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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 25, 1921, Image 4

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Long: Service of Venerated
Fiofiire of Catholic Church
in America Ended.
Body to Be Buried I nder
-Altar of His Cathedral
in Baltimore.
FINKIJAJ, ox Thursday
Special .Masses Are Ordered to
Be Said Daily, to Begin
on Monday.
?""i11 f"Patch to Tub New Yobk Ubkau,.
Raltimorb, March 24.-?The funeral
of Jaiiteg Cardinal Gibbons. Archbishop
of Baltimore and senior American
Cardinal, who died this morning at
11:33 o'clock in his home on North
Charles street, will be held next Thurs
riay morning in the Cathedral. A
pontifical high mass will he celebrated,
probably by Cardinal O'Coanell or
-some other high dignitary of the
Catholic church. The body will i*.
buried in a crypt under the altar of
the Cathedral.
T ho announcement of the funeral I
nrmngements, made public this aftei*
noon, said that masses would be said '
rfaily, beginning Monday, when the
Rev. Louis R. Stickney, rector of the
< athedral, will be the celebrant, and
ten children from each of the parochial
schools, academies and colleges In the
diocese will be present. On Tuesday
ibo mass will be for the sisterhoods
and brotherhoods, and will be cele
-rated by the Rev. Eugene Connolly,
chancellor of the archdiocese. On
Wednesday pontifical high mass will
* celebrated by Bishop Owen B. Cor
rlgan for the laity of the church.
Dr Charles J. O'Lonovan, personal !
Phj slcian of the Cardinal, spent most
of the morning at the bedside of the
dying prelate, and when he left, at 11:20 >
o'clock, he told members of the house
old that the Cardinal could live but a
few motnenls. The househo:<I staff then
Joined the Bon Secours nun who has
nursing the Cardinal since he be
<*n,e 111 last November. Those at the
heds.de when the, end came were the
'lev .Vtr. Stl.-kner. the Rev. Albert K.
Smith, secretary to the Cardinal: the
Rev. Eugene Connolly, chancellor of the
archdiocese. the Rev. Edwin Leonard
the R?v. Will tarn J. Hafey and the
'? John n?y*r Of St. Mary's
7J' th* f *ardinal'? confessor. At
? an o'clock the nurse told the priest,
KStherert st fhe Cardinal's ?i(Jo ,(lat
Ifl forThf" ,* fCW Rlteute* tnoro or
" ror the prelate, and Father kvi.i,
Hn* "T" rf"J U,? prfty?n? toy the dying
ih* a?nin the last rites of I
the church, Ju*f before death cam"
**?pe \otlflrd at Onrr.
Immediately afterward Father
Zfy r?^ma"y notified Bishop Corrigan
cablegram to the PowS
uv.r -p?nnoIIy ??nt messages to evorv
archbishop and bishop In the ITn!t. ri
flfies. Notification of the Cartlna^
death wm also sent to Mavor
ntog. who ordered the beli in the City
'Tall tower tolled and the flags on all
co^nn^'""^ Placed at hlif staff!
collapse of Cardinal Gibbons,
James Cardinal Gibbons
tlie beginning* of the illness which at
length resulted In lii.s death, came sud
denly while he was presiding at a ser
vice In St. Patrick's Church In Havre
de Grace on November 6. It was
thought at the time that he had merely
suffered a slight sinking spoil, and this
opinion appeared to be verified by his
rapid recovery, In spite of his advanced
years. He would have celebrated his
eighty-seventh birthday ncjxt July. Ho
continued his duties, and he wan not
stricken again until he went to Union
Mills a comparatively short time after
the first attack.
The Cardinal seemed to recover rap
Idly. and two weeks ago he was per
mitted to take an automobile ride. But
the sudden change of weather, with its
unseasonable temperatures, had a de
pressing effect upon him. He was com
pelled to take to his bed. Last Sunday
I he suffered a relapse, and since then
had been sinking uteadlly.
Tlie death of Cardinai Gibbons will
not precipitate the removal of tlie Prt
rnatial See of the Catholic Church In
America. This was definitely announced
to-night toy the Rev. Alber E. Smith,
seor^'ir> of the lute Cirdlnal. Th<* '?eat
<>f U;.' hicrirchy will remain In Balti
more. As the appointment of a suc
. mi>- t>> t"? h? Archbishopric here In- j
volves no itsue or question of rank or
seniority, any clergymen In the hi- j
erarchy's dominion becomes eligible. A
' seloctlon will Ik? made by Pope Bene- j
I diet In the interregnum, an adminis
trator will serve. Bishop Owen B. Cor
I rigiui will probably be named to this
post by the dloccsan consultors, who
1 meet at tlie Cardinal's residence to- j
morrow afternoon.
He Stood for More Than
Churchly Office and Rank.
One of the great personages of Amer- |
lean history disappears now that James
Cardinal Gibbons. Archbishop of Baltl- !
more, is through with fife. Perhaps It j
i was time, as he himself had said, since }
hit year* numbered almost elghty-sevrn
and the incessant labors of more than
half a century had worn Ills body to
frailty, though his spirit seemed inex
The late Cardinal was one of those
occasional ecclesiastics who stand, it
may be said, for much more than is
contaired in their churchly office and
rank. Archbishop Ireland, gone to his
rest a little before his Eminence of Bal
timore. was such an one. These tall
figures stand well above the mass as
their vision, intellect and morality move
them to counsel, to cry warning or to
trumpet the right. They become in the
public mind, It may be ventured, per
haps natural spokesman of the country,
its finest type of man, a splendid ex
pression of Americanism. Ail of these
attributes Indubitably belonged to the
character of Gibbons. Tiiat he was a
great priest was incidental. Jle was
first of all a. very gnat American
At a time. perhaps, when there was
i over greater i eed for sane leadership, 1
for sound common sense and for frank 1
outspokenness >list th? folllesand frip- j
peries of socialistic idealism In govern
ment and industry and the social re
lations of men. the Cardinal of Balti
more lays down his golden ffftss, and
the cause of good sense and of real
Americanism may be considered to have
lost Irrevocably. Heal evils, sheer Im
morality, tho plain a m l decorated sins
mentioned In the Book, aa well as the
stupidities und fadful experiments born
In cracked. brains, may be thought to
have gained largely by the death of an
antagonist so eloquent and powerful.
Like Roosevelt, whose friend he was. |
and unlike many of his cloth. Cardinal :
Gibbons never hesitated to speak his!
mind. When the necessity to cry out j
came he cried with a loud voice, and
usually not as a priest but as an Amer
ican cltlxeitf loving his country and In
WHY not k? after ? lat I'.IJTTKR POSITION I
(his 8unil.iv? f'repar your Situation j
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Highest quality of materials combined
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Colors: Tan, seal,olive, French
brown and popular pearl gray;
also black.
Hands are broad, bow
at side or back. Bind
ing of silk or welt edge.
ffkWA--Main Floor, ,1<Mh St.
t^resUd in his fellow citizens. He cried I
out agsJnat divorce?for half aoentury !
he had fairly thundered against
disrupting. disintegrating custom
For nmorvii of Horn*.
He cried oui against prohibition as
absolutely immoral and a- an Invasion
of the sacred rights of the home. <
,?m not believe It was capable of en
foroement . that it made for hypocrisy
I J* 1** violation. He denounced uov
J ' ni?nt ownership and industrial con
?,m ' tSTGovernment as destructive
of that healthy competition which made ,
America so great and pow-ful. H
fully patriotic, thoroughly approving
America's entrance into the oonfltot,
Trhrn,i.h the war his voice rang out j
Hiealrist the brutalities and cruelties
^?ultlsed by the Teuton h.<rde. He be
p i ?h?t there wimj onJv ore cure for
;r.Sb, 'n
tjv the armed forces of
United fltateb. Ho advocated military
r for the youth of the country.
*rheso are only a few of his definite
. ,*f? often and so strongly ex
Dressed in speech and written word to
"People of the United States Ih>'
rreat priest had Ideas. H? reflected
ba: r
thuf'^t?mav?he'r opeatod!'was quite aside
""ev^hlrth he was AmeripcsJi. though
at Irish blood. He first saw the light
1n his beloved city of Baltimore on
July 23. 1834. His parents took him
to Ireland when the boy was only a
f?w veare of age, and there ho received
n t courses of his education, re
versing the^usual process by which Irish
bovs get their beginnings of llf> In
\inerlca. He stayed In I^la"d unt1'
he was 17, when he came back to his
homeland and went to work as a clerk
In Baltimore and In New Orleans But i
he leaned strongly toward the church
* i. .? < l*svi? <rVtt tt'AH entirely i
he leanen strongly ?
His habit of thought was entirely re
Hg'ous His early studies had sug
gested tho priesthood as his life work.
"71entered St. Charles College in ,
Maryland and tool, up ht* lrh^.'l0^l
?tud,?. and.r th. ?uidJ- ?
studies under tne guiaa?>" ,
picians. He completed his theological
course at St. Mary's in Baltimore and
vi as ordained In the Cathedral of Balti
more on June 30> .1861.
Served Flrnt n* ? Pplent.
After serving as a priest in^ two local
parishes he was called by Ar('h^?ho'J
SualdinK to be his secretary and to aet
S ;ffn,4or of the dlocca.. and_ won
the assembling of the Second Plenao
Council in Baltimore In 1866 Father
Gibbons, already attracting the atten
tion of the heads of the church by his
intellect and Industry, was made as
sistant chancellor of that bodj.
rl8S to eminence thereafter was rapid
Two vears later the Hoiy Father
a him 'i Bishop Riving him the title I
Ot Ad^ttum^'parfibS. in HdcHum,
Vicar' Apostolic of North CaroUn. |
The late Cardinal was so iong n high
office, so prominent m tho T"lbi<- e. -
' that few perhaps were aware of the
character and value of his missionary
?n North Carolina. At that xinw
TherVwere fewer than 1.000 Roman
Catholics in the State, and this handful
was scattered widely in the great pins
fnr-ests and sandy wastes and along tlio
?Kthe ocean. There were only
two Catholic church buildings in tho
WhIn*18S7t2the was sent to Richmond to
and established four ^tltutlo*. for the
1Ca"ln ? College ?f < nr?Mnnl*.
in 1884 after seven years of inde
fatigable labor, some of which had to o
Willi the building of new churches (ih?
(. ?u dintil being* a frrea.t khuh \
aom, with the Intensely absorbing SfA
of administering th? great archdiocese
and * good deal with public- matter, h?
oZ fhTS & L"? X1Ir" tf' P^ide
o tae Third Plenary Council in Bal
'n.101 . nomination as a Cardinal
- Iiiioo o. the Holy Roman Catholic
Church immediately fallowed, and on
Juin- 30, 1886, he was invested formally
with the princely Insignia. He was the
fim American Cardinal to take part in
the election of a Pope.
He had bean largely before the public
as lias been stated, before he became
a.n American representative in the Col
lego of Cardinals. He had written a
book, "Faith of Our Fathers.- which han
had a wide circulation arid had Uen
trm slated Into numerous languages An
Eplsoopal clergyman, Dr. Stearns an
swerod It with a book called -'Faith of
Our Forefathers," and this in turn pro
voked a reply from the Jesuits of Wood
stock College, who published "The True
r-h "i 2"r forefathers." The thoolog
fT literary combat continued for a
considerable time, and did not cease in
deed, until Dr. Stearns on the one hand
and the .results an the other, had ex
hausted themselves.
Subsequently Cardinal Gibbons wrote
other books, "Our Christian Heritage "
The Ambassador of Christ," "A Retro
spect of Fifty Years," written in 1917.
He was the author of many pamphlet*
on religious, political and economic top
ics and often In his sturdier years he !
spoke at public gatherings.
Foresaw Growth ot Christianity.
The Cardinal believed that the war I
would cause a great growth In Chris- 1
tianlty. He expected to see a cessation I
in this country of the campaign of false- !
rwrh ag^n? th0 Koman Catholic |
Church. He saw the United States as a
ohr v?iH T, and m?re rec?Knizing and
obeying divine authority ? more of a'
(Christian nation. The future looker!
brilliant to his vlsioning eye
| Me uaa. or Course, his city's most
piecious possession, and to all Balti
| moreans the slender figure, the pallid
(and acetic but kindly features, the:
' i n ^cclcsiaatlcal costume, and espe- !
dally the little scarlet skull rap just
oT'th f;,, TPlf frnm undpr the hS
of th- silk hat he habitually wore, were
j a familiar sight In everyday life. Until
I ?!"' afe 'cmpered his activity it was
J his custom to walk every morning be
I fniu" ' and 12- ^"'"?ywhere respect
aS clthZull V1,Uted hy Pr?tPHtants
and itholles. He arose very early and
his daily mass was said at 7 \ \t
usually After his thanksgiving- it was
his custom to have breakf^t Z
glance at his newspaper, and then to
to work with his sec^tiry? attacking
corn spondence always very Scan H
rarely saw vi,itors before 10 A M It.
cept b> special appointment. !
Honored ?v H?,t, PrntmmtHntn.
c^nT^T W* through
TV ? <anea to pay their resneota
! to bed WH! hlS lnvarlable hour for going
; to bed. His recreation waa reading and
s s^e.?rie v
i actors. a ,)erf0rmarK": by- Professional
I"1? ""d h' 'vi.ifrt nom;
'j- ?'
2* Mi-Ion, h. ? ,h?.'
most important persona -e . , ! ?
with the Catholic LnJvertitv JlTTi
laid Its cornerstone in 1SS4 an'* Jl , *
been chancellor since h? k 22*. hav,n,r
naturally had much businCfJ
fluently he was consulted by t'n> (in
mcnt. particularly in the a,Lv^ ??Ifrn" j
of President McKlnley ar?! r" i i?n* I
Roosevelt. both of ?L? ? re6i<|rnt
highly and with both of "whom f?m,r6(1
0,1 lCrms of w?' "' friendship. Whence
suits for
young men
the dash
of youth
with a dash
of decorum.
Young Men's Suits
?45 to s6o
2 to H West 38th Street?Street Level
Ground Floor?Flights of Style
Hut No Flights of S'airs
late Mr.* Roosevelt seeuied to be recov
| ering in Roosevelt Hospital the Cardinal
! save thank - to God and wrote touchingly
to Mas. Roose\ elt.
In 1911 Oarjlnal Gibbons celebrated
! his golden jubilee In the priesthood
i which produced at Baltimore In October
| of that year cne of the most elaborate
eoclesiastlcal pageants ever seen in this
country. On June (, 1911, distinguished
I men of all creeds had guttered at Baltl.
more to do honor to the Cardinal. The
list of speakers that day included Austin
L. Crothers, Oovernor of Maryland;
William H. Taft, President of the United
.States; .lamas S. Sherman, vice-presi
dent ; < "ol. Theodore Roosevelt, Kllhu
Hoot, James Bryco. the British Am
bassador : Champ Clark, Speaker of the
House; Joseph G Cannon and Mayor
1'reston of Baltimore. The occasion was
memorable also because of an utterance
by Mr. Roosevelt that he hoped and be
lieved the time would corns In America
when Catholics and Jews could be
elected President.
As Illustrating the Cardinal's Intel
lectual vitror and his swiftness to defend
the faith at an age when age attacks
most men his controversy hi 1917, when
he was 83, with Charles W. Eliot, former
president of Harvard, is interesting' to
recall. Dr. Eliot had said that the war
proved Christianity to be a failure, and
thii old Cardinal fairly flamed with in
Cardinal Gibbons was a firm believer
in the league of Nations, and although
ho was an opponent of woman suffrage
before the adoption of the national
amendment he made a strong appeal
last autumn to the women of th" notion
to exercise the franchise.
Finest Type of Citizen, Says
President Harding.
I'roni every part of the country
churchmen and laymen alike sent mes
; sages of sorrow yesterday when the :
death of Cardinal Gibbons was an- j
nounced. Although expected because
of his long illness, his death was re
ceived with universal sadness.
"In common with all our people,"
j said President Harding in a message
to the Rev. Owen B. Corrigan, aux- .
tllary Bishop of Baltimore, "I mourn
the death of Cardinal Gibbons. His
long and notable service to country
and to church makes us all his debtors.
He was ever ready to lend his encour
agement to any movement for *he bet- J
torment of his fellowmei.. He was the j
very finest type of citiaen and church
man. His death is a distinct loss to
the country, but It brings to fuller j
appreciation a great and admirable
Cardinal O'Connell of Boston: "Car
dinal Gibbons was America's first and
finest citizen, llis death removes a
foremost figure from America's na
tional lif\"
Archbishop Patrick J. fciaycs: "His j
apostolic, civic and historic career, be
ginning with the civil war and closing j
with the world's greatest conflict,
shines forth as one of the most strik- J
ing In our annals. Ilfs ardent love
of God, his undying loyalty to the
Church, his affectionate devotion to
his country and his unwavering faith
in America's exalted destiny mark the
Bishop and citizen whose memory will j
be cherished at the altars of our own j
Church as well as around the firesides j
without number of patriotic Americans '
of every creed."
Dr. William T. Manning, rector of
Trinity parish and Bishop-elect of the
Protestant Episcopal diocese of New
York: "He was a great Christian and
a great citizen. His name has long
been held in honor among our people
and his death will be universally
Senator T^odfie of Massachusetts: j
"Cardinal Gibbons -was a man who In
spired affection In every one."
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