by the American Relief Committee's
delegation here, rail on Mrs. Harding, '
wife of the President of the United
States, to appeal to American women <
for emergency relief for Irish women
and .children. ,
The message asserts that large num- }
bers of women have been made home- 1
less by the destruction of houses, farms !
and shops, and that their babies are
dying in hundreds.
The signatories to the appeal Include
Alice Sophia Green, historian, and Lady
Augusta Gregory, playwright.
knitted cloth
a duster
in the motor
a showercoat
in the rain
a topcoat
on the mall
in the crush
ceaseless in
their use .. $45
a to 8 West 38th Street?Street Level
On the Street Level But Above Reproach
\\ ashington Surprised by Dip
lomatic Despatches but Won't
Change Course.
Expected by Obregon and Is
Taken to Portend Formal
tpecial Despatch to Tub N?w York IIbiiai.d.
N>w York Hrrald Bureau, I
Wii^hlniftoii, I?. C.. Mnrcli 17. I
Administration officials In -Washing
ton were surprised to-day by the receipt
of diplomatic cable despatches to the
effect that France ha? recognized the
Obregon government of Mexico. No in
timation had been given that the French
contemplated such action and It had
been assumed French action would await
Aknerfcan initiation.
Tlila belief was especially strong in
view of the fact that this Government
has deferred recognition of the Govern
ment of King Constantine of Greece,
prcsumaoly as an acknowledgment of
the courtesy of the governments of
France and Great Britain in refusing
to embarrass this Government by recog
nizing Mexico.
It lias been clear that the Obregon
Government has been endeavoring: to
secure European recognition by prefer
ential treatment of the interests of the
nationals of European Powers. In spite
of this there is no Indication that Great
Britain proposes to take such a step.
Thore will be no change in the atti
tude of this Government on account of
the reported recognition.
Mexico City, March 17.?Delivery of
.1. personal letter from President Mille
rand of France to President Obregon
of Mexico was expected here to-day. It
was announced last night that the arri
val of such a letter was Impending and
newspapers agreed to-day that the mis
sive might portend recognition of the
Mexican Government.
Urgent Request in Case of
Three Murdered Americans.
Washington, March 17.?The Ameri
can Consul at Tampico advised the State
Department to-day that an urgent re
quest had been inadr to the authorities
at Tampico to effect the arrest and pun
ishment ol' the inatiked men who killed
three American sailors from a merchant
ship when the sailors were entering a
small boat to return to their vessel.
The men killed, the Consul said, were
Ernest Small, William Roper and S.
Brown. Neither their addresses nor any
details of the attack were given in the
Consul's report.
New .Haven, Conn., March 17. a
Strathc"i< i memorial scholarship in
transpo : Ulon, yielding $000 a year, has
been establish d at Yale University it
was announi'i d to-day. It will be main
tained from the bequeHt of the late Lord
Strathcona and Mount Royal.
V 100,000 KOR IRISH RKI.liSF. J. Hoey, Manhattan ehainruin, predicted
m,? Sit Putrtok H dav that tlOO.OOO had been received. It wta
Returns from the St. Patrick a day , ^ openJnt day of a drJve of $2>000>00u
solicitation of funds for the New York J ln olty_ Bridgeport, Conn., it was
Commute? for Relief ln Ireland had J reported, raised 110,004 at a dinner
not been computed last night, but James Wednesday evening.
JraitkUn Simon a Co.
A Store of Individual Shop;
FIFTH AVE.?3Jth and 38th Sts.
Sheerness is Smartness in
Women's SRarfait
Gossamer Silk
HOSIERY . . s ..
Qualified in Quality
eVerified in 'Value
The Parisienne
started the fash
ion of sheer hose
and at once it
stepped into the
shoes of the
American woman,
smartness in her
footwear and
slenderness in her
'Black, 'Pearl, Silver, Polo or ^hCedii^m ft
(fray. Taupe, Beige or <lAfrican Brown
95 ?
AT $19.50
The acceptance of our models in Eng
lish norfolk suits as the standard of dress
for boys from 7 to 17 years makes this an
nouncement one of unusual importance,
for it has been impossible for a number of
years to present any suits of our standard
production at this very low price.
In our norfolk suits made to measure or
ready for immediate service we use fabrics
imported by us exclusively for this pur
Fifth Avenue at 50th Street

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