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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 31, 1921, Image 1

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C'vidy and warmer to-day, followed by
showers to-night; to-morrow fair, cooler.
Highest temperature yesterday, 44; lowest, 33.
D?ta.U?d weathvr r?port* will b* found on Editorial pas*.
The New York Herald, with all that was
best of The Sun intertwined with it, and
the whole revitalized, is a.bigger and better
and sounder newspaper than ever before.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 1921.-*NJgToilK<ffcSSS ^S. n'T*'
Bureau of Land Loans Only
a Makeshift Tinkering
With Economic Laws.
He Declares.
Taxation Has Driven Capi
tal to Seek Higher Rates
of Interest, His View
at Hearing*.
High Cost of Material, Labor
Exploitation and Capital
1 Sit nation Behind Lack of
Building- Effort.
Despatch to Tub New Vosk Hiui.e.
New York Hrrald Bureau, I
Albun.r. March M. (
The building crisis in New York is
so bad that it cannot be helped by
tinkering with rent and ejectment
laws, in the opinion of Gov. Miller,
who to-day for the flrot time since he
took office made known Just how se
rious he believes the situation to be.
The Governor conferred in the Ex
ecutive Chamber with representatives
of the Legislature and public commit
tees. on building, labor and rivic as
sociations. The subject considered was
the C otillo bill, whlcft provides for
establishing a bureau of land loans in
the banking department, to assist bui!d
Labor itself is responsible for con
ditions which compel workmen with
big families to live in three rooms, the
Governor told J.he labor union men.
"The only practical thing that has
occurred to me and which I have con
sidered recommending to the Legisla
ture is raising the rate of Interest on
mortgage loans to eight per c?it. and
making the rate legal," the Governor
Suffer from M>k?bift?.
"You cannot pull yourself out by the
bootstraps," he continued. "If we do
those things which Interfere with the
?pe ration of economic laws we must
?suffer?that is what we now are suffer
ing from. We expect to cure by re
sorting first to one makeshift and then
to another. If anybody can work out
some constructive thing that will do
some good I will get behind it, I do not
<Are where it comes from."
Dr. Royal 8. Copelnnd, Health Com
missioner of New York, began the argu
ment for the bill by describing crowded
conditions tn New York, saying condi
tions were worse there than in China.
"I haven't any doubt about the condi
tions," the Governor broke in. "The
question is, what is the Kcientiiic way to
deal with the situation and what will
be a:i effective remedy to remedy condi
William P. Kehoe. secretary oi the
Greater New York Labor and Trades
Council, *aid labor was calling for re
ief and that the rent laws passed last
year had given some relief.
"Not any relief from lack of build
ings, only relief from eviction." the
Governor said. OtJlers continued' tack
ling the subject from one angle and
Nathan Hirsch, formerly chairman of
i ie fayor's Housing Commission, gave
fourteen rontons why the Cotlllo bill
should be passed, other speakers said
the bill would enable poor persons to get
loans and put up a little house.
Money and Interest.
The Governor listened to the argu
n-intj. Finally he broke In and said:
"We can talk about this sit nation,
but merely talking is not going to get
.mywjicre. It is an assumption that
this bill would work. But I do not
?hlnk the bill would do much good. I
think It is wholly bnpnetlcM. Would
the Htate credit be behind thin bill?
Tliat would require submitting it to a
vote by the people. I gather the im
pression that the scheme 1* that the |
redlt of the State banltn would be back !
of these loan certificates to honor mort
l gages and that these mortgages would
j be the security against which the cer
tificates would be issued.
"That won't work. We have a State
bank now which would be just as good
as your bureau In the office of tho
Superintendent of Banks; better in fact,
i Because it reaches out through different
i parts in every section of the Sate. It
S wouldn't have nearly the expense of ad
[ ministration which this would have. We
have got now an instrumentality in the
State and it has failed, absolutely failed, i
Why? Bread** money brings a higher
rate of interest than its bonds can and
you cannot compete with it. You will
find that in any bureau, unless it Is n
State bank, you would have competition.
, "I don't think this plan would get any
where. You are simply setting up
under another name. The truth Is thai
our taxation has driven capital to
1a higher rate of interest and the situa
tion enables capital to get a higher rate
of interest; and you cannot, by creating
an agency of this kind. Interfere with
the natural Isw of supply and demand.
"You have got In this whole building
situation three limiting factors. The j
cost of material was on^ . The expose
of Improper and unlawful and criminal
i practices of the material men by the
Ijockwood committer is having its ef.
i feet, f'eonomlc condition.- are having
f their effect to bring down th" costs of
material. I am advised tiint materials
sre coming down.
"Labor is another factor. Labor was
l-.oing criminally exploited, according to
disclosures. Just precisely aa the materia)
men were exploiting tlv public: and, of
course, the difficulties there made it dif
ficult to build: and labor has got to
Continued on Seventh Page.
Ether Soaked Sugar
Fed to School Children
WESTFIELD, Mass., March 30.
?As the result of investiga
tion by the school authorities
by which it was learned that
young children are eating sugar
lumps soaked in ether to reduce
their appetites, Superintendent
Chester D. Stiles to-day took up
the matter with State educa
tional and health authorities.
Ether may be purchased in any
quantity by a child in any drug
Children when questioned were
frank in saying they were given
the ether by their parents to
lower the cost of living and also
to quiet those who got too
Association Asks Conference
With Brotherhood Heads
Here Next Monday*
Roads Did Not Earn Inter
est on fionds During- First
Two Months of 1921.
The National Association ol' Owners
of Railroad Securities, representing
In membership approximately $12,000,
000,000 worth of stocks and bonds of
railroads, yesterday took a hand in the
tangled railroad situation by forming
a committee of investment bankers to
meet heads of the tour chief operat
ing brotherhoods of the railroads in
an effort to aid in reaching imme
, diately a partial adjustment of rela
tions between the railroads and their
I employees. Tentative arrangements
I have been made to hold the conference
[next Monday at 10:30 A. Al. at the
| Astor Hotel.
In a telegram asking for a confer
ence with the heads of the four broth
erhoods members of the committee
point out that as its first duty it wants
to be of help In the present railroad
emergency, and with this in view it
Is suggested that arrangements be
made at once for a conference. In
speaking of the suggestion S. Davies
Warfield, president of the association
and of tho Continental Trust Company
I of Baltimore, declared that one weak
ness in the present situation is lack
i of cooidination between the two gov
ernmental bodies* that d*?at with the
railroads; one adjusts rates, the other
"There should be coordination between
the Interstate Commerce Commission, th#
rate making body, and the Unlt*<l States
Railroad Labor Board. One body, sit
ting In Washington, cannot be expected
successfully to adjust rates and fares
to meet the expenses incident* to railway
operation, while another, sitting In Chi
cago, attempts to adjust wages, th?
largest and most important of all rail
way operating expenditures, which can
| only be met by rates the commission
alone Is required to establish.
j'The immediate necessities, however,
have to do with the adjustment of
present difficulties apparent in respect
to the railroad employees, and the com
mittee wishes to a!asl*t In this crisis, as
Indicated in the letter to the four
Officials of the National Association of
Owners of Railroad Securities said that
the present railroad situation is of
gravest concern to the owners of railroad
"The operating results of the carriers
for the past two months of 1921 (Jan
uary and February)," said a statement
Issued by the organ (cation, "reveal that
for the first time In American trans
portation history the railroads an a who!#
are not earning the interest on the ag
gregate amount of their outstanding
bonds. Some are not earning operating
expenses, only a few their fixed charges.
These conditions claim the Immediate at
tention of railroad bondholder*. An Im
mediate and partial remedy seems to lie
In an adjustment of relation* between
the railroads and their employees. T:i?
hearings before the United States rtall
road T.abor Board at Chicago do not
evidence an early settlement of present
The following have agreed to nerve on
the committer as representing Investors:
Darwin P. Kingsley. president. New
York Life Insurance Company: George
K. Brock, president of tlio Home Sav
ings Bank, Boston; Haley Flsko, presi
dent of the Metropolitan Life Insurance
Company; Myrcfti T. Herrick. president
of Society for Savings, Cleveland; John
J. Pulleyn, president of the Emigrant*
Industrial Savings Bank, New York;
W. T. Kemper, chairman of the
board of the Commerce Trust Company.
Kansas City ; Henry Parkman, treasurer,
Provident Institute for Savings, Boston;
Samuel H. B'Tich, Rome Savings Bank,
Rome. N. Y. ; V. A. Lerencr, comptroller,
Williamsburg Savings Bank. Brooklyn ;
S. Fred Strong, treasurer, Connecticut
Savings Bank, New Ma von ; Charles C.
Moore. San Francisco; A. C. Robinson,
president. People's Trust and Havings
Bank, Pittsburgh. Pa.; Samuel M. Haw
ley, treasurer, Bridgeport Savings Bank.
Bridgeport: .Tames H, Manning, presi
dent of the National Ravings Bank of
Albany, and Mr. Warfleld. Other com
mitteemen named are from Hartford,
Milwaukee, San Francisco. Richmond.
Los Angeles, St. Louis. Springfield and
Wide Sentiment for Reduction
Shown in Letten.
ppewt DtipQtrh to Tub Xrw* YotH IImmi.d.
Vn torl> Heruld Hurrmi, I
Washington. I). Mnrch 30. (
PubUc sentiment has reacted strongly
in favor o? both rate and wsgo reduction
on the railroads of the country It was
registered Immediately In the corre
CeitHnurd on Birth Pac*.
NETS $250,000 IN
Detective Sits All Day Long
oil Box Labelled as Ital
ian Delicacy.
Dressed as Longshoreman,
Cruger Paves Way for Big
Brooklyn Hani.
Policeman Became Sailor to
Make Negotiations "With tlie
( arrello Family.
Dressed in the |ough working gar
ment* of a longshoreman and with
half a dozen sandwiches iii his pockets,
Detective William Cruger of the Head
quarters narcotic squad crept into a
woodshed in the rear of a crocery
store in 826 Sa^kett street. Brooklyn,
early yesterday morning. He sat on
a large box labelled "spaghetti" hid
den behind some other boxes and bales
in a dark corner of the shed and made
himself comfortable to await a raid
which Lieut. Mooney ajnd other de
tectives would some time during the
day make on the store because they
believed drugs worth several hundred
thousands of dollars were secreted
there. Cruger's jo"b was to keep any
body from escaping by the back door.
The detective sat in the woodshed,
on the big box. all day long, and no
body came to disturb him until last
night shortly before 6 o'clock. Then
Dominic'o Carreilo. the owner of the
grocery store, came in. carefully closed
the door, and pulled down the pile of
boxes behind which the detective sat.
He seemed to be very much displeased
to find Cruger there.
"What are you doing in my wood
shed?" he demanded.
"I just dropped in for a sleep." said
the detective.
"You get out of my woodshed." de
manded Carreilo. "I want that box you
are sitting on."
Raiding Party Arrive*.
At this moment loud cries came from
the grocery store and the voice of Lieut.
Mooney telling several persons thay were
under arrest Carreilo tried to knock
! him down, the detective said, and grub
the box labelled spaghetti, on which
the detective had been sitting all day,
i but Cruger seized the groceryman in
one hand and the box in the other and
i took both into the store. There he
found Lieut. Mooney and Detectivo Irv
i Ing Hlgglns and four persons ucder ar
I rest. ^
1 Carreilo joined the lineup of prisoners
I against the wall of the store and Moo
' ney, Biggins and Cruger opened the box
supposed to contain spaghetti. But in
stead of that food, the police nay, the
box contained morphine, cocaine ar.d
heroin worth at the lowest estimate
$"50,000, put up in twenty-nine larg*
bottles, eleven smaller bottles and,seven
large packases. In the woodshed a tin
gallon measure was found containing
morphine crystals.
The drugs were confiscated and the
Ave prisoners taken to Manhattan, where
they were locked up charged with vend
ing drugs. Besides Carreilo, they gave
their names as Benjamin Leon of 22
President street, Brooklyn; his wife,
i Lillian, and Frank, Joseph and Mike La
I eato. living respectively in 111 Rapelyea
street, 41 Woodhull street and 297 Co
' lumbia street, Brooklyn.
Cop I'nses hn SrnniHii.
The raid on the grocery store was
made possible on evidence gathered by
Detect! vca Herbert Moog and Hlggins.
Moog. an the police tell the story, dls
j guiae'l as an Italian toaman, lived for
i w.me time in an Italian boarding house
| on the Brooklyn water front and finally
[ became acquainted with Leon and his
j wlfa. According to the police. Moog and
Leon became frlendu and Anally Moog
I introd-uced Higglns aa a Swedish sailor
with important drug wiling connection*.
"This man." said Moor, "knows a lot
I of people with moni y who want to buy
I a lot of stuff."
Leon was impressed r.nr! agreed to
: give Higains a ?'mall sample of his
stock, which he did. and Higgins found
It. the pollcc charge, to be genuine
heroin. Arrangement* were then made
whereby Higglns would bring his prin
cipals or backers to the Carello grocery
store In Sackett street and there buy $t.
000 worth of cocaine, heroin and mor
phine. Lieut Mooney and Detective Mns
eam posed as the men with money, and
they, with Hlggina, entered the grocery
store shortly before six o'clock, not hav
ing been able to complete the negotia
tions before. Cruger had been sent Into
1 the woodshed early so ho would be on
| hand when wanted.
The negotiations proceeded In good
shape, and finally Mooney began to count
'out $2,000, nnd Cnrrello, It is charged,
s i Id he would go out and get the stuff.
He then went to the wood ah ed and
found Detective Cruger fitting on the
box containing the drugs, and the arrest
Lieut. Coney Succumbs at
Natchez, Mis*.
Natch**, Miss., March 80.?Lieut. W.
D. Coney, who was injured last Friday
morning near Crowvllle, L.a., while at
tempting a transcontinental flight from
Jacksonville to Sail Diego, died here late
The Lleutenani's bai-k was broken in
a fall and complete paralysis of his body
from the chest down resulted. He waa
attempting to lowrr his previous record
of 22 hours 27 minutes actual flying time
from coast to coast when forced down
by engine trouble. ?
IF you are out of work or want to ehsngs
your position see how many nffrrn n Situ
ation Wanted ad In Ths wIII bring
$5,000,000 HOME
15 to 22 Story Building Will
Bp Meeting- Place for 365
Well Known Names on List of
Board of Directors to Carry
Out Big- Undertaking.
Homeless clubwomen, who have had
to depend upon hotels in which to hold
their meetings, goon will be per
manently domiciled in a $5,000,000
building which is to be their own from
cellar to garret. This was decided
upon yesterday at a luncheon at the
Plaza Hotel, at which more than half
of the number of women who are to
form the board of director were se
They arc Mrs. Oliver Harrinian, Mrs.
j John Francis Yawsjer. Mrs. Henry
I Clarke Coe. Mrs. Albert H. Gleason,
? Mrs. William H. Moore, Mrs. Edward
' Hawke. Jr.: Mid. Charles F. Valentine.
Mrs. William Shepherd. Mrs. Richard
j M. Chapman, president of the Now
| York City Federation of Women's
Clubs: Mrs. George Perkins I^awton
and Mrs. Herman Metz. The project
has the approval of Mrs. Walter Corn
lay, president of the New Vork State
Federation of Women's Clubs, who at
tended the luncheon, and of various
other organizations. Women of social
prominence stand ready, Mrs. Yawger
said, to bocome toard members and to
help finance the club.
j The Frank H. Rogers & Co., Inc.,
llfS Broadway, which i? fir the
(Woman's National Club, as it ts called,
: will manage and operate the new
? homo for a period of ten years, thereby
. relieving some 365 club presidents of
j worn- about a comfortable place in
I which to hold their club meetings, lunch
ieons, &e. Individual members also will
find therein ?very luxury and comfort
The clubhouse will be erected some
j where between Fifth and Sixth avenues
| and Forty-fifth and Fifty-ninth streets.
I Four plots of ground are be'n?r con
( cidered. The building will be from flf
: teen to twenty-two stories and will con
[ tain an auditorium seating at least -',000
| persons, with a staifi', a swimming
? pcol, gymnasium, bowling alley. Turkish
i baths, beauty parlors, restaurant* and
tea rooms, private dining rooms, card
and writing rooms and bedrooms to cost
the club member from 13 to $3.50 a day.
The club will have its own theatre and
travel bureau, and a publicity bureau
for its various affiliated organisations.
The initiation fee will be $23, and dues
$25 for resident members. Sixty clubs
will be able to hold meetings in the
building at the same time.
Oklahoma House Asked
To Impeach Governor
?Impeachment of Gov. J.
B. A. Robertson was recom
mended in a report filed in the
Oklahoma House of Representa
tives late to-day by an investi
gating committee. The report
charges gross neglect and cor
ruption in office.
The Governor is charged with
"unwarranted use of his execu
tive power" in regard to re
prieves, pardons and paroles, the
report declaring the present ad
ministration has extended clem
ency to 1,900 pergons.
The charge is also made that
the Governor evaded payment
of his State income tax last year.
it is proposed by the tlnunring com
pany to erect similar women's ciub
l-uildings in other cities. 1 >ne of the
Irst will Up In Washington, D. <
The incorporators of the Women'!
National Club were members of Frank
j H. Rogers & Co., Inc. Textertfay Mr.
Rogtri, who is president :ind treasurer
of his company, turned the organiza
tion work of the club over to the newly
I elected board of director*. The presi
dents of Ne w York's 346 women's clubs
will be Invited to a tea April 6 at the
I'lazn Hotel to hear more about the new
Machine Lands Upside Down
at Cayuga Lake.
tipc al PetpalcH to Tint New Yoix Hkralb.
Ithaca, N*. v., March 30.?Ueut J. A.
MacCready, United 8tates army test
pilot, from McCook'a Field. Dayton,
Ohio, fell 9.000 feet In a disabled air
p!ane hero to-day and when the wreck
oge had been cleared away he was found
hanging from his seat, shaken and
brulse-1 but otherwise uninjured
The airplane crashed on th< Thomas
Morse aviation field near t'ayuga I.aUe.
It landed upsldo down and witnesses of
the accident expected to find t'i aviator
tend. *
Llrut. MacCready said he had as
cended to an altitude of 1 o.f? 0?? feet
nfeove the field and was going tnto th<
first dive of the descent Wl;<n there was
a report like that of a gun. Ho started
the engine to climb out of th^ dive, but
the airplane failed to respond to th
pull of the propeller and plunged earth
Identity of Driver of Death !
Wagon Established by
Chief Flynn.
Blast Which Caused Many I
Deaths Is Traced to
Known Anarchist.
Descriptions With Photo Sent
Out Quietly?Hope for
Roundup of Plotters.
Agents of the Federal Department
of Justice believe that at last they
know the identity of the man who
I drove the old wagon in which was
J carried the destructive bomb which
j last September killed and maimed I
I scores of victims at Wall and Broad
streets and transformed into a sham- ,
bles the plaza betwetai the Sub-Trcas- j
j ury and the banking house of .T. P.
| Morgan & Co.
The suspect is a fairly well known
anarchist with an unsavory record.
His identity has been established
chiefly through what was known in
the Wall street bomb mystery as "the
horseshoe clue." It was almost the
.only tangible bit of evidence that gave
j any promise whatever of leading the
1 forces of justice to the perpetrators of
, the crime. As such its importance was
I realized instantly by the detecUvcs
J who swarmed about tho ecene of the
explosion while the ground still was
cumbered with the dying and the dead.
The shoos from the dead horse be
side the wrecked wagon were sub
jected to the closest scrutiny and it
was reported some weeks later that
the police had located the blacksmith
who probably shod the animal.
Wld* Search la Started.
It was that same line of inquiry
? which, it now Is believed, has estab
!liyhcd almost conclusively the identity
of the "Red" who tooled the disrepu
table old wagon at noonday of Sep
tember 1?? lito it* position where a
i few moments later it became tho focus
| of unparalleled havoc and destruction.
The N'rw York Herald learned je?
1 terday that William J. Flynn. chief of
j the Bureau of Investigation of the De
j partment of Justice, has sent to certain
j police chiefs and postmasters through
j out the country a circular poster con
I taining a detailed description and por
1 traits of the man who is soucht. In
' Washington last night Mr. Flynn said
' he could not make the. circular public.
At the top of the circular are three
I likenesses of the anarchist. These
are not actual photographs, for no photo
graphs of the suspect could be obtained.
The Federal agents and the police
who have cooperated with them, how
i ever, found certain persons who arc
familiar with the personal appearance
! and description of the supposed driver
| of the death wagon. By utilizing such
| avaiiaote information wash drawings
w?re made showing three views of the
: man's face taken from different angles,
| and photographs then were made from
j the wash drawings, which several of the
1 anarchist's one-time intimates have
pronounced good likenesses ot mm.
The suspect is described as being
about 5 feet, fi inches tali and with
rather hiRh cheek bones. The three
portraits are respectively n profile. a
full face and a three-quarters view of
a man apparently slightly under middle
age. One aspect of the facc shows him
wearing a cap which is pulled down
over the eye*, but with the vjsor cf
the cap tipped at an upward angle.
Another pictures the man for whom the
police of the world now are hunting
as wearing an old fashioned hat.
Personal Work of Chief.
it is Known that Chief Flynn himself
, has done a considerable amount of per
i sonal work upon this latest a?pect of
| one of the most mysterious cases that
i ever enlisted his trained experience. He
and his closest associates, it is said,
[ while they Uo Tiot yet regard the identity
* of the man they seek with that of the
: driver of the bomb wagoti aa conclu
sively established. nevertheless regard
the clew aa probably the most promising
yet found. Thry are extremely eagor to i
loeate the man the circular describes, I
believing that, even though he may not I
have been a principal In the wholesale!
slaughter, he was in the confidence of1
tho*e who were the plotters and perpe
trators of the crime.
Chief Flynn has done no little travel- '
' ling lately. Including a recent trip to j
! Syracuse and other cities and towns in
the northern and central part of thtrf
State. It la thought his recent '
energies. In part st least, have been
directed toward the end suggested by
his informatory circular. When inquiry
was made ye.stefflay In the offices of th?
Department of Justice's Investigation
bureau In th?" Park Row Iiulldlng it
w as said that Mr. Flynn was In Wash- j
lngton. but might return to this city to
In the headquarters of the local force
Continwd on Hevrvth Pngr.
Country Boarders Wanted
You will flnrl many charniinjr places to board outside
of New York as well us within easy commuting dis
tance advertised in the Want Ad Pages of The Herald.
Private sanitariums and ideal homes for the infirm
or aged are also advertised fn the Country Hoard
Telephone Fitz Roy 6000
France Opposes Hapsburg Dynasty's
Return to Power as Balkan Menace
J^pcoaf Cable to The Xi? Vo?h 11c<ai u. Cupyi1921. bj 'J'hk Nhw York IIqui d.
?w York llrmld Ilurrau. 1
Parts, March 'M. '
JTRANCE will not tolerate a return to power of the Hapsburg
dynasty. According to the French Foreign Office to-day the
French attitude is unchanged from what it was at the time the joint
allied note was despatched to the Hungarian Government early last
year, when America was still participating in European affairs. This
note placed an absolute veto on a Hapsburg restoration. In a word.
France considers that such a restoration would involve danger for
the so-called Little Entente (Rumania, Jugo-Slavia and Czecho
slovakia), whose interests she is pledged to defend.
Foreign Office officials are not alarmed, as private advices
received to-day indicated that the coup d'etat attempted by Charles
failed miserably and that he was unable to obtain support either
from Admiral Horthy, Hungarian Regent, or the royalist regiments
in the Hungarian army. Horthy is regarded to have observed the
allied mandate, although he, in a Tecent interview, indicated he was
a partisan of Charles and was in favor of his restoration ultimately,
regarding him as Hungary's legitimate King, but that at the same
time he intended holding the Regency until he could persuade the
Allies to accept a restoration of the monarchy. He has never been
able to obtain this allied consent.
Unquestionably the monarchists of Europe have been growing
bolder since the restoration of King Constantine of Greece, and
members of the Hapsburg family who have been in Paris boasted
recently to their friends that a Hapsburg restoration would soon take
place. They attempted to secure financial aid from Hungarian bank
ers to recoup the family fortunes. Any Hapsburg restoration would
have repercussions in Bavaria, where also the monarchists are schem
ing to return to power. m
Governor Signs .Measure Which
Creates New Commissions
for City and State.
Executive Hopes to Be Able to
Announce Commissioners
Within Ten Days.
I ttpc .al Dtt palch to Thi Xw Yosk i
New 1 ?rk Herald Burma, I
Albany, Marrh 3S. '
; Gov. Miller at 4 o'clock this after
noon signed the transit bill creating
a new Public Service Commission
clothed with all the police powers of
the State, in dealing with New York's
traction crisis. The Governor's transit
policy becomes chapter 134 of the law?
of 1921.
No formal ceremony and no com
ment accompanied the signing of this
important document whose provisions
are the most l'ar reaching in effect of
any bill passed by the State Legisla
ture in a score of yeara. The bill was
one of several laid before the Chief
Executive in the routine of the day's
I^ater the Governor said be hoped to
be able to announce hi* selection of
commissioners within ten days, al
though the law gives him ninety days
to'appoint, the new officials. Mr. Miller
added that he was not ready to Indi
cate whom he was considering for the
The law establishes a new commission
of three members fop New York city,
with complete power to readjust ex
isting contracts, unite the exintiiiK tran
sit lines Into one unified system, get a
sir.gle operator for the whole and tlx
In addition, the bill creates a new
State commission which will have juris
diction over transit outside of New
York city and over other corporations
throughout the entire State. The latter
authority deals with all corporate issues
in Xew York excepting transit. The
State commission has the same broad
powers In its Held as does the Transit
Commission in New York.
McAneny, Prendergast and
Gen. Goethala Discredit Story
George McAneny, former President of
the Board of Aldermen, last night ef
fectually disposed of the story that a
place on the new traction commission
that is to untangle the city's transit
snarl, had bcen offered to him.
Neither has William A. Prendergnst,
former Comptroller, received any inti
mation that be is being considered for
a berth on the commission. Both as
serted that traction was discussed rr->t
at all at the luncheon conference they
had with Gov. Miller following tlu
traction hearing IrvAIbany on Tuesday.
Furthermore, eacn says he has not tho
slightest knowledge of what name* are
under consideration for appointment to
the commission.
Gen. George W. Goethals, builder of
the Panama Canal, denied last night that
a plsce on the commission had bin-n
offered to him. Me said he bad heard
nothing whatsoever regarding such an
n:\ti. nil.i. nr.rt:\tki>.
Lansing, Mich.. March 30. The loser
. ou?e of the Michigan Legislature late
to-da> defeated a measure tirovldlng
optional capital punishment. Tin bill
lacked two votes of passage, it hod been
defeated previously In the (louse, but
was brought up again to-day for re
?thi QIT.IO ni *Hrn\
The World' Most Hesutlful Womnn, i
!? comlnf to N?*v York Boon ? .
Gets Into Old Budapest Palace,
but Meets Stiff Resistance
in All Quarters.
Ex-Emperor Cries 'Farewell,
Forever,' as He Retreats?
Vienna Warns Hap&burg.
11 j tli? -Uaop aftl Prwi.
Bt dapest, .March 30.?The former
Emperor Charles haa foiled in his
spectacular attempt to regain the
throne of Hungary. He arrived here
unexpectedly Monday with the im
pression that his coup would be wel
comed, but was unable to induce the
Hungarian Government to fall Ui with
his plan.
A report from Vienua says the Aus
trian Government i* stronply object
ing n> former Emperor Charles cross
ing the frontier on his return in the
, tear that this might result in civil
strife. It haa decided that he must
go through Jugoslavia bj- automo
bile and take a ship to gpaijt.
Charles, who had bean advised by oil
followers that the Hungarian people
eagerly were n waiting him, left
Pranglns, Switzerland, Friday after
noon, accompanied by Counts Erdody,
llunyadl and Almassy. With an officer
as his chauffeur, he slipped unnotlce 1
across the borde.r In an automobile near
thf Austrian frontier, Charles wm dis
guised aa a Tyrolean tourist.
When th?' automobile with the former
monarch and his four companions l--ft
Swiss territory a mlfltarj < .ti w as wait
ing to take them to Count fcrdody's e#
I1 tate In Austria, near Stelnamanger.
Charle_? passed the Hungarian border
Saturday night In a simple villager's
I car and arrived at Stelnamanger, where
; nishop Count Mikes concealed him in
| his castle.
< nils Visit a Misfortune.
Piemle: Teleky was. hunting in West
Hungary with Count Slgray. Bishop
Mikes aent -? ord to Teleky late at night:
"Com' :<t on'e to Stelnamanger. A
sre.it misfortune has occurred."
Tehly and Slgra.v orrh ed at (fk<:
castl ? early in the morning and found
< "oai lee, highly agitated, walking to and
fro. To Bishop Mikes Charles had ex
? - In ,11 :
"I have had enough of exll.^ and de
| privation and now am coming back as
your lleg' lord. I am convinced the
(Mjpulatlon will receive me enthusiasti
cally and rally round my banner."
Premier Teleity tried to dissuade
Charles from his view-point by pointing
? >ut the resentment of the Allies toward
the Hipsburgs. Hut Charles Insisted
tint ! e was K'.ine* to Budapest to see
who was ???'uraxeous enough to to-K-ii
t King's anointe,| person. He said lie
had received word fron M Briand. t).
French I'r'tnkr, th t the Miles lu-nci
forth would consider the question of the
throne an Internal .me to Hungary.
Arguments wen us> le?n .tnd Charles,
.icconipanle 1 by Premier Teleky, started
' Sunday m >rnlng for Budapest. The
1 three cars of tlM cntOUragt stopped early
in the afternoon before the Premier's
1 oaisce. The porter recognised the
former sovereign and saluted him
' reverently.
Dresses as ? Oeaerat.
Ch tries went to the Premier's apart
ment an! washed and changed h!
? > n <ire-s I- :t j.. -.lit! ? un.fo n ii
jtt.iched the Hungarian color* to .Is
. -X ,<r I.
Then ! < proceeded >??,. foot to th">
neighboring royal palace, followed h> an
Hide de camp, who, on rut> litis the palace
demanded the key to the King's prtva'#
i rooms, which had been closed since
j <Jharlea left Hungary.
! The appearance of Charles created
ft) on TMr?f T*?tr*
Got American Cooperation
Against F uturc Aggres
sions by Germany.
trance Believes It Will En
courage Berlin. Making
Reparations (ollection
More Difficult.
French Statesman Has 2 Hour
Conference With Secretary
Hughes Before Going to
White House.
Special Dcspati l: to Tur Niw TotK > t*?.' ?>
?w York Hrrald Saltan. I
Wamiiineton, l>. < Marrh 3#. f
France formally has offered iO co
operate with the United States in
bringing about ji stable world poace.
This was the burden of the message
delivered by M. Kene Viviani, special
envoy extraordinary to this country,
in his first conferences with Presi
dent Hording and Secretary^of Stat?
Hushes to-day.
Although no official iuformatlou re?
zarding the conversations of the
President, the Secretary of State and
the former French Pre.nler vas ob
tainable it became known to-tight
that the immediate purpose of M.
Viviani's visit is to seek the assist
ance of this country In obtaining
guarnuteees against future aggression
by Germany, and especially the moral
I .support of the Washington A. ? '>h; Ti
tration for the allied effort to i'?..>?*,
the reparations agreement up ? , :'
' German Government.
Attltndr Totrard
France is pot seeking through
Viviani to draw the United Sta
willingly into the League of N *
' but will ncof?pt *ome other hi & <?!
peace if the United States
uj>on it.
M. Viviani* accompanied by xafatj/b
sador Jusscrand, who acted as ? :n
| terpreter ? for the former PI <
does not speak English? call '*1 fi?
I Secretary Hughes soon after* '2
'o'clock and remained in conf?.
i with Mr. Hughes and Under-Sec#* u.y
Fletcher for more than an bou . At
J :H0 o'clock XI. Viviani and M J >*
serand called at th^ White Houfc Wp
passed twenty-five minutes with
, President Hanliug.
VI lillr ll?D<r StBtPinrnl.
President Harding authorized the
i following statement after they had left
! the White House:
"M. Viviani called to pay the com
' pliments and utter the good wishes of
the President of France to the Presi
dent. He was accompanied by ths
French Ambassador. M. Viviani em -
phasiz^d the desire of Franco to CO". -
tinue the friendship between the two
republics and expressed gratitude to
America for the great things don*
sine* his previous visit. ^
"Th^ President is giving a dinner fi
? M. Viviani's honor or. the evenUjfc of
April 5."
M. Viviani received a return Visit
from the Secretary of State at his
apartment* in the Shoreham Hotel at
6 o'clock thin evening.
Only the bare outlines of the ar
rangements which France wishes to
make with this country were mis
Rested at the conferences. They are
to be elaborated at further conference*
with Secretary Hughes. But it is pos
! '?ible to arive an accurate survey of the
motive* e tuattnsr tin French Govern
ment in sending M. Viviani here
Harmony la Sonsbt.
The French are extremely afraid of a
separate peace between this country and
Germany. They look upon such an
event with grave concern. They realise,
however, that peace between the two
countries must come and that If an ar
rangement Is not made In which France
and the United states can work tn har
mony. the separate peace Is certain. I
They believe audi a pea would give
great encouragement to Germany and
render the collection ?f French repara
tions infinitely mow- difficult.
If. In th' laet analysis, it becomes
necessary U>r the United *St:?t% - to make
a scparat* with Germapy the
French Government Would llk< to have
the declaration of p<aie accompanied
hy a statement <-f position by the United
States which would mak>' It clear that
in effecting tt the United States Is sepa
rating itself In no way from a working
arrangement with France.
So far as the Anglo-French-American
treaty of alliance Is concerned, tho
French would like to have this brought
about. Hut they are di/lluslonl*ed on
this subje- t and mervly consider it n? a
means of calling to the attention of the
American j?eoplc tb< d< vwrate needs or
the frt-nc.) Kleptiblh in maintaining It*
position nan lust a revived uem?an>.
The French Government also Is t.\
trcnuly anxious that American troop*
remain on the Rhine. This Is because it
believes the preset e of even a few
American soldiers there makes it plain
to Germany that she is not receiving
the support of the United States fh at
tempting to violate the terma of tit*
treaty of Versailles
It deart> is evident that the French

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