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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 27, 1921, Image 2

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capitalists we can operate the plant and
make it produce.
A visit to the barracks and also to
the headquarter* of the women's sani
tary unit showed that all of them wore
gripped by the Illusion that a world revo
lution was now begun right there in the
Leuna works.
A trade union leader of Halle de
clared they were doing everything in
their power to localize 'the revolt and
prevent a general strike.
"We approve of the moderation shown
by the security police and hope the
bringing in of the Heichswuhr will be
avoided," he said# "We are not afraid
of another Kapp rebellion, for a general
strike would paralyse the reactionaries.
But we fear the Communist agitation
and want it crushed.'
Two emmissaries entered from Eiseie
ben entered the room with a penciled
note. "The situation is desperate," the
note said: "Wo Implore reenforcemenn
and arms."
The labor union leader made no re
sponse.
TRYING TO SURROUND
POLICE AT EISLEBEN
Communists From'Halle Join
Expelled Comrades.
B-j the Associated Preis.
Hali.e, Saxony, March 26.?Reinforce
ment of the Communist rioters at llans
feld and Eisleben wns In progress this
morning. Armed workmen were moving
from Halle and vicinity in the direction
of these two towns. Their declared pur
pose was to-join their comrades, notably
tlie party which after many hours of
fighting had been driven out of Elsleben
by the security police. According to in
formation from both police and Com
munist quarters the purpose.of the move
ment was the surrounding of the police
at Elsleben.
The fugitives from Eisleben were re
organizing to-day on the hills northwest
of that town. Communists here reported.
The security police, however, claim to
have routed these Eisleben fugitives
when they sought to entrench them
selves.
Here in Halle, which Is credited with
housing the Communist committee di
recting the Saxon revolt, conditions were
growing more tense to-day. The town so
far has remained quiet. An effort was
on foot among the worklngmen to bring
on a general strike, but no clashes as a
result of this movement had occurred
up to noon.
Pence a Few Miles A way.
Hi/ the Associated Press.
Obehroebunoen, Prussian Saxony,
March 2fi.?Reports that the Communist
forces which have been flgthlng in Eis
1< ben agalnm the security poilce for
three days had been driven out of that
city were brought here last night by
tuen breathless from running the twelve
f.illes which lie between Eisleben and
this little Saxon village. They said
that the Communists were retreating
ecrpfis the fields, for the moat part in
goal order, but some had thrown away
their guns and others had been made
prisoners. ,
The tidings were received without
emotion by men and boys who stood,
rifles In hand, ready to report for duty
to the commander of the Communists.
In a few minutes, however, these men
and boys beran tr> straggle away, appar
ently to Join their Communist comrades
In another stand .".gainst the police.
Ore of the refugee# from Eisleben said
to the correspondent last evening: ' You
haven't this sort of fighting in America,
have you? Things must go better
there."
He said that women who had been
camped in the outskirts of Eisleben
<lay and ni*ht since the flighting began
there entered the city Immediately after
rifle firing ceased.
Rattle Was ''.Fast a How,"
'They would tla?e gone earlier," he
sddei, "but the workmen would not
permit them to go In. The women do
not have much interest In the world
revolution. To them the fight at Eisle
ben was just a row between workmen
und the 'green police." "
Members of the Communist forces
which were In virtual control of Elsie
hen permitted the correspondent to en
ter that city yesterday between bursts
of firing, but they were unwilling to
escort him back, saying that the only
conveyances available were In the
hands of the i>oilce and that capture
was probable. The correspondent, how
ever, succeeded In securing an auto
mobile and left the town, but as bullets
began striking the road around the
machine, the chauffeur fled and the
correspondent walked, an lar as Ober
roeblingen.
After his experiences in Eisleben and
scenes of bloodshed and vlplen^c the
correspondent found tt'ls little village
particularly peaceful. In apite of tha
fact that heavy fighting wan going on
only a few miles away, church bells
were ringing hero last evening, women
were praying In the churches and chil
dren were laughing and playing about
the streets. All communication be
tween this town and Elsleben has been
cut off, and automobiles cannot be
secured to go to Eisleben unless the
full price of the machine engaged is
deposited. As a consequence of thin
Interruption of traffic there Is a food
Shortage here.
AUSTRIAN RELIEF
COMES BEFORE LEAGUE
International Credits Dis
cussed To-morrow.
By lh? Aimriatrd Pr*nr.
Paris, March 26.?The queatlon of re
lief tor Austria will come up attain Mon
day, when th?- financial committee of the
l,eanue of Nation* will discuss the pos
sibility of effective ?nIrl through the
international credits aclieme proposed by
the financial conference In Bruaaein,
The next step will he a meetlap of
financial experts in Rnme, after which
the financial committee of tho league
will meet the representative* of Austria
At Santa Rom, near Trieste
By thf Allot .alrd Pren.
Viun.va, March 2.". Chancellor Mayr
to-day outlined to tii chief committer
of the National Assembly the r"*ult "f
Ma visit to l?ondon to ask tilled aid for
Avatrla. He warned the committee that
It was necessary for Austria to negotiate
a loan as aoon as possible. Th?* Chan
cellor said th?> Entente's representative*
had notified him Austria must effect In
ternal financial reforms l>efore it could
expect outside aid.
The newspapers to-day reiterated their
disappointment at the rinilts of the
Chancellor's visit to London. The Arht
Vhr Blatt aays Germany is the only
means of salvation for Austria.
HUGHES'REJECTION
OF SOVIET DEMAND
PLEASES FRENCH
Officials Delighted, Inter
preting American Stand
as Support of France.
OFFSETS BRITISH PLANS
Belief in Paris Lenine Has
Reaffirmed Communism
in Other Words.
MOTIVE TO RETAIN POWER
Attempt to Deceive 'Capitalis
tic Governments' as Well
as Proletariat.
By thc .Assoctafcd J-Vcss.
Pasis, March 26.?Press, despatches
telling of the rejection by the Amerl
| oan Secretary of State, Charles E.
| Hughes, of the Russian Soviet trade
['proposals were received with satisfac
| tion in official circles here to-day.
While none of tlie officials would;
! permit himself to be quoted, all were |
undisguisedly pleased that the United
States had seen fit to reject. Lenine's
plea for recognition, the French inter
preting the American attitude as a
certain amount Of support for the
Fxench viewpoint regarding the Soviet
republic.
Coming as it does after England's
trade agreement with the Soviets, the
officials believe the American refusal
more than counteracts tiny strength
the Bolshevik! may have gained
through their successful negotiations
with Great Britain. The news was
received here too late for comment by
| th? afternoon newspapers.
FRENCH ARE STUDYING
LENINE'S CONCESSIONS
Admit Radical Change in Pol
icy if Permanent.
Special Cable to Tua New Tokk Herald.
Cvpyrillht, J9B1, by Tub Nsw Tokk Herm.d.
New York Hrrald Bureau, )
Pari-., March SC. | ,
Copies of the address toy Nikolai
Ijenme, Russian Soviet Premier, first
made public In The N'kw York Herai.d
'ind which created such a world stir,
reached here to-day, and are now being
studied carefully by the French Govern
ment.
The Lienlne concessions are:
L A free exchange of products. Instead
of a Government apportionment. ,
2. A substitution of taxes, like those
levied by the so-called "captalistlc gov
ernments," for the Communist plan of
requisitioning products and labor.
1. The making of trade agreements
with the "capitalistic governments,"
whom, I.enine says, should be informed
that "we have corrected our faults" to
prevent, as he says, the return of capi
talistic ownership, which would rewult
if the proletariat flailed to retain direct
control of tholr goods.
While the OOMcrntiV* newspapers
her>' admit thip is a radical change of
;he Soviet policy. Journals like the Petti
/'nri.tirit warn the we.?t< rn nations of
the danger In connection with Russia
if it is a fact, as Lenine admit* It ib,
that the concessions made by him in
his change of policy are only provi
sional. At the same time, it asserts
that with Lenlne the end always justifies
the means.
What Is here regarded as a significant
part of Lenlne's speech was his declara
tion that "We must reach an under
standing with the peasants in giving sat
isfaction to their demands, but we must
conceal all Communistic principles from ;
the proletariat. A system of free ex
change will not be in danger if the
proletariat possesses manufactured ar
ticles and distributes them themselves
ttinong local cooperatives. To the con
trary. this system ha* advantages in that
It confers greater authority on the
proletariat."
French officials maintain that this Is
really a reaffirmation of Communism as
opposed to local Sovletlsm. This Is the
, main consideration In determining the
| commercial policy of the French Gov
ernment. and this France hopes will be
, the attitude of the United States. Nat
urally the efforts of the nntl-T^enlne
I grotips, which now have their headquar
! tern in Paris, are directed along similar
i i lnuinels.
French official opinion holds thar
? Lenine's dominating motive In hi*
jpecch was to slviw that he has changed
his e<sinomlc policy radically, making
: what may be either temporary or perma
j nent concessions to the peasants, In or
j der to stay in power.
REDS GIVE AMERICAN
20 YEARS' SENTENCE
Washington, March 26.?Cm t. Rrn- ;
met Kllpatrlck of Unlontown. \ln.. Red
''roes worker In south Russia, capture!
by the Rolshevlk forces last fall. Is re. j
ported to have been sentenced to twenty j
years' imprisonment at hard labor after,
trial before n Soviet tribunal In Moscow,
and Red Cross headquarters here ha,
order* d nn InvMtlgatlor Tho report
was brought out of Russia by a Hun
garian refugee who reach.d Hudapost
?'abled Instructions to follow It up have
been sent to various European headquar
t< rf.
Capt. Kllpatrlck, while on leave of.
{absence from his regular post of dut>,
1 got far forward with the forces of <!en.
f/rnmt 1. ami wo# captured when Soviet
armies started a general advance. It has
been definitely established that he w is
taken to Moscow and imprisoned therf
| though there was no previous report
that he had been formally tried.
The reports said Kllpatrlck was tried
in retaliation fcT alleged condemnation
of Russian Communists In the I nite.t
I States.
FRENCH DANCING MASTERS
TO REVIVE CLASSIC WALTZ
Leaders of Movement Say Time Has Come to Abandon
Shimmy, Fox Trot, Tango and Maxixe, but New
Rival Appears in Hungarian Czarda.
Special Cable to Tit* Srw YoaK Hrtuio.
CcpirrigKt, 19?I, by The Nrw Vo?K Houuk
NV? lurk llrralit Buri-ati. 1
I'ltrU, Muri h M. J
The campaign against dances of
American and exotic origin which has
been waged here for the laat few
months is expected to bear fruit to
morrow when the French Dancing Mas
ters Congress will celebrate the Easter
tid? with a resurrection of the classic
waltz.
According to the leaders of the move
ment the time has come to call a halt
on the shimmy, fox trot, tan'go and
maxlxe and got back to elemental pur
ism. However, the new Boston de
vised by Prof. Weyne of Rotterdam is
considered ethically proper and may be
danced by the best society. But all the
other spring creations are merely
adaptations of the waltz of grand
father's time.
Simultaneously with the passing of tho
tango and the one step Paris dancers
Continued from First Page.
similar wares from the German and
Czech factories because their output was
now for the moil part insulation mate
rial for Russia.
Extremely conflicting views art- ex
pressed by Americans; both here and in
Stockholm, who have long been watching
the Russian situation at cIosq range re
garding the possibility of any extensive
trade at present with Soviet Russia.
Among some of these observers the
view is expressed that there are huge
potentialities in Russian trade. Others
take quite the contrary view.
It is pointed out by many Americans
of the latter class, including"*represcnt
ativos of large banks and general im
porting and agricultural machinery con
cerns, that the talc of gold by Russia to
the Swedish banks lias rolled up a com
paratively large credit balance for im
mediate purchases of food, agricultural
machinery and transportation equipment.
When thiR balance is exhausted, how
ever, these Americans declare they can
st-e only llax and lumber, with possibly
some leather and platinum, as commo
dities which will be available for export
from Russia for several years to come.
One general importer, who is particu
larly interested in flax, said the United
States would have very little chance to
obtain any of the present supply, which
Is small, as It already had been largely
preempted by the British.
PETROGRAD FACTORIES *
LOOTED TO GET FOOD
Workers Take Movables to
Barter With Peasants.
Stockholm, March L'6.?The Social
Revolutionists (Menshlvlki) In l'etro
grad have started a new and active
propaganda in that city in the shape of
pamphlets in which the demand for the
convocation of a constituent asscnibly
Is renewed.
The food situation In Petrograd Is
) represented as desperate, there beinir no
J rations for the authorities to distribute,
but the populace. It is declared. Is util
izing the right granted after tho rccent
period of unrest to buy or procure pro
visions from the country. In pursuance
of this object there is a dally stream of
migration to the vicinity of Petrograd.
where the city dwellers exchange such
possessions as remain to them for food.
The Petrograd factories are described as
deserted, as the workers are virtually
all in the country hunting for food,
bartering for it. It is nsserted. Govern
ment property taken by them from the
nationalized factories.
KAZAN REBELS UPSET
SOVIET COMMISSION
Western Russia and Minsk
Also in Revolt.
Stock Hoi.xr. March 26.?An nntl-Sovlet
rising Is reported to have occurred In
Kazan, about 550 miles east of Moscow,
on the Volga, according to despatches
received here to-day. Some of the mem
ber* of tho Extraordinary Commission In
the city are said to have been killed and
the commission's headquarters burned.
Many other Soviet officials have been
killed. It is dcolared.
The, Insurgents, the advlceg state, are
masters of the entire city and vicinity
and have on'?rod a general mobilization
In tho district.
In western Russia anti-Soviet move
ments also are reported. Fighting In
White Russia between Soviet troops and
peasants is continuing, and Pskov Is said
to be In the hands of revolutionists. The
White Russian peasants have been re
enforced by deserters from the Red
Guard, the messages assert.
Another disturbed section Is said to he
the Minsk region, where conflicts be
tween soldiers and Insurgents are re
ported raging, the revolutionary activi
ties so far having resulted, it Is asserted.
In twenty Soviets In various parts of the
region being driven out.
THIRD RED CONGRESS
CALLED FOR JUNE 3
Ban on Workmen Changing
Employment Is Lifted.
IlKr.sixorons, March 26.?The Pravn<ia
of petrograd says the third congress of
th' Third Internationale of Moscow has
been called for .tune 3 in Moscow, ac
cording to a despatch from Petrograd
to-day.
The old Soviet regulation forclnr
workmen to remain In one factory has
been lifted, the despatch a (Mr, and they
n iw are permitted to change their em
ployment If they dealre upon application
to the Oommlfearies for permission.
MA lU IOTA MA SAILS AGAI*.
SofTHAMrro.v, Kngland, March 26.?
. lie steamship Mauretanla to-day re
sumed sailings n.fter a layup for four
nu nths. Tlie vessel embarked 700 pas
.-'T'- for N'hv York. ? "
S A L F. S M E N
\frn and Women 18 or Ovrr Memberships in nn Order of All
Americans National in sropr, offer ,vou nn exceptional field for the
application of your i-nrrfir* Future capacities of State Organizers
and Field Supervisors available to ninny who qualify. This movement
is endorsed by the most prominent and distinguished Americans who
stf also lending their fullest co-opera'ion to the nims involved. Honesty
imperative. < all or writ' National Headquarters, Suite 300, /503 .Itli av.
apparently have decided not to h<??d
tho decree of the waltz experts and are
paying huge sums to learn the steps
of the new Hungarian ozarda. Orig
inally a folk dance In Hungary, this
dance has found Its way here, thanks
to the Archduke Albert, a gay scion of
the Archduke Frederick of Austria, who
has exhibited the new steps privately
In Montmartre palaces as well as In
private lfonieB, where the spectators at
first were shocked by the languorous
movements, faintly resembling: the most
extreme contortions of the Bhlmmy. It
is even predicted that the czarda Is
more likely to gain favor In the select
dance halls than the ancient waltz.
The reform movement, however. Is
j suro to have one adherent in Isadora
Duncan, who in an interview this morn
ins declares that she Is willing to ko
i to Russia If invited, as "Paris prefers
the Jazz band and fox trot to the sym
phonies of Boethoven or idealistic in
| terpretations" such as those which
' gained her fame.
TROTZKY'S 'DESERTERS'
CAPTURED KRONSTADT
By Sham Attacks Sent Forces
Into Fortress.
Correspondence of the Associated Press.
.Stockhoi.m, March 26.?Tho details
| of the beginning of the revolt in Kron
I /Qadt against the Bolshevist Administra
tion and the circumstances forming a
'background against which this episode
can be seen and judged have been
learned by tho correspondent from well
informed sources "by way of Riga. Lat
via, and Helsingfors, Finland.
Trotsky's first attajck on Kronstadt
was a failure, but he adopted other
methods. By means of sham attacks he
allowed part of his troops to run over to
the enemy and when night time fame
launched his main attack, during which
the defenders were attacked from behind
by the sham deserters.
Gen. Denikine, Admiral KoTchak, Gen.
Yurenltch and Gen. Wrangel, the anti
Bolshevist leaders, had to be fought
on land and it was necessary to estab
lish a Bolshevist army, but not a navy.
Vet Trotzky never forgot he had once
been in the Russian navy and he only
awaited the proper opportunity to make
tho Russian navy as strong and supple
a weapon in his hanfis as foe had made
tho army.
Finally, Trotzky employed a weapon
ready to his hands?he cut the food sup
plies. The sailors thereupon had re
course to requisitioning foodstuffs out
side Petrograd, which caused distur
bances which were given the color of a
counter revolution.
This moment was seized upon by anti
Bolshevist elements and serious upris
ings were arranged in I'etrograd. Simul
taneously rations were reduced to the
minimum in Petrograd and elsewhere.
The so-called "intelligent" element
I adopted a waiting attitude during these
events. It did not care to join the so
, called counter revolutionaries, fearing
| th;it if Lenine were overturned It would
nit an complete anarchy. The peasants
aro mainly against the Soviet admin
istration, but are suspicious of any
new movement which they aro not sure
at first hand will protect their inter
ests.
Will Send Battleship and De
stroyers There to Pro
tect Fisheries.
ACTION TO BALK SOVIETS
Step Follows Report Siberia
Had Ceded Part of Terri
tory to Moscow.
IS'j the Associated Press.
Tokio, March 25.?Japan is under
stood to have decided to despatch r
battle ship and four Oestroyers to Kam
chatka for the purpose of protecting
Japanese fishing enterprises there. It is
said this action was taken following re
ports that the Far Eastern Republic had
ceded port of the peninsula of Kam
chatka to the Soviet Government of
Moscow.
Viscount Uchida, Japanese Foreign :
Minister, declared in the House of Peers j
on Tuesday that Japan would be obliged j
to adopt whatever action might be neces- j
sary to preserve her rights In Kam- '
chatka.
No objection hn? been made by Japan '
to tiio cession of Kamchatka by the Far !
Eastern Republic to the Russian Soviet j
Government, the Foreign Office ex
plained to-day, but it cannot accept the j
suggestion of the Fat^ Eastern Republic j
that Soviet delegates participate in the
fisheries conference, because Japan lias
no relations with the Soviet.
The negotiations with the Far Eastern
Republic at Chita, it ,is pointed out.
concern the extension of the Kamchatka
fishery lease for ten years, the opening
of hays, gulfs and the maritime coast to
Japanese fishermen and the lifting of
the ban on fishing In waters within
eight miles of river mouths.
It is understood the Chita Government
has proposed the evacuation of fishing
grounds occupied by the Japanese pend
ing revision of the fisheries question.
Vancouver, B. C., March 26.?Signing
of the trade agreement between Great
Britain and Russia lias led to talk here
among shipping ami commercial inter
ests of a revival of Canadian trade with
Siberia. Soveral syndicates already j
have been formed to take advantage of
the first chance for a resumption of
the trade relations built up with Siberia
during the first years of the war?re
lations that were interrupted by the
Russian revolution.
In the opinion of Charles S. Meek, an
Importer, however, Canadians will en
counter a serious obstacle In Japanese
influence in Siberia. In a statement to
day he gave warning that Japan nat
urally will reserve to her own trades
men all the commercial advantages af
forded by geographical location and
military occupation of certain areas.
One transaction leported to be under
consideration by Canadians is redemp
tion orders placed by the former Rus
sian Imperial Government for millions
of dollars' worth of railway equipment,
now lying at Coquitiam, B. C., where it
was dumped at the time of the revolu
tion. This equipment is useless to Cana
dian or United States railways be
cause of the difference in gauge.
Riding Attire
Breeches
Top Coats
Coats and Skirts
Polo Coats
Waistcoats
Pastime Suits
and
Sports Frocks
with a distinctiveness, cor
rectness and smartness that
is the authority for America.
Riding Habits
Club, Park, Cross Country
or the Tan Bark
175-00 upwards
^Part's wi(h all its feminine charm and
vagaries omnipresent in/>ur store floor
Fifth Avenue
Ac Fifty Second Street
paris New York boston
Mother's Love?and
Her Kitchen Slavery
After dinner, Mrs. Jack led the children out into the parlor, wttare
she began to sing. Mr. Jack took up the even ng paper.
"Do you know," interrupted Mr. Jack, "that I am nding you all
over again as sweetheart and companion since you quit trying to bake
your own bread.
"Before, you used to have too many dates in the kitchen after
evening 4inner and it wore you out so that I always seemed to find
you a bit tired."
"Well," confessed Mrs. Jack, "three nights a week for baking was
quite a burden; but you always loved the bread your mother used to
bake and you used to say mine reminded you of that. 1 didn't dare
try the baker's bread, knowing how you felt."
"That's all right, dear," the husband confided, "but when I see the
way the kiddies take to WARD'S, 1 am glad their mother does no:
have to slave over the bread pan as mine did.
"Mother seemed to know bread-making by intuition. And WARD
seems to have caught the inspirational moment of that intuition
when mother was at her best. They get ever/ loaf the same and every
loaf the best that bread can be.
"It's a new deal in the world since our wive* and sweethearts gained
the confidence to say, 'a loaf of WARD'S please' and let their bread
worries go at that. I'm glad of it. too."
WARD, in coaxing 'mother out of the kitchen, used all the skill
that three generations of baking, plus the best science the universities
had developed, could give us.
We are proud of our product ?and hope to keep mother in the ?
parlor by continually deserving her patronage.
Remember thai every loaf of
'YARD'S BREAD
Copyright 1921, by
WARD BAKING COMPANY
is made to make you
want to eat another
Spring's Cloth Coats
and Wraps
Original Presentation
NOTABLE collection of original Parisian
garments selected abroad and im*
ported by this house, and of our own
exclusive American designs.
Garments are shown on the street floor
of the Fifth Avenue wing of the H. Jaeckel
&. Sons Building, 546 Fifth Avenue.
Cloth coats and wraps, for steamer, eve
ning and street wear, as low as $50. The
same degree of style and workmanship
in our Cloth Department that has made
our furs fam >i s throughout the world.
Fifth Avenue, Corner 45th Street
DESPITE the record volume of advertising car
ried by The Herald at this time last year, for
the first 25 days of March this year
THE NEW YORK HERALD
GAINED 47,658 Lines of Advertising
compared with the same period last year. The
Herald is the only New York morning: newspaper
showing a gain in advertising lineage over last year.
When the Herald is on YOUR schedule you will
do a larger business.
m

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