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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 30, 1921, Image 8

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NEW YORK HERALD
PUBLISHED BY TIF3 SUN-HERALD
< ;ORPORATION. 280 BROADWAY ;
TELEPHONE. WORTH 10,000.
Directors and officers: Frank A. Munsey.
President; Ervln WarUman, Vice-President;
Wm. T. Dewarl. Treasurer; R. H. TUher
Inglon, Secretary.
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Thb Nm>' Took Hrbalp irna founded by
?tames Gordon Bennett In 18."." It remain."I
tiie sole property of It* founder until his
<1-?(h, in 1872. when his ?on. also Janie?
Cordon Bennett, succeeded to the ownership
of the paper, which remained in his hand*
until 1:1* e'e-ath. in IMS Tim Hnuu> l>e
? ariie the property of Frank A. Munsey, Its
present o?n?r, i:i 1920.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 30. 1921.
When Capital Is Income.
Apart: from the additioral revenue
which will accrue to the Government
throngh the Supreme Court decision
on the constitutionality of taxing
profits on capital assets as income,
i he settlement, even though it was
favorable to the Treasury, will relieve
taxpayers of their doubts as to what
la income and what is capital.
The Supreme Court necessarily had
10 adopt an arbitrary ground In reach
ing Its conclusion, since the law pro
vides for a tax on incomes but not on
capital. Strictly speaking, nil profits
In trading arise simply through an
Increase in the value of capital assets.
rI he only true income a merchant, a
trader or a banker hn< in the pur
chase aud sale of goods or securities
Is the commissions he derives from
such transactions. Yet the major part
of the earnings of tr.iders of all kinds
are derived from the realization in
cash of the margin between the pur
chasing price of capital assets dealt
In, whether securities or commodi
ties, and the enhanced value of those
capital assets represented by the sell
ing price.
Thus all profits not the result of
personal service or of actual produc
tion are, in fact, only additions to
capital, and In pure theory a tax on
such profits is not a tax on income,
but a tax on capital, and for this the
income tax law does not provide.
However, the Supreme Court has
again shown that it has o keen appre
ciation of realities by Interpreting
ue term income to extend also to the
? uhanced value of capital assets. If
:)ie decision had gone the other way
It would have been possible for many
individual and corporate taxpayers to
form trading companies holding noth
ug but capital assets, the increase in
the value of which, although col
i'v tcd and spent as Income, would uot
be taxable.
The point i? one over which there 1
has been much war* discussion, with
opponents on each side of the ques
tion equally sure of their ground.
One side thought taxation of capital
nXtets, when realized as profits, could
not be enforced without additional i
legislation. The other side was not,
concerned with this point, but argued |
t aat unless profits In the shape of in-1
Tmsed capital values ronld he taxed j
t? income tax law might as well be
\vTpe<l off the books. "Nothing so radi
' ?? as that, they believed, would be
supported by the Supreme Court.
Irj accordance with a cone-ssion by
Hie Government, the court al*o de
? id?l that March 1. 1910, would no
longer be the arbitrary date from
hleh taxable values must be derived i
'?n transactions beginning before that}
date. This removes a bad defect in
the income tax law. In many cases ;
It actually compelled the payment of
iaxes on losses where the sale price
of assets was higher than th? value
< n March 1. 1013. but lower than the
actual purchase price on a prior pur
chase date.
Little by little the Supreme Court
is laying down precedents which
? virtually will make the income tax
law as workable, If not satisfactory,
.is any tax law can be. The ruling
last year exempting stock dividends
f rom the income tax was the first con
structive step In this direction. It
i'?pr1ved the Treasury of about $100,
? ?00.000 a year in revenues. The pres
ent. decision confirms the Treasury in
about ihe same amount. Accouutsare
thus about square so far an revenue
r?es. while the w?y ha* been made
easier and smoother for th<* puzzled
taxpayer who has i?een hard put to
decide between his pooketbook and
his patriotism when it ? ante to decid
ing when profit v as capital and when
If was income. Now It can be either
or both, but It will l>e taxable Just
1 he same.
Hope for Crippled Service Men.
A public which has becfl disgusted
by the sloth of th? Government In the
matter of si<*k and wounded soldiers
rry} eailors will take heart from I' *i
dent liAaniMi's action of yesterday.
The President has appointed) to in
vestigate the question of soldier relief
.??d rehabilitation, n eomftitttee of live
and sympathetic men and women.
With mergetio i.erwns like General
Dawks and Mr.*. l>ot:m,as UolitNsort
on the Job we ought soon to know
what the conditions are and how the
problem should be solved.
By a iiapp.v coincidence the Prcl
dent's committee will bold its first
conference on April r>, the (lay after
the citizens' meeting in Carnegie Hall
discusses the plight of lncapacicated
service men. The New York gather
ing ought to provide much material
for the President's committee to begin
work with.
Every One's John Burroughs.
John Burkouoks Is dead and every
one lias lost a friend. Dedicating a
book to him a few years ago. Theo
dobe Roosevelt wrote: "It is a good
tiling for our people that you have
lived, imd surely go man can wish to
have more said of him." He would
have wished nothing more and nothing
different.
John BrRRorons's great love was
for nature and he was reserved if not
shy with men?at. least with stran
: gers. But he loved mankind so well
that he made it hi* life's task to stare
the treasure of interest and beauty
that he found lu every living thing
from the leaf to tlie bird, from the
; iie^ to the flower, from the woods and
? hills to their wild inhabitants. So he
became through his writings the In
j spiratton of children, the companion
and guide of the mature, the consola
tiou of the aged.
What was John Bi;RRve*ms? Or.
rather, what was he nn^t Was he
scientist, poet or philosopher? He was
all three In soul and in his gift to hla
, age the three qualities are wondor
j fully commingled. As a scientist he
j was a naturalist, not a biologist. He
I was a follower of Gii>hert White,
' the natural historian of Selhorne, and
| his supreme mastery lay in dlstin
! Kuishlng and recording the phenomena
: of life which every one else saw but
i failed to take note of. As a philoso
I p^ier He had an instinctive sense of
j the mystery underlying the marvels
j that nature cast before his senses
with such boundless prodigality. He
! had a conviction, half emotional, half
j reasoned, of the meaning of the world
j and of human existence. He saw the
hope that It Implied.
Through Ills spirit of poetry he re
; cast his observations, bis reflections,
the teeming wealth of his unflagging
mind into word Images and word
paintings which appealed with the
sureness of the sunlight he x-evelled
in to the perceptions, the intellects,
the imagination of thousands craving
for help in the liberation of their spir
it?. He became first the awakener
, then the friend in thought and sympa
thy of every one who came under the
I spell of his pen.
His power of observation was a
natural faculty which grew uncon
sciously in the early yenrs of his life
on his father's farm. He could not
help detecting minutlfp in animal or
plant. He said himself that when he
flrst came to write about the nirds
| all lie had to do was recall what lie
had seen. He never did anything with
the purpose of writing about it. He
never made notes. His brain was, a
heaven made laboratory of nature
study and nature lore.
As for his writiug. liis early flights
were hampered by imperfect training
I and a false ideal. He tried to model
his style on Dr. Johnson's and was
only saved through the clarifying in
fluence of Kmkkson, who taught him
the magic of simplicity and direct
ness. By cultivation of these quali
ties he attained in his later and more
finished work a charm or manner
which was in harmony with the
beauty of his material and his
thought.
It. Is odd that p. man of twenty-fire
should have written such a poem ns
"Waiting":
"Serene I fold my hand* and wait.
Nor care for wind, nor tide, nor sea;
I rave no more 'gainst time or fate.
For lo! my- own shall come to me."
It reads like the resignation of one
well on in years. But it erpre?sed se
renity and acquiescence, uot renuncia
tion or indifference. Bubrottqus was
altogether the product of his own
genius and he felt In himself the
power of making his life rich and
fine by use of the material placed at
his command by Providence. This was
his lesson, that he conveyed to young
and old?to use their own faculties
and through them to possess and to
enjoy all the splendor of the universe.
He lived, through his serenity, to a
great age. so that his life linked the
rreserrt generation with names and
memories grown legendary, the great
men and deeds of the civil war time.
In a peculiar ; d special way he has
no successor. There is no one to replace
him as I>ean Emeritus of American
letters, still less as the writer beloved
of nil. But in his booss he has left
a legacy Inexhaustible In many years
to the disciples in the school of the
gre.it outdoor world.
Debt Adjustment Courtesies.
Aside from the stupendous interna
tional debts and accusations of In
debtedness engaging the attention of
grave financiers there are not a few
questions of the same nature which.
?.m:ill ns they may be. ore caurc oti
irritalion between sovereign people?.
The case 'of the debt claim of the
| Sin'e of Virginia against the Federal
r. \ eminent, dating. h? we recall, a
century or more hock, sets a renowned
j uml agreeable precedent to be consid
I ered in this connection. As the
stately story is told, an offi lal repre
sentative of the Old Dominion, bear
ing a despatch box of ancient fashion
bulging with yellowed documents, an
nually voyages to Washington, where
with ceremonious courtesy befitting
the nature and venerablenens of his
mission, he make* demand for pay
ment. He is cordially revived by
representatives of the. Rtate and
Treasury department*, who, accord
ing to honored custom which long ago
mellowed (h? occasion, Invlle the
commissioner to dlnnrr.
Follow in dignified procession n
lunch, a visit to the White House,
ontertalnments by Cabinet officer*, n
drive out to Chevy f'hn?e club house
' and other Incidents nicely calculated
to a better undar standing of the j
financial problem involved. In other
days progress was marked by toasta
! (trunk to the health of the President
and to the Governor of Virginia;
agreeable compliments are always ex
changed ami the commissioner re
: turns to Richmond with renewed
assurances of esteem, aud promises
! that the claim will receive further
I examination.
It is said that in Virginia no more
? rlzed honor can come to a citizen
than to be elected to the office which
I ctrries with it the distinction of con
ducting these almost hallowed nego
tiations. It must be that this manner
of forwarding adjustment of a claim
between even the nio.-t sensitive na
i tious, without denial of validity, will
| appeal to the good sense and kindly
; humor of statesmen alert to the politi
cal value of courtesy visits.
Greek Advance in Asia Minor.
i The offensive against the Turk
i lsh Nationalists, which Coxstavti.ye
launched as a reply if not a challenge
to the London conference, has reached
the Bagdad railway, about 200 miles
east of Smyrna. The Greeks have
I thus given at least temporary secur
j ity to their possession of western Asia
i Minor and they are, according to the
official reports, in occupation of two
important junction points, Aflun- j
Karahissar, where the line from
Smyrna east joins the Bagdad road,
aud Eskl-Shehr, from where a branch
of the Bagdad road runs to.. Angora, j
the Nationalist capital.
Tbe Bagdad railway is ov the
chief objectives of the Greek >rces in
the present offensive. Their several at
tempts to control it in the early occu
pation of the Smyrna territory all
proved Ineffectual. It is the only im
portant railway of tbe country and
j connects Scutari, on the Asiatic shore
[opposite Constantinople, with Konia
1 anil the Mesopotamlan valley. It*
I control by the Greeks thus cuts off
I railroad communication of the Na
j tionallsts with the remainder of the
j world. The Nationalists, under tbe
j command of Mustapha Kemal
< Pasha's ablest generals, offered little
resistance to tbe Greeks until the
railway was reached. Here, accord
ing to the Greek official reports, they
made a Arm stnnd and were driven
from their position only after severe
fighting.
I The Greeks now enter upon the
most, difficult phase of their cam
paign. Angora lies 140 miles east of
? Eskl-Shehr, in the Anatolian high
lands. Good highways are few and
i the rough land and mountain passes
| offer especial advantages for the
? guerrilla warfare to which Kemal's
'forces are best suited. I5w nt and
j more or less authoritative reports by
; correspondents who have been at the
! Nationalist- headquarters would seem
to disprove the early information
given out by the Greeks. The Na
tionalists are well supplied with
money, they have organized under the
best of Turkish officers a considerable
; force and it is believed that Kemal's
i Influence is such that he can in case
j of a Greek invasion add to this many
l recruits from among the Anatolians,
I who in the past were the most de
pendable of the Turkish soldiery.
Constanttne has now adopted trip
policy of Vknizexos and is striving to
take to himself the credit of the
Greater Greece which this able Prem
ier had outlined and was on the
point of making effective. To this
his followers have ndded an clement
that especially appeals to his pwsonal
, ambition and to the Ideals of tlie ex
treme Greek expansionists. The
i Greeks In Constantinople recently us
i serted that Saint Sophia will be in
'the hands of the Greeks by the tinie
of the celebration of their Easter on
May 1. and that a Greok sovereign
will rnle In Constantinople. This is
ja pleasant dream in which Constan
tixe has indulged himself ever since
he was reminded of the ancient proph
ecy that a Constantine whose Qneen
jwas a Sophia would be crowned in
I this sanctuary.
There K however, much moie to
be considered In this project so dear
to every Balkan mler than the mere
desire of the Greek people. Europe
In the past has nlwoys Interfered just
when the plans of a would be suc
cessor to the ruler of anient Byzan
i tlum seemed at the point of realiza
tion. Constantixe's chance of coro
nation in Saint Sophia is no bet
! ter now than wan that of FVrotna'vd
of Bulgaria, who so cunningly schemed
for the distinction In 1013. A
matter of more vital Importance
to the Greeks than their conquest
of Constantinople Is. as Vr.NiZKi.os
pointed out, to discover Just how fur
they are to he supported by the Allies
j in their war against the Turkish Na
tionalists for the establishment of
their territorial claims In Asia.
North Carolina Leads the State*.
? Our friends in North Carolina arc
| filled with enthusiasm because their
Stale had tho highest lirth rate In the
Union for 1020. and its death rate
was among the lowest. The Statn
Board of Health tells the story In
these words:
"Reports durlnff the past year show
a total of 88,968 births In the tftatc,
a rat# of 32.8 per thousand.
"The deaths totalled for the same
period 33.228, a rate of 12.9 per thou
i sand.
? "Durlnp 1920 every six minutes a
new life wo* horn into the world;
? every fifteen minutes another life was
i snapped off. ?
"That the births are so far In ex
cess of th"fe deaths accounts for the
| larfje Increase In the popttlrtlon of
' tlie State durln* the last decade, an
shown by the last census figures, for
the State lias had little Increase by
reason of Immigration." s
Certainly the Old North State has
rensort to be proud of thl? record. .*
high birth rate and a low death rate
mean good health all the nay round.
Taken togother they indicate a sound
and vigorous population living under
excellent condition*. North Carolina
has remarkably fine air and an in
vigorating climate. j
He salute with respect and affec
tion our fellow citizens la North
Carolina, and sincerely congratulate
th-m upon the preeminence in sani
tar/ and wholesome !l\ing their statis
ticians disclose.
A British Coal Crisis Again.
VY^en the Uoyd George Government
dumps the unendurable coal load back
ou the mine owners next Friday, Brit
ish Industry again must meet nn eco
nomic test and British nationalism a
political test.
Wages are so high in the British
coai industry that the total amount of
conl sent to market Is not worth any
thing like the total cost of getting It
out of the ground. The opera) ing def- >?
iclt for the Industry, for evmple,
amounted last mouth to something
like $35*000,000.
The mine owners will uoi be able to
meet the deficit when the business
conies back upon them, the Govern-:
ment doesn't want any more of it and!
? t is not practicable to increase prices
further, as such a course not only j
would kill British coal exports, now
hard pressed by American competition,
but would add enough to the produc-*
tion cost of British manufactures t";
check or stop their sale abroad.
So the mine owners have posted no-1
tioes of general wage cuts to go into1
effect on Friday, when the Govern
ment retires from holding the bag. At;
that, the owners propone to give the!
miners as their pay 80 per cent, of all j
the gross receipts, but the men declnrej
that even nil the gross receipts, every I
cent that comes from the sales of I
many of the mines, would not be
enough for them to live on. The'
threat Is, therefore, that all the men,
iu the fat mines and the lean mines,
will quit on Friday if the wage read
justments go Into effect.
There is no doubt that the policy j
of the British Government Itself is'
to blame for this situation..It has
been willing to stand as long as It j
could a stupendous loss on a large
proportion of the mines, so as to get 1
the coal out. Whit a terrific Ions It i
must lie on the poorer mines mny be
judged by that before mentioned loss
of $85,000,000. although some of the j
better mines made a profit. The Gor
etnnient has wanted nil the domestic!
coal that could be obtained to keep
Brit ish exports up. But it can t stand !
it longer. The burden of mine losses
having become Insupportable by the
Government, the owners nnd the
public, either the mines that are
not self-supporting will have to
close down or the miners themselves
will have to put them on a paying
basis. This they can do In part by
taking a lower wage, but. better yet,!
the men can solve the problem?and
nobody else can solve if for them ?
by getting out more coal as a day's
work.
Tn the British coal mine?, as in I
many instances here, the men have I
not been producing. Tn their eco
nomic folly they ''ave -nored and!
tried fo defy the that wealth
which is not produced cannot be di-'
ViJed. Vow. with the Government no!
longer subsidizing men who do not
produce as much as their own wages, j
they are come to the reckoning. Either
they will have to mine more coal as
a day s work nnd for a day's pay or
they will have to quit the job that
they do rot make self-supporting.
And exactly the same thing 1? true
of many workers in various American
industries.
March's lamblike entrance awl
leonine exit are strictly up to the old
| dramatic standard.
| A man In Arkansas woke yester
day after sleeping three years. Think
j of what he missed! When he fell into
! slumber the Germans were just start
! Ing that drive which was surely going
to win the war.
There was a wide demand yesterday
I morning for self-starting furnaces.
, One of the depressing consequences
of a low birth rate la the difficulties
uncles meet in finding neohews who
must be taken to the circus.
Pet.rogrod artifuns looting factories
of machinery to barter for food, in
! stead of running the machinery to
i producc goods to exchange for food,
! are killing the goose and breaking the
] golden egg at the same time.
If Bads How and General Coxet
both march their divisions on the Fed
eral capital. as they threaten, the Dis.
trlct Commissioners may get enough
able bodied men not In office or looking
i for office to clean, fo>- once, the no
. torlous alleys of Washington.
Ballade of Npring.
The cellar pine has sprung a leak,
The plumber's at his club, they say ,
In vain n decent cook we seek;
The fur-cu o man lias gone nslrpy ;
The laumlresii didn't care to stay,
' The Fcnmjdress left us with a pout;
! Rut nulight can sink us In dlrmay?
. The cherry budn a re bursting out!
1 The grocer, though his manner's mrek,
Is but an Idol made of clay;
We can't afford some new Belleeli
Since Bridget tipped ours from the
tray;
The butcher's bill's too big to pay.
And grandpapa's luid up with goui.
Tet he? too, shouts In accents gay:
"The cherry buds nr.- bursting out!"
Our next door i elghbor Is a freak /
Who Joins In each new fad or fray.
And, on our line, with sealous cheek,
Uses the telephone all day;
The bulbs that Aunt Amanda Gray
< iave us as <"*hrlstmas gilts won't sprout?
But what's annoyance anyway:
The Cherry buds are bursting out!
Though comfort's fallen to decay
And left us only debt and drought;
One Joy can all our woes allay;
The c*erry buds are bursting out I
Ph*stott* BTcrrcrr
Clippers and Yachts.
Speedy Voyages Made Under the
Command of Yankee Skippers.
To Tm New York Herald: Harwell's
"Engineers Hand Book" of 1880 gives
both sailing and steamship records dat
ing back to the early '60s, among which
ure the following made by clipper ships:
1H01? Flying Cloud. New Vork to San
Francisco, 13.?t0 mlle?. 80 flays 18 hours;
374 miles in one day.
1833?Trade Wt-.A. New York to Pan
Francisco. 1S.?10 iwties. 75 dey?.
(<(54_ned Jacket. Sruidy Hook to Liver
pool bar. S.000 miles. 18 days II hours
23 minutes.
1 h%4?Red Jsrket. New York to Mel
bourne. Australia. 12.T20 miles. 6? days
It hours.
18..S?Mary Whltrldge. Baltimore fCaps
Henry) t# Liverpool, 8,400 miles, 18 days
7 hours.
jcr.o?A ad row Jackson, New York to Fan
T anelseo. 18.610 miles. SO deys 4 hours.
1 w,?Drcadnaugrht, Honolulu to New
Bedford, 18.470 miles, 85 days.
ISdO? Dreadnaught, Sandy Hook to off
Que<*n?town. 2,7<i0 miles, 9 days 17 hours.
IS^O?Preadnaught. Pandy Hcok to Bock
I.lglit, Liverpool, 3.000 milos, 13 days
S hours.
In 1869 the schooner yacht Sappho
nailed from Sandy Hook to Queenetown.
2.857 miles, in 1 2 days 9 hours.
Tho Sovereign of th? Bean, a ?hip of
medium model, sailed 341.78 miles a day
for four days and 375 miles in one day.
As the flist edition of Hasweil's book
was published in 18&6, or about the time
of the clipper ship era. his records are
no doubt reliable. Mr. Huawell died a
few years ago at the age of about 9S
and had the distinction of having served
ue tlie first Engineer in Chief of the
United States Navy.
I believe that speed equal to that of
any of the ships named above, or better,
was made toy the schooner yacht Cor
onet in the race with the Dauntless, the
latter commanded by Captain Samuels,
in either 1889 or 1890, in the month of
March, the Coronet winning by a few
hours. I served as assistant engineer
on a steamship which followed the
yachts to within a few tnlles of Fire
Island, and they were going at a speed
which left us several miles astern. A
few years later the Coronet went to
Japan with an expedition to observe an
eclipse ut the sun. and before ?tarting
Captain Crosby told me he expected to
make Cape Horn within thirty days.
Nkw York. March 29. W. E. V.
The Texan Language.
Sample Words of a Tongue Which
May Be the Real American.
To Tub New York. Hkrald: The letter
of George F. Shrady in which he demon
strates by fifteen or sixteen sample
words that the language dpoken on this
side of the water is not English bu-t
American leads to a logical train of
thought that is somewhat puzzling.
In the State of Texas certain words
are habitually used which while having
the identical meaning are quite different
from the words common to New York.
For instance, and none of these exam
ples is slang:
New York. Texas.
relatives kinsfolk
piazza or porch gallery
afternoon evening
carryall liack
State prison penitentiary
lockup calaboose
murder killing
green corn roasting eius
hulled corn liondny
fresh egfT* V"r<1 '"8**
graham brfad brown bread
paper bag paper sack
quarter of a dollar two hits
boll or abscess rising
carry tote
clapboards sidings
Obviously, if Mr. Shrady's contention
as to English and American is sound, a.
different language is spoken in Texas
from (hat in Now York?as different as
tile language of New York is from that
of England. The tongue of New York
being American, it would appear that
this other language ought, perhaps, to be
called Texan, but here enters a perplex
ing complication.
The American language is, presum
ably, that which is spoken in the place
having the largest proportion of Ameri
cans In its population, and a coldly sta
tistical Census Bureau intimates that the
proportion of Americans in Texas is
somewhat larger than in the metropolis.
This leads to the startling thought that
the language spoken in Texas might be
! American. In that can*, what language
is spoken in Xnw York'.'
As an American who has lived in New
York and srpok(?n its language with tome
! fluency, but *-l,o now is domiciled In
I Texas and In wtfer to be underrrtood by
the Inhobltants usually converses In the
| lonjruo there accepted as correct, I am a
trifle confused. Will Mr. Shrady, or Mr.
1 Cullen, who preceded bim in the dis
cussion. be ffocl enough to enlighten us
all? If It be conceded that none of us
I speaks English, who, then, speaks Amer
ican?the Texan or tbe New Yorker?
J. Frank Davis.
San Antonio, Tex., March 28.
Our Mary the First.
Miss Taylor Preceded Mary Anderson
an a St ace Favorite.
To The New York Herald: I wonder
If any of your readers remember Mitch
ell's old Olympic Theatre of tho early
j'SOs. It was situated on Chatham rtreet.
S His stock company was made up of
Mary Taylor?New York's original "our
, Mary" and tbe best beloved actress of
I her time?Agnes Roblrvson (Mrs. John
; Brougham), Matilda Corsova (Mrs. J. H.
Istoddart), Mrs. Drew, John Brougham,
George Holland, J. H. Stoddart and Joo
! Jefferson-an Juveniles and many others
I have forgotten.
In those days It meant hard work to
h? an actor. The curtain rang up at 7
P. M. and often it was midnight before
it was finally rung down, comedy, drama
and light opera constituting tbe per
formance. One programme mentions
"London Asaurnnce," "Pocahontas" and
"Tbe Child of the Regiment" an given
the same evening. Maiy Taylor's fa
mous song "Salut A la France" was a
featuro of the last piece.
A VenT Old Man.
Nnw York, March 29. A. 9.
Quirk Hunkering at rnnumn
r'xJiJt the Vanama Caiuil Uncord.
The Kupcrlntendfnt of Coaling Plants at
the Cristobal coaling station, Panama Canal,
j has reported a new high record for the
i delivery of approximately 1,000 tons. This
wae the bunkering of the slramshlp t'akeha
on December 24, 1020, with 1,002 tons in
one hour ar.?l ion minutes. The tons were
uross tone of 2.240 pounds.
Wh<*n Spring C'emee In Arknnsss.
From fft? Barter Hvtlctlv.
tVe r?f?'r you to tbe same old si,?n of
eprlr,^ this year again. When Bill Brlsey
ruts his whiskers, plsnt your garden. Bill's
wht'kera have got the frogs, the birds end
BrtiS'eur prophots skinned a Cltv blo'k.
>
Walter Pamrowh and the Oratorio
Society gave a music festival In the
Seventy-first Regiment Armory last
sp-lng and the amount of public inter
i ast evoked by the venture encouraged
the projectors to try It again this year.
The local habitation, however, is no
longer an armory, but the Manhattan
Opera House, to whose walls the so
lemnUiea of oratorio are not familiar.
The festival began last evening with a
performance of Gabriel Pierne's "The
Children's Crusade."
This: work was first given here under
the direction of Frank Damrosch on
December 4, 1906, and was repeated
twice in the same winter. It was given
again under Walter Damrosch on Do
comber 6, 1917. The story used by
Plerne ia a mediaeval legend about a
(band of children who undertook a cru
sade in the direction of the Holy
Sepulchre. Their leaders are A lain and
Alys, the former a blind boy. The adults
In the tale are accessory to the action.
Parents, for example, plead with thoir
children not to go, but Alain leads
them forth, they come to the sea, em
bark on ships, are overtaken by a tem
pest and lost. A voice from on high
chant* "Suffer little children to come
unto Me," and the heavenly choir tri
umphantly eings "Children Who Were
Deed Have Risen Again."
The composer has written a cantata
of more than ordinary beauty. Cer
tainly some portions are a little dry,
owln* no doubt to M. ^ierne's desire
to avoid the commonplace, but by the
quite artistic expedient of writing sim
ple music for the children he has cre
ated an atmosphere of tenderness, con
veyed to the hearer the illusion of the
helplessness of the infant army, and
made a powerful appeal to parental In
stincts. There is muoh real bear.ty In
the choral parts, especially in the
The Call of the Sea.
From the Seattle Post-liitellipencer.
From snowy heights emerging.
Bounding, leaping, surging;
The mountain stream is rushing,
liver seaward pushing?
Foaming, tumbling, dashing.
Swirling, eddying, flashing.
Here and there swift swerving,
While stormy points 'round curving.
Or in pools placid purling.
Then out again mad whirling
I Past cliffs increst with lava,
! Rocks out by Divine Carver,
Or reddish bluffs bold tow'ring
O'ertoppcd with dark clouds low'ring.
it bears a voice far calling
And onward speeds, pRst falling.
Until, spent with emotion,
It rests, merged in Old Ocean.
Fj.ora A. P. Rnol?.
Bacon, the Poet.
Could the Author of These Line? Have
Written Shakespeare's Plays?
To Th* Nkw York Herald : So many
persons have been engaging in the per
ennial controversy as to whether or not
Shale osp* ? wrote the plays attribute
to him Without the slightest qualifica
tions for the tank that I trust The New
York Herat* will permit one who'*M
brought up in Warwickshire Shake
speare's county, to offer an opinion from
an unconventional angle.
Tfcero is only a difference of a year
or eo in the age of Henry Walter son.
the doushty non-Shakeapeare champion,
ond myself. Until the as? of
t went to a grammar school within
few miles of Stratford on Avon of the
same foundation as Shakespeare* school.
both in common with a number o
schools throughout England founded y
King Edward VI. in lo?3.
Colonel Wattorson clinches his dictum
by saying, "The man who can believe
that Shakespeare did write the plays
could believe that Benedict Arnold v.TOte
the Declaration of Independence and
Herbert Spencer the novels of Dickens.
This Is flippant antithesis on the part
of Colonel Watterson. who apparently
fails to grasp either the situation or the
character of ShaKespcar?.
Shakewpearw was a. monumental genius
and primarily a poet, as his sonnets and
poems prove. There are no rules gov
erning a genius. His writing plays and
collaborating and revising with other
playwrights was an incidental business
enterprise In connection with the the
atre. So successful was he that he
amassed a competency. He did not
have to study how to write poania and
plays any more than the PolWh boy
cliess marvel had W be taught the sci
ence of chess.
If Shpkespeare did not write tne
poems and plays who did? It certainly
was not any of his contemporaries, it
was not Marlowe or Ben Jonson or
Drayton or any one of a round dozen
of other playwrights.
Now as to the Bacon question. Charles
R. Easton of Providence, R. I., points
cut In a letter to Thi Nbw Tork Hrcw
. m.d as an argument in favor of the
Bacon authorship that, the stage being
! held in worse than light esteem, lie.
Francis Bacon, concealed the fact. If he
feared the charge of boing a playwright
It was surely no dlsgraco to be a poet
with the example of Homer, "V Irgil.
Dante and Chaucer before him. Being
fairly familiar with the Baconian styl?\
I defy any of the Tray. Blanche and
Sweetheart Shakespeare critics or the
whole pack of other little dogs to And a
single line in Bacon's Essays, "The Ad
vancement of Learning." "The Novum
Orsanum" or bis other works that Is
poetical. Bacon did write verse, snd the
following poem Is the best if not the
only important example:
THE \V0RL4V
By Francis
A \ ersion of an epigram attributed to Fos
Idlppos.
The World-, a bubble and the life of man
Iks* than a span,
!n hH conception wretched from the Womb
no to the Tomb;
Curst from the Cradle and brought up to
years with cares and Fears,
Who. then, to frail mortality shall trust
But limns on water or but writes In du?t.
Yet since with sorrow here we live opprest
?What life Is h?st?
Court* are but only superficial Schools to
dandle Fools.
The rural parts are turned Into a Den of
Havags men.
I \nd where's a City from all vice so free
I But ma* be torm'd the worst of all the
DomsM" cares afflict the Husband's hed
or pains l^s head:
! Those that live single laka It lor a curse
| or do things worse.
Theso would have children, those that have
fhem none or wish them gone:
I What Is then to have or havs no
'lJut single thraldom or a double strife.
Our own affections still at home to please
1? a Disease.
' To cross tbi seas to sny foreign soil peril
and toll;
Wars with their noise affright us; they
ccfcse when we are worse In p.ace.
Sane men sr. asked to believe that
,be s.itbor of the for. going metrical
> Music Festival Opens at Manhattan
1 Walter D&mrosch and Oratorio Society Begin Per
formance "With Pierne's "Children's Crusade."
"Libera nog, Domine," in the third pj.i"
and in the final alleluia
Por the performance of the work
Mr. Dam roach had brought together a
large festival chorus of xrown ?Inge-.",
unothw of children from the putu
schools. and the Symphony Society Oi
1 chostra. The aololsli* wart; Mme. Mabel
(Jarrison and Mario Chamlee of the Met
ropolitan Oj>e.rtt House, Royal Dadmun
and Myrtle Leonard, Ada Ty
rone, Ottilia Sctiillig, Jeanne Laval and
Adele Parkhurst.
The performance was admirable in
almost every respect. The acoustic prop
erties of the auditorium were favorable
to clarity and balance and Mr. Dam
rosch ha/1 nicely calculated all his effects
to fit the opportunities. The Oratorio
choir distinguished Itself by unusual
elasticity of style and Misses Tyrone,
Parkhurst, Leonard and Laval sang the
music of the four women very beauti
fully. Mian SchlUig -wan not always at
her best In the phrases of Alain, but
she was generally commendable, while
Mm?. Garrison Bang well ti# music of
Alva.
But the true stars of the evening were
the public school children, trained to
die minute, and singing with most de
lightful suavity, clean cut phrasing, well
graded dynamics and excellent enuncia
tion. The effect, of the performaivco
as a whole was good and the audlenco
was manifestly much interested.
\Mi Quartet Closes Season.
At Aeolian Hall last evening the Lelz
Quartet gave its third and final poncert.
The programme, as was evident, served
for the Letz players' tribute to the pres
ent season's celebration of the Beethoven
anniversary. It contained three quartets
Illustrating the master's three periods,
namely, in C minor, opus 18, No. 4 : F
minor, opus 95, and B flat, opus 130.
The Lets musicians made their selec
tions with admirable Judgmtmt.
lines wrote also Hamlet's soliloquy,
Mark Antony's speech over the body of
Oaesnr, or put into the mouth of Mer
jcutio-in "Romeo and Juliet" the merry
: fairy fancies. ,?uch evidence would be
| rcjectcd in a court composed of Infant
I school children. *
j Shakespeare has the homage of the
| highest Intellects of the world. Ben
j Jonson, Milton, Dryden, Pope, Coleridge,
| De Qulncay, Carlyle, Emerson and Rob
ert Ingersoll have led the chorus of his
i praise. He was the greatest imaginative
j genius, the myriad minded man, the poet
j of the human race. In no other man's
j works is to be found so much truth,
i wisdom and beauty.
i They have bocome to a larse part of
the world one of the primal necessities
of life. All the contemporary play
wrights of the period are obsolete and
forgotten. He was so far from dream
j ing that his plays would become the
| most precious treasures of posterity that
: he did not take the trouble to have a
printed edition of his *urks published.
In view of all these facts why should
there be doubts, talks about signatures
and cryptogram discussions? It is Just
as reasonable to suppose that Shake
speare wrote Bacon as that Bacon wrote
Shakespeare or that Clyde Pitch or Ros
siter Johnson wrote them both.
B. B. VAbMGNTINB.
New York, March 29.
| Adirondack Deer Killing.
! Game Wardens Accused of Winking
at Some Lawbreakers.
To Thb JS'mw Touk There is
j no doubt that the killing of deer during
I the closed season is the habit of cer
| tain lawless men In the Adtrondaoks. 1
have In mind one man who bntga that
: when he wants meat he g04.. out and
s;iHs it; another who has established "the
reputation of getting meat any time he
wants it; enother who had venison in
his possession last August.
A rifle shot in the forest during the
spring and summer months carries but
one meaning: another deer down.
Killing deer during the summer is
vicious, cruel, wanton. it probably
means that besides the mother doer, a
fawn, perhaps twins, dies a lingering
death. Anybody who has heard the
plaintive bleat of a fawn for Its lost
mother may partially realize Its deso
late condition and the crime involved in
this violation of the law.
it Is the opinion of oiany who have
had opportunity to observe conditions
that some game wardens do not care to
b*> over active in noticing transgressions
of tlie law by people they know. Tliey
are, however, alert to Bet enough con
victions to satisfy Albany and so hold
tbe Job. 1 have trustworthy Informa
tion about a game -vrarden who recently
said that he wished the fellows who
were spearing pickerel, using a Jack
light, would go around the bend In the
lake so he oould not see them. This
occurred when pickerel were on their
spawning beds in shoal water.
The law largely fails to protect be
cause of its unsatisfactory enforcement.
Why not ussociate the State Police with
the game wardens in this work, particu
larly in tbe Adirondacks?
Trot, March 29. North Woods.
Souls Imported Also.
J A Theory of American Portraits
Tainted by Foreigners.
To Th* New York Herald: Those
who have their portraits painted by for
eign artists get something they do not
bargain for. I have never yet seen a
perfectly true likeness of ait American
| by a foreigner.
The features may be all right, but
the man himself does not look out at
you. There Is a certain strangeness In
his expression.
Why l? it? I believe this is the an
swer: The artist has failed to seise the
American soul and has put In his sitter
a foreign one Instead. earners.
Nkw York, March 3?.
"Your Obedient Servant."
Reply of Fort Sumter's Commander
When Asked to Surrender.
To This Ntw York Hr.rai.tC I agree
with "Aoaalc" that "Your obedient ser
vant" should be discarded. An incident
In ottr national history presents Itself.
The Confederate officer wrote to the
commanding officer st Fort Sumter de
manding that the fort be given up. The
Federal commander replied in the nega
tive, but concluded with "I liHve tho
honor to be, sir, your obedient servant."
Ta'ih Jackson.
1>peii Montci-AIR. N. .r.. Mart.h 28. ?
TnrHy ?f OWengsess.
From the CMcapo Ntw.
Cliicaitocse bss Its faults, but It never
tntks shout ThoM avenynh.
Daily- Calendar
THE WEATHER.
For Eastern Now York?K?r and
warmer to-day; tomorrow cloudy and
warmer; freah south winds.
For Now Jersey?Fair and warmer
? m>rrow cloudy and warmer; fresh seutb
i and south winds.
1 or Northern New England?Pair and
:mcr to-day: to-morrow partly cloudy and
armor: moderate variable winds, becoming
treah and southerly.
For Koutharr New England?Fair ana
warmer to-day; to-morrow cloudy and
warmer: fresh southerly wlnaa.
Kor Western New Voik?Fair and warmer
to-day; to-morrow cloudy, with moderate
temperature.
WASHINGTON, March 2P.?Preaaare la
high generally cast of the Mississippi River,
low over a narrow belt extending from Min
nesota southwes'.ward to Arlsona and New
Mexico and high and rising In the North
west. During the la?t twenty-four hours
there were rains In the Atlantic States aud
local ono'.vs in Wyoming and Montana. Fair
weather proVailed In all other regions to
day. Cold weather continued in the Atlantic
States to-day and considerably colder
weather lias again appeared over the Far
Northwest. There has heien a genera) rise
in temperature throughout .i*? Oulf States,
the plains States, the great central valleys
and the rep ion of the great lakes.
The outlook la for fair weather to-morrow
and generally fair weather but wtth much
cloudiness on Thursday la tha States east
of the Mississippi River. Tha temperature
will rise generally east of the Mississippi
River to-morrow and there will be a further
rise on Thursday In the Atlantic States. The
weather will become cooler Thursday in the
upper lake region and the loner Ohio Valley.
Observations at United Stato* Weather Bu
reau stations taken at 8 P. M. yesterday.
?e\enty-flfth meridian time:
Temperature Rainfall
last 24 hrs. Baro- last 14
Stations. Htgb. Low. meter, hrs. Weather.
Abilene fi4 SO 28.00 .. Clear
Albany 38 24 30.46 .. Clear
Atlantic City... 42 W 30.44 .. Clear
Baltimore 14 28 30.4? .. Clear
Bismarck .*.0 .IS 29.82 .. Cloudy
Bo.ston 36 54 30.42 .. Clear
Buffalo -SO ?0 80.42 .. Clear
Cincinnati 54 26 30.28 .. Clear
Charleston...... r.2 .. 80.24 .. Rain
Chicago -12 24 30.16 .. fear
Cleveland 34 14 30.34 .. C ear
Denver 04 38 20.80 .. Cloudy
Detroit 38 22 30.34 .. Clear
Galveston 60 44 30.08 .. Cloudy
Helena 44 42 30.04 .08 Clear
Jacksonville.... 88 f.6 H0.12 .. Rain
Kansas City.... ft? 28 19.0# .. Clear
Los Angeles.... 84 MJ 29.79 .. Pt. Oldy
Milwaukee 42 24 30.10 .. Clear
New Orleans... 62 48 30.08 .. Cloar
Oklahoma .r>? 30 20.02 .. Clear
Philadelphia... 14 28 30.44 .. Clear
Pittsburgh 38 24 30.38 .. Clear
Portland, Me... .0 18 30.44 .. Clear
Portland, Ore.. 46 30.r0 . . Cloudy
Rait Lake Clly. f.8 38 20.80 .. Cloudy
Pan Antonio.. 00 40 30.02 .. Clear
Pan Diego 7i r.2 20.78 .. Clear
Kan Francisco., til 46 20.88 ..
Seattle Rf 42 30.28 .. Pt. CJriy
Rt. Louis 18 30.10 .. Clear
Rt. Paul .v.! .. 20.72 .. Pt. CM*
WaMhlnston. ... 42 26 30.42 .. Clear
LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS.
8 A. M. 3. P. M.
Barometer 80.34
Humidity ;ft0,
Wind?direction .'. '.I.N.W. '
Wind?velocity 40 IS
Weather Clear Clur
Precipitation 01 None
The temperature In this ctly yesterday, as
recorded by the official thermometer. Is
shown In the annexed table:
8 A. M... 27 1 P. M... 31 OP. M... 3,
9 A. M... 28 2 P. M... 38 7 P. M... 3#
10 A. M... 27 3 P. M... 3S 8 P. M... 38
11 A. M... 30 4 P. M... 41 0 P. M... 3f.
12 A. M... 32 S P. M... 40 10 P. M... -A
1021. 102?. 1921. 102".
9 A. M 28 tO 6 P.M.... 30 .",il
12 M 32 54 0 P. M.... 3.%
3 p. M 38 SB 12 Mid '13 "4
Highest temperature, 41, at 4 P. M.
Loiveet tomperature, 23, at 6:30 A.M.
Average temperature, 33.
EVENTS TO-DAY.
Meeting of marine workcTS and tow boat
owners to attempt arbitration of differenoaa.
11 Broadway, 2 P. M.
William H. Taft and Alfred E. Smith ?will
speak at a non-political mass meeting to
urge economy In State expenditures, Town
Hall. 123 West Forty-third street, 8:15 P. M.
Frank Harris will lecture on "Individualism
va. Socialism," 07 Fiftil avenue, 8:30 P.M.
Packer alumni block party. Packer Insti
tute, Brooklyn, 3 to 11 I*. M.
Meeting. New York and New Jersey Inter
state Bridge and Tunnel Commissions.
University of Rochester musical cluba' con
cert under the auspices of the Marquette,
Club. Hotel Plaza, S:30 P.M. *"
Gen. Lou Is Collardet. Fretu-h Military At
tache In Washington, will review the Thir
teenth Coast Defence Command In its armory
in Brooklyn, 8:30 P. M.
Dr. Mary E. Isham will lecture on "Psycho
analysts." Woman's University Club, S:K?
r. m.
F. A. W'alllB, Commissioner of Immigva
tion, will lecture on "Immigration" In the
Porn High School, Brooklyn. 1 P. M., ??i ?i
In Ciriice Church parish house, 08 Fourth
avenue, 8 P. M.
Card party and reception, St. Ambrose's
parish hall, Do Kalb &ud Tompkins avenue*.
Brooklyn, 8 F. M.
Meeting, Torrey Botanical Club, Hchermei
horn Hall, Columbia University, 3:90 F. M.
Prof. Marguerite Clement ?of the Univer
sity of Paris will lecture on "The Ntw
President and the New Parliament." To-, ri
Hall. 1-3 Went Forty-third street, It A.M.
Meeting and luncheon. National Association
of Harpists. Hotel Pennsylvania.
Meeting. National Association of Men s
Straw Hat Manufacturers, Hotel Aator, HI
A.M.; banquet, 7 P. M.
Meeting and dinner, Jewelry Crafts Asso
ciation. Hotel Astor, 6:30 P.M.
Luncheon, Klwauis Club, Hotel McAipIn,
12 :.i0 P. M.
Dance, Phi Delta Ztta, Hotel McAlpfu,
8 P. M.
Luuchoon, Retail Clothiers Association.
Hotel McAlpln, 12 :30 P. M.
Dance, All Hallows Institute. Waldorf
Astnris, 8 F. M.
I'ance, Our America Club, Waldorf-As
tona. 8 P. M.
Dance, Skidmore College Alumni. W aldorf
A?toils. 8 P. M.
Dance. Alpha Iota Kpsilon Fraternity,
Hotel Commodore. 8:^0 P. M.
Meeting, luncheon f.nd dinner. Collier'*
Weekly Company employees. Hotel Commo
dore.
I>atice, Anglo-Mexlean Petroleum Company
en.p:o>ecs, Hotel Commodore.
Dinner, New York Flour Club, Hotel Bilt
more. 8 P. M.
Meeting, Hallway Accounting oncers Asso
ciation, Hotel Commodore, 10 A. M.
Dance and supper, Mount St. Marr Collttre
Alumni Association, Hotel Commodore.
Luncheon. Fan-Amerlean Advertising As
sociation, Hotel Astor, 12:30 P. M.
Dinner and dance. Temple Beth Elohim,
Hotel Aator. 7 P. M.
Dinner and dnnce, Columbia Bank em
ployees, Hotel Astor. 7:30 p. M.
Dinner. Sigma Chi Fraternity, Hotel Aator,
7:30 P. M.
Euffht supper and dance. Marlon I,odge.
F. and A. M.. Hotel Astor. 11 P. M.
Meeting, Orend Street Boys Association,
Caledonian Club, 84<; Seventh avenue.
Exhibition of etchings by J. Alden W? r.
Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Reception State Federation of Women's
Clubs. Fine Arts Building. 213 West Fifty
seventh street, 4 to 6 P. M.
Rccltal. Mortimer Kaplan, under the aiu
plees of the American Dlckena league for the
benefit of the Westminster Abbey Restora
tion Fund. Delmonlco's, 8 P. M.
Song recital for the benefit of Ellen llsrriln
Walworth Chapter, D. A. R.. Hotel MeAlpln.
8 P. M.
Joseph H. Choato. Jr., will speak on "rtlialt
America Remain the Only Important Coun
try at the Mercy Of the German Chemlsta""
at a lunohson at the Advertlelng Club, 47
Fast Twenty-fifth atreet.
PUBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT.
MANHATTAN AND THE BRONX.
"Trend of th? Times," Henry H. Klein,
Orcat Hall of Cooper Institute, Eighth street
and Fourth avenue.
"Trend of the Times." Prof. Nelson P.
Mead. Ph. T)., Townsend Harris Hall, C. O. N.
V.. 138th street and Amsterdam avenuu.
"Democracy and tha Human Equation,"
Alleyne Ireland.
"The Book of the Hour," Prof. J. O. Car
ter Troop. Ph. D., at New York Publle
Library, Forty-second street and Fifth ave
nue. ?
"The Voice of the Tomb," Arthur J. West
enneyr. Public School 101, 111th street, west
of Islington arenue. Tlie first of a ?*wr?e
of five lectures on "Development of Art In
ClvUlJtetlon." Stcreoptlcon views.
"Problems of Laid, I.abot\ Transports
tlon," Mrs. Mary M. I.ease, Central Jewish
Institute. 12."i East Eighty fifth etreet.
"An Evening of Italian Songs." Miss E?.
tlier Benson, Hunter College, Slctf-<ilglMit
street and Lexington avenue. Illustrated I f
songs,
"Po?try, the Beacon Light," Pmf. Ty>nU
Leakey. V. M. 0. A., Harlem Branch, 6 We?t
I2*>th street.
"Poetry, Old and New," ftamuel W. Prf
terson, Ph. D.. Public School 43. 13?th
str>'.-i nnd Urown place. The Bronx.
"Ufe With the United States Agrlenltu'
lets." Fraiicle llolt Wheeler. Ph. D? PubHo
School 4<1, liiflth street and Italnhrldge a*e
nil", The Bron*. S?e*'ot?tlcon views.
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled
to the use for republication of all news der
patches credited to It or not othorwl-s
credited In this paper, and also the local
news published herein.
All rights of republication of special <e?.
patches herein see slso reserved.

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